MAY 2008 

Democracy &



Former Vice-Premier Ing-wen Tsai elected as 12th term Chairwoman
The Democratic Progressive Party held its 12th chairperson elections on May 18th, with Dr. Ing-wen Tsai emerging as the winning candidate. Chairman Frank Hsieh held a press conference after the election with the two candidates, Ing-wen Tsai and Koo Kwang-ming. Chairman Hsieh announced that nearly 130,000 party members cast their ballots, a voter turnout which exceeded 51%. He also expressed the highest respect for Koo, who displayed a strong sense of commitment to the party despite the fact that he was already 82 years old. Chairman Hsieh said that as the election had successfully concluded, the party must look towards the future and rally around the new chairwoman. Dr. Ing-wen Tsai began by thanking Chairman Hsieh for making the commitment to conduct a successful election. She also thanked Koo Kwang-min and Trong Tsai, two of her competitors during the election process, for their valuable advice. Trong Tsai dropped out of the race prior to the election. Tsai said that although there were disagreements among the candidates, they left no wounds which would prevent the party from coming together. She added that even though the elections have just ended, the party’s challenges are just beginning. On May 20th, the DPP became the opposition party in Taiwan, a party without government resources, and all party members must take this into account. Tsai stated that it is the responsibility of the Democratic Progressive Party to protect Taiwan’s sovereignty, consolidate its democratic institutions, and uphold the principles of social equality and justice. She is confident that the DPP can regain the trust of the people, revive its ideals, strengthen the skills of its staff, and deepen DPP’s grassroots support. Despite the fact that the party is currently in a difficult place, she is confident that the party will endure.



Department of International Affairs
Democratic Progressive Party 8F, No. 30, Pei-Ping East Rd. Taipei, Taiwan t. 886-2-23929989 ext. 306 f. 886-2-23214527 e-mail: foreign@dpp.org.tw web: http://www.dpp.org.tw

Dr. Ing-wen Tsai (蔡英文)

Educational Background National Taiwan University (LLB) Cornell University Law School (LLM) London School of Economics and Political Science (PhD, Law)

Director: Dr. Lin Chen-wei

Editor:-In-Chief: Roger Lee Huang

Contributing Writer: Julia Famularo

Experience Vice Premier, Executive Yuan Nationwide Legislator National Policy Advisor, Office of the President Chairwoman, Mainland Affairs Council Chief Legal Counsel, Ministry of Economic Affairs International Economic Organization Professor, Department of Law and Institute of International Business (National Chenghi University and Soochow University)

12th Democratic Progressive Party Chairperson Elections: Official Results Voter Turnout Rate: 51.14% Elected Candidate Koo Kwang-min Candidates Votes Received Total (Percentage of 48882 (37.81%) Votes Received) 73865 (57.14%) 6530 (5.05%) Votes Received Votes Received Ing-wen Tsai Trong Tsai



Former Legislator Wang Tuoh Appointed Secretary General
Chairwoman Ing-wen Tsai officially appointed Wang Tuoh as new Secretary General of the Democratic Progressive Party following her inauguration on May 21st. Wang Tuoh, a four terms legislator is a veteran of Taiwanese politics. An acclaimed novelist, Wang became involved in Taiwan’s democratization movement while he was a teacher. He was imprisoned in 1980 for his participation in the “Formosa Incident” and served four of his six year sentence. Since his release in 1984, he actively helped organized political opposition against the authoritarian Kuomintang regime. He went on to run for various public offices under the DPP banner, and as a legislator, represented his hometown Keelung City for three terms. Prior to his current position as Secretary General of the DPP, Wang was Minister of the Council for Cultural Affairs.

Wang Tuoh (王拓)
Educational Background Keelung Municipal Padou Elementary School Keelung Senior High School National Taiwan Normal University (BA) National Chengchi University (Master of Political Science) Experience 3rd, 4th, 5th,and 6th Term Legislator Senior High School Teacher University Lecturer Director of the DPP’s Department of Organizational Development Representative and Chairman of the Board of chairpersons, 2nd Term National Assembly Director, Legislative Yuan Party Caucus Convener, Legislative Yuan Education Reform Alliance Convener, Legislative Yuan Education Committee Convener, Legislative Yuan Transportation Committee Convener, Legislative Yuan Procedural Committee Director of the DPP’s Policy Research Committee Minister, Council of Cultural Affairs, Executive Yuan



Wang Tuoh: Without any preconditions, DPP willing to talk to China
Responding to the PRC’s Taiwan Affairs Office of the State Council Minister Chen Yunlin’s statement regarding their willingness to open dialogue with “Taiwanese independence activists,” DPP Secretary General Wang Tuoh said it was important for the Taiwan Affairs Office to first clarify what they meant by “Taiwanese independence.” Wang asked the Taiwan Affairs Office to clarify if those who seek to establish a Republic of Taiwan and those who advocate a ‘Taiwan-first, and to realize the reality of Taiwan’s sovereignty’ should both be considered “Taiwanese independence activists.” Wang said that if China is willing to hold talks with the DPP without setting any preconditions, then the DPP is willing to engage with China. However if China insists on setting conditions in order for the talks to be held, such as under the condition of a ‘One China’ principle, then it would be painful and difficult for the DPP to accept. Wang added that the DPP is willing to visit China or have Chinese representatives visit Taiwan to hold talks as long as China is able to renounce setting any preconditions prior to these talks. Wang Tuoh pointed out that if China’s definition of “Taiwanese independence” refers to an advocacy to put Taiwan’s interests, values, and identity in the forefront, then China is already severely fragmented. Wang said that in his experiences from his visits to China, various places such as SooChow, stood out for its individual local identity. This, Wang said is exactly what Taiwan is doing today. If China refers to this as “Taiwanese independence,” then in China, there is already an independent SooChow, an independent HangChow, and many other places that are independent. Wang Tuoh believes that Chen Yunlin was unclear in his definition of “Taiwanese independence.” Wang Tuoh added that the DPP and Taiwan actually shared the same view regarding Chen’s statement for Taiwan to follow a peaceful road towards development. According to Wang the road to peaceful development is the common desire shared by Beijing, Taiwan, as well as the DPP, and Taiwan’s long-term economic policy is the best example on how it has always wished to maintain a peaceful relationship vis-à-vis Beijing.

DPP Invites Foreign Diplomats to Policy Briefing with Bi-khim Hsiao On May 5th, then DPP Department of International Affairs Director Bi-khim Hsiao invited foreign diplomats to a policy briefing session. The session assessed the recent presidential election and discussed the future of the DPP. A main topic of discussion was the party’s recent ‘re-examination’ meetings aimed at reforming the party as well as earning back the trust and the support of the people. Hsiao provided insight into the four major areas of focus for the meetings, which were: the platform and core values of the DPP; future developments for the party; the single district electoral system and the nomination process; and the expansion of grassroots networking and services.
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The DPP will serve as the dedicated opposition by closely scrutinizing the actions and policies of the newly elected Kuomingtang Party legislators and President Ma Ying-jeou. As long as Ma’s China policy remains ambiguous, the DPP will continue to question his tactics and endeavor to ensure that Taiwan’s interests remain uncompromised. Hsiao also broached the then-upcoming party chair election during the briefing. She emphasized that no matter who won the election, the DPP would continue to undergo a period of self-reflection and improvement in order to strengthen and revitalize the party.

Chairwoman Tsai meets US Political Parties Representatives
The Republican and Democrat parties of the United States of America were the first foreign guests that paid a courtesy call to newly inaugurated Chairwoman Ing-wen Tsai. The Republican Party delegation composed of various Republican leaders was led by the Treasurer and National Committeeman for California Mr. Tim Morgan. The Republican representatives freely exchanged and compared political experiences and similarities between the United States and Taiwan, while also congratulating Chairwoman Tsai on her success in the chairperson election. The Democrat party led by Mark Brewer, President of the Association of State Democratic Chairs included a delegation of Chairpersons and senior Democrat leaders. Tsai talked about the DPP’s current financial difficulties and exchanged fundraising ideas with the Democrat leaders, while also comparing the recent DPP’s primaries to the current Democrat primary for 2008 presidential candidate. Both delegations confirmed the role of the DPP in Taiwan’s young democracy, and encouraged the DPP to continue to fight for its vision and for DPP’s success in future elections.



US Fulbright Scholar reflects upon her year with the DPP
I arrived at the DPP Headquarters in September 2007. I had returned to Taiwan as a United States Fulbright Scholar to investigate the rise of ethno-nationalism and identity politics and their impact on the 2008 election cycle. I first gained interest in Taiwanese politics as a university student during the 2000 presidential election. An East Asian Studies major, I have subsequently lived and conducted research in places as diverse as Taipei, Tibet, Kunming, and Beijing. Although a number of US scholars and officials seem to believe that understanding China is “good enough” for understanding Taiwan, I have never accepted this proposition. Improving US-Taiwan relations is possible only through close, sustained contact between government officials and scholars on both sides. Therefore, spending the academic year at DPP Headquarters was a rare opportunity to pursue my own research interests while facilitating mutual understanding between both countries. I quickly found that there was no such thing as an average day at DPP Headquarters. My colleagues often meet with foreign diplomats, political leaders, and journalists to brief them on the current political situation in Taiwan. We translate policy papers, write press releases and hold international conferences. During election season, my colleagues traveled throughout the country to attend party functions and political rallies. The department, simply put, is a crucial link between the party and the international community. Over the course of the past year, my colleagues and I regularly came into contact with Taiwanese officials and political leaders. I was honestly impressed by their friendly and down-to-earth demeanors. I still remember President Chen’s visit to our office as DPP Chairman. Many politicians would feel content to flash a smile and a wave before moving along. Yet President Chen insisted on personally greeting every one of us. This behavior was typical of many party leaders. Chairman Frank Hsieh was known to my colleagues for his quick wit. Secretary-General Lee Ying-yuan is undoubtedly one of the most ebullient, optimistic men I have ever met. Department of International Affairs Director Bi-khim Hsiao possesses the type of intense passion and drive that makes her stand out as a role model for women. I learned a great deal from all of my colleagues at DPP Headquarters, and was honored that they treated me as one of their own. The next four years will prove crucial not only for the DPP, but for the entire country. The Taiwanese people must demonstrate why a strong, democratic Taiwan is vital to furthering U.S. interests in the Asia-Pacific region. At the same time, they must convince the international community why Taiwan deserves greater representation in organizations such as the World Health Organization and United Nations. The island nation must react to the challenges presented by the Chinese dictatorship, which is rapidly modernizing its military and willing to resort to the use of force to regain its “renegade province.” Those of us who care about Taiwan’s future must also do their part. As my eventual career goal is to help create US foreign policy towards Asia, this experience has given me valuable insight into Taiwanese domestic politics and foreign affairs. I hope that in the future, I can work to facilitate the development of a deeper, more robust relationship between our two countries.
Julia Famularo is a U.S. Fulbright Scholar in Taiwan. As part of her research in Taiwan, she acted as a consultant to the DPP Department of International Affairs. Miss Famularo earned her M.A. in East Asian Studies from Columbia University, and will begin her PhD in Modern East Asian Political History/US-East Asia Relations this fall at Georgetown University.



New Director of Department of International Affairs: Dr Lin Chen-wei
Former Senior Advisor to the National Security Council Dr Lin Chen-wei has become the newest addition to the Department of International Affairs after being chosen as the new departmental head. Lin received his PhD in political science from the University of Tokyo’s Graduate School of Arts and Science and previously taught comparative politics and public policy at Hokkaido University. Prior to his assignment as the Senior Advisor to the National Security Council, the Taipei City native served as the Chief of Staff to Representative Lo Fu-chen at the Taipei Economic and Culture Representative Office in Japan.

Democracy & Progress is a monthly electronic newsletter published by the Democratic Progressive Party’s Department of International Affairs. Please note that articles in this publication should not be used as direct quotation unless with the explicit permission from the editor.