GREEN SUPPLY CHAIN MANAGEMENT IN INDIA There has been a lot of talk and discussions on GREEN supply chains

, in the US and Europe. What does GREEN Supply chain mean in the Indian context? What can we in India do, to start the journey towards a GREEN supply chain? Problems with Green Supply Chain Management in India Lack of Awareness – SCM professionals and others parts of society are yet to be made aware of advantages of such concept. This Creates a major hurdle for its implementation. Limited Access to Green Technology – Most of the technological innovations in this regards are made in developed countries, which are neither easily available nor affordable for all Indian industries. Lack of Expertise – There is lack of professionals having knowledge of this domain. Lack of Vision – Limited vision of profit oriented organizations is a big blockage to develop our minds towards sustainable growth. This issue is being picked up as a part of social responsibility slowly but as of now most of the organizations follow environmental norms just as a regulatory obligation. What can be done? Green supply chains are lean supply chains with minimal or zero waste. Although India is yet to provide easy access to Green Transportation Technology , minimizing waste within the supply chain will help in making the supply chain green. Now how can we reduce waste in the supply chain? Supply Chain Network: Getting the supply chain network right would reduce transportation. The supply chain network implies location of plants, distribution centres, warehouses and customization centres. As a thumb rule about 70% of the cost of a supply chain is fixed at the network design stage itself. Network design and optimization should be done whenever there is a change in the supply chain – acquisition of a company, setting up a new plant, changes in distribution structure. For example, a lot of companies have recently moved to Baddi and Uttarnchal to take advantage of the tax holidays that companies got by setting up factories there. This change in the location of factories should have prompted companies to

Wagons can be designed to meet the specific and special requirements of customers. There are software available that help to maximize the capacity of the truck. Goods can be loaded on parcel vans which travel at the same speed as mail and express trains. To maximize the utilization of the truck. Transportation: Companies should improve truck utilization. Rail is the most efficient means of transportation. which reaches Delhi overnight. Customers can own their wagons. Coastal shipping Coastal shipping should be encouraged. products that cubeout and weigh-out should be loaded together in a truck. This is because coastal shipping is discriminated against as compared to foreign shipping. This is faster than a truck and at the same (if not lower cost). For example a parcel van can be attached to the nightly express from Bhopal to New Delhi.relook the complete supply chain. coastal shipping has not caught on. yet the maximum permissible weight is not reached. direct dispatch to some depots and eliminating depots. Use of railways instead of road. Some products weigh-out.relocating Distribution Centers. With GST coming in and VAT being reduced/ eliminated companies will have to redesign their supply chains. the truck reaches it’s maximum permissible weight while the maximum volume is not filled. Unfortunately for India.e. Trucks can also be designed so that truck’s bodies maximize the volume and weight. At the same time overloading should also be avoided asiIt wrecks the roads and the underpowered Indian trucks have a tough time negotiating even minor slopes and uphill gradients. For example one of the cost saving ideas may be loading shampoos and diapers together in a truck rather than loading only diapers or only shampoos. Companies may decide not to have depots in every state and consolidate depots into big mega Distribution Centres. The Railways has started becoming more customer friendly. Example . What this means is that the complete weight and volume of the truck should be utilized.A container is filled completely. . i. The coefficient of friction between metal and metal is lower than rubber and road. Multi-modal transportation. Inventory: .

Keep inventory low as this reduces warehouse space required and consequently the electricity bill and other expenditure related to maintaining a warehouse. In all for India an efficient supply chain is a GREEN supply chain. fire prevention and fire control systems. And as the technology spreads. Have good pest control.Eliminate damage and wastage. This means have good warehousing practices so that damages are minimized. Follow FIFO (First In First Out) or FEFO (First Expiry First Out) so that obsolescence is reduced. . we can shift to technologies being used in Developed nations.