SCIENCE 4 Lourdes School of Mandaluyong 3rd Trimester Exam Reviewer

Fill in the blanks with the correct answer. Choose your answers from the ones listed in the box. humus geologist weathering bedrock glacier mass movement sand landslide reforestation loam agronomist contour plowing soil conservation clay erosion

1. A ___________________ is a scientist who studies the earth’s origin, its structure, and its composition. 2. An ___________________ is a scientist who studies the soil and looks at how human activities change the soil. 3. ___________________ is made up of rotting plant parts and animal remains. It is necessary for plant growth. 4. The ___________________ underneath the subsoil layer is made up of boulders. 5. ___________________ is a great soil for gardening because it’s fertile and well drained, yet holds enough moisture for sustained plant growth. 6. ___________________ is made up of coarse, large soil particles which are usually found on beaches or near seashores. 7. ___________________ is made of very small, sticky soil particles and is used in making pots. 8. Rocks break down into small pieces and finally into soil. This slow process which takes a very long time is called ___________________. 9. The carrying of small pieces of broken rocks from one place to another is known as ___________________. 10. A ___________________ is a generic term used to describe any slow or rapid movement of any type or mass of materials such as the slide of a whole mountainside. 11. A ___________________ is a mass of ice on land that moves under its own weight. 12. Erosion caused by gravity acting directly is called ___________________. 13. ___________________ is any method used to prevent or slow down soil erosion. 14. ___________________ is a process done by farmers in making furrows to keep water from falling down the slopes and lessen soil erosion. 15. ___________________, or the replanting of trees, must be carried out in order to save forests.

Science 4 LSM 2010-2011

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Inihanda ni: Mauie Flores www.the24hourmommy.com ©

Encircle the letter of your answer. 1. It is the day-to-day condition of the atmosphere a. air pressure c. weather b. humidity d. temperature 2. It is the hotness and coldness of air that continuously changes from time to time. a. precipitation c. weather b. temperature a. storm 3. When it is low, we can expect a weather disturbance. a. air pressure c. weather b. sea breeze a. land breeze 4. It is a measure of the amount of water vapor in the air. a. hydrologic cycle c. evaporation b. humidity a. temperature 5. These clouds are puffy in appearance; they look like large cotton balls. a. stratus clouds c. cumulus clouds b. nimbus clouds a. cirrus clouds 6. They are rain clouds characterized by a uniform grayness. a. stratus clouds c. cumulus clouds b. nimbus clouds a. cirrus clouds 7. These clouds are very wispy and feathery-looking; they are so thin that sunlight can pass right through them. a. stratus clouds c. cumulus clouds b. nimbus clouds a. cirrus clouds 8. A scientist who can predict weather by using different kinds of instruments to collect data. a. weather forecaster c. geologist b. meteorologist d. anthropologist 9. It is a report that tells what an area’s weather will be during a certain period of time. a. weather forecast c. weather changes b. weather prediction d. weather analysis 10. It is a mixture of smoke and fog that occurs in polluted areas. a. clouds c. hail b. sleet d. smog 11. It is any form of moisture that falls on earth. a. Evaporation b. Precipitation c. Condensation d. Rain

12. It is the government agency responsible for giving the official weather report. a. DOST c. PAGASA b. NDCC d. NASA 13. It is a local storm that happens over several square kilometers. a. thunder c. typhoon b. eye a. thunderstorm

Science 4 LSM 2010-2011

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Inihanda ni: Mauie Flores www.the24hourmommy.com ©

14. It is first formed somewhere in the ocean near the equator where air is very warm and moist. It is known as “hurricane” in the US. a. thunderstorms c. typhoons b. lightning a. rainfall 15. It is the exact center of the storm; an area of total calm. a. eye c. atmospheric pressure b. rainfall a. tai fung Identify each weather instrument. Write only the letter of your answer. __________ 1. Measures air pressure in millibars. __________ 2. Measures the relative humidity in the air; made up of two thermometers placed side by side on a board. __________ 3. Measures air temperature. __________ 4. Transmits or sends radio signals that give information about the weather. __________ 5. Used to find out how fast the wind is blowing. __________ 6. Measures wind direction. __________ 7. Measures the amount of rainfall. Enumeration. A. Layers of soil 1. 2. 3. B. Kinds of soil 4. 5. 6. C. Causes of mechanical weathering 7. 8. 9. D. Agents of erosion 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. E. Effects of soil erosion 16. 17, 18. 19. 20. F. Ways of preventing soil erosion 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. a. Anemometer b. Barometer c. Weather balloon d. Rain gauge e. Thermometer f. Wind vane g. hygrometer

Science 4 LSM 2010-2011

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Inihanda ni: Mauie Flores www.the24hourmommy.com ©

G. Four main events in a water cycle 26. 27. 28. 29. Write TRUE if the statement is true. If it is false, make the statement correct by replacing the underlined word. _____________ 1. The moon is the force that pulls people and objects towards the center of the earth to keeps us falling off into space. _____________ 2. The earth has completed one rotation after turning on its axis for 24 hours. _____________ 3. The axis is the earth’s pathway around the sun. _____________ 4. One revolution of the earth around the sun takes about 364 days. _____________ 5. The time when the Earth is said to be closest to the sun is called perihelion. _____________ 6. A solar eclipse occurs when the moon passes in front of the sun and obscures it totally or patially. _____________ 7. The period or rise and fall of sea level is known as penumbra. _____________ 8. Spring tide occurs during full moon; high tide is not very high and low tide is not very low. Write one or two sentences to differentiate each pair of terms. 1. mechanical weathering – chemical weathering ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ 2. kaingineros – loggers ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ 3. terracing – strip cropping ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ 4. stalactites – stalagmites ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________
Science 4 LSM 2010-2011 4 Prepared by: Mauie Flores www.the24hourmommy.com ©

Answer the following questions. 1. What is the meaning of PAGASA? ______________________________________________________________________________ 2. How are clouds formed? ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ 3. What is the weather like today? ______________________________________________________________________________ 4. What causes day and night? ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ 5. Why is it that we only have the wet and dry season while other countries have winter, spring, summer, and fall? ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ Shade each circle to show the appearance of the moon as seen from the Earth during each phase. Then, label each phase.

Science 4 LSM 2010-2011

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Inihanda ni: Mauie Flores www.the24hourmommy.com ©

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