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‫א א
 و אאضא"א! و ‪( )$  !%#‬א'& ‬
‫א"‪+678‬ضوא‪4 05‬א‪-/‬و‪1+ 23‬א‪*+ ,-./0‬‬
‫ﻳﺘﻜﻮﻥ ﺍﻟﻔﺮﺽ ﻣﻦ ﺛﻤﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﺗﻤﺎﺭﻳﻦ ﻛﻞ ﺗﻤﺮﻳﻦ ﻳﺘﺄﻟﻒ ﻣﻦ ﺃﺭﺑﻌﺔ ﺃﺳﺌﻠﺔ ﻗﺪ ﺗﻜﻮﻥ ﻣﺴﺘﻘﻠﺔ ‪ .‬ﺃﺟﺐ ﻋﻦ ﻛﻞ ﺳﺆﺍﻝ ﺏ‬
‫ﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﺃﻭ ﺧﻄﺄ ﺣﺴﺐ ﺗﻘﺪﻳﺮﻙ ﺍﻟﺸﺨﺼﻲ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺨﺎﻧﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺎﺑﻠﺔ ﻟﻠﺴﺆﺍﻝ ﺍﻟﻤﺒﻴﻦ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺠﺪﻭﻝ ﺃﺳﻔﻠﻪ‬
‫‪ .‬ﻛﻞ ﺗﻤﺮﻳﻦ ﻳﻨﻘﻂ ﺏ ‪2,5pts‬‬
‫ﻛﻞ ﺳﺆﺍﻝ ﺧﺎﻃﺊ ﺃﻭ ﺑﺪﻭﻥ ﺇﺟﺎﺑﺔ ﺗﺨﺼﻢ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺘﻮﺍﻟﻲ ‪ 1pts :‬ﻭ ‪. 0,5pts‬‬
‫ﺍﻧﻄﻼﻗﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺧﻄﺄﻳﻦ ﻓﻲ ﻧﻔﺲ ﺍﻟﺘﻤﺮﻳﻦ ﻳﻤﻨﺢ ﺻﻔﺮ ﻟﻠﺘﻤﺮﻳﻦ‬
‫ا*) وا '‪.............................................. :‬‬

‫ا‪,
-‬‬
‫ا  ر‪.‬‬

‫‪a‬‬

‫ا 
ى‪...............................‬‬

‫‪b‬‬

‫‪c‬‬

‫‪d‬‬

‫‪1. /‬‬
‫‪2 . /‬‬
‫‪3. /‬‬
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‫‪8. /‬‬

‫ا ‪../20 :89‬‬
‫‪1‬‬
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‫ﺗﻤﺮﻳﻦ ‪1‬‬
‫ﺃﻱ ﺍﻻﻗﺘﺮﺍﺣﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻴﺔ ﺗﻨﻄﺒﻖ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺩﺭﺍﺳﺔ ﺍﻧﺘﺸﺎﺭ ﻣﻮﺟﺔ ﻣﻴﻜﺎﻧﻴﻜﻴﺔ ﻣﺘﻮﺍﻟﻴﺔ ؟‬
‫‪ (a‬ﺍﻧﺘﺸﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﻤﻮﺟﺔ ﻫﻮ ﺍﻧﺘﻘﺎﻝ ﻟﻠﻤﺎﺩﺓ ﻭﺍﻟﻄﺎﻗﺔ‬
‫‪ (b‬ﺳﺮﻋﺔ ﺍﻻﻧﺘﺸﺎﺭ ﺗﺘﻌﻠﻖ ﺑﻄﺒﻴﻌﺔ ﺍﻟﻮﺳﻂ ) ﻗﺼﻮﺭ ﺍﻟﻮﺳﻂ (‬
‫‪ (c‬ﻟﺤﺴﺎﺏ ﺍﻟﺘﺄﺧﺮ ﺍﻟﺰﻣﻨﻲ ﻟﻤﻮﺟﺔ ﺻﻮﺗﻴﺔ ﻋﻨﺪ ﻧﻘﻄﺔ ﻣﺎ ﻋﻦ ﻣﻨﺒﻊ ﻧﺴﺘﻌﻤﻞ ﺭﺍﺳﻢ ﺍﻟﺘﺬﺑﺬﺏ ﻭﺯﺭ ﺍﻟﺤﺴﺎﺳﻴﺔ ﺍﻷﻓﻘﻴﺔ‬
‫)ﺍﻟﻜﺴﺢ ( ﺃﻭ ﺯﺭ ﺍﻟﺤﺴﺎﺳﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺮﺃﺳﻴﺔ ‪.‬‬
‫‪ (d‬ﻋﻨﺪ ﺗﻼﻗﻲ ﻣﻮﺟﺘﻴﻦ ﻣﺘﻘﺎﺑﻠﺘﻴﻦ )ﺇﺷﺎﺭﺓ ﺍﺳﺘﻄﺎﻟﺘﻴﻬﻤﺎ ﻣﺘﻘﺎﺑﻠﺘﻴﻦ ( ﻳﺤﺪﺙ ﺇﺗﻼﻑ ﻟﻠﻤﻮﺟﺔ ‪.‬‬
‫ﺗﻤﺮﻳﻦ ‪2‬‬
‫ﻫﺬﻩ ﺃﺭﺑﻊ ﺍﻗﺘﺮﺍﺣﺎﺕ ﺗﻬﻢ ﺍﻧﺘﺸﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﺼﻮﺕ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻬﻮﺍﺀ ‪:‬‬
‫‪ (a‬ﻋﺒﺎﺭﺓ ﻋﻦ ﺍﻫﺘﺰﺍﺯ ﻗﺮﺏ ﺑﻘﺮﺏ ﻟﻠﺠﺰﻳﺌﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﻮﻧﺔ ﻟﻠﻬﻮﺍﺀ ‪.‬‬
‫‪ (b‬ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻻﻫﺘﺰﺍﺯ ﻋﺒﺎﺭﺓ ﻋﻦ ﺍﻧﺘﻘﺎﻝ ﻣﺘﻌﺎﻣﺪ ﻣﻊ ﺍﺗﺠﺎﻩ ﺍﻻﻧﺘﺸﺎﺭ ‪.‬‬
‫‪ (c‬ﻃﻮﻝ ﻣﻮﺟﺔ ﺻﻮﺗﻴﺔ ﺩﻭﺭﻳﺔ ﻻ ﺗﺘﻌﻠﻖ ﺑﺎﻟﺘﺮﺩﺩ ‪. N‬‬
‫‪ (d‬ﻓﻲ ﻧﻔﺲ ﺍﻟﻮﺳﻂ ﻳﺴﺘﻤﻊ ﻣﻼﺣﻆ ﺍﻟﺼﻮﺕ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﺩ ﻗﺒﻞ ﺍﻟﺼﻮﺕ ﺍﻟﺨﻔﻴﺾ ﻭﺍﻟﻠﺬﻳﻦ ﻳﻨﺒﻌﺜﺎﻥ ﻣﻦ ﻧﻔﺲ ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺒﻊ ‪.‬‬
‫ﺗﻤﺮﻳﻦ ‪3‬‬
‫ﺳﺮﻋﺔ ﺍﻧﺘﺸﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﺼﻮﺕ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺳﻄﺢ ﺍﻷﺭﺽ ﺗﺴﺎﻭﻱ‪ ، 340m.s-1‬ﺑﻴﻨﻤﺎ ﺳﺮﻋﺔ ﻃﺎﺋﺮﺓ ﺍﻟﻜﻮﻧﻜﻮﺭﺩ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﻄﻴﺮ ﺑﺴﺮﻋﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺼﻮﺕ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﺭﺗﻔﺎﻉ ﻃﻴﺮﺍﻧﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﺩﻱ ﺑﺴﺮﻋﺔ ‪. (mach 1) 1100Km.h-1‬‬
‫ﻧﻌﻄﻲ ‪ 3,6×3,4 = 12,24 :‬ﻭﺑﺎﺳﺘﻌﻤﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻄﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺑﻘﺔ ‪.‬‬
‫‪ (a‬ﺳﺮﻋﺔ ﺍﻧﺘﺸﺎ ﺭ ﺍﻟﺼﻮﺕ ﻻ ﺗﺘﻌﻠﻖ ﺑﺎﻻﺭﺗﻔﺎﻉ ‪.‬‬
‫‪ (b‬ﺍﻧﺤﻔﺎﻅ ﺍﻟﻀﻐﻂ ﺍﻟﺠﻮﻱ ﻳﺴﺒﺐ ﺍﺯﺩﻳﺎﺩ ﺳﺮﻋﺔ ﺍﻟﺼﻮﺕ ‪.‬‬
‫‪ (c‬ﻣﺪﺓ ﻃﻴﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﻟﻜﻮﻧﻜﻮﺭﺩ ﺑﻴﻦ ﺑﺎﺭﻳﺲ ﻭﻧﻴﻮﻳﻮﺭﻙ ) ‪ ( 6000Km‬ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﻄﻴﺮ ﺑﺴﺮﻋﺔ )‪(mach2 =2mach1‬‬
‫ﺃﻗﻞ ﻣﻦ ‪ 3H‬ﺛﻼﺙ ﺳﺎﻋﺎﺕ ‪.‬‬
‫‪ '' (d‬ﺿﺠﻴﺞ '' ﻃﺎﺋﺮﺓ ﺍﻟﻜﻮﻧﻜﻮﺭﺩ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﻨﺘﻘﻞ ﺑﺴﺮﻋﺔ ‪ mach1‬ﻭﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﺭﺗﻔﺎﻉ ‪ 6,6Km‬ﻣﻦ ﻣﻼﺣﻆ ﻳﺴﻤﻊ ﺑﻌﺪ ‪6s‬‬
‫ﺳﺘﺔ ﺛﻮﺍﻧﻲ ﻣﻦ ﻣﺮﻭﺭﻫﺎ ﻓﻮﻕ ﺭﺃﺳﻪ‪.‬‬
‫ﺗﻤﺮﻳﻦ ‪4‬‬
‫ﻧﺴﺘﻌﻤﻞ ﻣﻮﺟﺎﺕ ﻓﻮﻕ ﺻﻮﺗﻴﺔ ﺫﺍﺕ ﺗﺮﺩﺩ ‪ N = 40KHz‬ﺳﺮﻋﺔ ﺍﻧﺘﺸﺎﺭﻫﺎ ﻓﻲ ﺧﻼﻝ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﻤﻼﺣﻈﺔ ﻫﻲ‪340ms-1 :‬‬
‫‪ (a‬ﻃﻮﻝ ﻣﻮﺟﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﻮﺟﺎﺕ ﻓﻮﻕ ﺍﻟﺼﻮﺗﻴﺔ ‪. 8,5mm :‬‬
‫‪ (b‬ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻓﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﻘﻄﻮﻋﺔ ﺧﻼﻝ ﺩﻭﺭ ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ‪ T‬ﻫﻲ ‪. 8,5mm‬‬
‫‪ (c‬ﻳﺘﻐﻴﺮ ﺍﻟﺘﺮﺩﺩ ﺇﺫﺍ ﻏﻴﺮﻧﺎ ﻏﺎﺯ ﺍﻟﻮﺳﻂ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﺗﻨﺘﺸﺮ ﻓﻴﻪ ﺍﻟﻤﻮﺟﺔ ﻓﻮﻕ ﺍﻟﺼﻮﺗﻴﺔ ‪.‬‬
‫‪ (d‬ﺇﺫﺍ ﺗﻨﺎﻗﺺ ﺍﻟﺘﺮﺩﺩ ﺑﺎﻟﻨﺼﻒ ﺗﻨﺎﻗﺼﺖ ﺍﻟﺴﺮﻋﺔ ﺑﺎﻟﻨﺼﻒ ‪.‬‬
‫‪2‬‬
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‫ﺗﻤﺮﻳﻦ‪5‬‬
‫‪.‬‬

‫ﺗﻤﺜﻞ ﺍﻟﻮﺛﻴﻘﺔ ﺟﺎﻧﺒﻪ ﻣﻌﺎﻳﻨﺔ ﻣﻮﺟﺔ ﻓﻮﻕ ﺻﻮﺗﻴﺔ ﺑﻮﺍﺳﻄﺔ ﺭﺍﺳﻢ ﺍﻟﺘﺬﺑﺬﺏ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻘﻴﻢ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺿﺒﻂ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﺠﻬﺎﺯ ﻫﻲ ‪:‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻜﺴﺢ ‪ 50µs/div :‬ﻭ ﺍﻟﺤﺴﺎﺳﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺮﺃﺳﻴﺔ ‪ 2V/div :‬ﺗﻈﻬﺮ ﺍﻟﻤﻮﺟﺔ‬
‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﺷﺎﺷﺔ ﺭﺍﺳﻢ ﺍﻟﺘﺬﺑﺬﺏ ﺑﺘﺄﺧﺮ ‪2div‬‬
‫‪ (a‬ﺗﺮﺩﺩ ﺍﻟﻤﻮﺟﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺎﻳﻨﺔ ﻫﻮ ‪.40KHz‬‬
‫‪ (b‬ﻟﻤﻌﺎﻳﻨﺔ ﺗﺬﺑﺬﺑﻴﻦ ﺃﻭ ﺛﻼﺛﺔ ﻓﻘﻂ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺷﺎﺷﺔ ﺭﺍﺳﻢ ﺍﻟﺘﺬﺑﺬﺏ ﻳﺠﺐ ﺃﻥ ﻧﺨﻔﺾ ﺍﻟﺤﺴﺎﺳﻴﺔ ﺍﻷﻓﻘﻴﺔ )ﻣﺜﻼ ‪(5µs/div‬‬
‫‪ (c‬ﻭﺳﻊ ﺍﻟﻤﻮﺟﺔ ) ﺍﻻﺳﺘﻄﺎﻟﺔ ﺍﻟﻘﺼﻮﻳﺔ ( ﻳﺒﻘﻰ ﺛﺎﺑﺘﺎ ﺧﻼﻝ ﺍﻟﺰﻣﻦ‬
‫‪ (d‬ﻭﺳﻊ ﺍﻟﻤﻮﺟﺔ ﻻ ﻳﺘﺠﺎﻭﺯ ‪. 2V‬‬
‫ﺗﻤﺮﻳﻦ ‪6‬‬
‫ﻧﺤﺪﺙ ﻓﻲ ﺣﻮﺽ ﻟﻠﻤﻮﺟﺎﺕ ﻣﻮﺟﺔ ﻣﻴﻜﺎﻧﻴﻜﻴﺔ ﺩﺍﺋﺮﻳﺔ‬
‫ﺗﻨﺘﺸﺮ ﺑﺴﺮﻋﺔ ‪ ،V = 18,7cm.s-1‬ﺗﻤﺜﻞ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺼﻮﺭﺓ ﺟﺎﻧﺒﻪ ﻟﺠﺰﺀ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺤﻮﺽ ﻓﻲ ﺣﺎﻟﺔ ﺳﻜﻮﻥ ﻋﻨﺪ‬
‫ﺗﺮﺩﺩ ﺍﻟﻮﻣﺎﺽ ﻋﻠﻰ ‪ . Ne‬ﺭﺳﻤﺖ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺼﻮﺭﺓ ﺇﺷﺎﺭﺗﻴﻦ‬
‫ﺗﻔﺼﻞ ﺑﻴﻨﻬﻤﺎ ﻣﺴﺎﻓﺔ ‪ 10cm‬ﻛﺴﻠﻢ ﻟﻠﻘﻴﺎﺱ ‪.‬‬
‫‪ (a‬ﻃﻮﻝ ﻣﻮﺟﺔ ‪ λ = 1,7cm‬ﺑﺘﻘﺮﻳﺐ ‪. 0,1cm‬‬
‫‪ (b‬ﺗﺮﺩﺩ ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺒﻊ ﻫﻮ ‪ N = 11Hz‬ﺑﺘﻘﺮﻳﺐ ‪. 1 Hz‬‬
‫‪ (c‬ﻋﻨﺪ ﺿﺒﻂ ﺗﺮﺩﺩ ﺍﻟﻮﻣﺎﺽ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺗﺮﺩﺩ ‪ N’e = 10 Hz‬ﻧﻌﺎﻳﻦ ﺣﺮﻛﺔ ﺑﻄﻴﺌﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺤﻰ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺎﻛﺲ ‪.‬‬
‫‪ (d‬ﺳﺮﻋﺔ ﺍﻧﺘﺸﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﺤﺮﻛﺔ ﺍﻟﺒﻄﻴﺌﺔ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺑﻘﺔ ﺑﻴﺮﻋﺔ ﻇﺎﻫﺮﻳﺔ ‪Va = 1,7 cm.s-1‬‬
‫ﺗﻤﺮﻳﻦ ‪7‬‬
‫ﻫﺬﻩ ﺃﺭﻉ ﺍﻗﺘﺮﺍﺣﺎﺕ ﺗﻬﻢ ﺍﻟﻀﻮﺀ ‪:‬‬
‫‪ (a‬ﺍﻟﻀﻮﺀ ﻋﺒﺎﺭﺓ ﻋﻦ ﻣﻮﺟﺔ ﻣﺴﺘﻌﺮﺿﺔ ‪ ،‬ﺗﻨﺘﺸﺮ ﻓﻲ ﺟﻤﻴﻊ ﺍﻷﻭﺳﺎﻁ ﺑﻨﻔﺲ ﺍﻟﺴﺮﻋﺔ ‪.‬‬
‫‪ (b‬ﺍﻟﻀﻮﺀ ﺍﻷﺣﺎﺩﻱ ﺍﻟﻠﻮﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺒﻌﺚ ﻣﻦ ﺟﻬﺎﺯ ﺍﻟﻠﻴﺰﺭ ‪ Laser‬ﻋﺒﺎﺭﺓ ﻋﻦ ﺇﺷﻌﺎﻋﺎﺕ ﻟﻬﺎ ﻧﻔﺲ ﻃﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻤﻮﺟﺔ ﻟﻜﻦ‬
‫ﺑﺘﺮﺩﺩﺍﺕ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ‪.‬‬
‫‪ (c‬ﺗﺒﺪﺩ ﺍﻟﻀﻮﺀ ﺍﻷﺑﻴﺾ ﺑﻮﺍﺳﻄﺔ ﻣﻮﺷﻮﺭ ﻳﻈﻬﺮ ﺃﻥ ﻣﻌﺎﻣﻞ ﺍﻧﻜﺴﺎﺭ ﻭﺳﻂ ﻳﺘﻐﻴﺮ ﺑﺘﻐﻴﺮ ﺍﻟﺘﺮﺩﺩ ‪.‬‬
‫‪ (d‬ﺍﻟﻈﺎﻫﺮﺓ ﺍﻟﻔﻴﺰﻳﺎﺋﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺎﻳﻨﺔ ﻋﻨﺪ ﺍﺟﺘﻴﺎﺯ ﺿﻮﺀ ﺍﻟﻠﻴﺰﺭ ﻓﺘﺤﺔ ﻫﻲ ﻇﺎﻫﺮﺓ ﺍﻹﻧﻜﺴﺎﺭ‪.‬‬

‫‪3‬‬
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‫ذ ‪ .‬ا &ال‬

‫ﺗﻤﺮﻳﻦ ‪8‬‬
‫ﻧﻀﻲﺀ ﺷﻘﺎ ﻋﺮﺿﻪ ‪ a‬ﺑﻀﻮﺀ ﺃﺣﻤﺮ ﻃﻮﻝ ﻣﻮﺟﺘﻪ ‪ ، λ =690 nm‬ﻧﺸﺎﻫﺪ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺷﺎﺷﺔ ﺗﺒﻌﺪ ﻋﻨﻪ ﺏ ‪ D = 2 m‬ﺑﻘﻌﺔ‬
‫ﻣﺮﻛﺰﻳﺔ ﻋﺮﺿﻬﺎ ‪ L‬ﺣﻮﻟﻬﺎ ﺑﻘﻊ ﻋﺮﺿﻬﺎ ‪ . L / 2‬ﻗﻴﺎﺱ ‪10L /2 =2,3 cm :‬‬
‫‪ (a‬ﺍﻟﻔﺮﻕ ﺍﻟﺰﺍﻭﻱ ‪ θ‬ﻳﺰﺩﺍﺩ ﺑﺎﺯﺩﻳﺎﺩ ﻋﺮﺽ ﺍﻟﺸﻖ ‪. a‬‬
‫‪ (b‬ﺍﻟﻔﺮﻕ ﺍﻟﺰﺍﻭﻱ ‪ θ‬ﻳﺰﺩﺍﺩ ﺑﺎﺯﺩﻳﺎﺩ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻓﺔ ﺑﻴﻦ ﺍﻟﺸﻖ ﻭﺍﻟﺸﺎﺷﺔ ‪. D‬‬
‫‪ (c‬ﻋﺮﺽ ﺍﻟﺸﻖ ﻳﺴﺎﻭﻱ ‪. a = 0,6 cm :‬‬
‫‪ (d‬ﺍﻟﻔﺮﻕ ﺍﻟﺰﺍﻭﻱ ‪ θ‬ﻳﺰﺩﺍﺩ ﺑﺎﺳﺘﻌﻤﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﻀﻮﺀ ﺍﻷﺯﺭﻕ ﺑﺪﻝ ﺍﻟﻀﻮﺀ ﺍﻷﺣﻤﺮ ‪.‬‬

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