Voice over Data Networks for Managers explains how and why companies converting their telephone systems

to use voice over data systems. Learn how your company can reduce communication costs 40% to 70%, keep using your existing telephone systems, and increase revenue from new communication applications. Discover the critical steps companies should take and risks to avoid when transitioning from traditional telephone systems to voice over data networks. The book explains how voice over data systems operate. It describes the different types of private telephone systems (KTS, PBX, and CTI) and data networks (LAN and WAN) that are used in more....


As specialists in satellite communications systems, SatCom Distribution can offer the design and installation of VSAT (Very Small Aperture Terminal) systems. These provide dedicated, reliable, cost effective and private communications links for the individual and corporate users, with the provision of total system capabilities to support high bandwidth secure data, voice and video communication. What is a VSAT system? The use of VSAT systems is growing throughout the world as a way of establishing private satellite communications networks for large organisations that have several widely dispersed locations, or providing higher bandwidth for the individual. Depending on bandwidth requirement (data speed and/or communications channels), VSAT systems can be relatively small (1 - 2 metre antenna) and easily installed. By linking VSAT terminals to larger hub stations (or land earth stations), a network can be established inexpensively, although in this type of configuration, VSATs can communicate only via the hub and not from remote terminal to remote terminal. This configuration is called STAR configuration. VSAT networks can readily be configured so that the hub can broadcast data to all the VSAT terminals at higher rates than they can communicate to the hub. How does a VSAT work? For satellites to gain a foothold in the delivery of advanced broadband services, seamless interconnectivity with terrestrial networks is imperative. For best results, the network should be designed to exploit the unique virtue of satellite in geostationary orbit, namely that it can be a shared resource available, as needed, to many users spread over a very large proportion of the Earth's surface. This is the concept of bandwidth-on-demand. In an ideal network, each terminal communicates with all others (full-mesh connectivity), but utilises satellite capacity only on an as-needed basis. Such an architecture can be implemented if the terminals operate in a Time Division Multiple Access (TDMA) mode (transmit in bursts) and are capable of doing this at a variety of different frequencies (FDMA and TDMA). The DAMA System (Demand Assigned Multiple Access) A DAMA system is typically a mesh network that allows direct connection between any two nodes in the network, sharing the bandwidth of a satellite transponder space which can be

A Very Small Aperture Terminal (VSAT).and the most superior systems achieve this with TDMA. fax. video and data traffic. manufacturing organisations. banks. general stores. In addition. we can offer a solution with customised PBX and billing systems for total flexibility. or broadband data (for the provision of . making future system enhancement easily achievable as communications technology progresses. These systems eliminate the user's reliance on third party telecom providers. to complete endto-end "turn key" solutions. We take great care to ensure that our designed VSAT systems are extremely flexible and user-friendly. We would be delighted to explain the system in greater depth if you would care to contact us at SatCom Distribution. ATMs and government/military departments.2 m.any user can connect directly to any other user anywhere within the network . reliability and capacity can be improved. By using a DAMA system. whilst operation costs can be reduced. VSATs access satellites in geosynchronous orbit to relay data from small remote earth stations (terminals) to other terminals (in mesh configurations) or master earth station "hubs" (in star configurations). operational ability and coverage areas. With our expertise we can recommend a system which will cater for your requirements without selling you technology you have no need for. DAMA supports full mesh. The result is economical and flexible bandwidth sharing with any mix of voice. The systems can be configured to integrate seamlessly to the level the user requires. polling or RFID data. thus security. The key point is that DAMA optimises the use of satellite capacity by allocating satellite resources to each active node upon demand. VSATs are most commonly used to transmit narrowband data (point of sale transactions such as credit card. For added security. This can take the form of a solution that would include interfacing with existing components of local and remote networks. is a two-way satellite ground station or a stabilized maritime Vsat antenna with a dish antenna that is smaller than 3 meters. our systems offer compatibility with advanced encryption devices. insurance companies. Why choose SatCom Distibution? SatCom Distribution's VSAT systems are designed to offer the user a completely private telecommunications network and accommodate customer exact requirements in size. Our systems are designed to be compatible with technological advances.allocated to each remote terminal as required. such as oil and gas exploration corporations. point-to-point or point-to-multipoint communications . as well as VIPs. Data rates typically range from 56 Kbit/s up to 4 Mbit/s. Who uses a VSAT system? The installation of a VSAT system need not be an expensive option. satellite resources can support a very much larger number of users than a Single Channel Per Carrier (SCPC) system. A whole variety of industries use VSAT systems. The majority of VSAT antennas range from 75 cm to 1. or SCADA).

[1] Arthur C. VoIP or video). nicknamed 'Early Bird'[3] The first commercial VSATs were C band (6 GHz) receive-only systems by Equatorial Communications using spread spectrum technology.000 units in 1984-85. Live satellite communication was developed in the sixties by NASA[2].2 Market 6 Training 7 References 8 External links [edit] History The concept of the geostationary orbit was originated by Russian theorist Konstantin Tsiolkovsky. The largest VSAT network (more than 12. Soon after. Clarke contributed to the understanding of satellites through an article published in Wireless World in October 1945 titled "Extra-Terrestrial Relays: Can Rocket Stations Give World-wide Radio Coverage?". Hermann Oberth and Herman Potocnik.900 kilometers whose period exactly matched the earth's rotational period. In 1985. named Syncom 1-3.Satellite Internet access to remote locations. It transmitted live coverage of the 1964 Olympics in Japan to viewers in the US and Europe. on-the-move (utilising phased array antennas) or mobile maritime communications. aka Herman Noordung described an orbit at an altitude of 35. In this article. Ku Band VSATs make up the vast majority of sites in use today for data or telephony applications. Clarke not only determines the orbital characteristics necessary for a geostationary orbit.000 sites) was deployed by Spacenet and MCI for the US Postal Service. who wrote articles on space travel at the turn of the century. making it appear to hover over a fixed point on the earth's equator. VSATs are also used for transportable.000 60 cm antenna systems were sold in the early 1980s. on April 6 1965 the first commercial satellite was launched into space. but also discusses the frequencies and power needed for communications. Schlumberger Oilfield Research co-developed the world's first Ku band (12±14 GHz) VSATs with Hughes Aerospace to provide portable network connectivity for oil field drilling and exploration units. Intelsat I. Contents [hide] y y y y y y y y 1 History 2 Configurations 3 Future applications 4 Constituent parts of a VSAT configuration 5 Maritime VSAT o 5.[4] .5 m antennas and sold about 10. In the 1920s.1 Technology o 5. Equatorial later developed a C band (4/6 GHz) 2 way system using 1 m x 0. More than 30.

Satellite News Gathering (SNG). both for residential and business users. high speed data communication services. OMT to split signal between BUC and LNB. usually with ethernet port and 2 x F-connectors for the coax to BUC(Transmit) and from LNB (Receive). Digital Audio Broadcasting (DAB) and others. where each VSAT terminal relays data via satellite to another terminal by acting as a hub. These configurations are utilized to minimize the overall cost of the network. thus is poorer in rain. Others configured in only a single star topology sometimes will have each terminal connected to each other as well. [edit] Constituent parts of a VSAT configuration y y y y y y Antenna Block upconverter (BUC) Low-noise block converter (LNB) Orthomode transducer (OMT) Interfacility Link Cable (IFL) Indoor unit (IDU) All the outdoor parts on the dish are collectively called the ODU (Outdoor Unit). A combination of both star and mesh topologies. fax. The Astra2Connect has an all-in-one OMT/BUC/LNA that looks like a QUAD LNB in shape and size which mounts on a regular TV sat mount. such as a network operations center (NOC). New VSAT systems are coming online using Ka band technology that promise higher bandwidth rates for lower costs.[edit] Configurations Most VSAT networks are configured in one of these topologies: y y y A star topology. A mesh topology. using a central uplink site. resulting in each terminal acting as a central hub. The IDU is effectively a Modem. As a consequence it is only 500 mW compared with the normal 2W. [edit] Future applications Advances in technology have dramatically improved the price/performance equation of FSS (Fixed Service Satellite) over the past five years. to transport data back and forth to each VSAT terminal via satellite. These systems are applicable for providing various high-quality services because they create efficient communication systems. Some VSAT networks are configured by having several centralized uplink sites (and VSAT terminals stemming from it) connected in a multi-star topology with each star (and each terminal in each star) connected to each other in a mesh topology. i. minimizing the need for a centralized uplink site. FSS satellite systems currently in orbit have a huge capacity with a relatively low price structure.e. Internet access. . including: telephony. and to alleviate the amount of data that has to be relayed through a central uplink site (or sites) of a star or multi-star network. television. FSS satellite systems provide various applications for subscribers.

California which launched their first stabilized antenna in 1978. Eutelsat 3. Telemar 3. Many of the major providers have branded their maritime VSAT offering such that Vizada offers its service through the Marlink division. KVH 5.000 with just over 34. Ship Equip: 11. and the SeaLink and WaveCall products.9% (3.6%).7%). Stratos .9%).000 to go.5% (6. Since a ship at sea moves with the water the antenna needs to be stabilized with reference to the horizon and True North. so that the antenna is constantly pointing at the satellite it uses to transmit and receive signals.% (3.%) Elektrikom 4.SCPC technology .8% (2.2%). and thus to the market acceptance of VSAT. NSSL 3. which turned out to be of key importance to small-to mid-sized fleets.4%). Sea Tel dominates the supply of two-way VSAT stabilised antenna systems to the marine market with almost 72 percent of the market in 2007 compared with Orbit¶s 17. [edit] Market According to the Maritime VSAT report [6] issued by the Comsys Group their research shows that stabilised maritime VSAT services (not including oil & gas rigs) reached more than $400 million in 2007.[7] . One of the first companies to manufacture stabilized VSAT antennas was SeaTel of Concord. The major companies market share in terms of number of vessels in service were in 2009 (2007 in paranthesis) according to these reports: Vizada: 17.0%).[5] Initially maritime VSAT was using Single Channel Per Carrier . Radio Holland 3.4% (.6% (27. Intelsat 3. The estimated size of the market in terms of vessels eligible to get VSAT was in this report set to in excess of 42.6% and others accounted for 32. [edit] Technology Initially the use of VSAT antennas at sea was for transmission of television signals. Cap Rock 2.6 per cent. while Ship Equip calls its offering Sevsat.which suited large volume users like oil drilling rigs and oil platforms and large fleets of ships from one shipowner sailing within one or few satellite footprints.0% (10.0%. In 2010 the COMSYS group released the "2nd Maritime VSAT Report" where the market estimate had increased to $590 million in 2009 with predictions for 2010 at $850 m. MTN 7.7%). This changed when the company iDirect launched its IP-based Time Division Multiple Access (TDMA) technlogy that dynamically allocated bandwidth to each ship for shared bandwidth.%).1%. DTS 2.0%.[edit] Maritime VSAT Maritime VSAT is the use of satellite communication through a VSAT terminal on a ship at sea.1%.4% (. lowering the entry level cost for getting maritime VSAT installed.6% (26.