# Wind power stabilization to achieve proper grid connection using power convertor & DSP Controller

B. D. Shejal S. B. Jamge
Walchand Institute of Technology Solapur – Maharastra, Electronics Depatmnet. witshejal@yahoo.com
CP1324, International Conference on Methods and Models in Science and Technology (ICM2ST-10) edited by R. B. Patel and B. P. Singh © 2010 American Institute of Physics 978-0-7354-0879-1/10/\$30.00

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shows a typical power curve of commercially available wind turbine STORAGE SYSTEM : The purpose of the energy storage is to smooth the stochastic wind variations in order to obtain firm power output to DFIGURE If the wind power output exceeds the desired level. Respectively. Figure 4 shows the power characteristic curve of the wind turbine for different wind speeds. If the wind speed increases further than the value at the maximum performance coefficient. The charging and discharging power of the energy storage system can be calculated on the basis of available wind power output as follows. The function. It also shows that higher efficiency can be obtained on low wind speed and for low rpm of the rotor blade. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright. Cp for two different wind speeds. As it can be seen that initially the wind speed increases. discharging. desired and actual wind power. rated and cutoff wind speed. Figure 3. Pd . The tip speed ratio is the ratio of the speed at the tip of the blades to the speed of the wind and can be defined as.where ρ is the air density [kg/2m ]. Ar is the area swept by the rotor and V is the wind speed. describes the wind power between cut-in wind speed and rated wind speed.25. where Cp is the performance coefficient and is a function of the tip speed ratio and pitch angle. The mechanical power of wind turbine can be determined by.aip. Where Pch. Figure 4. see http://proceedings. Stored energy can be used when wind power output is less than desired level. which is expressed as where Vi . Figure 3 shows performance coefficients. Performance curve for two different wind speed The performance coefficient Cp . The wind power output is given by the power curve. P(v) . of a wind turbine varies with wind speed. the excess power is used to charge the storage through stator side converter.org/about/rights_permissions .165. the performance coefficient Cp will decrease. Pdch . the value of performance coefficient also increases. The energy storage system can be characterized by its charging efficiency ηch and discharging efficiency ηdch as follows 149 Downloaded 02 Mar 2011 to 113.1. depending on the wind speed. and Pw are the charging.Vr and Vo are the cut-in. This characteristics makes the wind turbine self-regulating its output power by operating at lower efficiency for high wind speed. respectively. Turbine power characteristics Figure 2.

“Issues Regarding the Integration of Induction Wind Turbines in Weak Electrical Networks”. respectively. The voltage across the storage system would vary roughly within ± 10% of the DC link voltage. The results show the enhancement of power quality and the ability of the storage system to produce more clean power to the grid system . PEDs’99. The control system in the proposed arrangement of DFIG is able to reduce power fluctuation with help of storage system. see http://proceedings. Miyaku. the stored energy will be equivalent to the charging and the discharged energy and the charging power will be the same as the discharging power. pp. [4] [5] Figure 5. June 2004.aip. pp. converter power ratings. Clare. Power variation curve for DFIG with and without storage IV.1-2 March. “Study on Power fluctuation Characteristics of Wind Energy Converters with Fluctuating Turbine Torque”. Tabatabaci-Yazdi. “Energy Storage in Power Systems”. vol.1. power smoothing capability of a DFIG with energy storage system in the DC link has been investigated with the help of SimPower System 150 Downloaded 02 Mar 2011 to 113. Germany.R. [3] Where E. Pe˜na.153.M. PconR. Vmax. capacitor. Abbey and G. pp. 3. W. maximum and minimum DC link voltages. Nordic Wind Power Conference. R.4. Nanahara. Ind. Katayama. No. In the case of charging and discharging system with 100% efficient.165. N. Go. The rating of the storage system must be less than the converter’s rating. 2004.IEEE PESC 2004. Vol. Alejandro. No. “Control strategies for power smoothing using a flywheel driven by a sensorless vector-controlled induction machine operating in a wide speed range.843-848. C.25. Joss.A. Vmin are the stored energy. depending on the amount of energy stored.translated from Denki Gakkai Ronbunshi. M. J. Blasco-Gimenez. no. IEEE Int. can be used to identify the value of the capacitor for the energy storage system. EE in Japan. and T. It can reduce the negative impact of stator side converter’s power import and export from the stator terminal of DFIG and ensure maximum power extraction from the wind and deliver to the system. C´ardenas. July 1999. Takata. October 2004. 2005. Lachs.. It also provides more system reliability due to the capability of providing instantaneous real power for the system. 603–614.Where Ech and Edch are the stored and discharged energy respectively. REFERENCES [1] [2] O. R. C. The size of the storage size for DFIG can be calculated as toolbox of MATLAB. Asher. M. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright. Electron. Using same stator side converter of DFIG will eliminate the need of an extra converter for the energy storage system and reduce the system cost significantly.org/about/rights_permissions . vol. Aachen. G. The capacitor value can be calculated as follows: Capacitor is the key element of the storage system. 10. machine’s rated power.124-B. and R.” IEEE Trans. “Integration of Energy Storage with a Doubly-Fed Induction Machine forWind Power Generation”. Prated. July 2004. CONCLUSION In this paper. Conference on Power Electronics and Drive Systems. 51.1231-1239. and H.