August 2007

Testing the Waters
A Guide to Water Quality at Vacation Beaches
Seventeen th edition

Authors
Mark Dorfman Nancy Stoner Natural Resources Defense Council

Project Design and Development
David Beckman

About NRDC

The Natural Resources Defense Council is an international nonprofit environmental organization with more than 1.2 million members and online activists. Since 1970, our lawyers, scientists, and other environmental specialists have worked to protect the world’s natural resources, public health, and the environment. NRDC has offices in New York City, Washington, D.C., Chicago, Los Angeles, San Francisco, and Beijing. Visit us at www.nrdc.org.

Acknowledgments

NRDC wishes to acknowledge the support of The Davis Family Trust for Clean Water, John Dawson, Sarah K. deCoizart Article Tenth Perpetual Charitable Trust, Geraldine R. Dodge Foundation, Inc., The Joyce Foundation, The Lawrence Foundation, The McKnight Foundation, Charles Stewart Mott Foundation, The Prospect Hill Foundation, The Mary Jean Smeal Clean Water Fund, and Victoria Foundation, Inc. We also thank our more than 650,000 members, without whom our work to protect U.S. coasts, as well as our other wide ranging environmental programs, would not be possible. NRDC would like to thank Tonya McLean and Kirsten Sinclair Rosselot for their research assistance. Thanks also to Rita Barol, Kathryn McGrath, Shanti Menon, Lisa Whiteman, Auden Shim, and Megan Lew for their assistance in producing this report on NRDC’s website and to Julia Bovey, Serena Ingres, Elizabeth Heyd, Jenny Powers, Daniel Hinerfeld, Hamlet Paoletti, and Jon Coifman from our communications team for developing our release strategy. Finally, thanks to Henry Henderson, Sarah Chasis, David Beckman, Michele Mehta, Andrew Wetzler for releasing the report for NRDC this year and Natalie Roy and Christy Leavitt for arranging for releases by chapters of the Public Interest Research Group and the Clean Water Network.

NRDC President: Frances Beinecke NRDC Executive Director: Peter Lehner NRDC Publications Manager: Lisa Goffredi Contributing Editors: Anthony Clark, Lily Bowers, Jacob Wascalus NRDC Director of Communications: Phil Gutis Production: Bonnie Greenfield NRDC Director of Marketing and Operations: Alexandra Kennaugh

Copyright 2007 by the Natural Resources Defense Council.

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Table of Contents
Executive Summary ......................................................................................................................................................... iv National Overview ...........................................................................................................................................................1 Chapter 1 Sources of Beachwater Pollution .....................................................................................................................................14 Chapter 2 Health Risks and Economic Impacts of Beach Pollution.................................................................................................21 Chapter 3 Beachwater Monitoring and Closing/Advisory Practices .................................................................................................33 Chapter 4 Plan of Action ................................................................................................................................................................37 Chapter 5 State Summaries .............................................................................................................................................................42 Florida Louisiana Minnesota North Carolina South Carolina Alabama Georgia Maine Mississippi Ohio Texas Alaska Hawaii Maryland New Hampshire Oregon Virginia California Illinois Massachusetts New Jersey Pennsylvania Washington Connecticut Indiana Michigan New York Rhode Island Wisconsin Delaware
Figures

Figure 1. Total Closing/Advisory Days, 2000–2006 (excluding extended and permanent) ................................................2 Figure 2. Reported Causes of Closings/Advisoris in 2006 .................................................................................................3 Figure 3. Reported Causes of Closings/Advisories, 2000–2006.........................................................................................3 Figure 4. Sources of Pollution That Caused Closings/Advisories, 2006 .............................................................................4 Figure 5. Sources of Pollution That Caused Closings/Advisories, 2000–2006 ...................................................................4 Figure 6. Major Pollution Sources Causing Beach Closings/Advisories in 2006 ..............................................................14 Figure 7. Expansion of HAB Problems in the U.S. .........................................................................................................25 Figure 8. Lag Time Associated with Current Water Quality Monitoring and Public Notification Methods.....................26
Tables

Table 1. Rank of States by Percent of Tier 1 Beachwater Samples Exceeding the National Standard in 2006 ....................6 Table 2. Tier 1 Beaches with More Than 25 Percent of Samples Exceeding National Standards in 2006, ..........................7 by Percent Exceedance Table 3. U.S. Ocean, Bay, Great Lakes, and Some Freshwater Beach Closings/Advisories, 2000–2006 ...........................12 Table 4. Details on the 62 Waterborne Disease Outbreaks Reported to CDCP: Jan 2003–Dec 2004 .............................22 Table 5. Pathogens and Swimming-Associated Illnesses ..................................................................................................23 Table 6. BEACH Act–Required Beachwater Water Quality Standarrds...........................................................................26 Table 7. Value of Tourism to Selected Coastal States .......................................................................................................29 Table 8. 2007 Federal BEACH Act Grant Allocations to States and Territories ...............................................................34 Table 9. Number and Percent of Tier 1 Beaches Regularly Monitored in 2006 ...............................................................35 Table 10. Abbreviations Used in Beach Closing/Advisory Tables ....................................................................................44
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Seventeenth Annual Report

Executive Summary
In 2006 there were more beach closings and advisories than at any other time in the 17 years the Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC) has been tracking them. The number of closing and advisory days at ocean, bay, and Great Lakes beaches jumped 28 percent to more than 25,000, confirming that our nation’s beaches continue to suffer from serious water pollution. For the second consecutive year, we were able to determine not only the number of closings and advisories, but also the number of times that each beach violated current public health standards. This year, a curious picture emerged: while the number of closing/advisory days increased, the percent of all samples exceeding national health standards decreased to 7 percent in 2006 from 8 percent in 2005. The culprit is stormwater runoff: the number of closing/advisory days due to stormwater doubled to more than 10,000 in 2006. The The ePA missed its congressionally structures and infrastructures of our coastal cities and towns create the conditions for rain to wash infectious bacteria, vimandated deadline to revise the ruses, and parasites into our beachwater. In fact, in many of current public health standards the more populated coastal areas, health officials are so sure for beachwater quality, which are that heavy rains will wash sewage, nutrients, and debris into our coastal recreational waters, that they don’t even wait for outdated and inadequate. the results of monitoring before taking action to protect the public – they close beaches or issue advisories preemptively. In 2006, 79 percent of the closing/advisory days due to stormwater contamination were preemptive. Hawaii, which had record amounts of rain in 2006, accounts for the largest share of preemptive closing/advisory days.

CloSiNGS AND ADViSoRieS iNCReASe AT HiGH-RiSk BeACHeS
For the first time this year, our report puts a special focus on our nation’s highest risk beaches—those with the greatest amount of use and/or proximity to potential pollution sources. This new area of focus is the result of a peer review process NRDC undertook with five professionals from local and state health agencies, academia, and the research community. States must identify their highest risk beaches when they receive federal Beaches Environmental Assessment and Coastal Health Act (BEACH Act) grants from the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). We found that closing/advisory days at these so-called “Tier 1” beaches steadily increased at a rate of 3 percent per year from 2004 through 2006. Heavy rains in some areas, more frequent monitoring, and uncontrolled stormwater and sewage pollution appear to be the major factors contributing to the steady increase. Ninety-seven percent of Tier 1 beaches are monitored at least once a week compared to 79 percent of all monitored beaches.

PolluTeD WATeR HuRTS CoASTAl eCoNoMieS
Dirty coastal waters not only threaten our health, they hurt our economy. Coastal “tourism and recreation constitute some of the fastest growing business sectors—enriching economies and supporting jobs in communities virtually everywhere along the coasts of the continental United States, southeast Alaska, Hawaii, and our island territories and commonwealths,” according to the U.S. Commission on Ocean Policy.1 That translates into new employment opportunities: in 2000, U.S. coastal tourism and recreation created 1.67 million jobs, a 41 percent increase from 1990, earning workers $13.8 billion in wages. Annual economic output nearly doubled during the same time period to $29.5 billion. But U.S. “beachonomics” might have been more robust if it were not for the condition of our coastal waters. Some 45 percent of our waters assessed by states are not clean enough for fishing or swimming, according to EPA data from
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Testing the Waters 2007

2000, the most recent national information available. In 2006, 8 percent of all water samples taken at beaches across the country exceeded the federal minimum public health–based monitoring standard, showing no improvement over the previous year. Worse yet, the federal public-health standard is more than 20 years old, does not provide information on the full range of waterborne illnesses that make beachgoers sick, and usually provides information that is 24–48 hours old. So, even if a beach is deemed “safe” under the federal public health standard, it may still contain undetected human or animal waste that can make swimmers sick. In the BEACH Act, Congress required the EPA to modernize this outdated standard, but the EPA has not yet done so. Last summer, NRDC sued the EPA to force it to comply with the BEACH Act by accelerating its timetable for proposing new standards, setting standards that fully protect the public, and establishing testing methods that will enable public health officials to make prompt decisions about closing their beaches and issuing advisories. Americans need to know that the waters in which we swim, surf, and dive are safe. At a minimum, that means that recreational waters must be tested regularly, and the results must be measured against effective health standards. When waters do not meet these standards, authorities must promptly and clearly notify the public.

NRDC FiNDS THAT AuTHoRiTieS ARe NoT CoNTRolliNG BeACH PolluTioN SouRCeS
While authorities are doing a better job monitoring beaches than in the past, that monitoring reveals the extent to which they are failing to clean up the sources of beachwater pollution. Closings and advisories are rising steadily, and most authorities are not even attempting to identify pollution sources, much less control them. One problem is that BEACH Act grants are currently not available for source identification and correction, so NRDC is supporting federal legislation, the Beach Protection Act of 2007, that would double the amount of funding for BEACH Act grants and allow them to be used for sanitary surveys, source tracking, and other means of identifying and addressing the direct sources of the contamination. Further improvements to monitoring and public notification programs should include expanding them to cover all designated coastal beaches and popular inland beaches. Meanwhile, NRDC’s lawsuit is already prodding the EPA to move forward with developing a new health standard and faster test methods. Finally, it is time for the EPA and state and local authorities to seriously address the sources of beachwater pollution, which most often is stormwater and sewage pollution. Prevention is the best way to make sure that a day at the beach will not turn into a night in the bathroom, or worse, in a hospital emergency room.

ReCoMMeNDATioNS FoR iMPRoViNG BeACHWATeR QuAliTy AND PRoTeCTiNG SWiMMeRS’ HeAlTH
• The EPA should accelerate its timetable for proposing new health standards for beachwater quality, set standards that fully protect the public, and establish testing methods that will enable public health officials to make prompt decisions about closing their beaches and issuing advisories. • The EPA and states should tighten and enforce controls on all sources of beachwater pollution. Controls on sewage overflows, urban stormwater, and other sources of polluted runoff are particularly critical. The best way to prevent swimmers from getting sick is to clean up the water. • Congress should pass the Beach Protection Act of 2007, S. 1506, HR 2537, which would reauthorize the federal BEACH Act of 2000, double the authorized funding and allow that funding to be used for identifying and correcting sources of beachwater contamination, require EPA to approve rapid test methods for monitoring beachwater pollution, and improve coordination between the public health officials who monitor the beachwater and the environmental agencies who regulate the sources of beachwater pollution.

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Testing the Waters 2007

• Congress should substantially increase the federal appropriations available to meet clean water and beach protection needs through the Clean Water State Revolving Fund, federal BEACH Act grants, and eventually, a Clean Water Trust Fund or other dedicated source of clean water funding. • The EPA should promptly and effectively implement and enforce the BEACH Act by setting and enforcing minimum standards for all BEACH Act recipients to ensure comprehensive state and local monitoring of beachwater quality and prompt public notification when bacterial standards are exceeded. • State and local governments should make preventing beachwater pollution a priority. They should adopt monitoring and closure programs that adequately protect the public, and they should do sanitary surveys to identify and then remedy the sources of beachwater pollution. • State and local governments should issue preemptive advisories where a correlation between rainfall and elevated bacteria levels exists or when sewer overflows or other catastrophic events jeopardize beachwater safety. • A portion of the revenues generated by tourism should be allocated to monitoring and prevention programs to ensure that swimming in coastal waters does not jeopardize the health of beachgoers. • Voters should support increased federal, state, and local funding for urban stormwater programs and for repairing, rehabilitating, and upgrading our aging sewer systems. The public also should support funding for maintaining and expanding natural areas (wetlands, shoreline buffers, coastal vegetation) that trap and filter pollution before it reaches the beach. • Individuals can help clean up beach pollution. Simple measures, including conserving water, redirecting runoff, using such natural fertilizers as compost for gardens, maintaining septic systems, and properly disposing of animal waste, litter, toxic household products, and used motor oil can reduce the amount of pollution in coastal waters.

Notes
1 U.S. Commission on Ocean Policy, Preliminary Report of the U.S. Commission on Ocean Policy, Governor’s Draft, Washington, D.C., April 2004, pp. 2, 7, available at: http://www.oceancommission.gov.

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National Overview
In 2006, the number of closing and advisory days at ocean, bay, and Great Lakes beaches jumped 28 percent to a record high of 25,643 days nationwide—the largest percent increase since 2003, when the number of beaches monitored at least weekly doubled thanks to federal BEACH Act grants administered by the EPA (see Figure 1). In 2006, there was a less than 1 percent increase in the number of beaches moniDuring 2006, there were 25,643 days of tored at least weekly, but a dramatic increase in the amount closings and advisories at u.S. ocean, of rain in some parts of the country which appears to the overriding factor for the increase in closing/advisory days. bay, and Great lakes beaches. Regionally, the largest percent increases from 2005 levels were along the New York–New Jersey coastline (96%) followed by the West (91%), New England (75%), the DelMarVa Penninsula (43%), and the Great Lakes (7%). There were overall decreases in closing/advisory days in the Gulf (–14%) and the Southeast (–3%). In 2006, the percent of all samples exceeding national health standards decreased to 7 percent in 2006 from 8 percent in 2005. Regionally, the highest percent exceedances were along the Great Lakes shoreline (14%), followed by Western states (8%), the DelMarVa Penninsula, the Gulf, New England, and New York–New Jersey (each at 6%), and the Southeast (3%). Across the United States, beach officials continue to use traditional methods that require about 24 hours to detect bacterial indicator levels in beachwater samples. Some states, such as California and New Jersey, are piloting rapid testing methods that could provide results in about four hours. At least some communities in seven states (Indiana, Maryland, Ohio, New Hampshire, New York, South Carolina, and Wisconsin) are using or developing computer models that allow them to predict bacterial indicator concentrations in about an hour using physical measurements at the beach, such as rainfall levels, wind speed and direction, tides, and wave heights. At least some communities in 15 states preemptively close beaches or issue an advisory based on rainfall levels alone (California, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Hawaii, Maine, Mississippi, North Carolina, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, and Wisconsin); Louisiana is developing preemptive rainfall standards.

MAjoR FiNDiNGS
This section provides a national perspective on the major findings of NRDC’s Testing the Waters report regarding 2006 beachwater quality, closings and advisories, sources of pollution, associated health risks, and economic impacts. For more information on state programs and specific beaches, see the individual state summaries in Chapter 5.

Beach Closings/Advisories and Pollution Sources
• During 2006, U.S. ocean, bay, Great Lakes, and some freshwater beaches had 25,643 days of closings and advisories, 73 extended closings and advisories (seven to 13 consecutive weeks), and 69 permanent closings and advisories (more than 13 consecutive weeks). Including extended days, the total comes to 29,785 beach closing and advisory days. • Since 1992, there have been more than 155,286 days of closings and advisories and 562 extended closings and advisories. (See Figure 1 and Table 3.) • The number of beach closing and advisory days increased 28 percent to 5,568 days in 2006 (see Figure 1). The two major factors leading to the increase in 2006 appear to be heavy rainfall in some areas, particularly Hawaii, and 

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0 5 0 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 0. • 33 percent (8. and Great Lakes beaches. The total is greater than 25. such as sewage treatment plant failures or breaks in sewage pipes.0 20 2.5 note: Because of inconsistencies in monitoring and closing/advisory practices among states and the different levels of data submission over time. bay. localities did not wait for monitoring results to decide whether to close beaches or issue advisories (an increase from 3 percent in 2005).643 and 100 percent because more than one source may have contributed to a given closing or advisory (see Figure 4): 2 natural Resources defense Council . 2000–2006 (excluding extended and permanent) 30 Closing/advisory days Thousands of Closing/Advisory Days 25 Beaches monitored at least weekly 2.738) were based on monitoring that detected bacteria levels exceeding beachwater quality standards (a decrease from 75 percent in 2005). The percent of beaches monitored at least once a week remained steady at 79 percent. due to rainfall known to carry pollution to swimming waters (an increase from 21 percent in 2005). • Major pollution sources listed as responsible for 2006 beach closings and advisories include the following. it is difficult to make comparisons between states or to assess trends based on the closing/advisory data. Total Closing/Advisory Days.738 (63%) of the 2006 beach closings and advisories were issued because water quality monitoring revealed bacteria levels exceeding health and safety standards. • The continued high level of closings/advisories is an indication that regular monitoring continues to reveal serious water pollution at our nation’s coastal. • Less than 1 percent (89) was due to other causes.5 10 1. • 4 percent (966) were in response to known pollution events.Testing the Waters 2007 Figure . Figure 2 (page vii) shows that 15. Major causes of beach closings and advisories in 2006 were as follows (see Figure 2): • 63 percent (15.334) were precautionary.0 15 1.5 Thousands of Beaches 3. unaddressed bacteria-laden stormwater and sewage pollution that contaminate beachwaters. In other words. such as dredging and algal blooms (a decrease from 2 percent in 2005).

Testing the Waters 2007 Figure 2. 2000–2006 30 Thousands of Closing/Advisory Days � A-Monitoring � B-Response � C-Preemptive Rainfall � D-Other 25 20 15 10 5 0 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 Key: (A) Based on monitoring that detected bacteria levels exceeding standards. and faulty septic systems). but efforts to determine the causes of increased bacteria levels have not kept pace with new or more frequent monitoring practices. Sewage or stormwater discharges usually cause elevated bacteria levels. � Based on monitoring that detected bacteria levels exceeding standards � Other reason Figure 3. breaks or blockages in sewer lines. sanitary sewer overflows. Reported Causes of Closings/Advisories.167 closing/advisory days (54 percent of this year’s total)—a decrease of 435 days from 2005—plus 58 extended and 37 permanent closings or advisories. (C) Preemptive due to rain known to carry pollution to swimming waters. • Polluted runoff and stormwater caused or contributed to 10. (B) in response to known pollution event without relying on monitoring.301 closing/advisory days (5 percent of this year’s total)—an increase of 402 days from 2005—plus six extended and two permanent closings or advisories (includes combined sewer overflows. • Sewage spills and overflows caused or contributed to 1. Reported Causes of Closings/Advisories in 2006 � Preemptive due to rain known to carry pollution to swimming waters � In response to known pollution event without relying on monitoring.264 days from 2005—plus three permanent closings or advisories. • Unknown sources of pollution caused 14. 3 natural Resources defense Council . (d) other reason.597 closing/advisory days (40 percent of this year’s total)—an increase of 5.

Sources of Pollution That Caused Closings/Advisories.Testing the Waters 2007 Figure 4. accounted for 410 closing/ advisory days (2 percent of this year’s total)—an increase of 77 days from 2005—plus two extended and 28 permanent closings or advisories. such as boat discharges or wildlife. stormwater. or preemptive due to rain. (C) Unknown.005 days from 2005. stormwater or preemptive due to rain � Sewage spills � Other totals shown are greater than annual totals because more than one pollution source may have contributed to each closing/ advisory. Sources of Pollution That Caused Closings/Advisories. • Elevated bacteria levels from miscellaneous sources. usually due to polluted stormwater or sewage overflows. Figure 5. (d) other reasons (including those with no source information provided). • Preemptive rainfall advisories. 2006 � Unknown � Polluted runoff. Key: (A) Sewage spills and overflows. 2000–2006 30 Thousands of Closing/Advisory Days � A-Sewage � B-Rain/Runoff/Stormwater � C-Unknown � D-Other S 25 R 20 U 15 O 10 5 0 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 totals shown are greater than annual totals because more than one pollution source may have contributed to each closing/ advisory. (B) Polluted runoff. accounted for 8.334 closing/ advisory days (33 percent of this year’s total)—an increase of 4. 4 natural Resources defense Council .

Virginia. Texas. supplemented by NRDC interviews with state and local officials. the NRDC dataset includes monitoring results for 109. States must identify their highest risk beaches when they receive federal Beach Act grants from the EPA. Sources of information For the fourth consecutive year. NRDC used the percentage of all beachwater samples collected in 2006 that exceeded the BEACH Act–required daily maximum standards to compare water quality at beaches ringing our nation from the Pacific Northwest to Southern California. Great Lakes shoreline. and Washington). the report had been based on the EPA’s annual Beaches Environmental Assessment. 97 percent (1. With these data. Washington. EPA data for California. Alaska. For marine waters. NRDC obtained 2006 beach season monitoring data through the EPA’s STORET data warehouse (the EPA’s main repository of water quality monitoring data) for 26 states (Alabama. Connecticut. New York. we are now able to present a comparative analysis of water quality at beaches across the United States—thanks to provisions of the BEACH Act which require the EPA to collect and publicize beach monitoring data from all states receiving BEACH Act grants. Nationally.coli colony forming units per 100 ml.S. they were obtained directly from these states. the percent of all samples exceeding the BEACH Act standard remained constant at 8 percent between 2005 and 2006. Massachusetts. Although it is improving. Special Focus: America’s Highest Risk Beaches For the first time this year. territories for the purpose of comparing total closing/advisory days to earlier years.834) of Tier 1 beaches were monitored at least once a week compared to 79 percent of all monitored beaches. New Jersey. Michigan.S. the EPA closing/advisory data were completely replaced with data received directly from the state (California. but no data were obtained for Lake Michigan beaches in Cook County—the Illinois Department of Public Health is the only agency in all 30 coastal or Great Lakes states that did not provide 2006 monitoring data to either the EPA or NRDC. This is an increase from 2005 when 94 percent (1. our report puts a special focus on our nation’s highest risk beaches—those with the greatest amount of use and/or proximity to potential pollution sources. Heavy rains in some areas as well as more frequent monitoring appear to be the major factors contributing to the steady increase.950 samples at 3. In some cases. Rhode Island. NRDC has compiled and analyzed. the standard is 104 enterococcus colony forming units per 100 milliliters (ml) and for the freshwater. Louisiana. NRDC updated the EPA’s state beach lists with information solicited from all 30 coastal and Great Lakes states and contacted state and local officials with specific questions regarding their beach programs.765) of Tier 1 beaches were monitored at least once a week. 5 natural Resources defense Council . Minnesota.492 beaches and beach segments (most state and local officials divide longer beaches into manageable monitoring segments). Georgia. NRDC included U. South Carolina. the EPA’s 2006 closing/advisory or beach detail data were incomplete or inaccurate and were replaced or supplemented with data requested by NRDC and received directly from the states. Florida. each state’s beach monitoring results. California. New Hampshire. The EPA’s electronic reporting system replaced the BEACH survey. Lake County in Illinois provided monitoring data for Lake Michigan beaches in its jurisdiction. and all along the U. our research for Testing the Waters is based primarily on the EPA’s new electronic reporting system designed to meet the requirements of federal BEACH Act grants to all 35 coastal and Great Lakes states and territories. Closure and Health (BEACH) Program survey. In three cases. so NRDC requested and received monitoring data directly from these states. In 2005. there are still technical problems with EPA’s electronic data submission system. Maryland. Maine. and Wisconsin). Mississippi. We found that closing/advisory days at these so-called “Tier 1” beaches steadily increased at a rate of 3 percent per year from 2004 through 2006. Delaware. Ohio. and Washington were found to be in error. for the second consecutive year. However. Hawaii. Oregon. from New England to the Florida Keys. For the 2006 beach season. In addition to closing/advisory data. Data for Indiana and Pennsylvania beaches were not available through STORET. Rhode Island.Testing the Waters 2007 Beachwater Quality For the second consecutive year. North Carolina. we did not include them in our more detailed 2006 beach season analysis by state in Chapter 5. From 1998 through 2003. the standard is 235 E .

470 914 884 3. Wisconsin. Rank of States by Percent of Tier  Beachwater Samples exceeding the National Standard in 2006 2006 Tier  Beach Closing/Advisory Days 319 38 469 97 240 65 241 704 134 676 52 4. Table . Ohio and Indiana always issue an advisory when a sample exceeds the standard.641 0 444 470 18 2. is not necessarily an indication of a bad actor.686 157 124 54 135 728 17 122 15 5 283 0 43 State Total Samples 1. they do not wait for the results of a resample. it has the highest average closing/advisory days per beach among the top ranking states indicating that the public is frequently notified when conditions are unsafe.502 30. Although Rhode Island does wait for the result of a resample before taking action. Illinois.299 2.682 493 411 688 2.894 435 167 3.221 702 4.057 299 886 Percent exceedance 22% 19% 16% 15% 14% 14% 13% 13% 12% 12% 11% 9% 9% 8% 8% 6% 6% 5% 4% 4% 4% 3% 3% 3% 3% 2% 2% 1% 1% Average Closing/Advisory Days Per Tier  Beach 16 5 18 7 27 8 5 9 3 17 7 9 0 44 8 2 9 2 1 1 8 16 2 1 4 1 3 0 1 Percent of Tier  Beaches Monitored More Frequently Than once a Week 100% 63% 100% 72% 70% 100% 0% 7% 7% 0% 90% 8% 100% 0% 0% 100% 0% 0% 14% 0% 0% 98% 100% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% Resample or other information Needed Before Action no no no no yes no yes sometimes sometimes yes no no no no sometimes yes yes yes sometimes yes no yes no yes no yes no yes no oh in Wi iL Ri Mn Md nY Me SC PA CA MS MA tX AL FL WA Mi Ct GA hi nh nJ oR LA nC de vA 6 natural Resources defense Council .960 3. Indiana.300 1.Testing the Waters 2007 In 2006. For example.729 3.070 622 3.431 651 1. Tier 1 beaches in Ohio. or check other conditions first as some other states do. and Rhode Island ranked highest in percent of samples exceeding national standards. while a clear indication of dirty coastal recreational waters.243 326 15. Ohio goes even further by monitoring more of its Tier 1 beaches more frequently than once a week (see Table 1). It is important to note that a top-ranking state.066 516 1.582 1.

Table 2. Tier  Beaches with More Than 25 Percent of Samples exceeding National Standards in 2006. Pk. Connecticut.Testing the Waters 2007 NRDC identified 92 beaches in 19 states that exceeded the standard more than 25 percent of the time (California. Minnesota. Pk. Texas. Park Point. Delaware. Florida. by Percent exceedance State County Wi nJ Md Wi Wi Wi CA Md iL CA Md FL de tX iL FL CA SC oh Md Me FL Md oh Mn Md CA CA nJ Md Sheboygan ocean Cecil Sheboygan Sheboygan Sheboygan San Mateo Kent Cook Los Angeles Kent dixie Sussex nueces Lake taylor orange horry Cuyahoga Kent York taylor Cecil Cuyahoga St Louis Kent Sonoma Los Angeles ocean Kent Beach Kohler Andrae north Picnic Beachwood Beach West hacks Point Kohler Andrae north Beach Kohler Andrae nature Center Kohler Andrae South Picnic venice State Beach Bay Country Campground And Beach Jackson Park Beach Avalon Beach-north of GP Pier YMCA Camp tockwogh (Youth Camp) Shired island delaware Seashore State Park. Mississippi. Ferry Park Goose Rock (Kennebunkport) Keaton Beach Red Point Beach euclid St. Maine. and Wisconsin) (see Table 2). Southworth Marsh. Indiana. tower Road Bayside Ropes Park north Point Marina north Beach dekle Beach doheny State Beach-Surfzone At outfall Myrtle Beach City of-Withers Swash villa Angela St. Maryland. duluth tolchester Marina And Beach Campbell Cove State Beach Santa Monica State Beach-Santa Monica Canyon Money island Betterton Beach and Public Landing Monitoring Frequency 4/wk 1/wk 1/wk 4/wk 4/wk 4/wk 1/wk 1/wk 5/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk daily 1/wk 2/wk 1/wk daily 1/wk 5/wk 1/wk 1/wk 4/wk 2/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk Total Samples 51 35 10 52 51 51 35 16 71 34 16 34 18 69 90 37 85 45 72 16 23 37 7 72 63 22 37 236 20 15 Percent exceedance 61% 60% 60% 58% 57% 57% 57% 56% 54% 53% 50% 50% 50% 48% 47% 46% 45% 44% 44% 44% 43% 43% 43% 42% 41% 41% 41% 40% 40% 40% 7 natural Resources defense Council . Rhode Island. Michigan. Virginia. South Carolina. and that beachgoers were either swimming in that waste or banned from doing so due to the health risks. New York. Beach: Lk Sup. Those violations are pretty good indications that the beachwater was contaminated with human and animal waste. Illinois. New Jersey. Ohio.

duluth Salt Creek County Beach Park huntington_Beach Cole Park doheny State Beach-1000’ South outfall ontario Beach texas City dike Myrtle Beach City of-Midway Swash Mackinaw City Lighthouse Park Wilderness State Park newport Bay-Ski Zone Monitoring Frequency 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 2/wk 1/wk 1/wk 2/wk 1/wk 2/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 2/wk 1/wk 1/wk 10/mo daily 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 2/wk 1/wk 1/wk daily 2/wk 2/wk 4/wk 1/wk 2/wk daily 1/wk 1/wk 3/wk 1/wk 1/wk Total Samples 15 63 37 40 40 40 67 54 19 22 25 62 65 17 20 84 32 67 89 224 15 15 78 79 55 49 85 65 69 73 121 80 93 26 39 13 13 13 Percent exceedance 40% 38% 38% 38% 38% 38% 37% 37% 37% 36% 36% 35% 35% 35% 35% 35% 34% 34% 34% 33% 33% 33% 33% 33% 33% 33% 32% 32% 32% 32% 31% 31% 31% 31% 31% 31% 31% 31%  natural Resources defense Council . Louis Bay.Mission Creek Gulfport east Beach Cabrillo Beach Conger-Lighthouse Beach Pine Point Candlestick Point-Windsurfer Circle doheny State Beach-north of San Juan Creek Malibu Beach-Paradise Cove newport Bay-newport Blvd Bridge South Shore Beach: Lk Sup. St. Pk Pt 20th/ hearding is.Testing the Waters 2007 State County Md CA FL SC Mi CA CA CA vA CA nJ CA CA nY nY CA CA CA MS CA Mi Me CA CA CA CA Wi Mn CA oh tX CA nY tX SC Mi Mi CA Worcester Los Angeles taylor horry Wayne San Mateo Los Angeles orange King George orange Monmouth orange San diego Chautauqua Chautauqua orange Los Angeles Santa Barbara harrison Los Angeles St Clair Cumberland San Francisco orange Los Angeles orange Milwaukee St Louis orange Cuyahoga nueces orange Monroe Galveston horry Cheboygan emmet orange Beach Public Landing Long Beach-B-70 Cedar island South Carolina State Park And CampgroundPirateland-Lakewood Campground Crescent Sail Yacht Club Marina Lagoon Long Beach-Alamitos Bay Beach-2nd St Bridge & Bayshore doheny State Beach-250’ S of San Juan Creek Fairview Beach doheny State Beach-2000’ South outfall L Street Beach huntington harbour-Clubhouse tijuana Slough national Wildlife Refuge-tijuana Rivermouth Main Street Beach Wright Park east doheny State Beach-3000’ South outfall Avalon Beach-near Busy B Cafe east Beach.

In 2006. Nutrients spur harmful algae species such as the photosynthetic dinoflagellates Karenia brevis or Alexandrium tamarense and the diatom Pseudo-nitzschia australis to multiply rapidly. Rhode Island. or leaky septic systems was reported in such popular vacation destinations as Surfrider Beach in California. Harmful algal blooms (HAB). The consequences of these swimming-associated illnesses can be worse for children. weeks. its high nutrient content acts as fertilizer that can spur massive blooms of microscopic organisms. known sewage contamination from spills.” pose a serious risk to aquatic and human health. • Pollution contributed to the contamination of popular beaches. Red tides may result in serious and potentially life natural Resources defense Council . or months. new Beach Arroyo Burro Kiddie’s Beach Warren town Beach Wright Park West Bayview Park trancas Beach Calumet South Beach valley Grove Beach huntington harbour-Sunset Aquatic Park Salt Creek County Beach Park Will Rogers State Beach-temescal Canyon Sd Lakeshore Park durand Beach Long Beach-B-69 Mash island City of Myrtle Beach-24th Avenue n doheny State Beach-4000’ South outfall Monitoring Frequency 4/wk 3/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 2/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 5/wk 1/wk 1/wk 2/wk 1/wk 4/wk daily 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 2/wk Total Samples 49 147 236 20 10 30 77 71 17 42 21 53 236 68 54 55 92 52 45 90 50 27 35 78 Percent exceedance 31% 31% 30% 30% 30% 30% 30% 30% 29% 29% 29% 28% 28% 28% 28% 27% 27% 27% 27% 27% 26% 26% 26% 26% Health Risks • Because pathogens in sewage-contaminated waters can cause a wide range of diseases—including ear. gastroenteritis. nose. hepatitis. storm drains. • Aside from the disease-causing organisms present in sewage. They are natural phenomenon occurring for a variety of reasons. elderly people. but can be exacerbated by nutrient overloads into coastal waters. dysentery. runoff. and throat problems. and two beaches in Newport.Testing the Waters 2007 State County oh in CA Me Md CA CA CA Ct Ri nY FL CA iL nY CA CA CA oh nY CA FL SC CA ottawa La Porte Los Angeles York Cecil Los Angeles San Francisco Santa Barbara new London Bristol Chautauqua escambia Los Angeles Cook Suffolk orange orange Los Angeles Ashtabula Monroe Los Angeles Wakulla horry orange Beach Camp Perry Washington Park trancas Beach Riverside (ogunquit) Crystal Beach Manor Avalon Beach-South of GP Pier Crissy Field. Ogen Dunes Beach in Indiana. Orchard Beach in the Bronx. or “red tides. producing red or green pigmented algal blooms that last for days. and others with weakened immune systems. cancer patients. and respiratory illness—beachwater pollution threatens public health. pregnant women.

S.Testing the Waters 2007 threatening human illnesses that have a slew of symptoms. vomiting. generates substantial revenues for state and local governments. boogie boards. which were adopted in 1986. diminished temperature sensation. generate hundreds of millions. but the EPA has failed to do so. Bacterial Standards • The BEACH Act of 2000 required states and local agencies to use EPA standards or standards equally protective of public health to monitor their coastal waters. Four states went beyond these requirements by setting either stricter standards or by adding additional indicators to trigger beach closing/advisory decisions (California.S. ocean-related tourism and recreation contributed roughly $29 billion and 1. and Louisiana). all coastal and Great Lakes states reported using at least one of the BEACH Act–required standards.2 About 85 percent of all tourism revenue is received in coastal states. dependent in part on clean beaches. beach chairs. and paralysis.3 • Researchers conclude that higher property values are associated with proximity to beaches and open water. and issue beach closings or advisories if either indicates that new and more frequent standard is exceeded. single-sample value. • Economic activity associated with the ocean contributed more than $117 billion to the U.1 Although red tides are a growing problem off the coasts of Florida and NewEngland. water pollution at our beaches. According to the Report of the U. • Beach-related products. include a geometric mean value for multiple samples. chills. muscular aches. • The economic benefit of faster beachwater testing methods and earlier posting of advisories or closings was found to be about $202. if not billions. Florida. others measure the geometric mean or monitoring continues to reveal serious the single sample but not both. towels. and an instantaneous. sweating.4 • In a September 2000 report. Commission on Ocean Policy. and surfboards. no closings or advisories were attributed to red tides in 2006. the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution estimated that red tides cost an average of $49 million per year. and that people are willing to pay more to be closer to these attractive environmental features. which are based on out-ofdate science. anxiety. numbness and tingling of the mouth and digits. The current EPA standards. nausea. which provide incomplete information to beachgoers about health risks and do so one to two days after the water is tested. of dollars each year in sales. • In 2006. as well as cardiovascular and respiratory symptoms. sunscreen. abdominal cramping. including diarrhea. generally taken over 30 days.5 0 natural Resources defense Council . economy in 2000. economy in 2000. economic impact • Beaches are the top vacation destination in the country. seizures. Coastal tourism.S. Hawaii. Sunscreen lotions and potions alone earn manufacturers revenues of about $640 million a year.67 million jobs to the U.000 per year for two Great Lakes beaches. NRDC sued EPA to force it to update those standards. dizziness. • The BEACH Act also required the EPA to update its public health–based standards. such as swimsuits. Some state and local agencies measure both the geometric mean and the single sample when taking beachwater The high level of closings/advisories samples.

Washington.gov. p.C.. job productivity. Appendix C. D. we can expect more beach closing/advisory days until we start identifying and controlling the sources of beachwater pollution. p. Notes 1 Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution http://www. An Ocean Blueprint for the 21st Century Final Report of the U. the more we find contamination in our beachwater: as the number of beaches monitored and sampling frequencies increase. available at: http://www.S. American Chemical Society.edu/redtide/ 2 U. 83. property-tax dollars. 2005. CoNCluSioN: START iDeNTiFyiNG AND CoNTRolliNG THe SouRCeS oF BeACHWATeR PolluTioN The shortcomings of our development and land use practices and sewage and stormwater management practices lead to increasing pollution of our coastal recreational waters.. Vol. available at: http://pubs.org/cen/coverstory/83/print/8315sunscreens. No..acs. 3.” Chemical & Engineering News. September 2004. Estimated Annual Economic Impacts from Harmful Algal Blooms (HAB) in the United States. 18–22. The more we look. Commission on Ocean Policy. Failing to invest in clean water costs coastal states jobs.whoi.7. September 2000.oceancommission.Testing the Waters 2007 • Water pollution has a significant economic effect on coastal states.whoi.C. tourism. E-6. at http://www. Commission on Ocean Policy.html.pdf. and economic growth. 5 Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution. D. p. 4 “New-Wave Sunscreens. April 11. • Polluted waters cause economic losses when beachgoers cannot use the beach or go in the water. pp. 3 Ibid. Washington.  natural Resources defense Council . 15.edu/redtide/pertinentinfo/Economics_report.S.

Table 3. u.S. ocean, Bay, Great lakes, and Some Freshwater Beach Closings/Advisories, 2000–2006
200
53 At least 6,568 + 13(e) + 36(p) 5,384 + 9(e) + 31(p) At least 176 60 3,986 + 21(e) + 9(p) 0 2,679 + 18(e) + 13(p) 2,178+25(e)+17(p) 1,169+1(e)+4(p) 790 61 153 653+1(e) 197 56 255 143+1(e)+1(p) 944 179 + 1(e) + 1(p) 567 + 5(e) + 1(p) 3 188 692 + 4(p) 227 +2(e) ** 255 +6(e) 146 1,095+2(p) 17 259+2(e)+2(p) 6 168 1,503+1(e) 271+1(e) 231+3(e) 0 391 88 0 461 + 1(e) 99 + 1(e) 0 93 33 + 1(e) 364+1(e)+2(p) 3,345+22(e)+4(p) 3,428+13(e)+20(p) 528+3(e)+2(p) 1,541+12(e)+14(p) 2,228 585+1(p) 131 406+23(e) 680+2(e) 209+2(e)+1(p) 92 234+1(p) 143+4(e) 780 41 56+1(e)+1(p) 1 79 827+2(e) 182 117 19 0 178 200 3,985+12(e)+7(p)) 5,175+13(e)+7(p) At least 290 19 At least 686 + 5(e) + 3(p) 1,745 + 7(e) +8(p) 14 2,429 + 18(e) + 12(p) 52 + 1(p) 342 At least 176 4(p) At least 313 + 1(e) + 3(p) At least 206 +2(p) +2(e) At least 5 At least 209 + 2(e) 0 71 83 110 + 1(e) 146 + 1(e) 125 At least 229 + 2(e) + 4(p) 314 + 1(e) ** 45 291 + 1(e) + 2(p) 72 0 41 0 1,862 + 19(e) + 15(p) 11 At least 154 347 4(p) At least 653 + 1(e) + 2(p) 262 + 1(e) + 1(p) At least 15 At least 119 + 1(e) + 2(p) 0 33 At least 115 At least 4,553 + 10(e) + 36(p) 16 64 24 27 44 4,644 + 16(e) + 14(p) 224 2(p) 2,686 + 13(e) + 9(p) 203 + 2(e) + 1(p) 2,215 + 20(e) + 10(p) 6,507 + 2(e) + 2(p) 591 + 2(p) 111 5 1,092 + 6(e) 317 134 124 + 1(e) + 3(p) 73 + 4(e) 767 21(p) 346 + 2(e) 23 134 1,280 629 66

State

2000

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

AL

6

CA

At least 5,780 + 17(e) + 23(p)

Ct

At least 397

de

5

FL

At least 527 + 9(e) + 8(p)

GA

0

GU

1,691 + 15(e) + 5(p) 

2

hi

15

iL

103

in

341 + 1(p)

LA

4(p)

MA

At least 390 + 2(p)

Testing the Waters 2007

Md

111 + 1(e)

natural Resources defense Council

Me

At least 13

Mi

At least 276

Mn

1(p)

MP

MS

15 1(e)

nC

128 + 1(p)

nh

21 + 1(e)

nJ

33

nY

At least 388 + 1(p)

oh

501

oR

**

PA 0 272 + 6(p) 129 317 0 0 0 At least 176 At least 13,410 + 46(e) + 73(p) At least 12,184 + 45(e) + 73(p) 18,284 +64(e) +60(p) 19,496 +79(e) +42(p) At least 468 738 984 1,018 20,397+77(e)+49(p) 0 9 721(p) 216+2(p) 8 80 101 134 0 0 186+1(e) 42 At least 182 71 834 420 226 593 395 626 684 473 43 64 294 + 3(p) 1,101 25,643 + 73(e) + 69(p) 103 305 +1(e) + 1(p) 251+8(e)+2(p) 73+1(e) 256 + 2(p) 0 no data 4 140+1(e) 460 + 7(e)

41

7

0

0

3

39

53

PR

At least 3

Ri

62 + 3(p)

SC

118

tX

4(e)

vA

0

vi

At least 34

WA

At least 34 + 1(p)

Wi

At least 237

total

At least 11,270 + 48(e) + 50(p) 

3

nRdC counts every day of an advisory/closure as one beach closing/advisory day. Because of inconsistencies in monitoring and closing/advisory practices among states and over time, it is difficult to make comparisons between states or to assess trends over time based on the closing/advisory data.

** nRdC received no data.

(e) extended beach closure or advisory (7 to 13 consecutive weeks).

Testing the Waters 2007

natural Resources defense Council

(p) Permanent beach closure or advisory (more than 13 consecutive weeks).

Chapter 1

Sources of Beachwater Pollution
Most beach closings and advisories are based on monitoring that detects elevated levels of bacteria. The bacteria indicate
the presence of pathogens: microscopic organisms from human and animal wastes that pose a threat to human health. The key known contributors of these contaminants are untreated or partially treated discharges from sewage treatment plants or sanitary sewers, rain or stormwater that carries agricultural of the known causes of beach closures and municipal wastes, septic system failures, and wildlife droppings. Beach closings and advisories can also come in reand advisories, stormwater runoff sponse to other specific pollution events, such as an overflow from roads, roofs, lawns, construction from an animal-waste lagoon or an oil spill. Advisories may sites, and other impervious surfaces is also be issued as a precautionary measure when a pollution the largest pollution source. event is expected to occur, such as during rain storms. Fifty-eight percent of beach closings/advisories in 2006 were based on monitoring that detected bacteria levels exceeding beachwater quality standards. Thirty-eight percent were precautionary due to rain that was known to carry pollution into coastal waters, 4 percent were issued in response to a known pollution event (without relying solely on monitoring results), and less than 1 percent were due to other sources, such as dredging and algal blooms. Stormwater runoff from roads, roofs, lawns, construction sites, and other impervious surfaces is the largest identified pollution source leading to beach closures and advisories, followed by sewage pollution from spills and overflows. However, in most cases local officials have not identified the causes of contamination and are, consequently, unable to address those sources. The major pollution sources, as well as the number of closings and advisories in 2006 attributable

Figure 6. Major Pollution Sources Causing Beach Closings/Advisories in 2006
300 � Permanent Events � Extended Events � Days (Hundreds)

250

200

150

100

50

0

Elevated bacteria levels of unknown origin

Stormwater and runoffa

Sewage spills and overflowsb

Other (boats, wildlife, inflow from creeks, etc.

a includes preemptive due to rain and high bacteria levels due to stormwater. b includes sewage overflows from combined and sanitary sewers, malfunctioning sewage treatment plants and pupm stations, sewage spills, and sewer-line breaks. extended: closings or advisories of 7 to 13 weeks. Permanent: closings or advisories of more than 13 weeks. 

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to these sources, are summarized in Figure 4. A state-by-state breakdown of pollution sources can be found in the state summaries in Chapter 5. Sewage overflows from aging sanitary and combined sewer systems, leaking sewage pipes, and malfunctioning sewage treatment plants and pump stations have always been a major cause of ocean, bay, and Great Lakes beach closings and advisories. Today, stormwater runoff from urban and suburban areas is posing an even more significant problem and one that is growing rapidly with rising populations and sprawl development. When it rains, the stormwater flows over roads, parking lots, lawns, and other surfaces where it can pick up a variety of pollutants, including wildlife and pet wastes, and transport them to surface waters. As is the case with sewage pollution, stormwater discharges result in elevated bacteria levels and increased illness rates for swimmers.1 Although the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has stopped collecting information on pollution sources near beaches, almost every coastal and Great Lakes state previously reported having at least one beach where stormwater drains onto or near bathing areas. More than half of the people in the United States live in coastal towns and cities, occupying an area that is only 17 percent of the nation’s land mass (excluding Alaska).2 Between 1980 and 2003, coastal population grew by 33 million, and by 2015 it is projected to increase by another 19 million.3 As population grows along the U.S. coast, pressure is put on the environment, sewage systems become overwhelmed, and more land is converted to impervious cover. Population growth is particularly challenging given the U.S. development trend of sprawl and land consumption now occurring at about twice the rate of population growth. At the current rate, by 2025 more than a quarter of the coast’s acreage will be developed.4 Unless strong measures are taken, sewer overflows and stormwater runoff from these rapidly growing areas will increasingly degrade coastal waters and pollute our beaches. The following sections describe the different sources of beachwater pollution.

uRBAN SToRMWATeR RuNoFF
Stormwater starts as rain or snowmelt. As it washes over roads, rooftops, parking lots, construction sites, and other impervious areas, it becomes contaminated with oil and grease, heavy metals, pesticides, litter, and pollutants from vehicle exhaust. On its way to stormdrains, it also often picks up fecal matter from dogs, cats, pigeons, other urban animals, and even humans. The amount of pollution present in stormwater can generally be correlated to the amount of impervious cover. A study conducted in South Carolina found that a watershed that was 22 percent covered by impervious surfaces had an average fecal coliform count seven times higher A study conducted in South Carolina than a watershed that was 7 percent covered by impervious 5 Suburban lawn runoff also contains significant surfaces. found that a watershed that was amounts of animal waste, fertilizer, and other chemicals. 22 percent covered by impervious This uncontrolled suburban runoff can foul beaches in surfaces had an average fecal coliform less densely populated areas. count seven times higher than a waterStormdrains may empty into separate storm sewer systems that carry only stormwater and discharge directly into shed that was 7 percent covered by waterways, or they may become part of combined sewer impervious surfaces. systems, which usually overflow when it rains. Moreover, human waste may find its way into storm sewer systems from adjacent sewage pipes that leak, or from businesses or residences that are illegally hooked up to the system. Illicit discharges may also include such substances as oil from cars, paint, and grease from restaurants. In Los Angeles County, for instance, the sewer system is separate from the stormdrain system, yet Santa Monica Bay stormdrains discharge runoff containing human enteric viruses, indicating the presence of human waste.6 The EPA estimates that more than 10 trillion gallons of untreated stormwater make their way into our surface waters each year.7 Urban stormwater fouls about a quarter of our nation’s polluted estuaries and lakes, and it is a significant source of bathing-beach pollution in many regions.8 For example, a Southern California study showed the direct effect to coastal water quality from urban stormwater draining from the Santa Ana River. In the zone surrounding the river’s confluence, fecal indicator bacteria concentrations were found to be up to 500 percent greater than California’s ocean 
5
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bathing water standards.9 In addition to human health effects, urban runoff has been found to have significant impacts on aquatic life in receiving waters.10 Urban runoff can lead to excess sedimentation, suffocating fish eggs and smothering the habitat of bottom-dwelling organisms such as aquatic insects, which are a food source for many fish and other wildlife species. Toxic chemicals washed into the water can increase the susceptibility of aquatic organisms to disease, interfere with reproduction, reduce the viability of offspring, or kill aquatic species.11 EPA regulations require cities and industrial and construction sites to obtain permits, develop stormwater management plans, and implement best management practices; however, only limited progress has been made to date. Vigorous implementation and enforcement and ambitious pollutant reduction goals are necessary to make this program successful. Unfortunately, despite the magnitude of stormwater pollution, the EPA has still not set baseline technology standards for new construction and development.2

CoMBiNeD SeWeR oVeRFloWS
Combined sewer systems (CSSs) carry both raw sewage from residences and industrial sites and stormwater runoff from streets to sewage treatment plants. Unfortunately, in heavy rainfall, the volume of the combined wastewater becomes too great for the treatment plant to handle. In such circumstances, the flow is diverted to outfall points that discharge pollutants—including raw sewage; floatables such as trash, syringes, and tampon applicators; toxic industrial waste; and contaminated stormwater—into the nearest stream or coastal waterway. Combined sewer overflows (CSOs) are a major cause of pathogen contamination in marine and Great Lakes waters near urban areas, discharging 850 billion gallons of raw Combined sewer overflows (CSos) sewage every year.13 According to the EPA, 43,000 CSO 14 Although they are most events occur per year nationwide. are a major cause of pathogen conprevalent in urban areas, CSOs affect 46 million people tamination in marine and Great lakes in 746 communities throughout 32 Northeast and Great waters near urban areas, dischargLakes states.15 Combined sewer overflows contaminate ing 50 billion gallons of raw sewage shellfish waters and recreational beaches. Shellfish harvesting is restricted in the majority of the 659 shellfish beds loevery year. cated close to a CSO outfall.16 Although an EPA policy that aims to reduce these overflows has been in effect since 1994, virtually all combined sewer systems continue to overflow when it rains. As of 2004, only 59 percent of communities with CSOs had submitted plans for controlling them.17 Global warming is predicted to increase the amount of rainfall, leading to increased sewer overflows in the Great Lakes and New England key regions, where the majority of CSSs are concentrated.18 As communities plan for CSO mitigation projects, they will need to consider whether future precipitation amounts will be consistent with present conditions. Given the uncertainty in predicting our future climate, communities will need to decide whether to ensure mitigation effectiveness based on predicted changes, or be faced with potentially significant retrofit costs in the future to maintain effective mitigation.

SANiTARy SeWeR oVeRFloWS AND SeWeR-liNe BReAk DiSCHARGeS
Sanitary sewer systems—those designed to carry only human and industrial waste from buildings to sewage treatment plants—also pose a threat to bathing-beach safety. As of 2004, separate sanitary sewers were serving 164 million people nationwide.19 Although most of these systems were built more recently than combined stormwater and sewer systems, they are also aging and deteriorating rapidly.20 A nationwide survey of 42 treatment plants found some that have been in use for as long as 117 years, with the average being 33 years.21 As the pipes deteriorate, population increases, and rehabilitation and maintenance schedules lag, pipes can break and spill sewage directly onto streets or into waterways. The EPA has estimated that between 23,000 and 75,000 sanitary sewer overflows (SSO) occur annually, discharging a total 
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Testing the Waters 2007

of 3 billion to 10 billion gallons of sewage per year.22 Many of these overflows discharge untreated sewage directly into coastal waterways or their tributaries. Nearly 70 percent of sewage overflows from human-waste sewage lines are due to breaches, obstructions such as tree roots or grease clogs, line breaks, and mechanical failures.23 These dry-weather overflows are frequent enough, but when sanitary sewers become overloaded as rain seeps into cracks or flows into the sewer system from stormwater cross-connections or open manholes, the sewer system is even more likely to overflow and discharge raw sewage from manholes, overflowing pipes, and treatment-plant bypasses. Although only 26 percent of sanitary sewer overflows nationwide were caused by wet weather events and related inflow and infiltration, these events accounted for nearly 75 percent of the total SSO volume discharged.24 In January 2001, the EPA proposed SSO regulations that would have required improved capacity, operation, and maintenance as well as public notification when these overflows occur. Unfortunately, instead of finalizing these proposed rules to prevent SSOs, the Bush administration shlved them.

iNADeQuATely TReATeD SeWAGe
Sewage plants near coastal waters tend to serve densely populated, rapidly growing urban areas. When too many homes and businesses are hooked up to a sewage treatment plant, the plant cannot treat the sewage adequately. Plants that exceed their capacity or the capacity of their collection systems are prone to more frequent bypasses and inadequate treatment. Moreover, sewage treatment plants can, and often do, malfunction as the result of human error, breakage of old equipment, or unusual conditions in the raw sewage. When that happens, raw or partially treated sewage may be discharged into coastal waterways and their tributaries. To make matters worse, in 2003 the EPA proposed allowing plants to discharge largely untreated sewage during rains so long as it was sufficiently diluted by “blending” it with treated sewage. During blending, instead of providing full secondary treatment for all sewage, treated and untreated sewage are mixed and released, increasing the pathogen load to receiving waters. Scientific analysis of pathogen data from blended sewage discharges gathered by the Milwaukee Public Health Department indicated that people swimming at the sewage discharge point in Lake Michigan would have had a 50 percent chance of contracting giardiasis after this blended sewage had been released; this represents a thousandfold increase in the risk of getting sick as a result of exposure to pathogens while swimming.25 Follow-up research in Milwaukee has found a connection between pediatric hospital admissions for gastroenteritis and blending events.26 The EPA’s proposal to allow blending created such a firestorm of protest that the agency was forced to withdraw it.27 It has proposed replacing that policy with a requirement for full treatment for sewage to the maximum extent feasible, but has not yet finalized that proposal.28 Under section 301(h) of the federal Clean Water Act sewage treatment plants may obtain a waiver allowing them to forgo basic federal secondary-treatment requirements and discharge wastes into marine waters that have undergone only primary treatment. Releasing primary-treated sewage into in Morro Bay waters, the threatened water bodies degrades receiving waters and poses serious risks to public health and the marine ecosystem. The vast California sea otter is nine times more majority of pathogens are not removed by primary treatlikely to be infected with the parasite ment of wastewater.29 For example, 85 percent of Shigella Toxoplasma gondii—which causes bacterium, 85-100 percent of salmonella, 50-100 percent of Entamoeba histolytica, and greater than 90 percent of disease and death—than sea otters fecal coliform may remain in wastewater even after primary not near the outfall. treatment.30 In contrast, secondary treatment removes up to 95 percent of suspended solids in the waste stream,31 and is significantly more effective than primary treatment in removing biologic pathogens from sewage. For example, secondary treatment removes 80-90 percent of Shigella bacterium, 7099 percent of Salmonella, and 75-99 percent of enteric viruses prior to discharge of the effluent.32 While sewage treatment plants with a waiver under section 301(h) have become increasingly rare in the United States, there are still approximately 30 waivers in use.33 The sewage treatment plant in Morro Bay, California, discharges 
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primary-treated wastewater just a half-mile offshore, at a depth of only 50 feet. The World Health Organization recommends sewage outfalls to be a minimum of one mile offshore and/or at a minimum depth of 60 feet. In Morro Bay waters, the threatened California sea otter is nine times more likely to be infected with the parasite Toxoplasma gondii— which causes disease and death—than sea otters not near the outfall.34 NRDC recently stepped in to prevent another waiver from being issued to the Morro Bay sewage treatment plant. After years of pressure from environmental groups and the public, local officials voted unanimously to upgrade the plant. The plant now will go from discharging the dirtiest wastewater to creating some of the cleanest in the nation —clean enough to be recycled and reused. The water coming out into the ocean will be 10 times cleaner—so clean, in fact, that the city may sell it for use at nearby golf courses and irrigation projects.

AGRiCulTuRAl RuNoFF
In nonurban and suburban areas, rainwater often flows directly over farms, roads, golf courses, and lawns into waterways. Agricultural runoff may contain high concentrations of pathogenic animal waste, fertilizers, and pesticides. The EPA has stated that agricultural runoff is responsible for as much as 70 percent of water quality problems identified.35 For example, confined animal feeding operations (CAFOs) produce huge quantities of manure that far exceed the assimilation capacity of neighboring crops and pastures and are a contributing source in 20 percent of impaired rivers and streams.36 Animal waste from large feedlots has been linked to outbreaks of a toxic microorganism, Pfiesteria piscicida, in the Chesapeake Bay region and North Carolina, causing numerous waterway closings and serious human and aquatic health impacts. Animal waste can also contain pathogens usually not found in human waste, such as E. coli 0157:H7, which contaminated baby spinach last fall and resulted in 205 confirmed illnesses and three deaths.37

SePTiC SySTeMS
Dwellings built near the coast may be equipped with underground septic systems, which, if not sited, built, and maintained properly, can leach wastewater into coastal recreational waters. Homeowners often do not adequately maintain their septic systems, and there is no federal regulatory program to control waste from septic systems. Local governments and states rarely inspect septic systems sufficiently to prevent such failures. Fecal matter from malfunctioning or overloaded septic systems can contaminate bathing beaches. Runoff can also carry bacteria from failing septic systems far from the shore into streams that empty into bays near beaches. According to the 2001 American Housing Home Survey, 6 percent of septic systems fail annually, resulting in improper treatment of 66 billion to 144 billion gallons of sewage. The EPA estimates that one-third of new construction and 25 percent of existing U.S. dwellings use some kind of septic tank or on-site waste disposal system.38

BoATiNG WASTeS
Improperly handled boating wastes can pose a health and aesthetic threat to bathing beaches. Marinas are often located in confined areas with minimal ocean flushing where wastes can accumulate and pose a serious health threat. Elevated concentrations of fecal coliform have been found in areas with high boating density.39 Federal law requires boats with onboard toilets either to treat the waste with chemicals before discharging it or to hold the waste and later pump it out into a sewage treatment plant. The federal Clean Vessal Act (CVA) was passed in 1992 to provide federal grant money to states for building pumpout and dump stations in marinas to allow boaters to dispose of human wastes in an environmentally sound manner.40 However, many marinas still lack sufficient pump-out facilities, and compliance with the law appears to be poor in many areas.1 

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oil PolluTioN
Oil reaches the ocean through its production, transportation, and use, and even from natural seeps. Oil spilled during tanker accidents, pipeline breaks, and refinery accidents can foul beaches. Many oils evaporate quickly, creating unsafe fumes. Other oils form globules that can float for days and wash onto beaches for weeks after a spill. In addition to catastrophic oil spills, small oil spills occur every time it rains. Over the course of a year, urban runoff from a city of 5 million can contain as much oil and grease as a large tanker spill.42 Normal ship operations also frequently cause small oil spills. A report by the National Research Council states that nearly 85 percent of the 29 million gallons of petroleum that enter North American ocean waters each year as a result of human activities comes from land-based runoff, polluted rivers, airplanes, and small boats and jet skis. The report estimated that two-stroke outboard motors release between 0.6 million and 2.5 million gallons of oil and gasoline into U.S. coastal waters each year.43 Oil runoff from cars and trucks is increasing in coastal areas where population growth has resulted in expanding roads and parking lots.44

WATeRFoWl
Municipalities also list waterfowl as the cause of beach closings or advisories. During migration season, large or excessive populations of waterfowl can gather at beaches or in suburban areas that drain into beaches. These dense clusters occur when other potential waterfowl habitats are unavailable, often because wetlands have been filled or ecological conditions have been altered (for example, when Canada geese that were previously migratory become resident). Waterfowl are also attracted by food sources, including trash or litter left on beaches and in overflowing garbage cans. The fecal matter from these waterfowl can sometimes overload the normal capacity of a beach to absorb natural wastes, degrading water quality, particularly if there is no vegetation around the waterway to absorb the waste

Notes
1 R. Haile et al., An Epidemiological Study of Possible Adverse Health Effects of Swimming in Santa Monica Bay, Santa Monica Bay Restoration Project, 1996. 2 NOAA- National Ocean Service, Population Trends Along the Coastal United States: 1980–2008, September 2004, p. 6, available at: http://www. oceanservice.noaa.gov. 3 Ibid., p.1. 4 Dana Beach, Coastal Sprawl—The Effects of Urban Design on Aquatic Ecosystems in the United States, Pew Ocean Commission, 2002; U.S. Department of Agriculture, Summary Report 1997 Natural Resources Inventory, December 2000. 5 Michael A. Mallin, “Wading in Waste,” in Scientific American, June 2006, pp. 53–59. 6 Bartlett Gold, McGee, and Deets, Pathogens and Indicators in Stormdrains Within the Santa Monica Bay Watershed, Santa Monica Bay Restoration Project, 1992, p. 18. See also R. Haile et al., An Epidemiological Study of Possible Adverse Health Effects of Swimming in Santa Monica Bay, Santa Monica Bay Restoration Project, 1996. 7 EPA, Report to Congress: Impacts and Control of CSOs and SSOs, April 26, 2004, EPA 833-R-04-001, p. 4-29, available at: http://cfpub.epa. gov/npdes/cso/ cpolicy_report2004.cfm. 8 EPA, National Water Quality Inventory: 1998 Report to Congress, EPA 841-R-001, June 2000. 9 John Ho Ahn, Stanley B. Grant, Cristiane Q. Surbeck, Paul M. Di Giacomo, Nikolay P. Nezlin, and Sunny Jiang, “Coastal Water Quality Impact Of Stormwater Runoff From An Urban Watershed In Southern California,” in Environmental Science and Technology, Vol. 39, No. 16, 2005, pp. 5,9405,953. 10 D. Hoffman, B. Rattner, G.A. Burton, Jr., and J.Cairns, Jr., Handbook of Ecotoxicology, 2nd Edition (Boca Raton, FL: CRC-Lewis, 2002). 11 EPA, National Water Quality Inventory: 2000 Report to Congress, EPA 841-R-02-001, August 2002. 12 Federal Register, Vol. 69, No. 801, Monday, April 26, 2004, p. 22,472. 13 EPA, Report to Congress: Impacts and Control of CSOs and SSOs, p. 4-13. 14 Ibid , p. 4-19. 15 Ibid, p. 4–13. 16 Ibid , p. 5-14. 17 Ibid, p. ES 5. 18 Federal Register, Vol. 72, No. 60, March 29, 2007, pp. 14,803-14,804. 

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19 Ibid , p. 4-22. 20 The American Society of Civil Engineers has given the U.S. wastewater system an overall rating of D-minus. ASCE, Report Card for America’s Infrastructure, 2005, available at:http://www.asce.org/reportcard/2005/index.cfm. 21 EPA, Report to Congress: Impacts and Control of CSOs and SSOs, p. 2-1. 22 Ibid, p. 4-29. 23 Ibid, p. 4-27. 24 Ibid, p. 4-27. 25 Joan B. Rose, Michigan State University, personal communication, March 24, 2004. 26 Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, “Kids’ Illnesses Raise a ‘Red Flag,’ ” April 30, 2006, available at http://www.jsonline.com/story/index.aspx?id=419926. 27 Congressional Record H3665-3669, May 19, 2005. 28 See “National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) Permit Requirements for Peak Wet Weather Discharges from Publicly Owned Treatment Works Treatment Plants Serving Separate Sanitary Sewer Collection Systems,” in Federal Register, Vol. 70, No. 245, December 22, 2005, p. 76,013. 29 National Research Council, Issues in Potable Reuse: The Viability of Augmenting Drinking Water Supplies with Reclaimed Water, National Academy Press, Washington, D.C., 1998 pp. 90-91. 30 Ibid, p. 92. 31 Ibid, p. 92. 32 Ibid, p. 92. 33 EPA, Ocean Regulatory Programs, available at: http://www.epa.gov/OWOW/oceans/discharges/301list.html. 34 For more information about threats to the sea otter and ongoing research, visit the Sea Otter Alliance website: http://seaotterresearch.org/. 35 Cook M. Reducing Water Pollution from Animal Feeding Operations. Testimony before Subcommittee on Forestry, Resource Conservation, and Research of the Committee on Agriculture, U.S. House of Representatives, May 13, 1998. Available: http://www.epa.gov/ocir/hearings/testimony/105_ 1997_1998/051398.htm. 36 Marc Ribaudo and Noel Gollehon, Animal Agriculture and the Environment, Economic Research Service/U.S. Department of Agriculture; in Agricultural Resources and Environmental Indicators, 2006 Edition, EIB-16, pp. 124-133. 37 U.S. Food and Drug Adjministration, FDA News: FDA Finalizes Report on 2006 Spinach Outbreak, available at: http://www.fda.gov/bbs/topics/ NEWS/2007/NEW01593.html. 38 EPA, Report to Congress: Impacts and Control of CSOs and SSOs, p. 4-11. 39 Puget Sound Water Quality Authority, State of the Sound, 1992, p. 22. 40 U.S. Fish and Wildlife, Keep Our Waters Clean- Use Pumpouts, available at: http://federalasst.fws.gov/cva/cva.html. 41 A 1987 Maryland survey found that 80 percent of boaters did not comply with the law. See Alliance for Chesapeake Bay, Chesapeake Bay Citizen Report, 1989, p. 1. A similar survey of Puget Sound boaters, conducted in the summer of 1988, found that 37 percent had no toilet equipment or discharged raw sewage directly into the water. See Puget Sound Water Quality Authority, Managing Nonpoint Pollution: An Action Plan Handbook for Puget Sound Watersheds, 1989, pp. 8–10. 42 From the Ocean Planet Exhibition, Smithsonian Institution, 1995. Information available at: http://seawifs.gsfc.nasa.gov/OCEAN_PLANET/ HTML/peril_oil_pollution.html. 43 National Research Council, Oil in the Sea: Inputs, Fates, and Effects, National Academies Press, 2002. 44 Ibid.

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Chapter 2

Health Risks and Economic Impacts of Beach Pollution
The sources of pollution that pose a risk to swimmers are present in every state, at least to some degree. Over the long
term, more aggressive measures to identify and prevent pollution would reduce disease-causing pathogens in our waterways to levels that would no longer make swimmers sick. But for now, monitoring beaches and notifying the public are the only ways to ensure that swimmers know their recreational waters are safe when they visit the beach.

DiSeASeS CAuSeD By PATHoGeNS iN BATHiNG WATeRS
Polluted waters may contain disease-causing organisms, called pathogens. The most common types of pathogens are those associated with sewage pollution, such as bacteria, viruses, and protozoa. Enteric pathogensthose that live in the human intestinecan carry or cause a number of infectious The Centers for Disease Control and diseases. Swimmers in sewage-polluted water can contract any illness that is spread by ingestion of fecal-contaminated Prevention concluded that the inciwater (AIDS and many other diseases are not carried by dence of infections associated with enteric pathogens).1 Pathogens cause a wide variety of acute recreational water use has steadily inillnesses including gastroenteritis, respiratory infection, diarrhea, ear infection, and others (see Table 4). While most creased over the past several decades. illnesses last from a few days to several weeks, in some cases pathogens may cause severe, long-term illness or even death. Sensitive populations such as children, the elderly, or those with weakened immune systems, are particularly at risk for these long-term effects. Swimming-associated diseases such as gastroenteritis, hepatitis, respiratory illness, and ear, nose, and throat problems are believed to be frequently caused by viruses. Gastroenteritis, which can also be caused by bacteria, is a common term for a variety of diseases that can cause symptoms such as vomiting, diarrhea, stomach ache, nausea, headache, and fever. Other microbial diseases that can be contracted by swimmers include salmonellosis, shigellosis, and infection caused by E. coli (a type of enteric pathogen). Other microbial pathogens found in varying concentrations in recreational waters include amoebae and protozoa, which can cause giardiasis, amoebic dysentery, skin rashes, and pinkeye. Giardiasis, a protozoan infection, is the most commonly reported intestinal disease in North America.2 Harmful algal blooms (HABs) such as red tides are another cause of disease and a growing problem in surface waters where nutrient-rich pollution can spur algal growth. Exposure to HABs can cause a suite of illnesses including diarrhea, memory loss, liver failure, abdominal pain, fever, and skin irritation.3

iNCiDeNCe oF DiSeASeS CoNTRACTeD By SWiMMeRS
Swimming in polluted water can make you sick. Studies conducted during the past several decades show a clear relationship between the amount of indicator bacteria in coastal and Great Lakes waters and the incidence of swimmingassociated illnesses. Common indicator bacteria include total and fecal coliform, enterococcus, and E. coli. They are called indicator bacteria because, although they may not be directly harmful to humans, they are relatively easy to test for and are typically found in the presence of harmful pathogens. However, the effectiveness of bacterial indicators as predictors of viral contamination is questionable.4

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Testing the Waters 2007

Since 1971, The Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDCP), the EPA, and the Council of State and Territorial Epidemiologists has worked to maintain the Waterborne Disease and Outbreak Surveillance System for collecting and reporting waterborne disease and outbreak-related data. Their most recent report released in 2006 summarizes findings for January 2003–December 2004. During this survey period, 62 waterborne disease outbreaks were reported (see Table 3). These outbreaks caused illness in 2,698 people, resulting in 58 hospitalizations and one death. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention concluded that the incidence of infections associated with recreational water use has steadily increased over the past several decades. The increase is attributed to a combination of factors, such as the emergence of new pathogens, increased participation in aquatic activities, and better reporting.5
Table 4. Details on the 62 Waterborne Disease outbreaks Reported to CDCP: jan 2003-Dec 2004
Associated illnesses
Gastroenteritis dermatitis Acute Respiratory illness others: Amebic Meningoencephalitis, Meningitis, Leptospirosis, otitis, externa, Mixed illnesses 12 (19.3%)

incidence
30 (48.4%) 13 (21.0%) 7 (11.3%)

etiologic Agents identified:
Bacteria 32.3% Parasite 24.2% virus 9.7%Chemical or toxin 4.8%

In 2005, the first major report of the National Epidemiological Environmental Assessment of Recreational (NEEAR) Water Study examined the association between recreational freshwater quality and gastrointestinal illness after swimming at two beaches in the Great Lakes region.6 Both beaches were known to be affected by sewage discharges from waste treatment plants. Water samples were collected from each beach and tested for enterococcus and bacteroides using rapid methods. The NEEAR Water Study reported finding one beach where subjects with any contact with water were almost twice as likely to have gastrointestinal illness compared with non-swimmers, with a 10 percent incidence of illness among swimmers and a 5 percent incidence among non-swimmers. The rate of gastrointestinal illness among swimmers was 14 percent at the second beach. The presence of the indicator organism enterococcus was associated with the increased risk of illness. The study concluded that enterococcus measured using rapid methods can predict gastrointestinal illness among those who have swum in fecally contaminated freshwater, and that samples collected each morning could allow beach managers to assess the microbiological safety of the beach before most beachgoers are exposed. A large-scale 1995 epidemiological study investigated possible adverse health effects associated with swimming in ocean waters contaminated by urban runoff.7 The Santa Monica Bay Restoration Project study involved initial interviews with 15,492 beachgoers who bathed and immersed their heads, as well as follow-up interviews with 13,278, to ascertain the occurrence of certain symptoms such as fever, chills, nausea, and diarrhea. The study found an increase in risk of illness associated with swimming near flowing stormdrain outlets in Santa Monica Bay, compared with swimming more than 400 yards away. For example, swimmers near stormdrains were found to have a 57 percent greater incidence of fever than those swimming farther away. This study also confirmed the increased risk of illness associated with swimming in areas with high densities of indicator bacteria. Illnesses were reported more often on days when water samples tested positive for enteric viruses. In a recent California study the rates of reported health symptoms among surfers were compared in urban North Orange County and rural Santa Cruz County during two winters to determine the health impacts of exposure to urban runoff.8 The urban North Orange County surfers who were interviewed for the study reported almost twice as many symptoms as the rural Santa Cruz County surfers. There were numerous illnesses reported by the study participants, including respiratory disease, fever, nausea, gastrointestinal illness, sore throat, vomiting and others. In both study years, the risk of illness increased for all symptom categories by 10 percent for each 2.5 hours of weekly water exposure. Swimmers who contract a waterborne illness may also pass the disease on to household members, multiplying the effect of the polluted water. While swimming-related illnesses are usually not severe or life threatening, they can take a sub22
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stantial toll in terms of convenience, comfort, and the well-being of the people affected. They can also result in substantial economic costs from lost work or sick days. Moreover, gastroenteritis can be serious for sensitive populations, such as small children. Children under the age of nine have more reports of diarrhea and vomiting from exposure to waterborne parasites than any other age group, with at least a twofold increase occurring over the summer swimming months.9 The EPA is being urged to revise water quality standards to reflect the risk to sensitive populations.
Table 5. Pathogens and Swimming-Associated illnesses
Pathogenic Agent
Bacteria Campylobacter jejuni E. coli Salmonella typhi other salmonella species Shigella dysenteriae and other species Vibrio cholera Vibrio vulnificus Yersinia spp. Aeromonas hydrophila Leptospira Helicobacter pylori Legionella pneumoniae Viruses Adenovirus Coxsackievirus (some strains) echovirus hepatitis norwalkvirus Poliovirus Reovirus Rotavirus Calicivirus Polyomavirus Protozoa Balantidium coli Acanthamoeba Microsporidia Cayetanensis Cryptosporidium Entamoeba histolytica Giardia lambia dysentery, intestinal ulcers eye infections diarrhea Abscess in liver or other organs Gastroenteritis Amoebic dysentery, infections of other organs diarrhea (intestinal parasite) Respiratory and gastrointestinal infections various, including severe respiratory disease, fever, rash, paralysis, aseptic meningitis, myocarditis various, similar to coxsackievirus (evidence is not definitive except in experimental animals) infectious hepatitis (liver malfunction); also may affect kidneys and spleen Gastroenteritis Poliomyelitis Respiratory infections, gastroenteritis Gastroenteritis Gastroenteritis Cancer of the colon Gastroenteritis Gastroenteritis typhoid fever various enteric fevers (often called paratyphoid), gastroenteritis, septicemia (generalized infections in which organisms multiply in the bloodstream) Bacterial dysentery Cholera Skin and tissue infection, death in those with liver problems Acute gastroenteritis (including diarrhea, abdominal pain) dysenteric illness, wound infections, gastroenteritis, septicemia Leptospirosis Chronic and severe inflammation of the stomach, increased likelihood of developing gastric cancer Fever, pneumonia

Disease

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16 Sewage pollution is also contributing to increased algal blooms on Florida’s Atlantic coast.14 Analyzing data over a 50-year period from the southwest coast of Florida. seizures. and during more months of the year. researchers at the University of Miami determined that K. redness of lips and. Land-use and development practices along coastlines and in watersheds can lead to increased runoff into water bodies and a greater number of red tide events. numbness and tingling of the mouth and digits. gastrointestinal infection toxoplasmosis Gastroenteritis Severe dermatitis. producing red or green pigmented algal blooms that last for days. K. brevis red tides are occurring with greater frequency. skin rash. burning or itching of the skin. as well as cardiovascular and respiratory symptoms. nausea. abdominal cramping. red tide blooms occurred in all but one year between 1995 and 2002. anxiety. have been found to be associated with fish kills as well as with skin and neurological damage and memory loss. Along the Texas coast. shortness of breadth THReATS To SWiMMeRS FRoM HARMFul AlGAl BlooMS Harmful algal blooms (HABs). weeks. dolphin deaths began to be reported in St. sore throat. The year 2005 was the second deadliest on record for Florida’s endangered manatee population.13 In 1996 red tide algal blooms of Gymnodinium brevii on the west coast of Florida also resulted in respiratory illness in beachgoers. brevis red tides are becoming more common. eye irritation. there are also instances in which such blooms have directly affected fishermen and swimmers and other recreational users of near shore marine and riverine waters.Testing the Waters 2007 Pathogenic Agent Isospora belli and Isospora hominis Toxoplasma gondii Cyclospora Algal Blooms Cyanobacteria (mainly Microcystis and Anabaena) Pfiesteria piscicida Disease intestinal parasites. Human-made alterations to hydrology. dizziness. and paralysis. We must be more mindful of the effects of these practices on the natural aquatic systems and algal 24 natural Resources defense Council .12 Although the most common type of poisoning related to toxic blooms comes from eating contaminated shellfish. confusion. dizziness headache. coughing.18 Controlling agricultural nutrient runoff and sewage discharges can reduce the number of red tide events and improve human health and the economy. which was first discovered in North Carolina in 1991.. Florida. or months. sweating. diminished temperature sensation. including diarrhea. Researchers investigating the dolphin carcasses confirmed that their deaths were the result of exposure to concentrated algal toxins associated with blooms.10 These microscopic algae can adversely impact some of the sea’s largest creatures. e. muscular aches. vomiting. but can be exacerbated by nutrient overloads into coastal waters. eyes. They attribute this phenomenon to greater inputs of nutrients into coastal waters due to increased agricultural runoff and sewage discharges in the watershed over that time period. chills. can slow water circulation and thus impede the ability of the water body to cleanse itself of harmful algae. respiratory irritation Karenia brevis (and other Marine Algae) irritation of the skin. coral reefs off southeast Florida have experienced an unprecedented succession of macroalgal blooms and invasions including invasive species that threaten economically important reef resources in southeast Florida.11 By April a total of 107 dolphins had been found dead along the Florida panhandle. Red tides may result in serious and potentially life threatening human illnesses that have a slew of symptoms. and throat. closer to shore. also known as “red tides. eyes. They are natural phenomenon occurring for a variety of reasons. nose. The incidence of red tides has increased over the past 30 years. erythematous wheals.17 Since 1990. Nutrients spur harmful algae species such as the photosynthetic dinoflagellates Karenia brevis or Alexandrium tamarense and the diatom Pseudo-nitzschia australis to multiply rapidly. In March 2004.” pose a serious risk to aquatic and human health. Josephs Bay. dredging and infilling.15 Elsewhere in the Gulf of Mexico. brevis red tide blooms. Toxic outbreaks of organisms such as Pfiesteria piscicida. particularly along the New England coastline (see Figure 5). asthma symptoms. One of the leading causes of fatalities was the toxins produced by K.g.

educating and communicating the risks to the general population. Under the BEACH Act. and enterococci as indicators in marine waters. based on prior scientific research on their effectiveness (see Table 5). Filter feeding shellfish serve as natural cleansers of phytoplankton. As of 2000. ADeQuACy oF WATeR QuAliTy STANDARDS Under the BEACH Act. 22 In addition. the EPA was required to complete 25 natural Resources defense Council . PSP: Paralytic Shellfish Poisoning. so human activities that diminish shellfish populations reduce the ecosystem’s capacity to naturally cleanse itself of toxic algae. and dSP: diarrhetic Shellfish Poisoning) blooms. expansion of HAB Problems in the u. In 1986 the EPA developed criteria for testing recreational waters using E. as well as restricting the movement of harmful algal species via the shellfish market and ship ballast water. In Korea. ASP: Amnesic Shellfish Poisoning. or standards. for these pollutants using the EPArecommended water quality criteria or other criteria that the EPA deems as protective.Testing the Waters 2007 Figure 7.S.21 Because testing for the full range of pathogens found in beachwaters is difficult. water quality tests have typically been done using indicator bacteria that signify pathogens may be present. We need to make a greater effort to control nutrient pollution from nonpoint sources such as agricultural runoff and septic tank runoff. only 11 states had adopted the 1986 water criteria. however. primarily through improving monitoring systems for harmful algal blooms.20 Pre-72 Present (Abbreviations: nSP: neurotoxic Shellfish Poisoning. By spreading a thin layer of clay over the surface of the water.19 Efforts to deal with red tides are focused on mitigating the effects of these pollution events. amending the Clean Water Act to improve beachwater quality monitoring notification programs and processes of notifying the public of health risks from contamination at beaches.) There have also been some innovative attempts to control harmful algal blooms. the clay particles bind to the algae and sink to the bottom. Congress passed the Beach Environmental Assessment and Coastal Health (BEACH) Act in 2000. that algal blooms can be prevented and controlled. Prevention techniques involve controlling nutrient pollution from point and nonpoint sources. and trade may be restricted on shellfish from areas experiencing red tides. Recognizing the need for consistent water quality criteria at recreational beaches. clay has been used to effectively suppress red tides. (Ballast water may be heated or chemically treated to prevent the introduction of invasive species. states were required to adopt standards based on the EPA’s 1986 criteria for pathogen indicators. There are some ways. the EPA is required to develop water quality criteria for pollutants based on their impact on human health and aquatic life. States are then required to create limits. as well as from point sources. and learning more about the causes of harmful algal blooms and how they affect humans and aquatic life. Introducing shellfish populations to a water body has also been used as a way to filter harmful algal blooms naturally.coli and enterococci bacteria as pathogen indicators in Great Lakes (fresh) waters. such as sewage treatment and aquaculture facilities.

Government Accountability Office (GAO). and August) in ocean waters that just meet the EPA’s standard. the current criteria have two significant limitations that make them inadequate for protecting the health of beachgoers.S. and enterococcus) but found no correlation with the presence of these viruses. According to the U. Figure . if a family of four was to swim once a week in the summer (June. to the border of Mexico in February and March 1999. earaches.29 26 natural Resources defense Council . California.000 people swimming in ocean waters and eight out of 1.26 Exposure to even a small number of virus particles can cause infection. The lag time between when pathogen contaminated waters are sampled to when the public is notified creates a dangerous window where swimmers can be infected (see Figure 8). EPA. Because the EPA has not yet completed studies on the human health effects of swimming in pathogen-contaminated waters. current detection methods require a long incubation period. they have not yet revised their water quality criteria. Put another way. BeACH Act–Required Beachwater Water Quality Standards Standard Water Type Marine Fresh indicator enterococcus enterococcus E. found human adenoviruses in four out of 12 samples taken at the mouths of major rivers and creeks on beaches from Malibu.27 A report compiled for Heal the Ocean notes that although disinfected effluent lacks indicator bacteria. fecal coliform. the GAO points out that standards were developed primarily to address the risk of contracting gastroenteritis but not necessarily to address rashes. it could still contain viruses at levels high enough to be infectious. Researchers also tested for the bacterial indicators used for beachwater monitoring in the state (total coliform.23 Although the levels set under the 1986 criteria were deemed acceptable by the U. Irvine.000 swimmers in fresh waters just meeting these standards will become ill.28 A study conducted by the department of environmental analysis and design at the University of California. or very serious illnesses such as hepatitis and encephalitis (inflammation of the brain). the current indicators may not indicate the presence of all pathogens and health risks. Moreover.Testing the Waters 2007 studies on the human health effects of pathogens in coastal recreational waters and to develop new criteria and methods for detecting pathogens by 2005. respiratory infections. many are caused by viruses. A 2003 study found that while the majority of illnesses derived from recreational use of marine waters are said to be unidentified. pinkeye. July. The study recommends that current recreational water quality standards be improved to reflect the presence of viruses and that regular monitoring for human viruses be conducted on a regular basis.25 This study also noted a trend in research findings that bacterial indicator occurrence frequently did not correlate with viral occurrence. one member of the family would probably become ill. they are not completely safe: The EPA estiates that 19 out of 1. Table 6.24 First. producing results in 24 to 48 hours.S. Secondly. coli For Multiple Samples* 35 per 100 ml 33 per 100 ml 126 per 100 ml For a Single Sample 104 per 100 ml 61 per 100 ml 235 per 100 ml *Geometric mean of at least five samples over a 30-day period. lag Time Associated with Current Water Quality Monitoring and Public Notification Methods Monday morning: Collect water samples Day 2 to 3: Samples are incubated and tested Tuesday morning to Wednesday afternoon: Advisory/closure decision made and public notified Evidence suggests that current water quality criteria may not be adequate to protect swimmers from all pathogens.

rivers. It can also reduce the property value of houses and land near polluted waters. for instance. and lakes are the number-one vacation destination for Americans. other things being equal. In many coastal areas.43 Investing in clean water will help protect the millions of visitors to ocean and bay beaches.32 Drinking water contaminated with animal waste killed seven and hospitalized nearly 100 with bloody diarrhea and vomiting in Walkerton.Testing the Waters 2007 Parasites such as cryptosporidium and giardia are a cause of waterborne illnesses in the United States yet are not accounted for by the current standards. the study analyzed the effect on actual residential housing prices of closeness to beaches. septic system discharges. The study focused on seven local housing markets located in Middlesex. swim. The New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection recently conducted a study on the value of certain natural features in their state.37 In the Great Lakes. the price of a home located within 300 feet of a waterbody increases by up to 28 percent. a single gram of dog feces is estimated to contain 23 million bacteria.39 THe eCoNoMiC iMPACTS oF BeACH PolluTioN Beaches. boat. or just relax. small children. in 2000. states should take the further step of preemptively closing beaches to swimming. Results showed that in four of the seven markets.38 Finally. Where health risks are significant enough. The study concluded that the use of faster indicators of recreational water quality would result in the ability to make decisions about recreational water quality on the day of sample collection and could thereby lower gastrointestinal illnesses in beach communities. because pathogens can live much longer in sediments (particularly fine-grained sediments) than they can in the water column. sediment sampling may be necessary to adequately assess pathogen loading.30 Children are susceptible to chronic episodes of giardia. Racine Wisconsin is one city that has been testing and piloting different rapid detection technologies since 2006 with the goal of obtaining EPA approval.8 billion trips to waters to fish. Each year. urban runoff. Ontario. and others with impaired immune systems. Monmouth. and animal waste can be larger sources of pathogens in recreational waters than sewage discharges from pipes. For example.35 Meanwhile.34 The economic benefit of faster testing and earlier posting was found to be about $202.44 Assuming that people are willing to pay to be close to environmental features that are attractive to them. because human viruses are generally more resistant to sunlight than the indicator microorganisms measured. Americans take more than 1.33 These deficiencies are especially dangerous for those most likely to die from infectious diseases contracted from swimming in contaminated beachwater—the elderly. and the jobs of local businesspeople that rely on beach recreation and fishing. states should at least provide adequate warnings to swimmers about the risks of infection after a sewage spill or even heavy rainfall near urban areas. Cryptosporidium has a high mortality rate in immunocompromised patiets.42 Polluted water puts these revenues at risk. which are representative of the state as a whole. About one-fourth of the population goes swimming in our waterways every year. Researchers who design sampling plans to assess the presence or absence of pathogens in recreational waters must be mindful of other challenges as well.000 per year for two Great Lakes beaches. The EPA included rapid detection technologies as part of its freshwater epidemiological surveys conducted in the Great Lakes in 2004. Recent studies establish that ambient concentrations of bacteria in dynamic aquatic environments can vary radically within short spatial and temporal scales. sale prices for homes within 300 27 natural Resources defense Council . sampling should be conducted in the early morning hours.000 illnesses and as many as 100 deaths in Milwaukee in 1993 from contaminated tap water. That is an average of approximately six trips per person per year.41 About 85 percent of all tourism revenue is received in coastal states.S.40 Economic activity associated with the ocean contributed more than $117 billion to the U. An American Housing Survey found that.36 Also. because of the lag time for producing results using current monitoring criteria. Cryptosporidiosis was responsible for 400. and Ocean counties. Mercer. cancer patients. ily on exposure to human feces–dominated point-source contamination coming from pipes. economy in 2000. including beaches. higher concentrations of beach closings have been found near areas with heavy loadings of contaminated sediments.31 Red tides may result in serious and Another potential problem with the EPA’s bacterial indicator is that the underlying epidemiological studies used potentially life-threatening human to develop pathogen indicators have been based primarillnesses. property values. which can cause a failure to gain weight and failure to advance mentally and physically.

$37.54 Depending on the number of potential visitors to a beach.030 per day.58. the Lake Michigan study estimated that even a perfectly implemented beach closure policy would result in considerable economic losses and reduce predicted illnesses by only 42 percent. the wholesale fish and seafood industries employed 28. which in turn have economic impacts. evaluated the economic burden of several individual illnesses that can be contracted from swimming in polluted recreational marine waters. they are no substitute for efforts to clean up our waters. recreation and tourism. Since 1980. with a total annual value of $3.935 and $37.992 establishments with a total annual payroll of $855 million (a 5 percent increase in employees and a 16 percent increase in payroll over 1998 levels).86 per ear ailment. Coastal industries. sponges.S. cost local economies tourist dollars Upsetting the nutrient balance of the oceans can stimuand jobs.000 higher than homes more than 300 feet away. increasing nutrients.76 per acute respiratory disease. $76. but also cost local economies tourist dollars and jobs.55 While beach closures may be necessary to protect swimmers. low coral biodito those who had planned to visit the versity. spurred by inputs of nutrients from a variety of sources. fishermen in the 50 states brought 9. and monitoring and management.S.49 In 2006.S. and that people are willing to pay more to be closer to these attractive environmental features. and most were unknown just 10 years ago. census. occur in every coastal state. not including personal out-of-pocket expenses associated with having a prescription filled after a doctor visit or the costs of self-medication. the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution estimated that red tides cost an average of $4 million per year.47 Yet coral reefs are adversely impacted by a combination of rising temperatures. performed in Orange County.52 Explosive growth of algae associated with red tides. Pathogen pollution not only harms people but also causes ecological impacts.31 per eye ailment. but also far from agricultural areas as on the reefs close by. in the retail marketplace.84 to each individual. and $27.Testing the Waters 2007 feet of a beach were from $81.6 billion pounds of commercial fish and shellfish to market in 2005. For example. late the growth of algae.000 inhabitants of the Florida Keys. Economists estimate that a typical swimming day is worth $30. 4 million visitors augment the 90.57 The annual cumulative public health burden for the two beaches studied was determined to be $3.45 Researchers concluded that higher property values are associated with proximity to beaches and open water. In fact. Coastal tourism. or Harmful Algal Blooms.60 2 natural Resources defense Council .3 million. more than 90 percent has died. and pathogen pollution from sources such as untreated or inadequately treated sewage.48 Fecal contamination from sewage in the Florida Keys is thought to be a major source of disease in coral. its reefs are the biggest diving destination in the world. this “consumer surplus” loss can be quite significant. Diseases killing coral.53 Polluted beaches not only cause a loss to those who had planned to visit the beach and swim in the water. Endangered Species List. have uncovered a Polluted beaches not only cause a loss causal link between agricultural pollution. commercial fisheries. attributable in part to clean beaches. According to the 2000 U. The study found that the burden per gastrointestinal illness is $36.000 to $194. one study estimated economic losses as a result of closing a Lake Michigan beach due to pollution as ranging between $7. such as commercial fin fishing and shell fishing. Algal growth on reefs may damage coral by taking over habitat space that would otherwise be occupied by coral. In a September 2000 report. using an epidemiological technique first used to link smoking to lung cancer in the 1960s. and poor recolonization of the reef.58 This value increases more than tenfold. These events also create substantial economic costs in terms of their effect on public health (lost work days and medical costs). and other marine life were first identified about 30 years ago. are also affected by beach pollution.56 Another study.9 billion.51 Hard coral biodiversity was found to be almost twice as high on the reefs beach and swim in the water. U.59 Harmful algal blooms. Elkhorn coral (Acropora palmata) was once the most common coral in the Caribbean.46 Each year.50 Scientists in Queensland.710 people at 2. shellfish beds from Maine to Cape Cod that represented more than 35 percent of the nation’s clam harvest were closed due to the worst toxic algae bloom in New England since 1972. In the spring and summer of 2005. Australia. California. According to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration’s National Marine Fisheries Service. can close shellfish beds for prolonged periods. The problem was so bad that the governor of Massachusetts asked the Small Business Administration to declare an “economic injury disaster” for the state’s fishermen and related businesses. the species was listed on the U. generates substantial revenues for state and local governments (see Table 6). including stormwater. to an estimated $45 billion.

6 10.hc-sc.2 2. protecting public health will require increased beachwater monitoring and closing beaches when contamination is detected.0 49.8 4. 2 Protozoa: Giardia and Cryptosporidium. Cleaning up the sources of pollution so that beachwater does not pose a health risk is the optimal solution.000 125. Health Effects Criteria for Marine Recreational Waters. Simmons.pdf ).200 529. Cabelli.3 16.1 13.700 103.4 26.000 105. July 1996.800 183.9 25. Ottawa.4 11.Testing the Waters 2007 Some areas either do not monitor their beaches or do not close them when pollution exceeds standards.000 57.866.837 208.775 23.083 514.2 62.1 37. M. Given the large number of people using beaches and the substantial income from coastal tourism.D.960 110.633 115.100 88.885 66.1 12. This can result in lower short-term losses for businesses in the area. Table 7.000 948. p.688 39.000 176. Sobsey.800 300. O. 2 natural Resources defense Council .100 264.420 928.700 110.D.gc. the cost of monitoring programs is reasonable. EPA 600/1-84-004.4 93.5 524. 7.5 17.900 6.700 480.5 5. available at: www.3 2. 1983.6 15.300 192.2 4.700 211. Value of Tourism to Selected Coastal States61 State Alabama Alaska California Connecticut delaware Florida Georgia hawaii illinois indiana Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts Michigan Mississippi new hampshire new Jersey north Carolina ohio oregon Pennsylvania Puerto Rico Rhode island South Carolina texas virgin islands virginia total year 2006 2002 2006 2004 2004 2005 2004 2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2004 2004 2004 2006 2005 2006 2006 2004 2006 2005 2005 2004 2005 2005 2005 2005 Dollar Value (billions) 8.0 15. Health Canada.9 8. In the meantime.ca/hecs-sesc/water/pdf/ protozoa_final. rather than allow people to swim and get sick.000 206. but it also means that those who get sick will incur medical costs and lost workdays as a result.2 8.9 Number of Related jobs 162.900 400. Enteric Parasites of Health Concern: Overview and Examples.8 9.7 7. Healthy Environments and Consumer Safety.1 1.800 187. revised May 1999.4 30.0 9.7 16.031 Notes 1 V.050 24.

114. 32 Michael A. “Walkerton: Lessons Learned in Comparison with Waterborne Outbreaks in the Developed World.pdf. December 22. Giardiasis Surveillance—United States. 1998–2002. Compton. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Payment. Harmful Algae Vol. MA.” in Clinical Microbiology Reviews. No. 23 33 U. 413.” in Morbidity and Mortality Report. 3 Ramsdell. 33 S.. “Pathogenic Human Viruses in Coastal Waters. “Macroalgal blooms on southeast Florida coral reefs: II. Harmful Algae.whoi. Griffin. 19 See Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution. pp. 24–28.. pp. op.org/virus_data. 2. 1. May 2007. personal communication.. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. available at: http://www. 10 Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution http://www. 9 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. P.hboi. Donaldson. Michael Beach.gov/nerl/research/2001/pdf/g24. Rose. June 2006. 4.epa. Ransibrahmanakul. Griffin. B. G.S. M. 5 Eric J. 16 Stumpf. “Prevention Control and Mitigation of Harmful Algal Blooms: A Research Plan. sec. Paul. Vol. Rebecca L. Harmful Algal Research and Response: A National Environmetnal Science Strategy 2005-2015. available at: http://www.. pp.. Donaldson.edu/redtide/pertinentinfo/PCM_HAB_Research_Plan. Paul. January 2005. Kristen P. Vol. Vol. pp 15-17. 104(v) and 33 U.S. B. Data collected through 2005. oceancommission. and Alfred P. pp. Infective Dose of Cryptosporidium in Immunocompromised Hosts. D.W.. 925–926. 12 Harbor Branch Oceanographic Institute. No.. School of Public Health. January 2003.. Tomlinson. Huck. 28 Howard Kantor. Department of Fisheries and Wildlife. “Florida’s 2. John H. 1–30. L. Williams. Government Accountability Office. Dean B. available at: http://www. Official Press Release (http://www. Anderson and P. No. January 2001. 2006/55(SS12) pp.” September 2001. Littler. 6-3. pp. D.” in Environmental Health Perspectives. 2003. Rose.” Harmful Algae Vol. 16. pp.htm.J. Wade. 22 33 USC 1342(q). Coastal Zone.and Humans” Harbor Branch. 4. and Joan B. 1. Donald M. R. 129–143.org/HARRNESS/harrnessReport10032005. November 17. Office of Protected Resources.E. Calderon. Hrudey. 1996. HARRNESS. Olson. P. Ann H. Tester. Jan C.122. and Betty H. Rose. 20 Anderson. 16.E. February 2007.whoi. pp. presented to the U. Cross-shelf discrimination of nitrogen sources indicates widespread assimilation of sewage nitrogen. Semenza.pdf. E. 24 U.000-Pound Canary—Red Tide Toll Increasing for Manatees. 397–407. p. pp.edu/news/press/feb1806.M. pp. gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/ss5401a1. No. EPA 440/5-84-002. October 2002. Jiang.nmfs. “Human Adenoviruses and Coliphages in Urban Runoff–Impacted Coastal Waters of Southern California. Cryptosporidiosis Surveillance—United States 1999–2002. J. Kim A.106-1. Gillham. 1254.pdf.edu/redtide/ 11 NOAA Fisheries. 17 Ibid. P. 1. “Health Effects Associated with Recreational Coastal Water Use: Urban Versus Rural California”.gov/pr/health/mmume/event2004.122. But Additional Actions Could Improve Public Health Protection. 67. Mallin. 7 R. 31 Rachel Katonak and Joan B. Kim A. Vol.M. National Academy of Sciences.edu/redtide/HABdistribution/habexpand.Testing the Waters 2007 ENVR 195.” Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution.C. No. cit. Truby.cdc. April 2004.gov/meetings/jul23_24_02/anderson_testimony. “Harmful Algal Blooms: An Expanding Problem in the U. Report to Congressional Requesters. M.). July 2002. Interim Report on the Bottlenose Dolphin (Tursiops truncatus) Unusual Mortality Event Along the Panhandle of Florida March-April 2004.C 1314(a).” in Scientific American. environmental microbiologist. 30 natural Resources defense Council . Baker.. Vol. January 2005. et al.106-1.esa. Vol. Culver. 1986.” in Journal of Environmental Engineering and Science. 179–184. 232-252. 2002. 27 EPA.L. 21 EPA. A. 1. Noble. 25 Dale W. American Journal of Public Health. 1.. June 2003. A.E. Littler.html as viewed on 3/12/2007) 13 V. Great Lakes: EPA and States Have Made Progress in Implementing the BEACH Act. Santa Monica Bay Restoration Project. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. available at: http://www. P. available at: http://www. John H. 53–59.html 15 Brand. 1993. Vol. “Pathogenic Human Viruses in Coastal Waters. “Unveiling an Ocean Phantom. Pederson. 304(a). Vol. Haile et al. 9–10 at http://www.S. 1. J. January 2003. 2002–2004. 2004 Report to Congress. An Epidemiological Study of Possible Adverse Health Effects of Swimming in Santa Monica Bay. “Rapidly Measured Indicators of Recreational Water Quality Are Predictive of Swimming-Associated Gastrointestinal Illness. and E. Commission on Ocean Policy at the Northeast Regional Meeting July 23-24. Ryan H. available at: http://www. E. M. Elizabeth Sams. Soracco. Dufour. 1. No.pdf 4 Dale W. 30 EPA. R. Issue 6. 18 Lapointe. available at: http://www.htm. 94. V.M. Hrudey.htm. May 16. Brenner. Kirkpatrick.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/ss5401a2. 26 Ibid. Gilbert (Eds. healtheocean. 2003. Trainer.noaa.J. Ambient Water Quality Criteria for Bacteria. and Joan B. pp. A.whoi.cdc. “Long-term increase in Karenia brevis abundance along the Southwest Florida Coast”. 6. January 2006.S. 8 Dwight. “Wading in Waste. Barile. August 29. sec. 2. 2002. PowerPoint lecture. Chu.” Michigan State University. M. “Surveillance for Waterborne-Disease Outbreaks: United States. Applied and Environmental Microbiology.M. W. Spring 2001. 6 Timothy J. p. “Monitoring Karenia brevis blooms in the Gulf of Mexico using satellite ocean color imagery and other data”. pp. November 2005..” in Clinical Microbiology Reviews..S. 14 Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution’s “The Harmful Algae Page” at http://www.” in American Society for Microbiology. pp.” in Nature.S. 1. 129–143. “Public Health Risks Associated with Wastewater Blending. R. 147-160. No. Dziuban. P.S. 2.pdf 29 S. Boston. prepared for NRDC.

. D. 37 Kris Christen. April 2007. 12. and conclude that $30. Appendix C. No.visitflorida.800alabama.edu/itf/facts.” June 10.S. 1995.htm.M. Liquid Assets: A Summertime Perspective on the Importance of Clean Water to the Nation’s Economy. Vol.” in Environmental Science & Technology. 2005.742.L.” in 1998 Year of the Ocean Discussion Papers.pdf. 18. No. 52 “Sewage Nutrients Fuel Coral Disease.” in Water Resources Research. C. and R. Division of Science Research and Technology.org/about/research/ GA: http://www. J. California.C. 61 Sources of information for “Value of Tourism to Selected Coastal States.us/dep/dsr/naturalcap/. 71. 3.737. D. 59. EPA 800-R-96-002.pdf IL: http://www.gov/scienceforum/2005/pdfs/ordposter/Hewitt_ ORD11. Office of Protected Resources. Elizabeth Sams. 35 Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources.msu.oceancommission. Boehm. September 18. 49 NOAA Fisheries. S 4. September 2004. No. Jan C. 1998. Estimated Annual Economic Impacts from Harmful Algal Blooms (HAB) in the United States.acs.uiuc.org/subscribe/journals/esthag-w/2002/sep/science/kc_beachwater.nj. May 9. “Making Accurate Water-Quality Determinations.”: AK: http://www.R. 2004 Report to Congress. 38.ns?id=dn4539. E-6.L. Wisconsin’s Great Lakes Beach Monitoring and Notification Program Annual Report.gov.E.cultureandtourism. Rabinovici. “Recreational Demand by Tourists for Saltwater Beach Days.edu/mgm2/econ/MIindex. Endangered Oceans: Threats to Human Health.L. no. The authors review studies of consumer surplus. 43 U. 1–4. 2007. Whitman. D.pdf. p. p.G.html.. gov/st1/fus/fus05/index. 60 New York Times. Bernknopf. pp.pdf AL: http://www. 3.. McKean. Kim.state. 2003..” in Journal of Environmental Economics and Management.org/cct/cwp/view. Semenza. 59 Water and Infrastructure Network.D.edu/redtide/pertinentinfo/Economics_report. draft report prepared by Environomics.M. 38 Environmental Integrity Project. R. 42 Ibid.” in Nature. 2006.84 is a best estimate. California.ncbl.wi. 55 S. Grant.J.newscientist. An Ocean Blueprint for the 21st Century Final Report of the U. available at: http://pubs. All Backed Up.asp?a=2326&q=329202 DE: http://www. Commission on Ocean Policy. R. McGee. “Valuing New Jersey’s Natural Capital: An Assessment of the Economic Value of the State’s Natural Resources”. C.pdf CA: http://web4. Department of Commerce et al. Elkhorn Coral (Acropora palmata). April 2000. available at: http://www.gov/org/water/wm/wqs/beaches/AnnualReport2006.885.com/archive/10-05coverstory. Fisheries Statistics Division. 707–713. 2002. February. 47 “Sewage Casts Pox on Reefs. 36. “Estimating the Economic Burden from Illnesses Associated with Recreational Coastal Water Pollution: A Case Study in Orange County.pdf . 2002. 2002. 189–205. 40 EPA.org/govtrelations/PDF/TSA_10-25-04.ns?id=dn3795.. late edition–final. Fernandez. 2002. 46 EPA. 1988. 57 Ryan H. 44 New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection.state.D. Coursey. A.” in Environmental Science & Technology. 2005. 2004. S. 3.L.noaa. No. June 7. 36 A.htm CT: http://www.” New Scientist. See also F. 45 Ibid. Commission on Ocean Policy.nmfs. Walsh.S.canr.R.” in Environmental Science and Technology. “Benefit Transfer of Outdoor Recreation Demand Studies. which is the excess of willingness to pay over cost.” New Scientist.st. at http://www. February 1999. available at http://www.hawaii. California. p. available at: http://www. Baker. Foley. May 2005.html FL: http://media.Testing the Waters 2007 34 Ritu Tuteja. Clark. Mowbray. p. p. p. Pathogens and Swimming: An Economic Assessment of Beach Monitoring and Closure. S. 1968–1988. pp.ga. “Economic Benefits of a New Beach Water Quality Monitoring Method. Dean B. Vol. January 11. 26852. No. “Red Tide Emergency. June 18.” in Federal Register. p.whoi. 54 EPA. p. Washington.asp 3 natural Resources defense Council . 7.” in Journal of Environmental Management. 53 Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution. available at: http://www. p. Vol..html.1–9. 28.tourism. Inc. American Chemical Society.H. 13. Johnson. 58 National Marine Fisheries Service. 36. Clean & Safe Water for the 21st Century: A Renewed National Commitment to Water and Wastewater Infrastructure. available at: http://www. D.gov.. Olson.shtml HI: http://www. Wein. and D. available at: http://dnr.” EPA Science Forum.B. p.gov/pr/species/invertebrates/ elkhorncoral. Wellman. 5-5. 2006. 2. Leeworthy. available at http://www.com/article. Vol. September 2000. Julie Hewitt. 41 U. and Betty H. 18.nmfs. 50 “Endangered and Threatened Species: Final Listing Determinations for Elkhorn Coral and Staghorn Coral.com/about-alabama/news/press/Tourism2006Report. “Decadal and Shorter Period Variability of Surf Zone Water Quality at Huntington Beach. William Wheeler. 3891. 2. E-4.alaskatia. Fisheries of the United States: 2005. “Perspectives on Marine Environmental Quality Today. 48 Environmental and Energy Studies Institute. p. pp.” in Environmental Science and Technology Online News. 3. Bell and V. 2004. “Decadal and Shorter Period Variability of Surf Zone Water Quality at Huntington Beach.com/article. 13. available at: http://www. Kristen Brenner.us/press/2005/press800. p. pp. pp.epa. 51 “Farm Run-Off Linked to Barrier Reef Damage. 10. Vol. 39 Boehm et al.B. Tim Wade. 56 Ibid. 89. “Economic and Health Risk Trade-Offs of Swim Closures at a Lake Michigan Beach. Matthew Clark.gov/dbedt/main/about/annual-reports/2005-hta. and J.M.newscientist. Al Dufour. Vol.S. Dwight. Linda M. 1996.

state.Testing the Waters 2007 IN: http://www.com/resources/tourism/mainefacts04_ME.doc MD: http://www.cfm/item_id.wttc.com/travelindustry/index.pdf ME: http://www.com/files/nationaltourismweek0426061.vatc.msue.wttc.us/asp/tspend.econdevmaine.latour.lsu.discoverohio.us/travel/ppt/fy2006-04-tourism-ecom-impact.edu/objects/content_revision/download.com/pdf/or06p.html MA: http://www.pdf VA: http://www.aspx SC: http://www.mass-vacation.tx.scprt.jsp?cat=95 MI: http://www.com/tourism/econ/FastFactsEI_06.doc PR: http://www.msu.org/2005tsa/pdf/World.pdf RI: http://www.state.org/2005tsa/pdf/World.117274/ state-wide-2004.gov/tourism/pdfs/IndianaTourismImpact_0613.edu/pdfs/ecoimpact2005.org/research/2005VAStateEstimates.in.org/page.deanrunyan.org/resources/fy2006%20economic%20impact%20for%20tourism%20in%20mississippi.nj.pdf PA: http://mediaroom.visitrhodeisland.259874/workspace_id.com/media/28/430.pdf NH: http://www.asp?reporttype=a VI: http://www.pdf OR: http://www.visitpa.pdf TX: http://travel.com/files/Research/EconImpactofTravelonSC2005.pdf OH: http://industry.ppt NC: http://www.visitmississippi.pdf 32 natural Resources defense Council .org/newsandevents/pressreleases/05-11-08apr.php?page=research NJ: http://www.resourcenh.pdf LA: http://www.nccommerce.com/jsp/static_in/research/welcome.choosemaryland.pdf/ MS: http://www.

The EPA is required to perform monitoring and notification activities for waters in states that do not have a program consistent with the EPA’s performance Swimmers continue to be at an criteria. all the types of pathogens. In May 2007. Swimmers continue to be at an unnecessarily elevated risk due to the limited scope of recreational water standards. and the entire range of waterborne diseases that may threaten beachwater quality. but these programs are still not necessarily comprehensive or sufficiently protective of the health of beachgoers.S.9 million in grants to states (see Table 8). and $9. while they wait for the EPA to issue revised criteria. This year the EPA has again awarded $9. The BEACH Act authorizes $30 million a year for the limited scope of recreational water state grants for monitoring and public notification. the U. States currently use interim standards based on the EPA’s 1986 criteria for testing recreational waters. states must develop monitoring and notification programs that are consistent with the EPA’s performance criteria. and every five years thereafter. but they have not yet finished the necessary studies and there have been no updates to the outdated criteria used to issue standards for beachwater quality. The BEACH Act also directed the EPA to conduct the necessary epidemiology studies to assess the full human health risk from exposure to pathogens in coastal recreational waters by 2003 and to subsequently publish new or revised criteria based on these studies by October 2005. but standards. The BEACH Act authorizes the EPA to award grants to states for implementing programs to monitor coastal recreational waters adjacent to beaches used by the public for compliance with the standards for pathogens and pathogen indicators. Grant funds are also used to notify the public promptly of any exceedances through posting or equivalent means. The studies and criteria have not yet addressed all the sources of pollution. Among their findings was that the formula the EPA uses to distribute BEACH Act funds is not reflective of the states’ varied monitoring needs. The state standards were required to be the same as the EPA’s. appropriations have funded only about one-third of that level each year.9 million in 2006. THe FeDeRAl BeACH ACT The BEACH Act was passed by Congress to improve states’ beach monitoring programs and public notification methods to protect the public from the health risks of beachwater contamination through standardized water quality criteria. or as protective of public health as EPA standards. The EPA failed to meet the first deadline. the EPA enacted standards for those states that had failed to adopt the more protective standards by the April 2004 deadline. To be eligible for grants. 2000. using grant funds that would otherwise have been unnecessarily elevated risk due to available to the states. has vastly improved the number and quality of coastal monitoring and public notification programs. States must then adopt these new or revised criteria. In November 2004. The BEACH Act required states with coastal recreational waters to adopt new or revised water quality standards by April 2004 for pathogens and for pathogen indicators for which the EPA has published criteria under the Clean Water Act. Government Accountability Office (GAO) reported to Congress on the progress of the BEACH Act. The GAO concluded that because funding allocations have been only one-third 33 natural Resources defense Council . The EPA awarded $10 million in annual grants to states for use in improving monitoring and notification programs in 2002 through 2005. The EPA has concluded some of its freshwater studies and began the first in a series of marine studies in 2005.Chapter 3 Beachwater Monitoring and Closing/Advisory Practices Passage of the federal Beaches Environmental Assessment and Coastal Health (BEACH) Act on October 20.

Testing the Waters 2007 of the amount authorized by the act annually.2 Table .920 $303.430 $224.990 $297.510 $150. Increasing the amount of annual grant funds available to states would help achieve monitoring and notification consistency as well as give states a greater ability to address pollution sources.120 $205.870 $352.720 $204.960 $325.000 $302.920 $224. 2007 Federal BeACH Act Grant Allocations to States and Territories State/Territory Alabama Alaska American Samoa California Connecticut delaware Florida Georgia Guam hawaii illinois indiana Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts Michigan Minnesota Mississippi new hampshire new Jersey new York north Carolina northern Marianas ohio oregon Pennsylvania Puerto Rico Rhode island South Carolina texas Allocation $262. which also have an impact on public health risk. The GAO also recommended that states be allowed to use their grant funds for investigation and remediation of pollution sources as well as monitoring and public notification.1 As a result. Currently.150 $255.660 $244. beach monitoring and public notification programs vary across states and may not consistently protect public health.240 $271. most communities have not identified the specific pollution sources that contaminate their beaches.010 $211.180 34 natural Resources defense Council .700 $287.040 $534.200 $522.610 $204.940 $385.660 $279.390 $257.300 $229.680 $323. The GAO has recommended that the EPA adjust the fund distribution formula to more accurately reflect each state’s need.830 $303.370 $256.570 $223.200 $302.240 $212.940 $280.150 $329. the EPA has issued funds based primarily on length of the beach season and have given much less weight to factors such as states’ total beach miles and beach use.

virgin islands virginia Washington Wisconsin Allocation $303. and some state programs may not be adequate for protecting public health.Testing the Waters 2007 State/Territory U. which affects the microbial indicator level. local governments have stated that they lack the necessary staff and funding to carry this out. Although the EPA has recommended daily beach monitoring for high-priority beaches. Methods for notifying the public of health advisories and beach closures vary among states as well. and television and radio coverage in conjunction with the weather report (for information on individual state monitoring and public notification programs.960 VARiABiliTy iN STATe BeACHWATeR MoNiToRiNG AND PuBliC NoTiFiCATioN PRoGRAMS Despite the passage of the BEACH Act.270 $279. while other states only monitor their priority beaches once or twice a week (Table 9). electronic notifications. there is still a considerable amount of variability among state beachwater monitoring programs and public notification programs. beaches may remain open during a contamination event on days when they are not sampled.5 There are a variety of notification methods states can use. State Summaries). The EPA’s current published standards include a geometric mean value for multiple samples taken over 30 days. but not all states are using this extra measure to protect beachgoers. newspaper notices. and may make it unnecessarily difficult for beachgoers to get notifications promptly and to get complete information including the effective date of the closure/advisory. signs posted at beaches.4 Some states wait until there have been two consecutive standard violations before an advisory is issued. states reported collecting samples at depths ranging from 1-48 inches. States also vary in their sampling methods. Some states may also use predictive modeling to issue preemptive closures or advisories when a contamination event is expected. others measure the geometric mean or the single sample but not both. Because states have established different standards for triggering an advisory or closure. states vary as to whether or not they issue a public health advisory or close a beach or both when sampling has found bacteria at levels dangerous to human health. and an instantaneous single-sample value.3 Public notification programs are inconsistent and may be insufficient for protecting public health. In spite of the EPA’s recommendation that samples be collected at a depth of approximately three feet. including toll-free phone lines. As a result. Some state and local agencies measure both the geometric mean and the single sample when taking beachwater samples and issue beach closings or advisories if either standard is exceeded.250 $225.S. Some states monitor their high-priority beaches almost daily.020 $272. Number and Percent of Tier  Beaches Regularly Monitored in 2006 State AK AL CA Ct de FL Total Number of Beaches Reported 3 28 436 67 23 634 Number of Tier  Beaches* 2 9 336 46 17 308 % of Reported Beaches That Are Tier  67% 32% 77% 69% 74% 49% Number of Tier  Beaches Monitored at least once a Week 0 9 323 46 17 308 % of Tier  Beaches Monitored at least once a Week 0% 100% 96% 100% 100% 100% 35 natural Resources defense Council . see Chapter 5. there is variability in the depth at which samples are taken. States vary as to how often they sample. Table . such as after a heavy rain or known sewage overflow. While most states are consistent in sampling at the same time of day and same location.

5 Ibid p. 2 Ibid p.S. 27. Great Lakes: EPA and States Have Made Progress in Implementing the BEACH Act. 36 natural Resources defense Council . 30. 15-17. 3 Ibid p. 28. Notes 1 U. But Additional Actions Could Improve Public Health Protection. Government Accountability Office. Report to Congressional Requesters. 4 Ibid p. pp. 17.Testing the Waters 2007 State GA hi iL in LA MA Md Me Mi Mn MS nC nh nJ nY oh oR PA Ri SC tX vA WA Wi Total Number of Beaches Reported 41 439 70 31 29 621 81 44 972 79 21 243 16 325 360 48 59 12 231 296 168 56 742 191 Number of Tier  Beaches* 17 49 66 8 7 13 46 42 212 8 15 93 7 225 85 19 4 10 20 7 62 54 76 26 % of Reported Beaches That Are Tier  41% 11% 94% 26% 24% 2% 57% 95% 22% 10% 71% 38% 44% 69% 24% 40% 7% 83% 9% 2% 37% 96% 10% 14% Number of Tier  Beaches Monitored at least once a Week 17 48 53 8 5 13 46 41 207 8 15 93 7 225 70 19 4 10 16 7 62 54 76 26 % of Tier  Beaches Monitored at least once a Week 100% 98% 80% 100% 71% 100% 100% 98% 98% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 82% 100% 100% 100% 80% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% *tier 1 beaches are those most frequently used and near potential pollution sources. May 2007.

earaches. The act will also increase the amount of grant money available to states from $30 million to $60 million annually through 2012 and expand the uses of grant funds to include source tracking and pollution prevention.R. Monitoring requirements should protect the public from the full range of waterborne illnesses. 1506 was introduced in the U. such as surfers and lifeguards. technology currently being utilized 2537/S. The beachwater quality testing In May 2007. The standards should be designed to protect sensitive populations.Chapter 4 Plan of Action I n the 1992 edition of this report. In May 2007. and respiratory infections. what has become increasingly clear in the intervening years is that beachwater monitoring technology and posting is inadequate. such as cryptosporidium and giardia. reaumust be upgraded to provide comthorizing the BEACH Act of 2000. H. which were set in 1986. While that effort is not yet complete. including small children and the elderly as well as those with prolonged and repeated exposure to beachwater pollution. If passed.S. to detect beach water contamination in two hours or less so that beachgoers can be notified promptly of public health risks. The GAO found that the EPA had failed to conduct the necessary epidemiology studies to update the public health–based standards used to monitor beachwater quality as the BEACH Act requires and 37 natural Resources defense Council . Beach advisories should be posted the first time levels exceed the EPA’s public health standards. the 2007 Beach Protection Act. but also from pollution carried by stormwater discharges. NRDC supports this important piece of legislation and sees it as a positive step in protecting public health and coastal economies NRDC’s comprehensive 2007 National Beach Protection Program is outlined below. we need to focus on addressing the sources of beachwater pollution so that our beachwater will not pose a threat to public health. NRDC’S NATioNAl BeACH PRoTeCTioN PRoGRAM update Beach Protection Standards and Contamination Detection Methods and Create Monitoring and Advisory Requirements Today’s beachwater quality standards. are deficient and may leave beachgoers vulnerable to a range of illnesses. In addition. This program would provide a strong foundation for monitoring coastal water quality and protecting public health at our beaches by preventing beachwater pollution and warning the public when it is not safe to swim. which are also a cause of waterborne illnesses in the United States. NRDC unveiled a national beach protection program designed to provide a strong foundation for monitoring coastal water quality and protecting public health at our beaches. The beachwater quality testing technology currently being utilized must be upgraded to provide comprehensive public health warnings in a more timely manner. Government Accountability Office (GAO) reported to Congress on its assessment of the EPA’s implementation of the BEACH Act. More intensive monitoring may be needed in areas of chronic pollution and after rain events. The water quality criteria should not just protect from contamination from sewage. The current standards focus on bacteria found in human waste.S.000 freshwater swimmers. including tropical and semitropical waters. the public will be assured of a consistently high level of protection.000 saltwater swimmers and eight illnesses per 1. The standards should be more protective than the EPA’s current recommended bacteria standard. and may not protect the public from diseases caused by viruses and parasites. and the closing or advisory should continue until further testing demonstrates that the beachwater is safe. sore throats. They should protect in all types of waterbodies. With updated standards and monitoring requirements. which allows 19 illnesses per 1. the act will mandate the use of rapid testing methods by requiring prehensive public health warnings in the EPA to develop. the U. methods a more timely manner. instead of merely warning the public or closing our beaches when they are unsafe. and coastal states to adopt. Congress. The EPA’s BEACH program and the federal BEACH Act have adopted several elements of NRDC’s proposed program. including rashes.

If passed. Rapid methods for detecting beachwater contamination need to be approved and mandated. that information should be used to reduce the sources of beachwater pollution.Testing the Waters 2007 that current water quality monitoring tests are not comprehensive and take too long to produce results. However. Federal. The EPA should require programs to use upto-date technologies to reduce contaminated stormwater discharges and put additional controls in place where basic technologies are not sufficient to make beachwater safe. States should also issue preemptive rainfall advisories in anticipation of elevated bacterial levels where a correlation between rainfall and water quality exists or when sewer overflows or catastrophic events jeopardize beachwater safety. newspaper notices. should be used to predict bacteria levels and issue advisories in real time. implement and enforce Better Controls on Pollution Sources Preventing beachwater contamination is the best tool for protecting humans and aquatic life. This lag time between when pathogen-contaminated waters are sampled and when the public is notified creates a dangerous window during which swimmers can be infected. This information would also help close the gap that exists between sewer overflows and stormwater discharges and water-quality impacts. industrial stormwater dischargers. The GAO recommended that BEACH Act grants provided to states for monitoring and notification programs be expanded for use in investigating and remediation of pollution sources. the EPA and states need to control beachwater pollution at the source. and expanding the uses of these funds. The EPA needs to speed up and complete the required epidemiology studies and speed up the timetable for proposing new standards. which take into account current weather and environmental conditions. in most cases the source of bacterial contamination causing beach closures/advisories is not known. The EPA needs to update its public notification guidance to states and require states to follow it as a criterion of grant funding. As an aggressive prevention strategy. and local officials need to step up both monetary assistance and enforcement of Clean Water Act programs to control these sources of pollution. sanitary surveys to identify the source of beachwater pollution should be required when a water-quality standard designed to protect swimming use is repeatedly exceeded. 2009. signs posted at beaches.1 Prevent Beachwater Pollution: Provide Assistance for Source Tracking and Remediation. State beachwater programs funded under the federal BEACH Act should be required to obtain and report potential source information to the EPA. Federal stormwater permitting requirements for municipal systems. The public should be notified immediately when monitoring reveals that public health standards have been violated. and television and radio coverage in conjunction with the weather report. Rapid testing methods that give results in two hours or less need to be approved so closure or advisory decisions can be made the same day samples are taken. state. the 2007 Beach Protection Act would require rapid testing and notification to ensure that beachgoers know whether the water they swim in is safe. and the EPA should make that information publicly available in searchable databases. Under court order. electronic notifications. the EPA is now required to establish effluent limitation guidelines (ELGs) and new source performance standards (NSPSs) for construction and development by December 1. would provide states necessary assistance for source identification and remediation. and construction sites are now in place. Most important. To help prevent future contamination. most beach closures and advisories are due to elevated bacteria levels. producing results in 24 to 48 hours. Notification should include toll-free phone lines. as of 2004 only 35 percent of the 828 communities nationwide with combined stormwater and sewage systems had begun implementation of a long3 natural Resources defense Council . In addition to reducing peoples’ exposure to beachwater pollution through increased monitoring and public notification. Increasing the amount of state BEACH Act grant funding as proposed by the 2007 Beach Protection Act. Although the EPA’s combined sewer overflow policy has been in place since 1994. but these programs need to be implemented and enforced so that discharges do not contribute to beachwater pollution. Current methods require a long incubation period. Officials should also set strong regulatory standards to ensure that stormwater and sewage are being reduced through the best technologies available and that water quality standards designed to protect humans and wildlife are being met. we need stricter controls on stormwater and combined sanitary and sewer overflows. Public notification programs need to be consistent among states and must provide beachgoers with prompt and complete information. As the data show. Computer modeling systems.

soil. immediate reporting of overflows to public health authorities and to the general public. 3) immediately notify public health authorities. 5 SiMPle THiNGS iNDiViDuAlS CAN Do To HelP iMPRoVe BeACHWATeR QuAliTy AND PRoTeCT THeiR HeAlTH Everyone can help reduce beachwater pollution.8 The Water Quality Financing Act. and they should be informed when it happens. particularly low-impact development (LID).3 A consensus proposal for controlling SSOs was shelved by the White House in January 2001and has never been finalized. LID offers an approach that is both more economically sustainable and more environmentally sound. this act will amend the Federal Water Pollution Control Act to direct owners or operators of publicly owned treatment works to 1) institute an alert system for sanitary sewer overflows.R. and vegetation to reduce beachwater pollution. If passed. This funding is crucial and should not only be authorized but should be fully appropriated to provide states with the full support they need to tackle beachwater contamination and protect the public and the environment.4 improve Coordination Between Sanitation and Public Health officials Improved monitoring. we can all take steps to reduce the amount of water sent to sewage treatment plants—which have the potential to overflow—by helping to reduce polluted runoff.Testing the Waters 2007 term plan to control combined sewer overflows. Finally. the 2007 Beach Protection Act has proposed a doubling of the federal grants made available to states under the BEACH Act. and communities often struggle with the economic burden of repairing or expanding existing stormwater infrastructure. lakes. 2452. The public has the right to know when there is a sewer overflow or stormwater discharge that threatens beachwater quality. Communities also need to spend smarter by preserving and enhancing the use of wetlands.6 This funding gap will only grow over time as we continue to defer operations and maintenance and allow our sewer and stormwater systems to deteriorate. would authorize $14 billion for the Clean Water State Revolving Fund over the next four years and provide critical assistance for projects that repair and rebuild failing water and wastewater infrastructure. H. The Raw Sewage Overflow Community Right-to-Know Act. Individuals can 3 natural Resources defense Council . yet the EPA has estimated that there are more than 23. periods of rainfall do not substantially increase fecal coliform bacteria counts. For example.2 Sanitary sewer overflows are illegal. H. and other affected entities. In response to the need for public notification. We need to be using effective and innovative stormwater management approaches.R.R. Congress needs to assist state and local communities in bridging the funding gap by substantially increasing the federal resources available to meet clean water needs through the creation of a Clean Water Trust Fund or other dedicated source of clean water funding. 2) notify the public of such overflows in areas where human health is potentially affected within 24 hours. 2452 was introduced in May 2007.5 percent wetland coverage.5 NRDC supports H. Implementation and enforcement of these programs need to be substantially increased. including the use of LID. which would ensure that beachwater managers and the public know about sewage spills that could endanger public health. which is currently pending in the Senate.7 In watersheds with at least 13. wetlands. and coastal waters. Water resource protection goals are not being met by conventional stormwater management. and prompt response to overflows to minimize human exposure and environmental harm are critical steps that need to be taken to close the communication gap between those responsible for sewage and stormwater treatment and those charged with protecting public health. which uses soil and vegetation to capture and filter stormwater where it falls. and 4) provide specified reports to the Administrator of the EPA or the state. 720.000 sanitary sewer overflows every year into rivers. We also support the Beach Protection Act provision to require public health officials to inform environmental organizations when they find a violation so that its source can be addressed. such as beachwater managers. Close the Funding Gap The EPA estimates that there will be a funding gap between the costs of sewage and storm- water controls and available resources of between $72 billion and $229 billion over the next 20 years. depending on the growth of the economy. not days later when the beachwater monitoring results finally arrive.

Wash your car on the lawn instead of on the street or driveway. Make sure infants wear swim diapers and rubber pants. which require fertilizers and herbicides. and minimize the use of chemical fertilizers. Maintain your septic system. bag it. 4. a) Do not let water run unnecessarily when brushing your teeth.epa. Extra water overwhelms sewage treatment plants and contributes to raw sewage overflows. Rain gutters and down spouts on your home should lead to soil. such as a small plastic bottle. An extra layer of protection in addition to a swim diaper is necessary to help prevent bacteria from entering the water.Testing the Waters 2007 also make a difference by becoming educated and expressing their desire for clean. Don’t leave pet waste on the ground. healthy water. Such maintenance prolongs the life of your system and can help prevent groundwater contamination and beachwater contamination. When you dump paint. b) Install a displacement device. 6. Don’t dump sewage or trash overboard. Flush it. Boating wastes discharged into coastal waters can be a major cause of high pathogen concentrations.simplesteps. to reduce the amount of runoff and pollution. install a 1. . Reduce the amount of water you use at home. and herbicides. c) Install faucet aerators and a water-efficient showerhead to cut the amount of water you use by 50 percent and to save energy by reducing hot water use. or other hard surfaces. or look for signs in public parks that direct pet owners to appropriate trash receptacles. Dispose of your boat sewage in onshore sanitary facilities. Clean up after your pet.6-gallon-per-flush water-saving toilet to save thousands of gallons annually. Practice proper marine and recreational boating waste disposal. cement. Children not yet toilet trained should be dressed in a swim diaper and rubber pants or a similar tight-fitting outer garment. Read product labels. . You can use baking soda. Use natural fertilizers such as compost on your garden. 5. Conserve water.9 2. public works. and other hazardous products down the drain. oil. It could contain harmful bacteria and excess nutrients that can wash into stormdrains and eventually pollute local waters. grass. 7. or washing dishes. to deodorize drains. antifreeze. Practice proper lawn and garden care.html) for more nontoxic household alternatives. Landscape with natural vegetation rather than lawns. coolant. Bring it to a mechanic for regular checkups. 0. clean countertops and polish stainless steel. in your toilet. Resist the tempta- tion to dump waste oil on the ground or pour it into gutters or stormdrains. even better. Contact your local sanitation. Inquire about local programs that buy back waste oil and dispose of it properly.000 gallons of drinking water. Sweep your driveway and sidewalks. Have your septic tank cleaned out every three to five years. or other hazardous liquids.org/thisgreenlife/0405. Make sure your car isn’t leaking oil. . A single quart of motor oil can pollute 250. pesticides. d) Use a bucket and sponge instead of a hose when washing your car to save more than 100 gallons of water. . Below are 15 simple actions individuals can take to improve our beachwater.nrdc. not street. 40 natural Resources defense Council . shaving. To avoid contaminating local waterways. See NRDC’s Simple Steps website (www. Don’t pour it down the drain. keep up on vehicle maintenance. harsh cleansers. they can find their way into nearby bodies of water. as well as the EPA’s Safe Substitutes at Home fact sheet (http://es. and not blacktop. Recycle used motor oil.org) and This Green Life (http://www. asp). or gravel areas. or environmental health department to find out about hazardous waste collection days and sites. for example. Direct runoff to soil. rather than hosing them down. choose nontoxic alternatives to household cleaners with harsh chemicals.gov/techinfo/facts/safe-fs. Or. 3.

Stay away from beaches with visible discharge pipes.” in Scientific American.lowimpactdevelopment.beaches911. Mallin. or your local public health authority. NRDC. 9-10. Go to NRDC’s website (www. Choose your beaches carefully. visit NRDC’s Your Oceans website (http://oceans. all of which have data on beach monitoring and notification policies and on closings/advisories. 2006. to show your concern. Earth 911 (www. 1989. For more ways you can prevent beachwater pollution. 402(r). Inc.asp. state. August 2004.info/index. June 2006. 9 The Earth Works Group. The fecal matter left on the beach by wildlife visitors can contribute to elevated bacteria levels in the water and cause the beach to close. Whenever possible. Seagulls and other wildlife are attracted to the garbage and food waste that people often leave behind on the beach and feeding them will only encourage their permanent presence there. Report to Congress on Implementation and Enforcement of the Combined Sewer Overflow Control Policy. Support local. learn about the water quality at local beaches. 8 Michael A. 2 EPA.S. 50 Simple Things You Can Do to Save the Earth. 3. pp.Testing the Waters 2007 2. 3 EPA. Beaches adjacent to open ocean and beaches that are removed from urban areas generally pose less of a health risk than do beaches in developed areas or in enclosed bays and harbors with little water circulation. Make sure you tell officials that you are willing to pay for programs to monitor beaches and reduce runoff pollution. Notes 1 USGS Ohio Water Science Center. 4 Low Impact development Center. Waste from wildlife is one of the three largest known sources of bacterial pollution.” June 28. epa.org). Clean up after yourself at the beach. Write to your representa- tives and senators and let them know you support strong beach legislation and clean water protections. Help convince your local beach management agency to invest in secure garbage cans with close-fitting lids. Tell your local government to move forward quickly to address sewage overflows and stormwater. sec. ask an official with your county’s or town’s department of health: a) What are the sources of pollution affecting the waters where I swim? b) What sort of water-quality monitoring is performed at these beaches? c) Are beaches always closed when monitoring shows that the bacterial standard is exceeded? d) What is the current status of these waters (are they closed or open?). and what warning signs can I look for? 4. p. p. 7 Christopher Kloss and Crystal Calarusse. 4 natural Resources defense Council .org/. 6 EPA. “Nowcasting Beach Advisories. Pick up your garbage if you bring a picnic to the beach. 2004 Report to Congress. 53–59. “Wading in Waste. 7-3.org).ohionowcast. the EPA’s website (www. 5.gov and than BEACON). available at: http://www. 2004 Report to Congress. And do not feed the birds or other wildlife. and avoid swimming at urban beaches after a heavy rainfall.nrdc. 5 33 U. ES-5. and federal legislation that promotes the cleanup of pollution sources. swim at the beaches that your research shows have the cleanest waters or are carefully monitored with strict closure or advisory procedures in effect. available at: http://www.org/ coastaldwellers/guide). June 2006. 1342. Rooftops to Rivers: Green Strategies for Controlling Stormwater and Combined Sewer Overflows. p.nrdc.C. Also.

it will be very difficult to assess trends in beachprotect the public health by monitoring water quality. NRDC contacted state and local officials with specific questions regarding their beach programs. New Hampshire. may also indicate that the state or county is making a good effort to protect the public health by monitoring its waters and closing beaches when they are polluted. Virginia. NRDC included the U. Connecticut. of coast than others. These indicators provide the most reliable estimate currently available of the degree to which disease-causing bacteria and viruses are present in the water. The EPA recommends. listed alphabetically by state. but did not provide detailed summaries in Chapter 5. and enterococcus or E. we are now able to present a comparative analysis of water quality at beaches across the United States—thanks to provisions of the BEACH Act which require the EPA to collect and publicize beach monitoring data from all states receiving BEACH Act grants. Texas. the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) created a state-based electronic reporting system designed to collect beach information from all 35 coastal and Great Lakes states and territories that received federal BEACH Act grants. coli indicators for the Great Lakes and other freshwaters. and the federal BEACH Act of 2000 requires. Until procedures are or county is making a good effort to consistent. monitoring. each state’s beach monitoring results. territories in the national closing/advisory totals for 2006. Monitoring programs in all states now test for enterococcus or E. Standards. Maine. Ohio. NRDC obtained 2006 beach season monitoring data through the EPA’s STORET data warehouse (the EPA’s main repository of water quality monitoring data) for 27 states (Alabama. Georgia. Mississippi. Oregon. and testing frequency. Indicator Organisms: The type of indicator organism a monitoring program tests for is important because it reveals whether disease-causing bacteria may be present in the water. Rhode Island. and closing/advisory practices vary High numbers of closings and from state to state. In 2004. High numbers of closings and advisories. NRDC has compiled and analyzed. Washington. and Washington were found to be in error.S. and Washington). It is also impossible to make comparisons because of the ways beaches are designated by officials. It is impossible to make direct comparisons between states or to assess trends over time on the basis of advisory and closure data. New Jersey. they were obtained directly from these states. Alaska. Michigan. North Carolina. Data for Illinois. the EPA closing/advisory data were completely replaced with data received directly from the state (California.MEthodology NRDC looked at several criteria to evaluate the efficacy of beach monitoring programs: indicator organisms. using the enterococcus indicator for marine waters. Maryland. In three cases. coli. for example. Florida. Indiana and Pennsylvania beaches were not available through STORET. so NRDC requested and received monitoring data directly from these states. while indicating pollution problems. for the second consecutive year. Louisiana. Delaware. South Carolina. New York. In addition. With these data. Rhode Island. Minnesota. California. Hawaii.Chapter 5 State Summaries The following pages contain the summaries of state beachwater quality standards. Massachusetts. there are still technical problems with the EPA’s electronic data submission system. 42 natural Resources defense Council . In addition to closing/advisory data. NRDC updated the EPA’s state beach lists with information solicited from all 30 coastal and Great Lakes states. monitoring and closing/advisory practices. the EPA’s 2006 closing/advisory or beach detail data were incomplete or inaccurate and were replaced or supplemented with data requested by NRDC and received directly from the states. and NRDC’s database of 2006 monitoring results and closings and advisories. standards. Although improving. and Wisconsin). Rhode Island. In some cases. EPA data for California. whether a state with many closings has vigilant health advisories may indicate that the state officials or has more coastal pollution. making it difficult to know. States with comprehensive programs and closure practices should be commended for their efforts. its waters and closing beaches when Some areas may have a greater number of beaches per mile they are polluted.

Several useful pieces of information that were collected in past years are not available for 2006 (in particular. should be tested weekly. if a specific beach was closed during a general rain advisory. sewer line blockage/ break. • If a reported advisory at a specific beach overlapped with a general rain advisory that applied to all beaches within the same jurisdiction. such as a heavy rainfall or stormdrain flow. The results are given in the state summaries and tables included in the following pages. Still. particularly during summer weekends. Septic. the overlapping days were subtracted from the advisory for that specific beach to avoid double counting. Beaches used most heavily. Preempt-rain. Combined-sew-over. preemptive due to sewage discharge or spill. In an effort to be consistent in tabulating closings and advisories. septic systems. Sew-break. unknown. However. NRDC used the following guidelines: • Closings or advisories issued for an individual beach for one day are counted as one closing/advisory day. combined sewer overflow. Individual and total beach closing and advisory information is included in each state summary. potential sources of pollution that may affect the beach and preemptive rainfall standards). Coastal and Great Lakes states and territories are beginning to improve monitoring frequency with annual BEACH Act grants. Testing Frequency: According to the EPA’s federal BEACH Act grant guidance. sampling frequency at bathing beaches should be related to the intensity of their use. example: 2006: Beach Closings/Advisories Beach east Beach Long Beach north Beach West Beach Start Date 6/6 5/5 5/11 1/1 end Date 6/7 5/9 6/30 12/31 Reason Preempt-rain Bacteria Preempt-sew Bacteria Source Combined-sew-over (?) Sew-break Septic. NRDC was able to piece together a complete picture of beach closings/advisories for all 30 U. • Permanent closings/advisories include those lasting longer than 13 consecutive weeks. NRDC did not modify the reported duration. • Extended closings/advisories are those lasting seven to 13 consecutive weeks. beaches used less heavily should be tested biweekly or monthly.Testing the Waters 2007 Standards: NRDC contacted the state beach coordinator in each of the 30 coastal and Great Lakes states to obtain up- dated information on which indicator organisms and standards are used. as well as standing advisories that warn against swimming whenever certain conditions occur.S. and state totals are provided in Table 3 on page 12. Preempt-sew. (?). monitoring that revealed high bacteria levels. coastal and Great Lakes states. 43 natural Resources defense Council . Wildlife Abbreviations used: Bacteria. preemptive due to heavy rainfall. Beaches that are most heavily used and are near potential sources of pollution are designated by the states as “Tier 1” beaches. Stormwater. Information on beach closings and advisories is organized alphabetically by county and beach name. Beaches less heavily used are given Tier 2 or 3 status. Information on monitoring frequency and percent exceedance are organized by county and beaches in decreasing order of percent exceedance.

Abbreviations used in Beach Closing/Advisory Tables Causes Bacteria: Monitoring that revealed high bacteria levels Preempt-other: Preemptive due to reasons not listed here Preempt-rain: Preemptive due to rainfall Preempt-sew: Preemptive due to sewage discharge or spill Preempt-sick: Preemptive due to illness outbreak Sources Boat: Boat discharge Comb-sew-overflow: Combined sewer overflow No info: no information provided by the agency PoTW: Publicly owned treatment works RivCrk: Rivers. creeks.Testing the Waters 2007 Table 0. and lagoons opening onto beaches Sanitary-sew-over: Sanitary sewer overflow Septic: Septic systems Sew-break: Sewer line blockage/break Sew-discharge: Sewage discharge Sew-pump: Sewage pump station failure Stormwater: Stormwater runoff (?): Unknown 44 natural Resources defense Council .

the Enterococcus single- sample maximum of 104 cfu/100ml is used to issue beach advisories. in which case it takes place on Tuesdays and Thursdays. Fifty-eight percent of all monitored beaches did not exceed the standard for any sample taken in 2006.510 grant in 2007. but full-scale advisories for all sites have been issued by the Health Departments after hurricanes. Tier 3 beaches are monitored every other week. tion and treatment facilities. the percent of samples exceeding the state standard.688 jobs. Alabama does not issue beach closures. their policy is to For Tier  beaches only.3 billion in Alabama.1 Sampling takes place on Mondays and Wednesdays unless a holiday interferes. urban runoff. Typically. bathers themselves. the percent issue advisories only. nine of which were monitored twice a week. monitoring frequency. and Pirate’s Cove (10%).1 All of the advisories issued in 2006 of samples exceeding the standard were at sound. ADEM monitors more than a fourth of the coastal beaches in the state. and percent of samples exceeding the standard for all beaches reported in 2006. 12 of which were monitored once a week. Perdido Bay. Monitoring is done weekly to every other week from May to September and monthly the rest of the year. 6 to 12 inches below the surface of the water.170 federal BEACH Act grant in 2006 and is eligible for a $262. and Wolf Bay. usually in knee-deep water. In 2006. Tier 2 beaches are monitored once a week. results of samples are known 24 hours after sampling takes place. Results: For the second consecutive year.m. There are no standards for preemptive advisories. Al. Boggy Point (20%). and Tier 4 beaches are monitored on an as-needed basis. 65 to 70 miles of bays including Mobile Bay. and inlet sites. disposal of human waste from boats. Bacterial contamination in Alabama’s coastal recreational waters originates from increased to six percent in 2006 from sources such as shoreline development. The table below lists the tier status. Alabama has classified swimming beaches along 50 miles of the Gulf of Mexico. and 16 miles at Dauphin Island. For Tier 1 beaches only. Mississippi Sound. valued at about $8. bay. wastewater collecfive percent in 2005. provides more than 162. The federal grants fully fund the Alabama beach monitoring and notification program. Coastal tourism. and five of which were monitored twice a month. This scheme is based predominantly on the degree of beach use and the level of risk.. Beaches are grouped by county and ranked in descending order by percent exceedance. making it an important part of the state’s economy (see Table ••). Standards indicator organism: Enterococcus Standards: Alabama adopted BEACH Act–required standards in 2004: for ocean and bay waters.1 Monitoring Frequency: Alabama reported monitoring of 26 beaches in 2006. commercial and domestic animals. septic tanks. NRDC looked at the percent of monitoring samples that exceeded Alabama’s daily maximum bacterial standards. and wildlife. Through federal BEACH Act grants. Although Alabama calculates a geometric mean. ADEM reports a total of 95 such coastal beaches. natural Resources defense Council . Mobile County had the most beaches with no exceedances (75%) followed by Baldwin (55%). the Tier 1 beaches with the highest percent exceedances were the Baldwin County beaches of Fairhope Public Beach (23%). Beaches are ranked into four tiers:2 Tier 1 beaches are monitored twice a week. all in Baldwin and Mobile Counties. Practice: Samples are collected before 1:00 p. only the single-sample standard is used to issue beach advisories. Alabama has a quantitative ranking scheme for prioritizing their beach monitoring efforts. Alabama received a $262.Testing the Waters 2007 AlABAMA According to the Alabama Department of Environmental Management (ADEM).

Advisories at Alabama’s nine Tier 1 beaches were steady at six days in 2004 and 2005. Advisory issuance: When sample results exceed the standard. also exceeds the standard. as opposed to the entire beach. a red public health advisory is issued. Red indicates that retesting reveals enterococcus levels over the EPA threshold. Factors other than sample exceedance are not taken into account when issuing advisories. Alba Club dauphin island east end Fowl River @ hw 193 dauphin island Public Beach Tier 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 2 2 1 3 3 3 1 3 2 1 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 2 2 Monitoring Frequency 1/wk 2/wk 1/wk 2/wk 1/wk 2/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 2/wk 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 2/wk 2/mo 1/wk 2/wk 2/wk 2/mo 2/wk 1/wk 2/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk Total Samples 44 56 34 5 31 52 32 31 31 45 17 16 17 47 17 30 47 19 17 8 27 47 34 30 30 29 Percent exceedance 32% 23% 21% 20% 10% 10% 6% 3% 3% 2% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 15% 0% 0% 0% Advisories Alabama issued 16 beach advisories in 2006. Total advisory days increased 63 percent from 27 in 2005 to 44 in 2006. taken the next day. Yellow indicates that there may be an increased risk of illness associated with swimming in such water.1 Al.2 natural Resources defense Council . then increased to 18 days in 2006. If a resample. the overall monitoring frequency at these beaches was steady. and that the beach is being immediately retested.Testing the Waters 2007 2006 Monitoring Frequency and Results by Beach County Baldwin Baldwin Baldwin Baldwin Baldwin Baldwin Baldwin Baldwin Baldwin Baldwin Baldwin Baldwin Baldwin Baldwin Baldwin Baldwin Baldwin Baldwin Baldwin Baldwin Baldwin Baldwin Mobile Mobile Mobile Mobile Beach Spanish Cove Fairhope Public Beach May day Park Boggy Point orange Street Pier/Beach Pirate’s Cove orange Beach Waterfront Park Kee Avenue volanta Avenue Gulf State Park-Pavilion Fort Morgan Public Beach Mary Ann nelson Beach Bon Secour national Wildlife Refuge Gulf Shores Public Beach escambia Avenue Little Lagoon Pass Beach Camp dixie Florida Point Bear Point Civic Association Cotton Bayou Alabama Point (Gulf of Mexico) Camp Beckwith dog River. Advisories are posted on the ADEM website as well as being announced on local radio and television stations and in newspapers. During the time period over which this overall increase in advisory days occurred. a yellow advisory is issued. Advisories can be issued for a section of a beach.

Senior Environmental Scientist. (?).3 natural Resources defense Council . Alabama Department of Environmental Management. 2 Baldwin County Health Department. Al. samples are collected daily until results are below the EPA threshold. monitoring that revealed high bacteria levels. personal communication. 2006 Alabama Beach Closings/Advisories County Baldwin Baldwin Baldwin Baldwin Baldwin Baldwin Baldwin Baldwin Baldwin Baldwin Baldwin Baldwin Baldwin Baldwin Mobile Mobile Beach Name Fairhope Public Beach Fairhope Public Beach Fairhope Public Beach Fairhope Public Beach Fairhope Public Beach May day Park May day Park May day Park orange Street Pier/Beach Pirate’s Cove Spanish Cove Spanish Cove Spanish Cove Spanish Cove dog River. Unknown.Testing the Waters 2007 Reopening Procedures: Once an exceedance is reported. Alba Club Start Date 7/7 8/22 9/9 9/19 10/21 5/2 5/12 10/20 5/9 12/13 5/12 8/17 9/15 11/8 5/13 10/20 end Date 7/11 8/25 9/14 9/21 10/24 5/4 5/13 10/24 5/11 12/14 5/13 8/19 9/16 11/14 5/16 10/24 Reason Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Source (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) Abbreviations used: Bacteria. 2007.1 Causes of Advisories: All advisory days in 2006 were due to monitoring that revealed elevated bacteria levels from unknown sources of contamination. Alba Club dog River. May 11. Risk Based Beach Evaluation and Ranking. Notes 1 Suzi Farr. not dated.

2006 Monitoring Frequency and Results by Beach County Bristol Bay (B) Bristol Bay (B) Juneau (B) Beach King Salmon Beach Kanakanak Beach Sandy Beach 5 Tier 1 1 3 Monitoring Frequency 1/mo 2/mo 2/mo Total Samples 3 6 5 Percent exceedance 33% 17% 20% Ak. the levels of use.000 miles of coastal shoreline. In locations where processing samples within six hours is not feasible. 30-day 5-sample geometric mean of 35 cfu/100 ml).3 Sample results are generally known 24 hours later. if necessary. at high tide if possible. and August. enterococcus Standards: Water quality standards for the monitoring program include Alaska’s fecal coliform standard (in a 30-day period. its coastal waters do not attract large numbers of swimmers. agencies are being encouraged to sample for eight weeks during June.2 Practice: Samples are collected 12 inches below the surface in water that is three feet deep. When the monitoring and notification program begins. Alaska received a $150. Alaska’s full-scale monitoring program begins in 2007.420 related jobs. Monitoring frequency for beaches in the program will be prioritized based on the types of recreational activities that occur. field-based screening methods that provide results for E. July. However.1 Alaska is launching a beach monitoring and notification program during the 2007 season. These local begins in 2007. and the types of nearby pollution sources. Standards indicator organisms: Fecal coliform. and a survey has identified 204 recreational beaches in the state.4 billion and generates 39. Tourism in Alaska is worth about $2. Alaska conducted a pilot monitoring program in order to test procedures. and the fecal coliform standard is adopted in state water quality regulations. coli in 18 hours and Enterococcus in 24 hours will be used. the state will not issue either advisories or closures.2 An exceedance of any of the four standards will trigger a recommendation that an advisory be issued. but local governments will issue advisories. Because of low temperatures. Alaska has no preemptive standards as yet.000 federal BEACH Act grant in 2006 and is eligible for a $150.1 Monitoring Frequency: In 2006. and not more than one sample may exceed 200 cfu/100 ml) and EPA’s enterococcus standard (single-sample maximum of 276 cfu/100 ml. natural Resources defense Council . the geometric mean of five samples may not exceed 100 cfu/100 ml. with guidance and cooperation from the state. The enterococcus standards are the BEACH Act—required standards for moderately and lightly used beaches. but is hoping to use data gathered in 2007 to provide advance warning when the probability of fecal contamination is high. In 2006. The Alaska beach monitoring program is fully supported by BEACH Act grant monies. The Alaska Department of Environmental Conservation adminAlaska’s full-scale monitoring program isters the program and will contract with local agencies to conduct monitoring and notification activities.2 Results: There are too few monitoring results to report for 2006.000 grant in 2007. recreational shoreline activities do occur.Testing the Waters 2007 AlASkA Alaska has nearly 34. a small amount of sampling was conducted at three beaches as part of a pilot program to test proce- dures and logistics.

prepared by Shannon & Wilson. Ak.. July 2007. the Alaska Department of Environmental Conservation will recommend an advisory be issued without resampling. The public will be notified of advisories via signs.2 natural Resources defense Council . 2 Alaska Department of Environmental Conservation. Inc. Inc. personal communication. Beach Water Quality Monitoring and Pathogen Detection 2007 Quality Assurance Program Plan.. monitoring will occur daily until standards are met. Reopening Procedures: If a beach is placed under advisory. Standard Operating Procedure for Sampling Recreational Beach Marine Waters for Microbial Pathogen Detection and Sample Handling Prior to Sample Analysis 2007. Advisory issuance: If an exceedance is found. 3 Alaska Department of Environmental Conservation.1 Notes 1 Erin Strang.Testing the Waters 2007 County Juneau (B) Beach Kanakanak Beach Tier 1 Monitoring Frequency 2/mo Total Samples 1 Percent exceedance 0% Advisories No advisories were issued in Alaska in 2006 in the pilot program. and fliers. prepared by Shannon & Wilson. March 2007. press releases to television and radio stations. Advisories will be issued for whole beaches. April 2007. Alaska Department of Environmental Conservation. The monitoring and notification program begins during the 2007 season. not sections of a beach.

Funding for Clean Water California received a $516. They generally close beaches contaminated by sewage spills or other serious health hazards. vegetation. The second round of funding began in early 2005. and open space in new developments minimizes impermeable surfaces and.” at beaches when between 2005 and 2006. A New opportunity to improve Beachwater Quality Every five years. water monitoring reveals unhealthy levels of bacteria and when runoff from rainfall threatens coastal water quality. Appropriations include $100.920 grant in 2007. EPA in 2006 and is eligible for a $522. San Mateo. including addressing “the causes of degradation. each project must meet eight criteria. the California Department of Transportation (Caltrans) has agreed to design new highways and retrofit old ones with catch basins. These funds support only a small portion of California’s beach monitoring program. including the initial 38 five-year projects. Most closings occurred during the wet-weather months between November 1 and March 31. natural Resources defense Council . More than 450 million tourists and residents use them annually to swim. Lifeguards generally post warnings. and filters to stop polluted stormwater runoff from contaminating rivers. wetlands.Testing the Waters 2007 CAliFoRNiA California has more than 400 beaches stretching along more than 500 miles of Pacific Ocean coastline in 15 counties. and most beaches in Southern samples exceeding the state standard California plus Santa Cruz. To be eligible for funding. and its founder. the percent of from April 1 to October 31. As part of the revamped cleanup plans. they have an opportunity to strengthen and expand protection of beachwater quality from the greatest source of pollution: dirty urban stormwater runoff. the state allocated $1 million for monitoring from April 1 to October 31 in 2006. the State Water Resources Control Board has committed approximately $21 million to the program. and dive. An additional $46 million has been appropriated for new Clean Beaches Initiative grants of up to $5 million each to nonprofit organizations and local and public agencies. surf. This year.644 closing and advisory days statewide in 2006. using trees. the water boards can stop pollution at the source by implementing low-impact development strategies. A New Road Map for Highways In the past two years. lakes. For instance. sand traps. as the boards craft new Clean Water Act permits. reduces polluted urban runoff.” To date. The state reported a total of 4. known as “advisories. Beachwater is actually monitored by counties. In addition to the BEACH Act grant monies. and coastal waters.2 CA. Some of the most popular beaches in the country are in California. These measures—the result of a lawsuit filed 10 years earlier by NRDC. These strategies reduce beach pollution and do so cost-effectively. the California regional water quality control boards reassess water cleanup plans for major urbanized areas. Nearly two-thirds of beaches in California are monitored For Tier  beaches. and San Francisco remained constant at 2 percent County are monitored year-round.960 federal BEACH Act grant from the U. which spend several times more than what the state and the BEACH Act grant provide.000 for stormdrain diversions at Capitola Beach in Santa Cruz County and $2 million for stormdrain filtration and disinfection at two drains at the Surfrider/Malibu Lagoon in Los Angeles County. rather than the symptoms. wade. Terry Tamminen—could cut up to 80 percent of the pollution from the state’s highways. The stated goal of the initiative is to reduce health risks and increase the public’s access to clean beaches. therefore. Santa Monica Baykeeper.S.1 The state of California continues to approve funding for beach monitoring and pollution prevention programs through its Clean Beaches Initiative passed in 2001.

000 cfu/100 ml. During the off-season. five were monitored two times per week. Finally. one beach was monitored four times per week. For Tier 1 beaches. All beaches along the San Francisco Bay are monitored per legislation. coli and using the results as a surrogate for fecal coliform). and Santa Cruz) when rainfall exceeds predetermined levels. five were monitored two times per month. Monterey. the percent of samples exceeding the standard remained constant at 12 percent between 2005 and 2006. and East Beach-Mission Beach in Santa Barbara County. as monitoring locations were selected based on the number of visitors. Sampling under the AB411 program started in July of 1999. Bridge & Bayshore). The law requires weekly monitoring from April to October at all beaches with more than 50. Marina Lagoon in San Mateo County. Otherwise. from November 1 to March 31. representing more than 360 miles of coastline. NPDES effluent discharge requirements. An exceedance of the single-sample or geometric mean standard of any one of these three indicators triggers an advisory. Samples are usually collected in the most likely areas of possible contamination. Some counties measure E. California passed Assembly Bill 1876. the location of storm drains. and Long Beach—Alamitos Bay Beach at 2nd St. eight were monitored five times per week. and enterococcus. San Diego. the single-sample standard for total coliform is 10. three-day preemptive rain advisories are automatically issued for all beaches in five counties (Los Angeles. Only two Tier 1 beaches were not monitored: Agate Beach in Humboldt County and Basin H in Los Angeles County. 162 were monitored once per week or four times per month. which are the only ones monitored. two beaches were monitored once per day. where many sampling points are located where creeks or storm drains enter the surf zone. such as excessive debris on the beach. NRDC looked at the percent of monitoring samples that exceeded California’s daily maximum bacterial standards for enterococcus. 67 percent (276) of California’s public beaches. regardless of whether bacterial monitoring samples have been collected and analyzed.000 cfu/100 ml if the ratio of fecal/total coliform bac- teria exceeds 0. were monitored between April 1 and October 31.1. total coliform. the single-sample standard is 1. fecal coliform. Monitoring Frequency: In 2006. For enterococcus. Standards: For total coliform. preemptive closings are issued when there is a known sewage spill or when sewage is suspected of impacting a beach.Testing the Waters 2007 Standards indicator organisms: Total coliform. usually in the morning. No Tier 2 or Tier 3 beaches were monitored.2 For fecal coliform. Colorado Lagoon-South.000 cfu/100 ml. CA. and 12 beaches were monitored once per month. coli and use the result as a surrogate value for fecal coliform. 13 beaches were monitored two times per week. the single-sample standard is 400 cfu/100 ml and the standard for the geometric mean of at least five weekly samples collected during a 30-day period is 200 cfu/100 ml.2 natural Resources defense Council . Other Tier 1 beaches with the highest amount of exceedances were: Santa Monica State Beach at Santa Monica Pier and Long Beach (area B-69) in Los Angeles County.000 annual visitors or at beaches located in areas adjacent to stormdrains that flow during the summer. 238 beaches were monitored one time per week or four times per month. Six Tier 1 beaches with the highest percent exceedances were in Los Angeles County (Long Beach—area B-70. Colorado Lagoon-North. and which are usually permanently posted as being under advisory. the single-sample standard is 104 cfu/100 ml and the standard for the geometric mean of at least five weekly samples collected during a 30-day period is 35 cfu/100 ml. Preemptive advisories are also issued for reasons other than rain. Colorado Lagoon-Center. These standards were set in California Assembly Bill 411 (the Right to Know Bill) in October 1997. The total coliform standard for the geometric mean of at least five weekly samples collected during a 30-day period is 1. These beaches represent the vast majority of beach day use in California. and 13 were monitored once a month. and fecal coliform (some counties are measuring E. Two of these beaches were monitored once per day. In September 2004. Avalon Beach north of GP Pier. particularly in Los Angeles County. Orange. Between April 1 and October 31. Results: For the third consecutive year. 194 beaches were monitored. eight beaches were monitored five times per week.1 Practice: Samples are taken in ankle-deep water. In addition to advisories triggered by indicator exceedances. which extends these requirements to all beaches along San Francisco Bay. and legislative requirements.

Park Luffenholtz Beach Clam Beach Co. San Mateo (15%). Mendocino County had the highest percent of monitored beaches with no exceedances (88%). and Los Angeles (1%). Santa Barbara (5%).Testing the Waters 2007 In 2006. Ventura (27%). Santa Cruz (24%). San Diego (32%). Beaches are grouped by county and ranked in descending order by percent exceedance. 18 percent of all monitored beaches did not exceed the standard for any sample taken during the year. Crown Beach-2001 Shoreline dr. Monterey (50%).3 natural Resources defense Council . Keller Beach-South Beach Keller Beach-Mid Beach Keller Beach-north Beach Moonstone Beach Clam Beach Co. Marin (30%). The table below lists the Tier status. followed by Sonoma (71%). Park-north Mad River Mouth trinidad State Beach-Mill Creek/trinidad Long Beach-B-70 Colorado Lagoon-South Colorado Lagoon-north Colorado Lagoon-Center Avalon Beach-north of Gp Pier Long Beach-Alamitos Bay Beach-2nd St Bridge & Bayshore Santa Monica State Beach-Santa Monica Pier trancas Beach Long Beach-B-69 Santa Monica State Beach-Santa Monica Canyon trancas Beach Cabrillo Beach Mothers Beach Long Beach-72nd Place-Beach Avalon Beach-near Busy B Cafe Redondo Beach-Redondo Pier Avalon Beach-South of Gp Pier Malibu Beach-Paradise Cove Long Beach-Alamitos Bay Beach-56th Place-on Bayside Tier 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 Monitoring Frequency 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk daily 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk Total Samples 43 43 43 43 43 41 41 41 38 40 38 38 38 63 90 87 88 34 67 236 236 50 236 236 224 68 52 32 236 30 55 56 Percent exceedance 28% 12% 9% 7% 5% 7% 2% 2% 11% 10% 8% 5% 3% 59% 54% 54% 53% 53% 51% 48% 48% 48% 43% 40% 40% 40% 35% 34% 33% 33% 33% 32% CA. 2006 Monitoring Frequency and Results by Beach County Alameda Alameda Alameda Alameda Alameda Contra Costa Contra Costa Contra Costa humboldt humboldt humboldt humboldt humboldt Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Beach Crown Beach-Bird Sanctuary Crown Beach-Bath house Crown Beach-Windsurf Corner Crown Beach-Sunset Rd. Orange (6%). a decrease from 20 percent of all monitored beaches in 2005. and percent of samples exceeding the standard for all beaches reported in 2006. monitoring frequency.

4 natural Resources defense Council . Avalon Beach-Bet.Testing the Waters 2007 County Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Beach Long Beach-5th Place-Beach Long Beach-Prospect Ave-Beach Long Beach-36th Place-Beach Long Beach-e/Side of Belmont Pier Long Beach-Molino Ave-Beach Long Beach-10th Place-Beach Will Rogers State Beach-temescal Canyon Sd Long Beach-16th Place-Beach Long Beach-W/Side of Belmont Pier Long Beach . Santa Monica State Beach-Montana Ave. dockweiler State Beach-Ballona Creek Cabrillo Beach Long Beach-Granada Ave-Beach Avalon Beach-near Storm drain Leo Carillo State Beach Leo Carillo State Beach Malibu Beach-Malibu Colony dr. Long Beach-3rd Place-Beach Long Beach-Alamitos Bay Beach-1st & Bayshore Long Beach-Coronado Ave-Beach Long Beach-62nd Place-Beach Long Beach-55th Place-Beach Manhattan Beach-27th Street extended Santa Monica State Beach-Wilshire Blvd.Alamitos Bay Shore Float Malibu Beach-Latigo Shore dr. Storm drain Santa Monica State Beach-Strand Street Will Rogers State Beach-Bel Air Bay Club hermosa Beach Pier Redondo Beach-Avenue i extended Tier 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 Monitoring Frequency 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 5/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk Total Samples 53 53 50 51 51 52 52 51 51 48 53 49 49 49 46 49 55 51 236 52 47 27 223 52 52 52 30 236 236 51 48 49 51 45 50 48 48 48 48 48 Percent exceedance 28% 28% 28% 27% 27% 27% 27% 25% 25% 25% 25% 24% 24% 22% 22% 20% 20% 20% 19% 19% 19% 19% 18% 17% 17% 17% 17% 17% 16% 16% 13% 12% 12% 11% 10% 8% 8% 8% 6% 6% CA. Bbc And tc Marina del Rey Beach Santa Monica State Beach-Pico Kender Storm drain Malibu Beach-Malibu Pier dockweiler State Beach-Culver Blvd trancas Beach venice City Beach-topsail Street Long Beach-54th Place-Beach Puerco Beach dockweiler State Beach-imperial hwy.

northwest Fort Baker.north Schoonmaker Beach Fort Baker.Testing the Waters 2007 County Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Marin Marin Marin Marin Marin Marin Marin Marin Marin Marin Marin Marin Marin Marin Marin Marin Marin Marin Marin Marin Marin Marin Marin Beach Redondo Beach-herondo Street venice City Beach-Brooks Ave.Central Rodeo Beach . horseshoe Cove .Southwest dillon Beach Limantour Beach Shell Beach Mcnears Beach Muir Beach .northeast Muir Beach . horseshoe Cove . Redondo Beach-topaz Street Malibu Beach-Westward Beach Manhattan Beach Pier Manhattan Beach-40th Street extended Palos verdes Beach-Arroyo Circle Will Rogers State Beach-17200 Pacific Coast hwy Malibu Beach-nicholas Beach hermosa Beach-26th Street Millerton Point Bolinas Beach China Camp drakes estero Chicken Ranch Beach At Creek Fort Baker.north Stinson Beach . venice City Beach-Windward Storm drain Will Rogers State Beach-Pulga Storm drain dockweiler State Beach-World Way dockweiler State Beach-hyperion Plant Santa Monica State Beach-Ashland Storm drain venice City Beach-venice Pier dockweiler State Beach-Grand Ave. horseshoe Cove .Central Rodeo Beach .5 natural Resources defense Council .north Stinson Beach South drake’s Beach heart’s desire Lawson’s Landing Miller Point Tier 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 Monitoring Frequency 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk Total Samples 48 48 48 48 49 50 236 48 49 49 48 48 48 48 48 49 48 21 31 31 30 31 33 34 31 34 34 30 30 30 32 34 34 34 34 34 30 31 31 31 Percent exceedance 6% 6% 6% 6% 6% 6% 5% 4% 4% 4% 2% 2% 2% 2% 2% 2% 0% 14% 13% 13% 10% 10% 9% 9% 6% 6% 6% 3% 3% 3% 3% 3% 3% 3% 3% 3% 0% 0% 0% 0% CA.

Testing the Waters 2007 County Marin Marin Marin Marin Mendocino Mendocino Mendocino Mendocino Mendocino Mendocino Mendocino Mendocino Monterey Monterey Monterey Monterey Monterey Monterey Monterey Monterey orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange Beach Muir Beach .South Paradise Cove Rodeo Beach .Central Caspar headlands Sb Big River-Mendocino Bay/headlands Sp Chadbourne Gulch hare Creek Mackerricher Beach Mackerricher State Park-virgin Creek Beach Pudding Creek Beach van damme Sp del Monte Beach Stillwater Cove San Carlos Beach Lover’s Point Asilomar State Beach Carmel Beach @ ocean Ave Monterey Beach hotel Spanish Bay doheny State Beach-Surfzone At outfall huntington harbour-Clubhouse newport Bay-newport Blvd Bridge doheny State Beach-250’ S of San Juan Creek doheny State Beach-2000’ South outfall newport Bay-33rd Street huntington harbour-Sunset Aquatic Park doheny State Beach-3000’ South outfall doheny State Beach-north of San Juan Creek Salt Creek County Beach Park doheny State Beach-1000’ South outfall newport Bay-Ski Zone newport Beach-Lancaster/62nd newport Bay-newport dunes east Salt Creek County Beach Park doheny State Beach-4000’ South outfall doheny State Beach-north Beach huntington harbour-Anderson Street newport Bay-vaughs Launch newport Bay-northstar Beach dana Point harbor-Buoy Line/Baby Beach Tier 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 Monitoring Frequency 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk none 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 2/wk 1/wk 1/wk 2/wk 2/wk 1/wk 1/wk 2/wk 2/wk 2/wk 2/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 2/wk 2/wk 2/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk Total Samples 34 31 34 34 26 27 3 26 12 27 27 27 33 29 28 29 28 27 28 27 85 62 49 54 22 49 55 84 79 69 80 13 50 56 92 78 51 52 25 51 58 Percent exceedance 0% 0% 0% 0% 4% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 18% 17% 11% 10% 0% 0% 0% 0% 45% 42% 39% 37% 36% 35% 35% 35% 33% 32% 31% 31% 30% 29% 27% 26% 25% 25% 24% 24% 22% CA.6 natural Resources defense Council .South Stinson Beach .

Testing the Waters 2007 County orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange Beach newport Bay-newport dunes north newport Bay-newport dunes Middle dana Point harbor-Swim Area/Baby Beach Seal Beach/Surfside-1st Street Capistrano Beach-5000’ South outfall huntington harbour-harbour Channel newport Bay-newport dunes West newport Beach-Grant Street huntington harbour-Coral Cay dana Point harbor-Mdp18 huntington harbour-Mothers Beach huntington State Beach-50’ n of Santa Ana River huntington harbour-Anaheim Bay huntington State Beach-Brookhurst Street newport Bay-Rhine Channel newport Bay-10th Street newport Bay-19th Street newport Bay-43rd Street newport Bay-15th Street Monarch Beach .7 natural Resources defense Council .north Capistrano Bay district-7500’ South outfall San Clemente City Beach-20000’ South outfall huntington harbour-humboldt Beach dana Point harbor-West end/Baby Beach newport Bay-Bayshore Beach newport Bay-de Anza newport Bay-Grand Canal newport Bay-38th Street Capistrano Bay district-10000’ South outfall Aliso County Beach-Aliso Beach huntington harbour-Admiralty drive huntington harbour-11th Street Beach newport Bay-via Genoa Seal Beach/Surfside-8th Street newport Beach-orange Street newport Bay-Abalone Avenue huntington harbour-Bolsa Chica Laguna Beach-Laguna hotel San Clemente City Beach-450’ north of Pier huntington harbour-davenport Beach huntington harbour-trinidad Lane Tier 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 Monitoring Frequency 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 2/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 5/wk 1/wk 5/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 4/wk 2/wk 2/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 2/wk 2/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 2/wk 2/wk 1/wk 1/wk Total Samples 51 52 58 52 80 48 51 47 48 31 50 215 47 229 50 51 51 51 52 53 77 78 47 59 51 51 51 52 79 98 46 47 50 50 228 52 43 99 79 46 46 Percent exceedance 22% 21% 21% 19% 19% 19% 18% 17% 17% 16% 16% 15% 15% 15% 14% 14% 14% 14% 13% 13% 13% 13% 13% 12% 12% 12% 12% 12% 11% 11% 11% 11% 10% 10% 10% 10% 9% 9% 9% 9% 9% CA.

Testing the Waters 2007 County orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange Beach huntington State Beach-Magnolia Street Aliso County Beach-Between S8 & S9 Laguna Beach-Bluebird Canyon newport Bay-Alvarado/Bay island newport Bay-Bayside drive Beach newport Bay-Lido Yacht Club newport Bay-Ruby Avenue dana Point harbor-east end/Baby Beach huntington City Beach-17th Street Seal Beach/Surfside-100 Yds S of Pier San Clemente State Beach-Avenida Calafia San Clemente State Beach-Las Palmeras newport Beach-Little Corona Aliso County Beach-treasure island Stairs newport Bay-onyx Avenue newport Beach-52nd/53rd Street dana Point harbor-Pilgrim huntington State Beach-Sce Plant Bolsa Chica Reserve huntington City Beach-Bluffs huntington harbour-Sea Gate Seal Beach/Surfside-14th Street Laguna Beach-Laguna Main Beach Laguna Beach-victoria Beach newport Bay-Garnet Avenue newport Bay-Park Avenue newport Bay-Promontory Point newport Bay-Sapphire Avenue South Laguna-thousand Steps Beach South Laguna-three Arch Bay Aliso County Beach-Aliso Beach .South newport Bay-n Street Beach San Clemente City Beach-trafalgar Street Beach dana Point harbor-harbor entrance newport Beach-15th/16th Street dana Point harbor-Youth dock huntington City Beach-Beach hut Laguna Beach-Blue Lagoon Bolsa Chica Beach Salt Creek County Beach Park newport Beach-38th Street (9s) Tier 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 Monitoring Frequency 5/wk 2/wk 2/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 5/wk 1/wk 2/wk 2/wk 1/wk 2/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 5/wk 5/wk 5/wk 1/wk 1/wk 2/wk 2/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 2/wk 2/wk 2/wk 1/wk 2/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 5/wk 2/wk 5/wk 2/wk 1/wk Total Samples 227 37 99 50 50 50 51 54 230 46 78 78 47 100 50 228 53 228 229 229 46 46 47 98 49 49 49 49 98 98 100 50 50 76 229 53 230 97 229 221 228 Percent exceedance 8% 8% 8% 8% 8% 8% 8% 7% 7% 7% 6% 6% 6% 6% 6% 6% 6% 5% 5% 5% 4% 4% 4% 4% 4% 4% 4% 4% 4% 4% 4% 4% 4% 4% 4% 4% 3% 3% 3% 3% 2% CA. natural Resources defense Council .

Testing the Waters 2007

County
orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego

Beach
newport Beach-Corona del Mar huntington City Beach-Jack’s Snack Bar Seal Beach/Surfside-Sea Way Sunset Beach Crystal Cove State Park-el Morro Crystal Cove State Park-Pelican Point Aliso County Beach-Camel Point Aliso County Beach-table Rock dana Point harbor-Guest dock dana Point harbor-Fuel dock dana Point harbor-harbor Patrol dock dana Point-ocean institute Beach Aliso County Beach-treasure island Ramp South Laguna-treasure island Pier newport Beach-Balboa Pier newport Beach-the Wedge Crystal Cove State Park-Crystal Cove Crystal Cove State Park-Muddy Creek Surf dana Point harbor-Pier Laguna Beach-Crescent Bay Laguna Beach-emerald Bay Laguna Beach-Laguna Lido Apartment newport Bay-Rocky Point newport Beach-newport Pier tijuana Slough national Wildlife Refuge-tijuana Rivermouth San diego Bay Chula vista Mission Bay, visitor’s Center Mission Bay, Bahia Point tijuana Slough national Wildlife Refuge-3/4 Mi. n of tj River Border Field State Park-Border Fence, n Side Border Field State Park-Monument Rd. Mission Bay, Campland on the Bay Mission Bay, north Pacific Passage Mission Bay, Leisure Lagoon imperial Beach Municipal Beach-Palm Ave imperial Beach Municipal Beach-Cortez Ave Cardiff State Beach tourmaline Surfing Park San diego Bay Shelter is dog Beach, o.B.

Tier
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

Monitoring Frequency
1/wk 5/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 2/wk 2/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 2/wk 2/wk 2/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 2/wk 2/wk 2/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk

Total Samples
229 230 46 46 47 48 97 98 50 51 51 77 98 98 230 229 231 47 52 47 47 97 49 214 65 38 65 46 59 56 57 49 10 102 11 17 86 132 32 90

Percent exceedance
2% 2% 2% 2% 2% 2% 2% 2% 2% 2% 2% 1% 1% 1% 1% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 42% 29% 25% 24% 24% 23% 23% 20% 20% 19% 18% 18% 17% 16% 16% 16%

CA.

natural Resources defense Council

Testing the Waters 2007

County
San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego

Beach
harbor Beach-San Luis Rey River outlet, South Jetty imperial Beach Municipal Beach-end of Seacoast dr tecolote Shores north imperial Beach-Camp Surf (Carnation Ave) Moonlight Beach Mission Bay, de Anza Cove San diego Bay-Spanish Landing Mission Bay, Crown Point Shores La Jolla Shores Beach-el Paseo Grande (nr) Buccaneer Beach imperial Beach Pier San onofre State Beach San diego Bay Coronado Cays ocean Beach-Bermuda Ave South Casa Beach S.d. north imperial Beach-Camp Surf Jetty Whispering Sands/ nicholson Pt.-Coast Blvd Gazebo Carlsbad City Beach-Buena vista Lagoon outlet ocean Beach-Stub Jetty, South Side Mission Bay, Mariners Basin-Bonita Cove, eastern Shore San dieguito River Beach Mission Bay, vacation isle La Jolla Shores Beach Silver Strand State Beach Powerhouse Park/ 15th Street Swami’s Park Buccaneer Beach-500’n. of Loma Alta outlet oceanside Municipal Beach-Cassidy Street Pacific Beach-Crystal Pier Carlsbad State Beach-Warm Water Jetty Usmc Camp Pendleton-San onofre Creek outlet, La Jolla Shores Beach-Scripps Pier (S) San diego Bay-Lawrence St La Jolla Cove Mission Beach oceanside Municipal Beach-Wisconsin Street Whispering Sands/ nicholson Pt.-Ravina Coronado, Central Beach

Tier
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

Monitoring Frequency
1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 2/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 2/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 2/wk

Total Samples
99 66 91 54 86 50 34 72 21 64 55 33 35 64 26 28 29 31 62 33 85 35 55 55 48 25 52 52 26 28 28 29 29 30 61 33 38 93

Percent exceedance
15% 15% 13% 13% 13% 12% 12% 10% 10% 9% 9% 9% 9% 8% 8% 7% 7% 6% 6% 6% 6% 6% 5% 5% 4% 4% 4% 4% 4% 4% 4% 3% 3% 3% 3% 3% 3% 2%

CA.0

natural Resources defense Council

Testing the Waters 2007

County
San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego

Beach
Fletcher Cove oceanside Municipal Beach-Forester Street tide Beach Park Windansea Beach-Playa del norte Cardiff State Beach-Charthouse Parking (Slight S.) Cardiff State Beach-Las olas (Georges) Cardiff State Beach-Seaside State Park oceanside Municipal Beach-St. Malo Beach oceanside Pier Area-Pier view Way oceanside Pier Area-tyson Street ocean Beach-newport Ave, north Side of Pier Coronado City Beaches torrey Pines State Beach Coronado Cays (nr)-nasni Beach / north Bch ‘C’ San elijo State Beach Bird Rock (nr) Carlsbad City Beach-Carlsbad village drive Carlsbad State Beach-Cherry Ave (nr) Carlsbad State Beach-tamarack Av Coronado Cays (nr)-navy Fence / ocean Blvd harbor Beach La Jolla Shores Beach-del oro (nr) La Jolla Shores Beach-vallecitos (nr) Marine Street Beach Mission Bay, Fanuel Park Mission Bay, Mariners Basin-Balboa Ct. Mission Bay, Sail Bay Mission Bay, Santa Barbara Cove Mission Bay, ventura Cove Mission Bay-Fiesta island Bridge ocean Beach-o.B. Pier @ narrangaset oceanside Pier Area-Surfrider Way Pacific Beach-Grand Ave. San diego Bay Glorietta Bay San diego Bay-naval training Center (nr San diego Bay-Silver Strand (Bayside) Seascape Beach Park South Carlsbad State Beach-Batiquitos Lagoon outlet South Carlsbad State Beach-Cerezo drive South Carlsbad State Beach-encina Creek outlet

Tier
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

Monitoring Frequency
1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 2/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk none 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk none 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk

Total Samples
51 51 51 51 52 52 52 52 52 52 60 135 77 88 103 3 25 1 45 88 50 17 16 16 30 30 60 2 30 30 60 50 33 27 3 25 25 32 51 53

Percent exceedance
2% 2% 2% 2% 2% 2% 2% 2% 2% 2% 2% 1% 1% 1% 1% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0%

CA.

natural Resources defense Council

Testing the Waters 2007

County
San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San Francisco San Francisco San Francisco San Francisco San Francisco San Francisco San Francisco San Francisco San Francisco San Francisco San Francisco San Francisco San Francisco San Francisco San Francisco San Francisco San Francisco San Luis obispo San Luis obispo San Luis obispo San Luis obispo San Luis obispo San Luis obispo San Luis obispo San Luis obispo San Luis obispo San Luis obispo San Luis obispo San Mateo San Mateo San Mateo San Mateo

Beach
South Carlsbad State Beach-Palomar Airport South Carlsbad State Beach-Poinsettia Lane South Carlsbad State Beach-Ponto drive Sunset Cliffs Park Usmc Camp Pendleton-Camp del Mar Whispering Sands/ nicholson Pt.-Coast Blvd.nicholson Pt Windansea Beach-Bonair (nr) Windansea Beach-Palomar (nr) ocean Beach, At Pacheco St. ocean Beach, At vicente St. Candlestick Point-Windsurfer Circle Crissy Field, new Beach Candlestick Point-Sunnydale Cove Fort Funston Candlestick Point-Jack Rabbit Beach Baker Beach, Lobos Creek At Lower Parking Lot Aquatic Park-Aquatic Park, Mid-Beach Crissy Field ocean Beach, At Lincoln Ave. Baker Beach, opposite Seacliff 2 Pumping Station ocean Beach, At Sloat Blvd. ocean Beach, At Balboa St. Aquatic Park-hyde Street Pier Baker Beach, Upper Parking Lot China Beach Pismo State Beach Cayucos Beach Sewers olde Port Beach Avila Beach hearst Memorial State Beach Morro Bay City Beach Pismo State Beach, oceano Montana de oro San Simeon Beach Morro Strand State Beach venice State Beach Marina Lagoon Aquatic Park Pillar Point

Tier
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

Monitoring Frequency
1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk

Total Samples
51 51 51 62 26 19 17 1 8 8 78 77 68 9 64 68 61 61 62 63 61 57 47 68 51 177 175 25 110 111 71 167 162 55 107 54 35 40 49 89

Percent exceedance
0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 50% 38% 33% 32% 25% 22% 20% 16% 13% 13% 13% 11% 10% 7% 6% 6% 2% 14% 13% 12% 9% 9% 8% 7% 6% 5% 5% 4% 57% 53% 41% 24%

CA.2

natural Resources defense Council

Testing the Waters 2007

County
San Mateo San Mateo San Mateo San Mateo San Mateo San Mateo San Mateo San Mateo San Mateo San Mateo San Mateo San Mateo San Mateo San Mateo San Mateo San Mateo Santa Barbara Santa Barbara Santa Barbara Santa Barbara Santa Barbara Santa Barbara Santa Barbara Santa Barbara Santa Barbara Santa Barbara Santa Barbara Santa Barbara Santa Barbara Santa Barbara Santa Barbara Santa Barbara Santa Barbara Santa Barbara Santa Barbara Santa Barbara Santa Barbara Santa Cruz Santa Cruz Santa Cruz Santa Cruz

Beach
Surfers Beach Coyote Point County Park oyster Point Marina Pacifica State Beach dunes State Beach Gazos Creek Access Pomponio State Beach Pescadero State Beach Fitzgerald Marine (Moss Beach) Francis State Beach Rockaway Beach Roosevelt State Beach San Gregorio State Beach Bean hollow State Beach Montara State Beach Sharp Park east Beach- Mission Creek Arroyo Burro Carpinteria State haskell’s Refugio State Beach Gaviota Beach Jalama Beach hope Ranch Leadbetter Butterfly Beach east Beach Sycamore Creek Goleta Beach Carpinteria City el Capitan State Beach hammonds Summerland Beach Guadalupe dunes ocean Beach Rincon Beach Sands Beach At Coal oil Point Arroyo Quemada Capitola Beach West of Jetty hidden Beach Capitola Beach east of Jetty Main Beach @ San Lorenzo River

Tier
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

Monitoring Frequency
1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/mo 1/wk 1/wk

Total Samples
48 45 64 89 35 34 35 36 43 44 45 45 35 36 43 90 67 71 60 60 61 52 52 56 57 57 58 56 56 56 56 35 51 49 54 53 10 66 12 59 54

Percent exceedance
17% 11% 11% 9% 9% 6% 6% 6% 5% 5% 4% 4% 3% 0% 0% 0% 48% 39% 20% 17% 16% 15% 15% 14% 14% 12% 12% 11% 9% 9% 9% 9% 6% 4% 4% 2% 0% 23% 17% 14% 13%

CA.3

natural Resources defense Council

Testing the Waters 2007

County
Santa Cruz Santa Cruz Santa Cruz Santa Cruz Santa Cruz Santa Cruz Santa Cruz Santa Cruz Santa Cruz Santa Cruz Santa Cruz Santa Cruz Santa Cruz Santa Cruz Santa Cruz Santa Cruz Santa Cruz Santa Cruz Santa Cruz Santa Cruz Santa Cruz Sonoma Sonoma Sonoma Sonoma Sonoma Sonoma Sonoma ventura ventura ventura ventura ventura ventura ventura ventura ventura ventura ventura ventura ventura

Beach
Corcoran Lagoon Beach Manresa State Beach Moran Lake, County Beach Pleasure Point Beach Main Beach @ Boardwalk Rio del Mar Beach-Aptos Creek Mouth Lighthouse Beach new Brighton State Beach Pajaro dunes Beach Seabright Beach Cowell’s Beach @ the Stairs Seacliff Beach twin Lakes Beach natural Bridges State Beach Cowell Beach West of the Wharf Mitchell’s Cove Beach San vicente Beach Scott Creek Beach Sunny Cove Beach Sunset Beach Waddell Creek Beach Campbell Cove State Beach doran Park County Regional Park Black Point Goat Rock State Beach Gualala Regional Park Beach Salmon Creek State Beach Still Water Cove Regional Park Rincon Beach - Creek Mouth Surfer’s Knoll Beach Kiddie Beach Peninsula Bch/harbor Cove hobie Beach Rincon Beach - Footpath Rincon Beach - Flagpole ormond Bch-indust. drain Solimar Beach Point Mugu Beach Promenade Pk-oak St. Solimar Bch Port hueneme Beach Pk.

Tier
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

Monitoring Frequency
1/mo 1/mo 1/mo 1/mo 1/wk 1/wk 1/mo 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/mo 1/mo 1/mo 1/mo 1/mo 1/mo 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk

Total Samples
11 12 12 12 51 51 13 51 51 52 51 51 51 52 54 12 11 11 12 12 11 37 37 37 37 38 37 37 35 54 103 53 32 33 52 28 28 30 30 30 31

Percent exceedance
9% 8% 8% 8% 8% 8% 8% 4% 4% 4% 2% 2% 2% 2% 2% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 43% 3% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 20% 19% 17% 17% 16% 9% 8% 7% 7% 7% 7% 7% 6%

CA.4

natural Resources defense Council

Testing the Waters 2007

County
ventura ventura ventura ventura ventura ventura ventura ventura ventura ventura ventura ventura ventura ventura ventura ventura ventura ventura ventura ventura ventura ventura ventura ventura ventura ventura ventura ventura ventura ventura ventura ventura ventura ventura ventura ventura ventura ventura

Beach
Promenade Pk-Calif. St. Promenade Pk-Redwood Apts San Buenaventura State Beach-S.B. St. BchKalorama St. oxnard Bch-outrigger Way Rincon Parkway north San Buenaventura State Beach-S.B. St. Bch-San Jon Rd. South Jetty Beach Promenade Pk-Figueroa St. emma Wood State Beach Surfer’s Point At Seaside ormond Beach-Arnold Rd. Mcgrath State Beach deer Creek Beach hollywood Bch-Los Robles Silverstrand Bch-Sawtelle Staircase Beach Sycamore Cove Beach Marina Park Beach ormond Beach- J St. San Buenaventura State Beach-S.B. St. Bchdover Lane San Buenaventura State Beach-S.B. St. BchWeymouth Ln. County Line Beach hollywood Bch-La Crescen. Silverstrand Bch-San nic. Faria County Park hobson County Park La Conchita Beach Mandos Cove Beach Mussel Shoals Beach oil Piers Beach oxnard Bch Pk-Falkirk Ave oxnard Bch Pk-Starfish dr oxnard Bch-5th St. oxnard Bch-Amalfi Way oxnard Bch-Channel Way Seaside Wilderness Park Silverstrand Bch-S. Paula thornhill Broome Beach

Tier
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

Monitoring Frequency
1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk

Total Samples
31 31 31 32 32 32 32 51 51 51 27 82 28 30 30 30 30 31 31 31 31 50 50 50 30 30 27 50 29 28 30 30 30 30 29 28 30 30

Percent exceedance
6% 6% 6% 6% 6% 6% 6% 6% 4% 4% 4% 4% 4% 3% 3% 3% 3% 3% 3% 3% 3% 2% 2% 2% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0%

CA.5

natural Resources defense Council

797 days). The public is notified of advisories and closures by conspicuous warning signs. is seven miles long. the Internet. all of them once a week. Los Angeles County had 2. 97 percent (4. As a general rule.257) of closing/advisory days in 2006 were due to monitoring that revealed elevated bacteria levels. and less than 1 percent (27) were preemptive rain advisory days. orange County: Orange County reported monitoring a total of 26 beaches between one and five times a week during the summer swim season. Strong pollution prevention programs are instrumental in reducing and cleaning up stormwater pollution.Testing the Waters 2007 Closings and Advisories Beach closing and advisory days lasting fewer than six weeks decreased 16 percent to 4.6 natural Resources defense Council . As compared with the 2005 total of 2. In 2006. the number of extended closings/advisories (beach events lasting more than 6 consecutive weeks) increased from one in 2005 to seven in 2006.497 in 2005. Long Beach. they were greater than 2004 levels (3. San Diego reported a 32 percent increase (due in large part to known sewage spills) and Orange County reported a 5 percent increase. lifeguards may direct people to get out of the water. and newspaper press releases.644 in 2006 from 5. but based on National Weather Service rainfall data at the USC rain gauge. The largest decreases were in Santa Barbara (–368 days). During closures.1 Causes of Closings/Advisories: Ninety-two percent (4. how sporadic the rainfall is. at beaches with multiple sampling stations. closing/advisory days decreased 6 percent. and where it is falling.4 It is a predominant cause of beach closures in each region of the state. which probably contributed to the decrease. Extended closing/advisory days are not included in the county totals. but it varies depending on factors such as how long it has been since the last rainfall. there should have been as many as 63 rain advisory days for 2006. and Los Angeles (–141 days). according to the State Water Board.1 inch or more of rainfall at the University of Southern California rain gauge. for example. however.). For example. but still the highest number except for 2005. Therefore. Of these. 2 percent (74) were from miscellaneous sources (pets.”3 These general advisories affect all beaches in the county. Local health officials may decide to close instead of post an advisory when exceedances occur for multiple indicators or when they are at a level that is far in excess of the standard. and closures are generally issued when it is suspected that sewage is affecting a beach. etc. much of the watershed that feeds storm drain flow is in the hills and mountains. since. los Angeles County: In 2006. The monitoring data revealed that 95 percent (1. Total closing and advisory days increased 5 percent in 2006 to 975 from 929 in 2005.072 closing and advisory days. health officials often issue advisories and closings for one or more sections of a large beach rather than the whole beach when high bacteria levels are detected at a monitoring site. Rainfall levels were relatively low during 2006. Los Angeles County and the City of Long Beach together reported monitoring a total of 49 beaches. Closing/Advisory issuance: Closings/advisories are issued without resampling when a single-sample or geometric mean standard for any of three indicators is exceeded. coastal outlets. Closing/advisory days increased in two Southern California counties. However. Eight percent (360) were closing days in response to known sewage spills. a section of beach that extends 100 yards on either side of a sampling station may have an advisory if it is the only station at the beach with an exceedance. telephone hotlines. the Recreational Health Program issues a rain advisory when there is 0.213. according to the agency. The county did not provide 2006 rain advisory information by press time.976) of advisory days in 2006 were due to elevated bacteria levels from unknown sources of contamination. Marin (–282 days). Although the number of closing/advisory days lasting fewer than 6 weeks decreased in Los Angeles County. San Luis Obispo (–223 days). This CA. boat discharges. the first decrease in six years. and the remaining 1 percent were from sewage overflows (20) and stormwater runoff (14). Three percent (69) were closings in response to known sewage spills.149) were from unknown sources of contamination. which have different rainfall levels than at the rain gauge. and still the highest number statewide for the fourth consecutive year. Ventura (–266 days). Closure distances are based on the size of the sewage spill and the distance of the spill from impacted waters as well as tides and currents. this is rare. Los Angeles County advises swimmers that “to stay safe when swimming in the ocean…ocean water should be avoided for 72 hours after a rainstorm. Beaches in California are relatively long. Polluted urban stormwater runoff continues to be the largest source of pollution in Santa Monica Bay and across California.

The table below includes that information. the county issued six extended or permanent advisories (each lasting at least 43 consecutive days) as compared to two in 2006. routine monitoring samples are taken during preemptive rain-advisory periods. Approximately 25% of the increase in closing/advisory days in 2006 were related to changes in posting policy. extended and permanent advisories are not included in NRDC’s total closing/advisory days. The number had doubled the year before from 330 in 2004. For 2006. warning of elevated bacteria levels in the ocean for a period of at least 72 hours after rain events of 0. Ventura County: The total number of closing/advisory days in Ventura County decreased for the fourth year in a row (61 percent) in 2006 to 168 from 434 in 2005. All advisory days in 2006 were due to monitoring that revealed elevated bacteria levels from unknown sources. NRDC did not include any of the county-wide rain advisory days in the closing/advisory tables. Orange County issued county-wide rain advisories. a second advisory is issued that may begin before the general rain advisory is lifted. 2006 California Beach Closings/Advisories County Alameda Alameda Alameda Alameda Alameda Alameda Alameda Alameda Alameda Beach Name Crown Beach-2001 Shoreline dr. and 8 percent (14) were due to stormwater runoff. The county reported 75 rain advisory days for 2006.7 natural Resources defense Council . for the five counties that issue preemptive rain advisories. California provided information describing the specific section of beach affected by most closing or advisory events. 92 percent (154) were from unknown sources. San Diego also issues preemptive rain advisories for a period of up to 72 hours after a rain event of 0. San Diego County: The total number of closing/advisory days in San Diego County increased 32 percent in 2006 to 714 from 542 in 2005. Twentynine percent (205) were preemptive closings in response to known sewage spills. Six percent (63) were preemptive closings due to known sewage contamination. If bacterial levels exceed the standard. Santa Barbara County: The total number of closing/advisory days in Santa Barbara County decreased 56 percent in 2006 to 285 from 653 in 2005.Testing the Waters 2007 was the first increase for Orange County in at least four years. and 3 percent (17) were from pets.2 inches or more. in 2005.2 inches or more. Seventy-one percent (509) of advisory days in 2006 were due to monitoring that revealed elevated bacteria levels. advisories were issued for bacteria levels for many individual beaches on the same days as the county-wide rain advisories. Of these. Crown Beach-2001 Shoreline dr. In 2006. To avoid any double-counting of overlapping days. A Note About the Closings/Advisories Tables: For this year’s report. 97 percent (492) were from unknown sources of contamination. Crown Beach-Bath house Crown Beach-Bath house Crown Beach-Bird Sanctuary Crown Beach-Bird Sanctuary Crown Beach-Bird Sanctuary Crown Beach-Bird Sanctuary Start Date end Date Reason 9/18 10/17 6/6 11/17 9/25 9/12 9/18 10/2 10/16 9/21 10/19 6/8 11/27 10/5 9/16 9/21 10/5 10/25 Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Source (?) (?) (?) Boat (?) (?) (?) (?) Prempt-sew Sanitary-sew-over CA. In some cases. Of these. Ninety-one percent (885) of closing and advisory days in 2006 were due to monitoring that revealed elevated bacteria levels from unknown sources. Crown Beach-2001 Shoreline dr. San Diego County reported issuing 43 rain advisory days. All advisory days in 2006 were due to monitoring that revealed elevated bacteria levels.

Park Clam Beach Co.Testing the Waters 2007 County Alameda Alameda Alameda Alameda Alameda Alameda Alameda humboldt humboldt humboldt humboldt humboldt humboldt humboldt humboldt humboldt humboldt humboldt Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Beach Name Crown Beach-Bird Sanctuary Crown Beach-Bird Sanctuary Crown Beach-Bird Sanctuary Crown Beach-Sunset Rd. Park Clam Beach Co. natural Resources defense Council . Crown Beach-Sunset Rd. Park Luffenholtz Beach Luffenholtz Beach Luffenholtz Beach Moonstone Beach Moonstone Beach north Mad River Mouth north Mad River Mouth trinidad State Beach-Mill Creek/ trinidad Alamitos Bay Beach Alamitos Bay Beach Alamitos Bay Beach Alamitos Bay Beach Alamitos Bay Beach Alamitos Bay Beach-1st & Bayshore Alamitos Bay Beach-1st & Bayshore Alamitos Bay Beach-1st & Bayshore Alamitos Bay Beach-1st & Bayshore Alamitos Bay Beach-2nd St Bridge & Bayshore Alamitos Bay Beach-2nd St Bridge & Bayshore Alamitos Bay Beach-2nd St Bridge & Bayshore Alamitos Bay Beach-2nd St Bridge & Bayshore Alamitos Bay Beach-2nd St Bridge & Bayshore Alamitos Bay Beach-2nd St Bridge & Bayshore Alamitos Bay Beach-2nd St Bridge & Bayshore Alamitos Bay Beach-56th Place Alamitos Bay Beach-56th Place Start Date end Date Reason 11/2 8/2 6/6 11/2 6/6 11/17 6/6 10/19 5/12 11/8 2/23 6/29 11/9 11/9 5/25 11/29 3/8 11/9 8/29 9/20 9/26 10/17 11/7 7/18 9/12 9/26 11/7 1/30 2/20 3/14 4/10 4/25 9/12 10/24 1/31 8/16 11/3 8/3 6/8 11/3 6/8 11/27 6/8 10/20 5/13 11/10 2/24 6/30 11/10 11/10 5/26 12/1 3/9 11/10 8/30 9/21 9/27 10/20 11/8 7/19 9/14 9/27 11/8 2/7 2/24 3/16 4/14 4/26 9/15 10/28 2/1 8/17 Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Source (?) other-Coastal outlet other-Coastal outlet (?) (?) other-Coastal outlet other-Coastal outlet other-Coastal outlet other-Coastal outlet other-Coastal outlet (?) other-Coastal outlet (?) other-River outlet other-Coastal outlet (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) Prempt-sew Sanitary-sew-over Prempt-sew Sanitary-sew-over Prempt-sew Sanitary-sew-over CA. Crown Beach-Windsurf Corner Crown Beach-Windsurf Corner Clam Beach Co.

Testing the Waters 2007 County Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Beach Name Alamitos Bay Beach-56th Place Alamitos Bay Beach-56th Place Alamitos Bay Beach-56th Place Alamitos Bay Beach-56th Place Avalon Beach-Bet. Bbc And tc Avalon Beach-Bet. Bbc And tc Avalon Beach-near Busy B Cafe Avalon Beach-near Busy B Cafe Avalon Beach-near Busy B Cafe Avalon Beach-near Busy B Cafe Avalon Beach-near Busy B Cafe Avalon Beach-near Busy B Cafe Avalon Beach-near Busy B Cafe Avalon Beach-near Busy B Cafe Avalon Beach-near Busy B Cafe Avalon Beach-near Busy B Cafe Avalon Beach-near Storm drain Avalon Beach-near Storm drain Avalon Beach-near Storm drain Avalon Beach-near Storm drain Avalon Beach-near Storm drain Avalon Beach-near Storm drain Avalon Beach-north of Gp Pier Avalon Beach-north of Gp Pier Avalon Beach-north of Gp Pier Avalon Beach-north of Gp Pier Avalon Beach-north of Gp Pier Avalon Beach-north of Gp Pier Avalon Beach-north of Gp Pier Avalon Beach-north of Gp Pier Avalon Beach-north of Gp Pier Avalon Beach-north of Gp Pier Avalon Beach-north of Gp Pier Avalon Beach-north of Gp Pier Avalon Beach-South of Gp Pier Avalon Beach-South of Gp Pier Avalon Beach-South of Gp Pier Avalon Beach-South of Gp Pier Avalon Beach-South of Gp Pier Start Date end Date Reason 9/12 10/17 10/24 11/7 4/25 5/23 6/20 7/6 7/25 4/11 4/25 5/16 5/23 6/13 6/27 7/25 8/22 9/26 10/3 5/9 5/23 6/13 7/11 7/25 8/1 4/11 4/25 5/9 5/23 6/13 6/27 7/11 8/1 8/22 9/19 10/3 10/17 5/9 5/23 6/13 7/11 7/25 9/13 10/20 10/26 11/8 5/9 5/25 6/27 7/13 7/27 4/13 5/2 5/18 6/2 6/15 6/29 8/3 8/29 9/28 10/5 5/11 5/25 6/20 7/13 7/27 8/3 4/20 5/2 5/11 5/31 6/15 7/6 7/13 8/15 8/31 9/28 10/5 10/24 5/18 5/31 6/20 7/18 8/3 Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Source (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) CA. natural Resources defense Council . Bbc And tc Avalon Beach-Bet. Bbc And tc Avalon Beach-Bet. Bbc And tc Avalon Beach-Bet.

Testing the Waters 2007 County Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Beach Name Avalon Beach-South of Gp Pier Avalon Beach-South of Gp Pier Big Rock Beach Big Rock Beach Big Rock Beach Big Rock Beach Big Rock Beach Big Rock Beach Big Rock Beach Big Rock Beach Big Rock Beach Big Rock Beach Cabrillo Beach Cabrillo Beach Cabrillo Beach Cabrillo Beach Cabrillo Beach Cabrillo Beach Cabrillo Beach Cabrillo Beach Cabrillo Beach Cabrillo Beach Cabrillo Beach Cabrillo Beach Cabrillo Beach Cabrillo Beach Cabrillo Beach Cabrillo Beach Cabrillo Beach Cabrillo Beach Cabrillo Beach Cabrillo Beach Cabrillo Beach Cabrillo Beach Cabrillo Beach Colorado Lagoon-Center Colorado Lagoon-Center Colorado Lagoon-Center Colorado Lagoon-Center Colorado Lagoon-Center Colorado Lagoon-Center Colorado Lagoon-Center Start Date end Date Reason 8/15 10/11 1/31 2/14 4/18 5/23 6/13 7/11 7/25 9/12 10/24 11/7 1/11 1/23 1/30 1/30 2/9 2/9 2/23 2/23 4/13 4/13 4/20 4/20 5/10 6/8 7/27 8/30 9/7 9/22 9/29 10/10 10/23 12/4 12/22 12/26 2/7 4/10 6/6 6/20 7/18 8/16 8/22 10/13 2/6 2/21 4/25 5/31 6/20 7/13 7/27 9/14 10/31 11/9 1/15 1/26 2/6 2/6 2/21 2/21 2/27 2/27 4/13 4/13 4/24 4/24 5/22 6/15 8/2 8/31 9/11 9/28 10/2 10/12 10/30 12/9 12/27 12/29 2/8 4/12 6/7 6/21 7/20 12/31 Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Source (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) CA.20 natural Resources defense Council .

Testing the Waters 2007 County Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Beach Name Colorado Lagoon-Center Colorado Lagoon-Center Colorado Lagoon-north Colorado Lagoon-north Colorado Lagoon-north Colorado Lagoon-north Colorado Lagoon-north Colorado Lagoon-north Colorado Lagoon-north Colorado Lagoon-north Colorado Lagoon-north Colorado Lagoon-South Colorado Lagoon-South Colorado Lagoon-South Colorado Lagoon-South Colorado Lagoon-South Colorado Lagoon-South Colorado Lagoon-South Colorado Lagoon-South dockweiler State Beach-Ballona Creek dockweiler State Beach-Ballona Creek dockweiler State Beach-Ballona Creek dockweiler State Beach-Ballona Creek dockweiler State Beach-Ballona Creek dockweiler State Beach-Ballona Creek dockweiler State Beach-Ballona Creek dockweiler State Beach-Ballona Creek dockweiler State Beach-Ballona Creek dockweiler State Beach-Ballona Creek dockweiler State Beach-Ballona Creek dockweiler State Beach-Ballona Creek dockweiler State Beach-Ballona Creek dockweiler State Beach-Ballona Creek dockweiler State Beach-Ballona Creek dockweiler State Beach-Ballona Creek dockweiler State Beach-Culver Blvd dockweiler State Beach-Grand Ave.2 natural Resources defense Council . dockweiler State Beach-Grand Ave. dockweiler State Beach-hyperion Plant dockweiler State Beach-hyperion Plant dockweiler State Beach-hyperion Plant Start Date end Date Reason 8/29 9/21 2/7 3/14 4/11 4/25 6/6 6/20 7/6 7/18 9/21 1/10 2/7 4/11 7/18 8/2 9/12 9/20 1/10 2/16 2/23 4/3 4/17 5/4 5/24 6/20 6/30 7/5 7/17 7/25 8/14 8/17 10/16 12/21 8/8 1/18 5/23 10/17 8/15 10/17 11/27 9/13 11/28 2/8 3/16 4/12 4/26 6/7 6/21 7/7 7/20 11/28 1/12 2/8 4/12 7/24 8/18 9/19 11/18 1/12 2/21 2/27 4/10 4/19 5/8 5/25 6/21 7/5 7/6 7/19 8/1 8/16 8/25 10/18 12/26 8/10 10/25 5/25 11/27 8/17 11/27 12/1 Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Source (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) other-Coastal outlet (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) Prempt-sew Sew-discharge Prempt-sew Sew-discharge Prempt-sew (?) Prempt-sew Sew-discharge Prempt-sew other CA.

Storm drain dockweiler State Beach-imperial hwy.22 natural Resources defense Council . Storm drain dockweiler State Beach-World Way dockweiler State Beach-World Way hermosa Beach Pier hermosa Beach Pier hermosa Beach-26th Street Leo Carrillo State Beach Leo Carrillo State Beach Leo Carrillo State Beach Leo Carrillo State Beach Leo Carrillo State Beach Leo Carrillo State Beach Long Beach Long Beach Long Beach Long Beach Long Beach-10th Place-Beach Long Beach-10th Place-Beach Long Beach-10th Place-Beach Long Beach-16th Place-Beach Long Beach-16th Place-Beach Long Beach-36th Place-Beach Long Beach-54th Place-Beach Long Beach-55th Place-Beach Long Beach-55th Place-Beach Long Beach-5th Place-Beach Long Beach-5th Place-Beach Long Beach-5th Place-Beach Long Beach-5th Place-Beach Long Beach-5th Place-Beach Long Beach-62nd Place-Beach Long Beach-62nd Place-Beach Long Beach-72nd Place-Beach Long Beach-72nd Place-Beach Long Beach-72nd Place-Beach Long Beach-72nd Place-Beach Long Beach-72nd Place-Beach Long Beach-72nd Place-Beach Start Date end Date Reason 7/25 10/18 12/22 5/23 10/17 5/24 10/18 1/18 5/16 5/31 6/13 7/11 7/18 11/21 3/2 4/17 12/11 12/18 1/10 1/18 11/21 10/17 11/7 10/17 7/6 7/11 7/25 7/6 7/11 9/6 10/17 11/21 10/3 10/17 3/14 6/20 7/11 7/25 10/17 10/24 7/31 10/25 12/27 5/25 10/19 5/31 10/25 1/19 5/23 6/6 6/22 7/13 7/20 11/27 3/22 4/17 12/14 12/21 1/12 1/19 11/22 10/19 11/8 10/20 7/7 7/12 7/28 7/7 7/12 9/7 10/19 11/22 10/4 10/20 3/16 6/21 7/13 7/28 10/20 10/25 Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Source (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) CA.Testing the Waters 2007 County Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Beach Name dockweiler State Beach-imperial hwy. Storm drain dockweiler State Beach-imperial hwy.

Malibu Beach-Latigo Shore dr. Malibu Beach-Latigo Shore dr. Malibu Beach-Latigo Shore dr. Start Date end Date Reason 3/14 4/10 9/12 9/20 11/7 11/14 6/20 9/12 9/20 11/7 11/21 9/26 7/25 1/10 1/25 7/25 10/17 8/29 10/10 1/10 1/17 8/16 7/11 7/25 8/29 10/10 12/6 1/10 7/11 10/19 12/6 2/7 4/11 4/18 5/23 5/31 8/3 9/26 1/31 7/6 8/22 9/12 3/20 4/12 9/13 9/21 11/8 11/27 6/21 9/13 9/21 11/8 11/22 10/26 8/2 1/12 1/26 7/28 10/20 8/30 10/12 1/12 1/21 12/31 7/14 7/28 8/30 10/11 12/8 1/12 7/13 10/20 12/8 2/16 4/13 4/20 5/25 6/2 8/8 9/28 2/2 7/11 9/6 9/18 Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Source (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) Prempt-sew Sew-discharge CA. Malibu Beach-Malibu Colony dr. Malibu Beach-Latigo Shore dr. Malibu Beach-Malibu Colony dr. Malibu Beach-Malibu Colony dr.Testing the Waters 2007 County Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Beach Name Long Beach-B-69 Long Beach-B-69 Long Beach-B-69 Long Beach-B-69 Long Beach-B-69 Long Beach-B-69 Long Beach-B-70 Long Beach-B-70 Long Beach-B-70 Long Beach-B-70 Long Beach-B-70 Long Beach-B-70 Long Beach-Coronado Ave-Beach Long Beach-e/Side of Belmont Pier Long Beach-e/Side of Belmont Pier Long Beach-e/Side of Belmont Pier Long Beach-e/Side of Belmont Pier Long Beach-Granada Ave-Beach Long Beach-Granada Ave-Beach Long Beach-Molino Ave-Beach Long Beach-Molino Ave-Beach Long Beach-Molino Ave-Beach Long Beach-Prospect Ave-Beach Long Beach-Prospect Ave-Beach Long Beach-Prospect Ave-Beach Long Beach-Prospect Ave-Beach Long Beach-Prospect Ave-Beach Long Beach-W/Side of Belmont Pier Long Beach-W/Side of Belmont Pier Long Beach-W/Side of Belmont Pier Long Beach-W/Side of Belmont Pier Malibu Beach-Latigo Shore dr. Malibu Beach-Latigo Shore dr. Malibu Beach-Malibu Colony dr. Malibu Beach-Latigo Shore dr.23 natural Resources defense Council .

24 natural Resources defense Council .Testing the Waters 2007 County Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Beach Name Malibu Beach-Malibu Colony dr. Malibu Beach-Malibu Pier Malibu Beach-Malibu Pier Malibu Beach-Malibu Pier Malibu Beach-Malibu Pier Malibu Beach-Malibu Pier Malibu Beach-nicholas Beach Malibu Beach-nicholas Beach Malibu Beach-nicholas Beach Malibu Beach-Paradise Cove Malibu Beach-Paradise Cove Malibu Beach-Paradise Cove Malibu Beach-Paradise Cove Malibu Beach-Paradise Cove Malibu Beach-Paradise Cove Malibu Beach-Paradise Cove Malibu Beach-Paradise Cove Malibu Beach-Paradise Cove Malibu Beach-Paradise Cove Malibu Beach-Paradise Cove Malibu Beach-Paradise Cove Malibu Beach-Westward Beach Manhattan Beach-27th Street extended Manhattan Beach-27th Street extended Manhattan Beach-27th Street extended Manhattan Beach-27th Street extended Manhattan Beach-27th Street extended Manhattan Beach-27th Street extended Manhattan Beach-27th Street extended Manhattan Beach-27th Street extended Manhattan Beach-27th Street extended Manhattan Beach-27th Street extended Manhattan Beach-27th Street extended Start Date end Date Reason 10/17 12/5 1/18 5/23 6/27 7/18 10/11 1/18 7/11 10/3 1/10 1/31 4/18 4/25 5/9 5/23 6/13 7/6 7/18 8/8 10/24 11/7 9/12 1/24 2/14 2/22 4/25 5/23 7/18 8/1 8/15 12/5 1/15 1/18 10/19 12/9 1/23 5/25 6/29 7/20 10/17 1/23 7/13 10/5 1/12 2/2 4/20 5/2 5/15 6/6 6/15 7/11 7/20 8/10 10/26 11/14 9/14 1/26 2/16 2/27 5/1 5/31 7/24 8/3 8/22 12/7 1/18 1/20 Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Source (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) Prempt-sew Sew-discharge Prempt-sew Sew-discharge CA. Malibu Beach-Malibu Colony dr.

Testing the Waters 2007 County Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Beach Name Marina del Rey Beach Marina del Rey Beach Marina del Rey Beach Marina del Rey Beach Marina del Rey Beach Marina del Rey Beach Marina del Rey Beach Marina del Rey Beach Marina del Rey Beach Marina del Rey Beach Marina del Rey Beach Marina del Rey Beach Marina del Rey Beach Marina del Rey Beach Marina del Rey Beach Marina del Rey Beach Mothers Beach Mothers Beach Mothers Beach Mothers Beach Mothers Beach Mothers Beach Mothers Beach Mothers Beach outer Cabrillo Beach Puerco Beach Puerco Beach Puerco Beach Puerco Beach Redondo Beach-Avenue i extended Redondo Beach-Avenue i extended Redondo Beach-Avenue i extended Redondo Beach-herondo Street Redondo Beach-herondo Street Redondo Beach-Redondo Pier Redondo Beach-Redondo Pier Redondo Beach-Redondo Pier Redondo Beach-Redondo Pier Redondo Beach-Redondo Pier Redondo Beach-Redondo Pier Redondo Beach-Redondo Pier Redondo Beach-Redondo Pier Start Date end Date Reason 1/19 2/22 3/15 4/5 5/24 6/20 6/22 7/17 9/26 10/5 10/23 10/27 11/3 11/21 12/4 12/14 2/14 7/17 7/18 8/29 9/12 9/26 11/6 10/3 6/21 4/4 5/9 5/23 6/6 1/12 1/19 11/16 5/23 9/6 2/9 2/22 4/3 4/10 5/10 6/13 6/23 6/28 1/23 2/23 3/16 4/10 5/25 6/21 6/23 7/19 9/27 10/10 10/25 11/1 11/6 11/27 12/9 12/16 2/16 7/20 7/20 8/30 9/15 9/27 11/10 10/26 6/27 4/20 5/11 5/25 6/8 1/18 1/24 11/27 5/25 9/8 2/21 2/23 4/9 4/17 5/24 6/16 6/27 6/29 Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Source (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) Prempt-sew (?) CA.25 natural Resources defense Council .

26 natural Resources defense Council . Santa Monica State Beach-Montana Ave. Santa Monica State Beach-Montana Ave. Santa Monica State Beach-Montana Ave. Santa Monica State Beach-Montana Ave. Santa Monica State Beach-Pico Kender Storm drain Start Date end Date Reason 6/30 7/12 7/20 8/3 8/11 8/22 9/7 9/21 10/16 10/25 11/3 11/16 12/21 1/31 12/5 10/4 10/25 11/7 4/3 4/17 10/12 10/16 11/6 5/23 7/11 9/12 9/19 9/26 10/11 10/24 11/7 1/9 7/5 7/13 7/31 8/9 8/14 8/25 9/8 9/22 10/18 10/27 11/13 11/21 12/26 2/2 12/7 10/5 10/30 11/15 4/9 4/19 10/13 10/18 11/9 5/25 7/13 9/14 9/21 10/3 10/17 10/31 11/9 1/15 Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Source (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) CA.Testing the Waters 2007 County Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Beach Name Redondo Beach-Redondo Pier Redondo Beach-Redondo Pier Redondo Beach-Redondo Pier Redondo Beach-Redondo Pier Redondo Beach-Redondo Pier Redondo Beach-Redondo Pier Redondo Beach-Redondo Pier Redondo Beach-Redondo Pier Redondo Beach-Redondo Pier Redondo Beach-Redondo Pier Redondo Beach-Redondo Pier Redondo Beach-Redondo Pier Redondo Beach-Redondo Pier Redondo Beach-topaz Street Redondo Beach-topaz Street Royal Palms Beach-White Point Royal Palms Beach-White Point Royal Palms Beach-White Point Santa Monica State Beach-Ashland Storm drain Santa Monica State Beach-Ashland Storm drain Santa Monica State Beach-Ashland Storm drain Santa Monica State Beach-Ashland Storm drain Santa Monica State Beach-Ashland Storm drain Santa Monica State Beach-Montana Ave. Santa Monica State Beach-Montana Ave. Santa Monica State Beach-Montana Ave. Santa Monica State Beach-Montana Ave.

27 natural Resources defense Council .Testing the Waters 2007 County Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Beach Name Santa Monica State Beach-Pico Kender Storm drain Santa Monica State Beach-Pico Kender Storm drain Santa Monica State Beach-Pico Kender Storm drain Santa Monica State Beach-Pico Kender Storm drain Santa Monica State Beach-Pico Kender Storm drain Santa Monica State Beach-Pico Kender Storm drain Santa Monica State Beach-Santa Monica Canyon Santa Monica State Beach-Santa Monica Canyon Santa Monica State Beach-Santa Monica Canyon Santa Monica State Beach-Santa Monica Canyon Santa Monica State Beach-Santa Monica Canyon Santa Monica State Beach-Santa Monica Canyon Santa Monica State Beach-Santa Monica Canyon Santa Monica State Beach-Santa Monica Canyon Santa Monica State Beach-Santa Monica Pier Santa Monica State Beach-Santa Monica Pier Santa Monica State Beach-Santa Monica Pier Santa Monica State Beach-Santa Monica Pier Santa Monica State Beach-Santa Monica Pier Santa Monica State Beach-Santa Monica Pier Santa Monica State Beach-Santa Monica Pier Santa Monica State Beach-Santa Monica Pier Santa Monica State Beach-Santa Monica Pier Santa Monica State Beach-Santa Monica Pier Santa Monica State Beach-Santa Monica Pier Start Date end Date Reason 4/3 4/17 5/1 11/6 12/14 12/21 1/1 1/9 1/31 2/22 3/15 4/3 11/3 12/1 1/18 1/26 2/6 2/23 3/15 4/3 4/10 4/20 5/10 5/26 6/7 4/9 4/19 5/4 11/9 12/16 12/26 12/31 1/15 2/21 2/22 3/20 4/10 11/27 12/9 1/20 1/30 2/15 2/27 3/16 4/9 4/17 4/26 5/17 6/6 6/8 Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Source (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) CA.

2 natural Resources defense Council .Testing the Waters 2007 County Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Beach Name Santa Monica State Beach-Santa Monica Pier Santa Monica State Beach-Santa Monica Pier Santa Monica State Beach-Santa Monica Pier Santa Monica State Beach-Santa Monica Pier Santa Monica State Beach-Santa Monica Pier Santa Monica State Beach-Santa Monica Pier Santa Monica State Beach-Santa Monica Pier Santa Monica State Beach-Santa Monica Pier Santa Monica State Beach-Santa Monica Pier Santa Monica State Beach-Santa Monica Pier Santa Monica State Beach-Santa Monica Pier Santa Monica State Beach-Santa Monica Pier Santa Monica State Beach-Santa Monica Pier Santa Monica State Beach-Santa Monica Pier Santa Monica State Beach-Santa Monica Pier Santa Monica State Beach-Santa Monica Pier Santa Monica State Beach-Santa Monica Pier Santa Monica State Beach-Santa Monica Pier Santa Monica State Beach-Santa Monica Pier Santa Monica State Beach-Santa Monica Pier Santa Monica State Beach-Santa Monica Pier Santa Monica State Beach-Strand Street Santa Monica State Beach-Strand Street Santa Monica State Beach-Strand Street Santa Monica State Beach-Wilshire Blvd. Start Date end Date Reason 6/13 6/21 6/28 6/30 7/11 7/24 7/31 8/3 8/10 8/17 8/25 9/7 9/26 9/28 10/5 10/18 10/26 11/3 11/21 12/4 12/21 5/23 7/6 11/21 1/10 6/16 6/22 6/29 7/7 7/19 7/27 8/2 8/9 8/16 8/22 8/30 9/11 9/27 9/29 10/16 10/19 10/27 11/13 11/27 12/9 12/26 5/25 7/11 11/27 1/11 Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Source (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) CA.

2 natural Resources defense Council . Santa Monica State Beach-Wilshire Blvd. Santa Monica State Beach-Wilshire Blvd.Testing the Waters 2007 County Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Beach Name Santa Monica State Beach-Wilshire Blvd. Santa Monica State Beach-Wilshire Blvd. Santa Monica State Beach-Wilshire Blvd. Surfrider Beach Surfrider Beach Surfrider Beach Surfrider Beach Surfrider Beach Surfrider Beach Surfrider Beach Surfrider Beach Surfrider Beach Surfrider Beach Surfrider Beach Surfrider Beach Surfrider Beach Surfrider Beach Surfrider Beach Surfrider Beach Surfrider Beach Surfrider Beach Surfrider Beach Surfrider Beach Surfrider Beach Surfrider Beach Surfrider Beach topanga State Beach topanga State Beach topanga State Beach topanga State Beach topanga State Beach topanga State Beach topanga State Beach topanga State Beach topanga State Beach topanga State Beach Start Date end Date Reason 4/18 5/23 6/13 10/24 11/21 1/9 2/13 3/15 4/3 4/13 4/17 4/26 5/8 6/6 6/27 6/29 7/14 7/20 8/25 9/5 9/14 10/10 10/16 10/26 12/1 12/14 12/26 12/1 1/9 1/18 2/6 2/16 2/23 3/16 4/3 4/24 5/3 6/2 4/20 5/25 6/15 11/7 12/1 1/15 2/15 3/20 4/10 4/13 4/19 5/1 6/1 6/23 6/28 7/11 7/17 7/24 8/30 9/6 9/18 10/13 10/23 10/27 12/9 12/16 12/27 12/4 1/15 1/30 2/9 2/21 2/27 3/20 4/19 4/26 6/1 6/16 Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Source (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) Prempt-sew Sew-discharge CA.

Testing the Waters 2007 County Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Marin Beach Name topanga State Beach topanga State Beach topanga State Beach topanga State Beach topanga State Beach topanga State Beach topanga State Beach topanga State Beach topanga State Beach topanga State Beach trancas Beach-trancas Beach trancas Beach-trancas Beach trancas Beach-trancas Beach venice City Beach-Brooks Ave. venice City Beach-Brooks Ave.30 natural Resources defense Council . venice City Beach-topsail Street venice City Beach-topsail Street venice City Beach-topsail Street venice City Beach-topsail Street venice City Beach-topsail Street venice City Beach-topsail Street venice City Beach-venice Pier venice City Beach-Windward Storm drain venice City Beach-Windward Storm drain venice City Beach-Windward Storm drain Will Rogers State Beach-Bel Air Bay Club Will Rogers State Beach-Bel Air Bay Club Will Rogers State Beach-Pulga Storm drain Will Rogers State Beach-temescal Canyon Sd Will Rogers State Beach-temescal Canyon Sd Will Rogers State Beach-temescal Canyon Sd Will Rogers State Beach-temescal Canyon Sd Will Rogers State Beach-temescal Canyon Sd Bolinas Beach Start Date end Date Reason 6/16 6/23 6/28 6/30 7/26 8/3 8/16 10/10 10/26 11/6 4/4 4/18 5/23 5/23 11/21 4/11 4/25 5/23 10/11 10/17 8/8 5/23 2/22 4/5 6/15 5/23 7/25 4/5 1/10 1/24 2/6 2/14 5/23 4/11 6/21 6/27 6/29 7/11 7/27 8/7 8/17 10/12 10/27 11/13 4/11 4/25 5/25 5/25 11/27 4/18 5/1 5/30 10/13 11/27 8/10 5/30 2/27 4/9 6/21 5/25 7/27 4/9 1/15 1/31 2/9 2/21 5/25 4/18 Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Source (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) Prempt-sew Sew-discharge CA.

north Rodeo Beach (Chronkite)-Central Rodeo Beach (Chronkite)-north Schoonmaker Beach Lovers Point Lovers Point Monterey Municipal Beach (del Monte Beach) Monterey Municipal Beach (del Monte Beach) Monterey Municipal Beach (del Monte Beach) San Carlos Beach San Carlos Beach Stillwater Cove Stillwater Cove Stillwater Cove Aliso County Beach Aliso County Beach Aliso County Beach Aliso County Beach Aliso County Beach Aliso County Beach-South Aliso County Beach-table Rock Aliso County Beach-treasure island Stairs Aliso County Beach-treasure island Stairs Aliso County Beach-treasure island Stairs Bolsa Chica Beach Bolsa Chica Beach Bolsa Chica Beach Bolsa Chica Reserve Bolsa Chica Reserve Bolsa Chica Reserve Bolsa Chica Reserve Start Date end Date Reason 6/19 7/19 4/4 5/31 8/24 4/4 7/11 5/9 7/12 4/4 5/11 5/24 8/29 7/10 7/31 8/28 5/15 5/24 6/26 8/7 9/5 1/25 7/25 11/14 11/21 9/6 2/15 7/26 5/17 7/19 7/25 8/24 9/7 11/5 6/2 7/28 8/11 9/3 6/27 7/19 4/11 6/6 8/31 4/11 7/20 5/16 7/21 4/11 5/17 6/1 9/5 7/17 8/14 9/4 5/23 5/31 7/3 8/15 9/12 1/26 7/26 11/16 11/22 9/10 2/16 7/28 5/19 7/21 7/26 8/25 9/8 11/7 6/4 7/30 8/13 9/6 Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Source (?) (?) (?) (?) other-Coastal outlet (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) Prempt-sew other CA.3 natural Resources defense Council . horseshoe Cove Fort Baker.Central Muir Beach-Muir Beach .Testing the Waters 2007 County Marin Marin Marin Marin Marin Marin Marin Marin Marin Marin Marin Monterey Monterey Monterey Monterey Monterey Monterey Monterey Monterey Monterey Monterey orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange Beach Name Chicken Ranch Beach At Creek China Camp Fort Baker. horseshoe Cove Mcnears Beach Millerton Point Muir Beach-Muir Beach .

32 natural Resources defense Council .Testing the Waters 2007 County orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange Beach Name Bolsa Chica Reserve Bolsa Chica Reserve Bolsa Chica Reserve Capistrano Bay district-10000’ South outfall Capistrano Bay district-7500’ South outfall Capistrano Bay district-7500’ South outfall Capistrano Bay district-7500’ South outfall Capistrano Bay district-7500’ South outfall Capistrano Bay district-7500’ South outfall Capistrano Beach-5000’ South outfall Capistrano Beach-5000’ South outfall Capistrano Beach-5000’ South outfall Capistrano Beach-5000’ South outfall Capistrano Beach-5000’ South outfall Capistrano Beach-5000’ South outfall Crystal Cove State Park-Crystal Cove Crystal Cove State Park-eL MoRRo Crystal Cove State Park-Pelican Point dana Point harbor-Buoy Line/Baby Beach dana Point harbor-harbor Patrol dock dana Point harbor-harbor Patrol dock dana Point harbor-MdP18 dana Point harbor-Pilgrim dana Point harbor-Pilgrim dana Point harbor-Pilgrim dana Point harbor-Swim Area/Baby Beach dana Point harbor-Swm Area/Baby Beach dana Point harbor-Swim Area/Baby Beach dana Point harbor-Swim Area/Baby Beach dana Point harbor-Swim Area/Baby Beach dana Point harbor-Swim Area/Baby Beach dana Point harbor-West end/Baby Beach Start Date end Date Reason 9/24 11/19 11/26 8/24 1/1 7/18 9/6 9/26 11/29 1/1 7/18 9/6 9/27 11/1 11/16 1/13 6/29 2/16 9/21 1/1 8/8 7/26 10/19 11/17 11/30 1/1 6/1 8/16 8/25 9/1 9/13 5/12 9/26 11/21 11/28 8/25 4/11 7/19 9/7 9/27 12/7 4/11 7/19 9/7 9/29 11/3 12/31 1/15 7/1 2/23 12/31 7/19 8/10 9/7 10/21 11/22 12/2 2/10 6/4 8/18 8/29 9/3 12/31 5/17 Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Source (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) Prempt-sew Sew-break CA.

Testing the Waters 2007 County orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange Beach Name dana Point harbor-West end/Baby Beach dana Point harbor-West end/Baby Beach dana Point harbor-West end/Baby Beach dana Point harbor-West end/Baby Beach dana Point harbor-West end/Baby Beach dana Point harbor-West end/Baby Beach dana Point harbor-West end/Baby Beach dana Point harbor-Youth dock dana Point-ocean institute Beach doheny State Beach-1000’ South outfall doheny State Beach-1000’ South outfall doheny State Beach-3000’ South outfall doheny State Beach-3000’ South outfall doheny State Beach-3000’ South outfall doheny State Beach-3000’ South outfall doheny State Beach-3000’ South outfall doheny State Beach-3000’ South outfall doheny State Beach-3000’ South outfall doheny State Beach-3000’ South outfall doheny State Beach-3000’ South outfall doheny State Beach-3000’ South outfall doheny State Beach-3000’ South outfall doheny State Beach-4000’ South outfall doheny State Beach-4000’ South outfall doheny State Beach-north of San Juan Creek doheny State Beach-north of San Juan Creek Start Date end Date Reason 6/7 6/16 6/21 6/25 7/7 7/12 7/14 1/11 8/10 5/16 8/24 8/24 9/6 9/7 9/8 9/12 9/21 9/27 10/4 10/6 10/19 11/16 7/18 8/10 5/4 5/16 6/14 6/17 6/25 7/7 7/12 7/14 7/26 1/13 8/12 5/17 8/25 8/25 9/7 9/8 9/12 9/21 9/27 10/4 10/6 10/19 11/16 12/31 7/19 8/12 5/16 5/17 Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Source (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) CA.33 natural Resources defense Council .

Testing the Waters 2007 County orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange Beach Name doheny State Beach-Surfzone at outfall doheny State Beach-Surfzone at outfall doheny State Beach-Surfzone at outfall doheny State Beach-Surfzone at outfall doheny State Beach-Surfzone at outfall doheny State Beach-Surfzone at outfall doheny State Beach-Surfzone at outfall doheny State Beach-Surfzone at outfall doheny State Beach-Surfzone at outfall huntington City Beach-17th Street huntington City Beach-17th Street huntington City Beach-17th Street huntington City Beach-17th Street huntington City Beach-17th Street huntington City Beach-17th Street huntington City Beach-17th Street huntington City Beach-Beach hut huntington City Beach-Beach hut huntington City Beach-Beach hut huntington City Beach-Beach hut huntington City Beach-Bluffs huntington City Beach-Bluffs huntington City Beach-Bluffs huntington City Beach-Bluffs huntington City Beach-Bluffs huntington harbour-11th Street Beach huntington harbour-11th Street Beach huntington harbour-Anaheim Bay huntington harbour-Anderson Street huntington harbour-Anderson Street huntington harbour-Clubhouse huntington harbour-Clubhouse huntington harbour-Clubhouse huntington harbour-Clubhouse huntington harbour-Clubhouse huntington harbour-Clubhouse Start Date end Date Reason 1/1 5/3 5/17 8/6 9/13 10/4 2/28 5/14 3/3 1/10 1/13 1/27 2/9 2/14 3/26 6/16 7/25 7/26 9/19 4/29 2/26 8/25 11/3 11/7 12/3 1/1 4/11 7/6 2/2 7/27 1/12 1/20 2/2 6/30 7/27 8/3 5/3 5/4 5/31 8/10 9/15 10/6 3/3 5/17 3/7 1/11 1/15 1/29 2/10 2/15 3/28 6/18 7/26 7/27 9/20 5/1 3/2 8/26 11/5 11/8 12/5 1/6 4/13 7/8 2/24 7/30 1/18 1/24 4/11 7/2 7/30 8/5 Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Source (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) Prempt-sew other-debris Prempt-sew Sew-break Prempt-sew Sew-discharge Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) Prempt-sew other CA.34 natural Resources defense Council .

Testing the Waters 2007 County orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange Beach Name huntington harbour-Clubhouse huntington harbour-Clubhouse huntington harbour-Clubhouse huntington harbour-Clubhouse huntington harbour-Coral Cay huntington harbour-harbour Channel huntington harbour-harbour Channel huntington harbour-humboldt Beach huntington harbour-humboldt Beach huntington harbour-Mothers Beach huntington harbour-Mothers Beach huntington harbour-Mothers Beach huntington harbour-Mothers Beach huntington harbour-Sunset Aquatic Park huntington harbour-Sunset Aquatic Park huntington harbour-Sunset Aquatic Park huntington harbour-Sunset Aquatic Park huntington harbour-Sunset Aquatic Park huntington State Beach-50’ n of Santa Ana River huntington State Beach-50’ n of Santa Ana River huntington State Beach-50’ n of Santa Ana River huntington State Beach-50’ n of Santa Ana River huntington State Beach-50’ n of Santa Ana River huntington State Beach-50’ n of Santa Ana River huntington State Beach-50’ n of Santa Ana River huntington State Beach-50’ n of Santa Ana River huntington State Beach-50’ n of Santa Ana River huntington State Beach-50’ n of Santa Ana River huntington State Beach-Brookhurst Street huntington State Beach-Brookhurst Street Start Date end Date Reason 8/10 8/31 10/5 11/16 1/20 9/14 9/28 8/3 3/11 1/1 6/22 7/6 7/27 1/20 2/2 7/27 9/14 11/6 5/7 7/9 7/23 8/27 8/30 8/31 9/1 9/3 10/11 11/5 6/11 6/15 8/12 9/24 10/13 12/31 1/26 9/16 10/13 8/5 3/14 1/6 6/24 7/8 7/30 1/28 4/11 7/30 9/16 11/8 5/9 7/11 7/25 8/29 8/31 9/1 9/3 9/26 10/12 11/7 6/13 6/16 Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Source (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) Prempt-sew Sew-pump Prempt-sew other-Grease Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) CA.35 natural Resources defense Council .

Testing the Waters 2007 County orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange Beach Name huntington State Beach-Brookhurst Street huntington State Beach-Brookhurst Street huntington State Beach-Brookhurst Street huntington State Beach-Brookhurst Street huntington State Beach-Brookhurst Street huntington State Beach-Brookhurst Street huntington State Beach-Brookhurst Street huntington State Beach-Brookhurst Street huntington State Beach-Brookhurst Street huntington State Beach-Brookhurst Street huntington State Beach-Brookhurst Street huntington State Beach-Brookhurst Street huntington State Beach-Brookhurst Street huntington State Beach-Brookhurst Street huntington State Beach-Brookhurst Street huntington State Beach-Brookhurst Street huntington State Beach-Brookhurst Street huntington State Beach-Brookhurst Street huntington State Beach-Magnolia Street huntington State Beach-Magnolia Street huntington State Beach-Magnolia Street huntington State Beach-Magnolia Street huntington State Beach-Magnolia Street huntington State Beach-Magnolia Street huntington State Beach-Magnolia Street Start Date end Date Reason 7/11 7/14 8/22 8/25 8/29 9/26 10/8 10/24 10/25 11/7 11/8 11/21 11/22 11/25 11/26 11/28 12/7 12/8 1/19 1/31 5/31 6/9 7/23 7/25 7/26 7/12 7/16 8/25 8/27 8/30 10/3 10/10 10/25 10/27 11/8 11/10 11/22 11/25 11/26 11/28 12/1 12/8 12/10 1/20 2/1 6/1 6/11 7/25 7/26 7/27 Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Source (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) CA.36 natural Resources defense Council .

37 natural Resources defense Council .Testing the Waters 2007 County orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange Beach Name huntington State Beach-Magnolia Street huntington State Beach-Magnolia Street huntington State Beach-Magnolia Street huntington State Beach-Magnolia Street huntington State Beach-Magnolia Street huntington State Beach-Magnolia Street huntington State Beach-SCe Plant huntington State Beach-SCe Plant huntington State Beach-SCe Plant huntington State Beach-SCe Plant huntington State Beach-SCe Plant huntington State Beach-SCe Plant huntington State Beach-SCe Plant Laguna Beach-Blue Lagoon Laguna Beach-Blue Lagoon Laguna Beach-Bluebird Canyon Laguna Beach-Bluebird Canyon Laguna Beach-Bluebird Canyon Laguna Beach-Laguna hotel Laguna Beach-victoria Beach Laguna Beach-victoria Beach Monarch Beach Monarch Beach Monarch Beach newport Bay-10th Street newport Bay-10th Street newport Bay-15th Street newport Bay-15th Street newport Bay-15th Street newport Bay-19th Street newport Bay-19th Street newport Bay-33rd Street newport Bay-33rd Street newport Bay-38th Street newport Bay-43rd Street newport Bay-43rd Street newport Bay-Abalone Avenue newport Bay-Abalone Avenue Start Date end Date Reason 7/27 7/28 8/6 8/9 8/11 8/13 4/12 5/30 6/23 6/30 7/6 7/12 7/21 8/29 11/28 7/7 11/21 11/15 10/18 1/31 7/7 7/28 9/7 9/10 1/18 7/25 6/6 7/25 11/21 7/25 8/17 1/1 12/23 5/18 6/6 12/5 4/12 6/27 7/30 7/30 8/8 8/10 8/13 8/15 4/13 5/31 6/25 7/2 7/7 7/13 7/23 8/30 11/29 7/9 11/22 11/17 10/20 2/1 7/9 7/31 9/10 9/12 1/20 7/27 6/8 7/27 11/25 7/27 8/18 12/31 12/26 5/20 6/8 12/7 4/18 6/29 Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Source (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) Prempt-sew Sew-discharge Prempt-sew other-Grease CA.

Bridge newport Bay-newport Blvd. Bridge newport Bay-newport dunes east newport Bay-newport dunes east newport Bay-newport dunes east newport Bay-newport dunes north newport Bay-newport dunes north newport Bay-northstar Beach newport Bay-onyx Avenue newport Bay-Rhine Channel newport Bay-Ruby Avenue newport Bay-Ruby Avenue newport Bay-via Genoa newport Beach-15th/16th Street newport Beach-15th/16th Street newport Beach-15th/16th Street newport Beach-38th Street (BnB10) newport Beach-38th Street (BnB10) newport Beach-52nd/53rd Street newport Beach-Balboa Pier newport Beach-Corona del Mar newport Beach-Corona del Mar newport Beach-Corona del Mar newport Beach-Grant Street newport Beach-Grant Street newport Beach-Grant Street newport Beach-Grant Street Start Date end Date Reason 11/9 11/21 1/24 7/25 8/15 7/11 10/16 1/31 7/25 5/18 6/20 8/15 9/12 7/25 8/22 1/1 6/12 5/11 8/15 8/24 7/11 7/25 7/25 11/21 7/18 1/31 12/5 6/27 2/1 9/13 11/5 4/12 5/18 7/26 1/8 9/3 10/8 11/3 2/9 2/24 7/6 12/1 11/11 11/25 1/26 7/27 8/17 7/13 10/18 2/2 7/27 5/20 6/22 8/17 9/14 7/27 8/24 12/31 6/15 5/13 8/18 8/26 7/13 7/27 7/28 11/25 7/20 2/2 12/7 6/29 2/2 9/14 11/7 4/18 5/20 7/27 1/10 9/6 10/10 11/5 2/11 4/11 7/8 12/2 Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Source (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) Prempt-sew Sew-discharge Prempt-sew Sew-discharge CA.3 natural Resources defense Council .Testing the Waters 2007 County orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange Beach Name newport Bay-Abalone Avenue newport Bay-Abalone Avenue newport Bay-Alvarado/Bay island newport Bay-Bayshore Beach newport Bay-Bayshore Beach newport Bay-Bayside drive Beach newport Bay-Bayside drive Beach newport Bay-de Anza newport Bay-de Anza newport Bay-Grand Canal newport Bay-Grand Canal newport Bay-Grand Canal newport Bay-Grand Canal newport Bay-Lido Yacht Club newport Bay-n Street Beach newport Bay-newport Blvd.

Testing the Waters 2007 County orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange Beach Name newport Beach-Grant Street newport Beach-Lancaster/62nd newport Beach-Lancaster/62nd newport Beach-Lancaster/62nd newport Beach-Lancaster/62nd newport Beach-Lancaster/62nd newport Beach-Lancaster/62nd newport Beach-Lancaster/62nd newport Beach-Lancaster/62nd newport Beach-Little Corona newport Beach-newport Pier newport Beach-newport Pier newport Beach-orange Street Poche County Beach Poche County Beach Poche County Beach Poche County Beach Poche County Beach Poche County Beach Poche County Beach Poche County Beach Poche County Beach Poche County Beach Poche County Beach Poche County Beach Poche County Beach Poche County Beach Poche County Beach Poche County Beach Poche County Beach Poche County Beach Poche County Beach Poche County Beach Poche County Beach Poche County Beach Poche County Beach Salt Creek County Beach Park Salt Creek County Beach Park Salt Creek County Beach Park Salt Creek County Beach Park Salt Creek County Beach Park-dana Strands-Selva Ramp Start Date end Date Reason 9/28 2/24 5/4 5/10 6/15 8/17 8/24 9/8 10/5 10/12 4/29 6/26 9/6 6/27 7/11 7/18 7/19 8/1 8/2 8/10 8/11 8/15 8/18 8/24 8/25 9/6 9/7 10/10 10/17 11/29 12/1 12/1 12/25 12/23 4/25 5/4 8/16 9/6 10/5 11/15 5/11 9/30 4/18 5/6 5/13 6/17 8/19 8/31 9/14 10/13 10/14 5/1 6/28 9/7 6/29 7/12 7/19 8/1 8/2 8/10 8/11 8/15 8/18 8/24 8/25 9/6 9/7 10/6 10/11 11/29 12/1 12/21 12/21 12/27 12/25 4/28 5/7 8/18 9/7 10/6 11/16 5/13 Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Source (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) Prempt-sew Sew-discharge Prempt-sew other Prempt-sew Sew-break Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) Prempt-sew Sanitary-sew-over Prempt-sew Sew-discharge Prempt-sew Sew-discharge Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) CA.3 natural Resources defense Council .

40 natural Resources defense Council .Testing the Waters 2007 County orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange orange San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego Beach Name San Clemente City Beach-20000’ South outfall San Clemente City Beach-20000’ South outfall San Clemente City Beach-20000’ South outfall San Clemente City Beach-20000’ South outfall San Clemente City Beach-20000’ South outfall San Clemente City Beach-20000’ South outfall San Clemente City Beach-20000’ South outfall San Clemente City Beach-450’ north of Pier San Clemente City Beach-450’ north of Pier San Clemente City Beach-450’ north of Pier San Clemente City Beach-450’ north of Pier San Clemente State Beach-Avenida Calafia San Clemente State Beach-Las Palmeras Seal Beach/Surfside-1st Street Seal Beach/Surfside-1st Street Seal Beach/Surfside-1st Street Seal Beach/Surfside-1st Street Seal Beach/Surfside-1st Street Seal Beach/Surfside-1st Street Seal Beach/Surfside-1st Street Seal Beach/Surfside-8th Street Seal Beach/Surfside-8th Street Seal Beach/Surfside-8th Street South Laguna-thousand Steps Beach South Laguna-three Arch Bay Bird Rock (nr) Border Field State Park Border Field State Park Buccaneer Beach Buccaneer Beach Buccaneer Beach Buccaneer Beach Buccaneer Beach Start Date end Date Reason 1/20 8/22 12/1 1/18 8/1 12/13 10/3 1/17 11/21 2/13 3/13 1/17 4/11 4/20 5/4 7/6 7/27 7/29 8/17 5/26 2/9 6/30 7/6 8/30 5/31 2/9 2/9 7/16 1/6 1/24 2/7 4/25 10/19 1/22 8/24 12/2 1/20 8/4 12/16 10/5 1/18 11/25 2/15 3/15 1/18 4/13 4/22 5/6 7/8 7/29 7/30 8/19 5/28 2/11 7/2 7/8 9/1 6/1 2/12 2/13 7/17 1/11 1/26 2/9 4/28 10/25 Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Source (?) (?) (?) Prempt-sew Sew-break Prempt-sew Sew-discharge Prempt-sew Sew-discharge Prempt-sew Sew-discharge Bacteria Bacteria (?) (?) Prempt-sew Sew-discharge Prempt-sew Sew-discharge Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) Prempt-sew Sew-discharge Prempt-sew (?) CA.

B. South Jetty harbor Beach-San Luis Rey River outlet.Testing the Waters 2007 County San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego Beach Name Buccaneer Beach Buccaneer Beach Buccaneer Beach Buccaneer Beach Cardiff State Beach Cardiff State Beach Cardiff State Beach Cardiff State Beach Cardiff State Beach Cardiff State Beach Cardiff State Beach Cardiff State Beach Cardiff State Beach Carlsbad State Beach Carlsbad State Beach Coronado Cays (nr) Coronado Cays (nr) Coronado Cays (nr) Coronado Cays (nr) Coronado.B. dog Beach. Central Beach dog Beach. o.B. o. o. o. o. o.B.B.B.B. dog Beach. dog Beach. o. dog Beach.B. South Jetty harbor Beach-San Luis Rey River outlet. South Jetty La Jolla Cove La Jolla Cove La Jolla Shores Beach Start Date end Date Reason 11/2 12/14 12/11 12/31 1/17 1/26 3/4 4/21 5/3 5/8 5/20 7/12 8/29 9/29 10/7 11/17 2/28 3/21 3/29 6/9 5/4 5/18 7/28 9/1 9/28 12/3 4/4 4/25 6/1 10/24 3/16 3/28 5/3 6/20 8/26 9/21 6/19 12/30 11/21 12/20 12/14 12/31 1/20 2/2 3/8 4/29 5/8 5/14 6/19 7/14 8/31 10/1 10/9 11/18 3/8 3/23 3/30 6/11 5/7 5/25 8/3 9/8 9/30 12/5 4/7 4/27 6/3 10/26 3/18 4/7 5/8 6/23 8/29 9/22 6/22 12/31 Bacteria Bacteria Source (?) (?) Prempt-sew (?) Prempt-sew (?) Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) other-pets (?) (?) (?) Prempt-sew (?) Prempt-sew (?) Prempt-sew (?) Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) other-pets other-pets other-pets (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) Prempt-sew (?) Prempt-sew (?) CA. o. harbor Beach-San Luis Rey River outlet. South Jetty harbor Beach-San Luis Rey River outlet.B. o. dog Beach. dog Beach. dog Beach. South Jetty harbor Beach-San Luis Rey River outlet.B. dog Beach.4 natural Resources defense Council . o. dog Beach.

de Anza Cove Mission Bay. Mariners Basin Mission Bay.Testing the Waters 2007 County San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego Beach Name La Jolla Shores Beach-Scripps Pier (S) Mission Bay Mission Bay Mission Bay Mission Bay. Campland on the Bay Mission Bay. vacation isle Mission Bay. Crown Point Shores Mission Bay.42 natural Resources defense Council . Leisure Lagoon Mission Bay. visitor’s Center Mission Bay. Leisure Lagoon Mission Bay. Campland on the Bay Mission Bay. visitor’s Center Moonlight Beach-Cottonwood Creek outlet Moonlight Beach-Cottonwood Creek outlet Moonlight Beach-Cottonwood Creek outlet Moonlight Beach-Cottonwood Creek outlet Moonlight Beach-Cottonwood Creek outlet Moonlight Beach-Cottonwood Creek outlet Moonlight Beach-Cottonwood Creek outlet Moonlight Beach-Cottonwood Creek outlet Moonlight Beach-Cottonwood Creek outlet Moonlight Beach-Cottonwood Creek outlet Moonlight Beach-Cottonwood Creek outlet Start Date end Date Reason 5/16 7/25 7/27 7/30 9/20 1/18 7/12 7/19 8/9 7/19 8/23 9/27 6/21 7/19 8/2 9/20 7/6 9/13 10/25 9/20 6/7 8/16 7/25 1/31 5/17 5/31 6/9 6/16 6/28 7/7 7/12 7/21 7/29 8/9 5/18 7/27 7/30 7/31 11/1 1/20 7/14 7/25 8/13 7/25 8/28 9/29 6/23 7/25 8/8 9/22 7/8 9/15 10/27 9/25 6/9 8/22 8/16 2/2 5/21 6/2 6/13 6/17 6/29 7/9 7/13 7/22 8/7 8/15 Bacteria Source (?) Prempt-sew Sanitary-sew-over Prempt-sew Sanitary-sew-over Prempt-sew Sanitary-sew-over Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) Prempt-sew Sanitary-sew-over Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) CA. Mariners Basin Mission Bay. Campland on the Bay Mission Bay. Leisure Lagoon Mission Bay. Leisure Lagoon Mission Bay. visitor’s Center Mission Bay. de Anza Cove Mission Bay. Mariners Basin Mission Bay. Bahia Point Mission Bay. Campland on the Bay Mission Bay.

43 natural Resources defense Council .Testing the Waters 2007 County San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego Beach Name Moonlight Beach-Cottonwood Creek outlet north imperial Beach-Camp Surf (Carnation Ave) north imperial Beach-Camp Surf (Carnation Ave) north imperial Beach-Camp Surf (Carnation Ave) north imperial Beach-Camp Surf (Carnation Ave) north imperial Beach-Camp Surf (Carnation Ave) north imperial Beach-Camp Surf Jetty north imperial Beach-Camp Surf Jetty north imperial Beach-Camp Surf Jetty north imperial Beach-Camp Surf Jetty north imperial Beach-Camp Surf Jetty north imperial Beach-Camp Surf Jetty north imperial Beach-Camp Surf Jetty north imperial Beach-Camp Surf Jetty north imperial Beach-Camp Surf Jetty north imperial Beach-Camp Surf Jetty north imperial Beach-Camp Surf Jetty north imperial Beach-Camp Surf Jetty ocean Beach-Bermuda Ave ocean Beach-Bermuda Ave ocean Beach-Bermuda Ave oceanside Municipal Beach-Wisconsin Street oceanside Municipal Beach-Wisconsin Street oceanside Pier Area oceanside Pier Area San diego Bay Chula vista-Bayside Park (J Street) San diego Bay Chula vista-Bayside Park (J Street) San diego Bay Chula vista-Bayside Park (J Street) San diego Bay Chula vista-Bayside Park (J Street) San diego Bay Chula vista-Bayside Park (J Street) San diego Bay Chula vista-Bayside Park (J Street) San diego Bay Coronado Caystidelands Park (Bayside) Start Date end Date Reason 8/16 2/28 3/29 4/4 10/17 12/17 1/3 2/22 3/11 3/20 4/11 4/15 4/21 4/27 5/6 5/22 5/26 7/17 1/19 11/25 11/19 8/25 9/29 10/29 10/26 7/8 7/20 7/28 8/31 9/7 9/22 7/20 8/17 3/8 4/2 4/9 10/18 12/19 1/6 2/24 3/14 3/23 4/13 4/17 4/23 4/30 5/8 5/25 5/28 7/20 1/21 12/1 11/21 8/28 10/1 11/1 10/27 7/12 7/22 7/31 9/1 9/9 10/12 7/22 Bacteria Source (?) Prempt-sew (?) Prempt-sew (?) Prempt-sew (?) Prempt-sew (?) Prempt-sew (?) Prempt-sew (?) Prempt-sew (?) Prempt-sew (?) Prempt-sew (?) Prempt-sew (?) Prempt-sew (?) Prempt-sew (?) Prempt-sew (?) Prempt-sew (?) Prempt-sew (?) Prempt-sew (?) Prempt-sew (?) Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria (?) (?) other-pets (?) (?) (?) other-pets (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) CA.

Swim Area tecolote Shores.B.Testing the Waters 2007 County San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego Beach Name San diego Bay Coronado Caystidelands Park (Bayside) San diego Bay Coronado Caystidelands Park (Bayside) San diego Bay Coronado Caystidelands Park (Bayside) San diego Bay Shelter is-Bessemer St San diego Bay Shelter is-Shelter island San diego Bay-Lawrence St San diego Bay-Spanish Landing San dieguito River Beach San dieguito River Beach San dieguito River Beach San dieguito River Beach San dieguito River Beach South Carlsbad State Beach South Casa Beach S. Point tourmaline Surfing Park-P. tecolote Playground. Swim Area tijuana Slough national Wildlife Refuge tijuana Slough national Wildlife Refuge tijuana Slough national Wildlife Refuge tijuana Slough national Wildlife Refuge tijuana Slough national Wildlife Refuge tijuana Slough national Wildlife Refuge tijuana Slough national Wildlife Refuge tijuana Slough national Wildlife Refuge tijuana Slough national Wildlife Refuge tijuana Slough national Wildlife Refuge tijuana Slough national Wildlife Refuge torrey Pines State Beach (Los Penasquitos Lagoon outlet) torrey Pines State Beach (Los Penasquitos Lagoon outlet) torrey Pines State Beach (Los Penasquitos Lagoon outlet) tourmaline Surfing Park-P. Point tourmaline Surfing Park-P. Point tourmaline Surfing Park-P.d. Point Start Date end Date Reason 8/1 9/1 9/11 11/4 10/5 9/29 10/13 5/17 5/26 9/22 11/22 3/14 11/30 8/15 8/23 6/29 7/6 8/31 8/26 9/8 1/3 1/25 2/21 5/22 7/17 10/14 11/28 11/29 12/11 2/20 8/2 11/7 6/2 6/6 6/13 10/10 7/12 8/7 9/7 9/12 11/7 10/7 10/1 10/29 5/18 5/29 9/25 11/23 3/16 12/5 8/17 8/28 7/1 7/12 9/1 8/27 9/9 1/25 2/9 5/18 6/7 7/25 11/1 11/29 12/6 12/20 3/3 8/3 11/9 6/3 6/8 6/16 11/20 8/25 Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Source (?) (?) (?) Prempt-sew (?) Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) Prempt-sew (?) Prempt-sew (?) Prempt-sew (?) Prempt-sew (?) Prempt-sew (?) Prempt-sew (?) Prempt-sew (?) Prempt-sew (?) Prempt-sew (?) Prempt-sew (?) Bacteria Bacteria (?) (?) Prempt-sew (?) Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria (?) (?) (?) (?) other-pets CA.B.B. Watercraft Area tecolote Shores.44 natural Resources defense Council . Point tourmaline Surfing Park-P. Swim Area tecolote Shores.B.B.

Lobos Creek At Lower Parking Lot Baker Beach.B. opposite Seacliff 2 Pumping Station Candlestick Point-Jack Rabbit Beach Candlestick Point-Jack Rabbit Beach Candlestick Point-Jack Rabbit Beach Candlestick Point-Jack Rabbit Beach Candlestick Point-Jack Rabbit Beach Candlestick Point-Jack Rabbit Beach Candlestick Point-Sunnydale Cove Candlestick Point-Sunnydale Cove Candlestick Point-Sunnydale Cove Candlestick Point-Sunnydale Cove Candlestick Point-Sunnydale Cove Candlestick Point-Sunnydale Cove Candlestick Point-Windsurfer Circle Candlestick Point-Windsurfer Circle Candlestick Point-Windsurfer Circle Candlestick Point-Windsurfer Circle Candlestick Point-Windsurfer Circle Candlestick Point-Windsurfer Circle Candlestick Point-Windsurfer Circle Crissy Field Crissy Field Start Date end Date Reason 9/1 9/7 7/4 9/12 9/29 1/5 4/5 8/23 12/27 3/9 3/25 5/10 6/1 9/21 3/9 3/2 4/5 5/3 5/17 6/22 10/5 3/2 4/5 4/13 4/27 12/27 12/12 3/8 4/5 4/13 6/28 12/8 12/27 12/12 3/30 4/5 9/2 9/12 7/7 9/14 10/1 1/8 4/6 8/24 12/29 3/10 3/27 5/11 6/3 9/30 3/10 3/3 4/6 5/4 5/18 6/23 10/6 3/3 4/6 4/15 4/28 12/29 12/15 3/9 4/7 4/13 6/29 12/8 12/30 12/17 3/31 4/6 Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Source other-pets other-pets (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) Comb-sew-overflow (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) Comb-sew-overflow (?) (?) CA.Testing the Waters 2007 County San diego San diego San diego San diego San diego San Francisco San Francisco San Francisco San Francisco San Francisco San Francisco San Francisco San Francisco San Francisco San Francisco San Francisco San Francisco San Francisco San Francisco San Francisco San Francisco San Francisco San Francisco San Francisco San Francisco San Francisco San Francisco San Francisco San Francisco San Francisco San Francisco San Francisco San Francisco San Francisco San Francisco San Francisco Beach Name tourmaline Surfing Park-P. Point tourmaline Surfing Park-P. Lobos Creek At Lower Parking Lot Baker Beach.B.Coast Blvd Gazebo Whispering Sands/ nicholson Pt. Mid-Beach Aquatic Park. Point Whispering Sands/ nicholson Pt.Coast Blvd Gazebo Whispering Sands/ nicholson Pt. Mid-Beach Aquatic Park. Mid-Beach Aquatic Park. Lobos Creek At Lower Parking Lot Baker Beach. Mid-Beach Baker Beach.Coast Blvd Gazebo Aquatic Park. Lobos Creek At Lower Parking Lot Baker Beach. Lobos Creek At Lower Parking Lot Baker Beach.45 natural Resources defense Council .

At Sloat Blvd. At Pacheco St. ocean Beach-ocean Beach. ocean Beach-ocean Beach. ocean Beach-ocean Beach.Testing the Waters 2007 County San Francisco San Francisco San Francisco San Francisco San Francisco San Francisco San Francisco San Francisco San Francisco San Francisco San Francisco San Francisco San Francisco San Francisco San Francisco San Francisco San Francisco San Francisco San Francisco San Luis obispo San Luis obispo San Luis obispo San Luis obispo San Luis obispo San Luis obispo San Luis obispo San Luis obispo San Luis obispo San Luis obispo San Luis obispo San Luis obispo San Luis obispo San Luis obispo San Luis obispo San Luis obispo San Mateo San Mateo San Mateo Beach Name Crissy Field Crissy Field Crissy Field Crissy Field Crissy Field Crissy Field Crissy Field Crissy Field Crissy Field Crissy Field Fort Funston hyde Street Pier hyde Street Pier ocean Beach-ocean Beach. Avila Beach Cayucos Beach Cayucos Beach Cayucos Beach Montana de oro . ocean Beach-ocean Beach. At vicente St.46 natural Resources defense Council .hazard Canyon Morro Bay City Beach olde Port Beach olde Port Beach Pismo State Beach Pismo State Beach Pismo State Beach Pismo State Beach Pismo State Beach Pismo State Beach Pismo State Beach Pismo State Beach dunes State Beach dunes State Beach Fitzgerald Marine (Moss Beach) Start Date end Date Reason 4/5 4/13 4/19 4/27 6/8 7/12 7/12 9/28 12/13 12/21 12/12 8/9 12/13 12/12 12/12 3/1 4/6 12/12 12/12 12/28 3/22 5/24 12/6 10/4 9/13 6/7 11/15 3/28 5/31 6/28 8/9 8/16 8/29 10/11 12/13 2/28 3/8 2/2 4/7 4/16 4/20 4/28 6/9 7/13 7/13 9/30 12/15 12/22 12/14 8/10 12/14 12/15 12/14 3/2 4/7 12/14 12/14 12/29 3/23 5/26 12/7 10/5 9/14 6/8 11/16 3/30 6/1 6/29 8/11 8/19 8/30 10/12 12/14 3/2 3/16 2/7 Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Source (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) Comb-sew-overflow (?) (?) Comb-sew-overflow Comb-sew-overflow (?) (?) Comb-sew-overflow Comb-sew-overflow (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) Prempt-sew Sanitary-sew-over CA. At Lincoln Ave. At Sloat Blvd. ocean Beach-ocean Beach. At Sloat Blvd.

47 natural Resources defense Council .Mission Creek east Beach.Testing the Waters 2007 County San Mateo San Mateo San Mateo San Mateo San Mateo Santa Barbara Santa Barbara Santa Barbara Santa Barbara Santa Barbara Santa Barbara Santa Barbara Santa Barbara Santa Barbara Santa Barbara Santa Barbara Santa Barbara Santa Barbara Santa Barbara Santa Barbara Santa Barbara Santa Barbara Santa Barbara Santa Barbara Santa Barbara Santa Barbara Santa Barbara Santa Barbara Santa Barbara Santa Barbara Santa Barbara Santa Barbara Santa Barbara Santa Barbara Santa Barbara Santa Barbara Santa Barbara Santa Barbara Santa Barbara Santa Barbara Santa Barbara Santa Barbara Beach Name Gazos Creek Access Pillar Point Pillar Point Surfers Beach Surfers Beach Arroyo Burro Arroyo Burro Arroyo Burro Arroyo Burro Arroyo Burro Arroyo Burro Arroyo Burro Arroyo Burro Arroyo Burro Butterfly Beach Butterfly Beach Carpinteria City Carpinteria City Carpinteria City Carpinteria State Carpinteria State Carpinteria State Carpinteria State Carpinteria State east Beach.Mission Creek east Beach.Mission Creek east Beach.Mission Creek east Beach.Mission Creek east Beach.Mission Creek east Beach Sycamore Creek east Beach Sycamore Creek east Beach Sycamore Creek east Beach Sycamore Creek east Beach Sycamore Creek east Beach Sycamore Creek el Capitan State Beach Gaviota Beach Gaviota Beach Gaviota Beach Gaviota Beach Start Date end Date Reason 3/2 2/2 3/30 5/16 1/23 2/15 3/1 3/15 9/6 10/18 10/25 11/22 11/29 12/6 4/5 12/29 4/5 6/15 9/13 2/23 3/22 7/7 9/13 10/25 1/5 3/8 4/5 4/19 7/7 12/20 12/29 1/5 1/11 3/22 10/25 11/15 11/22 10/25 3/23 4/12 9/14 11/8 3/16 5/18 4/6 5/17 1/25 2/17 3/3 3/17 9/8 10/20 10/27 11/29 12/1 12/13 4/12 12/31 4/12 6/16 9/15 3/1 3/24 7/12 9/15 10/27 1/27 3/10 4/12 5/3 7/12 12/22 12/31 1/6 1/13 3/24 10/27 11/17 11/29 10/27 3/30 4/20 9/21 11/9 Bacteria Bacteria Source (?) (?) Prempt-sew Sanitary-sew-over Prempt-sew Sanitary-sew-over Prempt-sew Sew-discharge Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) CA.Mission Creek east Beach.

Testing the Waters 2007 County Santa Barbara Santa Barbara Santa Barbara Santa Barbara Santa Barbara Santa Barbara Santa Barbara Santa Barbara Santa Barbara Santa Barbara Santa Barbara Santa Barbara Santa Barbara Santa Barbara Santa Barbara Santa Barbara Santa Barbara Santa Barbara Santa Barbara Santa Barbara Santa Barbara Santa Barbara Santa Barbara Santa Barbara Santa Barbara Santa Barbara Santa Barbara Santa Barbara Santa Barbara Santa Barbara Santa Barbara Santa Barbara Santa Barbara Santa Barbara Santa Barbara Santa Cruz Santa Cruz Santa Cruz Santa Cruz Beach Name Gaviota Beach Goleta Beach Goleta Beach Goleta Beach Guadalupe dunes hammonds hammonds haskell’s Beach haskell’s Beach haskell’s Beach haskell’s Beach haskell’s Beach hope Ranch Beach hope Ranch Beach hope Ranch Beach hope Ranch Beach hope Ranch Beach hope Ranch Beach Jalama Beach Jalama Beach Jalama Beach Jalama Beach Jalama Beach Leadbetter Leadbetter Leadbetter Leadbetter Refugio State Beach-Refugio State Beach Refugio State Beach-Refugio State Beach Refugio State Beach-Refugio State Beach Refugio State Beach-Refugio State Beach Rincon Beach-Rincon At Bates Beach Rincon Beach-Rincon At Bates Beach Summerland Beach Summerland Beach Capitola City Beach Capitola City Beach Capitola City Beach Capitola City Beach Start Date end Date Reason 12/14 1/11 4/26 6/15 2/16 5/24 11/8 3/1 3/8 6/21 8/16 11/29 1/5 6/1 7/19 9/6 11/29 12/29 3/1 5/4 5/24 5/24 11/2 1/5 10/25 11/22 12/20 2/1 6/15 8/9 11/1 11/15 12/6 6/29 10/25 8/10 8/10 6/13 5/13 12/21 1/19 4/28 6/16 2/24 5/26 11/9 3/3 3/10 6/23 8/18 12/1 1/6 6/2 7/26 9/8 12/1 12/31 3/15 5/11 6/2 12/31 11/8 1/6 10/27 11/29 12/22 2/3 6/16 8/16 11/3 11/17 12/13 6/30 10/27 8/14 8/17 6/21 5/14 Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Source (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) other-Coastal outlet other-pets other-River outlet Sanitary-sew-over CA.4 natural Resources defense Council .

Creek Mouth Rincon Beach .Creek Mouth Rincon Beach .4 natural Resources defense Council .Testing the Waters 2007 County Santa Cruz Santa Cruz Sonoma Sonoma Sonoma Sonoma Sonoma ventura ventura ventura ventura ventura ventura ventura ventura ventura ventura ventura ventura ventura ventura ventura ventura ventura ventura ventura ventura ventura ventura ventura ventura ventura ventura ventura ventura ventura ventura ventura ventura ventura ventura ventura Beach Name Cowell Beach Cowell Beach Campbell Cove State Beach Campbell Cove State Beach Campbell Cove State Beach Campbell Cove State Beach doran Regional Park Beach deer Creek Beach-deer Creek Beach emma Woods State Beach emma Woods State Beach hobie Beach hobie Beach Kiddie Beach Kiddie Beach Kiddie Beach Kiddie Beach Kiddie Beach Kiddie Beach Kiddie Beach Kiddie Beach Kiddie Beach Kiddie Beach Kiddie Beach Kiddie Beach oxnard Beach Penninsula Beach Penninsula Beach Penninsula Beach Penninsula Beach Point Mugu Beach Promenade Pk-Figueroa St.Footpath Rincon Parkway north Start Date end Date Reason 6/13 6/13 4/5 8/30 9/13 10/4 8/30 8/29 6/6 12/19 8/8 9/27 5/4 7/6 8/3 8/10 8/31 9/12 9/28 10/17 10/26 11/7 12/30 4/13 6/7 2/14 7/19 11/28 12/30 8/23 1/4 12/13 8/9 7/12 8/2 8/23 9/6 9/26 2/28 8/16 9/13 10/11 6/21 8/3 5/30 9/7 9/20 11/1 9/1 8/30 6/7 12/27 8/9 9/28 5/9 7/11 8/8 8/15 9/7 9/26 10/5 10/19 10/30 11/14 12/31 4/18 6/8 2/22 7/26 12/9 12/31 8/29 1/10 12/19 8/10 7/13 8/9 8/24 9/7 9/27 3/7 8/17 9/14 10/12 Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Source other-pets other-pets (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) Stormwater (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) CA.Creek Mouth Rincon Beach . Promenade Pk-oak St.Creek Mouth Rincon Beach .Creek Mouth Rincon Beach .Flagpole Rincon Beach .Flagpole Rincon Beach . Rincon Beach . Promenade Pk-Figueroa St.

Comb-sew-overflow.htm. Group 10. June 2007. Sew-pump. Preempt-rain. California State Water Resources Control Board. Title 17 of the California Code. personal communication. 2004. Finding 1. State Water Resources Control Board. Recreational Health Program website. combined sewage overflow. available at: http://lapublichealth.gov/ps/ddwem/beaches/AB411_Regulations. (?). personal communication. 3 Christopher Stevens. June 2007. preemptive due to heavy rainfall. preemptive due to sewage discharge or spill.” State Water Resources Control Board Water Quality Order No.org/eh/progs/ envirp/rechlth/ehrecocfaq. ca. “Water Quality Standards for Coastal and Great Lakes Recreation Waters: Final Rule. 2 Regulations for Public Beaches and Ocean Water-Contact Sports Areas. CA.” November 16. monitoring that revealed high bacteria levels. Preempt-sew. creeks. Sew-discharge. senior water resources control engineer. sewer line blockage/break. RivCrk. rivers. preemptive due to reasons not listed here. 6 40 CFR Part 131.__2003–0005– National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System General Permit No. 5 “Urban runoff is a leading cause of pollution throughout California.dhs. Preempt-other. Sew-break. sanitary sewer overflow. FAQs. CAS000004 Waste Discharge Requirements for Storm Water Discharges from Small Municipal Separate Storm Sewer Systems.Testing the Waters 2007 County ventura ventura ventura ventura ventura ventura ventura Beach Name San Buenaventura State Beach Solimar Beach Surfers Knoll Beach Surfers Knoll Beach Surfers Knoll Beach Surfers Knoll Beach Sycamore Cove Beach Start Date end Date Reason 5/31 8/30 6/14 11/7 12/30 4/11 8/15 6/1 8/31 6/15 11/14 12/31 4/19 8/17 Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Source Stormwater (?) (?) (?) (?) Stormwater (?) Abbreviations used: Bacteria. and lagoons opening onto beaches. 2004. sewage pump station failure. Sanitary-sew-over. June 29.50 natural Resources defense Council . accessed at www. sewage discharge. 4 Los Angeles County Department of Health Services. Article 4. unknown Notes 1 Michael Gjerde.

All counties with marine coastline (Fairfield.1 billion to the state’s economy and generates 110.Testing the Waters 2007 CoNNeCTiCuT Connecticut has 67 public beaches stretching along 18 miles of Long Island Sound coastline. and the Connecticut beach monitoring season stretches from Memorial Day to Labor Day. 5) revision of the Quality Assurance Project Plan. Middlesex.370 federal BEACH Act grant in 2006 and is eligible for a $224. audit. while for other municipalities.1 Tourism contributes $6. Connecticut provides monitoring guidance to coastal municipal officials and the Connecticut Department of Public Health offers sample analysis free of charge at its lab in Hartford. natural Resources defense Council . local Preemptive Rainfall Standards for Marine and estuarine Beaches County Fairfield Fairfield Fairfield Agency Bridgeport health dept. wind direction. When this threshold is reached. Shoreline health departments monitor municipal marine bathing areas. which administers the state’s BEACH Act grant. which is required by the U.010 grant in 2007. Connecticut received a $223. 4) beach data collection. 2) some shoreline towns choose to contract with municipal or local environmental laboratories for marine water sample analysis. 3) the cost of full-time laboratory personnel required for sample analysis is covered by the state of Connecticut. and the Connecticut Department remained constant at 4 percent of Environmental Protection monitors the state park between 2005 and 2006. generating 60. New Haven. Beach monitoring efforts in Connecticut are coordinated by the Connecticut Department of Public Health. Standards indicator organisms: Enterococcus Standards: Since at least 2000. tides. closed for 24 hours CT. Tourism in Connecticut contributes about $9. EPA for beach grant recipient states and territories. beaches. but coastal beaches covered by its federal For Tier  beaches only.6 inches rain in 24 hours. the Connecticut Department of Environmental Protection and the Connecticut Department of Public Health have used the BEACH Act–required standards for marine and estuarine beaches: an enterococcus single-sample maximum of 104 cfu/100 ml and a geometric mean of 35 cfu/100 ml. Examples of costs not covered by the BEACH Act grant include 1) shoreline towns and municipalities cover the cost for their marine beach water sample collection and public notification efforts. darien health dept. and analysis for state park marine beaches are not covered by the US EPA beach grant. The 2006 swim season saw more rainfall than usual. A number of municipalities have adopted a rainfall threshold.S. These decisions may be based on currents. and New London) have monitored beaches. both the single-sample maximum and the geometric mean must be exceeded to trigger closing and advisory decisions. town of Fairfield Preemptive Standard More than 1 inch of rain in 24 hours More than 1 inch of rain in 24 hours 1. and these costs are covered by those shoreline towns. Fairfield health dept. The state of Connecticut does not require that beaches be monitored. or other factors.775 related jobs.9 billion to the state’s economy. which accounts at least in part for the increased number of closing and advisory days in 2006. beaches are automatically closed until test results indicate that there is no bacterial violation. Some municipalities use either the single sample maximum or the geometric mean to trigger closing and advisory decisions. management.700 jobs (see Table ••). the percent of BEACH Act grant must be regularly tested for indicator samples exceeding the state standard organisms. and 6) the costs of oversight. is covered by the state of Connecticut. Local health departments may close beaches if there is a known sewage spill or indications of sewage plant debris. all of which were monitored in 2006. and management of beach grant expenses are covered by the state of Connecticut.

Testing the Waters 2007 County Fairfield Fairfield Fairfield new haven Agency Greenwich dept. followed by Esposito Beach (13%) and Clinton Town Beach (13%) in Middlesex County. Connecticut told NRDC that its level of BEACH Act grant funding allowed it to maintain data for only 54 beaches in 2006. West haven health dept. New London (45%).2 Sampling results are available no sooner than 24 hours after the sample is delivered to the lab.5 inch in 24-hour period in drought conditions 1 to 2 inches in 24 hours. Ocean Beach Park in New London (11%). Preemptive Standard in Byram ≥ 0. Waterford Town Beach in New London (9%). For Tier 1 beaches only. 0. monitoring frequency. the percent of samples exceeding the state standard remained constant at 4 percent between 2005 and 2006. islands not affected. and percent of samples exceeding the standard for all beaches reported in 2006. NRDC looked at the percent of monitoring samples that exceeded Connecticut’s daily maximum bacterial standards.0 inch August–September. and Clark Avenue Beach in New Haven (8%). Middlesex County had the most beaches with no exceedances (67%) followed by New Haven (47%).1 This means that 97 percent (65) of Connecticut’s beaches were monitored once a week and 3 percent (2) were monitored three times a month. Sampling generally takes place Monday through Thursday. 2 or more inches in 24 hours. ≥ 1. of health Stamford health dept. the Tier 1 beaches with the highest percent exceedances were Kiddie’s Beach (29%) and Green Harbor Beach (19%) in New London County. Jacobs Town Beach in New Haven County (9%).5 inches July. Results: Although 65 of Connecticut’s 67 public beaches were reported as monitored at least once a week in 2006. 1 inch in a 24-hour period in normal rain conditions. 2006 Monitoring Frequency and Results by Beach County Fairfield Fairfield Fairfield Fairfield Fairfield Fairfield Fairfield Beach Greenwich Point Beach Byram Beach Short Beach island Beach east (Cove island) Beach Compo Beach West Beach Tier Monitoring Frequency 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk Total Samples 51 57 44 33 48 54 36 Percent exceedance 18% 11% 9% 9% 8% 6% 6% 1 1/wk 1/wk 3/mo 1/wk CT. closed for 24 hours. Forty-eight percent of all monitored beaches did not exceed the standard for any sample taken in 2006. Island Beach in Fairfield County (9%).5 inch (May–September).2 natural Resources defense Council . usually before noon. and Fairfield (45%). In 2006. Practice: Samples are taken 12 to 18 inches below the surface in water that is three to four feet deep. in Greenwich Point: “excessive rainfall” May–June. Monitoring locations were selected using a risk-based approach.2 For the second consecutive year. All Tier 1 and Tier 2 beaches were monitored once a week. Beaches are grouped by county and ranked in descending order by percent exceedance. and all Tier 3 beaches were monitored once a week except for two beaches that were monitored three times a month. The table below lists the tier status. ≥ 1. closed for 48 hours About 1 inch in 24 hours Monitoring Frequency: The Connecticut Department of Public Health provided 2006 monitoring frequency information for all 67 public beaches along 18 miles of coastline. Laboratory Stratford health dept.

Testing the Waters 2007 County Fairfield Fairfield Fairfield Fairfield Fairfield Fairfield Fairfield Fairfield Fairfield Fairfield Fairfield Fairfield Fairfield Middlesex Middlesex Middlesex Middlesex Middlesex Middlesex new haven new haven new haven new haven new haven new haven new haven new haven new haven new haven new haven new haven new haven new haven new haven new haven new haven new London new London new London new London new London Beach Quigley Beach Weed Beach Jennings Beach Pear tree Point Beach Penfield Beach Great Captain’s island Beach South Pine Creek Beach Long Beach (Marnick’s) Southport Beach Sasco Beach Cummings Beach Burying hill Beach Long Beach (Proper) esposito Beach town Beach (Clinton) Middle Beach/Stannard Beach harvey’s Beach Westbrook town Beach/West Beach town Beach (old Saybrook) Jacobs Beach (town Beach) Clark Avenue Beach Branford Point Beach West Wharf Beach Pent Road Beach east Wharf Beach Stony Creek Beach West haven West Beach West haven east Beach east haven town Beach Woodmont Beach Surf Club Beach Anchor Beach (Merwin Point) #2 Lighthouse Point Beach Walnut Beach Gulf Beach Anchor Beach (Merwin Point) #1 Kiddie’s Beach Green harbor Beach ocean Beach Park Waterford town Beach hole-in-the-Wall Beach Tier Monitoring Frequency 1/wk 1/wk Total Samples 18 22 28 33 28 28 13 15 28 29 49 12 28 8 8 8 2 22 4 46 12 15 15 15 16 16 52 103 31 13 30 14 4 28 14 14 17 21 28 46 14 Percent exceedance 6% 5% 4% 3% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 13% 13% 0% 0% 0% 0% 9% 8% 7% 7% 7% 6% 6% 6% 1% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 29% 19% 11% 9% 7% 1 1 1 1 1 1 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 3/mo 1/wk 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk CT.3 natural Resources defense Council .

the state recommends that a resample be taken and a sanitary survey be conducted to determine if raw or partially treated sewage is contributing to the elevated bacterial levels. The total number of beach closing and advisory days increased 12 percent. radio announcements. 2006 Connecticut Beach Closings/Advisories County Fairfield Fairfield Fairfield Beach Name Bell island Beach Bell island Beach Burying hill Beach Start Date 7/19 8/28 8/29 end Date 7/21 8/31 9/1 Reason Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Bacteria Source Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater CT. When routine samples exceed the state standards. and 7 percent (3) were due to wildlife. Notification methods vary and include signs. then the state recommends that the bathing area be closed. the overall monitoring frequency at these beaches was steady.2 Some municipalities collect multiple samples at each monitoring event. if more than one sample exceeds the standard. 10 percent (4) were due to boats. from 200 in 2005 to 224 in 2006. If the survey reveals discharges of raw or partially treated sewage. The monitoring agency for each beach is responsible for notifying the public of beach closures and advisories. During the time period over which this overall increase in closing and advisory days occurred. Reopening Procedures: For the four state park beaches monitored by the Department of Environmental Protection. Of these. depending on the circumstances. Closing and Advisory issuance: Closing and advisory procedures differ among the different monitoring agencies within the state. 17 percent (7) were due to unknown sources. Four percent (8) of closing/advisory days were preemptive due to known sewage spills.1 Sections of a beach or a whole beach may be placed under advisory or closed. then decreased to 54 days in 2006. Closings and advisories at Connecticut’s 46 Tier 1 beaches increased from 24 days in 2004 to 73 days in 2005.3 Causes of Closings and Advisories: Seventy-eight percent (174) of closing/advisory days in 2006 were preemptive rainfall advisories. telephone hotlines. If sample results exceed the standards and a sanitary survey reveals no evidence of sewage contamination.4 natural Resources defense Council . and the internet. the state recommends that the bathing area be examined on an individual basis with consultation from the Connecticut Department of Public Health before any decision about closure is made. and less than one percent (1 day) was preemptive due to other causes. A beach whose samples exceed the standards may remain open if a sanitary survey reveals no sign of a sewage spill. resampling is conducted every day until the beach is reopened or the advisory is lifted. and in most cases. Eighteen percent (41) were due to monitoring that revealed elevated bacteria levels. they will close the beach without resample.Testing the Waters 2007 County new London new London new London new London new London new London Beach Pleasure Beach noank dock Mccook Point Beach dubois Beach esker Point Beach eastern Point Beach Tier 1 1 1 1 1 1 Monitoring Frequency 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk Total Samples 15 14 16 27 14 29 Percent exceedance 7% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% Closings and Advisories Connecticut issued one advisory and 106 closures in 2006. 66 percent (27) were due to stormwater.

Testing the Waters 2007 County Fairfield Fairfield Fairfield Fairfield Fairfield Fairfield Fairfield Fairfield Fairfield Fairfield Fairfield Fairfield Fairfield Fairfield Fairfield Fairfield Fairfield Fairfield Fairfield Fairfield Fairfield Fairfield Fairfield Fairfield Fairfield Fairfield Fairfield Fairfield Fairfield Fairfield Fairfield Fairfield Fairfield Fairfield Fairfield Fairfield Fairfield Fairfield Fairfield Fairfield Fairfield Fairfield Beach Name Byram Beach Byram Beach Byram Beach Byram Beach Byram Beach Byram Beach Byram Beach Byram Beach Byram Beach Byram Beach Calf Pasture Beach Calf Pasture Beach Compo Beach Compo Beach Cummings Beach Cummings Beach Cummings Beach Cummings Beach Cummings Beach Cummings Beach Cummings Beach Cummings Beach Cummings Beach east (Cove island) Beach east (Cove island) Beach east (Cove island) Beach east (Cove island) Beach east (Cove island) Beach east (Cove island) Beach east (Cove island) Beach Great Captain’s island Beach Greenwich Point Beach Greenwich Point Beach Greenwich Point Beach Greenwich Point Beach hickory Bluff Beach hickory Bluff Beach island Beach Jennings Beach Long Beach (Marnick’s) Long Beach (Marnick’s) Long Beach (Marnick’s) Start Date 8/31 6/2 6/8 6/24 6/28 7/13 7/19 7/22 8/25 8/28 7/19 8/28 7/11 8/29 6/27 8/20 6/30 6/3 6/8 6/28 7/13 8/26 9/3 6/29 6/3 6/8 6/28 7/13 8/26 9/3 6/27 8/31 7/13 8/26 8/28 7/19 8/28 8/22 8/28 6/4 6/7 7/19 end Date 9/1 6/4 6/9 6/27 6/30 7/14 7/20 7/24 8/27 8/31 7/21 8/31 7/13 9/1 6/28 8/22 7/1 6/4 6/9 6/29 7/14 8/30 9/4 6/30 6/4 6/9 6/29 7/14 8/30 9/4 6/28 9/1 7/14 8/27 8/31 7/21 8/31 8/23 8/31 6/5 6/8 7/20 Reason Bacteria Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-sew Bacteria Prempt-sew Prempt-sew Bacteria Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Bacteria Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Bacteria Bacteria Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Bacteria Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Source Boat Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Pub-treatment-works Stormwater (?) (?) Boat Boat Boat Boat Boat Boat Boat (?) Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Boat Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Boat Stormwater (?) (?) (?) CT.5 natural Resources defense Council .

6 natural Resources defense Council .Testing the Waters 2007 County Fairfield Fairfield Fairfield Fairfield Fairfield Fairfield Fairfield Fairfield Fairfield Fairfield Fairfield Fairfield Fairfield Fairfield Fairfield Fairfield Fairfield Fairfield Fairfield Fairfield Fairfield Fairfield Fairfield Fairfield Fairfield Fairfield Fairfield Fairfield Fairfield Fairfield Fairfield Fairfield Fairfield Fairfield Fairfield Fairfield Fairfield Fairfield Fairfield Fairfield Fairfield Fairfield Beach Name Long Beach (Marnick’s) Long Beach (Proper) Long Beach (Proper) Long Beach (Proper) Long Beach (Proper) Marvin Beach Marvin Beach Marvin Beach Pear tree Point Beach Pear tree Point Beach Pear tree Point Beach Pear tree Point Beach Pear tree Point Beach Pear tree Point Beach Pear tree Point Beach Penfield Beach Quigley Beach Quigley Beach Quigley Beach Quigley Beach Quigley Beach Quigley Beach Rowayton Beach Rowayton Beach Sasco Beach Shady Beach Shady Beach Sherwood island State Park Beach Sherwood island State Park Beach Short Beach Short Beach Short Beach Short Beach South Pine Creek Beach Southport Beach Weed Beach Weed Beach Weed Beach Weed Beach Weed Beach Weed Beach West Beach Start Date 8/28 6/4 6/7 7/19 8/28 6/28 7/19 8/28 6/9 6/8 6/28 7/6 7/12 8/25 9/3 8/28 6/3 6/8 6/28 7/13 8/26 9/3 7/19 8/28 8/28 7/19 8/28 7/11 8/29 6/4 6/7 7/19 8/28 8/28 8/28 6/28 6/8 7/6 7/12 8/25 9/3 8/4 end Date 9/5 6/5 6/8 7/20 9/5 7/1 7/21 8/31 6/11 6/9 6/30 7/7 7/14 8/29 9/4 8/31 6/4 6/9 6/29 7/14 8/30 9/4 7/21 8/31 8/31 7/21 8/31 7/12 8/31 6/5 6/8 7/20 9/5 8/31 8/31 6/30 6/9 7/7 7/14 8/29 9/4 8/5 Reason Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Bacteria Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-sew Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-sew Bacteria Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Bacteria Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Bacteria Source (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) Stormwater Stormwater Sew-break Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Pub-treatment-works Stormwater (?) (?) (?) (?) Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater (?) CT.

February 2003. available at http://www. Connecticut Department of Public Health. 2 Jon Dinneen. CT. (?). Connecticut Department of Public Health. preemptive due to heavy rainfall. moniotring that revealed high bacteria levels.pdf. preemptive due to reasons not listed here. 3 Connecticut Dept of Public Health and Connecticut Department of Environmental Protection. personal communication.7 natural Resources defense Council . May 2007. unknown. Preempt-rain. personal communication.ct. July 2007. Quality Assurance Project Plan (QAPP) for Indicator Bacteria Monitoring at Public Bathing Beaches. Preempt-other.Testing the Waters 2007 County Fairfield Fairfield Fairfield Fairfield Fairfield Fairfield Middlesex Middlesex new haven new haven new haven new haven new haven new haven new haven new haven new haven new haven new haven new London Beach Name West Beach West Beach West Beach West Beach West Beach West Beach esposito Beach town Beach Anchor Beach (Merwin Point) #1 Anchor Beach (Merwin Point) #2 Branford Point Beach Gulf Beach Jacobs Beach (town Beach) Lighthouse Point Beach Lighthouse Point Beach Silver Sands State Park Beach Stony Creek Beach Walnut Beach Woodmont Beach Rocky neck State Park Beach Start Date 6/3 6/8 6/28 7/13 8/26 9/3 8/31 8/30 9/3 9/3 8/29 9/3 8/30 7/7 8/1 8/29 8/29 9/3 9/3 8/29 end Date 6/4 6/9 6/29 7/14 8/30 9/4 9/3 9/2 9/6 9/6 9/2 9/6 9/1 7/9 8/2 9/2 9/2 9/6 9/6 8/31 Reason Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Bacteria Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Bacteria Prempt-rain Bacteria Bacteria Prempt-other Bacteria Bacteria Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Bacteria Source Boat Boat Boat Boat Boat Boat Wildlife Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater (?) other Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Abbreviations used: Bacteria. Notes 1 Jon Dinneen.gov/dep/lib/dep/quality_assurance/qaap_water/qapp_indbac.

which is significantly affected by rainfall and runoff and which is under a permanent swimming advisory. an enterococcus single-sample maximum of 104 cfu/100 ml and a geometric mean of 35 cfu/100 ml. Monitoring Frequency: The DNREC monitored 20 ocean and bay beaches for the 2006 swim season. The full cost of Delaware’s coastal beach monitoring and notification program is approximately double the amount of the BEACH Act grant. All of the indicator-based advisories were for freshwater swimming areas.040 grant in 2007.5 inches within 12 hours. There are no Tier 3 beaches.750 federal BEACH Act grant in 2006 and is eligible for a $211. Standards indicator organism: Enterococcus Standards: Delaware has adopted BEACH Act–required standards: for ocean and bay waters.1 These two beaches were historically under indicator-based advisories for 20 days during the beach season. but all moniFor Tier  beaches only. De. and Tower Road Bayside (Tier 2) were not monitored the week of July 3. However. The DNREC indicates it believes that the majority of Delaware’s ocean and bay beaches are not significantly affected by rainfall. inland waterways after a heavy rain due to runoff from the land. Beaches were initially prioritized for the monitoring program based on whether they were regulated and lifeguards were present. Delaware has about 25 miles of Delaware Bay coastline and 26 miles of Atlantic Ocean coastline.2 Delaware received a $210. The state has sampled swimming water at varying levels of intensity since 1979.Testing the Waters 2007 DelAWARe The Delaware Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Control (DNREC) administers Delaware’s beach monitoring and notification program. All Tier 1 and Tier 2 beaches were assigned a weekly monitoring frequency in 2006.2 billion and generates 23.3 EPA standards for coastal beaches and fresh water were formally adopted as per Title 7 of the Delaware Annotated Code in 2004. Another Tier 1 beach. and no cent in 2006. Slaughter Beach (Tier 1). these beaches were placed under permanent advisory.000 related jobs. Holts Landing Beach (Indian River Bay) and Tower Road Bayside (Rehoboth Bay). All three counties (Newcastle. Kent.1 The freshwater preemptive standards are 2. closings. went from 0 percent in 2005 to  perDelaware issued advisories only in 2006. Broadkill Beach. the percent of tored beaches are in Sussex County. which made them difficult to staff with lifeguards. The monitoring season samples exceeding the state standard stretches from the first Monday in May to the second Monday in September. Delaware’s enterococcus standard is a geometric mean of 100 cfu/100 ml and a single sample of 185 cfu/100 ml. Permanent swimming advisories were issued for two marine beaches. The exception is Tower Road Bay Side (Rehoboth Bay) Beach. natural Resources defense Council . The Shellfish and Recreational Water Branch may issue swimming advisories based on rainfall events in excess of the applicable standards. was not monitored the week of May 29. was not monitored the weeks of May 8 or July 31. People are advised not to swim in small. and/or may issue a blanket rainfall advisory for all swimming areas when an intensive and extensive rainfall occurs.2 Tourism in Delaware contributes about $1. and Sussex) have coastline. Delaware has preemptive rainfall advisory standards for freshwater but not marine swimming areas. State policy is to issue advisories and not closings for indicator exceedances. Holts Landing Beach.5 inches of rain within 24 hours or 1. a Tier 1 beach. circumstances that would trigger an imminent health threat would trigger a closure. Because of the greater probability of an advisory and to save on lifeguard costs. and Lewes Beach South (Tier 1) was not monitored the week of July 10. However. Prime Hook Beach (Tier 2). but now all of the Atlantic Ocean coastline and the bay coastline south of Slaughter Beach is considered to be covered under the program.2 For freshwater.

2 Results are available 24 hours after sampling. the overall monitoring frequency at these beaches was steady. No closing and advisory days for events lasting six consecutive weeks or fewer occurred in 2005 or in 2006. No other advisories and no closures were issued in Delaware in 2006.2 natural Resources defense Council . the percent of samples exceeding the standard went from 0 percent in 2005 to 1 percent in 2006. 2006 Monitoring Frequency and Results by Beach County Beach Sussex Sussex Sussex Sussex Sussex Sussex Sussex Sussex Sussex Sussex Sussex Sussex Sussex Sussex Sussex Sussex Sussex Sussex Sussex Sussex delaware Seashore State Park. delaware Seashore State Park Cape henlopen Beach dewey Beach Lewes Beach north Lewes Beach South Slaughter Beach delaware/Maryland Line Beach delaware Seashore State Park. monitoring frequency. In 2006. For Tier 1 beaches only. The table below lists the tier status.Testing the Waters 2007 Practice: Samples are taken in knee-deep water. tower Road Bayside holts Landing Beach South indian River inlet Beach Atlantic Beach near Gordons Pond Rehoboth-virginia Ave Beach Rehoboth-Queen St Beach Rehoboth-Rehoboth Ave Beach South Bethany Beach Bethany Beach Prime hook Beach Fenwick island State Park Beach north indian River inlet Beach. The number of closing and advisory events lasting longer than six consecutive weeks remained unchanged in 2005 and 2006 at two. De. Beaches are grouped by county and ranked in descending order by percent exceedance. 18 percent of monitoring samples exceeded the state’s standards at one Tier 1 beach (Holts Landing). tower Road ocean Site Broadkill Beach Tier 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 Monitoring Frequency 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk Total Samples 18 17 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 18 19 19 19 19 19 18 18 19 19 18 Percent exceedances 50% 18% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% Closings and Advisories Tower Road Bayside and Holts Landing Beach were under permanent advisory in 2006. and Wednesdays. Closings and advisories at Delaware’s 17 Tier 1 beaches decreased from 5 days in 2004 to zero days in 2005 and 2006. Ninety percent of all monitored beaches did not exceed the standard for any sample taken in 2006. NRDC looked at the percent of monitoring samples that exceeded Delaware’s daily maximum bacterial standards. and percent of samples exceeding the standard for all beaches reported in 2006. Tuesdays. generally on Mondays. During the time period over which this steady decrease in closing and advisory days occurred.1 Results: For the second consecutive year.1 Replicate samples are sometimes taken.

an advisory will not be issued.de. 2 Jack Pingree.3 natural Resources defense Council . May 2007. preemptive due to reasons not listed here.Testing the Waters 2007 Closing/Advisory issuance: Indicator-based beach advisories are not issued in Delaware unless re-sampling confirms an exceedance. personal communication. Whether advisories are issued for an entire beach or for a section of beach is taken up on a case-by-case basis. Reopening Procedures: Once an advisory is issued. and offers automatic updates to beachgoers via email messages. state.asp). posts monitoring results and current advisory status on its website (http://www. tower Road Bayside holts Landing Beach Start Date 1/1 1/1 end Date Reason 12/31 12/31 Prempt-other Prempt-other Source no data no data Abbreviations used: Preempt-other. Delaware Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Control. if the DNREC determines that elevated bacterial levels are the result of natural conditions and are presenting no threat to public health. Also.us/dnreceis/Div_Water/Apps/RecWater/Asp/RecWaterPublic. Notes 1 Delaware Deptartment of Natural Resources and Environmental Control. The DNREC provides an advisory information line during the summer (800-922-WAVE).2 Causes of Closings/Advisories: There were no marine beach closures in 2006. which were placed under permanent advisory. 2004. The DNREC examines bacterial monitoring results.dnrec. 2006 Recreational Water Year-End Report. not dated. along with other factors. “Water Quality Standards for Coastal and Great Lakes Recreation Waters: Final Rule. signs are posted. 2006 Delaware Beach Closings/Advisories County Beach Name Sussex Sussex delaware Seashore State Park. For example. De. the beach is monitored more frequently until the advisory can be lifted.” November 16. 3 40 CFR Part 131. All advisory days were for two beaches. before issuing a “no swimming” advisory. Environmental Program Manager. Holts Landing Beach and Tower Road Bayside.

Monitoring and advisory/warning issuance are conducted by Florida’s For Tier  beaches only.1 The state has 634 public coastal beaches stretching along the Atlantic and Gulf coastline.410 federal BEACH Act grant in 2006. and the FDOH is given the authority to monitor and advise about the health impacts of swimming at beaches under state statute.000 miles of coastal beach.700 related jobs. Shired Island. Florida has by far the most coastal swimmers in the nation. Martin County has a preemptive standard based on turbidity. Florida is eligible for a $534. Local health departments in 34 of the of samples exceeding the standard state’s 35 coastal counties (Jefferson County has no accesdecreased to 6 percent in 2006 from sible beaches) monitor an average of nine sites each. along with an allocation of $525. With its low wave action and shallow mucky water. As far as the beachgoing public goes. as well as a fecal coliform single-sample standard of 400 cfu/100 ml. fecal coliform Standards: Florida uses the EPA standards for Enterococcus of a single-sample maximum of 104 cfu/100 ml and a geomet- ric mean of 35 cfu/100 ml. nearly half of the beaches in the state are monitored. with statewide precipitation at 80 percent of normal. Maximo Beach’s standard is 0. to determine the health safety of beachwater. The fecal coliform standard has been adopted by the Florida Department of Environmental Protection in state rule. Standards indicator organisms: Enterococcus. There is no statutory authority for closing beaches. Most counties will warn against swimming after a sewage spill until sampling results are satisfactory. The Florida Department of Health (FDOH) administers the state’s beach monitoring and notification program. The Dixie County Soil and Water Conservation District has expressed an interest in researching the high bacteria counts at the site and has paid for limited initial source tracking that indicated there was no human component to the enterococcus counts at the beach. Okaloosa County has a preemptive rain standard for freshwater beaches that is in effect only when there is hard rain for eight hours or more than four inches of rain falls within two days. which is perhaps incorrectly classified as a beach. The peak monitoring season is from April to mid-September. drought conditions impacted the beach program in 2006. which are agents and employees of the FDOH. organic-laden bottom soils and multiple streams draining many square miles of natural woodlands. silviculture. Fl.000 in recurring general revenue from the state. On June 13. probably due to a combination of poor water circulation with silty. precautionary advisories are issued. Beach warnings are issued in Florida when fecal coliform levels exceed standards and advisories are issued when enterococcus levels exceed standards. and farmlands. these are identical. In most coastal counties. Florida’s Big Bend area had the highest beach advisory rate in 2006.2 Pinellas County has a preemptive rainfall standard for two saltwater beaches: Maximo and North Shore. On August 30. This site is in a remote area of Dixie County. while North Shore Beach’s standard is one inch within a 24-hour period.2 Generally.Testing the Waters 2007 FloRiDA With its year-round swim season and more than 1. six miles from the nearest municipality by sea and two miles from any private residences. has ongoing high bacteria counts. heavy rainfall from Ernesto affected Collier County along with many other counties in south Florida. so NRDC refers to both warnings and advisories as advisories. Further funding is being sought from the Suwannee River Water Management District to upgrade the facilities at the site and conduct further source tracking. and Monroe County also issues preemptive rainfall advisories. natural Resources defense Council .700 BEACH Act grant in 2007. the percent county health departments. rain from Alberto flooded the cities of Perry and Homossassa Springs. Tourism in Florida contributes about $62 billion to the state’s economy and generates 948.8 inch within a 24-hour period. but the year did see two tropical storms come ashore. this site can be best described as a saltwater marsh or estuary. so that  percent in 2005. The Florida Healthy Beaches Program received a $528. After a hurricane or tropical storm comes ashore. officials issue an advisory if any one of the three standards is exceeded. It is adjacent to a National Wildlife Refuge and has a small county park with facilities.

While this ensures that the most critical beaches in each county are monitored.Testing the Waters 2007 Monitoring Frequency: Since August 2002. Beaches are grouped by county and ranked in descending order by percent exceedance. However. Carrabelle Beach in Franklin County (49%). and beaches chosen for monitoring in one county may not be as important as beaches in another county.2 natural Resources defense Council . NRDC looked at the percent of monitoring samples that exceeded Florida’s daily maximum bacterial standards. usually in the morning. the Tier 1 beaches with the highest percent exceedances were Cedar Island in Taylor County (89%) followed by Shired Island in Dixie County (85%). and Hernando Counties had the highest percentage of beaches with no exceedances (100%). and with transport and reporting. the percent of samples exceeding the standard decreased to 6 percent in 2006 from 8 percent in 2005. In 2006. Brevard. The table below lists the tier status. In 2006. 2006 Monitoring Frequency and Results by Beach County Bay Bay Bay Bay Bay Bay Bay Bay Bay Bay Bay Bay Bay Brevard Brevard Brevard Beach Beckrich Road (edgewater Gulf Beach) Carl Gray Park Beach drive Laguna Beach dupont Bridge Bid-A-Wee Beach delwood Beach Spy Glass drive (Biltmore Beach) Sunset Park east County Line (Mexico Beach) Panama City Beach Pier (edgewater Beach) Seltzer Park (Silver Sands Beach) West County Line (Carrilon Beach) Canaveral national Seashore/Playalinda Beach Cocoa Beach Minuteman Causeway Cocoa Beach Pier Tier 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 Monitoring Frequency 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk Total Samples 52 52 52 52 52 52 52 52 52 52 52 52 52 41 51 51 Percent exceedance 21% 21% 13% 10% 8% 6% 6% 4% 4% 2% 2% 2% 0% 0% 0% 0% Fl. Beaches are prioritized for monitoring on a county-by-county basis. and Hagen’s Cove in Taylor County (64%). Lab analysis takes a minimum of 24 hours to complete. Florida is currently working on implementing a statewide program for prioritizing its beaches. Practice: Samples are collected in water that is approximately 18 inches deep. Dekle Beach (70%). pollution potential. and percent of samples exceeding the standard for all beaches reported in 2006. Tuesdays. and Collier (71%). and Wednesdays. Keaton Beach (68%). and Bayou Chico in Escambia County (52%). 307 sites in 34 coastal counties have been monitored once a week. St Lucie. For Tier 1 beaches only. so that the most important beaches in the state are monitored. Navy Point-Bayou Grande (61%). Criteria are population served. Most sampling is conducted on Mondays. followed by Volusia (80%). it may not have been the same 307 sites at all times. Mash Island in Wakulla County (48%). Indian River. and rainfall. there are a wide variety of beach characteristics in Florida. Bayview Park (55%). Forty-two percent of all monitored beaches did not exceed the standard for any sample taken in 2006. county health departments usually receive results about 30 hours after samples are collected. monitoring frequency. Walton (75%). with some resampling done on Thursdays. the 307 monitored beaches represented 576 miles of coastline. Results: For the second consecutive year. Flagler.

Testing the Waters 2007 County Brevard Brevard Brevard Brevard Brevard Brevard Brevard Broward Broward Broward Broward Broward Broward Broward Broward Broward Broward Broward Broward Broward Broward Broward Charlotte Charlotte Charlotte Charlotte Charlotte Charlotte Charlotte Charlotte Citrus Collier Collier Collier Collier Collier Collier Collier Collier Collier Collier Beach indialantic Boardwalk Jetty Park (Cape Canaveral) Paradise Beach Patrick Air Force Base (Pafb) north Pelican Beach Park Sebastian inlet north Spessard holland Beach Park (north) John Lloyd State Park Pompano Beach harrison Street Commercial Blvd hallandale Beach Blvd oakland Park Boulevard Bahia Mar Birch State Park Custer Street dania Beach deerfield Beach deerfield Beach Se 10th Street Minnesota Street ne 16 Street. Pompano Sebastian Street Port Charlotte Beach West englewood north Port Charlotte Beach east Palm island north Palm island South englewood South englewood Mid Beach Boca Grande Fort island Gulf Beach doctor’s Pass horizon Way Beach (Aka Parkshore Beach) South Marco Beach vanderbilt Beach Barefoot Beach State Reserve Central Avenue Clam Pass denor-Wiggins State Recreation Area hideaway Beach Lowdermilk Park Tier Monitoring Frequency 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk Total Samples 51 51 51 51 51 51 51 54 55 54 53 53 53 52 52 52 52 52 52 52 52 52 56 54 54 54 54 52 53 51 52 53 53 53 53 52 52 52 52 52 52 Percent exceedance 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 6% 5% 4% 2% 2% 2% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 25% 9% 9% 7% 7% 6% 6% 2% 2% 2% 2% 2% 2% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 1 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk Fl.3 natural Resources defense Council .

George island Franklin Street St. George island State Park Monument Beach Beacon hill Beach St.4 natural Resources defense Council . Joe Beach Tier Monitoring Frequency 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk Total Samples 52 52 52 52 34 53 52 53 53 53 51 52 52 52 52 51 53 52 41 57 52 53 51 13 51 51 52 52 52 52 52 52 52 49 49 98 49 17 38 37 37 Percent exceedance 0% 0% 0% 0% 85% 4% 2% 2% 2% 2% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 61% 55% 52% 12% 11% 2% 2% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 49% 8% 2% 2% 0% 24% 3% 3% 1 1 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1 1 1 1 1 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk Fl.Testing the Waters 2007 County Collier Collier Collier Collier dixie duval duval duval duval duval duval duval duval duval duval escambia escambia escambia escambia escambia escambia escambia escambia escambia escambia escambia escambia Flagler Flagler Flagler Flagler Flagler Flagler Franklin Franklin Franklin Franklin Franklin Gulf Gulf Gulf Beach naples Pier Pelican Bay Restaurant And Club Residence Beach tigertail Beach Shired island hopkins Street Access 15th Street Access 30th Avenue Access Atlantic Blvd Acess Beach Blvd Access 19th Street Access hanna Park huguenot Park north Little talbot island South Little talbot island navy Point (Bayou Grande) Bayview Park Bayou Chico Sanders Beach Quietwater Beach (Santa Rosa Sound) Perdido Key State Park County Park West Big Lagoon State Park County Park east Johnson Beach Johnson Beach Sound Side Pensacola (Casino) Beach Gamble Rogers State Park north Flagler Pier Picknickers (Beverly Beach) South Flagler Pier varn Park Washington oaks State Park Carrabelle Beach Alligator Point St. George island 11th Street east St.

davis north hillsborough Ben t.5 natural Resources defense Council . davis South hillsborough Picnic island South hillsborough Picnic island north hillsborough Bahia Beach hillsborough davis island hillsborough Cypress Point north hillsborough Cypress Point South hillsborough Simmons Park indian River indian River indian River indian River indian River indian River Lee Lee Lee Lee Lee Lee Lee Lee Lee Lee Lee Lee Lee Levy Manatee Manatee Manatee Manatee Manatee Manatee Manatee Manatee Coconut Point Sebastian inlet humiston Beach Round island Beach Park Sexton Plaza South Beach Park Wabasso Beach Park Lynn hall Memorial Park Bowman’s Beach Cape Coral Yacht Club turner Beach/Blind Pass Beach tarpon Bay Road Beach Boca Grande Light house/Seagrape Beach Sanibel Causeway Beach Sanibel Lighthouse Park Beach South Seas Plantation Captiva .Testing the Waters 2007 County Gulf Gulf Gulf hernando Beach Lookout Beach dixie Belle Beach highway 98 Beach Pine island Tier 1 Monitoring Frequency 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk Total Samples 38 38 37 52 59 56 56 57 54 54 53 53 53 51 52 52 52 52 51 56 55 55 55 54 53 53 53 53 52 52 52 52 51 57 56 48 53 53 52 52 52 Percent exceedance 3% 0% 0% 0% 14% 11% 11% 11% 7% 7% 6% 6% 4% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 7% 5% 5% 5% 4% 2% 2% 2% 2% 0% 0% 0% 0% 27% 19% 9% 2% 2% 2% 0% 0% 0% hillsborough Ben t.Redfish Pass Bonita Beach Park Bowditch Point Beach Little hickory Beach Park Lovers Key State Park Cedar Key Beach Palma Sola South Bay Front Park north Whitney Beach Bradenton Beach Palma Sola north Bay Front Park South Coquina Beach north Coquina Beach South 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk Fl.

6 natural Resources defense Council .Testing the Waters 2007 County Manatee Manatee Martin Martin Martin Martin Martin Martin Martin Martin Martin Miami-dade Miami-dade Miami-dade Miami-dade Miami-dade Miami-dade Miami-dade Miami-dade Miami-dade Miami-dade Miami-dade Miami-dade Miami-dade Miami-dade Miami-dade Monroe Monroe Monroe Monroe Monroe Monroe Monroe Monroe Monroe Monroe Monroe Monroe Monroe Monroe Monroe Beach Manatee Public Beach north Manatee Public Beach South Roosevelt Bridge Bob Graham Beach hobe Sound Public Beach Stuart Causeway Bathtub Beach hobe Sound Wildlife Refuge Jensen Beach Causeway east Jensen Public Beach Stuart Beach Crandon Park-Key Biscayne Matheson hammock hobie Beach north Shore ocean terrace 53rd Street .93rd Street Golden Beach haulover Beach Cape Florida Park virginia Beach South Beach higgs Beach Coco Plum Beach John Pennekamp State Park Cannon Beach Bahia honda Sandspur Simonton Beach Anne’s Beach Bahia honda oceanside Founder’s Park Beach islamorada Public Library Smathers Beach Curry hammock Bahia honda Bayside Ft.Miami Beach South Beach Park Sunny isles Beach-Pier Park Collins Park-21st Street oleta State Park Key Biscayne Beach Surfside Beach . Zachary taylor harry harris County Park Tier Monitoring Frequency 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk Total Samples 52 52 52 52 52 52 51 51 52 51 51 62 59 58 58 57 57 57 55 53 54 54 53 53 52 52 51 51 51 51 51 51 51 51 51 51 51 52 51 51 51 Percent exceedance 0% 0% 4% 2% 2% 2% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 18% 12% 10% 10% 9% 9% 9% 5% 4% 4% 4% 2% 2% 0% 0% 33% 25% 16% 12% 10% 10% 8% 6% 6% 6% 6% 4% 2% 2% 2% 1 1 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1 1 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk Fl.

Strickland oelsner Park Beach Tier 1 1 1 1 1 Monitoring Frequency 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk Total Samples 51 51 51 52 52 52 52 52 52 52 52 52 52 51 51 51 50 51 51 51 51 51 51 51 51 52 53 52 52 52 53 53 51 51 51 52 51 50 51 52 52 Percent exceedance 2% 0% 10% 2% 2% 2% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 45% 29% 12% 10% 10% 4% 2% 2% 2% 2% 2% 0% 4% 4% 2% 2% 2% 2% 2% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 40% 23% 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1 1 1/wk 1/wk Fl.7 natural Resources defense Council .Testing the Waters 2007 County Monroe Monroe nassau nassau nassau nassau nassau nassau nassau nassau nassau nassau nassau okaloosa okaloosa okaloosa okaloosa okaloosa okaloosa okaloosa okaloosa okaloosa okaloosa okaloosa okaloosa Palm Beach Palm Beach Palm Beach Palm Beach Palm Beach Palm Beach Palm Beach Palm Beach Palm Beach Palm Beach Palm Beach Palm Beach Palm Beach Palm Beach Pasco Pasco Beach Sombrero Beach veteran’s Beach South end Jasmine Street Sadler Road Simmons Road Amelia island Plantation (Aip) Beach Club American Beach Fort Clinch Beach Main Beach ocean Street Peter’s Point Piper dunes (Aip Beach) Liza Jackson Park Rocky Bayou (Fred Gannon State Park) Garniers Camp timpoochee Lincoln Park east Pass Brackin Wayside Gulf island national Seashore henderson State Park Beach Marlers Park Poquito Park James Lee Park Beach Phil Foster Park Peanut island Carlin Park Lake Worth (Aka Kreusler) South inlet Park dubois Park Spanish River Boynton Beach Municipal delray Beach (Aka Sandoway Park) Gulfstream Park Jupiter Beach Park ocean inlet Park Palm Beach Riviera Beach Robert J.

Testing the Waters 2007 County Pasco Pasco Pasco Pasco Pasco Pinellas Pinellas Pinellas Pinellas Pinellas Pinellas Pinellas Pinellas Pinellas Pinellas Pinellas Pinellas Pinellas Pinellas Santa Rosa Santa Rosa Santa Rosa Santa Rosa Santa Rosa Santa Rosa Santa Rosa Sarasota Sarasota Sarasota Sarasota Sarasota Sarasota Sarasota Sarasota Sarasota Sarasota Sarasota Sarasota Sarasota Sarasota Sarasota Beach Robert K. Rees Park Beach energy And Marine Center Brasher Park Beach Gulf harbors Beach Anclote River Park Beach Courtney Campbell Causeway Mobbly Bayou Preserve north Shore Beach Fred howard Beach Pass-A-Grille Beach Belleair Causeway-intercoastal treasure island Beach Gandy Boulevard indian Rocks Beach indian Shores Beach Madeira Beach Sand Key Fort desoto north Beach honeymoon island Beach navarre Beach Shoreline Park Woodlawn Beach homeport Juana’s Beach navarre Beach West navarre Park venice Fishing Pier Blind Pass Beach Brohard Beach Manasota Beach Ringling Causeway venice Public Beach Caspersen Public Beach Lido Casino Beach Longboat Key Access Service Club Park Siesta Key Public Beach nokomis Public Beach north Jetty Park Beach north Lido Beach South Lido Beach Tier 1 1 1 1 1 Monitoring Frequency 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk Total Samples 52 52 50 52 52 63 59 59 58 57 55 55 54 54 54 54 53 52 52 53 53 53 52 52 52 52 55 53 53 53 53 53 52 52 52 52 52 51 51 51 51 Percent exceedance 23% 19% 14% 4% 0% 21% 12% 12% 10% 9% 5% 5% 4% 4% 4% 4% 2% 0% 0% 2% 2% 2% 0% 0% 0% 0% 9% 4% 4% 4% 4% 4% 2% 2% 2% 2% 2% 0% 0% 0% 0% 1 1 1 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk Fl. natural Resources defense Council .

Augustine Beach A Street St. daytona Beach Silver Beach. ormond Beach Main. daytona Beach Shores Flagler Avenue. ormond Beach dunlawton. daytona Beach north Jetty. daytona Beach South Jetty. new Smryna Beach Bicentennial Park. Ponce inlet oceanview Way.Testing the Waters 2007 County Sarasota St Johns St Johns St Johns St Johns St Johns St Johns St Johns St Johns St Lucie St Lucie St Lucie St Lucie taylor taylor taylor taylor volusia volusia volusia volusia volusia volusia volusia volusia volusia volusia volusia volusia volusia volusia volusia Wakulla Wakulla Walton Walton Walton Walton Walton Walton Walton Beach turtle Beach Mickler’s Landing Solano (Ponte vedra Beach) vilano Beach Anastasia State Park (St. daytona Beach 27th Street. new Smryna Beach torinita. Augustine Beach) Crescent Beach Matanzas inlet St. Augustine Beach ocean trace F douglass Memorial Park Fort Pierce inlet/north Jetty Park Pepper Park Walton Rocks Beach Cedar island dekle Beach Keaton Beach hagen’s Cove Florida Shores Blvd international Speedway. new Smryna Beach Granada. Ponce inlet Seabreeze. Wilbur By the Sea villa Way Mash island Shell Point Beach Choctaw Beach County Park Wheeler Point County Park dune Allen Beach Access eastern Lake Beach Access Grayton Beach Access holly Street Beach Access Tier Monitoring Frequency 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk Total Samples 51 52 52 53 52 52 51 52 51 50 50 51 48 37 37 37 36 52 52 52 51 102 51 51 51 51 51 50 51 51 51 51 27 49 59 52 52 51 51 51 51 Percent exceedance 0% 4% 2% 2% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 89% 70% 68% 64% 2% 2% 2% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 48% 39% 19% 2% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1 1 1 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk Fl. natural Resources defense Council .

991 days in 2005. Advisories apply to entire beaches. not to sections of beaches. The number of advisory days for events lasting six consecutive weeks or fewer at Florida beaches decreased 10 percent.Testing the Waters 2007 County Walton Beach tdc Beach Access Tier Monitoring Frequency 1/wk Total Samples 51 Percent exceedance 0% Advisories Advisories were issued for Florida beaches 285 times in 2006. The Florida Department of Health posts monitoring results for all 307 beaches on its website.2 There is no practical difference between an advisory and a warning—the program makes the distinction based simply on the indicator organism that is triggering the action. There were 13 extended and nine permanent advisory events in Florida in 2006 compared to 13 extended events and seven permanent events in 2005. and that warnings be issued when state fecal coliform levels are exceeded. to 2. Advisory issuance: The Florida Department of Health requires that swimming advisories be issued when monitoring samples exceed the BEACH Act–required geometric mean or single-sample maximum standard for enterococcus.686 days in 2006 from 2. All advisories and warnings are referred to in this report as advisories. If a sample exceeds a standard. If the re-sample confirms an exceedance.328 days in 2004 to 2.686) of Florida’s beach advisory days in 2006 were due to monitoring that revealed elevated bacteria levels from unknown sources of contamination. an advisory is issued unless the county can conduct a follow-up sample within the same week. Local media is alerted and signs are posted at the beach when a advisory is issued. Advisories at Florida’s 308 Tier 1 beaches decreased from 3. a advisory is issued. Resamples are instead taken to confirm poor water quality results.686 days in 2006. 2006 Florida Beach Advisories County Bay Bay Bay Bay Bay Bay Bay Bay Bay Bay Bay Bay Bay Beach Name Beach drive Beach drive Beach drive Beach drive Beach drive Beach drive Beach drive Beckrich Road (edgewater Gulf Beach) Beckrich Road (edgewater Gulf Beach) Beckrich Road (edgewater Gulf Beach) Beckrich Road (edgewater Gulf Beach) Beckrich Road (edgewater Gulf Beach) Beckrich Road (edgewater Gulf Beach) Start Date 1/30 8/7 6/14 6/26 1/9 3/20 4/17 7/31 8/28 1/17 3/20 8/14 9/11 end Date 2/6 8/14 6/19 7/3 1/17 3/27 4/24 8/7 9/5 1/23 3/27 8/21 10/23 Reason Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Source (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) Fl. Reopening Procedures: Most sites in Florida are sampled weekly and the monitoring frequency does not increase if an advisory is issued. Causes of Advisories: All (2. Counties are responsible for issuing warnings and advisories. During the time period over which this steady decrease in advisory days occurred. the overall monitoring frequency at these beaches was steady.0 natural Resources defense Council .991 days in 2005. then decreased again to 2.

Testing the Waters 2007 County Bay Bay Bay Bay Bay Bay Bay Bay Bay Bay Bay Bay Bay Bay Bay Bay Bay Bay Bay Bay Bay Bay Bay Broward Charlotte Charlotte Charlotte Charlotte Charlotte Charlotte Charlotte Charlotte Charlotte Charlotte Citrus dixie dixie duval escambia escambia escambia escambia Beach Name Bid-A-Wee Beach Bid-A-Wee Beach Bid-A-Wee Beach Carl Gray Park Carl Gray Park Carl Gray Park Carl Gray Park Carl Gray Park Carl Gray Park delwood Beach delwood Beach dupont Bridge dupont Bridge dupont Bridge east County Line (Mexico Beach) Laguna Beach Laguna Beach Laguna Beach Panama City Beach Pier (edgewater Beach) Seltzer Park (Silver Sands Beach) Spy Glass drive (Biltmore Beach) Sunset Park Sunset Park John Lloyd State Park englewood Mid Beach englewood north englewood north Palm island north Palm island South Port Charlotte Beach east Port Charlotte Beach east Port Charlotte Beach West Port Charlotte Beach West Port Charlotte Beach West Fort island Gulf Beach Shired island Shired island hopkins Street Access Bayou Chico Bayou Chico Bayou Chico Bayou Chico Start Date 3/20 4/3 9/11 1/30 6/14 7/17 7/31 10/23 9/25 8/28 10/16 8/28 8/7 9/18 3/27 10/16 3/20 9/5 8/28 7/31 6/26 9/11 11/6 9/7 9/20 8/23 9/18 9/20 9/20 9/18 10/2 10/16 8/23 9/5 8/2 1/1 7/10 3/2 6/26 6/12 7/10 8/21 end Date 3/27 4/10 9/18 2/6 6/19 7/24 9/5 10/30 10/9 9/11 10/23 9/11 8/14 9/25 4/3 10/23 3/27 9/25 9/5 8/7 7/10 9/18 11/13 9/11 9/25 8/28 9/25 9/25 9/25 9/25 10/4 10/23 8/28 10/9 8/7 6/26 12/4 3/7 7/3 6/19 7/17 9/5 Reason Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Source (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) Fl. natural Resources defense Council .

Joe Beach Start Date 9/18 1/1 1/17 4/24 7/24 10/9 6/12 3/20 7/31 8/14 1/1 1/17 4/10 5/1 11/13 4/10 7/10 5/1 6/26 1/1 1/30 7/24 8/7 9/19 9/21 2/13 6/12 1/17 6/12 1/1 9/13 9/13 1/1 9/13 9/13 9/19 9/18 1/30 11/13 9/5 11/6 9/19 end Date 9/25 1/9 2/27 5/30 7/31 11/20 6/19 3/27 8/7 10/23 1/3 3/6 4/24 6/5 11/20 4/17 7/17 6/19 7/3 1/9 2/20 7/31 11/27 9/21 9/25 2/27 6/19 2/6 6/19 5/16 10/23 9/18 1/3 9/18 9/18 9/25 9/25 2/6 12/31 10/30 11/20 9/25 Reason Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Source (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) Fl. George island Franklin Street Beacon hill Beach Lookout Beach Monument Beach Monument Beach Monument Beach Monument Beach St.Testing the Waters 2007 County escambia escambia escambia escambia escambia escambia escambia escambia escambia escambia escambia escambia escambia escambia escambia escambia escambia escambia escambia escambia escambia escambia escambia escambia escambia escambia Franklin Franklin Franklin Franklin Franklin Franklin Franklin Franklin Franklin Gulf Gulf Gulf Gulf Gulf Gulf Gulf Beach Name Bayou Chico Bayou Chico Bayou Chico Bayou Chico Bayou Chico Bayou Chico Bayview Park Bayview Park Bayview Park Bayview Park Bayview Park Bayview Park Bayview Park Bayview Park Bayview Park navy Point (Bayou Grande) navy Point (Bayou Grande) navy Point (Bayou Grande) navy Point (Bayou Grande) navy Point (Bayou Grande) navy Point (Bayou Grande) navy Point (Bayou Grande) navy Point (Bayou Grande) Quietwater Beach (Santa Rosa Sound) Quietwater Beach (Santa Rosa Sound) Sanders Beach Alligator Point Alligator Point Carrabelle Beach Carrabelle Beach Carrabelle Beach St. George island 11th Street east St. George island 11th Street West St.2 natural Resources defense Council . George island 11th Street east St.

93rd Street Anne’s Beach Anne’s Beach Anne’s Beach Anne’s Beach Bahia honda Bayside Bahia honda Bayside Bahia honda oceanside Bahia honda oceanside Bahia honda oceanside Bahia honda Sandspur Bahia honda Sandspur Bahia honda Sandspur Coco Plum Beach Coco Plum Beach Coco Plum Beach Coco Plum Beach Coco Plum Beach Coco Plum Beach Curry hammock Founder’s Park Beach Start Date 5/10 1/5 5/10 5/10 6/14 9/20 9/20 9/20 1/23 9/11 11/8 9/20 1/30 6/13 8/8 7/13 8/23 7/13 1/4 6/20 2/27 1/17 4/11 8/8 10/3 8/28 10/3 8/28 7/11 8/8 8/28 7/11 8/28 10/3 1/17 4/11 5/16 8/8 8/22 8/28 8/28 5/30 end Date 5/15 1/9 5/15 5/15 6/19 9/25 9/25 9/25 2/27 10/23 11/20 9/25 2/6 7/17 8/9 7/16 8/28 7/16 1/5 6/22 3/6 1/19 4/18 8/15 10/10 9/12 10/10 9/5 7/18 8/15 9/12 7/18 9/12 10/24 1/24 4/18 5/23 8/15 8/28 9/27 9/12 6/5 Reason Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Source (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) Fl.Testing the Waters 2007 County hillsborough hillsborough hillsborough hillsborough hillsborough Lee Lee Lee Levy Levy Levy Manatee Manatee Manatee Miami-dade Miami-dade Miami-dade Miami-dade Miami-dade Miami-dade Miami-dade Miami-dade Monroe Monroe Monroe Monroe Monroe Monroe Monroe Monroe Monroe Monroe Monroe Monroe Monroe Monroe Monroe Monroe Monroe Monroe Monroe Monroe Beach Name Bahia Beach Ben t.3 natural Resources defense Council . davis South Cypress Point north Cypress Point South davis island Bowman’s Beach tarpon Bay Road Beach turner Beach/Blind Pass Beach Cedar Key Beach Cedar Key Beach Cedar Key Beach Bay Front Park north Palma Sola South Palma Sola South Crandon Park-Key Biscayne Crandon Park-Key Biscayne Crandon Park-Key Biscayne Matheson hammock South Beach Park Sunny isles Beach-Pier Park Sunny isles Beach-Pier Park Surfside Beach .

Zachary taylor harry harris County Park higgs Beach higgs Beach higgs Beach higgs Beach higgs Beach higgs Beach islamorada Public Library islamorada Public Library John Pennekamp State Park Cannon Beach John Pennekamp State Park Cannon Beach John Pennekamp State Park Cannon Beach John Pennekamp State Park Cannon Beach Simonton Beach Simonton Beach Simonton Beach Simonton Beach Simonton Beach Smathers Beach Smathers Beach Smathers Beach Smathers Beach Sombrero Beach South Beach South Beach South Beach South Beach South Beach South Beach South Beach veteran’s Beach Jasmine Street Simmons Road South end South end Brackin Wayside Camp timpoochee Camp timpoochee Start Date 8/28 9/19 8/28 10/10 8/28 2/28 8/8 11/7 7/11 8/22 11/28 8/22 9/19 3/28 8/28 10/3 4/25 3/28 7/11 12/19 10/10 8/28 1/17 5/9 7/11 8/28 8/28 10/24 7/11 8/8 9/19 12/19 10/3 11/21 8/28 1/25 4/12 11/21 1/4 11/20 1/17 4/10 end Date 9/12 9/27 9/12 10/17 9/12 3/7 8/15 11/14 7/18 10/17 12/5 9/12 9/27 4/11 9/12 10/17 5/2 4/4 7/25 12/26 10/17 9/5 1/24 5/16 7/18 9/5 9/5 11/14 7/18 9/12 9/27 12/31 10/17 12/12 9/1 2/1 4/19 11/29 1/11 11/27 1/23 4/17 Reason Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Source (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) Fl.4 natural Resources defense Council .Testing the Waters 2007 County Monroe Monroe Monroe Monroe Monroe Monroe Monroe Monroe Monroe Monroe Monroe Monroe Monroe Monroe Monroe Monroe Monroe Monroe Monroe Monroe Monroe Monroe Monroe Monroe Monroe Monroe Monroe Monroe Monroe Monroe Monroe Monroe Monroe Monroe Monroe nassau nassau nassau nassau okaloosa okaloosa okaloosa Beach Name Founder’s Park Beach Founder’s Park Beach Ft. Zachary taylor Ft.

5 natural Resources defense Council .Testing the Waters 2007 County okaloosa okaloosa okaloosa okaloosa okaloosa okaloosa okaloosa okaloosa okaloosa okaloosa okaloosa okaloosa okaloosa okaloosa okaloosa okaloosa okaloosa okaloosa okaloosa okaloosa okaloosa okaloosa okaloosa okaloosa okaloosa okaloosa okaloosa okaloosa okaloosa okaloosa okaloosa okaloosa okaloosa okaloosa okaloosa Palm Beach Pasco Pasco Pasco Pasco Pasco Pasco Beach Name Camp timpoochee Camp timpoochee Camp timpoochee east Pass east Pass Garniers Garniers Garniers Garniers Garniers Garniers Gulf island national Seashore henderson State Park Beach Lincoln Park Lincoln Park Lincoln Park Lincoln Park Lincoln Park Liza Jackson Park Liza Jackson Park Liza Jackson Park Liza Jackson Park Liza Jackson Park Liza Jackson Park Liza Jackson Park Marlers Park Poquito Park Rocky Bayou (Fred Gannon State Park) Rocky Bayou (Fred Gannon State Park) Rocky Bayou (Fred Gannon State Park) Rocky Bayou (Fred Gannon State Park) Rocky Bayou (Fred Gannon State Park) Rocky Bayou (Fred Gannon State Park) Rocky Bayou (Fred Gannon State Park) Rocky Bayou (Fred Gannon State Park) Phil Foster Park Brasher Park Beach Brasher Park Beach Brasher Park Beach Brasher Park Beach energy And Marine Center energy And Marine Center Start Date 6/12 8/7 8/28 6/12 8/7 5/15 5/1 6/12 9/11 10/16 7/17 10/16 9/18 5/15 9/5 7/17 1/1 9/25 6/5 5/1 1/1 2/20 5/15 7/10 12/11 6/12 9/18 5/15 7/17 2/20 12/26 9/25 1/1 1/30 10/16 1/17 9/11 12/11 1/31 10/2 4/17 10/23 end Date 6/19 8/14 9/5 6/19 8/14 5/22 5/8 6/19 9/18 10/23 7/24 10/23 9/25 5/22 9/18 7/24 1/3 10/2 6/12 5/8 2/13 3/27 5/30 8/21 12/31 6/19 9/25 5/22 7/24 3/6 12/31 10/2 1/17 2/13 11/27 1/23 9/18 12/31 2/6 10/30 4/24 10/30 Reason Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Source (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) Fl.

Rees Park Beach Robert K. Strickland Robert K. Strickland Robert J. Rees Park Beach Robert K. Strickland Robert J. Rees Park Beach Robert K. Rees Park Beach Courtney Campbell Causeway Courtney Campbell Causeway Blind Pass Beach Brohard Beach venice Fishing Pier Cedar island Cedar island Cedar island dekle Beach dekle Beach dekle Beach dekle Beach dekle Beach hagen’s Cove hagen’s Cove Start Date 12/26 1/1 1/30 9/18 12/26 9/18 5/8 7/17 11/27 9/4 12/26 8/7 9/18 6/5 7/17 8/7 1/1 1/16 4/3 1/31 7/17 9/18 12/4 7/31 8/28 10/9 10/30 9/21 10/19 9/20 9/20 9/20 4/3 1/1 4/10 4/3 6/12 1/1 4/24 6/26 4/3 1/1 end Date 12/31 1/4 3/6 10/2 12/31 9/25 5/15 7/24 12/4 9/11 12/31 8/21 10/16 6/14 7/24 8/14 1/9 3/6 4/24 2/6 7/24 9/25 12/11 8/21 9/4 10/23 11/13 9/26 10/24 9/22 9/22 9/22 4/10 3/20 12/11 4/10 6/19 3/27 5/8 12/4 4/10 3/6 Reason Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Source (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) Fl.6 natural Resources defense Council .Testing the Waters 2007 County Pasco Pasco Pasco Pasco Pasco Pasco Pasco Pasco Pasco Pasco Pasco Pasco Pasco Pasco Pasco Pasco Pasco Pasco Pasco Pasco Pasco Pasco Pasco Pasco Pasco Pasco Pasco Pinellas Pinellas Sarasota Sarasota Sarasota taylor taylor taylor taylor taylor taylor taylor taylor taylor taylor Beach Name energy And Marine Center energy And Marine Center energy And Marine Center energy And Marine Center Gulf harbors Beach Gulf harbors Beach oelsner Park Beach oelsner Park Beach oelsner Park Beach oelsner Park Beach oelsner Park Beach oelsner Park Beach oelsner Park Beach Robert J. Rees Park Beach Robert K. Strickland Robert J. Strickland Robert J. Rees Park Beach Robert K. Rees Park Beach Robert K. Rees Park Beach Robert K. Strickland Robert J.

Testing the Waters 2007 County taylor taylor taylor taylor taylor taylor taylor taylor taylor taylor volusia volusia volusia Wakulla Wakulla Wakulla Wakulla Wakulla Wakulla Walton Beach Name hagen’s Cove hagen’s Cove hagen’s Cove hagen’s Cove Keaton Beach Keaton Beach Keaton Beach Keaton Beach Keaton Beach Keaton Beach Florida Shores Blvd international Speedway. Florida Department of Health. 2 David Polk. (?). personal communication. daytona Beach Silver Beach. November 2001. July 2007. Fl. unknown. Notes 1 NOAA. daytona Beach Mash island Mash island Shell Point Beach Shell Point Beach Shell Point Beach Shell Point Beach Choctaw Beach County Park Start Date 3/14 6/26 7/5 12/11 4/3 1/1 4/24 5/15 6/12 6/26 1/24 1/24 1/24 1/1 7/31 4/17 5/8 1/1 8/7 4/25 end Date 3/27 7/5 12/4 12/18 4/10 3/20 5/1 5/22 6/19 12/11 1/26 1/26 1/26 1/23 10/31 4/24 5/16 2/6 11/6 5/1 Reason Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Source (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) Abbreviations used: Bacteria. monitoring that revealed high bacteria levels. Current Participation Patterns in Marine Recreation.7 natural Resources defense Council .

with no closings. and most of the monitored beaches are sampled yearFor Tier  beaches only. Tourism contributes $15. an advisory is issued. The Georgia Department of Natural Resources’ Coastal Resources Division began monitoring beachwater during the 2003 swim season. and 32 percent (13) were not monitored. and Chatham Counties. That year. Kings Ferry was under permanent advisory in 2006. During the 2004 swim season. All Tier 1 and 2 beaches were monitored in 2006. Beaches that are not monitored year-round are sampled from April through November. Georgia has no preemptive advisory standards but permanent advisories are issued for beaches that have ongoing water quality issues. Andrews and Jekyll Clam Creek beaches. Tier 2 beaches are less accessible and have a smaller nearby population. decreased to 4 percent in 2006 from Drought conditions existed for the 2006 swim season.Testing the Waters 2007 GeoRGiA The Coastal Resources Division of the Georgia Department of Natural Resources administers Georgia’s beach monitoring and notification program. they monitored for fecal coliform because the regulatory standards for marine swimming in Georgia are based on fecal coliform. April. The spring months of March. Sampling occurs Monday through Thursday. during this year. Although the Health Department can issue a closing in the case of an immediate threat to public health.200 in 2007. Beaches that are assigned Tier 1 status have large populations nearby.1 Georgia received a $286. McIntosh. presumably because fecal coliform is more quickly destroyed in marine waters than enterococcus. the percent of round. Glynn. if either standard is exceeded. Georgia conducts a review of their standards triennially and may revise their water quality rules so that they are aligned with the federal standards during the next review. samples exceeding the state standard and McIntosh counties.1 Practice: Samples are taken in about 3 feet of water (from wavetop) at a depth of 15–30 cm. Georgia has monitored solely for enterococcus since 2005. GA.1 only advisories were issued in 2006. with the most advisories issued for Jekyll St.  percent in 2005. they noted that fecal coliform was not necessarily found in samples that contained enterococcus. generating 211. Georgia monitored 28 beaches covering 52 miles of coastline. have tourist accommodations. they also monitored for fecal coliform. Georgia began monitoring beachwater for enterococcus. 22 percent (9) were monitored once a month.800 jobs. Liberty. so that results are available the next day.1 More than two-thirds of the beaches are monitored. and have the most amenities. and May were the busiest time of year for advisories. and were not monitored in 2006. However.4 billion to the state’s economy. natural Resources defense Council .1 Monitoring Frequency: In 2006. In Georgia.1 An attempt to restore oyster reefs in these two areas is being made and it is hoped that the restored reefs will lead to lower bacteria levels in the water. are easily accessible. and is eligible for a grant of $287. Georgia has 41 beaches that cover 118 miles along the Atlantic Coast and its barrier islands in Camden. Monitored beaches are found in Chatham. such as a sewage spill. Samples are generally taken in the morning in order to reach the laboratory in time to be processed that day. Tier 3 beaches are the most remote beaches in uninhabited areas.1 Forty-six percent (19) of the state’s 41 beaches were monitored once a week.200 federal BEACH Act grant in 2006. Glynn. Starting in 2004 with the BEACH Act. Standards and Testing indicator organisms: Enterococcus Standards: The BEACH Act–required standards for ocean and bay waters are an enterococcus single-sample maximum of 104 cfu/100 ml and a geometric mean of 35 cfu/100 ml.

2006 Monitoring Frequency and Results by Beach County Chatham Chatham Chatham Chatham Chatham Chatham Chatham Chatham Chatham Glynn Glynn Glynn Glynn Glynn Glynn Glynn Glynn Glynn Glynn Glynn Glynn Glynn Glynn Glynn Glynn Mcintosh Mcintosh Beach tybee island Polk St. Wylly (Jekyll) near Beachview Convention Center (Jekyll) Jekyll north At dexter Lane Massengale (Ssi) Sea island north South dunes (Jekyll) Contentment Bluff Sandbar dallas Bluff Sandbar Tier 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 1 1 2 1 2 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 2 2 Monitoring Frequency 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/mo 4/yr 1/mo 1/mo 1/wk 1/wk 1/mo 1/wk 1/mo 1/mo 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/mo 1/wk 1/mo 1/mo Total Samples 54 51 50 7 4 6 7 49 49 15 67 10 9 57 57 51 54 50 49 49 49 49 50 8 49 8 8 Percent exceedances 6% 4% 2% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 33% 22% 20% 11% 11% 7% 2% 2% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% Closings and Advisories Georgia issued 31 beach advisories in 2006 and no closings.2 natural Resources defense Council . In 2006. Mcintosh County had the highest percentage of beaches with no exceedances (100%). and percent of samples exceeding the standard for all beaches reported in 2006.Testing the Waters 2007 Results: For the second consecutive year. For Tier 1 beaches only. This decrease was due at least in part to drought GA. and Glynn (50%). tybee island Strand tybee island South Bradley (ossabaw) Kings Ferry Skidaway narrows South ossabaw tybee island Middle tybee island north Blythe island Regional Park Sandbar St. Andrews Picnic Area (Jekyll) Reimolds Pasture (Little Ssi) Sea island South Jekyll Clam Creek 12 St. Fifty-nine percent of all monitored beaches did not exceed the standard for any sample taken in 2006. Beaches are grouped by county and ranked in descending order by percent exceedance. followed by Jekyll Clam Creek (11%). the Tier 1 beaches with the highest percent exceedances were St. NRDC looked at the percent of monitoring samples that exceeded Georgia’s daily maximum bacterial standards. followed by Chatham (67%). Goulds inlet (Ssi) east Beach old Coast Guard (Ssi) St. monitoring frequency. all in Glynn County. Goulds Inlet (SSI) (7%). Swimming advisory days for events lasting six consecutive weeks or less decreased 62 percent from 528 in 2005 to 203 in 2006. Crossover (Ssi) 4h Camp (Jekyll) Capt. and 12th St. the percent of samples exceeding the standard decreased to 4 percent in 2006 from 9 percent in 2005. The table below lists the tier status. Andrews Picnic Area (Jekyll) (22%). Simons island Lighthouse 5th St.

Closing and Advisory issuance: When either of the BEACH Act–required standards is exceeded. When both the geometric mean and the single-sample maximum are within the BEACH Act–required standards. Advisories at Georgia’s 17 Tier 1 beaches increased from 354 days in 2004 to 500 days in 2005. tybee island Polk St. Monitoring results and advisories are posted on the department’s website and on Earth911.3 natural Resources defense Council . tybee island Polk St. not sections of beach. The local health district issues an advisory and posts signs at the beach. Goulds inlet (Ssi) Blythe island Regional Park Sandbar Blythe island Regional Park Sandbar Blythe island Regional Park Sandbar Blythe island Regional Park Sandbar east Beach old Coast Guard (Ssi) Jekyll Clam Creek Jekyll Clam Creek Jekyll Clam Creek Start Date 1/1 1/11 3/29 4/19 8/16 9/7 1/25 3/29 3/29 4/26 5/3 7/12 7/18 9/13 10/26 11/8 3/8 1/4 3/1 4/26 end Date 12/31 1/18 3/31 4/28 8/18 9/9 1/27 3/31 3/31 4/28 5/24 7/14 7/28 9/20 11/1 12/8 3/10 1/13 3/3 5/5 Reason Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Source (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) GA. The public is notified within 24 hours. There were fewer extended and permanent beach closings and advisories in 2006 than in 2005 as well. No other factors are taken into account before issuing an advisory. with two extended events and one permanent event in 2006 compared to three extended events and one permanent event in 2005. 2006 Georgia Coastal Beach Closings/Advisories County Chatham Chatham Chatham Chatham Chatham Chatham Chatham Chatham Glynn Glynn Glynn Glynn Glynn Glynn Glynn Glynn Glynn Glynn Glynn Glynn Beach Name Kings Ferry tybee island Polk St. the media is notified and e-mail alerts are sent when an advisory occurs. Goulds inlet (Ssi) 12 St. tybee island Polk St. Entire beaches are placed under advisory. tybee island South tybee island Strand tybee island Strand 12 St. the beach is resampled the following day (the day after the lab results are received) and then twice weekly until the bacteria levels drop below the threshold level. and resampling to confirm an exceedance is not done before an advisory is issued. During the 2004 to 2006 period over which this overall decrease in advisory days occurred. For Tier 2 beaches under advisory. the local health district drops the advisory. Goulds inlet (Ssi) 12 St.Testing the Waters 2007 conditions that existed during 2006. the Coastal Resources Division notifies the Georgia Division of Public Health and the local health districts.1 Reopening Procedures: The monitoring frequency for a beach increases when an exceedance occurs: for a Tier 1 beach under advisory. the beach is re-sampled weekly until the bacteria levels drop. In addition.1 Causes of Closings and Advisories: All advisory days for events lasting six consecutive weeks or less in 2006 were due to monitoring that revealed elevated bacteria levels from unknown sources. the overall monitoring frequency at these beaches was steady.org. Goulds inlet (Ssi) 12 St. then decreased to 135 days in 2006.

4 natural Resources defense Council . Notes 1 Elizabeth Cheney. Andrews Picnic Area (Jekyll) St. (?). Simons island Lighthouse Start Date 5/10 5/24 11/15 5/11 5/3 1/4 4/26 5/10 10/4 4/26 5/10 end Date 5/17 5/31 11/29 5/24 5/5 3/1 5/3 7/14 10/11 5/5 5/19 Reason Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Source (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) Abbreviations used: Bacteria. GA. Andrews Picnic Area (Jekyll) St. personal communication. Andrews Picnic Area (Jekyll) St. unknown. Andrews Picnic Area (Jekyll) St. Georgia Department of Natural Resources. monitoring that revealed high bacteria levels. Simons island Lighthouse St. Beach Water Quality Manager. May 2007.Testing the Waters 2007 County Glynn Glynn Glynn Glynn Glynn Glynn Glynn Glynn Glynn Glynn Glynn Beach Name Jekyll Clam Creek Jekyll Clam Creek Jekyll Clam Creek Reimolds Pasture (Little Ssi) Sea island South St.

These nonstop heavy rains resulted in a 48 million gallon spill into the Ala Wai Canal. Hawaii uses beach monitoring data as evidence of sewer leaks and if indicator counts are continuously high. An additional $719. which is another bacteria found at high concentrations in human feces. HDOH divides beaches into three tiers. based on the risk of illness to swimmers and the frequency of use.552 in state funds was spent in 2006 to support nine people.2 Hawaii’s water quality rules have yet to be updated. Hawaii’s samples exceeding the state standard Department of Health does not have the authority to close decreased to 3 percent in 2006 from beaches. the percent of and nearly a third of the beaches. there were as many as 16 sewer overflows happening at the same time. In March of 2006. The monitored beaches represent about 109 miles of coastline. natural Resources defense Council . generating 183. for both marine water and freshwater. called “Brown Water Advisories. Hawaii’s standards for enterococcus in 2006 were stricter than this with a single-sample maximum of 100 cfu/100 ml and a geometric mean of 7 cfu/100 ml. Therefore.020 federal BEACH Act grant in 2006 and is eligible for a $323. The Clean Water Branch of the Hawaii Department of Health (HDOH) runs a statewide beachwater-quality monitoring program. In 2006. or to specific areas of one island.660 grant in 2007. The geometric mean standard is applied in most cases. it may indicate contamination from the soil rather than sewage pollution. Most warnings in 2006 occurred on Oahu in the spring and were due to this large rain event.1 Hawaii received a $323. the state also measures levels of Clostridia perfringens. These preemptive rainfall advisories. For Tier  beaches only.4 billion to the state’s economy. Groups of Tier 2 beaches are Hi. Because of studies that show that enterococcus replicates in biofilm and in sand. are monitored. they search for the source of the discharge and remedy it. For 42 days. The monitoring season in this tropical state is year-round. the Department of Health has concluded that when enterococcus is found in near-shore waters.Testing the Waters 2007 HAWAii Hawaii has more than 400 public beaches stretching along nearly 300 miles of Pacific Ocean coastline. 2006 will be remembered as the Year of Rain. Tier 1 beaches are Hawaii’s important and threatened beaches and are monitored year-round. instead. Hawaii does not rely on enterococcus levels alone when determining whether to post a warning at a beach. but attempts to begin this process are being made. they issue advisories that are associated 4 percent in 2005. Standards and Testing indicator organisms: Enterococcus and Clostridium perfringens Standards: The BEACH Act–required standards for ocean and bay waters are an enterococcus single-sample maximum of 104 cfu/100 ml and a geometric mean of 35 cfu/100 ml. While its standards are stricter than federal standards. Hawaii’s “level of warning” for Clostridia was 5 cfu/100 ml.2 Tourism contributes $11. representing beaches in all four of Hawaii’s counties. with storm water runoff and post warnings that are associated with high indicator counts. while the single-sample maximum standard is only meant to be used by beach managers who were able to sample only a few times a month.800 jobs.” can be issued statewide.2 Preemptive rainfall advisories are issued when rains are unusually heavy or when a flood warning issued by the National Weather Service indicates that there will be a discharge of significant quantities of turbid storm waters into coastal areas. The state is going to increase the geometric mean standard for Enterococcus to be in line with the EPA standard and is currently using 50 cfu/100 ml as the level of warning for Clostridia. Monitoring Frequency: Hawaii monitored 30 percent (131) of its 428 coastal beaches in 2006. island-wide. known sewage spills. In Hawaii. Oahu endured nonstop rain that caused sewer manholes to overflow and contributed to the break of the beachwalk force main in Waikiki. or evidence of sewage spills.

the monitoring will continue for another six months or the beach will be upgraded to Tier 1 classification. Fifty-six percent of all monitored beaches did not exceed the standard for any sample taken in 2006. If the data suggests that a Tier 2 beach requires continued monitoring. limited recreational use. Samples are generally taken on Mondays. and Waimea Bay in Honolulu (10%). Maui (50%). followed by Honolulu (56%). followed by Kuhio Beach in Honolulu County (12%).2 natural Resources defense Council . Hawaii’s 52 Tier 1 beaches were monitored twice weekly year-round and 79 Tier 2 beaches were sampled weekly for six months out of the year. Beaches are grouped by county and ranked in descending order by percent exceedance. In 2006. Practice: Samples are taken in the morning a foot below the surface in water that is knee to waist deep. and Kauai (43%). The table below lists the tier status. Hawaii County had the highest percentage of beaches with no exceedances (68%). and Thursdays. Tier 3 beaches have low bacteria counts. and percent of samples exceeding the standard for all beaches reported in 2006. After the six-month period.2 Results: For the second consecutive year. the Tier 1 beaches with the highest percent exceedances were Kualoa Beach Park in Honolulu County and West of Lydgate Park Wading Pool in Kauai County (14%). In 2006.Testing the Waters 2007 sampled weekly for six-month periods until all Tier 2 beaches have been sampled. Wednesdays. data are evaluated to determine if any Tier 2 beach needs continued monitoring. or difficult access and receive no further monitoring except for a review of status each year. Honolii Cove (Ocean) in Hawaii County (10%). 2006 Monitoring Frequency and Results by Beach County hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii Beach Banyan’s Surfing Area honolii Cove (ocean) hilo Bay (Canoe Beach) Puhi Bay #3 Punaluu hilo Bay (Boat Landing) hilo Bay (Lighthouse) Keaukaha Beach-4 Miles Pualaa Beach Park Richardson ocean Center Coconut island Laupahoehoe Point (Boat Ramp) onekahakaha Beach-Swimming Area Pohoiki Puhi Bay #2 Richardson ocean Center (hilo Side Beach) vacationland hapuna Beach Kahaluu Beach Kailua Pier A-1 Total Samples 23 77 77 22 22 23 23 77 76 77 2 23 77 1 15 22 8 8 31 32 Percent exceedance 22% 10% 5% 5% 5% 4% 4% 4% 3% 1% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% Hi. Sampling results are known 24 hours after sampling. monitoring frequency. A Tier 1 beach can also be lowered to a Tier 2 classification based on bacteria counts and the degree of recreational use. For Tier 1 beaches only. the percent of samples exceeding the standard decreased to 3 percent in 2006 from 4 percent in 2005. NRDC looked at the percent of monitoring samples that exceeded Hawaii’s daily maximum bacterial standards.

2 Step honaunau Bay .3 natural Resources defense Council .Boat Ramp Laenani Park Makaua Beach Waimanalo Gulch Aukai Beach Pounders Kaunala Beach Lanikai Beach Maunalua Beach Park Swanzy Beach Park Kualoa Beach Park Kuliouou Park Beach Paiko Beach Mokuleia At Kiapoko Kaena Point heeia Kea Small Boat harbor Kuhio Beach niu Beach Waimea Bay Fort derussy Beach Kawela Bay Kaipapau Beach Kokee Beach Park Kaneohe Bay At Kualoa ohikilolo Puuohulu Beach Manners Sunset Beach Waialae-Kahala Beach Royal-Moana Beach Kailua Park Beach Waimanalo Beach Total Samples 31 11 8 8 8 9 29 9 7 9 11 8 8 8 10 11 11 7 7 7 81 8 8 8 8 8 83 9 78 10 10 10 11 11 11 11 11 78 80 85 81 81 Percent exceedance 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 25% 25% 25% 20% 18% 18% 14% 14% 14% 14% 13% 13% 13% 13% 13% 12% 11% 10% 10% 10% 10% 9% 9% 9% 9% 9% 5% 5% 5% 4% 4% Hi.Testing the Waters 2007 County hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii honolulu honolulu honolulu honolulu honolulu honolulu honolulu honolulu honolulu honolulu honolulu honolulu honolulu honolulu honolulu honolulu honolulu honolulu honolulu honolulu honolulu honolulu honolulu honolulu honolulu honolulu honolulu honolulu honolulu honolulu honolulu Beach Kailua Pier Station d Magic Sands Beach Puako Beach Lots-Boat Ramp Puako Beach Lots-Middle of Lot Spencer Park Beach old Kona Airport Anaehoomalu Bay Y Mauna Kea South honaunau Bay .

Testing the Waters 2007 County honolulu honolulu honolulu honolulu honolulu honolulu honolulu honolulu honolulu honolulu honolulu honolulu honolulu honolulu honolulu honolulu honolulu honolulu honolulu honolulu honolulu honolulu honolulu honolulu honolulu honolulu honolulu honolulu honolulu honolulu honolulu honolulu honolulu honolulu honolulu honolulu honolulu honolulu honolulu honolulu honolulu honolulu Beach Magic island Lagoon Ala Moana Park Center Ala Moana Park ewa end Malaekahana Beach Park Makapuu Beach Sand island Point #2 Maili Beach Park nanakuli Beach Park Kahanamoku Beach Sandy Beach Point #1 hanauma Bay Ala Moana Park diamond head end Kahanamoku Lagoon-diamond head Gray’s Beach tavern Beach Public Bath Beach Mokuleia haleiwa Beach Park Kaaawa Park Makaha ewa Beach Park Chun’s Reef Pokai Bay (Shoreline) Waimanalo State Park Sans Souci Beach hawaii Kai Camp erdman Point Panic Keehi Lagoon Park tongg’s Kawaikui Beach Park Kanenelu Beach Kalae o’io Beach Park Kaluanui Beach haleiwa Ali’i Beach Park Maipalaoa Beach Ulehewa Beach Mauna Lahilahi Beach Park Kokololio Kuilei Cliffs Kaluahole Beach outrigger Total Samples 82 65 37 78 63 75 75 75 79 81 82 77 2 6 10 64 7 2 3 75 38 57 75 9 83 1 7 11 7 1 1 1 1 1 12 1 1 1 1 9 9 12 Percent exceedance 4% 3% 3% 3% 2% 1% 1% 1% 1% 1% 1% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% Hi.4 natural Resources defense Council .

5 natural Resources defense Council .Testing the Waters 2007 County honolulu honolulu honolulu honolulu honolulu honolulu honolulu honolulu honolulu honolulu honolulu honolulu honolulu honolulu honolulu honolulu honolulu honolulu honolulu honolulu honolulu honolulu honolulu Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Beach halona Cove Koko Kai Beach Park turtle Bay Pupukea At Shark’s Cove ehukai Kawailoa Beach ihilani naia ihilani honu ewa Beach Residential Keaau Beach Kahala At Kala Place Wawamalu Beach Kualoa Sugar Mill Beach Makao Beach Laniloa Beach Kaihalulu Beach Pipeline Kealia Beach Laukinui Beach Papaoneone Beach ihilani Ulua oneawa Beach Brennecke Beach hanalei River (end of Weke Road) Koloa Landing nawiwili harbor-Coast Guard Pier Waimea Bay Kalapaki Beach (Middle) West of Lydgate Park Wading Pool north end of Wailua Beach Polihale Beach hanalei Bay Pavilion Keoniloa Bay hanapepe Salt Pond Poipu Beach Pavilion haena Beach hanalei Bay Landing Waimea Bay Beach (near River) Waipouli Beach nukolii Beach Waioli Beach Park Kee Beach Total Samples 7 10 11 7 11 7 9 9 9 11 8 7 7 7 10 10 8 8 8 8 8 1 7 2 16 16 4 86 83 23 15 42 23 86 86 1 2 3 23 7 2 1 Percent exceedance 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 100% 50% 25% 25% 15% 14% 9% 7% 5% 4% 3% 1% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% Hi.

This increase is primarily due to unusually heavy rains in 2006 that resulted in a high number of rain advisory days. A warning is posted when the geometric mean is exceeded and the Clostridia count exceeds its level of action and if the exceedances are not expected to be due to weather-related issues. Warnings are also posted if there is a confirmed sewage spill or other evidence of human fecal contamination.6 natural Resources defense Council . Information about warnings and advisories is disseminated via a telephone hotline. and the media. but the Department of Health does not always post a warning if the standard has been exceeded. a Brown Water Advisory is issued. email. warnings and advisories could be issued for a section of beach. or even beyond the beach’s boundaries. for a whole beach.507 in 2006 from 2. the number of warning days due to elevated bacterial levels decreased from 2005 to 2006. Baldwin Park Wailea Beach Launiupoko Wayside Park Airport (Kahekili) Beach Puunoa (Baby) Beach Spreckelsville Beach Kihei Landing Polo Beach Kaalawai Beach Total Samples 1 1 5 18 19 79 78 79 77 78 78 52 16 78 76 5 21 79 16 17 9 Percent exceedance 0% 0% 20% 6% 5% 5% 4% 4% 3% 3% 1% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% Warnings and Advisories Hawaii issued 1.228 in 2005. signs. Warnings and advisories at Hawaii’s 47 Tier 1 beaches increased from 158 days in 2004 to 246 days in 2005.2 Hi. then increased again to 694 days in 2006. For weather-related issues. Reopening Procedures: If a warning for a beach is posted due to a known sewage spill. Warning/Advisory issuance: Hawaii’s standard for enterococcus is one of the strictest in the nation.073 rain advisories and posted 32 warnings in 2006. There were two extended and two permanent advisory and warning events in Hawaii in 2006 compared to none in 2005.Testing the Waters 2007 County Kauai Kauai Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui not Applicable Beach Lawai Beach Resort Barking Sands hookipa Kalama Beach Mai Ponia oe iau Kanaha Beach Park Kihei (South) hukilau hotel Shoreline hanakaoo Beach Park Maalea Condo Kamaole Beach #1 Kamaole Beach #3 h. A small increase in the monitoring frequency at Tier 1 beaches was observed during the time period over which this dramatic increase in warning and advisory days occurred. daily monitoring is conducted until the beach is reopened. Total advisory and warning days for events lasting six consecutive weeks or less at Hawaii’s beaches tripled to 6. Depending on the size of the beach.A.

Testing the Waters 2007 Causes of Warnings and Advisories: In 2006. hakalau Co. and 1 percent (69) were warnings due to monitoring that revealed elevated bacteria levels from stormwater. Rec. 96 percent (6. Area hapuna Beach St. Rec. Pk. Pk. Pk. Pk. hakalau Co. Start Date 7/27 10/17 11/1 7/27 10/17 11/1 7/27 10/17 11/1 7/27 10/17 11/1 7/27 10/17 11/1 7/27 10/17 11/1 7/27 10/17 11/1 7/27 10/17 11/1 7/27 10/17 11/1 7/27 10/17 11/1 7/27 10/17 11/1 7/27 10/17 11/1 7/27 10/17 end Date 7/31 10/27 11/6 7/31 10/27 11/6 7/31 10/27 11/6 7/31 10/27 11/6 7/31 10/27 11/6 7/31 10/27 11/6 7/31 10/27 11/6 7/31 10/27 11/6 7/31 10/27 11/6 7/31 10/27 11/6 7/31 10/27 11/6 7/31 10/27 11/6 7/31 10/27 Reason Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Source Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Hi. Park hawaiian Beaches Co. 3 percent (166) were preemptive sewer warnings. hawaiian Paradise Co. Park hawaiian Paradise Co. Park hawaiian Beaches Co. halape Shelter halape Shelter halape Shelter hapuna Beach St. 2006 Hawaii Closings County hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii Beach Name 2nd Beach (next to Mahaiula) 2nd Beach (next to Mahaiula) 2nd Beach (next to Mahaiula) Anaeho’omalu Bay Anaeho’omalu Bay Anaeho’omalu Bay Analani Pond (Puala’a) Analani Pond (Puala’a) Analani Pond (Puala’a) Apua Apua Apua Banyan’s Surfing Area Banyan’s Surfing Area Banyan’s Surfing Area Cape Kumukahi Cape Kumukahi Cape Kumukahi Coconut island Park Coconut island Park Coconut island Park Green Sand Beach Green Sand Beach Green Sand Beach hakalau Co. Rec.7 natural Resources defense Council .272) of warning and advisory days for events lasting six con- secutive weeks or less were preemptive rain advisories. Area hawaiian Beaches Co. Area hapuna Beach St. Pk.

Park honolulu Landing honolulu Landing honolulu Landing honomalino Bay honomalino Bay honomalino Bay honopue honopue honopue ho’okena ho’okena ho’okena ice Pond (Single Point) ice Pond (Single Point) ice Pond (Single Point) isaac hale Beach Co. Pk.Testing the Waters 2007 County hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii Beach Name hawaiian Paradise Co. James Kealoha Park Start Date 11/1 3/3 7/27 10/17 11/1 7/27 10/17 11/1 7/27 10/17 11/1 7/27 10/17 11/1 7/27 10/17 11/1 7/27 10/17 11/1 7/27 10/17 11/1 7/27 10/17 11/1 7/27 10/17 11/1 7/27 10/17 11/1 7/27 10/17 11/1 7/27 10/17 11/1 7/27 10/17 11/1 7/27 end Date 11/6 3/13 7/31 10/27 11/6 7/31 10/27 11/6 7/31 10/27 11/6 7/31 10/27 11/6 7/31 10/27 11/6 7/31 10/27 11/6 7/31 10/27 11/6 7/31 10/27 11/6 7/31 10/27 11/6 7/31 10/27 11/6 7/31 10/27 11/6 7/31 10/27 11/6 7/31 10/27 11/6 7/31 Reason Prempt-rain Prempt-sew Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Source Stormwater Sanitary-sew-over Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Hi. Pk. isaac hale Beach Co. Park honoli’i Beach Co. heeia heeia heeia heeia hilo Bayfront hilo Bayfront hilo Bayfront honokane iki honokane iki honokane iki honokane nui honokane nui honokane nui honokea honokea honokea honokohau Beach honokohau Beach honokohau Beach honoli’i Beach Co. Pk. isaac hale Beach Co. Park honoli’i Beach Co. Pk. natural Resources defense Council .

) Kalapana Beach (new) (harry K.Testing the Waters 2007 County hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii Beach Name James Kealoha Park James Kealoha Park Ka Lae (South Point) Ka Lae (South Point) Ka Lae (South Point) Ka’alu’alu Bay Ka’alu’alu Bay Ka’alu’alu Bay Kahuwai Bay Kahuwai Bay Kahuwai Bay Ka’iliki’i Ka’iliki’i Ka’iliki’i Kalahiki Beach Kalahiki Beach Kalahiki Beach Kalapana Beach (new) (harry K. Brown Beach Co. Kapoho Bay Kapoho Bay Start Date 10/17 11/1 7/27 10/17 11/1 7/27 10/17 11/1 7/27 10/17 11/1 7/27 10/17 11/1 7/27 10/17 11/1 7/27 10/17 11/1 7/27 10/17 11/1 7/27 10/17 11/1 7/27 10/17 11/1 7/27 10/17 11/1 7/27 10/17 11/1 7/27 10/17 11/1 7/27 10/17 end Date 10/27 11/6 7/31 10/27 11/6 7/31 10/27 11/6 7/31 10/27 11/6 7/31 10/27 11/6 7/31 10/27 11/6 7/31 10/27 11/6 7/31 10/27 11/6 7/31 10/27 11/6 7/31 10/27 11/6 7/31 10/27 11/6 7/31 10/27 11/6 7/31 10/27 11/6 7/31 10/27 Reason Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Source Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Hi. Pk. Brown Beach Co. Kapa’a Beach Co. Pk. Kamoa Pt. natural Resources defense Council . Kapa’a Beach Co. Kalu’e Pt. Kapa’a Beach Co.) Kalapana Beach (new) (harry K. Pk.) Kalu’e Pt. Pk. Kamoa Pt. Brown Beach Co. Pk. Kalu’e Pt. Kaluhika’a Beach Kaluhika’a Beach Kaluhika’a Beach Kamakaokahonu Kamakaokahonu Kamakaokahonu Kamehame hill Kamehame hill Kamehame hill Kamoa Pt. Pk.

Keokea Beach Co.Testing the Waters 2007 County hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii Beach Name Kapoho Bay Kapoho tidepools (vacationland) Kapoho tidepools (vacationland) Kapoho tidepools (vacationland) Kapu’a Bay Kapu’a Bay Kapu’a Bay Kauna’oa Beach Kauna’oa Beach Kauna’oa Beach Ka’upulehu Ka’upulehu Ka’upulehu Kawa Bay Kawa Bay Kawa Bay Kawaihae harbor Kawaihae harbor Kawaihae harbor Kea’au Kea’au Kea’au Keahou Bay (Kona) Keahou Bay (Kona) Keahou Bay (Kona) Kealia Beach Kealia Beach Kealia Beach Keaukaha Beach Park Keaukaha Beach Park Keaukaha Beach Park Keawaiki Keawaiki Keawaiki Ke’ei Ke’ei Ke’ei Kehena Kehena Kehena Keokea Beach Co.0 natural Resources defense Council . Pk. Start Date 11/1 7/27 10/17 11/1 7/27 10/17 11/1 7/27 10/17 11/1 7/27 10/17 11/1 7/27 10/17 11/1 7/27 10/17 11/1 7/27 10/17 11/1 7/27 10/17 11/1 7/27 10/17 11/1 7/27 10/17 11/1 7/27 10/17 11/1 7/27 10/17 11/1 7/27 10/17 11/1 7/27 10/17 end Date 11/6 7/31 10/27 11/6 7/31 10/27 11/6 7/31 10/27 11/6 7/31 10/27 11/6 7/31 10/27 11/6 7/31 10/27 11/6 7/31 10/27 11/6 7/31 10/27 11/6 7/31 10/27 11/6 7/31 10/27 11/6 7/31 10/27 11/6 7/31 10/27 11/6 7/31 10/27 11/6 7/31 10/27 Reason Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Source Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Hi. Pk.

Leleiwi Beach Co. Pk. Pk.Testing the Waters 2007 County hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii Beach Name Keokea Beach Co. Park Lehia Beach Co. Park Lapakahi St. Park Laupahoehoe Beach Co. Pk. Pk. Mahukona Beach Co. natural Resources defense Council . Pk. Lehia Beach Co. Park Kolekole Beach Co. Mackenzie State Rec. Manini Point Co. Pk. Manini’owali Manini’owali Start Date 11/1 7/27 10/17 11/1 7/27 10/17 11/1 7/27 10/17 11/1 7/27 10/17 11/1 7/27 10/17 11/1 7/27 10/17 11/1 7/27 10/17 11/1 7/27 10/17 11/1 7/27 10/17 11/1 7/27 10/17 11/1 7/27 10/17 11/1 7/27 10/17 11/1 7/27 10/17 11/1 7/27 10/17 end Date 11/6 7/31 10/27 11/6 7/31 10/27 11/6 7/31 10/27 11/6 7/31 10/27 11/6 7/31 10/27 11/6 7/31 10/27 11/6 7/31 10/27 11/6 7/31 10/27 11/6 7/31 10/27 11/6 7/31 10/27 11/6 7/31 10/27 11/6 7/31 10/27 11/6 7/31 10/27 11/6 7/31 10/27 Reason Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Source Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Hi. Park Lapakahi St. Lehia Beach Co. Pk. hist. Pk. Leleiwi Beach Co. Leleiwi Beach Co. Pk. Park Laupahoehoe Beach Co. Pk. Pk. Pk. Kiholo Bay Kiholo Bay Kiholo Bay Kolekole Beach Co. hist. Park Kuki’o Kuki’o Kuki’o Lapakahi St. Area Mackenzie State Rec. Makalawena Makalawena Makalawena Makole’a Beach Makole’a Beach Makole’a Beach Manini Point Co. Area Mahai’ula Bay Mahai’ula Bay Mahai’ula Bay Mahukona Beach Co. Area Mackenzie State Rec. hist. Pk. Park Kolekole Beach Co. Manini Point Co. Park Laupahoehoe Beach Co. Mahukona Beach Co.

Park napo’apo’o Beach Co.2 natural Resources defense Council . Pk. onekahakaha Beach Co. Pk. Pk. Park nanawale Co.Testing the Waters 2007 County hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii Beach Name Manini’owali Manuka Bay Manuka Bay Manuka Bay Mauna Lani (Kalahuipua’a) Mauna Lani (Kalahuipua’a) Mauna Lani (Kalahuipua’a) Mau’umae Beach Mau’umae Beach Mau’umae Beach Miloli’i Beach Miloli’i Beach Miloli’i Beach nanawale Co. Paiahaa Paiahaa Paiahaa Papa’i (King’s Landing) Papa’i (King’s Landing) Papa’i (King’s Landing) Pine trees Pine trees Start Date 11/1 7/27 10/17 11/1 7/27 10/17 11/1 7/27 10/17 11/1 7/27 10/17 11/1 7/27 10/17 11/1 7/27 10/17 11/1 7/27 10/17 11/1 7/27 10/17 11/1 7/27 10/17 11/1 7/27 10/17 11/1 7/27 10/17 11/1 7/27 10/17 11/1 7/27 10/17 11/1 7/27 10/17 end Date 11/6 7/31 10/27 11/6 7/31 10/27 11/6 7/31 10/27 11/6 7/31 10/27 11/6 7/31 10/27 11/6 7/31 10/27 11/6 7/31 10/27 11/6 7/31 10/27 11/6 7/31 10/27 11/6 7/31 10/27 11/6 7/31 10/27 11/6 7/31 10/27 11/6 7/31 10/27 11/6 7/31 10/27 Reason Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Source Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Hi. Pk. Pk. Pk. Pk. Park nanawale Co. napo’apo’o Beach Co. Pahoehoe Beach Co. Pk. Pk. napo’apo’o Beach Co. Pahoehoe Beach Co. onomea onomea onomea Pahoehoe Beach Co. ninole ninole ninole old Kona Airport (Pawai) old Kona Airport (Pawai) old Kona Airport (Pawai) onekahakaha Beach Co. onekahakaha Beach Co.

Wai’ahukini Wai’ahukini Wai’ahukini Waialea Bay Waialea Bay Start Date 11/1 7/27 10/17 11/1 7/27 10/17 11/1 7/27 10/17 11/1 7/27 10/17 11/1 7/27 10/17 11/1 7/27 10/17 11/1 7/27 10/17 11/1 7/27 10/17 11/1 7/27 10/17 11/1 7/27 10/17 11/1 7/27 10/17 11/1 7/27 10/17 11/1 7/27 10/17 11/1 7/27 10/17 end Date 11/6 7/31 10/27 11/6 7/31 10/27 11/6 7/31 10/27 11/6 7/31 10/27 11/6 7/31 10/27 11/6 7/31 10/27 11/6 7/31 10/27 11/6 7/31 10/27 11/6 7/31 10/27 11/6 7/31 10/27 11/6 7/31 10/27 11/6 7/31 10/27 11/6 7/31 10/27 11/6 7/31 10/27 Reason Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Source Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Hi. Spencer Beach Co. (Pu’u o honaunau) Pu’uhonua Pt. (Pu’u o honaunau) Radio Bay Radio Bay Radio Bay Reeds Bay Park Reeds Bay Park Reeds Bay Park Road to the Sea Road to the Sea Road to the Sea Spencer Beach Co.3 natural Resources defense Council . Spencer Beach Co. Pk. Pk.Testing the Waters 2007 County hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii Beach Name Pine trees Pohoiki Beach Pohoiki Beach Pohoiki Beach Pohue Bay Pohue Bay Pohue Bay Pololu valley Pololu valley Pololu valley Puako Puako Puako Pueo Bay Pueo Bay Pueo Bay Punalu’u Punalu’u Punalu’u Pu’u hou Pu’u hou Pu’u hou Pu’uhonua Pt. Pk. (Pu’u o honaunau) Pu’uhonua Pt.

(Magic Sands) White Sands Beach Co. honolulu halona Blowhole honolulu hanaka’ilio Beach honolulu hanauma Bay honolulu hau’ula Beach Co. honolulu Bellows Field Beach Co. honolulu Camp harold erdman honolulu Chun’s Reef honolulu diamond head honolulu ehukai Beach Co. Pk. Pk. Pk. honolulu hale’iwa Beach Co. Pk. Pk. Pk. Whittington Beach Co. (Magic Sands) Whittington Beach Co. Whittington Beach Co. Start Date 11/1 7/27 10/17 11/1 7/27 10/17 11/1 7/27 10/17 11/1 7/27 10/17 11/1 7/27 10/17 11/1 11/1 11/1 11/1 11/1 11/1 11/1 11/1 11/1 11/1 11/1 11/1 3/29 11/1 11/1 11/1 11/1 4/2 11/1 11/1 11/1 11/1 11/1 11/1 11/1 11/1 11/1 end Date 11/6 7/31 10/27 11/6 7/31 10/27 11/6 7/31 10/27 11/6 7/31 10/27 11/6 7/31 10/27 11/6 11/6 11/6 11/6 11/6 11/6 11/6 11/6 11/6 11/6 11/6 11/6 4/4 11/6 11/6 11/6 11/6 4/4 11/6 11/6 11/6 11/6 11/6 11/6 11/6 11/6 11/6 Reason Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-sew Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-sew Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Source Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Sew-break Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Sew-break Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater honolulu Ala Moana Beach Co.4 natural Resources defense Council . Pk. honolulu ewa Beach honolulu ewa Plantation Beach honolulu Fort derussy Beach honolulu Fort derussy Beach honolulu Fort derussy Beach Park honolulu Fort hase Beach honolulu Fort Kamehameha Beach honolulu Gray’s Beach honolulu Gray’s Beach honolulu hale’iwa Ali’i Beach Co.Testing the Waters 2007 County hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii hawaii Beach Name Waialea Bay Waimanu Bay Waimanu Bay Waimanu Bay Waipi’o Bay Waipi’o Bay Waipi’o Bay Wawaloli Beach Wawaloli Beach Wawaloli Beach White Sands Beach Co. Pk. Park honolulu Aukai Beach Co. Pk. Park honolulu hawaiian electric Beach Park honolulu he’eia Hi. (Magic Sands) White Sands Beach Co. Pk. Park honolulu Banzai honolulu Barbers Point Beach Co. Pk.

5 natural Resources defense Council . honolulu Kahala honolulu Kahala hilton Beach honolulu Kahana Bay honolulu Kahanamoku Beach honolulu Kahanamoku Beach honolulu Kahe Pt. Pk. honolulu Ka’a’awa Beach Co. Beach Co.Testing the Waters 2007 County Beach Name Start Date 3/24 11/1 11/1 11/1 11/1 11/1 11/1 11/1 11/1 11/1 11/1 11/1 3/29 11/1 11/1 11/1 11/1 11/1 2/24 3/26 11/1 11/1 11/1 3/31 11/1 11/1 11/1 11/1 11/1 11/1 11/1 11/1 2/24 3/3 3/3 3/3 3/19 3/20 3/29 11/1 11/1 11/1 end Date 5/26 11/6 11/6 11/6 11/6 11/6 11/6 11/6 11/6 11/6 11/6 11/6 4/4 11/6 11/6 11/6 11/6 11/6 3/2 4/18 11/6 11/6 11/6 4/4 11/6 11/6 11/6 11/6 11/6 11/6 11/6 11/6 3/2 3/13 4/5 5/5 3/21 3/31 4/5 11/6 11/11 11/6 Reason Prempt-sew Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-sew Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-sew Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-sew Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-sew Prempt-sew Prempt-sew Prempt-sew Prempt-sew Prempt-sew Prempt-sew Prempt-sew Prempt-sew Prempt-rain Source Sew-break Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Sew-break Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Sanitary-sew-over Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Sanitary-sew-over Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Sanitary-sew-over Sanitary-sew-over Sanitary-sew-over Sanitary-sew-over Sanitary-sew-over Sanitary-sew-over Sanitary-sew-over Sanitary-sew-over Sanitary-sew-over Stormwater honolulu hickam harbor Beach honolulu ihilani honu honolulu ihilani Kohola honolulu ihilani naia honolulu ihilani Ulua honolulu iroquois Pt. Park honolulu Kaipapa’u Beach honolulu Kakaako Waterfront honolulu Kakaako Waterfront honolulu Kalae’o’io Beach Co. Park honolulu Kalama Beach honolulu Kalaniana’ole Beach honolulu Kaloko (Queens) Beach honolulu Kaluahole Beach honolulu Kaluanui Beach honolulu Kanenelu Beach honolulu Kane’ohe Bay honolulu Kane’ohe Bay honolulu Kane’ohe Bay honolulu Kane’ohe Bay honolulu Kane’ohe Bay honolulu Kane’ohe Bay honolulu Kane’ohe Bay honolulu Kane’ohe Bay honolulu Kane’ohe Bay honolulu Kane’ohe Bay Hi. Park honolulu Ka’alawai Beach honolulu Ka’ena Pt. honolulu Kahuku Golf Course honolulu Kaiaka honolulu Kaihalulu Beach honolulu Kailua Beach honolulu Kailua Beach honolulu Kailua Beach honolulu Kaiona Beach Co.

Park honolulu Makao Beach honolulu Makapu’u Beach Co. Park honolulu Makua Beach honolulu Malaekahana Bay honolulu Malaekahana Bay Hi. Regional Park honolulu Kualoa Sugar Mill Beach honolulu Kuhio Beach Park honolulu Kuilei Cliffs Beach Park honolulu Kuilima Cove honolulu Kuli’ou’ou honolulu Laenani Beach Co. Park honolulu Kealia Beach honolulu Ke’ehi Lagoon honolulu Ke’ehi Lagoon honolulu Koke’e Beach Park honolulu Koko Kai Beach Park honolulu Kokololio Beach honolulu Kualoa Co. Park honolulu Laie Beach Co. Park honolulu Magic island Beach honolulu Magic island Beach honolulu Magic island east honolulu Ma’ili Beach Co.6 natural Resources defense Council .Testing the Waters 2007 County Beach Name Start Date 11/1 11/1 3/9 11/1 11/1 11/1 11/1 11/1 11/1 11/1 4/1 11/1 11/1 11/1 11/1 1/1 11/1 11/1 11/1 11/1 11/1 11/1 11/1 11/1 11/1 11/1 3/8 11/1 11/1 11/1 3/27 11/1 11/1 11/1 11/1 11/1 11/1 11/1 11/1 11/1 3/8 11/1 end Date 11/6 11/6 3/16 11/6 11/6 11/6 11/6 11/6 11/6 11/6 4/7 11/6 11/6 11/6 11/6 5/23 11/6 11/6 11/6 11/6 11/6 11/6 11/6 11/6 11/6 11/6 6/20 11/6 11/6 11/6 4/7 11/6 11/6 11/6 11/6 11/6 11/6 11/6 11/6 11/6 3/20 11/6 Reason Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Bacteria Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-sew Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Bacteria Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Bacteria Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-sew Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Bacteria Prempt-rain Source Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Sanitary-sew-over Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater (?) Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Sew-break Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater honolulu Kapaeloa Beach honolulu Kapi’olani Park honolulu Kaunala Beach honolulu Kaunala Beach honolulu Kaupo Beach Co. Regional Park honolulu Kualoa Co. Park honolulu Kawaiku’i Beach Park honolulu Kawailoa Beach honolulu Kawela Bay honolulu Kea’au Beach Co. Park honolulu Makaua Beach Co. Park honolulu Laniakea Beach honolulu Lanikai honolulu Laniloa Peninsula (Beach) honolulu Laniloa Peninsula (Beach) honolulu Laukinui Beach honolulu Lualualei Beach Co. Park honolulu Maipalaoa Beach honolulu Makaha Beach Co.

7 natural Resources defense Council . Park honolulu outrigger Canoe Club Beach honolulu Pahipahi’alua Beach honolulu Paiko Lagoon honolulu Papa’iloa Beach honolulu Papaoneone Beach honolulu Pearl harbor . the honolulu Point Panic Beach Park honolulu Point Panic Beach Park honolulu Poka’i Bay Beach Co. Area honolulu Sunset Beach honolulu Swanzy Beach Co. Pk. Pk.Middle Loch honolulu Pipeline. Rec. honolulu Pounders Beach honolulu Pounders Beach honolulu Punalu’u Beach Co. Pk. Park Hi. honolulu Pu’uiki honolulu Pu’uohulu Beach honolulu Queen’s Surf Beach Park honolulu Royal-Moana Beach honolulu Royal-Moana Beach honolulu Sand island honolulu Sandy Beach Co. Park honolulu Sans Souci St. honolulu nimitz Beach honolulu niu honolulu north Beach honolulu ohikilolo Beach(Barking Sands) honolulu oneawa Beach honolulu one’ula Beach Co. Park honolulu Pupukea Beach Co. Park honolulu Sandy Beach Co. Pk.Testing the Waters 2007 County Beach Name Start Date 11/1 11/1 3/31 4/1 11/1 11/1 11/1 11/1 11/1 11/1 11/1 11/1 11/1 11/1 11/1 11/1 11/1 11/1 11/1 11/1 11/1 11/1 11/1 11/1 3/31 11/1 11/1 3/9 11/1 11/1 11/1 11/1 11/1 11/1 4/2 11/1 11/1 3/8 11/1 11/1 11/1 11/1 end Date 11/6 11/6 4/5 4/11 11/6 11/6 11/6 11/6 11/6 11/6 11/6 11/6 11/6 11/6 11/6 11/6 11/6 11/6 11/6 11/6 11/6 11/6 11/6 11/6 4/4 11/6 11/6 3/16 11/6 11/6 11/6 11/6 11/6 11/6 4/4 11/6 11/6 3/22 11/6 11/6 11/6 11/6 Reason Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-sew Prempt-sew Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-sew Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Bacteria Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-sew Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Bacteria Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Source Stormwater Stormwater Sanitary-sew-over Sanitary-sew-over Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Sanitary-sew-over Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Sew-break Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater honolulu Manner’s Beach honolulu Mauna Lahilahi Beach Co. honolulu Maunalua Bay honolulu Maunalua Bay honolulu Maunalua Bay honolulu Maunalua Bay Beach Park honolulu Moku’auia Beach honolulu Mokule’ia Beach honolulu Mokule’ia Beach Co. Park honolulu nanaikapono Beach honolulu nanakuli Beach Co.

Pk. Park honolulu Waiahole Beach Co. Ahukini Rec. Pier St. Pk. Pk. Pk. Ahukini Rec. Pier St. honolulu War Memorial natatorium honolulu Wawamalu Beach Park honolulu White Plains Beach honolulu Yokohama Bay Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Ahukini Rec. Ahukini Rec. Pier St.Testing the Waters 2007 County Beach Name Start Date 11/1 11/1 11/1 11/1 11/1 11/1 11/1 11/1 11/1 11/1 11/1 3/3 3/26 11/1 11/1 3/8 11/1 11/1 11/1 11/1 11/1 3/20 3/3 8/1 8/7 11/1 3/20 3/3 8/1 8/7 11/1 3/20 3/3 8/1 8/7 11/1 3/20 3/3 8/1 8/7 11/1 3/20 end Date 11/6 11/6 11/6 11/6 11/6 11/6 11/6 11/6 11/6 11/6 11/6 3/13 4/17 11/6 11/6 4/6 11/6 11/6 11/6 11/6 11/6 3/27 3/12 8/4 8/10 11/6 3/27 3/12 8/4 8/10 11/6 3/27 3/12 8/4 8/10 11/6 3/27 3/12 8/4 8/10 11/6 3/27 Reason Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-sew Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Bacteria Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Source Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Pub-treatment-works Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater honolulu tongg’s Beach honolulu turtle Bay honolulu Ulehawa Beach Co. Pk. Pk. Park honolulu Wai’alae Beach Co. natural Resources defense Council . Area honolulu Waimanalo Beach honolulu Waimanalo Beach honolulu Waimanalo Beach honolulu Waimanalo Beach Co. Park honolulu Waimea Bay Beach Co. honolulu Waimea Bay Beach Co. Rec. Pk. Aliomanu Beach Aliomanu Beach Aliomanu Beach Aliomanu Beach Aliomanu Beach Anahola Beach Anahola Beach Anahola Beach Anahola Beach Anahola Beach Anini Beach Anini Beach Anini Beach Anini Beach Anini Beach Beach house Beach Hi. Pier St. Park honolulu Waiale’e honolulu Wai’anae Kai Military Reservation Beach honolulu Wai’anae Regional Park honolulu Waikiki Beach Center honolulu Wailupe Beach Park honolulu Waimanalo Bay St. Ahukini Rec. Pier St.

Park hanalei Beach Co. Park hanakapi’ai Beach hanakapi’ai Beach hanakapi’ai Beach hanakapi’ai Beach hanakapi’ai Beach hanalei Beach Co. Park Start Date 3/3 8/1 8/7 11/1 3/20 3/3 8/1 8/7 11/1 3/20 3/3 8/1 8/7 11/1 3/20 3/3 8/1 8/7 11/1 3/20 3/3 8/1 8/7 11/1 3/20 3/3 8/1 8/7 11/1 3/20 3/3 8/1 8/7 11/1 3/20 3/3 8/1 8/7 11/1 3/20 3/3 8/1 end Date 3/12 8/4 8/10 11/6 3/27 3/12 8/4 8/10 11/6 3/27 3/12 8/4 8/10 11/6 3/27 3/12 8/4 8/10 11/6 3/27 3/12 8/4 8/10 11/6 3/27 3/12 8/4 8/10 11/6 3/27 3/12 8/4 8/10 11/6 3/27 3/12 8/4 8/10 11/6 3/27 3/12 8/4 Reason Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Source Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Hi.Testing the Waters 2007 County Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Beach Name Beach house Beach Beach house Beach Beach house Beach Beach house Beach Black Pot Beach Park Black Pot Beach Park Black Pot Beach Park Black Pot Beach Park Black Pot Beach Park Brennecke Beach Brennecke Beach Brennecke Beach Brennecke Beach Brennecke Beach donkey Park donkey Park donkey Park donkey Park donkey Park Gillin’s Beach Gillin’s Beach Gillin’s Beach Gillin’s Beach Gillin’s Beach Glass Beach Glass Beach Glass Beach Glass Beach Glass Beach ha’ena Beach Co. Park hanalei Beach Co. Park ha’ena Beach Co. Park ha’ena Beach Co. Park ha’ena Beach Co. Park ha’ena Beach Co. natural Resources defense Council .

Park hanama’ulu Beach Co. Park Kapa’a Beach Co. Park hanama’ulu Beach Co.20 natural Resources defense Council . Park hanama’ulu Beach Co. Park Kaupea Beach (Secret Beach) Kaupea Beach (Secret Beach) Kaupea Beach (Secret Beach) Kaupea Beach (Secret Beach) Kaupea Beach (Secret Beach) Start Date 8/7 11/1 3/20 3/3 8/1 8/7 11/1 3/20 3/3 8/1 8/7 11/1 3/20 3/3 8/1 8/7 11/1 3/20 3/3 8/1 8/7 11/1 3/20 3/3 8/1 8/7 11/1 3/20 3/3 8/1 8/7 11/1 3/20 3/3 8/1 8/7 11/1 3/20 3/3 8/1 8/7 11/1 end Date 8/10 11/6 3/27 3/12 8/4 8/10 11/6 3/27 3/12 8/4 8/10 11/6 3/27 3/12 8/4 8/10 11/6 3/27 3/12 8/4 8/10 11/6 3/27 3/12 8/4 8/10 11/6 3/27 3/12 8/4 8/10 11/6 3/27 3/12 8/4 8/10 11/6 3/27 3/12 8/4 8/10 11/6 Reason Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Source Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Hi. Park haula Beach haula Beach haula Beach haula Beach haula Beach Kahili Beach Kahili Beach Kahili Beach Kahili Beach Kahili Beach Kalalau Beach Kalalau Beach Kalalau Beach Kalalau Beach Kalalau Beach Kalapaki Beach Kalapaki Beach Kalapaki Beach Kalapaki Beach Kalapaki Beach Kalihiwai Bay Kalihiwai Bay Kalihiwai Bay Kalihiwai Bay Kalihiwai Bay Kapa’a Beach Co. Park hanama’ulu Beach Co.Testing the Waters 2007 County Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Beach Name hanalei Beach Co. Park Kapa’a Beach Co. Park Kapa’a Beach Co. Park hanama’ulu Beach Co. Park hanalei Beach Co. Park Kapa’a Beach Co.

Kilauea Pt. Wildlife Ref.Testing the Waters 2007 County Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Beach Name Kawailoa Beach Kawailoa Beach Kawailoa Beach Kawailoa Beach Kawailoa Beach Kealia Kealia Kealia Kealia Kealia Ke’e Beach Ke’e Beach Ke’e Beach Ke’e Beach Ke’e Beach Kekaha Beach Co. Kilauea Pt. Kilauea Pt. Wildlife Ref. Wildlife Ref. Kipu Kai Kipu Kai Kipu Kai Kipu Kai Kipu Kai Koloa Landing Koloa Landing Start Date 3/20 3/3 8/1 8/7 11/1 3/20 3/3 8/1 8/7 11/1 3/20 3/3 8/1 8/7 11/1 3/20 3/3 8/1 8/7 11/1 3/20 3/3 8/1 8/7 11/1 3/20 3/3 8/1 8/7 11/1 3/20 3/3 8/1 8/7 11/1 3/20 3/3 8/1 8/7 11/1 3/20 3/3 end Date 3/27 3/12 8/4 8/10 11/6 3/27 3/12 8/4 8/10 11/6 3/27 3/12 8/4 8/10 11/6 3/27 3/12 8/4 8/10 11/6 3/27 3/12 8/4 8/10 11/6 3/27 3/12 8/4 8/10 11/6 3/27 3/12 8/4 8/10 11/6 3/27 3/12 8/4 8/10 11/6 3/27 3/12 Reason Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Source Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Hi. Pk. Pk.2 natural Resources defense Council . nat. Wildlife Ref. Kekaha Beach Co. Wildlife Ref. Pk. Pk. Kepuhi Beach Kepuhi Beach Kepuhi Beach Kepuhi Beach Kepuhi Beach Kikiaola Beach Kikiaola Beach Kikiaola Beach Kikiaola Beach Kikiaola Beach Kilauea Pt. Kekaha Beach Co. Pk. nat. nat. nat. Kekaha Beach Co. Kekaha Beach Co. nat. Kilauea Pt.

Park Lucy Wright Beach Co. Park Lucy Wright Beach Co.22 natural Resources defense Council . Park Lucy Wright Beach Co. Park Lumaha’i Beach Lumaha’i Beach Lumaha’i Beach Lumaha’i Beach Lumaha’i Beach Lydgate State Park Lydgate State Park Lydgate State Park Lydgate State Park Lydgate State Park Maha’ulepu Beach Maha’ulepu Beach Maha’ulepu Beach Maha’ulepu Beach Maha’ulepu Beach Miloli’i Miloli’i Miloli’i Miloli’i Start Date 8/1 8/7 11/1 3/20 3/3 8/1 8/7 11/1 3/20 3/3 8/1 8/7 11/1 3/20 3/3 8/1 8/7 11/1 3/20 3/3 8/1 8/7 11/1 3/20 3/3 8/1 8/7 11/1 3/20 3/3 8/1 8/7 11/1 3/20 3/3 8/1 8/7 11/1 3/20 3/3 8/1 8/7 end Date 8/4 8/10 11/6 3/27 3/12 8/4 8/10 11/6 3/27 3/12 8/4 8/10 11/6 3/27 3/12 8/4 8/10 11/6 3/27 3/12 8/4 8/10 11/6 3/27 3/12 8/4 8/10 11/6 3/27 3/12 8/4 8/10 11/6 3/27 3/12 8/4 8/10 11/6 3/27 3/12 8/4 8/10 Reason Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Source Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Hi.Testing the Waters 2007 County Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Beach Name Koloa Landing Koloa Landing Koloa Landing Kukui’ula Bay Kukui’ula Bay Kukui’ula Bay Kukui’ula Bay Kukui’ula Bay Larsens Beach Larsens Beach Larsens Beach Larsens Beach Larsens Beach Lawa’i Kai Lawa’i Kai Lawa’i Kai Lawa’i Kai Lawa’i Kai Lucy Wright Beach Co. Park Lucy Wright Beach Co.

23 natural Resources defense Council . niumalu Beach Park niumalu Beach Park niumalu Beach Park niumalu Beach Park niumalu Beach Park nu’alolo nu’alolo nu’alolo nu’alolo nu’alolo nukoli’i Beach Park nukoli’i Beach Park nukoli’i Beach Park nukoli’i Beach Park nukoli’i Beach Park Pacific Missile Range Facility Pacific Missile Range Facility Pacific Missile Range Facility Pacific Missile Range Facility Pacific Missile Range Facility Pakala (Makaweli) Pakala (Makaweli) Pakala (Makaweli) Pakala (Makaweli) Pakala (Makaweli) Palama Beach (nomilu) Start Date 11/1 3/20 3/3 8/1 8/7 11/1 3/20 3/3 8/1 8/7 11/1 3/20 3/3 8/1 8/7 11/1 3/20 3/3 8/1 8/7 11/1 3/20 3/3 8/1 8/7 11/1 3/20 3/3 8/1 8/7 11/1 3/20 3/3 8/1 8/7 11/1 3/20 3/3 8/1 8/7 11/1 3/20 end Date 11/6 3/27 3/12 8/4 8/10 11/6 3/27 3/12 8/4 8/10 11/6 3/27 3/12 8/4 8/10 11/6 3/27 3/12 8/4 8/10 11/6 3/27 3/12 8/4 8/10 11/6 3/27 3/12 8/4 8/10 11/6 3/27 3/12 8/4 8/10 11/6 3/27 3/12 8/4 8/10 11/6 3/27 Reason Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Source Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Hi. ninini Pt.Testing the Waters 2007 County Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Beach Name Miloli’i Moloa’a Bay Moloa’a Bay Moloa’a Bay Moloa’a Bay Moloa’a Bay na Pali Coast State Park na Pali Coast State Park na Pali Coast State Park na Pali Coast State Park na Pali Coast State Park ninini Pt. ninini Pt. ninini Pt. ninini Pt.

Park Po’ipu Beach Co. Park Po’ipu Beach Co.24 natural Resources defense Council . Park Salt Pond Beach Co.Testing the Waters 2007 County Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Beach Name Palama Beach (nomilu) Palama Beach (nomilu) Palama Beach (nomilu) Palama Beach (nomilu) Papa’a Bay Papa’a Bay Papa’a Bay Papa’a Bay Papa’a Bay Pila’a Beach Pila’a Beach Pila’a Beach Pila’a Beach Pila’a Beach Po’ipu Beach Co. Park Polihale State Park Polihale State Park Polihale State Park Polihale State Park Polihale State Park Port Allen Port Allen Port Allen Port Allen Port Allen Prince Kuhio Park Prince Kuhio Park Prince Kuhio Park Prince Kuhio Park Prince Kuhio Park Princeville Princeville Princeville Princeville Princeville Salt Pond Beach Co. Park Salt Pond Beach Co. Park Start Date 3/3 8/1 8/7 11/1 3/20 3/3 8/1 8/7 11/1 3/20 3/3 8/1 8/7 11/1 3/20 3/3 8/1 8/7 11/1 3/20 3/3 8/1 8/7 11/1 3/20 3/3 8/1 8/7 11/1 3/20 3/3 8/1 8/7 11/1 3/20 3/3 8/1 8/7 11/1 3/20 3/3 8/1 end Date 3/12 8/4 8/10 11/6 3/27 3/12 8/4 8/10 11/6 3/27 3/12 8/4 8/10 11/6 3/27 3/12 8/4 8/10 11/6 3/27 3/12 8/4 8/10 11/6 3/27 3/12 8/4 8/10 11/6 3/27 3/12 8/4 8/10 11/6 3/27 3/12 8/4 8/10 11/6 3/27 3/12 8/4 Reason Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Source Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Hi. Park Po’ipu Beach Co. Park Po’ipu Beach Co.

25 natural Resources defense Council . Park Salt Pond Beach Co. Park tunnels Beach tunnels Beach tunnels Beach tunnels Beach tunnels Beach Wahiawa Bay Wahiawa Bay Wahiawa Bay Wahiawa Bay Wahiawa Bay Waiakalua iki Beach Waiakalua iki Beach Waiakalua iki Beach Waiakalua iki Beach Waiakalua iki Beach Waiakalua nui Beach Waiakalua nui Beach Waiakalua nui Beach Waiakalua nui Beach Waiakalua nui Beach Waikoko Bay Waikoko Bay Waikoko Bay Waikoko Bay Waikoko Bay Start Date 8/7 11/1 3/20 3/3 8/1 8/7 11/1 3/20 3/3 8/1 8/7 11/1 3/20 3/3 8/1 8/7 11/1 3/20 3/3 8/1 8/7 11/1 3/20 3/3 8/1 8/7 11/1 3/20 3/3 8/1 8/7 11/1 3/20 3/3 8/1 8/7 11/1 3/20 3/3 8/1 8/7 11/1 end Date 8/10 11/6 3/27 3/12 8/4 8/10 11/6 3/27 3/12 8/4 8/10 11/6 3/27 3/12 8/4 8/10 11/6 3/27 3/12 8/4 8/10 11/6 3/27 3/12 8/4 8/10 11/6 3/27 3/12 8/4 8/10 11/6 3/27 3/12 8/4 8/10 11/6 3/27 3/12 8/4 8/10 11/6 Reason Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Source Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Hi. Park Spouting horn Beach Co. Park Spouting horn Beach Co. Park Spouting horn Beach Co.Testing the Waters 2007 County Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Beach Name Salt Pond Beach Co. Park Spouting horn Beach Co. Park Sheraton Beach Sheraton Beach Sheraton Beach Sheraton Beach Sheraton Beach Shipwreck Beach Shipwreck Beach Shipwreck Beach Shipwreck Beach Shipwreck Beach Spouting horn Beach Co.

Wainiha Bay Wainiha Bay Wainiha Bay Wainiha Bay Wainiha Bay Wai’ohai Beach Wai’ohai Beach Wai’ohai Beach Wai’ohai Beach Wai’ohai Beach Wai’oli Beach Park Wai’oli Beach Park Wai’oli Beach Park Wai’oli Beach Park Wai’oli Beach Park Waipouli Waipouli Waipouli Waipouli Waipouli Ahihi-Kina’u natural Area Reserve Ahihi-Kina’u natural Area Reserve Ahihi-Kina’u natural Area Reserve Alaeloa Beach Alaeloa Beach Alaeloa Beach Awahua Beach Awalua Beach Awalua Beach Awalua Beach Fagans Beach Father Jules Papa Start Date 3/20 3/3 8/1 8/7 11/1 3/20 3/3 8/1 8/7 11/1 3/20 3/3 8/1 8/7 11/1 3/20 3/3 8/1 8/7 11/1 3/20 3/3 8/1 8/7 11/1 3/20 3/3 8/1 8/7 11/1 7/27 10/17 11/1 7/27 10/17 11/1 11/1 7/27 10/17 11/1 11/1 7/27 end Date 3/27 3/12 8/4 8/10 11/6 3/27 3/12 8/4 8/10 11/6 3/27 3/12 8/4 8/10 11/6 3/27 3/12 8/4 8/10 11/6 3/27 3/12 8/4 8/10 11/6 3/27 3/12 8/4 8/10 11/6 7/31 10/27 11/6 7/31 10/27 11/6 11/6 7/31 10/27 11/6 11/6 7/31 Reason Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Source Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Hi. Waimea Rec. Pier St. Pk. Waimea Rec.26 natural Resources defense Council . Pier St. Waimea Rec. Pier St. Pk. Pier St. Pk. Pk.Testing the Waters 2007 County Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Kauai Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Beach Name Wailua Beach Wailua Beach Wailua Beach Wailua Beach Wailua Beach Waimea Rec. Pier St. Waimea Rec. Pk.

ho’okipa Beach Co. hanaka’o’o Beach Co.P. Pk. h. Pk.P. honolua Bay honolua Bay honolua Bay honomanu Bay honomanu Bay honomanu Bay honouli Malo’o honouli Wai ho’okipa Beach Co. Pk. Pk. Pk. Baldwin Beach Co.Testing the Waters 2007 County Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Beach Name Father Jules Papa Father Jules Papa Fleming Beach north Fleming Beach north Fleming Beach north h.P. Pk. Pk. Pk. Baldwin Beach Co. Pk. honokowai Beach Co. Pk.27 natural Resources defense Council . h-Poko Papa h-Poko Papa Start Date 10/17 11/1 7/27 10/17 11/1 7/27 10/17 11/1 11/1 11/1 11/1 7/27 10/17 11/1 7/27 10/17 11/1 7/27 10/17 11/1 7/27 10/17 11/1 7/27 10/17 11/1 7/27 10/17 11/1 7/27 10/17 11/1 7/27 10/17 11/1 11/1 11/1 7/27 10/17 11/1 7/27 10/17 end Date 10/27 11/6 7/31 10/27 11/6 7/31 10/27 11/6 11/6 11/6 11/6 7/31 10/27 11/6 7/31 10/27 11/6 7/31 10/27 11/6 7/31 10/27 11/6 7/31 10/27 11/6 7/31 10/27 11/6 7/31 10/27 11/6 7/31 10/27 11/6 11/6 11/6 7/31 10/27 11/6 7/31 10/27 Reason Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Source Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Hi. Pk. halawa Beach Park halena Beach halepalaoa Beach hamoa hamoa hamoa hana Bay hana Bay hana Bay hanaka’o’o Beach Co. hanaka’o’o Beach Co. honokowai Beach Co. Pk. h. ho’okipa Beach Co. Baldwin Beach Co. honokeana Bay honokeana Bay honokeana Bay honokohau Bay honokohau Bay honokohau Bay honokowai Beach Co.

Park Kalepolepo Beach Kalepolepo Beach Kalepolepo Beach Kamaka’ipo Beach Kama’ole Beach 1 Kama’ole Beach 1 Kama’ole Beach 1 Kama’ole Beach 2 (ili’iliholo Beach) Kama’ole Beach 2 (ili’iliholo Beach) Kama’ole Beach 2 (ili’iliholo Beach) Kama’ole Beach 3 Kama’ole Beach 3 Kama’ole Beach 3 Kanaha Beach Co. Park Start Date 11/1 7/27 10/17 11/1 11/1 11/1 7/27 10/17 11/1 11/1 7/27 10/17 11/1 7/27 10/17 11/1 11/1 7/27 10/17 11/1 7/27 10/17 11/1 11/1 7/27 10/17 11/1 7/27 10/17 11/1 11/1 7/27 10/17 11/1 7/27 10/17 11/1 7/27 10/17 11/1 7/27 10/17 end Date 11/6 7/31 10/27 11/6 11/6 11/6 7/31 10/27 11/6 11/6 7/31 10/27 11/6 7/31 10/27 11/6 11/6 7/31 10/27 11/6 7/31 10/27 11/6 11/6 7/31 10/27 11/6 7/31 10/27 11/6 11/6 7/31 10/27 11/6 7/31 10/27 11/6 7/31 10/27 11/6 7/31 10/27 Reason Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Source Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Hi. Park Kalama Beach Co.Testing the Waters 2007 County Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Beach Name h-Poko Papa huakini Bay huakini Bay huakini Bay hulopo’e Beach Park iliopi’i Beach Ka’anapali Ka’anapali Ka’anapali Kahalepohaku Beach Kahalui harbor Kahalui harbor Kahalui harbor Kahana Kahana Kahana Kahemano Beach Kaihalulu Bay Kaihalulu Bay Kaihalulu Bay Ka’ili’ili Beach Ka’ili’ili Beach Ka’ili’ili Beach Kakahai’a Beach Park Kalama Beach Co. Park Kalama Beach Co. Park Kanaha Beach Co.2 natural Resources defense Council .

Park Kapoli Beach Co. Park Kapoli Beach Co.Testing the Waters 2007 County Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Beach Name Kanaha Beach Co. Park Kanaio Beach Kanaio Beach Kanaio Beach Kanalukaha Beach Kapalua (Fleming’s) Beach Kapalua (Fleming’s) Beach Kapalua (Fleming’s) Beach Kapoli Beach Co. Park Kapukahehu Beach Kapukuwahine Beach Kaunala Beach Kaunolu Bay Kaupoa Beach Kawa’aloa Bay Kawakiu Bay (nui) Kea’a Beach Kea’a Beach Kea’a Beach Ke’anae Ke’anae Ke’anae Keawakapu Beach Keawakapu Beach Keawakapu Beach Keomuku Beach Keonenui Beach Keonenui Beach Keonenui Beach Kepuhi Beach Kiowea Park (Kamehameha Coconut Grove) Koki Beach Park (vfw) Koki Beach Park (vfw) Koki Beach Park (vfw) Kolo Wharf Ku’au Bay Ku’au Bay Ku’au Bay Kuiaha Bay Start Date 11/1 7/27 10/17 11/1 11/1 7/27 10/17 11/1 7/27 10/17 11/1 11/1 11/1 11/1 11/1 11/1 11/1 11/1 7/27 10/17 11/1 7/27 10/17 11/1 7/27 10/17 11/1 11/1 7/27 10/17 11/1 11/1 11/1 7/27 10/17 11/1 11/1 7/27 10/17 11/1 7/27 end Date 11/6 7/31 10/27 11/6 11/6 7/31 10/27 11/6 7/31 10/27 11/6 11/6 11/6 11/6 11/6 11/6 11/6 11/6 7/31 10/27 11/6 7/31 10/27 11/6 7/31 10/27 11/6 11/6 7/31 10/27 11/6 11/6 11/6 7/31 10/27 11/6 11/6 7/31 10/27 11/6 7/31 Reason Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Source Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Hi.2 natural Resources defense Council .

Testing the Waters 2007 County Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Beach Name Kuiaha Bay Kuiaha Bay La Perouse Bay La Perouse Bay La Perouse Bay Launiupoko St. Maka’alae Pt. Mcgregor Pt. Makena Landing Beach Makena Landing Beach Makena Landing Beach Maliko Bay Maliko Bay Maliko Bay Malu’aka Beach Malu’aka Beach Malu’aka Beach Manele Bay Mantokuji Bay Mantokuji Bay Mantokuji Bay Mcgregor Pt. Pk. Mcgregor Pt. Maka’alae Pt. Pk. Pk. Mai Poina oe Lau Beach Co. Mokapu Beach Park Start Date 10/17 11/1 7/27 10/17 11/1 7/27 10/17 11/1 7/27 10/17 11/1 11/1 11/1 7/27 10/17 11/1 7/27 10/17 11/1 7/27 10/17 11/1 7/27 10/17 11/1 7/27 10/17 11/1 7/27 10/17 11/1 7/27 10/17 11/1 11/1 7/27 10/17 11/1 7/27 10/17 11/1 7/27 end Date 10/27 11/6 7/31 10/27 11/6 7/31 10/27 11/6 7/31 10/27 11/6 11/6 11/6 7/31 10/27 11/6 7/31 10/27 11/6 7/31 10/27 11/6 7/31 10/27 11/6 7/31 10/27 11/6 7/31 10/27 11/6 7/31 10/27 11/6 11/6 7/31 10/27 11/6 7/31 10/27 11/6 7/31 Reason Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Source Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Hi. Maka’alae Pt. Wayside Leho’ula Beach Leho’ula Beach Leho’ula Beach Lighthouse Beach Lopa Beach Lower Pa’ia Lower Pa’ia Lower Pa’ia Ma’alaea Beach Ma’alaea Beach Ma’alaea Beach Mai Poina oe Lau Beach Co.30 natural Resources defense Council . Wayside Launiupoko St. Wayside Launiupoko St. Mai Poina oe Lau Beach Co.

3 natural Resources defense Council .Testing the Waters 2007 County Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Beach Name Mokapu Beach Park Mokapu Beach Park Mokulau Mokulau Mokulau Mokule’ia Beach Mokule’ia Beach Mokule’ia Beach Mo’omomi Beach Murphy Beach Park naha Beach nahiku nahiku nahiku napili Bay napili Bay napili Bay nu’u Bay nu’u Bay nu’u Bay olowalu olowalu olowalu oneali’i Beach Park oneloa Beach (Big Beach) oneloa Beach (Big Beach) oneloa Beach (Big Beach) oneuli Beach oneuli Beach oneuli Beach Palauea Beach Park Palauea Beach Park Palauea Beach Park Papalaua Papalaua Papalaua Papaloa Beach Papohaku Beach Paukukalo Beach Paukukalo Beach Paukukalo Beach Pelekunu Start Date 10/17 11/1 7/27 10/17 11/1 7/27 10/17 11/1 11/1 11/1 11/1 7/27 10/17 11/1 7/27 10/17 11/1 7/27 10/17 11/1 7/27 10/17 11/1 11/1 7/27 10/17 11/1 7/27 10/17 11/1 7/27 10/17 11/1 7/27 10/17 11/1 11/1 11/1 7/27 10/17 11/1 11/1 end Date 10/27 11/6 7/31 10/27 11/6 7/31 10/27 11/6 11/6 11/6 11/6 7/31 10/27 11/6 7/31 10/27 11/6 7/31 10/27 11/6 7/31 10/27 11/6 11/6 7/31 10/27 11/6 7/31 10/27 11/6 7/31 10/27 11/6 7/31 10/27 11/6 11/6 11/6 7/31 10/27 11/6 11/6 Reason Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Source Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Hi.

Park Puamana Beach Co. Pk.32 natural Resources defense Council . Ukumehame Beach Co. Pk.Testing the Waters 2007 County Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Beach Name Pepeiaolepo Bay Pepeiaolepo Bay Pepeiaolepo Bay Pohaku Mauliuli Beach Polihua Beach Polo Beach Park Polo Beach Park Polo Beach Park Po’olau Beach Po’olenalena Beach Po’olenalena Beach Po’olenalena Beach Po’olenalena Beach Park Po’olenalena Beach Park Po’olenalena Beach Park Puamana Beach Co. Ukumehame Beach Co. Park Puko’o Punalau Punalau Punalau Pu’u ola’i (Small Beach) Pu’u ola’i (Small Beach) Pu’u ola’i (Small Beach) Pu’u Pehe Cove Pu’unoa Beach Pu’unoa Beach Pu’unoa Beach Sandy Beach Shipwreck Beach Spreckelsville Spreckelsville Spreckelsville Ukumehame Beach Co. Pk. Park Puamana Beach Co. Ulua Beach Park Ulua Beach Park Ulua Beach Park Wahikuli State Wayside Park Wahikuli State Wayside Park Start Date 7/27 10/17 11/1 11/1 11/1 7/27 10/17 11/1 11/1 7/27 10/17 11/1 7/27 10/17 11/1 7/27 10/17 11/1 11/1 7/27 10/17 11/1 7/27 10/17 11/1 11/1 7/27 10/17 11/1 11/1 11/1 7/27 10/17 11/1 7/27 10/17 11/1 7/27 10/17 11/1 7/27 10/17 end Date 7/31 10/27 11/6 11/6 11/6 7/31 10/27 11/6 11/6 7/31 10/27 11/6 7/31 10/27 11/6 7/31 10/27 11/6 11/6 7/31 10/27 11/6 7/31 10/27 11/6 11/6 7/31 10/27 11/6 11/6 11/6 7/31 10/27 11/6 7/31 10/27 11/6 7/31 10/27 11/6 7/31 10/27 Reason Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Source Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Hi.

Hi. (?). Park Waikoloa Beach Waikoloa Beach Waikoloa Beach Wailau Wailea Beach Park Wailea Beach Park Wailea Beach Park Waimaha’ihai Beach Waimaha’ihai Beach Waimaha’ihai Beach Start Date 11/1 7/27 10/17 11/1 7/27 10/17 11/1 7/27 10/17 11/1 7/27 10/17 11/1 11/1 7/27 10/17 11/1 7/27 10/17 11/1 end Date 11/6 7/31 10/27 11/6 7/31 10/27 11/6 7/31 10/27 11/6 7/31 10/27 11/6 11/6 7/31 10/27 11/6 7/31 10/27 11/6 Reason Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Source Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Abbreviations used: Bacteria. Beaches Environmental Assessment and Coastal Health Act 2006 Notification Report to EPA. Preempt-sew. Preempt-rain.33 natural Resources defense Council . monitoring that revealed high bacteria levels. Park Waiehu Beach Co. personal communication. not dated. Park Waihe’e Beach Co. Park Waiehu Beach Co. preemptive due to heavy rainfall. Hawaii Department of Health. 2 Watson Okubo. Park Waihe’e Beach Co. Notes 1 Hawaii Department of Health. preemptive due to sewage discharge or spill. unknown.Testing the Waters 2007 County Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Maui Beach Name Wahikuli State Wayside Park Wai’anapanapa State Park Wai’anapanapa State Park Wai’anapanapa State Park Waiehu Beach Co. May 2007. Park Waihe’e Beach Co.

2 Illinois received a $242. coli concentrations are above or below the 235 cfu/100 ml standard 85 and 86 percent of the time. and 1 p. the percent beaches. there are similar but slightly different predictive models utilized. other factors are often considered in beach action decisions. The motivation to use predictive models is that health warnings are not issued until at least 24 hours after samples are taken because of the time it takes sampling results to be known. municipalities operating beaches on Lake Michigan comply with the EPA single-sample guidelines and the state program standards. and whenever hydrometeorological conditions change at beaches where SwimCast is used. However. The BEACH Act–required freshwater beach E. 3) When the upper 99 percent confidence interval prediction is above. For each beach where the SwimCast system exists.to high-risk condition and is posted as an advisory at the beach. the beach program has posted “Don’t feed the waterfowl” signs at several beaches to discourage people who want to feed the birds. natural Resources defense Council . EPA guidance and their own policies.1 SwimCast predictions can be made on an hourly basis.m. 54 Great Lakes beaches representing 20 miles of shoreline were monitored. 4) When the upper 99 percent confidence interval prediction is below 235 MPN/100 ml. which can contribute significant fecal loads to the water.2 Most closings and advisories issued in 2006 occurred in July.100 related jobs. A study of the reliability of one predictive model.S. At the discretion of the managing entity. The monitor4 percent in 2005. coli Standards: The water quality standard in Illinois is an E. but the lower 99 percent confidence interval prediction is below 235 MPN/100 ml. SwimCast. coli standard for the geometric mean of five samples taken over a 30-day period of 126 cfu/100 ml is not applied when making closing and advisory decisions. this is considered to be a moderate-risk condition and is posted at the beach. which matches the BEACH Act–required single-sample maximum for freshwater beaches. This is the highest risk condition. this is considered to be a moderate. Tourism in Illinois contributes about $26.2 billion to the state’s economy and generates 300. predictions are generally made at 9 a.120 grant in 2007. respectively. As part of its efforts to educate the public. this is considered to be a low-risk condition and posted as a green flag condition. The Illinois Department of Public Health (IDPH) administers the state’s beach monitoring program.m. ing season extends from Labor Day to Memorial Day. Otherwise. 2) When the average and upper 99% confidence interval prediction is above. coli single-sample maximum of 235 cfu/100 ml. BEACH Act grants fully fund the Great Lakes beach monitoring program. the determination of swim bans and risk advisories is the same at all locations: 1) A swim ban occurs when the lower 99 percent confidence interval prediction is above 235 MPN/100 ml and is posted as a red flag. Standards indicator organism: E. Monitoring Frequency: Sampling frequencies for Illinois’s monitored Great Lakes beaches are among the highest in the nation. Illinois’s current legislation specifically exempts municipalities operating beaches on Lake Michigan from the standards published in the swimming pool and bathing beach section of state regulatory code.940 federal BEACH Act grant in 2006 and is eligible for a $244. local municipalities and park districts of samples exceeding the standard close beaches. but the average and the lower 99 percent confidence interval predictions are below 235 MPN/100 ml. Local health agencies in Cook and Lake Counties monitored the water quality of about threeincreased to 5 percent in 2006 from fourths of the Great Lakes beaches in 2006. indicates that it correctly predicts whether E. In 2006. At a minimum. All Tier 1 beaches as well as some il.Testing the Waters 2007 illiNoiS Illinois has 73 public Great Lakes beaches along approximate 60 miles of Lake Michigan shoreline. including rain events and predictive models. The IDPH and the Lake County Health Department issue closings at state-run For Tier  beaches only.1 It is up to the managing entity for each beach to issue a closure or an advisory depending upon the U. However.

the percent of samples exceeding the standard increased to 15 percent in 2006 from 14 percent in 2005. monitoring frequency. 2006 Monitoring Frequency and Results by Beach County Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Beach Jackson Park Beach Calumet South Beach 31st Street Beach Montrose Beach Rainbow Beach South Shore Pratt Blvd And Park Beach Foster Avenue Beach 57th Street Beach 12th Street Kathy osterman Beach thorndale Albion Winnetka Lloyd Park Beach north Shore Avenue Beach 49th Street Beach Winnetka elder Park Beach Loyola Beach humboldt Park Beach evanstonsouth Beach ohio Street Beach Tier 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 Monitoring Frequency 5/wk 5/wk 5/wk 1/wk 5/wk 5/wk 5/wk 5/wk 5/wk 5/wk 5/wk 5/wk 5/wk daily 5/wk 5/wk daily 5/wk 5/wk daily 5/wk Total Samples 71 68 68 67 68 69 66 68 66 68 67 66 67 55 65 29 87 67 60 86 63 Percent exceedance 54% 28% 25% 24% 24% 23% 23% 21% 20% 19% 18% 15% 15% 15% 14% 14% 14% 13% 13% 13% 13% il.Testing the Waters 2007 Tier 2 and Tier 3 beaches were monitored. usually in the morning. Beaches are grouped by county and ranked in descending order by percent exceedance. NRDC looked at the percent of monitoring samples that exceeded Illinois’s daily maximum bacterial standards. Calumet South Beach (28%). had no exceedances in 2006. Montrose Beach (24%). in which case sampling continues through the weekend until samples are once again below the standard. The table below lists the tier status. Wilmette Gillson Park Dog Beach. in 2006. Beaches in Lake and suburban Cook counties were monitored seven days a week while beaches in Chicago were monitored Monday through Friday. Results: For the second consecutive year. as Illinois believes that daily monitoring is most protective of public health. the Tier 1 beaches with the highest percent exceedances were Jackson Park Beach in Cook County (54%).2 natural Resources defense Council . 74 percent (54) of the Lake Michigan beaches reported in Illinois were monitored at least five times a week. In 2006. Illinois Beach State Park South Beach in Lake County (23%). Generally. Rainbow Beach (24%). and South Shore in Cook County (23%). Most beaches are sampled daily.to waist-deep. and percent of samples exceeding the standard for all beaches reported in 2006. One beach in Illinois. Practice: Samples are taken in water that is knee. and 26 percent (19) were not monitored. North Point Marina North Beach in Lake County (47%). and Pratt Blvd And Park Beach in Cook County (23%). 31st Street Beach (25%). Sampling takes place every day of the week except in Chicago. For Tier 1 beaches only. In all. where it is conducted on weekdays unless a beach is closed. 24 hours pass before sampling results are known.

3 natural Resources defense Council . Closing days for events lasting six consecutive weeks or fewer were nearly the same in 2006 (591 days) as in 2005 (585 days).Testing the Waters 2007 County Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Lake Lake Lake Lake Lake Lake Lake Lake Lake Lake Lake Lake Lake Lake Lake Lake Lake Lake Beach Winnetka tower Beach Winnetka Centennial dog Beach evanston Lee Beach north Avenue Beach oak Street Beach northwestern University Beach evanston Clark Beach evanston Greenwood Beach Winnetka Maple Park Beach evanston Lighthouse Beach Glencoe Park Beach Jarvis Avenue Park Beach howard Street Park Beach Rogers Avenue Park Beach Juneway terrace Park Beach Kenilworth Beach Wilmette Gillson Park Beach Wilmette Gillson Park dog Beach illilois Beach State Park Saililg Beach Lake Bluff dog Beach Fort Sheridan South Beach north Chicago Foss Park Beach highland Park Moraine Park dog Beach illilois Beach State Park Camp Logan Beach Fort Sheridan north Beach north Point Marina north Beach illinois Beach State Park South Beach Waukegan South Beach il State Beach Resort Beach Lakeforest Forest Park Beach Great Lakes navel nunn Beach Waukegan north Beach illinois Beach State Park north Beach highland Park Rosewood Beach highland Park Avenue Boating Beach Lake Bluff Sunrise Beach Tier 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 3 2 3 3 2 3 3 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 Monitoring Frequency daily 1/wk daily 5/wk 5/wk 5/wk daily daily daily daily daily 5/wk 5/wk 5/wk 5/wk daily daily 1/wk none 1/wk daily none 1/wk none daily daily daily daily daily daily daily daily daily daily daily daily Total Samples 56 56 86 66 67 70 85 86 87 85 86 65 66 67 67 87 98 2 no data no data no data no data no data no data no data 90 92 92 92 92 91 92 92 92 92 92 Percent exceedance 13% 13% 12% 11% 10% 10% 9% 9% 9% 8% 8% 8% 8% 7% 7% 6% 3% 0% no data no data no data no data no data no data no data 47% 23% 17% 17% 15% 14% 11% 8% 8% 8% 5% Closings and Advisories Closings were issued at Illinois’s Great Lakes beaches 555 times in 2006. There were two permanent closure events il.

Testing the Waters 2007 in Illinois in 2006 compared to one in 2005.2 Two samples are taken daily by the Wilmette Health Department and the Winnetka Park District. During the time period over which this increase in closing days occurred. the overall monitoring frequency at these beaches was steady. both samples taken in a day have to meet standards for the beach to reopen.2 Closing and advisory actions affect entire beaches rather than sections of beaches in Illinois. Causes of Closings and Advisories: All of Illinois’s beach closures were due to monitoring that revealed elevated bacteria levels. then increased again to 591 days in 2006. The public is notified of beach actions via websites and signs at the beach. The Chicago Park District in Cook County flies green flags when a beach meets standards. If one sample exceeds the standard. and red flags when levels exceed 1000 cfu/100 ml.4 natural Resources defense Council . they resample before closing. Closings and advisories at Illinois’s Tier 1 beaches increased from 447 days in 2004 to 584 days in 2005. yellow flags when the reading is between 235 and 1000 cfu/100 ml. Ninety-eight percent (580) of these elevated levels were reported as due to stormwater and 2 percent (11) were attributed to wildlife. Beaches are reopened only when daily samples are within the health standard. both in Cook County. but if both exceed they close the beach. For beaches under the Wilmette Health Department and the Winnetka Park District. Reopening Procedures: Monitoring on a daily basis continues when a beach is closed. 2006 illinois Great lakes Beach Closings/Advisories County Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Beach Name 12th Street 12th Street 12th Street 12th Street 12th Street 12th Street 12th Street 12th Street 12th Street 12th Street 12th Street 12th Street 12th Street 12th Street 12th Street 12th Street 12th Street 31st Street Beach 31st Street Beach 31st Street Beach 31st Street Beach 31st Street Beach 31st Street Beach Start Date end Date Reason 6/7 6/21 7/6 7/7 7/8 7/9 7/10 7/11 7/12 7/14 7/18 7/28 8/8 8/11 8/16 8/18 8/28 6/7 6/21 7/6 7/7 7/8 7/9 6/8 6/22 7/7 7/8 7/9 7/10 7/11 7/12 7/13 7/15 7/19 7/29 8/9 8/12 8/17 8/19 8/29 6/8 6/22 7/7 7/8 7/9 7/10 Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Source Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater il. action is taken in all jurisdictions. Closing and Advisory issuance: If a sample exceeds the standard.

Testing the Waters 2007 County Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Beach Name 31st Street Beach 31st Street Beach 31st Street Beach 31st Street Beach 31st Street Beach 31st Street Beach 31st Street Beach 31st Street Beach 31st Street Beach 31st Street Beach 31st Street Beach 31st Street Beach 31st Street Beach 57th Street Beach 57th Street Beach 57th Street Beach 57th Street Beach 57th Street Beach 57th Street Beach 57th Street Beach 57th Street Beach 57th Street Beach 57th Street Beach 57th Street Beach 57th Street Beach 57th Street Beach 57th Street Beach 57th Street Beach 57th Street Beach 67th Street Beach 67th Street Beach 67th Street Beach 67th Street Beach 67th Street Beach 67th Street Beach 67th Street Beach 67th Street Beach 67th Street Beach 67th Street Beach 67th Street Beach 67th Street Beach 67th Street Beach Start Date end Date Reason 7/10 7/11 7/13 7/17 7/18 7/28 8/3 8/8 8/11 8/15 8/16 8/28 7/21 6/7 6/21 7/6 7/7 7/8 7/9 7/20 7/27 8/3 8/10 8/11 8/18 8/21 8/24 8/28 8/29 5/31 6/6 6/23 6/26 6/27 7/6 7/7 7/8 7/9 7/10 7/11 7/13 7/17 7/11 7/12 7/14 7/18 7/19 7/29 8/4 8/9 8/12 8/16 8/17 8/29 7/22 6/8 6/22 7/7 7/8 7/9 7/10 7/21 7/28 8/4 8/11 8/12 8/19 8/22 8/25 8/29 8/30 6/1 6/7 6/24 6/27 6/28 7/7 7/8 7/9 7/10 7/11 7/12 7/14 7/18 Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Source Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Wildlife Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater il.5 natural Resources defense Council .

Testing the Waters 2007 County Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Beach Name 67th Street Beach 67th Street Beach 67th Street Beach 67th Street Beach 67th Street Beach 67th Street Beach 67th Street Beach 67th Street Beach 67th Street Beach 67th Street Beach 67th Street Beach 67th Street Beach 67th Street Beach 67th Street Beach 67th Street Beach 67th Street Beach 67th Street Beach 67th Street Beach 67th Street Beach 67th Street Beach 67th Street Beach 67th Street Beach 67th Street Beach Albion Albion Albion Albion Albion Albion Albion Albion Albion Albion Bergen Park And Beach Bergen Park And Beach Bergen Park And Beach Bergen Park And Beach Bergen Park And Beach Bergen Park And Beach Bergen Park And Beach Bergen Park And Beach Bergen Park And Beach Start Date end Date Reason 7/18 7/19 7/20 7/21 7/22 7/24 7/25 7/26 7/27 7/28 7/29 8/1 8/3 8/4 8/7 8/10 8/14 8/17 8/21 8/24 8/25 8/28 8/29 6/21 7/6 7/7 7/9 7/10 7/20 8/3 8/10 8/28 8/31 6/21 7/6 7/7 7/9 7/10 7/18 7/25 7/28 8/3 7/19 7/20 7/21 7/22 7/23 7/25 7/26 7/27 7/28 7/29 7/30 8/2 8/4 8/5 8/8 8/11 8/15 8/18 8/22 8/25 8/26 8/29 8/30 6/22 7/7 7/8 7/10 7/11 7/21 8/4 8/11 8/29 9/1 6/22 7/7 7/8 7/10 7/11 7/19 7/26 7/29 8/4 Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Source Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater il.6 natural Resources defense Council .

Testing the Waters 2007 County Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Beach Name Bergen Park And Beach Calumet South Beach Calumet South Beach Calumet South Beach Calumet South Beach Calumet South Beach Calumet South Beach Calumet South Beach Calumet South Beach Calumet South Beach Calumet South Beach Calumet South Beach Calumet South Beach Calumet South Beach Calumet South Beach Calumet South Beach Calumet South Beach Calumet South Beach Calumet South Beach Calumet South Beach Calumet South Beach Calumet South Beach evanston Church dog Beach evanston Church dog Beach evanston Church dog Beach evanston Church dog Beach evanston Church dog Beach evanston Church dog Beach evanston Church dog Beach evanston Church dog Beach evanston Clark Beach evanston Clark Beach evanston Clark Beach evanston Clark Beach evanston Clark Beach evanston Clark Beach evanston Clark Beach evanston Clark Beach evanston Greenwood Beach evanston Greenwood Beach evanston Greenwood Beach evanston Greenwood Beach Start Date end Date Reason 8/28 6/7 6/21 6/22 7/6 7/7 7/9 7/10 7/13 7/18 7/19 7/20 7/21 7/22 7/28 8/3 8/7 8/10 8/11 8/15 8/28 8/30 6/9 6/23 6/26 6/28 7/10 8/3 8/20 8/23 6/9 6/23 7/10 7/16 7/18 8/3 8/19 8/20 6/9 6/21 6/23 7/10 8/29 6/8 6/22 6/23 7/7 7/8 7/10 7/11 7/14 7/19 7/20 7/21 7/22 7/23 7/29 8/4 8/8 8/11 8/12 8/16 8/29 8/31 6/10 6/24 6/27 6/29 7/11 8/4 8/21 8/24 6/10 6/24 7/11 7/17 7/19 8/4 8/20 8/21 6/10 6/22 6/24 7/11 Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Source Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater il.7 natural Resources defense Council .

Testing the Waters 2007 County Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Beach Name evanston Greenwood Beach evanston Greenwood Beach evanston Greenwood Beach evanston Greenwood Beach evanston Lee Beach evanston Lee Beach evanston Lee Beach evanston Lee Beach evanston Lee Beach evanston Lee Beach evanston Lee Beach evanston Lee Beach evanston Lee Beach evanston Lee Beach evanston Lighthouse Beach evanston Lighthouse Beach evanston Lighthouse Beach evanston Lighthouse Beach evanston Lighthouse Beach evanston Lighthouse Beach evanston Lighthouse Beach evanstonsouth Beach evanstonsouth Beach evanstonsouth Beach evanstonsouth Beach evanstonsouth Beach evanstonsouth Beach evanstonsouth Beach evanstonsouth Beach evanstonsouth Beach evanstonsouth Beach Foster Avenue Beach Foster Avenue Beach Foster Avenue Beach Foster Avenue Beach Foster Avenue Beach Foster Avenue Beach Foster Avenue Beach Foster Avenue Beach Foster Avenue Beach Foster Avenue Beach Foster Avenue Beach Start Date end Date Reason 7/21 8/3 8/11 8/30 6/9 6/23 6/28 7/10 7/29 7/31 8/3 8/15 8/20 7/30 6/9 6/23 6/28 7/2 7/10 7/18 7/31 7/17 6/23 7/10 7/29 8/7 8/11 8/20 6/28 8/3 8/10 6/21 7/6 7/7 7/9 7/10 7/19 7/21 7/26 8/3 8/7 8/8 7/22 8/4 8/12 8/31 6/10 6/24 6/29 7/11 7/30 8/1 8/4 8/16 8/21 7/31 6/10 6/24 6/29 7/3 7/11 7/19 8/1 7/19 6/24 7/11 7/30 8/8 8/12 8/21 6/29 8/4 8/11 6/22 7/7 7/8 7/10 7/11 7/20 7/22 7/27 8/4 8/8 8/9 Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Source Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Wildlife Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Wildlife Wildlife Wildlife Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater il. natural Resources defense Council .

Testing the Waters 2007 County Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Beach Name Foster Avenue Beach Foster Avenue Beach Foster Avenue Beach Foster Avenue Beach Fullerton (theater on the Lake) Fullerton (theater on the Lake) Fullerton (theater on the Lake) Fullerton (theater on the Lake) Fullerton (theater on the Lake) Fullerton (theater on the Lake) Glenlake Ave. Park & Beach Glenlake Ave. Park & Beach Glenlake Ave. Park & Beach Glenlake Ave. Park & Beach Glenlake Ave. Park & Beach Glenlake Ave. Park & Beach Glenlake Ave. Park & Beach Glenlake Ave. natural Resources defense Council . Park & Beach Glenlake Ave. Park & Beach howard Street Park Beach howard Street Park Beach howard Street Park Beach howard Street Park Beach howard Street Park Beach howard Street Park Beach il Beach State Park South Beach Jackson Park Beach Jackson Park Beach Jackson Park Beach Jackson Park Beach Jackson Park Beach Jackson Park Beach Jackson Park Beach Jackson Park Beach Jackson Park Beach Jackson Park Beach Jackson Park Beach Jackson Park Beach Jackson Park Beach Jackson Park Beach Jackson Park Beach Start Date end Date Reason 8/9 8/10 8/16 8/28 7/6 8/28 6/6 6/21 7/9 7/20 6/21 7/6 7/7 7/10 7/20 8/3 8/10 8/28 8/31 7/9 6/7 6/21 7/6 7/7 7/9 8/28 6/16 7/6 5/31 6/6 6/23 6/26 6/27 7/8 7/9 7/10 7/11 7/13 7/17 7/18 7/19 7/20 8/10 8/11 8/17 8/29 7/8 8/30 6/7 6/22 7/10 7/21 6/22 7/7 7/8 7/11 7/21 8/4 8/11 8/29 9/1 7/10 6/8 6/22 7/7 7/8 7/10 8/29 9/17 7/8 6/1 6/7 6/24 6/27 6/28 7/9 7/10 7/11 7/12 7/14 7/18 7/19 7/20 7/21 Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Source Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Wildlife Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater il. Park & Beach Glenlake Ave.

0 natural Resources defense Council .Testing the Waters 2007 County Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Beach Name Jackson Park Beach Jackson Park Beach Jackson Park Beach Jackson Park Beach Jackson Park Beach Jackson Park Beach Jackson Park Beach Jackson Park Beach Jackson Park Beach Jackson Park Beach Jackson Park Beach Jackson Park Beach Jackson Park Beach Jackson Park Beach Jackson Park Beach Jackson Park Beach Jackson Park Beach Jackson Park Beach Jackson Park Beach Jackson Park Beach Jarvis Avenue Park Beach Jarvis Avenue Park Beach Jarvis Avenue Park Beach Jarvis Avenue Park Beach Jarvis Avenue Park Beach Jarvis Avenue Park Beach Juneway terrace Park Beach Kathy osterman Beach Kathy osterman Beach Kathy osterman Beach Kathy osterman Beach Kathy osterman Beach Kathy osterman Beach Kathy osterman Beach Kathy osterman Beach Kathy osterman Beach Kathy osterman Beach Kathy osterman Beach Kathy osterman Beach Kenilworth Beach Kenilworth Beach Kenilworth Beach Start Date end Date Reason 7/21 7/22 7/24 7/25 7/26 7/27 7/28 7/29 8/1 8/3 8/4 8/7 8/10 8/14 8/17 8/21 8/24 8/25 8/28 8/29 6/7 6/21 7/6 7/7 7/9 8/28 7/7 6/21 7/6 7/7 7/9 7/10 7/20 7/25 7/26 8/3 8/21 8/28 8/29 6/14 6/23 7/18 7/22 7/23 7/25 7/26 7/27 7/28 7/29 7/30 8/2 8/4 8/5 8/8 8/11 8/15 8/18 8/22 8/25 8/26 8/29 8/30 6/8 6/22 7/7 7/8 7/10 8/29 7/8 6/22 7/7 7/8 7/10 7/11 7/21 7/26 7/27 8/4 8/22 8/29 8/30 6/15 6/24 7/19 Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Source Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater il.

Beach Loyola Ave. Beach Loyola Ave. Beach Loyola Ave. Beach Loyola Ave.Testing the Waters 2007 County Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Beach Name Kenilworth Beach Kenilworth Beach Loyola Ave. Beach Loyola Ave. Beach Loyola Ave. Beach Loyola Ave. Beach Loyola Ave. Beach Loyola Ave. natural Resources defense Council . Beach Loyola Beach Loyola Beach Loyola Beach Loyola Beach Loyola Beach Loyola Beach Loyola Beach Loyola Beach Montrose Beach Montrose Beach Montrose Beach Montrose Beach Montrose Beach Montrose Beach Montrose Beach Montrose Beach Montrose Beach Montrose Beach Montrose Beach Montrose Beach Montrose dog Beach Montrose dog Beach Montrose dog Beach Montrose dog Beach Montrose dog Beach Montrose dog Beach Montrose dog Beach Montrose dog Beach Montrose dog Beach Montrose dog Beach Start Date end Date Reason 7/21 8/11 6/7 6/21 7/6 7/7 7/9 7/10 7/20 8/3 8/24 8/28 7/6 7/9 6/7 6/21 7/20 8/3 8/24 8/28 7/6 7/9 7/27 8/3 8/9 8/24 6/21 7/18 7/20 8/7 8/22 8/28 7/6 7/9 7/27 8/3 8/9 8/24 6/21 7/18 7/20 8/7 7/22 8/12 6/8 6/22 7/7 7/8 7/10 7/11 7/21 8/4 8/25 8/29 7/8 7/11 6/8 6/22 7/21 8/4 8/25 8/29 7/8 7/11 7/29 8/5 8/11 8/26 6/22 7/19 7/21 8/8 8/23 8/29 7/8 7/11 7/29 8/5 8/11 8/26 6/22 7/19 7/21 8/8 Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Source Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater il.

Testing the Waters 2007 County Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Beach Name Montrose dog Beach Montrose dog Beach north Avenue Beach north Avenue Beach north Avenue Beach north Avenue Beach north Avenue Beach north Avenue Beach north Avenue Beach north Shore Avenue Beach north Shore Avenue Beach north Shore Avenue Beach north Shore Avenue Beach north Shore Avenue Beach north Shore Avenue Beach north Shore Avenue Beach north Shore Avenue Beach north Shore Avenue Beach northwestern University Beach northwestern University Beach northwestern University Beach northwestern University Beach northwestern University Beach northwestern University Beach northwestern University Beach oak Street Beach oak Street Beach oak Street Beach oak Street Beach oak Street Beach oak Street Beach oak Street Beach ohio Street Beach ohio Street Beach ohio Street Beach ohio Street Beach ohio Street Beach ohio Street Beach ohio Street Beach ohio Street Beach ohio Street Beach Pratt Blvd And Park Beach Start Date end Date Reason 8/22 8/28 6/7 6/21 7/7 7/9 7/20 8/28 8/29 6/21 7/6 7/7 7/9 7/18 7/20 8/3 8/28 8/29 6/9 6/10 6/23 7/18 7/22 8/5 8/7 6/7 6/21 7/6 7/7 7/9 8/24 8/28 6/7 6/21 7/6 7/7 7/9 7/12 7/13 8/28 8/29 6/7 8/23 8/29 6/8 6/22 7/8 7/10 7/21 8/29 8/30 6/22 7/7 7/8 7/10 7/19 7/21 8/4 8/29 8/30 6/10 6/11 6/24 7/19 7/23 8/6 8/8 6/8 6/22 7/7 7/8 7/10 8/25 8/29 6/8 6/22 7/7 7/8 7/10 7/13 7/14 8/29 8/30 6/8 Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Source Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater il.2 natural Resources defense Council .

Testing the Waters 2007 County Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Beach Name Pratt Blvd And Park Beach Pratt Blvd And Park Beach Pratt Blvd And Park Beach Pratt Blvd And Park Beach Pratt Blvd And Park Beach Pratt Blvd And Park Beach Pratt Blvd And Park Beach Pratt Blvd And Park Beach Pratt Blvd And Park Beach Pratt Blvd And Park Beach Pratt Blvd And Park Beach Pratt Blvd And Park Beach Pratt Blvd And Park Beach Pratt Blvd And Park Beach Rainbow Beach Rainbow Beach Rainbow Beach Rainbow Beach Rainbow Beach Rainbow Beach Rainbow Beach Rainbow Beach Rainbow Beach Rainbow Beach Rainbow Beach Rainbow Beach Rainbow Beach Rainbow Beach Rainbow Beach Rainbow Beach Rogers Avenue Park Beach Rogers Avenue Park Beach Rogers Avenue Park Beach Rogers Avenue Park Beach Rogers Avenue Park Beach Rogers Avenue Park Beach South Shore South Shore South Shore South Shore South Shore South Shore Start Date end Date Reason 6/21 7/6 7/7 7/9 7/10 7/12 7/18 7/20 7/25 7/26 8/3 8/4 8/24 8/28 6/7 6/22 7/6 7/7 7/9 7/10 7/18 7/20 7/26 7/28 8/3 8/11 8/22 8/24 8/28 8/29 6/7 6/21 7/6 7/7 7/9 7/10 6/7 7/6 7/7 7/9 7/10 7/17 6/22 7/7 7/8 7/10 7/11 7/13 7/19 7/21 7/26 7/27 8/4 8/5 8/25 8/29 6/8 6/23 7/7 7/8 7/10 7/11 7/19 7/21 7/27 7/29 8/4 8/12 8/23 8/25 8/29 8/30 6/8 6/22 7/7 7/8 7/10 7/11 6/8 7/7 7/8 7/10 7/11 7/18 Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Source Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater il.3 natural Resources defense Council .

Testing the Waters 2007 County Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Beach Name South Shore South Shore South Shore South Shore South Shore South Shore South Shore South Shore South Shore thorndale thorndale thorndale thorndale thorndale thorndale thorndale thorndale thorndale thorndale Wilmette Gillson Park Beach Wilmette Gillson Park Beach Wilmette Gillson Park Beach Wilmette Gillson Park Beach Wilmette Gillson Park Beach Wilmette Gillson Park Beach Winnetka Centennial dog Beach Winnetka Centennial dog Beach Winnetka Centennial dog Beach Winnetka Centennial dog Beach Winnetka Centennial dog Beach Winnetka Centennial dog Beach Winnetka Centennial dog Beach Winnetka Centennial dog Beach Winnetka Centennial dog Beach Winnetka Centennial dog Beach Winnetka Centennial dog Beach Winnetka elder Park Beach Winnetka elder Park Beach Winnetka elder Park Beach Winnetka elder Park Beach Winnetka elder Park Beach Winnetka elder Park Beach Start Date end Date Reason 7/18 7/20 7/21 7/27 8/3 8/24 8/25 8/28 8/29 6/21 7/6 7/9 7/18 7/25 7/28 8/3 8/18 8/21 8/28 6/27 7/12 7/18 7/20 8/3 8/20 6/26 6/10 6/23 7/1 7/12 7/20 7/27 8/3 8/7 8/11 7/30 6/23 6/26 6/10 6/17 7/6 7/12 7/19 7/21 7/22 7/28 8/4 8/25 8/26 8/29 8/30 6/22 7/7 7/10 7/19 7/26 7/29 8/4 8/19 8/22 8/29 6/28 7/13 7/19 7/21 8/4 8/21 6/28 6/11 6/24 7/2 7/13 7/21 7/28 8/4 8/8 8/12 7/31 6/26 6/28 6/11 6/18 7/7 7/13 Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Source Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Wildlife Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater il.4 natural Resources defense Council .

5 natural Resources defense Council .Testing the Waters 2007 County Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Lake Lake Lake Lake Lake Lake Lake Lake Lake Lake Lake Lake Lake Lake Beach Name Winnetka elder Park Beach Winnetka elder Park Beach Winnetka elder Park Beach Winnetka elder Park Beach Winnetka Lloyd Park Beach Winnetka Lloyd Park Beach Winnetka Lloyd Park Beach Winnetka Lloyd Park Beach Winnetka Lloyd Park Beach Winnetka Lloyd Park Beach Winnetka Maple Park Beach Winnetka Maple Park Beach Winnetka Maple Park Beach Winnetka Maple Park Beach Winnetka Maple Park Beach Winnetka Maple Park Beach Winnetka Maple Park Beach Winnetka Maple Park Beach Winnetka tower Beach Winnetka tower Beach Winnetka tower Beach Winnetka tower Beach Winnetka tower Beach Winnetka tower Beach Winnetka tower Beach Winnetka tower Beach Winnetka tower Beach Winnetka tower Beach Great Lakes navel nunn Beach Great Lakes navel nunn Beach Great Lakes navel nunn Beach Great Lakes navel nunn Beach Great Lakes navel nunn Beach Great Lakes navel nunn Beach Great Lakes navel nunn Beach Great Lakes navel nunn Beach Great Lakes navel nunn Beach Great Lakes navel nunn Beach Great Lakes navel nunn Beach highland Park Avenue Boating Beach highland Park Avenue Boating Beach highland Park Avenue Boating Beach Start Date end Date Reason 7/20 7/26 7/30 8/3 7/17 7/20 6/10 6/23 6/26 7/12 6/21 6/23 6/26 6/30 7/12 7/18 8/11 8/20 6/10 6/23 6/26 7/4 7/12 7/21 8/3 8/11 8/15 8/22 6/16 7/18 7/20 7/28 8/3 8/9 8/11 8/23 8/30 8/18 6/1 6/26 6/9 6/23 7/21 7/27 7/31 8/4 7/19 7/22 6/11 6/24 6/27 7/13 6/22 6/24 6/27 7/1 7/13 7/19 8/12 8/21 6/11 6/24 6/27 7/5 7/13 7/22 8/4 8/12 8/16 8/23 6/17 7/19 7/21 7/29 8/4 8/10 8/12 8/24 8/31 8/21 6/2 6/28 6/10 6/24 Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Source Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Wildlife Wildlife Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater il.

6 natural Resources defense Council .Testing the Waters 2007 County Lake Lake Lake Lake Lake Lake Lake Lake Lake Lake Lake Lake Lake Lake Lake Lake Lake Lake Lake Lake Lake Lake Lake Lake Lake Lake Lake Lake Lake Lake Lake Lake Lake Lake Lake Lake Lake Lake Lake Lake Lake Lake Beach Name highland Park Avenue Boating Beach highland Park Avenue Boating Beach highland Park Avenue Boating Beach highland Park Moraine Park dog Beach highland Park Moraine Park dog Beach highland Park Rosewood Beach highland Park Rosewood Beach highland Park Rosewood Beach highland Park Rosewood Beach highland Park Rosewood Beach highland Park Rosewood Beach il State Beach Resort Beach il State Beach Resort Beach il State Beach Resort Beach il State Beach Resort Beach il State Beach Resort Beach il State Beach Resort Beach il State Beach Resort Beach il State Beach Resort Beach il State Beach Resort Beach il State Beach Resort Beach il State Beach Resort Beach il State Beach Resort Beach il State Beach Resort Beach il State Beach Resort Beach illinois Beach State Park north Beach illinois Beach State Park north Beach illinois Beach State Park north Beach illinois Beach State Park north Beach illinois Beach State Park north Beach illinois Beach State Park north Beach illinois Beach State Park north Beach Lake Bluff Sunrise Beach Lake Bluff Sunrise Beach Lake Bluff Sunrise Beach Lake Bluff Sunrise Beach Lake Bluff Sunrise Beach Lakeforest Forest Park Beach Lakeforest Forest Park Beach Lakeforest Forest Park Beach Lakeforest Forest Park Beach Lakeforest Forest Park Beach Start Date end Date Reason 7/10 7/12 7/19 6/1 7/13 6/26 8/20 6/23 7/12 7/18 7/20 7/21 8/29 6/16 6/23 6/26 7/10 7/18 8/3 8/8 8/11 8/18 8/20 8/24 8/27 6/23 7/10 7/18 8/6 8/11 8/20 8/29 6/26 7/18 7/23 8/8 8/12 8/18 6/23 6/26 7/10 7/14 7/11 7/13 7/20 6/2 7/14 6/28 8/22 6/24 7/13 7/19 7/21 7/23 8/31 6/17 6/24 6/27 7/11 7/19 8/4 8/9 8/12 8/19 8/21 8/25 8/28 6/24 7/11 7/19 8/7 8/12 8/21 8/30 6/27 7/19 7/24 8/9 8/13 8/20 6/24 6/27 7/11 7/15 Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Source Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater il.

monitoring that revealed high bacteria levels. October 2006. July 2007. il. Implementing the BEACH Act of 2000 (Report to Congress). Notes 1 United States Environmental Protection Agency. Illinois Department of Health.Testing the Waters 2007 County Lake Lake Lake Lake Lake Lake Lake Lake Lake Lake Lake Lake Lake Lake Lake Lake Lake Lake Lake Lake Lake Lake Lake Lake Lake Lake Lake Lake Beach Name Lakeforest Forest Park Beach Lakeforest Forest Park Beach Lakeforest Forest Park Beach Lakeforest Forest Park Beach Lakeforest Forest Park Beach Lakeforest Forest Park Beach Lakeforest Forest Park Beach Lakeforest Forest Park Beach north Point Marina north Beach Waukegan north Beach Waukegan north Beach Waukegan north Beach Waukegan north Beach Waukegan north Beach Waukegan north Beach Waukegan north Beach Waukegan north Beach Waukegan north Beach Waukegan South Beach Waukegan South Beach Waukegan South Beach Waukegan South Beach Waukegan South Beach Waukegan South Beach Waukegan South Beach Waukegan South Beach Waukegan South Beach Waukegan South Beach Start Date end Date Reason 7/18 7/20 7/26 8/3 8/8 8/11 8/24 8/30 6/9 6/9 6/23 6/26 7/10 7/18 8/3 8/8 8/11 8/29 8/17 6/8 8/23 7/10 7/14 7/18 8/11 8/13 8/29 8/31 7/19 7/21 7/27 8/4 8/9 8/12 8/25 8/31 9/10 6/10 6/24 6/27 7/11 7/19 8/4 8/9 8/12 8/30 8/21 6/11 8/25 7/11 7/15 7/19 8/12 8/14 8/30 9/1 Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Source Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Abbreviations used: Bacteria.7 natural Resources defense Council . 2 Justin DeWitt. personal communication.

2005. two of which were monitored daily.960 related jobs. coli Standards: Indiana uses BEACH Act–required standards: an E. Under a new policy announced on May 5. These standards are established in the Indiana Administrative Code. There were six Tier 3 beaches. In 2006. 45 percent (13) were monitored three times a week. a model called Project SAFE was used to issue preemptive closures for Ogden Dunes. the Indiana Department of Environmental Management transferred authority for making beach closure and advisory decisions to local beach managers. Every Great Lakes beach in Indiana where samples exceeding the state standard swimming is allowed and that has public access is monitored under the program.1 In 2006. and La Porte counties all have Great Lakes beaches that are For Tier  beaches only. coli count would exceed safe limits. Indiana reported 25 Great Lakes beaches. Fourteen percent (4) of stations were monitored daily. Marquette. one of which was monitored five times a week. four of which were monitored three times a week (one beach at three locations and two beaches at two locations) and two of which were monitored once a week. and Lake Street beaches. coli single-sample maximum of 235 cfu/100 ml and a 30-day. Wells Street.3 Up until the 2004 swim season. one of which was monitored three times a week. beach managers were given the model’s predicted likelihood that the E. Monitoring priorities are based on the number of swimmers. and monitoring occurred at 29 stations.2 Some of these beaches have more than one monitoring station. Indiana received a $205. There were 11 Tier 2 beaches. and four of which were monitored once a week.800 federal BEACH Act grant in 2006 and is eligible for a $205. Standards indicator organism: E. such as oil globules or algae. Each morning. and 31 percent (9) were monitored once a week. 10 percent (3) were monitored five times a week. turbidity. these models make predictions based on current conditions.1 Generally. and three of which were monitored once a week. Tourism in Indiana contributes about $8. authority was transferred from the Indiana Department of Environmental Management to local beach managers for determining whether to post an advisory or a closing.960 grant in 2007. Beginning with the 2005 swim season. and color.2 Most of the beach closing and advisory days in 2006 occurred at beaches in Lake County. is found in the lake or on the beach. five-sample geometric mean of 126 cfu/100 ml. all of which were monitored. 6 percent in 2005. two of which were monitored five times a week. the monitoring seaincreased to  percent in 2006 from son is from late May through the first week of September. Direct bacterial monitoring also continues at these beaches to complement the predictive modeling information. The Indiana Department of Environmental Management administers the state’s beach monitoring program. On that basis the beach manager would choose whether to issue an advisory or closing. Actual sampling may begin and end a week earlier or later. Park departments close the beach for weather and current conditions. Monday through Friday. transmit. Porter. chlorophyll. Beach managers make the decision based on their lab test results (or on model results at beaches where predictive models are used). La Porte County issues a preemptive rain advisory if excessive debris. Lake. natural Resources defense Council . iN. four of which were monitored three times a week.Testing the Waters 2007 iNDiANA Indiana has 25 public Great Lakes beaches stretching along 23 miles of Lake Michigan shoreline. or generate disease. there were eight Tier 1 beaches.9 billion dollars to the state’s economy and generates 264.1 Local health departments have a statutory obligation to notify the public of a condition that may cause. the percent of monitored. two of which were monitored daily. such as a rip current. exceedance of the single-sample maximum or the 30-day geometric mean standard required a beach closure. Monitoring Frequency: In 2006. BEACH Act grants have been used to partially fund predictive model development.

NRDC looked at the percent of monitoring samples that exceeded Indiana’s daily maximum bacterial standards. For Tier 1 beaches only. and percent of samples exceeding the standard for all beaches reported in 2006. IN Dunes State Park West in Porter County (15%). West Beach in Porter County (11%). Whihala East End in Lake County (18%). monitoring frequency. and Whihala West End in Lake County (8%). 2006 Monitoring Frequency and Results by Beach County La Porte La Porte La Porte La Porte La Porte La Porte La Porte La Porte La Porte Lake Lake Lake Lake Lake Lake Lake Lake Lake Porter Porter Porter Porter Porter Porter Porter Porter Porter Beach Washington Park Sheridan Beach-Stop 7 Sheridan Beach-California Avenue-Stop 2 Mount Baldy Long Beach . Mount Baldy in La Porte County (11%). the Tier 1 beaches with the highest percent exceedances were Washington Park in La Porte County (31%).Stop 20 duneland Beach-Stop 34 Michiana Shores-Stop 37 Long Beach-Stop 24 duneland Beach-Stop 31 BUFFinGton BeACh Jeorse Park Lake Street Beach Whihala east end hammond Marina east hammond Marina West Marquette Park Beach Whihala West end Wells Street Beach in dunes State Park east in dunes State Park West West Beach Porter Beach Lakeview Beach dunbar Beach ogden dunes Beach Central Avenue Beach Kemil Avenue Beach Tier 1 3 3 1 3 3 2 3 3 2 2 1 2 2 2 1 2 1 1 1 2 2 3 3 2 2 Monitoring Total Percent Frequency Samples exceedance 3/wk 3/wk 3/wk 1/wk 3/wk 3/wk 3/wk 3/wk 3/wk daily 5/wk 3/wk daily daily daily 3/wk daily 3/wk 5/wk 5/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 3/wk 1/wk 1/wk 147 43 131 18 42 43 42 40 41 75 150 84 90 109 220 168 93 42 74 75 19 16 17 17 135 17 16 31% 14% 13% 11% 10% 9% 7% 5% 5% 32% 47% 23% 18% 17% 14% 10% 8% 7% 20% 15% 11% 6% 6% 6% 3% 0% 0% iN. Central Avenue Beach and Kemil Avenue Beach in Porter County. Results: For the second consecutive year. the percent of samples exceeding the standard increased to 19 percent in 2006 from 16 percent in 2005. Beaches are grouped by county and ranked in descending order by percent exceedance. IN Dunes State Park East in Porter County (20%).Testing the Waters 2007 Practice: Results are available 16 to 24 hours after samples are delivered to the lab. Sampling occurs every day of the week. did not exceed the standard for any sample taken in 2006. Two beaches. The table below lists the tier status.2 natural Resources defense Council . In 2006.

During the time period over which this overall increase in advisory days occurred. from 131 days in 2005 to 111 days in 2006. coli levels. the overall monitoring frequency at these beaches increased slightly. Sections of a beach can be closed or placed under advisory. Total closing and advisory days decreased 15 percent. Closings and advisories at Indiana’s eight Tier 1 beaches decreased from 21 days in 2004 to 17 days in 2005.1 Beaches that use predictive models may also issue a closure or advisory based on whether the model predicts a high probability of exceeding safe E. Causes of Closings and Advisories: Seventy-seven percent (86) of closing/advisory days in 2006 were due to monitoring that revealed elevated bacteria levels from unknown sources of contamination. then increased to 38 days in 2006.2 The public is notified of advisories and closings via websites and signs posted at the beach. Reopening Procedures: Advisories are lifted and beaches are reopened when sampling confirms that bacterial levels have fallen to safe levels. Fifteen percent (17) were preemptive due to known sewage spills. Closing and Advisory issuance: Local beach managers decide between posting an advisory and closing a beach if there is a sample exceedance. 2006 Great lakes Closings and Advisories County La Porte La Porte La Porte La Porte La Porte La Porte La Porte La Porte La Porte La Porte La Porte La Porte La Porte La Porte La Porte La Porte La Porte La Porte La Porte La Porte La Porte La Porte La Porte Beach Name duneland Beach-Shoreland hill duneland Beach-Stop 34 duneland Beach-Stop 34 duneland Beach-Stop 34 Long Beach-Stop 24 Long Beach-Stop 24 Long Beach-Stop 24 Long Beach-Stop 24 Long Beach-Stop 24 Michiana Shores-Stop 37 Michiana Shores-Stop 37 Michiana Shores-Stop 37 Sheridan Beach-California Avenue-Stop 2 Sheridan Beach-California Avenue-Stop 2 Sheridan Beach-California Avenue-Stop 2 Sheridan Beach-California Avenue-Stop 2 Sheridan Beach-Stop 7 Sheridan Beach-Stop 7 Sheridan Beach-Stop 7 Sheridan Beach-Stop 7 Washington Park Washington Park Washington Park Start Date 7/12 6/11 7/12 8/9 7/12 7/28 8/4 6/21 8/4 7/12 8/4 8/9 6/9 6/11 7/28 8/4 6/9 6/11 7/28 8/4 6/2 6/11 7/12 end Date 7/13 6/12 7/13 8/10 7/13 7/29 8/5 6/22 8/5 7/13 8/5 8/10 6/10 6/12 7/30 8/5 6/10 6/12 7/29 8/6 6/3 6/12 7/13 Reason Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Source (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) iN.Testing the Waters 2007 Closings and Advisories Fifteen advisories and 48 closures were issued at Great Lakes beaches in Indiana in 2006. Sampling frequencies are increased at beaches that are closed or under advisory unless the beach already undergoes daily sampling.3 natural Resources defense Council . 6 percent (7) were preemptive due to other causes. and 1 percent (1) was a preemptive rainfall advisory.

rivers. combined sewage overflow. and lagoons opening onto beaches. Preempt-other. iN. preemptive due to sewage discharge or spill. RivCrk. (?). preempt due to reasons not listed here.4 natural Resources defense Council . creeks. Preempt-sew. unknown. monitoring that revealed high bacteria levels. Comb-sew-overflow.Testing the Waters 2007 County La Porte La Porte La Porte La Porte La Porte La Porte La Porte La Porte Lake Lake Lake Lake Lake Lake Lake Lake Lake Lake Lake Lake Lake Lake Lake Lake Lake Lake Lake Lake Lake Lake Porter Porter Porter Porter Porter Porter Porter Porter Porter Porter Beach Name Washington Park Washington Park Washington Park Washington Park Washington Park Washington Park Washington Park Washington Park Lake Street Beach Lake Street Beach Lake Street Beach Lake Street Beach Lake Street Beach Marquette Park Beach Marquette Park Beach Marquette Park Beach Wells Street Beach Wells Street Beach Whihala east end Whihala east end Whihala east end Whihala east end Whihala east end Whihala east end Whihala east end Whihala West end Whihala West end Whihala West end Whihala West end Whihala West end Central Avenue Beach Central Avenue Beach ogden dunes Beach ogden dunes Beach ogden dunes Beach ogden dunes Beach ogden dunes Beach West Beach West Beach West Beach Start Date 7/28 7/29 7/30 8/4 8/5 8/29 8/31 8/31 6/14 8/30 8/30 7/29 7/29 6/14 8/30 7/29 8/30 7/29 6/25 7/13 7/30 7/29 6/11 6/24 7/23 6/25 7/29 6/11 6/24 7/23 6/25 6/24 6/14 8/30 8/30 7/29 8/29 6/14 8/30 7/29 end Date 7/29 7/30 7/31 8/5 8/6 8/31 9/1 9/1 6/15 9/6 9/6 8/1 8/1 6/15 9/6 8/1 9/6 8/1 6/26 7/18 7/31 7/30 6/12 6/25 7/24 6/26 7/31 6/12 6/25 7/24 6/26 6/25 6/15 9/1 9/1 7/30 8/30 6/15 9/6 7/30 Reason Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Prempt-sew Prempt-sew Bacteria Bacteria Prempt-sew Bacteria Prempt-sew Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Prempt-sew Prempt-other Prempt-other Prempt-other Bacteria Prempt-sew Prempt-other Prempt-other Prempt-other Bacteria Prempt-other Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Prempt-sew Prempt-rain Bacteria Bacteria Prempt-sew Source (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) Comb-sew-overflow Comb-sew-overflow (?) (?) Comb-sew-overflow (?) Comb-sew-overflow (?) (?) (?) Comb-sew-overflow Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater (?) Comb-sew-overflow Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater (?) Stormwater (?) (?) (?) Comb-sew-overflow Stormwater (?) (?) Comb-sew-overflow Abbreviations used: Bacteria.

personal communication. Indiana Department of Environmental Management. 2005. July 4. 2 Hala Kuss.Testing the Waters 2007 Notes 1 Indiana Department of Environmental Management. Final Report for FFY 04 BEACH Act Grant.5 natural Resources defense Council . 3 Alex da Silva. personal communication. iN. Indiana Department of Environmental Management. March 2007 (covers the 2005 swim season). July 2007.

all beaches were affected to some extent by either or both hurricanes. Tourism in Louisiana contributes about $8. but it is state policy not to issue closings.010 federal BEACH Act grant in 2006 and is eligible for a $325. a nonprofit. They have discovered that the density of enterococcus is influenced by at least one precipitation-based variable at all beach segments. Louisiana received a $322. natural Resources defense Council . Louisiana expected lower bacterial counts at the Cameron Parish beaches because of the reduced local population caused by Hurricane Rita. so the Louisiana Beach Monitoring Program implemented both the BEACH Act-required enterococcus and state-required fecal coliform standards in its decision rule. 6 percent in 2005.1 Louisiana issues beach advisories. and beach use was low. Monitoring Frequency: The LDHH monitored and maintained data for eight beaches covering 20 miles of coastline in 2006.1 Laboratories at the LDHH analyze the Lake Pontchartrain samples for fecal coliform levels. but this did not occur. which runs from April 1 through October 31. these monitoring results are not used to issue beach advisories because Lake Pontchartrain beaches are under permanent advisory.2 Louisiana is studying statistical relationships between enterococcus counts and water temperature. but only three were eligible for advisory issuance because Louisiana issues advisories at Tier 1 and 2 beaches only. the percent ing program. at Cypremort Point State Park in September. 2) an enterococcus geometric mean of 35 cfu/100 ml for five samples taken over a 30-day period.000 related jobs. enterococcus Standards: Water quality standards are not met if any of the following are exceeded: 1) an enterococcus single-sample maximum standard of 104 cfu/100 ml.1 The Louisiana State’s Sanitary Code and Water Quality Standards stipulate the use of fecal coliform as an indicator of bacterial contamination. including the barrier island Grand Isle.Testing the Waters 2007 louiSiANA Because of the Mississippi Delta. as well as some beaches on the Texas border and on the south shore of Lake Pontchartrain. the Lake Pontchartrain Basin Foundation. The Louisiana Department of Health and Hospitals (LDHH) administers the state’s coastal monitorFor Tier  beaches only. Standards indicator organisms: Fecal coliform.1 billion to the state’s economy and generates 110. However. membership-based citizens’ organization. but that the amount of variability explained by precipitation is low. salinity. Tier 1 and 2 beaches are monitored with the same frequency. weather conditions. however. Levels of beach use and perceptions of water quality determine monitoring priorities. Louisiana’s coastline is primarily wetlands.1 The Louisiana Beach Monitoring Program is fully supported by BEACH Act grant monies. and when they are. wind direction. and the amount of rain that has fallen within the last 48 hours or the last 72 hours. Louisiana continues to recover from these hurricanes. has been monitoring nine additional beaches around Lake Pontchartrain that are under a permanent swimming advisory. Hurricanes Rita and Katrina affected the majority of coastal environments in Louisiana and caused massive destruction. Since 2000. the results are averaged to determine whether standards are being exceeded. but Tier 1 beaches have more dense sampling sites (500 m apart for Tier 1 beaches lA. In 2006. and no correlation for some beaches. There are areas of coastal beaches. They are finding correlation with different variables for different beaches. tide conditions. of samples exceeding the standard There are 12 publicly accessible beaches in the state that are decreased to 2 percent in 2006 from not under a permanent swimming advisory.370 grant in 2007. wind speed. In late summer 2005. and two-thirds of these were monitored by LDHH in 2006.1 Multiple samples are sometimes taken. or 3) a fecal coliform geometric mean of 200 cfu/100 ml based on a minimum of five samples taken over no more than a 30-day period and no more than 10 percent of the samples during any 30-day period exceed 200 cfu/100 ml.2 One advisory was issued in 2006.

Holly Beach 6 (19%). Jefferson County had the highest percentage of beaches with no exceedances (86%) followed by Cameron (8%). For Tier 1 beaches only. The table below lists the tier status. In 2006. Dung Beach (19%) and in Cameron County. Two Tier 1 beaches and one Tier 2 beach were sampled once a week in 2006.Testing the Waters 2007 compared with two miles apart for Tier 2 beaches). the Tier 1 beaches with the highest percent exceedances were Holly Beach 3 (25%). and percent of samples exceeding the standard for all beaches reported in 2006. Holly Beach 2 (19%). is not monitored. the percent of samples exceeding the standard decreased to 2 percent in 2006 from 6 percent in 2005. Thirty-six percent of all monitored beaches did not exceed the standard for any sample taken in 2006. Practice: Routine samples are generally collected on Mondays. Holly Beach 4 (19%). 2006 Monitoring Frequency and Results by Beach County Cameron Cameron Cameron Cameron Cameron Cameron Cameron Cameron Cameron Cameron Cameron Cameron Cameron Jefferson Jefferson Jefferson Jefferson Jefferson Jefferson Jefferson Beach holly Beach 3 Martin Beach holly Beach 6 holly Beach 1 holly Beach 4 holly Beach 2 dung Beach Constance Beach holly Beach 5 Rutherford Beach Little Florida Gulf Breeze hackberry Beach Grand isle State Park 2 Grand isle State Park 4 Grand isle State Park 3 Grand isle State Park 1 Grand isle Beach 2 Grand isle Beach 1 Grand isle Beach 3 Tier 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 Monitoring Frequency 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk Total Samples 16 16 16 16 16 16 16 16 16 16 16 16 16 33 33 33 33 30 30 32 Percent exceedance 25% 19% 19% 19% 19% 19% 19% 13% 13% 13% 13% 13% 0% 3% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% lA. Tier 3 beaches have stations two miles apart.. Beaches are grouped by county and ranked in descending order by percent exceedance. Results of sampling are generally known 24 hours after the sample is delivered to the lab for analysis. Martin Beach (19%). monitoring frequency. Holly Beach 1 (19%).. All Tier 2 beaches were monitored.2 natural Resources defense Council . and five Tier 3 beaches were sampled every other week. comprised of beaches on private land or with existing swimming advisories posted by the state and with very low public use. but are sampled less frequently than Tier 2 beaches. Monitoring has not yet been initated at three Tier 1 beaches in Lake Charles. A fourth tier of beaches. Results: For the second consecutive year. NRDC looked at the percent of monitoring samples that exceeded Louisiana’s daily maximum bacterial standards. and one Tier 3 beach was not monitored because damage from Hurricane Katrina constrained access.

Louisiana Dept of Health and Hospitals. 2006 Swimming Season.1 Advisories are not issued at Tier 3 beaches because they are only sampled every other week. Total advisory days for events lasting six consecutive weeks or fewer decreased 99 percent. the advisory generally lasts for about a week. LDHH provides weekly beach classification results on the web. If the beach is long. unknown. The Lake Pontchartrain Basin Foundation posts current monitoring results on its website. whether or not an advisory has been issued. the monitoring frequency does not increase for beaches that have been placed under advisory. posts the advisory at the beach by flipping the sign located at the sampling location to display the advisory. lA. Notes 1 Louisiana Dept of Health and Hospitals. When a beach is placed under advisory. Causes of Advisories: All five beach advisory days issued in 2006 were due to monitoring that revealed a single-sample exceedance of enterococcus from unknown sources of contamination. Advisories are lifted when bacteria levels are in compliance with standards. including current water quality classifications. resamples are conducted as soon as possible when a single sample exceeds the standard in order to confirm high bacteria levels before issuing an advisory. Advisory issuance: When a single sample exceeds the standard. posts the swimming advisory notice at that location. There were 23 extended advisory events in Louisiana in 2005 compared to none in 2006. Final Louisiana BEACH Grant Report. Additionally. LDHH notifies local government officials and partner agencies prior to or concurrent with issuing an advisory. and contact information for the public to acquire information. 2 Bruce Champion. and issues a press release to local newspapers to communicate the advisory to the general public and to inform potential swimmers of adverse water quality conditions prior to their arrival at the beach. from 406 days in 2005 to 5 days in 2006. personal communication. 2006 louisiana Coastal Beach Closings/Advisories County St Mary Beach Name Cypt1 Start Date 9/22 end Date 9/27 Reason Bacteria Source (?) Abbreviations used: Bacteria: Monitoring that revealed high bacteria levels. but beach accessibility has improved in 2007. May 2007. a map of sample locations. 2006.3 natural Resources defense Council . These changes are due largely to the influences of Hurricanes Katrina and Rita—only a few beaches were accessible in 2006 due to lingering damage. Reopening Procedures: Aside from resampling. advisories can be issued for sections of a beach rather than a whole beach. To inform the public that an advisory has been issued.Testing the Waters 2007 County St Mary St tammany Beach Cypremort Point State Park Fontainebleau State Park Tier 1 3 Monitoring Frequency 1/wk 2/mo Total Samples 35 15 Percent exceedance 6% 0% Advisories Louisiana issued one beach advisory in 2006. (?).

1 Me. replacement of old clay-tile pipes with PVC piping. the Maine Healthy Beaches Program applies a single-sample standard for marine waters of enterococcus greater than 104 mpn/100 ml3. These three beaches. Standards indicator organism: Enterococcus Standards: When determining whether to recommend issuing a beach alert. an increase in the number of beaches in the program. but closings are rare and occur only in municipalities where closure ordinances are in place.6 billion dollars and 176.000 in salary and match to the state agreement from the university. which are the only major recreational coastal beaches in Maine that are not monitored. For Tier  beaches only. are Cumberland.1 The monitoring season lasts three months. and Knox Counties each have one beach that is not in the program.1 Both closings and advisories are issued in Maine. severe flooding in coastal areas.) The BEACH Act’s 30-day.3 There are a few cities that automatically post an advisory after a certain amount of rainfall.1 Variable water quality found by the Maine Healthy Beaches program at Biddleford’s beaches motivated the remediation of unlicensed and undocumented sewer systems.730 federal BEACH Act grant in 2006 and is eligible for a $256. natural Resources defense Council .1 Tourism in Maine is worth about $13. five-sample geometric mean standard of 35 cfu/100 ml is not used except that it is calculated and taken into consideration along with the history of the site when making beach management recommendations. and Waldo Counties. The University of Maine Cooperative Extension contributes approximately $50.Testing the Waters 2007 MAiNe Maine has 46 public coastal beaches stretching along approximately 35 miles of Atlantic shoreline. from Memorial through Labor Day. and local municipalities. Washington.1 When multiple samples are collected. Sea Grant. and combined sewer overflow abatement. Sagadahoc.2 Maine received a $254.240 grant in 2007. Lincoln. all of which are on the southeastern portion of the state’s coastline.3 These standards have been adopted by the Maine Department of Environmental Protection. and improved notification of advisories and closings by the participating towns and state parks. Hancock. which has a dock where a lot of people swim. beachwater monitoring data in Maine has been used by scientists investigating harbor seal mortality. managed by the Maine State Planning Office Coastal Program. (Note that mpn is “most probable number” and differs from cfu which is a plate count of colony forming units. the of samples exceeding the standard Maine Department of Conservation and Environmental decreased to 2 percent in 2006 from Protection. Knox.3 The number of advisory days at localities that do not have the ability to re-sample following the issuance of an advisory may be inflated because those beaches remain closed until the next routine monitoring can be conducted. and coordinated by the University of Maine Cooperative Extension/Sea Grant. The Maine Healthy Beaches Program has been assisting towns with identification of pollution sources and further assessment of freshwater flows contributing to poor beach water quality. This length of monitoring is extended to include spring wet weather monitoring and special studies for targeted areas. but the mid-coast and southern regions have intense recreational usage during the three-month beach season. followed by Camden Yacht Club.1 Counties with beaches in the program. Participation in the program is voluntary.1 A record number of coastal beach advisories and closings occurred in 2006 due to heavy rainfall. the decision to monitor and issue closings or advisories is left to the discretion of municipalities. York.2 Beach monitoring and notification activities in Maine are conducted by the Maine Healthy Beaches Program.1 Relatively little swimming takes place in the cold waters of the eastern part of the state. the Maine Bureau of Health.3 In addition.3 Most closings and advisories in 2006 were issued in the last half of July. their results are averaged. the University of Maine Cooperative Extension/ 6 percent in 2005. are in outlying remote areas that have very little swimming or recreational water activity and are difficult to sample.633 related jobs. the percent which is a partnership between the Maine State Planning Office Coastal Program.3 The program is funded by the EPA. Goose Rock had the most closing and advisory days in 2006.

Lincolnville Beach Area in Waldo County (20%). and Gooches Beach (19%) and Ferry Beach (Saco) in York County (19%) Thirty-seven percent of all monitored beaches did not exceed the standard for any sample taken in 2006. the percent of samples exceeding the standard decreased to 12 percent in 2006 from 16 percent in 2005. The towns of Mt. and Laudholm Beach in Wells. Routine monitoring occurs in the morning. Scarborough Beach in Scarborough. followed by Cumberland (43%).Testing the Waters 2007 Monitoring Frequency: Maine’s Healthy Coastal Beaches Program provided information on 46 ocean and bay beaches. the presence of storm drain outfalls. including three new beaches for the 2006 sampling year: Little Beach in Ogunquit. Routine monitoring occurs Monday through Thursday. NRDC looked at the percent of monitoring samples that exceeded Maine’s daily maximum bacterial standards.3 EPA funding supported the collection and analysis of special studies and pollution identification efforts along the coast. Desert and Parsons Beach in Kennebunk are no longer participating in the program. A handful are monitored more often than once a week. York (33%).2 natural Resources defense Council . Between 26 and 30 hours generally go by before sampling results are known.3 The 43 monitored beaches represent approximately 31 miles of public swimming area. such as Goose Rocks (Kennebunkport) and Gooches Beach (Kennebunk). Pine Point in Cumberland County (33%). Camden Yacht Club in Knox County (23%). Additional samples were collected and analyzed in the Biddeford marsh. was conducted depending on conditions. Sagadahoc County had the highest percentage of beaches with no exceedances (60%). and the Spurwink and Saco rivers. Rigorous daily monitoring of problematic beaches. Beaches are grouped by county and ranked in descending order by percent exceedance. but resampling and special study sampling may extend into Friday and the weekend. Ninety-four percent (43) of the beaches in 21 towns and state parks were monitored.1 Sites are prioritized for monitoring based on usage. This does not include private beaches that are monitored or non-beach areas that are monitored to evaluate water conditions or for special studies. and other known conditions affecting water quality.2 Practice: Samples are taken in three feet of water. the Tier 1 beaches with the highest percent exceedances were Goose Rock (Kennebunkport) in York County (43%). typically before 10:00 am. Resampling efforts may occur morning or afternoon. 2006 Monitoring Frequency and Results by Beach County Cumberland Cumberland Cumberland Cumberland Cumberland Cumberland Cumberland Knox Beach Pine Point east end Beach (Portland) higgins Beach Willard Beach Crescent Beach (Cape elizabeth) Kettle Cove Beach (Cape elizabeth) Scarborough Beach Camden Yacht Club Tier 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 Monitoring Frequency 1/wk 3/wk 1/wk 2/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk Total Percent Samples exceedance 15 43 16 33 13 14 13 13 33% 14% 13% 9% 0% 0% 0% 23% Me. and percent of samples exceeding the standard for all beaches reported in 2006.1 Results: For the second consecutive year. In 2006. Lincoln County’s single coastal beach (Pemaquid Beach )also had no exceedances in 2006. monitoring frequency. Intensive monitoring of the Ogunquit River (10-15 samples) and Kennebunk River (6-10 samples) was conducted on a weekly basis from June through October 2006. For Tier 1 beaches only. Riverside (Ogunquit) (30%) and Laudholm Beach (WNERR-Wells) in York County (25%). Nearly all of the monitored beaches are monitored once a week. and two are monitored less than once a week. East Beach (Georgetown) in Sagadahoc County (20%). The table below lists the tier status.

3 natural Resources defense Council . Me. Maine reported 134 closing/advisory days in 2006. Beach Fortunes Rocks Beach Middle Beach (Biddeford) Short Sands Beach Long Sands Beach Middle Beach (Kennebunk) York harbor Beach Crescent Beach (Kittery) Libby Cove Beach Bay view (Saco) Kennebunk Beach Fort Foster Tier 1 2 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 Monitoring Frequency 1/wk 2/mo 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/mo 1/wk 5/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk Total Percent Samples exceedance 13 7 15 14 16 13 3 15 23 20 16 32 16 17 12 15 15 16 16 12 12 13 13 14 14 14 13 14 13 13 12 13 12 13 12 8% 0% 20% 7% 0% 0% 0% 20% 43% 30% 25% 19% 19% 18% 17% 13% 13% 13% 13% 8% 8% 8% 8% 7% 7% 7% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% Closings/Advisories In 2006.Testing the Waters 2007 County Knox Lincoln Sagadahoc Sagadahoc Sagadahoc Sagadahoc Sagadahoc Waldo York York York York York York York York York York York York York York York York York York York York York York York York York York York Beach Laite Beach Pemaquid Beach east Beach (Georgetown) Lagoon Beach Popham Beach Mile Beach half Mile Beach Lincolnville Beach Area Goose Rock (Kennebunkport) Riverside (ogunquit) Laudholm Beach (Wnerr-Wells) Gooches Beach Ferry Beach (Saco) ogunquit Beach Little Beach (ogunquit) Wells Beach Colony Beach old orchard Beach hills Beach (Biddeford) Ferry Beach (Scarborough) Kinney Shores (Saco) Cape neddick Beach Sea Point Beach drakes isl. Closings and advisories at Maine’s 42 Tier 1 beaches increased from 56 days in 2004 to 88 days in 2005. This increase may be due in part to increased rainfall and increased monitoring. 35 advisories and 4 closings were issued at public coastal beaches. a 45 percent increase from 92 days in 2005.

4 natural Resources defense Council .3 The Maine Healthy Beaches program always recommends an advisory or closing when the standard is exceeded. the extent of development in close proximity to the beach.3 However. the Maine Healthy Beaches Program developed the Coastal Swim Beach Risk Assessment Matrix.1 The public is notified of closings and advisories via signs at beach access points and a website. The guidelines suggest that communities assess risk factors such as rainfall. and other entities as soon as an exceedance is found. and bacterial concentration history when determining whether to post an advisory or closing. Resampling to confirm an exceedance may be conducted if a sample exceeds 100 mpn/100 ml. the number of beach users.3 Reopening Procedures: Once a beach is closed or placed under advisory. nearby sources of pollution.3 Several communities have a beach hotline and/or post this information on the town website as well.1 In February 2003.1 Causes of Closings/Advisories: All closing and advisory days in 2006 were due to monitoring that revealed elevated bac- teria levels from unknown sources of contamination. tidal conditions. 2006 Maine Coastal Beach Closings/Advisories County Cumberland Cumberland Cumberland Cumberland Cumberland Cumberland Cumberland Cumberland Cumberland Cumberland Knox Knox Knox Sagadahoc Waldo York York York Beach Name Crescent Beach (Cape elizabeth) Ferry Beach (Scarborough) Pine Point Willard Beach Willard Beach Willard Beach Willard Beach Willard Beach Willard Beach Willard Beach Camden Yacht Club Camden Yacht Club Laite Beach Lagoon Beach Lincolnville Beach Area Bay view (Saco) Colony Beach Colony Beach Start Date 8/2 8/2 8/11 6/20 6/27 7/23 7/25 8/1 8/4 8/21 7/20 8/10 7/20 6/13 8/31 7/20 6/30 8/2 end Date Reason 8/4 8/4 8/16 6/21 6/28 7/25 7/26 8/2 8/5 8/22 7/27 8/24 7/27 6/15 9/1 7/21 7/4 8/4 Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Source (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) Me. the monitoring frequency is supposed to increase until the beach is reopened. local officials. but the decision to post the beach is the responsibility of the town or state park. but a resample confirmation is not necessary in every situation. especially in areas with chronic bacteria problems. and as a result the beaches in these towns cannot be reopened until the next routine sample is analyzed. Closing/Advisory issuance: Results of all monitoring samples are transmitted to the Maine Health Beaches office.Testing the Waters 2007 then increased again to 134 days in 2006.1 For some larger beaches. not all localities have the ability to conduct increased monitoring. a scoring system for local health officials to use to determine whether to close a beach or issue an advisory when bacteria levels exceed the standard. This steady increase in closing and advisory days from 2004 to 2006 may be due in part to a small increase in monitoring frequency of Tier 1 beaches over that time period. Auto- matic email alerts are issued to beach managers. sections of a beach instead of a whole beach can be closed or placed under advisory.

2 United States Environmental Protection Agency. 2006 EPA Report. October 2006.5 natural Resources defense Council . Me. personal communication. Implementing the BEACH Act of 2000 (Report to Congress). not dated. July 2007. unknown. (?). 3 Maine Healthy Beaches Program. Notes – lots of missing footnotes (this was the author’s note. University of Maine Cooperative Extension and Sea Grant. not mine) 1 Esperanza Stancioff.Testing the Waters 2007 County York York York York York York York York York York York York York York York York York York York York York Beach Name Ferry Beach (Saco) Ferry Beach (Saco) Fortunes Rocks Beach Gooches Beach Gooches Beach Gooches Beach Gooches Beach Gooches Beach Goose Rock (Kennebunkport) Goose Rock (Kennebunkport) Goose Rock (Kennebunkport) Goose Rock (Kennebunkport) Goose Rock (Kennebunkport) Goose Rock (Kennebunkport) hills Beach (Biddeford) Laudholm Beach (Wnerr-Wells) Laudholm Beach (Wnerr-Wells) Laudholm Beach (Wnerr-Wells) Middle Beach (Biddeford) old orchard Beach Sea Point Beach Start Date 7/4 7/19 7/20 6/29 7/1 7/15 7/26 8/3 6/14 6/28 7/12 7/26 8/9 8/21 7/14 7/13 7/28 8/4 7/20 7/18 7/13 end Date Reason 7/6 7/21 7/21 7/1 7/4 7/19 7/27 8/4 6/20 7/8 7/20 8/1 8/15 8/22 7/19 7/20 7/31 8/11 7/21 7/19 7/15 Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Source (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) Abbreviations used: Bacteria: Monitoring that revealed high bacteria levels.

 natural Resources defense Council . all of which are monitored.1 billion to the state’s economy and generates 115. Calvert. Maryland reported a total of 81 marine and estuarine beaches (less than half the previous year’s total of 191). St. These standards and the formulas used to calculate confidence intervals can be found in Maryland’s monitoring guidance document. E. historical water quality.2 Nearly one-half of beach advisory and closure days were in Kent County. Maryland received a $260. the percent Individual counties have had their own programs since the of samples exceeding the standard 1980s.1 In 2006.2 However. The administering agency for Maryland’s BEACH Act grants is the Maryland Department of the Environment. Three samples are taken per sampling event. Most beach closing and advisory days were for events that started in late June and extended into July. the EPA reported that Maryland has 81 public coastal beaches. 12 percent (10) were routinely monitored twice a month. Maryland reported 191 public coastal beaches in 2005. but only nine report the presence of public beaches. Beach monitoring and notification activities are delegated to local health departments. The single-sample standard for Enterococcus at Tier 3 beaches is the upper 82 percent confidence limit of 158 cfu/100 ml. the single-sample standard for enterococcus is the upper 75 percent confidence limit of the single-sample maximum of 104 cfu/100 ml.3 Tourism in Maryland contributes about $10.Testing the Waters 2007 MARylAND Maryland conducts water quality sampling at both freshwater and coastal beaches. increased to 3 percent in 2006 from Monitoring programs have identified and informed  percent in 2005. and will provide key information for identifying and mitigating actual and potential pollution sources that may impact beach water quality. For Tier 1 and Tier 2 beaches. a predictive model is being developed for a high-use beach at Sandy Point State Park. and Worcester Counties. and beach structure and ecological factors.1 Monitoring Frequency: For the 2006 beach season. Sixteen of Maryland’s counties have coastline.150 grant in 2007. Beach monitoring priorities are based on bather use level.000 related jobs. Somerset.4 MD. Cecil.3 Maryland’s beaches are on the Atlantic Ocean. However. barrier islands. Chesapeake Bay. Maryland issues both closings and advisories. Mary’s. and 86 public coastal beaches in 2004. remediation of water quality problems at beaches. Maryland’s counties and the Maryland State Laboratory support the state’s beach monitoring program with other funds. This system improves data management and analysis.1 Maryland does not have preemptive rainfall advisory standards. Maryland’s monitoring season is from Memorial Day to Labor Day. the Maryland Beaches Program tested a technology-based data collection system to conduct Beach Shoreline Surveys. all of which are monitored. Kent. including a stormwater outfall at North Beach. This data system has provided MDE with a unique view on how land-based activities can affect water quality at beaches. coli (for freshwater beaches) Standards: All three tiers of beaches use a geometric mean standard for enterococcus of 35 cfu/100 ml. proximity of human and animal fecal contamination sources. For 2006. and other bays and sounds. Fifty-seven percent (46) were routinely monitored four times a month. For Tier  beaches only. Standards indicator organisms: Enterococcus (for coastal beaches).250 federal BEACH Act grant in 2006 and is eligible for a $271.4 EPA-recommended indicators and criteria have been adopted in state regulations. They are Anne Arundel. and the remaining 31 percent (25) were routinely monitored once a month. and Maryland is working to standardize the pro1 grams across the state. Baltimore. Queen Anne’s. Maryland did not answer when NRDC asked how many public coastal beaches or how many miles of public coastal beaches are in the state. Chesapeake Station Beach and North Beach in Calvert County were each closed for more than 30 days during the swim season due to sanitary sewer overflows.

2006 Monitoring Frequency and Results by Beach County Anne Arundel Anne Arundel Anne Arundel Anne Arundel Anne Arundel Anne Arundel Anne Arundel Anne Arundel Anne Arundel Anne Arundel Anne Arundel Anne Arundel Anne Arundel Anne Arundel Anne Arundel Anne Arundel Anne Arundel Anne Arundel Anne Arundel Anne Arundel Anne Arundel Anne Arundel Anne Arundel Anne Arundel Anne Arundel Beach Kurtz Beach venice on the Bay Fairhaven Sandy Point State Park South Beach turkey Point At Cloud Beach Sandy Point State Park east Beach oyster harbor Saunders Point Mason’s Beach Bay Ridge Beach At Bay dr. Rosehaven Ponder Cove idlewilde on the Bay Cedarhurst deale Beach Mayo Beach Park Mountain Point At Gibson island River Club estates Annapolis Sailing Cape Anne Bay Ridge At River dr. The table below lists the tier status. Kurtz Beach in Anne Arundel County (50%). In 2006. 30 hours pass before sam- pling results are known. Bay Country Campground and Beach in Kent County (56%). Cecil (8%). the percent of samples exceeding the standard increased to 13 percent in 2006 from 9 percent in 2005. YMCA Camp Tockwogh (Youth Camp) (50%). Anne Arundel County had the highest percentage of beaches with no exceedances (76%) followed by St Mary’s (67%). Results: For the second consecutive year. Beaches are grouped by county and ranked in descending order by percent exceedance. monitoring frequency. and percent of samples exceeding the standard for all beaches reported in 2006. and Tolchester Marina and Beach in Kent County (41%). Kent (13%). Calvert (57%). Red Point Beach in Cecil County (43%). and Ferry Park in Kent County (44%). Baltimore (50%). Generally. Worcester (64%).2 natural Resources defense Council . the Tier 1 beaches with the highest percent exceedances were Hacks Point in Cecil County (60%). For Tier 1 beaches only. Claire At Persimmon Point Tier 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 Monitoring Frequency 1/mo 1/mo 1/mo 1/wk 1/mo 1/wk 1/mo 1/mo 1/mo 1/wk 1/mo 1/mo 1/mo 1/mo 1/mo 1/wk 1/mo 1/mo 2/mo 1/mo 1/wk 1/wk 1/mo 1/mo 2/mo Total Percent Samples exceedance 4 4 4 15 8 15 4 4 4 14 4 4 4 4 4 14 4 4 7 4 14 7 4 4 7 50% 25% 25% 13% 13% 7% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% MD.Testing the Waters 2007 Practice: Samples are taken 12 inches below the water’s surface in knee-deep water. Holloway Beach in Cecil County (50%). Bayside Beach town Point At Arkhaven Ftsmallwood Cape St. NRDC looked at the percent of monitoring samples that exceeded Maryland’s daily maximum bacterial standards. Fifty-one percent of all monitored beaches did not exceed the standard for any sample taken in 2006.

Public Beach St. Clement Shores S/d .Testing the Waters 2007 County Baltimore Baltimore Baltimore Baltimore Calvert Calvert Calvert Calvert Calvert Calvert Calvert Cecil Cecil Cecil Cecil Cecil Cecil Cecil Cecil Cecil Cecil Cecil Cecil Kent Kent Kent Kent Kent Kent Kent Kent Queen Anne’s Somerset St Mary’s St Mary’s St Mary’s Worcester Worcester Worcester Worcester Worcester Beach Miami Beach Gunpowdersphammerman hart Miller island Rocky Point Park Seahorse Breezy Point north Beach driftwood Flag Ponds Scientists Cliffs Flag harbor hacks Point holloway Beach Red Point Beach Crystal Beach Manor Buttonwood Beach elkview Shores Carpenters Point Beach elk neck State Park elk River West view Shores Charlestown Manor elk neck State Park north east River indian Acres Bay Country Campground And Beach YMCA Camp tockwogh (Youth Camp) Ferry Park tolchester Marina And Beach Boy Scout Beach (eliason) Betterton Beach And Public Landing echo hill Camp (Youth Camp) Kentmore Park Beach Camp Wright Janes island elm’s Beach .3 natural Resources defense Council .Boat Ramp Point Lookout State Park Public Landing ocean City Beach 6 ocean City Beach 4 ocean City Beach 3 Assateague State Park Tier 1 1 1 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 1 1 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 Monitoring Frequency 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 2/mo 2/mo 1/wk 2/mo 2/mo 1/mo 2/mo 1/wk 2/mo 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 2/mo 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/mo 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk Total Percent Samples exceedance 16 20 23 12 6 13 16 6 6 4 7 10 6 7 10 10 5 12 6 6 9 11 4 16 16 16 22 5 15 16 7 13 3 20 1 15 15 33 33 33 16 25% 20% 0% 0% 17% 8% 6% 0% 0% 0% 0% 60% 50% 43% 30% 20% 20% 17% 17% 17% 11% 9% 0% 56% 50% 44% 41% 40% 40% 19% 0% 8% 0% 15% 0% 0% 40% 3% 3% 3% 0% MD.

a combined sewer overflow. sections of a beach may be placed under advisory or closed.Testing the Waters 2007 County Worcester Worcester Worcester Worcester Worcester Worcester Beach north Beach Site #2 (Ranger Station) ocean City Beach 5 oceanside #3 ocean City Beach 2 ocean City Beach 1 north Beach Site #1 (State Park Boundary) Tier 1 1 1 1 1 1 Monitoring Frequency 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk Total Percent Samples exceedance 15 33 15 33 33 16 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% Closings and Advisories Maryland issued 19 beach advisories and 12 closures in 2006. and posting announcements on the Internet. a resample was often taken prior to issuing an advisory. if there is any dangerous contaminant or condition.4 natural Resources defense Council .4 All counties notify the public when a beach is closed or an advisory issued by posting signs at the beach. This overall increase in closing and advisory days from 2004 to 2006 may be due in part to an increase in monitoring frequency of these beaches over that time period. providing phone hotlines. Closing/advisory days for events lasting six consecutive weeks or less increased 52 percent from 209 in 2005 to 317 in 2006. then increased to 241 days in 2006.g.4 Reopening Procedures: NRDC was unable to ascertain from Maryland’s personnel or their beach monitoring guidance document whether or not the frequency of water quality monitoring was increased at beaches that were closed or placed under advisory. or wastewater treatment discharge). failing sewer infrastructure.. Causes of Closings/Advisories: Seventy-one percent (226) of closing/advisory days in 2006 were due to monitoring that revealed elevated bacteria levels from unknown sources of contamination. In some cases. it is required to issue an advisory and notify the public. Maryland did not provide a list of Tier 1 beaches. Closings and advisories at these 46 beaches decreased from 81 days in 2004 to 19 days in 2005. so NRDC analyzed for a trend in closing and advisories from 2004 to 2006 based on the a set of beaches that was monitored at least once a week in 2006. the local health department or the Maryland Department of the Environment may issue an immediate closure. In the past. There were two extended and one permanent closing/advisory events in 2005 compared to none in 2006. Also. the county must close the beach. if the county has no reason to doubt the validity of the first sample. If a known pollution source exists (e. Twenty-nine percent (91) of closing/advisory days were preemptive in response to a known sewage spill. Maryland’s secretary of the environment signed new regulations requiring beach advisories to be issued if standards are exceeded. Closing/Advisory issuance: In June 2004. Now. until they are reopened. rather than the entire beach. 2006 Maryland Coastal Beach Closings/Advisories County Anne Arundel Anne Arundel Anne Arundel Anne Arundel Anne Arundel Baltimore Baltimore Beach Name Ponder Cove Sandy Point State Park east Beach Sandy Point State Park east Beach Sandy Point State Park South Beach Sandy Point State Park South Beach GunPowderSPhammerman GunPowderSPhammerman Start Date end Date Reason 6/28 7/28 8/13 7/28 8/13 6/7 7/7 7/7 8/4 8/25 7/30 8/25 6/8 7/11 Prempt-sew Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Source Sanitary-sew-over (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) MD.

preemptive due to sewage discharge or spill. December 2003. unknown.5 natural Resources defense Council . EPA’s BEACH Report: Maryland 2006 Swimming Season. 3 Heather Morehead. personal communication. 2 United States Environmental Protection Agency. preemptive due to reasons not listed here. (?). 4 Maryland Department of the Environment. Guidance for County Recreational Water Quality Monitoring and Notification Programs. Pre-empt-sew. sanitary sewage overflow. Sanitary-sew-over. June 2007. MD. June 2007. Maryland Department of the Environment. Implementing the BEACH Act of 2000 (Report to Congress). October 2006. monitoring that revealed high bacteria levels. Pre-empt other.Testing the Waters 2007 County Baltimore Baltimore Calvert Calvert Calvert Calvert Calvert Calvert Calvert Kent Kent Kent Kent Kent Kent Kent Kent Kent Kent Kent St Mary’s St Mary’s St Mary’s Beach Name GunPowderSPhammerman Rocky Point Park Breezy Point Chesapeake Station Chesapeake Station north Beach north Beach north Beach River Club estates Bay Country Campground and Beach Bay Country Campground and Beach Betterton Beach and Public Landing Boy Scout Beach (eliason) echo hill Camp (Youth Camp) echo hill Camp (Youth Camp) Ferry Park Ferry Park tolchester Marina and Beach YMCA Camp tockwogh (Youth Camp) YMCA Camp tockwogh (Youth Camp) elm’s Beach-Public Beach elm’s Beach-Public Beach elm’s Beach-Public Beach Start Date end Date Reason 8/31 7/7 9/3 6/27 8/15 6/27 8/15 9/3 6/28 6/30 8/9 6/30 6/30 6/30 8/9 6/30 8/9 7/10 7/7 8/9 7/28 7/7 7/22 9/1 9/4 7/11 9/4 7/25 8/20 7/25 8/20 9/4 7/7 7/20 8/21 7/20 7/24 7/20 8/14 7/20 8/15 7/20 7/20 8/14 8/4 7/17 8/1 9/4 Bacteria Bacteria Prempt-sew Prempt-sew Prempt-sew Prempt-sew Prempt-sew Prempt-sew Prempt-sew Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Prempt-sew Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Source (?) (?) Sanitary-sew-over Sanitary-sew-over Sanitary-sew-over Sanitary-sew-over Sanitary-sew-over Sanitary-sew-over Sanitary-sew-over (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) Septic (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) Queen Anne’s Camp Wright Abbreviations used: Bacteria. Notes 1 United States Environmental Protection Agency.

2 The minimum requirement for sampling is weekly. Norfolk. was monitored through a program For Tier  beaches only. the standard is a single-sample maximum of 235 cfu/100 ml or a five-sample geometric mean of 126 cfu/100 ml. Essex. Massachusetts received a $254. such as algal blooms or oil spills. the state used total coliforms and fecal coliforms as indicators at marine beaches. the standard is a single-sample maximum of enterococcus of 104 cfu/100 ml or a five-sample geometric mean of 35 cfu/100 ml. Bristol. the local board of health and/or the MDPH can close a beach if they determine there is a threat to human health for any other reason. More than 99 percent (597) of the sampling locations at marine beaches were tested daily or weekly.2 State water quality regulations require that all public and semi-public freshwater and marine bathing beaches in Massachusetts be monitored for bacterial and sometimes other types of contamination during the bathing season.3 In 2006. Massachusetts does not issue advisories. coli at freshwater beaches. and Barnstable) have beaches that are monitored. Prior to these regulations. there were 602 sampling locations at 525 marine beaches and 591 sampling locations at 537 fresh- water beaches. The monitoring season starts as early as Memorial Day at some beaches.2 All data collected are maintained within MDPH’s internal database.2 Tourism in Massachusetts contributes about $12. coli Standards: For marine beaches.5 billion to the state’s economy and generates 125. Standards indicator organisms: Enterococcus.2 and more closing days were issued in 2006 than in 2005. Plymouth. the Barnstable decreased to  percent in 2006 from County Department of Health. and lasts through Labor Day in most years.000 annually.2 Total rainfall amounts at many Massachusetts beaches during the 2006 season were higher compared to 2005.3 Monitoring Frequency: In 2006. the act required adopting the water quality standards recommended by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) for all marine and freshwater public beaches.2 In 2006. either enterococcus or E. natural Resources defense Council . along with more than 600 freshwater beaches.Testing the Waters 2007 MASSACHuSeTTS Massachusetts has 727 miles of sandy marine coastline. the Massachusetts Beaches Act was passed (Chapter 248 of the Acts of 2000). Local boards of health. In addition to closings due to bacterial exceedances.3 In August 2000. For enterococcus at freshwater beaches. All the coastal counties (Suffolk. and the Department of Conservation and Recreation do most of the sampling in 5 percent in 2005. and preemptive rain closures are issued as well. water quality at all 525 public coastal beaches. July had more beach closings than any other month.3 Beaches are closed to swimming when standards are exceeded. the standard is a single-sample maximum of 61 cfu/100 ml or a five-sample geometric mean of 33 cfu/100 ml. The five marine beaches that were not tested at the required frequency were either in close proximity to beaches that were tested weekly or were beaches with Tier 3 status that qualified for reduced sampling because a sanitary survey and historical bacterial results demonstrated a low potential of bacterial contamination. Beginning in 2001. For freshwater beaches.2 Local boards of health can preemptively close beaches that have consistently elevated indicator levels. the state. MA. Nantucket. and informing the public about unsafe waters by posting notices at beaches when the water is polluted.300 related jobs.1 204 miles of which consist of public swimming beaches. coli can be used as indicator species. MDPH has contributed staff and administrative resources amounting to approximately $75.440 federal BEACH Act grant in 2006 and is eligible for a $255. Dukes.940 grant in 2007. weekly monitoring. For E. In addition to federal funding. the percent of administered by the Massachusetts Department of Public samples exceeding the state standard Health (MDPH). E.

the Tier 1 beaches with the highest percent exceedances were Wollaston-Sachem Street in Norfolk County (15%).2 Results: For the second consecutive year. Constitution-Middle (13%) and Constitution-North site in Suffolk County (11%). and percent of samples exceeding the standard for all beaches reported in 2006. Sampling occurs throughout the week. 2006 Monitoring Frequency and Results by Beach County Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Beach Cockle Cove Creek Bucks Creek Shorewood Association town Landing West of Coast Guard Prince Cove Breakwater Landing Paines Creek Wood neck River tahanto Associates. and that have completed a sanitary survey to show a low potential of bacterial contamination are classified as Tier 3. For Tier 1 beaches only. and the day of the week that sampling occurs can vary among beaches. usually before noon. In 2006. Sixty-eight percent of all monitored beaches did not exceed the standard for any sample taken in 2006. and Wollaston . inc. City Point Beach in Suffolk County (9%). Plymouth (76%). one foot below the surface of the water.3 Samples are collected in three feet of water. The frequency of monitoring is determined by a tier classification system. Low-use beaches that have no known pollution problems.2 natural Resources defense Council . Nantucket County had the highest percentage of beaches with no exceedances (87%) followed by Dukes (83%).Milton Street in Norfolk County (7%).Testing the Waters 2007 Monitoring locations are chosen by the local board of health or MDPH. and Suffolk (18%). The table below lists the tier status. Essex (58%). Kendal Lane Patiusset Beach Rock harbor Saconessett hills Association 451 Commerical Street Johnson Street Keyes Mayo Robbins hill Tier Monitoring Frequency 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk Total Samples 18 19 19 17 18 16 16 16 13 20 14 14 14 15 15 15 15 15 Percent exceedance 61% 47% 37% 29% 28% 19% 19% 19% 15% 15% 14% 14% 14% 13% 13% 13% 13% 13% MA.2 Sample results are known 24 hours after the sample is delivered to the laboratory. monitoring frequency. Tier 1 beaches include heavily used beaches that have pollution problems and Tier 2 beaches include heavily used beaches with some pollution. Most communities pick one day during the week to complete all of the necessary sampling. Beaches are grouped by county and ranked in descending order by percent exceedance. NRDC looked at the percent of monitoring samples that exceeded Massachusetts’ daily maximum bacterial standards.2 Sanitary surveys are conducted more frequently at Tier 1 beaches. Norfolk (39%). Bristol (47%). Barnstable (74%).3 Practice: Samples are taken from the area of greatest bather density. the percent of samples exceeding the standard decreased to 8 percent in 2006 from 15 percent in 2005. Environmental observations are recorded when sampling. Wollaston-Channing Street in Norfolk County (10%).

Snail Road 637 Commercial Street Tier Monitoring Frequency 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk Total Samples 15 15 15 15 17 13 13 13 13 13 13 13 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 15 17 Percent exceedance 13% 13% 13% 13% 12% 8% 8% 8% 8% 8% 8% 8% 7% 7% 7% 7% 7% 7% 7% 7% 7% 7% 7% 7% 7% 7% 7% 7% 7% 7% 7% 7% 7% 7% 7% 7% 7% 7% 7% 7% 6% MA.Breakwater Atkins Lane Cataumet Follins Pond hideaway village Association Maushup village new Silver (Silver Beach improvement Association) Quanset harbor Club Association the Belmont 333 Commercial Street 593 Commercial Street Baxter Avenue Bayview Street Boat Meadow Bone hill Bridge Street Cockle Cove Colonial Acres Columbus Avenue Court Street Craigville Crocker’s neck Crosby Landing dyer Prince east (town) Beach east Sandwich Fifth Ave (Boat Launch) Gray’s Beach oyster Place Parkers River West Ropes Ryder Street Seconsett island Causeway Surf drive town Cove West end Lot town Landing .3 natural Resources defense Council .Testing the Waters 2007 County Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Beach Ryder Street Ryder Street Saints Landing town Landing .

Front Beach Chapoquoit Associates .Little Beach Chequesset Yacht And Country Club Coast Guard Coast Guard Coast Guard town Cold Storage Cold Storage/Pond village Cole Road Cook’s Brook Cordwood Road Corn hill Corporation Cotuit Bay Shores Association Covell’s Craigville Beach Club Cross Street dowses duck harbor Tier Monitoring Frequency 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk Total Samples 13 13 12 12 13 13 12 13 13 10 13 13 8 13 13 12 13 13 11 12 13 13 12 12 12 12 12 13 13 13 13 13 13 13 13 12 13 12 13 13 13 Percent exceedance 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% MA.4 natural Resources defense Council .Testing the Waters 2007 County Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Beach 379 Shore Road 496 Shore Road Acapesket improvement Association Atlantic Avenue Atlantic Avenue Ballston Bank Street Bass River Bass River Bayview Bayview Bikepath Beach Briarwood Marine And Science Bristol Bristol Brooks Burton Baker Cahoon hollow Callies Beach Cedar Point Association Chapin Memorial Chapoquoit Chapoquoit Associates .

Testing the Waters 2007 County Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Beach earl Road electric Avenue ellis Landing estey Avenue Falmouth Associates .564 Surf drive Falmouth heights Falmouth heights Falmouth Yacht Club First encounter First encounter Glendon Gray Gables Great hollow Grey neck haigis harborview hardings hardings head of the Meadow (national) head of the Meadow (town) herring Cove howes indian neck indian trail inman Road Jetty Lane Kalmus Yacht Kellers Corner Kennedy Memorial Kent’s Kingsbury Lighthouse Linnell Landing Little island Beach Preserve Little River Road Long nook Loops Maguires Landing Marconi Marconi Marconi Tier Monitoring Frequency 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk Total Samples 12 12 13 13 12 13 13 12 13 13 13 12 13 12 13 13 13 13 12 13 12 13 13 13 13 12 13 13 13 12 13 13 13 12 13 12 13 13 12 12 12 Percent exceedance 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% MA.5 natural Resources defense Council .

Testing the Waters 2007 County Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Beach Mashpee neck Road Landing Mayflower Meeting house Pond Megansett Menauhant Menauhant Merkel Beach (Snow inn Road) Mill Road nauset Light nauset Light new Seabury inn newcomb hollow nobska Beach Association noon’s Landing old Mill Point Association old Mill Point Association old Silver 1 old Silver 2 old Silver 2 old Silver estates omaha Road oregon oyster harbors Club oyster Pond Parkers River east Percilla’s Landing Pleasant Bay Pleasant Bay Pleasant Road Pocasset Beach improvement Association Point of Rocks Poponesset Spit Powers Provincetown inn Race Point Race Point Race Point Raycroft Red River Red River Red River Tier Monitoring Frequency 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk Total Samples 13 13 12 13 13 13 12 13 12 12 11 13 12 13 12 12 13 13 13 12 13 13 12 13 13 12 10 12 12 12 13 12 13 13 12 12 12 13 12 12 12 Percent exceedance 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% MA.6 natural Resources defense Council .

Testing the Waters 2007 County Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Beach Ridgevale Ryder Sagamore Scateree Scraggy neck Recreation Association Scudder Lane Scusset (dcr .dspr) Sea Street Sea Street east Seabreeze Seacoast Shores Associates.dspr) South Middle Stoney Beach (Mbl) Sullivan (depot St.7 natural Resources defense Council . Seagull (Center) Seagull (Left) Seagull (Right) Seaside Park improvement Association Seaview Silver Springs Association Skacket Skacket Beach Condos South Cape Beach (dcr . inc.) Surf drive thatcher town Park thumpertown town Landing Beach Point town neck (Boardwalk) town neck (horizons) trotting Park veterans Wah Wah taysee Road Wequasett inn Resort West dennis West dennis West dennis White Crest Wianno Avenue Wianno Club (Salt) Wilbur Park Wild harbor Tier Monitoring Frequency 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk Total Samples 14 13 12 13 12 13 14 13 13 12 12 13 13 13 12 13 12 12 7 15 13 13 13 13 13 13 13 13 13 13 13 12 12 13 13 13 13 13 12 13 12 Percent exceedance 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% MA.

 natural Resources defense Council .Testing the Waters 2007 County Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Bristol Bristol Bristol Bristol Bristol Bristol Bristol Bristol Bristol Bristol Bristol Bristol Bristol Bristol Bristol Bristol Bristol Bristol Bristol Bristol Bristol Bristol Bristol Bristol Bristol Bristol Bristol Bristol Bristol Bristol Bristol Bristol dukes dukes dukes dukes dukes Beach Windmill Wings neck trust Association (South Beach) Wood neck Beach Zylpha Moses Smith Creek Pearse hidden Bay Apponagansett town Beach Manhattan Avenue Sandy Beach Cedar Cove Fort Phoenix (dcr .Sdpr) howland oak hill Shores o’tools Seaview tabor South tower 1 tower 4 West island Causeway Joseph Sylvia State Beach Lake Street norton Point Beach Philbin Beach South Beach State Park Tier Monitoring Frequency 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk Total Samples 13 12 13 12 11 15 10 13 14 14 8 17 12 13 13 13 13 13 13 13 13 10 10 12 10 15 12 15 12 10 12 8 12 12 12 12 11 12 12 12 12 Percent exceedance 0% 0% 0% 0% 27% 27% 20% 15% 14% 14% 13% 12% 8% 8% 8% 8% 8% 8% 8% 8% 8% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 9% 8% 8% 8% 8% MA. Beach Jones town Beach Kids Beach Squid town Beach Anthony’s Bayview Cherry & Webb Coles River Club off harbor Rd demarest Lloyd (dcr .dspr) elephant horseneck (dcr .dspr) Raymond Street 400 north 400 South davy’s Locker J.

 natural Resources defense Council .Testing the Waters 2007 County dukes dukes dukes dukes dukes dukes dukes dukes dukes dukes dukes dukes dukes dukes dukes dukes dukes dukes dukes dukes dukes dukes dukes dukes dukes dukes dukes dukes dukes dukes dukes dukes dukes dukes dukes dukes dukes essex essex essex essex Beach Squibnocket Beach Great Pond @ Long Point Bend in the Road Chappy Point Beach east Beach (Chappy) eastville town Beach .harbor Felix neck Fuller Street Great Rock Bight Joseph Sylvia State Beach Joseph Sylvia State Beach Joseph Sylvia State Beach Lagoon Pond herring Run Lambert’s Cove Beach Lambert’s Cove Beach Lobsterville Marinelli (Jetty) Beach Menemsha Moshup Beach norton Point Beach norton Point Beach ocean @ edgartown Great Pond ocean @ Long Point ocean @ Long Point ocean @ Lucy vincent Beach owen Little Way owen Park Pay Beach Red Beach Sailing Camp Park Sepiessa Point Sound @ Wilfred’s Pond Reserve South Beach State Park South Beach State Park tashmoo Beach tashmoo Cut Children’s island .drawbridge eastville town Beach .tractor ocean Avenue Stramski Tier Monitoring Frequency 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk Total Samples 12 13 11 11 11 11 11 5 11 11 1 11 11 13 11 11 11 11 11 11 11 11 10 11 12 11 11 11 11 11 11 11 12 11 12 11 11 10 10 15 16 Percent exceedance 8% 8% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 40% 40% 33% 25% MA.Back Children’s island .

Testing the Waters 2007 County essex essex essex essex essex essex essex essex essex essex essex essex essex essex essex essex essex essex essex essex essex essex essex essex essex essex essex essex essex essex essex essex essex essex essex essex essex essex essex essex essex Beach Sandy Beach Sandy Beach Willow Avenue Kings (dcr-dupr) Kings (dcr-dupr) West Canoe nahant Beach (dcr-dupr) nahant Beach (dcr-dupr) nahant Beach (dcr-dupr) Mackey Brackenbury dane Street Grace oliver nahant Beach (dcr-dupr) Children’s island .Wally Clammer’s Beach Fisherman’s Goat hill independence Park obear Park Preston Stacey Willows Pier Woodbury Gas house Magnolia tuck’s Point West Manchester Back Black Cape hedge Clark Collins Cove Cranes Cranes .0 natural Resources defense Council .Steep hill Cressy’s Crocker Park dead horse devereux eisman’s Tier Monitoring Frequency 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk Total Samples 13 14 14 24 24 15 12 19 19 19 13 14 14 15 19 10 13 13 13 13 13 13 13 13 13 14 15 15 15 13 14 5 14 12 15 15 12 10 11 13 12 Percent exceedance 23% 21% 21% 21% 21% 20% 17% 16% 16% 16% 15% 14% 14% 13% 11% 10% 8% 8% 8% 8% 8% 8% 8% 8% 8% 7% 7% 7% 7% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% MA.

Testing the Waters 2007 County essex essex essex essex essex essex essex essex essex essex essex essex essex essex essex essex essex essex essex essex essex essex essex essex essex essex essex essex essex essex essex essex essex essex nantucket nantucket nantucket nantucket nantucket nantucket nantucket Beach Forest River Point Front Good harbor half Moon Juniper Point Kings north Little neck Long Long Magnolia Mingo niles old Garden osgood Pavillion Pavillion Pebble Phillips Plum Cove Plum island Plum island Plum island Plum island Plum island Rice Salisbury (dcr-dspr) Singing Singing tudor village Street Whales White Wingearsheek Winter island (Waikiki) Washington Street Children’s 40th Pole 1 40th Pole 2 Cliffside dionis Jettes Tier Monitoring Frequency 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk Total Samples 12 13 12 11 12 12 14 13 13 14 12 12 12 12 12 14 5 12 12 14 15 15 15 15 12 15 14 14 12 13 12 14 12 12 11 12 11 11 11 10 11 Percent exceedance 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 9% 8% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% MA. natural Resources defense Council .

Rice Road Bassing’s (Sailing Club) edgewater Mound orchard Street Palmer Wessagusett (old Wessagussett) Yacht Club River Road oakdale Avenue town Beach hollywoods Little harbor Landing Road Land trust Reservation Mattapoisett Shores Association dexter Lane harbor 1 harbor 2 hollywoods Peases Point Piney Point Yacht Club Tier Monitoring Frequency 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk Total Samples 11 11 11 11 11 11 11 11 17 15 72 14 15 71 12 70 14 14 71 13 13 13 13 13 12 13 11 11 11 12 13 16 10 10 11 11 11 11 11 11 12 Percent exceedance 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 24% 20% 15% 14% 13% 10% 8% 7% 7% 7% 6% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 55% 27% 27% 17% 15% 13% 10% 10% 9% 9% 9% 9% 9% 9% 8% 1 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1 1 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk MA.Channing Street Black Rock Wollaston .Testing the Waters 2007 County nantucket nantucket nantucket nantucket nantucket nantucket nantucket nantucket norfolk norfolk norfolk norfolk norfolk norfolk norfolk norfolk norfolk norfolk norfolk norfolk norfolk norfolk norfolk norfolk norfolk norfolk Plymouth Plymouth Plymouth Plymouth Plymouth Plymouth Plymouth Plymouth Plymouth Plymouth Plymouth Plymouth Plymouth Plymouth Plymouth Beach Madaket Miacomet Sconset 1 Sconset 2 Sewerbeds Surfside 2 Warren’s Landing Washing Pond Rhoda heron Wollaston .Sachem Street nickerson Parkhurst Wollaston .Milton Street Avalon Merrymount Wollaston .2 natural Resources defense Council .

Testing the Waters 2007 County Plymouth Plymouth Plymouth Plymouth Plymouth Plymouth Plymouth Plymouth Plymouth Plymouth Plymouth Plymouth Plymouth Plymouth Plymouth Plymouth Plymouth Plymouth Plymouth Plymouth Plymouth Plymouth Plymouth Plymouth Plymouth Plymouth Plymouth Plymouth Plymouth Plymouth Plymouth Plymouth Plymouth Plymouth Plymouth Plymouth Plymouth Plymouth Plymouth Plymouth Plymouth Beach darcy’s edgewater duxbury 9th Road A Street ocean Antasawomak Belair Beverly Yacht Brant Beach Brant Rock Briarwood Cliff Road Converse Point Crescent east Boulevard egypt Fieldston Gray’s Green harbor Gunrock humarock island Yacht Kenburma Kimball Melville nantasket (dcr-dupr) nantasket (dcr-dupr) nelson Street newport onset Parkwood Peggotty Pinehurst Plymouth Plymouth Plymouth Point Connett Point independence Residents Beach Rexhame Riverside Avenue Tier Monitoring Frequency 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk Total Samples 13 13 15 13 12 10 11 10 10 13 11 4 10 10 11 11 13 14 13 12 11 10 12 11 11 15 15 12 12 11 11 11 11 12 12 12 10 11 14 13 11 Percent exceedance 8% 8% 7% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% MA.3 natural Resources defense Council .

4 natural Resources defense Council . 412 closings were issued at Massachusetts’ public coastal beaches. There were six extended closing events in Massachusetts in 2006 compared to two extended events in 2005. The increased number of closings was MA. Total closing days for events lasting six consecutive weeks or less increased 61 percent. M Street Beach Pico Yerrill Tier Monitoring Frequency 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk Total Samples 14 11 11 11 14 10 10 12 11 11 11 11 11 11 14 11 12 12 12 19 13 70 70 19 19 22 11 11 70 70 16 16 70 68 11 11 Percent exceedance 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 16% 15% 13% 11% 11% 11% 9% 9% 9% 9% 7% 6% 6% 6% 0% 0% 0% 1 1 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1 1 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1 1 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk Closings In 2006. from 680 days in 2005 to 1.Testing the Waters 2007 County Plymouth Plymouth Plymouth Plymouth Plymouth Plymouth Plymouth Plymouth Plymouth Plymouth Plymouth Plymouth Plymouth Plymouth Plymouth Plymouth Plymouth Plymouth Plymouth Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Beach Rocky nook Sand hills Seal Cove Shell Point Shipyard Lane Silver Shell Silver Shell Spring Street Swift’s Swift’s neck tabor Academy tabor Academy town Beach Wampatuck West end White horse White horse Whitehead Xyz Revere (dcr-dupr) Spectacle island Constitution-Middle Constitution-north Site Revere (dcr-dupr) Savin hill (dcr-dupr) Malibu (dcr-dupr) Grandview halford City Point Beach Carson Beach-Bathhouse Short (dcr-dupr) Winthrop (dcr-dupr) Carson Beach-i St.092 days in 2006.

2 At some of the larger beaches in Massachusetts where multiple samples are taken. Sampling results are displayed on the MDPH beaches public website within six hours of being validated. Causes of Closings: Sixty-six percent (722) of closure days for events lasting six consecutive weeks or less in 2006 were due to monitoring that revealed elevated bacteria levels from unknown sources of contamination. 2006 Massachusetts Marine and estuarine Beach Closings/Advisories County Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Beach Name 29 Commercial Street 29 Commercial Street 333 Commercial Street 451 Commerical Street 451 Commerical Street 593 Commercial Street 637 Commercial Street 637 Commercial Street Atkins Lane Atkins Lane Atkins Lane Boat Meadow Bone hill Breakwater Landing Breakwater Landing Breakwater Landing Bridge Street Bucks Creek Bucks Creek Bucks Creek Cataumet Cockle Cove Cockle Cove Creek Start Date 7/6 7/19 8/29 6/21 7/19 7/19 7/19 7/26 7/19 8/2 8/23 8/15 8/29 6/9 6/16 8/2 8/29 6/14 6/28 8/9 7/7 7/6 6/5 end Date Reason 7/7 7/20 8/30 6/22 7/20 7/20 7/20 8/2 7/20 8/5 8/24 8/16 8/30 6/10 6/17 8/3 8/30 6/17 8/4 9/4 7/8 7/7 9/4 Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Source (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) MA. beachwater is generally sampled every day until the standards are met and the beach is reopened. During the time period over which this steady increase in closing days occurred.5 natural Resources defense Council . the overall monitoring frequency at these beaches initially declined.2 Reopening Procedures: When an exceedance is found. Closing issuance: If a bacterial exceedance is found at either a marine or freshwater beach. Closings for events lasting six consecutive weeks or less at Massachusetts’ 13 Tier 1 beaches increased from 38 days in 2004 to 80 days in 2005. and MDPH has to be notified of exceedances within 24 hours. then increased again to 444 days in 2006. At a minimum. a closure sign must be posted by the local board of health.3 Resampling to confirm results is not conducted before closing the beach.Testing the Waters 2007 due at least in part to heavier rainfall in 2006 than in 2005. the section of the beach where the sample exceeded the standard must be posted. and 34 percent (370) were preemptive rainfall closures. the local board of health and/or MDPH determines the appropriate portion of the beach to close when only one sample exceeds.

6 natural Resources defense Council .Testing the Waters 2007 County Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Beach Name Cockle Cove Creek Court Street Craigville Crocker’s neck Crosby Landing dyer Prince east (town) Beach east Sandwich Fifth Ave (Boat Launch) Follins Pond Fore River Smith Beach Fore River Smith Beach Forest Beach Road hideaway village Association Johnson Street Johnson Street Kendal Lane Kendal Lane Kendal Lane Keyes Keyes oyster Place Paines Creek Paines Creek Paines Creek Patiusset Beach Patiusset Beach Pleasant Street Poponesset Prince Cove Prince Cove Prince Cove Prince Cove Prince Cove Quanset harbor Club Association Robbins hill Robbins hill Rock harbor Ropes Ryder Street Ryder Street Ryder Street Start Date 6/5 7/19 7/6 7/11 6/9 7/25 7/6 6/9 8/29 8/30 7/6 7/27 7/11 7/13 8/2 8/16 7/12 7/19 7/22 6/27 7/6 8/29 6/9 6/16 6/22 7/7 7/13 7/11 8/25 6/27 7/6 7/11 8/8 8/29 6/15 6/9 6/16 7/13 8/29 7/19 8/2 8/16 end Date Reason 9/4 7/20 7/7 7/12 6/10 7/26 7/7 6/10 8/30 8/31 7/11 7/28 7/12 7/14 8/3 8/17 7/14 7/22 7/28 6/28 7/7 8/30 6/10 6/17 6/23 7/8 7/14 7/12 8/26 6/28 7/7 7/12 8/9 8/30 6/16 6/10 6/17 7/15 8/30 7/20 8/3 8/17 Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Source (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) MA.

inc.dspr) hidden Bay J.7 natural Resources defense Council .Snail Road town Landing . town Cove town Cove town Landing .Snail Road town Landing West of Coast Guard town Landing West of Coast Guard town Landing West of Coast Guard West end Lot Wood neck River Wood neck River Wood neck River Wood neck River 400 north 400 South Apponagansett town Beach Cedar Cove Cedar Cove Fort Phoenix (dcr .Breakwater town Landing . Beach Kids Beach Manhattan Avenue Manhattan Avenue Moses Smith Creek Moses Smith Creek Pearse Pearse Pearse Raymond Street Salter’s Point South Sandy Beach Sandy Beach Squid town Beach Start Date 7/26 8/16 6/9 6/22 8/2 7/7 7/13 7/18 7/19 8/2 7/19 8/2 6/21 7/6 7/12 6/14 6/21 7/12 8/9 8/9 8/29 8/29 6/27 6/28 8/30 8/29 6/27 8/29 8/29 6/28 8/30 8/1 8/8 6/7 6/28 7/13 8/30 6/27 6/28 8/30 8/29 6/28 end Date Reason 7/27 8/17 6/10 6/23 8/3 7/11 7/14 7/19 7/20 8/3 7/20 8/3 6/22 7/7 7/18 6/15 6/22 7/13 8/10 8/10 8/31 8/31 7/7 6/30 8/31 8/30 7/7 8/31 8/31 6/30 9/1 8/8 8/22 6/14 7/11 7/25 9/1 7/7 6/30 8/31 8/31 6/30 Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Source (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) MA.Testing the Waters 2007 County Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Barnstable Bristol Bristol Bristol Bristol Bristol Bristol Bristol Bristol Bristol Bristol Bristol Bristol Bristol Bristol Bristol Bristol Bristol Bristol Bristol Bristol Bristol Bristol Beach Name Ryder Street Ryder Street Saints Landing Saints Landing Surf drive tahanto Associates.Breakwater town Landing .

Back Children’s island .tractor Children’s island . natural Resources defense Council .Wally Fisherman’s Gas house Goat hill Grace oliver Kings (dcr-dupr) Kings (dcr-dupr) Kings (dcr-dupr) Kings (dcr-dupr) Kings (dcr-dupr) Kings (dcr-dupr) Kings north Kings north Mackey Magnolia nahant Beach (dcr-dupr) nahant Beach (dcr-dupr) nahant Beach (dcr-dupr) nahant Beach (dcr-dupr) nahant Beach (dcr-dupr) nahant Beach (dcr-dupr) nahant Beach (dcr-dupr) nahant Beach (dcr-dupr) naumkeag ocean Avenue ocean Avenue ocean Avenue Pickman Pioneer Preston Sandy Beach Sandy Beach Stacey Stramski Stramski Start Date 8/22 8/23 8/9 6/15 8/31 7/6 6/29 7/13 7/14 7/14 8/3 7/14 7/14 7/28 8/25 7/14 7/28 8/25 7/14 7/28 7/13 8/17 8/25 8/11 8/25 8/11 8/11 8/25 8/11 8/25 6/14 6/29 7/5 7/12 6/14 7/13 7/14 7/6 7/14 7/14 7/6 7/14 end Date Reason 8/26 8/24 8/11 6/22 9/4 7/20 7/19 7/20 7/15 7/15 8/4 7/26 7/19 8/1 8/27 7/19 8/1 8/27 7/19 8/1 7/20 8/18 8/27 8/12 8/27 8/12 8/12 8/27 8/12 8/27 9/4 6/30 7/6 7/20 9/4 7/20 7/15 7/7 7/17 7/15 7/8 7/26 Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Source (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) MA.Testing the Waters 2007 County dukes dukes dukes essex essex essex essex essex essex essex essex essex essex essex essex essex essex essex essex essex essex essex essex essex essex essex essex essex essex essex essex essex essex essex essex essex essex essex essex essex essex essex Beach Name Great Pond @ Long Point Lake Street ocean @ Chilmark Pond Preserve Canoe Canoe Children’s island .

Testing the Waters 2007

County
essex essex essex essex essex essex essex nantucket nantucket norfolk norfolk norfolk norfolk norfolk norfolk norfolk norfolk norfolk norfolk norfolk norfolk norfolk norfolk norfolk norfolk norfolk norfolk norfolk norfolk norfolk norfolk norfolk norfolk norfolk norfolk norfolk norfolk norfolk norfolk norfolk norfolk norfolk

Beach Name
Stramski Sunset Road tuck’s Point West West Manchester Willow Avenue Willow Avenue Children’s Washington Street Avalon Bassing’s (Sailing Club) Black Rock Broady (Baker) Chikatawbot heron heron Merrymount nickerson Parkhurst Parkhurst Rhoda Rhoda Rhoda Rhoda Rhoda Rhoda Wollaston (dcr-dupr) Wollaston (dcr-dupr) Wollaston (dcr-dupr) Wollaston (dcr-dupr) Wollaston (dcr-dupr) Wollaston (dcr-dupr) Wollaston (dcr-dupr) Wollaston (dcr-dupr) Wollaston (dcr-dupr) Wollaston (dcr-dupr) Wollaston (dcr-dupr) Wollaston (dcr-dupr) Wollaston (dcr-dupr) Wollaston (dcr-dupr) Wollaston (dcr-dupr) Wollaston (dcr-dupr)

Start Date
7/26 7/6 8/17 7/14 8/17 6/29 7/13 8/30 8/30 8/17 7/12 7/19 6/22 6/22 6/22 9/7 6/22 9/7 8/10 9/7 6/15 7/13 7/13 7/20 8/10 8/10 8/24 8/24 5/31 6/16 7/14 8/24 8/28 8/31 9/2 5/31 6/16 7/14 8/31 9/2 5/31 6/16

end Date Reason
7/27 7/8 8/18 7/18 8/18 6/30 7/20 9/1 9/1 8/18 8/2 7/21 6/23 6/23 6/23 9/8 6/23 9/8 8/11 9/8 6/16 7/20 7/21 7/21 8/11 8/11 8/25 8/25 6/2 6/17 7/15 8/25 8/29 9/2 9/5 6/2 6/17 7/15 9/2 9/5 6/2 6/17 Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria

Source
(?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?)

MA.

natural Resources defense Council

Testing the Waters 2007

County
norfolk norfolk norfolk norfolk norfolk norfolk norfolk norfolk norfolk norfolk norfolk norfolk norfolk norfolk norfolk norfolk norfolk norfolk norfolk norfolk norfolk norfolk norfolk norfolk norfolk norfolk norfolk norfolk norfolk norfolk norfolk norfolk norfolk norfolk norfolk norfolk norfolk norfolk norfolk norfolk norfolk norfolk

Beach Name
Wollaston (dcr-dupr) Wollaston (dcr-dupr) Wollaston (dcr-dupr) Wollaston (dcr-dupr) Wollaston (dcr-dupr) Wollaston (dcr-dupr) Wollaston (dcr-dupr) Wollaston (dcr-dupr) Wollaston (dcr-dupr) Wollaston (dcr-dupr) Wollaston (dcr-dupr) Wollaston (dcr-dupr) Wollaston (dcr-dupr) Wollaston (dcr-dupr) Wollaston (dcr-dupr) Wollaston (dcr-dupr) Wollaston (dcr-dupr) Wollaston (dcr-dupr) Wollaston (dcr-dupr) Wollaston (dcr-dupr) Wollaston (dcr-dupr) Wollaston (dcr-dupr) Wollaston (dcr-dupr) Wollaston (dcr-dupr) Wollaston (dcr-dupr) Wollaston (dcr-dupr) Wollaston (dcr-dupr) Wollaston (dcr-dupr) Wollaston (dcr-dupr) Wollaston (dcr-dupr) Wollaston (dcr-dupr) Wollaston (dcr-dupr) Wollaston (dcr-dupr) Wollaston (dcr-dupr) Wollaston (dcr-dupr) Wollaston (dcr-dupr) Wollaston (dcr-dupr) Wollaston (dcr-dupr) Wollaston (dcr-dupr) Wollaston (dcr-dupr) Wollaston (dcr-dupr) Wollaston (dcr-dupr)

Start Date
7/14 8/24 8/27 8/30 9/2 9/4 5/31 6/16 7/14 8/31 9/2 5/27 6/3 6/7 6/21 6/24 7/13 7/19 7/22 7/29 8/16 8/21 8/25 8/29 5/27 6/3 6/7 6/21 6/24 7/13 7/19 7/22 7/29 8/16 8/21 8/25 8/29 5/27 6/3 6/7 6/21 6/24

end Date Reason
7/15 8/25 8/28 9/2 9/4 9/5 6/2 6/17 7/16 9/2 9/5 5/30 6/6 6/13 6/23 6/28 7/14 7/21 7/26 7/31 8/18 8/23 8/26 8/31 5/31 6/6 6/13 6/23 6/28 7/14 7/21 7/26 7/31 8/18 8/23 8/26 8/31 5/31 6/6 6/13 6/23 6/28 Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain

Source
(?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?)

MA.20

natural Resources defense Council

Testing the Waters 2007

County
norfolk norfolk norfolk norfolk norfolk norfolk norfolk norfolk norfolk norfolk norfolk norfolk norfolk norfolk norfolk norfolk norfolk norfolk norfolk norfolk norfolk norfolk Plymouth Plymouth Plymouth Plymouth Plymouth Plymouth Plymouth Plymouth Plymouth Plymouth Plymouth Plymouth Plymouth Plymouth Plymouth Plymouth Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk

Beach Name
Wollaston (dcr-dupr) Wollaston (dcr-dupr) Wollaston (dcr-dupr) Wollaston (dcr-dupr) Wollaston (dcr-dupr) Wollaston (dcr-dupr) Wollaston (dcr-dupr) Wollaston (dcr-dupr) Wollaston (dcr-dupr) Wollaston (dcr-dupr) Wollaston (dcr-dupr) Wollaston (dcr-dupr) Wollaston (dcr-dupr) Wollaston (dcr-dupr) Wollaston (dcr-dupr) Wollaston (dcr-dupr) Wollaston (dcr-dupr) Wollaston (dcr-dupr) Wollaston (dcr-dupr) Wollaston (dcr-dupr) Wollaston (dcr-dupr) Yacht Club A Street Bay Side darcy’s dexter Lane duxbury edgewater Landing Road Landing Road oakdale Avenue oakdale Avenue Piney Point Planting island River Road tabor Academy tabor Academy White horse Yacht Club Carson Beach (dcr-dupr) Carson Beach (dcr-dupr) Carson Beach (dcr-dupr) Carson Beach (dcr-dupr)

Start Date
7/13 7/19 7/22 7/29 8/16 8/21 8/25 8/29 5/27 6/3 6/7 6/21 6/24 7/13 7/19 7/22 7/29 8/16 8/21 8/25 8/29 7/12 8/16 8/16 6/27 8/9 8/16 6/22 7/19 6/27 8/29 8/29 8/29 6/27 6/27 6/27 6/22 8/31 6/6 6/6 7/21 7/15

end Date Reason
7/14 7/21 7/26 7/31 8/18 8/23 8/26 8/30 5/31 6/6 6/13 6/23 6/28 7/14 7/21 7/26 7/31 8/18 8/23 8/26 8/31 7/26 8/18 8/18 6/28 8/11 8/18 6/23 7/21 6/29 9/4 8/31 9/4 9/4 6/28 6/28 9/4 9/1 6/7 6/7 7/22 7/15 Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria

Source
(?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?)

MA.2

natural Resources defense Council

Testing the Waters 2007

County
Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk

Beach Name
Carson Beach (dcr-dupr) Carson Beach (dcr-dupr) Carson Beach (dcr-dupr) Carson Beach (dcr-dupr) Carson Beach (dcr-dupr) Carson Beach (dcr-dupr) Carson Beach (dcr-dupr) Carson Beach (dcr-dupr) Carson Beach (dcr-dupr) Carson Beach (dcr-dupr) Carson Beach (dcr-dupr) Carson Beach (dcr-dupr) Carson Beach (dcr-dupr) Carson Beach (dcr-dupr) Carson Beach (dcr-dupr) Carson Beach (dcr-dupr) Carson Beach (dcr-dupr) Carson Beach (dcr-dupr) Carson Beach (dcr-dupr) Carson Beach (dcr-dupr) Carson Beach (dcr-dupr) Carson Beach (dcr-dupr) Carson Beach (dcr-dupr) City Point Beach @ Point (dcr-dupr) City Point Beach @ Point (dcr-dupr) City Point Beach @ Point (dcr-dupr) City Point Beach @ Point (dcr-dupr) City Point Beach @ Point (dcr-dupr) City Point Beach @ Point (dcr-dupr) City Point Beach @ Point (dcr-dupr) City Point Beach @ Point (dcr-dupr) City Point Beach @ Point (dcr-dupr) City Point Beach @ Point (dcr-dupr) City Point Beach @ Point (dcr-dupr) City Point Beach @ Point (dcr-dupr) Constitution (dcr-dupr) Constitution (dcr-dupr) Constitution (dcr-dupr) Constitution (dcr-dupr) Constitution (dcr-dupr) Constitution (dcr-dupr) Constitution (dcr-dupr)

Start Date
7/21 8/21 8/31 9/4 7/14 8/21 9/4 6/3 6/8 6/24 7/13 7/19 7/23 8/25 8/29 6/3 6/7 6/24 7/13 7/19 7/22 8/25 8/29 7/7 7/31 8/16 8/21 9/3 6/3 6/7 6/24 7/19 7/22 8/25 8/29 6/13 6/23 6/30 7/7 7/14 8/26 6/13

end Date Reason
7/22 8/22 8/31 9/5 7/15 8/23 9/5 6/5 6/13 6/28 7/14 7/20 7/26 8/26 8/30 6/6 6/13 6/28 7/14 7/21 7/26 8/26 8/31 7/14 8/1 8/17 8/22 9/5 6/6 6/13 6/28 7/21 7/26 8/26 8/31 6/16 6/24 7/1 7/8 7/15 8/27 6/16 Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria

Source
(?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?)

MA.22

natural Resources defense Council

Testing the Waters 2007

County
Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk

Beach Name
Constitution (dcr-dupr) Constitution (dcr-dupr) Constitution (dcr-dupr) Constitution (dcr-dupr) Constitution (dcr-dupr) Constitution (dcr-dupr) Constitution (dcr-dupr) Constitution (dcr-dupr) Constitution (dcr-dupr) Constitution (dcr-dupr) Constitution (dcr-dupr) Constitution (dcr-dupr) Constitution (dcr-dupr) Constitution (dcr-dupr) Constitution (dcr-dupr) Constitution (dcr-dupr) Constitution (dcr-dupr) Constitution (dcr-dupr) Constitution (dcr-dupr) Constitution (dcr-dupr) Constitution (dcr-dupr) Constitution (dcr-dupr) Constitution (dcr-dupr) Constitution (dcr-dupr) Constitution (dcr-dupr) Constitution (dcr-dupr) Constitution (dcr-dupr) Constitution (dcr-dupr) Constitution (dcr-dupr) Constitution (dcr-dupr) Constitution (dcr-dupr) Constitution (dcr-dupr) Constitution (dcr-dupr) Constitution (dcr-dupr) Constitution (dcr-dupr) Constitution (dcr-dupr) Constitution (dcr-dupr) donovans Grandview halford M Street Beach @ M Street (dcr-dupr) M Street Beach @ M Street (dcr-dupr)

Start Date
6/23 6/30 7/7 7/14 8/21 8/26 9/4 6/13 6/23 6/30 7/7 7/14 8/26 6/3 6/7 6/24 7/13 7/19 7/22 8/25 8/29 6/3 6/7 6/24 7/13 7/19 7/22 8/25 8/29 6/3 6/7 6/24 7/13 7/19 7/22 8/25 8/29 7/20 7/20 8/12 6/3 6/7

end Date Reason
6/24 7/1 7/8 7/15 8/22 8/27 9/5 6/16 6/24 7/1 7/8 7/15 8/27 6/6 6/13 6/28 7/14 7/21 7/26 8/26 8/31 6/6 6/13 6/28 7/14 7/21 7/26 8/26 8/31 6/6 6/13 6/28 7/14 7/21 7/26 8/26 8/31 7/27 7/27 8/17 6/6 6/13 Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Prempt-rain Prempt-rain

Source
(?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?)

MA.23

natural Resources defense Council

Testing the Waters 2007

County
Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk

Beach Name
M Street Beach @ M Street (dcr-dupr) M Street Beach @ M Street (dcr-dupr) M Street Beach @ M Street (dcr-dupr) M Street Beach @ M Street (dcr-dupr) M Street Beach @ M Street (dcr-dupr) M Street Beach @ M Street (dcr-dupr) Malibu (dcr-dupr) Malibu (dcr-dupr) Malibu (dcr-dupr) Malibu (dcr-dupr) Malibu (dcr-dupr) Pleasure Bay (dcr-dupr) Pleasure Bay (dcr-dupr) Pleasure Bay (dcr-dupr) Pleasure Bay (dcr-dupr) Pleasure Bay (dcr-dupr) Revere (dcr-dupr) Revere (dcr-dupr) Revere (dcr-dupr) Revere (dcr-dupr) Revere (dcr-dupr) Revere (dcr-dupr) Revere (dcr-dupr) Revere (dcr-dupr) Revere (dcr-dupr) Savin hill (dcr-dupr) Savin hill (dcr-dupr) Savin hill (dcr-dupr) Savin hill (dcr-dupr) Savin hill (dcr-dupr) Short (dcr-dupr) Spectacle island Spectacle island tenean (dcr-dupr) tenean (dcr-dupr) tenean (dcr-dupr) tenean (dcr-dupr) tenean (dcr-dupr) tenean (dcr-dupr) tenean (dcr-dupr) tenean (dcr-dupr) tenean (dcr-dupr)

Start Date
6/24 7/13 7/19 7/22 8/25 8/29 7/14 7/16 6/3 6/7 6/24 6/10 6/3 6/7 6/24 7/13 7/14 8/11 7/14 8/11 8/11 7/14 8/11 7/14 8/11 7/7 7/14 6/3 6/7 6/24 8/4 7/21 8/4 6/6 6/13 6/23 7/14 8/12 8/26 5/27 6/3 6/7

end Date Reason
6/28 7/14 7/21 7/26 8/26 8/31 7/16 8/1 6/6 6/13 6/30 6/13 6/6 6/10 6/28 7/14 7/16 8/12 7/16 8/12 8/12 7/16 8/12 7/16 8/12 7/8 7/15 6/6 6/13 6/30 8/5 7/22 8/5 6/7 6/16 6/24 7/16 8/13 8/27 5/31 6/6 6/13 Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Bacteria Bacteria Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Bacteria Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain

Source
(?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?)

MA.24

natural Resources defense Council

Testing the Waters 2007

County
Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk

Beach Name
tenean (dcr-dupr) tenean (dcr-dupr) tenean (dcr-dupr) tenean (dcr-dupr) tenean (dcr-dupr) tenean (dcr-dupr) tenean (dcr-dupr) tenean (dcr-dupr) tenean (dcr-dupr) tenean (dcr-dupr) Winthrop (dcr-dupr)

Start Date
6/21 6/24 7/13 7/19 7/22 7/29 8/16 8/22 8/25 8/29 8/4

end Date Reason
6/23 6/28 7/14 7/21 7/26 7/31 8/18 8/23 8/26 8/31 8/5 Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Bacteria

Source
(?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?)

Abbreviations used: Bacteria, monitoring that revealed high bacteria levels; Preempt rain, preemptive due to heavy rainfall; (?), unknown.

Notes
1 United States Environmental Protection Agency, Implementing the BEACH Act of 2000 (Report to Congress), October 2006. 2 Chris Huskie, Massachusetts Department of Public Health, personal communication, June 2007. 3 Massachusetts Department of Public Health, Marine and Freshwater Beach Testing in Massachusetts Annual Report 2005 Season, June 2006.

MA.25

natural Resources defense Council

000 each year. The Michigan Department of Environmental Quality (MDEQ)—contracting mostly with local health departments but also with municipalities.3 No Tier 3 beaches were monitored in 2006.000 in grants for inland lake beach monitoring. 203 were monitored once a week and four were monitored two or more times per week. Known sewage spills trigger a preemptive advisory. there are no preemptive rainfall advisory standards. including the importance of the beach to the local economy. Practice: Samples are taken in the morning. All Tier 1 beaches are monitored at least five times per 30-day period. one foot below the surface in water that is three to six feet deep. Of these beaches. may have had only one sample collected during the year. Local funding requirements for the beach monitoring and notification program is at least $33. Tier 1 beaches have public access. and beach use. and 235 cfu/ 100 ml for a single sample. other conditions related to water quality. Monitoring Frequency: A total of 207 beaches. The EPA’s recommended standard for such circumstances are an E.Testing the Waters 2007 MiCHiGAN Michigan has 594 public beaches1 stretching along 546 miles of Great Lakes coastline.4 These standards are viewed by EPA as consistent with the requirements of the BEACH Act.700 related jobs. environmental groups. coli of 130 cfu/100 ml for five sampling events over 30 days and a single-sample maximum for one sampling event of 300 cfu/100 ml.000 and $300.2 More than a third of Michigan’s beaches are monitored between April and October. were regularly monitored and had their monitoring data maintained in Michigan in 2006. and universities that agree to work closely with local health departments—administers Michigan’s beach monitoring program. and none of the public beaches in Luce 3 percent in 2005. The standards in use in Michigan are a geometric mean of E. MDEQ has made an effort to integrate beach monitoring data into water pollution prevention programs to encourage strategic improvements in water quality. Dickinson. and Gogebic counties are monitored.3 These beaches represent 71 miles of Great Lakes coastline. which have public access and may have known or potential sources of contamination. high bather densities. and community input.1 Rainfall or other conditions may be used to make closing and advisory decisions as well. many Tier 2 beaches. human exposure.000 (matching funds are required for BEACH Act grant monies) and the total amount of local funding is estimated to be between $200. coli Standards: Water quality standards recommended by state law in Michigan in 2002 are less stringent than EPA standards for full-body water contact recreation in fresh water.3 However. regional planning agencies.3 Tourism in Michigan contributes about $17. all Tier 1. for example. Both advisories and closings were issued in 2006.450 federal BEACH Act grant in 2006 and is eligible for a $278. and the results of these three samples are averaged to Mi. coli concentration of 126 cfu/100 ml for the geometric mean of five samples collected over 30 days. Michigan conducts monitoring activities at inland lakes as well. Tier 2 beaches.450 grant in 2007. are monitored but not as frequently as Tier 1 beaches. At least three simultaneous samples are taken during each sampling event. Michigan received a $278. the percent Monitoring and notification activities take place in 38 of samples exceeding the standard counties. Iron. Standards indicator organism: E. and may have known or potential sources of contamination. The state contributes $100. natural Resources defense Council . but only Great Lakes beaches are covered in this report.3 Beaches in Michigan are prioritized for monitoring based on known or potential sources of contamination. and Tuscola counties are the only counties with Great Lakes coastline that do not report increased to 4 percent in 2006 from public beaches. For Tier  beaches only.5 billion to the state’s economy and generates 192.

In 2006. Monroe. Mackinac.3 Results: For the second consecutive year. Muskegon. followed by Mackinaw City Lighthouse Park in Cheboygan County (23%). Delta. Ontonagon. Beach Singing Bridge Beach dyer Rd.2 natural Resources defense Council . Alcona. East Bay Beach at Traverse City State Park in Grand Traverse County (19%). SCS Blossom Heath Beach in Macomb County (20%). 2006 Monitoring Frequency and Results by Beach County Alcona Alger Alger Alger Allegan Allegan Allegan Allegan Alpena Alpena Alpena Alpena Alpena Antrim Antrim Antrim Antrim Antrim Arenac Arenac Arenac Arenac Arenac Beach harrisville State Park Public Shoreline Beach-Au train to Five Mile Pts Miners Beach Private Shoreline Beach-W Co Border. and Schoolcraft counties reported no exceedances in 2006. the Tier 1 beaches with the highest percent exceedances were Crescent Sail Yacht Club in Wayne County (35%). Beach Tier 1 Monitoring Frequency 1/wk none none none Total Samples 6 9 7 8 16 15 15 15 5 5 5 5 5 11 10 10 10 10 15 14 15 14 14 Percent exceedance 0% 11% 0% 0% 6% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 9% 0% 0% 0% 0% 20% 14% 13% 7% 7% 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 3/wk 3/wk 3/wk 3/wk 3/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk Mi. Lexington County Park in Sanilac County (17%). Samples may be collected any day of the week under unique circumstances. Benzie. Wilderness State Park in Emmet County (23%). Mason. Leelanau.Testing the Waters 2007 determine whether the water meets standards. Presque Isle. The table below lists the tier status.Au train Bay West Side County Park Beach douglas Beach oval Beach Pier Cove Beach Blair Street Park Michekewis Beach ossineke Beach Starlite Beach thompson Park Banks twp. follow-up samples may be collected any day from Monday through Thursday. Huron. Marquette. Park Antrim County day Park South Barnes Park elk Rapids veterans Memorial Park Whites Beach twining Rd. the percent of samples exceeding the standard increased to 4 percent in 2006 from 3 percent in 2005. Beaches are grouped by county and ranked in descending order by percent exceedance. Keweenaw. Whites Beach in Arenac County (20%). Cross Village Beach in Emmet County (17%). Berrien. Regularly scheduled samples are collected early in the week. Seventy-six percent of all monitored beaches did not exceed the standard for any sample taken in 2006. Baraga. and percent of samples exceeding the standard for all beaches reported in 2006. Alpena. monitoring frequency. For Tier 1 beaches only. Houghton.4 Results are known 18 to 24 hours after samples are delivered to a lab. Beach Foster Rd. Iosco. NRDC looked at the percent of monitoring samples that exceeded Michigan’s daily maximum bacterial standards.

3 natural Resources defense Council . Beach hammel Beach Rd. Mcsauba Beach tannery Park Whiting Park Beach Young State Park Beach Mackinaw City Lighthouse Park Wawatam City Park Cheboygan City Park Cheboygan State Park duncan Bay Tier 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 Monitoring Frequency 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 3/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 3/wk 3/wk 3/wk 3/wk Total Samples 13 13 13 10 15 15 14 14 14 14 1 13 14 13 15 14 13 12 14 14 15 14 14 14 10 11 11 11 10 10 11 10 10 10 10 10 10 13 12 5 5 Percent exceedance 0% 0% 0% 0% 7% 7% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 10% 9% 9% 9% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 23% 8% 0% 0% Mi. Access Lanse Waterfront Park Brissette Beach township Park South Linwood Beach township Park Bay City State Recreation Area Pinconning Park Wenona Beach Frankfort: Anchor Rd Beach Cherry Beach Grand Beach hagar township Park harbert Beach Jean Klock Park Lincoln township Park Lions Park Michiana village new Buffalo City Rocky Gap Silver Beach tiscornia Park Warren dunes Beach Weko Beach Ferry Beach east Jordan Bridge norwood Park Peninsula Beach depot Beach east Jordan tourist Park elm Point Beach Fisherman’s island State Park Lake Michigan Beach Mt.Testing the Waters 2007 County Arenac Arenac Arenac Baraga Bay Bay Bay Bay Bay Benzie Berrien Berrien Berrien Berrien Berrien Berrien Berrien Berrien Berrien Berrien Berrien Berrien Berrien Berrien Charlevoix Charlevoix Charlevoix Charlevoix Charlevoix Charlevoix Charlevoix Charlevoix Charlevoix Charlevoix Charlevoix Charlevoix Charlevoix Cheboygan Cheboygan Cheboygan Cheboygan Beach Arenac County Park Bessinger Rd.

harbor Springs east Bay Beach At traverse City State Park Bryant Park Beach Clinch Park Milliken Beach West end Beach east Bay Park Agate Beach Chassell Beach hancock City Beach houghton City Beach Lake Linden Campground Beach Mclain State Park Beach Sandy Bottom Beach Bird Creek County Park Caseville County Park harbor Beach City Park Jenks County Park Lighthouse County Park Mcgraw County Park Tier 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 Monitoring Frequency 3/wk 3/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk Total Samples 5 5 21 17 17 17 16 17 18 3 3 13 12 11 11 11 11 11 10 10 10 10 16 15 14 15 15 5 10 10 11 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 Percent exceedance 0% 0% 10% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 23% 17% 9% 9% 9% 9% 9% 0% 0% 0% 0% 19% 13% 7% 7% 7% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 3/wk 3/wk 3/wk 3/wk 1/wk 3/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk none 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk Mi.Testing the Waters 2007 County Cheboygan Cheboygan Chippewa Chippewa Chippewa Chippewa Chippewa Chippewa Chippewa delta delta emmet emmet emmet emmet emmet emmet emmet emmet emmet emmet emmet Grand traverse Grand traverse Grand traverse Grand traverse Grand traverse Grand traverse houghton houghton houghton houghton houghton houghton houghton huron huron huron huron huron huron Beach ditta Park Mill Creek Public Access Sugar island township Park Bayview Campground Big Pines Beach Brimley State Park detour Albany Beach Four Mile Beach Sherman Park escanaba Bathing Beach Gladstone Bathing Beach/van Cleve Park Wilderness State Park Cross village Beach Mackinaw City Beach #1 Mackinaw City Beach #2 Petoskey State Park thorne Swift Preserve Zoll Street Beach Magnus Park Middle village Park Readmond township Beach Zorn Park .4 natural Resources defense Council .

day Use Sleeper State Park thompson Park Alabaster township Ausable township Park east tawas City Park M-dot Roadside Park oscoda township Beach tawas City Park tawas Point State Park Campground tawas Point State Park-day Use Area eagle harbor Beach empire Municipal Beach northport Bay Suttons Bay Park Us 2 Roadside east of Brevort Scs Blossom heath Beach new Baltimore Park Beach hcma .5 natural Resources defense Council .Testing the Waters 2007 County huron huron huron huron huron huron iosco iosco iosco iosco iosco iosco iosco iosco Keweenaw Leelanau Leelanau Leelanau Mackinac Macomb Macomb Macomb Macomb Manistee Manistee Manistee Manistee Manistee Manistee Manistee Manistee Manistee Marquette Marquette Marquette Marquette Marquette Mason Mason Mason Mason Beach oak Beach County Park Philp County Park Port Crescent State Park .Metropolitan Beach Metropark St. Clair Shores Memorial Park Beach Magoon Creek onekama township Beach Sundling Park Arcadia Park Bar Lake outlet Fifth Avenue Beach First Street Beach orchard Beach State Park Pierport township Beach Marquette South Beach Mccartys Cove north Beach north of Picnic Rocks Picnic Rocks Bass Lake outlet Beach Buttersville Park Beach Ludington State Park Campground Beach South Pier Beach Tier 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 Monitoring Frequency 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 3/wk 3/wk 3/wk 1/wk 2/wk 2/wk 2/wk 2/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk Total Samples 10 10 10 10 10 10 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 10 14 14 14 9 46 46 48 46 11 11 11 10 10 10 10 10 10 13 13 13 13 13 10 9 10 10 Percent exceedance 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 20% 9% 6% 4% 9% 9% 9% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% Mi.Camping Area Port Crescent State Park .

Campground Pj hoffmaster State Park .6 natural Resources defense Council .Testing the Waters 2007 County Mason Mason Mason Menominee Menominee Monroe Monroe Monroe Monroe Monroe Muskegon Muskegon Muskegon Muskegon Muskegon Muskegon Muskegon Muskegon Muskegon Muskegon Muskegon Muskegon oceana oceana oceana oceana oceana oceana ontonagon ontonagon ottawa ottawa ottawa ottawa ottawa ottawa ottawa ottawa ottawa Presque isle Presque isle Beach South Summit Beach Sterns Park Beach Summit township Beach henes Park Memorial Beach estral Beach Luna Pier City Beach north Cape Yacht Club Sterling State Park Woodland Beach Bronson/Kruse Park duck Lake Channel Beach Lake harbor Park Lighthouse/Sylvan Beach Medbury Park Beach Meinert County Park Muskegon State Park old Channel Beach Pere Marquette Park Pioneer County Park Pj hoffmaster State Park .Public Beach Area Whiskey Creek Claybanks township Park Lighthouse Beach At Silver Lake State Park Mears State Park Silver Creek Channel Stony Lake Channel ontonagon township Park And Campground Porcupine Mountains State Park Kirk Park Kouw Park tunnel Park Windsnest Park Grand haven City Beach Grand haven State Park holland State Park north Beach Park Rosy Mound Recreation Area hoeft State Park-South Lakeside Park(Rogers City) Tier 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 Monitoring Frequency 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 3/wk 3/wk Total Samples 10 10 10 18 17 5 7 5 5 6 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 9 5 5 5 10 10 10 10 10 10 11 10 14 15 15 15 14 14 14 14 14 5 5 Percent exceedance 0% 0% 0% 11% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 10% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 7% 7% 7% 7% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% Mi.

However. Michigan state law recommends but does not require monitoring of beachwater quality. Total closing and advisory days for events lasting six consecutive weeks or less decreased 47 percent to 124 in 2006 from 234 in 2005. takes weather. Closing/Advisory issuance: Closings and advisories are issued without resampling.7 natural Resources defense Council . then decreased again to 124 days in 2006. There were one extended and three permanent advisory and closing events in Michigan in 2006 compared to no extended and one permanent advisory/closing event in 2005. Closings and advisories at Michigan’s Tier 1 beaches decreased from 244 days in 2004 to 234 days in 2005. with 100 days in 2005 compared to 31 days in 2006. the law requires signs to be posted at the main entrance of public beaches telling the public whether the beach is tested for swimmer Mi.Testing the Waters 2007 County Presque isle Sanilac Sanilac Sanilac Sanilac Schoolcraft St Clair St Clair St Clair St Clair St Clair St Clair St Clair St Clair St Clair St Clair St Clair St Clair St Clair St Clair van Buren van Buren van Buren van Buren Wayne Wayne Beach Presque isle harbor Beach Lexington County Park Forester County Park Lexington Beach Port Sanilac Park Rogers Beach Chrysler Park Beach Conger-Lighthouse Beach Keewadhin Road Beach holland Road Beach Lakeside Beach Washington Street Park Burtchville township Park Jeddo Road Beach Krafft Road Beach Lakeport State Campground Lakeport State Park Marine City Beach Marine City diving Area Metcalf Road Beach van Buren State Park Beach Covert township Park Beach South haven north Beach South haven South Beach Crescent Sail Yacht Club Pier Park Tier 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 Monitoring Frequency 3/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 2/wk 2/wk Total Samples 5 6 6 6 6 9 15 15 17 16 16 16 15 14 12 15 15 15 15 12 13 13 10 12 40 44 Percent exceedance 0% 17% 0% 0% 0% 0% 13% 13% 12% 6% 6% 6% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 8% 0% 0% 0% 35% 16% Closings and Advisories Twenty advisories and 33 closures were issued at Great Lakes beaches in Michigan in 2006. The greatest decrease in closing and advisory days was in Arenac County. factors other than sample exceedance can be considered before issuing a closing or advisory in some counties. runoff. for example.3 Bay County. This steady decrease in closing and advisory days from 2004 to 2006 occurred despite a small increase in the monitoring frequency of these beaches over that time period. However. and known causes of contamination into account before issuing closings and advisories.

must be made available to the public. Monitoring results for Michigan beaches that are monitored using funds received through a federal BEACH Act grant. the monitoring frequency of a beach that has been closed or placed under advisory can be increased. Beach Singing Bridge Beach twining Rd. 2006 Michigan Great lakes Beach Closings/Advisories County Allegan Antrim Arenac Arenac Arenac Arenac Arenac Arenac Arenac Bay Bay Charlevoix Charlevoix Charlevoix Charlevoix Cheboygan Chippewa emmet emmet emmet emmet emmet emmet emmet emmet Beach Name West Side County Park Beach Banks twp. and if monitoring is performed. beach operator. However. Reopening Procedures: Depending on the local health department. the law recommends but does not require public notification. Beach Foster Rd. even if state bacterial standards are exceeded. Causes of Closings/Advisories: All 124 of closing and advisory days in 2006 were due to monitoring that revealed elevated bacteria levels from unknown sources of contamination. Park dyer Rd.1 The law also gives local health officers the authority to test beachwater for swimmer safety. city. however.Testing the Waters 2007 safety and where the results can be obtained. village. or township in which the bathing beach is located. Instead. Long stretches of beach or beaches at road ends that are not advertised as public bathing beaches do not need to have advisory signs posted. the results must be directly communicated within 36 hours to the Michigan Department of Environmental Quality as well as to the beach owner. it allows the health officer to petition the circuit court of the county for an injunction ordering the beach to be closed. and the public must be notified when an advisory is issued or a beach is closed. Beaches are reopened when standards are met. Closings and advisories can be issued for a section of a beach instead of a whole beach. natural Resources defense Council . Beach Whites Beach Whites Beach Whites Beach Brissette Beach township Park South Linwood Beach township Park Ferry Beach Fisherman’s island State Park norwood Park Peninsula Beach Mackinaw City Lighthouse Park Sugar island township Park Cross village Beach Cross village Beach Mackinaw City Beach #1 Mackinaw City Beach #2 Petoskey State Park thorne Swift Preserve Wilderness State Park Wilderness State Park Start Date 7/18 8/16 7/19 8/30 7/19 7/19 6/28 7/25 8/9 7/19 8/22 8/2 8/8 8/8 8/2 7/26 6/7 7/25 8/15 7/19 7/25 8/15 7/25 7/19 7/31 end Date 7/19 8/18 7/20 9/1 7/28 7/27 6/29 7/28 8/16 7/20 8/23 8/4 8/9 8/11 8/4 8/1 12/31 7/26 8/17 7/20 7/26 8/17 7/26 7/20 8/3 Reason Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Prempt-sew Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Source (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) Sanitary-sew-over (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) Mi.

Clair Shores Memorial Park Beach Magoon Creek onekama township Beach Sundling Park Whiskey Creek Kirk Park Kouw Park tunnel Park Windsnest Park Port Sanilac Park Chrysler Park Beach Chrysler Park Beach holland Road Beach Keewadhin Road Beach Keewadhin Road Beach Lakeside Beach Washington Street Park van Buren State Park Beach Crescent Sail Yacht Club 8/15 7/19 6/29 8/15 8/31 8/3 9/12 6/27 8/15 7/13 7/18 7/18 7/18 7/11 6/22 6/22 6/22 6/22 7/11 7/13 7/27 8/16 7/11 8/1 8/16 8/1 6/20 6/8 8/17 7/20 6/30 8/16 9/1 8/4 12/31 8/10 9/14 7/14 7/20 7/20 7/20 7/13 6/23 6/23 6/23 6/23 7/14 7/14 7/28 8/17 7/13 8/2 8/17 8/2 6/21 12/31 Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) Abbreviations used: Bacteria. 3 Shannon Briggs.Metropolitan Beach Metropark new Baltimore Park Beach new Baltimore Park Beach Scs Blossom heath Beach Scs Blossom heath Beach St. not dated. personal communication. natural Resources defense Council . October 2006. sanitary sewer overflow.1062 of the Part 4. Subrule 62(1). of the Natural Resources and Environmental Protection Act. Mi. as amended. monitoring that revealed high bacteria levels. Notes 1 Michigan Department of Environmental Quality. CU965106. Annual Report for the Beach Act Program Implementation Grant. Preempt-sew. MDEQ. Implementing the BEACH Act of 2000 (Report to Congress).Metropolitan Beach Metropark hcma . 4 Michigan Regulation 323.Metropolitan Beach Metropark hcma . 2 United States Environmental Protection Agency. Water Quality Standards (WQS) promulgated under Part 31. (?). Sanitary-sewover. 1994 PA 451. June 2007. preemptive due to sewage discharge or spill. unknown. Water Resources Protection.Testing the Waters 2007 emmet emmet Macomb Macomb Macomb Macomb Macomb Macomb Macomb Macomb Manistee Manistee Manistee oceana ottawa ottawa ottawa ottawa Sanilac St Clair St Clair St Clair St Clair St Clair St Clair St Clair van Buren Wayne Wilderness State Park Zoll Street Beach hcma .

and Park Point New Duluth Boat Club Boat Landing/14th Street Beach2) were under advisory for most of June. In 2006. Pk Pt Boat Club/14th St. coli Standards: Since 2003. but are not covered under the BEACH Act or in this report. Pk Pt 20th/Hearding Is. Minnesota received a $204. have limited access. In Minnesota. representing 30 beach miles. Duluth (15%). and private and public organizations in the region to achieve the objectives For Tier  beaches only.390 grant in 2007. which resulted in a quiet summer for beach advisories. and have few if any potential sources of pollution in the area. from the week before Memorial Day to the week after Labor Day. Samples are received by the lab within six hours of being taken. and results are available 24 to 48 hours after that. Duluth (32%). Minnesota has been using the BEACH Act–required E. and August. beaches are prioritized based on the potential for impacts from storm water runoff. The remaining 40 beaches (Tier 3). There were few wind and rain events during the 2006 season. nine beaches were assigned high priority (Tier 1) and were sampled twice a week (on Mondays and Thursdays). but does post advisories after known sewage overflows or other events that are considered likely to result in high bacteria levels. and St. the Tier 1 beaches with the highest percent exceedances were Park Point. Louis. followed by St. natural Resources defense Council . coli standards (an instantaneous single- sample standard of 235 cfu/100ml and a geometric mean of 126 cfu/100ml for the five most recent samples collected during a 30-day period) for making advisory decisions. Practice: The sampling method is to collect the samples at a depth of six to 12 inches in water that is knee deep. 2 percent in 2005. forty-nine percent (39) of Minnesota’s public Great Lakes beaches. Lake.2 Nearly all of the sampling exceedances were for beaches in the Duluth area. Louis County. Park Point 20th Street/Hearding Island Canal Beach. Southworth Marsh. Standards indicator organism: E. Inland lakes in Minnesota are subject to more recreational water contact than Lake Superior. The federal grants fully fund the Minnesota beach monitoring and notification program. were not sampled. and Duluth (41%). Each county monitors about half of its Great Lakes public beaches at least once a week. Three of the monitored beaches in the Duluth area (Park Point Southworth Marsh Beach. Minnesota has no preemptive standards. all in St. July. MPCA partners with the Department of Natural Resources. Only three counties in Minnesota borincreased to 4 percent in 2006 from der Lake Superior: St. which typically receive sporadic use. Louis Bay. NRDC looked at the percent of monitoring samples that exceeded Minnesota’s daily maximum bacterial standards. In 2006. MN. the percent of samples exceeding the standard increased to 14 percent in 2006 from 12 percent in 2005. Thirty beaches were assigned medium priority (Tier 2) and were sampled once a week (on Mondays). Minnesota has approximately 58 public of samples exceeding the standard beach miles in a total of 79 public beaches along the Lake Superior coastline.Testing the Waters 2007 MiNNeSoTA The Minnesota Lake Superior Beach Monitoring Program is administered by the Minnesota Pollution Control Agency (MPCA). and the location of wastewater treatment outfalls and farms.440 federal BEACH Act grant in 2006 and is eligible for a $204. Results: For the second consecutive year. For Tier 1 beaches only. were monitored at least once a week in 2006. Louis Bay.1 Minnesota does not issue beach closures. its policy is to issue advisories only. the percent of the program. and Cook counties. bather and waterfowl loads. the county health departments.2 Monitoring Frequency: As in 2005.

Paradise Beach ne of Grand Marais Beach: Lk Sup.5 Mi ne of Silver Bay Tier 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 Monitoring Frequency 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk Total Samples 18 18 17 17 17 17 17 17 16 17 17 17 18 19 17 16 17 16 17 17 17 Percent exceedance 6% 6% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 12% 6% 6% 5% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% MN. and Lake counties (64%). Cook County had the highest percentage of beaches with no exceedances (80%). Burlington Bay in two harbors Beach: Lk Sup. Flood Bay 1 Mi ne of two harbors Beach: Lk Sup. temperance R St Pk 1 Mi ne of Schroeder Beach: Lk Sup.5 Mi SW of Schroeder Beach: Lk Sup. Split Rock R Mouth 16. old Shore Road ne of Grand Marais Beach: Lk Sup. Grand Marais Campground in Grand Marais Beach: Lk Sup. Schroeder town Park in Schroeder Beach: Lk Sup. Agate Bay At Boat Landing in two harbors Beach: Lk Sup.Testing the Waters 2007 Seventy percent of all monitored beaches did not exceed the standard for any sample taken in 2006.2 natural Resources defense Council . durfee Ck Mouth ne of Grand Marais Beach: Lk Sup. Stewart R Mouth 3 Mi ne of two harbors Beach: Lk Sup. followed by St. monitoring frequency. Gooseberry Falls St Pk 13 Mi ne two harbors Beach: Lk Sup. Kadunce Ck Mouth 8 Mi ne of Grand Marais Beach: Lk Sup. Louis (72%). 2006 Monitoring Frequency and Results by Beach County Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Lake Lake Lake Lake Lake Lake Lake Lake Lake Lake Lake Beach Beach: Lk Sup.5 Mi ne of two harbors Beach: Lk Sup. Beaches are grouped by county and ranked in descending order by percent exceedance. The table below lists the tier status. Sugarloaf Cove 4. Knife R Marina SW of two harbors Beach: Lk Sup. Silver Bay Marina in Silver Bay Beach: Lk Sup. Cutface Ck Wayside 5 Mi SW of Grand Marais Beach: Lk Sup. Split Rock Lthouse St Pk 20 Mi ne two harbors Beach: Lk Sup. and percent of samples exceeding the standard for all beaches reported in 2006. Grand Marais downtown/Marina in Grand Marais Beach: Lk Sup. tettegouche St Pk 4. twin Points Pub Access 15 Mi ne two harbors Beach: Lk Sup.

Boy Scout Landing. Louis Bay. Clyde Av Landing. Pk Pt 20th/ hearding is. French R Mouth ne of duluth Beach: Lk Sup St. Brighton Beach (Kitchi Gammi Pk) in duluth Beach: Lk Sup. Park Point At Beach house in duluth Beach: Lk Sup.3 natural Resources defense Council . The number of advisory events lasting longer than six consecutive weeks remained unchanged in 2005 and 2006 at four. and no factors other than an exceedance are taken into account before issuing an advisory. Lester R Mouth in duluth Beach: Lk Sup. from 143 days in 2005 to 73 days in 2006. No resampling is done before the advisory is issued. duluth Beach: Lk Sup. Bluebird Landing ne of duluth Beach: Lk Sup. duluth Beach: Lk Sup. duluth Beach: Lk Sup. Smithville Beach: Lk Sup. rather than sections of a beach. the public is immediately notified with news releases. MN. Louis R est. Park Point At 13th Street in duluth Beach: Lk Sup. Sky harbor Lot duluth Beach: Lk Sup St.Testing the Waters 2007 County St Louis St Louis St Louis St Louis St Louis St Louis St Louis St Louis St Louis St Louis St Louis St Louis St Louis St Louis St Louis St Louis St Louis St Louis Beach Beach: Lk Sup. Pk Pt Boat Club/ 14th St. duluth Beach: Lk Sup. Advisories at Minnesota’s eight Tier 1 beaches decreased from 122 days in 2004 to 120 days in 2005.org). Louis Bay.2 When a sample exceeds either bacteria criterion (either a single sample or the geometric mean of the most recent five samples in a 30-day period2). Large portable orange and white hazard signs with reflective material are posted in high-traffic areas of the beach.MNBeaches. Park Point. Canal Pk. duluth Beach: Lk Sup St. duluth Lakewalk east/16th Ave e. Louis R est. then decreased again to 65 days in 2006. Southworth Marsh. duluth Beach: Lk Sup. new duluth Beach: Lk Sup St. web updates (www. The overall monitoring frequency at Minnesota’s Tier 1 beaches was unchanged over the time period during which this overall decrease in advisory days occurred. Total advisory days for events lasting six consecutive weeks or less decreased 50 percent. Advisory issuance: Advisories are issued for an entire beach. Park Point. 42nd Avenue in duluth Beach: Lk Sup. duluth Lk Walk Rest Rooms. St. Pk Point. Louis Bay. Lafayette Community Club. Stony Point ne of duluth Tier 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 1 2 2 2 1 1 1 2 Monitoring Frequency 2/wk 2/wk 2/wk 2/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 2/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 2/wk 2/wk 2/wk 1/wk Total Samples 63 65 60 47 19 44 17 37 16 17 44 17 17 17 44 44 44 17 Percent exceedance 41% 32% 15% 6% 5% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% Advisories Minnesota issued 16 advisories in 2006. emails. and phone calls. Leif erikson Park in duluth Beach: Lk Sup.

Louis Bay. Minnesota Pollution Control Agency. Louis Bay. 2006 Minnesota Great lakes Beach Advisories County Cook Cook Lake Lake St Louis St Louis St Louis St Louis St Louis St Louis St Louis St Louis St Louis St Louis St Louis St Louis Beach Name Beach: Lk Sup. Pk Pt Boat Club/14th St. Causes of Advisories: All advisory days for events lasting six consecutive weeks or less in 2006 were due to monitoring that revealed elevated bacteria levels. personal communication. St. duluth Beach: Lk Sup. (?). Louis Bay. Knife R Marina SW of two harbors Beach: Lk Sup. a news release goes out.Testing the Waters 2007 Reopening Procedures: The site is resampled as soon as possible. Louis Bay. Louis Bay. duluth Beach: Lk Sup. Manager of the Minnesota Lake Superior Beach Monitoring Program. Park Point. duluth Beach: Lk Sup. Park Point. duluth Start Date 8/22 9/12 8/1 8/1 6/16 8/11 9/19 9/15 10/10 8/1 6/9 9/1 8/11 8/29 10/24 6/20 end Date 8/23 9/13 8/3 8/3 8/9 8/16 10/12 9/16 10/12 8/3 8/22 9/15 8/23 10/12 11/1 8/9 Reason Source Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria (?) (?) other other (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) other (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) Abbreviations used: Bacteria. French R Mouth ne of duluth Beach: Lk Sup. MN. Canal Pk. and appropriate phone calls are made). Canal Pk. duluth Lk Walk Rest Rooms. May 8. Pk Pt Boat Club/14th St. monitoring that revealed high bacteria levels. duluth Lk Walk Rest Rooms. durfee Ck Mouth ne of Grand Marais Beach: Lk Sup. The “all clear” is issued through the same steps as the advisory (signs are removed. Southworth Marsh. St. duluth Beach: Lk Sup St. all of which were due to unknown or “other” sources of contamination. St. Pk Pt Boat Club/14th St. February 2007. duluth Beach: Lk Sup. Southworth Marsh. St. and daily (Monday through Thursday) sampling con- tinues until the site meets the water quality standards. Louis Bay. duluth Beach: Lk Sup. Pk Pt 20th/hearding is. Pk Pt 20th/hearding is. duluth Beach: Lk Sup. Minnesota Pollution Control Agency.4 natural Resources defense Council . Louis Bay. Pk Pt 20th/hearding is. 2007. 2 Heidi Bauman. Notes 1 Lake Superior Beach Monitoring and Notification Program Annual Report Beach Season 2006. Split Rock Lthouse St Pk 20 Mi ne two harbors Beach: Lk Sup St. Pk Pt 20th/hearding is. duluth Beach: Lk Sup. old Shore Road ne of Grand Marais Beach: Lk Sup. duluth Beach: Lk Sup St. duluth Beach: Lk Sup. unknown.

Testing the Waters 2007 MiSSiSSiPPi The Mississippi Department of Environmental Quality in conjunction with the State Beach Monitoring Task Force conducts Mississippi’s beachwater quality monitoring program. Beaches are grouped by county and ranked in descending order by percent exceedance. these beaches are monitored once a week.000 of in-kind services provided by the state. and of samples exceeding the standard Jackson. monitoring frequency. The state reports that these 22 beaches represent 43 miles of coastline and 100 percent of the state’s beaches. Swimmers are particularly advised to avoid swimming near stormdrains. The table on the following page lists the tier status. and percent of samples exceeding the standard for all beaches reported in 2006. NRDC looked at the percent of monitoring samples that exceeded Mississippi’s daily maximum bacterial standards. Harrison. Practice: Samples are taken mid–water column at wading depth (approximately 0. natural Resources defense Council . Fourteen other beaches or sections of beaches were closed throughout 2006 because of debris in the water due to the hurricane. Beaches in Hancock County remain closed in 2007 due to debris in the water from the hurricane. the percent of samples exceeding the standard decreased to 9 percent in 2006 from 23 percent in 2005. In addition to the BEACH Act grant monies. Results: For the second consecutive year. as required by the BEACH Act. Only one beach (Pass Christian West Beach in Harrison County) did not exceed the standard for any sample taken in 2006. Monitoring Frequency: In 2006. The state reports that it has 22 beaches stretching along 43 miles of Gulf coastline and that all of its beaches are For Tier  beaches only. Mississippi’s Beach Monitoring Program is supported by approximately $40. and (3) the beach ranking. In 2006. Tier 1 beaches are monitored 10 times a month during the recreational season and Tier 2 beaches are monitored once a week during the recreational season. Mississippi reported 16 Tier 1 beaches and six Tier 2 beaches in 2006. The frequency of monitoring is based on (1) the period of recreational use.1 Standards indicator organisms: Enterococcus Standards: Mississippi reported a marine and estuarine enterococcus single-sample maximum standard of 104 cfu/100 ml. The beaches are monitored year-round but more monitoring is done during the recreational season. there is a standing advisory against swimming at beaches for 24 hours following a significant rainfall (characterized by noticeable runoff ). Mississippi monitored 22 beaches at least once a week. Mississippi issues both advisories and closings for its beaches. During the remainder of the year. the beaches west of Front Beach in Ocean Springs were closed due to Hurricane Katrina.510 federal BEACH Act grant in 2006 and is eligible for a $257. (2) the nature and extent of use during each period. and 2 p.5 m) between the hours of 8 a. Lab results are usually available 24 hours after samples are received.m. Throughout 2006. the Tier 1 beaches with the highest percent exceedances were Gulfport East Beach in Harrison County (34%). and Pascagoula Beach West in Jackson County (16%).720 grant in 2007.m. which decreased to  percent in 2006 from extends from May through October. For Tier 1 beaches only. MS. Beaches are closed if there is a known sewage spill. 23 percent in 2005. Counties involved are Hancock. Sampling is conducted Monday through Thursday. and six beaches in Jackson County were closed during the first half of the 2006 recreational season. Mississippi also has preemptive standards. which are present at nearly all of Mississippi’s Gulf Coast beaches. the percent monitored. Mississippi received a $257.

the monitoring frequency is increased until standards are met and the beach is reopened. When a sample exceedance is discovered.Testing the Waters 2007 2006 Monitoring Frequency and Results by Beach County hancock hancock hancock harrison harrison harrison harrison harrison harrison harrison harrison harrison harrison harrison Jackson Jackson Jackson Jackson Jackson Jackson Beach Waveland Beach Buccaneer State Park Beach Bay St. Closing and Advisory issuance: Mississippi issues an advisory if the standard is exceeded. Andrews Beach Shearwater Beach Front Beach Pascagoula Beach east Tier 2 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 1 2 1 1 1 Monitoring Frequency 1/wk 1/wk 10/mo 10/mo 10/mo 10/mo 10/mo 10/mo 10/mo 10/mo 10/mo 10/mo 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 10/mo 1/wk 10/mo 10/mo 10/mo Total Samples 50 49 66 89 88 88 88 87 88 89 89 89 49 49 51 92 48 89 88 91 Percent exceedance 14% 6% 3% 34% 9% 8% 8% 7% 7% 7% 6% 6% 2% 0% 20% 16% 8% 8% 6% 3% Closings and Advisories Twenty-one beach closures were issued in Mississippi in 2006. MS.1 Causes of Closings and Advisories: All beach closure days in 2006 were preemptive due to debris in the water from Hurricane Katrina. the overall monitoring frequency at these beaches was steady. All 21 closure events were considered permanent in 2006 compared to no permanent advisory or closure events in 2005. Other factors are not taken into account before issuing the advisory. Total closure days for events lasting six consecutive weeks or less decreased 100 percent. Closings and advisories lasting six consecutive weeks or less at Mississippi’s 15 Tier 1 beaches increased from 17 days in 2004 to 40 days in 2005.2 natural Resources defense Council . then decreased to zero days in 2006. Louis Beach Gulfport east Beach Biloxi east Beach Biloxi east Central Beach Long Beach Pass Christian east Beach Gulport Central Beach Gulfport harbor Beach Biloxi West Central Beach Gulfport West Beach Pass Christian Central Beach Pass Christian West Beach Gulf Park estates Beach Pascagoula Beach West St. During the time period over which this overall decrease in closing and advisory days occurred. an advisory is immediately placed on the beach monitoring website and a press release is issued from the Mississippi Department of Environmental Quality. from 41 days in 2005 to zero days in 2006.1 Reopening Procedures: Once a beach is placed under advisory. all of which were due to debris in the water from Hurricane Katrina. Advisories are issued for the entire beach if an exceedance is found.

3 natural Resources defense Council . Regional Biologist. Andrews Beach Start Date 1/1 1/1 1/1 1/1 1/1 1/1 1/1 1/1 1/1 1/1 1/1 1/1 1/1 1/1 1/1 1/1 1/1 1/1 1/1 1/1 1/1 end Date 12/31 12/31 12/31 12/31 12/31 12/31 12/31 12/31 12/31 12/31 12/31 12/31 12/31 12/31 12/31 7/7 7/7 7/7 7/7 7/7 7/7 Reason Prempt-other Prempt-other Prempt-other Prempt-other Prempt-other Prempt-other Prempt-other Prempt-other Prempt-other Prempt-other Prempt-other Prempt-other Prempt-other Prempt-other Prempt-other Prempt-other Prempt-other Prempt-other Prempt-other Prempt-other Prempt-other Source other other other other other other other other other other other other other other other other other other other other other Abbreviations used: Preempt-other. June 2007. preemptive due to reasons not listed here. personal communication.Testing the Waters 2007 2006 Mississippi Coastal Beach Closings County hancock hancock hancock harrison harrison harrison harrison harrison harrison harrison harrison harrison harrison harrison harrison Jackson Jackson Jackson Jackson Jackson Jackson Beach Name Bay St. Notes 1 Emily Cotton. Mississippi Department of Environmental Quality. MS. Louis Beach Buccaneer State Park Beach Waveland Beach Biloxi east Beach Biloxi east Central Beach Biloxi West Beach Biloxi West Central Beach Gulfport east Beach Gulfport harbor Beach Gulfport West Beach Gulport Central Beach Long Beach Pass Christian Central Beach Pass Christian east Beach Pass Christian West Beach Front Beach Gulf Park estates Beach Pascagoula Beach east Pascagoula Beach West Shearwater Beach St.

Testing the Waters 2007 NeW HAMPSHiRe New Hampshire has 18 miles of coastline along the Atlantic Ocean. or pollution event. and Tier 3 beaches are those that have minimal to no public health risk. Beaches in New Hampshire are ranked into three tiers based on pollution threats. Coastal tourism contributes $4.660 grant in 2007. representing all of the state’s Tier 2 beaches. Tier 1 and Tier 2 beaches shorter than 100 feet are sampled in two locations. Star Island Beach. In addition to routine monitoring. Tier 3 beaches longer than 100 feet are sampled in two NH. natural Resources defense Council . Most of the coastal beach advisories issued in 2006 coincided with a heavy rainfall event in July.530 federal BEACH Act grant in 2006 and is eligible for a $204.1 Monitoring Frequency: In 2006. New Hampshire received a $204. all of which are in Rockingham County. were monitored at least once per week. sewage spill.700 jobs. Additional sampling is recommended if waterfowl congregate at a beach that may be impacted by marinas. of samples exceeding the standard The monitoring season extends from May through Labor Day. The Department of Environmental Services uses preemptive standards for chronic advisory freshwater lakes and is currently working on a model for coastal waters that would provide data for creating predictive models for issuing preemptive coastal advisories. Practice: Samples are taken in knee-deep water on weekdays. Tier 2 beaches are those where an actual or potential public health risk exists. New Hampshire uses E. the coastline measures 100 miles. These beaches stretch along nearly eight miles of coastline. Standards indicator organisms: Enterococcus for coastal beaches.1 billion to the state’s economy. coli as an indicator organism and mandates an advisory if visible toxic cyanobacterial scum is present.1 It is New Hampshire’s policy to issue beach advisories only and not closings. each of which is a third of the distance from the end of the beach. the department monitored water quality at 15 marine beaches weekly or biweekly. were monitored at least two times a week. Tier 1 beaches are those where actual public health risks exist and the beach has been listed as impaired. For freshwater beaches. generating 66. 47 percent (7) beaches. was not monitored. coli and cyanobacteria (blue-green algae) for freshwater beaches Standards: For ocean and bay waters. Another 47 percent (7). E. Only a portion of the coastline is accessible beach. the percent one of the 16 coastal beaches in the state are monitored. Of the 15 monitored beaches. Tier 1 and Tier 2 beaches that are located on a flowing body of water are sampled upstream. a Tier 3 beach that is only accessible by boat. Tier 1 and Tier 2 beaches longer than 100 feet are sampled at the left edge. Including Great Bay and the estuarine Piscatagua River.  percent in 2005. One Tier 3 beach was monitored twice per month. and at the center of the beach. and right edge of the beach. and monitoring data. New Hampshire has adopted these state water quality standards through legislation. New Hampshire also monitors water quality at its increased to 3 percent in 2006 from freshwater beaches. Freshwater beaches are assigned to Tier IV (or Tier V if they are at youth recreation camps). All but For Tier  beaches only. additional sampling is required when there is a heavy bather load. The New Hampshire Department of Environmental Services monitors its Atlantic coast beaches to determine the suitability of its waters for swimming. Generally. Coastal areas identified as secondary-contact recreation areas are not considered to be beaches and are not assigned a tier ranking. sanitary survey information. center. New Hampshire uses the BEACH Act-mandated enterococcus single-sample maxi- mum of 104 cfu/100 ml and geometric mean of 35 cfu/100 ml. representing all of the state’s Tier 1 beaches. sampling results are known 24 hours after samples are delivered to the lab. downstream. exposure conditions.

Advisory issuance: In New Hampshire. and percent of samples exceeding the standard for all beaches reported in 2006.2 New Hampshire’s water quality standards allow for the use of both the NH. Advisories at New Hampshire’s seven Tier 1 beaches decreased from two days in 2004 to one day in 2005. Six beaches (Foss Beach. Sun Valley Beach.2 natural Resources defense Council .2 Results: For the second consecutive year. Beaches are grouped by county and ranked in descending order by percent exceedance. The table below lists the tier status. and Tier 3 beaches on a flowing body of water or shorter than 100 feet are sampled once at the center. North Beach. beaches have a sign saying they are open if they are sampled at least as frequently as the state requires beaches in their tier to be sampled if they are meeting water quality standards. Jenness Beach Sp (7%). Total advisory days increased from 1 in 2005 to 23 in 2006. Beaches that do not meet the minimum sampling requirements for their tier have a sign saying they are not monitored. and State Beach (6%). then increased to 17 days in 2006. and Wallis Sands SP) did not exceed the standard for any sample taken in 2006. and beaches that do not meet the state standards for acceptable bacteria levels and/or have a toxic cyanobacterial scum (freshwater only) have a sign saying that the beach is under advisory. Hampton Beach SP. 2006 Monitoring Frequency and Results by Beach County Rockingham Rockingham Rockingham Rockingham Rockingham Rockingham Rockingham Rockingham Rockingham Rockingham Rockingham Rockingham Rockingham Rockingham Rockingham Beach Pirates Cove Beach Jenness Beach Sp Sawyer Beach State Beach Seabrook harbor Beach new Castle tb Seabrook tb Bass Beach Cable Beach Foss Beach hampton Beach Sp north Beach northside Park Sun valley Beach Wallis Sands Sp Tier 2 2 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 3 1 2 2 2 2 Monitoring Frequency 1/wk 1/wk 2/wk 2/wk 2/wk 2/wk 1/wk 2/wk 2/wk 2/mo 2/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk Total Samples 45 45 84 84 78 87 45 78 81 21 130 42 42 28 45 Percent exceedance 9% 7% 6% 6% 3% 2% 2% 1% 1% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% Advisories New Hampshire issued six beach advisories in 2006. the Tier 1 beaches with the highest percent exceedances were Pirates Cove Beach (9%). NRDC looked at the percent of monitoring samples that exceeded New Hampshire’s daily maximum bacterial standards. For Tier 1 beaches only. Nearly all of the 2006 advisory days followed a single significant rain event in July. Sawyer Beach (6%). In 2006. the percent of samples exceeding the standard increased to 3 percent in 2006 from 1 percent in 2005. This overall increase in advisory days from 2004 to 2006 may be due in part to an increase in monitoring frequency of Tier 1 beaches over that time period. each of which is a third of the distance from the end of the beach.Testing the Waters 2007 locations. Northside Park. monitoring frequency.

In addition to monitoring results. Causes of Advisories: All advisory days in 2006 were due to monitoring that revealed elevated bacteria levels. 2 New Hampshire Department of Environmental Services.Stormwater Abbreviations used: Bacteria. However. single-sample values are typically used to post advisories. unknown. which are solicited on its website.1 When a sample exceeds the standard.Stormwater (?) (?). the state is guided in its advisory issuance by illness complaints. officials notify other state and local government agencies without resampling. NHDES Beach Program Tiered Monitoring Plan Revision 5. 2007.Stormwater (?). personal communication.3 natural Resources defense Council . but the beach coordinator could place a section of a beach under advisory if conditions warranted. The public is generally notified within 24 hours. June 2007. New Hampshire Department of Environmental Services.Testing the Waters 2007 geometric mean and the single-sample standards.1 Reopening Procedures: When a sample exceeds water quality standards. Stormwater was listed as the reason for the elevated levels of bacteria for 61 percent (14) of the days and the cause of the remaining 39 percent (9) of the days with elevated levels of bacteria was reported to be unknown. monitoring that revealed high bacteria levels. January 18. the Department of Environmental Services resamples water from the beach to determine when bacteria levels have decreased to within the state standards. Notes 1 Jody Connor. 2006 New Hampshire Coastal Beach Advisories County Rockingham Rockingham Rockingham Rockingham Rockingham Rockingham Beach Name Bass Beach Jenness Beach Sp Pirates Cove Beach Sawyer Beach State Beach State Beach Start Date end Date Reason 6/28 7/13 7/13 7/14 8/25 7/14 7/6 7/14 7/18 7/18 8/26 7/18 Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Source (?) (?). NH.0. Advisories are usually issued for whole beaches rather than sections of a beach. (?).Stormwater (?).

with their associated stormwater discharges. Middlesex.2 New Jersey has 127 miles of public coastal beaches3 with 325 beaches. Federal funding supports only a portion of New Jersey’s beach monitoring and notification program.870 grant in 2007. a testing protocol. lifeguards (or staff designated by Spring Lake) will prohibit swimming near any parts of these beaches where the stormwater plume is observed to be mixing within the swimming area. but only 226 (183 ocean stations and 43 bay stations) were in recreational waters.800 related jobs. the percent of been assessing coastal water quality for swimmer safety.2 Health and enforcement agencies can close a beach at their discretion at any time.6 billion and generates 480. and Terrace) and L Street Beach in Belmar are automatically closed for 24 hours after the end of all rainfall events greater than 0. increased to 3 percent in 2006 from Other agencies participating in CCMP were the county  percent in 2005. Frequent episodes of intense rainfall.000 to the Cooperative Coastal Monitoring Program through the sale of Shore Protection license plates. all 127 miles of coastal beach in New Jersey are monitored. Nj. Monmouth. the State Sanitary Code was amended such to change the primary contact standard from a single sample with fecal coliform levels greater than 200 cfu/100 ml to a single sample with enterococcus levels greater than 104 cfu/100 ml.1 samples exceeding the state standard In 2006. and Ocean Counties). the Department of Environmental Protection conducted aerial surveillance of nearshore coastal waters six days a week during the summer and routinely inspected the 17 wastewater treatment facilities that discharge to the ocean. CCMP had 325 sampling locations. may have resulted in an increased number of closings in 2006. and mandatory closure requirements whenever the bacteria standard is exceeded.3 Tourism in New Jersey contributes about $37. The information collected under the CCMP assists the New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection in developing coastal zone management strategies. Preemptive rain advisories are issued in some areas of the state as well. and the Monmouth County Regional Health Commission. health departments of all five coastal counties (Atlantic.2 Each recreational beach is monitored because these beaches are noncontiguous. Cape May. four municipal health departments. such as land use planning to control pollution from nonpoint sources. and for 48 hours from the end of all rainfalls greater than 2. Standards indicator organism: Enterococcus Standards: In 2004. The others were environmental samples taken in beach areas closed to the public for swimming. In 2006 (as in 2005). the Cooperative Coastal Monitoring Program (CCMP) has For Tier  beaches only.2 Three ocean beaches around the Wreck Pond outfall (Brown Avenue.3 New Jersey received a $277.1 New Jersey also has a program for freshwater recreational beach monitoring.730 federal BEACH Act grant in 2006 and is eligible for a $279.4 Water quality at 70 percent of these beaches was monitored from mid-May to mid-September in 2006.1 inch or that cause an increased flow in storm drains.8 inches within a 24 hour period.5 Most ocean stations are sampled to evaluate the water quality at several lifeguarded beaches in an area rather than one lifeguarded beach. Near the Wreck Pond outfall. the New Jersey Department of Health and Senior Services. York Avenue. the New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection administered the state’s BEACH Act grant.Testing the Waters 2007 NeW jeRSey New Jersey was the first state to have a statewide mandatory beach protection program that includes a bacteria standard. Monitoring Frequency: County health departments routinely monitored approximately 200 ocean and bay beaches at least weekly during the summer 2006 beach season. In addition to regular beach water monitoring for bacteria concentrations. New Jersey contributes an additional $200. Since 1974. If aerial monitoring is included. New Jersey’s policy is to issue beach closings when bacteria levels exceed standards. natural Resources defense Council .

New Jersey Beach (21%). Money Island Beach (40%). NRDC looked at the percent of monitoring samples that exceeded New Jersey’s daily maximum bacterial standards. followed by Atlantic (82%). and Maxon Beach (18%). South Arkansas Bartram Chelsea dorset Granville Lincoln Michigan Missouri new hampshire new haven north Carolina Tier 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 natural Resources defense Council Monitoring Frequency 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk Total Samples 19 18 20 21 21 21 17 17 17 19 20 17 17 17 17 20 20 17 17 17 20 20 20 17 17 Percent exceedance 11% 6% 5% 5% 5% 5% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% Nj. Beach (22%). In 2006. and Monmouth (51%) counties. Routine sam- pling is conducted on Monday mornings. Beaches are grouped by county and ranked in descending order by percent exceedance. South 33rd St. 26th St.6 Results: For the second consecutive year. and percent of samples exceeding the standard for all beaches reported in 2006.Testing the Waters 2007 Practice: Samples are taken 12 to 18 inches below the surface in water that is between knee and chest deep. 2006 Monitoring Frequency and Results by Beach County Atlantic Atlantic Atlantic Atlantic Atlantic Atlantic Atlantic Atlantic Atlantic Atlantic Atlantic Atlantic Atlantic Atlantic Atlantic Atlantic Atlantic Atlantic Atlantic Atlantic Atlantic Atlantic Atlantic Atlantic Atlantic Beach Bay illinois 33rd St. At least 24 hours pass before sampling results are known. Anglesea Beach (22%). South 4th St. New Jersey is piloting the use of rapid test methods this summer. 14th St. 8 of the top 10 Tier 1 beaches with the highest percent exceedances were in Ocean County: Beachwood Beach West (60%). For Tier 1 beaches only. Ocean (72%). Seventy-four percent of all monitored beaches did not exceed the standard for any sample taken in 2006. South 15th St South 19th St. the percent of samples exceeding the standard increased to 3 percent in 2006 from 1 percent in 2005. West Beach (21%). Beach (18%).2 . The other two beaches were in Monmouth County: L Street Beach (36%) and Rec Center (20%). 26th St. monitoring frequency. South 43rd St. Kentucky South Carolina States 10th St. Cape May County had the highest percentage of beaches with no exceedances (87%). 21st St. The table below lists the tier status.

3 natural Resources defense Council .Testing the Waters 2007 County Atlantic Atlantic Atlantic Atlantic Atlantic Atlantic Atlantic Atlantic Atlantic Cape May Cape May Cape May Cape May Cape May Cape May Cape May Cape May Cape May Cape May Cape May Cape May Cape May Cape May Cape May Cape May Cape May Cape May Cape May Cape May Cape May Cape May Cape May Cape May Cape May Cape May Cape May Cape May Cape May Cape May Cape May Cape May Beach oakland osborne Pennsylvania Public dock Seaside South Beach texas Washington Washington 90th (Yacht Club) Beesley’s Point 108th 119th 90th Bennett Forgetmenot Lavendar ocean City Yacht Club 103rd 10th & JFK 15th 16th 18th 21st St 24th 24th 28th 29th 2nd 2nd & JFK 30th 34th St 34th St 40th St 40th St 48th 49th 50th 55th 57th 58th Tier 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 Monitoring Frequency 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk Total Samples 17 18 17 17 17 20 20 17 17 20 20 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 Percent exceedance 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 10% 10% 5% 5% 5% 5% 5% 5% 5% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% Nj.

Schellenger Sic Yacht Club Surf Webster Whildin Williard WW Crest Yacht Club WW Gables Yacht Club Yacht Club L Street Beach Rec Center deal Casino Miller Beach Tier 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 Monitoring Frequency 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk Total Samples 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 9 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 25 20 21 21 Percent exceedance 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 36% 20% 14% 14% Nj.Testing the Waters 2007 County Cape May Cape May Cape May Cape May Cape May Cape May Cape May Cape May Cape May Cape May Cape May Cape May Cape May Cape May Cape May Cape May Cape May Cape May Cape May Cape May Cape May Cape May Cape May Cape May Cape May Cape May Cape May Cape May Cape May Cape May Cape May Cape May Cape May Cape May Cape May Cape May Cape May Monmouth Monmouth Monmouth Monmouth Beach 65th 65th 76th 77th 78th 83rd St 96th 9th 9th St Brainard Broadway Congress Corinthian Yc Grant hollywood Jefferson Maple Miami Montgomery north ocean ocean Ave. orchid Park Philadelphia Poverty Queen north Richmond Ave.4 natural Resources defense Council .

5 natural Resources defense Council .Testing the Waters 2007 County Monmouth Monmouth Monmouth Monmouth Monmouth Monmouth Monmouth Monmouth Monmouth Monmouth Monmouth Monmouth Monmouth Monmouth Monmouth Monmouth Monmouth Monmouth Monmouth Monmouth Monmouth Monmouth Monmouth Monmouth Monmouth Monmouth Monmouth Monmouth Monmouth Monmouth Monmouth Monmouth Monmouth Monmouth Monmouth Monmouth Monmouth Monmouth Monmouth ocean ocean Beach Brown South Broadway 12th Lake takanassee Beach Club Laird 3rd 7th Asbury ocean Park village Beach Club ideal Beach north Bath Philadelphia thomson Beacon the terrace York Avenue Area C .Surf Beach Area e-visitor Center Army Rec. Beach Cedar Conner’s Beach east Main essex evergreen South Fort hancock Joline Main Monmouth Beach Club neptune newark ocean Beach Club Public Beach Seven President’s Park South Bay Ave Sylvania Union Washington Worthington Beachwood Beach West Money island Tier 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 Monitoring Frequency 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk Total Samples 22 19 20 20 21 17 19 19 19 19 20 20 20 21 22 22 22 20 20 20 18 19 20 20 19 19 20 18 20 20 20 20 20 1 19 18 22 21 20 35 20 Percent exceedance 14% 11% 10% 10% 10% 6% 5% 5% 5% 5% 5% 5% 5% 5% 5% 5% 5% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 60% 40% Nj.

Testing the Waters 2007 County ocean ocean ocean ocean ocean ocean ocean ocean ocean ocean ocean ocean ocean ocean ocean ocean ocean ocean ocean ocean ocean ocean ocean ocean ocean ocean ocean ocean ocean ocean ocean ocean ocean ocean ocean ocean ocean ocean ocean ocean ocean Beach 21st Anglesea new Jersey West Beach 14th Maxon east Beach hancock River 5th Jennifer Brooklyn 16th Berkeley island Stockton Bay Beach Parkertown 10th 12th 14th 14th 23rd 23rd 24th 25th 4th 50th 75th 75th 7th A23 Access Road Atlantic Bergen Berkeley Brick Beach Brighton Broadway Brooklyn Bryn Mawr Central Tier 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 Monitoring Frequency 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk Total Samples 18 18 19 19 17 17 18 20 16 17 17 13 15 15 15 16 16 17 17 17 17 16 17 17 17 17 17 14 17 17 18 18 17 17 17 17 17 17 16 17 17 Percent exceedance 22% 22% 21% 21% 18% 18% 17% 15% 13% 12% 12% 8% 7% 7% 7% 6% 6% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% Nj.6 natural Resources defense Council .

7 natural Resources defense Council . then increased to 122 days in 2006. This increase may be due in part to frequent episodes of intense rainfall during the 2006 swim season. If high bacteria concentrations are found at an ocean station. the beach is closed. and during the summer months. a telephone hotline. the beach is resampled immediately. red flags.2 The public is notified of beach closings via signs. Closing/Advisory issuance: If bacteria levels exceed the standard.Testing the Waters 2007 County ocean ocean ocean ocean ocean ocean ocean ocean ocean ocean ocean ocean ocean ocean ocean ocean ocean ocean ocean ocean ocean ocean ocean ocean ocean ocean Beach east tuna Way Fielder Florida Guyer Jersey City Leeward Lincoln Loveladies Lyman Maryland Mount new Jersey north 10th north Beach o St Reese Roxie Shelter island Sheridan South 3rd Stockton taylor trenton Unit 1 Uscg 110 Webster Tier 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 Monitoring Frequency 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk Total Samples 17 16 17 16 17 17 18 17 17 17 17 17 17 17 17 14 17 14 19 17 17 17 16 18 18 17 Percent exceedance 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% Closings and Advisories Thirty-one beach closings and 55 rain advisories were issued in New Jersey in 2006. Nj. This “bracket sampling” can result in an extension of a beach closing to contiguous lifeguarded beaches. If the second sam- ple exceeds the standard. the internet. Resampling is conducted in conjunction with a sanitary survey of the beach. Closings and advisories at New Jersey’s 225 Tier 1 beaches decreased from 166 days in 2004 to 75 days in 2005. Marine and estuarine beach closing and advisory days increased 70 percent to 134 days in 2006 from 79 days in 2005. sampling is conducted linearly along the beach to determine the extent of the affected area. This overall decrease in closing and advisory days from 2004 to 2006 occurred during a period when the overall monitoring frequency at Tier 1 beaches was steady.

 natural Resources defense Council . 52 12th 3rd 7th Asbury Beacon Beacon Beacon Beacon Beacon Beacon Beacon Broadway Brown South Brown South Brown South Brown South Brown South Brown South Brown South Brown South Brown South Brown South Brown South Brown South Brown South Brown South Brown South Brown South elberon Beach Club L Street Beach L Street Beach L Street Beach L Street Beach Start Date 8/30 8/2 8/29 8/29 8/29 7/18 7/19 7/21 7/28 8/7 8/11 8/26 8/29 7/18 8/29 5/27 6/3 6/24 6/28 7/3 7/5 7/19 7/21 7/28 8/7 8/11 8/26 8/30 9/2 8/29 8/29 7/6 7/19 7/22 end Date 8/31 8/3 8/30 8/30 8/30 7/19 7/20 7/23 7/29 8/7 8/12 8/29 8/30 7/19 8/30 5/28 6/5 6/27 6/29 7/4 7/7 7/20 7/24 7/29 8/8 8/12 8/29 8/31 9/4 8/30 9/1 7/7 7/20 7/23 Reason Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Bacteria Bacteria Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Source (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater (?) (?) (?) Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater (?) (?) Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Nj. 2006 New jersey Coastal Beach Closings/Advisories County Atlantic Monmouth Monmouth Monmouth Monmouth Monmouth Monmouth Monmouth Monmouth Monmouth Monmouth Monmouth Monmouth Monmouth Monmouth Monmouth Monmouth Monmouth Monmouth Monmouth Monmouth Monmouth Monmouth Monmouth Monmouth Monmouth Monmouth Monmouth Monmouth Monmouth Monmouth Monmouth Monmouth Monmouth Beach Name Rt.Testing the Waters 2007 Reopening Procedures: Daily monitoring is conducted until the beach water meets water quality standards and the results of the sanitary survey are acceptable. Causes of Closings and Advisories: Sixty-five percent (87) of closing and advisory days in 2006 were preemptive due to rain and the remaining 35 percent (47) of closing days were due to monitoring that revealed elevated bacteria levels from unknown sources of contamination.

Testing the Waters 2007 County Monmouth Monmouth Monmouth Monmouth Monmouth Monmouth Monmouth Monmouth Monmouth Monmouth Monmouth Monmouth Monmouth Monmouth Monmouth Monmouth Monmouth Monmouth Monmouth Monmouth Monmouth Monmouth Monmouth Monmouth Monmouth Monmouth Monmouth Monmouth Monmouth Monmouth Monmouth Monmouth Monmouth Monmouth Monmouth Monmouth Monmouth Monmouth Monmouth ocean ocean ocean Beach Name L Street Beach L Street Beach L Street Beach L Street Beach Laird Main north Bath ocean Park Riverside & Clinton the terrace the terrace the terrace the terrace the terrace the terrace the terrace the terrace the terrace the terrace the terrace the terrace the terrace the terrace the terrace York Avenue York Avenue York Avenue York Avenue York Avenue York Avenue York Avenue York Avenue York Avenue York Avenue York Avenue York Avenue York Avenue York Avenue York Avenue Anglesea Beachwood Beach West Beachwood Beach West Start Date 7/28 8/7 8/11 8/26 8/29 8/29 8/29 8/29 8/29 7/18 5/27 6/3 6/24 6/28 7/3 7/5 7/19 7/21 7/28 8/7 8/11 8/26 8/30 9/2 7/18 5/27 6/3 6/24 6/28 7/3 7/5 7/19 7/21 7/28 8/7 8/11 8/26 8/30 9/2 7/5 6/28 8/9 end Date 7/29 8/8 8/12 8/29 9/1 8/30 8/30 8/30 8/30 7/19 5/28 6/5 6/27 6/29 7/4 7/7 7/20 7/24 7/29 8/8 8/12 8/29 8/31 9/4 7/19 5/28 6/5 6/27 6/29 7/4 7/7 7/20 7/24 7/29 8/8 8/12 8/29 8/31 9/4 7/7 7/1 8/10 Reason Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Bacteria Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Source Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater (?) Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater (?) (?) (?) Nj. natural Resources defense Council .

6 Virginia Loftin. Notes 1 United States Environmental Protection Agency. EPA’s BEACH Report: New Jersey 2006 Swimming Season. personal communication. preemptive due to sewage discharge or spill. Implementing the BEACH Act of 2000 (Report to Congress).Testing the Waters 2007 County ocean ocean ocean ocean ocean ocean ocean ocean ocean ocean Beach Name Beachwood Beach West Beachwood Beach West Money island Money island Summit Windward Beach Windward Beach Windward Beach Windward Beach Windward Beach Start Date 8/16 8/30 6/28 7/5 6/28 6/20 6/21 6/27 8/8 8/15 end Date 8/17 9/2 7/1 7/6 7/1 6/23 6/23 6/28 8/9 8/16 Reason Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Source (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) Abbreviations used: Bacteria.0 natural Resources defense Council . July 12. Preempt-rain. unknown. June 2007. 5 Lisa Jackson. not dated. New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection. Sew-discharge. 2 New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection. Nj. monitoring that revealed high bacteria levels. preemptive due to visible plume of potentially polluted water. Preempt-sew. Cooperative Coastal Monitoring Program: Summary Report for 2005 and 2006. (?). 3 Virginia Loftin. Preempt-other. preemptive due to heavy rainfall. August 2006. personal communication. New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection. June 2007. 4 United States Environmental Protection Agency. 2007. New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection testimony at House Transportation and Infrastructure hearing on reauthorizing the BEACH Act. sewage discharge. October 2006.

and Great Lakes coastline. New York uses an enterococcus single-sample maximum of 104 cfu/100 ml. and Kingsborough Community College are under advisory for 12 hours if more than 1.4 Marine beaches in Suffolk County had the most closing and advisory days of any county. resulted in a high number of wet weather advisories at private beaches. All of these counties have Great Lakes beaches except for Orleans County. the New York City 5 percent in 2005. Erie and Chautauqua Counties had the most closing and advisory days at Great Lakes beaches.740 federal BEACH Act grant in 2006 and is eligible for a $352.2 The monitoring season extends from May to September. and Historic Preservation. relatively wet weather in 2006.2 Great Lakes shoreline is found in Cayuga. and one State Health Department District Office. Orleans. Erie. all beach closing/advisory days resulting from monitoring that revealed high bacteria levels at coastal beaches were based on BEACH Act indicator organisms. Orchard Beach and all the private beaches in the Bronx and Douglaston in Queens were issued a total of 27 pollution advisory days due to a reduction from secondary to primary treatment at the Bowery Bay Wastewater Treatment Plant caused by a power outage at the Con Edison facility in Astoria. Chautauqua. Standards indicator organisms: Enterococcus and E. Queens. estuarine. Oswego.000 miles of sewer system are combined with stormwater pipes. Nassau. Ny. In addition. which can discharge a mixture of rainfall runoff and raw sewage into area waterways during and immediately after precipitation.5 inches of rain fall in a six-hour period. Department of Health and Mental Hygiene. Both closings and advisories are issued for beaches in the state. and Westchester counties. In addition to these marine waters. For marine beaches. All of the beaches in all of these counties are monitored except for three beaches each in Westchester County and Suffolk County where swimming is prohibited. All of the counties with marine beaches and most of the counties with Great Lakes beaches issue preemptive rain advisories. with almost 40 percent of the state’s total for Great Lakes and coastal beaches combined. On a per beach basis. Jefferson.2 inches of rain fall in a two-hour period or if more than 0. Richmond.830 grant in 2006. 548 miles of Long Island bayfront. Manhattan Beach. In 2006. All Bronx private beaches and Douglaston are under advisory for 48 hours and Gerritsen Beach is under advisory for 72 hours if more than 0. in August these beaches were closed for two days as a preemptive measure after a sewage main in the area of the Hunts Point treatment plant was blocked. Suffolk. and 83 miles of shorefront on islands off the Long Island coast.4 inches of rain fall in a 24-hour period. coli Standards: Beginning in 2005.Testing the Waters 2007 NeW yoRk New York is the only state in the nation with ocean.1 The state of New York has 318 Great Lakes and marine beaches. and Wayne Counties. New York City has rainfall standards at some of its beaches. For Tier  beaches only. coli single-sample maximum of 235 cfu/100. Recreation. In July. the New York State Office of Parks. Monroe. For freshwater beaches. resulting in sewage discharging into the Bronx River. the percent of only 39 are on Lake Erie or Lake Ontario. Midland Beach. there are at least 200 miles of freshwater shoreline on Lake Erie and Lake Ontario. More than 70 percent of New York City’s 6.4 New York State received a $348. The beach samples exceeding the state standard monitoring program in New York is administered by the New York State Department of Health in conjunction decreased to 3 percent in 2006 from with eight county health departments. New York uses an E. Beaches on Atlantic marine or estuarine waters are found in Bronx. 231 miles of shorefront on Long Island Sound. There are 127 miles of Atlantic Ocean coastline. Queens. especially during the late summer hurricane season. Niagara. New York City also issues preemptive advisories when there is a known sewage spill. Kings. South Beach.3 For coastal beaches.2 Most of these beaches are on Atlantic waters. natural Resources defense Council . there were more advisory and closing days at Great Lakes beaches than at marine beaches.

other: Must be able to see 8-inch black-and-white Secchi disk in 4 feet of water (clarity). Wright Park West in Chautauqua County (29%). historical water quality data. Westchester (48%). Pultneyville Mariners Beach in Wayne County (29%). Nearly half of the marine beaches and all of the Great Lakes beaches were monitored at least once a week in 2006. Routine samples are generally collected early in the week. sample collection is generally performed in the morning on weekdays. the Tier 1 beaches with the highest percent exceedances were Point Gratiot Beach in Chautauqua County (47%). Public health engineering Suffolk County department of health Services Westchester County health department Monroe County health Laboratory Monitoring Frequency: New York State reported 318 marine and Great Lakes beaches. Ny. the department will make a determination for the beach closure duration. Results are available 24 hours after the sample reaches the lab for analysis. At New York City beaches.4 inch per 24 hours (advisory duration is 48 and 72 hours. and geomorphology. Main Street Beach (35%) and Wright Park East in Chautauqua County (35%). spills. except for Breezy Point and Rockaway. beach length. Suffolk (46%). the percent of samples exceeding the standard decreased to 13 percent in 2006 from 15 percent in 2005. or other symptomology. For Tier 1 beaches only. Rainfall: For five beaches within Mamaroneck harbor and two beaches within echo Bay.2 inch per 2 hours or 0. Boys And Girls Harbor in Suffolk County (40%). for 1 inch of rain within 24 hours beaches must close for 2 days. Jefferson County had the highest percentage of beaches with no exceedances (100%) followed by Oswego (86%). and historic Preservation Cayuga County health and human Services department Preemptive Standard Rainfall: Greater than 0. septic system malfunction.4 Results: For the second consecutive year. and resampling occurs later in the week as needed. not an adopted state standard.5 inches per 6 hours threshold of rainfall (advisory duration is 12 hours). Remaining beaches were monitored less than once a week. Queens (73%). NRDC looked at the percent of monitoring samples that exceeded New York’s daily maximum bacterial standards. Water samples are collected at a depth of 18 inches in water approximately three feet deep. Nassau (66%). Guideline only. unusual levels of seabather eruptions. and South Beach: 1. Monroe County has been using a preemptive model since 1973 based on measurements of rainfall. sewage treatment plant malfunction. unusual or massive algal blooms. Recreation. turbidity. other: debris on beach. New York (50%). monitoring locations and sampling frequency are based on potential pollution sources and storm water discharges.5 inch of rain in 24 hours. Midland. flow of the Genesee River. In 2006. used only at selected beaches. regional hydrodynamics. Ontario Beach in Monroe County (31%). and Valley Grove Beach in Suffolk County (28%). All New York City beaches were monitored at least once a week. new York City department of health. respectively). Tides Property Owners Association in Suffolk County (40%). Wayne (67%). For Kingsborough Community College. Forty-eight percent of all monitored beaches did not exceed the standard for any sample taken in 2006. Practice: In New York City. Rainfall: eastchester Bay and Kiddie/Gerritsen: threshold levels of 0. new Rochelle: for 0. Kings (45%). ongoing trends. algae and other organic debris.Testing the Waters 2007 Preemptive Standards Reported by New york Agencies Agency new York State office of Parks.5 inches of rain within 24 hours beaches must close for 1 day.2 natural Resources defense Council . water must be free of chemical substances capable of creating toxic reactions or skin or membrane irritations. which were monitored every other week. Manhattan. for greater than 2 inches of rain. frequency of use. Richmond (33%).

monitoring frequency. vincent depaul Beach evangola State Park Beach Southwick Beach State Park Westcott Beach .ocean Parkway Tier 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 3 3 3 3 2 1 1 1 3 2 2 2 2 2 1 2 2 1 2 1 1 2 Monitoring Frequency 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 2/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 2/wk 1/wk 2/wk 2/wk 2/wk 2/wk 2/wk 2/wk 2/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk Total Percent Samples exceedance 24 26 24 24 24 24 25 23 38 19 17 20 21 33 14 14 13 15 26 57 37 26 15 25 26 26 23 16 18 17 15 25 20 21 19 19 17% 15% 13% 13% 13% 13% 12% 4% 13% 47% 35% 35% 29% 21% 14% 14% 8% 7% 27% 25% 24% 23% 20% 16% 15% 12% 4% 0% 0% 0% 0% 24% 15% 14% 11% 5% Ny.Woodlawn Beach State Park hamburg Bathing Beach Lake erie Beach Point Breeze Camp Wendt Beach evans town Park Bennett Beach St.Main Westcott Beach State Park-Camps Kingsborough Community College Coney island Beach W. Beaches are grouped by county and ranked in descending order by percent exceedance.W. 37th Gerritsen/Kiddie Beach Manhattan Beach Coney island Beach Brighton 6th .3 natural Resources defense Council . and percent of samples exceeding the standard for all beaches reported in 2006. 28th .Testing the Waters 2007 and Erie (10%). The table below lists the tier status. 2006 Monitoring Frequency and Results by Beach County Bronx Bronx Bronx Bronx Bronx Bronx Bronx Bronx Cayuga Chautauqua Chautauqua Chautauqua Chautauqua Chautauqua Chautauqua Chautauqua Chautauqua Chautauqua erie erie erie erie erie erie erie erie erie erie Jefferson Jefferson Jefferson Kings Kings Kings Kings Kings Beach Manhem Beach Club orchard Beach American turners danish American Beach Club trinity danish Young People’s Society White Cross Fish Club Morris Yacht And Beach Club Schuyler hill Civic Association Fair haven Beach State Park Point Gratiot Beach Main Street Beach Wright Park east Wright Park West Lake erie State Park Beach Sheridan Bay Park Sunset Bay Beach Club Blue Water Beach town of hanover Beach Pioneer Camp Woodlawn Beach .

8th Coney island-W8th St.6th Coney island Beach ocean Parkway .42nd Street ontario Beach durand Beach hamlin Beach Area 4 hamlin Beach State Park-Area 3 Cold Spring harbor Beach Club Crescent Beach inc.W.27th Coney island Beach Brighton 15th . village of Laurel hollow Phillip healey Bar Beach Seacliff Beach Piping Rock Beach theodore Roosevelt Beach Manor haven Beach Morgan Memorial Beach Jones Beach .Zach’s Bay hewlett Beach tappan Beach Centre island Bay Beach Centre island Sound Beach Ransom Beach Soundside Beach tobay Beach .Testing the Waters 2007 County Kings Kings Kings Kings Kings Kings Monroe Monroe Monroe Monroe nassau nassau nassau nassau nassau nassau nassau nassau nassau nassau nassau nassau nassau nassau nassau nassau nassau nassau nassau nassau nassau nassau nassau nassau nassau nassau nassau nassau nassau nassau nassau Beach Coney island Beach W. to Pier Seagate Beach .4 natural Resources defense Council . 16th .Bay Lattington Beach Merrick estates Civic Association harbor isle Beach hempstead harbor Beach Park Atlantic Beach Club Catalina Beach Clearwater Cabana Beach dutchess Boulevard Beach east Atlantic Beach eldorado Beach Genessee Boulvard Beach inwood Beach Club island Park Beach Tier 2 2 2 2 2 2 1 1 1 1 3 2 1 1 1 1 2 1 2 2 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 1 2 3 2 1 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 1 Monitoring Frequency 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk daily daily 1/wk 1/wk 1/mo 1/wk 6/mo 6/mo 6/mo 6/mo 1/wk 6/mo 1/wk 6/mo 6/mo 6/mo 6/mo 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 6/mo 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 6/mo Total Percent Samples exceedance 20 19 19 19 19 19 93 90 19 19 60 33 34 42 43 43 33 33 34 34 37 42 43 33 33 33 33 33 34 38 42 43 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 42 5% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 31% 27% 11% 5% 22% 15% 15% 12% 7% 7% 6% 6% 6% 6% 5% 5% 5% 3% 3% 3% 3% 3% 3% 3% 2% 2% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% Ny.38th Street Seagate Beach .

5 natural Resources defense Council .tuscarora State Park Beach Selkirk Shores State Park Beach Brennan’s Beach Brennan’s Beach Chedmardo Tier 3 2 2 3 3 3 2 1 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 2 3 3 3 2 3 3 2 2 3 3 3 3 3 3 2 3 2 3 2 1 1 1 1 1 Monitoring Frequency 2/mo 6/mo 6/mo 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 1/wk 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 1/wk 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 1/wk 2/mo 2/mo 1/wk 6/mo 6/mo 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 1/wk 2/mo 1/wk 2/mo 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk Total Percent Samples exceedance 8 18 18 7 11 29 18 18 18 11 11 8 8 8 8 18 34 8 8 8 33 18 8 34 33 33 11 18 29 29 18 33 8 16 26 24 23 17 12 12 12 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 6% 0% 25% 9% 12% 8% 0% 0% Ny.Marina tobay Beach .ocean town house Apartments At Lido town Park .West Jones Beach State Park-Central Lawrence Beach Lido Beach .Area d Sands/Lido/Anchor town Park Camp Anchor town Park Point Lookout vernon Avenue Beach West harbor Memorial Beach Westbury Beach Club Manunsing island Club Atlantic Beach estates Krull Park Wilson .towers Condo Lido Beach Park district Long Beach City Montgomery Boulevard Beach nassau Beach Central terrace nassau Beach east terrace nassau Beach West terrace ocean Club Beach Pebble Cove homeowners’ Association Plaza Beach Plaza Beach Club Point Lookout Park district Prybil Beach Putnam Beach Sands At Atlantic Silver Point Beach Club Stehli Beach Sun And Surf Beach Sunny Atlantic Beach the Creek Beach tobay Beach .Testing the Waters 2007 County nassau nassau nassau nassau nassau nassau nassau nassau nassau nassau nassau nassau nassau nassau nassau nassau nassau nassau nassau nassau nassau nassau nassau nassau nassau nassau nassau nassau nassau nassau nassau nassau nassau new York new York niagara niagara oswego oswego oswego oswego Beach Jefferson Boulevard Beach Jones Beach .

6 natural Resources defense Council .80th Rockaway Beach 80th .Shelter island Swordfish Club venetian Shores vanderbilt Beach Bay hills Poa Amityville Beach Camp Blue Bay indian Field Beach Meschutt Beach Beech Road Beach tanner Park Gold Star Battalion Beach Prices Bend Beach Tier 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 2 2 1 2 2 1 3 1 2 2 3 2 1 3 3 3 3 1 1 3 Monitoring Frequency 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 10/mo 10/mo 10/mo 10/mo 10/mo 10/mo 10/mo 10/mo 10/mo 10/mo 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 2/wk 1/mo 1/wk 1/mo none 2/wk 1/wk 1/mo 1/wk 1/wk 1/mo 1/mo 1/mo 1/mo 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk Total Percent Samples exceedance 12 12 12 15 17 12 12 12 12 15 23 11 11 10 9 10 10 10 10 10 10 20 20 19 5 35 54 26 4 8 44 52 44 59 5 5 5 31 21 58 50 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 13% 9% 9% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 10% 5% 0% 40% 40% 28% 27% 25% 25% 25% 21% 20% 20% 20% 20% 20% 19% 19% 19% 18% Ny.149th Breezy Point Reid Ave. Rockaway Beach 15th .Testing the Waters 2007 County oswego oswego oswego oswego oswego oswego oswego oswego oswego oswego Queens Queens Queens Queens Queens Queens Queens Queens Queens Queens Queens Richmond Richmond Richmond Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Beach dowie dale Mexico Point State Park (town) Rainbow Shores Sandy island Beach Selkirk Shores State Park Beach Chedmardo dowie dale Mexico Point State Park (town) Rainbow Shores Sandy island Beach douglas Manor Breezy Point 219th Street Rockaway Beach 126th .116th Rockaway Beach 9th .13 th Rockaway Beach-116th St.59th Rockaway Beach 59th .95th Rockaway Beach 95th . to 126th South Beach Midland Beach/South Beach Wolfe’s Pond Park Boys And Girls harbor tides Property owners Association valley Grove Beach Broadway Beach Broadway Beach Crescent Beach .22nd Rockaway Beach 23rd .

Mt.7 natural Resources defense Council .Bay Pickwick Beach Southold Beach West Meadow Beach Asharoken Beach Steers Beach Sound Beach Poa east Bayport Beach Cedar Beach .Bay Soundview Beach Association West islip Beach Yardarm Condominium South Centerport Yacht Club nissequogue Point Beach heckscher State Park-West Beach Friendship drive Beach Crab Meadow Beach Sayville Beach Sayville Marina Park Knollwood Beach ocean Beach . Sinai Stony Brook Yacht Club Miller Place Park Port Jefferson Beach West Crescent Beach-Suffolk eagle dock Community Beach Pikes Beach Rogers Pavillion Shoreham Beach head of the Bay Club Camp Baiting hollow islip Beach Shoreham Shore Club Sound Beach Poa West Cedar Beach West Sunken Meadow State Park Beach Sandspit Beach West oaks Recreation Club Tier 1 3 2 2 2 1 3 1 2 2 3 3 2 2 1 2 3 3 2 2 2 3 1 1 2 3 3 3 1 2 3 3 2 3 2 2 3 1 3 1 2 Monitoring Frequency 1/wk 1/mo 2/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/mo 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/mo 1/wk 1/wk 1/mo 1/wk 1/mo 1/mo 1/mo 1/wk 2/wk 1/mo 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/mo 1/mo 1/wk 1/wk 1/mo 1/mo 1/wk 1/mo 2/wk 1/mo 1/mo 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk Total Percent Samples exceedance 57 29 29 6 6 60 6 55 38 13 20 41 48 48 55 7 14 14 35 43 43 29 45 38 38 31 31 39 55 8 8 24 43 9 45 28 28 38 19 58 40 18% 17% 17% 17% 17% 17% 17% 16% 16% 15% 15% 15% 15% 15% 15% 14% 14% 14% 14% 14% 14% 14% 13% 13% 13% 13% 13% 13% 13% 13% 13% 13% 12% 11% 11% 11% 11% 11% 11% 10% 10% Ny.Testing the Waters 2007 County Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Beach huntington Beach Community Assoc. Scotts Beach Woodhull Landing Fair harbor Community Association .

Testing the Waters 2007 County Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Beach Corey Creek Beach Baycrest Association Beach Biltmore Beach nathan hale Beach Club heckscher overlook Beach Little Bay Beach Shirley Beach old Field Club Benjamins Beach Bayview Beach Camp dewolfe haven’s Beach nassau Point Causeway Schubert Beach Patchogue village Pool And Beach Club Cedar Beach Cornell Co-operative extension Marine Center Fifth Street Park Beach Founder’s Landing Gilgo Beach Goose Creek Mccabe’s Beach newport Beach Poa norman Klipp Park veteran’s Memorial Park Stony Brook Beach Lloyd harbor village Park Shoreham village Beach east islip Beach Port Jefferson Beach east Centerport Beach orient Beach State Park West neck Beach Lloyd neck Bath Club Long Beach Short Beach Fleets Cove Beach Smith Point County Park Bayberry Beach And tennis Club Wincoma Beach Brightwaters Beach Tier 3 3 1 3 2 2 3 2 2 3 3 2 3 2 2 3 2 3 3 3 2 3 3 3 1 2 2 3 2 3 3 3 2 2 3 3 3 3 2 2 3 Monitoring Frequency 1/mo 1/mo 6/mo 1/mo 1/wk 1/wk 1/mo 1/wk 1/mo 1/mo 1/mo 1/wk 1/mo 1/mo 1/wk 1/mo 1/wk 1/mo 1/mo 1/mo 1/wk 1/mo 1/mo 1/mo 2/wk 1/wk 1/mo 1/mo 1/wk 1/mo 1/mo 1/mo 1/wk 2/wk 2/wk 1/mo 1/mo 1/mo 1/wk 1/mo 1/wk Total Percent Samples exceedance 51 41 42 42 11 11 58 35 59 12 12 24 12 37 38 13 13 13 13 13 13 13 26 13 13 40 54 28 43 31 49 17 52 53 37 37 57 19 39 39 41 10% 10% 10% 10% 9% 9% 9% 9% 8% 8% 8% 8% 8% 8% 8% 8% 8% 8% 8% 8% 8% 8% 8% 8% 8% 8% 7% 7% 7% 6% 6% 6% 6% 6% 5% 5% 5% 5% 5% 5% 5% Ny. natural Resources defense Council .

Testing the Waters 2007 County Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Beach hobart Beach . Flint Camp dune deck hotel dunewood Beach dunewood Poa Beach (Bay) east Lake drive Beach Fair harbor . inc.Bay Atlantique Beach .ocean Bath And tennis hotel Bathing Corp of Southampton Bayberry Cove Beach Bellport Beach Bridgehampton Club Bridgehampton tennis And Surf Camp Quinipet Camp tekakwitha Clearwater Beach Club At Point o’woods . natural Resources defense Council .ocean Coopers neck Beach Culloden Shores Cupsogue County Park davis Park Beach devon Yacht Club.ocean Fisher’s island Country Club Fleets neck Beach Flying Point Foster Memorial Georgica Beach Grantland Beach Great Gun Beach Gurney’s inn Resort And Spa Tier 2 3 3 2 2 2 3 3 3 2 3 3 3 3 2 2 2 3 3 3 1 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 2 3 3 1 3 3 2 3 3 3 2 Monitoring Frequency 1/wk 1/mo 1/mo 1/mo 1/wk 1/mo 1/mo 1/mo 1/mo 1/wk 1/mo 1/mo 1/mo 1/mo 1/wk 1/mo 2/wk 1/mo 1/mo 1/mo 1/wk 1/mo 1/wk 1/mo 1/mo 1/mo 1/mo 1/mo 1/mo 1/mo 1/mo 1/mo 1/mo 1/wk 1/mo 1/mo 1/wk 1/mo 1/mo 1/mo 2/wk Total Percent Samples exceedance 41 28 30 36 36 37 5 2 2 7 4 8 2 11 4 2 2 4 5 5 4 2 2 8 3 5 2 9 8 6 5 2 5 1 12 2 5 2 11 3 2 5% 4% 3% 3% 3% 3% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% Ny. ditch Plains Beach dorothy P.Bay Miller Beach Surf Club Belle terre Beach Fiddlers Green Association Lloyd harbor estates Callahan’s Beach Alberts Landing Beach Amagansett Beach Association Atlantic Avenue Beach Atlantique Beach .

inc.ocean Laronde Beach Club. Main Beach Mattituck Breakwater Beach Mecax(Mecox) Beach Minasseroke Beach new Suffolk Beach nick’s Beach ocean Beach .Bay Saltaire Beach .Sound Perlman Music Camp Point o’woods Association .0 natural Resources defense Council .ocean Seaview Beach Association (Bay) Shelter island heights Beach Club Silver Sands Motel South Jamesport Beach Southampton Bath And tennis Tier 3 3 2 3 3 2 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 2 3 2 2 2 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 2 3 3 3 3 2 3 2 3 2 1 3 1 2 2 Monitoring Frequency 1/mo 1/mo 1/wk 1/mo 1/mo 1/wk 1/mo 1/mo 1/mo 1/mo 1/mo 1/mo 1/mo 1/mo 1/wk 1/mo 2/wk 1/mo 1/wk 1/mo 1/mo 1/mo 1/mo 1/mo 1/mo 1/mo 1/mo 1/mo 1/mo 1/mo 1/mo 1/wk 1/mo 1/wk 1/mo 1/wk 1/wk 1/mo none 1/wk 1/wk Total Percent Samples exceedance 1 2 18 1 12 1 13 2 5 7 8 2 5 2 13 2 11 12 2 4 2 13 13 4 6 2 4 8 8 2 12 19 2 5 5 5 6 4 12 12 2 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% Ny.ocean Seaview . inc. Lashley Pavillion Maidstone Beach Maidstone Club.Suffolk County Sagg Main Beach Saltaire Beach .Bay Ponquogue Beach Pridwin hotel Quantuck Beach Club Quogue Beach Club Quogue village Beach Reeves Beach Robert Moses State Park Beach .ocean ocean Colony & tennis Club overlook Beach Peconic dunes Camp .Testing the Waters 2007 County Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Beach hay harbor Club hermitage At napeague hither hills State Park Beach indian Wells Beach iron Pier Beach island People’s Project(dock Beach) Kenny’s Beach Kirk Park Beach Kismet Beach .

280 days in 2006. natural Resources defense Council . There were two extended closure events in New York in 2005 compared to no extended Ny.Testing the Waters 2007 County Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Wayne Wayne Wayne Westchester Westchester Westchester Westchester Westchester Westchester Westchester Westchester Westchester Westchester Westchester Westchester Westchester Westchester Westchester Westchester Westchester Westchester Westchester Westchester Westchester Beach Southampton Peconic Beach And tennis Club Surf Club of Quogue tiana Beach tiana Shores Association two-Mile hollow Beach W. from 827 days in 2005 to 1. 32 advisories. and 92 rain advisories were issued at New York’s Great Lakes and marine beaches. 541 closings. Scott Cameron Wades Beach Wading River Beach Water Mill Beach Club Westhampton house Wildwood State Park Beach Woodcliff Park Poa Pultneyville Mariners Beach Sodus Point Lake Side Sodus Point Park Bayside Shore Acres Club harbor island Beach orienta Beach Club Rye town Park-oakland Beach echo Bay Yacht Club Coveleigh Beach Club Rye Playland Beach American Yacht Club hudson Park Larchmont Manor Park Surf Club Beach Point Club Beckwithe Pointe davenport Club Glen island Park Greentree Club Larchmont Shore Club Mamaroneck Beach And Cabana Club Shenorock Shore Club vip Club Westchester Country Club Beach Tier 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 2 3 3 3 3 3 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 2 2 1 Monitoring Frequency 1/mo 1/wk 1/mo 1/mo 2/wk 1/mo 1/mo 1/mo 1/mo 1/wk 1/mo 1/mo 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk Total Percent Samples exceedance 5 2 2 13 2 2 4 12 2 5 13 12 14 6 6 15 16 16 16 9 15 15 16 16 16 16 16 16 16 16 16 16 16 16 8 16 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 29% 0% 0% 13% 13% 13% 13% 11% 7% 7% 6% 6% 6% 6% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% Closings and Advisories In 2006. Total closing and advisory days for events lasting six consecutive weeks or fewer increased by 55 percent.

Closing/Advisory issuance: When monitoring of water at beaches shows that levels of certain bacteria exceed standards. or in the general vicinity of the common swimming areas. such as newspapers. television and radio.4 In New York City. This notification is in the form of a sign or functionally equivalent communication measure stating the type of advisory or closing and the reason it was issued (heavy rainfall.168 days in 2004 to 599 days in 2005. Stormwater Comb-sew-overflow. Stormwater Comb-sew-overflow. During the time period over which this overall decrease in closing and advisory days occurred. Stormwater Comb-sew-overflow. and technical reports. Stormwater Comb-sew-overflow.1 New York City conducts a resampling or issues an advisory or closing on a case-by-case basis. the overall monitoring frequency at these beaches remained essentially steady. Totals may exceed 100 percent because more than one factor may have contributed to a beach closing or advisory.2 natural Resources defense Council . Causes of Closings/Advisories: Sixty-seven percent (855) of closing/advisory days in 2006 were preemptive rain adviso- ries. Stormwater Comb-sew-overflow. etc. telephone hotlines. and 2 percent (7) were from other sources. 2006 New york State Coastal and Great lakes Beach Closings/Advisories County Bronx Bronx Bronx Bronx Bronx Bronx Bronx Bronx Bronx Beach Name American turners American turners American turners American turners American turners American turners American turners American turners American turners Start Date 8/31 6/2 6/7 6/24 6/28 7/5 7/13 7/21 8/11 end Date 8/31 6/5 6/8 6/26 7/1 7/7 7/14 7/21 8/12 Reason Bacteria Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Source Comb-sew-overflow. Two percent of closing/advisory days (27) were preemptive in response to known sewage spills. A website and a hotline are also maintained. Stormwater Comb-sew-overflow. after analyzing ongoing water quality trends. historical water quality data. Functionally equivalent communication measures include mass media. eight percent (29) were from sewage overflows.4 Generally. then increased to 704 days in 2006. 49 percent (184) were from stormwater. Stormwater Ny. Signs are located where they are most likely to be noticed by beach users: at beach entrances. the high levels of bacteria. advisory and closures in New York City apply to entire beaches rather than sections of a beach. on bulletin boards. and two percent (24) were preemptive in response to other sources. the Internet.Testing the Waters 2007 events in 2006. Closures for events lasting six consecutive weeks or fewer at New York’s 85 Tier 1 beaches decreased from 1. Stormwater Comb-sew-overflow. 49 percent (183) were from unknown sources of contamination. and other factors that may be affecting the beach. Stormwater Comb-sew-overflow.). New York’s beach managers either notify the public or resample if there is reason to doubt the validity of the original sample result. reports of pollution events. signs must be posted for the duration of closure and advisory events. Beach managers notify the public if the resampling exceeds the water quality standard. Twenty-nine percent (374) were due to monitoring that revealed elevated bacteria levels. The increased number of closures and advisories was due at least in part to heavier rainfall in 2006 than in 2005. Of these. Resampling is performed no more than 48 hours after the routine monitoring results indicated an exceedance.4 Reopening Procedures: The monitoring frequency at beaches in New York City is increased if a beach is closed or placed under advisory.

Sanitary-sew-over Stormwater Comb-sew-overflow.Testing the Waters 2007 County Bronx Bronx Bronx Bronx Bronx Bronx Bronx Bronx Bronx Bronx Bronx Bronx Bronx Bronx Bronx Bronx Bronx Bronx Bronx Bronx Bronx Bronx Bronx Bronx Bronx Bronx Bronx Beach Name American turners American turners American turners American turners American turners American turners danish American Beach Club danish American Beach Club danish American Beach Club danish American Beach Club danish American Beach Club danish American Beach Club danish American Beach Club danish American Beach Club danish American Beach Club danish American Beach Club danish American Beach Club danish American Beach Club danish American Beach Club danish American Beach Club danish American Beach Club Manhem Beach Club Manhem Beach Club Manhem Beach Club Manhem Beach Club Manhem Beach Club Manhem Beach Club Start Date 8/26 9/1 7/20 7/22 8/24 7/19 8/26 8/31 9/1 6/2 6/7 6/24 6/28 7/5 7/13 7/21 8/11 7/20 7/22 8/24 7/19 8/31 6/2 6/7 6/24 6/28 7/5 end Date 8/30 9/4 7/20 7/23 8/25 7/19 8/30 8/31 9/4 6/5 6/8 6/26 7/1 7/7 7/14 7/21 8/12 7/20 7/23 8/25 7/19 8/31 6/5 6/8 6/26 7/1 7/7 Reason Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-sew Prempt-sew Prempt-sew Prempt-rain Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-sew Prempt-sew Prempt-sew Prempt-rain Bacteria Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Source Comb-sew-overflow. Stormwater Comb-sew-overflow. Stormwater Comb-sew-overflow. Stormwater Comb-sew-overflow. Stormwater Comb-sew-overflow. Stormwater Ny. Stormwater Comb-sew-overflow. Stormwater Comb-sew-overflow. Stormwater Comb-sew-overflow. Stormwater Pub-treatment-works Pub-treatment-works Pub-treatment-works. Stormwater Comb-sew-overflow. Stormwater Comb-sew-overflow. Stormwater Comb-sew-overflow.3 natural Resources defense Council . Stormwater Comb-sew-overflow. Stormwater Comb-sew-overflow. Stormwater Comb-sew-overflow. Stormwater Comb-sew-overflow. Stormwater Comb-sew-overflow. Stormwater Comb-sew-overflow. Stormwater Pub-treatment-works Pub-treatment-works Pub-treatment-works. Sanitary-sew-over Stormwater Comb-sew-overflow.

Stormwater Pub-treatment-works Pub-treatment-works Pub-treatment-works. Sanitary-sew-over Stormwater (?) Comb-sew-overflow. Stormwater Comb-sew-overflow. Stormwater Comb-sew-overflow. Stormwater Comb-sew-overflow.4 natural Resources defense Council . Stormwater Comb-sew-overflow. Stormwater Comb-sew-overflow. Stormwater Pub-treatment-works Pub-treatment-works Pub-treatment-works. Sanitary-sew-over Stormwater Stormwater Pub-treatment-works Pub-treatment-works Pub-treatment-works. Stormwater Comb-sew-overflow. Stormwater Ny. Stormwater Comb-sew-overflow. Stormwater Comb-sew-overflow.Testing the Waters 2007 County Bronx Bronx Bronx Bronx Bronx Bronx Bronx Bronx Bronx Bronx Bronx Bronx Bronx Bronx Bronx Bronx Bronx Bronx Bronx Bronx Bronx Bronx Bronx Bronx Bronx Bronx Bronx Bronx Bronx Beach Name Manhem Beach Club Manhem Beach Club Manhem Beach Club Manhem Beach Club Manhem Beach Club Manhem Beach Club Manhem Beach Club Manhem Beach Club Manhem Beach Club Morris Yacht And Beach Club Morris Yacht And Beach Club Morris Yacht And Beach Club Morris Yacht And Beach Club Morris Yacht And Beach Club Morris Yacht And Beach Club Morris Yacht And Beach Club Morris Yacht And Beach Club Morris Yacht And Beach Club Morris Yacht And Beach Club Morris Yacht And Beach Club Morris Yacht And Beach Club Morris Yacht And Beach Club Morris Yacht And Beach Club Morris Yacht And Beach Club orchard Beach orchard Beach orchard Beach Schuyler hill Civic Association Schuyler hill Civic Association Start Date 7/13 7/21 8/11 8/26 9/1 7/20 7/22 8/24 7/19 8/8 7/6 6/7 6/24 6/28 7/5 7/13 7/21 8/11 8/26 7/20 7/22 8/24 6/2 7/19 7/20 7/22 8/24 8/26 6/2 end Date 7/14 7/21 8/13 8/30 9/4 7/20 7/23 8/25 7/19 8/9 7/7 6/8 6/26 7/1 7/5 7/14 7/21 8/12 9/4 7/20 7/23 8/25 6/5 7/19 7/20 7/23 8/25 8/30 6/5 Reason Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-sew Prempt-sew Prempt-sew Prempt-rain Bacteria Bacteria Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-sew Prempt-sew Prempt-sew Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-sew Prempt-sew Prempt-sew Bacteria Prempt-rain Source Comb-sew-overflow. Stormwater Comb-sew-overflow. Stormwater Comb-sew-overflow. Stormwater Comb-sew-overflow. Sanitary-sew-over Comb-sew-overflow. Stormwater Comb-sew-overflow. Stormwater Comb-sew-overflow.

Stormwater Comb-sew-overflow. Stormwater Comb-sew-overflow. Stormwater Comb-sew-overflow. Sanitary-sew-over Stormwater Comb-sew-overflow. Stormwater Comb-sew-overflow. Stormwater Comb-sew-overflow. Stormwater Comb-sew-overflow. Stormwater Comb-sew-overflow.Testing the Waters 2007 County Bronx Bronx Bronx Bronx Bronx Bronx Bronx Bronx Bronx Bronx Bronx Bronx Bronx Bronx Bronx Bronx Bronx Bronx Bronx Bronx Bronx Bronx Bronx Bronx Bronx Bronx Bronx Beach Name Schuyler hill Civic Association Schuyler hill Civic Association Schuyler hill Civic Association Schuyler hill Civic Association Schuyler hill Civic Association Schuyler hill Civic Association Schuyler hill Civic Association Schuyler hill Civic Association Schuyler hill Civic Association Schuyler hill Civic Association Schuyler hill Civic Association trinity danish Young People’s Society trinity danish Young People’s Society trinity danish Young People’s Society trinity danish Young People’s Society trinity danish Young People’s Society trinity danish Young People’s Society trinity danish Young People’s Society trinity danish Young People’s Society trinity danish Young People’s Society trinity danish Young People’s Society trinity danish Young People’s Society trinity danish Young People’s Society trinity danish Young People’s Society trinity danish Young People’s Society White Cross Fish Club White Cross Fish Club Start Date 6/7 6/24 6/28 7/13 7/21 8/11 8/31 7/20 7/22 8/24 7/19 8/26 6/2 6/7 6/24 6/28 7/5 7/13 7/21 8/11 9/1 7/20 7/22 8/24 7/19 8/26 8/31 end Date 6/8 6/26 7/1 7/14 7/21 8/12 9/4 7/20 7/23 8/25 7/19 8/30 6/5 6/8 6/26 7/1 7/7 7/14 7/21 8/12 9/4 7/20 7/23 8/25 7/19 8/30 8/31 Reason Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-sew Prempt-sew Prempt-sew Prempt-rain Bacteria Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-sew Prempt-sew Prempt-sew Prempt-rain Bacteria Bacteria Source Comb-sew-overflow. Stormwater Comb-sew-overflow. Stormwater Comb-sew-overflow. Stormwater Pub-treatment-works Pub-treatment-works Pub-treatment-works. Stormwater Comb-sew-overflow. Stormwater Comb-sew-overflow. Sanitary-sew-over Stormwater Comb-sew-overflow. Stormwater Pub-treatment-works Pub-treatment-works Pub-treatment-works. Stormwater Comb-sew-overflow. Stormwater Comb-sew-overflow.5 natural Resources defense Council . Stormwater Ny. Stormwater Comb-sew-overflow. Stormwater Comb-sew-overflow. Stormwater Comb-sew-overflow.

Stormwater Pub-treatment-works Pub-treatment-works Pub-treatment-works. Stormwater Comb-sew-overflow. Stormwater Comb-sew-overflow.6 natural Resources defense Council . Stormwater Comb-sew-overflow. Stormwater Comb-sew-overflow. Stormwater Comb-sew-overflow. Stormwater Comb-sew-overflow.Testing the Waters 2007 County Bronx Bronx Bronx Bronx Bronx Bronx Bronx Bronx Bronx Bronx Bronx Bronx Bronx Cayuga Cayuga Cayuga Cayuga Chautauqua Chautauqua Chautauqua Chautauqua Chautauqua Chautauqua Chautauqua Chautauqua Chautauqua Chautauqua Chautauqua Chautauqua Chautauqua Chautauqua Chautauqua Chautauqua Chautauqua Chautauqua Beach Name White Cross Fish Club White Cross Fish Club White Cross Fish Club White Cross Fish Club White Cross Fish Club White Cross Fish Club White Cross Fish Club White Cross Fish Club White Cross Fish Club White Cross Fish Club White Cross Fish Club White Cross Fish Club White Cross Fish Club Fair haven Beach State Park Fair haven Beach State Park Fair haven Beach State Park Fair haven Beach State Park Lake erie State Park Beach Lake erie State Park Beach Lake erie State Park Beach Lake erie State Park Beach Lake erie State Park Beach Lake erie State Park Beach Point Gratiot Beach Point Gratiot Beach Point Gratiot Beach Point Gratiot Beach Point Gratiot Beach Wright Park east Wright Park east Wright Park east Wright Park east Wright Park West Wright Park West Wright Park West Start Date 6/2 6/7 6/24 6/28 7/5 7/13 7/21 8/11 9/1 7/20 7/22 8/24 7/19 7/15 6/26 7/12 7/22 6/30 8/9 7/13 7/26 8/4 7/28 6/20 7/11 7/25 8/14 8/15 6/13 6/20 7/11 7/25 6/13 6/20 6/28 end Date 6/5 6/8 6/26 7/1 7/7 7/14 7/21 8/12 9/4 7/20 7/23 8/25 7/19 7/15 6/26 7/12 7/22 7/5 8/9 7/13 7/26 8/5 7/28 7/5 7/13 8/8 8/14 9/5 6/15 7/5 7/13 8/16 6/15 6/22 7/5 Reason Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-sew Prempt-sew Prempt-sew Prempt-rain Bacteria Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Prempt-rain Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Source Comb-sew-overflow. Stormwater Comb-sew-overflow. Sanitary-sew-over Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater other other Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Ny. Stormwater Comb-sew-overflow.

Woodlawn Beach State Park Start Date 7/14 7/25 8/8 8/15 8/5 7/27 7/18 7/3 7/12 7/27 8/19 8/27 8/7 8/15 7/27 8/19 6/4 6/27 7/12 8/27 8/5 7/12 7/27 8/19 8/27 7/18 6/19 6/29 7/12 7/27 8/3 8/19 7/1 7/12 7/27 8/3 8/19 7/27 8/19 8/27 7/16 end Date 7/17 7/26 8/8 8/16 8/6 7/31 7/19 7/3 7/13 7/31 8/20 8/31 8/8 8/15 7/28 8/20 6/6 7/2 7/12 8/30 8/7 7/19 7/31 8/20 8/31 7/19 6/21 7/4 7/13 7/31 8/3 8/20 7/24 7/13 7/31 8/3 8/20 7/31 8/19 8/27 7/16 Reason Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Prempt-rain Bacteria Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Bacteria Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Bacteria Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Bacteria Source Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater (?) Stormwater (?) Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater (?) (?) Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater (?) Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater (?) Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater (?) Ny. vincent depaul Beach St.7 natural Resources defense Council . vincent depaul Beach Wendt Beach Wendt Beach Wendt Beach Woodlawn Beach . vincent depaul Beach St. vincent depaul Beach St.Testing the Waters 2007 County Chautauqua Chautauqua Chautauqua Chautauqua erie erie erie erie erie erie erie erie erie erie erie erie erie erie erie erie erie erie erie erie erie erie erie erie erie erie erie erie erie erie erie erie erie erie erie erie erie Beach Name Wright Park West Wright Park West Wright Park West Wright Park West Bennett Beach Bennett Beach evans town Park evans town Park evans town Park evans town Park evans town Park evans town Park hamburg Bathing Beach hamburg Bathing Beach hamburg Bathing Beach hamburg Bathing Beach hamburg Bathing Beach hamburg Bathing Beach hamburg Bathing Beach hamburg Bathing Beach Lake erie Beach Lake erie Beach Lake erie Beach Lake erie Beach Lake erie Beach Pioneer Camp Pioneer Camp Pioneer Camp Pioneer Camp Pioneer Camp Pioneer Camp Pioneer Camp Point Breeze Camp St.

Stormwater Comb-sew-overflow.Woodlawn Beach State Park Woodlawn Beach .Testing the Waters 2007 County erie erie erie erie erie erie erie erie erie erie Kings Kings Kings Kings Kings Kings Kings Kings Kings Kings Kings Kings Kings Kings Kings Kings Kings Monroe Monroe Beach Name Woodlawn Beach .Woodlawn Beach State Park Woodlawn Beach . Stormwater Comb-sew-overflow.Woodlawn Beach State Park Woodlawn Beach . Stormwater Comb-sew-overflow. Stormwater Comb-sew-overflow. Stormwater Stormwater (?) (?) (?) (?) Stormwater Stormwater Septic. Stormwater Comb-sew-overflow.Woodlawn Beach State Park Woodlawn Beach . natural Resources defense Council .Woodlawn Beach State Park Woodlawn Beach . Stormwater Comb-sew-overflow. Stormwater Comb-sew-overflow.Stormwater Stormwater Ny.Woodlawn Beach State Park Woodlawn Beach .Woodlawn Beach State Park Woodlawn Beach .Woodlawn Beach State Park Gerritsen/Kiddie Beach Gerritsen/Kiddie Beach Gerritsen/Kiddie Beach Gerritsen/Kiddie Beach Gerritsen/Kiddie Beach Gerritsen/Kiddie Beach Gerritsen/Kiddie Beach Gerritsen/Kiddie Beach Gerritsen/Kiddie Beach Gerritsen/Kiddie Beach Gerritsen/Kiddie Beach Kingsborough Community College Kingsborough Community College Kingsborough Community College Kingsborough Community College Kingsborough Community College Manhattan Beach durand Beach durand Beach Start Date 8/8 7/1 7/28 8/4 8/15 8/20 8/27 9/2 6/27 7/12 8/23 8/30 6/2 6/7 6/24 7/5 7/12 8/11 8/26 9/1 7/19 8/10 8/11 8/24 8/30 7/5 7/5 8/29 8/8 end Date 8/8 7/4 8/1 8/6 8/16 8/22 9/1 9/5 6/28 7/14 8/23 8/31 6/5 6/11 7/1 7/9 7/16 8/13 8/29 9/4 7/24 8/10 8/23 8/29 9/4 7/5 7/5 8/29 8/8 Reason Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-other Source (?) Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater (?) Comb-sew-overflow. Stormwater Comb-sew-overflow.Woodlawn Beach State Park Woodlawn Beach .Woodlawn Beach State Park Woodlawn Beach .

Prempt-other Prempt-rain. Prempt-other Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Source Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater (?) (?) Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Ny.Testing the Waters 2007 County Monroe Monroe Monroe Monroe Monroe Monroe Monroe Monroe Monroe Monroe Monroe Monroe Monroe Monroe Monroe Monroe Monroe Monroe Monroe Monroe Monroe Monroe Monroe Monroe Monroe Monroe Monroe Monroe Monroe nassau nassau nassau nassau nassau nassau nassau nassau nassau nassau Beach Name durand Beach durand Beach durand Beach durand Beach durand Beach durand Beach durand Beach durand Beach durand Beach hamlin Beach Area 4 hamlin Beach State Park-Area 3 ontario Beach ontario Beach ontario Beach ontario Beach ontario Beach ontario Beach ontario Beach ontario Beach ontario Beach ontario Beach ontario Beach ontario Beach ontario Beach ontario Beach ontario Beach ontario Beach ontario Beach ontario Beach Bar Beach Bar Beach Bar Beach Bar Beach Biltmore Beach Biltmore Beach Biltmore Beach Biltmore Beach Centre island Bay Beach Centre island Bay Beach Start Date 8/11 8/24 8/28 8/31 9/3 7/22 7/28 8/3 8/21 7/7 7/7 7/5 7/19 7/22 7/30 8/5 8/8 8/11 8/21 8/26 8/28 8/30 9/2 6/28 7/11 7/13 7/28 8/29 8/3 7/6 7/13 7/22 8/26 7/6 7/13 7/22 8/26 7/6 7/13 end Date 8/12 8/24 8/28 8/31 9/4 7/22 7/31 8/5 8/21 7/7 7/7 7/7 7/19 7/24 7/30 8/5 8/8 8/12 8/24 8/26 8/28 8/31 9/4 6/28 7/11 7/14 7/29 8/29 8/4 7/6 7/13 7/22 8/31 7/6 7/13 7/22 8/30 7/6 7/13 Reason Prempt-other Prempt-other Prempt-other Prempt-other Prempt-other Prempt-rain. Prempt-other Bacteria Bacteria Prempt-other Prempt-other Prempt-other Prempt-other Prempt-other Prempt-other Prempt-other Prempt-other Prempt-other Prempt-other Prempt-other Prempt-other Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain. Prempt-other Prempt-rain. Prempt-other Prempt-rain. natural Resources defense Council .

village of Laurel hollow inc. village of Laurel hollow inc. village of Laurel hollow island Park Beach island Park Beach island Park Beach island Park Beach Lattington Beach Lattington Beach Lattington Beach Lattington Beach Merrick estates Civic Association Merrick estates Civic Association Merrick estates Civic Association Merrick estates Civic Association Morgan Memorial Beach Morgan Memorial Beach Morgan Memorial Beach Morgan Memorial Beach Phillip healey Phillip healey Phillip healey Phillip healey Start Date 7/22 8/26 7/6 7/13 7/22 8/26 7/6 7/13 7/22 8/26 7/6 7/13 7/22 8/26 7/6 7/13 7/22 8/26 7/6 7/13 7/22 8/26 7/6 7/13 7/22 8/26 7/6 7/13 7/22 8/26 7/6 7/13 7/22 8/26 7/6 7/13 7/22 8/26 7/6 7/13 7/22 8/26 end Date 7/22 8/30 7/6 7/13 7/22 8/30 7/6 7/13 7/22 8/30 7/6 7/13 7/22 8/30 7/6 7/13 7/22 8/30 7/6 7/13 7/22 8/30 7/6 7/13 7/22 8/30 7/6 7/13 7/22 8/30 7/6 7/13 7/22 8/30 7/6 7/13 7/22 8/30 7/6 7/13 7/22 8/30 Reason Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Source Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Ny.Testing the Waters 2007 County nassau nassau nassau nassau nassau nassau nassau nassau nassau nassau nassau nassau nassau nassau nassau nassau nassau nassau nassau nassau nassau nassau nassau nassau nassau nassau nassau nassau nassau nassau nassau nassau nassau nassau nassau nassau nassau nassau nassau nassau nassau nassau Beach Name Centre island Bay Beach Centre island Bay Beach Centre island Sound Beach Centre island Sound Beach Centre island Sound Beach Centre island Sound Beach Crescent Beach Crescent Beach Crescent Beach Crescent Beach hempstead harbor Beach Park hempstead harbor Beach Park hempstead harbor Beach Park hempstead harbor Beach Park hewlett Beach hewlett Beach hewlett Beach hewlett Beach inc. village of Laurel hollow inc.20 natural Resources defense Council .

2 natural Resources defense Council .Testing the Waters 2007 County nassau nassau nassau nassau nassau nassau nassau nassau nassau nassau nassau nassau nassau nassau nassau nassau nassau nassau nassau nassau nassau nassau nassau nassau nassau nassau nassau nassau nassau nassau nassau nassau nassau nassau nassau nassau nassau nassau nassau nassau niagara niagara Beach Name Piping Rock Beach Piping Rock Beach Piping Rock Beach Piping Rock Beach Prybil Beach Prybil Beach Prybil Beach Prybil Beach Ransom Beach Ransom Beach Ransom Beach Ransom Beach Seacliff Beach Seacliff Beach Seacliff Beach Seacliff Beach Soundside Beach Soundside Beach Soundside Beach Soundside Beach Stehli Beach Stehli Beach Stehli Beach Stehli Beach tappan Beach tappan Beach tappan Beach tappan Beach the Creek Beach the Creek Beach the Creek Beach the Creek Beach theodore Roosevelt Beach theodore Roosevelt Beach theodore Roosevelt Beach theodore Roosevelt Beach West harbor Memorial Beach West harbor Memorial Beach West harbor Memorial Beach West harbor Memorial Beach Krull Park Krull Park Start Date 7/6 7/13 7/22 8/26 7/6 7/13 7/22 8/26 7/6 7/13 7/22 8/26 7/6 7/13 7/22 8/26 7/6 7/13 7/22 8/26 7/6 7/13 7/22 8/26 7/6 7/13 7/22 8/26 7/6 7/13 7/22 8/26 7/6 7/13 7/22 8/26 7/6 7/13 7/22 8/26 7/13 7/18 end Date 7/6 7/13 7/22 8/30 7/6 7/13 7/22 8/30 7/6 7/13 7/22 8/30 7/6 7/13 7/22 8/30 7/6 7/13 7/22 8/30 7/6 7/13 7/22 8/30 7/6 7/13 7/22 8/30 7/6 7/13 7/22 8/30 7/6 7/13 7/22 8/30 7/6 7/13 7/22 8/30 7/14 7/19 Reason Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Bacteria Bacteria Source Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Ny.

Septic.Testing the Waters 2007 County niagara niagara niagara niagara niagara oswego Queens Queens Queens Queens Queens Queens Queens Queens Queens Queens Queens Queens Queens Queens Richmond Richmond Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Beach Name Krull Park Wilson .tuscarora State Park Beach Selkirk Shores State Park Beach douglas Manor douglas Manor douglas Manor douglas Manor douglas Manor douglas Manor douglas Manor douglas Manor douglas Manor douglas Manor douglas Manor douglas Manor douglas Manor douglas Manor Midland Beach/South Beach South Beach Amityville Beach Amityville Beach Amityville Beach Amityville Beach Amityville Beach Amityville Beach Amityville Beach Amityville Beach Asharoken Beach Asharoken Beach Asharoken Beach Asharoken Beach Asharoken Beach Start Date 8/1 7/6 7/9 8/16 9/3 7/13 8/3 8/26 6/2 6/7 6/24 6/28 7/5 7/21 8/11 8/31 7/20 7/22 8/24 7/19 7/5 7/5 8/12 9/4 6/27 6/26 7/5 7/13 8/28 9/1 6/26 7/5 7/13 8/28 9/1 end Date 8/14 7/7 7/12 8/16 9/5 7/13 8/3 8/30 6/5 6/8 6/26 7/1 7/7 7/21 8/12 9/4 7/20 7/23 8/25 7/19 7/5 7/5 8/15 9/7 6/27 6/26 7/6 7/13 8/29 9/3 6/26 7/6 7/13 8/29 9/3 Reason Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Prempt-other Prempt-rain Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-sew Prempt-sew Prempt-sew Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Source Stormwater (?) (?) other Stormwater other (?) Comb-sew-overflow.tuscarora State Park Beach Wilson . Septic. Septic.Stormwater Comb-sew-overflow.Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater (?) (?) (?) Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Ny. Sanitary-sew-over Septic.Stormwater Comb-sew-overflow. Septic. Septic. Septic. Septic.22 natural Resources defense Council .Stormwater Comb-sew-overflow.Stormwater Comb-sew-overflow.Stormwater Comb-sew-overflow.tuscarora State Park Beach Wilson .Stormwater Comb-sew-overflow.Stormwater Pub-treatment-works Pub-treatment-works Pub-treatment-works.Stormwater Comb-sew-overflow. Septic. Septic.Stormwater Comb-sew-overflow.tuscarora State Park Beach Wilson .

Testing the Waters 2007 County Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Beach Name Bay hills Poa Bay hills Poa Bay hills Poa Bay hills Poa Bay hills Poa Bayberry Beach And tennis Club Bayberry Beach And tennis Club Bayberry Beach And tennis Club Bayberry Beach And tennis Club Baycrest Association Beach Baycrest Association Beach Baycrest Association Beach Baycrest Association Beach Baycrest Association Beach Bayport Beach Bayport Beach Bayport Beach Bayport Beach Bayport Beach Bayport Beach Beech Road Beach Beech Road Beach Beech Road Beach Beech Road Beach Benjamins Beach Benjamins Beach Benjamins Beach Benjamins Beach Benjamins Beach Brightwaters Beach Brightwaters Beach Brightwaters Beach Brightwaters Beach Brightwaters Beach Broadway Beach Broadway Beach Broadway Beach Broadway Beach Broadway Beach Broadway Beach Broadway Beach Broadway Beach Broadway Beach Broadway Beach Cedar Beach Cedar Beach Cedar Beach Start Date 6/26 7/5 7/13 8/28 9/1 6/26 7/5 8/28 9/1 6/26 7/5 7/13 8/28 9/1 8/17 6/26 7/5 7/13 8/28 9/1 7/5 7/13 8/28 9/1 6/26 7/5 7/13 8/28 9/1 6/26 7/5 7/13 8/28 9/1 9/4 7/5 7/13 8/28 9/1 7/14 8/28 9/1 end Date 6/26 7/6 7/16 8/29 9/3 6/26 7/6 8/29 9/3 6/26 7/6 7/13 8/29 9/3 8/17 6/26 7/6 7/13 8/29 9/3 7/9 7/13 8/29 9/3 6/26 7/6 7/16 8/29 9/3 6/26 7/9 7/13 8/30 9/3 9/15 7/6 7/13 8/29 9/3 7/16 8/29 9/3 Reason Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Bacteria Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Bacteria Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Source Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater (?) Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater (?) Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Ny.23 natural Resources defense Council .

24 natural Resources defense Council .Testing the Waters 2007 County Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Beach Name Cedar Beach West Cedar Beach West Cedar Beach West Centerport Beach Centerport Beach Centerport Beach Centerport Beach Centerport Yacht Club Centerport Yacht Club Centerport Yacht Club Centerport Yacht Club Centerport Yacht Club Cold Spring harbor Beach Club Cold Spring harbor Beach Club Cold Spring harbor Beach Club Cold Spring harbor Beach Club Cold Spring harbor Beach Club Cold Spring harbor Beach Club Cold Spring harbor Beach Club Corey Creek Beach Corey Creek Beach Corey Creek Beach Corey Creek Beach Corey Creek Beach Crab Meadow Beach Crab Meadow Beach Crab Meadow Beach Crab Meadow Beach Crescent Beach-Suffolk Crescent Beach-Suffolk Crescent Beach-Suffolk Crescent Beach-Suffolk eagle dock Community Beach eagle dock Community Beach eagle dock Community Beach eagle dock Community Beach eagle dock Community Beach eagle dock Community Beach east islip Beach east islip Beach east islip Beach east islip Beach Start Date 7/13 8/28 9/1 6/26 7/5 7/13 8/28 6/26 7/5 7/13 8/28 9/1 6/27 8/9 6/26 7/5 7/13 8/28 9/1 6/26 7/5 7/13 8/28 9/1 7/5 7/13 8/28 9/1 6/26 7/5 7/13 8/28 8/9 6/26 7/5 7/13 8/28 9/1 6/26 7/5 8/28 9/1 end Date 7/16 8/29 9/3 6/26 7/6 7/13 8/29 6/26 7/6 7/13 8/29 9/3 6/27 8/10 6/26 7/6 7/13 8/29 9/3 6/26 7/9 7/13 8/29 9/3 7/9 7/13 8/29 9/3 6/26 7/6 7/13 8/29 8/10 6/26 7/6 7/13 8/29 9/3 6/26 7/6 8/29 9/3 Reason Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Bacteria Bacteria Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Bacteria Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Source Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater (?) (?) Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater (?) Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Ny.

Bay hobart Beach . huntington Beach Community Assoc. islip Beach islip Beach islip Beach islip Beach islip Beach Knollwood Beach Knollwood Beach Knollwood Beach Knollwood Beach Knollwood Beach Lloyd harbor village Park Start Date 6/26 7/5 7/13 8/28 9/1 9/4 8/28 9/1 8/9 8/30 6/26 7/5 7/13 8/28 8/28 9/1 6/26 7/5 7/13 8/28 9/1 6/26 7/5 7/13 8/28 9/1 6/26 7/5 7/13 8/28 9/1 8/30 6/26 7/5 8/28 9/1 6/26 7/5 7/13 8/28 9/1 6/26 end Date 6/26 7/9 7/13 8/29 9/3 9/15 8/29 9/3 8/11 9/12 6/26 7/6 7/13 8/29 8/29 9/3 6/26 7/6 7/13 8/29 9/3 6/26 7/6 7/13 8/29 9/3 6/26 7/9 7/13 8/29 9/3 8/30 6/26 7/6 8/29 9/3 6/26 7/6 7/16 8/29 9/3 6/26 Reason Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Bacteria Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Bacteria Bacteria Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Bacteria Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Source Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater (?) Stormwater Stormwater (?) (?) Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater (?) Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Ny.Bay hobart Beach .25 natural Resources defense Council .Bay hobart Beach . huntington Beach Community Assoc. huntington Beach Community Assoc.Bay huntington Beach Community Assoc.Bay hobart Beach . huntington Beach Community Assoc.Testing the Waters 2007 County Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Beach Name Fleets Cove Beach Fleets Cove Beach Fleets Cove Beach Fleets Cove Beach Fleets Cove Beach Friendship drive Beach Friendship drive Beach Friendship drive Beach Gold Star Battalion Beach Gold Star Battalion Beach Gold Star Battalion Beach Gold Star Battalion Beach Gold Star Battalion Beach Gold Star Battalion Beach haven’s Beach haven’s Beach head of the Bay Club head of the Bay Club head of the Bay Club head of the Bay Club head of the Bay Club hobart Beach .

26 natural Resources defense Council .Testing the Waters 2007 County Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Beach Name Lloyd harbor village Park Lloyd harbor village Park Lloyd harbor village Park Lloyd neck Bath Club Lloyd neck Bath Club Lloyd neck Bath Club Lloyd neck Bath Club Long Beach Long Beach Miller Beach Surf Club Miller Beach Surf Club Miller Place Park Miller Place Park Miller Place Park nathan hale Beach Club nathan hale Beach Club nathan hale Beach Club nathan hale Beach Club nathan hale Beach Club nissequogue Point Beach nissequogue Point Beach nissequogue Point Beach old Field Club old Field Club orient Beach State Park Patchogue village Pool And Beach Club Patchogue village Pool And Beach Club Patchogue village Pool And Beach Club Patchogue village Pool And Beach Club Port Jefferson Beach east Port Jefferson Beach east Port Jefferson Beach east Port Jefferson Beach east Port Jefferson Beach West Port Jefferson Beach West Port Jefferson Beach West Port Jefferson Beach West Port Jefferson Beach West Prices Bend Beach Start Date 7/5 7/13 8/28 8/9 6/26 7/5 8/28 8/14 8/28 8/28 9/1 7/13 8/28 9/1 6/26 7/5 7/13 8/28 9/1 8/14 8/28 9/1 8/9 8/28 6/25 6/26 7/5 8/28 9/1 7/5 7/13 8/28 9/1 6/28 7/5 7/13 8/28 9/1 6/27 end Date 7/6 7/16 8/29 8/10 6/26 7/6 8/29 8/15 8/29 8/29 9/3 7/13 8/29 9/3 6/26 7/6 7/13 8/29 9/3 8/15 8/30 9/3 8/15 8/29 6/25 6/26 7/6 8/29 9/3 7/6 7/13 8/29 9/3 6/29 7/6 7/13 8/29 9/3 6/27 Reason Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Bacteria Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Bacteria Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Bacteria Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Bacteria Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Bacteria Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Bacteria Source Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater (?) Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater (?) Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater (?) Stormwater Stormwater (?) Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater (?) Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater (?) Ny.

27 natural Resources defense Council .Testing the Waters 2007 County Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Beach Name Prices Bend Beach Prices Bend Beach Prices Bend Beach Prices Bend Beach Prices Bend Beach Sandspit Beach Sandspit Beach Sandspit Beach Sandspit Beach Sandspit Beach Sayville Beach Sayville Beach Sayville Beach Sayville Beach Sayville Beach Sayville Marina Park Sayville Marina Park Sayville Marina Park Sayville Marina Park Sayville Marina Park Schubert Beach Schubert Beach Scotts Beach Scotts Beach Scotts Beach Shirley Beach Shirley Beach Shirley Beach Shirley Beach Shirley Beach Shoreham Shore Club Shoreham village Beach Short Beach Short Beach Short Beach Sound Beach Poa east Sound Beach Poa east Sound Beach Poa east Sound Beach Poa West Sound Beach Poa West Sound Beach Poa West Steers Beach Start Date 6/26 7/5 7/13 8/28 9/1 6/26 7/5 7/13 8/28 9/1 6/26 7/5 7/13 8/28 9/1 6/26 7/5 7/13 8/28 9/1 8/14 8/28 7/13 8/28 9/1 6/26 7/5 7/13 8/28 9/1 7/13 7/13 8/14 8/28 9/1 9/4 8/28 9/1 7/13 8/28 9/1 6/26 end Date 6/26 7/6 7/13 8/29 9/3 6/26 7/6 7/16 8/29 9/3 6/26 7/6 7/16 8/29 9/3 6/26 7/6 7/16 8/29 9/3 8/15 8/29 7/13 8/29 9/3 6/26 7/6 7/16 8/29 9/3 7/13 7/13 8/15 8/29 9/3 9/6 8/29 9/3 7/13 8/29 9/3 6/26 Reason Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Bacteria Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Bacteria Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Bacteria Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Source Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater (?) Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater (?) Stormwater Stormwater (?) Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Ny.

Testing the Waters 2007 County Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Beach Name Steers Beach Steers Beach Steers Beach Steers Beach Stony Brook Beach Stony Brook Beach Stony Brook Beach Stony Brook Beach Stony Brook Beach Stony Brook Beach Stony Brook Yacht Club Stony Brook Yacht Club Stony Brook Yacht Club Stony Brook Yacht Club Stony Brook Yacht Club Stony Brook Yacht Club tides Property owners Association tides Property owners Association tides Property owners Association tides Property owners Association tides Property owners Association tides Property owners Association valley Grove Beach valley Grove Beach valley Grove Beach valley Grove Beach valley Grove Beach valley Grove Beach valley Grove Beach vanderbilt Beach vanderbilt Beach vanderbilt Beach vanderbilt Beach vanderbilt Beach venetian Shores West islip Beach West islip Beach West islip Beach West islip Beach West islip Beach West islip Beach West Meadow Beach Start Date 7/5 7/13 8/28 9/1 8/14 6/26 7/5 7/13 8/28 9/1 8/14 6/26 7/5 7/13 8/28 9/1 7/24 9/4 7/5 7/13 8/28 9/1 7/7 8/2 9/4 6/26 7/5 8/28 9/1 6/26 7/5 7/13 8/28 9/1 7/20 8/9 6/26 7/5 7/13 8/28 9/1 8/11 end Date 7/6 7/13 8/29 9/3 8/15 6/26 7/6 7/13 8/29 9/3 8/15 6/26 7/6 7/13 8/29 9/3 7/27 9/15 7/9 7/13 8/29 9/3 7/27 8/16 9/7 6/26 7/6 8/29 9/3 6/26 7/6 7/13 8/29 9/3 7/25 8/17 6/26 7/6 7/16 8/29 9/3 8/15 Reason Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Bacteria Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Bacteria Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Bacteria Bacteria Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Bacteria Bacteria Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Bacteria Source Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater (?) Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater (?) Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater (?) (?) Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater (?) (?) (?) Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater (?) (?) Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater (?) Ny.2 natural Resources defense Council .

2 natural Resources defense Council .Testing the Waters 2007 County Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Suffolk Wayne Wayne Westchester Westchester Westchester Westchester Westchester Westchester Westchester Westchester Westchester Westchester Westchester Westchester Westchester Westchester Westchester Westchester Westchester Westchester Westchester Westchester Westchester Westchester Westchester Beach Name West Meadow Beach West neck Beach West neck Beach West neck Beach West oaks Recreation Club West oaks Recreation Club West oaks Recreation Club West oaks Recreation Club West oaks Recreation Club Wincoma Beach Wincoma Beach Wincoma Beach Wincoma Beach Wincoma Beach Woodhull Landing Woodhull Landing Woodhull Landing Pultneyville Mariners Beach Pultneyville Mariners Beach Beach Point Club Beach Point Club Beach Point Club Beach Point Club Beach Point Club Beach Point Club echo Bay Yacht Club echo Bay Yacht Club echo Bay Yacht Club echo Bay Yacht Club echo Bay Yacht Club echo Bay Yacht Club harbor island Beach harbor island Beach harbor island Beach harbor island Beach harbor island Beach harbor island Beach hudson Park hudson Park hudson Park hudson Park hudson Park Start Date 8/28 6/26 7/5 8/28 6/26 7/5 7/13 8/28 9/1 6/26 7/5 7/13 8/28 9/1 7/13 8/28 9/1 7/19 8/30 6/24 7/5 7/13 7/21 8/11 9/3 6/24 7/5 7/13 7/21 8/11 9/3 6/24 7/5 7/13 7/21 8/11 9/3 6/24 7/5 7/13 7/21 8/11 end Date 8/29 6/26 7/6 8/29 6/26 7/6 7/16 8/29 9/3 6/26 7/6 7/13 8/29 9/3 7/13 8/29 9/3 7/26 8/31 6/25 7/6 7/14 7/22 8/11 9/3 6/25 7/6 7/14 7/22 8/11 9/3 6/25 7/6 7/14 7/22 8/11 9/3 6/25 7/6 7/14 7/22 8/11 Reason Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Bacteria Bacteria Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Source Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater (?) (?) Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Ny.

http://www. Preempt-rain. combined sewer overflow. 2006 NYC Beach Survelliance (sic) and Monitoring Program Summary. or cloudiness. sanitary sewer overflow. preemptive due to shifting water temperatures. unknown. (?). Sanitary-sew-over. monitoring that revealed high bacteria levels. Notes 1 2 3 4 New York State Department of Economic Development. aspx as viewed on 7/16/2007 United States Environmental Protection Agency. preemptive due to debris. Preempt-wave-action. EPA’s BEACH Report: New York 2006 Swimming Season. preemptive due to sewage discharge or spill. Ny. preemptive due to heavy rainfall. New York State Department of Sanitation. 1993. June 2007. New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene. Preempt-algae: preemptive due to algae. preemptive due to turbidity.com/AboutNY/TopFacts. preemptive due to wave action. Pub-treatment-works.30 natural Resources defense Council .Testing the Waters 2007 County Westchester Westchester Westchester Westchester Westchester Westchester Westchester Westchester Westchester Westchester Westchester Westchester Westchester Westchester Westchester Westchester Westchester Westchester Westchester Beach Name hudson Park Mamaroneck Beach And Cabana Club Mamaroneck Beach And Cabana Club Mamaroneck Beach And Cabana Club Mamaroneck Beach And Cabana Club Mamaroneck Beach And Cabana Club Mamaroneck Beach And Cabana Club orienta Beach Club orienta Beach Club orienta Beach Club orienta Beach Club orienta Beach Club orienta Beach Club Shore Acres Club Shore Acres Club Shore Acres Club Shore Acres Club Shore Acres Club Shore Acres Club Start Date 9/3 6/24 7/5 7/13 7/21 8/11 9/3 6/24 7/5 7/13 7/21 8/11 9/3 6/24 7/5 7/13 7/21 8/11 9/3 end Date 9/3 6/25 7/6 7/14 7/22 8/11 9/3 6/25 7/6 7/14 7/22 8/11 9/3 6/25 7/6 7/14 7/22 8/11 9/3 Reason Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Source Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Abbreviations used: Bacteria. Preempt-turbidity. Preempt-debris. Preempt-sew. Preempt-water temp.iloveny. publicly owned treatment works. Comb-sew-overflow. New York Harbor Water Quality Survey. October 2006.

North Carolina’s water quality standards are a single- sample maximum of 104 cfu/100 ml water and a running monthly geometric mean of 35 cfu/100 ml. but sampling continues on a less frequent basis. During extreme rain events.1 Monitoring Frequency: North Carolina reported 240 monitoring sites in 2006. Thirty-eight percent (92) were at Tier 1 beaches that were monitored weekly from April through September NC. where Cape Hatteras National Seashore. Cape Lookout National Seashore. These beaches are threatened by pollution from agricultural. particularly in the southern region of the state. are located on barrier islands. Except for areas adjacent to storm drains.4 During April and October. and at Tier 3 beaches. Even though the barrier islands are sparsely developed.1 Beach advisories are issued when pumping of floodwaters between the primary dune and the ocean beaches occurs and when disposal of dredge material from closed shellfishing waters on ocean beaches occurs. Standards indicator organism: Enterococcus Standards: For its Tier 1 beaches.2 North Carolina received a $302. The North Carolina Department of Environment and Natural Resources (NCDENR) began monitoring beaches along the North Carolina coast in 1997.1 Advisories are also issued after known sewage spills. natural Resources defense Council .480 BEACH Act grant in 2006 and is eligible for a $303.1 North Carolina’s swim season is from April to October. particularly at beaches where waterfowl congregate and in areas where there is a lack of tidal action and water circulation because of the distance from an ocean inlet. advisories are not posted.3 State legislation passed in 2004 codified these standards.920 grant in 2005. the NCDENR can opt to apply Tier 1 standards during those months if the water temperature is warm enough for high recreational usage. and public notification activities in North For Tier  beaches only.1 Tourism in North Carolina is contributes $15. These sites represented all public coastal beaches in the state.000.200 related jobs. However. In 2006. the state and county health directors do have the authority to close any body of water if necessary for the protection of public health. analysis. This agency does all of the beach sampling.2 The annual contribution from the state to the monitoring program is approximately $240. the percent Carolina. beaches along the open ocean are not as affected by stormwater as beaches on the sound side. remained steady at 2 percent in 2006 they are affected by visits from millions of tourists each year. and all of samples exceeding the standard have at least one beach that is monitored. the NCDENR sometimes issue blanket advisories that cover large regions or all of coastal North Carolina. The state funds monitoring of Tier 2 and Tier 3 beaches (about half of the beaches) while the EPA grant pays for monitoring at Tier 1 beaches. through a program administered by the NCDENR. and many of the most popular beach communities are located. These standards match the BEACH Act–required standards for full-body water-contact recreation in marine waters. septic system.Testing the Waters 2007 NoRTH CARoliNA Most of North Carolina’s 241 public coastal beaches.1 NCDENR does not have the authority to close beaches: it issues alerts and advisories only. and 2005. and development runoff into estuarine and bay waters.4 billion to the state’s economy and generates 187. Action levels at Tier 2 and Tier 3 beaches are different. the standard is a single-sample maximum of 500 cfu/100 ml. Seventeen counties have marine coastline.1 The NCDENR has a $15 million grant to do extensive studies and implement best management practices for ocean stormdrains in Dare County. which stretch along 415 miles of Atlantic waters. from May through September. the standard for Tier 1 beaches is generally the same as the standard for Tier 2 beaches.1 Most beach advisories occur on the sound side.2 Permanent signs are posted on either side of stormdrain outfalls stating that swimming between the signs is not recommended and that waters may be contaminated by discharge from the pipe. at Tier 2 beaches. During the off-season.2 However. water quality monitoring was conducted at all public coastal beaches in the state. the standard is a single-sample maximum of 276 cfu/100 ml.

Pender and Camden Counties had the highest percentage of beaches with no exceedances (100%). Pasquotank. Storm drains that do not extend to the water’s edge are sampled where the swash enters the surf. All beaches are monitored once a month from November to March. Perquimans. Beaufort (67%). Southern Shores Private Soundside Access in Dare County (14%). or used less frequently but intensively for special events such as triathlons. which are monitored twice a month between April and October. Banks Channel-Waynick Blvd. Half of the samples are collected by boat. The remaining 62 percent (148) were at Tier 2 and 3 beaches. In 2006. Samples taken from piers must be taken at the location of the most used area six to 12 inches below the water’s surface. New Hanover (76%). Lateral sampling to determine the extent of the plume from discharging stormdrains is done in Dare County. (13%) and Banks Channel . Brunswick (77%).Waynick Blvd.2 Sampling is routinely conducted Monday to Thursday. People frequent Tier 2 sites mostly on weekends and these sites are usually accessed by watercraft. and these samples are taken in water that is three feet deep. samplers record rainfall. Beaches are grouped by county and ranked in descending order by percent exceedance. Chowan. Seventy percent of all monitored beaches did not exceed the standard for any sample taken in 2006. North Carolina has prioritized its beaches based on usage and potential for contamination. 2006 Monitoring Frequency and Results by Beach County Beaufort Beaufort Beaufort Beaufort Beach dock on S. and Tyrrell counties. six to 12 inches below the surface of the water. between Snyder and Seashore St in New Hanover County (12%). Samples are collected in the ocean surf 16 feet from the sampler’s body using a telescopic golf ball retriever in knee-deep water. Currituck (67%). Lateral sampling is also done at some sites when the geometric mean is exceeded in order to determine the extent of the contaminated area. air and water temperature. Tier 2 beaches constitute areas such as those in the intracoastal waterway. NRDC looked at the percent of monitoring samples that exceeded North Carolina’s daily maximum bacterial standards. Pamlico (70%). tidal creeks. and percent of samples exceeding the standard for all beaches reported in 2006. 12 inches below the surface.2 natural Resources defense Council . wind speed and direction. followed by Craven (88%).Junction of Upper Goose Creek and dinah’s Lan Sound Access at the intersection of e. Dare (76%). Main St. and Onslow (50%). approx. Tier 1 beaches are adjacent to resort areas.2 Practice: Samplers take care not to disturb bottom sediment when sampling.2 Results: For the second consecutive year. Hyde (80%).Testing the Waters 2007 and twice a month in October. and tooley S Tier 3 3 2 3 Monitoring Frequency 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo Total Samples 17 20 20 26 Percent exceedance 6% 5% 5% 4% NC. Carteret (85%). For Tier 1 beaches only. monitoring frequency. and summer camps and are used on a daily basis. but takes place on Fridays and weekends if necessary. Sample results are available approximately 24 hours after samples are delivered to the lab for analysis.Broad Creek Marker #3 Pamlico River. and exposed shoals. tidal stage. Side of Bath Pamlico River. Five counties whose lone coastal beach did not exceed the standards are Bertie. Stormdrains that extend to the water’s edge are sampled 10 feet on either side when practical. Tier 3 beaches are used an average of four times per month. In addition to recording sampling data. All ocean beaches are considered Tier 1. Side of hwy 92 Bridge on the W. and Public Beach S side of Dawson Crk Bridge in Pamlico County (12%). and presence of waterfowl and wildlife. the Tier 1 beaches with the highest percent exceedances were Town Creek in Carteret County (15%). public accesses. current direction. the percent of samples exceeding the standard remained steady at 2 percent in 2006 and 2005. The table below lists the tier status. 150 yds N of Iula St. Sampling is conducted early enough in to day for the samples to be received by the lab before 2 pm.

Maul’s Point Pamlico River. Southport Wastewater treatment Plant outfall intracoastal Waterway. Beach Area Adjacent to howells Pt Wil intracoastal Waterway. of Bridge at the Mouth of Jink’s Creek icw.City Park Pamlico River. Shoreline Adjacent to ocean isle Wild Lockwood Folly River. and durham St. emergency vehicle Access/ Stormwater outfall icw. Beach Area Between Marker #28 & Marke icw.Washington. Marker#67 near holden Beach intracoastal Waterway.Pamlico River Boat Ramp at the intersection of Sr 1500 and vincent St.Testing the Waters 2007 County Beaufort Beaufort Beaufort Beaufort Beaufort Beaufort Beaufort Beaufort Bertie Brunswick Brunswick Brunswick Brunswick Brunswick Brunswick Brunswick Brunswick Brunswick Brunswick Brunswick Brunswick Brunswick Brunswick Brunswick Brunswick Brunswick Brunswick Brunswick Brunswick Brunswick Brunswick Brunswick Brunswick Beach e Shore of Blounts Bay. Waterfront Park at end of ne 52nd St South Beach Area.Beach Access #42 Ferry Road Public Access Greensboro St. Marker # 5 Mouth of Shallotte River at Bowen Point oak island Wildlife Ramp off Fish Factory Rd ocean Pier at 30th Place West and Beach dr. Marker #59 near holden Beach icw. icw.Pamlico River Pamlico River. intracoastal Waterway. Soundside Access at e.Just n of Fork Pt Pamlico River.Pamlico River W of hills Point. Beach Access Between Bald head harbor entrance & Bald head C Cape Fear River. overhead Powerlines Behind oak island intracoastal Waterway.Beach Access # 17 ocean Pier at ocean Blvd. Marker #41 near Lockwood Folly River icw.tripp Point Recrational Area Pamlico River. Beach Area Adjacent to Southport Municipal east Beach Area. end of ocean isle Bch. Tier 2 3 1 3 3 3 2 2 Monitoring Frequency 2/mo 2/mo 1/wk 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo Total Samples 19 20 9 19 19 19 19 19 16 20 20 20 28 33 34 34 27 19 27 33 33 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 33 Percent exceedance 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 10% 5% 5% 4% 3% 3% 3% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 2 3 3 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 3 2 2 2 2 2 2 1 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 2/mo 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 1/wk NC. Caswell Beach Public Access off Caswell Beach Rd.3 natural Resources defense Council . ocean Pier Between 14th and 15th Place east and Beach dr.Railroad trestle Se of Austin Pt. e.

750 Yds. inlet Rd. of Atlantic Beach Bridge. ~200 Yds off of Wam Squam Ln Broad Crk. Wards Shore. e. Public Access at First and Chadbourn St.Public Access end of Bogue Sound dr drum inlet n Side (inside) Fort Macon. Moreheach City Mile Post 4 1/2. oceanside 100 Yds. Shollotte River Adjacent to Area Known as ‘the Swash’ Canal Boat Ramp on Sr 1153 Sound Access on Sr 1153 town Crk.Boat Landing tourist Center Bogue Sound.Aquatic education Location Core Sd.Public Beach Access.~2 miles S of Brown’s inlet Ao.Goose Creek. and Keziah St. Bogue inlet Mouth of Coast Guard Channel Bogue Sd. off Campground Bouge Sound. ocean Pier at Main St.Canal Leading to Moonlite Bay Bogue Sound.4 natural Resources defense Council ..W Salter Path. Public Access at 40th and Main St. oceanside 1/4 Mile W of 20 1/2 Mile Marker. . ne Gallant’s Channel Bridge By Shore Adams Creek off Silver dollar Rd Ao.highway 24 Bridge Cape Lookout Coast Guard dock Ccc . n Side Bogue Sound.Bogue Sound icw. Radio island Public Beach Access 1/2 Mile W of Mile Marker 10.Public Access nw of Bridge north River.Shell Point off harkers island Core Sound White Point deer Crk .at hwy 70 Bridge West end of Sugarloaf island. and Sunset Blvd. Public Access at ocean dr.e Side of Mouth of Gales Creek Bogue Sound..Testing the Waters 2007 County Brunswick Brunswick Brunswick Brunswick Brunswick Brunswick Camden Camden Carteret Carteret Carteret Carteret Carteret Carteret Carteret Carteret Carteret Carteret Carteret Carteret Carteret Carteret Carteret Carteret Carteret Carteret Carteret Carteret Carteret Carteret Carteret Carteret Carteret Carteret Carteret Carteret Carteret Carteret Carteret Beach ocean Pier at Causeway and First St. oceanside of Pelican dr. Park Access harker’s island Bridge at Swimming Area Tier 1 1 1 1 1 3 3 3 1 2 3 2 2 2 1 1 1 1 3 2 1 1 2 2 2 2 3 2 2 2 3 2 2 2 2 2 2 1 2 Monitoring Frequency 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 1/wk 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 2/mo 2/mo 1/wk 1/wk 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 1/wk 2/mo Total Samples 33 33 33 33 33 19 19 19 33 19 20 20 20 20 32 32 31 31 19 19 31 31 19 19 19 19 19 19 18 19 19 19 11 19 19 18 19 31 19 Percent exceedance 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 15% 5% 5% 5% 5% 5% 3% 3% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% NC. Marker #44 newport River.Archer Point Bogue Sound.

Beach Access Tier 2 2 2 2 3 1 1 1 2 2 1 1 1 2 2 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 3 3 3 3 2 2 2 2 3 3 3 3 2 1 1 1 1 Monitoring Frequency 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 2/mo 2/mo 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 2/mo 2/mo 1/wk 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk Total Samples 19 1 19 18 19 31 31 31 19 19 31 31 31 19 19 31 19 19 19 19 18 19 12 19 18 18 18 19 18 18 18 20 21 20 19 34 34 34 34 Percent exceedance 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 5% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 10% 10% 5% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% NC. off Shore icw. Mouth of Bogue inlet Knob island.... Ao ocean end of new Bern St. oceanside Mile Post 19 1/2..nun Bouy #2 Spoils island off Salty Shores taylor’s Creek at Post office dock W Side of Mouth of South River Whitehurst island e of Marker 24 Chowan River Wildlife Ramp ..Union Point dock at the end of Sr 1245 Park on Woodhouse dr. oceanside Mile Marker 7 1/2. Albacore St. oceanside n end of old Ferry Rd. end of Paved Rd.east Side of Bridge Mouth of Back Creek .2.5 natural Resources defense Council .By Restrooms Shackelford Banks. By island icw.8 Miles n of Corolla Ramp Corolla Lighthouse Beach Access Corolla Ramp. Ski Beach.n Side Lennoxville Boat Ramp Mile Marker 15. Atlantic ocean ocean end of henderson Blvd. nc Swimming Area at end of Sr 1142 100 Yrds offshore in Sound near intersection of hwy 12 and A Ao. Corolla.Pine Cliff Recreation Area neuse River. Grandy. n of Mouth of north West Creek neuse River.Green Spring Swim Area neuse River.Flanner’s Beach neuse River. Ao off Brown’s island Park Service dock Public Access near Fawn drive in emerald isle Shackelford Banks.200 Yds. Right Side neuse River.Left Side By Beach Mouth of Slocum Creek.Great neck Point neuse River. Salter Path. Soundside near Mouth of Gatlin Crk ocean end of Central dr.Soundside ~200 Yds.Marker #40a.Testing the Waters 2007 County Carteret Carteret Carteret Carteret Carteret Carteret Carteret Carteret Carteret Carteret Carteret Carteret Carteret Carteret Carteret Carteret Carteret Carteret Carteret Carteret Carteret Carteret Chowan Craven Craven Craven Craven Craven Craven Craven Craven Currituck Currituck Currituck Currituck Currituck Currituck Currituck Currituck Beach headen Ln.

Causeway. Conch St Beach Access drain Pipe at hollowell St drain Pipe at Lake dr Beach Access drain Pipe at Mp 10. offshore.Testing the Waters 2007 County Currituck dare dare dare dare dare dare dare dare dare dare dare dare dare dare dare dare dare dare dare dare dare dare dare dare dare dare dare dare dare dare dare dare dare dare dare dare dare Beach Currituck S Beach Access at Pine island Southern Shores Private Soundside Access drain Pipe at Martin Street drain Pipe at S nags head/Federal Park Border Jockey’s Ridge Soundside Access Colingtpon harbour Swimming Beach Wanchese Seafood industrial Park Bath house at ocean Bay dr Bath house on Sr 1206 Beach Access at Sportsman dr.Currituck Sd. 500 Yrds off Spy Glass Rd. Beach Access S of Refuge offices Beach at Cape hatteras Lighthouse Canadian hole drain Pipe at Mp 12. . 100 Yrds.6 natural Resources defense Council .Currituck Sd. Side of Wright Memorial 500 Yrds off Sandyridge Rd. nags head 100 Yrds offshore at island Creek Ct.Currituck Sd.5 drain Pipe at Mp 8 3/4 1 1/2 Mi Sw of Ro Plant 1/4 Mi e of ems Station 100 Yrds ene of Little Bridge. S of e. va. nags head 100ft north of Jennett’s Pier 2mi Sw of Frisco vol Fire dept 3/4 Miles n.. of Sound Access Across From Ramp #29 500 Yds. nc 100 Yrds. 750 Yrds off ocean Bay Blvd..Rodanthe 100 Yrds offshore at Sunset Strip dr. 800 Yrds off Sr 1425 Beach Access 1 1/2 Mile n of Kitty hawk Pier Beach Access at 3rd St Beach Access at Sprigtail dr. dare trail.. nc 100 Yrds offshore at north holiday Rd. . offshore of 7517 S.Frisco.Avon. .5 drain Pipe at oregon St Tier 1 1 1 1 1 1 3 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 2 2 2 2 2 1 3 2 2 2 2 2 2 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 Monitoring Frequency 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 2/mo 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 2/mo 1/wk 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 1/wk 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 2/mo 1/wk 1/wk Total Samples 34 37 34 34 34 35 19 34 34 34 34 34 34 34 34 18 33 19 18 18 18 19 34 18 18 19 19 19 19 19 34 34 34 33 33 18 34 34 Percent exceedance 0% 14% 6% 6% 6% 6% 5% 3% 3% 3% 3% 3% 3% 3% 3% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% NC.

Approx. Between Snyder and Seashore St Banks Channel . Banks Channel .Waynick Blvd. Area Behind the northern end of Masonboro island Banks Channel. .5 Miles Sw of ocracoke State Ferry Beach Access By Airport Ramp Federal Campground. end of Carolina Beach Tier 1 1 1 2 1 3 1 1 3 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 3 1 2 3 3 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 1 2 Monitoring Frequency 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 2/mo 1/wk 2/mo 1/wk 1/wk 2/mo 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 1/wk 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 2/mo 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 1/wk 2/mo Total Samples 33 33 33 19 34 18 33 33 19 33 33 33 33 33 19 19 18 20 33 19 2 18 33 33 33 33 21 46 41 36 34 20 21 19 33 19 Percent exceedance 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 6% 0% 0% 0% 0% 14% 13% 12% 6% 3% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% NC.Between taylor and Bellamy S ocean Pier at K.Testing the Waters 2007 County dare dare dare dare dare dare dare dare dare dare dare dare dare dare dare dare dare dare dare dare dare hyde hyde hyde hyde hyde new hanover new hanover new hanover new hanover new hanover new hanover new hanover new hanover new hanover new hanover Beach Federal Campground Frisco Bath house hillcrest dr.Public Beach Access at hamlet Ave.7 natural Resources defense Council .end of docks on Sr 1136 Ao.Waynick Blvd.Beach Adjacent to ncwrc Ramp Banks Channel . Ave. Swimming Beach South of Coast Guard Station Cape Fear River.danube Street d/P South nags head Shallowbag Bay Waterfront Gazebo Sound Access Across From Ramp #29 Southeast Side of Mann’s harbor Bridge S-turns’ Just n of Rodanthe the Swimming hole the Swimming hole Swanquarter Bay.Waynick Blvd.1st Public Access Sw of State Ferry Fort Fisher. 150 Yds n of iula St. Access Kitty hawk Bay Wildlife Ramp.ocracoke ocracoke. in Jet Ski Riding Area nags head Bath house new inlet Sound Access northernmost Beach Access ocean Ramp #30 oregon inlet Coastguard Station oregon inlet Federal Campground Ramp #23 and Access Ramp #34 and Access Ramp #38 and Access Ramp #55 and Access Roanoke Sound .n. Junction of Snow’s Cut and Cape Fear River Carolina Beach . Carolina Beach inlet.

Public Access at the hanby Beach Storm drain Wrightsville Sound at Stokley Cut hancock Creek Just South Mouth of Cahooque Creek new River. icw. Between Mason’s Cr. Marker #25 at Alligator Bay intracoastal Waterway. 172 Bridge ocean Pier Between Mile Markers 17 and 18 on new River inlet Regional Public Access at Mile Marker 12 on new River inlet Ao. natural Resources defense Council . Swan Point new River. Stump Sound at Mouth of turkey Creek n Side of onslow Beach Bridge. Area Between Marker #18 and Poverty Point new River.. Masonboro Sound near Marker # 135 Middle Sound at nixon’s Channel Middle Sound at South end of Figure eight island n. at dock new River at Mouth of Southwest Creek onslow Beach . Lumina dr.~1 Mile S of Bogue inlet Bogue Sd. and Page’s Cr.Testing the Waters 2007 County new hanover new hanover new hanover new hanover new hanover new hanover new hanover new hanover new hanover new hanover new hanover not Applicable onslow onslow onslow onslow onslow onslow onslow onslow onslow onslow onslow onslow onslow onslow onslow onslow onslow onslow onslow onslow Pamlico Beach Fort Fisher Beach State Park Access off Loggerhead Rd. Wilson Park new River at hadnot Pt new River. Middle Sd. Jacksonville new River at day Marker #61 new River. hyw 24 Bridge. Soundside icw. and S. and Salt Marsh Ave.1/2 Mile S of Bear inlet. nc hwy. end of Wrightsville Beach at Public Access #2 off Lumina ocean Pier at nathan St. intracoastal Waterway. Public Access ocean Pier near Carolina Beach Ave. ocean Pier at Salisbury St. Cedar Point icw.Public Beach Access ~1/4 Mile South of onslow Regional Public Access at Mile Marker 17 on new River inlet Sander Creek at Bear Creek Sound Side Bear island vandemere Creek Tier 1 2 2 2 2 1 1 1 1 1 2 3 3 3 3 2 2 2 2 2 1 1 1 2 3 3 3 2 2 1 2 3 2 Monitoring Frequency 1/wk 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 1/wk 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo Total Samples 33 19 19 19 19 33 34 33 33 33 19 18 26 25 23 19 19 19 20 20 33 33 30 20 19 19 1 19 24 33 19 19 22 Percent exceedance 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 35% 28% 17% 5% 5% 5% 5% 5% 3% 3% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 14% NC.

210 Bridge at Surf City icw.end of State Rd 1310 neuse River.Ragged Point Swim Area Public Beach Sw Mouth of Whittaker Creek. During the time period over which this overall increase in advisory days occurred. natural Resources defense Council . An advisory is also issued when two out of three simultaneous samples exceed 104 cfu/100 ml for Tier 1 beaches that are sampled in triplicate. then increased to 283 days in 2006. Marker #92 in topsail Sound icw. hwy. Closings and advisories at North Carolina’s 93 Tier 1 beaches decreased from 241 days in 2004 to 48 days in 2005. an advisory is issued. Marker #98 in topsail Sound Public Access #o-10 at ocean Blvd and Crews Ave. and Kinstion Ave. then the alert converts to an advisory. Instead.C. Coast Guard Station Beach icw. A second sample is collected immediately when an alert is issued. Marker #110 in Middle Sound icw. a swimming advisory or alert is issued. For Tier 2 beaches. and if levels in the re-sample exceed 104 cfu/100 ml. Public Access #o-3 at Mile Marker 3 Public Access #S-1 at end of Shoreline dr.2 NC. Shore dr. from 197 days in 2005 to 346 days in 2006. at end of holiday Lane Rd. n of Marker #3 Pasquatank River. This alert converts to an advisory if the resample is more than 276 cfu/100 ml.. Stump Sound Just east of dixon Point Albemarle Sd. Bull Bay Swimming Tier 1 2 2 2 2 2 3 3 2 3 2 2 2 2 1 1 1 1 2 3 3 Monitoring Frequency 1/wk 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo Total Samples 34 18 19 19 18 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 33 33 33 33 19 19 12 Percent exceedance 12% 6% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% Advisories Thirty-nine advisory events were issued at North Carolina’s public coastal beaches in 2006.tyrell County 4-h Camp. Alerts are not issued at Tier 3 beaches. Advisory issuance: When tier-based action levels are exceeded. There were two extended advisory events in North Carolina in 2006 compared to one extended and one permanent advisory event in 2005.oriental. An advisory is issued without a resample at Tier 1 and 2 beaches if a single sample is greater than 500 cfu/100 ml.Testing the Waters 2007 County Pamlico Pamlico Pamlico Pamlico Pamlico Pamlico Pamlico Pamlico Pamlico Pasquotank Pender Pender Pender Pender Pender Pender Pender Pender Pender Perquimans tyrrell Beach Public Beach S Side of dawson Crk Bridge dawson Crk. (Soundside Statio Public Access at S. An alert is issued for Tier 1 beaches whose enterococcus levels are between 104 and 500 cfu/100 ml. Total advisory days for events lasting six consecutive weeks or less increased 76 percent.e. the overall monitoring frequency at these beaches was steady. an alert is issued if a sample is between 276 and 500 cfu/100 ml and a resample is conducted. the beaches are resampled if the levels are higher than 500 cfu/100 ml and if the second sample is above that level. Whittaker Creek Pamlico River. 100 Yds n of Bridge Just e of the Mouth of Beard Ck Just e of Wilkinson Pt Kennals Beach neuse River. Albemarle Sound .

For a geometric mean advisory at a Tier 1 beach to be rescinded.Waynick Blvd.2 NCDENR samples after storm events. and floodwater pumping to confirm safe bacteria levels before lifting preemptive advisories.2 Reopening Procedures: Tier 2 and 3 beaches are monitored weekly after an advisory is issued until levels fall below 276 cfu/100 ml and 500 cfu/100 ml. Between Snyder and Seashore St Start Date 6/1 5/24 8/4 8/2 6/28 8/2 8/11 8/11 6/29 5/11 6/29 5/18 6/9 7/18 9/20 8/24 6/15 7/13 8/24 5/5 6/15 8/24 end Date 6/2 5/25 8/5 8/3 7/12 8/30 8/16 8/16 6/30 5/24 7/12 6/1 6/10 9/13 11/1 9/14 7/11 7/14 10/10 5/8 6/29 9/14 Reason Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Source (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) NC. 2006 Coastal Beach Advisories County Brunswick Carteret Carteret Carteret Carteret Carteret Currituck Currituck dare dare dare dare dare dare dare new hanover new hanover new hanover new hanover new hanover new hanover new hanover Beach Name ocean Pier Between 14th and 15th Place east and Beach dr. respectively.Testing the Waters 2007 Alerts are announced in press releases and on the website but no advisory sign is posted at the beach. If a station has triplicate sampling. Banks Channel . Banks Channel . dredge disposal. Signs are posted when advisories are issued. . Park on Woodhouse dr. sewage spills.1 Causes of Advisories: All advisory days in 2006 were due to monitoring that revealed elevated bacteria levels from un- known sources of contamination. 150 Yds n of iula St. oceanside of Pelican dr.Between taylor and Bellamy S Banks Channel . Approx. nc Swimming Area at end of Sr 1142 Colingtpon harbour Swimming Beach Jockey’s Ridge Soundside Access Jockey’s Ridge Soundside Access Southern Shores Private Soundside Access Southern Shores Private Soundside Access Southern Shores Private Soundside Access Southern Shores Private Soundside Access Banks Channel . Banks Channel . 150 Yds n of iula St. Mile Post 4 1/2. Grandy.0 natural Resources defense Council . Approx.Waynick Blvd.Waynick Blvd. Between Snyder and Seashore St Banks Channel . newport River.Public Access nw of Bridge Radio island Public Beach Access town Crk. 150 Yds n of iula St. Approx.Waynick Blvd. the beach must have two consecutive weekly samples below 35 cfu/100 ml and meet the geometric mean standard for the last five samples.Waynick Blvd. two out of three samples have to be below 104 cfu/100 ml for the advisory to be lifted. The program’s project manager decides whether to post advisory signs during April and October when colder temperatures result in fewer swimmers. town Crk.Waynick Blvd. Between Snyder and Seashore St Banks Channel .Waynick Blvd.

2 North Carolina Department of Environment and Natural Resources. NC. hyw 24 Bridge. Notes 1 J. hyw 24 Bridge. revised January 4. Potts.D.. (?). natural Resources defense Council . Implementing the BEACH Act of 2000 (Report to Congress). Jacksonville new River. new River at day Marker #61 new River at day Marker #61 new River.state. Jacksonville new River.htm.Waynick Blvd.deh. Between Snyder and Seashore St Fort Fisher. October 2006.Testing the Waters 2007 County new hanover new hanover new hanover onslow onslow onslow onslow onslow onslow Pamlico Pamlico Pamlico Pamlico Pamlico Pamlico Pamlico Pamlico Beach Name Banks Channel . personal communication.enr.nc. North Carolina Beach Monitoring Project Quality Assurance Project Plan. 2005. 4 United States Environmental Protection Agency. Jacksonville new River. North Carolina Department of Environment and Natural Resources.Beach Adjacent to ncwrc Ramp ocean Pier at K. July 2007. 3 North Carolina Department of Environmental and Natural Resources. monitoring that revealed high bacteria levels. Wilson Park Public Beach S Side of dawson Crk Bridge Public Beach S Side of dawson Crk Bridge Public Beach S Side of dawson Crk Bridge Public Beach S Side of dawson Crk Bridge Public Beach S Side of dawson Crk Bridge vandemere Creek vandemere Creek vandemere Creek Start Date 10/18 6/15 8/3 6/16 8/24 5/11 6/16 8/24 8/24 6/15 6/29 8/10 8/24 9/21 6/29 8/24 9/21 end Date 10/19 6/16 8/4 6/20 8/29 5/17 6/20 8/29 8/29 6/22 7/14 8/11 9/14 10/13 6/30 9/13 9/22 Reason Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Source (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) Abbreviations used: Bacteria. unknown.us/shellfish/Water_Monitoring/RWQweb/data. Ave. hyw 24 Bridge. North Carolina Recreational Water Quality Program Sampling Data. July 2007. accessed at www.

Practice: Samples are taken in water that is three feet deep. turbidity. Standards indicator organism: E.100 related jobs.2 Eighteen to 24 hours go by before sampling results are known. Any pollution spill. 17 Tier 1 beaches were monitored four times a week. Monitored beaches represent nearly 40 percent of the Lake Erie beaches in the state and 95 percent of the Lake Erie beach miles. Ohio began using the E. Under normal circumstances. Two Tier 1 beaches were monitored five times a week. five Tier 3 beaches were monitored twice a month. All increased to 22 percent in 2006 from of these entities monitored inland beachwater quality as well. uses environmental factors including rainfall.  percent in 2005.7 billion and generates 529. sewage overflow. This department monitored 15 Lake Erie beaches as well as beaches at inland state parks. In 2006. Samples were also taken and it was shown that the Nowcast system accurately predicted water quality conditions 80 percent of the time. as did the Erie County General Health District. six Tier 2 beaches were monitored between twice a month and once a week. 30-day geometric mean of 126 cfu/100 ml. depending on the monitoring entity and the beaches involved. beaches are not closed solely due to high bacteria levels. coli single-sample maximum for beach closing and advisory decisions.3 miles of Lake Erie shoreline. coli single-sample maximum of 235 cfu/100 ml and a five-sample. coli concentrations. Sampling occurs Monday through Friday. oH. called Nowcast. The BEACH Act–required standards for freshwater are an enterococcus single-sample maximum of 61 cfu/100 ml and a five-sample. Ohio received a $223. Monitoring locations are based on the popularity of beaches.Testing the Waters 2007 oHio Ohio has 21 public beaches lining 7. The E. the percent Lake Erie beaches are monitored by the Lake County General Health District. one foot below the surface. Standards: The state of Ohio revised its beachwater quality standard in 1996 to require E. coli geometric mean was used in 2005 to determine beach advisories.2 Monitoring Frequency: Ohio reported monitoring 48 Great Lakes beaches in 2006. the Cuyahoga County Board of of samples exceeding the standard Health. natural Resources defense Council . The beach was placed on advisory status if Nowcast predicted that the probability of E.2 Both closures and advisories are issued at Lake Erie beaches in Ohio by local authorities based on recommendations by the state. For Tier  beaches only. The BEACH Act grants fully fund Ohio’s Lake Erie beach monitoring program.1 Ohio’s Bathing Beach Monitoring Program is administered by the Ohio Department of Health. At least a few beaches in all seven counties with Lake Erie shoreline were monitored in 2006.2 Most of the Lake Erie closing and advisory days in the state occurred in late July and early August. The system. Tourism in Ohio contributes about $30. coli values. and the Northeast Ohio Regional Sewer District. in an area of the beach generally used for swimming. In 2006. 30-day geometric mean of 33 cfu/100 ml. coli. and 18 beaches with no tier status were monitored once a week. and wave height to predict E. The Cuyahoga County Board of Health conducted a pilot study to evaluate a method for forecasting E. or an E.300 grant in 2007.1 The monitoring season ranges from mid-May through August to mid-June through August. or similar pollution problem occurring at or proximate to a bathing beach may be cause to restrict public access. coli concentrations exceeding 235 cfu/100 ml was 27 percent or greater. coli levels.650 federal BEACH Act grant in 2006 and is eligible for a $224. In addition to beaches monitored by the state. coli to be used as the indicator organism to test beachwater quality.2 Lake County received an unusual amount of rain over a short period of time in July and this resulted in the closure of the beach at Mentor Headlands State Park for two weeks. advisories at Huntington Beach were based on daily predicted E.

noble Beach villa Angela St. monitoring frequency. Lakeshore Park in Ashtabula County (27%). Arcadia Beach Royal Acres Beach euclid St. Pk. and percent of samples exceeding the standard for all beaches reported in 2006. Parklawn Beach Wagar Beach Bay Park Beach Moss_Point_Beach edson Creek Sherod Creek Showse Park vermilion West old Womans Creek east old Womans Creek West Cranberry Creek hoffman ditch Sugar Creek Bay view West Tier 1 1 1 1 3 1 2 3 1 3 3 2 1 1 2 2 3 3 Monitoring Frequency 4/wk 4/wk 4/wk 4/wk 1/wk daily 2/mo 2/mo 4/wk 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 4/wk daily 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 1/wk 1/wk Total Samples 45 45 45 45 14 72 14 14 72 14 14 14 73 71 14 14 14 14 23 23 23 23 22 22 23 23 23 24 Percent exceedance 27% 18% 18% 16% 50% 44% 43% 43% 42% 36% 36% 36% 32% 20% 14% 14% 7% 7% 26% 17% 17% 17% 14% 14% 13% 13% 13% 13% 1 2/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk oH. Ten percent of all monitored beaches did not exceed the standard for any sample taken in 2006. and Huntington_Beach in Cuyahoga County (32%). Mentor Headlands E. the percent of samples exceeding the standard increased to 22 percent in 2006 from 19 percent in 2005. NRDC looked at the percent of monitoring samples that exceeded Ohio’s daily maximum bacterial standards. In 2006. Lakeview Beach in Lorain County (20%). in Lake County (25%). Pk. Camp Perry in Ottawa County (31%). 2006 Monitoring Frequency and Results by Beach County Ashtabula Ashtabula Ashtabula Ashtabula Cuyahoga Cuyahoga Cuyahoga Cuyahoga Cuyahoga Cuyahoga Cuyahoga Cuyahoga Cuyahoga Cuyahoga Cuyahoga Cuyahoga Cuyahoga Cuyahoga erie erie erie erie erie erie erie erie erie erie Beach Lakeshore Park Conneaut twp Park Walnut Beach Geneva St.2 natural Resources defense Council .Testing the Waters 2007 Results: For the second consecutive year. the Tier 1 beaches with the highest percent exceedances were Villa Angela State Park (44%). Clarkwood Beach edgecliff Beach Utopia Beach huntington_Beach edgewater St. Euclid State Park (42%). in Cuyahoga County (20%). For Tier 1 beaches only. and Edgewater St. Beaches are grouped by county and ranked in descending order by percent exceedance. Crane Creek (25%) and Maumee Bay Sp Erie in Lucas County (24%). The table below lists the tier status. Pk. Pk. Pk. Erie County had the highest percentage of beaches with no exceedances (21%) followed by Ottawa County (17%).

the state can only recommend that a municipality post a warning sign when the state standard is exceeded. Ohio does not have a requirement for monitoring beaches.2 Advisories can be issued for a section of a beach as well as for a whole beach. Fairport harbor Lakeview Beach Century Beach Crane Creek Maumee Bay Sp erie Conneaut twp Park Sims Beach Camp Perry Port Clinton (Lakeview) Lakeside east harbor St. signs. The public is notified of advisories and closings via a telephone hotline. However.1 oH. Advisory issuance: Except for state parks and Lake Erie beaches funded through the BEACH Act. Even where monitoring is conducted. then increased to 319 days in 2006.3 natural Resources defense Council . Closings and advisories at Ohio’s 19 Great Lakes Tier 1 beaches decreased from 236 days in 2004 to 149 days in 2005. local agencies are complying with this recommendation. the state has no legal authority to issue an advisory or close a beach. This overall increase in closing and advisory days from 2004 to 2006 may be due in part to an increase in monitoring frequency of Tier 1 beaches over that time period. website. and the frequency does not in- crease if a beach is placed under advisory or closed. Reopening Procedures: The monitoring frequency is at its maximum for many beaches. Therefore. Catawba island South_Bass_island_State_Park Tier Monitoring Frequency 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk Total Samples 23 23 22 23 23 24 24 23 10 23 24 56 56 45 45 48 50 50 14 49 50 50 50 49 10 Percent exceedance 9% 9% 5% 4% 4% 4% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 25% 9% 20% 16% 25% 24% 8% 50% 31% 16% 10% 8% 4% 0% 2 3 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 3 1 1 1 1 1 2 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 4/wk 4/wk 4/wk 4/wk 4/wk 4/wk 4/wk 1/wk 4/wk 4/wk 4/wk 4/wk 4/wk 1/wk Closings and Advisories Ohio issued 170 advisories and no closings at its Great Lakes beaches in 2006. Pk. and advisories are issued if the standard is exceeded. Total advisory days more than tripled to 629 days in 2006 from 182 days in 2005. and newspaper articles.Testing the Waters 2007 County erie erie erie erie erie erie erie erie erie erie erie Lake Lake Lorain Lorain Lucas Lucas Lucas not Applicable ottawa ottawa ottawa ottawa ottawa ottawa Beach darby Creek Fichtel Creek vermilion east huron_River_east Sawmill Creek Bay view east Cedar_Point_Chausee huron_River_West Kelleys_island_State_Park Pickerel_Beach Sims Beach Mentor headlands e.

Pk. Pk. Geneva St. Pk. Pk. Pk. edgewater St. Pk. edgewater St. Pk. Pk. edgewater St. Pk.4 natural Resources defense Council . Geneva St. 2006 ohio Great lakes Beach Advisories County Ashtabula Ashtabula Ashtabula Ashtabula Ashtabula Ashtabula Ashtabula Ashtabula Ashtabula Ashtabula Ashtabula Ashtabula Ashtabula Ashtabula Ashtabula Ashtabula Ashtabula Ashtabula Ashtabula Ashtabula Ashtabula Ashtabula Cuyahoga Cuyahoga Cuyahoga Cuyahoga Cuyahoga Cuyahoga Cuyahoga Cuyahoga Cuyahoga Cuyahoga Cuyahoga Cuyahoga Cuyahoga Cuyahoga Cuyahoga Cuyahoga Beach Name Conneaut twp Park Conneaut twp Park Conneaut twp Park Conneaut twp Park Conneaut twp Park Conneaut twp Park Geneva St. Pk. Geneva St. Pk.Testing the Waters 2007 Causes of Advisories: All advisory days in 2006 were due to monitoring that revealed elevated bacteria levels from storm- water sources of contamination. edgewater St. Pk. Start Date 6/19 6/28 7/12 7/27 8/2 8/24 6/20 7/12 7/26 8/8 8/24 6/19 6/28 7/12 7/19 7/27 8/24 6/19 6/28 7/12 7/27 8/8 6/1 6/21 8/30 6/19 6/28 8/30 6/1 6/26 8/30 7/4 7/10 7/13 7/18 7/27 8/3 8/11 end Date Reason 6/21 7/5 7/13 8/1 8/3 8/28 6/21 7/13 8/2 8/9 8/28 6/26 7/10 7/13 7/20 8/1 8/28 6/21 6/29 7/13 8/2 8/10 6/7 7/19 8/31 6/26 7/26 8/31 6/7 7/19 8/31 7/6 7/11 7/14 7/20 7/31 8/9 8/14 Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Source Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater oH. Lakeshore Park Lakeshore Park Lakeshore Park Lakeshore Park Lakeshore Park Lakeshore Park Walnut Beach Walnut Beach Walnut Beach Walnut Beach Walnut Beach Arcadia Beach Arcadia Beach Arcadia Beach Bay Park Beach Clarkwood Beach Clarkwood Beach edgecliff Beach edgecliff Beach edgecliff Beach edgewater St. Geneva St. edgewater St. edgewater St.

Pk. Pk. Pk. euclid St. Pk. Pk. Pk. Pk. Pk. Pk. villa Angela St. Pk. euclid St. euclid St. euclid St.Testing the Waters 2007 County Cuyahoga Cuyahoga Cuyahoga Cuyahoga Cuyahoga Cuyahoga Cuyahoga Cuyahoga Cuyahoga Cuyahoga Cuyahoga Cuyahoga Cuyahoga Cuyahoga Cuyahoga Cuyahoga Cuyahoga Cuyahoga Cuyahoga Cuyahoga Cuyahoga Cuyahoga Cuyahoga Cuyahoga Cuyahoga Cuyahoga Cuyahoga Cuyahoga Cuyahoga Cuyahoga Cuyahoga Cuyahoga Cuyahoga Cuyahoga Cuyahoga Cuyahoga Cuyahoga Cuyahoga Cuyahoga Cuyahoga Cuyahoga Cuyahoga Beach Name edgewater St. Pk. Pk. noble Beach noble Beach noble Beach noble Beach Parklawn Beach Parklawn Beach Royal Acres Beach Royal Acres Beach Sims Beach Sims Beach Sims Beach Utopia Beach Utopia Beach Utopia Beach villa Angela St. Start Date 8/15 8/30 5/26 6/1 6/9 6/19 6/28 7/2 7/4 7/10 7/12 7/18 7/20 7/28 8/4 8/11 8/15 8/22 8/24 8/31 6/1 7/5 8/2 8/30 6/19 7/5 6/1 6/28 6/1 6/21 8/30 6/1 6/28 8/30 5/24 6/1 6/7 6/20 6/26 6/28 7/1 7/4 end Date Reason 8/16 8/31 5/30 6/5 6/12 6/23 6/30 7/3 7/6 7/11 7/14 7/19 7/27 7/31 8/8 8/14 8/16 8/23 8/28 8/31 6/14 7/26 8/9 8/30 6/26 7/10 6/7 7/26 6/7 7/26 8/30 6/7 7/19 8/31 5/31 6/6 6/12 6/23 6/27 6/30 7/3 7/6 Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Source Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater oH. edgewater St. Pk. euclid St. villa Angela St. Pk. euclid St. Pk. euclid St. Pk.5 natural Resources defense Council . euclid St. euclid St. Pk. Pk. euclid St. euclid St. Pk. Pk. villa Angela St. euclid St. villa Angela St. Pk. Pk. euclid St. villa Angela St. Pk. Pk. euclid St. villa Angela St. Pk. villa Angela St. euclid St. Pk. Pk. euclid St. euclid St. Pk. euclid St.

Pk. villa Angela St.Testing the Waters 2007 County Cuyahoga Cuyahoga Cuyahoga Cuyahoga Cuyahoga Cuyahoga Cuyahoga Cuyahoga Cuyahoga erie erie erie erie erie erie erie erie erie erie erie erie erie erie erie erie erie erie erie erie erie erie erie erie erie erie erie erie erie erie erie erie erie Beach Name villa Angela St. Pk. villa Angela St. villa Angela St. Pk. Pk. villa Angela St. Wagar Beach Wagar Beach Bay view east Bay view West Bay view West Bay view West Cranberry Creek Cranberry Creek Cranberry Creek darby Creek darby Creek edson Creek edson Creek edson Creek edson Creek Fichtel Creek Fichtel Creek hoffman ditch hoffman ditch hoffman ditch old Womans Creek east old Womans Creek east old Womans Creek West old Womans Creek West Sawmill Creek Sherod Creek Sherod Creek Sherod Creek Sherod Creek Showse Park Showse Park Showse Park Showse Park Sugar Creek Sugar Creek Start Date 7/10 7/12 7/17 7/21 7/27 8/4 8/15 6/19 7/5 8/14 6/19 8/3 8/14 7/5 7/13 7/24 6/5 7/5 6/5 6/19 7/13 7/31 7/5 7/13 7/5 7/13 7/24 7/5 7/11 7/5 7/11 7/11 6/5 6/19 7/5 7/13 5/31 6/19 7/5 7/13 6/19 7/5 end Date Reason 7/11 7/14 7/19 7/26 7/31 8/8 8/16 6/26 7/10 8/17 6/26 8/7 8/17 7/7 7/17 7/27 6/7 7/7 6/7 6/28 7/17 8/3 7/7 7/17 7/7 7/17 7/27 7/7 7/17 7/7 7/17 7/13 6/7 6/26 7/7 7/17 6/5 6/26 7/7 7/17 6/26 7/7 Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Source Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater oH. villa Angela St. Pk. villa Angela St. Pk. Pk.6 natural Resources defense Council .

7 natural Resources defense Council . Mentor headlands e. Century Beach Century Beach Century Beach Century Beach Century Beach Lakeview Beach Lakeview Beach Lakeview Beach Lakeview Beach Lakeview Beach Lakeview Beach Crane Creek Crane Creek Crane Creek Crane Creek Crane Creek Crane Creek Crane Creek Crane Creek Crane Creek Camp Perry Camp Perry Camp Perry Start Date 7/11 6/14 6/5 6/19 7/5 7/13 7/18 8/8 8/29 6/1 6/19 6/27 6/29 7/10 7/12 7/31 8/3 8/15 8/29 6/13 6/19 6/28 7/12 8/24 6/12 6/19 6/28 7/12 8/1 8/9 6/26 7/5 7/13 7/27 8/1 8/8 8/16 8/22 8/29 6/14 7/5 7/18 end Date Reason 7/13 6/19 6/7 6/28 7/6 7/17 7/19 8/9 8/30 6/5 6/20 6/28 7/6 7/11 7/13 8/2 8/9 8/16 8/30 6/14 6/22 6/29 7/13 8/28 6/13 6/21 7/5 7/13 8/3 8/10 6/27 7/6 7/17 7/31 8/2 8/9 8/17 8/24 8/31 6/26 7/6 7/20 Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Source Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater oH. Mentor headlands e. Mentor headlands e. Mentor headlands e. Mentor headlands e.Testing the Waters 2007 County erie erie erie erie Lake Lake Lake Lake Lake Lake Lake Lake Lake Lake Lake Lake Lake Lake Lake Lorain Lorain Lorain Lorain Lorain Lorain Lorain Lorain Lorain Lorain Lorain Lucas Lucas Lucas Lucas Lucas Lucas Lucas Lucas Lucas ottawa ottawa ottawa Beach Name Sugar Creek vermilion east vermilion West vermilion West Fairport harbor Fairport harbor Fairport harbor Fairport harbor Fairport harbor Mentor headlands e. Mentor headlands e. Mentor headlands e. Mentor headlands e. Mentor headlands e.

2 Ohio Department of Health. not dated. natural Resources defense Council . Pk. monitoring that revealed high bacteria levels. Ohio Bathing Beach Monitoring Program 2006 Program/Grant Status Report. Pk. Notes 1 Steve Binns.Testing the Waters 2007 County ottawa ottawa ottawa ottawa ottawa ottawa ottawa ottawa ottawa ottawa ottawa ottawa ottawa ottawa ottawa ottawa ottawa Beach Name Camp Perry Camp Perry Catawba island Catawba island east harbor St. July 2007. Pk. personal communication. east harbor St. Lakeside Lakeside Lakeside Lakeside Port Clinton (Lakeview) Port Clinton (Lakeview) Port Clinton (Lakeview) Port Clinton (Lakeview) Port Clinton (Lakeview) Port Clinton (Lakeview) Start Date 8/22 8/29 7/27 8/3 8/21 8/23 8/28 6/19 6/22 8/3 8/29 6/12 6/21 7/5 8/21 8/23 8/28 end Date Reason 8/28 8/31 7/31 8/7 8/22 8/24 8/30 6/20 6/26 8/7 8/31 6/13 6/22 7/6 8/22 8/24 8/31 Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Source Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Abbreviations used: Bacteria. east harbor St. Ohio Department of Health. oH.

. Under Environmental Protection Agency 40 CFR Part 131. Douglas. beach advisories are issued but not closures. In Oregon. A single-sample density of 158 cfu/100 ml matches the EPA’s “Moderate Full Body Contact Recreation” category at 19 illnesses/1.570 grant in 2007. and three beaches were monitored once a month. All but Douglas and Lane counties have beaches that are monitored.000 swimmers.900 jobs. Five of the beaches that were monitored twice a month during the winter season were not monitored during the summer season. Standards indicator organism: Enterococcus Standards: Oregon uses a single-sample maximum enterococcus standard of 158 cfu/100 ml for beach advisory deci- sions at marine waters. the percent there were no standards for swimmer safety and no beach of samples exceeding the standards closing/advisory programs in effect. During the summer season (May to September). the DHS monitored 25 beaches covering 30 miles of coastline. Barview County Park. and is the DHS single-sample action level in use. Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ). Oregon has 59 beaches lining 186 miles of Pacific Ocean coastline. These standards require public health protection at or below a rate of 19 illnesses per 1000 swimmers for marine waters. Lincoln. the state of Oregon must adopted standards at least as stringent as EPA standards for coastal water quality.Testing the Waters 2007 oReGoN With funds received through the federal BEACH Act. four beaches were monitored four times a month. not for issuing advisories. More than 40 percent of these beaches were monitored in 2006. generating 88. Oregon did not monitor ocean and bay recreational beaches for swimmer safety or for other water contact activities. Sampling occurs all year. South. given the water temperature and frequency and duration of use by swimmers and others. The Oregon Beach Monitoring Program is a joint project between the Oregon increased to 3 percent in 2006 from Department of Human Services (DHS) and the Oregon  percent in 2005. Curry. the public is guaranteed free and uninterrupted use of all beaches along the coastline. The DHS administers BEACH Act grant funds and the DEQ conducts beach monitoring through an inter-agency agreement with DHS. 13 beaches were monitored twice a month and two beaches were monitored once a month. oR. and Umpqua Beaches. Cannon. They are Agate. Tillamook. The geometric mean is calculated for tracking trends only. During the winter season (October to April). The Oregon Department of Human Services says the less strict standard is as protective of public health. Seven counties are on the coast: Clatsop. 13 beaches were monitored twice a month.1 The state does not have preemptive standards based on rain or other factors for issuing beach advisories.1 Oregon received a $228. and For Tier  beaches only. Until then. Therefore. Coastal tourism contributes $7. natural Resources defense Council . The federal grants fully fund the Oregon beach monitoring and notification program. Florence North Jetty. with more monitoring occurring during the peak season from May to September. Enterococcus water quality standards must include a geometric mean of less than 35 cfu/100 ml and a single-sample density of 104 cfu/100 ml to 500 cfu/100 ml depending on full-body water-contact use. Monitoring Frequency: In 2006. and Lane. All of the other beaches monitored during the winter season were also monitored during the summer season. Oregon established a beach monitoring and public notification program for swimmer safety in 2003. Nye. and Sunset Canyon State Park beaches). Most advisories in 2006 were in the late fall and winter.9 billion to the state’s economy. Nearly three-quarters of beach advisory days were for four beaches (Agate. Coos.780 federal BEACH Act grant in 2006 and is eligible for a $229.

Thirty-six percent of all monitored beaches did not exceed the standard for any sample taken in 2006. For Tier 1 beaches only. the Tier 1 beaches with the highest percent exceedances were Twin Rocks Beach in Tillamook County (31%). This flexibility allows monitoring resources to shift to waters with suspected pollutant sources. The Oregon Beach Monitoring Program samples the water at those beaches that have had historically higher bacteria levels and ocean water recreational use. bacteriological data. Tillamook (29%). Nye Beach in Lincoln County (20%). Sampling locations are re-evaluated every other year and prioritized based on use levels and previous monitoring results. the percent of samples exceeding the standards increased to 3 percent in 2006 from 1 percent in 2005. and qualitative risk assessment.Results by Beach County Clatsop Clatsop Clatsop Coos Coos Curry Curry Curry douglas Lane Lincoln Lincoln Lincoln Lincoln Beach Cannon Beach Seaside Beach hug Point State Park Beach Sunset Bay State Park Beach Bastendorf Beach Mill Beach harris Beach State Park humbug Mountain Beach Umpqua Beach Florence north Jetty Beach nye Beach Beverly Beach d River Beach Agate Beach Tier 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Monitoring Frequency 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 2/mo 2/mo 1/mo 1/mo 1/mo none none 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo none Total Samples 126 84 60 112 89 43 68 22 31 24 65 53 41 24 Percent exceedance 5% 0% 0% 20% 0% 14% 10% 9% 0% 0% 20% 8% 7% 4% oR. This review produces a ranking of highest priority sampling beaches to be sampled for the following two years. and Humbug Mountain Beach in Curry County (9%). Beaches are referred to according to sampling frequency rather than tiers. Sampling activities are conducted on weekdays. and percent of samples exceeding the standard for all beaches reported in 2006. Sunset Bay State Park Beach in Coos County (20%). the sampling frequency and location varies from season to season. Harris Beach State Park (10%). Beaches are grouped by county and ranked in descending order by percent exceedance. Oregon abandoned the three-tiered beach ranking system in favor of a periodic review of field observations. The table below lists the tier status. followed by Coos (50%). Results: For the second consecutive year. In 2006. Beaches with low bacteria data and use observations are essentially allowed to rotate off the list to allow other beaches to be sampled. and Mill Beach (14%). Lincoln (25%). monitoring frequency.2 natural Resources defense Council . Oregon did not provide a list of its Tier 1 beaches. NRDC looked at the percent of monitoring samples that exceeded Oregon’s daily maximum bacterial standards.1 Sampling results are generally known 24 hours after the sample is delivered to a lab. and one beach each in Douglas and Lane counties. 2006 Monitoring Frequency and . and/or increasing water contact use.Testing the Waters 2007 In Oregon.1 Practice: Water samples are collected at ankle to knee depth in the middle of typical bathing areas and near known or potential pollution sources. Clatsop County had the highest percentage of beaches with no exceedances (67%). Oregon has resources to sample about 20 of its more than 50 beaches identified as coastal recreation waters. increasing bacteria levels. so NRDC defined Oregon Tier 1 beaches as those monitored at least once a week.

During the time period over which this overall decrease in advisory days occurred. the additional samples are collected within 96 hours of the advisory.2 The public is notified of an advisory via email. Resampling should occur at the sample station(s) that exceeded the water quality standard. Oregon did not distinguish a set of Tier 1 beaches.1 Causes of Advisories: All advisories in 2006 were due to monitoring that revealed bacteria levels above standards from unknown sources of contamination. Because of limited resources. 2006 oregon Coastal Beach Closings/Advisories County Clatsop Clatsop Beach Name Cannon Beach Cannon Beach Start Date 1/11 6/14 end Date 1/25 6/15 Reason Bacteria Bacteria Source (?) (?) oR. Advisory issuance: Public notification for beach advisories occurs if a single sample result exceeds Oregon’s action limit. then increased to 15 days in 2006. a toll-free number.1 To date. Following an advisory. rather than waiting until the next routine sampling results are received. Total advisory days at Oregon’s coastal beaches decreased 44 percent to 66 days in 2006 from 117 days in 2005.Testing the Waters 2007 County Lincoln Lincoln Lincoln Lincoln tillamook tillamook tillamook tillamook tillamook tillamook tillamook Beach Siletz Bay Beach nelscott Beach South Beach otter Rock Beach twin Rocks Beach Rockaway Beach Barview County Park Beach Short Sand Beach Cape Kiwanda State Park Beach neskowin Beach oceanside Beach State Wayside Tier 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 Monitoring Frequency 2/mo 2/mo none 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo none 1/wk 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo Total Samples 32 54 24 36 13 33 25 165 54 30 30 Percent exceedance 3% 2% 0% 0% 31% 6% 4% 3% 2% 0% 0% Advisories Oregon issued 13 advisories in 2006. Resampling is acceptable in lieu of issuing public notification if there is reason to doubt the accuracy or certainty of the first sample based on quality assurance/quality control measures described in the Quality Assurance Project Plan document and Standard Operating Procedures. a website. maintaining routine sampling at designated sites generally takes precedence over resampling to lift an advisory. additional samples are collected to lift the advisory sooner. If possible.2 Advisories are issued for entire beaches rather than for sections of a beach.1 Reopening Procedures: Advisories are not lifted until enterococcus concentrations meet applicable water quality stan- dards. but may occur at all sampling stations at the particular beach. media releases. so NRDC analyzed for a trend in advisories from 2004 to 2006 based on the a set of beaches that was monitored at least once a week in 2006. after which routine sampling resumes. Advisories at these four beaches decreased from 39 days in 2004 to 10 days in 2005.3 natural Resources defense Council . there have not been exceedances attributed to sampling or laboratory error that required resampling prior to the issuance of an advisory. and signage. the overall monitoring frequency at these beaches was steady.

not dated.4 natural Resources defense Council . Notes 1 Jennifer Ketterman. 2006. (?). May 2007. Annual Performance Report for the Oregon Department of Human Services BEACH Monitoring Program (Agreement #CU96023301)—Activity Period October 1. 2 Oregon Department of Human Services.Testing the Waters 2007 County Coos Coos Curry Curry Lincoln Lincoln Lincoln tillamook tillamook tillamook tillamook Beach Name Sunset Bay State Park Beach Sunset Bay State Park Beach humbug Mountain Beach Mill Beach d River Beach nye Beach Siletz Bay Beach Rockaway Beach Rockaway Beach twin Rocks Beach twin Rocks Beach Start Date 2/9 4/13 9/1 9/1 6/14 6/28 6/1 6/14 8/16 9/13 9/27 end Date 3/2 4/27 9/1 9/2 6/15 6/29 6/2 6/15 8/18 9/15 10/3 Reason Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Source (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) Abbreviations used: Bacteria. monitoring that revealed high bacteria levels. oR. personal communication. unknown. 2005 through September 30. Department of Human Services.

Presque Isle State Park . Monitoring Frequency: Pennsylvania monitored 86 percent (12) of its permitted Great Lakes beaches in 2006. there are 14 permitted Great Lakes beaches in the state. an E. the Erie County Department increased to  percent in 2006 from of Health administered the state’s BEACH Act grant. issuing beach permits. The Pennsylvania Department of Conservation and Natural Resources is responsible for monitoring beaches at Presque Isle State Park. Beaches are grouped by county and ranked in descending order by percent exceedance. of samples exceeding the standard For the 2006 swim season.3 Preemptive rain advisories were issued in 2006 based on rain levels. In all. the percent 12 of these public beaches are monitored from Memorial 1 Day to Labor Day.150 grant in 2007. coli of 126 cfu/100 ml. For Tier 1 beaches only.2 0 percent in 2005. which was last revised in 1984.1 This matches the BEACH Act–required standard for single-sample maximums in freshwater. less than one mile is a permitted public bathing beach outside the state park. Of this shoreline. which are usually local municipalities or organizations. and Water Works Beach (10%). Both beach advisories and closings were issued for Great Lakes beaches in Pennsylvania in 2006. coli Standards: The Pennsylvania Public Swimming & Bathing Places State Code. unpermitted beaches or other shoreline. 30-day geometric mean for E. which periodically collects samples at various beaches in the county to crosscheck monitoring results. Pennsylvania does not use the BEACH Act–required standard of a five-sample. In 2006. the percent of samples exceeding the standard increased to 11 percent in 2006 from 10 percent in 2005. known sewage discharges. More than half of the closings and advisories occurred in the early half of July. and For Tier  beaches only. and enforcing state regulations. Results of all monitoring programs are reported to the Erie County Department of Health. Results: For the second consecutive year.Testing the Waters 2007 PeNNSylVANiA The 40 miles of Lake Erie shoreline in Pennsylvania are all located in Erie County.530 federal BEACH Act grant in 2006 and is eligible for a $223. approximately seven miles of beach are in Presque Isle State Park. and the remainder of the shoreline is composed of private. This agency was responsible for overseeing all monitoring programs in the county. and 40 percent of the closings and advisories for the season were issued for Presque Isle State Park-Beach 1. Standards indicator organism: E. the Erie County Department of Health began developing a predictive model of recreational beachwater quality based on weather. monitoring frequency. The model will allow beach managers to close beaches or issue advisories based on real-time measurement of specific weather conditions prior to obtaining the results of monitoring samples. In 2004.1 Two Great Lakes beaches are not monitored. and percent of samples exceeding the standard for all beaches reported in 2006. coli single-sample maximum standard of 235 cfu/100 ml is applied.Beach 1 (14%). natural Resources defense Council . Monitoring is not required at unpermitted beaches. Pennsylvania received a $222. the Tier 1 beaches with the highest percent exceedances were Presque Isle State Park . and water currents. NRDC looked at the percent of monitoring samples that exceeded Pennsylvania’s daily maximum bacterial standards. PA. Other permitted beaches located on Lake Erie are monitored by the individual permit holders.Beach 6 (10%). For closing and advisory determinations at Pennsylvania’s Great Lakes beaches. contains its code for bathing beaches. The table on the following page lists the tier status. all of which were monitored twice a week. storm events. The department will use data collected to see if a correlation exists between weather conditions and high bacterial counts.

officials close the beach or issue an advisory. Causes of Closings: Ninety-six percent (51) of Great Lakes beach closing and advisory days in Pennsylvania in 2006 were due to monitoring that revealed elevated bacterial levels from unknown sources. During the time period over which this steady increase in closing and advisory days occurred.2 natural Resources defense Council . The number of beach closing and advisory days increased 36 percent to 53 days in 2006 from 39 days in 2005. coli level is equal to or greater than 1. coli level in a regulatory sample is greater than or equal to 235 cfu/100ml. the overall monitoring frequency at these beaches was steady. 2006 Great lakes Beach Closings and Advisories County erie erie erie erie erie erie erie erie Beach Name Barracks Beach Barracks Beach Barracks Beach Barracks Beach Barracks Beach Barracks Beach Beach 1 Beach 1 Start Date 7/2 7/10 7/15 8/7 8/20 7/28 6/19 6/19 end Date 7/3 7/12 7/16 8/8 8/21 7/29 6/20 6/21 Reason Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Prempt-rain Bacteria Bacteria Source (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) Stormwater (?) (?) PA.4 Notification is given to appropriate officials and the media and warnings are posted on park entrance signs. but less than 1. If the E. If the E. Reopening Procedures: If an advisory or a closure is posted. The remaining four percent (2) were preemptive rain advisories. closing/advisory days increased from three in 2004 to 39 in 2005. Lifeguards prevent people from entering the water during a closure.000 cfu/100ml.coli level exceeds standards and what precautions to take should they choose to enter the water. the beach is posted with a swimming advisory. beaches are resampled for three consecutive days. Swimming is permitted and the public is informed that the E. Resampling to confirm an exceedance before issuing a closure or advisory is not done. the beach is posted with a swimming restriction and swimming is not permitted.000 cfu/100 ml. Closing issuance: In the event of an exceedance.Testing the Waters 2007 2006 Monitoring Frequency and Results by Beach County erie erie erie erie erie erie erie erie Beach Beach 1 Beach 2 Beach 6 Beach 7 (Water Works Beach) Beach 10 (Bundy Beach) Beach 9 (Pine tree Beach) Beach 8 (Pettinato Beach) Beach 11 Tier 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 Monitoring Frequency 2/wk 2/wk 2/wk 2/wk 2/wk 2/wk 2/wk 2/wk Total Samples 685 140 136 147 138 150 150 96 Percent exceedance 14% 12% 10% 10% 9% 9% 9% 1% Closings and Advisories Two rain advisories and 41 closures were issued at Lake Erie beaches in Pennsylvania in 2006.4 Advisories are lifted when resampling indicates a bacteria level below 235 cfu/100 ml. Looking only at Pennsylvania’s 10 Tier 1 Great Lakes beaches. then increased again to 52 in 2006.

ecdh. June 14. unknown.. monitoring that revealed high bacteria levels. Preempt-rain.htm.Testing the Waters 2007 County erie erie erie erie erie erie erie erie erie erie erie erie erie erie erie erie erie erie erie erie erie erie erie erie erie erie erie erie erie erie erie erie erie erie erie Beach Name Beach 1 Beach 1 Beach 1 Beach 1 Beach 1 Beach 1 Beach 1 Beach 1 Beach 1 Beach 1 Beach 1 Beach 10 (Bundy Beach) Beach 10 (Bundy Beach) Beach 10 (Bundy Beach) Beach 10 (Bundy Beach) Beach 10 (Bundy Beach) Beach 6 Beach 6 Beach 6 Beach 6 Beach 7 (Water Works Beach) Beach 7 (Water Works Beach) Beach 7 (Water Works Beach) Beach 8 (Pettinato Beach) Beach 8 (Pettinato Beach) Beach 8 (Pettinato Beach) Beach 8 (Pettinato Beach) Beach 9 (Pine tree Beach) Beach 9 (Pine tree Beach) Beach 9 (Pine tree Beach) Beach 9 (Pine tree Beach) Lighthouse Beach Mill Road Beaches Mill Road Beaches Mill Road Beaches Start Date 7/2 7/10 7/10 7/15 8/1 8/7 8/14 8/20 8/22 8/28 7/28 7/2 7/10 7/15 7/19 8/20 6/4 7/2 7/10 8/20 7/2 8/14 8/20 6/4 7/2 8/14 8/20 7/2 8/7 8/14 8/20 8/20 7/2 8/7 8/14 end Date 7/3 7/12 7/13 7/16 8/2 8/8 8/15 8/21 8/23 8/29 7/29 7/3 7/14 7/16 7/20 8/21 6/5 7/3 7/12 8/21 7/3 8/15 8/21 6/5 7/3 8/15 8/21 7/3 8/8 8/15 8/21 8/21 7/3 8/9 8/15 Reason Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Prempt-rain Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Source (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) Stormwater (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) Abbreviations used: Bacteria. June 2007. (?). United States Environmental Protection Agency. 2005.3 natural Resources defense Council . July 2007. EPA’s BEACH Report: Pennsylvania 2006 Swimming Season. Erie County Department of Health. Dennis C. Pennsylvania Department of Health. Beach Sampling Information. Wilson. accessed at http://www.org/environmental/BeachSampleInfo. personal communication. October 2006. Notes 1 2 3 4 United States Environmental Protection Agency. Implementing the BEACH Act of 2000 (Report to Congress). preemptive due to heavy rainfall. PA.

and septic systems have been revealed and corrected or are in the process of being corrected. If a known sewage discharge occurs in close proximity to a beach. leading to an increase in the number of beach closings in 2006. Standards indicator organism: Enterococcus Standards: Rhode Island’s current bathing water standards are as follows: marine bathing waters must not exceed a single-sample standard of 104 cfu/100 ml of Enterococcus and freshwaters must not exceed 61 cfu/100 ml of enterococcus. Because of the monitoring program.For “high risk” beaches (those with higher potential for adverse water quality or high bather loads).900 grant in 2007.1 Enterococcus levels have been used since 2004 for issuing beach closings and advisories. Tourism in Rhode Island contributes about $4. The Department of Health also has the authority For Tier  beaches only. Conimicut Point.1 More than twice as much rain fell in 2006 as in 2005. Atlantic Beach Club Beach. is advised to avoid water contact in those areas. All of the state’s 69 licensed marine bathing beaches are monitored.3 There were no preemptive rainfall advisories issued in 2006.7 billion to the state’s economy and generates 57. fecal coliform levels are obtained. Monitoring Frequency: Seventy coastal beaches covering 25 miles of coastline2 were monitored in 2006. In addition to conducting coastal beachwater monitoring supported by federal BEACH Act grant monies. the beach is closed immediately without waiting for sampling results to confirm contamination. Kent County had more coastal beach closing days than other counties.2 All five counties in Rhode Island have public coastal beaches. The cost of the coastal monitoring program is fully funded by this federal grant. fecal coliform standards applied. and all have at least one monitored beach.1 The monitoring program in Rhode Island has a strong source-identification emphasis. and Warren Town Beach had the highest number of closing days in the state. but closures and advisories are determined by enterococcus results. the Rhode Island Department of Health is refining its sampling strategies to target sample collection when and where bacteria counts are most likely to be high.1 Seven percent (16) of the state’s public coastal beaches were monitored at least Ri. In addition to the weather. with more than a third of the state’s beach closing days. Scarborough and Easton’s beaches are closed when there is more than one inch of rainfall in a 24-hour period. The Rhode Island Department of Health is responsible for beachwater monitoring and has the authority to close beaches or issue advisories.837 related jobs.Testing the Waters 2007 RHoDe iSlAND Rhode Island has 235 public coastal beaches along about 400 miles of Atlantic Ocean and Narragansett Bay waters. natural Resources defense Council . Rhode Island received a $212. and the public 2006 from 7 percent in 2005. Beaches north of standard decreased to 4 percent in Conimicut Point in Warwick and Nayatt Point in Barrington are unlicensed because of water quality issues.1 .1 No beach advisories were issued in 2006. problems with stormdrains. Rhode Island requires freshwater facility managers to sample bathing waters adjacent to their facilities and to report the results to the Rhode Island Department of Health. the to suspend the license of a bathing beach if applicable water percent of samples exceeding the quality standards have been violated.1 In the meantime.640 federal BEACH Act grant in 2006 and is eligible for a $212. which extends from approximately one week before Memorial Day to one week after Labor Day.1 All licensed marine bathing beaches in Rhode Island (slightly less than a htird of all public coastal beaches) are monitored during the swim season. and this strategic sampling leads to increased sample exceedances. Prior to that. The Rhode Island Department of Health continues to collect data for the development of a comprehensive preemptive closing model. sewer lines.1 Most closing days throughout the state occurred in June. only closings.

one was monitored four times per week. Fifty-nine percent of all monitored beaches did not exceed the standard for any sample taken in 2006. Third Beach in Newport County (17%). Washington County had the highest percentage of beaches with no exceedances (67%) followed by Newport County (58%). seven were monitored three times per week. but if needed. Results are available 24 hours after delivery to the lab. Peabodys Beach in Newport County (14%). and Matunuck Town Beach in Washington County (13%). For Tier 1 beaches only. 2006 Monitoring Frequency and Results by Beach County Bristol Kent Kent newport newport newport newport newport newport newport newport newport newport newport newport Washington Beach Warren town Beach oakland Beach Goddard Memorial State Park third Beach Peabodys Beach Mackerel Cove Beach Sandy Point Beach Sachuest Beach Goosewing Beach Gooseberry Beach Warrens Point Beach Club hazards Beach South Shore Beach Grinells Beach Spouting Rock Beach Association Scarborough State Beach South Tier 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 1 natural Resources defense Council Monitoring Frequency 2/wk 3/wk 3/wk 3/wk 2/mo 1/mo 2/mo 2/mo 1/mo 1/mo 1/mo 1/mo 1/mo 2/mo 1/mo 2/wk Total Samples 42 48 53 42 7 8 10 37 4 5 4 5 5 8 4 112 Percent exceedance 29% 15% 13% 17% 14% 13% 10% 5% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 13% Ri. Oakland Beach in Kent County (15%). NRDC looked at the percent of monitoring samples that exceeded Rhode Island’s daily maximum bacterial standards. The table below lists the tier status. and percent of samples exceeding the standard for all beaches reported in 2006.Testing the Waters 2007 once a week and 23 percent (54) were regularly monitored but less often than once a week (usually once or twice a month). three were monitored 10 times per month. three were monitored two times per week. Beaches are grouped by county and ranked in descending order by percent exceedance. all of which are designated as Tier 3. nine Tier 3 beaches were monitored twice a year. Goddard Memorial State Park in Kent County (13%). Willow Dell Beach Club (14%) and Scarborough State Beach South in Washington County (13%). Plum Beach Club (25%) and Saunderstown Yacht Club in Washington County (23%). Of these. The decrease in exceedances is surprising since the state received more than twice as much rain in 2006 as in 2005. Practice: Samples are collected in the morning. monitoring frequency. just below the surface of the water in water that is approximately three feet deep. All 20 Tier 1 coastal beaches were monitored in 2006. In 2006. All 41 Tier 2 beaches were also monitored. Results: For the second consecutive year. Sampling generally takes place Monday through Friday.2 . Mackerel Cove Beach in Newport County (13%). three were monitored twice a month. can be done on weekends. and one was monitored six times a year. Eight were monitored twice a month and 33 were monitored once a month. the Tier 1 beaches with the highest percent exceedances were Warren Town Beach in Bristol County (29%). In addition to the Tier 1 and Tier 2 beaches. the state is refining its sampling strategies so that it is more likely to sample when and where bacteria levels are high. were not monitored. two were monitored once a week. the percent of samples exceeding the standard decreased to 14 percent in 2006 from 17 percent in 2005. Seventy percent (165) of the state’s public coastal beaches. Also.

known pollution events. the state is refining its sampling strategies so that it is more likely to sample when and where bacteria levels are high. Rhode Island plans to extend the flagging system to other beaches in the state. Two Rhode Island marine beaches (Camp Narrow River in Washington County and King Park in Newport County) were permanently closed to swimming in 2006. historic monitoring results.Testing the Waters 2007 County Washington Washington Washington Washington Washington Washington Washington Washington Washington Washington Washington Washington Washington Washington Washington Washington Washington Washington Washington Washington Washington Washington Washington Beach Scarborough State Beach north Plum Beach Club Saunderstown Yacht Club Willow dell Beach Club Matunuck town Beach narragansett town Beach north Kingstown town Beach Roy Carpenter’s Beach Westerly town Beach-new Weekapaug Fire district Misquamicut State Beach Jims trailer Park Misquamicut Club Sam’s Beach Misquamicut Fire district Beach Paddy’s Beach Seaside Beach Club Westerly town Beach-old Pleasant view inn Sandy Shore Motel Salty Brine Beach ocean house Surf hotel Tier 1 2 2 2 2 1 1 2 2 2 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 3 3 3 Monitoring Frequency 2/wk 2/mo 2/mo 1/mo 1/mo 6/yr 2/wk 1/mo 1/mo 1/mo 2/mo 1/mo 1/mo 1/mo 1/mo 1/mo 1/mo 1/mo 1/mo 1/mo 2/yr 2/yr 2/yr Total Samples 141 8 13 7 8 11 39 4 2 3 5 4 5 4 5 4 3 2 2 4 3 1 2 Percent exceedance 11% 25% 23% 14% 13% 9% 5% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% Closings and Advisories Rhode Island issued 78 coastal beach closures in 2006. and press releases to television and radio stations. Closing/advisory days lasting six consecutive weeks or fewer increased by a factor of 4. then increased to 240 days in 2006. Public notification practices in Narragansett Bay include a color-coded flagging system: blue indicates safe waters and red indicates a closing or advisory. Ri. the Rhode Island Department of Health considers several environmental factors before deciding whether to close or reopen a beach: rainfall. results from adjacent monitoring stations. if sampling results exceed the standard. During the time period over which this overall decrease in advisory days occurred. However.3 natural Resources defense Council . Also.5 to 256 days in 2006 from 57 days in 2005. the beach may remain open while it is resampled. As mentioned above. If environmental factors do not suggest fecal contamination. Closing/Advisory issuance: Typically. NRDC analyzed for a trend in closing and advisories from 2004 to 2006 based on a set of beaches that was monitored at least once a week in 2006. a website. the overall monitoring frequency at these beaches was steady. The public is notified of closings and advisories via a hotline. and beach survey results. Closings and advisories at these 28 beaches decreased from 71 days in 2004 to 57 days in 2005. a beach is closed. the increase in beach closures is due at least in part to the state receiving more than twice as much rain in 2006 as in 2005.

Boats Stormwater. Wildlife Stormwater. sampling is conducted daily until the water quality meets standards and the beach is reopened. Wildlife Stormwater. Boats. Wildlife Ri. such as those areas close to streams after rainfall. Boats Stormwater. Comb-sew-overflow Stormwater. Comb-sew-overflow Stormwater.4 natural Resources defense Council . Boats. Wildlife. Wildlife. dorothy Warren town Beach Warren town Beach Warren town Beach Warren town Beach Warren town Beach Warren town Beach City Park City Park City Park City Park City Park City Park Start Date end Date Reason 6/8 6/25 6/29 7/27 8/16 8/29 6/6 6/16 6/25 8/29 7/27 6/6 6/25 7/15 8/1 8/16 8/29 6/8 6/25 7/11 7/19 7/25 8/1 6/13 6/27 6/30 7/29 8/18 8/31 6/13 6/17 7/1 8/31 8/2 6/13 7/1 7/25 8/3 8/18 8/31 6/13 6/27 7/13 7/21 7/27 8/3 Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Source (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) Stormwater. Boats Stormwater. Boats Stormwater. Wildlife. Of these. 2006 Rhode island Coastal Beach Closings/Advisories County Bristol Bristol Bristol Bristol Bristol Bristol Bristol Bristol Bristol Bristol Bristol Bristol Bristol Bristol Bristol Bristol Bristol Kent Kent Kent Kent Kent Kent Beach Name Barrington town Beach Barrington town Beach Barrington town Beach Barrington town Beach Barrington town Beach Barrington town Beach Bristol town Beach Bristol town Beach Bristol town Beach Bristol town Beach Camp St. Comb-sew-overflow Stormwater. 95 percent (242) were from stormwater sources.Testing the Waters 2007 Entire beaches are closed rather than sections. However. Comb-sew-overflow Stormwater. Total percentages exceed 100 percent because multiple contamination sources were listed for most closings and advisories. Boats. were from boats. and 5 percent (14) were from unknown sources. Wildlife Stormwater. Wildlife Stormwater. 31 percent (81). Wildlife Stormwater. Comb-sew-overflow Stormwater. Boats. Boats. 43 percent (111) were from combined sewer overflows and faulty sewage pumps. some beaches may occasionally advise swimmers not to use certain portions. Boats Stormwater.3 Reopening Procedures: If a beach is closed or placed under advisory. Boats Stormwater. Boats. 46 percent (117) were from wildlife. Wildlife. Causes of Closings/Advisories: All closing/advisory days in 2006 were due to monitoring that revealed elevated bacteria levels.

Comb-sew-overflow Stormwater. Comb-sew-overflow Stormwater. Comb-sew-overflow Stormwater. Wildlife Stormwater. Boats. Wildlife Stormwater. Wildlife.5 natural Resources defense Council . Sew-pump. Comb-sew-overflow Stormwater. Sew-pump. Wildlife Stormwater. Wildlife Stormwater. Comb-sew-overflow Stormwater. Comb-sew-overflow Stormwater. Wildlife Stormwater. Wildlife. Wildlife Stormwater. Wildlife Stormwater. Boats. Comb-sew-overflow Stormwater. Sew-pump. Wildlife Stormwater. Wildlife Stormwater. Sew-pump. Comb-sew-overflow Stormwater. Comb-sew-overflow Stormwater. Wildlife. Sew-pump. Wildlife Stormwater. Boats. Wildlife. Boats. Wildlife Stormwater. Comb-sew-overflow Stormwater. Comb-sew-overflow Stormwater. Comb-sew-overflow Stormwater.Testing the Waters 2007 County Kent Kent Kent Kent Kent Kent Kent Kent Kent Kent Kent Kent Kent Kent Kent Kent Kent Kent Kent newport newport newport newport newport newport newport newport newport Beach Name City Park City Park Conimicut Point Conimicut Point Conimicut Point Conimicut Point Conimicut Point Conimicut Point Goddard Park Goddard Park Goddard Park Goddard Park oakland Beach oakland Beach oakland Beach oakland Beach oakland Beach oakland Beach oakland Beach Atlantic Beach Club Atlantic Beach Club Atlantic Beach Club Atlantic Beach Club Atlantic Beach Club Atlantic Beach Club Atlantic Beach Club easton’s Beach easton’s Beach Start Date end Date Reason 8/16 8/29 6/8 6/25 7/1 7/19 8/16 8/25 6/8 6/25 7/11 8/29 6/8 6/15 6/25 7/11 7/19 8/16 8/29 6/7 6/25 7/6 7/11 7/29 8/1 8/28 6/7 6/25 8/17 8/30 6/13 6/30 7/13 7/21 8/18 9/15 6/13 6/27 7/13 8/30 6/13 6/16 6/27 7/13 7/21 8/18 8/30 6/11 6/27 7/10 7/25 7/31 8/3 8/30 6/11 6/27 Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Source Stormwater. Sew-pump. Sew-pump. Wildlife Stormwater. Comb-sew-overflow Stormwater. Boats. Comb-sew-overflow Stormwater. Wildlife Stormwater. Wildlife. Comb-sew-overflow Ri. Sew-pump. Sew-pump. Boats. Wildlife.

combined sewage overflow.6 natural Resources defense Council . Notes 1 Rhode Island Office of Food Protection/Environmental Health. Boats (?) Stormwater Stormwater. Boats Stormwater. sanitary sewer overflow. Sew-pump. 2 United States Environmental Protection Agency. Sanitary-sew-over. Wildlife Stormwater. unknown. Boats Stormwater. October 2006. Sew-break. Wildlife (?) Stormwater Stormwater. Sew-discharge. March 2007. Sew-pump. Boats Stormwater. personal communication. Rhode Island Department of Health Beach Monitoring Program. Sew-pump. Boats Stormwater Stormwater. Comb-sew-overflow. July 2007. 3 Bonnie Blair. monitoring that revealed high bacteria levels. Boats Stormwater. sewage pump station failure. 2006 Season Report. (?). Boats Stormwater. sewer line blockage/break. Wildlife Stormwater. Ri. Boats Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Abbreviations used: Bacteria. sewage discharge. Rhode Island Department of Health. Comb-sew-overflow Stormwater. Implementing the BEACH Act of 2000 (Report to Congress). Sew-pump. Comb-sew-overflow Stormwater. Comb-sew-overflow Stormwater. Boats Stormwater.Testing the Waters 2007 County newport newport newport newport newport newport newport newport newport newport newport newport Washington Washington Washington Washington Washington Washington Washington Washington Washington Washington Washington Washington Washington Washington Washington Beach Name easton’s Beach easton’s Beach easton’s Beach Fort Adams Fort Adams Fort Adams King Park Mackerel Cove third Beach third Beach third Beach third Beach Bonnet Shores Beach Camp Fuller Camp Grosvenor Camp Grosvenor Camp narrow River Matunuck town Beach north Kingstown town Beach Saunderstown Yacht Club Scarborough State Beach north Scarborough State Beach north Scarborough State Beach north Scarborough State Beach South Scarborough State Beach South Scarborough State Beach South Willow dell Beach Club Start Date end Date Reason 7/6 7/11 8/28 6/8 6/25 8/29 1/1 8/29 6/9 6/25 7/20 8/29 6/21 7/5 8/17 8/21 1/1 7/11 8/29 6/27 6/7 6/25 8/28 6/7 6/25 8/28 8/11 7/7 7/14 8/30 6/11 6/27 8/31 12/31 8/31 6/11 6/27 7/23 9/5 6/23 7/13 8/18 8/24 12/31 7/13 8/30 6/29 6/11 6/27 8/30 6/11 6/27 8/30 8/13 Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Prempt-other Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Prempt-other Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Source Stormwater.

none of which are monitored (even though these counties do not border the coast). and the state established a monitoring program in the late 1990s. There are 63 beaches in South Carolina lining 180 miles of Atlantic coastline (102 miles on the mainland coast and 78 miles on the barrier islands). Myrtle Beach had the most water quality advisories. No beaches in Jasper County are monitored because it has a relatively small coastal waterfront.Testing the Waters 2007 SouTH CARoliNA In the mid-1990s.1 DHEC uses the enterococcus single-sample maximum standards for beach advisory decisions. Preemptive rainfall advisories are issued at certain beaches that have a history of high bacteria levels from stormwater. Some monitoring is conducted by DHEC. Beaches in five of the six coastal counties are monitored: Beaufort. At the end of the 2007 sampling season. In 2000.1 22 percent in 2005. South Carolina’s Department of Health and Environmental Control (DHEC) and communities along the coast launched studies to determine if there was a need for a coastal monitoring program in South Carolina. Standards and Testing indicator organism: Enterococcus Standards: South Carolina adopted BEACH Act–required standards in 2004: for ocean and bay waters. while other monitoring is conducted by counties For Tier  beaches only. stormwater discharges were responsible for levels of enterococcus bacteria that frequently exceeded the Environmental Protection Agency’s (EPA) recommendations in some locations. and three beaches (Myrtle. representing all of the Tier 1 and Tier 2 SC. Coastal tourism contributes $16 billion to the state’s economy. generating 208. Further preemptive rainfall standards are under development.083 jobs. not closings.660 federal BEACH Act grant in 2006 and is eligible for a $297. More exceedances were found as the swim season wore on.1 The Department of Health and Environmental Control issues advisories only. Dorchester and Berkeley counties have public coastal beaches on estuarine waters. and Surfside Beaches) together accounted for more than 70 percent of the state’s water quality advisories. Charleston.1 South Carolina received a $296. Rainfall data continue to be collected from weather sites at three-mile intervals in Horry and Georgetown counties. It does not monitor another 78 miles of beaches on barrier islands. More than a third of monitored beaches are monitored from May 15 to October 15. Advisories based on the geometric mean are issued only for Horry County beaches based on weekly monitoring and are issued at the discretion of the district beach program manager and the program coordinator. natural Resources defense Council . Georgetown. an enterococcus single-sample maximum of 104 cfu/100 ml and a geometric mean of 35 cfu/100 ml are used. The state’s program coordinator for the of samples exceeding the standard coastal monitoring program was able to provide information about monitoring practices and standards only for decreased to 2 percent in 2006 from coastal beaches that were monitored by DHEC. DHEC began developing a rainfall model to predict beachwater contamination. the state monitors all 102 miles of major beaches on the mainland coast at 125 sampling sites. The City of Myrtle Beach monitors water at Myrtle Beach the remaining part of the year. The studies showed that during and after rainstorms. South Carolina hopes to be ready to use a rain model based on five years of BEACH Act grant data that will predict the need for advisories in Horry and Georgetown counties. Huntington Beach State Park. According to the DHEC.940 grant in 2007. Federal grants fully fund South Carolina’s beach monitoring and notification program. The 2006 swim season saw more advisories (both preemptive and because of water quality) than usual because of unusually high rainfall levels. Twenty-three of South Carolina’s 63 beaches (37%). which DHEC administers. Colleton. beaches were prioritized for inclusion in the monitoring program based on level of use and water quality history.2 Monitoring Frequency: In South Carolina. and Horry. the percent and municipalities.

was monitored. Fripp island-Access 25 on tarpon Blvd. harbor island-Between Lots 118 & 120 harbor island-Between Lots 54 & 56 harbor island-n. Myrtle Beach City of-Canes Patch Swash (18%).Testing the Waters 2007 beaches. Eleven percent (7) were assigned high priority and were monitored weekly and 25 percent (16) were assigned medium priority and were monitored every other week. Myrtle Beach City of-24th Ave. Horry County Beach Arcadia BeachSingleton Swash Arcadia (25%). N (18%). Surfside Beach Town of-Swash @ 5th Ave. 12 inches below the surface. and results are available in 24 hours. Myrtle Beach City of-77th Ave. Beaches are grouped by county and ranked in decending order by percent exceedance.2 natural Resources defense Council . NRDC looked at the percent of monitoring samples that exceeded South Carolina’s daily maximum bacterial standard. One hundred percent of beaches in Georgetown and Charleston Counties did not exceed the standard. were monitored during the 2006 swim season. South Carolina State Park and Campground-Pirateland-Lakewood Campground (38%). hilton head island-Atlantic Pointe hilton head island-Beachside tennis villas hilton head island-Burks Beach hilton head island-elderberry Lane hilton head island-Folly Field Rd. Myrtle Beach City of-Midway Swash (31%). Beaufort (93%). 2006 Monitoring Frequency and Results by Beach County Beaufort Beaufort Beaufort Beaufort Beaufort Beaufort Beaufort Beaufort Beaufort Beaufort Beaufort Beaufort Beaufort Beaufort Beaufort Beaufort Beaufort Beach hilton head islandhilton head island-the Moorings Fripp island-Access # 2 Marlin dr. Monitoring staff visited most of the Tier 3 beaches in the summer of 2006 to determine if they should be moved to Tier 2 status. the percent of sample exceeding the standard decreased to 12 percent in 2006 from 22 percent in 2005. N (26%). S (16%) Seventy percent of all monitored beaches did not exceed the standard for any sample taken in 2006. and percent of samples exceeding the standard for all beaches reported in 2006. N (18%). The day of the week that samples are taken varies depending on weather and scheduling. the 10 Tier 1 beaches with the highest percent exceedances were in Horry County: Myrtle Beach City ofWithers Swash (44%).1 Practice: Samples are taken in a falling tide at a depth of 20 to 40 inches. Briarcliffe Acres Town of-White Point Swash (22%). and Horry (19%). Fripp island-Seahorse Rd. For Tier 1 beaches only. South Carolina is working to get areas like Charleston Harbor removed from all beaches lists. hilton head island-Mariott-Alder Lane hilton head island-ocean Woods Tier Monitoring Frequency 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo Total Samples 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 Percent exceedance 20% 20% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% SC. followed by Colleton (94%). Samples are taken at low tide if possible. harbor dr. monitoring frequency. Fripp island-Fripp villas Fripp island-Red drum Rd.1 Results: For the second consecutive year. which are accessible only by boat and are not heavily used. In addition. The table below lists the tier status. Surfside Beach Town of-3rd Ave. Samples are delivered to the lab within six hours of sampling. In 2006. None of South Carolina’s Tier 3 beaches.

Folly Beach-5th Ave.-Station 18 1/2 Sullivans island-Marshall Blvd-Station 30 edisto island-Catherine edisto island-dorothy edisto island-Fenwick Tier Monitoring Frequency 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo Total Samples 4 4 4 4 4 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 6 5 5 Percent exceedance 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 17% 0% 0% SC. isle of Palms-34th Ave. isle of Palms-dunes Crest isle of Palms-iop County Park isle of Palms-Port o’ Call Kiawah island-duneside Kiawah island-ocean Marsh Rd. Seabrook island-St. isle of Palms-4th Ave. Ashley St. Folly Beach-3rd Ave. e Folly Beach-8th Ave. isle of Palms-53rd Ave.3 natural Resources defense Council . Ashley St. Folly Beach-Center St Folly Beach-Folly Park isle of Palms-21st Ave. Folly Beach-1731 e.Testing the Waters 2007 County Beaufort Beaufort Beaufort Beaufort Beaufort Beaufort Beaufort Beaufort Beaufort Beaufort Beaufort Charleston Charleston Charleston Charleston Charleston Charleston Charleston Charleston Charleston Charleston Charleston Charleston Charleston Charleston Charleston Charleston Charleston Charleston Charleston Charleston Charleston Charleston Charleston Charleston Charleston Charleston Charleston Colleton Colleton Colleton Beach hilton head island-Port Royal Plantation hilton head island-Sea Crest Motel hilton head island-Sea Pines Beach Club hilton head island-the hilton hilton head island-tower Beach hunting island-Between Camps 47 & 49 hunting island-Between Camps 73 & 75 hunting island-Cabin 9 hunting island-Lighthouse hunting island-north Beach Restroom hunting island-South Beach Concession Area isle of Palms-10 Ave. isle of Palms-7th Ave. Folly Beach-11th Ave. Christopher Camp Sullivans island-Bayonne St.-Station 26 Sullivans island-Flag St. Folly Beach-1561 e. Kiawah island-Seaforest dr. Kiawah island-Shipwatch Kiawah island-Surfsong Seabrook island-oyster Catcher Ct.

edisto island-ebb tide St. n Myrtle Beach City of-77th Ave. Georgetown County Beach debordieu Beach-Luvan Way Georgetown County Beach Garden City Beach-Garden City Point Georgetown County Beach huntington Beach State Park-north Access. Myrtle Beach City of-Withers Swash South Carolina State Park and Campground-PiratelandLakewood Campground Myrtle Beach City of-Midway Swash Myrtle Beach City of-24th Ave. edisto island-Mikell St.Testing the Waters 2007 County Colleton Colleton Colleton Colleton Colleton Colleton Colleton Colleton Colleton Colleton Colleton Colleton Colleton Colleton Georgetown Georgetown Georgetown Georgetown Georgetown Georgetown Georgetown Georgetown Georgetown Georgetown Georgetown horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry Beach edisto island-Mary edisto island-nancy edisto island-Portia edisto island-Atlantic St. edisto island-edingsville (Jeremy Cay) edisto island-edisto St. huntington Beach State Park Georgetown County Beach huntington Beach State Park-visitors Center-hb Sp Georgetown County Beach Litchfield Beach-1st Left Past Gate Georgetown County Beach Litchfield Beach-Litchfield inn Georgetown County Beach Litchfield Beach-Songbird Lane Pawleys island town of-Pawley’s island. edisto island-edings St. edisto island-Jeremy inlet edisto island-Matilda St.4 natural Resources defense Council . n Tier Monitoring Frequency 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo 2/mo Total Samples 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 11 11 11 11 11 11 11 11 11 11 11 45 40 39 35 36 37 33 34 Percent exceedance 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 44% 38% 31% 26% 25% 22% 18% 18% 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk SC. South Parking Pawleys island town of-Public Access 2nd / Atlantic Beach Pawleys island town of-Public Access Springs / hazard Ave. edisto island-Bay Point edisto island-Cheehaw St. n horry County Beach Arcadia Beach-Singleton Swash Arcadia Briarcliffe Acres town of-White Point Swash Surfside Beach town of-Swash @ 5th Ave. edisto island-Pavillion Restaurant Georgetown County Beach debordieu Beach-Lafayette / ocean Green Blvd.

S north Myrtle Beach City of-7th Ave. S Surfside Beach town of-11th Ave. n Myrtle Beach City of-8th Ave. n Surfside Beach town of-16th Ave. S South Carolina State Park and Campground-ocean Lakes Campground S Myrtle Beach City of-64th Ave.Testing the Waters 2007 County horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry Beach Myrtle Beach City of-Canes Patch Swash Surfside Beach town of-3rd Ave. S Myrtle Beach City of-50th Ave. S north Myrtle Beach City of-9th Ave. n Myrtle Beach City of-34th Ave. S north Myrtle Beach City of-45th Ave. n horry County Beach Arcadia Beach-Lands end ResortArcadia horry County Beach Arcadia Beach-Sands ocean Club Arcadia north Myrtle Beach City of-16th Ave. n north Myrtle Beach City of-17th Ave. n north Myrtle Beach City of-33rd Ave. n Tier 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 Monitoring Frequency 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 2/mo 2/mo Total Samples 34 32 34 32 32 33 30 31 32 32 32 33 29 30 30 31 31 31 32 32 32 32 25 25 31 31 30 30 31 29 32 29 32 29 Percent exceedance 18% 16% 15% 13% 13% 12% 10% 10% 9% 9% 9% 9% 7% 7% 7% 6% 6% 6% 6% 6% 6% 6% 4% 4% 3% 3% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk SC. horry County Beach Garden City Beach-hawes Ave horry County Beach Arcadia Beach-Wyndham hotel Arcadia north Myrtle Beach City of-3rd Ave. n north Myrtle Beach City of-30th Ave. n Surfside Beach town of-13th Ave.5 natural Resources defense Council . n north Myrtle Beach City of-47th Ave. S north Myrtle Beach City of-59th Ave. n South Carolina State Park and Campground-ocean Lakes Campground n Briarcliffe Acres town of-Briarcliff Cabana South Carolina State Park and Campground-Myrtle Beach State Park horry County Beach Arcadia Beach-2 Miles n of Wyndham hotel Surfside Beach town of-8th Ave. n dogwood Swash Myrtle Beach City of-23rd Ave. S horry County Beach Garden City Beach-Azalea Ave. S horry County Beach Springmaid Beach-nash drive Myrtle Beach City of-deep head Swash Surfside Beach town of-3rd Ave.

n Myrtle Beach City of-8th Ave. If the bacteria level is above 104 cfu/100 ml but below 500 cfu/100 ml. Preemptive rainfall advisories are sometimes issued at swashes or pipe outfalls during a rain event as well. with the remaining three percent (8) due to unknown causes. the DHEC or the municipality posts signs (generally within four hours). When an advisory is issued. n Myrtle Beach City of-8th Ave. then increased again to 684 days in 2006. n Myrtle Beach City of-8th Ave. an additional sample is collected. Advisory issuance: DHEC issues an advisory immediately when the enterococcus bacteria level reaches 500 cfu/100 ml and above. 97 percent (281) were attributed to stormwater. Reopening Procedures: Beaches where water quality has fallen below standards or beaches that have been under a rainfall advisory are sampled daily and reopened when the standards are met. The remain- ing advisories were due to monitoring that revealed high bacteria levels. 2006 South Carolina Coastal Beach Advisories County Beach Name horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry Myrtle Beach City of-64th Ave. n Myrtle Beach City of-77th Ave. provides web announcements. The monitoring frequency at Tier 1 beaches did not increase during the time period over which this sharp increase in advisory days was seen. Advisory days at South Carolina’s seven Tier 1 beaches increased from 381 days in 2004 to 592 days in 2005. The increase in advisory days may be due at least in part to unusually high amounts of rainfall in 2005 and 2006. n Myrtle Beach City of-8th Ave. n Myrtle Beach City of-64th Ave. n Myrtle Beach City of-77th Ave. n Myrtle Beach City of-77th Ave. Causes of Advisories: Fifty-eight percent (395) of advisory days in 2006 were preemptive rainfall advisories. n Myrtle Beach City of-8th Ave. n Myrtle Beach City of-8th Ave. rather than the whole beach. Advisories are sometimes issued for sections of a beach. Advisory days increased 16 percent at South Carolina coastal beaches to 684 in 2006 from 592 in 2005. and notifies the newspapers. n Myrtle Beach City of-8th Ave. Of the advisories issued due to elevated bacteria levels. If the second sample is also above 104 cfu/100 ml. n Myrtle Beach City of-8th Ave. n Myrtle Beach City of-8th Ave. then the department issues an advisory. n Myrtle Beach City of-77th Ave. n Myrtle Beach City of-Canes Patch Swash Myrtle Beach City of-Canes Patch Swash Myrtle Beach City of-Canes Patch Swash Myrtle Beach City of-Canes Patch Swash Myrtle Beach City of-Canes Patch Swash Myrtle Beach City of-Canes Patch Swash Myrtle Beach City of-Canes Patch Swash Start Date 8/14 9/2 5/22 5/27 7/18 9/7 5/22 6/5 6/29 7/7 7/16 7/24 8/23 9/2 9/5 5/27 6/3 6/9 6/13 6/27 7/7 7/16 end Date 8/15 9/3 5/23 5/28 7/19 9/9 5/23 6/7 7/1 7/9 7/18 7/27 8/25 9/3 9/7 5/29 6/5 6/10 6/17 6/29 7/9 7/18 Reason Prempt-rain Bacteria Bacteria Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Bacteria Bacteria Prempt-rain Bacteria Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Bacteria Bacteria Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Bacteria Prempt-rain Source Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater other Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater SC.6 natural Resources defense Council .Testing the Waters 2007 Advisories A total of 333 advisories were issued for beaches in South Carolina in 2006.

7 natural Resources defense Council .Testing the Waters 2007 County Beach Name horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry Myrtle Beach City of-Canes Patch Swash Myrtle Beach City of-Canes Patch Swash Myrtle Beach City of-Canes Patch Swash Myrtle Beach City of-Canes Patch Swash Myrtle Beach City of-Canes Patch Swash Myrtle Beach City of-Canes Patch Swash Myrtle Beach City of-Canes Patch Swash Myrtle Beach City of-Canes Patch Swash Myrtle Beach City of-Canes Patch Swash Myrtle Beach City of-Canes Patch Swash Myrtle Beach City of-deep head Swash Myrtle Beach City of-deep head Swash Myrtle Beach City of-Midway Swash Myrtle Beach City of-Midway Swash Myrtle Beach City of-Midway Swash Myrtle Beach City of-Midway Swash Myrtle Beach City of-Midway Swash Myrtle Beach City of-Midway Swash Myrtle Beach City of-Midway Swash Myrtle Beach City of-Midway Swash Myrtle Beach City of-Midway Swash Myrtle Beach City of-Midway Swash Myrtle Beach City of-Midway Swash Myrtle Beach City of-Midway Swash Myrtle Beach City of-Midway Swash Myrtle Beach City of-Midway Swash Myrtle Beach City of-Midway Swash Myrtle Beach City of-Midway Swash Myrtle Beach City of-ocean Lakes Campground S Myrtle Beach City of-Withers Swash Myrtle Beach City of-Withers Swash Myrtle Beach City of-Withers Swash Myrtle Beach City of-Withers Swash Myrtle Beach City of-Withers Swash Myrtle Beach City of-Withers Swash Myrtle Beach City of-Withers Swash Myrtle Beach City of-Withers Swash Myrtle Beach City of-Withers Swash Myrtle Beach City of-Withers Swash Myrtle Beach City of-Withers Swash Myrtle Beach City of-Withers Swash Myrtle Beach City of-Withers Swash Start Date 7/25 8/7 8/23 9/2 9/5 9/14 9/29 10/4 10/9 10/11 5/22 8/14 5/15 5/21 5/27 6/3 6/13 6/25 7/7 7/16 7/24 8/7 8/9 8/23 9/2 9/5 9/14 10/9 6/9 5/15 5/21 5/27 6/3 6/13 6/25 7/7 7/16 7/24 8/7 8/12 8/23 9/2 end Date 7/28 8/10 8/24 9/4 9/7 9/16 9/30 10/5 10/11 10/12 5/23 8/15 5/18 5/22 5/30 6/7 6/17 7/1 7/8 7/19 7/27 8/8 8/16 8/24 9/3 9/7 9/17 10/12 6/10 5/19 5/22 5/31 6/11 6/17 7/1 7/9 7/19 7/28 8/11 8/14 8/24 9/3 Reason Bacteria Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Bacteria Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Bacteria Bacteria Prempt-rain Bacteria Bacteria Prempt-rain Bacteria Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Bacteria Prempt-rain Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Prempt-rain Bacteria Prempt-rain Bacteria Bacteria Prempt-rain Bacteria Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Bacteria Prempt-rain Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Bacteria Source Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater other Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater SC.

n north Myrtle Beach City of-16th Ave. n north Myrtle Beach City of-17th Ave. S north Myrtle Beach City of-9th Ave. n north Myrtle Beach City of-3rd Ave. S north Myrtle Beach City of-9th Ave. S north Myrtle Beach City of-White Point Swash South Carolina State Park and Campground-Lands end Resort-Arcadia South Carolina State Park and Campground-Midway Swash South Carolina State Park and Campground-Myrtle Beach State Park South Carolina State Park and Campground-nash drive South Carolina State Park and Campground-ocean Lakes Campground n South Carolina State Park and Campground-ocean Lakes Campground n South Carolina State Park and Campground-ocean Lakes Campground n South Carolina State Park and Campground-ocean Lakes Campground n South Carolina State Park and Campground-ocean Lakes Campground n South Carolina State Park and Campground-ocean Lakes Campground n South Carolina State Park and Campground-ocean Lakes Campground n Start Date 9/5 9/14 9/29 10/9 6/13 8/23 9/2 9/2 9/2 9/2 6/13 7/25 8/23 9/2 9/2 5/27 9/2 9/2 9/2 9/2 9/14 9/2 9/2 6/9 9/2 9/2 5/15 5/27 6/3 6/9 6/13 6/25 7/7 end Date 9/7 9/17 9/30 10/12 6/17 8/24 9/3 9/3 9/3 9/4 6/17 7/27 8/24 9/3 9/3 5/29 9/3 9/3 9/3 9/3 9/16 9/7 9/3 6/10 9/3 9/3 5/19 5/31 6/5 6/10 6/17 6/29 7/8 Reason Prempt-rain Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Prempt-rain Bacteria Prempt-rain Bacteria Bacteria Prempt-rain Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Source Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater (?) Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater SC. n north Myrtle Beach City of-33rd Ave.Testing the Waters 2007 County Beach Name horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry Myrtle Beach City of-Withers Swash Myrtle Beach City of-Withers Swash Myrtle Beach City of-Withers Swash Myrtle Beach City of-Withers Swash north Myrtle Beach City of-16th Ave. S north Myrtle Beach City of-47th Ave. S north Myrtle Beach City of-30th Ave. natural Resources defense Council . S north Myrtle Beach City of-59th Ave. n north Myrtle Beach City of-16th Ave. n north Myrtle Beach City of-47th Ave. n north Myrtle Beach City of-7th Ave. n north Myrtle Beach City of-3rd Ave. n north Myrtle Beach City of-45th Ave. S north Myrtle Beach City of-3rd Ave. n north Myrtle Beach City of-3rd Ave.

Testing the Waters 2007 County Beach Name horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry South Carolina State Park and Campground-ocean Lakes Campground n South Carolina State Park and Campground-ocean Lakes Campground n South Carolina State Park and Campground-ocean Lakes Campground n South Carolina State Park and Campground-ocean Lakes Campground n South Carolina State Park and Campground-ocean Lakes Campground n South Carolina State Park and Campground-ocean Lakes Campground n South Carolina State Park and Campground-ocean Lakes Campground n South Carolina State Park and Campground-ocean Lakes Campground n South Carolina State Park and Campground-ocean Lakes Campground S South Carolina State Park and Campground-ocean Lakes Campground S South Carolina State Park and Campground-ocean Lakes Campground S South Carolina State Park and Campground-ocean Lakes Campground S South Carolina State Park and Campground-ocean Lakes Campground S South Carolina State Park and Campground-ocean Lakes Campground S South Carolina State Park and Campground-ocean Lakes Campground S South Carolina State Park and Campground-ocean Lakes Campground S South Carolina State Park and Campground-ocean Lakes Campground S South Carolina State Park and Campground-ocean Lakes Campground S South Carolina State Park and Campground-ocean Lakes Campground S South Carolina State Park and Campground-ocean Lakes Campground S South Carolina State Park and Campground-ocean Lakes Campground S South Carolina State Park and Campground-ocean Lakes Campground S South Carolina State Park and Campground-ocean Lakes Campground S South Carolina State Park and Campground-ocean Lakes Campground S South Carolina State Park and CampgroundPirateland-Lakewood Campground Start Date 7/16 7/24 8/11 8/23 9/2 9/5 9/14 10/9 5/15 5/21 5/27 6/3 6/13 6/25 7/7 7/16 7/24 7/27 8/11 8/23 9/2 9/5 9/14 10/9 5/15 end Date 7/18 7/28 8/15 8/24 9/3 9/7 9/16 10/12 5/19 5/22 5/31 6/5 6/17 7/1 7/8 7/19 7/26 7/28 8/14 8/24 9/3 9/8 9/16 10/12 5/19 Reason Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Bacteria Bacteria Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Bacteria Prempt-rain Bacteria Bacteria Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Bacteria Prempt-rain Bacteria Bacteria Source Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater SC. natural Resources defense Council .

n dogwood Swash Surfside Beach town of-11th Ave. n dogwood Swash Surfside Beach town of-11th Ave. n dogwood Swash Surfside Beach town of-11th Ave. n dogwood Swash Surfside Beach town of-11th Ave. n dogwood Swash Start Date 5/21 5/27 6/3 6/9 6/25 7/7 7/16 7/24 8/11 8/23 9/2 9/5 9/14 10/9 7/6 7/16 5/15 5/21 5/27 6/3 6/9 6/13 6/25 7/7 7/16 7/24 8/11 8/23 9/2 9/5 9/14 end Date 5/22 5/31 6/7 6/18 6/29 7/8 7/18 7/28 8/15 8/26 9/5 9/9 9/17 10/12 7/9 7/18 5/17 5/22 5/31 6/5 6/10 6/17 6/29 7/8 7/18 7/28 8/14 8/24 9/4 9/8 9/16 Reason Prempt-rain Bacteria Prempt-rain Bacteria Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Bacteria Bacteria Prempt-rain Source Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater SC. n dogwood Swash Surfside Beach town of-11th Ave. n dogwood Swash Surfside Beach town of-11th Ave. n dogwood Swash Surfside Beach town of-11th Ave. n dogwood Swash Surfside Beach town of-11th Ave. n dogwood Swash Surfside Beach town of-11th Ave. n dogwood Swash Surfside Beach town of-11th Ave.Testing the Waters 2007 County Beach Name horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry South Carolina State Park and CampgroundPirateland-Lakewood Campground South Carolina State Park and CampgroundPirateland-Lakewood Campground South Carolina State Park and CampgroundPirateland-Lakewood Campground South Carolina State Park and CampgroundPirateland-Lakewood Campground South Carolina State Park and CampgroundPirateland-Lakewood Campground South Carolina State Park and CampgroundPirateland-Lakewood Campground South Carolina State Park and CampgroundPirateland-Lakewood Campground South Carolina State Park and CampgroundPirateland-Lakewood Campground South Carolina State Park and CampgroundPirateland-Lakewood Campground South Carolina State Park and CampgroundPirateland-Lakewood Campground South Carolina State Park and CampgroundPirateland-Lakewood Campground South Carolina State Park and CampgroundPirateland-Lakewood Campground South Carolina State Park and CampgroundPirateland-Lakewood Campground South Carolina State Park and CampgroundPirateland-Lakewood Campground South Carolina State Park and Campground-White Point Swash South Carolina State Park and Campground-White Point Swash Surfside Beach town of-11th Ave. n dogwood Swash Surfside Beach town of-11th Ave. n dogwood Swash Surfside Beach town of-11th Ave. n dogwood Swash Surfside Beach town of-11th Ave. n dogwood Swash Surfside Beach town of-11th Ave.0 natural Resources defense Council .

S Surfside Beach town of-3rd Ave. S Surfside Beach town of-13th Ave. S Surfside Beach town of-13th Ave. n Surfside Beach town of-16th Ave. S Surfside Beach town of-13th Ave. S Surfside Beach town of-13th Ave. n Surfside Beach town of-3rd Ave. n Surfside Beach town of-16th Ave. n Surfside Beach town of-16th Ave. S Surfside Beach town of-3rd Ave. n dogwood Swash Surfside Beach town of-13th Ave. n Surfside Beach town of-16th Ave. n Surfside Beach town of-3rd Ave. n Surfside Beach town of-16th Ave. n Surfside Beach town of-16th Ave. S Surfside Beach town of-13th Ave. n Surfside Beach town of-16th Ave. n Surfside Beach town of-3rd Ave. n Surfside Beach town of-16th Ave. S Surfside Beach town of-13th Ave. n Surfside Beach town of-16th Ave. S Surfside Beach town of-3rd Ave. n Surfside Beach town of-16th Ave.Testing the Waters 2007 County Beach Name horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry Surfside Beach town of-11th Ave. n Surfside Beach town of-16th Ave. S Surfside Beach town of-13th Ave. n Surfside Beach town of-3rd Ave. S Surfside Beach town of-13th Ave. S Surfside Beach town of-3rd Ave. S Surfside Beach town of-13th Ave. n Surfside Beach town of-3rd Ave. n Surfside Beach town of-16th Ave. S Surfside Beach town of-13th Ave. n Surfside Beach town of-3rd Ave. natural Resources defense Council . n Surfside Beach town of-3rd Ave. n Surfside Beach town of-16th Ave. S Surfside Beach town of-13th Ave. S Start Date 10/9 5/15 5/21 5/27 6/3 6/9 6/13 6/27 7/7 7/16 8/23 9/2 9/5 9/14 10/9 5/15 5/21 6/3 6/7 6/9 6/13 6/25 7/7 7/16 7/24 8/11 8/23 9/2 9/5 9/14 10/9 6/3 6/25 8/14 8/23 9/2 10/11 5/15 5/21 5/27 6/9 6/13 end Date 10/12 5/17 5/22 5/31 6/5 6/10 6/17 6/29 7/8 7/18 8/24 9/3 9/7 9/16 10/12 5/17 5/22 6/5 6/8 6/10 6/17 6/29 7/8 7/18 7/28 8/15 8/24 9/4 9/8 9/16 10/12 6/5 6/29 8/15 8/24 9/4 10/12 5/17 5/22 5/29 6/10 6/17 Reason Bacteria Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Bacteria Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Bacteria Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Bacteria Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Bacteria Bacteria Prempt-rain Bacteria Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Bacteria Bacteria Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Source Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater SC. S Surfside Beach town of-13th Ave. n Surfside Beach town of-16th Ave. S Surfside Beach town of-16th Ave. n Surfside Beach town of-16th Ave. S Surfside Beach town of-13th Ave.

Beach Monitoring Program Coordinator. personal communication. n Surfside Beach town of-Swash @ 5th Ave. n Surfside Beach town of-Swash @ 5th Ave. n Surfside Beach town of-Swash @ 5th Ave. n Surfside Beach town of-Swash @ 5th Ave. BEACH Grant Semi-Annual Update. n Surfside Beach town of-Swash @ 5th Ave. S Surfside Beach town of-3rd Ave. S Surfside Beach town of-3rd Ave. n Surfside Beach town of-Swash @ 5th Ave.2 natural Resources defense Council . South Carolina Department of Health and Environmental Control. n Surfside Beach town of-Swash @ 5th Ave. n Surfside Beach town of-Swash @ 5th Ave. S Surfside Beach town of-3rd Ave. May 2007. S Surfside Beach town of-Swash @ 5th Ave. n Start Date 7/7 7/16 7/24 8/11 9/2 9/5 9/14 10/9 10/11 5/15 5/21 5/27 6/3 6/9 6/13 6/25 7/7 7/16 7/24 8/11 8/23 9/2 9/5 9/14 10/9 end Date 7/8 7/18 7/26 8/15 9/4 9/8 9/16 10/12 10/12 5/17 5/22 5/31 6/5 6/11 6/17 6/29 7/8 7/18 7/28 8/15 8/24 9/4 9/8 9/17 10/12 Reason Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Bacteria Prempt-rain Bacteria Bacteria Prempt-rain Bacteria Bacteria Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Bacteria Prempt-rain Bacteria Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Source Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Abbreviations used: Bacteria. n Surfside Beach town of-Swash @ 5th Ave. n Surfside Beach town of-Swash @ 5th Ave. 2 South Carolina Department of Health and Environmental Control. n Surfside Beach town of-Swash @ 5th Ave. unknown. n Surfside Beach town of-Swash @ 5th Ave. S Surfside Beach town of-3rd Ave. preemptive due to heavy rainfall. November 2006. n Surfside Beach town of-Swash @ 5th Ave. S Surfside Beach town of-3rd Ave. (?). Preempt-rain. S Surfside Beach town of-3rd Ave. SC. Notes 1 Shannon Berry. n Surfside Beach town of-Swash @ 5th Ave.Testing the Waters 2007 County Beach Name horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry horry Surfside Beach town of-3rd Ave. n Surfside Beach town of-Swash @ 5th Ave. monitoring that revealed high bacteria levels. S Surfside Beach town of-8th Ave. S Surfside Beach town of-3rd Ave.

Galveston. Nine counties had monitored beaches in 2006: Aransas. The Texas General Land Office. Kenedy County. which separate the Gulf of Mexico from the bays.1 Some beaches were sampled weekly during the spring break season as well. and the National Wildlife Refuge is not accessible to the public.3 All Tier 1 beaches and all but one Tier 2 beach were monitored in 2006. Samples are generally collected about one foot below the surface in water that is knee deep (approximately two feet deep). Texas received a $382. Another five counties with at least one public water contact recreation coastal beach had no monitored beaches: Calhoun. TX. natural Resources defense Council .890 federal BEACH Act grant in 2006 and is eligible for a $385. universities. Jefferson. and Victoria County are on the coast but have no publicly accessible beaches and/or no water contact recreation beaches. and 33 miles of back side barrier island coast are subject to monitoring under the BEACH Act.2 Monitored beaches represent 153 miles of coastline. If the majority of recreational activity occurs at a depth significantly different than two feet. In all.2 billion to the state’s economy and generates 514. Nueces. Of the barrier islands. in conjunction with various contracted entities. the percent line and more than 650 miles of shoreline on their back side. Two Tier 3 beaches were monitored as well. The state does not have the authority to close beaches.1 There were no closures issued in 2006.400 miles of coastline. and private laboratories.1 Beach segments that are used most frequently by the public and where health risks are the greatest are given priority for monitoring. and San Patricio. municipalities. conducts the Texas Beach Watch Program. increased to  percent in 2006 from Padre Island National Seashore is accessible to the public 6 percent in 2005. but is not subject to the BEACH Act. Cameron. including local county health departments.050 related jobs. Refugio.1 Sample results are usually available 24 hours after the lab receives the sample. Also. Kleberg. of samples exceeding the standard They are San Jose Island and West Matagorda peninsula. Practice: The Texas Beach Watch Program collects samples between sunrise and noon. two are privately owned and have inaccessible beaches. Monitoring Frequency: Texas monitored 65 beaches weekly from May to September and every other week from October to April in 2006. then samples can be collected at the location of greatest swimmer activity.180 grant in 2007.1 There are 166 public coastal beaches lining this 324 miles of coastline. Most of the back side of the barrier islands is wetlands with little or no opportunity for water contact recreation. The mainland has more than 1. 235 miles of barrier island Gulf coast. but most of it is privately owned or is comprised of wetlands. Approximately 40 percent of the public beaches in the state are monitored year-round. Discretion to close a beach lies with local officials and health departments. and Willacy. Routine sampling usually takes place on Tuesdays. which have almost 400 miles of Gulf shoreFor Tier  beaches only. Orange County. Standards indicator organism: Enterococcus Standards: Texas has adopted BEACH Act–required standards for marine waters: an enterococcus single-sample maxi- mum of 104 cfu/100ml. Chambers. samples can be collected 50 meters from shore or at the location of greatest swimmer activity. 56 miles of mainland coast.Testing the Waters 2007 TeXAS Virtually the entire Texas coast is bordered by barrier islands. Matagorda. if the two-foot sampling depth occurs more than 50 meters from shore. Tourism in Texas contributes about $49. Brazoria. Harris. with Mondays and Wednesdays as alternate sampling days. The federal grants fully fund Texas’ beach monitoring and notification program.

followed by Jefferson (50%).2 natural Resources defense Council . the Tier 1 beaches with the highest percent exceedances were Ropes Park (48%) and Cole Park in Nueces County (315). In 2006. Indian Beach (22%). The table below lists the tier status. the percent of samples exceeding the standard increased to 8 percent in 2006 from 6 percent in 2005. and percent of samples exceeding the standard for all beaches reported in 2006. 45th St.Testing the Waters 2007 Results: For the second consecutive year. Matagorsa (33%). 2006 Monitoring Results by Beach County Aransas Brazoria Brazoria Brazoria Brazoria Cameron Cameron Cameron Cameron Cameron Cameron Cameron Cameron Cameron Galveston Galveston Galveston Galveston Galveston Galveston Galveston Galveston Galveston Galveston Galveston Galveston Galveston Galveston Beach Rockport Beach Park Bryan Beach Follets island Surfside Quintana Boca Chica State Park Access Point #6 town of South Padre island Access Point #3 Access Point #4 Andy Bowie Park Atwood Park isla Blanca Park Park Road 100 Bay Access #2 texas City dike Spanish Grant/Bermuda Beach indian Beach 25th St. and 25th St. Beaches are grouped by county and ranked in descending order by percent exceedance. monitoring frequency. in Galveston County (21%). Poenisch Park in Nueces County (24%). Seventeen percent of all monitored beaches did not exceed the standard for any sample taken in 2006. and Spanish Grant/Bermuda Beach (22%). NRDC looked at the percent of monitoring samples that exceeded Texas’ daily maximum bacterial standards. so NRDC defined Texas Tier 1 beaches as those monitored at least once a week. Appfel Park Stewart Beach Jamaica Beach Galveston island State Park Backside Galveston island State Park Pirates Beach Sea isle dellanera Park Tier 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 Monitoring Frequency 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk Total Samples 96 38 185 293 73 179 63 279 31 31 63 62 62 31 26 59 46 53 46 84 44 58 44 38 47 55 42 38 Percent exceedance 15% 5% 3% 2% 1% 2% 2% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 31% 22% 22% 21% 20% 19% 18% 17% 16% 16% 15% 15% 14% 13% TX. and Nueces (6%). Kleberg (50%). For Tier 1 beaches only. 61st St. Cameron County had the highest percentage of beaches with no exceedances (67%). Texas City Dike in Galveston County (31%). Texas did not provide a list of its Tier 1 beaches.

McFaddin nWR Sea Rim State Park Kaufer-hubert #1 Kaufer-hubert #2 Kaufer-hubert #3 Riviera Beach Pier Palacios Pavilion Sargent Beach Jetty Park Ropes Park Cole Park Poenisch Park JFK Causeway . West end Rollover Pass West Seadrift Clara St.3 natural Resources defense Council . so NRDC analyzed for a trend in closing and advisories from 2004 to 2006 based on the a set of beaches that was moniTX.Testing the Waters 2007 County Galveston Galveston Galveston Galveston Galveston Galveston Galveston Galveston Galveston Jefferson Jefferson Kleberg Kleberg Kleberg Kleberg Matagorda Matagorda Matagorda nueces nueces nueces nueces nueces nueces nueces nueces nueces nueces nueces nueces nueces nueces nueces nueces nueces San Patricio Beach San Luis Pass Gulf Shores Rettilon Road Rollover Pass east o’neil Rd.South Packery Channel Park University Beach Port Aransas Park Padre Bali Park Corpus Christi Beach . No closures were reported.Main Mustang island JP Luby Park Mustang island State Park Lighthouse Lake nueces Bay Causeway #4 Tier 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 Monitoring Frequency 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk none none none none 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk none Total Samples 39 47 39 34 36 39 32 34 49 206 14 5 5 5 5 75 112 146 69 121 45 40 40 46 90 71 37 37 78 156 93 38 82 128 4 5 Percent exceedance 13% 11% 10% 6% 6% 5% 3% 3% 2% 3% 0% 20% 20% 0% 0% 7% 4% 0% 48% 31% 24% 15% 15% 13% 11% 10% 8% 8% 8% 7% 6% 5% 5% 5% 0% 20% Closings and Advisories Beach advisories were issued 335 times in Texas in 2006. Texas did not provide a list of Tier 1 beaches. Texas Gulf Coast beach closing/ advisory days increased 13 percent to 473 in 2006 from 420 in 2005.SW Laguna Shores McGee Beach Corpus Christi Marina Port Aransas .

4 natural Resources defense Council . then increased to 470 days in 2006.3 Recommended advisories are posted on the Texas Beach Watch website regardless of what action is taken by local officials. but most local governments have agreed to issue an advisory and post signs if a sample exceeds the standard. This overall decrease in closing and advisory days from 2004 to 2006 is in spite of a small increase in the monitoring frequency of these beaches over that time period. Fifty-nine percent (279) of the elevated bacteria levels were due to unknown sources. Closings and advisories at these 62 beaches decreased from 569 days in 2004 to 304 days in 2005. 41 percent (193) were from stormwater.Testing the Waters 2007 tored at least once a week in 2006. Causes of Closings/Advisories: All advisories issued in 2006 were due to monitoring that revealed elevated bacteria levels.1 Reopening Procedures: Samples are taken daily until bacteria levels fall below the standard. and less than one percent (1) was from wildlife. 2006 Texas Coastal Beach Closings/Advisories County Aransas Aransas Aransas Aransas Aransas Aransas Aransas Aransas Aransas Aransas Aransas Aransas Aransas Aransas Brazoria Brazoria Brazoria Brazoria Brazoria Brazoria Brazoria Brazoria Brazoria Brazoria Beach Name Rockport Beach Park Rockport Beach Park Rockport Beach Park Rockport Beach Park Rockport Beach Park Rockport Beach Park Rockport Beach Park Rockport Beach Park Rockport Beach Park Rockport Beach Park Rockport Beach Park Rockport Beach Park Rockport Beach Park Rockport Beach Park Bryan Beach Bryan Beach Follets island Follets island Quintana Surfside Surfside Surfside Surfside Surfside Start Date 5/8 6/26 7/17 7/31 9/25 10/30 7/3 7/4 7/5 7/6 7/7 9/11 9/18 10/16 6/12 9/11 9/18 3/20 6/19 9/18 6/19 6/19 6/19 9/18 end Date Reason Source 5/9 6/27 7/18 8/1 9/26 10/31 7/4 7/5 7/6 7/7 7/8 9/12 9/19 10/17 6/13 9/12 9/21 3/22 6/20 9/21 6/21 6/20 6/20 9/19 Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) TX. In addition. the Texas Beach Watch website marks beaches where single-sample levels of enterococcus are between 35 cfu/100 ml and 104 cfu/100 ml as having a medium advisory level. Local governments decide whether to issue an advisory. Advisories are routinely issued for sections of a beach rather than a whole beach. Closing/Advisory issuance: Local officials are notified and a beach is recommended for an advisory if enterococcus levels in a single sample are higher than 104 cfu/100 ml.

25th St. 45th St. 45th St. 25th St. 61st St. 45th St. 61st St. 45th St. 45th St. Appfel Park Start Date 7/26 5/1 6/26 5/30 7/25 6/8 4/18 4/19 6/6 6/7 9/5 7/6 7/11 7/25 7/26 8/8 5/30 6/8 3/7 4/18 6/6 6/7 7/18 8/1 9/5 6/20 7/6 7/11 7/25 7/26 6/6 6/8 6/6 6/7 6/28 6/20 7/6 7/11 7/25 7/26 8/8 6/8 end Date Reason Source 7/27 5/3 6/28 6/1 7/26 6/12 4/19 4/20 6/7 6/8 9/6 7/7 7/12 7/26 7/27 8/9 6/6 6/12 3/8 4/19 6/7 6/8 7/19 8/2 9/6 6/21 7/7 7/12 7/26 7/27 6/7 6/12 6/7 6/8 6/29 6/21 7/7 7/12 7/26 7/27 8/9 6/12 Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Stormwater (?) (?) Stormwater Stormwater (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Wildlife (?) (?) (?) (?) Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater (?) TX. 25th St. 45th St. 25th St. 45th St. 25th St. 25th St. 45th St. 45th St. 61st St. 61st St. 25th St. 45th St. 25th St.5 natural Resources defense Council . 61st St. 25th St. 25th St. 61st St. 61st St. 45th St. 45th St. 61st St. 45th St. 45th St. 45th St.Testing the Waters 2007 County Cameron Cameron Cameron Cameron Cameron Galveston Galveston Galveston Galveston Galveston Galveston Galveston Galveston Galveston Galveston Galveston Galveston Galveston Galveston Galveston Galveston Galveston Galveston Galveston Galveston Galveston Galveston Galveston Galveston Galveston Galveston Galveston Galveston Galveston Galveston Galveston Galveston Galveston Galveston Galveston Galveston Galveston Beach Name Access Point #6 Boca Chica State Park Boca Chica State Park Boca Chica State Park town of South Padre island 25th St. 61st St. 61st St.

Clara St. dellanera Park dellanera Park dellanera Park dellanera Park dellanera Park Galveston island State Park Galveston island State Park Galveston island State Park Galveston island State Park Galveston island State Park Galveston island State Park Galveston island State Park Galveston island State Park Backside Galveston island State Park Backside Galveston island State Park Backside Galveston island State Park Backside Galveston island State Park Backside Galveston island State Park Backside Gulf Shores Gulf Shores Gulf Shores Gulf Shores indian Beach indian Beach indian Beach indian Beach indian Beach indian Beach indian Beach indian Beach Start Date 4/18 6/6 6/7 7/11 7/25 7/26 8/8 8/22 6/7 6/21 7/19 9/24 7/10 7/25 3/20 7/5 7/24 6/5 6/6 9/4 7/10 7/25 7/24 9/18 6/5 6/6 7/10 3/20 7/5 7/6 6/7 6/21 7/19 7/26 6/5 6/6 6/13 6/27 7/10 7/25 3/20 7/5 end Date Reason Source 4/19 6/7 6/8 7/12 7/26 7/27 8/9 8/23 6/12 6/22 7/20 9/25 7/12 7/27 3/21 7/6 7/25 6/6 6/7 9/5 7/12 7/27 7/25 9/19 6/6 6/7 7/12 3/21 7/6 7/7 6/12 6/22 7/20 7/27 6/6 6/7 6/14 6/28 7/12 7/27 3/21 7/6 Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria (?) (?) (?) Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater (?) Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater (?) (?) (?) Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater (?) (?) Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater (?) Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater (?) (?) (?) (?) Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater TX.Testing the Waters 2007 County Galveston Galveston Galveston Galveston Galveston Galveston Galveston Galveston Galveston Galveston Galveston Galveston Galveston Galveston Galveston Galveston Galveston Galveston Galveston Galveston Galveston Galveston Galveston Galveston Galveston Galveston Galveston Galveston Galveston Galveston Galveston Galveston Galveston Galveston Galveston Galveston Galveston Galveston Galveston Galveston Galveston Galveston Beach Name Appfel Park Appfel Park Appfel Park Appfel Park Appfel Park Appfel Park Appfel Park Appfel Park Clara St. Clara St.6 natural Resources defense Council . Clara St.

o’neil Rd.7 natural Resources defense Council . Pirates Beach Pirates Beach Pirates Beach Pirates Beach Pirates Beach Pirates Beach Pirates Beach Pirates Beach Rettilon Road Rettilon Road Rettilon Road Rettilon Road Rollover Pass east Rollover Pass east Rollover Pass east Rollover Pass West San Luis Pass San Luis Pass San Luis Pass San Luis Pass San Luis Pass Sea isle Sea isle Sea isle Sea isle Sea isle Sea isle Sea isle Seadrift Spanish Grant/Bermuda Beach Spanish Grant/Bermuda Beach Start Date 7/6 7/24 5/1 6/5 6/6 7/10 7/25 10/16 7/24 6/7 7/26 5/1 6/5 6/6 7/10 7/25 3/20 7/24 9/18 6/7 1/2 6/12 7/26 6/7 5/4 6/12 6/7 6/5 6/6 7/10 10/16 8/7 6/5 6/6 6/13 7/10 10/16 10/16 8/7 6/7 5/1 6/5 end Date Reason Source 7/7 7/25 5/2 6/6 6/7 7/12 7/27 10/18 7/25 6/12 7/27 5/2 6/6 6/7 7/12 7/27 3/21 7/25 9/19 6/12 1/3 6/13 7/27 6/12 5/4 6/12 6/12 6/6 6/7 7/12 10/18 8/8 6/6 6/7 6/14 7/12 10/18 10/18 8/8 6/12 5/2 6/6 Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Stormwater Stormwater (?) (?) (?) Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater (?) Stormwater (?) (?) (?) Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater (?) (?) (?) Stormwater (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater (?) (?) (?) Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater (?) (?) (?) TX.Testing the Waters 2007 County Galveston Galveston Galveston Galveston Galveston Galveston Galveston Galveston Galveston Galveston Galveston Galveston Galveston Galveston Galveston Galveston Galveston Galveston Galveston Galveston Galveston Galveston Galveston Galveston Galveston Galveston Galveston Galveston Galveston Galveston Galveston Galveston Galveston Galveston Galveston Galveston Galveston Galveston Galveston Galveston Galveston Galveston Beach Name indian Beach indian Beach Jamaica Beach Jamaica Beach Jamaica Beach Jamaica Beach Jamaica Beach Jamaica Beach Jamaica Beach o’neil Rd.

Testing the Waters 2007 County Galveston Galveston Galveston Galveston Galveston Galveston Galveston Galveston Galveston Galveston Galveston Galveston Galveston Galveston Galveston Galveston Galveston Galveston Galveston Galveston Galveston Galveston Galveston Galveston Galveston Galveston Galveston Galveston Galveston Galveston Galveston Galveston Galveston Galveston Galveston Jefferson Jefferson Kleberg Kleberg Matagorda Matagorda Matagorda Beach Name Spanish Grant/Bermuda Beach Spanish Grant/Bermuda Beach Spanish Grant/Bermuda Beach Spanish Grant/Bermuda Beach Spanish Grant/Bermuda Beach Spanish Grant/Bermuda Beach Spanish Grant/Bermuda Beach Spanish Grant/Bermuda Beach Spanish Grant/Bermuda Beach Spanish Grant/Bermuda Beach Spanish Grant/Bermuda Beach Stewart Beach Stewart Beach Stewart Beach Stewart Beach Stewart Beach Stewart Beach Stewart Beach Stewart Beach Stewart Beach Stewart Beach Stewart Beach texas City dike texas City dike texas City dike texas City dike texas City dike texas City dike texas City dike texas City dike West end West end West end West end West end Mcfaddin nwr Mcfaddin nwr Kaufer-hubert #1 Kaufer-hubert #2 Palacios Pavilion Palacios Pavilion Palacios Pavilion Start Date 6/6 6/27 9/4 7/10 7/25 10/16 10/16 3/20 7/5 7/6 7/24 6/8 4/18 4/19 6/6 6/7 8/1 9/5 7/11 7/25 7/26 8/22 5/9 3/10 2/27 2/28 3/1 3/7 3/8 3/9 6/7 6/12 1/2 6/21 7/26 9/12 7/25 12/21 12/21 10/24 6/6 6/20 end Date Reason Source 6/7 6/28 9/5 7/12 7/27 10/18 10/18 3/21 7/6 7/7 7/25 6/12 4/19 4/20 6/7 6/8 8/2 9/6 7/12 7/26 7/27 8/23 6/12 3/12 2/28 3/1 3/2 3/8 3/9 3/10 6/12 6/12 1/3 6/22 7/27 9/14 7/27 12/22 12/22 11/7 6/8 6/22 Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria (?) (?) (?) Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) Stormwater Stormwater (?) Stormwater (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) TX. natural Resources defense Council .

Testing the Waters 2007 County Matagorda Matagorda Matagorda nueces nueces nueces nueces nueces nueces nueces nueces nueces nueces nueces nueces nueces nueces nueces nueces nueces nueces nueces nueces nueces nueces nueces nueces nueces nueces nueces nueces nueces nueces nueces nueces nueces nueces nueces nueces nueces nueces nueces Beach Name Sargent Beach Sargent Beach Sargent Beach Cole Park Cole Park Cole Park Cole Park Cole Park Cole Park Cole Park Cole Park Cole Park Cole Park Cole Park Cole Park Cole Park Cole Park Cole Park Cole Park Cole Park Cole Park Cole Park Cole Park Cole Park Cole Park Cole Park Cole Park Cole Park Corpus Christi Beach .Main Corpus Christi Beach .Main Corpus Christi Beach .Main Corpus Christi Beach .Sw Start Date 6/6 10/24 6/27 7/11 8/8 8/9 8/15 9/26 10/17 10/18 10/19 12/19 12/20 12/21 5/16 5/30 6/27 7/4 9/12 9/13 9/13 9/14 9/15 9/16 9/17 9/18 9/19 9/20 7/26 8/15 10/3 11/28 7/4 7/25 8/8 11/28 6/27 7/4 7/25 9/12 4/5 6/21 end Date Reason Source 6/8 10/26 6/28 7/12 8/9 8/10 8/16 9/27 10/18 10/19 10/20 12/20 12/21 12/22 5/17 5/31 6/28 7/5 9/13 9/14 9/14 9/15 9/16 9/17 9/18 9/19 9/20 9/21 7/27 8/16 10/4 11/29 7/5 7/26 8/9 11/29 6/28 7/5 7/26 9/13 4/6 6/22 Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater (?) (?) (?) (?) Stormwater Stormwater (?) (?) Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater (?) (?) TX. natural Resources defense Council .Sw Jfk Causeway .Main Corpus Christi Beach .Main Corpus Christi Marina Corpus Christi Marina Corpus Christi Marina Corpus Christi Marina Corpus Christi Marina Corpus Christi Marina Jfk Causeway .Main Corpus Christi Beach .

Sw Jfk Causeway .Sw Jfk Causeway .Testing the Waters 2007 County nueces nueces nueces nueces nueces nueces nueces nueces nueces nueces nueces nueces nueces nueces nueces nueces nueces nueces nueces nueces nueces nueces nueces nueces nueces nueces nueces nueces nueces nueces nueces nueces nueces nueces nueces nueces nueces nueces nueces nueces nueces nueces Beach Name Jfk Causeway .Sw Jp Luby Park Jp Luby Park Jp Luby Park Jp Luby Park Laguna Shores Laguna Shores Laguna Shores Laguna Shores Laguna Shores Laguna Shores Mcgee Beach Mcgee Beach Mcgee Beach Mcgee Beach Mcgee Beach Mcgee Beach Mcgee Beach Mcgee Beach Mcgee Beach Mcgee Beach Mustang island Mustang island Mustang island State Park Mustang island State Park Mustang island State Park Mustang island State Park Packery Channel Park Packery Channel Park Packery Channel Park Padre Bali Park Padre Bali Park Padre Bali Park Padre Bali Park Padre Bali Park Padre Bali Park Padre Bali Park Padre Bali Park Padre Bali Park Start Date 8/16 9/6 10/4 9/13 6/14 6/29 6/28 7/26 2/22 3/8 10/18 11/1 12/20 9/13 6/6 7/11 7/12 8/15 10/17 11/14 11/28 7/4 7/25 9/19 7/3 10/16 3/20 6/12 9/25 10/16 8/16 6/28 7/5 6/14 7/19 7/20 6/29 6/28 7/1 7/5 7/6 7/26 end Date Reason Source 8/17 9/7 10/5 9/14 6/15 7/1 6/29 7/27 2/23 3/9 10/19 11/2 12/21 9/14 6/7 7/12 7/13 8/16 10/18 11/15 11/29 7/5 7/26 9/20 7/4 10/17 3/21 6/13 9/26 10/17 8/17 6/29 7/6 6/15 7/20 7/21 7/1 6/29 7/2 7/6 7/7 7/27 Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria (?) (?) (?) Stormwater (?) Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) Stormwater (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater (?) (?) (?) Stormwater (?) Stormwater Stormwater (?) (?) (?) Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater TX.0 natural Resources defense Council .Sw Jfk Causeway .

Testing the Waters 2007 County nueces nueces nueces nueces nueces nueces nueces nueces nueces nueces nueces nueces nueces nueces nueces nueces nueces nueces nueces nueces nueces nueces nueces nueces nueces nueces nueces nueces nueces nueces nueces nueces nueces nueces nueces nueces nueces nueces nueces nueces nueces nueces Beach Name Poenisch Park Poenisch Park Poenisch Park Poenisch Park Poenisch Park Poenisch Park Poenisch Park Poenisch Park Poenisch Park Poenisch Park Poenisch Park Port Aransas .South Port Aransas .South Port Aransas Park Port Aransas Park Port Aransas Park Port Aransas Park Port Aransas Park Ropes Park Ropes Park Ropes Park Ropes Park Ropes Park Ropes Park Ropes Park Ropes Park Ropes Park Ropes Park Ropes Park Ropes Park Ropes Park Ropes Park Ropes Park Ropes Park Ropes Park Ropes Park Ropes Park Ropes Park Ropes Park Start Date 9/26 10/17 5/16 7/4 7/5 7/6 7/7 9/12 9/13 9/19 9/20 3/20 6/5 6/6 7/10 10/16 3/20 5/29 7/24 9/18 10/16 7/11 10/17 10/17 10/18 10/18 10/19 10/20 10/21 10/22 10/23 5/30 5/31 6/1 6/2 6/3 6/27 6/28 6/29 6/30 7/1 7/2 end Date Reason Source 9/27 10/18 5/17 7/5 7/6 7/7 7/8 9/13 9/14 9/20 9/21 3/21 6/6 6/7 7/11 10/17 3/21 5/30 7/25 9/19 10/17 7/12 10/18 10/18 10/19 10/19 10/20 10/21 10/22 10/23 10/24 5/31 6/1 6/2 6/3 6/4 6/28 6/29 6/30 7/1 7/2 7/3 Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria (?) (?) Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater (?) (?) (?) (?) Stormwater (?) (?) (?) Stormwater Stormwater (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater TX.South Port Aransas .South Port Aransas .South Port Aransas . natural Resources defense Council .

3 United States Environmental Protection Agency. Notes 1 Sheri Land. personal communication.html. 2 Texas General Land Office.Testing the Waters 2007 County nueces nueces nueces nueces nueces nueces nueces nueces nueces nueces nueces nueces nueces nueces nueces nueces San Patricio Beach Name Ropes Park Ropes Park Ropes Park Ropes Park Ropes Park Ropes Park Ropes Park Ropes Park Ropes Park Ropes Park Ropes Park Ropes Park Ropes Park University Beach University Beach University Beach nueces Bay Causeway #4 Start Date 7/3 7/4 7/25 9/12 9/13 9/14 9/15 9/16 9/17 9/18 9/19 9/20 9/21 7/4 9/12 9/19 11/28 end Date Reason Source 7/4 7/5 7/26 9/13 9/14 9/15 9/16 9/17 9/18 9/19 9/20 9/21 9/22 7/5 9/13 9/20 11/29 Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater Stormwater (?) Abbreviations used: Bacteria. October 2006. (?). accessed in June 2007. Texas General Land Office. unknown. TX.us/coastal/beachwatch/index. http://www. monitoring that revealed high bacteria levels.state. Implementing the BEACH Act of 2000 (Report to Congress).tx.2 natural Resources defense Council . Texas Beach Watch website.glo. June 2007.

Mathews. but closings and advisories may be considered based on events such as a harmful algal bloom. Standards indicator organism: Enterococcus Standards: Virginia formally adopted BEACH Act–required standards in 2004: for ocean and bay waters. Fairview Beach in King George County had most of the advisory days in the state. King George. but not closings. Most of the monitored beaches (44 percent) are in Virginia Beach. these advisory days occurred from late June to early July and in early September. Sampling sites in Virginia are chosen based on proximity to wastewater outfalls. the source-tracking project was able to show that steps taken to eliminate discharges that were discovered because of the source-tracking program were successful in reducing human sources of indicators. five-sample geometric mean of 35 cfu/100 ml. A source-tracking project that uses two means of determining whether the source of high enterococcus counts is human also has resulted in better beachwater quality at beaches in Hampton and Newport News.900 related jobs. and Virginia Beach. and a source-tracking project has shown that human waste contributes to high bacteria levels. decreased to  percent in 2006 from Northhampton. and York counties and in the independent 2 percent in 2005. Gloucester. the percent of Health and conducted by state employees at local of samples exceeding the standard health departments and districts. Norfolk. the average of the results for all sampling sites is used to make closing and advisory decisions for that beach. and wildlife were at times major sources of enterococcus. The Virginia Department of Health has the authority to issue advisories and close beaches.1 There are no preemptive rainfall standards. the program monitored 48 coastal bathing beaches weekly for bacteria during the summer months. fish kill. coordinated beach monitoring program. This project uses microbial source tracking to determine what species the enterococcus came from.5 billion and generates 206.3 There were fewer advisory days in 2006 in part due to beach restoration projects at many beaches that were damaged by Hurricane Isabel in 2003. as well as fluorometry to detect detergent brighteners that are found in sewage. advisories were issued. The state’s beach monitoring and notification program is fully funded by BEACH Act grants. and steps were taken to identify and reduce the sources. In 2006.1 VA. cities of Hampton. natural Resources defense Council .020 grant in 2007.3 Source tracking also indicated that pets.3 These advisories appear to be precipitation related. Virginia used funds available from the federal BEACH Act of 2000 to incorporate monitoring programs that had been in place in Virginia Beach and Norfolk since the 1970s2 into a statewide. oil spill. and accessibility. This program is administered by the Virginia Department For Tier  beaches only.1 If more than one sampling site at a beach exists. Fairview Beach and Guard Shore did not begin monitoring until the end of May/beginning of June. Virginia’s beaches are found in Accomack. The monitoring season is mid-May through Labor Day.1 In 2006. More than 15 other counties and independent cities in Virginia have marine coastline without beaches. or sewage spill.3 In 2004 this source tracking confirmed that contamination at two beaches was sewer-related. bather load. In 2006.1 In late 2001. Newport News.1 Virginia received a $276. Tourism in Virginia contributes about $16.900 federal BEACH Act grant in 2006 and is eligible for a $279. the geometric mean standard is not used. a stormdrain near the public swimming area has been identified as a source of high levels of enterococcus. an entero- coccus single-sample maximum of 104 cfu/100 ml and a 30-day.1 Monitoring Frequency: In 2006.Testing the Waters 2007 ViRGiNiA Virginia reported 48 beaches that stretch along 70 miles of Atlantic and Chesapeake Bay waters. with some sites sampled through September. Beach closing/advisory decisions are based on exceedance of the single-sample maximum standard. birds.

Mathews. 2006 Monitoring Frequency and Results by Beach County Accomack Accomack Gloucester hampton hampton hampton King George Mathews newport news newport news newport news newport news norfolk norfolk norfolk norfolk norfolk norfolk norfolk norfolk norfolk northampton northampton northampton Beach Assateague island national Seashore Guard Shore Gloucester Point Beach Buckroe Beach Grandview Pier Salt Ponds Fairview Beach Festival Beach huntington Beach Anderson’s Beach hilton Beach King/Lincoln Park 10th view. Beaches are grouped by county and ranked in descending order by percent exceedance. The percent of samples exceeding the standard decreased to 1 percent in 2006 from 2 percent in 2005. north end east Community Beach. Northampton. In 2006. Huntington Beach in Newport News County (10%).5 m of water. north end Capeview Ave. Ninety-two percent of all monitored beaches did not exceed the standard for any sample taken in 2006. north end 21st Bay St. and 63rd Street in Virginia Beach County (10%).1 Results are avail- able 24 hours after samples are delivered to a lab for analysis.Testing the Waters 2007 Practice: Samples are collected Monday through Thursday in 0. and percent of samples exceeding the standard for all beaches reported in 2006.3 m from the surface. Ninety-one percent of monitored beaches in Virginia Beach and 75 percent of beaches in Newport News had no exceedances. end of east ocean view Ave. Behind Quality inn. Hampton. All of Virginia’s public beaches are Tier 1. Gloucester. Results: For the second consecutive year. There were no exceedances at any monitoried beaches in Norfolk. monitoring frequency. 0. east Side of Parking Lot Sara Constance Park.2 natural Resources defense Council .. north end Behind Ships Captain Restaurant 5th Bay St. the Tier 1 beaches with the highest percent exceedances were Fairview Beach in King George County (37%).. and York counties. north Community Beach ocean view Park. NRDC looked at the percent of monitoring samples that exceeded Virginia’s daily maximum bacterial standards.. east end Cape henry Light house Kiptopeke State Park town of Cape Charles Public Beach Tier 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 Monitoring Frequency 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk Total Samples 15 14 19 17 8 17 19 19 20 18 18 18 20 19 19 20 20 20 20 20 20 19 17 17 Percent exceedance 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 37% 0% 10% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% VA. The table below lists the tier status.1010 W ocean view Ave 13th view. Accomack.

then increased to 43 days in 2006. VA. The public is notified via signs at the beach. not sections of a beach. an advisory is issued. Reopening Procedures: If a beach is placed under advisory or closed. and a website. Closings and advisories at Virginia’s Tier 1 beaches decreased from 178 days in 2004 to 42 days in 2005. There was one more closing or advisory day issued in 2006 than in 2005. During the time period over which this overall decrease in closing and advisory days occurred. Causes of Closings/Advisories: All advisories in 2006 were due to monitoring that revealed high bacteria levels from unknown sources.3 No other factors are taken into account before issuing the advisory. a total of 43 days were issued in 2006 compared to 42 days in 2005.Testing the Waters 2007 County virginia Beach virginia Beach virginia Beach virginia Beach virginia Beach virginia Beach virginia Beach virginia Beach virginia Beach virginia Beach virginia Beach virginia Beach virginia Beach virginia Beach virginia Beach virginia Beach virginia Beach virginia Beach virginia Beach virginia Beach virginia Beach virginia Beach virginia Beach York Beach 63rd Street 78th Street 15th Street 28th Street 45th Street Back Bay Beach Camp Pendleton Chesapeake Beach Chick’s Beach Croatan dam neck Middle dam neck north dam neck South First Landing State Park Fort Story east Fort Story South Fort Story West Lesner Bridge east Little island Beach north Little island Beach South Sandbridge north Sandbridge South Sea Gate Yorktown Beach Tier 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 Monitoring Frequency 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk Total Samples 21 20 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 13 13 13 18 18 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 18 Percent exceedance 10% 5% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% Closings and Advisories Virginia issued eight coastal beach advisory events and no closings in 2006. the overall monitoring frequency at these beaches was steady. Advisories are issued for whole beaches.3 natural Resources defense Council . Closing and Advisory issuance: If a sample exceeds the standard. press releases to local newspapers. the monitoring frequency is increased until the water meets water quality standards and the beach is reopened.

April 2007. (?).Testing the Waters 2007 2006 Virginia Coastal Beach Closings/Advisories County King George King George King George newport news newport news virginia Beach virginia Beach virginia Beach Beach Name Fairview Beach Fairview Beach Fairview Beach huntington Beach huntington Beach 63rd Street 63rd Street 78th Street Start Date 6/15 6/27 9/6 6/27 8/17 5/17 8/2 5/23 end Date 6/21 7/11 9/19 6/30 8/18 5/19 8/4 5/25 Reason Source Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) Abbreviations used: Bacteria. 2 United States Environmental Protection Agency. Notes 1 Dan Dietrich. monitoring that revealed high bacteria levels. VA. 3 Virginia Department of Health.4 natural Resources defense Council . unknown. Implementing the BEACH Act of 2000 (Report to Congress). Virginia Department of Health. personal communication. June 2007. October 2006. Virginia’s Beaches Environmental Assessment and Coastal Health (BEACH) Program Final Report on 2001–2006 EPA Beach Monitoring Grant.

169 are used by an average of at least five people a day during the beach season. Monitoring Frequency: Washington monitored 49 percent (78) of its recreational beaches for enterococcus at least weekly during the 2006 beach season. water quality monitoring and notification is expected to help prevent public health risks to other primary-contact users. which cover 60 miles of coastline. freshwater discharges. all of which have beaches in the monitoring program. An additional four surfing and scuba diving beaches are sampled through October. and public notification program. Washington issues both beach closings and advisories. The Washington Department of Health. marine mammals.1 The beaches with geometric means above background levels in 2006 (showing an increase in fecal pollution) will be evaluated to determine the need for more thorough sampling in 2007. or priority beaches. Tier 3 beaches were identified as low use with a minimal risk of fecal pollution.400 publicly accessible beaches along the Pacific Ocean and Puget Sound. are those that were identified as high use and/or high risk. Washington has no preemptive rainfall advisory standards. Standards indicator organisms: Enterococcus. marinas. and shore birds. extent of water exchange. stormwater drains. Fourteen beaches in Clallam County were closed for one to two weeks in late May to early June following a sewage spill.Testing the Waters 2007 WASHiNGToN Until 2004. however. Washington had no state-level program for monitoring ocean and bay coastal waters specifically to protect swimmer safety. and approximately half of these were monitored in 2006. the Washington Department of Ecology has long maintained fecal coliform criteria for recreational swimming and wading as well as shellfish harvesting in the state’s marine waters. and boaters. Advisories and closings in 2006 were influenced by two major sewage spills in addition to numerous other sewage spills caused by power outages that occurred during storms in November and December.250 grant in 2007. Through federal BEACH Act grants. has routinely monitored water quality in commercial and recreational shellfishing and shellfish growing areas. fecal coliform Standards: The BEACH Act–required standards for ocean and bay waters are an enterococcus single-sample maximum of 104 cfu/100 ml and a geometric mean of 35 cfu/100 ml. Washington uses the single-sample maximum for making closing and advisory decisions. All of these beaches. The final list of Tier 1 beaches identified 73 beaches to be monitored during the summer season and four for the winter season.1 The beach season lasts from May 23 through September 15. The federal grants fully fund Washington’s beach monitoring and notification program. septic tanks. Tier 2 beaches were identified as medium use with a reduced risk of fecal pollution. pet waste. natural Resources defense Council .1 A database was used to evaluate and rank 169 marine beaches used for water contact recreation in 14 coastal counties. as well as public input. the Washington increased to 5 percent in 2006 from Department of Ecology initiated a beachwater monitoring 4 percent in 2005. to create a three-tiered system for prioritizing beaches. Freeland County Park was placed on permanent closure at the end of June. Of these. In addition. The ranked list was used in conjunction with local health jurisdiction staff knowledge of beach usage and potential pollution problems.2 were classified as Tier 1. the percent the state’s Clean Water Act. WA. scuba divers. livestock. and Hollywood Beach in Clallam County is under permanent advisory year-round. Although Washington water temperatures may discourage swimming for a great part of the year. There are 14 coastal counties in Washington. Tier 1. and potential risks of fecal pollution from waste water treatment plants. The ranking was based on use. kayakers.320 federal BEACH Act grant in 2006 and is eligible for a $272. Washington State has nearly 1. primary recreational contact of samples exceeding the standard with water is afforded the same protection that shellfish receive.1 Washington State received a $273. Under For Tier  beaches only. Priest Point Park was under advisory from before Memorial Day weekend to after Labor Day. but beaches are closed when there is a known sewage spill. including windsurfers.

Thurston (50%). Fay Bainbridge State Park (14%) and Pomeroy Park . Beaches are grouped by county and ranked in descending order by percent exceedance. Pacific and San Juan Counties each have one coastal beach.2 natural Resources defense Council . In 2006.Testing the Waters 2007 Practice: Samples are taken in knee-deep water. with resampling usually done on Thursdays. Island (40%). usually in the mornings to early afternoon. King (40%). Clallam (36%). Routine sampling in 2006 was generally conducted Monday through Wednesday. and Neah Bay Picnic Area in Clallam County (11%). Freeland County Park/ Holmes Harbor in Island County (13%). Results: For the second consecutive year. 2006 Monitoring Frequency and Results by Beach County Clallam Clallam Clallam Clallam Clallam Clallam Clallam Clallam Clallam Clallam Clallam Beach hollywood Beach neah Bay Picnic Area hobuck Beach Port Williams Boat Launch Jamestown Mouth of elwha River Salt Creek Recreation Area County Park Cline Spit County Park Sooes Beach twin Rivers. no exceedances occurred at those two beaches. For Tier 1 beaches only. Beach 423a Freshwater Bay Boat Launch Tier 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 3 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 3 1 1 1 Monitoring Frequency 6/yr 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk none 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk none 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk Total Percent Samples exceedance 6 9 10 57 50 50 50 50 10 3 50 61 63 58 45 45 45 45 36 73 72 59 33% 11% 10% 5% 4% 4% 2% 0% 0% 0% 0% 3% 0% 0% 13% 9% 9% 0% 0% 7% 4% 2% Grays harbor Westhaven State Park. Indianola Dock in Kitsap County (13%). followed by Pierce (57%). The table below lists the tier status. South Jetty Grays harbor Westhaven State Park. Edmonds Underwater Park in Snohomish County (13%). and Snohomish (17%). Whatcom (33%). NRDC looked at the percent of monitoring samples that exceeded Washington’s daily maximum bacterial standards. and percent of samples exceeding the standard for all beaches reported in 2006. the percent of samples exceeding the standard increased to 5 percent in 2006 from 4 percent in 2005. Grays Harbor County had the highest percentage of beaches with no exceedances (67%). Fort Ward State Park in Kitsap County (13%).Manchester Beach in Kitsap County (14%). Results are generally known 24 hours after samples are delivered to a lab. the Tier 1 beaches with the highest percent exceedances were Arness County Park (20%) and Eagle Harbor Waterfront Park in Kitsap County (18%). Thirty-two percent of all monitored beaches did not exceed the standard for any sample taken in 2006. Owens Beach / Point Defiance Park in Pierce County (17%). monitoring frequency. half Moon Bay Grays harbor Westport-the Groins island island island island island Jefferson Jefferson Jefferson Freeland County Park/holmes harbor oak harbor City Beach Park oak harbor Lagoon dave Mackie Memorial County Park Utsalady County Park oak Bay County Park Chimacum Creek Park Fort Worden State Park WA.

Manchester Beach Fort Ward State Park indianola dock Lions Park evergreen Park illahee State Park Silverdale County Park twanoh State Park Walker County Park Lilliwaup tidelands State Park Potlatch State Park Cape disappointment owens Beach / Point defiance Park Ruston Way Waterfront Park titlow Park Brown’s Point Lighthouse Park Camp Seymour Purdy Sandspit County Park Solo Point Boat Launch Sunnyside Beach Park Sucia island State Park Bayview State Park edmonds Underwater Park Tier 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 Monitoring Frequency 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk Total Percent Samples exceedance 48 49 46 49 49 49 49 49 50 48 24 24 48 49 49 51 57 51 51 54 48 45 54 48 48 70 48 57 59 50 30 48 48 48 24 24 48 24 21 75 70 8% 8% 4% 4% 2% 2% 2% 2% 2% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 20% 18% 14% 14% 13% 13% 7% 6% 2% 2% 4% 4% 4% 2% 0% 17% 6% 4% 2% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 4% 13% WA.3 natural Resources defense Council .Testing the Waters 2007 County King King King King King King King King King King King King King King King Kitsap Kitsap Kitsap Kitsap Kitsap Kitsap Kitsap Kitsap Kitsap Kitsap Mason Mason Mason Mason Pacific Pierce Pierce Pierce Pierce Pierce Pierce Pierce Pierce San Juan Skagit Snohomish Beach Saltwater State Park Redondo County Park discovery Park Richey viewpoint Alki Point Light Station Golden Gardens Park Richmond Beach County Park Seacrest Park Carkeek Park Alki Beach Park dash Point State Park dockton County Park Lincoln Park Lowman Beach Park Seahurst County Park Arness County Park eagle harbor Waterfront Park Fay Bainbridge State Park Pomeroy Park .

and email. During the time period over which this overall increase in advisory days occurred. 2006 Washington Coastal Beach Closings/Advisories County Clallam Clallam Clallam Clallam Clallam Beach Name Cline Spit Boat Launch Cline Spit County Park dry Creek.4 Reopening Procedures: If a beach is closed or placed under advisory.4 natural Resources defense Council . Closings and advisories at Washington’s 76 Tier 1 beaches increased from 56 days in 2004 to 382 days in 2005. There were three permanent closing/advisory events in 2006 compared to two in 2005. The remaining one percent (3) were due to monitoring that revealed elevated bacteria levels from unknown sources of contamination. then decreased to 157 days in 2006. Closing and advisory days lasting six consecutive weeks or less increased 36 percent to 294 days in 2006 from 216 days in 2005. signs. if average enterococcus concentrations are more than 1000 cfu/100 ml.3 Closing/Advisory issuance: Samples are taken from three locations at each beach. Beach 414 dungeness Recreation Area ediz hook Park Start Date 5/23 5/23 5/23 5/23 5/23 end Date Reason 6/1 6/1 6/1 6/1 6/8 Prempt-sew Prempt-sew Prempt-sew Prempt-sew Prempt-sew Source Sew-break Sew-break Sew-break Sew-break Sew-break WA.4 The public is notified of closings and advisories via websites. the monitoring frequency is increased until the beach is reopened. Closings and advisories can be issued for sections of beach rather than a whole beach but in general are issued for entire beaches. The increase in advisory and closing days is due at least in part to sewage spills that resulted from power outages caused by storms in November and December. the overall monitoring frequency at these beaches was fairly steady. and the bacterial count for the simul- taneous samples is averaged and compared to the standard.Testing the Waters 2007 County Snohomish Snohomish Snohomish Snohomish Snohomish thurston thurston Whatcom Whatcom Whatcom Beach Jetty island Picnic Point County Park howarth Park Marina Beach South/edmonds Kayak Point County Park Burfoot County Park tolmie State Park Birch Bay County Park Birch Bay State Park Cottonwood Beach County Park Tier 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 Monitoring Frequency 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk Total Percent Samples exceedance 33 62 56 109 52 45 46 53 53 54 9% 8% 7% 6% 0% 4% 0% 2% 2% 0% Closings and Advisories Four beach advisories and 35 closings were issued in Washington State in 2006. Washington told NRDC that the increase in closing and advisory days between 2004 and 2005 was primarily due to better communication between local officials and the Department of Ecology rather than to worsening water quality. Advisories are not generally issued until resampling confirms. However. news releases. Causes of Closings/Advisories: Ninety-nine percent (291) of closing/advisory days in 2006 were in response to known sewage spills. the state usually recommends posting an advisory immediately.

Washington Department of Ecology. sewer line blockage/break. preemptice due to sewage discharge or spill. October 2006. Lynn Schneider. Notes 1 2 3 4 Washington Department of Ecology. preemptive due to heavy rainfall.Manchester Beach Poulsbo Boat Launch And Marina Poulsbo Waterfront Park Silverdale County Park Silverdale County Park Silverdale County Park Allyn Park Allyn Port And dock Priest Point Park Start Date 5/23 5/23 1/1 5/23 5/23 5/23 5/23 5/23 6/30 1/17 2/4 2/4 6/20 8/24 1/1 1/7 1/10 1/30 9/19 3/21 1/1 1/7 1/30 9/19 3/21 7/18 3/21 3/21 1/1 1/7 1/30 4/26 4/26 5/28 end Date Reason 6/1 6/1 12/31 6/1 6/8 6/8 6/1 6/1 12/31 1/25 2/21 2/21 6/20 8/29 1/6 1/9 1/16 2/7 9/22 3/25 1/6 1/16 2/7 9/22 3/25 7/20 3/25 3/25 1/6 1/16 2/7 5/10 5/10 9/4 Prempt-sew Prempt-sew Prempt-other Prempt-sew Prempt-sew Prempt-sew Prempt-sew Prempt-sew Prempt-other Prempt-sew Prempt-sew Prempt-sew Bacteria Prempt-sew Prempt-sew Prempt-sew Prempt-sew Prempt-sew Prempt-sew Prempt-sew Prempt-sew Prempt-sew Prempt-sew Prempt-sew Prempt-sew Bacteria Prempt-sew Prempt-sew Prempt-sew Prempt-sew Prempt-sew Prempt-sew Prempt-sew Prempt-other Source Sew-break Sew-break other Sew-break Sew-break Sew-break Sew-break Sew-break (?) Sew-break Sew-break Sew-break (?) Comb-sew-overflow Comb-sew-overflow Comb-sew-overflow Comb-sew-overflow Comb-sew-overflow Comb-sew-overflow Sew-break Comb-sew-overflow Comb-sew-overflow Comb-sew-overflow Comb-sew-overflow Sew-break (?) Sew-break Sew-break Comb-sew-overflow Comb-sew-overflow Comb-sew-overflow Comb-sew-overflow Comb-sew-overflow other Abbreviations used: Bacteria. Beach 416 hollywood Beach Mouth of elwha River Port Angeles Boat haven Port Angeles Waterfront trail Salt Creek Recreation Area County Park Striped Peak Recreation Area Freeland County Park / holmes harbor Lincoln Park Lincoln Park Lowman Beach Park Seahurst County Park Arness County Park evergreen Park evergreen Park evergreen Park evergreen Park evergreen Park Liberty Bay Park Lions Park Lions Park Lions Park Lions Park oyster Plant Park Pomeroy Park . Comb-sew-overflow. not dated. Lynn Schneider. (?). monitoring that revealed high bacteria levels. combined sewage overflow. Preempt-rain. Sew-break. preemptive due to reasons not listed here. Pre-empt-sew. 2006 (FFY05) Annual Report for: Washington State’s BEACH Program. Implementing the BEACH Act of 2000 (Report to Congress). unknown.Testing the Waters 2007 County Clallam Clallam Clallam Clallam Clallam Clallam Clallam Clallam island King King King King Kitsap Kitsap Kitsap Kitsap Kitsap Kitsap Kitsap Kitsap Kitsap Kitsap Kitsap Kitsap Kitsap Kitsap Kitsap Kitsap Kitsap Kitsap Mason Mason thurston Beach Name Freshwater Bay Boat Launch Freshwater Bay.5 natural Resources defense Council . WA. April 2006. Preempt-other. January – December. Washington Department of Ecology. United States Environmental Protection Agency. May 2007.

its code specifies the fecal coliform standard (although Wisconsin is not using these standards for its quality determinations). Instead. but initiation of monitoring can be delayed where colder temperatures delay the onset of the swim season. The BEACH Act freshwater E. and low priority based on the location of wastewater outfalls. when rainfall was especially heavy.3 Standards and Testing indicator organism: E. An extension of a stormwater outfall at Otumba Park Beach in time for the 2006 swim season seems to have resulted in a reduced number of advisories and closings at that location. coli standards are a single-sample maximum of 235 cfu/100 ml and a geometric mean of 126 cfu/100 ml. there were not as many exceedances as in 2004. However.3 Monitoring Frequency: Wisconsin reported 192 Great Lakes beaches for 2006. All beaches must be closed if there are reports of illnesses.3 Wisconsin has developed an inland beach monitoring program that mirrors the Great Lakes program. Sixty-six percent (126) of the beaches are monitored at least once a week. or after rainfall events severe enough to have known impacts on beachwaters. or stormwater overflows. known sewage spills or leaks. and exceedances rose. the potential for impacts from stormwater runoff. coli to make beach closing/advisory determinations. coli Standards: Wisconsin uses the BEACH Act standards for E. Lake Michigan having the most monitored beaches.2 Wisconsin also has preemptive advisory standards. Most beaches are monitored from Memorial Day weekend through Labor Day weekend. Nearly two-thirds of of samples exceeding the standard Wisconsin’s Great Lakes beaches are monitored. and local health departments conduct the For Tier  beaches only. the percent actual water quality monitoring. Generally.2 Wisconsin issues both closings and advisories.3 Beaches were assigned high. At least a few beaches in 13 counties bordering Lake Superior and decreased to 6 percent in 2006 from Lake Michigan are monitored. Beaches are closed or placed under advisory after rainfall (depending on location). and is using its beach monitoring data to provide information needed for source identification and mitigation to improve water quality. Milwaukee uses predictive models instead of monitoring to determine advisories for a few of its beaches.3 Wisconsin received a $225. A number of changes are planned in Door County in time to improve water quality at Door County beaches in 2007. All tiers of beaches are closed if a single sample exceeds 1000 cfu/100 ml. natural Resources defense Council .960 grant in 2007. The Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources coordinates Wisconsin’s beach monitoring program and administers the BEACH Act grants. health departments often have to pay for some of their beach monitoring costs because funding for the program is insufficient. Exceedance of the single-sample maximum or the geometric mean E.1 No beaches in Marinette or Oconto Counties are monitored. water quality exceedances at Wisconsin’s Great Lakes beaches are associated with rainfall. sewer overflows. and the location of outfalls and farms. and monitors popular inland swimming beaches at 10 state parks and forests. coli criteria. with Door County along 7 percent in 2005. these beaches represent 38 miles of coastline. The 2006 swim season saw more rain than 2005. bather and waterfowl loads. coli standard to determine advisory status. medium. Wisconsin has not changed its administrative rule to include the 1986 E. coli standards will trigger the issuance of an advisory at Tier 1 beaches.3 All Wi. Tier 2 and Tier 3 beaches use the single-sample E. Wisconsin is waiting until the EPA publishes new criteria before it goes through the rigor of rulemaking.Testing the Waters 2007 WiSCoNSiN Wisconsin has 192 public beaches along 55 miles of Lake Superior and Lake Michigan coastline. While no specific figures are available.270 federal BEACH Act grant in 2006 and is eligible for a $225.

Testing the Waters 2007 Tier 1 beaches were monitored at least four times each week. Kohler Andrae North Beach (58%).2 Results: For the second consecutive year. Milwaukee County monitors some beaches on a daily basis (Bradford. Iron (20%). but they are generally taken in the morning. The table below lists the tier status. Kohler Andrae Nature Center (57%) and KK Road Beach in Sheboygan County (55%). the day that they are taken.m. monitoring frequency. the percent of samples exceeding the standard decreased to 16 percent in 2006 from 17 percent in 2005. and Wednesday or Thursday for Tier 3 beaches.1 Practice: Samples are taken in knee-deep water at a depth of six to 12 inches. Samples are generally taken Monday through Thursday for Tier 1 beaches. Point BeachLighthouse in Manitowoc County (58%). McKinley. Door (45%). In 2006. Bayfield (44%). and percent of samples exceeding the standard for all beaches reported in 2006. and Watercraft in the city of Milwaukee). For Tier 1 beaches only. the Tier 1 beaches with the highest percent exceedances were YMCA Beach (84%) and Point BeachLakeshore in Manitowoc County (64%). Mondays and Wednesdays or Tuesdays and Thursdays for Tier 2 beaches.2 natural Resources defense Council . Brown County had the highest percentage of beaches with no exceedances (80%) followed by Ashland (71%). with some variation from county to county. Fifty-five of the 121 Tier 3 beaches were monitored once a week.3 The time of day at which samples are taken varies. 2006 Monitoring Frequency and Results by Beach County Ashland Ashland Ashland Ashland Ashland Ashland Ashland Bayfield Bayfield Bayfield Bayfield Bayfield Bayfield Bayfield Bayfield Bayfield Bayfield Beach Kreher Park Beach Maslowski Beaches Bayview Park Beach Big Bay State Park Beach Big Bay town Park Beach Casper Road Beach La Pointe Memorial Beach thompson West end Park Beach herbster Beach Washburn Marina Bono Creek Boat Launch Beach Memorial Park Beach Washburn Washburn Walking trail Beach / BAB Beach Wikdal Memorial Boat Launch Beach Bark Bay Beaches Broad Street Beach Memorial Beach Bayfield Tier 2 2 2 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 Monitoring Frequency 2/wk 2/wk 2/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk Total Percent Samples exceedance 30 28 30 14 14 14 14 21 16 14 15 15 15 15 14 14 14 10% 7% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 38% 13% 7% 7% 7% 7% 7% 0% 0% 0% Wi. while all Tier 2 beaches were monitored at least two times each week. Twenty-five percent of all monitored beaches did not exceed the standard for any sample taken in 2006. Kohler Andrae North Picnic in Sheboygan County (61%). Beaches are grouped by county and ranked in descending order by percent exceedance. Kohler Andrae South (57%). Milwaukee (20%). South Shore. NRDC looked at the percent of monitoring samples that exceeded Wisconsin’s daily maximum bacterial standards. Douglas (7%).2 Samples must be delivered to a lab within 24 hours and are generally delivered before 2 p. South Shore Rocky. results are available 24 hours after delivery to the lab.

Wi Percy Johnson Memorial Park Beach Whitefish Bay Boat Launch Beach Murphy Park Beach Baileys harbor Ridges Park Beach Sturgeon Bay Canal Recreation Area Beach Fish Creek Beach egg harbor Beach nicolet Beach ellison Bay town Park Beach ephraim Beach europe Bay Beach 1 europe Bay Beach 2 europe Bay Beach 3 Gislason Beach Tier 3 3 3 3 0 0 0 3 3 0 3 3 3 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 2 2 1 2 2 2 3 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 3 Monitoring Frequency 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk none none none none none none 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk none none none none none none 4/wk 4/wk 2/wk 2/wk 4/wk 2/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 4/wk 4/wk 2/wk 4/wk 4/wk 4/wk 4/wk 4/wk 2/wk 2/wk 2/wk 1/wk Total Percent Samples exceedance 14 14 14 15 0 0 0 0 0 0 12 12 10 10 0 0 0 0 0 0 56 58 31 32 56 33 16 16 16 56 57 29 57 60 57 56 56 28 28 28 14 0% 0% 0% 0% nA nA nA nA nA nA 0% 0% 0% 0% nA nA nA nA nA nA 21% 21% 19% 19% 18% 15% 13% 13% 13% 9% 9% 7% 5% 3% 2% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% Wi.Testing the Waters 2007 County Bayfield Bayfield Bayfield Bayfield Bayfield Bayfield Bayfield Bayfield Bayfield Bayfield Brown Brown Brown Brown Brown Brown Brown Brown Brown Brown door door door door door door door door door door door door door door door door door door door door door Beach Port Wing Beach east Port Wing Beach West Siskiwit Bay Beach Washington Avenue Beach highway 13 Wayside Beach Little Sand Bay Beach River Loop Road Beach Sioux River Beach north Sioux River Beach South Washburn Marina Beach Bayshore Park Beach Communiversity Park Beach Longtail Beach Longtail Beach Bay Beach Joliet Park Riverside drive Beach town of Scott Park Beach van Lanen Beach volk’s Landing Boat Launch Beach otumba Park Beach Sunset Park Beach Sturgeon Bay Portage Park Beach Anclam Park Beach Whitefish dunes Beach Lakeside Park Beach Jackson harbor Ridges .3 natural Resources defense Council .

Testing the Waters 2007 County door door door door door door door door door door door door door door door door door door door door door door door door door door door door door door door door douglas douglas douglas douglas douglas douglas douglas douglas douglas Beach haines Park Beach newport Bay Beach Rock island State Park Beach Sand dune Beach Sandy Bay town Park Beach School house Beach Sister Bay Beach Arrowhead Lane Beach Bittersweet Lane Beach Braunsdorf Beach Chippewa drive Beach Clay Banks Beach 1 Clay Banks Beach 2 Cliff view drive Beach County tt Beach deer Path Lane Beach Garrett Bay Boat Launch Beach Goldenrod Lane Beach hemlock Lane Beach isle view Beach Kickapoo drive Beach Lakeshore drive Beach door Lily Bay Boat Launch Beach Pebble Beach Road Beach 1 door Potawatomi State Park Beach 1 Potawatomi State Park Beach 2 Sand Bay Beach 1 Sand Bay Beach 2 Sand Cove Sunset Beach Fish Creek White Pine Lane Beach Winnebago drive Beach Wisconsin Point Beach 2 Wisconsin Point Beach 4 Brule River State Forest Beach 2 Barker’s island inner Beach Brule River State Forest Beach 1 Allouez Bay Beach 3 Wisconsin Point Beach 3 Wisconsin Point Beach 1 Amnicon River Beach Tier 3 1 3 2 2 2 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 3 3 3 2 3 3 3 2 3 Monitoring Frequency 1/wk 4/wk 1/wk 1/wk 2/wk 1/wk 4/wk none none none none none none none none none none none none none none none none none none none none none none none none none 2/wk 1/wk 1/wk 2/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 2/wk 1/wk Total Percent Samples exceedance 13 55 14 14 28 14 56 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 26 19 19 32 18 19 19 31 18 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% nA nA nA nA nA nA nA nA nA nA nA nA nA nA nA nA nA nA nA nA nA nA nA nA nA 35% 21% 16% 16% 11% 11% 11% 6% 6% Wi.4 natural Resources defense Council .

5 natural Resources defense Council .Testing the Waters 2007 County douglas douglas douglas douglas douglas douglas douglas iron iron iron iron iron Kenosha Kenosha Kenosha Kenosha Kenosha Kenosha Kenosha Kewaunee Kewaunee Kewaunee Kewaunee Kewaunee Manitowoc Manitowoc Manitowoc Manitowoc Manitowoc Manitowoc Manitowoc Manitowoc Manitowoc Manitowoc Manitowoc Manitowoc Manitowoc Manitowoc Beach Brule River State Forest Beach 3 Middle River Beach Wisconsin Point Beach 5 Allouez Bay Beach 1 Allouez Bay Beach 2 Barker’s island outer Beach Conners Point Beaches oronto Bay Beach 2 oronto Bay Beach 3 oronto Bay Beach 1 Saxon harbor Beach West Saxon harbor Beach east eichelman Beach Pennoyer Park Beach Simmons island Beach Southport Park Beach Alford Park Beach Lakeshore drive Beach Kenosha Melissa Beach Crescent Beach City of Kewaunee Beach 9th Avenue Wayside Beach Lighthouse vista Beach Red River Park Beaches YMCA Beach Point Beach State Forest-Lakeshore Picnic Area Beach Point Beach State Forest-Lighthouse Picnic Area Beach Memorial drive Wayside Beach north Point Beach State Forest-Concession Stand Beach Red Arrow Park Beach Manitowoc neshotah Beach Memorial drive Wayside Beach South hika Park Bay Fischer Park Beaches Lincoln high School Beach Maritime dr Boat Launch Beach Memorial drive Wayside Beach Middle Silver Creek Beach Tier 3 3 3 3 3 3 0 3 3 3 3 3 2 3 2 3 3 0 0 2 3 0 0 0 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 3 3 0 3 0 0 Monitoring Frequency 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk none none none none 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk none (Beach closed under construction) 4/wk 2/wk 2/wk 1/wk 1/wk none none 2/wk 1/wk none none none 2/wk 2/wk 2/wk 2/wk 2/wk 2/wk 2/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk none none none none Total Percent Samples exceedance 18 18 19 0 0 0 0 15 15 14 13 0 54 27 32 16 15 0 0 35 21 0 0 0 25 25 24 25 25 25 24 21 17 15 0 0 0 0 6% 6% 5% nA nA nA nA 7% 7% 0% 0% nA 48% 33% 16% 13% 7% nA nA 34% 33% nA nA nA 84% 64% 58% 52% 52% 52% 50% 48% 35% 33% nA nA nA nA Wi.

6 natural Resources defense Council .Testing the Waters 2007 County Manitowoc Manitowoc Manitowoc Marinette Marinette Marinette Marinette Marinette Marinette Milwaukee Milwaukee Milwaukee Milwaukee Milwaukee Milwaukee Milwaukee Milwaukee Milwaukee Milwaukee Milwaukee Milwaukee Milwaukee oconto ozaukee ozaukee ozaukee ozaukee ozaukee ozaukee ozaukee ozaukee ozaukee ozaukee ozaukee ozaukee ozaukee Racine Racine Racine Racine Racine Beach two Creek Boat Launch Beach University Beach Warm Water Beach Michaelis Park Beach Peshtigo harbor Boat Launch Beach Red Arrow Marinette 1 Beach Red Arrow Marinette 2 Beach Red Arrow Marinette 3 Beach Seagull Bar Wildlife Area Beach tietjen Beach/doctor’s Park South Shore Beach South Shore Rocky Beach Bradford Beach Bender Beach Grant Park Beach Klode Park Beach Bay view Park Beach Atwater Park Beach McKinley Beach Watercraft Beach Big Bay Park Beach Sheridan Park Beach oconto City Park Lion’s den Gorge nature Preserve Lion’s den Gorge nature Preserve County Road d Boat Launch Beach harrington State Park Beach north Cedar Beach Rd Beach harrington State Park Beach South Upper Lake Park Beach Upper Lake Park Beach Jay Road Beach Pebble Road Beach Sandy Beach Road Beach Silver Beach Road Beach virmond County Park Zoo Beach Zoo Beach Zoo Beach north Beach north Beach Tier 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 1 2 1 2 2 2 3 2 2 2 0 0 0 3 3 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 Monitoring Frequency none none none none none none none none none 2/wk daily 1/wk daily 2/wk 2/wk 2/wk 1/wk 2/wk 1/wk 1/wk none none none 1/wk 1/wk 5/wk 4/wk 4/wk 4/wk 4/wk 4/wk none none none none none 5/wk 5/wk 5/wk 5/wk 5/wk Total Percent Samples exceedance 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 34 85 14 86 28 27 28 19 27 14 14 0 0 0 22 22 66 61 63 63 59 60 0 0 0 0 0 70 70 70 68 68 nA nA nA nA nA nA nA nA nA 35% 32% 29% 20% 18% 11% 11% 11% 7% 0% 0% nA nA nA 36% 36% 23% 16% 13% 13% 12% 12% nA nA nA nA nA 10% 10% 10% 4% 4% Wi.

3 Many counties with longer beaches composite all the samples along their beach and make closing and advisory decisions for the entire beach based on the composite results. The total number of closing/ advisory days for beaches in Wisconsin increased 8 percent to 1. Wi. 183 beach closures. the public is notified via a website and email. Causes of Closings/Advisories: Eighty-four percent (924) of Wisconsin’s closing/advisory days in 2006 were due to moni- toring that revealed elevated bacteria levels from unknown sources of contamination.7 natural Resources defense Council . Reopening Procedures: Beaches are resampled immediately if there is an exceedance.101 in 2006 from 1. Closings and advisories at Wisconsin’s 26 Tier 1 beaches decreased from 464 days in 2004 to 382 days in 2005.Testing the Waters 2007 County Racine Racine Racine Racine Racine Racine Racine Sheboygan Sheboygan Sheboygan Sheboygan Sheboygan Sheboygan Sheboygan Sheboygan Sheboygan Sheboygan Sheboygan Sheboygan Sheboygan Sheboygan Sheboygan Sheboygan Beach north Beach north Beach Michigan Boulevard Beach Myers Park Beach Parkway Beach Shoop Park Beach Wind Point Lighthouse Beach Kohler Andrae State Park north Picnic Beach Kohler Andrae State Park north Beach Kohler Andrae State Park nature Center Beach Kohler Andrae State Park South Picnic Beach KK Road Beach Amsterdam Beach van ess Road Beach deland Park Beach Blue harbor Beach General King Park Beach 3rd Street Beach Foster Road Beach Lakeview Park Beach vollrath Park Beach Whitcomb Avenue Beach Wilson Lima Beach / White’s Beach Tier 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 3 3 3 2 1 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 Monitoring Frequency 5/wk 5/wk none none none none none 4/wk 4/wk 4/wk 4/wk 1/wk 1/wk 1/wk 4/wk 4/wk 4/wk none none none none none none Total Percent Samples exceedance 68 68 0 0 0 0 0 51 52 51 51 20 20 19 51 50 50 0 0 0 0 0 0 4% 4% nA nA nA nA nA 61% 58% 57% 57% 55% 45% 37% 31% 20% 20% nA nA nA nA nA nA Closings and Advisories Wisconsin issued 450 beach advisories.018 in 2005. Twelve percent of closing/advisory days (128) were preemptive rainfall advisories. and 4 percent (49) were preemptive for other causes. and 72 rain advisories in 2006.3 When a closing or advisory is issued. and then increased to 469 days in 2006. Advisories are lifted when the stan- dards are met but closings are not lifted until standards are met for two days in a row. Closing/Advisory issuance: Resampling to confirm an exceedance is not done before an advisory or closure is issued. This small overall increase in closing and advisory days from 2004 to 2006 may be due in part to a small increase in monitoring frequency of Tier 1 beaches over that time period.2 Wisconsin is doing source tracking and pathogen detection in gull feces to determine if high bacterial counts due to birds are resulting in unnecessary closures and advisories.

Testing the Waters 2007 2006 Great lakes Beach Closings and Advisories County Ashland Ashland Ashland Ashland Bayfield Bayfield Bayfield Bayfield Bayfield Bayfield Bayfield Bayfield Bayfield Bayfield Bayfield Bayfield Bayfield door door door door door door door door door door door door door door door door door door door door door door door door Beach Name Kreher Park Beach Kreher Park Beach Maslowski Beaches Maslowski Beaches Bono Creek Boat Launch Beach herbster Beach herbster Beach Memorial Park Beach Washburn thompson West end Park Beach thompson West end Park Beach thompson West end Park Beach thompson West end Park Beach thompson West end Park Beach thompson West end Park Beach Washburn Marina Beach Washburn Walking trail Beach / Bab Beach Wikdal Memorial Boat Launch Beach Anclam Park Beach Anclam Park Beach Anclam Park Beach Anclam Park Beach Anclam Park Beach Anclam Park Beach Anclam Park Beach Anclam Park Beach Anclam Park Beach Anclam Park Beach Anclam Park Beach Baileys harbor Ridges Park Beach Baileys harbor Ridges Park Beach Baileys harbor Ridges Park Beach Baileys harbor Ridges Park Beach egg harbor Beach egg harbor Beach egg harbor Beach egg harbor Beach egg harbor Beach egg harbor Beach egg harbor Beach egg harbor Beach egg harbor Beach Start Date 7/25 7/30 7/30 8/22 8/2 6/20 7/18 8/2 8/2 8/9 8/10 8/11 8/14 8/15 8/2 8/2 8/2 6/7 8/3 8/25 6/6 6/24 7/9 7/17 7/24 7/26 8/14 8/24 6/8 6/22 7/14 8/2 8/11 8/30 6/6 6/24 7/9 7/17 7/24 7/26 8/14 end Date Reason 7/25 7/30 7/30 8/22 8/2 6/20 7/18 8/2 8/2 8/9 8/10 8/13 8/14 8/15 8/2 8/2 8/2 6/8 8/3 8/27 6/6 6/24 7/9 7/17 7/24 7/26 8/14 8/24 6/8 6/23 7/14 8/3 8/11 8/30 6/6 6/24 7/9 7/17 7/24 7/26 8/14 Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Source (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) Wi. natural Resources defense Council .

 natural Resources defense Council .Wi Lakeside Park Beach Lakeside Park Beach Lakeside Park Beach Lakeside Park Beach Lakeside Park Beach Lakeside Park Beach Lakeside Park Beach Lakeside Park Beach Lakeside Park Beach Lakeside Park Beach Lakeside Park Beach Lakeside Park Beach Lakeside Park Beach Murphy Park Beach Murphy Park Beach Murphy Park Beach Murphy Park Beach Murphy Park Beach Murphy Park Beach Murphy Park Beach Murphy Park Beach Start Date 8/25 6/6 6/24 7/9 7/26 7/29 8/2 8/14 8/24 8/3 8/11 8/30 6/6 6/24 7/9 7/26 7/29 8/2 8/14 8/24 7/25 6/7 6/8 6/22 8/2 8/12 6/6 6/24 7/9 7/17 7/24 7/26 8/14 8/24 6/7 6/9 7/25 8/15 6/6 6/24 7/9 7/17 end Date Reason 8/25 6/6 6/25 7/9 7/26 7/29 8/2 8/14 8/25 8/3 8/11 8/30 6/6 6/25 7/9 7/26 7/29 8/2 8/14 8/25 7/27 6/7 6/8 6/22 8/3 8/12 6/6 6/24 7/9 7/17 7/24 7/26 8/14 8/25 6/7 6/9 7/25 8/15 6/6 6/24 7/9 7/17 Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Source (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) Wi.Testing the Waters 2007 County door door door door door door door door door door door door door door door door door door door door door door door door door door door door door door door door door door door door door door door door door door Beach Name egg harbor Beach ephraim Beach ephraim Beach ephraim Beach ephraim Beach ephraim Beach ephraim Beach ephraim Beach ephraim Beach Fish Creek Beach Fish Creek Beach Fish Creek Beach Fish Creek Beach Fish Creek Beach Fish Creek Beach Fish Creek Beach Fish Creek Beach Fish Creek Beach Fish Creek Beach Fish Creek Beach Jackson harbor Ridges .

0 natural Resources defense Council .Testing the Waters 2007 County door door door door door door door door door door door door door door door door door door door door door door door door door door door door door door door door door door door door door door door door door door Beach Name Murphy Park Beach Murphy Park Beach Murphy Park Beach Murphy Park Beach nicolet Beach otumba Park Beach otumba Park Beach otumba Park Beach otumba Park Beach otumba Park Beach otumba Park Beach otumba Park Beach otumba Park Beach otumba Park Beach otumba Park Beach otumba Park Beach otumba Park Beach otumba Park Beach otumba Park Beach otumba Park Beach otumba Park Beach otumba Park Beach otumba Park Beach Percy Johnson Memorial Park Beach Portage Park Beach Portage Park Beach Portage Park Beach Portage Park Beach Portage Park Beach Portage Park Beach Sturgeon Bay Canal Recreation Area Beach Sunset Park Beach Sturgeon Bay Sunset Park Beach Sturgeon Bay Sunset Park Beach Sturgeon Bay Sunset Park Beach Sturgeon Bay Sunset Park Beach Sturgeon Bay Sunset Park Beach Sturgeon Bay Sunset Park Beach Sturgeon Bay Sunset Park Beach Sturgeon Bay Sunset Park Beach Sturgeon Bay Sunset Park Beach Sturgeon Bay Sunset Park Beach Sturgeon Bay Start Date 7/24 7/26 8/14 8/24 8/2 6/6 6/7 6/8 6/27 6/29 7/5 7/13 7/27 8/3 8/10 8/19 6/24 7/20 7/24 7/26 8/2 8/14 8/24 7/25 6/22 7/18 7/19 7/20 8/2 8/7 8/7 6/15 6/22 7/27 8/3 8/4 8/7 8/10 8/17 8/20 6/6 6/24 end Date Reason 7/24 7/26 8/14 8/25 8/3 6/6 6/7 6/8 6/27 6/29 7/5 7/13 7/27 8/3 8/10 8/20 6/25 7/20 7/24 7/26 8/2 8/14 8/25 7/27 6/22 7/18 7/19 7/20 8/3 8/7 8/8 6/15 6/22 7/27 8/3 8/4 8/7 8/10 8/19 8/20 6/6 6/25 Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Source (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) Wi.

Testing the Waters 2007 County door door door door door door door door door door door door door door door door door douglas douglas douglas douglas douglas douglas douglas douglas douglas douglas douglas douglas douglas douglas douglas douglas douglas douglas douglas douglas douglas douglas douglas douglas douglas Beach Name Sunset Park Beach Sturgeon Bay Sunset Park Beach Sturgeon Bay Sunset Park Beach Sturgeon Bay Sunset Park Beach Sturgeon Bay Sunset Park Beach Sturgeon Bay Sunset Park Beach Sturgeon Bay Whitefish Bay Boat Launch Beach Whitefish Bay Boat Launch Beach Whitefish dunes Beach Whitefish dunes Beach Whitefish dunes Beach Whitefish dunes Beach Whitefish dunes Beach Whitefish dunes Beach Whitefish dunes Beach Whitefish dunes Beach Whitefish dunes Beach Allouez Bay Beach 3 Amnicon River Beach Barker’s island inner Beach Barker’s island inner Beach Barker’s island inner Beach Barker’s island inner Beach Barker’s island inner Beach Brule River State Forest Beach 1 Brule River State Forest Beach 2 Brule River State Forest Beach 2 Brule River State Forest Beach 3 Middle River Beach Wisconsin Point Beach 1 Wisconsin Point Beach 1 Wisconsin Point Beach 2 Wisconsin Point Beach 2 Wisconsin Point Beach 2 Wisconsin Point Beach 2 Wisconsin Point Beach 2 Wisconsin Point Beach 2 Wisconsin Point Beach 3 Wisconsin Point Beach 3 Wisconsin Point Beach 4 Wisconsin Point Beach 4 Wisconsin Point Beach 4 Start Date 7/20 7/24 7/26 8/2 8/14 8/24 6/7 8/2 6/7 6/22 6/29 7/15 7/18 7/20 8/10 8/17 8/23 6/27 8/2 6/7 6/21 7/12 7/19 8/1 8/1 7/18 8/1 8/2 8/2 7/11 8/30 6/27 7/18 7/20 7/21 8/15 8/22 7/18 8/2 7/11 8/8 8/9 end Date Reason 7/20 7/24 7/26 8/2 8/14 8/25 6/7 8/3 6/7 6/22 6/29 7/15 7/18 7/20 8/10 8/17 8/23 6/28 8/3 6/7 6/21 7/12 7/19 8/1 8/3 7/18 8/3 8/3 8/3 7/11 8/31 6/29 7/19 7/20 7/24 8/15 8/22 7/18 8/3 7/12 8/8 8/10 Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Source (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) Wi. natural Resources defense Council .

2 natural Resources defense Council .Testing the Waters 2007 County douglas douglas iron iron Kenosha Kenosha Kenosha Kenosha Kenosha Kenosha Kenosha Kenosha Kenosha Kenosha Kenosha Kenosha Kenosha Kenosha Kenosha Kenosha Kenosha Kenosha Kenosha Kenosha Kenosha Kenosha Kenosha Kenosha Kenosha Kenosha Kenosha Kewaunee Kewaunee Kewaunee Kewaunee Kewaunee Kewaunee Kewaunee Kewaunee Kewaunee Kewaunee Kewaunee Beach Name Wisconsin Point Beach 4 Wisconsin Point Beach 5 oronto Bay Beach 2 oronto Bay Beach 3 Alford Park Beach eichelman Beach eichelman Beach eichelman Beach eichelman Beach eichelman Beach eichelman Beach eichelman Beach eichelman Beach eichelman Beach eichelman Beach eichelman Beach Pennoyer Park Beach Pennoyer Park Beach Pennoyer Park Beach Pennoyer Park Beach Pennoyer Park Beach Pennoyer Park Beach Pennoyer Park Beach Pennoyer Park Beach Simmons island Beach Simmons island Beach Simmons island Beach Simmons island Beach Simmons island Beach Southport Park Beach Southport Park Beach City of Kewaunee Beach City of Kewaunee Beach City of Kewaunee Beach City of Kewaunee Beach City of Kewaunee Beach City of Kewaunee Beach Crescent Beach Crescent Beach Crescent Beach Crescent Beach Crescent Beach Start Date 8/11 7/5 8/2 8/2 7/11 6/1 7/11 7/12 7/21 7/22 8/1 8/9 8/10 8/29 8/30 9/1 6/20 7/11 7/12 7/14 7/19 7/20 7/22 7/23 6/27 7/11 7/19 7/20 8/9 6/27 7/11 7/19 7/20 7/21 8/2 8/7 8/18 6/8 6/21 7/26 8/7 8/18 end Date Reason 8/14 7/5 8/2 8/2 7/11 6/1 7/11 7/20 7/21 7/30 8/5 8/9 8/15 8/29 8/31 9/2 6/20 7/11 7/13 7/18 7/19 7/21 7/22 7/26 6/27 7/11 7/19 7/20 8/9 6/27 7/11 7/19 7/20 7/21 8/3 8/7 8/18 6/8 6/22 7/29 8/7 8/19 Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Source (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) Wi.

Testing the Waters 2007 County Kewaunee Kewaunee Manitowoc Manitowoc Manitowoc Manitowoc Manitowoc Manitowoc Manitowoc Manitowoc Manitowoc Manitowoc Manitowoc Manitowoc Manitowoc Manitowoc Manitowoc Manitowoc Manitowoc Manitowoc Manitowoc Manitowoc Manitowoc Manitowoc Manitowoc Manitowoc Manitowoc Manitowoc Manitowoc Manitowoc Manitowoc Manitowoc Manitowoc Manitowoc Manitowoc Manitowoc Manitowoc Manitowoc Manitowoc Manitowoc Manitowoc Manitowoc Beach Name Crescent Beach Crescent Beach Fischer Park Beaches Fischer Park Beaches Fischer Park Beaches Fischer Park Beaches Fischer Park Beaches hika Park Bay hika Park Bay hika Park Bay hika Park Bay hika Park Bay hika Park Bay hika Park Bay hika Park Bay Memorial drive Wayside Beach north Memorial drive Wayside Beach north Memorial drive Wayside Beach north Memorial drive Wayside Beach north Memorial drive Wayside Beach north Memorial drive Wayside Beach north Memorial drive Wayside Beach north Memorial drive Wayside Beach north Memorial drive Wayside Beach north Memorial drive Wayside Beach north Memorial drive Wayside Beach north Memorial drive Wayside Beach north Memorial drive Wayside Beach north Memorial drive Wayside Beach South Memorial drive Wayside Beach South Memorial drive Wayside Beach South Memorial drive Wayside Beach South Memorial drive Wayside Beach South Memorial drive Wayside Beach South Memorial drive Wayside Beach South Memorial drive Wayside Beach South Memorial drive Wayside Beach South Memorial drive Wayside Beach South neshotah Beach neshotah Beach neshotah Beach neshotah Beach Start Date 8/20 8/29 6/7 6/27 7/25 8/3 8/31 6/7 6/14 6/27 6/29 7/13 7/27 8/3 8/31 6/27 6/29 7/20 7/25 7/27 8/1 8/3 8/7 8/15 8/17 8/22 8/24 8/31 7/18 7/25 7/27 8/1 8/3 8/10 8/15 8/22 8/24 8/31 6/27 7/11 7/18 7/20 end Date Reason 8/20 8/29 6/13 6/28 7/26 8/9 8/31 6/13 6/19 6/28 7/12 7/17 7/30 8/6 8/31 6/28 7/5 7/20 7/26 7/30 8/2 8/6 8/7 8/16 8/21 8/23 8/30 8/31 7/24 7/26 7/30 8/2 8/6 8/14 8/16 8/23 8/30 8/31 6/28 7/12 7/19 7/20 Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Source (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) Wi.3 natural Resources defense Council .

Concession Stand Beach Point Beach State Forest .Concession Stand Beach Point Beach State Forest .Lakeshore Picnic Area Beach Point Beach State Forest .4 natural Resources defense Council .Lakeshore Picnic Area Beach Point Beach State Forest .Lakeshore Picnic Area Beach Point Beach State Forest .Concession Stand Beach Point Beach State Forest .Lakeshore Picnic Area Beach Point Beach State Forest .Concession Stand Beach Point Beach State Forest .Lakeshore Picnic Area Beach Point Beach State Forest .Lakeshore Picnic Area Beach Point Beach State Forest .Lighthouse Picnic Area Beach Point Beach State Forest .Concession Stand Beach Point Beach State Forest .Concession Stand Beach Point Beach State Forest .Concession Stand Beach Point Beach State Forest .Lakeshore Picnic Area Beach Point Beach State Forest .Lakeshore Picnic Area Beach Point Beach State Forest .Testing the Waters 2007 County Manitowoc Manitowoc Manitowoc Manitowoc Manitowoc Manitowoc Manitowoc Manitowoc Manitowoc Manitowoc Manitowoc Manitowoc Manitowoc Manitowoc Manitowoc Manitowoc Manitowoc Manitowoc Manitowoc Manitowoc Manitowoc Manitowoc Manitowoc Manitowoc Manitowoc Manitowoc Manitowoc Manitowoc Manitowoc Manitowoc Manitowoc Manitowoc Manitowoc Manitowoc Manitowoc Manitowoc Manitowoc Manitowoc Manitowoc Manitowoc Manitowoc Manitowoc Beach Name neshotah Beach neshotah Beach neshotah Beach neshotah Beach neshotah Beach neshotah Beach neshotah Beach neshotah Beach Point Beach State Forest .Lakeshore Picnic Area Beach Point Beach State Forest .Concession Stand Beach Point Beach State Forest .Lighthouse Picnic Area Beach Start Date 7/25 8/1 8/3 8/15 8/17 8/22 8/24 8/31 6/14 6/29 7/11 7/18 7/25 7/27 8/1 8/3 8/7 8/8 8/10 8/15 8/22 8/31 6/14 6/27 7/11 7/18 7/20 7/25 7/27 8/1 8/3 8/7 8/8 8/10 8/15 8/22 8/31 6/27 7/6 7/11 7/18 7/25 end Date Reason 7/26 8/2 8/6 8/16 8/21 8/23 8/30 8/31 6/19 7/5 7/12 7/19 7/26 7/30 8/2 8/6 8/7 8/9 8/14 8/16 8/23 8/31 6/19 6/28 7/12 7/19 7/24 7/26 7/30 8/2 8/6 8/7 8/9 8/14 8/16 8/23 8/31 6/28 7/10 7/12 7/19 7/26 Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Source (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) Wi.Concession Stand Beach Point Beach State Forest .Lighthouse Picnic Area Beach Point Beach State Forest .Lakeshore Picnic Area Beach Point Beach State Forest .Lakeshore Picnic Area Beach Point Beach State Forest .Lighthouse Picnic Area Beach Point Beach State Forest .Lakeshore Picnic Area Beach Point Beach State Forest .Concession Stand Beach Point Beach State Forest .Lighthouse Picnic Area Beach Point Beach State Forest .Concession Stand Beach Point Beach State Forest .Lakeshore Picnic Area Beach Point Beach State Forest .Concession Stand Beach Point Beach State Forest .Lakeshore Picnic Area Beach Point Beach State Forest .Concession Stand Beach Point Beach State Forest .Concession Stand Beach Point Beach State Forest .Lakeshore Picnic Area Beach Point Beach State Forest .

Testing the Waters 2007 County Manitowoc Manitowoc Manitowoc Manitowoc Manitowoc Manitowoc Manitowoc Manitowoc Manitowoc Manitowoc Manitowoc Manitowoc Manitowoc Manitowoc Manitowoc Manitowoc Manitowoc Manitowoc Manitowoc Manitowoc Manitowoc Manitowoc Manitowoc Manitowoc Manitowoc Manitowoc Manitowoc Manitowoc Manitowoc Manitowoc Manitowoc Manitowoc Manitowoc Manitowoc Manitowoc Manitowoc Manitowoc Manitowoc Manitowoc Manitowoc Milwaukee Milwaukee Beach Name Point Beach State Forest-Lighthouse Picnic Area Beach Point Beach State Forest-Lighthouse Picnic Area Beach Point Beach State Forest-Lighthouse Picnic Area Beach Point Beach State Forest-Lighthouse Picnic Area Beach Point Beach State Forest-Lighthouse Picnic Area Beach Point Beach State Forest-Lighthouse Picnic Area Beach Point Beach State Forest-Lighthouse Picnic Area Beach Point Beach State Forest-Lighthouse Picnic Area Beach Point Beach State Forest-Lighthouse Picnic Area Beach Red Arrow Park Beach Manitowoc Red Arrow Park Beach Manitowoc Red Arrow Park Beach Manitowoc Red Arrow Park Beach Manitowoc Red Arrow Park Beach Manitowoc Red Arrow Park Beach Manitowoc Red Arrow Park Beach Manitowoc Red Arrow Park Beach Manitowoc Red Arrow Park Beach Manitowoc Red Arrow Park Beach Manitowoc Red Arrow Park Beach Manitowoc Red Arrow Park Beach Manitowoc YMCA Beach YMCA Beach YMCA Beach YMCA Beach YMCA Beach YMCA Beach YMCA Beach YMCA Beach YMCA Beach YMCA Beach YMCA Beach YMCA Beach YMCA Beach YMCA Beach YMCA Beach YMCA Beach YMCA Beach YMCA Beach YMCA Beach Atwater Park Beach Atwater Park Beach Start Date 7/27 8/1 8/3 8/7 8/8 8/10 8/15 8/22 8/31 7/18 7/20 7/25 7/27 8/1 8/3 8/7 8/8 8/10 8/15 8/24 8/31 6/7 6/29 7/6 7/11 7/18 7/20 7/21 7/25 7/27 8/1 8/3 8/7 8/8 8/10 8/15 8/17 8/22 8/24 8/31 8/3 8/17 end Date Reason 7/30 8/2 8/6 8/7 8/9 8/14 8/16 8/23 8/31 7/19 7/24 7/26 7/30 8/2 8/6 8/7 8/9 8/14 8/16 8/30 8/31 6/13 7/5 7/10 7/12 7/19 7/20 7/24 7/26 7/30 8/2 8/6 8/7 8/9 8/14 8/16 8/21 8/23 8/30 8/31 8/3 8/17 Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Source (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) Wi.5 natural Resources defense Council .

6 natural Resources defense Council .Testing the Waters 2007 County Milwaukee Milwaukee Milwaukee Milwaukee Milwaukee Milwaukee Milwaukee Milwaukee Milwaukee Milwaukee Milwaukee Milwaukee Milwaukee Milwaukee Milwaukee Milwaukee Milwaukee Milwaukee Milwaukee Milwaukee Milwaukee Milwaukee Milwaukee Milwaukee Milwaukee Milwaukee Milwaukee Milwaukee Milwaukee Milwaukee Milwaukee Milwaukee Milwaukee Milwaukee Milwaukee Milwaukee Milwaukee Milwaukee Milwaukee Milwaukee Milwaukee Milwaukee Beach Name Bay view Park Beach Bay view Park Beach Bay view Park Beach Bay view Park Beach Bay view Park Beach Bender Beach Bender Beach Bender Beach Bender Beach Bender Beach Bender Beach Bender Beach Bender Beach Bradford Beach Bradford Beach Bradford Beach Bradford Beach Bradford Beach Bradford Beach Bradford Beach Bradford Beach Bradford Beach Bradford Beach Bradford Beach Bradford Beach Bradford Beach Bradford Beach Bradford Beach Bradford Beach Bradford Beach Bradford Beach Bradford Beach Bradford Beach Bradford Beach Bradford Beach Bradford Beach Bradford Beach Bradford Beach Bradford Beach Bradford Beach Bradford Beach Bradford Beach Start Date 6/1 7/11 5/31 7/10 7/20 6/1 7/11 7/12 7/21 7/22 5/31 7/10 7/20 6/1 6/8 6/12 6/13 6/14 6/26 6/27 6/28 6/29 6/30 7/11 7/12 7/13 7/14 7/19 7/22 7/23 7/29 8/4 8/11 8/12 8/15 8/20 8/21 8/24 8/25 8/30 8/31 6/15 end Date Reason 6/1 7/11 5/31 7/10 7/20 6/1 7/11 7/12 7/21 7/22 5/31 7/10 7/20 6/1 6/8 6/12 6/13 6/14 6/26 6/27 6/28 6/29 6/30 7/11 7/12 7/13 7/14 7/19 7/22 7/23 7/29 8/4 8/11 8/12 8/15 8/20 8/21 8/24 8/25 8/30 8/31 6/15 Bacteria Bacteria Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Prempt-other Source (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) Wi.

7 natural Resources defense Council .Testing the Waters 2007 County Milwaukee Milwaukee Milwaukee Milwaukee Milwaukee Milwaukee Milwaukee Milwaukee Milwaukee Milwaukee Milwaukee Milwaukee Milwaukee Milwaukee Milwaukee Milwaukee Milwaukee Milwaukee Milwaukee Milwaukee Milwaukee Milwaukee Milwaukee Milwaukee Milwaukee Milwaukee Milwaukee Milwaukee Milwaukee Milwaukee Milwaukee Milwaukee Milwaukee Milwaukee Milwaukee Milwaukee Milwaukee Milwaukee Milwaukee Milwaukee Milwaukee Milwaukee Beach Name Bradford Beach Grant Park Beach Grant Park Beach Grant Park Beach Grant Park Beach Grant Park Beach Grant Park Beach Klode Park Beach Klode Park Beach Klode Park Beach Mckinley Beach Mckinley Beach Mckinley Beach Mckinley Beach Mckinley Beach Mckinley Beach Mckinley Beach Mckinley Beach Mckinley Beach Mckinley Beach Mckinley Beach South Shore Beach South Shore Beach South Shore Beach South Shore Beach South Shore Beach South Shore Beach South Shore Beach South Shore Beach South Shore Beach South Shore Beach South Shore Beach South Shore Beach South Shore Beach South Shore Beach South Shore Beach South Shore Beach South Shore Beach South Shore Beach South Shore Beach South Shore Beach South Shore Beach Start Date 7/1 7/11 7/21 7/22 5/31 7/10 7/20 7/20 7/24 8/17 6/13 6/14 6/20 6/21 7/20 6/12 6/15 7/5 7/17 7/19 9/4 6/1 6/19 6/20 6/21 6/22 6/26 6/27 6/28 7/3 7/10 7/11 7/12 7/14 7/15 7/19 7/20 7/22 7/23 7/29 8/1 8/3 end Date Reason 7/1 7/11 7/21 7/22 5/31 7/10 7/20 7/20 7/24 8/17 6/13 6/14 6/20 6/21 7/20 6/12 6/15 7/5 7/17 7/19 9/4 6/1 6/19 6/20 6/21 6/22 6/26 6/27 6/28 7/3 7/10 7/11 7/12 7/14 7/15 7/19 7/20 7/22 7/23 7/29 8/1 8/3 Prempt-other Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Prempt-rain Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Prempt-other Prempt-other Prempt-other Prempt-other Prempt-other Prempt-other Prempt-other Prempt-other Prempt-other Prempt-other Prempt-other Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Source (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) Wi.

Testing the Waters 2007 County Milwaukee Milwaukee Milwaukee Milwaukee Milwaukee Milwaukee Milwaukee Milwaukee Milwaukee Milwaukee Milwaukee Milwaukee Milwaukee Milwaukee Milwaukee Milwaukee Milwaukee Milwaukee Milwaukee Milwaukee Milwaukee Milwaukee Milwaukee Milwaukee Milwaukee Milwaukee Milwaukee Milwaukee Milwaukee Milwaukee Milwaukee Milwaukee Milwaukee Milwaukee Milwaukee ozaukee ozaukee ozaukee ozaukee ozaukee ozaukee ozaukee Beach Name South Shore Beach South Shore Beach South Shore Beach South Shore Beach South Shore Beach South Shore Beach South Shore Beach South Shore Beach South Shore Beach South Shore Beach South Shore Beach South Shore Beach South Shore Beach South Shore Beach South Shore Beach South Shore Beach South Shore Beach South Shore Beach South Shore Beach South Shore Beach South Shore Beach South Shore Beach South Shore Beach South Shore Beach South Shore Beach tietjen Beach / doctor’s Park tietjen Beach / doctor’s Park tietjen Beach / doctor’s Park tietjen Beach / doctor’s Park tietjen Beach / doctor’s Park tietjen Beach / doctor’s Park tietjen Beach / doctor’s Park tietjen Beach / doctor’s Park tietjen Beach / doctor’s Park tietjen Beach / doctor’s Park Cedar Beach Rd Beach Cedar Beach Rd Beach Cedar Beach Rd Beach Cedar Beach Rd Beach Cedar Beach Rd Beach Cedar Beach Rd Beach Cedar Beach Rd Beach Start Date 8/4 8/5 8/6 8/7 8/8 8/9 8/10 8/11 8/13 8/15 8/16 8/17 8/18 8/19 8/24 8/25 8/27 8/28 8/29 8/30 8/31 9/1 9/2 9/3 8/26 7/18 7/19 7/20 7/22 7/25 8/1 8/4 8/8 8/9 8/11 6/10 6/11 7/17 7/29 8/4 8/7 8/21 end Date Reason 8/4 8/5 8/6 8/7 8/8 8/9 8/10 8/12 8/13 8/15 8/16 8/17 8/18 8/20 8/24 8/25 8/27 8/28 8/29 8/30 8/31 9/1 9/2 9/3 8/26 7/18 7/19 7/21 7/24 7/27 8/1 8/4 8/8 8/9 8/11 6/10 6/11 7/17 7/29 8/4 8/7 8/21 Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Prempt-rain Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria Source (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) (?) Wi. natural Resources defense Council .

Testing the Waters 2007 County ozaukee ozaukee ozaukee ozaukee ozaukee ozaukee ozaukee ozaukee ozaukee ozaukee ozaukee ozaukee ozaukee ozaukee ozaukee ozaukee ozaukee ozaukee ozaukee ozaukee ozaukee ozaukee ozaukee ozaukee ozaukee ozaukee ozaukee ozaukee ozaukee ozaukee ozaukee ozaukee ozaukee ozaukee ozaukee ozaukee ozaukee ozaukee ozaukee ozaukee ozaukee ozaukee Beach Name Cedar Beach Rd Beach Cedar Beach Rd Beach Cedar Beach Rd Beach County Road d Boat Launch Beach County Road d Boat Launch Beach County Road d Boat Launch Beach County Road d Boat Launch Beach County Road d Boat Launch Beach County Road d Boat Launch Beach County Road d Boat Launch Beach County Road d Boat Launch Beach County Road d Boat Launch Beach County Road d Boat Launch Beach County Road d Boat Launch Beach County Road d Boat Launch Beach County Road d Boat Launch Beach harrington State Park Beach north harrington State Park Beach north harrington State Park Bea