Biology 2A03 – Lab 1 Human Nutrition

Winter Term – 2011

This lab chapter was developed by and is the property of the Biology Department, McMaster University. Unauthorized copying of this laboratory chapter in its entirety or part is prohibited without permission of the Biology Department, McMaster University

BIOLOGY 2A03 – LAB 1
HUMAN NUTRITION – TOTAL BODY ENERGY BALANCE
Note: This is a semi (or partial)-formal lab report, due at the START of your next lab class, January 24 – 28 or Jan. 31 – Feb. 4. Hand your lab report in to your TA. It is your responsibility to ensure that your lab report is complete and handed in on time. Late lab reports will not be marked and will receive a grade of zero. If you miss attending lab 1, this lab report is still due at the start of lab 2. A note from the dean’s office may give you an extension on the due date for lab 1 but does not excuse you from handing in this lab report. If you are sick on the date of lab 2, you will have to obtain an approved dean’s note or complete the McMaster Student Absence Form to excuse you from attending lab 2 and to grant you an extension on the due date for lab 1. Objectives: To evaluate the adequacy (or inadequacy!) of your diet by careful monitoring of daily food consumption. Note: Reading from textbook that might be helpful: Ch.7 pages 180-189 (2nd edition); Ch. 21 pages 606-615 (3rd edition)

Total body energy balance means that the total energy expenditures of the body, whether by external work, energy storage, or production of internal heat, must be equal to the total body energy intake in the form of food. ENERGY INTAKE =
(From food intake)

INTERNAL HEAT + PRODUCED

ENERGY STORAGE

Most of us actually eat a reasonable healthy diet by a combination of conscious motivation and subconscious physiological controls. A few of us eat a nutritionally poor diet and pay the consequences. In this lab, you will survey your own diet and compare it to both recommended standards and your own estimated energy expenditure as they are subject to many inaccuracies due to the need for estimating or “guesstimating”. Furthermore, you will only monitor total kilocalorie and protein intake. It is possible that a diet adequate in proteins and kilocalories may be inadequate in minerals or vitamins; however this is highly unlikely unless your diet is unusual (e.g., all your protein comes from vegetables, or all your calories come from beer!). A) CALORIC INTAKE Note: Be careful in your use of the term “calorie”. A calorie is the amount of heat needed to raise the temperature of 1g of H2O by 1 °C. The energy content of food molecules is generally expressed in the kilocalories (i.e., 1000 calorie units). However, nutritionists use
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Note: This is a semi-formal lab report, due at the START of your next lab class, January 24 – 28 or Jan. 31 – Feb. 4. Hand your lab report in to your TA. It is your responsibility to ensure that your lab report is complete and handed in on time. Late lab reports will not be marked and will receive a grade of zero.

4536 kg). Calorie.S. McMaster University. Two useful web sites with more detailed information. The amount of total intake which should be from protein is at least 1g/kg body weight. try to “guesstimate “your portions as accurately as possible. Nutrient Data Laboratory. (Note: This figure takes into account the fact that protein is not fully oxidized in metabolism and that absorption of protein is not 100%).Biology 2A03 – Lab 1 Human Nutrition Winter Term – 2011 This lab chapter was developed by and is the property of the Biology Department. You can access the information you need online. keep a record of all the foods you eat. both by type and by amount using the forms provided. 31 – Feb. Using these units. Of course. written with a capital “C” means 1000 calories or 1 kilocalorie. the food energy (kilocalories) and protein content of most common foods are listed. . It is your responsibility to ensure that your lab report is complete and handed in on time. Maryland) 2. 1. 4. especially for unusual foods is: http://www. Late lab reports will not be marked and will receive a grade of zero. Similarly a healthy 25 year-old female of average build and weighing 55kg should have a daily intake of 2300 kilocalories. not all foods will be listed in the tables.gc. don’t modify your habits because of this survey). (attached Nutrient data from U.pdf (Health Canada) Note: You do not need to download and print documents from these web sites in their entirety. whatever you would normally eat. due at the START of your next lab class. For a period of three days. McMaster University the term Calorie to mean kilocalorie. The measures or portions are largely listed in the tables. The National Research Council recommends that a healthy 25 year-old male of average build and weighing 65 kg should have a daily intake of 3200 kilocalories.nal. 2 of 18 Note: This is a semi-formal lab report.usda.hc-sc. to determine what your caloric intake should be (1 lb = 0. Unauthorized copying of this laboratory chapter in its entirety or part is prohibited without permission of the Biology Department. In the accompanying tables (posted as a separate pdf file on ELM).. These will be demonstrated in the lab for those unfamiliar with these units. Hand your lab report in to your TA. Agricultural Research Service. Try to eat a normal diet (i. From the record compiled in the charts. calculate your average daily intake of total kilocalories and of protein alone. in units of “cups” or “oz”. Apply your weight to the appropriate graph (SEE SUBSEQUENT PAGE). and for these you will just have to use your common sensed to choose the best “equivalents” for purposes of calculation.ca/fn-an/alt_formats/hpfb-dgpsa/pdf/nutrition/nvscf-vnqau-eng. January 24 – 28 or Jan. Department of Agriculture.e.0 kilocalories.gov/fnic/foodcomp/search/ (USDA) http://www. Beltsville. How much of our daily caloric intake comes from proteins? The caloric equivalent of 1 gm protein is 4.

Hand your lab report in to your TA. weight and sex of that individual. McMaster University.25 h TOTAL 24 h Individuals performing the same activities do not necessarily expend the same amount of energy in that performance. 4. Sample record Sleeping 8. B) ENERGY EXPENDITURES Keep a record of your activities for 1 of the 3 days (we only ask for 1 day here as it can be very tedious). due at the START of your next lab class. which in turn varies with body surface area as determined by the height. lying still 0.25 h Driving 1. Was this typical of the three? If not.00 h Swimming 1. 3 of 18 Note: This is a semi-formal lab report. Caloric expenditure during any activity varies as a multiple of the basal metabolism of the individual. 31 – Feb.50 h Lab Work 2. Late lab reports will not be marked and will receive a grade of zero.75 h Eating 1.50 h Typing 1. It is your responsibility to ensure that your lab report is complete and handed in on time. .75 h Dressing 0.50 h Awake.00 h Standing 1. Section B will relate your activity level to caloric intake.25 h Running 0.25 h Walking slowly 1.Biology 2A03 – Lab 1 Human Nutrition Winter Term – 2011 This lab chapter was developed by and is the property of the Biology Department.00 h Taking notes 4. adjust the figures to be representative of a “typical” day. McMaster University All these figures are for a “fairly active” person and would have to be adjusted upwards or downwards for very active and inactive people. January 24 – 28 or Jan. Unauthorized copying of this laboratory chapter in its entirety or part is prohibited without permission of the Biology Department.

. but at absolute rest. It is your responsibility to ensure that your lab report is complete and handed in on time. 4. height and weight using the tables provided. Record the most appropriate basal metabolism value from the table below for your age and sex. McMaster University The Basal Metabolic Rate (BMR) may be defined as the energy required to maintain body functions while awake. however. Late lab reports will not be marked and will receive a grade of zero. you will be measuring O2 consumption rates in mice in order to estimate metabolic rate. January 24 – 28 or Jan. BMR may be obtained clinically by the measurement of O2 consumption following a night of restful sleep and a 12-hour period of fasting. (Note: In a later lab (lab 5). approximately 4. Hand your lab report in to your TA. and after a period of fasting long enough to avoid the specific dynamic action of food intake on metabolism. Unauthorized copying of this laboratory chapter in its entirety or part is prohibited without permission of the Biology Department.8 kilocalories of stored chemical energy are liberated from the molecules being oxidized). McMaster University. For every 1 litre of O2 consumed.Biology 2A03 – Lab 1 Human Nutrition Winter Term – 2011 This lab chapter was developed by and is the property of the Biology Department. A reasonable estimate. 31 – Feb. of BMR can be obtained from a simple calculation based on age. due at the START of your next lab class. A= kilocalories/square metre/hour 4 of 18 Note: This is a semi-formal lab report.

1 35. due at the START of your next lab class.2 35.0 35.3 35. Hand your lab report in to your TA.2 39. Unauthorized copying of this laboratory chapter in its entirety or part is prohibited without permission of the Biology Department. McMaster University.2 38.Biology 2A03 – Lab 1 Human Nutrition Winter Term – 2011 This lab chapter was developed by and is the property of the Biology Department. kilocalories/hour (BMR) .0 Note: If your particular age lies outside this table. AXB= 5 of 18 Note: This is a semi-formal lab report.5 39. Record your body surface area according to your weight and height from the chart below.8 40. A ruler placed on your height in the left hand column and on your weight in the right hand column will pass through the correct surface area in the middle column B = m2 Multiply: A X B to find the basal metabolic rate for you.9 39. 31 – Feb.2 35.4 35. It is your responsibility to ensure that your lab report is complete and handed in on time.5 39.0 38. McMaster University Basal Metabolism Values (kilocalories/m2/hr) Age 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 Males 40.8 35.7 38.0 Females 35. consult the Figure below. Late lab reports will not be marked and will receive a grade of zero.1 35. January 24 – 28 or Jan. 4.4 38.2 35.

31 – Feb. It is your responsibility to ensure that your lab report is complete and handed in on time. If he was 6’5” tall and weighed 163 lbs. . McMaster University. you will determine the energy you expend in kilocalories/hour over your 24 hour day. due at the START of your next lab class.9 X 1.8kCal/hr. Late lab reports will not be marked and will receive a grade of zero. January 24 – 28 or Jan. Hand your lab report in to your TA.Biology 2A03 – Lab 1 Human Nutrition Winter Term – 2011 This lab chapter was developed by and is the property of the Biology Department.. McMaster University By applying your BMR to each of the appropriate values in energy expenditure table. Unauthorized copying of this laboratory chapter in its entirety or part is prohibited without permission of the Biology Department.7 = 67. NOMOGRAM FOR THE CALCULATION OF BODY SURFACE AREA 6 of 18 Note: This is a semi-formal lab report. For example: The basal metabolism value of a 20 year old male is 39. His BMR would be 39.9 kCal/m2/hr (A). 4. his body surface area would be 1.7 square meters (B).

4. the energy he would expend would be: 67. Unauthorized copying of this laboratory chapter in its entirety or part is prohibited without permission of the Biology Department. McMaster University. Hand your lab report in to your TA. due at the START of your next lab class. 31 – Feb. McMaster University While washing the dishes for 15 minutes.25** = 37. January 24 – 28 or Jan. Late lab reports will not be marked and will receive a grade of zero.2* X 0. .Biology 2A03 – Lab 1 Human Nutrition Winter Term – 2011 This lab chapter was developed by and is the property of the Biology Department. Sum the figures to find the average daily energy expenditure.3 kcal *see table of activities on the next page for source ** one quarter of one hour Calculate from the table on the following page (use common sense and “guesstimate” for unlisted items) what your energy expenditure is in kilocalories for each of the activity periods. 7 of 18 Note: This is a semi-formal lab report. It is your responsibility to ensure that your lab report is complete and handed in on time.8 X 2.

sweeping or cleaning house Walking fast Dancing (moderate speed) Walking downstairs Moderate exercising Laboratory work Cleaning windows Horseback riding – moderate speed Swimming .2 x B. 3.M.M.M.1 x B.M.R.5 x B.M.0 x B. 1. homework • and eating • and typing (rapidly) Standing relaxed Dressing and undressing Driving an automobile Dishwashing.R. 7.7 x B.R.M. It is your responsibility to ensure that your lab report is complete and handed in on time.M.M.R.0 x B.M.M.M.R.R.M. 1. 8.M.4 x B.M.R.8 x B.R. 2.1 x B.R.R.6 x B.R.R. . Multiplier 1.6 x B. Hand your lab report in to your TA.R.M.6 x B.R. 4.R. 7. McMaster University Light Activities Sleep Awake.R.2 x B.R.6 x B. due at the START of your next lab class.R. etc.M. 4.M. Playing cards Walking slowly Bicycling (for fun) Light exercising Moderate Activities Vacuuming. 2. Unauthorized copying of this laboratory chapter in its entirety or part is prohibited without permission of the Biology Department.M. January 24 – 28 or Jan. 1.M.R.3 x B.M. 31 – Feb.0 x B.0 x B. 6. 8.M. 2.M. MULTIPLIER 4.R.0 x B. 7. 4.R.R.R.0 x B.3 x B. 3.R.2 x B.recreational Sawing wood Skating .M. B. 8.0 x B.M.02 Cal/kg/15 steps 5. Late lab reports will not be marked and will receive a grade of zero.R.R. 8 of 18 Note: This is a semi-formal lab report.5 x B. ironing.8 x B.M. 8.M.R.M.M.R.R.2 x B.R. lying still Sitting • at rest • and reading • and writing or taking notes. 6. 2. 2.M. 1. 1.recreational Bicycling – moderate Jogging Shoveling snow B.M.6 x B. 0.Biology 2A03 – Lab 1 Human Nutrition Winter Term – 2011 This lab chapter was developed by and is the property of the Biology Department. 2.0 x B.2 x B. 3. McMaster University.

R. 31 – Feb. In your Discussion you will be comparing these two values.8 x B. translate the imbalance into a rate of weight gain or weight loss. 19.0 x B.4 kilocalories/gm but adipose tissue contains approximately 10% water).M. 22. 0. Late lab reports will not be marked and will receive a grade of zero.M.0 x B.R. If you are further than 10% of total kilocalories/day from balance. 17.7 x B.R. 30. MULTIPLIER 12. If we assume that the weight gain or loss is in the form of fat (adipose tissue).07 Cal/kg/15 steps 15.M.0 x B.M.0 x B.R. due at the START of your next lab class. McMaster University.0 x B. 45.R.0 x B.R. It is your responsibility to ensure that your lab report is complete and handed in on time.racing Skiing Horseback riding – hard Swimming – racing Exercising – heavy Fencing Football Boxing B.Biology 2A03 – Lab 1 Human Nutrition Winter Term – 2011 This lab chapter was developed by and is the property of the Biology Department. January 24 – 28 or Jan. 20. a reasonable conversion factor is 8 kilocalories/gm of tissue (the caloric value of pure fat is about . Hand your lab report in to your TA.R 18. 25. 43. 20.8 x B.M. +/.M. 4.M. 37.0 x B.M.0 x B.M.5 x B.M.MR.R.R.R.R. .M.M. 9 of 18 Note: This is a semi-formal lab report.M.R.R. Unauthorized copying of this laboratory chapter in its entirety or part is prohibited without permission of the Biology Department. In your Results you will be reporting on your daily average intake and expenditure. McMaster University Heavy Activities Rowing Walking upstairs Dancing – fast Playing ping-pong seriously Skating – speed skating Gardening – digging Bicycling .0 x B.9.10% of total kilocalories/day is probably an insignificant deviation from balance given the inaccuracies in the methods.

Biology 2A03 – Lab 1 Human Nutrition Winter Term – 2011 This lab chapter was developed by and is the property of the Biology Department. McMaster University. 4. . Unauthorized copying of this laboratory chapter in its entirety or part is prohibited without permission of the Biology Department. It is your responsibility to ensure that your lab report is complete and handed in on time. Hand your lab report in to your TA. 31 – Feb. Late lab reports will not be marked and will receive a grade of zero. McMaster University KILOCALORIE INTAKE CHART Include this chart in your Appendix DAY 1 Type of Food Measure Quantity (g) Protein (g) Total kilocalories Protein kilocalories Total Caloric Intake 10 of 18 Note: This is a semi-formal lab report. due at the START of your next lab class. January 24 – 28 or Jan.

McMaster University KILOCALORIE INTAKE CHART Include this chart in your Appendix DAY 2 Type of Food Measure Quantity (g) Protein (g) Total kilocalories Protein kilocalories Total Caloric Intake 11 of 18 Note: This is a semi-formal lab report.Biology 2A03 – Lab 1 Human Nutrition Winter Term – 2011 This lab chapter was developed by and is the property of the Biology Department. 31 – Feb. January 24 – 28 or Jan. McMaster University. Hand your lab report in to your TA. 4. It is your responsibility to ensure that your lab report is complete and handed in on time. Late lab reports will not be marked and will receive a grade of zero. . due at the START of your next lab class. Unauthorized copying of this laboratory chapter in its entirety or part is prohibited without permission of the Biology Department.

Biology 2A03 – Lab 1 Human Nutrition Winter Term – 2011 This lab chapter was developed by and is the property of the Biology Department. January 24 – 28 or Jan. . 4. McMaster University KILOCALORIE INTAKE CHART Include this chart in your Appendix DAY 3 Type of Food Measure Quantity (g) Protein (g) Total kilocalories Protein kilocalories Total Caloric Intake 12 of 18 Note: This is a semi-formal lab report. 31 – Feb. Unauthorized copying of this laboratory chapter in its entirety or part is prohibited without permission of the Biology Department. Hand your lab report in to your TA. McMaster University. Late lab reports will not be marked and will receive a grade of zero. It is your responsibility to ensure that your lab report is complete and handed in on time. due at the START of your next lab class.

translate the imbalance into a rate of weight gain or weight loss. What happens to proteins (amino acids) when you are in an anabolic versus a catabolic state? 5 3 3 NOTE: Theory questions = 25 marks. due at the START of your next lab class. It is your responsibility to ensure that your lab report is complete and handed in on time. Late lab reports will not be marked and will receive a grade of zero. Hand your lab report in to your TA. . This is not a sexist attitude. January 24 – 28 or Jan. Unauthorized copying of this laboratory chapter in its entirety or part is prohibited without permission of the Biology Department.10% of total kilocalories/day is probably an insignificant deviation from balance given the inaccuracies in the methods. Discuss reasons for this briefly. Notice that at several points in the calculations the expectation we have for females are different from those we have for males. a reasonable conversion factor is 8 kilocalories/gm of tissue (the caloric value of pure fat is about . If we assume that the weight gain or loss is in the form of fat (adipose tissue). 31 – Feb. what errors might occur in the assumptions we have made so far. Why do the Basal metabolism values change with age? 1 9 1 How does your average daily expenditure compare with your 3 average daily energy intake calculated in section A2? Are you in energy balance? +/. TA will have 15 discretionary marks for the Discussion section. 13 of 18 Note: This is a semi-formal lab report. In particular. Discuss any other factors which must be taken into account to construct a more accurate energy balance sheet. 4. McMaster University. If you are further than 10% of total kilocalories/day from balance.9. in physiological terms. McMaster University QUESTIONS TO BE ANSWERED & DISCUSSED IN YOUR DISCUSSION SECTION: Mark Value for each question: Questions to be answered in the Discussion Section: Why does BMR vary with surface area? What physiological factors might be responsible for differences in BMR between individuals? In your report list and explain 3 factors that might be responsible for differences in BMR between individuals.4 kilocalories/gm but adipose tissue contains approximately 10% water).Biology 2A03 – Lab 1 Human Nutrition Winter Term – 2011 This lab chapter was developed by and is the property of the Biology Department.

Due Date. Your TA’s name & lab section. Page limit rules: Font Helvetica or Arial.g.biologists. How well is the data recorded? Description of results as trends BUT NO INTERPRETATION.titles. text labeling. Many students find keeping to the page limit difficult but it can be done. descriptive legends. References in text. should you adjust your activity level of your diet or compensate? Will you do it? If you don’t. grant applications and bids for contractual work all require the applicants to keep to page and word limits. excessive data should be put in the Appendix Graphs & Tables are not included in the page limit. It consists of some but NOT ALL of the features of a formal lab report. Late lab reports will not be marked and will receive a grade of zero. Margins 50 pt top. graphs and references are done. Printing double sided is a great idea to save paper but you cannot exceed the page limit by handing in 2 pages of double sided text and have it count as 2 pages of single sided. If you have questions you may find it useful to browse through an issue of this journal to see how tables. preparing the figures. Appendices. McMaster University CONCLUSIONS – Questions to answer in your conclusion section: Is your diet adequate in terms of both calories and protein? In not. It is your responsibility to ensure that your lab report is complete and handed in on time. You are to follow the style rules of the Journal of Experimental Biology. your name.5 spacing for all text. graphs and line art. . Unauthorized copying of this laboratory chapter in its entirety or part is prohibited without permission of the Biology Department. 4. Page limits are set for each section of your lab report. The rule for authors submitting articles to this journal have been posted online for you. Results) and use it for Discussion. what do you predict will be the long term physiological consequences? (5 MARKS) SEMI-FORMAL LAB REPORT: Lab 1 is a “semi or partial -formal” lab report. Many of the instructions will not apply but pay particular attention to the instructions for: Text. x & y axis have titles. id #. Hand your lab report in to your TA. 14 of 18 Note: This is a semi-formal lab report. You cannot save space in one section (e.Biology 2A03 – Lab 1 Human Nutrition Winter Term – 2011 This lab chapter was developed by and is the property of the Biology Department. Writing scientific papers requires you to be brief and to the point. Results (Page limit 2) How well is the data recorded? Requested calculations done correctly? Description of results (but no interpretation)? Data presentation .html.com/web/submissions/jeb_information. left. Any text that exceeds the page limit will not be marked by your TA. Scientific journals. bottom. You can also check the rules at: http://www. size 12.tables & graphs. 31 – Feb. Reference list. No specific marks attached to a title page but it can gain you marks in Style/Layout. 1. A semi-formal lab report will consist of the following sections: Cover or Title Page – with Lab Report title. and right. McMaster University. January 24 – 28 or Jan. due at the START of your next lab class.

Calculations go in the Appendix. calculations go here References (Page limit = 1) References should be in a suitable scientific journal format. any excessive data. statements of facts should be referenced. Mark values have be given to the theory questions. tables i. January 24 – 28 or Jan. Discussion comes under Discussion. Do not use internet sources OR Wikipedia.5) Raw data sheets. Late lab reports will not be marked and will receive a grade of zero. Excluding the text (OR OTHER PHYSIOLOGY TEXTS) & lecture notes. Hand your lab report in to your TA. Unauthorized copying of this laboratory chapter in its entirety or part is prohibited without permission of the Biology Department. DISCUSSION (Page limit = 2): Answer all questions. (hint – fewer is better so consolidate your data). McMaster University Things to focus on (especially since this is your first lab report in Biology 2A03): ∗ ∗ ∗ ∗ ∗ How to present the data – tables. 15 of 18 Note: This is a semi-formal lab report. Follow the instructions for the Journal of Experimental Biology. graphs go in the Appendix Format of graphs.Biology 2A03 – Lab 1 Human Nutrition Winter Term – 2011 This lab chapter was developed by and is the property of the Biology Department. CONCLUSION (Page limit = 0. Use peer reviewed scientific references. It is your responsibility to ensure that your lab report is complete and handed in on time. NOT THE EXPECTED RESULTS. ACCURATE INTERPRETATION OF YOUR RESULTS. linear graphs? Which format best suits the type of date you have? How many tables & graphs. due at the START of your next lab class. 31 – Feb.e. 3 days of diet record (3) and one day’s worth of activity (2). APPENDIX (Page limit = 4 . bar graphs. Raw data from the lab & excess tables. This lab outline has specific questions for you to answer in your Conclusions section. (Note – you may use restaurant or food product web sites for calorie calculations but these do not count as scientific references to be cited in your Discussion section). Answer all (or most) of the questions in the lab manual in this section here unless they are calculations. how to set up x. Calculations – explanation of calculations belong in the Appendix. y axis & titles. No discussion of what the results mean – just the facts as you see them. 4. put the results of the calculations in the Results sections as tables or graphs. . For lab 1 the theory questions will total 25 out of the potential 40 marks for the Discussion section. The remaining 15 marks will be awarded at the discretion of the TA. For style refer to Journal of Experimental Biology instructions to authors.5 = 1) What conclusions can you draw from this study? What recommendations can you make based on your data? References to back up your conclusions may be required. at least 5 required. McMaster University.

4. Unauthorized copying of this laboratory chapter in its entirety or part is prohibited without permission of the Biology Department. due at the START of your next lab class. January 24 – 28 or Jan. McMaster University You will also be marked on your style. It is your responsibility to ensure that your lab report is complete and handed in on time.Biology 2A03 – Lab 1 Human Nutrition Winter Term – 2011 This lab chapter was developed by and is the property of the Biology Department. the layout of your report. McMaster University. 31 – Feb. Include this chart as the last page(s) of your lab report. If you neglect to include this chart. . the overall impression of your report and spelling. you will lose marks in the Style/layout/overall impression category. Hand your lab report in to your TA. 16 of 18 Note: This is a semi-formal lab report. Late lab reports will not be marked and will receive a grade of zero. The following pages have a chart the TA’s will use to summarize the marking of your lab report.

descriptive legends. Page Length 1 TA Comments Mark 2 /40 2 ½ -1 /40 /5 1 Any text exceeding these page limits will not be marked by your TA! Text must be Helvetica or Arial 12 pt. Biology guidelines for table or graph titles and numbers. 1. How well is the data recorded? Description of results as trends BUT NO INTERPRETATION. x & y axis have titles. ACCURATE INTERPRETATION OF YOUR RESULTS. Answer all questions. Limit the number of tables or graphs by combining data into fewer tables/graphs. worth 5%): Attach this marking chart to your lab report Title Page – Title of lab report. Marking Category Results How well is the data recorded? Requested calculations done correctly? Description of results (but no interpretation)? Data presentation . McMaster University. deduct marks for excess pages.5 spacing 17 of 18 Note: This is a semi-formal lab report. 31 – Feb. date of lab & due date. McMaster University Biology 2A03 Lab Report 1 Marking (Semi-Formal Lab Report. It is your responsibility to ensure that your lab report is complete and handed in on time. Conclusions (5%) What conclusions can you draw from this study? What recommendations can you make based on your data? References to back up your conclusions may be required. id #. Hand your lab report in to your TA. January 24 – 28 or Jan. NOT THE EXPECTED RESULTS Answer all questions in the lab manual in this section here.tables & graphs. lab section. Include this chart at the end of your report. 4. Graphs & Tables are not included in the page limit. statements of facts should be referenced. Unauthorized copying of this laboratory chapter in its entirety or part is prohibited without permission of the Biology Department. . Discussion 40% 2 pages maximum. of Exp. TA’s name.Biology 2A03 – Lab 1 Human Nutrition Winter Term – 2011 This lab chapter was developed by and is the property of the Biology Department. due at the START of your next lab class. Late lab reports will not be marked and will receive a grade of zero. excessive data should be put in the Appendix.titles. your name. Follow the J.

excluding the text & lecture notes. id #.biologists. 1. McMaster University. It is your responsibility to ensure that your lab report is complete and handed in on time. A2 etc.com/web/submissions/jeb_information. any excessive data. 3 days of diet record (3) and one day’s worth of activity (2). Do not use internet sources OR Wikipedia. to differentiate them from tables & graphs in the Results section.html Style. Label tables & Graphs in the Appendix with A1. at least 5 required. McMaster University Biology 2A03 Lab Report 1 Marking (Semi-Formal Lab Report. References 5% References should be in a suitable scientific journal format. Use peer reviewed scientific references. lab section.Biology 2A03 – Lab 1 Human Nutrition Winter Term – 2011 This lab chapter was developed by and is the property of the Biology Department.5 spaced Marking chart included with lab report (marks lost if not included) /5 LAB REPORT TOTAL = % 1 Any text exceeding these page limits will not be marked by your TA! Text must be Helvetica or Arial 12 pt. Include this chart at the end of your report. your name. date of lab & due date. January 24 – 28 or Jan. worth 5%): Attach this marking chart to your lab report Title Page – Title of lab report. professional looking? logical statements? Use spell check * Font Helvetica or Arial. TA’s name. . Hand your lab report in to your TA. Unauthorized copying of this laboratory chapter in its entirety or part is prohibited without permission of the Biology Department. Layout. Marking Category Appendix 5% raw data sheets. For style refer to the Journal of Experimental Biology instructions to authors. due at the START of your next lab class. 1.5 spacing 18 of 18 Note: This is a semi-formal lab report. complete sentences (not in point form)? . Late lab reports will not be marked and will receive a grade of zero. 31 – Feb. 4. Page Length 1 TA Comments Mark 4 /5 1 /5 http://www. spelling.neatness of layout.grammar. Overall Impression /Spelling 5% .