Culture of Bangladesh

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Jump to: navigation, search Bangladesh has a history. The land, the rivers and the lives of the common people formed a rich heritage with marked differences from neighbouring regions. It has evolved over the centuries and encompasses the cultural diversity of several social groups of Bangladesh. The culture of Bangladesh is composite and over centuries has assimilated influences of Hinduism, Jainism, Buddhism, Islam, and Christianity. It is manifested in various forms, including music, dance and drama; art and craft; folklore and folktales; languages and literature, philosophy and religion, festivals and celebrations, as also in a distinct cuisine and culinary tradition.

Contents
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1 Music, dance, drama and film 2 Festivals and celebrations o 2.1 Eid ul-Fitr o 2.2 Eid ul-Adha o 2.3 Pohela Boishakh o 2.4 Language Movement Day o 2.5 Weddings 3 Sports 4 Religion in Bangladesh 5 Lifestyle in Bangladesh o 5.1 Cuisine o 5.2 Dress 6 See also 7 References 8 External links

[edit] Music, dance, drama and film
Main article: Music of Bangladesh

classical. [edit] Festivals and celebrations Festivals and celebrations are integral part of the culture of Bangladesh. The classical style has been influenced by other prevalent classical forms of music and dances of the Indian subcontinent. a single stringed instrument named ektara. Abbas Uddin and many unknown anonymous lyrists have enriched the tradition of folk songs of Bangladesh.pllp Bangladesh has a rich tradition of folk songs. Baul. Kangal Harinath. Eid-ul-Azha. In recent time. Lyricists like Lalon Shah. [edit] Eid ul-Fitr .Bangladeshi artists performing in a dance show The music and dance styles of Bangladesh may be divided into three categories. for example Nitoshilpi. a pair of metal bawls used for rhythm effect called mandira[disambiguation needed]. In relatively modern context. several musical instruments of western origin like guitar. sometimes alongside the traditional instruments. Currently. drums. Several dancing styles in vogue in the north-eastern part of the Indian subcontinent. and accordingly show some influences dance forms like Bharata Natyam and Kuchipudi. mysticism and devotion. Independence day. are also practiced in Bangladesh. and saxophone are also used. drums (dole). western influences have given rise to several quality rock bands. and major musical instruments used are bamboo flute (banshi). like Monipuri and Santal dances. and Language Movement Day. are used in Bangladesh. Eid-ul-Fitr. Romesh Shill. particularly in urban centers like Dhaka. folk and modern. including love themes. with lyrics rooted into vibrant tradition and spirituality. a four stringed instrument called dotara. The folk and tribal music and dance forms of Bangladesh are of indigenous origin and rooted to the soil of Bangladesh. Durga puja. Muharram. Most prevalent of folk songs and music traditions include Bhatiali. Prominent and widely celebrated festivals are Pohela Baishakh. some of them of indigenous origin. Rabindra Sangeet and Nazrul geeti form precious cultural heritage of Bangladesh. but Bangladesh has developed its own distinct dancing styles. Murshidi and Bhawaiya. Hason Raja. Marfati. Several musical instruments. Such folk songs also revolve round several other themes. National Mourning Day.

All outgoing public transport from the major cities become highly crowded and in many cases the fares tend to rise in spite of government restrictions. All local TV channels air special program for several days for this occasion. kabbadi. in open areas like fields or else inside mosques. In Dhaka. visit each other's houses and eat special food. and seniors returning blessings (sometimes with a small sum of money as a gift). other traditional Bangladeshi games as well as modern games like football and cricket are played on this occasion.[1] After the Eid prayers. The only big difference is the Qurbani or sacrifice of domestic animals on Eid ul-Adha. visit each other's home and eat sweet dishes called Shirni. In urban areas people play music. All major mosques including the Baitul Mukarram also holds prayers. In some areas Eid fares are arranged. The government of Bangladesh declares holiday for three days on Eid-ul Fitar. the celebration of Eid ul-Fitr has become a part of the culture of Bangladesh. where about half a million people join the Eid prayer. Numerous temporary marketplaces . The biggest congregation of Bangladesh is held at Sholakia in Kishoreganj. In the rural areas Eid festival is observed with great fanfare. Throughout the day gentlemen embrace each other. Different types of games including boat race. people return home. Adult Muslim males in Bangladesh assemble at the Eid Ghah for prayer in the morning of the Eid day On Eid day. [edit] Eid ul-Adha Main article: Eid ul-Adha The celebration of Eid ul-Adha is similar to Eid ul-Fitar in many ways. Watching movies and television programs has also become an integral part of Eid celebration in urban areas. It is also customary for junior members of the society to touch the feet of the seniors.Main article: Eid ul-Fitr As the most important religious festival for the majority Muslims. the largest Eid prayer is held at the national Eidgah. Eid prayers are held all over the country. People living in towns having their families or parents in villages go to their country homes to meet relatives and celebrate the festival together.

The most colourful New Year's Day festival takes place in Dhaka. Less affluent people also take part in the festivity by visiting houses of the affluent who are taking part in qurbani. dancers and traditional plays and songs. However. immediately after the prayer. as well as various kinds of food and sweets are sold. bullfights. traditional handicrafts. The fairs also provide entertainment. Come. affluent people slaughter their animal of choice. Many people from the big cities go to their ancestral houses/homes in the villages to share the joy of the festival with friends and relatives. he Boishakh.Prior to this day. Newspapers bring out special supplements.of different sizes called Haat operate in the big cities for sale of Qurbani animals (usually cows and goats). Social and cultural organisations celebrate the day with cultural programmes. In the morning on the Eid day. Esho Esho (Come. Although the religious doctrine allows the sacrifice anytime over a period of three days starting from the Eid day. Year. After the qurbani a large portion of the meat is given to the poor people. [edit] Pohela Boishakh Main article: Pohela Boishakh Pohela Baishakh celebration in Dhaka Pôhela Boishakh is the first day of the Bangla Calendar. Esho. and neighbours and going to fair. furniture. Students and teachers of the institute take out a colourful procession and parade round the campus. flying pigeons. toys. special discounts on clothes. Pohela Boishakh marks the start day of the crop season. people bathe early in the morning and dress in fine clothes. most people prefer to perform the ritual on the first day of Eid. with singers. Large numbers of people gather early in the morning under the banyan tree at Ramna Park where Chhayanat artists open the day with Rabindranath Tagore's famous song. cockfights. Fairs are arranged in many parts of the country where various agricultural products. friends. boat racing were once popular. cosmetics. usually cottons. Usually on Pôhela Boishakh. electronics and various deals and shopping discounts are available. white . It is usually celebrated on the 14th of April. Horse races. the public holiday spans over three to four days. They spend much of the day visiting relatives. There are also special programmes on radio and television. Come). University of Dhaka. A similar ceremony welcoming the new year is also held at the Institute of Fine Arts. bull races. Special line of sarees. the home is thoroughly scrubbed and cleaned. All gatherings and fairs consist a wide spread of Bengali food and sweets.

the bride's Gaye Holud. and also help agree the amount of any settlement. The celebration of Language Movement Day goes on the entire month of February. Authors and readers in Bangladesh eagerly await the fair each year. The mood of the day is sad and humble. written by Abdul Gaffar Choudhury and composed by Altaf Mahmud.sarees with red print/embroidery is sold before this day as everyone dresses up for this day. The matchmakers facilitate the introduction. was erected in the place of the massacre. or the Martyr's monument. people from all walks of life including the national leaders pay tribute to the martyrs by leaving flowers at Shaheed Minar. Language Movement Day is a unique part of the culture of Bangladesh. jasmine flowers are also a huge sale for this event which adorns the women's hair. Ekushey Book Fair is a book fair arranged to mark this occasion every year. A very melodious and melancholy song. who are typically friends or relatives of the couple. To commemorate this movement. The fair has also become an integral part of the culture of Bangladesh. [edit] Weddings Main article: Bengali marriage A traditional wedding is arranged by Ghotoks (matchmakers). [edit] Language Movement Day Main article: Language Movement Day Shaheed Minar. Bengali weddings are traditionally in five parts: first it is the bride and groom's Mehendi Shondha. located near the Dhaka Medical College and Hospital. Today the Shaheed Minar is the centre of cultural activities in Dhaka. Amar Bhaier Rokte Rangano. Shaheed Minar. and especially on February 21. a solemn and symbolic sculpture. has become a symbolic mark of culture of Bangladesh. On the morning of February 21 each year. is played repeatedly in electronic media and cultural gatherings throughout the month. Every year on February 21 this day is observed to pay tribute to the martyrs who sacrificed their lives to establish Bengali as the official language of then East Pakistan in 1952. the Beeya and the . too. the groom's Gaye Holud. This song.

It is typically a much more relaxed affair. mostly orange in colour.go in procession to the bride's home. The people of Bangladesh enjoy watching live sports. to perform the wedding). and demand a sort of admission charge from the groom in return for allowing him to enter. The wedding ceremony is arranged by the bride's family. The actual wedding ceremony "Beeye" follows the Gaye Holud ceremonies. and the henna is used to decorate the bride's hands and feet with elaborate abstract designs. The bride is seated on a dais. Whenever there is a cricket or football match between popular local teams or international teams in any local stadium significant number of spectators gather to watch the match live. On the day. Cricket is a game which has a massive and passionate following in Bangladesh. Victory processions are the most common element in such celebrations. and a Kazi (authorized person by the govt. with only the second-best wedding outfit being worn. The bride and groom are seated separately. These often take place on separate days. The sweets are then fed to the bride by all involved. The bride's side of the family tries to play some kind of practical joke on the groom such as stealing the groom's shoe. For the mehendi shondha the bride's side apply henna to each other as well as the bride For the bride's Gaye Holud. football legend Zinedine Zidane paid a visit to local teams and various events thanks to the invite of Nobel Peace Prize winner Dr. also known as Bou-Bhaat (reception). accompanied by the parents and a Wakil (witness) from each side formally asks the bride for her consent to the union. cricket and kabaddi. is a party given by the groom's family in return for the wedding party. The first event in a wedding is an informal one: the groom presents the bride with a ring marking the "engagement" which is gaining popularity. The Bangladesh national cricket team goes by the nickname of the Tigers²after the Royal Bengal Tiger.Bou Bhaat. she came to congratulate the victory. the groom's family . Muhammad Yunus. [edit] Sports Main article: Sport in Bangladesh Soccer. Also in late 2006/early 2007. piece by piece. Bangladesh has joined the elite group of countries eligible to play Test cricket since 2000. A former prime minister even made an appearance after an international one day cricket match in which Bangladesh beat Australia. Bride's friends and family apply turmeric paste to her body as a part of Gaye Hoof bride.except the groom himself . Kabaddi is the national sport of Bangladesh. and then the groom for his. The people also celebrate major victories of the national team with a great enthusiasm for the live game. the younger members of the bride's family barricade the entrance to the venue. and they are traditionally all in matching clothes. The reception. [edit] Religion in Bangladesh .

Bangladesh is ethnically homogeneous.Main article: Religion in Bangladesh Khan Mohammad Mirdha's mosque (built 1706) at Atish Khana. Durga Puja. The Government has declared National Holidays on all important religious festivals of the four major religions. People of different religions perform their religious rituals with festivity in Bangladesh. in Old Dhaka. Christians and Buddhists are also in the country. The majority of Bangladeshis (about 90%) are Muslims. Bangladesh. and a small number of Hindus. except for the only fact that they are very resilient in nature. multiple dialects. Christmas and Buddha Purnima are celebrated with enthusiasm in Bangladesh. hybridization of social traits and norms as well as cultural upbringing. But due to immense cultural diversity. with Bengalis comprising 98% of the population. See also y y y y Islam in Bangladesh Hinduism in Bangladesh Christianity in Bangladesh Buddhism in Bangladesh [edit] Lifestyle in Bangladesh [edit] Cuisine Main article: Bengali food . Bangladeshis can not be stereotyped very easily. All of these form an integral part of the cultural heritage of Bangladesh.

Some women in urban areas also wear pants. Sweetmeats of Bangladesh are mostly milk based.is a popular serving for the Pohela Boishakh festival. and is served with a variety of vegetables. snacks and savories. Sandesh. More than forty types of mostly freshwater fish are common. Chom Chom. Salt water fish (not sea fish though) Ilish (hilsa ilisha) is very popular among Bengalis. skirts and tops. including carp varieties like rui (rohu). as well as shu ki (dried sea fish). Bangladesh is famous for its distinctive culinary tradition. especially among younger women. mutton and chicken. and delicious food.Panta Ilish . dal. Kalo Jamun. thick lentil soups. and fish and meat preparations of beef. [edit] Dress Portion of a sari woven at Sonargaon Bangladeshi people have unique dress preferences. Rasamalai. Boiled rice constitutes the staple food. can be called an icon of Bengali cuisine. Sari weaving is a traditional art in Bangladesh. Salwar kameez is quite popular. fried as well as curries. green chillies and onion . pickles (Achar). Several other sweet preparations are also available. magur (catfish). lungi as casual wear and shirt-pant on formal occasions. and consist of several delights including Roshgulla. Bangladeshi men wear panjabi on religious and cultural occasions. Gulap Jamun.a traditional platter of Panta bhat with fried Hilsa slice. Saree is the main dress of Bangladeshi women. cultivated in ponds and fished with nets in the fresh-water rivers of the Ganges delta. Fish is the dominant source of protein. katla. supplemented with dried fish (Shutki). ching i (prawn or shrimp). [edit] See also . Bengali cuisine is rich and varied with the use of many specialized spices and flavours.