Table 1111.

Crashes by Crash Severity: 1990 to 2008
[6,471 represents 6,471,000. A crash is a police-reported event that produces injury and/or property damage, involves a vehicle in
transport and occurs on a trafficway or while the vehicle is in motion after running off the trafficway]
Item
Crashes (1,000) . . . . . . . . . . .
Fatal. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Nonfatal injury. . . . . . . . . . . .
Property damage only. . . . . .

1990
6,471
39.8
2,122
4,309

1995
6,699
37.2
2,217
4,446

2000
6,394
37.5
2,070
4,286

2003
6,328
38.5
1,925
4,365

2004
6,181
38.4
1,862
4,281

2005
6,159
39.3
1,816
4,304

2006
5,973
38.6
1,746
4,189

2007
6,024
37.4
1,711
4,275

2008
5,811
34.0
1,630
4,146

Percent of total crashes:
Fatal. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Nonfatal injury. . . . . . . . . . . .
Property damage only. . . . . .

0.6
32.8
66.6

0.6
33.1
66.4

0.6
32.4
67.0

0.6
30.4
69.0

0.6
30.1
69.3

0.6
29.5
69.9

0.6
29.2
70.1

0.6
28.4
71.0

0.6
28.1
71.4

Source: U.S. National Highway Safety Traffic Administration, Traffic Safety Facts, annual. See also <http://www-nrd.nhtsa.dot
.gov/CATS/index.aspx>.

Table 1112. Alcohol Involvement for Drivers in Fatal Crashes: 1998 and 2008
[BAC = blood alcohol concentration]
1998
Age, sex,
and vehicle type

2008

Number
of drivers
56,604

Percentage with
BAC of .08% or
greater
20.4

Number
of drivers
50,186

Percentage with
BAC of .08% or
greater
21.8

361
7,767
5,613
11,925
11,241
7,690
4,478
3,399
3,291

10.8
16.7
31.6
27.5
24.2
17.6
11.0
6.9
4.0

213
5,729
5,312
9,745
8,762
8,313
5,695
2,913
2,656

9.9
17.4
34.4
30.8
25.3
20.7
12.4
6.8
4.0

Drivers by sex:
Male. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Female. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

40,816
15,089

23.4
12.1

36,881
12,568

24.9
13.1

Drivers by vehicle type:
Passenger cars. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Light trucks 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Large trucks 2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Motorcycles. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Buses. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

28,907
19,247
4,905
2,333
287

21.3
22.2
1.5
34.4
4.2

20,284
18,989
4,017
5,383
247

23.1
22.7
1.7
29.1
0.8

Total drivers involved in fatal crashes 1. . . . .
Drivers by age group:
Under 16 years old . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
16 to 20 years old . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
21 to 24 years old . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
25 to 34 years old . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
35 to 44 years old . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
45 to 54 years old . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
55 to 64 years old . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
65 to 74 years old . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
75 years old and over . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Includes age and sex unknown, and other and unknown types of vehicles. 2 See footnotes 2 and 3, Table 1106.
Source: U.S. National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, Traffic Safety Facts, annual. See also <http://www-nrd.nhtsa.dot
.gov/CATS/index.aspx>.
1

Table 1113. Licensed Drivers and Number in Accidents by Age: 2008
[208,100 represents 208,100,000]
Licensed drivers
Age group

Drivers in accidents
Fatal
All
Number
Number
(1,000)
Percent
(1,000)
52,500
100.0
17,300
4,500
8.6
2,130
200
0.4
180
600
1.1
330
800
1.5
490
1,400
2.7
580
1,500
2.9
550

Total. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
19 years old and under. . . . .
Under 16 years old . . . . . . .
16 years old. . . . . . . . . . . . .
17 years old. . . . . . . . . . . . .
18 years old. . . . . . . . . . . . .
19 years old. . . . . . . . . . . . .

Number
(1,000)
208,100
10,275
491
1,334
2,221
2,989
3,240

Percent
100.0
4.9
0.2
0.6
1.1
1.4
1.6

20 to 24 years old . . . . . . . . .
20 years old. . . . . . . . . . . . .
21 years old. . . . . . . . . . . . .
22 years old. . . . . . . . . . . . .
23 years old. . . . . . . . . . . . .
24 years old. . . . . . . . . . . . .

17,211
3,345
3,375
3,442
3,534
3,515

8.3
1.6
1.6
1.7
1.7
1.7

7,400
1,500
1,500
1,600
1,400
1,400

14.1
2.9
2.9
3.0
2.7
2.7

25 to 34 years old . . . . . . . . .
35 to 44 years old . . . . . . . . .
45 to 54 years old . . . . . . . . .
55 to 64 years old . . . . . . . . .
65 to 74 years old . . . . . . . . .
75 years old and over . . . . . .

36,082
38,969
41,560
32,118
18,406
13,479

17.3
18.7
20.0
15.4
8.8
6.5

9,900
8,400
8,500
6,200
3,600
4,000

18.9
16.0
16.2
11.8
6.9
7.6

Accident rates per
number of drivers
Percent
100.0
12.3
1.0
1.9
2.8
3.4
3.2

Fatal 1
25
44
(3)
45
36
47
46

All 2
8
21
(3)
25
22
19
17

2,520
490
510
470
450
600

14.6
2.8
2.9
2.7
2.6
3.5

43
45
44
46
40
40

15
15
15
14
13
17

3,570
3,260
2,770
1,730
790
530

20.6
18.8
16.0
10.0
4.6
3.1

27
22
20
19
20
30

10
8
7
5
4
4

1
Per 100,000 licensed drivers. 2 Per 100 licensed drivers. 3 Rates for drivers under age 16 are substantially overstated due to
the high proportion of unlicensed drivers involved.
Source: National Safety Council, Itasca, IL, Injury Facts, annual (copyright). See also <http://www.nsc.org/>.

698 Transportation

U.S. Census Bureau, Statistical Abstract of the United States: 2011