CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION

A. BACKGROUND OF STUDY Smoking is a practice in which a substance, most commonly tobacco or cannabis, is burned and the smoke is tasted or inhaled. This is primarily practiced as a route of administration for recreational drug use, as combustion releases the active substances in drugs such as nicotine and makes them available for absorption through the lungs. The most common method of smoking today is through cigarettes, primarily industrially manufactured but also hand-rolled from loose tobacco and rolling paper. Other smoking implements include pipes, cigars, bidis, hookahs, vaporizers and bongs. It has been suggested that smoking-related disease kills one half of all long term smokers but these diseases may also be contracted by non-smokers. For a long time now, many people have different views about smoking. Smokers feel it is their right to smoke where and when they want. On the other hand non-smokers feel smokers violate their rights and endanger there life. Smoking is hazardous and the dangers of smoking are serious. A smoker inhales a substance containing 43 cancer-causing (carcinogenic) compounds besides four hundred other toxins including nicotine and tar. Nicotine leads to a smoking addiction. Tar clogs the lungs and inhibits the body¶s capacity to breathe.

Page | 1

causing its inhalation by people within that environment. Passive smoking is the inhalation of smoke. This study was conducted to find out how many among students are aware of it and where did they hear about it. many are not aware that it has serious outcome. even non-smokers. are at risk of getting these illnesses. particularly children. called secondhand smoke (SHS) or environmental tobacco smoke (ETS). Scientific evidence shows that exposure to secondhand tobacco smoke causes disease. disability. Page | 2 .Through passive smoking. Although it is widespread. It occurs when tobacco smoke permeates any environment. and death. from tobacco products used by others.

B. STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM This research sought to evaluate the awareness of high school students. particularly those from Bataan School Fisheries. Where did he students get the information about it? Page | 3 . How many students know the threats of secondhand smoke? 2. The research also sought to answer the following questions: 1.

C. SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY The researcher hopes that the result of this study will inform the High School students and others about the risks or threats of passive or secondhand smoke to our health. Page | 4 . Knowledge about it can prevent sickness due to inhalation of these smokes and can give ideas of how to prevent increasing rate of the victims.

SCOPE AND LIMITATIONS This research. which dealt with the awareness of threats of secondhand smoke among students. was designed to determine how knowledgeable the students about it and where did they find out about it.D. Page | 5 . It was not designed to be a comprehensive analysis of the threats of secondhand smoke.

Nicotine is an alkaloid found in the nightshade family of plants (Solanaceae) that constitutes approximately 0. animals. Smoke.6±3.E.a colloid and comprises a collection of airborne solid and liquid particulates and gases emitted when a material undergoes combustion or pyrolysis. The term "toxin" means the toxic material or product of plants. when absorbed into the body of a living organism. Tobacco. Page | 6 . is any substance that. DEFINITION OF TERMS 1. alters normal bodily function 3. microorganisms. 5.broadly speaking. 2. Drug. in the form of nicotine tartrate. used as an organic pesticide and.0% of the dry weight of tobacco.poisonous products of organisms.an agricultural product processed from the leaves of plants in the genus Nicotiana. It is commonly used as a recreational drug. It can be consumed. together with the quantity of air that is entrained or otherwise mixed into the mass. with biosynthesis taking place in the roots and accumulation occurring in the leaves. 4. used in some medicines. Toxins.

Secondhand smoke in the workplace has been linked to an increased risk for heart disease and lung cancer among adult non-smokers. cleaning the air. also recommends that secondhand smoke be considered a possible carcinogen in the workplace. Page | 7 . Separating smokers from nonsmokers. At Work The workplace is a major source of secondhand smoke exposure for adults. Because there are no known safe levels. Where is secondhand smoke a problem? You should be especially concerned about exposure to secondhand smoke in these 4 places: 1.CHAPTER 2 REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE A. and ventilating the building cannot prevent exposure if people still smoke inside the building. An extra bonus other than protecting non-smokers is that workplace smoking restrictions may also encourage smokers to quit. The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH). the federal agency responsible for health and safety regulations in the workplace. another federal agency. they recommend that exposures to secondhand smoke be reduced to the lowest possible levels. Secondhand smoke meets the standard to be classified as a potential cancer-causing agent by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA).

and ear infections are more common in children who are around smokers. Public places where children go are a special area of concern. Others may seem like small problems. At Home Making your home smoke-free may be one of the most important things you can do for the health of your family. In the Car People spend a great deal of time in cars. lung infections. Asthma. doctor visits. but they add up quickly: think of the expenses. 3. Any family member can develop health problems related to secondhand smoke. schools. and daycare centers. In Public Places Everyone can be exposed to secondhand smoke in public places. Children are especially sensitive to secondhand smoke. Some businesses seem to be afraid to ban smoking. medicines. lost school time. shopping centers. 4. such as restaurants. and if someone smokes there. this can be especially harmful to children. and often lost work time for the parent who must take the child to the doctor. but there is no proof that going smoke-free is bad for business. hazardous levels of smoke can build up quickly. Some of these problems can be serious and even life-threatening. public transportation. Page | 8 . Again.2.

This includes unborn babies and newborns. premature birth. his ability to breathe becomes impaired. Groups at Risk for Secondhand Smoke Although everyone exposed to secondhand smoke is at risk. as the airways become inflamed and filled with mucus. In fact. and people with asthma or other respiratory conditions. infants of mothers who smoke are more than two times likely to die of SIDS than children of non-smokers. children and teens. When a child is exposed to secondhand smoke. certain groups of people are at higher risk for developing severe problems from secondhand smoke. including those with COPD. Additionally. Children and Teens Children have smaller airways and are more sensitive to secondhand smoke than adults. the unborn child receives less oxygen and develops an increased level of carbon monoxide in his or her bloodstream. This can lead to a higher incidence of miscarriage. This leaves them more Page | 9 . Babies and Newborns When a woman smokes during pregnancy. The Surgeon General and the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) recommend that no one smoke when young people are present. stillbirth and sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS).B. Babies exposed to cigarette smoke in the womb are also at risk for low birth weight and other complications. there is a definite connection between smoking during pregnancy and SIDS.

and it can both cause and worsen respiratory conditions. Furthermore. Teenage smoking is a major health concern in our nation. and often leads to respiratory infection. although further studies are needed to confirm this link. just the odor of smoke on clothing or skin being enough to trigger asthma symptoms.susceptible to respiratory symptoms. Children and teens of parents who smoke not only develop more frequent respiratory infections but have more difficulty recovering from them. Adults Secondhand smoke is a major respiratory irritant. Teens are not only unaware of how addictive smoking is. It acts as a major trigger for asthma. pneumonia and bronchitis in children. but they can easily become addicted in a short period of time. secondhand smoke is responsible for lung cancer deaths annually in nonsmokers. it is a powerful trigger for children who have asthma. contributing new cases each year in children. because secondhand smoke irritates the airways of the lungs. Page | 10 . and leads to deaths in children 18 months of age or younger each year. Secondhand smoke is also known to be associated with middle ear infection. Secondhand smoke is associated with hospitalizations of infants and toddlers annually. such as coughing and wheezing. Secondhand smoke also causes approximately heart disease deaths each year. It is not uncommon that teenagers of parents who smoke become smokers themselves. and has been linked to stroke and hardening or the arteries. Declared by the EPA as a human lung carcinogen.

CHAPTER 3 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY The researcher used the descriptive method. The instrument used to gather data was the questionnaire. Questions focused on how aware were the students on threats of secondhand smoke. which the researcher prepared and distributed to eighty respondents. The condition for their selection and for giving reasons was their willingness to respond to the questions honestly. Responses to the questions were presented in simple categories and expressed quantitatively in frequencies and proportions. The respondents of the study were students from Bataan School of Fisheries. and what are the sources of information. In analyzing the data. The selected respondents were given time to familiarize with it. The facts obtained from questionnaire were transcribed and written in declarative form. the formula used was: P = f / n x 100 p = percentage f = frequencies n = number samples Page | 11 .

Table 1 Frequency and Percentage Distribution of Students According to Awareness on Threats of Secondhand Smoke F es o TOTAL U C 9 51 80 P TA . Of selected students.75 100. 5 . Smaller number of students are aware. more are not aware. The first problem is: How many students are aware of the threats of secondhand smoke? The following table will show that 51out of 80 students are not aware of the threats or risks of secondhand smoke.CHAPTER 4 PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS OF DATA The analysis and interpretation of data are presented in this chapter in accordance with the problem posed in Chapter 1.00% C Page | 12 .

while smaller group of respondents said that they get aware of it from their relative. . only four respondents said that they knew it because of their observation. Table 2 Frequency and Percentage Distribution of Students According to Sources of Information F elatives Literature Observation edia total P . literature made the respondents aware of the threats. Furthermore. 29 100% A Page | 13 . most of the respondents stated that they learned about the threats of secondhand smoke on media like television and radio. . according to fewer students. .Of twenty-nine students who are aware. and lastly.

Reason of their unawareness is lack of reminder about it from authorities who are more responsible on it. Non-smokers and smokers should be aware so they can realize how they are affected or how they can affect the lives of people in the community. Since exposure to secondhand smoke is very typical in all places and of all ages. only few said that they were aware. It is also recommended that other study and more seminars about the threats of secondhand smoke be conducted on each community. ack of awareness on it may lead to sickness all over the community. It is hard to tell smokers to stop smoking but this problem has possible resolutions. AND RECOMMENDATION Based on the responses to the questionnaire of eighty students that were chosen. while several students are not aware of the threats of secondhand smoke. Secondhand smoke is dangerous that¶s why it is also advice to keep away voluntarily if someone is smoking and you think that he is not conscious of people¶s health. Page | 14 . There should be smoking area that is away from people in each Barangay. CONCLUSION. it is highly recommended that governments should ban smoking of public places and in homes.CHAPTER 5 SUMMARY. It can be solve if solutions are rightly executed.