It’s Time to Upgrade from VMware ESX to ESXi – Learn How

Charu Chaubal, ESXi Technical Marketing Manager, VMware

Agenda
Benefits of ESXi Architecture Comparison of ESX and ESXi Architecture Impact of ESXi Architecture on Operations Customer Adoption Next steps

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simplifying hypervisor management and improving security. 3 .VMware ESXi: 3rd Generation Hypervisor Architecture VMware GSX (VMware Server) • Installs as an application • Runs on a host OS • Depends on OS for resource management VMware ESX • Installs “bare metal” • Relies on a Linux OS (Service Console) for running partner agents and scripting VMware ESXi • Installs “bare metal” • Management tasks are moved outside of the hypervisor Service Console VMkernel VMware ESX VMware ESXi VMkernel 2001 2003 2007 The ESXi architecture runs independently of a general purpose OS.

ESXi is Smaller than ESX VMware ESXi 4.8 expands to GB 5.6 GB Hyper-V Server 2008 R2 1.5 GB .8 GB Windows 2008 R2 Server Core with Hyper-V Hyper-V with full Windows Server 2008 R2 is even bigger at… 4 9.0 70 MB Citrix XenServer v5 ESXi does not rely on a general purpose OS 3.

5 patches from release to date (3/10/08 .ESXi Requires Fewer Patches than ESX ESX Category Total Security ESX 189 44 55 90 ESXi 21 9 10 2 Relative Patch Volume ESX ESX Critical General ESXi ESXi ESXi • General Security Critical Patch Type VMW issued 10x fewer patches for ESXi 3. increased reliability • Source: vmware.10/16/09) 5 .com. ESX / ESXi 3.5 than ESX 3.5 over the same period of time Smaller = reduced attack surface.

expertise and 3rd party tools 6 .ESXi is Easier to Configure than ESX Maintaining configuration consistency and correctness requires increasing amounts of time.

Paradigm Shift in Hypervisor Management and Deployment 7 .

Agenda Benefits of ESXi Architecture Comparison of ESX and ESXi Architecture Impact of ESXi Architecture on Operations Customer Adoption Next steps 8 .

VMware ESX Architecture 3rd party agents vpxa hostd VMX VMX VMX VM VMM VM VMM VM VMM Service Console User mode API (POSIX subset) Resource Scheduling Distributed VM File System Storage Stack Virtual NIC & Switch Network Stack vmkernel (70 MB) 2 GB Device Drivers • VMware agents run in Service Console • 3rd party agents also run in Service Console (along with any arbitrary process) 9 .

VMware ESXi Architecture CIM broker CIM providers HA hostd NTP syslog vpxa VMX VMX VMX DCUI VM VMM VM VMM VM VMM User mode API (fuller POSIX subset) Resource Scheduling Distributed VM File System Storage Stack Virtual NIC & Switch Network Stack vmkernel (70 MB) Device Drivers • VMware & selected agents ported to run directly on VMkernel • Authorized 3rd party modules can also run in Vmkernel • No arbitrary code allowed on system 10 .

Agenda Benefits of ESXi Architecture Comparison of ESX and ESXi Architecture Impact of ESXi Architecture on Operations Customer Adoption Next steps 11 .

PowerCLI Commands for configuration and diagnostics Infrastructure Integration Agents “Classic” VMware ESX Local Support Console CIM API vSphere API Native Agents: NTP.New and Improved Paradigm for ESXi Management Service Console (COS) Management Agents Hardware Agents Agentless vAPI-based Agentless CIM-based vCLI. SNMP VMware ESXi 12 . Syslog.

Hardware Monitoring with CIM Common Information Model (CIM) • Agent-less. standards based monitoring of hardware resources • Output readable by 3rd party management tools via standard APIs • VMware and Partner CIM providers for specific hardware devices Management Server Management Client WS-MAN CIM Broker Partner Providers Memory Network VMkernel VMware Providers Hardware Platform CPU Storage 13 .

Monitor and Manage Health of Server Hardware with vCenter New CIM Interface • Detailed hardware health monitoring • Physical and virtual visibility on server health • vCenter alarms alert when hardware failures occur Host hardware fan status Host hardware power status Host hardware system board status Host hardware temperature status New vCenter Alarms for Hardware 14 .

2+ Dell Open Manager Server Administrator 6.3.Third Party Hardware Monitoring • OEMs HW Monitoring through their Management Consoles HP SIM 5.1 15 .

com/go/get-freeesxi (requires registration) 16 . HP versions available at www. Dell.vmware. IBM.ESXi OEM Versions • VMware.

2 ControlCenter Avamar Networker 17 .Majority of Systems Management and Back Up Vendors Support ESXi BPM for Virtual Servers BPA for Virtual Servers Capacity Mgmt Essentials Atrium Orchestrator Bladelogic Operations Manager ProactiveNet v7.4 * CA Virtual Performance Manager (VPM) Spectrum Automation Management Spectrum eHealth Cohesion ARCserve Operations Orchestration VI SPI Client Automation DDM Operations Agent UCMDB SiteScope Performance Agent DataProtector HP Operations ITM for Virtual Servers v6.7 * Client Automation Atrium Discovery & Dependency Mapping v7.1.1 ADM v6.2 * TPM ITUAM ITLCM Tivoli Storage Manager Smarts ESM v1.

Infrastructure Services for Production Environments Function Time synchronization Centralized log collection SNMP monitoring Persistent Logging Local access authentication Provided by Built-in NTP service Built-in Syslog service Built-in SNMP service Log to files on datastore Local user table 18 .

roles and privileges. event logging • API is secure. standards-based 19 . optimized for remote environments.g.vCLI and PowerCLI: Primary Scripting Interfaces vCLI Other utility scripts vSphere PowerCLI vSphere SDK Other languages vSphere Client vSphere Web Service API vCLI and PowerCLI built on same API as vSphere Client • Same authentication (e. firewall-friendly. Active Directory).

and update vCLI can point to an ESXi host or to vCenter Server vMA is a convenient way for accessing vCLI 20 . vmkfstools. Remote syslog. physical NICs. Routing • Miscellaneous: Monitoring. iSCSI.vCLI for Administrative and Troubleshooting Tasks Areas of functionality • Host Configuration: NTP. SAN. VM Management. DNS. Vmkernel NICs. ESX conf. Kernel modules. VMFS volume management • Network Configuration: vSwitches (standard and distributed). host backup. SNMP. storage pathing. local users • Storage Configuration: NAS. restore. File management.

ESXi Diagnostics and Troubleshooting • During normal operations: vCenter vCLI • If things go wrong: DCUI: misconfigs / restart mgmt agents vSphere APIs TSM: Advanced troubleshooting (GSS) Remote Access ESXi Local Access 21 .

g. manual configuration. e. Dell OpenManage. or Use hardware monitoring in vCenter Install vMA • Only a single instance needed per site Learn how to use vCLI or PowerCLI • For automated configuration.ESXi Operational Best Practices Prepare your ESXi environment • Make sure to use flavor of ESXi appropriate for the hardware • Configure logging according to your needs Send logs to a datastore for file-based access. or Send logs to syslog server for enterprise log collection • Configure hardware monitoring Integrate with 3rd party tools. HP System Insight Manager. and debugging 22 .

Agenda Benefits of ESXi Architecture Comparison of ESX and ESXi Architecture Impact of ESXi Architecture on Operations Customer Adoption Next steps 23 .

Now that we’re running ESXi. Technical Architect Fulton Financial Corporation “We like the idea of getting away from installing an OS. Engineering Manager .” Joel Fuller. That makes us a much more scalable organization. VMware ESXi lets us get more life out of our infrastructure while giving us a simpler and more secure operational model.ESXi Customer Adoption is on the Rise • Over half a million ESXi downloads from VMware. So that’s made a huge difference for us. I guess we do about three patches a month. We were up to about 125 patches a month with ESX.” 24 Scott Armold. Since ESXi doesn’t have one.com • Large enterprise customers are standardizing on ESXi: Kroll OnTrack “We currently have 145 ESXi hosts. that means it’s a safer hypervisor--more of a black box.

Agenda Benefits of ESXi Architecture Comparison of ESX and ESXi Architecture Impact of ESXi Architecture on Operations Customer Adoption Next steps 25 .

visit the ESX to ESXi Upgrade Center • www.vmware.Call to Action Start testing ESXi • Free version has limited APIs – make sure to use vSphere version Start learning vCLI and PowerCLI • They can be used to manage ESX as well as ESXi Ensure back up and systems management products integrate with ESXi • May require version upgrade Make ESXi the exclusive hypervisor choice • New customers: always deploy ESXi • Existing customers: switch to ESXi during vSphere 4 or future upgrades. For more information.com/go/UpgradeToESXi 26 .

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