Introduction to the Politics of Evolution Essentialism Magic Teleology Pareidolia Creation Myth Empiricism Induction Deduction Replication Implication

Personalism 1.) Characteristics of the human mind One of the ways to think about scientific thinking is overcoming childhood tendencies of the human mind. How do children think? One characteristic of the primitive human mind is Essentialism. Something has to be either a cat or a dog, that is the way we think. Darwin tells us it is possible to move from “catness” to “dogness.” There is no essence to human things that makes them unique and unchanging. Personalism we see human agency behind everything. “The Gods make it rain.” They don’t. Earthquakes are God's punishment to their doings. Humans are always behaving badly so God's should punish them. We don't think things just “happen” in this sense. Magic Santa Claus is a great example. Many people around the world never get over their belief in magic. This is related to personalism. Magic assumes that there are unseen, unexplainable powers to cause things to happen. Most people in the world, most of the times believe in magical explanations. Teleology we tend to think things don't just happen. Things have intentions. Water seeks its own level, has a mind of its own. Darwin is trying to say most things have no purpose or intention. We must stop thinking that things have intentions. Pattern recognition, our minds have a strong tendency to observe patterns in the world around us even if the patterns are not present, this is known as pareidolia. Science attempts to separate real pattern seeing from fake. The problem of pareidolia is, that when people feel like the victim of something, they use pareidolia to come up with conspiracy theories. (9/11, AIDS, etc.) We have to overcome all of the things mentioned above in order to evaluate scientific argument. Another factor of the primitive mind is the need for a narrative. Human beings think constantly in metaphors. We explain the unfamiliar with the familiar (he's a snake in the grass). 2.) Creation myths Historically, people combine all the above tendencies to explain why they are where they are. They combine the need for magic, personalism, etc. Every culture has their own creation myth. Each Native American tribe has one, every religion has one. Scholars have 4 types of myths. Emergence myth, “a magical being or beings pass through a series of worlds until reaching the present world.”

2nd is that all creation myths are essentially fiction. 5. 3. Replication in terms of scientific methodology. String theory ties a lot of things together. biology. Jewish myth – (ex-nilo myth) First reading of the book of genesis. String theory. Science is not essentialist. This theory is good for BA Christians politically speaking. fact. 13. BA Christians like it because its consistent with Genesis. No evidence for it. Finnish myth – Cosmic Embryo 3. . They form a theory that is an inherit explanation based on fact. Around the world. and employ narratives as aids to thinking when trying to convince other scientists. you can argue left or right. They observe and go through the process of induction. Born again Christians love the cosmological theory of the big bang.) What is Science? Think of science as a way of thinking that tries to overcome the tendencies that led to error. We will try to make statements on whats been measured. more people believe in creation myths than scientific accounts as to how we got here. He is interested in how you argue. Implication.7 billion years ago the boom happened. or belief. Political leaders as well. There are arguments that he will not accept. the process by which finding something to be true could be a basis for truth in another theory. Scientists do sometimes use metaphors. something that is not stated but may follow. Religious text or leaders. There are also subtle ways that science can have political implications. Some believe that od there creation myths are allegorical. Deduction. It may be stated as a theory.) The political implications of science What does this have to do with PS? Lots of science has political implications. Conservative Christians do not like Darwinism as it contradicts the creation story in genesis. How scientists see the world pleases and displeases people for various reasons. Specifically. not what. 4. The job of a scientist is to observe a phenomenon. Lots of science has political implications. There is no right answer. This is an empiricist philosophy to science.1. Navajo myth – Passing through 4 stages 2.) What I expect of students in this class In your essays. Empiricism is the belief that all theories must rest on and be tested by observable phenomenon. but cannot truly be tested since we cannot actually see it. Forming a theory or explanation for something based upon observation.