U: FACE THE TRUTH, Y  DEAL WITH TRANSITIONAL

JUSTICE…………….…1

January 2007

KMT-CCP ALLIANCE 

SINKS TAIWAN........………....2

TAIWAN-AMERICAS RELATIONS..................3 


DPP-LDP EXCHANGE..................4

A MONTHLY NEWSLETTER PUBLISHED BY THE DPP’S DEPARTMENT OF INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS

democracy & progress
DPP Chairman Yu Shyi-kun delivered the opening speech on January 25 at the Transformations in New Democracies Conference, organized by the Taiwan Foundation for Democracy. In his remarks, Chairman Yu stressed the importance of facing history when dealing with the issue of transitional justice. He called for a disentanglement of historical confusions and pledged to move forward with the restoration of power. He said that the DPP along with the government will push for constitutional reform, resolve the issue of assets that have been illegally acquired by political parties, and investigate those responsible for the 228 Incident. “Taiwan is a burgeoning democracy and even though it faces many external and domestic challenges, the 23 million Taiwanese people can proudly say to the world that Taiwan is truly a democratic and free country, that it is a model for democracy in Asia, and that it is an asset to democratic societies around the world,” Yu said. (continued on page 2) DPP Chairman Yu Shyi-kun said Taiwan has not been able to consolidate its democracy and face the challenges of transitional justice. Yu delivered the opening remarks of the Transformations in New Democracies Conference, which was organized by the Taiwan Foundation for Democracy on January 25.

Yu: face the truth, deal with transitional justice

2 DEMOCRACY & PROGRESS

DEMOCRACY & PROGRESS
Department of International Affairs Democratic Progressive Party 8F, No. 30, Pei-Ping East Rd. Taipei, Taiwan t. 886-2-23929989 ext. 305 f. 886-2-23214527 e-mail: foreign@dpp.org.tw web: http://www.dpp.org.tw Director Winston Dang Editor-in-Chief: Michael Fonte Editor: Ping-Ya Hsu

KMT-CCP alliance sinks Taiwan with domestic and foreign disruption
A press conference was held on January 23 at the DPP headquarters to discuss recent developments in cross strait affairs and in domestic politics. DPP Chairman Yu Shyi-kun gave his reaction to the anti-satellite missile test conducted by China. He also discussed the recent stall of the government budget bill in the Legislative Yuan. “China’s missile test was conducted on January 11 and, coincidentally, the KMT froze the government budget on January 19 to protect their party assets,” Chairman Yu commented. “This clearly shows that the KMT and the CPP are working together from both the inside and the outside, subjecting Taiwan to the threat of domestic and foreign disruption at the cost of the people’s livelihood.” The Legislative Yuan is currently discussing a NT70 billion budget package for the government. Chairman Yu says the budget is essential for the country’s development in the areas of national security, economic and technological advancement. Yu also said that for every month that budget talks are delayed, the GDP is affected by 0.3%, which equals a loss of NT37 billion per month for the country. “The KMT is disregarding the people’s livelihood, China’s missile test hints to the U.S. not to get involved in cross strait matters, and our inability to acquire weapons with the legislative paralysis proves a China tilt in military strength in the cross strait region,” Yu said. “All these give us reason to believe that the KMT and CCP have already made an agreement.” Yu said he believes there will be worldwide condemnation of China’s recent missile test, and in order to match the timing of China’s missile test, the KMT paralyzed the government’s budget, which the public will also condemn. The KMT should bear some responsibility and hold another legislative session to pass the government budget bill. Yu: face the truth, deal with transitional justice (continued from page 1) “In recent years, Taiwan has had to confront many challenges that are still unresolved, such as constitutional reform, identity and ethnicity issues and the handling of illegally acquired assets by political parties,” Chairman Yu said. “In the course of the last sixty years, conflict between ethnic groups has emerged due to the surfacing of the 228 Incident. We have also faced the horrific acts of the White Terror period and the one-party system of control under the KMT, which brutally oppressed freedom and Taiwanese identity.” Despite the progress made by the government since democratization began, in such areas as redressing past issues, offering apologies, compensation and consolation, the questions of objective truth and legal responsibility have still not been tackled. According to Chairman Yu, the main reason for this is the rush to maintain social harmony and political stability, which has actually obstructed the consolidation of democracy. Chairman Yu said that the DPP will continue to push for reform in order to bring about true reconciliation.

3 DEMOCRACY & PROGRESS

Taiwan-Americas relations: Joint Prosperity and Continued Friendship
DPP Chairman Yu Shyi-kun accompanied President Chen Shui-bian to Latin America on January 8, with a stop in the United States as part of President’s Chen “Joint Prosperity and Continued Friendship” trip to the Americas. The main purpose of the visit was to attend the inauguration of President Daniel Ortega of Nicaragua and continue the bi-lateral relationship that Taiwan holds with Nicaragua. During the visit, President Chen was able to ensure the support of President Ortega and the Nicaraguan people. President Chen was granted permission by the US government for a transit stop in San Francisco on the way to Nicaragua and a return through Los Angeles. The transit permission through these two U.S. cities was the biggest breakthrough in U.S.-Taiwan relations since May of last year. President Chen was able to make this breakthrough despite the diplomatic difficulties Taiwan faced during this trip. In San Francisco, President Chen stayed for sixteen hours, meeting with Taiwanese overseas supporters and speaking to Representatives of the U.S. Congress by telephone. This interaction proved to be very meaningful in U.S.-Taiwan relations. Chairman Yu Shyi-kun said it was unfortunate that in San Francisco, KMT Central Standing Committee Member Chiang Fang Chih-yi led a group of red protesters. Yu said it was also unfortunate that the Mexican government was pressured by China not to grant permission for the Taiwanese presidential plane to fly through Mexican air space.

DPP Chairman Yu accompanying President Chen in his recent trip to the Americas

4 DEMOCRACY & PROGRESS

DPP-LDP exchange single-member district election strategies
The Democratic Progressive Party held an exchange with members of the House of Representatives of Japan’s Diet regarding the single-member district system. Japanese representative Goji Sakamoto and Nishimura Akihiro from the Liberal Democratic Party of Japan (LDP) were invited as panel speakers to relate the Japanese experience with this type of election. The conference was titled “Winning Strategies: the Single-Seat District System – Experience Exchange between Taiwan and Japan”, and was held on January 13 at the Taipei International Conference Center. Taiwan will employ the single-member district system in the December 2007 legislative election. This system will divide voting districts into single-member districts, and the DPP is prepared to face the challenges of this change, inviting Japanese representatives to relate their election knowledge. In 1995, Japan changed the voting system from Single Non-Transferable Vote System into a single-member district system. DPP Chairman Yu Shyi-kun hosted the conference, along with Secretary General Lin Chia-lung, who moderated the panels on sharing Taiwanese and Japanese election experience. “Taiwan and Japan share similarities as well as differences in election systems, but Japan has ten years of experience in handling the single-member district system,” Yu said. Last year in October, Yu led a DPP delegation comprised of legislators and party officials to exchange perspectives with Japanese representatives, especially observing how Japan’s Prime Minister Junichiro Koizumi led the LDP to win a parliamentary majority after dissolving the legislative body in 2005. These experiences, Yu said, are worth borrowing by the DPP. With the attendance of two experienced members from Japan’s House of Representatives, Yu said the DPP hoped to produce a winning strategy. According to Yu, the single-member district system will pose a great challenge for the DPP, especially in the already-labeled difficult areas such as Hualien, Taitung, the outlaying islands and proportional representation for aboriginals. But the quality and image of the Legislative Yuan suffered with the old system because it gave candidates a chance to win a legislative seat with a small number of votes. The quality of those elected was not necessarily optimal since some legislators were not pressured to produce good results. There are three tendencies that would likely occur with the change in system. They are: 1. The role of the party headquarters and the party branches will increase, and the spotlight will no longer be focused on individual candidates, 2. Policy and image of the party will become more important than the quality of each candidate, 3. Service and operating procedures of local branches will play a major role, instead of individual celebrity or publicity. At the conference, Yu analyzed the LDP’s winning strategies, which were successful leadership in the theme of reform, a winning selection of campaigners to fight for the difficult districts, and finally, effective coordination from the LDP headquarters in the endorsement system. During the conference’s conclusion, Yu said the DPP was able to gain from the valuable opinions of the distinguished Japanese guests. Their suggestions would become the DPP’s winning strategy. Concluding, Yu promised the DPP will focus on three areas: 1. The DPP will strengthen the operating procedures of local branches, 2. The DPP headquarters will focus on the issue of reform, 3. The DPP will attach major importance to party image and public profile of leaders.