# STABILITY CALCULATION OF ABUTMENT

Project : IMPROVING CONNECTIVITY AND DESTINATION MANAGEMENT OF CULTURAL AND NATURAL
RESOURCES IN THE SOUTH ASIA SUB REGION PACKAGE T4 - INDIA SIKKIM

Structure No: Replacement of Pipe Culvert
1.0 SOIL PARAMETERS

Rankines or Coulumbs ("r" or "c")?

c

1 Angle of Repose of Soil, f (in degrees)
2 Cohesion, C (in t/m2)
3 Angle of Wall friction

f =
C=
d =

30.0
0.0
20.0

4 Bulk Density of Soil (dry) , gb (in t/m3)

gb =

1.8

gsub =

12.0

Hwt
a =
b =
heb

0.0
90.000
0.000
1.2

5 Bulk Density of Soil (submerged) , gsub (in t/m3)
6
7
8
9

Height of Water Table above foundation (m)
Batter of Stem wall with horizontal, a (in degrees)
Inclination of Backfill with horizontal, b (in degrees)
Equiv. Ht. of backfill earth for Live load surcharge (m)

10 Equiv. Ht. of earth for L. L surcharge, Slip road Side (m)htoe
11 Coefficient of Friction at base between soil & concrete m =
12 Unit weight of concrete (in t/m3)
gc =

0.0
0.700
2.4

13 Allowable Bearing Capacity (t/m2)
14 Active Earth pressure Coefficient for Stability
15 Active Earth pressure Coefficient for design of stem

16.5
0.297

s=
Ka =
Ka =

2.0

DESIGN PARAMETERS
1 Width Of Abutment Considered (m)
2 Span Length (m)
3 Depth of Solid Slab (m)
7 Concrete Grade for Levelling Course(Mpa)
8 Thickness of Wearing Coat (m)
3.0 SKETCH

0.5 Vs

7.5
2.0
0.25
20.0
15
0.075

0.3

0.300
0.800

b
Hs

Total Height =3.5
Front Side
0

Backfill behind Abutment
1.50
0.5

0.2

0.2

0.4

0.4
0.4

0.200
0.700

1.2

0

0.8

2.100
2.500

0.2

T

0.2
TOE

STEM

0.800

1.700

HEEL
0.400

2.900
Section of Abutment (Not to Scale)

898 5.875 20.35 0 0. No 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 Length 2.72 .30 = 223.4 2.4 1.4500 1.0 VERTICAL LOAD DUE TO PCC WALL & EARTH LOAD 11 10 12 13 14 7 8 6 9 4 5 3 2 1 S.6 1.76 H Volume 4.2500 2.814 3.49 4.8000 16.478 Total Here C.0375 0 4.24 1.95 6.633 0 22.8604 126.0333 1.988 > B/2 (2.175 6.35 0.5 7.5 0.9 7.9/2) = 0.7 13.92264 27.6667 0.4833 As e < B/6 so the section is stable against overturning about Toe Ecc.4 2.30 3.5 7.5 2.6500 0.463 5.4 2.72 = = 126.1 0.5 12.8 1.5 7.5 7.5 7.2 0.8675 0 8.G is X e - Unit V.196 0.2 0.50 2.45 1.8 1.5 7.9 2.5 7.5 0.3 0.44 2.5 7.4 2.5 2.4 2.10 3.8164 9.3 7.125 5.924 20.1 0.0000 2.m) 1.4 2.8 1.60912 223.9 8.2 Width Height 8.8 11.2 0.4 0.5 7.2667 0.6500 2.746 21.2 0.875 6.2500 1. From Mv toe (m) (Tonne.76 m 1.96 2.4 1.9333 1.30 2.52 16.3 0.42 14. Moment . Load Weight (Tonne) 2.99 1.3 5.6000 2.0375 1.48 15.4 2.30 0.31174 < B/6 = 0.75272 13.12 12.7 0.4 2.4 2.50 1.625 5.5536 9.5 7.493 29.4.625 24.4500 1.30 2.1 1.5 10.4 0.

δ ) Sin (α .76604 0.80665 T.5 .631 x 2.β) Sin( α .m 2 x Sinδ x7.8 x 2.5 0.β ) 1 + = 1 x = 0.30 x = (1/2) x P1 x HT x 7.93969 1.β ) 0.δ ) Sin( φ + δ ) Sin (φ .9397 1+ 2 Sin( α .631 T Overturning Moment due to Earth Pressure Force ( Fh1)in Horizontal Direction = 9.0 LATERAL LOADS & VERTICAL LOAD DUE TO EARTH PRESSURE AND SURCHARGE To Calculate the Earth Pressure The height above Ground Level Should be considered as the foundation is resting upon Rock Let us Assume φ δ c = = = 30 20 0 α = 90 β = 0 = = = = = = 0.29731 For Stability ACTIVE EARTH PRESSURE P1 Fh1 = Ka x γ x HT x = = 0.166 = 21.97609 x 2.42xHT Earth Pressure (P1) Live LoadSurcharge (P2) From Coulumb's Earth Pressure Theory Ka Sin2(α + φ) = Sin2(α) X Sin (α .75 0.5.0 = 1.15 = 7.9397 9.5 x Ka x γ x HT = Fv1 Cosδ 0.75 0.δ) Sin( φ + δ ) X Sin ( φ .β ) 2 Sin (α) HT = Fh2 Fh1 HT/2 2.m Stabilizing Moment Due To Vertical Component(Fv1) Of Active Earth Pressure = 3.5 1 2 2.0 Sin2(α + φ) Sin(α .30 Fh1 0.15665 x 1.9397 x x 0.297 1.42xHT 0.6082 T.6845 0.75 x 0.δ ) X Sin (α .93969 = i) 0.766 0.93969 0.97609 T = (1/2) = 3.

m x 2.6422 x γ x Fh2 = P2 x HT x 7.78887 T Overturning Moment due to Surcharge Force ( Fh2)in Horizontal Direction = 10.5 x x HT x 7.4631 T.5 x = Fv2 = Heb Cosδ 10.m x 2.4098 = 24.14607 T.15 .78887 = 8.ii) SURCHARGE DUE TO LIVE LOAD P2 = = Ka 0.4098 T P2 Sinδ = 3.35 Stabilizing Moment Due To Vertical Component(Fv2) Of Live Load Surcharge Pressure = 3.