4. USE OF FORCE TRAINING MANUAL 4.2. ARREST FORCE Table of Contents Arrest Force .........................................................................................................2 Takedowns ..........................................................

...............................................3 Wristlock Takedown ...................................................................................4 Aikido Takedown ........................................................................................5 Rear Headlock Takedown ..........................................................................6 Chin Takedowns.........................................................................................7 Aliens .........................................................................................................9 Dynamic Takedowns ...........................................................................................11 Arrest Assistance ................................................................................................21 Standing Search..................................................................................................23 Detainment .......................................................................................................24 Ground Grappling................................................................................................25 Arm Bar ....................................................................................................28 Guard to Full Mount..................................................................................29 Enter the Guard ........................................................................................30 Reversals .................................................................................................31 Arm Bar from Full Mount ..........................................................................33 Keylock.....................................................................................................34 Guard to Armbar.......................................................................................35 Escaping the Full Mount ...........................................................................36 Escaping the Side Mount..........................................................................38 Passing the Guard....................................................................................39 Escape Armbar.........................................................................................41 Submission .......................................................................................................42 Headlocks.................................................................................................42 Collar Choke.............................................................................................45 Triangle Lock ............................................................................................46 Defense from the Ground....................................................................................47 Takedown from the Ground.................................................................................48 Side Arm Lock.....................................................................................................50 Unlocking Arm Under Stomach ...........................................................................51 Turnover .......................................................................................................52

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Guardian Angels: 4. Use of Force Manual

Guardian Angels Arrest Force

As the name implies, Arrest Force is only to be used when arresting someone for committing a crime (a misdemeanor crime in your presence or a felony crime with reasonable suspicion). ALWAYS assume the perp is armed. The primary reason for taking a perp down to the ground is to enable you to control and search the perp for weapons. The secondary goal is to immobilize him or keep him from running away. The takedown should be fluid, sudden, and forceful. The perp should have no time to retrieve or even think about retrieving his concealed weapon. Your body should always be closely touching the perp so that you can feel his body maneuvering to retrieve a weapon. The goal is not to injure the perp, however, you should apply sufficient force to temporarily shock him to give you time to control and search him before he can think to react or resist. This is the minimum force necessary to make an arrest and keep you safe.

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Guardian Angels Takedowns

Outside Wristlock Takedown 1. 2. 3. 4. 1. Place the perp’ right hand in an outside wristlock. s Bring your left arm over and down upon his arm. Drop your body to the ground. Keep his right arm locked and take him all the way down. Twist his right arm behind his back. 2.

3.

4.

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Inside Wristlock To Take-Down 1. 2. 3. 1. Place the perp’ right hand in an inside wristlock. s By applying pressure to his wrist, take him down backwards. Once he is on the ground, trap his right hand against the ground. 2.

3.

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Aikido Takedown 1. 2. 3. Grab his right wrist by placing both sets of fingers over his wrist (as if you were about to put him in an inside wristlock). Move your body to the side and push him forward in the direction he was already going. As his body passes yours, swing his right hand in a counter-clockwise direction and push forward, locking his wrist and arm. 2.

1.

3.

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Shoulder Twist To Rear Headlock Takedown 1. 2. 3. You have stopped his left shoulder with your right hand. You are swinging him around by grabbing his right shoulder with your left hand. Place him in a headlock with your right arm. Do not choke him. Push your right hip into his back while pulling his head back. Quickly move your right hip away and drop to the ground. He should drop straight down to the ground with you. Keep your arm around his neck for control. 2.

1.

3.

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Front Chin Takedown 1. 2. 3. 1. Grab the back of his neck with your left hand. Place your right hand on his chin. You can either push his chin straight back or twist it to his left. Push his head straight down to the ground. 2.

3.

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Front Chin and Leg Wrap Takedown 1. 2. 3. 1. Step right in between his legs. Place your right hand on his chin. Wrap his left leg with your right leg. At the same time, push his chin forward and pull his left leg back. Push his chin forward until he hits the ground. 2.

3.

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Front Alien 1. 2. Place your right palm on his nose and spread your fingers across his face. Place your left hand behind his back. Push his head back straight down to the ground.

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Guardian Angels: 4. Use of Force Manual

Rear Alien 1. 2. 3. 1. From behind, place your right palm over his nose and spread your fingers across his face. At the same time, press the back of his right knee forward with your right foot and pull his head backwards and down. Drop him straight down, but be careful that his head does not hit the ground. 2.

3.

Ankle Sweep Takedown Grab the back of his ankle with your right hand while protecting your head with your left hand. Pull it out toward you and up. Fully extend it and keep pulling until he falls. If he does not fall, simply press the inside of his other knee.

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Guardian Angels Dynamic Takedowns

Shooting When you “ shoot”to take someone down from the front, DO NOT look down to the ground. The target can either knee you in the head or put you in a guillotine choke.

Always keep your head up and look at your target. Also keep your arms up and forward to deflect any strike. You may also want to start high and look the target straight in the eyes to distract him. At the very last moment, shoot low. You may also jab at him right before you shoot in order to distract him. Another distraction method is to shoot leading with a low front kick.

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Front Thigh Lift Takedown 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Distract the perp by keeping your hands high and looking straight at his eyes. At the last moment, shoot down. Place your right foot right in between his legs. Move his right arm out of the way with your left hand if necessary. At the same time, pull up on both his thighs and push forward with your shoulder. Go down to the ground with him. Immediately take your head up and over his body then pass his legs for a full mount. 2.

1.

3.

4.

5.

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Fireman’ Carry Takedown s 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Keep your hands high to distract him. Shoot and grab his right arm with your left hand. Grab his inside right thigh with your right hand. Lift his body over your shoulder. Quickly throw him down keeping his right leg close to your body. Place your right shoulder into him as you both land. Quickly pass his legs for a full mount. 2.

1.

3.

4.

5.

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Judo Throw 1. 2. 3. 1. Grab his lapel, the front of his shirt, or place your right hand under his left armpit. Place your right foot behind his body and squat low. Pivot your body to the left as you throw him backwards. 2.

3.

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Reverse Rear Takedown 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 1. Keep your hands up as you approach the perp. Push his left arm up with your right hand and move your head under his left armpit. Grab around his waist and move your body to his back. From behind, squat low. Pick him up off the ground and throw him down to your left side. Cover his body immediately when you both hit the ground. 2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

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Rear Suplex 1. 2. 3. From the rear, grab his waist and squat low. Pick him up off the ground. Throw him over your shoulder and fall back onto your back. Make sure he lands on his shoulder blades and not on his head. 2.

1.

3.

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Clothesline 1. 2. 3. 4. 1. The perp charges you. Keep your hands up. At the last moment, step to the side. Grab or block his right hand with your left hand. Put your right arm out in a straight line. Aim your right arm into his neckline. Follow him down to the ground. 2.

3.

4.

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Rear Collar And Knee Takedown At the same time, pull the perp’ collar back and push the back of his knee forward. s

Running Side Tackle Keep your hands up to deflect a possible strike. Put your shoulder into the space between his rib cage and hip. Wrap your hands around his waist and fall down on top of him.

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Rear Takedown 1. 2. 3. Grab the front of his shin just above his feet or the bottom of his pant legs. At the same time push your shoulder against his rear end and pull back his legs. Pull his legs up toward your body and push down on his rear end. Cover him as soon as possible. 2.

1.

3.

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Running Side Takedown When someone is running, he has very little lateral (side to side) balance. All it takes is a slight shove to either his right or left side, and he will trip in that direction. 1. 2. 3. 1. Pursue him. Push his shoulder to the side. Cover his body immediately on the ground. 2.

3.

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Guardian Angels Arrest Assistance

Leg Wrap With your face toward his feet, wrap both your legs around both his legs. Wrap one ankle across the other with your hands. Keep your body as close to his as possible. Keep your head up to watch for attacks from above.

Cross Leg Cross one of his ankles over the other. Put your leg against the outside ankle and rest your body over his.

Boston Crab Cross one of his ankles over the other. Lift both ankles up until his hips leave the ground. Put your weight directly above his waistline.

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Ankle Lock Grab his left foot and place the heel on the inside of your left elbow. Push his toes toward his rear end with your right hand.

Rear Cross Leg Cross his left ankle over his right ankle. Place his ankles under your right armpit. Pull your right hand up through both his legs. Grab your right hand with your left hand. Apply pressure backwards.

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Standing Search The only reason you will perform a standing search is if the perp is being cooperative and does not resist. You NEVER want to take down a perp if he is being fully cooperative and does not resist. Order the perp to intertwine his fingers behind his head. Press his index and ring fingers together. Order the perp to spread his legs wide apart. Pull his arms backwards to keep him off balance.

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Detainment 1. After searching a cooperative perp for weapons, order the perp to place his knees on the ground and cross one ankle over the other. Order the perp to bring his hands together and cross his thumbs. Grab both his thumbs. Bring the perp backwards to keep him off balance. 2.

2. 3. 1.

3.

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Guardian Angels Ground Grappling

Ground Grappling Royce Gracie and the Gracie family forever changed martial arts and fighting tournaments. In the beginning of the Ultimate Fighting Championships, Royce Gracie took opponents to the ground and from a supposedly inferior position lying on his back, he was able to frustrate, exhaust, and then force his opponents to quit. Since then, every serious martial artist and fighting athlete studies the art of ground grappling, Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu, or takes lessons directly from the Gracie family. The Guardian Angels have adopted ground grappling tactics for a number of reasons:  For one-on-one fighting, few styles beat ground grappling.  Most street fighters do not know how to fight on the ground.  Ground grappling appears less violent and aggressive to the general public.  With sufficient training, a ground grappler can more easily avoid seriously injuring an opponent compared with striking. Ground Grappling Fundamental Training Ground grapplers almost use the opposite tactics as strikers. Strikers use large muscles for large movements. Ground grapplers use small muscles for small movements. Strikers use flurries and combinations. Ground grapplers use patience and constantly search for opportunities. Strikers like a certain distance from an opponent. Ground grapplers try to eliminate any gap between bodies. Strikers exhale when striking. Ground grapplers use short, rapid breaths. When training for ground grappling, train with weights, sacks of sand, or a person on your body. Practice hip movement. Keep your arms close to your body. Practice moving weights around on your back. Ground Grappling Exercises
 

One Angel should practice trying to escape and run away while the other Angel tries to keep the first one on the ground. While two Angels are grappling, other Angels should intermittently drop tennis balls on their faces to make sure they are paying attention to their surroundings.

Close Quarters Most kids play fight. They playfully kick and hit each other as well as practice blocks and grabs. Most people have some rudimentary stand up fighting skill. Very few kids, however, play wrestle. Wrestling is simply too intimate and uncomfortable. In order

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to become a skilled ground grappler, you must simply get used to holding someone close to your body. At first, you may feel extremely uncomfortable and unusual especially in the guard. You should be wearing a protective cup in the first place, and this may make you feel more comfortable too. Wearing a protective cup is also mandatory if you are grappling with a female. Females may feel even more uncomfortable;however, this is life and death training. While females should start out grappling with other females, they should also practice grappling with males and vice versa. Start out easy and light. You should gradually progress to more intense and closer contact. If someone feels uncomfortable or light headed, they may call time and take a break. If for whatever reason a person feels extremely uncomfortable grappling, or a female refuses to grapple with males, they may choose not to participate. Since the vast majority of people out there feel naturally uncomfortable grappling on the ground, this gives us a tremendous advantage over them. They will overexert energy trying to get out and eventually burn out. Meanwhile, we gain superior position and control over them, allowing us to more quickly search for weapons.

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Body Movement Exercise One of the keys to grappling is being able to maneuver about the opponent’ body. s Practice this by having someone place his hands and knees on the ground. Place your chest on his back. Swivel your body completely around the person.

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Arm Bar 1. 2. 3. From the mount, pull the perp’ left arm up toward you. s Swing your right leg around under his left arm. Pull your right leg over his head and pull his left arm out toward your head. Try to move your rear end as close to his body as possible. Fully extend and bend his left arm against your right inside thigh. 2.

1.

3.

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Guardian Angels: 4. Use of Force Manual

Guard to Full Mount The Guard is the foundation of ground grappling. It should be used, however, only as an intermediary move. In other words, do not stay in the guard for long. The Full Guard occurs when you have wrapped both your legs around the opponent, and you have locked your feet together. 1. 2. 3. 4. 1. From the Guard, arch your back so the perp cannot strike your head. Throw your legs up and pull him down upon you. To throw him to your right, grab his left arm and trap his left leg. Plant your left foot and propel yourself from it while pulling his left arm in. 2.

3.

4.

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Enter the Guard 1. 2. 3. 1. Grab his right wrist with your left hand. Grab the back of his neck with your right hand. Fall back and down pulling on his right wrist and head. Spread your legs as you fall. Once on your back, wrap your legs around his waist and lock your feet. 2.

3.

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Reversal with Opponent High 1. 2. From the guard, protect yourself from a strike. As soon as you can, to throw him to your right, grab his left wrist with both your hands. Place your right foot on his left knee. Place your left shin across his stomach, inclined downward right from your feet to your knee. Push his left knee back with your right foot. Move your hip out to the left. Fully extend his left arm. Quickly mount him or put him in an armbar. 2.

3. 4. 1.

3.

4.

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Reversal with Opponent Low 1. 2. 3. 4. 1. To throw him to your right, trap his left arm against your body. Trap his left leg with your right leg. Plant your left foot. Push off your left foot and move your hip out to the left. Quickly mount him. 2.

3.

4.

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Arm Bar From Full Mount 1. Keep your arms out to protect from a strike. 2. To lock his left arm, grab his left wrist with both hands and pull it up toward you. 3. Swing your right leg around his left shoulder and fall on your back. Bring your right leg over his head or place the sole of your boots against his left jaw. Try to bring your rear end as close to his body as possible. Bend his arm against your right thigh (or against your left thigh if your right leg is bent). 1. 2.

3.

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Keylock 1. 2. 3. From the full, half, or side mount, trap his right wrist against the ground with your left hand. Bring your right hand under his right biceps. Grab his right wrist with your right hand and drag the back of his hand on the ground straight toward you while lifting his right biceps up with your right forearm. Always keep the back of his hand against the ground. 2.

1.

3.

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Guard to Armbar 1. 2. 3. 4. From the guard, protect yourself from strikes by grabbing the perp’ biceps. s Trap his left arm for a left armbar with your right hand. Unlock your feet and move your legs up the perp’ back. s Pivot your hips out to the right and then swing your right leg under the perp’ s head. Grab the perp’ left wrist with your left hand. Extend your entire body and press s the perp’ arm against your right thigh. s 2.

1.

3.

4.

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Shrimping to Escape the Full Mount 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 1. Plant your feet, and throw your hips up. This forces the perp to fall forward and plant his hands. Push down his left knee with your right hand while bringing the left side of your hip up. Bring your right leg under his left leg. Push down his right knee with your left hand while bringing the right side of your hip up. Bring your left leg under his right leg. Assume the full guard. 2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

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Buck and Trap to Escape Full Mount 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 1. Protect yourself from strikes by grabbing the perp’ biceps. s Plant your feet, and throw your hips up. This forces the perp to fall forward and plant his hands. To throw him to your right, grab and trap his left arm. Trap his left foot with your right heel. Plant your left foot and throw your body to the right and up. In the photo, the Angel is showing his left arm to indicate the direction he is throwing his body. You will end up in his guard. Pass his guard quickly for a full mount. 2.

3.

4.

5.

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Escaping the Side Mount 1. 2. 3. 4. 1. Someone crosses your body with his arms to one of your sides and his legs to the other. Turn your body to the right and push down on his left knee with your right hand. Swing your right leg under his body to his left side. Assume the guard. 2.

3.

4.

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Passing the Guard 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 1. Bring the perp’ hips up by sticking your right knee under his tailbone. Keep s your body low so the perp cannot reverse you. Push the perp’ right knee down to the ground. s Slide your left leg over his right leg. Keep your body close to his. Push the perp’ left knee down to the ground. s Slide your right leg over his left leg. 2.

3.

4.

5.

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Stacking to Pass the Guard 1. 2. 3. In the guard stay low. Quickly jump up and forward so that the perp’ hips leave the ground. s Put your weight right over the perp’ neck. This will cause him to unlock his feet. s Quickly move around to his right side, throwing his legs to his left. Move his right leg from your left to right side and mount him. 2.

1.

3.

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Escape Armbar 1. 2. 3. 4. Try to bend your right elbow down to your waist. Pivot your body to the right. Grab your right hand with your left hand. Pull down your right elbow through his legs while sliding your body up toward his head. Pivot your body to your stomach and lift his left leg up while releasing your right hand. Pass his left leg for a full mount. 2.

1.

3.

4.

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Guardian Angels Submission
Headlocks Headlocks should be used as a last resort against a non-compliant or extremely violent perp. Be extremely careful. You are NOT choking the perp. You are temporarily constricting the flow of blood to his head. This will be uncomfortable enough for him to stop resisting, or it could simply knock him unconscious. DO NOT keep him in a headlock for more than 10 seconds. Front Headlock 1. 2. 3. 1. Place your left elbow under his neck. Place your right elbow to the left of his neck. Grab your right biceps with your left hand. Grab forehead with your right hand. Squeeze your elbows together. 2.

3.

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Rear Naked 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 1. You can maintain leverage by bringing both your arms under his armpits and grabbing his wrists. Pull his wrists down. If his head is down, pull it up by the forehead. Place your left elbow under his neck, directly under his chin. Grab your right biceps. Bring your right forearm behind his neck. Squeeze your elbows together. 2.

3.

4.

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Protect Against a Body Slam from the Rear Naked

If you apply the rear naked on a standing perp, he will try to throw you off. If he tries to throw you forward, wrap your legs around the perp’ s waist or thighs.

If he tries to slam you backwards into a wall or the ground, bring one knee against the small of his back and bend your leg so that your foot protects you from the wall or ground.

Side Jaw Lock 1. 2. From a side mount, bring your left forearm under the perp’ left ear along his jaw s line. Grab your right biceps. Place your right forearm under the perp’ right ear along his jaw line. Squeeze s your elbows together.

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Collar Choke 1. 2. Grab the back of his collar with your right hand. Try to grab as much material as possible. Cross your left hand over your right arm, and grab the back of his collar. Pull your right hand straight down while pulling your left hand to your left. 2.

1.

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Triangle Lock 1. 2. 3. 1. From the guard, climb up the perp’ back. Bring your left leg on top of the perp’ s s right shoulder. Trap your left foot under the back of your right knee. Pull his left arm toward your body. Bend your right leg over your left foot using your right hand. 2.

3.

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Defense from the Ground 1. If you are on the ground and the perp is on your right side, rest on your right side. Rest on your right elbow, hip, and leg. Keep your left arm and leg raised for protection. If the perp moves to your left side, switch to your left side and keep your right arm and leg raised for protection. If the perp comes directly over you, lie on your back with both arms and legs raised for protection. Always keep your limbs bent. 2.

2. 3.

1.

3.

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Takedown from Ground 1. 2. 3. 4. 1. Grab the perp’ left wrist with your left hand and bring him toward you. Put your s left foot against the perp’ right knee. s Grab the perp’ left ankle with your right hand. Spread the perp’ legs apart. s s When the perp falls, do not let go of him. Quickly cover him with a full mount. 2.

3.

4.

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Takedown with Legs 1. 2. 3. 1. Wrap your right foot around the back of the perp’ left ankle. s Place your left foot just below the perp’ left knee. s Pull your right leg in and push your left leg forward but do not shake it all around. 2.

3.

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Side Arm Lock 1. 2. From the side mount, grab the perp’ right wrist. s Bring his right arm across his neck. Grab his right wrist with your left hand and push his right elbow toward his chin with your right hand. 2.

1.

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Unlocking an Arm Under His Stomach 1. 2. 3. The perp has locked his right arm under his stomach and refuses to comply. Bring your right hand under his right arm and up through his right side. Grab your left forearm with your right hand. Place your left hand on his right shoulder for leverage. Move your entire body around to his left side while pulling his arm up. 2.

1.

3.

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Turnover 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. From a full mount, protect yourself from strikes. Grab the perp’ right wrist with both hands. s Bring your left foot close to the perp’ right shoulder. Stand up and pull the s perp’ right arm up. s Bring the perp’ shoulders up off the ground while twisting his wrist in a s clockwise direction. With your left hand, press his right shoulder down to the ground. Bring your body down on the perp’ right shoulder and twist his right arm behind s his back. 2.

1.

3.

4.

5.

6.

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