The UK Service Sector

London: Office for National Statistics
Published December 2000
Crown copyright  2000

Contents
Introduction
Symbols and Conventions
Developments in Service Sector Statistics: Monthly Indicator of Service Sector Output Article
Chapter 1: Output
1.1
1.2

Gross Value Added at Constant Basic Prices
Output and Capital Formation by Industry and Gross Value Added at Current Basic Prices

Chapter 2: Consumers Expenditure
2.1
2.2
2.3

Consumers Expenditure by Commodity
Consumers Expenditure – Selected Services at Constant Prices
Consumers Expenditure – Selected Services at Current Prices

Chapter 3: Sales and Turnover
3.1
3.2
3.3
3.4
3.5
3.6

Retail Sales Volume Index
RPI Goods and Services – Percentage Change
Change in Inventories
Capital Expenditure at Constant Prices
Turnover
PROTOTYPE: Index of Distribution

Chapter 4: PROTOTYPE Corporate Services Price Index
4.1

PROTOTYPE: Corporate Services Price Indices

Chapter 5: Enterprises, Earnings and Employment
5.1
5.2
5.3
5.4

Number of Enterprises by Size
Employee Jobs
New Earnings Survey
Average Earnings Index

Chapter 6: Overseas Trade in Services and Investment
6.1
6.2
6.3

Overseas Trade in Services
Outward Direct Investment
Inward Direct Investment

Introduction

The importance of the Service sector, and the attention it has been receiving, has increased
steadily over the years, not only in the UK but also worldwide. Whilst the statistics currently
available are still limited in comparison with those for the production industry, several
projects are underway to change this. As well as providing a compilation of available
official statistics on the Service sector, this publication will aim to report on new
developments. For example, two new prototype indices – Corporate Services Price Index
and the Index of Distribution - are included in this issue together with an article describing
plans to develop a monthly Index of Services.
Coverage
The service sector covers the wholesale and retail trades, hotels and restaurants, transport
and communication, financial services, real estate and business activities and government
and other services. Not all individual industries are covered by the data in this publication.

Symbols and Conventions
Rounding of figures

Where figures have been rounded to the nearest final digit, there
may be an apparent discrepancy between the sum of constituent
items and the total shown.

Billion

This term is used to represent a thousand million.

Symbols

The following symbols have been used throughout:
..
Not available.
Nil or less than half-final digit shown.
p
provisional data.
r
revised data.

Disclosive Data

Data which would allow values for individual enterprises to be
inferred either exactly or approximately.

UK and GB

All data refers to the UK except where otherwise stated

Enterprises

An enterprise comprises one or more legal units.

Nec

Not elsewhere classified.

Qn

The nth quarter of a given year.

Developments in Service Sector Statistics
Monthly indicator of service sector output to be produced
Service industries now dominate the UK economy,
although manufacturing remains a key sector.
Including government, services account for around
70% of gross domestic product. Private sector
services alone account for over 50% of gross
domestic product.
In recognition of this, and in response to users of
government statistics, such as the Bank of England
and HM Treasury, National Statistics has recently
begun a major project to develop a monthly Index of
Services. By showing the month-on-month changes
in the output of the services sector, the Index of
Services will complement the long-established Index
of Production and fill a serious gap in the current
range of government statistics.
National Statistics already produces a quarterly index
of service sector output, as part of the quarterly
estimates of gross domestic product by the output
measure, and the development of the monthly index
will build on both the methodology and source data
used in the quarterly series. Developing the monthly
index will be challenging- no other country produces
a comparable monthly indicator.
Epansion of source data
Established monthly data sources currently cover
around 35% of the services sector, so expansion of the
coverage of monthly survey data on turnover and
prices is a major part of the project. This started in
April 2000 with the first phase of a programme to
expand National Statistics’s Monthly Inquiries into the
Distribution and Services Sector, which collect data
on turnover.
An investigation into the possibility of extracting
monthly turnover data from VAT records is also under
way. This needs to be viewed as a longer-term
development but offers potential savings, both for the
National Statistics and its survey respondents.
Strengthening the quality of the data on services sector
activity is also a key element of the project.
Measuring the output of service industries is often
conceptually difficult (particularly in the case of
financial services) and the best approach may rest on
practical considerations, such as the feasibility of
collecting reliable monthly survey data. There is
therefore to be a programme to review the short-term
measurement of output across all service industries.
type Index of Distribution released in
A prototype Index of Distribution, covering motor
trades, wholesaling and retailing has already been
produced as a first step and is now released every
month in National Statistics’ Economic Trends
publication. (See also table 3.6 of this publication).

Monthly data sources exist for almost the entire
distribution sector.
A prototype series for all of services is planned for
release in December 2000. This will be based on a
combination of monthly data and interpolation of
quarterly sources.
Use of monthly data will
progressively increase as new sources come on
stream.
The plan is eventually to launch the Index of Services
as a normal National Statistics First Release but that is
unlikely to be possible before the end of 2001 at the
earliest and will depend on an assessment of its
quality.
Further details of this development are given in Hugh
Skipper and Ian Cope’s article, ‘Plans for the
development of a monthly Index of Services’, which
appeared in the October 1999 issue (no. 551) of
Economic Trends.
Alternatively, please contact:
Hugh Skipper
Room 1.301
National Statistics
Government Buildings
Newport, NP10 8XG
(telephone 01633 813388,
email hugh.skipper@ons.gov)

Production 27% Construction 5% Business services 21% Business services. 1995 Agriculture. Manufacturing industry output also recovered in the second quarter of 2000 from the post-millennium doldrums. Gross Value added of Production and Service industries Index numbers of Gross Value Added at constant basic prices. cultural and sporting activities. Growth across the service sectors has been mixed.6 per cent and picked up to 0.5 per cent in the first quarter and 1. storage and communications 8% Distribution. The strong growth evident in posts and telecommunications in 1999 has moderated in 2000 with output rising 2. Share of output. Within distribution. health and social work as well as sewage and refuse disposal. Growth slowed in the first quarter of 2000 to 0. and recreational. first quarter data showed output of the production industries falling compared to the fourth quarter of 1999. hotels and catering. Transport. research and development. machinery and equipment – while the majority of sectors saw output fall. an upturn in the second quarter in hotels and restaurants offset a decline in motor trades and sluggish retail sales. provides 21 per cent of value added. output of the production industries rose faster than the service sector as a result of a surge in the energy industries. computer services. education. while service sector output grew. Business services and finance industries increased strongly in the second quarter of 2000 following a slowing in the first quarter. Quarterly growth in the service sector picked up through 1999 from a low at the end of 1998. real estate. and hotels and restaurants with 15 per cent.Chapter 1 – Output In 1995. The slowdown in growth in service sector output since 1997 has been across all service industries. In 2000. The next highest sub-sector in service industries is wholesale and retail trade. In the second quarter of 2000. the service sector accounted for two-thirds of value added as compared to 27 per cent for production – largely manufacturing industries with 22 per cent. service industries 1995=100 140 135 Production Services 130 1995=100 125 114 112 110 108 106 104 102 100 120 115 110 105 100 95 Transport and communication Financial Government and other services Q2 Distribution 2000Q1 Q4 Q3 Q2 1999Q1 Q4 Q3 Q2 1998Q1 Q4 Q3 Q2 1997Q1 Q4 Q3 Q2 1999 1996Q1 1998 Q4 1997 Q3 1996 1995Q2 1995 . repairs 15% Output of the service sector has generally been growing at a faster rate than production industries.9 per cent in the second quarter.include public administration and defence. which includes financial intermediation. government and other services – providing 23 per cent of value added .9 per cent in the second quarter. Growth was again concentrated in a few sectors – electrical and optical equipment. and other business activities. forestry and fishing 2% Government and other services 23% Within services.

Public Admin and Defence 1 Estimates are not accurate to the last digit shown Source: National Accounts Division .6 107.4 114.Other business services 119.7 96.3 116.3 122.8 115.2 123.8 104.5 145. renting and business activities Government and other services Div 75 .5 108.2 98.5 110.8 108. real estate.1 135.1 158.2 106.3 106.1 103.4 140.0 116.8 112.9 119.9 Div 90 .4 109. repairs.2 105.1 112.2 118.4 102.5 Div 92 .0 124.0 141.0 117.2 111.8 114.3 103.5 130.1.1 106.Private households with employed persons 105. hunting.8 103.4 111.9 125.6 111.6 132.6 112.7 104.4 117.2 116.0 102.3 110.2 Div 52 .0 107.3 Div 93 .9 105.7 126.0 106.7 139.6 111.3 110.3 114.0 144.0 136.9 107. gas and water supply 105.0 106.2 117.9 107.9 103.8 110.6 121.8 Div 50 .8 113.4 140.0 Div 65 .3 112.4 Div 60 .4 118.0 165.3 109.3 Div 80 .7 96.7 111.2 135.8 132. forestry and fishing 103.0 98.9 112.8 112.3 Agriculture.Land Transport 105.7 107.9 99.Sewage and refuse 104.1 104.3 114.4 135.Activities of membership organisations 109.2 102.8 101.9 110.4 107.0 123.6 105.6 102.5 105.5 101.1 122.6 131.8 115.6 105.7 111.3 111.8 102.1 117.9 110.2 114.4 96.6 113.2 154.3 115.4 110.6 114.1 Div 85 .2 96.4 105.0 96.1 101.1 106.3 96.5 113. including oil and gas extraction 102.3 Div 62 .3 111.0 107.4 107.8 103.4 103.Recreational and cultural activities 105.3 120.8 113.1 Div 74 .4 111.7 Construction 104.5 172.7 105.9 116.4 108.1 105.8 129.1 Mining and quarrying.5 108.0 109.Motor Trades 110.4 113.4 120.5 114.7 117.6 110.3 101.8 116.Other service activities 113.2 113.3 102.7 Service industries 107.2 118.3 134.8 112.1 135.2 96.7 112.7 110.4 102.6 109.1 Gross Value Added at constant basic 1995 prices1 1995=100 1997 1998 1999 1999 Q1 1999 Q2 1999 Q3 1999 Q4 2000 Q1 2000 Q2 Gross Value Added at constant basic prices 106.5 118.6 113.6 111.1 113. storage and communication Financial intermediation.8 115.2 121.6 Div 51 .0 122.8 123.1 102.1 112.7 116.9 Div 64 .9 104.9 111.8 108.1 110.6 103.8 104.Air Transport 118.4 96.3 106.9 118.7 114.6 Div 55 .8 Production 102.4 102.7 106.7 129.3 125.7 107.Financial intermediation 108.5 156.3 102.3 104.5 116.9 104.6 101.Hotels and restaurants 103.6 103.2 107.1 147.2 113.1 102.2 Electricity.7 102.4 110.Health and social work 108.2 115.2 101.6 109.7 106.6 120.2 120.5 106.8 138.Education 103.5 106.6 108.0 105.9 Wholesale and retail trade.1 111.9 110.8 103.5 150.8 114.1 Div 95 .4 110.7 108.3 169.Retail 109.9 105.0 135. hotels and restaurants Transport.0 103.1 110.2 114.4 112.1 118.0 111.2 117.8 Manufacturing 101.5 110.Wholesale 103.1 104.0 112.3 Div 91 .3 110.3 137.4 127.1 108.2 111.9 106.4 114.6 112.6 106.1 103.Post and Telecommunications 126.6 127.3 110.3 113.7 114.9 103.9 118.8 138.4 121.8 126.3 96.

storage and communication Output Compensation of employees Taxes less subsidies on production other than those on products Operating surplus/Mixed income.2 Output and capital formation: by industry1.1. gross Gross capital formation . gross Gross value added at basic prices Intermediate consumption at purchaser’s prices Total output at basic prices Gross capital formation Transport. gross Gross capital formation Business services and finance Output Compensation of employees Taxes less subsidies on production other than those on products Operating surpluses/Mixed income.2 Gross value added at current basic prices £ million 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 44 097 3 680 48 557 4 932 51 289 5 036 54 180 4 850 56 974 5 084 60 295 5 487 64 328 5 683 68 542 5 691 27 572 26 162 27 497 29 193 30 499 33 389 38 439 41 417 75 349 50 043 79 652 54 121 83 823 59 409 88 224 64 095 92 557 69 547 99 170 77 682 108 450 84 703 115 650 91 521 125 392 133 773 143 232 152 319 162 104 176 852 193 153 207 171 6 653 8 790 10 881 11 475 13 370 13 781 17 376 17 566 28 538 1 719 30 962 1 216 32 148 1 115 33 835 971 34 690 1 001 35 008 1 236 37 802 1 089 41 071 1 132 13 652 13 536 14 031 15 901 16 606 17 750 19 025 19 997 Gross value added at basic prices Intermediate consumption at purchasers’ prices 43 909 32 068 45 714 36 107 47 294 39 668 50 708 45 035 52 297 51 694 53 994 58 832 57 916 61 906 62 200 65 796 Total output at basic prices 75 978 81 820 86 961 95 743 103 992 112 826 119 822 127 996 8 848 9 013 9 569 11 587 11 800 13 931 17 673 19 657 56 583 2 709 55 191 2 780 55 226 2 853 57 023 2 730 59 862 2 970 66 027 2 798 75 038 3 004 84 598 3 104 62 569 75 531 83 620 94 746 96 237 99 623 106 121 117 847 Gross value added at basic prices Intermediate consumption at purchasers’ prices 121 861 75 638 133 501 90 432 141 698 97 425 154 498 107 333 159 069 120 577 168 448 132 707 184 163 144 362 205 549 157 404 Total output at basic prices 197 499 223 933 239 124 261 830 279 646 301 155 328 525 362 953 16 402 12 445 11 951 13 827 14 896 16 804 16 229 23 623 31 863 210 34 463 572 35 214 576 34 354 754 34 041 818 33 598 845 33 206 837 32 983 844 4 544 4 381 4 399 4 605 5 010 5 392 5 603 5 824 Gross value added at basic prices Intermediate consumption at purchasers’ prices 36 617 26 030 39 416 25 208 40 189 26 123 39 713 28 231 39 869 30 098 39 835 30 433 39 646 30 747 39 651 32 110 Total output at basic prices 62 648 64 624 66 312 67 944 69 967 70 268 70 393 71 761 8 351 8 538 9 005 9 083 8 976 8 676 7 591 7 876 Distribution. gross Gross capital formation Public administration and defence Output Compensation of employees Taxes less subsidies on production other than those on products Operating surplus. hotels and catering Output Compensation of employees Taxes less subsidies on production other than those on products Operating surplus/Mixed income.

gross Statistical discrepancy between income and GDP 333 850 15 111 347 036 15 213 356 323 15 058 369 960 14 677 385 397 15 177 404 521 16 388 432 388 17 048 463 044 17 528 142 541 31 635 .. Between 1989 and 1991. the data were compiled on a different basis. 165 900 36 096 .2 Gross value added at current basic prices continued £ million 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 50 432 1 043 53 641 1 112 57 438 892 60 472 836 64 369 800 69 289 886 72 719 870 77 486 888 9 265 10 334 10 801 11 426 11 523 11 711 12 236 12 731 Gross value added at basic prices Intermediate consumption at purchaser’s prices 60 740 28 342 65 087 37 809 69 132 46 816 72 734 59 898 76 693 67 918 81 886 74 182 85 825 77 414 91 105 82 973 Total output at basic prices 89 082 102 896 115 947 132 632 144 610 156 067 163 239 174 078 4 306 4 620 4 440 4 521 4 757 5 483 5 238 5 734 11 330 598 12 243 670 13 320 937 14 397 971 15 421 975 17 376 1 180 20 304 1 229 22 825 1 134 7 891 8 290 9 023 10 071 11 026 12 114 13 253 14 157 Gross value added at basic prices Intermediate consumption at purchasers’ prices 19 819 16 630 21 204 19 457 23 280 19 905 25 439 21 093 27 422 22 842 30 670 24 285 34 786 25 227 38 116 26 196 Total output at basic prices 36 449 40 661 43 185 46 533 50 264 54 955 60 013 64 312 6 079 5 515 5 448 5 771 6 429 7 112 8 855 9 315 Education... 224 026 41 665 . 2 Components may not sum to totals due to rounding Source: National Accounts Division .. 194 685 40 239 . 149 366 33 872 . 231 914 42 811 . 182 747 38 336 . Gross value added at basic prices Intermediate consumption at purchasers’ prices 523 137 518 277 545 487 557 801 573 377 596 355 605 720 667 143 635 498 725 527 674 029 777 444 715 127 812 757 755 297 845 925 1 041 414 1 103 288 1 169 732 1 272 863 1 361 025 1 451 473 1 527 884 1 601 222 104 680 –4 927 –86 100 278 –1 937 36 101 230 329 –9 107 390 3 708 136 116 360 4 512 –92 125 675 1 771 –185 134 153 4 388 39 148 071 4 461 487 99 667 98 377 101 550 111 234 120 780 127 261 138 580 153 019 Total output at basic prices Gross capital formation Gross fixed capital formation Changes in inventories Acquisitions less disposals of valuables Total gross capital formation 1 The contribution of each industry to the gross domestic product before prov iding for consumption of fixed capital. The industrial composition in this table is consistent with the Input-Output analyses.. gross Gross capital formation Other services Output Compensation of employees Taxes less subsidies on production other than those on products Operating surplus/Mixed income. gross Mixed income. gross Gross capital formation All industries Output Compensation of employees Taxes less subsidies on production other than those on products Operating surpluses.. which lead to step changes in 1991 and 1992.. The industrial comp osition for 1989-91 is based on Input-Output analyses also. but there are improvements to the underlying data from 1992. health and social work Output Compensation of employees Taxes less subsidies on production other than those on products Operating surplus/Mixed income. 211 550 41 570 .2 Output and capital formation: by industry1..1.

Growth in expenditure on services reflects rising incomes. and introduction agencies amongst other services. In 1999. The most rapid growth was seen in transport and communication. legal and accounting fees. outstripping growth in spending on hairdressing and beauty which has barely changed. Expenditure on rail. growth in household demand was particularly strong in the first quarter with some slowing before picking up in the last quarter. has risen strongly. bus and coach travel and postal services have stagnated. £millions 8000 7000 6000 5000 4000 3000 2000 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 Miscellaneous services which covers cable and satellite television. 12000 11000 10000 9000 The step increase in expenditure on betting and gaming in 1995 reflects the introduction of the National Lottery. Household Expenditure by Commodity Constant 1995 prices. as is seen in growth of those sectors. higher discretionary spending as well as social and technological change. which includes childminding. seasonally adjusted Total Services Total durable goods 240 65 230 60 55 £billions £billions 220 210 200 50 45 40 190 35 180 30 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 Over 1999 as a whole household expenditure increased by 4 per cent with larger increases in durable goods other than vehicles. cleaning and gardening. The upturn in spending on services in the fourth quarter of 1999 was stronger than spending on goods. has grown faster than spending on services overall. expenditure on durable goods. with monetary services alone growing. Household Expenditure by Selected Services Constant 1995 prices. with telecommunications. clothing and footwear and across most service categories. Consumer expenditure on household and domestic services.Chapter 2 – Household Expenditure Growth in total consumer expenditure on services has kept pace with the rise in household expenditure over the past ten years. Some slowing in demand was evident in the first and second quarters of 2000. seasonally adjusted Non-durable Goods Household Expenditure by Commodity Constant 1995 prices. hotels and catering expenditure benefiting. Spending on services picked up in the second quarter of 2000 again driven by growth in monetary services. Spending on betting and gaming has been maintained since then although growth has been sluggish despite the introduction of lottery associated products. particularly other durables. In the past ten years. In the first quarter of 2000 spending on services slowed sharply. has grown strongly over the past ten years. while spending on food has barely risen in real terms and expenditure on alcohol and tobacco has fallen. other services and monetary services. . seasonally adjusted Household and domestic Air Travel Telecommunication Betting and Gaming Spending on air travel and telecommunications have both risen strongly.

.2... . . water and sewerage charges Other services Total household final consumption expenditure Total durable goods 12 824 12 868 13 100 13 493 13 726 13 934 14 163 14 484 14 469 Vehicles 6 349 6 230 6 310 6 437 6 426 6 313 6 365 6 338 6 269 Other durable goods 6 475 6 638 6 790 7 056 7 300 7 621 7 798 8 146 8 200 52 949 52 896 52 949 53 809 54 742 55 103 55 556 55 893 56 496 12 973 12 911 12 824 12 767 13 256 13 270 12 984 13 256 13 627 Alcohol and tobacco 9 191 9 067 8 962 9 139 9 139 9 184 9 326 9 146 9 109 Clothing and footwear 8 051 8 250 8 261 8 499 8 627 8 702 8 834 9 071 9 063 Energy products 6 976 6 689 6 706 6 803 6 829 6 601 6 749 6 732 6 789 Other goods 15 758 15 979 16 196 16 601 16 891 17 346 17 663 17 688 17 908 Total Services 56 755 57 478 58 141 58 977 59 101 59 507 60 753 60 929 61 348 Hotels and catering 10 541 10 855 10 928 10 837 10 764 10 847 11 018 11 008 11 027 Transport and communication 11 360 11 542 11 813 12 081 12 385 12 504 12 833 12 805 12 865 5 150 5 156 4 970 5 406 5 265 5 275 5 416 5 616 5 715 .. . .1 Consumers Expenditure Analysis by Commodity Constant 1995 prices. 14 340 14 522 14 974 15 130 15 077 15 178 15 689 15 580 15 688 Total non-durable goods Food (household expenditure) Monetary services Rent. . . 45 748 46 543 45 679 48 117 49 146 49 375 53 525 58 198 61 074 1998 Q2 1998 Q3 1998 Q4 1999 Q1 1999 Q2 1999 Q3 1999 Q4 2000 Q1 2000 Q2 122 528 123 242 124 190 126 279 127 569 128 544 130 472 131 306 132 313 Total household final consumption expenditure Total durable goods Total non-durable goods Rent. .. water and sewerage charges Other services Source: National Expenditure and Income Division . . seasonally adjusted £ million 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 408 309 410 026 420 081 431 462 438 453 454 686 472 701 488 505 512 864 34 436 34 474 36 221 38 583 39 496 42 701 47 953 51 797 55 316 Vehicles 18 598 17 397 19 016 20 334 20 749 22 673 24 680 25 595 25 541 Other durable goods 15 894 16 980 17 196 18 249 18 747 20 028 23 273 26 202 29 775 184 760 185 041 187 926 192 173 194 142 202 340 206 987 211 163 219 210 Food (household expenditure) 47 114 47 664 48 282 48 931 49 274 50 931 51 786 51 627 52 277 Alcohol and tobacco 40 258 38 415 37 861 38 441 37 456 38 007 37 533 36 467 36 788 Clothing and footwear 22 502 23 683 24 875 26 928 28 347 29 773 31 076 32 544 34 662 Energy products 28 281 27 961 28 123 27 754 27 118 28 210 27 427 27 106 26 982 Other goods 47 567 47 817 49 035 50 119 51 947 55 419 59 165 63 419 68 501 Total Services 190 514 191 542 196 810 200 706 204 815 209 645 217 761 228 418 238 338 Hotels and catering 36 806 36 279 37 539 37 319 37 727 39 704 40 399 42 609 43 466 Transport and communication 35 121 35 704 38 473 40 011 41 360 42 188 43 387 45 865 49 803 Monetary services 16 477 16 202 17 168 16 397 16 784 18 034 19 516 20 191 21 362 ... ... .... .. .. ... . .. ..

. .. ..2... Seasonally Adjusted £ million 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2 986 3 155 3 501 3 709 3 870 4 000 4 088 4 149 3 930 36 806 36 279 37 539 37 319 37 727 39 704 40 399 42 609 43 466 Rail travel 2 837 2 793 2 714 2 697 2 753 2 923 2 975 3 148 3 307 Bus and coach travel 3 122 3 027 3 059 2 933 3 003 3 057 3 022 3 001 2 974 Air travel 3 861 4 555 5 294 5 823 6 139 6 311 6 405 6 700 7 718 Miscellaneous travel 583 609 636 556 436 551 612 634 646 Postal services 877 882 948 1 001 1 004 999 993 1 002 1 004 5 630 5 685 6 006 6 948 7 874 8 388 9 106 10 277 12 077 . .. . . . licence fees and repairs Betting and gaming Miscellaneous services Source: National Expenditure and Income Division . licence fees and repairs Household and domestic services Hotels and Catering Air travel 1 619 1 631 1 807 1 765 1 927 2 030 1 996 1 988 2 038 Miscellaneous travel 161 161 155 158 151 168 169 170 171 Postal services 246 253 249 248 252 249 255 249 241 2 558 2 624 2 700 2 877 2 961 3 052 3 187 3 206 3 244 . . .. .2 Consumers Expenditure . Betting and gaming 3 539 3 555 3 705 3 935 5 892 5 722 5 967 6 316 6 203 NHS payments and other medical expenses 1 100 1 066 974 933 922 897 869 867 868 Hairdressing and beauty 2 638 2 568 2 510 2 407 2 362 2 423 2 488 2 752 2 762 Miscellaneous services 6 462 6 653 6 484 6 901 7 767 8 385 9 168 10 020 10 333 1998 Q2 1998 Q3 1998 Q4 1999 Q1 1999 Q2 1999 Q3 1999 Q4 2000 Q1 2000 Q2 1 030 1 029 1 038 1 005 1 003 975 947 945 958 10 541 10 855 10 928 10 837 10 764 10 847 11 018 11 008 11 027 Rail travel 779 805 802 817 827 803 860 902 894 Bus and coach travel 753 751 749 745 742 742 745 748 747 Household and domestic services Hotels and Catering Telecommunications TV and video hire charges.. . .. .. ..... 1 547 1 532 1 663 1 718 1 506 1 406 1 573 1 659 1 529 NHS payments and other medical expenses 217 217 216 217 217 217 217 218 218 Hairdressing and beauty 683 700 709 705 695 685 677 684 694 2 489 2 539 2 566 2 568 2 569 2 595 2 601 2 523 2 545 Telecommunications TV and video hire charges.. ..Detailed Analysis on Selected Services Constant 1995 Prices... ..

licence fees and repairs 3 333 3 446 3 359 3 400 3 341 3 322 3 431 3 793 3 892 Betting and gaming 3 132 3 274 3 485 3 810 5 892 5 914 6 311 6 859 6 884 858 903 863 899 922 932 974 1 031 1 076 Hairdressing and beauty 2 126 2 204 2 274 2 296 2 362 2 546 2 760 3 266 3 477 Miscellaneous services 5 307 5 612 5 987 6 674 7 767 8 752 9 700 11 362 12 689 1998 Q2 1998 Q3 1998 Q4 1999 Q1 1999 Q2 1999 Q3 1999 Q4 2000 Q1 2000 Q2 1 159 1 167 1 190 1 166 1 174 1 156 1 137 1 164 1 194 11 380 11 838 12 023 11 998 12 019 12 205 12 486 12 586 12 674 Rail travel 865 905 916 944 972 948 1 032 1 050 1 050 Bus and coach travel 866 873 882 889 895 903 911 920 928 Household and domestic services Hotels and Catering NHS payments and other medical expenses Household and domestic services Hotels and Catering Air travel 2 041 2 040 2 142 2 081 2 179 2 310 2 216 2 206 2 287 Miscellaneous travel 163 163 163 176 185 193 196 205 213 Postal services 262 267 263 263 265 260 268 264 260 2 379 2 413 2 482 2 634 2 689 2 752 2 840 2 841 2 820 966 969 958 954 983 981 974 973 995 1 683 1 668 1 822 1 888 1 673 1 563 1 760 1 861 1 734 NHS payments and other medical expenses 256 260 263 266 268 270 272 273 274 Hairdressing and beauty 805 837 861 866 870 868 873 896 920 2 802 2 900 2 970 3 047 3 106 3 208 3 328 3 372 3 421 Telecommunications TV and video hire charges. licence fees and repairs Betting and gaming Miscellaneous services Source: National Expenditure and Income Division .Detailed Analysis on selected services Current Prices.3 Consumers Expenditure . Seasonally Adjusted £ million 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2 610 2 880 3 295 3 613 3 870 4 142 4 396 4 688 4 633 30 671 32 287 35 154 36 459 37 727 40 786 42 652 46 277 48 708 Rail travel 2 281 2 345 2 443 2 555 2 753 2 936 3 144 3 530 3 896 Bus and coach travel 2 570 2 643 2 796 2 808 3 003 3 213 3 342 3 475 3 598 Air travel 4 260 4 763 5 197 5 674 6 139 6 504 7 286 8 222 8 786 Miscellaneous travel 369 394 479 384 436 593 635 651 750 Postal services 787 833 916 997 1 004 1 023 1 039 1 059 1 056 Telecommunications 6 055 6 282 6 695 7 380 7 874 8 206 8 637 9 511 10 915 TV and video hire charges.2.

while maintenance and repair of motor vehicles rose 12 per cent and retail sales of automotive fuel rose 17.4 per cent. Hotel turnover rose 17. Q3 Q2 1999Q1 Q4 Q3 Q2 1998Q1 Q4 Q3 Q2 1997Q1 Q4 Q3 Q2 1996Q1 Q4 Q3 Q2 1995Q1 Retail sales growth. and alcohol and tobacco offset reductions in other goods. retail sales growth was sluggish. Within motor trades. as measured by the retail price index. which had slowed in mid 1999. and textile. Recent increases have been due to developments in the insurance sector and price rises in leisure services. hardware consultancy. sale of motor vehicles fell 2.5 per cent with a faster rise in non-food stores.4 per cent on the quarter and the turnover of travel agencies and tour operators rose by 47. Household goods stores saw an 8 per cent rise in sales volume.Chapter 3 – Sales and Turnover In 1999 retail sales volume rose 3. picked up in the fourth quarter with further recovery in the first quarter of 2000 resulting from strong January sales. Increases in goods prices in the RPI picked up in the second quarter of 2000 as rises on petrol and oil. 400 Annual Turnover by broad sector 350 300 £million 250 200 150 100 50 0 1997 Motor Trades Wholesale 1998 Hotels and Restaurants 1999 Transport and Postal Services Other Business Activities Turnover performance in the service sector varied considerable. slowed in the second quarter of 2000. Household goods. Seasonally Adjusted All Retailers Food Stores Non. clothing and footwear stores rose 4. and labour recruitment and provision of personnel rose 10 per cent.6 per cent.3 per cent on the quarter. architectural and engineering activities rose almost 11 per cent. Inflationary pressures have been stronger in services than in goods where competition is fierce. In the second quarter of 2000.food Stores Non. Service sector prices. while sales in textile. Growth in sales value has been slower than volume in the first half of 2000. While software consultancy fell slightly in the second quarter compared with the previous quarter.5 per cent in the second quarter compared with the previous quarter as purchases of cars declined in expectation of price cuts. Index Numbers of Retail Sales Volume 1995=100.Store 128 123 118 113 108 103 98 Q2 2000Q1 Q4 Much of the volume growth in retail sales has been as a result of lower prices and at the expense of margins.6 per cent in 1999 reflecting strong growth in consumer spending. . Several industries showed strong seasonal rises in the second quarter of 2000 compared with the first. clothing and footwear stores saw growth in sales volume in both first and second quarters of 2000. Within business services. largerly because of reductions in utilities charges. data processing and other computer activities rose 12.

7 per cent up on the previous three months. wholesale. although the broad trends in each are very similar.6 per cent compared with the same period in the previous year and 0. whereas the RSI is an index of sales. which consists of motor trades. retail and motor trades 125 120 1995=100 115 110 105 Distribution Motor Trades Wholesale Retail 100 95 Jul-99 Aug-99 Sep-99 Oct-99 Nov-99 Dec-99 Jan-00 Monthly series Feb-00 Mar-00 Apr-00 May-00 Jun-00 . The index shows the monthly movements in volume terms of gross value added in the distribution sector. The two series may therefore follow different paths.The prototype monthly Index of Distribution (IoD) is now being published in Economic Trends. Comparison of distribution. The IoD retail series differs from the Retail Sales Index in that the IoD retail series is designed to indicate movement in retailing gross value added. the prototype IoD showed distribution industries’ gross added value rising by 3. Growth was strongest in the components for wholesale and retail trades. wholesaling and retailing. In the three months to June 2000.

7 111.4 105.2 113.9 105.7 111.6 112.1 95.6 Predominantly food stores 109.9 113.7 103.5 92.4 114.1 93.3 116.2 105.4 110.7 120.3 146.1 100.3.1 119. clothing and footwear stores 88.6 Predominantly food stores 90.4 115.3 100.2 120.0 117.4 120.2 97.6 97.9 Non-specialised stores 92.5 138. Seasonally Adjusted 1995=100 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 91.7 114.5 100.0 104.3 111.6 115.1 108.6 116.0 98.3 119.3 94.9 115.4 112.8 116.4 109.2 135.7 115.8 100.5 121.7 Other stores 108.6 113.1 100.3 114.2 125.2 98.3 125.8 96.0 108.8 110.7 122.1 92.5 114.6 115.8 Predominantly non-food stores 91.0 106.0 101.0 117.4 127.4 110.9 Textile clothing and footwear stores 110.9 116.1 112.3 114.2 114.8 92.3 137.0 Predominantly non-food stores 113.0 115.0 100.1 126.7 100.4 113.4 113.0 106.4 93.2 1998 Q2 1998 Q3 1998 Q4 1999 Q1 1999 Q2 1999 Q3 1999 Q4 2000 Q1 2000 Q2 111.4 95.0 134.8 117.9 93.4 100.0 106.3 114.2 112.8 112.2 Other stores 97.4 125.9 114.3 97.1 Retail Sales Volume Index GB.0 131.8 105.1 100.5 111.4 105.7 109.5 111.1 113.9 122.0 90.5 119.0 86.8 110.4 111.9 108.0 111.0 101.1 Household goods stores 87.9 Non-specialised stores 111.3 98.5 112.6 119.7 109.0 104.6 111.0 103.9 108.0 101.3 109.7 115.0 99.7 145.5 Household goods stores 125.8 114.9 119.1 112.7 Textile.6 114.0 117.0 116.3 All Retailers Non-store retailing and repair All Retailers Non-store retailing and repair Source: Short Term Output Indicators Division .3 109.0 89.5 110.3 116.7 114.

1 4.3 5.8 4.5 4.6 –1.6 4.6 1.7 –0.6 1.5 3.4 1.7 5.7 2.4 4.0 4.3 16.3 4.9 0.3 4.3 12.3 1.1 7.1 7.4 –0.2 3. TV licence & rentals and Entertainment & recreation charges.0 4.0 2.5 1.7 –1.0 4.4 1.7 3.0 5.0 2.7 0.1 4.4 3.8 – 0.3 –1.4 –0.8 4.6 –1.4 7.9 3.5 –0. Percentage change over 12 months.6 4.0 3.0 4.9 4.2 8.4 3.2 –0.4 –1.2 3.0 7.4 1.3 3.5 5.9 –2.2 RPI Goods and Services1: the latest three years.3 2.4 –0.9 3.1 –1.3 –2.2 0.5 –1.7 5.5 1. Domestic services.6 –1.6 –2.4 0.2 4. Repairs & maintenance charges.4 4.4 4.7 1.6 4.5 7.9 0.9 2.2 3.1 4.5 5.0 0.4 3.1 3.0 –2.1 3.6 0.8 2.2 4.6 4.3 3. 2 Including Fuel oil.2 –1.4 1.6 0.2 5.9 10.3 3. Other travel costs.6 0. 3 The ’Other goods’ category comprises DIY materials.5 3.5 4.8 2.8 2.5 –1.1 0.2 4.5 5.3 3.5 0.0 3.8 0. Gas.5 –2. 4 The ’Utilities’ category comprises Water.7 –2.3 3.0 5.0 4.7 6.3 14.4 –3.6 1.0 3.5 –1.5 0.6 3.0 3.0 3.1 3.3 3.2 Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 0.9 3.4 1.3 7.2 4.3 0.2 0.3 4.8 4.2 Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 0.4 0.8 11.4 4.3.4 4.0 4.2 –0.4 –0.0 –2.1 2.9 13.9 3.3 3.1 –2.1 3.2 3.2 4.0 3.4 –0.0 9. per cent Goods Components Services Components Food Alcohol & tobacco Petrol & oil2 Other goods3 ALL GOODS Rent Utilities4 "Shop" services5 "Non-shop" services6 ALL SERVICES Weights 1996 118 95 45 275 533 46 65 139 108 358 1997 Mar Apr May Jun –1.2 –0.8 1.5 –1.3 2.0 4.9 –0.4 –3.9 2.0 –2.7 5.3 10.5 4.5 13.8 –1.0 5.2 2.9 2.1 4.3 3.4 2.5 0.2 –0.6 –0. 5 The ’Shop services’ category comprises Catering.6 5.1 4.3 2. Personal services.5 2.3 3.0 3.0 1.7 –1.2 4.6 4.8 0. Purchase of motor vehicles and leisure goods.1 4.2 3.3 3.8 4.1 –0.5 6.1 –1.6 4.5 4.1 3.8 7.4 3. Foreign holidays and UK holidays.5 –1.3 4.5 5.9 2000 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun –2.1 3.4 –2.9 19.2 5.1 –0.6 1.4 3.4 4.5 4.6 4.6 4.3 2.2 0.9 3.3 3. .9 3.2 4.0 14.1 3.7 18.1 0.2 3.3 5.4 3.1 3.6 –0. Electricity.0 18.5 8.1 5.0 –1.8 –2.2 4.3 0.0 4.9 3.2 3.6 5.4 1.6 –3.1 3.9 3.5 1.9 2.6 3.3 –0.4 4.3 0.8 –0.2 –0.8 4.Zero 1 All components of the RPI are included in the above breakdown with the exception of mortgage interest payments. Telephone charges and Rail Fares.4 0.6 4.6 2.6 1.6 0. Fees and subscriptions. 6 The ’Non-shop services’ category comprises Dwelling insurance & ground rent.6 5.0 –1.3 –1.1 –2. Personal articles.3 –2.2 4.9 0.6 5.9 7.9 1.5 Key: .2 4.3 –0.5 4.0 1.0 1.7 –1.4 3.3 7.3 7.3 4.6 4.6 4.2 2.7 3.7 5.4 –0. Maintenance of motor vehicles.9 –2.1 1.8 2.7 4.2 4.9 4.4 4.6 1.2 4.0 2.5 0.0 3.6 4. Coal & solid fuels.5 3.0 1.3 6.1 6.5 4.1 1.1 11.2 4.3 3. Vehicle tax and insurance. council tax and depreciation.9 3.3 3.5 2.2 4.2 3.4 0.2 –1.1 18.5 1.0 –2.5 4.9 1.1 –0.3 Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 0.6 4.5 1999 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun 2.5 –0.5 1.5 1.5 5.0 10.6 3. Bus & coach fares.9 4.4 3.7 6.4 –3.3 –1.4 3.3 3.1 –1. Clothing & footwear.0 4. Postage.8 5.3 2.1 1.0 1998 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun 0.2 12.0 5.4 –0.4 4.5 –2.6 –0.9 4.1 –1.3 5. Chemists goods.1 3.4 4.2 0.8 2.8 4.1 4.2 5.4 –1.6 3.3 5.4 1.0 0.3 1.1 3.3 –1.0 1.1 1.3 0.3 0.5 4. Household goods.4 1.5 4.0 8.0 3.4 1.1 3.1 4.8 5.1 –0.9 –2.0 3.4 4.7 5.2 4.1 3.1 2.6 2.5 2.9 2.0 6.4 3.1 1.7 10.2 3.

UK £ million 1997 1998 1999 1998 Q4 1999 Q1 1999 Q2 1999 Q3 1999 Q4 2000 Q1 2000 Q2 Total distribution 2 326 781 –1 919 –1 121 –170 668 622 1 188 –488 Wholesale distribution 1 374 –393 –397 375 –544 –142 –101 390 1 227 –512 952 1 174 396 544 –577 –28 769 232 –39 24 Total distribution 2 298 971 –12 170 87 145 –72 –172 1 139 –229 Wholesale distribution 1 499 –16 –686 99 –150 –249 –189 –98 763 –527 799 987 674 71 237 394 117 –74 376 298 Change in the book value of inventories (NSA) Retail distribution Change in inventories at constant 1995 prices (SA) Retail distribution 1 Excluding motor trades 2 Estimates are given to the nearest £ million but cannot be regarded as accurate to this degree. Source: National Expenditure and Income Division .3. Components may not sum to the totals due to rounding.3 Change in inventories 1 2 Increase during Year.

3.4 Capital Expenditure at constant 1995 prices Motor Trades New Construction Work Vehicles Other Capital Equipment Wholesale New Construction Work Vehicles Other Capital Equipment Retail New Construction Work Vehicles Other Capital Equipment Non-distribution Services £ million 1998 Q2 1998 Q3 1998 Q4 1999 Q1 1999 Q2 1999 Q3 1999 Q4 2000 Q1 2000 Q2 234 196 271 302 307 367 402 317 262 81 37 116 81 3 112 60 53 158 74 84 144 101 87 119 122 94 151 136 76 190 60 88 169 56 51 155 1 137 1 184 1 194 984 859 895 1 058 944 975 223 216 698 169 210 805 185 178 831 163 164 657 122 134 603 135 142 618 128 159 771 119 167 658 170 154 651 1 428 1 727 1 814 1 710 1 430 1 605 1 845 1 794 1 439 570 84 774 615 86 1 026 590 60 1 164 664 59 987 439 48 943 535 91 979 582 94 1 169 678 69 1 047 471 82 886 13 897 14 310 14 804 17 203 17 841 17 592 18 030 17 810 18 276 Source: National Expenditure and Income Division .

Maintenance and repair of motor vehicles 50.Wholesale of agricultural raw materials and live animals 51.0 20.Maintenance and repair of office.5 .6 8.2 .1 .6 54 728 42 093 61 845 30 411 63 838 33 036 3. tourist assistance activities nec 63.Renting of personal and household goods nec Computer and Related Activities 72. Data base activities.Restaurants 55.Canteens and catering Transport and Postal Services 60.Other supporting land and water transport activities 63. social sciences and humanities .3 .1 4. 72.2 .0 5.Retail sale of automotive fuel Wholesale Trades 51.5 13 858 14 182 14 821 4.1 .9 4.1 .Wholesale of machinery equipment and supplies 51.Wholesale of household goods 51.12 . beverages and tobacco 51.1.8 22 861 2 591 .6 .2 8. Other computer related activities Research and Development 73.3 15 471 1 372 21 087 1 577 23 495 1 563 11.2 12. 73.7 10.Activities of other transport agencies 64.9 9.3.2 .4 .Wholesale of non-agricultural intermediate products.4 .0 3 858 1 906 5 549 1 767 4 734 2 195 5 707 1 564 5 193 2 420 6 657 1 694 9.6 9 461 1 776 12 875 15 485 4 722 9 889 2 042 13 829 16 948 4 886 10 091 2 356 15 389 18 300 5 169 2.4 11.4 .22 .Research and development on natural sciences and engineering.2 .Software consultancy and supply 72.Hardware consultancy. 72.0 15.3 .0 10.5 9 418 6 785 57 863 61 589 120 301 7 982 6 072 59 084 62 645 101 210 9 158 6 106 57 271 65 477 93 482 14..Renting of other machinery and equipment 71.6 –3.Sale of motor vehicles 50.1 .Courier activities other than national post activities 64.5 Turnover £ Million Annual Percentage Change Annual Data 1997 1998 1999 1999 79 667 8 710 11 203 1 251 87 030 8 946 10 182 1 621 86 359 8 750 11 481 1 629 –0. 72. 24 201 3 318 4 758 26 441 3 778 4 989 9.6 .4 .4 –0.5 .21 & 63.1 .Renting of automobiles 71.9 12 692 9 335 2 731 28 698 15 605 9 684 3 296 29 248 15 911 10 741 3 591 35 113 2.4 .3 13. waste and scrap 51.Other Wholesale Hotels and Restaurants 55.8 –2.4.Bars 55.5 Motor Trades 50. maintenance and repair of motorcycles and related parts and accessories 50.7 .3 .Wholesale on a fee or contract basis 51.1.3.Sale of motor vehicle parts and accessories 50.2 . Data processing.Land transport (other than railways) 1 63.9 6 171 7 641 11 327 48.5 –7.3 8.2 .3 .3 .2 .Sale.8 0.Activities of travel agencies and tour operators.2 .5 . accounting and computing machinery 72.Renting of other transport equipment 71.Cargo handling and storage 63.2 16.Wholesale of food.Hotels 55.5 .Telecommunications Renting 71.2 4 424 5 112 4 930 –3.Camping sites and other short-stay accommodation 55.7 0.

3 .Including dry cleaning.0 .4 .02.Hospital activities.5 . 93. 92.3 10.5 –4. accounting.Miscellaneous business activities nec 2 Education 3 80.4 4 965 4 818 5 076 5.2 .5 Turnover continued £ Million Annual Percentage Change Annual Data 1997 1998 1999 1999 32 384 40 826 43 571 6.6 3.1 .Architectural and engineering activities and related technical consultancy 74.01. news agency activities 92.7 14.3 .6 .Adult and other education Health 85. sanitation and similar activities 90. tramway and underground railways 2 Includes commission only sales 3 Excludes public sector activities .22. sanitation and similar activities Recreation 92.2 .11.5 15.8 . higher education 80.Sewage and refuse disposal.Industrial cleaning 74.7 . 93.7 11. other human health activities excluding medical practice and dental activities3 85.Technical testing and analysis 74. 85.1. hairdressing.3.Legal. market research and public opinion polling.3 .Technical and vocational secondary education.Investigation and security activities 74.4 4 283 10 134 5 004 5 047 10 591 6 004 4 506 12 131 5 764 –10.9 14 640 15 847 16 548 4.4 .Labour recruitment and provision of personnel 74. tax consultancy.4 5 601 5 198 6 270 20.0 3 353 3 453 3 517 1.Other entertainment activities Other Services 93.1 1 339 15 410 13 300 2 605 3 192 22 957 1 653 16 030 15 797 2 588 3 486 24 960 1 525 18 326 17 486 2 888 3 608 28 920 –7.Advertising 74.7 6 227 6 574 7 519 14. 80.7 14. holdings 74.Radio and television activities 92.Veterinary activities Sewage and refuse disposal.03 . business and management consultancy.2 . funeral and related activities 1 Land Transport (other than railways) includes bus. book-keeping and auditing activities.14 .6 1 019 1 079 1 162 7.4 .9 Business Services 74.7 17 896 22 509 23 200 3.Motion picture and video activities.

Other Wholesale Hotels and Restaurants 55.2 .5 –1.Telecommunications Renting 71. maintenance and repair of motorcycles and related parts and accessories 50.Restaurants 55.2 .6 3.2 .3.9 6.Hardware consultancy.22 .Wholesale on a fee or contract basis 51.Retail sale of automotive fuel 4 860 17.6 .7 23.4 .5 .2 .3 .Wholesale of agricultural raw materials and live animals 51.Land transport (other than railways) 1 63. waste and scrap 51.0 6. 72.Courier activities other than national post activities 64.1 .2 Transport and Postal Services 60.4 . Other computer related activities Research and Development 73.1. Data processing.2 1 170 528 1 451 399 1 151 531 1 444 375 1 337 590 1 562 423 1 385 616 1 794 466 1 320 682 1 857 430 1 167 698 1 838 406 1 308 649 1 806 501 12.6 .Bars 55.3 3 376 2 458 886 7 723 3 028 2 318 866 8 203 4 518 2 473 899 8 696 4 897 2 870 873 8 937 3 468 3 081 953 9 277 3 180 2 688 909 9 714 4 683 2 837 977 9 597 47.Activities of other transport agencies 64.4 .1 .9 –11.Sale of motor vehicle parts and accessories 50.5 –1. 72.Renting of automobiles 71.Maintenance and repair of motor vehicles 50.3.4 .9 7.21 & 63.3 .8 –0.3 .Sale of motor vehicles 50.4 6 371 436 5 877 381 5 657 420 5 765 396 6 196 366 6 043 330 5 992 293 –0.7 .Renting of other machinery and equipment 71. 73. beverages and tobacco 51.3 .Wholesale of machinery equipment and supplies 51.Cargo handling and storage 63.4 .5 12.Research and development on natural sciences and engineering.1 17 060 16 456 15 326 15 646 16 410 16 297 16 150 8 224 7 722 7 751 8 307 9 257 6 960 7 479 –0.1 . Data base activities.4 60.1 .Camping sites and other short-stay accommodation 55.8 –0.4 1 401 1 259 1 252 1 145 1 274 1 343 1 339 –0.Activities of travel agencies and tour operators.1.5 3 539 3 336 3 681 3 777 4 027 4 131 Wholesale Trades 51.5 .6 2 387 2 243 2 177 2 204 2 534 2 661 3 163 1 445 1 516 1 473 1 476 1 641 1 593 1 403 15 591 13 188 14 367 14 359 15 357 13 030 13 922 17 115 14 890 15 142 16 519 18 926 15 983 15 895 22 956 21 465 23 228 24 556 24 233 28 346 29 222 18.Hotels 55.2 . tourist assistance activities nec 63.3 5.5 .3 Motor Trades 50.1 –7.1 –1.8 1.Canteens and catering 2 547 452 3 671 4 448 1 239 2 074 423 3 449 4 106 1 183 2 550 650 3 861 4 607 1 315 2 828 844 4 077 4 801 1 367 2 638 440 4 002 4 786 1 305 2 269 344 3 739 4 542 1 181 2 665 551 4 069 4 587 1 261 17.4 2 247 2 498 2 484 3 110 3 236 3 212 3 611 12.0 3.5 .8 –11.12 .Wholesale of non-agricultural intermediate products.5 7.1 29.Sale.5 Turnover continued £ Million Quarterly Percentage Change Quarterly Data 1998 Q4 1999 Q1 1999 Q2 1999 Q3 1999 Q4 2000 Q1 2000 Q2 2000 Q2 18 875 22 961 22 220 23 155 18 024 21 331 20 796 2 171 2 302 2 170 2 332 1 946 2 302 2 578 2 555 2 747 2 904 2 854 2 977 3 101 3 196 372 457 497 358 317 447 578 –2.1 .Maintenance and repair of office.4.Renting of personal and household goods nec Computer and Related Activities 72.Software consultancy and supply 72.1 8.Renting of other transport equipment 71. accounting and computing machinery 72.Wholesale of food.3 .2 .Wholesale of household goods 51.Other supporting land and water transport activities 63.2 . social sciences and humanities .8 6 279 842 1 265 6 145 831 1 198 6 545 922 1 258 6 935 974 1 280 6 816 1 050 1 252 6 662 1 099 1 391 7 048 1 093 1 372 5. 72.2 .

book-keeping and auditing activities.3 .6 .5 Turnover continued £ Million Quarterly Percentage Change Quarterly Data 1998 Q4 1999 Q1 1999 Q2 1999 Q3 1999 Q4 2000 Q1 2000 Q2 2000 Q2 10 760 10 666 10 384 10 927 11 594 11 241 11 560 2.Labour recruitment and provision of personnel 74.Legal.2 .Radio and television activities 92.5 2. 85.5 Business Services 74.2 .Including dry cleaning.Advertising 74.Investigation and security activities 74. hairdressing.8 6 058 5 727 5 730 5 840 5 904 5 169 5 731 10. other human health activities excluding medical practice and dental activities3 85.2 0.0 –5.3 . holdings 74.Motion picture and video activities.3 10.5 .1 4 326 3 973 3 897 4 224 4 454 4 194 4 185 –0.0 . accounting.9 421 4 315 4 344 684 879 7 227 388 3 952 3 961 656 889 6 867 384 4 342 4 288 686 867 7 010 371 4 690 4 576 713 941 7 081 382 5 343 4 661 834 912 7 962 336 4 547 4 892 757 932 6 016 373 4 878 5 381 717 968 6 203 11.Adult and other education Health 85.4 .4 .Technical and vocational secondary education.14 .2 1 177 1 320 1 100 1 303 1 354 1 280 1 159 –9.Technical testing and analysis 74. 80.4 .Hospital activities. 92.8 1 728 1 782 1 873 1 880 1 984 1 847 1 800 –2.03 . 93.Miscellaneous business activities nec 2 Education 3 80.11. funeral and related activities Source: Short Term and Structural Division .3.01.Veterinary activities Sewage and refuse disposal.22.02.2 .2 3. 93.7 .1 .9 3.4 1 396 1 589 1 595 1 607 1 479 1 620 1 692 4.1.8 .1 7.3 . market research and public opinion polling.4 264 263 286 309 304 308 305 –0. business and management consultancy. higher education 80. news agency activities 92. tax consultancy.Industrial cleaning 74.1 883 872 903 868 874 919 960 4.6 1 417 2 871 1 648 1 129 2 816 1 317 1 023 2 596 1 491 1 155 3 297 1 489 1 199 3 423 1 467 1 154 3 438 1 422 952 3 512 1 423 –17.Architectural and engineering activities and related technical consultancy 74.Sewage and refuse disposal. sanitation and similar activities 90.Other entertainment activities Other Services 93. sanitation and similar activities Recreation 92.

6 110.7 3.8 1997 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun 105.8 2.2 0.1 101.8 0.6 112.9 0.7 8.9 1.7 4. seasonally adjusted .4 – 4.2 1.5 2.5 1.8 113.5 –1.8 114.9 0.5 110.1 111.5 0.1 2.3 Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 103.9 108.0 2.2 110.2 –0.9 112.2 –0.8 112.0 2.0 2.6 0.0 109.3 1.8 2.3 6.2 105.9 0.2 112.9 102.5 1.4 2.8 4.2 0.2 1.0 0.8 –2.2 0.9 111.2 1.3 0.6 0.4 3.7 107.2 111.0 2.1 0.6 2.6 1.0 112.8 100.4 –1.8 0.2 0.4 1.1 3.7 5.6 4.1 1.2 0.1 1.1 113.7 –4.1 –0.7 4.2 – 0.1 101.1 6.2 105.2 4.6 111.1 0.7 –2.9 111.0 4.9 2.6 110.4 4.1 110.1 0.8 0.0 –0.6 –0.1 0.9 1.5 110.8 Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 110.2 1.1 2.1 113.6 1998 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun 110.5 –1.3 110.3 1.9 3.6 1.9 1.4 1.8 0.7 0.4 1. Component series SIC Section G: IoD SIC50: Motor trades percentage change percentage change Index month on month latest 3 months on previous 3 months latest 3 months on same 3 months a year ago Index month on month latest 3 months on previous 3 months latest 3 months on same 3 months a year ago 1996 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun 101.3 –0.6 –0.1 3.9 6. or email hugh.9 1.1 –0.7 –0.9 4.7 113.5 111.7 –4.5 2.5 3.2 1.9 112.5 4.8 0.1 1999 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun 110.2 –0.4 110.1 0.5 0.3 4.2 2.7 0.6 112.4 108.4 0.8 4.4 115.6 0.7 2.3 108.5 111.3 –0.9 104.3 –0.2 3.7 – 0.4 –0.1 1.1 3.2 1.9 2.3 0.4 105.0 –0.0 115.1 104.4 1.1 3.5 2.9 114.7 0.1 0.3 0.9 1.9 107.9 2.6 0.9 Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 107.3.5 1.0 –0.3 0.0 –1.1 0.8 1.1 0.3 0.1 –0.3 1.3 –0.3 0.3 0.2 107.0 1.1 0.7 109.4 4.3 0.6 112.1 –0.2 6.2 –0.4 3.0 2.1 2.5 1.5 –0.5 110.2 0.4 –0.0 0.7 107.0 106.3 112.9 104.0 109.5 1. fax 01633 812575.3 4.6 4.0 3.9 – 0.0 0.4 –0.7 –0.7 111.3 0.1 5.2 0.4 2.4 0.2 2.6 110.7 111.7 0.7 4.4 111.2 –0.7 112.4 –1.9 103.1 105.8 0.4 –0.6 0.uk .3 –1.4 –2.7 1.1 0.6 –0.1 0.4 1.6 0.2 111.4 1.0 109.5 1.1 109.9 2.skipper@ons.2 –1.5 2.1 1.8 108.3 – –0.3 –0.2 108.3 – 0.4 1995=100.5 1.2 1.2 106.1 3.0 0.5 0.2 110.7 107.8 3.0 –0.2 1.5 2.8 3.8 101.1 103.7 3.9 1.2 0.5 1.7 0.5 111.4 1.1 107.8 –1.2 103.6 0.3 –2.6 4.2 2.5 –0.3 –0.7 –0.9 102.0 111.2 0.3.7 3.1 4.3 –0.3 105.2.2 –0.2 3.6 0.3 –0.7 1.8 0.5 111.3 1.7 3.8 110.0 6.9 106.0 5.0 103.6 109.3 0.8 3.gov.1 Sources: For further information on these data please.7 3.7 –3.3 0.3 2.9 –0.9 –0.7 1.6 1.1 0.1 103.2 –1.3 103.2 –0.1 2.8 3.1 8.9 3.5 3.0 –0.6 2.5 –1.1 0.1 Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 112.5 111.5 8.3 –0.0 0.7 –0.0 102.8 –0.2 4.2 –0.4 –2.4 –1.1 0.3 2.7 –0.4 1.3 –0.3 3.9 –1.0 1.8 1.6 5.6 110.1 –1.3 0.8 113.7 110.2 1.3 1.9 –0.4 1.4 5.0 107.1 4.8 – –0.0 1.5 110.8 2.3 –0.5 1.4 0.6 IOD: Index of Distribution (PROTOTYPE) Index of Gross Value Added at constant basic prices1.3 –0.2 1.2 –1.5 1.1 1.3 113.9 0. telephone 01633 813388.1 –2.2 1.4 – 2000 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun 115.8 112.7 3.2 0.3 –0.4 – –0.7 –0.2 0.7 0.7 1.9 111.1 –0.5 0.3 1.5 116.3 0.8 3.4 114.4 3.4 0.6 107.9 –1.8 110.2 113.8 – 1.9 0.7 1.0 –0.7 1.1 1.4 –0.

1 –0.7 104.gov. 2 Estimates cannot be regarded as accurate to the last digit shown.6 –0.3 106.5 –0.1 3.7 0.1 117.0 119.5 –0.9 –0.8 1.5 –0.9 1.8 –1. seasonally adjusted Component series SIC51: Wholesale SIC52: Retail percentage change percentage change Index month on month latest 3 months on previous 3 months latest 3 months on same 3 months a year ago Index month on month latest 3 months on previous 3 months latest 3 months on same 3 months a year ago 1996 Apr May Jun 101.7 4.5 0.0 –0. telephone 01633 813388.7 –0.3 106.1 0.6 103.8 3.0 1.4 2.8 104.6 1.1 –0.5 104.4 1.0 4.9 1.7 3.3 0.7 1.3 4. have identifiers EWAD (motor).5 0.9 1.0 3.9 –0.2 2.4 104.0 1.3 –0.0 103.4 5.3.3 –0.3 4.8 4.1 112.7 1.9 –0.0 –0.1 107.9 1. 4 The equivalent quarterly index series.3 0.6 3.9 2000 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun 108.3 4.8 104. which exclude taxes and subsidies on production.4 continued 1995=100.6 1.3 115.4 1.1 1.1 –0.4 1.gov.4 2.9 3.7 1.8 5.3 0.3 –0.1 2.1 0.1 108.6 2.0 0.1 1.8 2.5 1.1 4.0 –0.4 0.8 4.9 119.9 0.1 0.5 110.7 110.7 108.9 Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 104.8 102.3 5.0 1.3 0.0 1.9 0.5 4.3 102.3 105.5 105.9 1.7 0.0 1.7 105.2 3.2 –0.9 0.6 0.0 3.2 0.2 0.1 –1.7 1.5 –2.1 111.1 109.2 4.1 114.0 0. or email bill.8 121.1 1.1 2.7 0.9 Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 105.0 0.6 4.1 115.2 Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 103.9 1.6 1.6 4.3 1.2 0.1 0.2 3.uk Sources: For further information on these data please.4 113.0 4.8 107.7 0.9 109.5 1.5 0.3 4.7 0.9 –1.8 1.0 1.6 IOD: Index of Distribution (PROTOTYPE) Index of Gross Value Added at constant basic prices1. For further information about obtaining these series please telephone 020 7533 5675.3 0.7 103.0 1.1 0.1 0.5 0.2 –0.5 0.9 102. EWAF (retail) and GDQC (IoD).2 1.4 0.5 108.2 0.6 0.3 1.3 –0.5 0.0 102.0 122.4 2.0 1998 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun 105.1 0.6 –0.2 0.5 1.0 1.2 106.4 1.7 3.5 4.8 0.4 0.2 0.7 0.0 109.9 1.1 1.4 0.3 –0.9 1.5 0.1 0. fax 01633 812575.4 0.2 –1.3.8 102.7 122.1 0.2 1.0 0.8 1.0 1.4 0.6 –0.7 1.6 1.1 0.7 1.4 0.7 0.5 –0.0 104.3 1.3 4.3 105.1 2.3 0.1 0.5 0. EWAE (wholesale).2 104.6 103.6 1.2 0.2 –0.4 0.7 102.0 104.6 6.4 106.8 3.8 1.0 105.2.1 105.6 104.8 1.7 –1.5 4.1 1.2 –0.3 0.2 –0.4 –0.8 5.0 121.6 118.1 117. or email hugh.1 –0.3 1.3 106.8 0.7 3. 3 Any apparent inconsistencies between the index numbers and the percentage changes shown in these tables are due to rounding.9 3.4 2.5 104.6 3.5 –0.6 1.0 118.3 0.3 0.9 0.4 107.7 1.6 3. released electronically as part of the GDP(O) estimates.5 0.2 0.4 –0.4 1.5 4.0 0.3 114.5 2.2 1.0 –0.5 120.7 0.3 6.4 0.7 1.uk .3 4.1 –0.2 0.4 0.6 114.7 1.1 1.2 0.9 2.7 108.3 122.5 1.4 106.9 1.9 0.0 104.5 5.3 0.8 1.5 5.8 112.2 4.4 1.5 4.9 5.4 –0.0 Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 106.1 0.3 103.4 115.1 0.7 106.7 1.1 102.5 3.2 0.4 115.0 1997 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun 103.9 2.7 123.4 1.8 111.7 0.0 2.6 5.1 2.1 0.3 1 Indices are valued at constant basic prices.roberts@ons.6 1.4 114.9 1.8 0.6 –0.0 112.1 113.2 0.2 –0.1 0.5 1.6 104.9 120.0 103.3 3.0 0.4 116.2 –0.9 2.8 0.7 2.2 105.1 0.4 –0.0 0.6 – 3.2 1.3 –0. fax 0207 533 5688.9 105.4 0.9 –0.7 0.0 0.9 103.9 –0.6 1.6 108.4 –1.skipper@ons.2 3.8 118.1 –0.1 –0.4 102.5 1.1 0.1 – 5.1 2.3 0.9 105.0 –0.9 – –0.1 1.3 108.9 0.3 –0.7 116.6 –1.5 104.5 0.4 0.2 0.5 3.3 1.6 0.1 1.1 4.8 1.5 0.1 4.6 0.3 1.5 106.1 0.0 110.7 3.8 0.2 0.3 5.9 1.0 105.0 1999 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun 104.

0 2.Chapter 4 – PROTOTYPE Corporate Services Price Index The development of an index for corporate services prices has been underway since 1995 and a prototype index is now being published quarterly in Economic Trends Key points are: • Comparison of prototype 'top level' CSPI with RPI for services and PPI for all manufacturing: percentage change on same quarter a year ago measures the quarterly movement in the prices of 5. Increase fuel costs are also having an effect according to the industry.5 1.0 The Corporate Services Prices Index (CSPI) or government customers – activities which account P P I (m an u f p ro d u cts) for 23 per cent of gross domestic product 3. • the 13 per cent fall in charges for sewerage services in the latest quarter reflects Ofwat’s new price controls which came into effect in April 2000.5 • CSPI relates to services provided between UK 2. apparently due to the impact of increased fuel costs and drivers’ wages and are 6 per cent higher than a year ago. This increase will partly reflect the higher rate of Landfill Tax which came into force in April 2000. The tax rose to £11 per tonne from £10 per tonne according to the annual price escalator announced in the Budget.0 Q1 96 Q2 Q3 Q4 Q1 97 Q2 Q3 Q4 Q1 98 Q2 Q3 Q4 Q1 99 Q2 Q3 Q4 Q1 2 00 0 Q The prototype top-level CSPI is constructed by weighting together the currently available industry level indices Corporate Services Price Index Index (1995=100) • 120 115 Indices are currently available for twenty CSPI (including rent) industries which cover around 45 per cent of the CSPI (excluding rent) services targeted for inclusion in the CSPI.0 services provided from businesses to other businesses C S P I (in cl re n t) 4. .0 • 0.0 companies 1.5 0. • charges for waste disposal rose by 3 per cent in quarter 2 2000.5 3. • the costs of road freight have continued to rise. 110 105 • 100 included in and excluded from the top-level index as 95 this service has a relatively high weighting (just under Results are shown with property rental payments Q2 2000 Q1 Q4 Q3 Q2 1999 Q1 Q4 Q3 Q2 1998 Q1 Q4 Q3 Q2 1997 Q1 Q4 Q3 Q2 1996 Q1 Q4 Q3 1995Q2 one-third) in the overall index. mainly due to increases in fuel bills and drivers’ wages according to the industry.5 R P I s ervic es 4. • a slight recovery in the prices for sea and coastal water freight appears to be continuing as a result of improved market conditions – a similar pattern is evident for freight forwarding. Previously it had risen to £10 per tonne from £7 in April 1999 following its introduction in quarter 4 1996 – the effects of these earlier changes also show in the waste disposal index. Key points from the results: • bus and coach hire prices are up 3 per cent on the previous quarter and 9 per cent over the year. • the intense competition in the business telecommunications industry seems to be reflected by the prices remaining about 16 per cent lower than they were in 1995.

latest year on previous year 1996 1997 1998 1999 Quarterly results (not seasonally adjusted) Percentage change.0 1.5 2.9 –4.7 –5.9 1.4 –1.1 3..62 0.3 4. .4 88.4 – 0.5 6.5 2.9 118.0 6.6 130.4 0. .4 119.6 4.1 2000 Q1 Q2 0.2 –1.6 1.4 0.3 106.1 3.40 64.8 81.5 –0.4 106.3 105.4 2.17 0.8 –5.4 2.4 0.4 113.1 1.9 107..2 119.4 3.2 5.8 106.0 108.2 0.6 88.8 102.5 0.5 1999 Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 1.8 106.8 107.3 5..5 106.9 99.1 –1.3 2.8 1.1 7.0 1.62 0.0 0.7 1.6 100.9 3.5 –0.1 113.3 –4.9 96.9 –0.7 –0.1 –2. . 95.3 3.8 0.3 0. 103.7 94.0 107.1 Corporate Services Price Indices (EXPERIMENTAL) 1995=100 Freight transport by road Maintenance and repair of motor Bus and coach vehicles 50..2 81.0 103.5 .92 20.0 0.7 –8.1 84.2 117.8 0.0 97.1 108.4 105.02 1.9 1998 Q2 Q3 Q4 106.1 0.3 6.6 6.7 –1.1 96.8 3.1 2.2 108.3 115.1 –0.24 4. 96.1 1.5 1.4 101.8 –0.2 1.9 108.4 6.6 107.7 –7.2 –1.6 –2.2 0.5 1.5 3. .9 –5.80 0.9 96.8 –0.16 6.6 .9 2.6 –0.3 107.9 114.0 101..9 – –0.3 102.7 .9 106.1 1999 Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 2000 Q1 Q2 Annual 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 Commercial Sea and coastal International vehicle ferries water freight Freight Courier services component 61.4 94.4.4 3.1 –12..2 4.6 120.2 –4.3 122.3 106.0 –3.1 –0.7 101.1 –3.1 –0.5 79.7 –0.6 –1.3 –7.3 95..1 0.0 103.9 2.3 2.8 6.87 30.8 104.9 –0.8 119.6 2.6 0.1 –0.7 –5.3 –0. 100.5 99.5 100.3 1.6 –1.10/1 61.6 .3 –3. .7 5.6 1.0 100.6 –1.1 101.5 1999 Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 0.2 –4.8 115.20 hire 60.5 –0.6 –0. –4.5 95.6 5.92 6.3 100.2 77.1 –12.7 .1 4.2 0.4 88.0 99.5 0.9 1.2 105.0 104.9 0.6 1.9 –12.3 113.6 1.2 .9 – 2.4 101.5 126.8 0.4 107.6 –0. latest quarter on corresponding quarter of previous year 1998 Q2 Q3 Q4 1.2 –1.7 –2.2 1.2 95.2 3.7 105.3 3.9 0.1 105.12 0. –0.4 103.4 5.2 98.3 0. latest quarter on previous quarter 1998 Q2 Q3 Q4 0.4 6. .0 3.0 99.8 0..5 5.7 98.4 116.23/1 1995 weights (%):1 (including property rentals) (excluding property rentals) Total 60.6 –1.0 –3.2 0.3 –7..4 .3 0.6 96.1 120.54 0. –7.7 100.5 –3..3 95.8 2.09 9.2 –10. 1.8 ..6 81.6 0.4 1.5 115.0 5..3 –1.9 9.92 100.5 116.5 –7.10/2 forwarding 63.1 1.5 114.4 1.0 109.5 108.4 1.02 1.3 2000 Q1 Q2 2..1 7.4 101..9 .6 79.8 3.2 109.8 119.0 0.3 102.0 108.2 –3.1 78.5 –1.9 6.3 4.7 Percentage change.5 116.6 102.8 110.8 –5.51 100.0 104.0 4.8 –2.2 Percentage change.7 2.7 1.5 0.

1 0.0 4.4 99.2 – 0.8 100.60 cleaning 74.7 102.3 –100.2 0.7 –0. –2.4 –1.9 6.4 102. ...5 1.4 3.3 102.2 1999 Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 – 0. 85.3 104.1 Percentage change.1 Quarterly results (not seasonally adjusted) 1998 Q2 Q3 Q4 83.1 0..5 99.5 0.6 4.1 99.6 101.4 96.5 0.11 6.6 1.7 105.40 3.21 1.0 101.5 1999 Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 83.6 –0.7 0. .8 101.6 5.4 98. 98.8 0.20 hire 71.0 2.1 –0.4 0.5 122.2 1.9 1. 1.6 105. 108.6 .6 2.8 83.8 4.6 1.0 .8 1.09 2.9 .2 . latest quarter on corresponding quarter of previous year 1998 Q2 Q3 Q4 –2.1 4.32 agencies 74.1 0. –1.1 – 0.3 121.9 3.8 99.0 0.09 0.3 – Percentage change..5 5.1 2000 Q1 Q2 0.1 1. 5. 121.7 105.5 0.4 1.6 3.9 .7 .8 101.4 120.3 101.9 2.4 100.10 3.0 102.0 116.1 4.5 2..8 6.1 99.3 113.3 2.3 101.4 – 0.5 101.0 1.0 5.5 100.70 processing 74.4 100.4 0.9 118.4 105.2 4.7 4.13 .2 1.3 0.1 1... .0 104.3 –2.3 101.4 0.0 99.0 4. .3 1.6 0.2 105.2 0.. 0.2 0.9 6.4 0.1 0.3 101..5 105.8 0.9 –0.4.6 103.9 0.80 11..7 5.8 101.7 83.8 105.0 –100.3 103.1 – – 2000 Q1 Q2 0.9 116.9 104.7 1.50 services 74. .5 0.9 –1.5 111.5 105.8 2.3 104.5 109.4 114.2 4.6 2.3 83.7 105.9 0.9 Percentage change.8 98.5 4.5 0.2 3.66 9.9 101.8 0.3 110..51 0.4 110.4 .5 1.9 105.8 0. .5 99..3 99.7 104.1 – 1.2 –0.10 plant hire 71.2 0.5 99.5 105. latest quarter on previous quarter 1998 Q2 Q3 Q4 –0.7 – 1.1 0..5 105.79 2.3 117.8 100.1 83.8 103.8 101.5 83.9 1.4 0.1 115.3 0.20 payments 70.9 120.4 6.81 1995 weights (%):1 (including property rentals) (excluding property rentals) Annual 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 7.4 97.5 103.6 0. Property rental Car contract Construction Employment Security Industrial Commercial film services 64.5 0.0 0.8 – – 0.1 .4 96.1 2.8 5.5 1.2 0.9 105.9 101.7 4.8 –1.9 114.3 –0.3 . 96.0 121.5 1.4 2.6 2000 Q1 Q2 83.3 102.6 105.1 – –0.latest year on previous year 1996 1997 1998 1999 .3 101.8 1.7 120.7 98.8 2.4 83.3 4.55 0.1 1.4 83.87 1.5 – 1..3 –0.1 6.6 0.0 100.7 –0.8 3.7 2.5 4.6 0.1 – – – 1999 Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 – –0.5 0..0 1.1 0.9 97.4 4.9 3. 99.1 114.3 0.4 0..00 1.7 4.56 32.7 – – – 0.4 2.7 97.8 –1.3 5.6 119.8 0.7 .3 1.6 1.1 0..9 0.1 Corporate Services Price Indices (EXPERIMENTAL) continued 1995=100 Business telecoms.5 1.4 –0.7 121.1 5.6 1.41 2.5 83.

2 1999 Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 1.6 2000 Q1 Q2 110.1 Corporate Services Price Indices (EXPERIMENTAL) continued 1995=100 Translation & intepretation services 74.1 109.00 . Sources: Business Prices and Sales Division.1 0.3 –12.42 Sewerage services 90.0 113.5 109..83(part) Adult education 80.1 114.. .5 112.2 129.5 1. Parcel Force.5 0.7 111.16 0.0 138.9 114...9 3.6 8.9 114.2 0..74 0. although the indices for business air fares and national post parcels are included in the calculation of the prototype top-level CSPI.3 1.8 2.1 9.3 1.0 107.9 2.6 0.7 146.1 3.9 107.0 0.2 8. 108.4 1.4 109.6 3.61 0.8 0.40 2.latest year on previous year 1996 1997 1998 1999 Quarterly results (not seasonally adjusted) Percentage change.0 2. .8 3. .8 3.com Ltd.2 3.1 2.00 .1 . What Cellphone magazine.01 Experimental top-level(incl rent) CSPI Experimental top-level(excl rent) CSPI 0..3 3. .1 3.1 3.5 112.91 1.2 –0.7 1.0 105.8 – – 0.61 0.0 114.9 107.6 4.5 108.5 108.8 109.9 129.9 2.5 2.5 100.0 111.2 119.6 1999 Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 108.7 106.0 1999 Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 1.0 103.1 110.1 0.4 108...2 1. OfWAT. 1.0 141.1 100. 0.5 1.2 115.1 1995 weights (%):1 (including property rentals) (excluding property rentals) Annual 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 Percentage change.6 140.2 3.5 2.9 3.7 0.2 109.2 3.3 3.20 Commercial washing and dry cleaning 93. Tarifica Telecom Pricing Intelligence.9 8.4 4.9 115.1 1.0 111.4 112.6 –0.5 0.0 104.1 100.4 115.7 3.10 Waste disposal 90. latest quarter on corresponding quarter of previous year 1998 Q2 Q3 Q4 .5 0. 100.5 0.3 – – 1.8 3.5 3. 3.0 130.5 2.9 3.0 102.9 0.9 2.3 3.2 4.23 0.5 4. .9 2000 Q1 Q2 1..2 0.4 107.5 111.8 2.7 1.4 1. .5 0.9 Percentage change.1 108.8 2.1 – –12.2 1998 Q2 Q3 Q4 106.8 2.8 0.4 3.2 3.1 0.9 139..0 116.2 6.6 0.2 2.8 3.0 . Investment Property Databank .8 –0.1 109.4 107.4 – 3. 2.3 109.5 113.7 1 The weights shown do not sum to 100 because.7 1.5 105.1 2.2 107.8 3.5 2.6 1.8 3.0 3.9 2.9 2.9 110. .2 5. they are not shown separately as they are disclosive.0 1..8 0.6 110.6 108. . Yewtree.6 1.0 111.9 3.1 1.9 110.0 102.6 117.5 114.9 108.3 – – – 1.4 3. latest quarter on previous quarter 1998 Q2 Q3 Q4 –0.6 100.5 3.8 129.4. .8 140.5 109.1 .1 2.7 0. Construction Plant Hire Association.1 109.4 0.3 3.8 2.3 13.4 2.3 3.4 11.7 2.5 –0.4 .7 0.7 1.4 0.3 0..0 119.8 104.6 117.1 111.90 100.7 2000 Q1 Q2 1..9 108.0 113..9 0.6 115.7 100..9 –0.4 0.9 1.8 7..2 –0.9 112.8 0.52 3.9 110.4 –0. 106.1 118.4 0.2 115.07 2.2 0.5 1.5 119.2 108.0 2.4 115.3 2.0 112.2 1.9 1.0 119.0 115.1 1.2 128.3 126.3 1.

7 per cent in 1999). employment.3% in 1999 and 2% in 1998. Average hourly earnings for male non-manual jobs in parts of financial intermediation are twice those in retailing.Chapter 5 – Enterprises.5 6 5. New Earnings Survey data highlights the variation in earnings within the service sector. The variations in earnings are less marked for male manual workers and for females.9 per cent in 1999) and from transport and communications (an increase of 3. Unemployment has continued to fall and activity rates have been rising. hotels and restaurants.5 Jun-00 May-00 Apr-00 Mar-00 Feb-00 Jan-00 Dec-99 Nov-99 Oct-99 Sep-99 Aug-99 Jul-99 Jun-99 May-99 Apr-99 The headline rate of average earnings grew strongly through 1999 causing concern about potential inflationary pressures from a “tight” labour market. employment rose by 2.9% in 1999) and from transport and communications (an increase of 3. . which provides over 76 per cent of employee jobs. Average Earnings . Year on year % change GB (unadjusted) 13 11 9 7 5 3 1 -1 -3 -5 Agricultural Production Construction Services Total employment has been growing since 1992 although the recent rate of growth has slowed.1 per cent rise in 1998.7% in 1999). employment rose by 2. service sector earnings were rising faster than in the whole economy reflecting acceleration in growth of private sector service earnings. In 1999. which provides over 76% of employee jobs. Most of the employment growth came from finance and business services (a rise of 3. Much of the increase in employment has been in part-time jobs. Since then the rate of growth of average earnings has moderated with rises in the service sector falling below increases in the whole economy.5 4 3. Earnings and Employment Employees in Jobs Most service sector businesses are small with 75 per cent with an annual turnover of less than £250. and land transport. Most of the employment growth came from finance and business services (a rise of 3. Male/female differentials are greater in non-manual occupations than in manual.3 per cent in 1999 and 2 per cent in 1998. both sectors where output growth has been strongest.000. both sectors where output growth has been strongest. 1998 1999 In the service sector. Up to May 2000. Around 25 per cent of all service sector businesses are in property and business services. In the service sector.5 5 4. rose by 1. Average earnings growth peaked in February 2000 reflecting millennium and bonus payments.2 per cent following a 2. Some further moderation is expected reflecting pressure on margins.Headline Rate 3 month average Whole Economy Service Sector Private Sector Services 7 6. as measured by employee jobs.

Transport Divisions 70/74 .249 250 .49 50 . PA1003 .Health 1 420 1 650 2 195 1 615 1 160 725 195 8 960 42 825 40 495 31 965 12 025 5 920 4 555 1 220 139 005 SIC (92) Division Division 50 .Motor trades Division 55 . therefore there may be a discrepancy between the totals and the sum of their components. data has been rounded to the nearest five.Property and business services Divisions 75.99 .Finance 3 185 2 205 1 995 1 075 905 1 400 2 085 12 850 109 490 140 250 82 545 34 000 21 610 20 385 5 710 413 995 Division 80 . Sources: Inter Departmental Business Register.5.499 500 .Hotels & catering Divisions 60/63 .Public admin and other services 1 An enterprise comprises of one or more legal units 2 To avoid disclosure.999 1000 .Post & telecommunications 4 645 3 060 1 995 915 625 665 240 12 150 Divisions 65/67 .99 100 . 90 .Education 2 085 2 255 1 520 705 510 745 635 8 455 Division 85 .Retail 20 770 49 690 71 025 33 165 15 815 8 830 1 505 200 795 5 270 32 625 44 890 13 805 5 145 2 945 545 105 225 13 535 17 025 12 030 6 115 4 820 5 680 1 830 61 035 Division 64 .4999 5000 and over Total 8 245 14 700 17 670 9 700 7 020 8 125 2 810 68 275 Division 51 .Wholesale 18 345 17 215 23 225 15 025 13 045 18 825 7 210 112 890 Division 52 .1 Numbers of Enterprises by Size 1.2 UK 2000 Turnover Size in £’000s 1 .

Wholesale food beverages and tobacco 51.26 . Activities of Travel Agents 63.1 .2 Employee Jobs Great Britain (unadjusted) Thousands 1997 1998 1999 2000 All Industries and Services 22 672 23 155 23 425 23 698 Section A .5. waste and scrap 51.2. 52.Motor.Fishing Section C .5 .Hotels. 52.Other land transport and transport via pipelines 43 412 47 427 48 440 49 457 Division 61 . Wholesale and Retail Trades Division 51 .Hotels and Restaurants 55.Repair of personal and household goods Division 55 .1.2 .Wholesale agricultural raw materials and live animals 51.42. Transport via Pipelines 455 474 489 506 60.3-50. hunting and forestry Section B . motorcycle repair and sale of automotive fuel 50. 50.Bars 55.Transport via railways 60. lighting equipment.Agriculture.4 .48 . glass.3 .Post and Telecommunications 439 445 464 475 64.5 .7 .Transport. gas and water supply Section F .5 .Retail Trades 52.Motor Trades 545 537 539 538 50.Other wholesale Division 52 .3 .Services 291 6 77 4 055 144 933 17 166 297 7 75 4 078 136 1 051 17 511 294 7 71 3 936 139 1 064 17 914 320 7 66 3 855 132 1 156 18 161 3 840 3 891 3 942 3 995 Division 50 .3 .47.2 .6 . radio and TV. beverages and tobacco 52.Other non-specialised stores.Mining and quarrying Section D . 52.3 . tobacco 52.1 .1. footwear and leather goods 52.Pharmaceutical and medical goods.11.3 .Wholesale household goods 51. short stay accommodation 55.2 .Sale of motor vehicles.Alcoholic and other beverages.Water Transport 21 19 20 20 Division 62 . second hand shops and sales not in stores 52.Courier activities 64.Construction Sections G-Q .21-52.Electricity.7 .Stores selling mainly food. hardware and household goods nec.Wholesale of non-agricultural intermediate products. 52.46 .41. paints.Supporting and Auxiliary Transport Activities.Travel agencies and tour operators . Storage and Communication Division 63 .Maintenance and repair of motor vehicles 381 387 387 380 164 150 152 158 1 059 1 054 1 076 1 092 43 22 195 245 231 47 25 186 245 230 56 24 179 251 239 59 22 175 255 249 230 91 240 81 240 87 237 94 2 237 2 300 2 328 2 365 699 743 769 787 238 256 278 277 56 121 57 90 49 82 52 87 249 267 272 238 275 227 286 235 348 346 352 342 17 19 22 25 1 270 1 324 1 357 1 378 301 343 429 197 314 364 441 205 340 366 444 206 343 371 454 210 1 322 1 349 1 399 1 435 Division 60 .Clothing.24 . electrical household appliances. newspapers and stationery. furniture.12.5.12 .Manufacturing Section E .Telecommunications 212 37 190 212 55 178 219 57 188 212 61 202 Section G .43 . other retail in specialised stores 52.Air Transport 71 80 86 82 336 332 340 351 97 98 106 110 Division 64 . 52. cosmetics and toilet articles 52.Restaurants 55.44-52.Wholesale machinery equipment and supplies 51.Canteens and catering Section I . 55.National post activities 64.Textiles.Land Transport.2 .25. motorcycles and parts. 52.4 . 60. 52.Wholesale Trades 51.11 .Wholesale on a fee or contract basis 51. camp sites.Books. 52.6 .

Architectural engineering actvities and related technical consultancy.Washing/dry cleaning of textile and fur products 93. 93.Activities on a fee or contract basis 154 131 162 124 170 129 187 131 Division 71 . auditing.Research and Development Division 74 .Social work activities 1 536 908 1 535 911 1 540 896 1 573 896 Sections O. business and consultancy activities 74. letting of own property 70. 92. news agencies and entertainment activities 92.5 .Hairdressing. Compulsory Social Security 1 299 1 333 1 394 1 409 Division 80 . Sanitation 76 110 122 115 Division 91 . Cultural and Sporting Activities 560 549 577 592 92.Motion picture. other beauty treatment.Library.Sporting activities and other recreational activities 162 161 173 175 79 319 78 311 75 329 88 330 218 227 243 246 41 74 46 81 50 81 48 79 Section K . TV.5 .Activities Auxiliary to Financial Intermediation 187 198 194 197 67.4 .1.Market research.1-92.4 .6.Recreational.Real Estate.11 .Human health and veterinary activities 85. Social and Personal Service Activities. 74.8 . physical and well-being activities .Except insurance and pension funding 67.01 .Activities with own property. radio. archives.2. tax consultancy 74.15 .5. 85.Health and Social Work 2 444 2 446 2 436 2 469 85.7 . museums and other cultural activities 92.2 .Labour recruitment 74. technical testing 74. Extra-territorial Organisations 93.2 .Accounting. 70.Public Administration and Defence.3 . 95.Real Estate Activities 285 285 299 318 70. Private Households with Employed Persons.Industrial cleaning 74.2 Employee Jobs Great Britain (unadjusted) continued Thousands 1997 1998 1999 2000 Section J . video.Investigation and security activities 74. Extra-territorial Organisations and Bodies 1 047 1 082 1 133 1 146 Division 90 .3 .Sewage and Refuse Disposal. 74.1.14 .04 .12 .02.Other Service Activities. P.Auxiliary to insurance and pension funding 63 125 74 124 78 116 81 116 3 138 3 288 3 415 3 475 Division 70 .Other Business Activities 74.Computer and Related Activities Division 73 .Financial Intermediation 982 995 996 973 Division 65 .Insurance and Pension Funding except Compulsory Social Security 229 233 231 224 Division 67 . Renting and Business Activities 71.Financial Intermediation except Insurance and Pension Funding 566 564 572 552 Division 66 . 99 .32 .Legal activities 74.Management activities of holding companies 74.Education 1 824 1 803 1 842 1 881 Division 85 .13. book-keeping.6 . Q .2 .Construction and civil engineering machinery Division 72 .Activities of Membership Organisations 193 196 191 193 Division 92 .3 .7 .Advertising 74.Renting of Machinery and Equipment Without Operator and of Personal and Household Goods 137 140 154 156 37 42 42 45 338 395 440 440 91 95 96 99 2 286 2 373 2 426 2 461 204 138 187 86 322 210 161 194 96 300 212 175 190 110 304 216 184 176 102 304 83 482 101 387 296 84 575 117 339 296 93 602 123 321 297 93 635 132 305 314 Division 75 .1 . Private Households with Employed Persons.Other Community.Miscellaneous business activities Divisions 93.

5.24 .2 .Electricity.Travel agencies and tour operators .3 . 52. electrical household appliances.Books. motorcycle repair and sale of automotive fuel 50.Motor.Repair of personal and household goods Division 55 .Mining and quarrying Section D . footwear and leather goods 52. 52. hardware and household goods nec.National post activities 64. Transport via Pipelines 474 474 478 482 489 499 504 500 506 60.Manufacturing Section E . cosmetics and toilet articles 52.5 .3 .1.2 .Textiles. 52.43 .4 .Transport via railways 60.21-52.6 .2 Employee Jobs Great Britain (unadjusted) continued Thousands 1998 Q2 1998 Q3 1998 Q4 1999 Q1 1999 Q2 1999 Q3 1999 Q4 2000 Q1 2000 Q2 All Industries and Services 23 155 23 363 23 482 23 280 23 425 23 600 23 774 23 544 23 698 Section A . 50.4 . motorcycles and parts.2.Retail Trades 52. tobacco 52. camp sites. Activities of Travel Agents 63. beverages and tobacco 52.Wholesale machinery equipment and supplies 51.Agriculture.Wholesale Trades 51.Post and Telecommunications 445 450 462 464 464 474 498 486 475 64.2 .1 .Supporting and Auxiliary Transport Activities.Maintenance and repair of motor vehicles 387 391 388 391 387 388 384 381 380 150 150 153 151 152 155 153 155 158 1 054 1 078 1 081 1 067 1 076 1 091 1 098 1 082 1 092 47 25 186 245 230 47 24 183 253 239 50 23 181 256 239 51 24 179 250 238 56 24 179 251 239 59 23 176 257 244 60 23 179 260 243 58 23 175 254 242 59 22 175 255 249 240 81 245 87 244 87 240 86 240 87 240 92 239 94 237 94 237 94 2 300 2 336 2 404 2 323 2 328 2 353 2 462 2 367 2 365 743 755 780 771 769 776 809 788 787 256 279 314 282 278 277 306 283 277 57 90 55 84 53 85 51 83 49 82 50 84 52 87 50 84 52 87 272 238 277 231 285 234 269 228 275 227 281 231 304 233 290 233 286 235 346 351 356 346 352 350 362 341 342 19 22 23 23 22 25 26 26 25 1 324 1 351 1 329 1 315 1 357 1 360 1 337 1 330 1 378 314 364 441 205 325 370 446 211 309 365 444 210 309 363 439 204 340 366 444 206 340 367 442 210 312 362 450 212 314 363 441 211 343 371 454 210 1 349 1 354 1 368 1 379 1 399 1 427 1 452 1 431 1 435 Division 60 .Construction Sections G-Q .5.7 . gas and water supply Section F .Motor Trades 537 541 541 542 539 543 537 536 538 50.Alcoholic and other beverages. 60.26 . Wholesale and Retail Trades Division 51 .5 .11. 52.Other wholesale Division 52 .1.46 .42. furniture.Stores selling mainly food.Wholesale agricultural raw materials and live animals 51. lighting equipment.1 . 52.Transport. waste and scrap 51.2 .3 . 52.Air Transport 80 82 81 84 86 86 82 85 82 332 331 329 332 340 348 349 341 351 98 102 101 102 106 109 105 103 110 Division 64 .Other land transport and transport via pipelines 47 427 48 426 48 430 48 434 48 440 49 451 49 455 49 451 49 457 Division 61 . 52.41.3-50.Canteens and catering Section I .Clothing. Storage and Communication Division 63 .25. newspapers and stationery.Pharmaceutical and medical goods.Hotels and Restaurants 55. glass.12.Courier activities 64.48 .7 .Sale of motor vehicles. short stay accommodation 55.6 .Wholesale on a fee or contract basis 51. paints.Other non-specialised stores.44-52. radio and TV.Wholesale household goods 51.Water Transport 19 18 17 17 20 19 18 19 20 Division 62 . 55.Fishing Section C .12 .Wholesale of non-agricultural intermediate products.Bars 55.11 . other retail in specialised stores 52.Wholesale food beverages and tobacco 51.Telecommunications 212 55 178 211 59 180 222 61 180 221 60 184 219 57 188 216 64 194 225 63 210 214 60 212 212 61 202 Section G .47.Services 297 7 75 4 078 136 1 051 17 511 306 7 74 4 087 136 1 071 17 681 270 7 74 4 028 138 1 090 17 875 274 7 72 3 962 139 1 049 17 776 294 7 71 3 936 139 1 064 17 914 300 7 69 3 927 138 1 101 18 059 274 7 67 3 911 136 1 137 18 242 304 7 66 3 876 135 1 133 18 023 320 7 66 3 855 132 1 156 18 161 3 891 3 955 4 027 3 932 3 942 3 987 4 097 3 986 3 995 Division 50 . second hand shops and sales not in stores 52.Land Transport.Hotels. hunting and forestry Section B .Restaurants 55.5 . 52.3 .3 .

Activities on a fee or contract basis 162 124 166 130 171 130 170 128 170 129 173 132 179 133 183 129 187 131 Division 71 .Industrial cleaning 74.3 .04 .Other Community.Other Service Activities.14 .Recreational. letting of own property 70.Sporting activities and other recreational activities 161 158 167 160 173 175 167 173 175 78 311 76 318 72 316 72 319 75 329 75 334 73 326 75 320 88 330 227 231 235 238 243 246 248 249 246 46 81 48 82 49 84 48 84 50 81 50 82 51 80 48 81 48 79 Divisions 93. Compulsory Social Security Division 80 . tax consultancy 74. museums and other cultural activities 92. archives.Education 1 803 1 768 1 831 1 846 1 842 1 819 1 858 1 881 1 881 Division 85 .5 .Except insurance and pension funding 67. news agencies and entertainment activities 92. other beauty treatment. Private Households with Employed Persons.4 .1 .Washing/dry cleaning of textile and fur products 93.Real Estate. Sanitation 110 118 116 117 122 121 117 114 115 Division 91 . 74. video.7 .Financial Intermediation. 92.Activities with own property.Sewage and Refuse Disposal. book-keeping. Cultural and Sporting Activities 549 553 555 551 577 583 565 568 592 92.Auxiliary to insurance and pension funding 74 124 76 117 77 116 76 118 78 116 82 117 85 115 83 115 81 116 3 288 3 354 3 410 3 391 3 415 3 474 3 506 3 429 3 475 Division 70 . 74. Private Households with Employed Persons.11 . 93. Earnings and Productivity Division .2 .Computer and Related Activities Division 73 .5 .6 .Accounting.15 .Activities of Membership Organisations 196 193 193 191 191 189 190 189 193 Division 92 .7 .Activities Auxiliary to Financial Intermediation 198 192 193 194 194 198 200 199 197 67.8 . Social and Personal Service Activities.1.Insurance and Pension Funding.Hairdressing.01 .Advertising 74.3 .Labour recruitment 74. 70.Research and Development Division 74 .Motion picture. Extra-territorial Organisations 93. 95. Q .Management activities of holding companies 74.4 .1. auditing.Architectural engineering actvities and related technical consultancy. Extra-territorial Organisations and Bodies 1 082 1 094 1 099 1 098 1 133 1 140 1 120 1 120 1 146 Division 90 .Public Administration and Defence.Miscellaneous business activities Division 75 .Real Estate Activities 285 297 300 298 299 305 312 312 318 70.Human health and veterinary activities 85.2 .Financial Intermediation 995 989 989 989 996 996 999 980 973 Division 65 .Legal activities 74. TV.Social work activities 1 535 911 1 530 897 1 534 899 1 538 897 1 540 896 1 564 909 1 576 895 1 574 878 1 573 896 Sections O.02.2 Employee Jobs Great Britain (unadjusted) continued Thousands 1998 Q2 1998 Q3 1998 Q4 1999 Q1 1999 Q2 1999 Q3 1999 Q4 2000 Q1 2000 Q2 Section J .Library.2 . 99 .32 . technical testing 74.Market research.2. physical and well-being activities Source: Employment.Investigation and security activities 74.Renting of Machinery and Equipment Without Operator and of Personal and Household Goods 140 145 151 148 154 160 156 155 156 42 42 42 42 42 46 46 45 45 395 402 422 424 440 440 445 430 440 95 97 96 98 96 96 96 97 99 2 373 2 413 2 441 2 423 2 426 2 473 2 498 2 434 2 461 210 161 194 96 300 206 172 196 106 303 208 177 194 111 302 209 178 189 111 302 212 175 190 110 304 217 183 191 97 310 218 182 188 103 305 214 185 181 99 301 216 184 176 102 304 84 575 117 339 296 88 591 125 329 297 91 608 125 327 298 91 596 124 324 299 93 602 123 321 297 93 636 128 316 304 94 653 128 314 313 91 618 126 310 308 93 635 132 305 314 1 333 1 391 1 390 1 391 1 394 1 384 1 401 1 415 1 409 Section K .13. radio. except Insurance and Pension Funding 564 560 562 563 572 571 569 557 552 Division 66 .12 . 85.Other Business Activities 74.3 .Construction and civil engineering machinery Division 72 . Renting and Business Activities 71. except Compulsory Social Security 233 237 235 231 231 226 230 225 224 Division 67 .6. business and consultancy activities 74. P.5.1-92.Health and Social Work 2 446 2 427 2 433 2 435 2 436 2 473 2 471 2 452 2 469 85.

01 .55 9.70 Div 52 .56 12. overtime).33 Div 66 .12 4.59 6.Wholesale Trade 7.90 4.81 9. 10.96 7.82 6.72 .73 15.49 .03 5.25 ..13 6.Supporting and auxiliary transport.48 9..78 .99 5.22 11.32 Div 67 .52 8. .29 .17 .43 9.24 6.46 9.93 5.31 13. .75 5.86 .80 Div 70 .70 6.11 7.Real estate activities 6.82 11...83 5.79 5..40 9.53 6.77 5.54 7..Motor Trades 6..41 13.86 7.91 9.57 15.32 9.88 6.61 4.48 12.67 6.48 9.66 4. compulsory Social Security 7.85 Div 51 .76 14.95 .67 Div 72 .12 Other community. 16.£s Average Hourly Earnings (exc.. repair of motor vehicles Div 60 . .59 8.84 11.73 10.36 10. 7.56 12. 11.12 5.76 5.34 . 17.06 19.82 8. renting and business activities Div 73 ..Retail Trade 6.98 6. 18...09 8.5. overtime). 10.30 8.82 5. .89 .86 14. .63 6...93 12.10 9.07 5.50 7..53 Div 64 .16 8.94 .Renting of machinery 6.92 13.17 5.48 9.Activities auxiliary to financial intermediation . 11.. 21.02 .93 Education 7. 11.Insurance and pension .42 Health and social work 6.82 16.3 New Earnings Survey 1 April 1999 Average Hourly Earnings (inc. travel agents 7.40 9.35 7.55 7. Div 63 .43 6...03 6. social and personal service activities 6..00 8. 10..91 4.08 5.47 .89 7.25 Div 71 .Land Transport Div 61 . 10.Other activities 1 Full-Time employees on adult rates in Great Britain 2 Data from part C 1999 tables C1-C4 .71 14.40 9.02 8.41 6.Computer related activities 8..41 9.40 . 6.55 6.56 Standard Industrial Classification SIC(92) Wholesale and retail trade.93 4.86 11. 16.55 Hotels and Restaurants 5.Research & Development Div 74 .37 7...21 7..64 .09 12.98 13.82 6.94 9.19 5.73 12.21 ..10 9.72 12.47 8.34 Div 65 .08 9.. .55 7..48 14..25 6.60 12. 10.50 8.Air Transport Financial intermediation Real estate. 10. 17.46 18. 10.52 7.Post and Telecommunications 7.86 .67 16.59 9. 10.....75 Public administation and defence. . except pensions and insurance .22 Div 50 .56 6.51 .00 13.99 .62 14.£s Male manual Male non-manual Female manual Female non-manual Male manual Male non-manual Female manual Female non-manual 6.83 4. 10... 7. 21.24 . 10. storage and communication 7.38 7.27 .Water Transport Div 62 .87 13.44 7.38 .81 5. 18.87 9. .16 6.77 6.08 Transport.42 6. 11. .. .Financial intermediation.16 7.59 14.30 12..60 10.68 11..70 7.98 8.85 5.

2 39..4 .0 40.2 39.6 . .7 40. 35. overtime) Average Weekly Hours (exc. overtime) Male Male Female Female Male Male Female Female manual non-manual manual non-manual manual non-manual manual non-manual Standard Industrial Classification SIC(92) Wholesale and retail trade.9 Other community.5 41...0 40.4 40.2 ..2 39.8 40.5 36.4 40.0 39.1 Div 60 .8 37.2 38.Retail Trade 42.1 37.1 42.5 50. Div 63 .1 45.7 38.4 42.2 39.6 38. 36.0 39. .8 Transport.0 38.Post and Telecommunications 45.1 ..1 . 37.7 Health and social work 41.7 36..1 38.4 Education 40..1 39. 38.5 Div 71 .5 39.1 38.1 36.6 39.3 ..2 .6 36.7 38.2 33.. . 37.1 37.5 40.5 40.8 41.8 37.8 41.3 .5 39. 36.5.6 39.Renting of machinery 47.4 39. .6 37.9 37.5 37. Div 62 .8 Div 64 . 36.Financial intermediation. repair of motor vehicles 43..Real estate activities 43..0 Div 70 .3 38.. 35.0 38.8 38.6 39.2 37.5 40.2 36.3 . 36. 35..5 39. 37.6 38. . 37.4 Div 52 . 38.0 33.6 40.8 38.5 .6 39. 36.. storage and communication 47.9 37..4 36.2 40.0 38.3 40.0 37.6 Div 50 .5 .Activities auxiliary to financial intermediation .5 41. compulsory Social Security 42.3 37.. 37.Land Transport Div 61 .5 ..7 37.9 34.6 . 37.1 40.7 41.3 40.9 39.4 38.Wholesale Trade 44.4 40..2 . 36.. 36. .1 40.3 37.5 Hotels and Restaurants 42.6 .8 39.1 Div 72 .3 38.2 38. 35.7 Div 51 ..9 39. .6 37.1 46.Motor Trades 44.9 ..2 38.8 37..2 38.. social and personal service activities 44.7 38.3 39.Computer related activities 40..Research & Development Div 74 .Other activities 1 Full-Time Employees on adult rates in Great Britain 2 Data from part C 1999 tables C1-C4 Source: Employment.Air Transport 44.5 38.0 40..8 37.8 37.2 38...4 37.2 Div 67 .8 39.2 39. 38.1 36... ..3 .8 39.0 37.0 40.6 38. 36. .4 40.6 40.5 39..7 38.9 Public administration and defence.2 41.9 .8 35.2 . 35.8 37.Supporting and auxiliary transport.2 38.4 39.1 .2 42. Earnings and Productivity Division .1 37. 41.Insurance and pension .8 . except pensions and insurance .2 41... .3 39.3 Div 65 .3 39..3 New Earnings Survey 1 April 1999 continued Average Weekly Hours (inc.3 .Water Transport Financial intermediation Real estate.9 40..1 40.6 35.2 38. travel agents 47. renting and business activities Div 73 .2 Div 66 .7 38.3 38.9 36. 38.7 .9 42.9 38..

6 5.8 5.1 122.1 6.6 5.7 120.6 123.8 6.2 4.9 117.5 3.0 120.1 4.2 5.9 6.0 5.0 4.4 5.8 5.6 4.1 5.6 3.7 121.7 123.5 5.2 5.7 5.0 119.4 122.2 122.4 4.7 4.0 4.9 5.7 117.8 3.3 119.3 5.8 120.7 7.7 5.0 124.5 5.6 121.5 4.5 5.3 6.9 126.6 4.4 119.3 117.8 119.8 5.0 5. Earnings and Productivity Division .1 6.4 120.2 4.5 4.0 5.5 5.4 121.1 6.4 4.2 7.1 5.8 4.8 5.8 5.2 5.2 124.9 6.8 119.0 4.7 3.1 4.0 4.7 121.1 128.6 127.1 5.9 Source: Employment.5 4.3 5.9 120.3 118.4 4.7 119.6 3.5 116.4 6.8 117.2 4.6 6.0 4.3 117.1 124.5 5.7 125.7 5.4 6.8 123.0 3.7 4.7 4.3 122.3 117.7 4.2 5.9 4.2 5.9 119.1 122.6 4.1 5.4 4.4 117.9 4.5 6.5 4.2 6.6 123.3 5.5.8 122.7 5.9 5.5 119.8 5.3 4.8 4.9 5.2 5.4 123.1 125.2 2000 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun 123.7 6.3 4.8 4.6 5.6 5.3 123.0 4.3 4.4 4.1 124.0 4.3 3.1 4.8 5.4 Average Earnings Index Seasonally adjusted 1995=100 Whole economy Services Sector Private Sector Services Average earnings index % change on year Headline rate (3 month average) 1 Average earnings index % change on year Headline rate (3 month average) 1 Average earnings index % change on year Headline rate (3 month average) 1 1999 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun 116.5 5.7 122.3 6.2 117.9 4.6 4.8 Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 119.1 5.9 122.9 4.9 125.5 5.8 3.8 6.

while expenditure on travel abroad by UK residents accounts for around 40 per cent of total imports of services. Exports of insurance are returning to levels seen before 1999. In 1999. transport and government offset further improvements in financial and other business services. the number of trips by overseas visitors to the UK has stagnated reflecting a decline in visitors from Europe deterred by sterling’s strength. along with increases in spending per trip.Chapter 6 – Overseas Trade in Services and Investment Trade in Services has shown a surplus for every year since 1966. which saw a surge in exports. Much of the growth in imports is due to a surge in travel and communications services in both 1998 and 1999. In 1999. The increase in the deficit on travel was partly offset by a fall in the deficit on transport and a rise in the surplus on royalties and license fees.% change per annum Exports Imports 14 12 10 8 % 6 4 2 0 -2 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 Since 1990. Overseas Trade in Services Growth in imports/exports . The deficit in travel rose in both the first and second quarters of 2000 as growth in the number of UK residents’ trips abroad continued while the number of trips by overseas visitors to the UK fell slightly. the surplus fell back to around £11 billion as rising deficits in travel. export growth slowed further to 5 per cent from 6 per cent in 1998. Travel by overseas visitors to the UK accounts for about a quarter of total service exports. The surplus grew steadily until 1985 broadly offsetting the deficit in trade in goods. largely reflecting growth in financial and other business services. while imports grew by 8 per cent in both 1998 and 1999. exports of services have increased 103 per cent while imports of services have risen 95 per cent. The increase in overall imports of services in the second quarter compared to the first quarter of 2000 is accounted for by the rise in travel. While the number of UK residents’ trips abroad rose in both 1998 and 1999. Since 1989 the surplus has again been rising with a significant increase after 1996 to reach over £12 billion in 1997 and 1998. .

. 1 895 3 979 563 2 654 8 413 ..... 865 2 874 .... 411 166 .... 1 374 3 711 469 2 388 7 870 ... 1 535 7 895 8 841 895 .. 1 904 2 581 . –357 –836 –3 846 –272 . 427 173 173 2 039 3 425 .. 2 064 9 398 13 319 1 274 . 1 305 10 200 12 990 1 009 .. 1 468 3 804 352 403 4 311 .. cultural and recreational Government Total 1 The service earnings of financial institutions are recorded net of their foreign expenses. –820 –533 –2 803 –319 .. 2 125 4 310 770 3 200 9 699 . 2 125 10 733 15 793 1 328 . 2 340 4 283 502 442 5 346 .. 1 474 8 770 10 509 1 070 .... –17 3 758 .. 471 178 253 2 758 4 359 .6. 947 3 538 296 349 4 445 . –765 –776 –2 716 –76 . cultural and recreational Government 7 840 10 255 1 143 . 1 541 9 492 10 882 1 038 . 427 175 211 2 251 4 102 .. 495 200 293 3 119 5 225 .. cultural and recreational Government Total Imports Balances Transportation Travel Communications Construction Insurance Financial1 Computer and information Royalties and license fees Other business Personal.1 International Trade in Services Summary Table £ million 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 7 207 8 330 1 004 . 1 276 3 040 . 2 300 8 671 11 557 971 . 1 898 10 328 14 728 1 310 ..... –590 –628 –2 810 –204 .. 1 887 6 339 . 1 423 10 820 13 770 1 099 173 2 084 4 951 1 090 3 887 13 112 734 1 180 11 179 13 805 1 147 266 3 213 6 268 1 257 4 148 14 303 820 1 137 11 582 14 302 1 277 298 3 228 6 438 1 585 4 199 16 483 900 1 090 11 538 14 293 1 484 267 4 111 6 992 1 928 4 387 17 083 782 1 117 31 426 35 428 40 039 43 507 48 687 52 900 57 543 61 382 63 982 Transportation Travel Communications Construction Insurance Financial1 Computer and information Royalties and license fees Other business Personal. 2 835 4 483 795 3 561 10 571 . –575 –1 096 –2 959 –247 53 1 517 4 744 757 66 7 189 178 –1 305 –2 112 –3 638 –201 98 2 619 6 087 852 401 8 758 274 –724 –2 217 –5 899 –198 187 2 643 6 273 1 134 351 10 302 425 –419 –2 392 –8 341 –210 182 3 542 6 787 1 428 547 10 953 292 –1 250 4 471 5 674 6 623 6 528 8 915 8 897 12 414 12 582 11 538 Exports Transportation Travel Communications Construction Insurance Financial1 Computer and information Royalties and license fees Other business Personal... 1 998 11 916 16 729 1 346 120 567 207 333 3 821 5 923 556 2 485 13 291 17 443 1 348 168 594 181 405 3 747 5 545 546 1 861 13 799 20 201 1 475 111 585 165 451 3 848 6 181 475 1 509 13 930 22 634 1 694 85 569 205 500 3 840 6 130 490 2 367 Total 26 955 29 754 33 416 36 979 39 772 44 003 45 129 48 800 52 444 –633 –1 925 –139 . Imports of financial services only cover imports by non-financial institutions . 1 654 4 132 517 442 5 340 ..

6. Financial and Coordination Division . Imports of financial services only cover imports by non-financial institutions Source: Overseas.1 International Trade in Services Summary Table continued £ million 1998 Q2 1998 Q3 1998 Q4 1999 Q1 1999 Q2 1999 Q3 1999 Q4 2000 Q1 2000 Q2 2 949 3 442 312 82 872 1 558 378 1 018 4 025 218 244 3 464 4 892 316 59 750 1 779 421 1 093 4 127 215 339 2 713 3 411 340 120 496 1 526 415 1 011 4 511 240 238 2 519 2 721 357 110 962 1 727 477 1 156 4 226 186 276 2 918 3 311 406 95 1 229 1 765 447 1 059 4 305 244 238 3 304 4 945 398 30 975 1 874 569 1 098 4 313 205 314 2 797 3 316 323 32 945 1 626 435 1 074 4 239 147 289 2 573 2 710 286 24 867 2 164 383 1 033 4 081 195 339 3 072 3 533 314 27 732 2 034 397 1 153 4 238 239 242 15 098 17 455 15 021 14 717 16 017 18 025 15 223 14 655 15 981 3 562 5 108 396 21 145 45 101 900 1 392 124 344 3 823 6 884 354 27 141 41 117 955 1 537 118 328 3 278 4 482 360 41 142 36 129 1 044 1 734 112 486 3 300 4 110 377 23 147 51 125 966 1 484 117 818 3 373 5 735 445 21 130 57 132 958 1 657 133 559 3 801 7 797 432 29 140 50 128 965 1 593 127 417 3 456 4 992 440 12 152 47 115 951 1 396 113 573 3 277 4 494 343 6 157 44 214 825 1 337 116 422 3 468 6 288 365 11 153 53 192 800 1 293 122 520 12 138 14 325 11 844 11 518 13 200 15 479 12 247 11 235 13 265 –613 –1 666 –84 61 727 1 513 277 118 2 633 94 –100 –359 –1 992 –38 32 609 1 738 304 138 2 590 97 11 –565 –1 071 –20 79 354 1 490 286 –33 2 777 128 –248 –781 –1 389 –20 87 815 1 676 352 190 2 742 69 –542 –455 –2 424 –39 74 1 099 1 708 315 101 2 648 111 –321 –497 –2 852 –34 1 835 1 824 441 133 2 720 78 –103 –659 –1 676 –117 20 793 1 579 320 123 2 843 34 –284 –704 –1 784 –57 18 710 2 120 169 208 2 744 79 –83 –396 –2 755 –51 16 579 1 981 205 353 2 945 117 –278 2 960 3 130 3 177 3 199 2 817 2 546 2 976 3 420 2 716 Exports Transportation Travel Communications Construction Insurance Financial1 Computer and information Royalties and license fees Other business Personal. cultural and recreational Government Total 1 The service earnings of financial institutions are recorded net of their foreign expenses. cultural and recreational Government Total Imports Transportation Travel Communications Construction Insurance Financial1 Computer and information Royalties and license fees Other business Personal. cultural and recreational Government Total Balances Transportation Travel Communications Construction Insurance Financial1 Computer and information Royalties and license fees Other business Personal.

85..book value of net assets at year end Div 50 .Education.Retail 6 443 1 509 874 3 474 1 918 627 12 462 Div 55 . . 192 36 186 280 60 41 . 1 209 248 707 7 144 Div 52 ..... Europe of which EU of which France of which Germany USA Asia Rest of World World Total 20 – .Sales of Motor Vehicles Div 60/63 . 5 55 –43 38 1 726 49 .Post and Telecommunications Div 75. 550 –7 80 2 349 Div 52 .Hotels and restaurants 247 –2 9 –297 . dividend and interest.. .Hotels and restaurants 2 030 ..Wholesale Div 60/63 . . 140 4 263 706 . 146 . 71 501 313 945 2 435 147 78 862 236 1 417 4 950 Div 70/74 . Storage and Communications Div 64 . etc Europe of which EU of which France of which Germany USA Asia Rest of World World Total 297 .. etc.. etc. Sources: Overseas.90/99 .. Public Admin. Public Admin.Financial Intermediation 1 2 3 4 Net investment includes unremitted profits Minus sign indicates net disinvestment overseas Minus sign indicates net losses Net earnings equals profits of overseas branches plus UK companies receipts of interest and their share of profits of overseas subsidiaries and associates....Education.Transport. 1 242 –212 35 . Storage and Communications Div 64 .Wholesale 497 51 .85.Retail 857 295 232 100 301 –271 987 Div 55 .Other Business Activities 14 525 1 598 852 7 681 482 3 716 26 404 451 58 . . Storage and Communications Div 64 .. Public Admin. Financial and Coordination Division. 1 092 676 1 937 4 411 1 538 . 351 .2 Outward Direct Investment by UK Companies by industry of overseas affiliates 1998 £ million Europe of which EU of which France of which Germany USA Asia Rest of World World Total 21 –5 . 271 12 111 891 Div 52 .Sales of Motor Vehicles Div 60/63 . .Transport..Other Business Activities 715 101 37 902 127 305 2 049 Div 75..80.Post and Telecommunications Div 65/67 . 297 3 973 187 52 188 –21 9 643 13 783 944 450 –43 2 645 75 –653 3 011 –524 34 8 784 68 244 572 NET DIRECT INVESTMENT OVERSEAS 1 2 Div 50 .....85..Transport.90/99 .. Earnings are after deducting provisions for depreciation and overseas tax on profits.Sales of Motor Vehicles Div 51 . 5 52 6 83 Div 51 . 40 563 278 1 178 Div 51 . 2 365 279 2 144 5 239 LEVELS .80.Retail 500 156 24 351 126 156 1 133 Div 55 . 977 713 16 .Financial Intermediation Div 70/74 . 1 914 2 711 2 176 8 339 Div 65/67 . .Financial Intermediation 25 911 1 466 437 13 766 1 033 20 403 61 113 Div 70/74 .Education.. 1 983 ..Post and Telecommunications Div 65/67 .6..Wholesale 4 980 . 116 6 –1 54 133 476 779 NET EARNINGS FROM OVERSEAS DIRECT INVESTMENT3 4 Div 50 ... Bank of England . .80. .Other Business Activities Divs 75. 655 –134 –17 . ...Hotels and restaurants 215 18 11 134 .90/99 .

4 503 Div 60/63 . Net earnings equals profits of UK branches plus overseas investors’ receipts of interest an their share of the profits of UK subsidiaries and associates....6.. 1 759 47 995 4 705 LEVELS ..Hotels and restaurants 1 385 ... Public Admin. ..Retail Div 55 .Sales of Motor Vehicles 1 2 3 4 Net investment includes unremitted profits. 1 904 954 . .80.. –110 1 093 Div 65/67 .80.. – 1 769 .90/99 . –419 Div 65/67 . 517 .. etc.. etc...Sales of Motor Vehicles Div 51 .Transport.. Earnings are after deducting provisions for depreciation and UK tax on profits and interest. 94 697 Div 60/63 ..Post and Telecommunications 21 .Wholesale 2 420 371 . . – 172 . Storage and Communications 17 .. 305 Div 60/63 ..3 Inward Direct Investment in UK Companies by industry of UK affiliates 1998 £ million Europe of which EU of which France of which Germany USA Asia Rest of World World Total 672 ..Other Business Activities 811 192 16 5 263 1 163 –12 7 225 –215 10 ..85. Storage and Communications 81 –7 –181 . Sources: Overseas...85. – 536 . 3 251 Div 65/67 .Other Business Activities 4 448 1 964 144 7 846 1 654 1 477 15 425 Div 75.. 246 1 119 Div 64 .. 31 112 7 30 274 Div 55 . 107 11 2 75 2 15 199 NET EARNINGS FROM DIRECT INVESTMENT IN THE UK3 4 Div 50 . . .Retail 125 .book value of net assets at year end Div 64 . 301 27 52 165 NET DIRECT INVESTMENT IN THE UK1 2 Div 50 .Hotels and restaurants 62 .. ..Education.Education. . Financial and Coordination Division. etc.Retail 1 176 . . 3 671 151 –6 186 4 362 Div 51 . Europe of which EU of which France of which Germany USA Asia Rest of World World Total Div 50 .Post and Telecommunications –1 – – . . –297 7 –12 57 –196 Div 51 ..Transport. Public Admin. –428 . 82 ..80. ..Other Business Activities 370 48 16 265 47 –14 668 Div 75.. 3 564 853 983 7 820 Div 52 .. Minus sign indicates net disinvestment in the UK. 569 –948 –928 7 988 –282 –41 –283 453 .Financial Intermediation 590 310 71 5 999 –420 7 765 13 934 Div 70/74 . . 3 113 .Wholesale 145 10 126 536 31 38 750 Div 52 . Public Admin. ..Wholesale Div 52 .Hotels and restaurants Div 75..Sales of Motor Vehicles 4 031 .90/99 .Financial Intermediation 8 109 2 040 1 317 24 910 4 803 10 772 48 594 Div 70/74 . Minus sign indicates net losses. . 444 83 531 2 234 Div 55 .85. 237 Div 64 ...Transport... 684 37 .Education. Storage and Communications 2 404 31 330 1 374 . . 13 –17 . 4 559 118 – . Bank of England .Financial Intermediation –311 –154 –502 1 773 –654 –2 168 –1 360 Div 70/74 ....90/99 .Post and Telecommunications Europe of which EU of which France of which Germany USA Asia Rest of World World Total –248 ..

television and communication equipment Manufacture of medical. except machinery etc Manufacture of machinery and equipment not elsewhere classified Manufacture of office machinery and computers Manufacture of electrical machinery and apparatus Manufacture of radio. printing and reproduction of recorded media Manufacture of coke. logging and related service activities Fishing 05 C Fishing. related service activities Mining and Quarrying 10 11 12 13 14 D Mining of coal and lignite. refined petroleum products and nuclear fuel Manufacture of chemicals and chemical products Manufacture of rubber and plastic products Manufacture of other non-metallic mineral products Manufacture of basic metals Manufacture of fabricated metal products.STANDARD INDUSTRIAL CLASSIFICATION . cork and straw Manufacture of pulp.SIC (92) Section Division A Description Agriculture. hunting and related service activities Forestry. Hunting and Forestry 01 02 B Agriculture. dressing and dyeing of fur Manufacture of leather and leather products Manufacture of wood and products of wood. trailers and semi-trailers Manufacture of other transport equipment Manufacture of furniture and manufacturing not elsewhere classified Recycling Reference Publications: Standard Industrial Classification (1992) . extraction of peat Extraction of crude petroleum and natural gas Mining of uranium and thorium ores Mining of metal ores Other mining and quarrying Manufacturing 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 Manufacture of food products and beverages Manufacture of tobacco products Manufacture of textiles Manufacture of wearing apparel. paper and paper products Publishing. optical instruments. fish hatcheries and farms. watches and clocks Manufacture of motor vehicles.

except compulsory social security Activities auxiliary to financial intermediation Real Estate. except of motor vehicles Retail trade. Gas and Water Supply 40 41 F Electricity.SIC (92) Section Division E Description Electricity. travel agents Post and telecommunications Financial Intermediation 65 66 67 K Financial Intermediation. except of motor vehicles. repair of household goods Hotels and Restaurants 55 I Hotels and Restaurants Transport. Storage and Communications 60 61 62 63 64 J Land transport. steam and hot water supply Collection. Renting and Business Activities 70 71 72 73 74 Real estate activities Renting of machinery and equipment without operators Computer and related activities Research and development Other business activities Reference Publications: Standard Industrial Classification (1992) . except insurance and pension funding Insurance and pension funding. purification and distribution of water Construction 45 G Construction Wholesale and Retail Trade. gas. transport via pipelines Water transport Air transport Supporting and auxiliary transport activities. sale of automotive fuel Wholesale and commission trade.STANDARD INDUSTRIAL CLASSIFICATION . Repair of Vehicles and Household Goods 50 51 52 H Sale and repair of motor vehicles.

sanitation and similar activities Activities of membership organisations not elsewhere classified Recreational. cultural and sporting activities Other service activities Private Households with Employed Persons 95 Q Private households with employed persons Extra-territorial Organisations and Bodies 99 Extra-territorial organisations and bodies Reference Publications: Standard Industrial Classification (1992) .SIC (92) Section Division L Description Public Administration and Defence. Social and Personal Service Activities 90 91 92 93 P Sewage and refuse disposal. Compulsory Social Security 75 M Public administration and defence. compulsory social security Education 80 N Education Health and Social Work 85 O Health and social work Other Community.STANDARD INDUSTRIAL CLASSIFICATION .

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