MUSCLES 2

Pectoralis major
Cephalic vein Clavicular part Sternal part

Abdominal part

Deltoid
Acromion & spine of scapula

Deltoid
Insertion: deltoid tuberosity

Posterior view

Anterior view

Latissimus dorsi

Latissimus dorsi Posterior view

Teres major

Teres minor Teres major

Rotator Cuff Muscles
Supraspinatus Infraspinatus Teres minor Subscapularis

Rotator cuff
Supraspinatus

Infraspinatus Subscapularis Anterior view Teres minor Posterior view

Muscles of the arm: Posterior (extensor) group
Triceps brachii: Long head Lateral head Anconeus Medial head

Muscles of the arm: Anterior (flexor) group
Biceps brachii
Long head Short head Inserts at bicipital tuberosity of radius

Coracobrachialis

Brachialis
Bicipital aponeurosis

Muscles of the forearm
• Anterior antebrachial muscles Superficial flexor group Deep flexor group • Posterior antebrachial muscles Superficial extensor group Deep extensor group

Anterior antebrachial muscles
• Superficial flexor group Pronator teres Flexor carpi radialis Palmaris longus Flexor carpi ulnaris Flexor digitorum superficialis

Muscles of the forearm: Anterior (flexor) group – superficial layer
Cubital fossa Pronator teres Flexor carpi radialis Palmaris longus Common flexor origin (medial epicondyle of humerus) Flexor carpi ulnaris

Anterior (flexor) group – intermediate layer

Flexor digitorum superficialis
anterior 3 2 4 5

posterior

Tendon splits into two slips

Anterior antebrachial muscles
• Deep flexor group Flexor pollicis longus Flexor digitorum profundus Pronator quadratus

Muscles of the forearm: Anterior (flexor) group – deep layer
Pronator quadratus Flexor pollicis longus Flexor digitorum profundus
2 3 4 5

Posterior antebrachial muscles
• Superficial extensor group Brachioradialis Extensor carpi radialis longus Extensor carpi radialis brevis Extensor digitorum Extensor digiti minimi Extensor carpi ulnaris Anconeus

Posterior (extensor) group – superficial layer
Brachioradialis Extensor carpi radialis longus Extensor carpi radialis brevis Extensor carpi ulnaris Extensor digiti minimi Extensor digitorum

Posterior antebrachial muscles
• Deep extensor group Supinator Abductor pollicis longus Extensor pollicis brevis Extensor pollicis longus Extensor indicis

Posterior (extensor) group – deep layer
(Anconeus) Supinator Abductor pollicis longus Extensor pollicis brevis Extensor indicis Extensor pollicis longus

Anatomical snuff box
Abductor pollicis longus Radial artery Extensor pollicis longus Extensor pollicis brevis

Muscles of the hand
• Radial group (Thenar mucles) • Ulnar group (Hypothenar muscles) • Middle group (Lumbrical and interosseous muscles) Lumbricals (4) Dorsal interossei (4) Palmar interossei (4)

Muscles of the Lower Limb
• • • • Pelvic/Gluteal Thigh Leg Foot

Anterior / Medial Pelvis
Iliopsoas muscle * Iliacus * Psoas major Sartorius

Iliopsoas muscle
Psoas major

Iliacus

Anterior view

Sartorius & Quadriceps femoris
Sartorius Quadriceps femoris:
Rectus femoris Vastus lateralis Quadriceps tendon Patellar ligament Tibial tuberosity Vastus medialis Vastus intermedius

The Thigh Muscles
• Medial thigh muscles Adductor longus Adductor brevis Adductor magnus Pectineus Gracilis

Medial (adductor) group
Pectineus Adductor brevis (cut) Adductor longus Gracilis Adductor magnus

Anterior Thigh Muscles
Quadriceps femoris Rectus femoris Vastus lateralis Vastus medialis Vastus intermedius Tensor fasciae latae (TFL)

Quadriceps femoris
TFL Quadriceps femoris:
Rectus femoris Vastus lateralis Quadriceps tendon Patellar ligament Tibial tuberosity Vastus medialis Vastus intermedius

Superficial layer
Gluteus maximus Iliotibial tract
“Deltoid” of the hip Posterior view Lateral view

Tensor fasciae latae

Gluteal Muscles
• Gluteus maximus • Gluteus medius • Gluteus minimus

Superficial layer
Gluteus maximus Iliotibial tract
“Deltoid” of the hip Posterior view Lateral view

Tensor fasciae latae

Gluteus medius & gluteus minimus
Gluteus medius Gluteus minimus

Posterior view

Deep layer
1. Piriformis 2. Superior gemellus 3. Obturator internus 4. Inferior gemellus 5. Quadratus femoris Posterior view

Greater trochanter

Posterior Thigh Muscles
• Hamstrings Biceps femoris Semitendinosus Semimembranosus

Hamstrings

Semitendinosus Semimembranosus

Biceps femoris

Posterior group (deep)
Ischial tuberosity Adductor magnus Semimembranosus Short head of biceps femoris Long head of biceps femoris (cut)

Semitendinosus tendon (cut)

Anterior Leg
Tibialis anterior Extensor digitorum longus Peroneus (fibularis) tertius Extensor hallucis longus

Muscles of the Anterior Leg
Tibialis anterior Extensor hallucis longus Extensor digitorum longus Peroneus tertius

Muscles of the Lateral Leg

Peroneus (fibularis) longus Peroneus (fibularis) brevis

Muscles of the Lateral Leg
Peroneus longus

Peroneus brevis

Lateral malleolus

Lateral view

Muscles of the Posterior Leg
Superficial muscles: Gastrocnemius Soleus Plantaris Deep muscles: Popliteus Flexor digitorum longus Flexor hallucis longus Tibialis posterior

Posterior Leg (superficial)

Gastrocnemius (2 heads)

Plantaris Soleus Tendo calcaneus (Achilles tendon)

Posterior Leg (deep)
Popliteus Flexor digitorum longus Tibialis posterior

Flexor hallucis longus

Medial malleolus

Muscles of the Dorsal Foot
Extensor digitorum brevis Extensor hallucis brevis

Foot Dorsum

Foot Dorsum

Plantar First Layer
(Most superficial) Flexor digitorum brevis Abductor hallucis Abductor digiti minimi

1st Layer

Second Layer Mm

Quadratus plantae Lumbricals

Second Layer

Plantar View

Muscles of the foot
Third layer Flexor hallucis brevis Adductor hallucis Flexor digiti minimi brevis Fourth layer Plantar interossei (3) Dorsal interossei (4)

Done!