Pump Asset Operation and Performance Monitoring Over the Internet

Karl J Darbyshire Geoff Waterworth Dave Webb
The International e-ENGDET 2004 Conference

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Introduction

Throughout the water industry many methodologies have been adopted to enable significant energy cost reduction incurred by Water Pumping Station (WPS)
– – – – Refurbishing worn equipment. Using highly efficient motors. Employing the most efficient pumps. Ensuring water is pumped through the smallest hydraulic head.

Using internet technologies, power, flow and pressure produced by individual pumps can be monitored over the Internet, allowing pump operators to remotely select efficient pump combinations.

2

Objective

Provide a cost effective method of pump asset operation and performance monitoring over the Internet
– To provide hydraulic engineers with secure real-time pump characteristics. – Monitor characteristics of individual pumps every fifteen-minutes over the internet.
3

Structure

The presentation is segregated into four key areas:
– – – – – – Water Supply System. Pump Modelling. Web Technologies. Results. Conclusion. Further Work.

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Water Supply System

The International e-ENGDET 2004 Conference

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Process Schematic
River

Low Lift Pumps Chemical Treatment
Gravity Filters

Clean Water

Pumping Station
Water Supply System
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High-Lift Pumps

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High-Lift Pumps cont.

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Water Supply System
P1

Clean Water

High Lift Water Pump Station Consisting of 5 Fixed Speed Pumps Extracts Clean Water from Nearby Storage Tank

P5

Bypass Valve

Water Supply System

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Water Supply System
WPS SCADA

P1

Data Transfer Using RTU (Out stations)
Data Analysis
RTU Data Data Validation Data Storage

P2

P3

P4

Micro-Controller Processors log pump parameters flow, power and pressure on the delivery side of the pump

P5

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Pump Modeling

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Pump Modelling
H = Delivery Head (m)  Q = Flow (m3/s)  P = Power (kW) P   = Efficiency  g = Gravity (m/s2)   = Density of Fluid (kg/m3)

Pump Modeling

QHg

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Pump Modelling. cont...
Q - H Curves  Q - P Curves  Q -  Curves

Pump Modeling

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Web Technologies

The International e-ENGDET 2004 Conference

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Java Server Pages (JSP)
JSP is a web scripting technology similar to Microsoft Active Server Pages (ASP) and Netscape Server Side Java Script (SSJS) JSP is a presentation / representation layer enabling users to mix static HTML content with server side scripting to produce a dynamic output. JDBC allows the user to interact with the remote database, which is isolated on the server side, through SQL statements.
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‘2-tier’ Client/Server
Client Server

Beans
JDBC

Database

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Results

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Results

The results illustrate that the web server can remotely accessed pump characteristics to either log, view or delete pump data. Operating pumps at their maximum efficiency, potential energy cost reductions are achievable.
The stored data may be used in the development of a sophisticated scheduling scheme or to provide historical information for water demand prediction.
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Pump Data Selection GUI

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MYSQL Server Entries

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Request Table Data

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Pump Modelling

Pump efficiency curves have been derived to enable pump engineers to identify inefficient pumps and shortfalls.

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Pump Modelling
Delivery Head (H m) & Pump Efficiency (n %)
Pump Curve Characteristics 100 80 60 40 20 WPS1: 88.3 % Efficiency @325 m/hr 74.1 psi Head Pressure @325 m/hr

HvQ
0 0 100 200

300 400 Volume Flow (Q cubic m/hr)

500

600

350

Power Requirment (P kW)

300 250 200 150 100 WPS1: 267.2 kW @325 m/hr

PvQ
0 100 200 300 400 Volume Flow (Q cubic m/hr) 500 600

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Conclusion
A cost effective method of pump asset operation and performance monitoring over the Internet.  The combined web methodologies of Java, JSP and SQL technologies provide an efficient and accurate process of secure remote logging of pump data.

Conclusion
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Next Logical Step

Adaptive System- Decision support system
– Pump Scheduling.

Equal Pump Combinations to ensure even wear.

– Demand Prediction.

Intelligent software to forecast consumer demand.

Further Work

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Decision Support System
Pump Characteristics Alarms Data Validation Pump Scheduling Required Flow

Pumps Available

Pump Trends

Manual Prediction

Demand Predictor

Archive

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Questions ?

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