Key points of the budget: The government is very keen on ensuring that inflation is curbed and food security

is ensured for all citizens. Food items: Since inefficient distribution has been found to be the culprit for the sky rocketing of food prices, the FM has proposed to focus on reducing Production and Distributions bottlenecks. Food, vegetables, Meat etc will show an easing of prices in the medium term future. Education: A higher allotment of funds in the form of over 24% hike as compared to last year for the Education Sector. Income tax: More modernization of the taxation system is being mooted. A new form called "SUGAM" will make it easier for small tax payers to file their returns. A miniscule hike of Rs 20000 in the exemption limit for tax payers has been introduced. The older citizens can feel happy as the FM has decrease the income tax "senior citizen" definition from age 65 to age 60 thus giving a big benefit to those born between 1946-1951. And for those who survive all the hardships of life and lvie to be over 80 they get a higher limit!! Deduction of Rs 20000 for infrastructure bonds has been retained. The direct taxes code which has been proposed to be implement from Aril 1, 2012. This has been in the offing for quite some time and is expected to make taxation simpler. The wait continues. Direct transfer of Cash subsidy to be given to people below poverty line so that delivery of Kerosene, LPG and fertilizers happen in a more efficient and accountable manner Selling off PSU's: Continuing the focus on divesting government stakes in Public Sector Undertakings the FM has proposed to look at raising Rs 40000 Crores from divestment in 11-12 Foreign Investment: The business environment is set to improve for Foreign companies as the government is looking at further liberalizing the FDI policy. More Foreign Direct Investment can only be good for the economy. Way to go... Investment in infrastructure will go up since FII investment in corporate bonds has been raised. Better roads, Bridges are on their way. Housing Loan: Loan limit has been enhanced to Rs 25 Lakh for housing under priority sector lending. Interest subsidy (subvention) of 1% on housing loan has been liberalized. People in the lower financial spectrum to get benefit from Mortgage Risk Guarantee Fund. Agriculture: Higher allotment uinder Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana of Rs 7860 Crores could see more support for the agriculture sector. Special focus on Vegetables in the form of Rs 300 crore for Vegetable initiative. Agriculture credit too raised to Rs 475, 000/- crores. Happier farmers could mean lower prices

for the common man. Focus on Cold Chains and Storage could also lead to efficiency and in return reduction in prices and better quality vegetables reaching our kitchens. Infrastructure is King: Rs 214000 Crores has been allotted for infrastructure for 2011-12. An increase of over 23% over the last year. We can see better highways and transport systems in the near future which could lead to reduction in inflation in the longer term. Bring the money back: As expected the FM has taken note of the hue and cry over Black Money. Many new initiatives have been mooted to bring back black money in circulation. Air travel and Medical aid to cost more: Service tax on air travel has been hiked. Hospitals with over 25 beds will have to pay tax on all services. So those posh hospitals could be giving you higher bills in the coming year. Bottom line: Overall a very low key budget that has not given great cheer to any particular sector except for Agriculture and Infrastructure. But to give credit to the FM, this focus on these two most critical sectors will only mean that in the longer term all of us get to benefit from better Food stability and Better infrastructure. New Delhi: In a relief provided to the salaried class in Union Budget 2011-12, Finance Minister Pranab Mukherjee on Monday hiked the individual taxpayers Income Tax exemption limit from the current Rs 1.60 lakh to Rs 1.80 lakh. This will translate into an annual savings of Rs 2,000 on Income Tax.

The exemption limit for senior citizens has also been increased from the current Rs 2,40,000 to Rs 2,50,000, while senior citizens age limit has been reduced from 65 years to 60 years. A very senior citizens category has also been created for people with age 80 years and above and they will get a higher exemption limit of Rs 5 lakh. The exemption limit for women tax payers remains unchanged at Rs 1,90,000.

The tax sop of Rs 20,000 investment in infrastructure bonds, which results in a tax saving of Rs 2,000, has also been extended by a year. Pranab however told the Lok Sabha that all other tax rates and slabs for personal income tax would continue to remain same. He said the idea was to make taxes moderate, payment simple, and collection easy.

The Finance Minister also raised the housing loan limit to Rs 25 lakh for priority sector lending. Pranab told the Parliament that the government is also liberalising scheme of interest subversion of 1% on home loan by including loans upto 15 lakh for houses that cost upto Rs 25 lakh. He further announced Rs 3000 crore for Rural Housing Fund.

Pranab said inflation has remained above the comfort level for most part of the current fiscal and is another focus area. The Finance Minister also doled out sops for the agriculture sector and proposed Rs 7.23% is higher than the comfort level of the Reserve Bank at 5-6%. He however hiked direct tax from 18% to 18. The minister added that food inflation had moderated to 9. On the Direct Tax Code. would roll out from April 1. 2012. Budget Highlights Income Tax Service Tax Growth Corporate Tax Indirect Tax Subsidies Black Money Inflation Infrastructure and Industry . Pranab said he was not proposing any roll back in either the service tax or excise duty. On the disinvestment front. Pranab hiked the service tax on each domestic air ticket by Rs 50 and on international ticket by Rs 250. The Finance Minister further said that the new Companies Bill could be introduced in the current session of Parliament. GST.2% in February 2010. The minister further proposed to raise farm loan target to Rs 4.5% to 5%. he said. while announcing that FIIs would be allowed to invest in mutual funds while their investment limit in corporate bonds to be hiked to USD 40 billion. Pranab promised to maintain the tempo and said the government had set a Rs 40. which both currently stand at 10%. The minister said discussions were on to further liberalise FDI Policy. Pranab said the Bill was likely to be passed by Parliament in the next financial year after the Standing Committee s report is received.For the corporate sector.75 lakh crores in the next fiscal year and said the government would also provide additional 3% interest benefit on some farm loans. The overall inflation at 8. the Finance Minister reduced surcharge of 7. he assured.5% for corporate.000 crore target this fiscal.860 crores for Farmer Development Program.3% in January this year from 20.

500 crore * Direct Taxes Code (DTC) to be effective from April 1.40. payment simple.5% * MAT introduced on developers of SEZ * Foreign dividend rate tax cut to 15% for Indian companies .5% * Minimum Alternate Tax raised to 18. will accrue benefit Rs 2000 * Senior citizens age limit reduced from 65 years to 60 years * Amount of exemption on senior citizens increased from Rs 2. 2012 Corporate Tax * Corporate surcharge reduced to 5% from current 7.000 to Rs 2.50.000 * Very senior citizens category created for 80 years and above * Very senior citizens to get higher exemption limit of Rs 5 lakh * To introduce simpler tax forms for presumptive tax * Invest-linked deduction for housing linked products * Tax sop of Rs 20.Agriculture Outlays Banking & Finance Income Tax Fiscal Health Rural & Social Sector Green Initiatives Fundamentals Education * Idea to make tax moderate. collection easy * Rs 1.80 lakh exemption for general tax payer.000 in infra bonds stays for one more year * Low withholding tax of 5% for notified infra funds * New revised income tax return form `Sugam` to be introduced for small tax papers * Net loss from direct tax proposals estimated at Rs 11.

services and capital. Most of the countries subject their residents to tax. The Fiscal Committee of OECD in the Model Double Taxation Convention on Income and Capital. As a consequence. even in times when economies are going global and borders fading. there are two provisions. Nations are often forced to negotiate and accommodate the claims of other nations within their heavily guarded fiscal jurisdiction by the means of double taxation avoidance agreements. This means that there are agreed rates of tax and jurisdiction on specified types of income arising in a country to a tax resident of another country. 1977. a company resident in Mauritius selling shares of an Indian company will not pay tax in India. leading to liquid movement of goods. the basic cause of international multiple taxation is the exercise by sovereign states of their inherent right to levy tax extra-territorially. Double Taxation Avoidance Agreements A Brief Overview Fiscal jurisdiction is often the most aggressively guarded jurisdiction of any nation. A large number of foreign institutional investors who trade on the Indian stock markets operate from Mauritius. the gain will escape tax altogether. Section 90 is for taxpayers who have paid the tax to a country with which India has signed DTAA. while Section 91 provides relief to tax payers who have paid tax to a country with which India has not signed a DTAA. double taxation is still one of the major obstacles to the development of inter-country economic relations. which provide specific relief to taxpayers to save them from DTAA.Black Money * Five-fold strategy to deal with black money 1. It must be noted that India has and is making attempts to revise both the Mauritius and Cyprus tax treaties to eliminate this favourable treatment of capital gains tax. According to the tax treaty between India and Mauritius. . Under the Income Tax Act 1961 of India. Section 90 and Section 91. Thus. Since there is no capital gains tax in Mauritius. on their global income including income arising or having its source in foreign countries. Discussions on double taxation avoidance agreements: India has comprehensive Double Taxation Avoidance Agreements (DTAA ) with 65 countries. The Indian and Cypriot tax treaty is the only other such Indian treaty to provide for the same beneficial treatment of capital gains. India gives relief to both kind of taxpayers. in order to bring down the barriers to international trade. capital gains arising from the sale of shares are taxable in the country of residence of the shareholder and not in the country of residence of the company whose shares have been sold. on the basis of personal jurisdiction . Therefore. Therefore. defines the phenomenon of international juridical double taxation as the imposition of comparable taxes in two or more states on the same tax payer in respect of the same subject matter and for identical periods .

by - . and confirm the fiscal situation of taxpayers who are engaged. standardize. depending on their scope. which. persons. or any other activities in other countries through the application by all countries of common solutions to identical cases of double taxation. Comprehensive Double Taxation Agreements provide for taxes on income. residence of taxable entity. Classification Double taxation avoidance agreements. financial. including tax forgone and compensating economic advantages. Comprehensive agreements ensure that the taxpayers in both the countries would be treated equally and on equitable basis. they help in avoiding and alleviating the adverse burden of international double taxation. or estates. promote exchange of goods. while Limited Double Taxation Agreements refer only to income from shipping and air transport. capital gains and capital. The interaction of two tax systems each belonging to different country. by eliminating international double taxation. These are bilateral economic agreements where the countries concerned evaluate the sacrifices and advantages which the treaty brings for each contracting state. In this article an attempt has been made to give a brief description of the various concepts related to double taxation avoidance agreements. Double Taxation of the same income in the hands of same entity would give rise to harsh consequences and impair economic development. in respect of the problems relating to double taxation. The objectives of double taxation avoidance agreements can be enumerated in the following words: First.[2] The need and purpose of tax treaties has been summarized by the OECD in the Model Tax Convention on Income and on Capital in the following words: It is desirable to clarify. Double Taxation Agreements between two countries therefore aim at eliminating or mitigating the incidence of double taxation. Objectives The object of a Double Taxation Avoidance Agreement is to provide for the tax claims of two governments both legitimately interested in taxing a particular source of income either by assigning to one of the two the whole claim or else by prescribing the basis on which tax claims is to be shared between them. industrial. services and investment of capital. Every country seeks to tax the income generated within its territory on the basis of one or more connecting factors such as location of the source. can be classified as Comprehensive and Limited. inheritance and gifts.Double tax treaties comprise of agreements between two countries. can result in double taxation. maintenance of Permanent Establishment and so on.

i. c) reducing the applicable rates of tax on certain incomes taxable in either countries Secondly. Pattern of taxation Double taxation agreements allocate jurisdiction with respect to the right to tax a particular kind of income.[3] A double tax avoidance agreement deals by and large with business income. There are well established patterns of taxation of various types on income. The principle underlying tax treaties is to share the revenues between two countries. and equally importantly tax treaties help a taxpayer of one country to know with greater certainty the potential limits of his tax liabilities in the other country. but the source state may impose a reduced tax. income from moveable property and from immovable property. the bilateral and multilateral trade prospers and the overall tax collection also increases as a result of which both countries tend to benefit. if the business entity has no activity in the source state. to a substantial extent. · Income from movable property such as dividends[7]. Still another benefit from the tax-payers point of view is that. In general.a) laying down rules for division of revenue between two countries. b) exempting certain incomes from tax in either country . The agreements provide of allocation of taxing jurisdiction to different contracting parties in respect of different heads of income. the source[6] state.e. if there is a fixed place of business.e. Methods of Eliminating Double Taxation The objective of double taxation can be achieved Tax treaties employ various methods or a combination of (i) Exemption Method - . a tax treaty provides against non-discrimination of foreign tax payers or the permanent establishments in the source countries vis-à-vis domestic tax payers. only on the source state. the rules are to the following effect: · Income from the business[4] is taxed only in the resident country. i. If each country gets a reasonable share of tax revenues. Permanent Establishment and to the extent it is attributable to that place · Income form immovable property[5] arising to a non-resident is taxed primarily in the state of its location. interest[8] and royalties[9] are primarily taxed in the resident state.

Here the tax credit is allowed by the country of its residence. This is done through Tax Sparing . For that purpose. tax sparing credit is an extension of the normal and regular tax credit to taxes that are spared by the source country i. The regular tax credit is a measure for prevention of double taxation. (iii) Tax Sparing One of the aims of the Indian Double Taxation Avoidance Agreements is to stimulate foreign investment flows in India from foreign developed countries. (ii) Credit Method This method reflects the underline concept that the resident remains liable in the country of residence on its global income. The country of source is then given exclusive right to tax such incomes. it is necessary to have an access to it. Indian tax treaties with Denmark. however as far the quantum of tax liabilities is concerned credit for tax paid in the source country is given by the residence country against its domestic tax as if the foreign tax were paid to the country of residence itself.One method of avoiding double taxation is for the residence country to altogether exclude foreign income from its tax base.person . forgiven or reduced due to rebates with the intention of providing incentives for investments. but the tax sparing credit extends the relief granted by the source country to the investor in the residence country by the way of an incentive to stimulate foreign investment flows and does not seek reciprocal arrangements by the developing countries. Norway and Sweden embody with respect to certain incomes.e. Thus. a person must qualify in terms of the treaty as a: . Applicability of Treaty benefits In order to get the benefit of a tax treaty. One way to achieve this aim is to let the investor to preserve to himself/itself benefits of tax incentives available in India for such investments. This is known as complete exemption method and is sometimes followed in respect of profits attributable to foreign permanent establishments or income from immovable property. not only in respect of taxes actually paid by it in India but also in respect of those taxes India forgoes due to its fiscal incentive provisions under the Indian Income Tax Act.

If a person is resident in both the contracting states. through or from any business connection in India. Explanation 2 of section 9(1) (i) contain an inclusive definition of business connection. Business Income The business income of a non-resident is taxable in India under section 9(1)(i) of the ITA only if it accrues or arises. The expression resident of contracting state is defined to mean any person who. domicile. Residence of a Person/ Resident The determination of the residential status is of great significance as the taxability of income under the domestic laws depends upon it. directly or indirectly. property in India. liable to tax therein by reason of 2. and as also only the resident of a contracting state can seek relief from double taxation. but habitually maintains in India a stock of goods or merchandise from which he regularly delivers goods or merchandise on behalf of the non-resident # habitually secures orders in India. and . . there are provisions to assign a single state of residence to him for purposes of the treaty through tie-breaking rules.beneficial owner of the income by the way of dividends. under the laws of that state. residence. mainly or wholly for the non-resident or its affiliates.resident of any of the Contracting states. is 1. asset or source of income in India. as per which a business connection is said to exist if any person carrying on a business activity acts on behalf of a non-resident and: # has and habitually exercises an authority to conclude contracts on behalf of the non-resident # has no such authority.. The treaty provisions set forth rules for determination whether a person is a resident of a contracting state for purposes of the treaty. The determination looks for first to a person s liability to tax as a resident under the respective taxation laws of the contracting state. interest or royalties for a lower rate of withholding tax. place of management or 3. or through the transfer of an Indian capital asset. any other criterion of a similar nature.

Treating shopping Treating shopping is an expression which refers to the act of a resident of a third country taking advantage of a fiscal treaty between states. Wholly or partly carried on. An example of treaty shopping can be the India-Mauritius double Taxation agreement where various companies have been incorporated in Mauritius to take advantage of the Indo-Mauritius DTAA in which capital gains are to be assessed as per the law of the state of residence of the entity . The expression has been defined as: a. The term permanent establishment as defined in Article 5 means a fixed place of business through which business of an enterprise is carried on. tax is not levied on capital gains which means that the capital gains made by the Mauritian entity on transfer of shares in an Indian company go unassessed. fixed place of business through which the business of an b.[10] Thereby meaning that there should necessarily be a fixed place of business through which the enterprise must conduct business activity and that activity must be income generating. A person acts through a legal entity created in a state essentially to obtain treaty benefits that would not be available directly to such person.Permanent Establishment Double taxation agreement restricts the jurisdiction of the contracting states to taxing business income of a foreign enterprise only if such enterprise carries on business in India through a permanent establishment. enterprise is c. under the Mauritian law.However. . The first part of Article 5(1) postulates that the existence of a fixed place of business whereas the second part postulates that the business is carried on through a fixed place. there is no permanent establishment. If the second part is not attracted. The basic feature of treaty shopping is the establishment of base companies in other states solely for the purpose of enjoying the benefit of a particular treaty rules existing between the state involved and the third state. The definition requires performance of business activity through a fixed place of business in another country.

Indian courts have supported source based taxation in several cases in the past. There should be co-ordination of Indian taxation with foreign tax legislation for Indian as well as foreign companies trading with India The agreements are intended to permit the Indian authorities to co-operate with the foreign tax administration. Indian residents[11] are taxable on their worldwide income. and individuals. and nonresidents are taxed only on income that has its source in India. According to section 5 of the ITA. a lot of countries are adopting a Limitation of Benefits clause in the tax treaties so as o restrict third parties from taking advantage of tax treaties between two other states. The ITA favors source-based taxation as compared to the OECD model conventions or treaties entered into by many developed countries that favor residence based taxation. The scope of section 5 is expanded by the legal fiction contained in section 9. Conclusion . the last few tears have seen a change in the approach of the States in the wake of wide reports of extensive money laundering and the tax evasion. which deems certain kinds of income to be of Indian source. firms. As a consequences. Indian Tax Regime The Income Tax Act. Tax treaties are a good compromise between taxation at source and taxation in the country of residence India primarily follows the UN model convention and one therefore finds the tax-sparing and credit methods for elimination of double taxation in most Indian treaties as well as more source-based taxation in respect of the articles on royalties and other income than in the OECD model convention. 1961 (ITA) governs taxation of income in India. Indian Policy With Respect To Double Taxation Avoidance Agreements The policy adopted by the Indian government in regard to double taxation treaties may be worded as follows: Trading with India should be relieved of Indian taxes considerably so as to promote its economic and industrial development.However.[12]10 Section 6 of the ITA defines who may be a tax resident and contains different residency criteria for companies.

000 crore * To raise service tax on domestic air travel by Rs 50 per ticket * To raise service tax on international air travel by Rs 250 per ticket * A new scheme to be introduced for refund of service tax on lines of drawback of duties * Service tax to be levied on investment services by insurance firms * Service tax mop up pegged at Rs 820 billion in FY12 * Net revenue gain of Rs 40 bn from service tax changes * GST decision have to be taken in consonance with states * Areas of divergence have been narrowed on Goods and Services Tax (GST) .000 per day. A/C restaurants serving liquor * Service tax on some category of hospitals * Service tax on diagnostic tests * Some legal services to be brought under service tax net * Service by an individual to another individual exempted * Service tax to result in a revenue gain of Rs 4. 2. However. developed by the OECD and the UN.The regime of international taxation exists through bilateral tax treaties based upon model treaties. the international tax regime has to be restructured continuously so as to respond to the current challenges and drawbacks. between the Contracting States. 1200 cases have been filed under the Money Laundering Law: 3 National policy to curb narcotics trade as it also fuels black money 4 Money Laundering Legislation s scope expanded 5 Strength of Enforcement Directorate increased three-fold Service Tax * Ambit of service tax increased * No roll back in service tax. to stay at 10% * Service tax widened to cover hotel accommodation above Rs 1. India has entered into a wide network of tax treaties with various countries all over the world to facilitate free flow of capital into and from India.

5% * Basic customs duty reduced on micro-irrigation equipment from 7.* Working on model for GST roll out * GTC.5% * 5% import duty on parts for DVD writers.5% to 5% * De-oiled rice bran cake to be fully exempted from basic customs duty * Export duty of 10% to be levied on de-oiled rice bran cake s export * Export duty for all types of iron ore enhanced and unified at 20% ad valorem * Full exemption from export duty to iron ore pellets * Rs 300 per 10 gram excise on gold bar from copper smelters * Rs 150 per 10 gram CVD on gold dore bars of upto 80% purity * Custom duty on specified gems. GST will improve governance * Significant progress in establishing GST Network Indirect Tax * Central excise duty to be maintained at standard rate of 10% * Reduction in number of exemptions in central excise rate structure * Nominal central excise duty of 1% imposed on 130 items entering in the tax net * Lower rate of central excise duty enhanced from 4% to 5% * Optional levy on branded garments or made up to be converted into a mandatory levy at unified rate of 10% * Peak rate of customs duty held at its current level * Excise duty exemptions enlarged to include agricultural storage and warehouse equipments * Basic customs duty reduced for specified agricultural machinery from 5% to 2. jewellery. machine cut to 5% * Levies 1% excise duty on branded jewellery * Extends 1% excise concession to water filters * Cut customs duty on yarn to 5% from 7. combo drive * Import duty of 5% on inkjet and laserjet printers .

lactose for the manufacture of homoeopathic medicines. bamboo for agarbatti.25. to attract concessional rate of central excise duty * Concessional excise duty of 10% to vehicles based on fuel cell technology * Basic customs duty and special CVD exemption to critical parts/assemblies for Hybrid vehicles * Reduction in excise duty on kits for conversion of vehicles into Hybrid vehicles * Excise duty on LEDs reduced to 5% and special CVD being fully exempted * Basic customs duty on solar lantern reduced from 10 to 5% * Ship owners allowed duty free spare parts imports * Crude palm oil used in soap fully exempted * Pre-tanning chemicals.457 crore * Non-tax receipts pegged at Rs 1.64.435 crore * To retain factory tax rate at 10% * Stainless steel scrap exempted from import tax .* Customs duty on cement industry raw materials . baby and adult diapers * Tax proposals to result in a net revenue gain of Rs 7.300 crore * Net revenue loss on account of taxes and duties will be Rs 200 crore * Net tax to Centre will be Rs be reduced to 2. sanitary napkins.5% * Cash dispensers fully exempt from basic customs duty * Imported batteries for electrical vehicles fully exempt from basic customs duty.petcoke and gypsum . enzyme-based chemicals used in leather industry exempted * Bio-waste road making machines exempted * No excise duty on equipment for ultra mega power plants * Concessions to newspaper establishments for high speed printing presses extended to mailroom equipment * Some imported film colour rolls exempted from excise duty * No excise duty on select film rolls * Out right concession to factory-built ambulances from excise duty * Relief measures proposed for raw pistachio.

6% * Exports grew at 24.5%) * Services sector had grown at 9.3% in Jan 2011 as against 20.* Proposal to introduce self-assessment of customs duty wherein importers and exporters will themselves assess payment of duty * Long-term commitment to cut customs duty to ASEAN level Inflation * FY12 average inflation seen at 5% * Continued high food prices have been principal concern this year * Consumers denied the benefit of seasonal fall in prices despite improved availability of food items * Shortcomings in distribution and marketing systems * Food inflation 9. poultry prices in FY10 Growth * Indian economy back to pre-crisis growth trajectory * Could have done better * Growth swift and broad based * Double digit growth in services * GDP growth to be 8.2% in Feb 2010 * See average inflation to lower in FY11 * Must address structural concerns on inflation management * RBI measures to moderate inflation in coming months * Wholesale and retail price difference not acceptable * Onion.1% in FY11 * Imports grew at 11.6% in FY11 * Don t see resources as big problem. maize.6% in FY 11 * GDP growth to be around 9% in FY 12 (+/.0. at least in short term * Implementation gap a key challenge .

000 crore for infrastructure in 2011-12 * A comprehensive policy for further developing PPP projects * IIFCL to disburse Rs 20.000 cr by March 31. kerosene by March 2012 * Direct transfer of cash subsidy for poor * To give Rs 140 bn more subsidy to oil companies * FY11 fertiliser subsidy seen Rs 550 bn * FY11 food subsidy seen Rs 606 bn * FY11 petroleum subsidy seen Rs 384 bn * FY12 petroleum subsidy seen Rs 236 bn * FY12 food subsidy seen Rs 605 bn * FY12 fertiliser subsidy seen Rs 500 bn Infrastructure and Industry * Industry has grown at 8. especially in rural India * Need to ensure sustained private investment * Economy resilient to external shocks * Manufacturing share in GDP from 16% to 25% in next ten years Subsidies * To move to direct transfer of cash subsidy on kerosene * To move to direct transfer of oil subsidy in phased manner * To move to direct transfer of fertilizer subsidy in phased manner * Aim direct cash subsidy for fertilizer.14.* Much still needs to be done.1% * Allocation of Rs 2.000 cr by March 31. 2012 * Tax free bonds of Rs 30. 2011 and Rs 25.000 cr to be issued by govt undertakings during 2011-12 * Share of manufacturing in GDP to grow from 16% to 25% over a period of 10 years * New manufacturing policy on the anvil .

Bengaluru.755 crore in the current year to Rs 7.860 crore * Propose to provide Rs 300 crore to boost output of pulses * To provide Rs 300 crore to increase palm oil output * To provide Rs 300 crore to raise coarse cereal output .75 lakh crore in next FY * Existing interest subvention scheme on short-term farm loans at 7% interest to continue * To provide additional 3% interest benefit (effective rate 4%) to farmers who pay up farm loans on time * Credit flows to farmers raised from Rs 3. especially those related to infrastructure and mining * National Mission for hybrid and electric vehicle to be launched * Financial assistance for metro projects in Delhi.* Thrust on greater transparency and accountability in procurement policy * Thrust on transparency in allocation. pricing and utilisation of natural resources * GoM to look into environmental concerns. 21 suggestions already implemented * Transaction cost of Rs 2. Mumbai. Kolkata and Chennai * Capital investment in fertiliser production to be included as an infrastructure sub-sector * Of 23 suggestions made by Task Force on Transaction Cost.4% * Rs 7860 crore for farmer development program * FM proposes 15 mega food parks * To raise farm loan target to Rs 4.75 lakh crores * Allocation under Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana to be raised from Rs 6.75 lakh crore to Rs 4.100 cr will thus be mitigated * Scheme for refund of taxes paid on services used for export of goods * Seven new mega clusters for leather products to be set up * Jodhpur to be included for the development of a handicraft mega cluster * Indian automobile market is the second fastest growing in the world Agriculture * Agriculture has grown at 5.

3% of GDP . production.8% of GDP * FY11 revenue deficit seen at 2.12 tn * FY11 fiscal deficit revised to 5.000 hectare under palm oil plantation * To launch national protein mission with Rs 3 bn corpus * Rs 3 bn for production of higher millets * To provide Rs 3 bn to raise vegetable production * Rs 4 bn to eastern states for green revolution * 16. vegetables.500 metric tonnes * New storage capacity of 150. 107 new facilities have been approved * Cold storage to be identified as infrastructure subsector * Propose to promote organic farming methods * Have to sustain farm productivity in long term * To give Rs 3 billion to up output of nutri-cereals * Rs 3 bn for animal-based protein production * Rs 3 bn to bring 60. marketing * Removing bottlenecks in fruits.5 mn tn pulses output expected this year * To give Rs 3 bn to promote pulses.* Food grain stock in central pool at 47.6% of GDP * FY12 fiscal deficit seen at Rs 4.1% of GDP * FY12 revenue deficit seen at 1.000 metric tonnes to be developed * Cold storage 24 facilities have been sanctioned. poultry supply * Considering nutrient based urea subsidy policy * To set up additional 4 mln tonne foodgrain storage facilities by March 2012 * Capital investment in fertiliser production to be considered as infrastructure sub-sector Fiscal Health * FY12 fiscal deficit seen at 4.

43 tn * FY12 MSS borrowing Rs 200 bn * FY12 cash draw down Rs 200 bn * FY12 short term borrowing Rs 150 bn * FY12 net market borrowing Rs 3. RBI seen Rs 191 bn * FY12 dividend from PSUs seen Rs 235 bn * MSS ceiling for FY12 at Rs 500 bn Fundamentals * Stronger fiscal consolidation needed * Development needs to be inclusive * Resources not a major concern in medium term * Quality of outcome needs to improve . Rs 150 bn to be financed via T-bills in FY12 * FY12 revenue from telecom licence fee seen Rs 296 bn * Concession to cell phone equipment manufacturing extended to March 2012 * FY12 dividend from banks.43 tn * FY12 gross market borrowing Rs 4.47 tn * In addition.* Fiscal deficit target 4.1% of GDP in FY13 * Fiscal deficit target 3.17 tn * FY11 gross market borrowing revised to Rs 4.5% of GDP in FY14 * Aim fiscal deficit of 3% of state GDP y FY14 * Current account deficit around FY09 is a concern * Current account gap a concern due to composition of FX flow * Counter-cyclical fiscal steps best bet vs external shock * To borrow Rs 100 bn in March * FY12 net market borrow target Rs 3.

9% * Rs 1. revenue and capital * National Food Security Bill to be introduced this year Outlays * Total spend Rs 12.* 13th Finance Commission has worked out a fiscal consolidation roadmap * Combined states debt target of 23. 2003 to be introduced * Looking into extant classification of public expenditure between plan.99 bn for defence capex * To provide Rs 98.4% of GDP * Public Debt Management of India Bill in next financial year * Budget 2011-12 as transition towards more transparent and result-oriented economic management * Some disinvestment decisions rescheduled * This FY current account deficit near previous year s level * Govt to retain at least 51% ownership of state-run companies * Discussions on to further liberalise FDI policy * Fiscal consolidation targets have shown positive effect on macro-economic management * Amendment to Centre s FRBM Act.47 tn grants in aid * To provide Rs 10 bn for justice department * To provide Rs 1. non-plan.57 bn for education sector .9 bn for backward region grant fund * To provide Rs 1 bn for Jammu-Ladakh projects * To give Rs 80 bn for J&K development needs * To provide Rs 80 bn for Northeast.5 tn * Non-plan spend Rs 8. up 10.16 tn.64 tn for defence * To provide Rs 691. special states * To provide Rs 2 bn for clean energy fund * To provide Rs 520.

000 population villages to have banks * Broadand connectivity to all villages in three years * Banks to cover 20.000 villages for opening accounts in FY11 * Cut BPL pension scheme qualify age to 60 years from 65 years .000 crore for Rural Housing Fund * Rs 10.44 bn * Allocation for Bharat Nirman up at Rs 580 bn * Allocation for social sector Rs 1.000 croe for rural telephoney * NREGA wages to indexed to inflation * To create a self help development fund with a corpus of Rs 500 crore * Anganwadi workers salary increased from Rs 1500 to Rs 3000 per month * Anganwadi helpers wages doubled to Rs 1. up 20% * To give PSU banks Rs 201.500 per month * 2.61 tn * Additional grant for National Skill Development Fund Rs 5 bn * Allocation for health Rs 267.2 million anganwadi workers to benefit from pay hike * Unorganised sector workers in hazardous industries to be covered under health scheme * To set up Mortgage Risk Guarantee Fund for rural housing * Over 2.000 cr from the present Rs 16.57 bn for Tier-I capital * To give Rs 60 bn to help PSU banks Tier-II capital * To give Rs 3 bn to states to roll out e-stamping in 3 yrs Rural & Social Sector * To give Rs 30 bn to NABARD for handloom weavers * NABARD capital base to be strengthened with Rs 10.60 bn.* Allocation for STs hiked to Rs 2.000 cr * Rs 3.000 cr * Rural infrastructure development fund corpus to be raised to Rs 18.

SBI subsidiaries bill and BIFR Bill also in current session * India Microfinance Equity Fund of Rs 100 crore to be created with SIDBI . LIC Bill and Pension Development Authority Bill in current session of Parliament * Banking Laws amendment Bill. increase of 24% over the current year * Rs 21000 cr for sarva shika yojna up from Rs 15000 crore currently * National knowledge network will link 1500 institutes of higher learning by March 2012 * National innovation Council under Sam Pitroda * Rs 50 cr each to Aligarh Muslim University centres coming up in Murshidabad and Malappuram * Rs 20 cr for Rajiv Gandhi National Youth Development Institute * Rs 10 cr for Delhi School of Economics * Rs 10 cr for Madras School of Economics * SC/STs students to get scholarship for class 9th and 10th * National Knowledge Network by 2013 * New international award for Rs 1 cr in memory of Tagore Banking & Finance * Financial sector reforms to move forward * Insurance Amendment Bill.* RIDF corpus increased to create warehousing capacity * RIDF corpus Rs 180 bn in FY12 versus Rs 160 bn in FY11 * Pension for over 80 year olds hiked to Rs 500 per month * To give one million unique identity cards per day from October * Minorities loan target up at 15% of priority loan for banks * Unorganised sector workers to benefit from health insurance plan * Govt contribution in old age pension raised to 5 yrs from 3 yrs * To enumerate caste in separate Census beginning June Education * Rs 52057 cr for education.

000 cr to SIDBI for refinancing incremental lending Green Initiatives * Rs 200 cr for Green India Mission from National Clean Energy Fund * Rs 200 cr to be allocated for Environmental Remediation Programmes * To provide Rs 200 cr for clean-up of important lakes and rivers other than Ganga Budget explains government strategy on black money Press trust of India." he added. Foreign Tax Division of CBDT has been strengthened. A dedicated cell for exchange of information is being set up to work on this agenda. The strength of the enforcement directorate has been increased three-fold to deal effectively with the increased workload. Mukherjee added that the amendment in the Money Laundering Legislation in 2009 has significantly increased its scope and application. To deal with this problem effectively. the government has put into operation a five-fold strategy which consists of joining the global crusade against black money." Mukherjee said in his Budget speech." he added. "To strengthen controls over prevention of trafficking and improve the management of narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances. along with revision of provisions of 10 existing DTAAs.* Appropriate regulatory framework to protect interest of small borrowers * Rs 5. Finance Minister Pranab Mukherjee today said the government has adopted a five-fold strategy to deal with the menace. "To effectively handle the increase in tax information exchange and transfer pricing issues. 2011 (New Delhi) Expressing "serious concern" over the generation and circulation of black money. I propose to announce a comprehensive national policy in the near future. The Finance Minister also said trafficking in narcotic drugs also contributes to the generation of black money and the government proposes to announce a national policy in this regard. He also said the Finance Ministry has commissioned a study on unaccounted income and wealth held within and outside the country to suggest methods to tax and repatriate the illicit money." he added. the government has concluded discussions on 11 Tax Information Exchange Agreements (TIEAs) and 13 new Double Taxation Avoidance Agreements (DTAAs). "The number of cases registered under this law have increased from 50 between 2005 to 2008 to over 1200 by January this year. February 28. . During the year. "The generation and circulation of black money is an area of serious concern.

The Finance Minister said that India secured the membership of the Financial Action Task Force (FATF) in June last year." he added. The main reason for financial exclusion is the lack of a regular or substantial income. Banks are now considering FI as a business opportunity in an overall environment that facilitates What is Financial Inclusion What is Financial Inclusionchillibreeze writer Sreela Manoj Financial inclusion is the availability of banking services at an affordable cost to disadvantaged and lowincome groups. Only 34% of Indian individuals have access to or receive banking services. In order to increase this number the Reserve Bank of India had the Government of India take innovative steps. The loss is not only the transportation cost but also the loss of daily wages for a low income individual. Eurasian Group (EAG) and Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes. "This is an important initiative of G-20 for anti-money laundering. which are beneficial . India has been ranked 50. These accounts either have a low minimum or nil balance with some restriction in transactions. With the directive from RBI. In most of the cases people with low income do not qualify for a loan. our banks are now offering No Frill Accounts to low income groups. With the combined effort of financial institutions. In India the basic concept of financial inclusion is having a saving or current account with any bank. One of the reasons for opening new branches of Regional Rural Banks was to make sure that the banking service is accessible to the poor. six million new No Frill accounts were opened in the period between March 2006-2007. In reality it includes loans. We have also joined the Task Force on Financial Integrity and Economic Development. The first-ever Index of Financial Inclusion to find out the extent of reach of banking services among 100 countries.ndtv. The proximity of the financial service is another fact. Most of the excluded consumers are not aware of the bank s products. The individual bank has the authority to decide whether the account should have zero or minimum balance. Read more at: http://profit. insurance services and much more.

The provision of uncomplicated.000 in all accounts taken together. As a first step towards this. SHGs and other civil society organizations as intermediaries in providing financial and banking services through the use of business facilitator and business correspondent models. Usually they are working with the support of an NGO. Most of the banks need collateral for their loans. So they focus on larger accounts. This will help the low income individual to open a No Frill account without identity proof and address proof. Getting money for their financial requirements from a local money lender is easier than getting a loan from the bank. In such cases banks can take the individual s introduction from an existing customer whose full KYC norm procedure has been completed. It is not profitable for banks to provide small loans and make a profit. Micro finance is another tool which links low income groups to the banks. Yet.for them. Peer pressure within the group helps in improving recoveries. The RBI has simplified the KYC (Know your customer) norms for opening a No frill account. And the introducer must have a satisfactory transaction with the bank for at least 6 months. The SHG is given loans against the group members guarantee. considerable amount of money from the low income group to the formal economy. Moreover. This simplified procedure is available to those who intend to keep a balance not exceeding Rs. Through SHGs nearly 40 million households are linking with the banks. affordable products will help to bring the low income families into the formal financial sector. some of our banks have now come forward with general purpose credit cards and artisan credit cards which offer collateral-free small loans. The main reason is that the products designed by the banks are not satisfying the low income families. It is very difficult for a low income individual to find collateral for a bank loan. . banks give more importance to meeting their financial targets. Financial inclusion mainly focuses on the poor who do not have formal financial institutional support and getting them out of the clutches of local money lenders. banks are fighting to fulfill the Financial Inclusion dream. Educating the consumers about the financial benefits and products of banks which are beneficial to low income groups will be a great step to tap their potential. Self Help Groups are playing a very important role in the process of financial inclusion. Correspondents can be considered to be an excellent channel which banks can use to distribute their product information. small.50. With this facility we can channel the untapped. SHGs are usually groups of women who get together and pool money from their savings and lend money among them. Banks have limitations to reach directly to the low income consumers. Banks are now permitted to utilize the service of NGOs.

Indian telecom consumers have few links to financial institutions. small scale industries. the government should provide a less perspective environment in which banks are free to pursue the innovations necessary to reach low income consumers and still make a profit.Banks are now using new technologies like mobile phones to reach low income consumers. Financial inclusion is a great step to alleviate poverty in India. . So 18% of net bank credit should go to agriculture lending. Please contact us to report any copyright issues related to this article. More than 80% of our population depends directly or indirectly on agriculture. It encouraged branch expansion of bank branches especially in rural areas. In India Financial inclusion will be good business ground in which the majority of her people will decide the winners and losers. retail trade etc. In 1975 GOI established RRBs with the same aim. The Indian Government has a long history of working to expand financial inclusion. It is possible that the telephone providers themselves will start basic banking services like savings and payments. Chillibreeze has a strict anti-plagiarism policy. Financial service providers should learn more about the consumers and new business models to reach them. This mainly consists of agriculture. Chillibreeze's disclaimer: The views and opinions expressed in this article are those of the author(s) and do not reflect the views of Chillibreeze as a company. But to achieve this. Banks should therefore be proactive about transferring this technology into an opportunity. The RBI guidelines to banks shows that 40% of their net bank credit should be lent to the priority sector. Nationalization of the major private sector banks in 1969 was a big step. So without much difficulty telecom providers can win the battle with banks. Recent simplification of KYC norms are another milestone.