nothing like the old detroits to teach you the color chart when it comes to smok e clear exhaust

= proper combustion light to moderate loads gray exhaust = proper combustion moderate to full rated load black smoke = overload, insufficient turbo boost, leaking intake loosing boost, incomplete combustion blue smoke = messed up injector tip, dribbling excess fuel, oil running out of p orts with airbox covers off causes, sometime loose injector body, bad tip/barrel assy, fu el is barely charred, thickened and remains look like motor oil running out of ports. white smoke, = over fuel, bad timeing, fuel isn't even charred, partial atomizat ion from some orifices and others just squirting a crude non atomized shot of fuel that cannot be ignited. the proof comes out when you are working commission for a living, it doesn't tak e long to learn from those that came before you what causes the different colors of smoke, and how best to address them. otherwi se you just spend a lot of time from a misdiagnosis that you don't get paid for. ask me how i know? ok, you asked Smiley 6v53 compressor engine, complete out of frame overhaul, done to factory standard s using all factor new and reman parts rebuild done, broken in properly and send back to its home location 500 miles aw ay a week later the engine is blowing heavy blue smoke out of one bank remove air box covers on bank that is smoking, find copious amounts of motor oil pumping up past the rings on center piston removed head, pan and cylinder kit, disassembled cyl kit, check for broken oil c ontro rings, all ok, wrist pin snap plug vacuum check no problems, reassembled and tested, same issue, tear down again, and reassemble d, same issue but more clean oil being pumped out past the rings while the enigne is running. finally check visc against motor oil found to be heavier than the 40weight engine oil??? hmmm how can that be same color, but visably heavier sent injector back to detroit for testing, found to have injector body overtorqu ed and internals damaged, no fuel control injector pouring fuel early into cylinder and fuel is fired just enough to thick en to the consistancy of ~50 weight motor oil! that cost me dearly in lost wages all for a piss poor factor reman injector that sold for 35 bucks exchange. many times over the years we would have engines such as small cam cummins come i n smoking white, and huffing detach exhaust manifold to determine cylinder, and have a face full of white col d smoke, diesel fuel based. generally the cause was attributed to a burned valve, bad injector or scorched p iston/liner causing insufficient compression to support ignition at all, resulting in white smoke.

. you learn very early on to look fo r the most plausible first and work your way through.now this is not to say we didn't see some engine's come in smoking white like a freight train with leaking intercoolers allowing water to go through. also it is very difficult to get water into a cylinder of a diesel engine. but when this was the case it was apparent what the issue was. but in all cases it was water that made it through a dead cylinder into a very h ot exhaust and flashed to steam. that is generally speaking there are exceptions to every rule of course. the c ompression is quite high so to get there it generally will come in through the i ntake via a bad intercooler core. not generally through a cracked head or leakin g gskt. th e telltale sweet smell and resultant sweet aftertaste on your lips from being around it.