Electrostatics & Capacitance (Basic Level


Electrostatics & Capacitance (Basic Level) 1. If a glass rod is rubbed with silk it acquires a positive charge because: (a) Protons are added to it (b) Protons are removed from it (c) Electrons are added to it (d) Electrons are removed from it 2. If the radii of a solid and a hollow sphere are same which one can hold greater charge? (a) Solid sphere (b) Hollow sphere (c) 3. Both will hold equal charge (d) None of the above Two bodies of metal are mounted on glassstands. Their surface areas are equal, but one is a sphere and the other is pear-shaped. Both are given the same amount of electric charge. Which one will lose its charge first? (a) Sphere (b) Pear-shaped


The force between two electrons separated by a distance r varies as: (a) r2 (c) r

(b) (d)

r r-2


There are two charges +1 micro coulomb and –5 micro coulomb; the ratio of forces acting on them will be: (a) 1 : 5 (c) 5 : 1 (b) (d) 1:1 1 : 25


Two particles having charges q1 and q2 when kept at a certain distance, exert a force F on each other. If the distance between the two particles is reduced to half and the charge on each particle is doubled the force between the particles would be: (a) 2F (c) 8F (b) (d) charges at are the 4F 16F



(c) The question is irrelevant as both will lose their charge in equal time 4. A positively charged body is brought near an uncharged gold leaf electroscope; then: (a) leaves (b) (c) Positive charge is induced Negative charge is induced in both the leaves in both the leaves (d) Positive charge is induced 9. No charge is induced in the


corners of a square ABCD as shown in Fig. .The force on a charge kept at the center O is: (a) Zero b) Along diagonal AC (c) Along diagonal BD (d) Perpendicular to the side AB Two particles A and B having equal charges are placed at a distance d apart. A third charged particle placed on the perpendicular bisector at a distance x will experience the maximum Coulomb’s force when: (a) (c) 12.
x = d/ 2 x = d/ 2 2

in one leaf and negative in the other 5. Select the correct alternative: (a) The charge gained by the uncharged body form a charged body due to conduction is equal to charge initially present. (b) The magnitude of charge increases with the velocity of charge. (c) Charge can not exist without matter although matter can exist without charge (d) Attraction is the true test of electrification

(b) (d)

x = d/3 2

Three charges +4q, Q and q are placed in a straight line of length  at points distant 0, /2 and  respectively. What should be the value of Q in order to make the net force on q to be zero?

1 Q2 4πε r 2 0 (c) (Q/ε o) 22. +Q charge is present at the points A. o o Total electric flux coming out of a unit positive (b) )–1 (d) ε –1 The magnitude of electric field strength E such that an electron placed in it would experience an electrical force equal to its weight is given by: (a) mge (c) elmg (b) (d) mg/e e2g/2m o (c) (4π ε 4π ε o A hollow metal sphere of radius 5 cm is charged such that the potential on its surface is 10 volt.55x10 C 4. The electric field inside a spherical shell of uniform surface charge density is : . Shows electric lines of force. Is a plot of lines of force due to two charges q1 and q2. radius of the earth is 6400 km. The work done in moving a charge q from A to B so as to complete a semicircle is: (a) Zero 19. the electric field is directly proportional to : (a) 1/x2 (c) x (b) (d) 1/x x2 20. 15.Electrostatics & Capacitance (Basic Level) (a) -q (c) -q/2 13. charge put in air is: (a) ε 23. (a) Zero the center (d) None of the above (b) Constant (c) Proportional to the distance from (a) EA > EB 16. The electric flux linked with cubical surface is: (a) (Q/6L2ε o) (b) (d) (Q/L2ε o) Zero (b) (c) Zero (d) 17. (b) (d) -2q 4q charges: (a) (b) (c) (d) both negative upper positive and lower negative both positive upper negative and lower positive A sphere of radius R has a uniform distribution of electric charge in its volume. The fig. Find out the sign of .55x109C 24. If the electric field intensity in a fair weather atmosphere is 100V/m. then the total charge on earth’s surface is: (a) 4.55x10 C (c) 4.55x108C 6 (b) (d) 4. The potential at the centre of the sphere is: (a) Zero (b) 10 volt (c) Same as at a point 5 cm away from the surface (d) Same as at a point 25cm away from the centre 18. The intensity of electric field at O will be: (a) 1 Q 4π 0 r 2 ε 1 Q 4π 0 r ε (b) EA = EB/r (c) EA < EB (d) EA > EB/r2 21. 7 A charge Q is placed at the center of a circle of radius R. The fig. A charge is placed at the centre of a cube with side L. B. C of a triangle having equal limbs. If EA and EB are electric fields then: at A and B and distance AB = r. At a distance x from its center of x < R.

Two capacitors of (b) (d) ε oE2 ε o/2E2 capacities are (d) Qq 4εoR2 25. The work done in deflecting a dipole through 180o from field direction is: (a) pE (c) ½pE (b) (d) 2pE Zero 33. (a) Increasing the capacitance (b) Increasing the potential difference between the plates (c) Decreasing the potential difference between the plates . The equivalent capacity between the points A and B will be: (a) 40µ F (b) 20µ F (c) 30µ F (d) 10µ F 34. The potential of the bigger drop is larger than that of the smaller ones by a factor: (a) 1000 (c) 10 (b) d) 100 1 potential of 100V as shown in the Fig. The resultant capacity becomes: (a) (b) (c) (d) Four times of the previous value One fourth of the previous value Twice of the previous value Half of the 26.C. electrostatic potential energy of the system: (a) Decreases (b) Increases (c) Becomes zero (d) Remains same equal connected in series. An electric dipole placed in a uniform electric field experiences. Three every identical capacitors the are one connected that stores together differently. Increasing the charge on the plates of a capacitor means: . In bringing an electron towards another electron. 28. the electrostatic energy per unit volume is: (a) ε oE (c) ½ε oE2 32. they have some resultant capacity. maximum energy is: (a) The three in series (b) The three in parallel 29. to a are D.Electrostatics & Capacitance (Basic Level) (d) No change in the field between (b) 4ε R o (c) Qq 2εoR Qq the plates 30. In order to increase the capacity of a parallel plate condenser one should introduce between the plate a sheet of: (a) Mica (b) Tin (c) Copper (d) Stainless steel 31. 1000 small water drops each of radius r and charge q coalesce together to form one spherical drop. For the same voltage to combination. in general: (a) A force and a torque (b) A force only (c) A torque only (d) Neither a force nor a torque 27. Now they are connected in parallel. If E is the field between the plates of a parallel plate capacitor. previous value Five capacitors of 10µF capacity connected each.

44. Three charges 2q – q. substances are called (a) (b) (c) (d) Good conductors Semi-conductors Super conductors Dielectrics 37. At the circum centre of the triangle. clockwise radial. The dielectric constant K of an insulator 41. anticlockwise circular./m capacitance which may be obtained by use of 40. A metal plate of thickness d/2 and of the same area is inserted completely between the plates. 39. inwards radial. The ratio of capacitances in the two cases (late to initial) is: a) 2:1 (b) (d) 1:2 1:4 (c) 1 : 1 (c) 8 (b) (d) 6 ∞ These (b) (d) –2. these are: (a) (b) (c) (d) 36. –q are located at the vertices of an equilateral triangle. 38. The electric potential at the surface of an atomic nucleus (Z=50) of radius 9. A charged particle of mass m and charge q is released from rest in an electric field of constant magnitude E. Certain substances lose their electrical resistance at very low temperature.0 x 10–6 coulomb 1 2 3 4 5 6 . Electric lines of force about a negative point charges are (a) (b) (c) (d) circular. (a) The field is zero but potential is non –zero (b) The field is non-zero but potential is zero (c) Both. Three capacitors each of value 3µF are available. The kinetic energy of the particle after time t is (a) (c) 2E 2 t 2 m q (d) increase if it is given positive charge and decreases if it is given negative charges. An electric dipole consists of two opposite charges each of magnitude 1. field and potential are non zero.5 volt/m –2/5 volt. The variation of potential with distance R from a fixed point is as shown in the figure.0 x 10–13 cm is (a) 80 volts (c) 9 volt (b) (d) 8 x 106 volt 9 x 105 volt 5 4 3 2 1 45. The distance between the plates is d. field and potential are zero (b) (d) E 2q 2 t 2 2m Eqm 2t 2t 2 43. When a soap bubble is charged. Two 1µF and 9µF 3µF and 9µF 3µF and 6+µF 1µF and 6µF metal plates form a parallel plate The minimum and maximum The electric field at R = 5m is (a) 2.5 volt/m (c) 2/5 volt/m cannot be (a) 3 condenser. its size (a) (b) (c) Increases Decreases remains the same 42. outwards Eq 2 m (d) Both.Electrostatics & Capacitance (Basic Level) (c) Two in series with the third in parallel with it (d) Two in parallel with the third in series with it 35.

We put a positive test charge q0 at a point and measure F . (4.0 x 10–3 newton – metre –3 V n (b) (d) Vn Vn2/3 (c) Vn1/3 46. of each proton when at infinite separation is 54. n small drops of the same size are charged to V volt each. The dipole is placed in an external field of (c) (a) 10 –19 5. force of q1 exerted on q2. When allowed to fall from rest through the same electrical potential difference.3) and (4. will be (a) 4C (b) 2C . A positively charged ball hangs from a silk thread. The energy of a charged condenser is the ratio of their speeds (a) 2 : 1 (c) 1 : 4 VA will become VB 1:2 4:1 (a) 1 CV 2 2 (b) (d) (b) (d) 1 CV 2 2 CV (c) 2 CV2 49.0 x 10–3 newton – metre 2.2 x 10–3 newton – metre 1. Pairs (1. If the distance of the charge is doubled. then the K.5) show repulsion.4). experienced a force F.0 cm. (d) Will increase of q3 is of the same sign as q1 and will decrease of q3 is of opposite sign 53. If a third charge q3 is brought near them. A charge q1 exerts some force on a second F 2 charge q2. If they coalesce to form a single large drop.1) show electrostatic attraction. (a) (b) (c) Will decrease in magnitude Will increase in magnitude Will remain unchanged F F (c) (d) 4 8 48.0 x 10 newton – metre 4. The capacity of a parallel plate condenser is C. the force acting on the charge will be (a) 2 F (b) F = (b)0 q F < (c) q0 (d) cannot be estimated 52. Two free protons are kept at a distance of 1 Å and released.0 x 10 5 . then its potential will be (a) (a) (b) (c) (d) 0.2) (2.5 x newton 1. Its capacity when the separation between the plates is halved. The maximum torque coulomb on the dipole is 23 x 10 46 x 10–19 Joule 50. then it can be predicted q0 that the electric field strength E F >(a) q0 47.E. Five balls. Therefore ball 1 must be (a) (b) (c) (d) Positively charged Negatively charged Neutral Made of metal 51. numbered 1 to 5 are suspended using separate threads. while pairs (2. A particle A has a charge + q and particle B has charge + 4q with each of them having the same mass m.Electrostatics & Capacitance (Basic Level) separated by a distance of 2.6 x 10–12 Joule Joule Joule (d) –19 (b) 11. A given charge is situated at a certain distance from an electric dipole in the end-on position.

force acting on the same particle will become (a) 0 (c) F (b) (d) F 2 2F 56.01 (c) 0.02 0.G. supply. the energy resides in (a) the positive charges (b) both the positive and negative charges series.04 (b) (d) 0. If one of the plates of the capacitor is removed. 59.S. egm) (a) r (c) r 2 (b) (d) 1 r 60. A capacitance of a spherical conductor of radius r is (in C.C. fourth capacitor to capacity 1 µ F is connected in 1 1 VC 2 CV 2 (c) (d) 2 2 58.06 (c) the field between the plates (d) around the edge of the capacitor plates. Another uncharged capacitor of 4µ F is now connected across it. The resultant capacity of the system is (a) 4 µ F (c) (b) (d) 2µ F 4 µ F 3 3 µ F 4 . The energy stored in a condenser of capacity C which has been raised to a potential V is given by (a) 1 r2 1 CV 2 61.Electrostatics & Capacitance (Basic Level) C C (c) (d) 4 2 55. The total energy of their charges in joule is (a) 0. The capacitor of 1µ F is charged to 100 V and then disconnected from the power supply.3 V 80 V To this combination a across the combination would be 57. Force acting upon a charged particle kept between the plates of a charged capacitor is F. Two capacitors each of 1µ F capacitance are connected in parallel and are then charged by 200 volts D. In a charged capacitor. Three capacitors each of capacity 1µ F are (b) CV connected in parallel. (a) 25 V (c) 20 V (b) (d) The common voltage 33.