Theology:     A  Theandric  Endeavour  

Theology as the knowledge of divine things is an exhalation, an outflowing and an effulgence that comes from God Himself

Α

s esire ld of al ogy”
re desi f theol e “Th race o the g ,

Ω

To b spiri e count e t not l ual know d worth y ie w ithin ledge d of o our pow es er

What do we mean by ‘theandric’?

Theology:     Gift  of  God’s  Revelation  
  God
 

s  initiative  consists  in:  

Creating  the  world  out  of  nothing  (Creation)  

 

His  continual  care  for  the  world  in  sustaining  and   providing  for  it  (Providence)   His  bestowal  of  the  natural  laws   His  gift  of  covenanting  –  διαθήκη  -­‐  from    διά  -­‐  τίθημι   His  incarnation   Establishment  of  the  Church   His  gift  of  the  sacraments  

         

   

Theology as Gift
  St

Thalassius
  “the

desire of all desires, the grace of theology”

  Origen
  “to

be counted worthy of spiritual knowledge does not lie within our power”

Theology as the knowledge of divine things is an exhalation (atmis), an outflowing (aporroia)   and an effulgence (apaugasma) that comes from God Himself

Theology as Gift
  St

Irenaeus

{ Qeovn '" oJ Kuvrio", oti iv Qeou' n hJma   jEdivdaxe hv oujc v ei" duvnatai, m mhv eijdevnai oujd a[neu to" toutevstin, didavxan eovn. vskesqai tovn Q ginw one ght us that no tau lf is The Lord has ss God Himse d unle can know Go at is to say, without th the teacher; wn.” not to be kno God, God is

Christ is the Teacher par excellence: He proclaims, instructs and promises to send the Comforter

 “Theology  is  that  grace  given  from  above  

which  bestows  upon  us  the  gift  of  true   knowledge,  the  grace  to  see  God  and  all  His   works  which  He  has  created”  
  Theology  primarily  a  gift  from  above     HOWEVER,  the  importance  of  our  desire  is  also  stressed     Our  desire  giving  birth  to  genuine  knowledge     Theology  is  the  means  whereby  our  intellect  [because  we  

have  so  desired]  has  been  taught  to  see  things  theo-­‐ centrically  

REFLECTION

A THEOLOGIAN  A theologian therefore is the one

who reads through the lines


of material things
and sees reality

in all of its dimensions
that is as it really is.

A sensitive person therefore

seeing everything in life


as miraculous.
Surely a calling for ALL
since this experience of life

in all its fullness
cannot be taught.

We just have to open our eyes

as His children


to acknowledge
His all abiding presence


in ALL.

Theology as God’s Revelation
  Revelation

– central in Christian theology; inextricable link between theology and revelation mystery was made known to me by revelation ["the mystery was made known to me by revelation [κατά ἀποκάλυψιν ἐγνωρίσθη µοι τό µυστήριον].” [Eph 3:3]

  “the

Revelation
n manifestatio re, nifies disclosu   Sig latio e Latin – reve   From th ις s in   Ἀποκάλυψ salvific action nd lf-revealing a   God’s se the world

God’s self-communicative action by which He freely makes known the hidden purpose of his divine will, disclosing himself to the world and indeed inviting human beings into personal fellowship with him.

Personal Dimension of Revelation
  "...the

Word became flesh and lived among us, and we have seen his glory, the glory as of a father’s only son, full of grace and truth… The law indeed was given through Moses; grace and truth came through Jesus Christ. No one has ever seen God. It is God the only Son, who is close to the Father’s heart, who has made him known." (Jn 1:14, 17-18).

Personal Dimension of Revelation
  Karl

Barth’s analogy of the sun
  Transformative

experience

God revealed through:

a)  Nature b)  the fact He created the person in His image and likeness c)  Jesus Christ

Through Nature

  Natural/ordinary

revelation

"Look at the th e beauty of th e skies, the course of t he sun, the rou nd moon, the milli ons of stars, the harmony and rhythm of the w orld (e.g. the recur ring seasons, d ay and night) the fruits of the earth, th e vastness of the air, the ceasele ss motion of the w aves, the horiz on… the beauty of each unique fa ce, the gifts of friendsh ip with our frien ds, the variety of colo urs, the variety of different smells … this great e ndless festival of life… .”

Through Nature
 

"[God] said, “Go out and stand on the mountain before the LORD, for the LORD is about to pass by.” Now there was a great wind, so strong that it was splitting mountains and breaking rocks in pieces before the LORD, but the LORD was not in the wind; and after the wind an earthquake, but the LORD was not in the earthquake; and after the earthquake a fire, but the LORD was not in the fire; and after the fire a sound of sheer silence. When Elijah heard it, he wrapped his face in his mantle and went out and stood at the entrance of the cave. Then there came a voice to him that said, “What are you doing here, Elijah?” (1Kings 19:11-13)

Image and Likeness
every person is an epiphany of God

Revelation through Jesus Christ
  Matthew

11:27 – the Son reveals the Father   Luke 10:21-22 – the Son reveals the Father   John 16:12-15 – the Holy Spirit reveals the Son
“Long ago God spoke to our ancestors in many and various ways by the prophets, but in these last days he has spoken to us by a Son, whom he appointed heir of all things, through whom he also created the worlds. He is the reflection of God’s glory and the exact imprint of God’s very being, and he sustains all things by his powerful word. When he had made purification for sins, he sat down at the right hand of the Majesty on high, having become as much superior to angels as the name he has inherited is more excellent than theirs. (Heb. 1.1-4)

Jesus Christ
Reveals God   2. is the bearer of salvation   3. defines the shape of our reconciled life in God with respect to our fellow human beings and indeed the entire created realm Revealer Ephesians 1: 3-14
Revelation Revealedness
  1.

Father Son Holy Spirit

Theology as our Human Response

Our resolute commitment and act of thanksgiving
  “let

everything that breathes praise Yahweh” (Ps 150:6)   “We praise you, we bless you, we worship you, we give thanks to you.”

Why should our commitment be necessary for the theological task??

Our response in the formulation of God’s truths
Language – a vehicle for the reception and transmission of theological truths
  δεῖ

γὰρ καὶ αἱρέσεις ἐν ὑµῖν εἶναι, ἵνα [καὶ] οἱ δόκιµοι φανεροὶ γένωνται ἐν ὑµῖν
Indeed, there have to be factions among you, for only so will it become clear who among you are genuine. (1Cor. 11:19 )

Acts 2:42
 “They

devoted themselves to the apostles’ teaching and fellowship, to the breaking of bread and the prayers.”

Ἦσαν δὲ προσκαρτεροῦντες τῇ διδαχῇ τῶν ἀποστόλων καὶ τῇ κοινωνίᾳ, τῇ κλάσει τοῦ ἄρτου καὶ ταῖς προσευχαῖς.