CHAPTER I BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY Introduction

In 1990 there was very little people could not do during a hot spell except grumble about the weather, or if they could afford it, or go away to the mountains or the seashore. Today air conditioning has changed this. With air conditioning people can be comfortable anywhere indoors on even the hottest, stickiest year of the year. They almost certainly find air conditioning in the movie theaters, in many stores, restaurants and even in some homes. (Gray, Russel, ) Inventors have tinkered with methods of air conditioning for years. Ancient Egyptians and Romans got some relief from the heat bt hanging woven mats soaked with water across the entrances of their houses, so that incoming air would be cooled by evaporation. In 15th century A.D., the famous artist inventor Leonardo da Vinci built water powered fan. (Grolier’s Encyclopedia, 2009) As men’s interest in science grew so did the number of schemes for getting cool. There were hundreds of ideas, but none of them really worked. In fact, many of the schemes worked made the people feel worse because they added more water to air. The first machine that kept the humidity low and cooled the air and at the same time was developed in 1902 by Willis H. Carrier, who is often called the father of air conditioning. Carriers’ invention marked the beginning of scientific air conditioning. (Grolier’s Encyclopedia, 2009) Air conditioning was soon was used in many factories, such as plants that made ammunitions during World War II. But, people generally did not now about this invention until 1920’s, when hundreds of movie houses, restaurants, malls, hotels apartments for rent and stores had air conditioners installed. As air conditioning became more popular during the 1930’s, central air conditioning systems were developed. These could cool a

it is surrounded by vast seas. It means keeping the temperature and humidity (moisture content) of air in an enclosed space. After the war. People who belonged to the above average level income afford to provide themselves with comfortable living. so they tried their best to offer the best they can give to their clients. During the same year. A later development used increasingly in both public buildings and private homes. large numbers of small units began to be used in private homes. many industries depend on it to keep the air in their plants clean. However. because of climate changed is becoming too hot for its people. apartment building with nineteen (19) rooms located in Lemery. In fact. small units that could air.condition a single room were developed. air conditioning means creating an artificial. as one of the tropical country and with warm climate. In winter it means heating the air and adding moisture if necessary. at just the right level for the comfort of the people inside. Since the building is intended for commercialized purposes. It is to the premises above that the proponents got the ideas on what type of airconditioning units are applicable for the three levels. rivers and lakes and now overcrowded making it too warm and hot for the people. Besides keeping the room and its users comfortable. cool and the right moisture level.whole office or apartment building from one centrally located unit. comfortable climate. (Grolier’s Encyclopedia. much as drops of water condense on a cold water glass on a hot damp day. The Philippines. whether it is one room or an entire building. People who rent apartment would want to receive the most equivalent to the amount they have to pay. In summer it means removing moisture by passing the air over cold pipes that that collects water from the air. On the other hand investors to have good results of their investments tried their expenses give them good return also. It also means circulating the air with fans and removing dust from it with filters. The place is becoming an industrialized and commercialized. 2009) Air conditioning creates a feeling of coolness. . the proponents would like to offer the best comfortable feeling for the supposed clients of this apartment for rent. But air conditioning is more than just cooling. Batangas.