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Inhibitory analysis of top-down control: New keys to studying eutrophication, algal

blooms, and water self-purification. Hydrobiologia, 2002, vol. 469, p. 117-129;

Auteur(s) / Author(s): OSTROUMOV S. A. (1) ;

Affiliation(s) du ou des auteurs / Author(s) Affiliation(s): (1) Faculty of Biology, Moscow State University,

Résumé / Abstract: Top-down control is an important type of interspecies interactions in food webs. It is
especially important for aquatic ecosystems, Phytoplankton grazers contribute to the top-down control
of phytoplankton populations. The paper is focused on the role of benthic filter feeders in the control of
plankton populations as a result of water filtering and the removal of cells of plankton from the water
column. New data on the inhibitory effects of surfactants and detergents on benthic filter-feeders (Unio
tumidus, U. pictorum, Mytilus galloprovincialis, M. edulis and Crassostrea gigas) are presented and
discussed. Importance and efficiency of that approach to the problems of eutrophication and water self-
purification is pointed out. Chemical pollution may pose a threat to the natural top-down control of
phytoplankton and water self-purification process. The latter is considered an important prerequisite for
sustainable use of aquatic resources.

Hydrobiologia ISSN 0018-8158 CODEN HYDRB8

2002, vol. 469 (208 p.) (2 p.), pp. 117-129

Langue / Language: Anglais;

Editeur / Publisher: Springer, Dordrecht,

Full texts of related papers by the same author which are available online free:

S. A. Ostroumov. On the Multifunctional Role of the Biota in the Self-Purification of Aquatic Ecosystems.
Russian Journal of Ecology, Vol. 36, No. 6, 2005, pp. 414–420. DOI: 10.1007/s11184-005-0095-x;
[Translated from Ekologiya, No. 6, 2005, pp. 452–459].;

S.A. Ostroumov, Basics of the Molecular-Ecological Mechanism of Water Quality Formation and Water
Self-Purification. - Contemporary Problems of Ecology, 2008, Vol. 1, No. 1, pp. 147–152. [The article is on
SpringerLink.;; 10.1134/S1995425508010177; ISSN 1995-
4255, © Pleiades Publishing, Ltd., 2008; Original Russian Text © S.A. Ostroumov, 2006, published in
Sibirskii Ekologicheskii Zhurnal, 2006, Vol. 13, No. 6, pp. 699–706]. Full text see:

More relevant papers see at:;;

Mots-clés anglais / English Keywords:

Invertebrata; Mollusca; Bivalvia; Thallophyta; Trophic relation; Environmental factor; Freshwater
environment; Top down control; Crassostrea gigas; Mytilus galloprovincialis; Algae; Case study; Review;
Detergent; Surfactant; Xenobiotic; Inhibition; Selfpurification; Eutrophication; Bloom; Phytoplankton;
Clearance; Filter feeder animal; Zoobenthos; Food web;

Mots-clés français / French Keywords:

Invertebrata; Mollusca; Bivalvia; Thallophyta; Relation trophique; Facteur milieu; Milieu eau douce;
Régulation descendante; Crassostrea gigas; Mytilus galloprovincialis; Algae; Etude cas; Article synthèse;
Détergent; Agent surface; Xénobiotique; Inhibition; Autoépuration; Eutrophisation; Bloom;
Phytoplancton; Clairance; Animal filtrant; Zoobenthos; Réseau trophique;

Mots-clés espagnols / Spanish Keywords:

Invertebrata; Mollusca; Bivalvia; Thallophyta; Relación trófica; Factor medio; Medio agua dulce;
Crassostrea gigas; Mytilus galloprovincialis; Algae; Estudio caso; Artículo síntesis; Detergente; Agente
superficie; Xenobiótico; Inhibición; Autopurificación; Eutrofización; Bloom; Fitoplancton; Depuración;
Animal filtro; Zoobentos; Red trófica;