an undergraduate student voice of azusa pacific university since 1965





Pivotal WASC site visit today
Students are widely unaware of accredidation process
DJ Brinkerhoff
senior staff writer

Today, the Western Association of Schools and Colleges (WASC) will examine APU in the second phase of its reaccreditation process called Capacity and Preparatory Review (CPR). The review will take place through Friday, and will involve WASC communicating with students and faculty, as a follow up to the Institutional Proposal, which is the first phase that took place

last fall. Vicky Bowden, the WASC Accreditation Liaison Officer explains the process to be a positive thing for APU, as it is a way to show students and faculty how our programs are running. “It’s like an onion. It gives us the opportunity to peel back the layers and see how everything is working,” Bowden said. CPR is the first site visit and takes place over the course of three days. Acting Provost Mark Stanton says the entire reaccreditation process focuses on students’ learning goals and the ability of the university to meet them. “It focuses on program specification of students’ learning goals and the plan to achieve and assess the completion of those goals,” Stanton

said. “The next site visit, in twelve to eighteen months, is the Educational Effectiveness Review, which will focus on the results of student learning assessment.” That visit, Stanton says, will really concentrate on whether students are learning what they are expected to learn.” Because the process is so student centered, WASC and APU both try to inform students about the process and how to be involved. APU sends emails to students with information about opportunities to participate in discussions and WASC sets up an anonymous email so that students can voice their comments or concerns. Despite these efforts, some students are unaware of the process.

See WASC, PG. 3

Facebook sparks diversity discussion
Students respond to lack of diversity in this year’s presidential candidates for student government
Kaila Ward
news editor

Jan. 23 marked the day that SGA candidates could begin their campaigns. As the three white males running for president tagged the campus with posters of their face and slogan, other students on campus were producing postings of their own. A Feb. 2 Facebook posting created waves among students feeling particularly passionate about the lack of diversity represented in this year’s SGA candidates. This is an excerpt from that day’s thread, involving over 20 students and 55 comments, written by senior sociology major Noah Brazo. In an interview with Brazo, he stated that he stands firm by what he wrote that day. “Maybe there’s something to be said that all the people who have commented on this saying that race doesn’t matter and that whites should be in power... ARE ALL WHITE AND MALE….MLK Jr. never meant that we should be colorblind. Color blindness has the word blind in it!....of course differences shouldn’t matter but they should still be seen, as beautiful and precious, as opportunities to see the world in a different light. ugggh. sorry for the swears and for those who will take this as a personal hateful attack. Most of you I know and love.” Brazo’s statement was in response to a friend’s status, which conveyed their disappointment with this year’s options for SGA president consisting of all white males. Brazo, who agreed with this student’s opinion, decided to voice his own, but was met with fiery responses by some

who disagreed. “The angry reactions all came from white, heterosexual men,” Brazo said. “So it was exact proof of the point we were making.” Newly elected as next year’s SGA President, junior business administration major Carter Posladek says he wasn’t surprised by the concern expressed in the Facebook thread. “I knew a large demographic wouldn’t like me running,” Posladek said. “But that’s no reason for me not to engage in leadership.” Nevertheless, Posladek was excited by the nature of the discussion because he sees it as exciting that so many students care. “Part of my job involves appointing the rest of my team,” Posladek said. “And I’d say we definitely need a healthy, diverse staff.” Current SGA President Laura Jane Kenny feels that diversity in student government is crucial because it is the only way to truly represent the student body. “That is why it’s important that it be a concern and emphasis of APU to raise up leaders of different backgrounds,” Kenny said. Twenty-one students contributed to the thread discussion, which eventually digressed to a conversation about campus diversity in general. The concerns were voiced on the heels of a prestigious diversity award APU recently received. A month ago, President Jon Wallace was on a stage accepting an award titled “Racial Harmony,” presented by the Council for Christian Colleges and Universities in Washington, D.C. According to the CCCU’s website, the award is presented annually and intended to celebrate the achievements of universities making progress in the areas of diversity, racial harmony, and reconciliation. In an article printed in The Clause Feb. 19, President Wallace commented on the award as a victory, but also as encouragement to continue moving forward with embracing

California gas prices soar as most expensive in the nation


Odell to retire and Pine named next Athletic Director
Bobbi Salcido
sports editor


Provided by Office of Student Life

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Brought together in a department meeting, APU coaches and athletic department faculty were addressed by three legendary NAIA Coaches and Athletic Directors ready and prepared to name the next leader of APU Athletics. On February 23, Azusa Pacific announced the retirement of Athletic Director and NAIA Hall of Famer Bill Odell and Associate Athletic

Director and Sports Information Director Gary Pine as his replacement at the end of the 2010-2011 year. After 20 years of service to Azusa Pacific both as the head men’s basketball coach and then Athletic Director for the past 15, Odell decided in January that this was his final year. “Since I quit coaching four years ago, I have prayed about it, thought about it, talked with my wife about it,” Odell said. “I felt that getting us through [NCAA] application and


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rather than waiting for the administration,” Brazo said. “Students need to find those people who are different that they’ve gotten to know and encourage them [to run].” This was exactly the case for Tiffany Porter, the 2005-2006 SGA president and also an AfricanAmerican female. Porter was asked to speak in chapel Jan. 10, in which she advocated utilizing the opportunities APU has to offer. As a junior at APU, Porter recounts having never even considered running for president, even though she had served on SGA years prior. “I was hesitant because of my own insecurities, but also because of what I had seen in the past,” Porter said. “And historically, my race and gender was not something that I had seen be welcomed.” Facebook also played a role during Porter’s campaigning. One of the candidates had posted the claim that, if elected, Porter would advocate only for students of color. “This really hurt me,” Porter said. “It resurfaced the feelings I had previously felt, like ‘these people aren’t going to take me seriously.’”


Students voice concern over diversity in leadership
diversity on campus. “What [winning this award] doesn’t mean is that we have arrived. It doesn’t mean that we are standing on top of the hill. What it does mean is that we are not where we used to be,” Wallace said. According to the Office of Undergraduate Admissions, ethnic minorities currently constitute 35 percent of the undergraduate student body. Within the overall estimate of both undergraduate and graduate, there is 17 percent Hispanic, 8 percent Asian-American, 5 percent African-American, 1 percent Native American, and 7 percent categorized as Other. Compared to 2009, diversity has increased within the undergraduate student body, as the total amount of freshman minorities has increased from 384 to 533. Additionally, the number of minorities categorized as “transfers or re-enrolls” has increased from 159 in 2009 to 235 in 2010. Winning this award is a step in the right direction, Director of Multi-Ethnic Programs Ed Barron says, but he emphasizes the need for better encouragement among students and faculty. “We hear people saying ‘it’s the same faces in the same places,’” Barron said. “But how many new faces are engaged?” Barron points out that, realistically, many minority students do not see being involved in leadership positions as a possibility, either for lack of self-confidence or the plausibility of rejection. “I don’t think the problem is that the door has been closed and they can’t participate,” Barron said. “We just need to do a better job in leadership of encouraging our brightest students to engage this process and get involved and make a difference.” Sophomore social work major Rachel Winters felt this sting of rejection her freshmen year. There were times, Winters says, when she felt bullied by a resident advisor from a friend’s hall for being African-American. Despite her stunted motivation to get involved, Winters was encouraged by her friends to apply for RA. However, she was cut after the one-on-one interview. “I know it could have been for many reasons, but I really feel like my race played a part,” Winters said. The application process for RA is based on numerous variables, according to Associate Director of Residence Life, Jen Fleckenstein. One variable, Fleck says, is experience. “We want all kinds of students to apply, especially students of color, or who have studied abroad, or who are here internationally,” Fleck said. “If anything we want to diversify our staff so that all students on campus have representation.” After spending the summer in contemplation of not returning to APU, Winters’ brother decided to attend in the fall of 2010, influencing Winters to return. “For a while I was living under the notion that this issue was too big for me to be able to make a difference,” Winters said. “I had a huge fear of competing against white people, but now I know that I need to do all I can to help inform people about real diversity.” Noah Brazo views the lack of diversity among leadership roles as a domino effect of the paradigm that has been solidified among student leadership positions across campus. “In order for a transformation to occur, it needs to be driven by underground student movements toward minority students, specifically in the L.A. area. Seventy-five students and 125 total guests attended the most recent “Connections” event held Feb. 12. Though the event has significantly increased the amount of diversity among enrolling students since it was implemented ten years ago, Brazell believes that all prospective students should be able to fit into every event held by his office. “We are currently in conversation about how we can better streamline our outreach and recruitment events,” Brazell said. As a prospective student, Winters’ perception of diversity at APU was misleading, she says, as she was given a minority student as a tour guide. “I thought differently of the diversity here, and even once I got here I heard the word ‘diversity’ so much,” Winters said. “I think people know how to say the word, but they don’t know how to live it out.” Recently elected into SGA as the Azusa senator, junior chemistry major and LASA member Jen-

The following are selected incidents as reported from the Daily Media Log, courtesy of Chief and Executive Director of Campus Safety Bonnie Watson. WEDNESDAY, MARCH 2, 2011 7:30 A.M. PARKING LOT C
Reporting party advised of an occupied parked vehicle in the area. She advised that she saw a cat on the dashboard and a subject in the back of the van. Officers responded and made contact with the driver and advised that he smelled of marijuana. Azusa PD was called and responded. Officer advised that the driver left the lot, heading westbound on Alosta Avenue. Officer advised that he turned left, and was last seen heading south on Citrus Avenue. Azusa PD made contact with the driver and interviewed him to follow-up off campus. The subject was advised not to come back on campus.

“Once I got here I heard the word ‘diversity’ so much. I think people know how to say the word, but they don’t know how to live it out.”
Also in the running with Porter were two white males and one Asian male. In the end, Porter was victorious. “My win meant a lot because a campus that is predominantly white was embracing me, and essentially, embracing a change,” Porter said. Sophomore political science major and minority student Adriel Ross feels it is her duty to create an opportunity for herself if she wants to be successful at APU. “If you’re upset about a lack of diversity, then you need to go for it,” Ross said. Ross credits her hyper-diverse high school for her resilient attitude, but notes that it was not necessary for her to be at a university where everybody looked like her. “You know, I don’t see APU as diverse, but I took it for what it was,” Ross said. “I knew what I was getting myself into when I came here, and that was fine with me.” As a senior in high school, Ross visited APU during an All Access Weekend, and credits it as the primary reason she is here today. “I had a great ambassador and I fell in love with her hall. It wasn’t about ‘oh we’re so diverse,’” Ross said. According to Senior Admissions Counselor and Intern Supervisor Phil Brazell, this is the hope for the admissions office. “Our office does promote diversity,” Brazell said. “But more than anything, with every person that we interact with, our goal is to help them see that this is a place where they can see themselves.” “Connections,” an event hosted by the Office of Undergraduate Admissions and the Office of Multi-Ethnic Programs, is intentionally geared nyfer Martinez believes that in order for diversity to be “lived out” it will require student action. “If students want diversity in SGA, it’s up to them to make that happen,” Martinez said. “We can campaign and make speeches, but it’s up to students to vote.” Martinez did not feel the restraints that other minority students have expressed. Instead, she looked to the encouragement of other Hispanic members in SGA and saw their success as motivation. SGA Director of Communications and senior sociology and philosophy major Jonathan Garcia has been a part of SGA since his freshman year. As a minority, Garcia has observed the progression SGA has made over the last four years in regards to racial reconciliation and racial diversity. “It is important that different people groups have a voice at the table because it allows for a mission statement to properly understand a diverse point of view,” Garcia said. Martinez emphasizes the need for diversity among the executive council, and does not see it, as it currenlty sits, to be a reflection worthy of the Racial Harmony Award. To Barron, the award is representative of a mile-marker rather than an accomplishment. w “This award does not suggest that we have arrived,” Barron said. “It should encourage us to continue along this process.” According to Kenny, SGA elections really reflect the desire of the student body. Kenny said, “Though [this year’s results] don’t fully encompass diversity on campus, the elections can sometimes reflect if APU is ready for something different.”

Officer noticed an older male walking across campus and staring at students. Subject was described as a 60 year-old white male, 5’4”, white facial hair, tan jacket and pants and wearing a hat. Officer observed the subject while he walked away from campus.

Three subjects were reported to have stolen the campus safety golf cart and were attempting to leave campus with it. Officers responded and saw the subjects pushing the golf cart on Adams Field. The subjects ran towards Citrus College campus when they saw the officers. The officers followed the subjects but lost sight of them.

Officers observed subjects matching the description of the suspects who attempted to steel the golf cart. Officers made contact and advised them not to come back on campus.

compiled by Cari Strate

NEWS STAFF editor-in-chief rachel gresham news editor kaila ward lifestyle editor stephanie cano sports editor bobbi salcido city editor cari strate opinion editor brandon hook design editor leslie redman photo editor jeff schlotzhauer video editor raquel escoto senior video producer allyson rodrigues copy editors colleen huston kimberly citron senior staff writer dj brinkerhoff website manager skyler katz office manager adam daley business manager jeremiah masopust pr intern omari mcneil FACULTY ADVISERS the clause adviser karen sorensen-lang online adviser brooke van dam newspaper adviser tim posada staff writers joshua oullette, caleb dennis, lindsay clark, kellie komada, erika marmolejo, heather allen, karina pineda, mariya wilson, arielle dreher, byron reynolds, kimberly citron, jocelyn alvarez, crystal munoz, shayna youngs, emily beatty, david corning, mark miller, lauren belanger, sandra marquez, tyler humphries, kia gilstrap staff photographers david corning, allie choco, mary rockey, preston steele

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The Clause is a student publication dedicated to providing a realistic, journalistic educational experience for students of Azusa Pacific University; to seeking truth and reporting it boldly, fairly and accurately; to enhancing the university community by providing a student voice imbued with truth, responsibility and accountability. The newspaper is published weekly, except during examinations and vacation periods, by the students of the Department of Communication Studies at Azusa Pacific University. The newsroom is located on Cougar Walk in between

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[LGBT] students to meet safely and openly without fear of retribution from the university. We’re investigating what that looks like in a Christian perspective,” senior communication studies major Doug McCoy, the initiator of the meeting, said. The meeting with Hamlett was a small but significant step in their goal to cultivate positive dialogue and change, McCoy said. “We would like there to be a safe place for students, not just in private, not limited to one on one counseling or meetings, because that fosters feelings of isolation, segregation, and lack of recognition,” senior social work major Elizabeth Cirelli said. Some students at other Christian universities are quickly gaining ground in their negotiations with administration, specifically Seattle Pacific and Belmont University who received permission to have gay student groups on campus after a month of talks less than two weeks ago. “The reality that there is a student population at each school that doesn’t feel supported and does not feel safe or protected for their thoughts or their being. I think that issue is becoming a reality that needs to be addressed,” McCoy said. They are not seeking official club status, where they would receive funding from SGA. They are searching for a way to openly discuss human sexuality issues while incorporating the Christian life. Even though these two seniors are graduating in May, they are invested in promoting how APU is a place where individuals who are LGBT don’t need to feel isolated or alone, but safe to talk about their sexuality. Soulforce’s Equality Ride may be one of the groups who influenced the recent changes in policies at two Christian Universities. The riders seek to “catalyze conversations” at silent institutions that openly discriminate against LGBTQA as they state on their webpage. They have been traveling to several CCCU schools in the past five years, receiving varied responses. APU hosted a day of panels and discussions when Soul Force visited in 2006. Four years ago, Seattle Pacific University was a receptive school to Soulforce, according to SPU student Joy Bethune. At that time SPU students began an unofficial group called Haven as a safe place to talk about homosexuality. As of Feb. 24, SPU administrators formally recognized Haven as a student group on campus, meaning they are now allowed to reserve rooms to meet and have advertising rights on campus. The process to that right has had several ups and downs. Only a month before, administrators completely banned the group from campus and seemed to be silencing or giving up on the conversation, Haven Co-President Bethune said. This attempt to “define LGBT students out of existence” as one student said, set some alumni into an uproar. Administrators received over 1000 emails in the span of two weeks. Haven had 2,930 people asking SPU to recognize them, including more than 100 faculty who issued a letter saying that the issue deserves rich dialogue on their campus.



Gay Student Groups approved on two Christian Campuses
Rachel Gresham
Learning how to address open and honest conversations about same sex attraction is rising to the forefront of discussion in Christian Universities across the nation. Westmont’s community recently opened this conversation with a letter to the school newspaper describing the “doubt, loneliness, and fear” felt by LGBT students, which was signed by 131 LGBT and ally alumni. The LA Times wrote an article reporting how 50 of the 92 Westmont faculty responded in writing a letter seeking “forgiveness for ways we might have added to your pain.” Leaders in the Council for Christian Colleges and Universities (CCCU) came together last week to gain wisdom on how conversations surrounding the LGBT community should look on a Christian campus. APU’s Vice President for Student Life and Dean of Students Terry Franson was among the vice presidents who attended a student development officer’s conference in New York to take part in this dialogue. Joining the conversation, a group of APU students approached Associate Vice President of Student Life Willie Hamlett last Wednesday about forming a safe place to talk about human sexuality at APU. This could take the form of asking for a public group that could meet regularly on campus to talk about how Christians should address homosexuality, but they are only in the preliminary stages of brainstorming. “We are trying to advocate for “Ignoring us was absolutely out of the question,” Bethune said. Bethune says the difference in support from faculty at APU and SPU is that several of the SPU faculty who backed them had tenure. Only in the final push did the untenured faculty risk their jobs to support the students. When a group of APU students met last Friday to talk about what is happening on other campuses, only three faculty came to give insight to the discussion. Of these three faculty two would not comment and one was unavailable. The event was not advertised widely for other faculty to attend. Belmont University, a Christian community in Nashville Tenn., also just approved the first gay student group. Bridge Builders was officially recognized on Feb. 25 as a student organization affiliated with the university’s ministries, according to, a local Nashville station’s article. Similar discussions are taking place at Point Loma and Baylor University according to their student newspapers Baylor Lariat and The Point Weekly. No further steps have been taken at APU, but the dialogue has been opened with these students talking to Hamlett. “I think the conversation is going and I don’t see it stopping anytime soon,” McCoy said. So what will APU’s response to the dialogue be? Look next week for a follow-up article on what Terry Franson will share after attending the CCCU conference and updates on the latest development in the sexuality conversation on campus.

WASC visits to reaccredit APU
WASC, from PG. 1
“I think I heard about it through an email or something,” junior English major Chad Richard said. “Yeah, it was an honor’s email. I don’t think that I opened it.” Senior biblical studies major Mya Randle is indifferent. “I haven’t responded to the email,” she said. “It just seems like it won’t really matter or that whatever I say has been said before. So I guess it just seems like a waste of time.” But there are students who have talked about the site visit. “We had a discussion in my sociology class about the whole thing,” junior sociology major Sesalli Castillo said. “We talked about the site visit and if the atmosphere will change when the WASC officials are on campus.” Bowden said contrary to what some may think, APU sees this as a good process. “We actually really welcome the process as it gives us a chance to really focus on these goals the whole university has,” Bowden said. According to Bowden, the four umbrella categories of assessment are Transformational Scholarship, Faith Integration, God-Honoring Diversity, and Intentional Internationalization. “We are very well prepared and expect it to go smoothly,” Bowden said. Stanton said the reaccredidation process highlights what APU hopes are its unique qualities that distinguish it from other schools. Stanton said, “Our focus on Transformational Scholarship, Faith Integration, God-honoring Diversity and Intentional Internationalization means students can have confidence that we are moving forward significantly in each of these areas.”

Bringing women’s studies to APU
Proposal for women’s studies minor to be submitted in Fall 2011
Lindsay Clark
staff writer
Sophomore Spanish major Coryna Pido transferred to APU knowing she wanted to obtain the knowledge from her studies to make a difference in the lives of others. “I have always been interested in the female role in society,” Pido said. “When I transferred here originally, I knew that the teaching program offered was exactly what I needed, but I was reluctant to find that there wasn’t a women’s studies program available.” During session three of the Common Day of Learning, students and faculty came together to converse about the upcoming plans for a women’s studies program at APU. A panel of faculty members involved in advising the program talked about the relevance of women’s studies for Christian higher education. The panel continued by discussing the structured course schedule for the minor, internship opportunities, study abroad programs and an oncampus women’s studies club. “It makes me happy to know that they are going to focus on all aspects of women,” Pido said. “This school needs to be opened up to the issues that women have faced and are facing around the world.” Besides giving APU a well-rounded appeal, the women’s studies minor has many reasons as to why it would make an ideal fit at this university. Co-founder of the proposal, Katy Tangenberg of the Department of Social Work, was passionate about the opportunities this program will bring to the women on campus. “By approaching issues, such as human trafficking, one can be able to make a difference,” Tangenberg said. “We are looking for leadership opportunities for women to make that difference.” A major topic of the panel was the potential outcome of better gender equality on campus and in Christian culture. The panelists believe having this program on campus can bring the APU community together and inform them about the importance of this subject. “My hope for this program is to not say that men did this and men did that,” assistant professor Sarah Adams of the Department of English said. “The purpose is find healing from the past, not bashing.” During this session, a primary point that frequently surfaced was the idea that women’s studies are not often discussed in the Christian higher education setting. The panelists felt that Christians of this generation need to be informed of this subject to clear up the common misconceptions of a woman’s role in society. Panelist Jamie Noling-Auth, the first female campus pastor in APU history, was rather passionate about this subject in the Christian college setting. “We need to have this program be a core component of being Christ-centered here at APU,” Noling-Auth said. “Many bible college students are unsure about how to feel about this subject and this can help them find the biblical foundation so there is no internal tension.” The women’s studies program wants to have an on-campus club that students can join and discuss the issues and ideas behind womanhood. “This can open the door to a safe place for questions and discussion on the topic,” Adams said. “Knowing gender issues can open so many doors for women’s studies here.” At the end of the panel, the question of involvement of APU men in women’s studies became a deep matter. All of the panelists firmly agree men are just as curious about women’s studies as women are. “Potentially Student Life can help connect men to the club on campus who are interested in discussing women issues such as human trafficking,” Tangenberg said. The women’s studies minor will be housed in the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences, and possibly the English department. The courses found in this minor will consist of biblical studies, communication studies, English, art, psychology, and social work. The Department of English is ready for the women’s studies minor to join their team. “Cultural studies is a central part of English and as Christians we are called to have an understanding of that,” English department Chair David Esselstrom said. “Marginalized voices can reach out to the students at APU.”

Soaring gas prices make oil reserves a viable option

As conflict rages in Libya, commuters feel the pain of the rise in gas prices
Arielle Dreher
staff writer

As conflict in the Middle East rages, the United States is feeling the pains in the economy, specifically in gas and oil prices. AP reported that oil prices are now above $102 per barrel for the first time since the recession. California has one of the highest average gas prices. According to, a website that specializes in updated information on gasoline and gas stations, the average gas price is $3.825. In the Azusa area, no station has unleaded gas below $3.60 per gallon. Over the last two weeks, all but two states show upward trends in gas prices. Sophomore business major Jeremy Lizardo is a commuter from Fontana who felt the crunch of rising gas prices. “I had to change vehicles because my other car only takes premium gasoline and I didn’t want to pay four dollars a gallon,” Lizardo said.

Lizardo eventually decided to sell his old car for one that uses unleaded gasoline so that the commute would be cheaper. “I don’t go to as many places as I used to because gas is so expensive now,” Lizardo said. Sophomore social work major Isabel Trujillo is a commuter student from Covina. She has class Monday through Friday and work on the weekends. “Before it took me a little over twenty dollars a week to get to school but now it’s a little over thirty dollars and that’s not going anywhere else besides school,” Trujillo said. Trujillo said gas prices in her area have been over $4. She has seen the gas prices dramatically increase even though she does not drive what she describes as “a gas guzzler.” Trujillo says luckily she has a job to help pay for her gas. “That’s [buying gas] what the majority of my money goes to,” Trujillo said. The oil industry relies heavily on supply and demand, and according to associate professor Elwin Tobing of the School of Business and Management, both supply and demand are currently in an upward trend. Tobing warns that at some point, demand will outweigh the growth of the supply. With the increased coverage of the conflict in Libya, the supply of oil may look like it is dwindling

quickly. Tobing says it is important to look at the bigger picture of the oil industry. Currently, Libya is ranked 18th in oil production in the world at almost 1.6 million barrels of oil per day. There are other countries in the Middle East that produce more oil than Libya. Saudi Arabia is ranked 2nd in oil production in the world and according to Tobing is the main source for America’s oil in the Middle East. He also assures the consequence of Libya’s conflict to have an effect on the U.S. “Instability in Libya is going to spill over into the other oil-producing countries in the area,” Tobing said. He says this could have a long range effect on oil prices in the U.S. The oil industry has not always been in a state of crisis. In the early 2000s petroleum was close to $17 per barrel, Tobing says. Projections being made would have never predicted the spike in the industry in the past three years. In July 2008, amid the recession, petroleum reached $150 per barrel. “The next few months are going to be crucial in the oil market,” Tobing said. On Sunday, March 6, White House Chief of Staff William Daley made a public statement that the administration is looking to the nation’s strategic oil reserves as an option to solve the country’s current spike in gas prices.

AP News Brief
White House: Oil reserves eyed as oil prices rise
WASHINGTON (AP) President Barack Obama’s chief of staff said Sunday that the administration is looking at the nation’s strategic oil reserves as it considers options for dealing with the spike in gas prices. The price of a barrel of oil has passed $100. In the U.S., gasoline is averaging $3.50 a gallon. Those increases come amid unrest in the oilproducing Middle East, particularly as rebellion rages in Libya. “We’re looking at the options,” including drawing on the Strategic Petroleum Reserve, Chief of Staff William Daley said. “It is something that only is done — and has been done — in very rare occasions. There’s a bunch of factors that have to be looked at. And it is just not the price.”

A zusa
AZHOP opens door to pray without ceasing
Azusa House of Prayer commits to biblical prayer and worship
Kim Citron
staff writer

Every Friday evening in a small prayer room in downtown Azusa, students and community members gather to worship and lift up the APU campus through prayer. Rooted in the ministry of the Kansas City-based International House of Prayer, the Azusa House of Prayer commits itself to prayer and worship seven days a week. The heart of the ministry flows out of the biblical story of King David, who in 1 Chronicles organized 4,000 musicians and 288 singers to worship God day and night. AZHOP founders Rick and Janet MacDonald are immensely passionate about the ministry. Friday nights are devoted to prayer for APU and its students, and the MacDonalds are excited about the energy they radiate. “Friday nights are amazing. They’re really electric. It’s really fun,”Janet MacDonald said. Students are welcome to join in prayer any time, and those who have a heart to pray about a certain issue are encouraged to get involved as worship leaders.

Jesse Lee PHOTO

APU students and local youth gather at Azusa House of Prayer on Friday evenings to pray for APU’s campus, students, and leaders. Friday nights also include a section of worship, where participants linger late into the night to continue to partake in the purpose of AZHOP’s event. “We really want to recruit people who are passionate and experienced musicians who have a heart to pray,” Janet MacDonald said. The MacDonalds both attended APU and have a heart to see a fire for God ignite in its community. “There’s always been a hungry remnant on campus [from people] who’ve wanted to see a major revival,” Janet MacDonald said. The MacDonalds were pastors of a Foursquare church in Azusa when a friend encouraged them to visit the IHOP-KC Missions Base. The MacDonalds were moved by their visit and returned with a renewed vision. “We just said to each other, ‘we can’t go back and do church as usual.’ It really rocked our world, as far as worship was concerned, and understanding intimacy. We decided, we just can’t go home and do busy, program-driven church stuff anymore,” Janet MacDonald said. “We really felt led to do this, to go start a house of prayer.” AZHOP features daily prayer sets, each devoted to a certain issue and sometimes centered on a related

passage of Scripture. Drawing their inspiration from the harp and bowl style of worship found in the book of Revelation, sets are a combination of music and prayer. “It’s a model that’s based out of the book of Revelation. It’s called harp and bowl, and basically it’s the 24 elders surrounding the throne, and each one of the elders has a harp and in front of each one of them is a bowl of incense. The bowl of incense is the prayer of the saints, so around the throne of God there’s the incense that burns constantly and the 24 elders playing the harps, which is constant harp and bowl—music and prayer [around] the throne of God,” Rick MacDonald said. Alumna music major Rachael Mueller leads worship from time to time on Friday nights and has an affinity for the set structure. “The thing I really love about that style and that set is that it keeps everyone who’s there on the same prayer. It’s as one entire body [that] everyone is praying and singing the same prayer, and the music is such that if you don’t know the song, you can pray and sing along,” Mueller said. The MacDonalds are passionate about meeting the needs of students who desire to learn about the ministry. Classes are in the works that teach the harp and bowl style of prayer, as well as an internship program. More information is available at



Augie Barajas, M.Div. ’07
Pastor, Victory Outreach of Eagle Rock, California
LESSON LEARNED: God transcends borders. MY STORY: When I was a teenager in Mexico City, my family attempted to escape extreme poverty by
immigrating to Los Angeles. This began a journey that would one day lead me across more borders—to Africa. To learn more about Augie’s inspiring story and explore APU’s graduate theology programs: CALL (626) 815-4565 EMAIL

AthlEtIcS, from PG. 1
acceptance was one thing, but to see the process through for three more years would have taken me to 72. I just felt that now was a good time to make the transition.” After the promotion of Pine was approved by University President John Wallace, Vice President for Student Life Terry Franson and Executive Vice President David Bixby, the only question left was when to announce Odell’s retirement to the department and public, a decision highly influenced by the other monumental transition currently going on in APU Athletics. “We talked to our [NCAA application] consultants, and the consultants felt the earlier the better that ways the NCAA sees that there is a smooth, seamless transition going on and they are not thinking that APU is without an athletic director,” Pine said. “So we followed their advice.” While not uncommon in collegiate sports in general, Pine will be the first APU Athletic Director with out a background in coaching. Following the footsteps of three Hall of Fame coaches (Hamlow/Men’s Basketball, Franson/ Track and Field, Odell/Men’s Basketball), Pine’s involvement in Cougar sports and the length of time in which he has worked at APU made Pine the appropriate predecessor in the short line of successful Athletic Directors. “I felt like over the past few years I have given Gary [Pine] more and more responsibilities and enabled him to work on things that a normal Sports Information Director/ Associate Athletic Director wouldn’t do. But I knew he was capable and he was able to gain some experience. It will be an easy transition for him,” Odell said. Pine arrived at APU in the fall of 1980 as an 18-year-old freshman. While working on his Accounting degree, Pine approached then Athletic Director Cliff Hamlow for a job in the athletics department to help work his way through school. Upon graduating in 1984, Hamlow offered Pine a full-time position as the first ever Sports Information Director at APU. Though not the same type of position it is today, Pine served the position in that capacity before leaving in 1989. Having made an impression in the local collegiate athletics scene as ambitious and hardworking young man, Pine was offered and took a sports information position at the University of Southern California in 1989. Pine stood at USC until 1992 when he as his wife Sharon decided the job required too much traveling after their first son Kyle, now a freshman at APU, was born. Pine was working as Director of Communications for NCAA Division I Big West Conference in Irvine when he received a call from APU’s next Athletic Director Franson. After Pine told Franson of what he hoped the next step in his career would be, Franson cleared those hurdles for the return of Pine to the APU Athletics Department.

Odell’s legacy honored in APU athletics
Erika Marmolejo
staff writer

Last August, the NAIA Hall of Fame released its list of 2011 inductees including APU Athletic Director Bill Odell.
will do anything to make life easier for those around him,” Leslie said. “You don’t realize as a player what the coach does for you to be successful. I look back as a player and there were a whole bunch of things I was bad at, but Odell helped me to focus on the things I was good at. After the fact I have a much greater appreciation for him doing that and understand his true knowledge and ability to coach.” With the knowledge Odell contained and gained throughout the years of his coaching career, knowing that he was just an office away from Leslie made things a lot more comforting if there was ever a situation where his presence was needed. “Whenever I had an issue he was only as involved as I asked him to be,” Leslie said. “The resource and support was comforting and our relationship is pretty solid.” Consistency is a pattern seen with Odell throughout Azusa Pacific’s winning history. “Every coach has boundaries,” Associate Athletic Director Gary Pine said. “Some have wide boundaries, some have very narrow boundaries. Bill had boundaries that were just right and he allowed for individual players within his players so they could have fun, be themselves, but they also knew the boundaries of Coach Odell’s system. Those boundaries were just right and yet he could maintain team basketball.” It is very common that success comes from ability over the years, but Odell produced athletes because of his coaching tactics. “I asked one of his former assistants why he thought Bill was so consistent with his winning and he said because Bill treated every game the same,” Pine said. “He didn’t treat the Biola game any different than any other game. That brought some stabilities to the guys coming into the locker room every day because they knew this was going to happen.” As well known as APU is for many things, including the Athletics programs seven consecutive Director’s Cups, Odell’s induction into the hall of fame brings that much more glory to the community. “Odell is our second basketball phenomenon to be inducted into the hall of fame; which adds to APU’s prestige,” Pine said. “He [Odell] is very well respected and to have our name [Azusa Pacific] linked with the Odell name is nothing but a benefit for us as a university; because his reputation amongst his peers at others schools is very high.” Several former APU athletes and faculty plan to attend Odell’s induction ceremony scheduled two day’s before the men’s first round game at the NAIA National Championship Tournament also in Kasas City, Mo.

In 2005, former men’s head basketball coach and present Athletic Director, Bill Odell, took Azusa Pacific to its first NAIA National Championship game. On March 15 he will be inducted into the NAIA hall of fame during the NAIA national championship tournament in Kansas City, Mo. for over 15 years of consistent accomplishments. Odell will join 11 APU alumni in the previously inducted into the NAIA hall of fame such as Cliff Hamlow, Terry Fransen, and APU alum and former NFL player Christian Okoye as well as former NBA player Scotty Pippen who will join Odell at the ceremony in March. Odell came to Azusa Pacific in 2001 with the inAPU Sports Information courtesy tent of re-creating the men’s Odell has had a career worth honoring by the NAIA and a basketball program. legacy worth continuing by predecessor Pine. He finished his coaching career in spring of 2007 with a record of “I think God opened up the door but God 454-112 in sixteen seasons while leading wasn’t necessarily saying you need to go Azusa Pacific to fourteen NAIA Tournament through it,” Pine said. “I think God was saying appearances and thirteen Golden State Ath‘here is an opportunity for you, you can stay or letic Conference championships. you can go but whatever you do, put your trust After years of hard work and success, in Me. Will you trust me?’” Odell decided to hang up the clip board and Pine returned, was named Assistant Athletic hand it over to current men’s head basketball Director shortly after and Associate Athletic Dicoach Justin Leslie who played for Odell rector in 2005. and then assisted him in the coaching staff. Pine acknowledges how his role as Athletic “It’s very gratifying for me personDirector will differ from the traditional role of ally honor Bill Odell at the NAIA national past APU Athletic Directors. championship in Kansas because I’ve seen “I’m not a coach and I’m very aware of him over the years first hand of what he’s that. I do thinking, though, that athletic direcbeen able to accomplish,” Leslie said. “Betor’s responsibilities has less to do with helpcause Odell is a quiet person, humble and ing coaches coach than it is helping coaches to himself, I want everyone to see the kind have the resources to be successful,” Pine said. of impact that he made and be able to share “I think my assistance to them will come more that.” with relational issues and I think and I hope that Switching rolls from being on the court I am pretty good with relationships. I hope I can to being in an office is a difficult task to acgive guidance and direction with relationships complish after years of dedication on the with players, parents and coaches.” court. As the head of the future of APU Athletics, Odell was able to confide in Coach LesPine doesn’t see this promotion as a stepping lie knowing the style of basketball Odell instone in his career. corporated in the APU program would still For reactions from coaches and players, see remain. “He [Odell] is just a true supporter and

NAIA Indoor Track & Field Championships Results
March 3-5, 2011 Geneva, Ohio
WomenTeam: 57 points, Third Place Mile: Victoria Martinez, 4:53.01*, First DMR: Victoria Martinez, 11:45.40*, Second Kayla Carstensen, Mandy Ross, Poppy Lawman, 11:45.40* 1000-Meters: Poppy Lawman, 2:52.3, Second 5000-Meters: Lauren Jimison, 16:53.56, Second 4x800 Relay: Kelsey Seaman, 9:01.62, Second Diandra Cartensen Victoria Martinez Poppy Lawman 60-Meter Hurdles: Breanna Leslie, 8.65*, Third Pentathlon: Breanna Leslie, 3,626 points, Third MenTeam: 35 points, Fourth Place (tie) Heptathlon: Casey Stevick, 5,385 points*, Second Jordan Savidge, 4,994 points, Sixth Mile: Wade Meddles, 4:12.51, third 3000-Meters: Abednego Magut, 8:31.18, Third 200-Meters: Zach Keene: 21:64, Third


* APU record
Compiled by Mariya Wilson and Bobbi Salcido

Tel: (626) 334-7593
30% off for all APU students and faculty


Cougars prepare for nationals
Josh Ouellette
staff writer


WedNesdAy, MArCh 9, 2011


this week
3.9 to 3.16
Acrobatics and tumbling Off until 4-7-11 Baseball Wednesday, 3-9-11 vs. California Baptist Azusa, Calif. 2:30 p.m. thursday, 3-10-11 vs. California Baptist Azusa, Calif. 2:30 p.m. saturday, 3-12-11 vs. California Baptist (dh) riverside, Calif. 11:00 a.m. Men’s Basketball Off until NAIA tournament Women’s Basketball Off until NAIA tournament Softball Friday, 3-11-11 vs. Cornerstone (Mich.) vs. Minot state (N.d.) vs. robert Morris (Ill.) tuscon, Ariz. 12 p.m., 4p.m., 6 p.m. saturday, 3-12-11 vs. Judson (Ill.) vs. Calumet-st. Joseph vs. Olivet Nazarene (Ill.) tuscon, Ariz. 10 a.m., 12 p.m., 4 p.m. tuesday, 3-15-11 vs. doane (Neb.) Azusa, Calif. 4:00 p.m. Men’s tennis Wednesday, 3-9-11 vs. emory (Ga.) Azusa, Calif. 1:30 p.m. thursday, 3-10-11 vs. Biola Azusa, Calif. 1:30 p.m. Friday, 3-11-11 vs. Grand Canyon (Ariz.) Azusa, Calif. 1:30 p.m. saturday, 3-12-11 vs. Barry (Fla.) Azusa, Calif. 11:00 a.m. Monday, 3-14-11 vs. lewis-Clark state Azusa, Calif. 1:30 p.m. Women’s tennis thursday, 3-10-11 @ Biola la Mirada, Calif. 2:00 p.m. Friday, 3-11-11 vs. Grand Canyon (Ariz.) Azusa, Calif. 1:30 p.m. Monday, 3-14-11 vs. lewis-Clark state Azusa, Calif. 1:30 p.m. track & Field thursday, 3-10-11 @ Point loma Multis san diego, Calif. All day Water Polo Friday-saturday, 3-11 to 3-1211@ Convergence tournament Pomona, Calif. All day

With both the men’s and women’s teams having their ticket to the NAIA tournament punched, both showed up to play in the GSAC Tournament. Both teams battled their way into the GSAC Championship games to help improve the seed they will get going to Kansas City, Mo. and Jackson, Tenn., respectively. On the year the Cougar men went 26-4 overall before last night’s GSAC Tournament Championship game and 17-3 in GSAC conference play. In each of the team’s four total losses, they haven’t been defeated by more than three points. Also the Cougars have shown they can win in the close games by defeating their first two GSAC Tournament opponents by two point margins. Head Coach Justin Leslie is preparing for the NAIA Tournament by taking his vast experience into the trip. “It’s an emotional roller coaster in that everything changes day by day. And you cannot even afford to look past a single day, or a single play when your back there or else you’ll end up getting snake bit,” Leslie said. “There are 32 teams, one spot and its seven days. You have to make sure you seize each opportunity that you get.” The team will be ready to go to Kansas City with his words in mind. Senior forward Reggie Owens helped back his coach up stressing that the conference APU plays in prepares them best for the National tourney. “Just the fact we play in the GSAC helps to prepare us for the NAIA, it’s the hardest conference in the nation,” Owens said. Junior guard Marshall Johnson is ready for the trip with the understanding that fans have not seen the best yet from the Cougars. “The fact we can improve is

Ryan White (left), Jeff Schlotzhauer (right) photos

senior forward reggie Owens (left) and junior guard eboni sadler (right) both earned All-GsAC honors. Owens has led his team to 17-3 GsAC record while sadler and company posted a 18-2 conference record for an out-right regular-season GsAC Championship. Both teams enter Nationals tournament next week. scary for the other teams in the tournament,” Johnson said. For the women, the downfall of losing in the GSAC tournament at Felix Event Center on Monday night won’t bring them down according to Head Coach T.J. Hardeman. “Last year we lost our last game here, and we did alright in the National Tournament,” Hardeman said. That’s not to say the team will take any of their opponents lightly. “There’s all good teams back there. We’ve had a good year so we should get a good seed. Every team back there is good, so you can’t take anyone for granted,” Hardeman said. The Cougar women will be ready to take their 27-4 (18-2) regular season record into the NAIA Tournament. “We want to come out strong and confident. We have a lot of things to work on to get to the spot we want to be. So after this game we have to re-focus,” senior guard Michelle Byrd said. In the last regular season NAIA polls released last week, the APU men’s basketball team finished at number seven while the women finished at number three. Both teams hope their GSAC Tournament Championship game appearances will get them favorable seeding in each of their respective NAIA tournaments beginning next week.

For the results of last night’s Men’s GsAC tournament Final vs. Concordia, recaps from all the Cougar’s GsAC tournament games and to keep up with each team’s progress through the NAIA tournament beginning next week, check out

Fifth place NAIA finish for swim and dive
Allyson Rodrigues
senior video producer

APU’s Swimming and Diving team finished in fifth place this weekend after the four-day NAIA Women’s Swimming and Diving National Championship. “Everyone stepped up to the challenge this year. The meet turned out to be a lot faster than I expected but the girls showed that they had it in them,” coach Robert Fleming said. This year’s meet was the fastest in NAIA history, with many APU swimmers beating their own personal records. Senior Kaylen Hewko, who won two individual NAIA titles this year, beat her own personal record time which was also the NAIA record time, in the 200-yard butterfly with a time of 2:01:41. “It feels good for me to go out on top because that’s what I wanted to do, that was my goal. I wanted to break my records and I wanted titles and for me to do that I couldn’t ask for more. I’m really happy,” Hewko said. Hewko was also part of winning 200 yard freestyle relay team, who won with a time of 1:36.09, and included sophomore Victoria Gibb, senior Karla Hill, and freshman Quinn Robertson. The win made it APU’s first ever national championship as a relay team. “It was very emotional for the girls and they were very excited. It was one of our goals going into nationals and they really had set their sights on that relay because last year

APU Sports Information courtesy

Kaylen hewko earned herself two more individual NAIA titles in 2011 contributing to a fifth place team finish for the Cougars. we came in second, so this year we were hoping to improve on that,” Coach Fleming said. Gibb, who improved every personal record and placed fifth in all her events, said that winning that relay was her best moment at nationals. “We’ve learned from last year, everything from nationals to every swim meet, how to make everything better and how to improve ourselves. The things that worked last year we used again and things that didn’t work we switched them up a little,” Gibb said. APU finished the first day of competition in second place with a total of 31 points from the only event of the day, the one-meter diving final. Sophomore Elizabeth Dotson scored 211.40 points for a third place finish and sophomore Kassandra Duncan finished in fourth place with 207.30 points. Entering into day two only 13 points behind first place California Baptist University, APU competed in five events including the 200 yard medley relay where they finished in sixth place with a time of 1:46.51 and a fifth place finish in the 800 yard freestyle relay with a time of 7:43.75. Hewko tried to repeat last year’s win in the 500 yard freestyle but took fourth with a time of 5:02.17. Robertson and Gibb both competed in the 50 yard freestyle with Robertson taking fourth place with a time of 24.18 and Gibb finishing in fifth place with a time of 24.25. After day three of the competition, the Cougars were in third place

with 299 points thanks in part to the NAIA title relay win and Hewko’s first place and Gibb’s fifth place finish in the 100 yard butterfly. Also garnering points for APU was junior Sara Zandihn and freshman Cameron Hagen in the 100 yard breaststroke. This is APU’s third year with a swimming and diving team and they continue to improve every year, beginning with a seventh place finish their first year to a sixth place finish last year and now to a fifth place finish. “It’s been fun to make a name for ourselves and then get to recruit girls who are faster. Every year the talent is going up and this year we had freshman who were placing in the top 8,” senior Karla Hill said. The final day of nationals included Hewko’s NAIA title win in the 200 yard butterfly and another fifth place win by Gibb in the 100 yard freestyle with a time of 52.31. Sophomore Simone Garcia placed second in the “B” final of the 200 yard breaststroke with a 2:27.04. The final event of the day was the 400 yard freestyle relay which APU placed fourth in with a time of 3:30.47. APU finished the competition with a total of 383 points. The team loses three seniors this year including, Hewko, Hill and Malia Garcia. “I don’t know if you can ever replace those personalities on the team but were hoping we don’t take a step back. Were hoping to get some freshman that will help fill the void they are leaving, which will be huge,” Coach Fleming said.

Emotional health at all-time low in students
Study reveals students are increasingly pressured and overwhelmed
Rachel Gresham

In my experience of APU culture, I have observed that we love busyness. We almost fear that life may be too dry and unfulfilling if we ever pause long enough to realize the constant motion we have tangled ourselves in. We soak the busyness up as if it’s the long drink of water our dry, itchy throats need. Amidst this busyness, we make efforts to find community by scheduling four one-on-ones in one day squeezed into the 20 or 40 minutes between class and feel that we satisfied the relationship quota for the day. But after all the toil, the thirst still lingers. And so does homework. Then it sets in that we can’t satisfy all the demands of college, and a mental breakdown is triggered. Freshman athletic training major Kimi Fisher says it’s stressful and emotionally hard to take on the responsibilities of living on her own. She says freshmen have pressure to get good grades because supposedly they are in the easiest classes, and it will only get more challenging. Kimi is not alone in this struggle. The Higher Education Research Institute (HERI) surveyed 200,000 first time college freshmen across the nation. They have been tracking freshmen “norms” since 1970, and this year found emotional health was at an all time low, especially for women. Twice as many female students reported feeling increasingly overwhelmed before even entering college.

This doesn’t surprise me when the expectation of having at least a “B” average continues its steady rise to its highest point at 66.4 percent, as compared to 26.7 percent in 1971. Even though nationwide freshmen reported having low emotional health, the study also found that students reported record high expectations in many areas of college involvement. More than one-third say they want to volunteer. Forty-seven percent say they will be involved in a club or group. Study abroad has also gained significant popularity. This pressure to succeed with high grades, be involved in clubs and have a good social life—all at the same time— seems to be taking its emotional toll on freshmen. And the saddest statistic to me is that record high numbers of students believe the chief benefit of college is that it increases earning power. This study may correlate to the recent documentary The Race to Nowhere. The idea of the film is that high school students face pressure from their parents, peers, and teachers to constantly succeed and achieve. Students feel the need to get above a 4.0, volunteer, be involved in clubs, and do anything they can to get into a good college so they can get a good job so they can make money. This mindset of cramming information to perform on tests and get the highest score rather than gain knowledge in the process starts at a young age, even as young as kindergarten. It’s not surprising, then, that these freshmen arrive at college and feel the same pressure to perform and climb to the top. But what is the top? Is your employer going to acknowledge that you got a 102% in your Luke/Acts class? Are you going to get a salary raise because you got the highest score on a psychology midterm? Universities began as a place where the top researchers and scholars came together for the love of learning. In fact,

Ryan White PHOTO

Twice as many female students felt overwhelmed before entering college. in ancient times, every student was a philosopher, a lover of wisdom. There were philosophers of science, philosophers of math, and philosophers of the soul. A university was a place of deep learning, thinking and questioning that could last a lifetime. Perhaps we need to learn from the past. Perhaps we need to evaluate why we came to college. Does college exist as a place of socialization, where we “find ourselves” and figure out who we are? Are we here to find our friends for life or a life mate? Is college a place where we are trained to go out and be skillful workers? Are we here because we love learning and understand the privilege it is to improve our minds with critical thinking skills? My priorities were flipped when I went to South Africa. I realized how important real relationships are in the scheme of life. I realized how invaluable it is to have access to endless knowledge

at an information-rich university. Thus, I did my best to reshape this semester to wrap around those two values—friendships and academics—and said no to a second job, extra courses and any commitment besides Young Life. I have a challenge for you. List all the things you are involved in. Label the three most important (academics should probably be somewhere on there), and then slowly begin to cut the other things out. Some things can be hidden, like my wedding planning, exercising and cleaning rampages I like to go on. Don’t underestimate how much time these things all take. Make room in your schedule for your top three priorities to take precedence of the day, and then see how much time is left over. If you notice you have extra time after a week, slowly start to redistribute activities, but only one at a time. We have so many opportunities provided by our school to get involved that it’s almost weird if you don’t have at least three large commitments. While this study didn’t specifically survey APU students, it certainly finds truth on our campus. At APU we are urged to go out and join clubs, attend diversity events, seek after intimate friendships in D-groups, do ministry service and take charge of our own lives with new experiences like staying up until 4 a.m. in the dorms. Maybe the way we get involved in seven different things is not the right way. Maybe being especially invested into one or two priorities could have better long-term impacts. Maybe it’s better to have two close friends than fifty acquaintances. I think that’s biblical. As a wise pastor once asked me: are you a human doing or a human being? Rachel Gresham is a junior journalism major from Challenge, Calif. She’s getting married in May and loves learning new languages.

Do musicians really need record labels anymore?
Caleb Dennis
staff writer

Some people grow up dreaming to be a firefighter, while others want to be a policeman. Some want to be President of the United States—but for me this was certainly not the case. I always dreamed of being a rock star. Let’s face it—could there be a cooler career than to play music in front of large crowds every night and make large amounts of money doing so? Besides, the ladies love rock stars. However, in a music industry in which record labels are beginning to take control of an artist’s creative process and ability to control assets, many bands are beginning to leave their record labels, asking the question, “who needs them?” Indeed, bands will need to start moving toward business ventures that steer away from record labels if they want to have control over their music and the money collected from it. Prominent indie band MGMT is one example of record labels taking control over their artists’ creative output. According to Spin, the group’s last album, Congratulations, didn’t fare well commercially, leading the record label to take creative control on the production of their next album. According to, the

Preston Steele PHOTO

With sites like Pledge, musicians can raise support entirely from fans. average major label musician only makes about $23.40 out of every $1,000 of music sold. Bands have to hope they can make it off of other factors such as tours and merchandise, and record labels even make money on those. It appears that on these terms bands won’t be able to survive in the industry. It might be better for all aspiring rockers to either keep their day jobs or find careers that pay. Recent problems between bands and record labels have even forced bands to prolong the release of their new material. 30 Seconds to Mars has had these problems. The group was forced into a 4-year gap period in which they were not able to release any music because of disputes between the band and the record label. Labels certainly aren’t suffering, as they continue to bring in more money than bands themselves off of music bands are responsible for. However, there might be a light for those who don’t want to give up the music dream just yet. This hope can be found in a new website called Pledge Music, which allows bands to drop their record labels. Proceeds from albums go directly to the artist. With Pledge Music, fans give money to the artist, allowing them to

make their music without the big, bad, controlling record labels. In the process, bands also give incentives to those who are wiling to donate more toward the cause. Everyone who donates the standard amount, which ranges from about $10-15, gets at least a promised digital copy of the album. The more money you are willing to pay, the better the incentives get, ranging from t-shirts to hoodies to getting your name in the actual album liners to an extended period of time with the band. Once the band reaches their goal, 15% is paid to the website itself, leaving the remainder for the artist. Many bands also release exclusive content that all who pledge have access to. Although the website hasn’t had complete success (as record labels still remain in business) Pledge has shown enough success to question the necessity of record labels. One band that has had great success with the website is Ohio-based alternative rock group Lovedrug, which was able to raise more than needed to create an album. Many other websites are beginning to enter the business. Another prominent website is KickStarter, which allows people to put money toward various projects not limited to music with a similar incentive program to that of Pledge Music. Just like Pledge Music, Kick-

Starter has many success stories, one being the Christian rock group Falling Up. The group was able to raise more than $13,000 toward making its new album—its goal was $10,000. In recent years, it has become common knowledge that unhealthy relationships between bands and their labels permeate the music industry. So much so, in fact, that many fans use the excuse, “it’s not like the band makes money off me purchasing the album anyway,” when deciding to acquire the album illegally rather than purchasing it. In this day and age and with a system proven to work through websites such as these, bands will need to steer away from record labels and start raising cash if they want to have control over their music and the money collected from it. Although this system is new, it is developing quickly and gaining support from more artists each day. So long as word continues to spread and record labels continue to set unfair conditions for music, we just might be looking at the future of the music business. Caleb Dennis is a journalism major from Boulder, Colo. He is obsessed with music and spending more money on it than any person ever should, whether it be on instruments, albums or concerts.





All this Universalist hooplah.
By Brandon Hook ok
So Rob Bell, founding pastor of Mars Hill Bible Church, released another one of his videos. You know, the piercing insight backed by inspirational music that picks up as the main point is driven home while he walks away leaving the viewer to simply think. I enjoy the videos from what I’ve seen and find them insightful and convicting. His latest effort seeks to promote his upcoming book, set to hit shelves later this month titled Love Wins: A Book About Heaven, Hell, and the Fate of Every Person Who Ever Lived. He looked quite suave in a black pea coat, but that’s beside the point. The video simply raises questions addressed in his latest book, which I believe have been on the hearts and minds of our generation. He begins by discussing an art show at his church in which a piece pertaining to Ghandi was displayed. After a while, someone attached a handwritten note to the piece that said, “Reality check: He’s in hell.” Bell then has the “audacity” to ask, Ghandi’s in hell? And someone knows this for sure? Will only a select few make it to heaven and billions and billions burn in hell? How do you become one of the few? After this, he moves on to discuss the Gospel as it is typically preached today. We’re told the primary message of the Gospel of Jesus is that God is going to send you to hell unless you believe in Jesus. What gets subtly caught and taught is that Jesus saves you from God. But what does that say about God? How could a God that rescues us from himself ever be good? All these questions have stirred up quite a bit of controversy on the World Wide Web. Prominent pastors reacted, claiming Rob Bell has officially left the church. Blogger Justin Taylor began the debate on The Gospel Coalition, racking up a quarter million hits, and John Piper followed by tweeting, “farewell, Rob Bell.” But all this hooplah, mind you, is addressing a book that none of these critics have read. Doesn’t that seem a tad bit ridiculous to you? Even more crazy is the fact that at this point Bell is simply asking questions. We don’t know his answers yet. All we know is that “Love wins,” whatever that means. Bell, according to an article on Relevant magazine’s website, is simply attempting to come up with biblically responsible resolutions to questions that our generation is asking. I’ve recently learned that the concepts of heaven and hell were essentially an idea developed by Plato to give soldiers incentive to die for Athens and punishment for those opposing the city. I certainly don’t have all the answers here, but the ideas need to be critically explored and thought through before we jump to conclusions about such vital topics as well as books we haven’t even read. I look forward to reading Bell’s book. After all, who wouldn’t want to know what he means when he says “Love wins?” Brandon Hook is a junior English major from Wauwatosa, Wis. He likes Chinese food and sleeping, among other things.


Is Microsoft’s dominance diminishing?
Jeff Schlotzhauer
photo editor

Perhaps one of the most popular rivalries in recent advertising history is the duel between Apple and PC. The two organizations have gone head-to-head for years, coming up with catchy campaign slogans hoping to captivate the attention of the consumer. We all remember the famous “I’m a Mac, and I’m a PC” commercials with the young and hip Justin Long taking the role of an Apple computer. When Windows came out with Windows 7, their series of advertisements struck back with the slogan “I’m a PC, and Windows 7 was my idea.” The two companies have had it out for each other for years, and as technology is slowly moving away from the personal computer era to the trendy tablet, both Apple and PC have their work cut out for them. But in light of this emerging trend, can PC keep up with Apple’s streaming success, or will they eventually diminish? To be fair, there are two sides to every story. A Microsoft PC certain-

ly has its advantages over an Apple computer. Most PC computers are much cheaper than Apple’s and have a wider variety of available software. PC computers are also easier to adapt to the needs of a broad range of users. It’s much easier to find a piece of hardware that is compatible with a PC, and it usually comes at a more affordable price. PCs have been running the business world for years because of these advantages. Apple, on the other hand, has several advantages itself. Apple builds almost every hardware component of its computers, whereas PCs may have parts from several different manufacturers. Apple also has an operating system that is unfamiliar to most hackers and virus developers, making an Apple computer less likely to catch a virus. Although Apple doesn’t have the wide variety of software options available to a PC, the software it does have is usually top of the line, professional grade software. It would be unfair to say the Windows PC is diminishing in light of its disadvantages over Apple, however its future stability is threatened by the tablet technology taking the world by storm. It could very well be that in the

near future, personal laptop computers will be obsolete, and everyone will conduct their lives on a tablet or smart phone. The Apple iPad has already proven that computing technology on a touch screen interface is entirely possible. If Windows wants to compete in the tablet market, it has to introduce something that is entirely different and more innovative than the iPad. Not only has Apple had access to this touch screen technology for several years, but with each new product they have added and improved the technology. Because Windows works with a wide range of companies who make computers, it is difficult to hone in on one technology that works well. Each PC is unique in the fact that consumers are sure to find a computer that meets every single one of their computing needs. Companies such as Dell build all of their PCs customized to fit the needs of each individual customer. Once society has adapted to the personal tablet device, all of the major PC manufacturers will either have to come up with their own tablet model or face their demise. Windows does

have the advantage of a wide network of companies to contribute to its success. However, the disadvantage is that although they have a wide range of selections, there has to be collaboration between these competing companies to succeed in the demands of the market. Windows is by no means diminishing from existence. Microsoft will either find ways to compete by introducing a technology that can compete with Apple, or they will continue to be the industry’s low-cost provider. As long as the computing industry remains a free market, there will always be competition. The infamous rivalry between Microsoft and Apple is by no means reaching its end. As emerging technology seeps into society, the battle between Mac and PC is becoming more and more complex. If Microsoft can respond to the iPad, the long lasting duel between the two companies will reach its next level of complexity. Jeff Schlotzhauer is a senior business major from Denver, Colo. He plans to open a nonprofit coffee shop in the future.

Letter to the Editor

Starbucks’ new Trenta size is not evil
Throughout the week I have the pleasure of being one of the people who starts my customer’s day off with a smile (and perhaps a dash of caffeine). I have been a barista at Starbucks for almost 4 years and with that title, recently, comes a lot of questions about our new Trenta size that was just released in California on Feb. 1st. I thought, being a proud Starbucks partner, that I would set the record straight for all the wondering minds. The truth is, the Trenta really is not evil. I know, I know, you’ve heard otherwise. You’ve heard that this is “Starbucks’ rendition of the Big Gulp” and “Starbucks assumes the consumer wants more,” but actually, both of these, and most of the complaints I have heard, are not true. On any given eight-hour shift that I work at Starbucks, I probably have at least half of the people who come in and get an Iced Venti Shaken Tea come back in for a 50 cent refill (a long standing Starbucks policy). An Iced Venti sweetened Shaken Tea has six pumps of our sweetener in the drink, which is equivalent to 130 calories. So that means that if the customer gets one refill that day they are consuming a total of 260 calories and 48 ounces a day. According to a 32 oz. Big Gulp of Coca-Cola from 7-Eleven contains 364 calories (and that’s before they get their refill). Now, here’s where the Trenta gets really sweet. By offering our customers a 31 oz iced tea or iced coffee we actually have eliminated a lot of the calories that they consume. Now that customers can purchase this size for only 50 cents more (the same price as it would be to get their refill) they have, almost entirely, stopped coming in for refills. This means they are only drinking 31 ounces with only seven pumps of our sweetener and 150 calories, 110 calories less. I would also like to point out that this is something that our customers asked for and not something Starbucks “assumed” into action. There is a website called where Starbucks Partners and customers can go on and present their ideas (sort of like a public forum) for what they think the company should and should not do. Thousands of people go onto this website everyday and hundreds of the ideas that have been presented have actually happened. And this was one of them. When it is 110 degrees outside, customers want a larger size to tide them over for the whole day. So this was actually an example of Starbucks being a good company and listening to the people that keep it running. So, as a Starbucks barista who is making your coffee and tea at least 5 days a week and trying to help make bad days go a little better, I would just ask that you would look a little more kindly on the Trenta or at least do a little more research before you start assuming things about the product. Starbucks is a great company who takes time to listen to its customers’ concerns and requests. The Trenta size is not evil. In fact, if looked at in the right light, it could be a positive addition to Starbucks. I know that’s not always as fun to write about, but at least now while you’re doing research to find the truth, you can gulp on 31 ounces of unsweetened tea at 5 calories or less and I’d be happy to make it for you with a big smile on my face anytime you’d like. Cheers!

–Shannon Galford communication studies major

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How to get the job you want
Find out how you can get the job you want by utilizing oncampus resources
Emily Beatty
staff writer

With our less than perfect economic status, budget cuts and the constant battle of fighting hundreds of others applying to the same job, it’s easy to become lost in the black hole of applications. Being able to access, navigate and utilize helpful tools that are readily available can work to help you stand out to employers and be noticed—as you so deserve to be! One of these helpful tools is the APU Career Network, a program that is overseen by the Career Services Department. Thomas Eng, Career Counselor and Program Coordinator, is familiar with the Career Network. “APU’s Career Network is a job and internship board, that also offers national jobs. All the jobs are directed toward our students. It is definitely the place to look, for on-campus positions as well,” Eng said. The Career Network serves a few purposes, according to Eng. “There are a couple of ways you can go about using the Career Network. You can look at it just as a job board, so any time that you’re looking for workcareer work, part time work, or even internships—It’s definitely a great place

to look and apply to jobs,” Eng said. The way that it is less used is to look up employer information students are encouraged to do. “Part of having a successful job search requires a lot of research about the company, the jobs they offer and things like that,” Eng said. As APU has a good reputation, employers, recruiters and groups are constantly looking specifically for APU students with qualities their company’s desire, such as high moral and ethical values according to Eng. Eng emphasizes the need for getting to know the company you’re applying to beforehand. “The more you know about the company, the better you can shape your resume and your interviewing,” Eng said. “You need to understand, career wise, where you’re heading and what you’re looking for, and what’s important to you. When you know all these pieces, you can talk to those employers and start networking, and doing informational interviews.” So how can you stand out amongst other applicants who might have more experience? Eng said it is all about the research you do on employers. “When you find a company that is everything you would want employers will be able to see that in you as well. That’s what really sets you apart, especially from people who send in general resumes to everyone,” Eng said. If you’re looking for on-campus jobs, it’s best to be proactive and start your search early in the semester or prior to the semester, according to Louisa Vasquez, Student Employment Manager in the Student Employment Office.

Preston Steele PHOTO

When applying in the middle of a semester, it can be difficult to find oncampus jobs on the Career Network, which is where being proactive comes into play. “There are jobs out there that are not posted, and as we continue with the semester we receive terminations. When that happens, those jobs become available for students again. Also, we have new departments that are available,” Vasquez said. As the Student Employment Manager, Vasquez expresses knowledge of what it takes to stand out. “You really want to meet the supervisor that’s hiring and be proactive in

5 Easy Ways to Improve Your Résumé 1. Spell Check
Typo’s and grammar errors can be the downfall for résumé’s. Along with using spell-check on your computer, be sure and proofread it yourself to ensure proper writing.

4. Adjust Your Résumé to Fit the
It is a Human Resources job to sift through thousands of applicants. They can tell if your résumé is general.If you think you would be a good fit for a particular company, show it!

2. Use Correct Chronological Order 3. Avoid Clutter

Your résumé should begin with most recent work, along with the dates of employment. It is important that you get your main points across with clarity with short sentences.

5. Read Your Résumé Aloud

If you don’t like the re way your resume sounds, your employer wont either.

that as well. In other words, don’t drop off or turn in the application and hope they will pick yours over the other 50 applications,” Vasquez said. “Employers get bombarded with applications, but to stand out you may have a resume attached to it, go to the department and let the supervisor know that you have turned in an application to be considered. That way, you can have your face-to-face meeting, and from that, the supervisor can tell how eager you are to get the job.” Along with following up on your application, a few other things stand out to employers on applications and resumes. “Consistency, and the length of time that a student has worked at previous jobs all stand out to employers. Also, the flexibility of the student’s schedule is important, because that will determine if that student will fit in the schedule the supervisor has available. This, of course, differs within different departments,” Vasquez said. Alisha Millard, a senior communications, is also the Student Manager of Annual Giving in the Office of University Advancement, who often hires students. Millard says she appreciates a student who humbly accepts feedback and is willing to learn. “Something else I really appreciate is a student that is professional. I won’t hire someone if they aren’t profes-

compiled by Emily Beatty

sional in their interview. I also look for students willing to work hard and are determined. The combination of having a good work ethic and willingness to take feedback is something I’m much more willing to hire people for,” Millard said. If you’re worried about a lack of experience, simply make sure what you do have is at its best. “Students who will work to improve and hold themselves accountable, and take responsibility for their job stand out above someone with more experience,” Millard said.” A resume is not always required, but if you do turn one in, it is imperative that itis written and formatted correctly. The common theme in standing out to employers is simply taking the time to research and know a potential employer and its company. “As far as when I look at a resume, it’s important that students pay attention to detail. Resumes can do more harm than good when they’re not done well,” Millard said. “A huge bonus is turning in a resume that is applicable to the job. It shows me that a person is not only taking into consideration what the job is like, but is educated about the job. It’s important to know what you’re applying for.” Utilize the resources on campus and learn how to get the job you want.

Meatless Mondays becomes a craze
Lauren Belanger
staff writer

You might have heard people say they’re cutting out meat just on Mondays. What a silly idea, you might be thinking. Being a vegetarian just for one day out of the week? Well, it has become quite a significant trend among universities, and it’s called “Meatless Mondays.” Higher education institutions have implemented Meatless Mondays for many reasons, and some individuals have decided to go along with the idea. Senior biology and chemistry major Kendall Paulson just heard about this Meatless Mondays idea but has been a vegan since the summer of 2009. She found the vegan lifestyle helped her health in many different ways. “I had been having health issues. In the process I found out I was lactose intolerant. I

stopped eating meat, and eventually stopped eating dairy, and I felt great,” Paulson said. Paulson said there are many other health benefits to the vegan and vegetarian diets, even if you’re only doing it for one day. “It’s beneficial to get a day of cleansing and give your body a day off from processing meats,” Paulson said. Samuel Samaan, Director of Hospitality Services, says there can be benefits to avoiding meat for one day a week. “Vegetarians can eat fresh fruits and fresh vegetables and that’s a healthy lifestyle,” Samaan said. According to, which started the campaign for Meatless Mondays in 2003 along with Johns Hopkins

Bloomberg School of Public Health Center, going meatless for a day also has environmental benefits. It can reduce your carbon footprint, minimize water usage and help reduce fossil fuel dependence. APU hospitality services has been serving vegetarian meals since 2003, and their records show they serve approximately three percent of vegetarian dishes out of all the food they serve in the cafeteria. “We found out recently about Meatless Mondays. Some schools adopted it and started using it, so we started thinking about what we could do about it,” Samaan said. Samaan said they are researching what it

might look like to implement Meatless Mondays at APU. “The only school that I know of that does it regularly right now is Santa Barbara. They have three dining halls and they do it in one station of one of the dining halls, so it’s very limited,” Samaan said. James Cacciatore, Assistant Director of Hospitality Services, says he would most likely consult with other schools on new dishes to prepare if they decide to up their vegetarian menu. Many schools actually do implement a Meatless Mondays program. Some of those schools include UC Berkeley, UC Davis, UC San Diego and UC Santa Cruz. Many hospitals also implement programs. If you decide to join the bandwagon with this idea, Paulson suggested some recipe ideas that you could use. “I make thai curry all the time,” Paulson said. She suggested trying ethnic foods, because spices can really shake up a meal.



WEDNESDAY, FEB. 16, 2011


Radiohead album breaks barriers
Radiohead stirs up discussion regarding their newest “newspaper album”
William Cook
staff writer

With the almost unannounced release of their new “newspaper album,” “The King Of Limbs,” Radiohead has sparked intense debate among fans over what a newspaper album could possibly be. Radiohead’s official site describes it as consisting of two 10” vinyl records, many large sheets of artwork, 625 tiny pieces of artwork and a “full-color piece of oxo-degradable plastic to hold it all together.” The ambiguous description of the album is classic Radiohead, who are notorious for releasing and recording music in new and unheard of ways. For example, with the release of 2000’s “Kid A,” nobody knew they had recorded “Amnesiac” during the same recording sessions and were planning on releasing it the following year. Similarly, with 2007’s “In Rainbows” they released the album digitally in a pay-what-you-want format. Some students think a newspaper album entails multiple subscriptions. Recently there was rumor of lead singer Thom Yorke comparing the album to a newspaper subscription where people receive more than one paper. It is unknown if Yorke said that himself, or if a fan did, however, that statement caused a large amount of hype and excitement over the possibility of a series of albums. fans have speculated Radiohead will continue to release albums that are meant as a part two or part three to “The King Of Limbs” that was released on February 18. Emma McIntosh, sophomore graphic

design major, said she thinks Radiohead will deliver albums following the initial release of “The King Of Limbs.” Eager fans share a similar view. The album itself seems to hint towards this idea with eight songs clocking in at just over 37 minutes. It’s Radiohead’s shortest album to date, and it feels unfinished. Pitchfork magazine explains it seens as if Radiohead intentionally stopped abruptly. It seems that only Radiohead will know what exactly that question is, at least until the “newspaper” part of their newspaper album is released. The last song is also aptly titled “Separator,” with lyrics like, “if you think this is over, then you’re wrong.” However, there is also speculation the newspaper album is in reality only the artwork Radiohead is releasing with the album and that fans are being overly-hopeful after being handed a somewhat disappointing album. Or perhaps the whole concept of a newspaper album is a satire on the current state of the newspaper industry, one that is declining rapidly. Only time will tell whether Radiohead has another trick up their sleeve or not. “The King Of Limbs” itself is a beautiful, almost guitar-less arrangement of eight songs that combines parts of previous albums such

as “Kid A” and “In Rainbows.” The album has an obvious influence of Yorke’s almost entirely electronic solo album, “The Eraser.” It is more electronic and beat-oriented than anything Radiohead has done in the past. Almost immediately, old Radiohead fans will be satisfied when they hear Yorke’s crooning, heavy-laden with signature Yorke vibrato style on this new album. The song continues to mesh over a series of horn and synthesizer loops that instantly give one the feeling of being underwater. It also seems to be split up in two halves: the first four songs feel tighter, edgier and more rhythmic than the last four songs, which feel softer and have more room to breathe. “Bloom” opens up the album with a looped piano line over a series of electronic drumbeats and rhythms laid down by drummer Phil Selway. The electronic beats and Selway’s acoustic drumming seems to be fighting each other for control over the song, and the result just works. The second song, “Morning Mr. Magpie,” would fit nicely in the middle of Yorke’s “The Eraser.” It’s got a tight rhythm and a constricted guitar riff that hum busily for about four and a half minutes. The following song, “Little By Little,” contains one of the catchiest hooks on the album and precedes perhaps the least catchy song on the album, “Feral.” A series of frantic drum beats sprinkled with Yorke’s modulated vocal delivery, the song is reminiscent of Radiohead’s “Kid A.” The fifth song, “Lotus Flower,” which is also the lead single of the album (presumably because it is the only song that features a prominent chorus), is a groovy reverb-laden piece with a strong beat and a catchy bass line, thanks to bassist Colin Greenwood. It instantly makes you want to dance without restraint, which is exactly what Yorke does for five minutes in the video for the song, which has become one of the most popular music videos on the Internet since its release.

The sixth and seventh songs, “Codex” and “Give Up The Ghost,” are the obvious standouts of the album. “Codex” has a fluctuating and simple piano riff, similar to past Radiohead songs “Pyramid Song” and “Sail To The Moon.” It is a beautiful orchestration that never culminates in anything more than a simple piano riff, but the end result doesn’t feel incomplete. “Give Up The Ghost,” perhaps the most haunting and beautiful song of the album, is a simple acoustic ballad with Yorke’s voice singing a series of pitches that are eventually looped on top of one another to create a stunningly beautiful series of harmonies and melodies that seem to rush together above your head like a river. The whole thing is methodically placed over a chorus of birds chirping in the background. The last song on the album and possibly the most controversial is “Separator,” which features a solid drum beat laid down by Selway culminating in a series of dreamy guitar lines courtesy of guitarists Ed O’Brien and Jonny Greenwood. It ends the album nicely, albeit leaving the album feeling “open,” ready for part two to begin. Time will tell whether or not there will be a part two when the newspaper album is officially shipped out to the public starting May 9. Response to the album has generally been positive by fans and critics alike. Will Roelofs, freshman theology major, said “The King Of Limbs” sounds prettier than “In Rainbows” in a more sorrowful and deep way.” Neil McCormick of The Telegraph calls the album “both weird and accessible… their most immediately accessible (yet).” One thing is for sure: Radiohead continues to break barriers in the music industry over what is defined as “good” art or not, and we are all eagerly awaiting what they will pull out of their hat next.

How healthy is your muffin?
Jocelyn Garrity
staff writer

Muffins are more than likely one of the most profitable snacks on campus, but are they the best choice. Between the two coffee shops an outstanding 400 to 500 muffins are sold a day. Dean Gotto, baker specialist for hospitality services, knows which muffins students prefer. “The chocolate chip muffins are the most popular,” Gotto said. “We make 200 a day. The chocolate chip, blueberry and mocha almond fudge sell the best.” These muffins are an ideal snack for college students. They require no cooking or preparation. Chris Chandler, a junior business administration major, is attracted to the convenience of these muffins. “I don’t like waking up early, so when I have class at 8:05 [a.m.] I can go to the coffee shop ten minutes before class and grab a coffee and a muffin, or a bagel…its easy,” Chandler said. When it comes to health, is the muffin really the best option. The mini chocolate chip muffins that sell in the cafeteria contain 290 calories, 130 of those being from fat. According to Dean Gotto, the large five ounce muffins sold in the coffee shops are 580 calories. Katie Shubin, physician’s assistant at the Health Center, says there must be a balance when eating these treats. “I don’t eat the muffins, but only because they aren’t my guilty pleasure,” Shubin said. “I don’t think it is a bad

Allie Choco PHOTO

Muffins are a delicious snack, but unless you’re eating a mini muffin, are 580 calories worth it?
thing to have them once in awhile, but probably eating a whole muffin is not the best thing. Eating half of a muffin once a month would be the healthiest option.” The mocha almond fudge muffin, which is a best seller, is coated with white sugar. The bran and blueberry muffins have a bit more nutritional value. To make 150 blueberry muffins, 15 pounds of blueberries are used, which averages to a tenth of a pound of blueberries in each muffin. “The healthiest would be the bran muffin,” Gotto said. “They hardly sell.” Chandler finds a healthy balance for the muffins. “Maybe once a month I will have a muffin. I love the bran muffins.” Chandler said. “I tend to choose the bagel over the muffin because it is healthier.” Bagels are a great alternative to the muffin. Shubin says they don’t deserve the bad reputation they get. “As much as bagels have gotten the boot because of all the carbs, I would say half of a bagel with cream cheese on top or jam would be a good alternative because that is probably an eighth of the calorie intake of a muffin,” Shubin said. “You are getting some whole grains in there, and without butter you are decreasing your saturated fat intake by a lot.” As far as working off the calories from your mocha almond fudge muffin, Shubin admits it might take awhile. “On average, walking one mile burns 100 calories, so you would have to walk about 3 miles to burn off that muffin,” Shubin said. For some, things are a little different. “I will say that most people in college are really active in that your metabolism is a little bit faster than someone who is a little more sedentary in their jobs, but when you put it in those terms it’s a lot of exercise to burn that off,” Shubin said.

Certain foods have effects that are surprisingly unknown. Shubin says eating a lot of sugar has more consequences than we may realize. “When you are tired or low on time you can choose the options that tend to be unhealthy, which can affect other things,” Shubin said. “For example, the sugar increase in your system can cause you to feel fatigued and tired, not getting a substantial amount of energy.” It is not only your energy that can be affected by too much sugar, but your food intake may increase as well. “We need calories, that’s a source of energy, but when you are putting that much energy in your body with sugar, you aren’t getting the nutrient value that you need,” Shubin said. “Which means you will have to supplement those calories and may end up eating a lot more then you actually need.” Some students don’t see this as anything to be worried about. Jordan Williams, a freshman business administration major, is not worried about the sugar or calorie intake from these muffins. “I love the muffins. I try and get a muffin about once a week, preferably apple cinnamon. I have never tried another kind,” Williams said. Whether you love the muffins or not, they are a hit on our campus, but should be balanced. Williams points out it’s possible to create balance between your muffin intake and your health. “I realize they are unhealthy but as long as you are in control of your caloric intake and burn off your calories, it shouldn’t be much of a problem,” Williams said.