Course Semester Subject Subject Code Unit Unit title Lecture No.

Lecture title

: MCA :I : Basic Web Development : MC 0064 :I : Introduction to Internet :I : Introduction

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Internet ‡ To discuss the role of Internet in day to day life ‡ To describe People and technology behind the Internet PREVIOUS NEXT .Unit-1 Introduction to Internet Internet and Technical Terms Objectives : ‡ To explain the term.

Unit-1 Introduction to Internet Lecture Outline Topics Introduction What is Internet? Definition Internet from practical and technical angle From the practical Angle From the Technical Angle Who Owns and cares for the Internet? Owning of internet Who Cares for Internet? Evolution of Internet How old is the Internet? What is TCP/IP? Summary PREVIOUS NEXT .

Anybody can publish information or create new services. ‡The Internet is an inherently participative medium. PREVIOUS HOME NEXT . ‡The Internet is a cooperative endeavour .no organization is in charge of the net.Unit-1 Introduction to Internet Introduction ‡The Internet is a global network of networks. ‡People and organizations connect into the Internet so they can access its massive store of shared information.

Just consider the following few expressions in this context. There is no single. have indirect links through a commercial service provider. but this does not mean that it is as tough to understand also.Unit-1 Introduction to Internet What is Internet? Internet is one of the toughest things to define. eg privately-owned ones. And other computers. who offers some or all of the Internet facilities. have direct access to all the facilities on the Internet such as the universities. because the Internet is a different thing to different people. The Internet links are computer networks all over the world so that users can share resources and communicate with each other. PREVIOUS HOME NEXT . Some computers. generally agreed upon answer to this question.

and financial data research. health. PREVIOUS HOME NEXT . services.marketing.Unit-1 Introduction to Internet Internet from practical & technical angle From the practical Angle Internet is a vast collection of globally available information which can be accessed electronically . and technical purposes. entertainment. buying. games. economic. It is also a vast store of information relating to your hobbies. It is a collection of hundreds of libraries and archives that will open to your fingertips.information which is of practical use for business. It is a means for electronic commerce . etc. study. research. travel. software.

Information is divided into packets which may travel through different paths to the destination address where it is recombined into its original form. which can exchange information through standard rules (protocols).Unit-1 Introduction to Internet Internet from practical & technical angle From the Technical Angle Internet is "an ever growing wide area network of millions of computers and computer networks across the globe. Each computer has a unique address.³ PREVIOUS HOME NEXT .

And in turn. With a phone company. The service provider provides a "hook-up" from the residence or office to the service network. Any single person. For example. corporation. those smaller Internet service providers might purchase services from an even larger network. each person who wants telephone service contacts a local service provider.Unit-1 Introduction to Internet Who Owns and cares for the Internet? Owning of internet No one owns the Internet. Internet has been described as the co-operative anarchy. it's many things. Internet is not one "thing". No one central agency exists that charges individual Internet users. PREVIOUS HOME NEXT . owns a slice of the Internet. Every person who makes a connection. there is phone service in almost every part of the country. university or government does not fund it. individuals and institutions who use the Internet pay a local or regional Internet service provider for their share of services. every group whose Local Area Network (LAN) becomes connected. Rather.

So. PREVIOUS HOME NEXT .Unit-1 Introduction to Internet Who Owns and cares for the Internet? Who Cares for Internet? Many people care about the Internet. All the people who use it. care about it. while no one person or entity owns the Internet. The owner of the connected equipment therefore 'owns' a piece of the Internet. all who use it or supply materials for it play a part in its existence.. Someone or some enterprise owns each computer connected. even if only to send a note to someone on some other network that is connected into the Internet. The telephone companies 'own' the pieces that carry the information packets. Contd. The service providers 'own' the packet routing equipment.

IAB (Internet Architecture Board).) Since communication between networks cannot happen without co-operation. There are two main wings to this Board: ‡IETF (Internet engineering task force) ‡IRTF (Internet research task force) PREVIOUS HOME NEXT .Unit-1 Introduction to Internet Who Owns and cares for the Internet? Who Cares for Internet? (Contd. there are committees and groups working hard all the time to ensure smooth functioning. earlier called Internet Activities Board as named by ARPA..

NY : Provides Directory & Database Services ‡ Network Solutions. ‡ General Atomics. Apart form maintaining protocols and norms/standards. PREVIOUS HOME NEXT .Unit-1 Introduction to Internet Who Owns and cares for the Internet? Who Cares for Internet? (Contd. CA: Provides Information Services ‡ AT & T. This function is performed by InterNIC (Internet network information centre) which is a group of three organizations. another important function of commonality is assigning unique names and addresses to computers connected on the Net. named so because it is a set of open-ended documents always available to public for their comments and thus the standards keep continuously evolving.. VA : Provides Registration Service The services of InterNIC group are available on the Internet itself.) IETF does a documentation of the Internet known as RFC (Request For Comments)..

‡Contd. PREVIOUS HOME NEXT .Unit-1 Introduction to Internet Evolution of Internet How old is the Internet? ‡The concept. Advanced Research Project Agency (ARPA). started with a project. ‡The Department of Defense (DOD) was interested in building a network that could maintain itself under adverse conditions.. called the ARPANET (around late 1960s) which was sponsored by the United States Department of Defence. which gave birth to Internet of today.

the network started expanding faster than the big bang. PREVIOUS HOME NEXT . which started as a method of sharing files amongst researchers. commonly known as TCP/IP ± a connection protocol between sites that is still in use today and is the primary method of connecting to the Internet. whose network of strategically located supercomputers. allowed the people to share information from home or their institutions. as the protocol suite. A wider clientele slowly adopted this information access technique. USA. ARPANET operated to provide connection facility to around a-dozen of research sites. and after 1982. ARPA established the Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) and Internet Protocol (IP).. Contd. Later in 1982. National Science Foundation (NSF).Unit-1 Introduction to Internet Evolution of Internet How old is the Internet? Until late 1970s. NSFnet.

PREVIOUS HOME NEXT . based in Europe and UUCP based in Bell Labs got slowly absorbed or been connected to Internet. like BITNET of IBM.Unit-1 Introduction to Internet Evolution of Internet How old is the Internet? Contd. in order to provide a unified information sharing medium. which developed in parallel. Videsh Sanchar Nigam Limited.25. X. 1995.. Internet in India started on an auspicious day. VSNL started a service called GIAS (Gateway Internet Access Service) to allow the Indian users a bite of Internet. The other networks. 15th August. This in a way marks the beginning of free information flow from every nook and corner of the world and thus could well be called an Independence Day for Information Age in the country.

Certainly the ARPAnet is the best. at least 130 different vendors had products that support TCP/IP. The organizations assign groups of their numbers to departments.known TCP/IP network. IP operates on gateway machines that move data from department to organization to region and then around the world. PREVIOUS HOME NEXT . and thousands of networks of all kinds use it. IP .is responsible for moving packet of data from node to node. IP forwards each packet based on a four byte destination address (the IP number). Protocols are the rules that all networks use to understand each other. 87. However as of June.Unit-1 Introduction to Internet Evolution of Internet What is TCP/IP? TCP/IP is a set of protocols developed to allow cooperating computers to share resources across a network.. The Internet authorities assign ranges of numbers to different organizations. It was developed by a community of researchers centered around the ARPAnet. Contd.

.is a name given to the package of subroutines that provide access to TCP/IP on most systems. TCP adds support to detect errors or lost data and to trigger retransmission until the data is correctly and completely received.is responsible for verifying the correct delivery of data from client to server.Unit-1 Introduction to Internet Evolution of Internet What is TCP/IP? Contd. Sockets . PREVIOUS HOME NEXT . TCP . Data can be lost in the intermediate network.

Unit-1 Introduction to Internet Summary ‡Introduction ‡What is Internet? ‡Definition ‡Internet from practical and technical angle ‡From the practical Angle ‡From the Technical Angle ‡Who Owns and cares for the Internet? ‡Owning of internet ‡Who Cares for Internet? ‡Evolution of Internet ‡ How old is the Internet? ‡What is TCP/IP? PREVIOUS HOME .