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Prepared By: _Mark J.

Campaign Manager: Louis Agre
Candidate Name: Judge Mark J. Moore.
Campaign Address:
Campaign Email:
Campaign Website:

I, Mark J. Moore, certify that the information provided (Signature) on this questionnaire is
accurate and the opinions stated here accurately reflect my own positions.

Please complete, sign and return this via email in Word Doc format on or before February 13,

The Judicial Accountability Table (JAT) is a coalition comprised of Philadelphia community

organizations working to bring more fairness to our courts. The JAT's platform is available at We've written this questionnaire to be values-
driven and focused on the issues most relevant to the people of Philadelphia, and we've made our
questions compliant with the Code of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania.1 We ask 1 that you
use no more than 250 words to respond to each question.

Thank you for taking the time to complete our questionnaire, and we look forward to your
response. The members and supporters of the JAT include:
1Specifically the following section of 207 Pa. Code $ 4.1, Political and Campaign Activities of
Magisterial District Judges and Judicial Candidates in General: The making of a pledge, promise, or
commitment is not dependent upon, or limited to, the use of any specific words or phrases; instead, the
totality of the statement must be examined to determine whether the candidate for judicial office has
specifically undertaken to reach a particular result. Pledges, promises, or commitments must be
contrasted with statements or announcements of personal views on legal, political, or other issues, which
are not prohibited. When making such statements, a magisterial district judge should acknowledge the
overarching judicial obligation to apply and uphold the law, without regard to his or her personal views.

As well as the following section of 207 Pa. Code $ 4.2, Political and Campaign Activities of Judicial
Candidates in Public Elections:

A judge who is a candidate for elective judicial office shall not make any statement that would reasonably
be expected to affect the outcome or impair the fairness of a matter
pending or impending in any court.
Reclaim Philadelphia
215 People's Alliance
Philadelphia Bail Fund
Philadelphia Community Bail Fund
Youth Art and Self-Empowerment Project
Amistad Law Project
Coalition to Abolish Death By Incarceration (CADBI)
ICE out of Courts
Free the Ballot
One PA
Philadelphia Neighborhood Networks
Abolitionist Law Center
Democratic First Ward
#No215Jail Coalition


1. What are your top three priorities if you are elected judge?
My top three priorities are making sure that everyone who appears before me is treated equally
with fairness and with dignity, that I exemplify integrity in my conduct on the bench, and that I
ensure trust in my rulings by being well-versed in the law.

2. Do you feel that implicit bias plays a role in our courts? If so, how do you think it should be
Yes, there is implicit bias in our courts like there still is in other aspects of society. I do all at my
staff reflects society's diversity, that I treat everyone with dignity and respect and speak out on
bias - whether implicit or explicit - whenever I see it occurring.

3. What if anything would you do as a judge to assure that neither your courtroom staff nor
litigants are faced with racist or sexist behavior?
While I cannot control the behavior of others, I address racist and sexist behavior candidly
where I find it.

4. Do you believe police misconduct is a problem in our criminal justice system? How so? What
role, if any, do the courts have in addressing this issue?
Yes, police misconduct is a significant problem in our criminal justice system like in other areas
of our society. The Courts can and should identify officers with questionable credibility when
they appear before us and inform the proper authorities.

5. In the wake of the murders of George Floyd, Breonna Taylor, and other unarmed Black people
by police, Philadelphia protesters have criticized the outsized PPD budget while communities
face massive divestment of resources. A 2019 study from PICA suggested that the city could
save over $7 million by making changes to reduce police court overtime. What role, if any, do
the courts have in addressing this issue?
The Courts cannot control police overtime, not can they tell the prosecution who they can and
cannot call to testify. However, I believe the Court system should work with the prosecution,
defense, and law enforcement to call attention to the issue to develop effective police overtime
management procedures.

6. Do you think our criminal justice system works? Why, or why not? If you think there is
something wrong with how it operates, name three ways you would work to change it as a judge.
As a Judge, 1 think the criminal justice system works best when it reflects the beautiful diversity
in society; specifically, there should be judges of all races, religions, and gender identities. The
majority of the laws are not racist; however, there are racist/sexist/discriminatory people who
work in the criminal justice system who have significant influence. As a Judge, I am very
cognizant of those individuals who appear before me as defendants, law enforcement and as
victims. I hold individuals accountable based on the crimes they committed and the law, not by
their race, gender, or socioeconomic status.

7. One in three Philadelphians has a criminal record. In your opinion, how can judges support
successful community re-entry?
There are a number of re-entry programs available for certain individuals re entering society
after incarceration. As a Judge, I seek to place as many of these individuals as I can into these
re-entry programs.

8. Have you or anyone close to you ever been incarcerated? If yes, please share how it impacted
that person or you, and how it would affect your work as a judge.
Yes, I have had friends and family members incarcerated for crimes ranging from minor to the
most serious crimes. Their incarceration us as friends and family members as we were able to
see how accused were treated by the system. For example, one of my family members had
medical issues while incarcerated and needed specific medication. We had to frequently make
certain that the prison was giving my family member the medicine as required. It was frustrating
to have to keep asking the authorities to give our family member their doctor-prescribed
medicine. As a Judge, I take all complaints seriously regarding those parties that appear before

9. Individuals held on probation detainers account for over 50% of the city's jail populated on,
and individuals are often held without signed judicial warrants. What do you think of this?
Law enforcement and the Courts must ensure that those individuals who are detained are
detained because their past history clearly shows they are a serious flight risk and present a
significant threat to the community.

10. Philadelphia is at the center of the opioid crisis. In order to prevent more deaths, advocates
have worked on harm reduction initiatives including needle exchange programs, Narcan
distribution, and overdose prevention sites. What can judges do to help expand and protect
programs to combat the opioid crisis and continue to reduce harm?
We Judges can and should take an active role in serving on adult and juvenile drug Courts. In
addition, Judges should be better educated on the various types of opioids and their effects on
individuals. How do you feel about the Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit overturning the
lower court's decision that made safe injection sites in Philadelphia legal? The Third Circuit
disagreed with the lower court regarding the safe injection sites' possible effect on the
neighborhood while the lower courts focused on the possible benefits for opioid users. Both
Courts made solid arguments; I suspect the state Supreme Court will take up the case as these
issues are especially important to Pennsylvanians.

11. According to a 2019 report from the National Coalition for Child Protection Reform
(NCCPR), Philadelphia now leads the country in removing children and placing them in foster
care. What do you see as the long-term effects of this?
I can imagine the long-term effects of removing children and placing them in foster care will not
be positive, but of course it depends on the case. There are a number of positive success stories
of abused children being placed in loving foster homes. What does the 2019 report say about the
success rate in placing children in loving and nurturing homes? What can judges do about this?
Judges must look at every aspect of a child's situation including the long term effects of allowing
the child to remain in their current familial situation or possibly placing them with a relative or
foster parent.

12. How would you factor in a parent's drug history or criminal record in dealing with a custody
I do not know. I would have to look at those factors in totality with all of the other aspects in that
custody case.

13. Have you experienced or known someone who was subject to domestic violence? What do
you think the court's role should be in intervening in such situations?
Yes. The Courts need to look at both the defendant and the victim's situation and background in
deciding how best to move forward. Of course, the number one priority is the safety of the

14. Noncitizens may face mandatory deportation if convicted of certain offenses. Do you think it
is appropriate for prosecutors, judges, and criminal defense attorneys to work together to resolve
cases in ways that avoid disproportionate immigration consequences?
Definitely. Would you accept immigration-neutral plea agreements and/or sentence defendants
to allow them to avoid deportation? I certainly will consider them.

15. Do you personally know anyone who is undocumented? If yes, how would this experience
shape your work as a judge? If no, how can you make decisions affecting undocumented
community members without this personal experience?
While I do not personally know anyone, who is an undocumented immigrant, my wife is an
immigrant from South America who came to this country as a permanent resident when she was
in high school. I know of the racism and discrimination she received as a permanent resident, so
I can imagine what undocumented immigrants face. Moreover, I am an African American male
born and raised in this country. I know the racism and discrimination I have experienced as a
Black man in America and a member of one of the most disenfranchised groups in this

16. 86% of women who enter the Philadelphia courts have experienced some form of trauma,
and this is especially true for Black women. How would such trauma inform your decision-
making as a judge? It is an especially important factor I would strongly consider. Would you
consider alternatives to incarceration for people who have experienced trauma, and if so, what
types of alternatives?
I would definitely consider such alternatives as probation, house arrest and community service.
What practices have you seen used that you appreciate? I have used all of the above methods.

17. Current PA state law allows children under 18 to be prosecuted as adults. I would rather that
children not be treated as adults, as we have a very capable Juvenile Justice system. What, in
your view, are the long-term impacts of incarcerating children in adult jails and prisons?
While I am not a psychologist, I would imagine this would result in more aggressive and
traumatized children.

18. According to, in 2016 Philadelphia led the country in eviction rates at
3.84%, 1.14% higher than the national average. Today, as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic,
unemployment is at a record high and an even greater eviction and foreclosure avalanche is
looming. Adding to the problem, there is a sharp disparity in representation between landlords
(who are usually represented) and tenants (who are usually unrepresented) in eviction disputes.
What would you do as a judge to stop the eviction and foreclosure crisis?
I prefer to allow tenants to remain in their residence and try to work out a reasonable resolution
between the parties. How can judges support the implementation of the Right to Counsel
legislation to ensure fair representation? Judges can and should support such legislation in their
roles as private citizens, as there are certain restrictions on actions that appear to be political.

19. Have you or someone close to you ever been evicted or foreclosed on? If yes, please explain
and describe how this experience would affect your work as a judge. If no, how would you make
decisions that impact the community without this personal experience?
I have been a tenant many times in my life, and I have had disputes with landlords/management.
I understand how extremely important it is to have a decent and affordable place to live.

20. Regardless of whether the landlord or tenant'wins' an eviction case or if the case is ultimately
dismissed, an eviction filing by a landlord leads to a permanent public record that any future
landlord can view online. There are close to 24,000 eviction filings a year and tenants often have
issues renting because
The question got cut off, so I am unsure how best to answer this one. However, I presume the
question deals with my feelings on the long-term effects of an eviction filing. If that is the
question, definitely disagree with having an eviction filing remain on a tenant's permanent

21. Are you a landlord? If yes, how many rental properties do you own? I am not a landlord. I
don’t own any rental properties.

22. The majority of consumer debt collection cases are filed by corporate debt buyers against
unrepresented defendants and result in default judgments. What is the role of the judiciary in
ensuring due process for unrepresented defendants in these civil matters? Judges must
ensure due process for unrepresented defendants in ALL matters; that means, among
other things, allowing them ample time to file necessary papers, giving them timely
notice of proceedings and giving them ample opportunity for their voices to be heard.

23. In a 2015 analysis, ProPublica found that the rate of judgments stemming from consumer
debt cases was twice as high in mostly Black neighborhoods as it was in mostly white ones.
What role should the judiciary play in addressing these racial disparities? The judiciary must
address racial disparities whenever they find them. Those disparities will likely vary in
scope depending upon the case.

24. What role should judges play in making courts more transparent and accessible to members
of the community? What will you commit to do if elected judge? Once this pandemic is over,
my courtroom, like most adult criminal courtrooms, will be open to the public. I invite
members of the community to come in and see what I do.

25. What avenues will the Philadelphia community have to hold you accountable to the values
that you express during your campaign, if you are elected? As stated earlier, my courtroom
will be open to the public once the pandemic is over. The public can see exactly what I
do on a daily basis, as I am on the bench Monday through Friday starting at 9:30 a.m.

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