Alcatel University Alcatel 1000 E10

CAS AND C7 CIRCUIT MANAGEMENT
8AS 90001 1725 VH ZZA Ed. 03 Edition 2001

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SUMMARY

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CIRCUIT GROUP......................................................................................... 4 1.1 Circuit group materialisation ................................................................ 4 1.2 Free Circuit Selection Principle ............................................................ 6 1.2.1 Selecting a Circuit Managed by CAS Signalling...................... 6 1.3 Circuit group characteristics............................................................... 10 1.4 Circuit Directionalization Managed by ITU7 Signalling....................... 24 1.4.1 1.4.2 1.5.1 Introduction ........................................................................... 24 Operating Principle................................................................ 24 Circuit Group Management ................................................... 28

1.5 MMC Functions.................................................................................. 28

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CIRCUIT GROUP CHARACTERISTICS FOR TESTS............................... 30 2.1 Circuit group using CAS signalling..................................................... 30 2.2 Circuit group using ITU7 signalling .................................................... 30 2.3 Hypsometer........................................................................................ 32 2.4 Circuit rapid Tests .............................................................................. 38 2.5 Psophometer ..................................................................................... 40 2.6 Continuity Tests (ITU7 Signalling)...................................................... 40

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SIGNALLING NETWORK .......................................................................... 42 3.1 Signalling Networks Organisation ...................................................... 42 3.1.1 3.1.2 3.1.3 3.2.1 3.2.2 3.2.3 3.2.4 3.2.5 3.2.6 Networks Presentation .......................................................... 42 Connection Mode Between Two Exchanges......................... 44 Signalling Points (SPs).......................................................... 48 Introduction ........................................................................... 52 Signalling Analysis (ANS)...................................................... 56 Signalling route (ASM) .......................................................... 62 Traffic Distribution Law (LOI)................................................. 62 Signalling link set (FSM)........................................................ 64 Signalling Channel Code (COC) ........................................... 66

3.2 Signalling Network Management ....................................................... 52

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3 Signalling Data Link (SDL) ................................................... 70 Traffic Flow............................................................................ 70 Introduction ........................................................................... 72 Signalling Analysis (ANS)...................................................... 74 Signalling route (ASM) ......................................................... 76 Signalling link set (NFSM) ..................................................... 78 Signalling Channel (COC) ..................................................... 80 Distribution Law (LOI)............................................................ 82 Traffic Flow (FLU).................................................................. 82

3.2.7 3.2.8 3.3.1 3.3.2 3.3.3 3.3.4 3.3.5 3.3.6 3.3.7

3.3 MMC Functions.................................................................................. 72

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1 1.1

CIRCUIT GROUP Circuit group materialisation A group of telephone circuits comprises at least one circuit of the same type. A circuit group is used to connect an exchange to another exchange. It is materialised by the functional addresses of the circuits that comprise it and its own characteristics set by the operator command parameters entered. The circuit characteristics correspond to different syntax's used when entering commands or printing-out, depending on whether or not the circuit group is managed using ITU7 signalling or not.

Circuit group sections A section is a set of circuits (in a group), that belong to the same module (SMT URM) and have consecutive functional addresses (time interval TS1 in PCMi is consecutive to TS31 in PCMi-1). A circuit group cannot comprise more than 15 groups, the partitioning of a circuit group into sections is performed automatically by the OM and cannot be accessed by the operator. The maximum size of a circuit group section is 127 circuits.

©Alcatel University – September 2001

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The URM will search for a free circuit by randomly selecting the first circuit in the section.2.1 Selecting a Circuit Managed by CAS Signalling The translator (TR) has a pointer file that designates the section to be addressed when the next call occurs.2 Free Circuit Selection Principle To set up a telephone call. then cyclically selecting the other circuits. the number received is analysed to obtain the routing information required for the call. Selecting a circuit consists in finding a circuit that is available for an outgoing call on the circuit group designated by the translation function.8AS 90001 1725 VH ZZA Ed. The message contains the number of the first circuit and the number of consecutive circuits in the section. 03 6 1. the MR calls the TR again to get the address of the next section. The MR or CC calls the TR to determine the section to be addressed and sends a seizure message to the appropriate URM function. only one is selected for the call. set by a traffic distribution law defined by the operator. ©Alcatel University – September 2001 . 1. and so on. especially the circuit group to be used. The section search laws comprise: • LOI=0 • LOI=1 Specific search depending on the number of circuits per section. If the URM does not find a free circuit. Systematic search from the first section. In this group.

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where the number of the telephone link for the designated circuit group can be found. LOI = 3 The controlling exchange takes even numbered CICs in random order. The other end takes CICs in falling order. The CC sends a message to the PUPE.2. 03 8 1. ©Alcatel University – September 2001 . This method is recommended by the ITU.2 Selecting a Circuit Managed by ITU7 Signalling The translator (TR) has a file of circuit groups. The other end takes CICs in ascending order. to find a free CIC circuit.8AS 90001 1725 VH ZZA Ed. using a search law defined by the operator. Note : The maximum number of circuit groups used for a telephone link is 16 (8 circuit groups for France). Circuit search law : LOI = 0 The controlling exchange takes CICs in ascending order. The search laws depend on the controlling exchange : in a telephone call between the source SP (OPC) and the remote SP (DPC) the controlling exchange is the SP with the highest number. LOI = 1 The controlling exchange takes CICs in falling order. The other end takes odd numbered CICs in random order.

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: Outgoing.3 Circuit group characteristics 1) Characteristics common to all signalling codes NFSC : Circuit group name. 03 10 1. for example on the incoming group on a DDI system or on an outgoing group for detailed billing messages. INDT : Code associated with a charged circuit group. processing calls on the incoming circuit without dialling or prior to receiving the dialling. In the case of an incoming circuit group originating at a non E10 exchange. GENR : Type of circuit group GENR = E GENR = S GENR = M : Incoming. the code may not be sent and adding the INDR code ensures that the translation will be the same as the translation of an E10 exchange. AFCT : Functional addresses of the circuits forming the circuit group. INDR : Code to place in front of the dialling information received prior to the translation phase. This code has various uses depending on the application. : Both-way (e. ©Alcatel University – September 2001 . SG : Parameter that characterises the signalling code used for all group circuits (see Appendix and CTA=VSGn).8AS 90001 1725 VH ZZA Ed. The name comprises a succession of up to five alphanumeric characters that designate the circuit group. ITU7 code). INDS : Additional dialling associated with the circuit group. GENR = TD : Data transmission (recorded announcement machine type).g. For example.

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Any access code required (ACEn) is not included in it. • 3 continuity test enabled. This is a succession of up to eight digits. 2-wire circuit. CAT=AUB : Enable noise measurement for tests using the psophometer. ©Alcatel University – September 2001 . Access code for tests (1 to 15). Number of the remote test responder (test code number). AEAC CSC : : Systematic test authorization Systematic continuity test (0 to 3) • 0 continuity test inhibited. • 1 continuity test inhibited. 2-wire circuit. 4-wire circuit. 03 12 2) Characteristics for circuit tests GABC ACE INDE : : : Pattern for testing group circuits. • 2 continuity test enabled.8AS 90001 1725 VH ZZA Ed. 4-wire circuit.

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CSC : Systematic continuity test (0 to 3) • 0 continuity test inhibited. • 3 continuity test enabled. Percentage of directional circuits. 2-wire circuit. 4-wire circuit. to a given signalling point. • 2 continuity test enabled. ©Alcatel University – September 2001 . 2-wire circuit. the number of the signalling point of the remote exchange connected by the circuit group. 4-wire circuit. LOI PCD : : Law for outgoing or both-way circuit selection. the number of directional circuits (NCD). 03 14 3) Characteristics for ITU7 signalling code PS CIC : : Signalling point (1 < SP < 16383). CIC 260 = "10000100" corresponds to TS4). it is preferable to not use the TS16s reserved for channel associated signalling. reserved for incoming calls. In addition. • 1 continuity test inhibited. is output. Circuit identification code (1 < CIC < 4095). The ITU recommends making the TS numbers correspond to the 5 LSBs in the CIC numbers (e.8AS 90001 1725 VH ZZA Ed. In the presence of this parameter.g.

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• TID1 : INDS code.8AS 90001 1725 VH ZZA Ed. enables routings to be indexed by using multiple routing. IDI FMP TR : : : Identification impossible (incoming circuit group) Hold-on function possible Transit operation authorization The simultaneous presence of TR discrimination on the incoming circuit group and on the outgoing routing is necessary to enable operation in transit between incoming and outgoing circuit groups. signalling systems that use line or register signals belonging to the same superset. CP SRn : : Processing priority category for incoming or both-way circuit groups. depending on the geographical location of the caller. only used for incoming or both-way circuit groups. ©Alcatel University – September 2001 . This category can be used to selectively block calls to some destinations. MFC TIDi : : Caller identification authorization CTA=VSG2 for Export) Caller entity type of identification • TID0 : Number assigned to the caller (implicit value). Access restriction category (incoming or both-way circuit groups). • TID2 : INDS and number combination assigned to the caller. (CTA=MFC for France. FRIn ZGn : : Intelligent network category Geographical zone category This category. 03 16 4) Circuit group categories : CTA VSGn : Signalling variation This parameter is used to combine in the same signalling code. It is also used to index the routing of emergency services.

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CAXn and ZTXn) are only authorised in VN6 operating mode or in VN5/VN6 transitory mode. ©Alcatel University – September 2001 . They are only used for incoming or bothway circuit groups. These three categories (CACn.8AS 90001 1725 VH ZZA Ed. CAXn : Charging category This category is used to index a PTX of a multiple PTX on an incoming or bothway circuit group. 03 18 CACn : Routing category This category is used to determine the routing of the calls on an incoming or bothway circuit group. ZTXn : Charging area This category is used to determine the PTX for calls on an icoming or bothway circuit group.

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It is also used for incoming calls to create indexing that will be superimposed on the routing category.g. It may be used for outgoing calls. to check that the trunk offer transmission signal request made by an operator can be accepted for this outgoing circuit group (because of the signalling).8AS 90001 1725 VH ZZA Ed. ©Alcatel University – September 2001 . 03 20 : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : Right to circuit charging : imposes the IDNT parameter and generates the charge(s) for each circuit accessed Detailed billing class for incoming calls Incoming trunk accounting Signalling code that sends back charge pulses (e. SRCT code in France) Systematic immediate charge indication (incoming circuit group) Sends charge messages forward Incoming circuit group : backward meter pulse transmission (depending on the site) Incoming or outgoing international circuit group Half-echo suppressor Satellite link (incoming or outgoing) Circuit group dedicated to calls from mobile exchange (France : radiotelephone) Standardized discrimination Standardized discrimination Standardized discrimination Standardized discrimination Standardized discrimination Standardized discrimination Number of the company that owns the circuit group (CENTREX only) Call-back if the circuit group is busy (CENTREX only) Incoming restriction for transgroup (CENTREX only) Circuit group used for trunk offering DTC FDn DCA RTT IDT PX RTS DAI DSE SAT MOB DF1 DF2 DFAn DFBn DFCn DFDn SOCn FIO RAA TKO This information is used to execute some switching operations that are specific to the trunk offering service.

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©Alcatel University – September 2001 . the combination of its direction (Jx: GENR) and signalling system (Ly Ez: SG) used for its operation.8AS 90001 1725 VH ZZA Ed. 03 22 5) Marks on the circuit groups: MAR This parameter is only used for searching observed circuit groups : OBS ODT OFA OFD COB STX FDS : : : : : : : Additional circuit group observation Traffic dispersion observation Observation of incoming calls on the circuit group Observation of outgoing calls on the circuit group Mark indicating that at least one circuit in the group is observed Circuit being monitored for charging Circuit group that is a source and observed for observation of call dispersion at the destination (OFDLA) 6) Circuit group alarm thresholds TCHS TCDF TCFL : : : Maximum admissible percentage of out-of-service circuits (OS) Maximum admissible percentage of half-failed circuits (DFAU) Maximum admissible percentage of circuits with release time-out conditions (BLOJ) 7) Circuit characteristics TYC=Jx Ly Ez A terminal circuit is characterized by its type (TYC).

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PCD) / 100: PCD is set by FSCCR and FSCMO MMC. (100 . even in a circuit group that is overloaded in the outgoing direction.4 1.2 Operating Principle Setting the direction of a circuit group consists in locally limiting the number of circuits taken for outgoing traffic to ensure that a minimum level of incoming traffic can always be processed. Maximum number of circuits taken for outgoing traffic. Number of equipped and initialized circuits in the circuit group. • After the failure of a transit exchange or a transmission trunk. The percentage of circuits for which a direction should be set for a given circuit group. must be applied to the available equipped circuits. Percentage of circuits to set for outgoing traffic only.1 Circuit Directionalization Managed by ITU7 Signalling Introduction The service provided to operators must ensure that they can protect themselves from traffic imbalances on both-way circuit groups operated using ITU7 signalling and thereby ensure that a minimum number of incoming circuits are always available.8AS 90001 1725 VH ZZA Ed. The number of directional circuits is defined by default using the formula : NCD = NCD = P P N I = = = = EX P x (N . 1.4. Examples: • Modifying traffic flows during the winter season for ski resorts.4. Number of circuits not available for outgoing traffic in the circuit group.I).30)/100 = 14.25 Þ NCD = 14 ©Alcatel University – September 2001 . 03 24 1. rerouting the traffic to another circuit group. N = 45 I = 30 P = 95 NCD = 95 x (45 .

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• following MMC. etc. the OMC updates the translator and the UTC. • circuit failure. ..a circuit group is first directionalized.8AS 90001 1725 VH ZZA Ed.modifying the percentage of directionalized circuits. . • unblocking. ©Alcatel University – September 2001 . 03 26 Calculating the number of circuits to directionalize is performed when: .events occur in circuit group management: • blocking.

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1.5 1.5.1

MMC Functions Circuit Group Management Circuit group management consists in managing the component terminal circuits and their characteristics. Circuit group management acts on the translation tables. FSCCR : Creates a group of terminal circuits This command allows the operator to create a new circuit group by assigning to it at least one terminal circuit and specifying characteristics that are specific to this new circuit group. FSCSU : Deletes a group of terminal circuits This command allows the operator to delete a group of terminal circuits. However, prior to performing the deletion, it is necessary to block the terminal circuits that form the circuit group. FSCAD : Adds terminal circuits to a group This command allows the operator to add one or more terminal circuits to an existing circuit group. FSCRE : Removes terminal circuits from a group (Removes one or more terminal circuits from an existing group). It is necessary to block the terminal circuits, prior to performing a removal. FSCMO : Modifies the characteristics of a group of terminal circuits This command is used by the operator to modify the characteristics of a circuit group, except for: • the name of the circuit group, • the direction of the circuit group, • the signalling code, • the list of terminal circuits assigned to the circuit group. FSCIN : Interrogate a circuit group The purpose of this command is to interrogate the characteristics of a given circuit group along with the address and status of each terminal circuit assigned to it. FSCIL : Lists existing circuit groups.

This command lists the main characteristics of all existing circuit groups in the exchange, or searches for circuit groups with specific characteristics.

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2 2.1

CIRCUIT GROUP CHARACTERISTICS FOR TESTS Circuit group using CAS signalling GABC : Pattern for group circuit testing GABC=In 4-wire circuit, (Tx : 800Hz, Rx : 800Hz)

GABC=Un 2-wire circuit (Tx : 1900Hz, Rx : 700Hz) GABC=Pn Indian 4-wire circuit, (Tx : 800Hz, Rx : 800Hz) GABC=Nn Indian 2-wire circuit, (Tx : 1900Hz, Rx : 700Hz) GABC=Rn Simplified R2 test (ITU Q410) GABC=S1 Fast tests : seizure and release GABC=S2 Fast tests : responder seizure and release ACE INDE : : Access code for tests (1 to 15), (e.g. in France : MF Socotel) Call number for remote test responder (test code) A succession of up to eight numbers. The access code (ACEn), where necessary, is not included. AEAC : Systematic test authorization Noise measurement authorization for psophometer tests

CAT=AUB: 2.2

Circuit group using ITU7 signalling CSC : Systematic continuity test (0 to 3): CSC=0 Inhibit continuity test prior to set-up, 2-wire circuit CSC=1 Inhibit continuity test prior to set-up, 4-wire circuit CSC=2 Enable continuity test prior to set-up, 2-wire circuit CSC=3 Enable continuity test prior to set-up, 4-wire circuit

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©Alcatel University – September 2001

Destination hypsometer This comprises a frequency receiver located in the ETA (SMA in OCB283) in the destination exchange and enables detection of test frequencies received and measures their level. ©Alcatel University – September 2001 . the outgoing circuits are tested by the local exchange and the incoming circuits are tested by the remote exchange. Depending on whether or not the exchange controls the test (is the test origin or simply receives the test call).3 Hypsometer The hypsometer is a test device that by frequency exchange. Source hypsometer This comprises a frequency generator located in the ETA (SMA in OCB283) in the source exchange and enables transmission of test frequencies at a preset level. 03 32 2. conversation and onhooking phases of a call. simulates the behaviour of a subscriber during the unhooking. the test equipment is referred to as the source hypsometer or the destination hypsometer.8AS 90001 1725 VH ZZA Ed. Note: When using channel-by-channel signalling.

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3) 4) 5) The URM performs a seizure on the circuit. MR asks TR for circuit group characteristics: SG. The remote URM acknowledges the seizure. Hypso. The remote MR asks TR for circuit group characteristics : SG. ETA 6 ETA 6 MR 2 7 TR MR 5 7 TR OM @CIRDEM: @AFCT=_-_-_. COM URM 3 URM 4 COM Dest. 03 34 Hypsometer operating principle Source Hypso. ©Alcatel University – September 2001 . 6) 7) 8) The ETAs are called to process the hypsometric frequency exchange. The test results are set to the activator terminal. Dialling corresponds to the incoming hypsometer. if it is free.8AS 90001 1725 VH ZZA Ed. The MRs check the attenuation levels. The OM requests that MR process the test on request. INDE. GABC. The INDE dialling is sent and analysed in the remote MR. GABC. Circuit OK 1 8 1) 2) Command accepted by the OM.

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CIRCUIT BUSY: Circuit busy with a call. Circuit in an illegal status. AUTOMATIC EXCHANGE ERROR: The exchange hypsometer has generated an error. TEST DEVICE BUSY: The source hypsometer is not available. TEST DEV. NO RESPONSE FROM DISTANT DEST. OR BUSY: The destination test device is congested or busy (for channel-by-channel signalling only). LISTENING DEVICE BUSY: The listening device is busy.8AS 90001 1725 VH ZZA Ed. DEST. 03 36 List of test result messages TEST OK STP MISSING: Proceed to send signal is missing (for channel-by-channel signalling only). TEST DEV. TRANSMISSION ERROR: Error during signalling exchange (for channel-by-channel signalling only). ILLEGAL CIRCUIT: The test is illegal : incoming or both-way circuit (non controlling exchange). PREMATURE RESPONSE: No response from the end of selection signal (for channel-by-channel signalling only). TEST DEV: No response from the remote hypsometer (for channel-by-channel signalling only). ©Alcatel University – September 2001 . DEST. IES CIRCUIT GROUP: Systematic testing is illegal on this group. CONGEST. RESULT EXCEEDS TOLERANCE: The test frequency attenuation is too high. No response by the end of the time-out or reception exceeds tolerance. NOT RELEASED: The remote hypsometer was not released (for channel-by-channel signalling only). INCORRECT TF PRESENT: A test frequency that exceeds tolerance is present (ITU7 signalling only).

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and correct completion of the circuit release procedure. only the full setting-up of a call enables complete link validation. 2) Full test These comprise a call sequence to a remote robot or test device. The fast circuit tests are carried out on circuits on which standard tests are not possible. the outgoing circuit is released. On time-out. The duration of the latter phase is limited by a timeout linked to this type of test. Its duration. The test comprises a responder call phase. The full duration of the test from the seizure signal transmission. This test checks the reception of the proceed to send signal after transmission of the seizure signal. followed by detection of the response signal and a conversation phase. DDIs and when the remote exchanges do not have test equipment. ©Alcatel University – September 2001 . is reset in the record for the circuit tests corresponding to the fast simplified tests. For some very simple signalling codes.8AS 90001 1725 VH ZZA Ed. Therefore two types of fast tests are provided : 1) Simplified tests These comprise a minimum signalling sequence used to validate the link.4 Circuit rapid Tests These tests are used to validate the transmission media and the switching equipment located at each end. is limited by a time-out. without requiring any specific procedures or equipment in the remote exchange. for example on international circuit groups. 03 38 2. expressed in seconds.

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pulse correction and attenuation. The principle retained consists in sending a signal on an outgoing circuit and measuring the level of the signal returned. The circuit group must be authorized to use a psophometer to measure the noise level for test purposes (CAT=AUB). • checking the frequency received. ©Alcatel University – September 2001 . • checking the frequency received by the source exchange. 2.5 Psophometer This device is used to perform measurements on noise levels.6 Continuity Tests (ITU7 Signalling) Circuit continuity is checked by correct transmission of a preset voice frequency signal sent by a tone generator. For 4-wire circuits : • set up a loop on the circuit in the remote exchange. For 2-wire circuits : • sending a frequency to the remote exchange via the circuit to be tested. • on correct reception of the frequency. The frequencies exchanged are 2000 Hz for the controlling exchange and 1780 Hz for the non controlling exchange.8AS 90001 1725 VH ZZA Ed. Its reception is tested by a frequency receiver. the remote exchange sends another frequency to the source exchange. • sending the loop frequency (2000 Hz) from the source exchange. • receiving the loop frequency at the source exchange. by sending a ITU7 signalling message. 03 40 2.

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At operator level. the CRS is constituted by the parameter TYR(network type).Channel Code). including the telephone service. consisting of telephone circuits (CIC .1 SIGNALLING NETWORK Signalling Networks Organisation Networks Presentation The signalling network is a computer signalling network system that provides fast and reliable transport for signalling data required for the operation of a number of user services. Every network is identified by a network code(CRS). Every network has is own and specific signalling link sets (FSM) and signalling data links (COC).1.8AS 90001 1725 VH ZZA Ed. consisting of signalling channels (COC .1 3. TYR R1 or RN R2 or RL R3 or RI R4 R5 R6 R7 R8 CRS 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 function National network 1 Local network International network Mobile network 1 Mobile network 2 Multifunction national network 2 Spare Spare Locally each network is independent. An example is shown below. the A1000E10 has to handle the traffic of several independent networks. At the national level. The relation between the two networks is called the "telephone relation".Circuit Identification Code). Each of them is belonging to a specific national network characterised by the "network indicator". 03 42 3 3. • the signalling network. ©Alcatel University – September 2001 . 8 signalling networks can be processed in the exchange (7 networks + 1 network for CSN). there are two data exchange networks : • the telephone network. Between two exchanges.

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Each set comprises 1 to 16 COC signalling channels (for all four groups. The associated mode The telephone relations between two exchanges are set up directly.2 Connection Mode Between Two Exchanges There are two signalling connection modes. the maximum number of COC channels is 16). A telephone relation comprises one ore more signalling link sets (up to a maximum of 4). This mode is also used in the local network. 03 44 3. CIC COC CIC CIC CIC CIC CIC CIC CIC CIC Source CIC CIC COC CIC CIC Destination Exchange CIC Exchange ©Alcatel University – September 2001 .8AS 90001 1725 VH ZZA Ed.1.

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8AS 90001 1725 VH ZZA Ed. PTS COC COC CIC CIC CIC Source Destination COC COC PTS ©Alcatel University – September 2001 . 03 46 The quasi-associated mode The telephone relations between two exchanges transit via one or two STPs (Signalling Transfer Points). An exchange should be connected to two STPs for reliability reasons. The signalling messages can transit a maximum of two STPs.

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3 Signalling Points (SPs) The signalling point is a signalling network node that ensures transmission and reception of signalling messages. In reception. or • will be transferred to another signalling point. In the national signalling network. 03 48 3. In the telephone network.1. the signalling destination point is directly connected by a circuit group of n circuits each identified by a CIC number. Signalling transfer points (STP) A signalling point for which a message received on a signalling channel is transferred to another. Each STP has a SP number Signalling originating point The signalling point where a message originates.8AS 90001 1725 VH ZZA Ed. the analysis of the message header determines whether the message: • will be processed by this signalling point. an exchange is identified by a SP (Signalling Point) number. ©Alcatel University – September 2001 . In the local signalling network. each CSN is considered as a SP connected by a group of two signalling channels (TS16 of PCM0 and PCM1). Adjacent signalling points (ASP) Two adjacent signalling points are two signalling points that are directly connected by one or more signalling channels. Signalling destination point The signalling point that is the destination of a message. The exchange has a SP number in each network.

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Network security To ensure signalling network security. 03 50 Signalling route The signalling route is the predetermined path represented by the organized list of successive signalling points that will be transited by signalling messages sent by a signalling point and destined for another specific signalling point. each signalling group comprises at least two separate signalling channels that operate using traffic load sharing. ©Alcatel University – September 2001 . Traffic load sharing is also performed on all signalling link sets (FSM’s) of a given signalling relation between two adjacent SPs as well as along the various existing routes between two SPs.8AS 90001 1725 VH ZZA Ed. with the additional ability of a single channel to absorb the entire traffic load when necessary.

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• the originating point code (OPC). 03 52 3. determines from the analysis.2 Signalling Network Management 3. The four LSBs of the CIC code are used to determine a signalling channel selection code (SCS). Examples : • CIC = 24 • CIC = 112 • CIC = 120 (18 in hexadecimal notation). • the signalling channel selection code (SCS).2. 2) between the signalling channels in a given FSM (LOIy). (70 in hexadecimal notation). the circuit group and finally the channel to use for carrying the frame.8AS 90001 1725 VH ZZA Ed. SCS = 0. • the destination point code (DPC). A routing label is the part of the message label that is used to route the message on the signalling network. ©Alcatel University – September 2001 . SCS = 8. SCS = 8. (78 in hexadecimal notation). It comprises : • the service byte (SIO). the routing.1 Introduction The translation function analyses the routing label of a message and according to a load sharing law (LOI). Routing label A label is the information contained in a signalling message and used to identify the specific circuit or transaction that the message corresponds to. Signalling channel selection code (SCS) Each telephone circuit is assigned a circuit identification code (CIC). Load sharing is performed at two levels: 1) between the signalling link sets (FSM’s) in a given routing (LOIx).

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8AS 90001 1725 VH ZZA Ed. 03 54 Telephone signalling translation principle ABPQMCDU PRE-ANALYSIS TRADz IND IND ACH TYPE=1 NFSC SG=C7 PS = X 13 3 0 Signalling translation PS=X AFCT CIC CIC SCS LOI x ASM LOI y NFSM0 NFSM1 NFSM2 NFSM3 COC 0 COC 15 dialogue signalling ©Alcatel University – September 2001 .

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• NCR : Not created. ©Alcatel University – September 2001 .2 Signalling Analysis (ANS) The signalling analysis is associated with a destination signalling point (the end of the CIC group). • ACT : Total accessibility. The set does not exist. The ACCE represents the accessibility of the signalling link sets that are part of the routing (ACF0 to ACF3). The various accessibility values of a set are : • A • I • H • X • R : : : : : The set is available and accessible. 03 56 3. • ACP : Partial accessibility (not accessible by at least one signalling group).8AS 90001 1725 VH ZZA Ed. The restricted transfer has been requested for the set (reception of a TRO on a COC of NFSM). The set is available but cannot be accessed. It gives the routing characteristics for messages destined for this SP. The set is unavailable. The SP numbers in each network range from 1 to 16383.2. Accessibility to this destination signalling point is given by the overall accessibility (ACCE): • INA : SP not accessible.

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03 58 Signalling point accessibility PTS NFSM0 NFSM2 PTS PSx NFSM1 NFSM3 PSx PTS PTS PS y TANS ASM ACCE ACF0 X ACF1 X ACF2 X ACF3 X EMERGENCY ROUTE NORMAL ROUTE Accessibility of the group in position 0 for the ASM Accessibility of the group in position 3 for the ASM ©Alcatel University – September 2001 .8AS 90001 1725 VH ZZA Ed.

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8AS 90001 1725 VH ZZA Ed. all traffic returns to group1 Group 1 PTS PTS PS x TRO TRO PS y Group 2 PTS TIO TRO : : Transfer inhibition order Transfer restricted order ©Alcatel University – September 2001 . 03 60 Signalling group accessibility Group 1 PTS PTS Group 1 is : « I » Group 2 is : « A » SPx diverts its signalling traffic destined for SPy to group 2 PS x TIO TRO PS y Group 2 PTS Group 1 PTS PTS Group 1 is : « H » Group 2 is : « A » SPx diverts its signalling traffic destined for SPy to group 2 PS x PS y Group 2 TRO PTS Group 1 is : « R » Group 2 is : « A » SPx diverts its signalling traffic destined for SPy to group 2 If group 2 goes « H ».

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Note: Number 64 is a reserved number. ©Alcatel University – September 2001 . A law is given as a "16 x n" matrix where n is a parameter of the law (n = number of elements processed by the law. The ASM numbers are : • from 1 to 63 for the national network. • from 65 to 127 for the local network. The elements in the same law represent the position of the groups in a signalling routing or signalling channels in a group. n ≤ 16).8AS 90001 1725 VH ZZA Ed. 3.3 Signalling route (ASM) A signalling route is a set of signalling link sets that use the same data rate and error correction methods and that may be used to route traffic to a given SP. A "16 x n" law can process less than n elements. for each SCS code. The number of laws is 31. giving a group rank (RANF).2. 03 62 3. • a traffic distribution law associated with the SCS. A routing comprises : • an ordered list of 1 to 4 link sets (NFSM0 to NFSM3). a list of elements arranged in falling priority order for traffic corresponding to this code.4 Traffic Distribution Law (LOI) A traffic distribution law depending on the signalling channel selection code (SCS) is a table that gives.2.

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2) The error correcting (CORR=RCP). The number of groups available is 95 in the local or national networks.2. based on sending positive or negative acknowledgements. This method cannot apply to long transmission durations (such as when using satellite links). 03 64 3. • an ordered list of 1 to 16 signalling channels (COC). • a traffic distribution law associated with the SCS. An NFSM signalling network comprises: • an adjacent Signalling Point (SP) number. ©Alcatel University – September 2001 . Error correction Two error correcting methods are used : 1) The basic method (CORR=BASE). A negative acknowledgement invalidates all the messages received after the one notified in the negative acknowledgement. • the error correcting method (CORR).8AS 90001 1725 VH ZZA Ed. • the data rate of the data link (D). It gives the rank of a channel within a group (RANC). that use the same error correcting methods and are connected to the same adjacent SP.5 Signalling link set (FSM) A signalling link set is a set of signalling channels that have the same data rate. method using preventive cyclic retransmission This enables automatic retransmission of messages for which positive reception acknowledgements have not been received.

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the signalling data link (SLD). Virtual signalling terminal (TSV) When a group of signalling channels is created or when one or more channels are added to an existing group. • the level 2 element. At a given time.8AS 90001 1725 VH ZZA Ed. Combining COC codes behind unchanging TSV entities allows the operator a stable vision of signalling resources regardless of possible station failures. the multiplexed signalling terminal (TSM).VTSV number is assigned a TSM . 03 66 3.TSV . It can only be modified by operator command.6 Signalling Channel Code (COC) The signalling channel code is the number of the signalling channel (0 to 15) relative to an adjacent SP. A multiplexed signalling terminal channel (VTSM) is a physical channel number in a TSM terminal. each channel is assigned to a virtual signalling terminal. A TSV is assigned by software to a TSM. a TSV . the operator distributes the channels of a group among different TSVs. ©Alcatel University – September 2001 . The multiplexed signalling terminal fulfils the signalling channel functions for "n" channels. This represents the physical medium (TS to adjacent SP). A signalling channel comprises: • the level 1 element. The COC . For defensive reasons.VTSV link given when the operator command was entered does not vary over time and two COC codes belonging to the same group assigned to two different TSV terminals will never be used by the same TSM terminal.2. Multiplexed signalling terminal (TSM) A multiplexed signalling terminal corresponds to an ML PUPE sequence number in an SMA station. This assignment is set during the software or hardware reconfigurations.VTSM number.

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An activity component: NAFF : Channel not assigned to a signalling group (channel does not exist). One is ACTI+NBLO. INAC : Inactive channel (failed). NCNT : Channel not connected (SLD . Channel blocked manually (locally blocked by the operator).8AS 90001 1725 VH ZZA Ed. The data link is physically interrupted. Channel blocked by the remote signalling point. the 2 SP become inaccessible.signalling terminal connection not set up). the status of a signalling channel is determined by three components: . the second one is INHL If the active COC goes faulty. • 2 SP link by two COC. locally by the operator and by the remote SP (BLOM + BLOD). INIT : The data link is being aligned (initialization). Channel blocked manually. the second one is BLOM If the active COC goes faulty. (COC management). . Example: • 2 SP link by two COC. 1st case (BLOM): The communication with the remote SP is totally interrupted. 2nd case (INHL): The remote SP can transmet level 3 message. One is ACTI+NBLO. .An inhibition component: INHL : NINH : INHD : INHT : Local inhibition No inhibition Distant inhibition Total inhibition Difference between a manually blocked COC(BLOM) and a locally inhibited COC (INHL). (impossibility of level 3 message transmision).A blocking component: NBLO : BLOM : BLOS : BLOD : BLOT : Channel not blocked (no blocking in progress). ACTI : Active channel (data link in service). ©Alcatel University – September 2001 . the remote SP is able to put back in service the inhibited COC and the link is still valid. Channel blocked by the system (error condition). 03 68 Signalling channel status (ETCS) For the operator.

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The signalling data link between two E10 exchanges has a 64-Kbps data rate.2. Functional address of the COC channel on the PCM.2. This case occurs in the event of a double failure.7 Signalling Data Link (SDL) The signalling data link is the both-way transmission path used for signalling and which comprises two data channels operating simultaneously in opposite directions at the same binary data rate. The characteristics of data links are as follows: TYLD NLD SRV ILS : : : : LD type (TYLD=1 for RN and TYLD=2 for RL). 03 70 3. ILS=LD00001). Service number (ex:SRV=RN).8 Traffic Flow The traffic flow management operator commands enable: • modifying traffic flows to ensure equitable sharing of the number of ITU7 signalling channels managed by each ML PUPE. ©Alcatel University – September 2001 . On a PCM digital link. the SDL link must be permanently set up between the two signalling terminals using semi-permanent connections.g. LD number (1 to 255). inhibiting the use of TS 16 as the medium for the SDL link. Note(s) : To ensure complete independence between them. the signalling data link occupies a time slot (TS) in the range 1 to 31.8AS 90001 1725 VH ZZA Ed. • outputting the ITU7 channels handled by each ML PUPE and the groups that are not processed. AFCTE : 3. signalling data links that are part of the same signalling group. except if at least one of the circuits carried by the PCM link is controlled using channel associated signalling. In normal operation. Data link identification in the service (e. should use physically different paths.

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8AS 90001 1725 VH ZZA Ed.1 Introduction SP SEQUENCE SIGNALLING ANALYSIS ANSIN SIGNALLING ROUTING ASMIN TRAFFIC DISTRIBUTION LAW FOR FSMs LOIIN SIGNALLING GROUP FSMIN DISTRIBUTION LAW FOR COCs LOIIN DATA SIGNALLING LINK LDIL SIGNALLING CHANNEL ©Alcatel University – September 2001 . 03 72 3.3 MMC Functions 3.3.

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there is no loss or repetition of messages. ANSMO : Analysis modification The modification is made to the signalling routing that affects a given SP. to a given SP on a local or national type network. ©Alcatel University – September 2001 . a signalling routing number.2 Signalling Analysis (ANS) ANSCR : Analysis creation This enables the assignment. As in the case of creation. the system performs a check on the new analysis. ANSIL : Signalling point listing This command is used: • to identify signalling points that point to a given routing. the system performs a check on the analysis by testing the accessibility of the SP via all the link sets of the assigned routing. During the modification. ANSSU : Deletes a signalling analysis • for the local network. ANSIN : Signalling analysis interrogation The results of this consultation will give the overall accessibility status of one or more SPs. the system checks that there are no more telephone relations with this SP. • to identify all signalling points in the national network whose analysis is created. • for the national network. • to identify signalling points that are in a given accessibility status. the routings associated with these SPs and the accessibility status via each group for each signalling routing. 03 74 3. if no parameter is indicated in the command. the system checks that the CSN no longer exists.8AS 90001 1725 VH ZZA Ed. Following this creation.3.

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©Alcatel University – September 2001 . ASMSU : Deletes a signalling route This command deletes a signalling route that is no longer used by a signalling analysis function. a sequenced list of signalling channel link sets and a traffic distribution law number.3. ASMSB : Substitutes a signalling route Substitution is used to modify the characteristics of a signalling route. 03 76 3.3 Signalling route (ASM) ASMCR : Creates a signalling route This command is used to assign a signalling route number. without loosing or repeating messages sent to SPs whose analysis uses the affected signalling route. taking into account the availabilities left in the list of sets.8AS 90001 1725 VH ZZA Ed. The system checks compatibility between the law and the number of sets. ASMIN : Interrogate a signalling route The results of this consultation give the characteristics of one or more signalling route in service.

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The channel thus added is set to INAC+BLOM or NCNT+BLOM states. the system will generate: • the virtual channel number (VTSV) selected for the channel.blocking component (e. ©Alcatel University – September 2001 . 03 78 3. FSMMO : Modifies a signalling link set The modification of a link set only takes effect at the traffic distribution law level.g. Removing the last channel is not allowed. • the status of the channel on completion of command execution.4 Signalling link set (NFSM) FSMCR : Creates a signalling link set The link set is created with a single signalling channel.VTSM entities and the signalling data link. • the new law used must be compatible with the maximum number of channels in the link set. INAC + BLOM or NCNT+BLOM). in the for: activity component . • the multiplexed signalling terminal (TSM) and the VTSM channel corresponding to the TSV-VTSV (physical entities in relation to logical entities).8AS 90001 1725 VH ZZA Ed. The other characteristics can only be changed by deleting then recreating the link set. the system uncouples the VTSV . • modifying the number of the traffic distribution law within a signalling link set where all the channels are in INAC+BLOM or NCNT+BLOM states. FSMRE : Removes signalling channels from a link set With the channel in INAC+BLOM or NCNT+BLOM states.3. The system performs the connection between the data link (SDL) and the channel selected from the virtual signalling terminal (TSV). In addition to the input data. FSMAD : Adds a signalling channel to a link set Additions are only allowed if the channel to add is in NAFF status.

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• channel blocking. ©Alcatel University – September 2001 . FSMSU FSMIN : Interrogates a signalling link set The results of this command are used to determine the characteristics of one or more link sets along with the identity and status of its component signalling channels. 03 80 : Deletes a signalling link set This command is used to delete a signalling link set (along with the channels that it contains) and thus makes the number available. CSMIN : Interrogates signalling channels This command outputs the various characteristics of the signalling channels. • channel de-activation. • channel unblocking. the system performs disconnection between the SDL and the VTSM channel.8AS 90001 1725 VH ZZA Ed. For each channel.3. In the absence of parameters. 3.5 Signalling Channel (COC) CSMMO : Modifies the status of signalling channels Modifying a signalling channel allows the execution of one of the functions listed below : • channel activation. outputs cover the link sets created on the national network.

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8AS 90001 1725 VH ZZA Ed.7 Traffic Flow (FLU) FLUMO FLUIL : : Modifies the traffic flow. a list in falling priority level of the ranks of the entities that the law can apply to (entities: signalling channels and link sets). • for each SCS. Lists traffic flows.3. • the number of entities managed by the law. LOIIL : Listing by law For a given law: • performs a search in the table of groups that use this law.6 Distribution Law (LOI) LOIIN : Interrogates a law By reading the corresponding tables. ©Alcatel University – September 2001 . 03 82 3.3. 3. the following information is obtained: • the law number.

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