# CLASS A SURFACING A Class surfacing and its importance: A class surfaces are those aesthetic/ free form surfaces

, which are visible to us (interior/exterior), having an optimal aesthetic shape and high surface quality. Mathematically class A surface are those surfaces which are curvature continuous while providing the simplest mathematical representation needed for the desired shape/form and does not have any undesirable waviness. Curvature continuity: It is the continuity between the surfaces sharing the same boundary. Curvature continuity means that at each point of each surface along the common boundary has the same radius of curvature. Why Class A is needed: We all understand that today products are not only designed considering the functionality but special consideration are given to its form/aesthetics which can bring a desire in ones mind to own that product. Which is only possible with high-class finish and good forms. This is the reason why in design industries Class A surface are given more importance.

Understanding Class A surfaces: 1. The fillets - Generally for Class A, the requirement is curvature continuous and Uniform flow of flow lines from fillet to parent surface value of 0.005 or better (Position 0.001mm and tangency to about 0.016 degrees). 2. The flow of the highlight lines - The lines should form a uniform family of lines. Gradually widening or narrowing but in general never pinching in and out. 3. The control points should form a very ordered structure - again varying in Angle from one Row to the next in a gradual manner (this will yield the good Highlights required). 4. For a Class A model the fillet boundary should be edited and moved to form a Gentle line - and then re-matched into the base surface. 5. Matched iso-params in U & V direction are also a good representation of class A.

BIW etc ). 8. Tangent continuity .6. BIW is NOT Class-A. The exterior of you sexy toothbrush is Class-A. This classification is primarily used in the automotive and increasingly in consumer goods (toothbrushes.which is directional continuity without radius continuity like fillets. tangent and point continuity is the entire basis most industries (aerospace.we make sure the rate of Change of curvature (or the flow of the capping line across the top of the part) is Very gentle and well behaved. there is generally no need for curvature. symmetry. in a product. For this reason the exterior of automobiles are deemed Class-A. Also you have to take care of Draft angle. The physical meaning: Class A refers to those surfaces. The degree (order) of the Bezier fillets should generally be about 6 (also for arc Radius direction) sometimes you may have to go higher. This is different to surfaces having. PalmPC's. washing machines. It is a requirement where aesthetics has a significant contribution. gaps and matching of surfaces Created with parent or reference surfaces.only touching without directional (tangent) or curvature equivalence. In fact. For these applications. Curvature cross-section needles across the part . which are CURVATURE continuous to each other at their respective boundaries. By definition: Class A surface refers to those surfaces which are VISIBLE and abide to the physical meaning. toilet lids etc). shipbuilding. mobile phones. Curvature continuity means that at each "point" of each surface along the common boundary has the same radius of curvature. Point continuity . 7. the interior with ribs and inserts etc is NOT ClassA. QUESTION: What is Body_in_white? What is class A surface? .

Ans:3 We also use it to mean after it has been painted . ANS: 6 Catia is mostly used for BIW design (Ford switching to catia. or BIW+G. A Class C surface is the back side of a part of a surface that is permanently covered by another part. roof. they were painted white as it gives the frame a uniform color so imperfections were easily visible. Is this because it could easily create quintic surfaces? With UG with Design bundle only. Ans:5 BIW meaning Body In White is so called due to its appearance after the application of the primer to the entirely Body panel assembled vehicle just before going into the painting process.I always assumed that the white bit refers to primer. I heard some time ago from a old designer that the term BIW comes from when cars were built from wood. and Toyota). Ans:2 Actually 'body in white' is the term used to describe the whole vehicle body after it has been welded/bolted together before it is painted or any parts are attached on the fit up line.e.Are the interior trim (A.B. when it becomes the glazed body in white. center console. body side.e. i.C pillar. the underside of a fascia that you would have to bend down to see.e. i. BIW is stuff like the body side etc. . sill appliqué. A Class B surface is something that is not always visible i. Next step is to fit the windscreen and backlight. most of the surfaces created are cubic. Usually the primer is white or silver grey which gives the so called name. handles) of a car using class A surface? Anybody using the basic design bundle of UG for class A surfacing? UG\Shape Studio? How does it compare with Catia? Ans:1 A class A surface is anything that you the customer sees.Some surfaces are Class A.. ANS: 4 BIW . dash board. exterior panels and interior surfaces.

etc) cannot develop a ClassA surface. Pro-E. Studio.it is not just seen surface and unseen surface In normal no technical words. In case two . but you can not call it a A class surface ) reason is very simple the real requirement of aesthetic and good looking and designer intended shape is not there. at the connecting boundary of two patches you have common boundary but it is sharp corner.you have tangent continuity and curvature continuity this does qualify as A class surface.but you have tangent continuity. etc. If your projects need only the modeling of the trim. when you create . ANS: 8 For obtaining Class-A surfaces.car body panel. This being due to engineering calculations involved in any surface generated by such softwares. UG. IDEAS. you would need Studio. CATIA is more commonly used due to its inherent ability to model very high quality surfaces in general. The use of any software would depend on the level of expectations placed on you. at the boundary of joining you need to have connectivity and continuation of minimum order two. but if you intend to go down right from styling. for example In case one. etc. this does not qualify as A class surface.------------------------------------------------------------------ANS: 7 A class surface means . But.at the connecting boundary of two patches have common boundary and no sharp corner . ------------------------------------------------------------------ANS: 9 . generic engg softwares will do. For pure Class-A surfaces you would need styling softwares like Alias. which moves in a smooth uniform designer intended formations.at the connecting boundary of two patches have common boundary and no sharp corner . this also does not qualify as A class surface. any engineering software (CATIA. In case two .) when these things are added. due to their complex shapes it not possible to create the surface with one single face /patch so you make multiple face/patch ( surface is a group of face/patch added together. ( sine curve is good example for curvature continuity. A class surface means It is smooth looking reflective surface with no distortion of light highlights.

there are many vehicles. Previously. Catia V5 has GUI interfaces to impose curvature continuity the same way that Alias-Wave front Studio Tools (Auto Studio) does. but not impossible. Imagine.a 'B' class surface generally relates to the opposite (or inside) face of an 'A' surface . For example : 1.defining fillets with conics. that have utilized them for Class-A surfaces and downstream. for what its worth. ANS: 11 In Europe a 'A' class surface is generally taken to be the visible side of any component / assembly .In case of plastic. They have to retain there intended smoothness and other characteristics to remain A class. Catia V4 has added a tool called Blend surf that is able to obtain virtual curvature continuity.Line features on body side external panel and feature on hood panel which is very common.Fuel lid opening area. what happens to your A class surface in case pressed sheet metal body panel. They are both based on piece-wise polynomial equations. 5 . ------------------------------------------------------------------ANS: 10 It is true that it is tough to make good curvature continuous surface in UG.. and many OEMs still accept this for Class-A surfaces. 3 . Lot many other things go in designing A class sheet metal panels for door . Considering the tolerances in creating molds and dies and then producing parts from them. a sheet metal panel is not a math model. While a conic fillet is not technically curvature continuous. to achieve this lot of other things has to be taken care while designing A class surfaces. 4 . and smooth reflections on CAD surface. like wise 2 -Flange width and other things are to be taken care while designing fenders wheel arch area for avoiding bulging effect and skidding effect.IHO. including luxury models. I .parts. it is lot more than that. roof etc. sink marks and other things. the surface which defines the thickness of the part. plunged flange for bulge effect. Remember one thing A-class doesn't mean just curvature continuity. are to be designed to avoid skidding while they are pressed.e.i.. even styling was comfortable with modelsand hence tools. and molded plastic components. 'B' class surfaces can also be referred to as 'engineering surfaces. and is where the mounting and reinforcing detail tends to be located.Panel stretching needs to be taken care..

ICEM surf is considered the best tool for speedy A-class surfacing due to the sophistication of its real-time diagnostics.will produce a reflection on one surface. then at the boundary have a kink and continue. this would be G3. G3 deals with curvature "acceleration".have not personally heard of any surface being referred to as a 'C' type.software packages like ICEMSURF tend to be more used for generating visual quality surfaces. tangent continuity and curvature continuity surfaces when reflecting a straight and dry tree stump in the desert???? Point Continuity (also known as G0 continuity) . G3 is often sought on the more major block surfaces. then you gently wind off the steering until you're straight again. If you look at the curve your car made. G2 means as has been described before that the curvature value is the same across a boundary. Unlike Point continuity the reflection (repeat REFLECTION) is continuous but has a tangent discontinuity in it. In analogy.especially on vehicle exteriors goes further than G2 or "curvature" continuity. Tangent Continuity (also known as G1 continuity) . Alias can do G3!) . The consequence: The consequence of these surfaces apart from visually and physically aesthetic shapes is the way they reflect the real world. A-Class and B-class would refer to surface quality required for the component which is different to A-side and B-side which refers to which is the visible/non visible part of a component.e. you start off straight then gently add steering lock to the point where you need no more.this . while it is ok for surfacing tends to be more used for generating engineering surface detail and solid models . Curvature Continuity (also known as G2 continuity. Its like driving a car round a bend. What would one expect to see across the boundary of pairs of point continuity. then at the boundary disappear and re-appear at a location slightly different on the other surface. the rate of change of curvature across a boundary. it is "like" a greater than symbol. G3 means that the surface curvature leading to the boundary is changing shape at the same rate. ------------------------------------------------------------------ANS: 12 True A-class surfacing . Catia.will produce a reflection on one surface. i. The same reflective phenomenon will show when there is a gap between the surfaces (the line markers on a road reflecting across the gap between the doors of a car).

the graduation of one into the other is achieved without discernible abrupt transitions.will produce the unbroken and smooth reflection across the boundary. This means that where two surfaces meet. rather than mid-range mechanical CAD packages that have evolved from 3D solid modeling for mechanical assemblies. consumer product manufacturers have availed themselves of the same advanced surface modeling tools. To achieve the same Class 'A' surfaces that automotive manufacturers demand. The techniques used to create Class 'A' surfaces typically reside in top level surface modeling software developed for the motor industry. What is a Class 'A' surface? The simple answer is that it is a perfectly smooth surface with no anomalies. in which all adjoining surfaces have curvature continuity. .