Karla Jade R. Tudas BS Psychology IV Prejudice: People’s Emotions Toward Cultural, Religious, and Social Groups.

Prejudice • A biased evaluation of a group (often targeted at it’s individual members), based on real or imagined characteristics of the group members (Nelson, 2002) • A type of attitude Where does Prejudice come from? • Cultural/group norms – conformity to the group norm can influence prejudice • Social identity theory – prejudice can be explained by our tendency to see ourselves as part of a group. We therefore view others as either part or not part of the same group as us. Thus people are judged as being “us” and “them”. – our in-groups – this leads us to discriminate against out-groups for no logical reason. Three Elements of Prejudice • Cognitive element – involved the beliefs held about a certain group – These beliefs come in the form of stereotypes, common but over-simple views of what a particular group of people are like – Such views may come from something heard or read, rather than first-hand experience • Affective element – involves the feelings experienced in response to another group – Stereotyping leads us to develop a prejudice – If we are prejudiced against a group and encountered a member belonging to that group : • anger • fear • hate • disgust • Behavioral element – consists of our actions towards the object of prejudice – Our actions towards members of a group against which we hold prejudice can range from avoidance and verbal criticism to mass extermination Religious Groups Religion is a cultural system that creates powerful and longlasting meaning, by establishing symbols that relate humanity to truths and values.

Religious Groups in the Philippines 1. Roman Catholic 2. Other Christian Denominations Combined 3. Muslim/Islamic 4. Indigenous Religions 5. Buddhists

6. Atheists (did not identify religion) 7. Protestants 8. El Shaddai 9. Church of the Nazarene 10. Church of Jesus Christ and the Latter Day Saints 11. Seventh-Day Adventists (Central Phil. Union Conf.) 12. Chinese 13. Hindu – unknown Mennonites 12. Philippine Episcopal Church 13. United Church of Christ in the Philippines 14. Evangelical 15. Baptist World Alliance 16. Methodist 17. Ang Dating Daan 18. Worldwide Church of God 19. Jehovah's Witnesses 20. Unitarian 21. Assemblies of God (Ilocos Norte) 22. God World Missions Church 23. Presbyterian 24. Lutheran Church in the Philippines 25. Mount Banahaw Holy Confederation 26. Rizalistas 27. Aglipayan (Philippine Independence Church) 28. Iglesia ni Cristo (Church of Christ) 29. Philippine Benevolent Missionary Association (PBMA) a Religion in Davao • The largest group is the Roman Catholic at 80% of the population • Other Christian groups such as Protestant churches (Evangelicals, Born Again, Ang Dating Daan, Kingdom of Jesus Christ) - 18%, • non-Christian faiths (Islam, Buddhism, animism) -1.17% Prejudice against Religious Groups • Islam – The Mindanao region is where Islam first came in South East Asia, and enjoyed a peaceful existence in the Philippines until the arrival of the Spanish in 1561 as part of the "Reconquista" campaign. – Pushing the Muslims into smaller and smaller regions of the Southern Philippines. – Things didn't fare much better for the Muslim community after the Spanish sold the Philippines to the US. Although the US didn't attempt to militarily conquer the Moro areas, it did use the legal system to push the inhabitants of the area off their land – Since the independence of the Philippines in 1946. In the sixties and seventies, over 200,000 Moros were killed and countless more evicted from their lands. – Things didn't fare much better for the Muslim community after the Spanish sold the Philippines to the US. Although the US didn't attempt to militarily conquer the Moro areas, it did use the legal system to push the inhabitants of the area off their land

it is important to acknowledge the fundamental human values of respect and dignity. rather. Youth suicide attempts can be viewed as a strategic action to resolve conflicts within oneself or with others. and others they come into contact with through places such as church. The Nature of Prejudice ) Prejudice against Indigenous People • Indigenous people live throughout the country. young people. values. Bullying • An undeniable reality for many. Allport. • Many indigenous people or Filipino ethnic minorities are subject to prejudices of the Filipinos found in urban areas. five American teenage boys committed suicide in separate incidents due to homophobic discrimination at school and in their homes. • Characteristics shared by members of a group may include interests. • Many are still pressured to remain silent about the issue with the threat of rejection by their families and peers.– Since the independence of the Philippines in 1946.000 Moros were killed and countless more evicted from their lands. (Gordon W. The mere statement on the part of a religion that its own beliefs and practices are correct and any contrary beliefs incorrect does not in itself constitute intolerance. but primarily in the mountainous areas of northern and central Luzon and in Mindanao. • Hundreds of jobless gays have been rejected outright or silently turned down. ethnic or social background. and day care. including information about the people they meet and learn about. . Social Group Prejudice • People begin to categorize their personal experiences. In the sixties and seventies. is when a group specifically refuses to tolerate practices. • • • Religious Intolerance • Is intolerance against another's religious beliefs or practices. • Religious intolerance. depending on the community they live in and their own self esteem. • Prejudices based on these social categories will be an important part of the person's beliefs and behavior the rest of his life. A true group exhibits some degree of social cohesion and is more than a simple collection or aggregate of individuals. 2002) • Gays and lesbians in the Philippines either choose to stay in the closet or prefer to mix with the heterosexual mainstream in their own social class and not form exclusively or predominantly homosexual neighborhoods. representations. and given vague excuses why they are not fit for the job. religious and economic biases rooted in prejudice towards homosexuality continue to haunt Filipino gays and lesbians. While the subject of gay and lesbian rights is sometimes deemed too controversial to some. Prejudice against Homosexual • In the Philippines. persons or beliefs on religious grounds Social Group Social Group • Is any number of people who share common goals and norms. particularly because youth often have minimal economic resources or feel they are disempowered within their family. • Last September 2010. (Newsbreak Magazine. and kinship ties. if not all. friends. school. in some cases. as evidenced by the rise in teenage suicides as a result of discriminatory harassment. Gay and lesbian teens are particularly high risk. rejection by their families because they were gay. • Prejudices may soon develop targeted toward these categories of people based on what children learn from parents. regardless of our gender or sexual orientation. • They were all victims of intense bullying by their classmates and. over 200.