DECEMBER 2009

DEMOCRACY & PROGRESS
Chiang-Chen Meeting must be transparent
INSIDE THIS ISSUE: Chiang-Chen Meeting must be transparent - Pg. 1 DPP plans Taichung mass rally on Dec. 20 - Pg. 1 DPP statement after the Dec. 5 Election - Pg. 5 DPP Chair Tsai leads delegation to Japan - Pg. 6 DPP Statement on U.S.China Joint Declaration - Pg. 7

The relationship between Taiwan and China is a complicated issue. We believe that any matters related to cross-strait negotiation and signing of agreements must be carried out in a transparent and open process. We believe that, if done otherwise, this could create public skepticism and in-

spire serious confrontation within the Taiwanese community, causing a halt in the progress of the normalization of cross-strait relations. It is regrettable that since the resumption of talks between the two sides this
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DPP plans Taichung mass rally on Dec. 20 with theme: “Break the Black Box, Protect our Rice Bowl”
In order to express the public’s concern over the Ma administration’s handling of cross strait relations and demand more transparency during the upcoming Chiang-Chen meeting, the DPP plans to hold a mass rally in Taichung on Dec. 20. DPP Headquarters announced earlier in December the details of the mass rally it is sponsoring, appealing to all Taiwanese people to participate in the rally and express their concerns over cross-strait relations. The DPP will mobilize
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DECEMBER 2009

...Chiang-Chen Meeting must be transparent
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past year, nine agreements and one joint declaration have been signed without engaging the public in debate and evading legislative oversight, resulting in great social upheaval. On the occasion of the upcoming Fourth Chiang-Chen Meeting, we make the following solemn appeal: 1. We appeal that Chiang Ping-kun, commissioned as the government representative in cross-strait talks, be subject to the basic principles of a democratic government. He should not have the right to operate outside legislative supervision nor should he evade public debate. Regarding this Chiang-Chen talk, the Straits Exchange Foundation has only fulfilled the minimum formality by submitting a report highlighting the four topics that will be discussed. However, the report failed to provide our country's standpoints and it also failed to provide clear answers to outside questions. In order to lessen public distrust towards the Straits Exchange Foundation, foundation members should produce a new report before the Chiang-Chen meeting, focusing on the controversial issues and providing explanations to the legislature with exposure to the media and the public. 2. Concerning the agreements signed in the Chiang-Chen meetings over the past three meetings, the Straits Exchange Foundation has conducted itself inappropriately, if not evasively, over the review and implementation of these agreements. For example: the effectiveness of Chinese tourist visits to Taiwan, compensation claims for victims of the poisoned-milk scandal, criminal repatriation and other issues. Furthermore, the Foundation has not provided a clear statement on why it has failed to implement or reach the economic benefits it promised these agreements would deliver. Therefore, before this round of talks, the Foun-

dation must carefully assess the current status of the implementation of existing agreements and raise concrete measures on how to negotiate and seek a remedy with its Chinese counterparts. 3. The ECFA issue is a topic of great importance to the country, heavily impacting the people's livelihood and industrial production in Taiwan. Therefore, opposition parties have consistently raised the notion of an ECFA referendum to seek the approval of the people, but the government has turned a deaf year to this request. The government has also allowed the controversial importation of U.S. beef and it has signed MOUs without disclosing enough infor-

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mation to the public, causing public discontent and resentment. Therefore, since the government has not yet revealed the entire contents of ECFA, nor made a report to the legislature or sought the people's approval, it should not incorporate the ECFA topic in this cross-strait negotiation meeting.
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DECEMBER 2009

...Chiang-Chen Meeting must be transparent
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should not accept the quality of the Chinese inspection and quarantine system until the Taiwanese public starts to trust the Chinese system. (2) Regarding cooperation in the fishery industry, we must adhere to opposing China's position to allow fishermen to work in Taiwan so that we can protect the interests of Taiwanese fishermen. The Straits Exchange Foundation must also provide a clear explanation to public questions as to whether, after fishery labor cooperation, there will be further 4. Concerning this Chiang-Chen meeting, as the public has already raised doubts over whether the Straits Exchange Foundation can protect Taiwan's interests, the Foundation should adhere to the following positions: (1) On the issue of the inspection and quarantine of agricultural products, the past agreements have already relaxed Taiwan's importation standards, resulting in the direct entry of Chinese black-market or lower quality goods, causing public health risks and affecting our domestic competitiveness. In this case, the contents of this time's negotiation agreement should emphasize the security of public health, and it

changes to allow other types of Chinese labor entering into Taiwan. (3) Concerning the avoidance of the double-taxation issue, we must request that the Chinese side, under no circumstances, can refuse the exercise of our jurisdiction. The Straits Exchange Foundation must provide clear answers to public questions over the impact and reduction caused by the financial MOU with China to our tax income, disorder in our tax administration structure and concerns over China using taxation issues to interfere in Taiwan's business operations.

should absolutely not lower existing Taiwanese standards. At the same time, the agreement

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DECEMBER 2009
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...DPP Taichung rally
people from the north to the south of Taiwan to participate in the rally. It will also facilitate transportation for those who wish to attend. In collaboration with a variety of civic groups representing labor, women, children, farmers and fishermen, the DPP and all aspects of society will ensure that the Taiwanese voice is heard during this meeting. The theme of the rally has been unveiled as “Break the Black Box and Protect our Rice Bowl”. Due to the non-transparent manner in which the Ma administration has conducted its dealings with China, the black box signifies the inside secrets the administration has been hiding from the public. Hence, the DPP is urging the government to break open this black box and make the contents of its agreements with China open to the public, including oversight by the Legislative Yuan. The DPP also added “protect our rice bowl” to the theme of the rally, in order to send a message to the Ma administration about our concern over Taiwan’s welfare, especially regarding labor and education, as well as our agricultural and financial industries. The DPP believes that the signing of MOUs between Taiwan and China should be conducted on the basis of equality. We believe that Taiwan must not relinquish all its bargaining chips to China when it is clear that there have been no direct benefits

from China, and, even more, we are losing our domestic competitiveness as a result of these agreements. Taiwan, which places high standards in all aspects of industrial production, is already showing signs of trouble from its dealings with China. These problems include dealing with Chinese black-market goods and lower quality products, including products which passed Chinese inspection standards like the past poisoned milk case. The DPP is also raising another public concern regarding the public’s discontent with the way the government has dealt with the ECFA issue. First, the government has used its power to reject the request by the DPP for a referendum on the issue. Second, it has not allowed the Legislative Yuan to oversee the contents of the agreement, and lastly, it has not allowed for an open discussion by the public. The DPP strongly opposes the fact that, in this meeting, ECFA is to be included on the agenda, and in this rally, the DPP will also urge the government to break the larger black box surrounding ECFA’s contents. The Break the Black Box and Protect our Rice Bowl Rally will start gathering the afternoon of Dec. 20 at 2:30 p.m at two different starting points in Taichung City. The march will start at 3:30 p.m., and it will be divided into two groups; one the Black Box Group and the second the Protect Rice Bowl Group. The event will end with an evening rally at 7:30 p.m.

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DECEMBER 2009

DPP statement by Chair Dr. Tsai Ing-wen after Dec. 5th county and city elections
The following is the full text of Chair Tsai Ingwen’s comments at the press conference held after the county and city election results had been announced on Dec. 5. “For the DPP, this represents a positive result, which is also an important step forward for a renewed DPP. We must make special attention that with the KMT’s frequent vote-buying and smearing campaign, the disproportional amount of resources and party assets, we fought an 'asymmetric battle'. With this kind of improvement, we won a hard-earned victory, representing that society is reaffirming their support for the DPP in local governance and their approval of our reform and reflective spirit. “We will take the most humble approach to welcome this new result. Especially, the victory in Ilan County is of great significance because it shows us that the people are ready to trust us again and that the DPP is able to regain its passion and earn more self-confidence. “However, this election result is only a small step, and we must not remain selfcomplacent. We took the right step to rebound from the bottom, but we have not gathered enough strength to shake the entire pan-blue structure. There is still a long way ahead to achieve our goals. “I would like to emphasize that unity is how the DPP has been able to get through this difficult period, and in the future, we must remain even more united. The road to the future is still far ahead and we must treasure this progress in order to achieve the next victory. “The most significant factor in this election is the vote of no-confidence towards the Ma administration during this past year. It doesn’t matter that the KMT is trying to separate government efficiency with election results because even with their majority governance, they weren’t able to increase their seats. In the past year, the failure of its economic policies, the damage to our country’s dignity and the incompetence of senior government officials have exceeded the limits of what the people are willing to accept. We believe that the KMT must carefully interpret the results of this election and un... continued on the next page

“I would like to first offer my sincere thanks to the people who voted for the DPP today. You [the voters] made the right choice. Every vote represented a vote of encouragement and it also gave us the strength to move forward. I guarantee that we will work even harder in the future. “In this election, the DPP’s three incumbent candidates were successfully re-elected. In addition, the DPP once again regained the administration of Ilan County. In regards to the support rate, there was a considerable increase from the past elections (the support rate of the county and city election four years ago was 38.2% and 39.5% in last year’s presidential election). This time, the DPP achieved approximately 45% to 46% of support rate. Even though we lost some counties and cities, the difference between each opponent was very close.

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DECEMBER 2009

DPP Chair Tsai leads delegation to Japan
DPP Chair Dr. Tsai Ing-Wen led a delegation to Tokyo, Japan for a three day visit, Dec. 13 to 16. In Japan, Chair Tsai held meetings with members of parliament from Japan’s Diet and leaders from several major political parties. She also met with DPP supporters residing in Japan, delivering a speech about the recent election results. During the organization of this Japan visit, China’s intelligence in Japan found out Chair Tsai’s schedule, and immediately started to try to block the visit. Prior to Tsai’s visit, Foreign Ministry Spokesperson Jiang Yu said in a press conference, “China has consistently and firmly opposed ‘Taiwan independence’ elements like Tsai Ing-wen visiting countries that have diplomatic relations with China”. The DPP believes this press conference was used as a warning by the Chinese government to intimidate Japan, and the DPP extremely regrets China using these methods to suppress Taiwan’s international space. “China is way off the mark in thinking that they can interfere with the foreign relations of Japan with Taiwan,” said Bi-khim Hsiao, director of the DPP’s Department of International Affairs in a press conference as a response to China’s comments. “They have no right to give any directions or commands on how Chair Tsai conducts our party’s international relations. “What China has done is consistently and deliberately suppressing Taiwan’s international space, shrinking Taiwan’s range in international diplomacy. This time, in pointing their comments towards the Japanese government regarding what type of person should visit Japan, is even more outrageous,” Hsiao said. Bi-khim Hsiao further stated that Chair Tsai’s trip was to strengthen the DPP’s relations with Japan. In the last few months before the Dec. 5th election, the Ma administration has handled Taiwan-Japan relations in a passive manner, especially in not answering the recent doubts over the reason why Japan’s representative in Taiwan, Masaki Saito, resigned. This visit is Chair Tsai’s second visit to Japan this year. The DPP believes that more interaction between political parties and civic society will help improve Japan-Taiwan relations.

...DPP statement from the Dec. 5th elections
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derstand the message that the people are sending them. If Ma’s administration continues to separate itself from the people, relying on financial resources and factional politics to buy elections, the people will respond with an even larger-scale backlash.

“Finally, we must thank all the people that came out to help in this election, including Former Chairpersons Lin, Hsieh, Su, You, Vice President Lu and our legislators. This election achievement was the result of a united front. Without unity, there is no victory. Solidarity is the party’s energy for progress.” PAGE 6

DECEMBER 2009

DPP statement concerning the November U.S.-China Joint Statement
Below is the DPP’s statement regarding the U.S.-China Joint Statement made on November 17. Concerning the failure to include the Taiwan Relations Act in the U.S.-China Joint Statement following the meeting between U.S. President Obama and Chinese President Hu Jintao, the DPP makes the following statement: First, in the second point of the joint declaration, "Building and Deepening Bilateral Strategic Trust", both sides underscored the importance of the Taiwan issue in U.S.-China relations. The U.S. stated that it "follows its one China policy and abides by the principles of the three U.S.-China joint communiques", but there is no mention of the Taiwan Relations Act’s concern for security in the Taiwan Strait. Past public statements made by the U.S. government regarding the issue of the Taiwan Strait have never deviated from the Three Communiques and the Taiwan Relations Act. Even though President Obama mentioned both during his press conference statement, this does not make up for the regretful failure to include the Taiwan Relations Act in the Joint Statement. The DPP believes this is a step back from the U.S.' previous standpoints. We request that the Ma Administration take full responsibility and that the Ministry of Foreign Affairs request a clarification from the U.S. government as well as a remedy. Secondly the Joint Statement declares, "The United States welcomes the peaceful development of relations across the Taiwan Strait and looks forward to efforts by both sides to increase dialogues and interactions in economic, political, and other fields, and develop more positive and stable cross-Strait relations." The DPP has always supported cross-strait exchanges, but in regards to political exchanges, they must be carried out without political preconditions and with a domestic consensus as the foundation to openly and wholeheartedly carry out substantive dialogue and interaction. Presently, China holds to the "One China" precondition, which negates Taiwan's sovereignty, places all manner of restrictions on Taiwan, and irrationally demands political interaction between both sides. These actions show that China cannot accept the mainstream opinion of our democratic Taiwan society.

DEMOCRACY & PROGRESS
PUBLISHED BY: Department of International Affairs Democratic Progressive Party 9F, No. 30, Pei-Ping East Road, Taipei, Taiwan Tel: 886-2-2392-9989 ext. 306 Fax: 886-2-2393-0342 Email: foreign@dpp.org.tw Website: http://www.dpp.org.tw

DIRECTOR: Bikhim Hsiao DEPUTY DIRECTORS: Huang Chih-ta Hsieh Huai-hui EDITOR-IN-CHIEF: Michael J. Fonte EDITOR: Ping-Ya Hsu

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DECEMBER 2009

DPP Chair Tsai Ing-wen’s remarks at the Foreign Correspondents Club of Japan

DPP Chair Tsai Ing-wen Remarks at the Foreign Correspondents Club of Japan, December 15, 2009

or not we would have a chance to rise again. Our defeats last year in both the parliamentary and presidential elections had devastated our confidence, and “Pio, Friends of the For- we have been working against eign Correspondents Club of all odds to re-build the party. Japan, Fortunately, our faith in democ“Thanks to Pio for invit- racy has prevailed, and we have ing me to meet the press here taken the first major step in our today. It is certainly my pleas- party’s recovery by making sigure to be in Japan once again, nificant gains in recent local the second visit since taking elections, reaching over 45% of over the leadership of the the total vote share, a record Democratic Progressive Party. high for us among the 17 coun“When I visited this ties and cities that were up for March, the DPP was struggling election. with uncertainty as to whether

“So we are able to come here with a smile, but I must say that whether we are in government or in opposition, and whether we are in good times or bad times, our commitment to the fundamental values that our party represents, and our faith in Taiwan’s democracy remains. Some people interpret the election as a vote of no-confidence against the Ma administration, but we know that the rise of the DPP must depend not only on the failures of the KMT government, but on the soundness of our policies, the strength of our own unity, and the restoraPAGE 8

tion of confidence and trust by our people. “Therefore throughout my meetings here in Japan, I have shared with my Japanese political colleagues my thoughts and analyses of the changing political landscape in Taiwan. I have assured our friends that as long as the DPP continues to build internal unity and develop sound, responsible policies, we are confident that we will gradually win over the support of the Taiwanese people once more. “My visit to Japan also illustrates my party’s longstanding commitment to promoting and deepening the friendship between Taiwan and Japan. The change of government in Japan a few months ago is a step forward in strengthening multi-party democracy in Japan. We have friends in the LDP, DPJ and other major parties in Japan. I am unable to go into details now, but we have had meetings with friends several political parties on this trip. We hope that the bilateral relationship will continue to flourish based on the common interests of our two countries, across partisan lines and regardless of which party is in government. In Taiwan, we have many disagreements with the KMT, but in regards to promoting relations with Japan, the DPP is willing to work with our government representatives in doing whatever is needed to further deepen and strengthen this very much valued bilateral relationship. “This is a bilateral relationship that is important for Taiwan. Significant economic and trade ties, as well as historical and cultural ties have made Japan the top country with the most favorable image among Taiwanese people, according to polls. But more importantly, we believe that the Japan-US alliance is the cornerstone for peace and stability in the Asia Pacific region, and we, among many Asians, have expectations that the strength of the alliance will continue. We also have great hopes that Japan will play a proactive and positive leadership role in Asia. “Therefore we observe with interest the proposal of the idea of an East Asian Community. From a Taiwanese standpoint, our critical questions are whether that idea includes Taiwan and what it means for the role of our friend the United States in Asia. We hope to continue our dialogue on these issues with our friends here in Japan, and we hope that our Japanese friends will continue to appreciate the importance of supporting the integration of a free, democratic, and Japanfriendly Taiwan in any kind of Asian regional mechanism. “We realize that the rise of Chinese political, military and economic influence in the world will have an important impact in Asia. Taiwan and Japan have a common interest to ensure that China’s rise does not

DECEMBER 2009 upset the stability of the region, and that our common democratic values and the sentiments of the people are respected in the process. While engaging with China in economic, climate and other issues, we must keep in mind that uncertainties exist regarding the course of China’s political and economic evolution, and we must be prepared to hedge against the possibility that development is not as smooth as anticipated. Such uncertainties, added to the rapidly changing region as a whole, warrant closer cooperation and constant communication between us. Thus Japan’s support for Taiwan’s integration into the various regional frameworks is of utmost importance. “As Taiwan’s largest opposition party, we will continue to play the role of defending and protecting the interests of the Taiwanese people. At the same time, we understand that to do so we must work to promote Taiwan’s international competitiveness and ensure that Taiwan has a role in the most progressive trends of globalization. We appeal to our friends in Japan, in the spirit of cooperation and common interest, to continue to work with us in not only strengthening our bilateral relationship, but in supporting Taiwan’s space and participation in the region. “I look forward to your questions and comments."

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