EW PREMIER VISITS N  CHAIRMAN

May 2007

YOU….…………….…1 NEW GOAL SET AT 1.4M
SIGNATURES FOR 

« PARTY ASSESTS REFERENDUM »..........2 PERSEVERE AND TAIWAN’S 



INDEPENDENCE WILL BECOME RECOGNIZED...............3

UN REFERENDUM
PASSES FIRST HURDLE.......................4

A MONTHLY NEWSLETTER PUBLISHED BY THE DPP’S DEPARTMENT OF INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS

democracy & progress
On May 14, the chairman of the Straits Exchange Foundation, Chang Chun-hsiung, was formally nominated by President Chen Shui-bian as the successor for the office of Premier. Following the announcement, Chang Chun-hsiung straightaway paid a visit to DPP Party Chairman, You Si-kun to exchange views and discuss such issues as future cooperation between the Executive Yuan and the party caucus.

New Premier visits Chairman You

Chang Chun-hsiung said that his special meeting with the Chairman had furnished him with invaluable advice on future coordination and cooperation between the three areas of party affairs, the party caucus, and the Executive Yuan. Chairman You said he hoped Chang Chun-hsiung would make swift headway in resolving the stalemate over the New Premier Chang Chun-hsiung shaking hands with government’s budget bill, and do his utmost to DPP Chairman You Si-kun . advance transitional justice issues. During the meeting, Chairman You emphasized that, currently, in order to protect their illegally gained assets, the Kuomintang (KMT) has no qualms about violating the Constitution and breaching the law governing the Central Election Commission, so stalling the budget bill to the detriment of the whole nation. Once Premier Chang takes office he will be expected to find a swift resolution to the budget standoff. Chairman You also pointed out that the KMT had abused the strength of its majority in the legislature to force through amendments to the Farmers’ Association Law and Fishermen’s Association Law, canceling the three-term limits for secretary-generals of the associations. The new amendments also mean that, whereas indicted leaders of these associations were formerly fired from their posts following conviction in their second trials for crimes, they will now be allowed a third trial. Given that the vast majority of secretary-generals of farmers’ and fishermen’s Continue on page 2

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New Premier visits Chairman You
DEMOCRACY & PROGRESS
Department of International Affairs Democratic Progressive Party 8F, No. 30, Pei-Ping East Rd. Taipei, Taiwan t. 886-2-23929989 ext. 373 f. 886-2-23214527 e-mail: foreign@dpp.org.tw web: http://www.dpp.org.tw Director Winston Dang Editor-in-Chief: Michael Fonte Editor: Clementine Lee

(continue from page 1) associations are KMT loyalists, and that many of them have been involved in corruption, clearly, the amendments constitute a “black money clause” in the law. Chairman You urged Chang Chun-hsiung to reopen the debate on these questions once he assumes offices. Chairman You also said that, since coming to power, the DPP has striven for transitional justice, name rectification, and gaining membership in the World Health Organization and the United Nations under the name “Taiwan.” The party has also pursued the KMT’s illegal party assets and carried out investigations into who was responsible for the February 28 Incident. The Chairman expressed his hope that upon taking office, Chang Chun-hsiung would continue the progress already made in these areas. He also stressed that in the future, the party and the Executive Yuan could establish a platform for pooling staff and training talented politicians to help lead the country forward. In response to the media’s questions about his new appointment, Chang Chunhsiung emphasized that in nominating Cabinet members, the most important thing is to select the right person who will exercise their abilities in the right position, so that wise and intelligent people can make good use of that person’s skills and knowledge, as they join together in serving Taiwan.

New goal set at 1.4m signatures for “Party Assets Referendum”
The signature drive for the “Kuomintang’s (KMT) illegally gained Party Assets Referendum” promoted by the DPP entered its second stage on January 23 of this year. During this stage, the activity has received the enthusiastic support of the people, who have made their contribution by signing the forms. A few days ago, 829,000 signatures had been received, making this the first time that the required threshold of 826,000 signatures in the second stage has been exceeded. However, in order to ensure that, when the forms are examined, the number of repeat signings and incomplete—and thus invalid—forms will not push the number of signatures below the limit, the party headquarters has decided to set a goal of 1.4 million signatures. On May 17, the campaign was over 500,000 signatures short. The party headquarters calls on all the people of Taiwan to help speed up the process and to show their support by participating in the form-signing, so that, hopefully, by the end of June the signing can be successfully completed with 1.4 million signatures. You can add your signature in support of holding the “Party Assets Referendum” by visiting the Democratic Progressive Party’s (DPP) website at, www.dpp.org.tw, and clicking on “Party Assets Referendum” to download the form and pre-paid envelope. Once you have filled in your details, you can send the form directly to the DPP headquarters. In celebration of Mother’s Day, Continue on page 3

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New goal set at 1.4m signatures for “Party Assets Referendum”
(continue from page 2) on May 12 and 13, the DPP headquarters held a “Carnations and Referendum Day,” setting up over 200 signing booths across the country to gather signatures. The event garnered much support from the people, and in mid-June, another large-scale signing event will beheld. We hope that those people who have not yet signed a form will take part in the June signing. Updates on the exact location of each signing booth will be announced each week on our website. We sincerely hope you will give us your voice. It is only with the generous help of the people that we can pursue and recover the illegally gained assets of the KMT, and rightfully return wealth to the people, so settling the issue of transitional justice and creating fairness.

Persevere and Taiwan’s independence will become recognized
On the morning of June 19, DPP Chairman You Si-kun received an invitation from the Taiwan New Century Foundation to attend a celebratory forum entitled, “Policy Suggestions for the New Century,” held to mark the tenth anniversary of the foundation’s establishment. In his opening speech, Chairman You stressed that 2008 would be a crucial year for “the confrontation on identity,” the confrontation between identification with Taiwan and identification with China. If the question of identity can be substantially resolved, then Taiwan can become a normal country. The people of Taiwan need to remain resolute in their purpose if the goal of a recognized independent Taiwan is to be realized. The Chairman also said that while, domestically, all political parties were focused on the presidential and Legislative Yuan primaries, the DPP continues to pay close attention to the events that affect Taiwan internationally. For example, regarding the Kyoto dormitory controversy [a legal wrangling between China and Taiwan over the ownership of a dormitory in Kyoto], the verdict of Japan’s Supreme Court conforms to the “one China” principle, which states that the People’s Republic of China (PRC) is “the sole legal Government of China.” Apparently, this proves that the Republic of China (ROC, Taiwan) does not exist, and therefore, Taiwan can not receive any compensation. Such issues are constantly arising and creating difficulties for Taiwan’s interaction with the international community. Another example is the debate over receiving the Olympic Torch in Taiwan. The DPP’s stance has always been clear. We would genuinely welcome the torch to Taiwan and we continue to look forward to watching our national contenders participate in the Games. And yet, with regard to the Olympic Torch relay route, China has once again suppressed Taiwan and sought to undermine its sovereignty, defining Taiwan as a local government of the PRC. This is entirely unacceptable to us. Taiwan’s recent setback following its application for membership in the World Health Organization (WHO) under the name “Taiwan,” highlights the reality that, in foreign affairs, Taiwan is unable to participate fully in international organizations. Making applications to such organizations under the name “Taiwan” in the future is the right, albeit rocky, road to take. The people of Taiwan should take this question seriously and keep themselves informed of the issues at stake. Chairman You went on to say that, in international terms, Taiwan is an economic powerhouse and has a highly competitive edge. In this light, of course Taiwan is a sovereign independent country. The Chinese leader Hu Jintao’s ongoing opposition to a Taiwan that has “de jure independence” indirectly confirms Taiwan’s “de facto independence.” In the future, we need to take swifter action and be more persistent in our efforts toward name rectification, constitutional reform, and applying for entry into the United Nations (UN) under the name “Taiwan.” Continue on page 4

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DEMOCRACY & PROGRESS

Persevere and Taiwan’s independence will become recognized
(continued from page 3) The Chairman emphasized that 2008 would be a crucial year in resolving the issue of identity. He said that it will also be a decisive time, in which Taiwan can take either “a big step forward” or “a big step back.” Domestically, Taiwan currently faces contradictions and there is no consensus on who is “friend” and who is “foe,” severely hampering political and economic reform. Chairman You emphasized that the future will see a showdown between the respective streams identifying with Taiwan and China. As long as this question can be substantially resolved, and the DPP wins the majority of the vote and remains in power, then economic reform and transitional and social justice can be upheld. Referring to the idea of a “resolution on making Taiwan a normal country,” Chairman You emphasized that the DPP will continue to put into practice “democracy, policies of opening up, and the overcoming of factional politics.” He said that the many different views in all areas of society must be listened to, especially those on constitutional reform; name rectification; applying for UN membership under the name “Taiwan;” meeting the requirements of social and transitional justice; and reforming culture and education, amongst others. In this way, areas in which the government is not making sufficient efforts will be clearly defined, and the views of society can act as an “inspection, reflection and review” of government activity. This will encourage the public to develop a concrete understanding of issues, whilst allowing the views of the public to become the party’s new guiding force for policy. Finally, the Chairman said that ultimate unification carries the highest price, and maintaining the current status quo is a “toxic inertia” that causes the ROC to lose all dignity on the international stage. Therefore, while Taiwan’s path toward accepted independence may be long and arduous, if we maintain our willpower and continue to persevere when times are hard, we will definitely be able to realize our ultimate goal. In response to a question from a journalist on the renaming of Chiang Kai-shek Memorial Hall as National Taiwan Democracy Memorial Hall, the Chairman stressed that it has been proven that Chiang Kai-shek was the culprit behind the February 28 Incident (or 228 Massacre), and therefore, the property of the nation cannot be used to “commemorate” him. This represents one stage in pursuing transitional justice. However, the KMT has repeatedly thwarted our work in this area and is unwilling to face up to the truths of history. They are equally unwilling to reflect on, and examine themselves. Under the leadership of Ma Ying-jeou, the KMT ruthlessly manipulates the power of the old order, without even thinking to reflect on its behavior. It will thus not be able to win the trust of the people. Regarding the controversies in the election primaries, Chairman You said that the candidates should remain calm and level-headed as an opponent in the primaries could one day be a partner in a general election. Candidates should work together on expanding the voter base and uniting as one. He added that as long as all those involved can provide evidence that they have not been involved in wrongful activities; the party headquarters will ensure any conflicts are resolved.

UN referendum Passes First Hurdle
On May 21, DPP Chairman You Si-kun, together with former Premier Frank Hsieh, DPP Legislative Caucus Whip Ker Chien-ming, and Secretary-General of Taiwan United Nations Alliance (TAIUNA) Luo Guangrong, announced that the first stage of collecting signatures for holding a national referendum on applying for UN entry under the name “Taiwan” had been completed. A total of 92,000 signatures had been gathered, surpassing the 85,000 signatures required in the first stage of signature collection. Continue on page 5

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UN referendum Passes First Hurdle
(continued from page 4) The four also cheered the principle of “Taiwan and China—one border, two countries,” and called on the whole nation to unite and participate in signing the petition to push for Taiwan’s entry into the UN. Chairman You emphasized that if the referendum is passed, our collective consensus, as well as the strength of our desire for normal country status, will be made visible to the whole world. Chairman You said that becoming a normal country is our goal and ideal for Taiwan. It will also create wellbeing for Taiwan’s 23 million people. Even though Taiwan is a sovereign independent country, it has been excluded from the UN, the reason being that the existing Constitution of the ROC (Taiwan) has restricted Taiwan’s movements. The Chairman pointed out that in the days when the ROC had a seat in the UN (1945-1971), it represented all of China. After the UN passed a resolution [Resolution 2758] recognizing “the People’s Republic of China” as “the sole legal Government of China,” the ROC completely lost its legal position in the UN and its system of organizations. Chairman You further stressed that if Taiwan wants to participate in the UN, then it must apply for entry under the name “Taiwan,” so as to demonstrate the legitimacy of Taiwan’s entry as a sovereign independent country. Therefore, in pushing for a referendum on applying for UN entry under the name “Taiwan,” the DPP wants the whole world to witness our longing for normalcy and our determination to achieve our goal. Former Premier Frank Hsieh said that the energy fuelling the conflicts at home [recognized independence versus unification], should be directed towards fighting for Taiwan’s dignity and national status abroad. He also pointed out that when he spoke in favor of accession to the UN under the name “Taiwan” in a debate with KMT Legislator John Chiang [grandson of Chiang Kai-shek] back in 1991, opinion polls indicated a mere 20 percent of the public supported his stance. Today, however, opinion polls show that over 70 percent support UN entry under the name “Taiwan,” which is an expression of the people’s hopes for Taiwan’s national status, and shows that their willpower to normalize their country is growing ever stronger. Frank Hsieh referred to the fact that the ROC was ostracized from the UN in 1971 and has not been admitted back to the organization ever since. Moreover, the UN has not passed one resolution on Taiwan during this time. He stressed that, given the UN principles of democracy and universality, Taiwan clearly qualifies to apply for UN entry. Even if we are not successful on our first attempt, by applying under the name “Taiwan” at least we can demonstrate the determination of our nation. With each application that we make, we will be letting the international community know that “Taiwan” is the name of a country, and that the people of Taiwan have the willpower to make Taiwan a recognized country.