STABILITY CALCULATION OF ABUTMENT

Project : IMPROVING CONNECTIVITY AND DESTINATION MANAGEMENT OF CULTURAL AND NATURAL
RESOURCES IN THE SOUTH ASIA SUB REGION PACKAGE T4 - INDIA SIKKIM

Structure No: Replacement of Pipe Culvert
1.0 SOIL PARAMETERS

Rankines or Coulumbs ("r" or "c")?

c

1 Angle of Repose of Soil, f (in degrees)
2 Cohesion, C (in t/m2)
3 Angle of Wall friction

f =
C=
d =

30.0
0.0
20.0

4 Bulk Density of Soil (dry) , gb (in t/m3)

gb =

1.8

gsub =

12.0

Hwt
a =
b =
heb

0.0
90.000
0.000
1.2

5 Bulk Density of Soil (submerged) , gsub (in t/m3)
6
7
8
9

Height of Water Table above foundation (m)
Batter of Stem wall with horizontal, a (in degrees)
Inclination of Backfill with horizontal, b (in degrees)
Equiv. Ht. of backfill earth for Live load surcharge (m)

10 Equiv. Ht. of earth for L. L surcharge, Slip road Side (m)htoe
11 Coefficient of Friction at base between soil & concrete m =
12 Unit weight of concrete (in t/m3)
gc =

0.0
0.700
2.4

13 Allowable Bearing Capacity (t/m2)
14 Active Earth pressure Coefficient for Stability
15 Active Earth pressure Coefficient for design of stem

16.5
0.297

s=
Ka =
Ka =

2.0

DESIGN PARAMETERS
1 Width Of Abutment Considered (m)
2 Span Length (m)
3 Depth of Solid Slab (m)
4 Concrete Grade (Mpa)
7 Concrete Grade for Levelling Course(Mpa)
8 Thickness of Wearing Coat (m)
3.0 SKETCH

0.5 Vs

7.5
2.0
0.25
20.0
15
0.075

0.3

0.300
0.800

b
Hs

Total Height =3.5
Front Side
0

Backfill behind Abutment
1.50
0.5

0.2

0.2

0.4

0.4
0.4

0.200
0.700

1.2

0

0.8

2.100
2.500

0.2

T

0.2
TOE

STEM

0.800

1.700

HEEL
0.400

2.900
Section of Abutment (Not to Scale)

898 5.875 20.35 0 0. No 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 Length 2.72 .30 = 223.4 2.4 1.4500 1.0 VERTICAL LOAD DUE TO PCC WALL & EARTH LOAD 11 10 12 13 14 7 8 6 9 4 5 3 2 1 S.6 1.76 H Volume 4.2500 2.814 3.49 4.8000 16.478 Total Here C.0375 0 4.24 1.95 6.633 0 22.8604 126.0333 1.988 > B/2 (2.175 6.35 0.5 7.5 0.9 7.9/2) = 0.7 13.92264 27.6667 0.4833 As e < B/6 so the section is stable against overturning about Toe Ecc.4 2.30 3.5 7.5 2.6500 0.463 5.4 2.72 = = 126.1 0.5 12.8 1.5 7.5 7.5 7.2 0.8675 0 8.G is X e - Unit V.196 0.2 0.50 2.45 1.8 1.5 7.9 2.5 7.5 0.3 0.44 2.5 7.4 2.5 2.4 2.10 3.8164 9.3 7.125 5.924 20.1 0.0000 2.m) 1.4 2.8 1.60912 223.9 8.2 Width Height 8.8 11.2 0.4 0.5 7.2667 0.6500 2.746 21.2 0.875 6.2500 1. From Mv toe (m) (Tonne.76 m 1.96 2.4 1.9333 1.30 2.52 16.3 0.42 14. Moment . Load Weight (Tonne) 2.99 1.3 5.6000 2.0375 1.48 15.4 2.30 0.31174 < B/6 = 0.75272 13.12 12.7 0.4 2.4 2.50 1.625 5.5536 9.5 7.493 29.4.625 24.4500 1.30 2.1 1.5 10.4 0.

δ ) Sin (α .76604 0.80665 T.5 .631 x 2.β) Sin( α .m 2 x Sinδ x7.8 x 2.5 0.β ) 1 + = 1 x = 0.30 x = (1/2) x P1 x HT x 7.93969 1.β ) 0.δ ) Sin( φ + δ ) Sin (φ .9397 1+ 2 Sin( α .631 T Overturning Moment due to Earth Pressure Force ( Fh1)in Horizontal Direction = 9.0 LATERAL LOADS & VERTICAL LOAD DUE TO EARTH PRESSURE AND SURCHARGE To Calculate the Earth Pressure The height above Ground Level Should be considered as the foundation is resting upon Rock Let us Assume φ δ c = = = 30 20 0 α = 90 β = 0 = = = = = = 0.29731 For Stability ACTIVE EARTH PRESSURE P1 Fh1 = Ka x γ x HT x = = 0.166 = 21.97609 x 2.42xHT Earth Pressure (P1) Live LoadSurcharge (P2) From Coulumb's Earth Pressure Theory Ka Sin2(α + φ) = Sin2(α) X Sin (α .75 0.5.0 = 1.15 = 7.9397 9.5 x Ka x γ x HT = Fv1 Cosδ 0.75 0.δ) Sin( φ + δ ) X Sin ( φ .β ) 2 Sin (α) HT = Fh2 Fh1 HT/2 2.m Stabilizing Moment Due To Vertical Component(Fv1) Of Active Earth Pressure = 3.5 1 2 2.0 Sin2(α + φ) Sin(α .30 Fh1 0.15665 x 1.9397 x x 0.297 1.42xHT 0.6082 T.6845 0.75 x 0.δ ) X Sin (α .93969 = i) 0.766 0.93969 0.97609 T = (1/2) = 3.

m x 2.6422 x γ x Fh2 = P2 x HT x 7.78887 T Overturning Moment due to Surcharge Force ( Fh2)in Horizontal Direction = 10.5 x x HT x 7.4631 T.5 x = Fv2 = Heb Cosδ 10.m x 2.4098 = 24.14607 T.15 .78887 = 8.ii) SURCHARGE DUE TO LIVE LOAD P2 = = Ka 0.4098 T P2 Sinδ = 3.35 Stabilizing Moment Due To Vertical Component(Fv2) Of Live Load Surcharge Pressure = 3.

7778 3.0 T Length of Track = 3.13 Now = = Hence the Governing Horizontal Force is T = 3.89 T 2.6 m As the Span Length is less than 3.889 T 0.25 Moment = x 7.2 1.444 T Lever Arm Moment Breaking Force Per Abutment = = 1.0 3.2 R1 Now R2 R1 = = 38.0 DEAD & LIVE LOAD MOMENTS AND BRAKING MOMENT CALCULATIONS 1) Dead Load of Superstructure Span Length Slab Thickness Width of Slab So the weight of Slab = = = = = Hence Load Per Unit Abutment = Assuming Superimposed Load as = = Hence Load Per Unit Abutment = So Total Dead Load = 2.5 + = 7.25 m 7.889 T 38.375 T.25 m 24.0 m 0.0 6 0.6.5 2.0 3 9.6m .4 .5 T Lever Arm = 1.0 = 38.75 Moment due to µRg = 13.0 X 9T 4.m 7.306 T. the live load to be placed should be = (70/ 3.5 X 2.8889 T µRg = 3.89/ 2 19.5 3.25 T T/m x T 3T 4.6 0.m 2) LIVE LOAD : Class AA Track Vehicle Total Load = 70.6) x 2.

25 37.75 T Hence the Governing Horizontal Force (gv) = Moment due to force gv = 14 T.2 R1 1.6 Here R1 Lever Arm Moment Now Breaking Force Per Abutment = = = = = 0.2 R2 29.40Tonne Boggie Vehicle Total Load Distance between loads 20T = = 40.188 8 4 T m T.m T T = µRg 3.22 0.75 1.0 T 1.m 4T .2 m 20T 1.

m 231.7. S.62 9.9761 > 0.7653 > 14 9.715 > 2.) FACTOR OF SAFETY AGAINST OVERTURNING ABOUT TOE (i) ABUTMENT ONLY Over Turning Moment = 21.53 Factor of Saftey = 231.5 + 7.608 T.90 35.071 = 4.7 1.) FACTOR OF SAFETY AGAINST SLIDING FACTOR OF SAFETY .09 T.608 6. S.m Stabilizing Moment = 231.5 x 9. F.5 0.9761 T 130.12 9.12 T 9.6293 > 2. S.9761 3.608 T.188 = 278.631 0.62 T 9.6915 + x 9.09 60.071 T.m Factor Of Safety = 278.608 = 10.53 + 240.90 T.62 138.m 240.9761 T 138.90 + 37.0 Fv X 2.608 + 24.m Stabilizing Moment = 240.0 (iii) Abutment + Dead Load ofBridge + Live Load + Surcharge Over Turning Ovent = 35. = = 126.1652 130. = Fh (i) ABUTMENT ONLY Fv = = Fh F. = = (ii) Abutment + Dead Load ofBridge Fv = = Fh = F.608 + 35.463 = 60.53 21.7 .0 (ii) Abutment + Dead Load ofBridge Over Turning Ovent = = Stabilizing Moment = = Factor Of Safety = = 21.0 CHECK FOR STABILITY (NORMAL CASE) AT TOE 1.375 2.7 > 1.99 130.

75 6.0629 T.8688 T/m^2 qmin = 6.5 7.4371 + 0.25) 0.5 x (2.66 T Fh = 9.9761 + 3.62 + 138.9) + 3.25) + q = 27.2456 T/m^2 27.7 F.75 10.75 qmax = 10.6522 .66 + 21.(iii) Abutment + Dead Load ofBridge + Live Load + Surcharge Fv = 138.12 + 29.) BASE PRESSURE CALCULATIONS A = = Z (LONG) (i) = 2.136 = 4.41 - 37.3563 T/m^2 qmin = 6.62 T + 3.824 T.631 ML = = 21.045 7.5 3. 24.75 = 24.3443 T/m^2 7.12 + 3.12 T/m^2 ML -1.m = 171.75 = 171.12 + 21.62 + ABUTMENT ONLY 21.513 24.463 2.9/2 .1422 T/m^2 (ii) Abutment + Dead Load ofBridge Fv = = 130.66 x 0.99 130.m 138.539 T/m^2 qmin = 5.75 m2 2 (2.9785 > 1.0629 + 29.513 Fv = = 126.608 -1.1.0629 10.1.5 = 10.513 (iii) Abutment + Dead Load ofBridge + Live Load + Surcharge Fv = 138.7889 + 10.9/2 .437 q = = = qmax = -1.513 qmax = 5. S.75 = 171.66 T ML = 0.824 10.4371 + 14 q = 130.9 x 21.7889 + 29.5 x 6 7.75 x(2.136 = 171.

5 0.0 0. = = = = = 60.620 1.2000 .324 1.5 0.85 0.5 1.4 1.09 82.92292 ture DL of 2 Substructu re 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 TOTAL 2. Zone factor Z = 0.058 9.994 Tm 278.880 1.no Load W Feq 7.593 3.5 0.0 0.9 0.IV Seismic Force to be resisted Where Feq = Ah X Load Ah = (Z/2) X (Sa / g) (R/I) From IRC :6 .540 4.183 84.900 Lever Arm Moment DL of 1 Superstruc 3. only react to Earth quqke Sl.95 2.071 + 82.923 .95 2.73 0 1.7 1.09 Tm 278.95 1. S.994 3.0 CHECK FOR STABILITY (SEISMIC CASE) The Structure falls under seismic zone .9 1.35 1.000 2.502 3.8 1.739 14.159 1.490 12.3507 22.304 10.654 10.24 (Sa / g) R I = = = = 2.5 1.12 Now Ah The Components above ground Level.8.5 2.97 2.063 2.) FACTOR OF SAFETY AGAINST OVERTURNING ABOUT TOE Over Turning Moment Stabilising moment F.189 22.560 0.7 13.551 3.000 8.425 1.20 2.159 3.

1258 qmin = 13.) BASE PRESSURE CALCULATIONS Fv Fv (+ve Seismic) = 176.824 = 52.824 = 49.631 + 10.371 Tm q = qmax = = 176.58 21.513 4.9581 20.159 + 50% of 10.74 T Fv (-ve Seismic) = 166.355 T/m2 qmin = 2.923 x 1.9623 T/m2 < 1. S. = 126.25 x SBC ML(-ve Seismic) Check for +ve seismic Check + OK Check for -ve seismic Check q = = 166.54 3.084 T/m2 3. S.122 Tm = 27.159 + 22.371 10. F.6588 + qmax = 12. = Fv X 0.58 T ML(+ve Seismic) = 27.7 Fh Fv Fh F.62 T = = = 9.9761 = 171.06 + x 22.99 = 130.25 x SBC + 49.75 7.) FACTOR OF SAFETY AGAINST SLIDING FACTOR OF SAFETY .66 + 3.513 4.6964 OK .75 8.122 10.2.1677 T/m2 < 1.135 T 4.74 21.94 + 52.923 0.