CHAPTER 3

DEMOGRAPHIC PROFILE

1.

POPULATION OF DELHI Population Census (6th after independence) was undertaken in the entire area of NCT of Delhi between 9th February to 28th February 2001 with a revisional round from 1st to 5th March, 2001. Accordingly, the population of Delhi, as on 1st March, 2001, has been worked out at 13.78 millions as against 9.42 millions as on 1st March, 1991. This shows decennial growth of 46.31% of population between 1991-2001. The corresponding percentage at All-India level has been worked out at 21.34%. The total population of Delhi is 1.34% of the All-India Population. Figures at a glance - Population Census 2001 are given in Table 3.1. Sex-wise decennial population growth rate in Delhi is given in Table 3.2.

2.

AREA OF NCT OF DELHI The total area of NCT of Delhi is 1483 Sq. Kms. As per Population Census 1991, its rural and urban composition is given below: Rural Area Urban Area : : 797.66 Sq. Kms. 685.34 Sq. Kms. 1483 Sq. Kms.

During Population Census 2001, the area of NCT of Delhi has remained the same at 1483 Sq. Kms. However, its rural-urban composition has undergone change. According to provisional results released by Directorate of Census Operations, Delhi, rural-urban break-up of N.C.T. of Delhi is given below: Rural Area Urban Area : : 591.91 Sq. Kms. 891.09 Sq. Kms. 1483 Sq. Kms.

14

ECONOMIC SURVEY OF DELHI, 2001-2002

31 6.15% during 1981-1991.81% and it is almost double the national average.22 % during 1951-1961.51 5.95 15.52 11.66 16.38 15.268 1.434.395 2. 4.25 100. 4.00 Population 1991 5 1. area.22 11.084.712 1. density.847.778. Government of N.00 Rank in 1991 7 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Note: The population of nine districts for 1991 is derived by recasting the Census data of 1991 Census according to the present jurisdiction of the districts.97 1.1: Statement 3.25% during 1971-1981 and 4.3 ECONOMIC SURVEY OF DELHI.25% during 1961-1971.749.51 10.502. District-wise Population of Delhi Delhi was considered as a single district for Population Census 1991.878 1.252 656. No.078 688.69 10. of Delhi created 9 districts and 27 sub-divisions.80 12.4) 4.1 Rank in 2001 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 District Population 2001 3 2.533 167.788 644.88 15. Annual Average Growth Rate of Population in Delhi The annual average exponential growth rate of population of Delhi was the highest (6. Ranking of districts by population-wise in 1991 and 2001 is given in the following statement 3. State-wise distribution of population. Population Census 2001 was conducted in Delhi based on these 9 districts and 27 Sub-divisions.119. 2001-2002 15 .78 100.86 7.367 2.641 1.67 1.C.448. The annual growth rate of population of Delhi during 1991-2001 has been 3.008 1.672 9420644 % to total Population of State 6 18. Since then the annual growth has been 4. sex ratio. In 1996.763.38 12.T.3.023. (Table 3.806 13782976 2 North-West South West North-East South-West East North Central New Delhi Total % to total Population of State 4 20.3.005 171. of districts.770 779.250 1.705 1.258.492 1.42%) during 1941-1951 due to large scale migration from Pakistan to India after partition in 1947.085. decennial growth rate and literacy rate is given in Table No.66 4. Percentage shown in total population.

Statement 3.3 SEX RATIO IN SELECTED COUNTRIES S. 6. 1. 3. Bangladesh Japan Nigeria Sex Ratio(Females '000 Males) 986 944 933 1029 1004 1025 938 1140 953 1041 1016 Sex ratio in Delhi and India (1901 to 2001) is given in table 3.2. 10. 6.5 16 ECONOMIC SURVEY OF DELHI. 1991-2001 Rank in 2001 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 District 2 North-East East Central West North North-West South New Delhi South-West Delhi Sex Ratio (No. 2. 7. 9. Sex ratio in selected countries is given in statement 3. 11.2 RANKING OF DISTRICTS BY SEX RATIO. The corresponding figure of sex ratio at All-India is 933. Country World China India USA Indonesia Brazil Pakistan Russia Fed. 8.5. of females per 1000 males) 2001 1991 3 4 851 837 845 846 843 872 830 848 826 819 820 822 797 807 791 793 783 795 821 827 Rank in 1991 5 4 3 1 2 6 5 7 9 8 Note: Sex Ratio of nine districts for 1991 is derived by recasting the Census data of 1991 Census according to the present jurisdiction of the districts. Statement 3. SEX RATIO Sex Ratio is a very important demographic indicator to study socio-economic characteristics of population. Ranking of districts by sex ratio 1991-2001 is given in the following statement 3.No. 4.3. 5. 2001-2002 . The sex ratio (Number of females per 1000 males) is 821 in 2001.

km.1 7.471 6. 2001-2002 17 . kilometer. According to Census 2001.088 26. as against 6352 persons in 1991.431 12.4: Statement 3.395 25.791 2.Chart 3.042 4. in 2001.4 Rank in 2001 District 2001 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 2 North-East Central East West North South North-West New Delhi South-West All Delhi 3 29. the density of population is worked out at 9294 persons per sq.996 9.116 11. The density of population in Delhi is highest in the country.033 6. ECONOMIC SURVEY OF DELHI.471 4. Density of population at All-India level has been worked out at 324 persons per sq.637 16.012 4.760 22. km.986 11. DENSITY OF POPULATION Density of population is one of the important indicators to study population concentration and it is defined as number of persons living in per sq.583 6352 Rank in 1991 5 2 1 3 5 4 6 8 7 9 Note: Density of population of nine districts for 1991 is derived by recasting the Census data of 1991 Census according to the present jurisdiction of the districts.165 9294 Population Density 1991 4 18.909 4.261 15. Ranking of districts by population density is given in the following statement 3.

95 82.10 82.67 2001 8 75. 7. 2 NCT of Delhi North-West North North East East New Delhi Central West South-West South 3 75. 8. According to Population Census.99 75. a person is considered literate if he or she can read and write with understanding any language. 9.66 66.99 63.52 73. The family size in urban areas is 4.17 85.6 FAMILY SIZE As per 1991 Census. the average family size was 5.82 80. 9. 4.01 87.99 persons in comparison with rural family size of 5. Details are in table 3.28 82.82 M al ( ) es % 3 70. 5.89 84.No.91 88.37 Fem al ( ) es % 4 50.85 68.26 72. 2.83 77.29 72.55 87.59 80.71 Note: Literacy rate for 1991 have been worked out on the basis of recasting the Census data of 1991 Census according to the present jurisdiction of the districts.42 79.22 75.08 71.00 74. Data relating to family size as per Population Census 2001 is yet to be released by the RGI. which is worked out during the course of Population Census. The highest number of families i. The following statement 3.69 56.88 77.60 66.53 84.68 89.30 74. 3.33 79.00 Note: Literacy rates for 1961 and 1971 relate to population aged five years and above. Statement 3.01 79.87 76.90 persons.69 2001 4 81. LITERACY Literacy is also a very important demographic characteristic.94 75.5 gives literacy rate in Delhi during 1961 to 2001 Censuses.53 88. 18 ECONOMIC SURVEY OF DELHI.52 69.6: Statement 3.52 83.29 81.6 S.8.5 Year 1 1961 1971 1981 1991 2001 Per sons( ) % 2 61.14 86.73 Females 1991 7 66.20 69.50 80.56 62. Ranking of States and Union Territories by density of population 1991-2001 is given in table 3. The rates for the years 1981 to 2001 relate to the population aged seven years and above Literacy rate by sex for Delhi and Districts is given in the following statement 3.55 79.37 72.87 55.40 75.24 83.08 84.63 82.00 73.95 65. 50% are in the category of 3-5 persons and the lowest 9% in the category of 9 & more persons.19 70.01 78.54 79.59 75.83 77.7.70 82.87 67.85 84.52 89. 6. 2001-2002 .79 LITERACY RATE Males 2001 6 87.90 77.85 85.64 75.e.37 86.38 74. 10. State/District Persons 1991 1 1.79 79.97 79.57 1991 5 82.06 persons.06 69.

making it the fifth most literate State/U.7. According to the Population Census 2001 that amongst the four metropolitan cities. The age distribution of Delhi's Population between 1961-1991 is given in Table No.T. 2 Delhi Urban Agglomeration Mumbai Urban Agglomeration Kolkata Urban Agglomeration Chennai Urban Agglomeration Persons 3 12791458 16368084 13216546 6424624 Population Males 4 7021896 8979172 7072114 3294328 Sex Ratio 1991 2001 6 7 830 822 828 823 830 869 932 950 Females 5 5769562 7388912 6144432 31302296 The highest sex ratio in Census 2001 has been recorded in Chennai followed by Kolkata.22 million and 12. 3.7 S.42 million only.82.The highest literacy rate recorded in 2001 is 90. by literacy rate and Sex during Census 2001 is given in the table no. 11. age-wise distribution based on 2001 Census is not available as the same has yet to be released by the Registrar General of India.Ts. Delhi's literacy rate at 81.37 million.92 in Kerala.8. AGE DISTRIBUTION At present. Chart : 3. Second and Third positions are occupied by Kolkata and Delhi Urban Agglomeration with total population of 13. Mumbai Urban Agglomeration occupies the first position with highest population of 16. 3.2 ECONOMIC SURVEY OF DELHI. A comparative picture of four metropolitan cities of India in respect to population and sex ratio has been presented in the following statement 3. 4. 2001-2002 19 . 12. Mumbai and Delhi.9. POPULATION OF FOUR METROPOLITAN CITIES IN 2001 Delhi is the third most populated city in India.79 million respectively whereas Chennai Urban agglomeration is populated with a population of 6. 2.No City/Urban Agglomeration 1 1. in ranking of States and U. 3. Statement 3.

2001-2002 .21 91.3.83 Urban 12819761 2583908 733202 1622184 1430647 171806 644005 2034337 1525804 2073868 The Sex ratio in Delhi and Districts : Rural and Urban: 2001 is given in Statement 3.98 98.24% of Delhi's Population in 1901 has continued to decline to 6. The rural urban population of Delhi and Districts 2001 is given in Statement 3.75 100.00 95.99% in 2001.98 87. 3.03 91.8 Statement .9 Statement 3.8 RURAL URBAN POPULATION OF DELHI AND DISTRICTS . Details are given in Table No. 13782976 2847395 779788 1763712 1448770 171806 644005 2119641 1749492 2258367 Population Rural 963215 263487 46586 141528 18123 --85304 223688 184499 %age of Urban Population 93.00 100. RURAL URBAN RATIO The rural population was 47.10.2001 State/District Persons NCT of Delhi North West North North East East New Delhi Central West South West South 14.9 State/District 1 State : NCT of Delhi Districts North-West North North-East East New Delhi Central West South-West South Total 2 821 820 826 851 845 791 843 830 783 797 Sex Ratio (Females per 000 Males) Rural 3 806 804 812 850 809 763 822 776 Urban 4 822 822 827 851 845 791 843 833 778 799 20 ECONOMIC SURVEY OF DELHI.13.75 94.01 90.

59 75.10 82.15. The following statement 3.48 79.04 respectively.54 79. 2001-2002 21 .04 80. it increased to 12.11 LITERACY RATE IN RURAL AND URBAN AREAS OF DELHI.09 82. It shows that fast urbanisation has taken place in the capital city.07 78. In terms of percentage.57 Literacy Rate Rural 3 78. It is revealed that only 0.94 80.24 83.76% in 1901 and it rose to 93. According to ECONOMIC SURVEY OF DELHI. percentage of urban population.03 76.86 17.52 83. Statement : 3.75 79.82 million. LITERACY RATE IN RURAL & URBAN AREAS Literacy rate in Delhi is 81. Statement 3. TREND OF URBANISATION IN DELHI Statement no. Its rural and urban composition is 78.90 82.20 Urban 4 82.75 and 82.82 in 2001.11 gives the literacy rate in rural and urban areas of nine districts as recorded in 2001 Census.82 80.12 presents total population.50 84. urban population was 52. Annual exponential growth rate and decennial growth percent.21 million persons were living in urban areas in 1901 and by 2001.52 83.63 82. DISTRICTS . It may be seen from the following statement that number of villages in Delhi is fast declining in each decade under the impact of urbanisation.54 79.10 1961 300 1971 258 1981 231 1991 209 2001 165 16. 3.85 85.79 79.01% in 2001 .88 77.02 85.27 76.2001 State/District Total 1 State : NCT of Delhi Districts North-West North North-East East New Delhi Central West South-West South 2 81.72 80. urban population.14 82.

2001-2002 .33 22 ECONOMIC SURVEY OF DELHI.87 51.68 92.9 4.01 Chart 3.48 106. the highest percentage of urban population in India is in Delhi (93.16 46.57%).3 -11.50 62.5 3.75 89.78%) and Pondicheri (66.33 75.6 3.40 88.1 2.Population Census 2001.98 55.32 70.93 93.76 57.12 TREND OF URBANISATION IN DELHI 1901-2001 Census Year Total Population Total Urban Population Percent Urban Population Annual exponental growth rate -1.13 27.17 54.1 Decennial growth percent 1901 1911 1921 1931 1941 1951 1961 1971 1981 1991 2001 405819 413851 488452 636246 917939 1744072 2658612 4065698 6220406 9420644 13782976 214115 237944 304420 447442 695686 1437134 2359408 3647023 5768200 8471625 12819761 52.01%) followed by Chandigarh (89.94 46.57 58. STATEMENT : 3.3 5.79 82.58 64.4 7.73 89.4 4.8 4.0 4.

21 6.38 107.50 111.57 26.10 120.3 9. death rate.0 8.95 22.0 8.37 per thousand live birth in 1991 to 23.7 Infant Mortality Rate Delhi 32.55 29.7 28. VITAL RATES According to Civil Registration Records.4 18.5 29.81 30.37 103.50 99.5 27.06 per 1000 in 1999.95 31.43 6.2 26.1 9.65 24.13 Year Estimated Mid Year Population (in lakhs) 95.0 9.3 9. Infant mortality rate declined from 32. The death rate also declined from 6.55 5.35 per 1000 in 1991 and 6.2 28.90 6.40 24.23 6.8 10.14 24.7 28.96 29.71 22.5 26.48 per 1000 recorded in 1991 further declined to 22. 2001-2002 23 .08 29.57 125.30 23.74 116. infant mortality rate in Delhi vis-à-vis India is given in the following statement: Statement : 3. The birth rate 28. The birth rate.37 32.3 27.18 in 1999.9 9.82 Birth Rate Delhi 28.34 6.06 India 9.15 in 1999.35 6.Chart 3.48 27.39 23.1 Death Rate Delhi 6.13 25.20 6.14 129. birth and death rate (per 000 population) have been declined since 1991.18 India 80 79 74 74 74 72 71 72 70 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 ECONOMIC SURVEY OF DELHI.15 India 29.

75 1.84 2.47 4.36 4.95 2.18 2. MIGRATION The estimates of migration in Delhi are based on birth and death rates and total increase in population.62 0.07 2.68 Total Birth Total Death Natural increase (Col.55 1:1.80 0.70 2.68 0.14 Year Population as Increase in on 1st July Population (lakhs) over previous Year (Lakhs) 1 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2 95.06 2.82 3 3.24 4.18 2.29 2. Statement: 3.12 2.10 120. natural increase in population during 1991 was 2.64 0.83 2.59 8 1:0.14 129.38 107.06 1.29 2. 4-Col.89 3.14.57 125.71 0.02 1:1.50 99. The trend of migration from 1991 to 1999 is given in the Statement 3.52 2.72 2.24 4 2.84 1:1.88 5 0.42 1:1.50 1:1.57 4.94 2.50 111.89 2. It is revealed from the estimates that percentage of migration was 55% in 1999 whereas percentage of natural growth in 1999 was 45%.18 1:1. In absolute terms.18 2.38 1:1.75 2.6) V/s Migration) 7 1.Chart : 3.79 24 ECONOMIC SURVEY OF DELHI.12 4.37 103.62 2.74 116.11 2.01 4.69 0.61 0.04 2.79 1:1.78 1. 2001-2002 .5 19.09 Increase due Ratio to migration (Natural (Col.59 lakhs.74 2.76 0.09 lakhs whereas migration has been estimated at 2. 3-Col.5) 6 2.87 4.

Meanwhile. the following statement shows percentage of migration taken place from various States in Delhi during Census period 1981 to 1991: Statement : 3.17% 5.12.61% 11. child population 0-6 years. ECONOMIC SURVEY OF DELHI. Punjab 6. 3. 2. rural/urban. literacy rate based on Population Census 2001 are given in table No. 21.99% 6.11.79% 2. Madhya Pradesh 8.43% 2. collected through Census 2001 is yet to be released by Registrar General India. Population Estimates .Delhi & India (1991 to 2016) are given in table No. Other States 5. District/Sub-division-wise population.82% 10.Latest migration data. sex ratio. 2001-2002 25 . Uttar Pradesh Haryana Bihar Rajasthan 49. 3.71% 10. 4.48% 20.15 1. West Bengal 7. 3.