Home Networking

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1. INTRODUCTION

The latest advances in the Internet access technologies, the dropping of PC rates, and the proliferation of smart devices in the house, have dramatically increased the number of intelligent devices in the consumer¶s premises. The consumer electronics equipment manufacturers are building more and more intelligence into their products enabling those devices to be networked into clusters that can be controlled remotely. Advances in the Wireless communication technologies have introduced a variety of wireless devices, like PDAs, Web Pads, into the house. Advent of multiple PCs and smart devices into the house, and the availability of high-speed broadband Internet access, have resulted in in-house networking needs to meet the following requirements of the consumers: y y y y y y y Simultaneous internet access to multiple home users Sharing of peripherals and files Home Control/Automation Multi-player Gaming Connect to/from the workplace Remote Monitoring/Security Distributed Video

The home networking requirement introduces into the market a new breed of products called Residential Gateways. A Residential Gateway (RG) will provide the necessary connectivity features to enable the consumer to exploit the advantages of a networked

Department of Computer Science and Engineering

These days. The RG will also provide the framework for Residential Connectivity Based Services to reach the home. What is Home Networking? We have all become very comfortable with networks. Utility/Meter Reading. Voice Over Broadband Infrastructure. IP Telephony. Embedded TCP/IP Stack etc.Using a reusable framework for home service gateway architecture. offers end-to-end product design and realization services for the residential gateways. transport. The network hierarchy has been rapidly moving lower in the chain towards smaller and more personal devices. control.). enabling the connection and integration of multiple computing. Department of Computer Science and Engineering . IEEE 1394 core. Virtual Private Network Connectivity and Innovative E-commerce solutions. manage. Coupled with our standards based and ready-to-deploy home networking components & solutions (like the Wipro BlueTooth Stack. Home Security & Surveillance. Examples of such Residential Connectivity Based Services include: Video on Demand.Home Networking is the collection of elements that process. our customers can enjoy the much need time to market advantage and competitive edge. and communication devices in the home. Home Area Networks (HANs) and Personal Area Networks (PANs) are joining their larger brother as ever-present communications channels. Remote Home Appliance Repair & Trouble shooting. and store information. monitoring. Local area networks (LANs) and Wide Area Networks (WANs) have become ubiquitous.Home Networking 2 home.1. 1.

Department of Computer Science and Engineering . while the advantages for consumers from being connected CE online investing and shopping. the home network has been largely ignored. and progress in the development of smart devices have increasingly emphasized the need for an in home networking. flexible.Home Networking 3 The price of home computers keep falling. advancements in telecommunications technology. Furthermore. However. No wonder an increasing number of households own two or more PCs. and reliable home networks will greatly increase. as these growth and advancement trends continue. Until recently. the rapid proliferation of personal computers (PCs) and the Internet in homes. the need for simple. keeping in touch with long distance friends and tapping the vast resource of the Internet CE keep multiplying.

Home Networking 4 2. Cable. y Device Access Technologies that facilitate the discovery and interplay of the home devices and services. This device should be capable of delivering valued services to Home. y Residential Gateway Device. capable of interconnecting the Broadband Access Network and the Home Area Network. Department of Computer Science and Engineering . y In-Home Networking Topologies (both wired and wireless). These are aptly summarized in Figure 3. Broadband Wireless) that provides the ubiquity of always ON high-speed digital pipe to the Home. HOME NETWORKING TECHNOLOGIES Various Technology components are involved in making Home Networking a reality. that interconnect the various devices of the home. Figure 3: Home Networking Technologies Source: Network Protocols for the Home CE John Canosa The Technology Components in the Domain of Home Networking are: y Broadband Access Networks (DSL.

Broadband access is an always-ON connection meaning that the user does not have to dialup for establishing the connection.1 Broadband Access Networks The function of broadband Access Networks is to transfer digital traffic to and from the home. The connection to the outside world from the Home is through this equipment. Cable Operator or DSL Operator) will provide Customer Premises Equipment (CPE). which will be located in the user premises. The broadband access is much faster and reliable than the present day dialup modem or ISDN modem.Home Networking 5 2.g. Summarizes the various broadband technologies (Source: Cahners Instat group) Figure4: Summarizes Various Broadband Technologies 2. transport. The prominent broadband access technologies are the Digital Subscriber Line (xDSL). The Broadband Access Provider (e. enabling the connection and integration of multiple computing. and store information. manage. The management of the CPE will be taken care of remotely by the Broadband Access Provider. Figure 4.2 In-Home Network topologies Home network is a collection of elements that process. Hybrid Fiber Coaxial (HFC) network and Broadband Wireless (also called as Wireless Local Loop). control Department of Computer Science and Engineering .

a gateway must perform the functions of media translation. low cost.Home Networking 6 monitoring. the in-home networks can be classified as shown in the Figure 5: y y Wired home networks . Cable/DSL Modem. how ever many other intelligent Consumer Premises Equipment like the Advanced Digital Set-top Box. address translation. One of the architectural options under consideration to perform these functions in the home is called the Residential Gateway (RG). could evolve to perform the role of a Residential Gateway (Figure-6). the Home PC. Department of Computer Science and Engineering . Proprietary Home Automation and Control Equipment etc. Home Network must support multiple data types with high security. and negligible maintenance. and communication devices with in the home.Use of existing home wiring & New wiring alternatives Wireless home networks CE No need of any wires new or old Figure 5: Home Network Topologies 2.Over a period of time. easy configuration. authentication/filtering and system management. Moving the bits around the home is the function of Network infrastructure and equipment that comprise the Home Network.3 Residential Gateway When different networks are joined (in this case the Home Network and the Broadband Access Network). Based on the topology alternative available.

The Services Gateway provides a focal point for service providers to deliver services to devices on the home network client Department of Computer Science and Engineering . A Services Gateway (SG) is a evice through which multiple services can be delivered over Wide Area Networks to the Local Area Networks and devices situated in the home.Home Networking 7 Figure 6: Forms of Residential Gateway It is clear that making the broadband available does not achieve much unless the bandwidth available is tapped to provide services to the customer.

The services gateway can also function as an application server for a range of high value services such as energy management and control. which provides the basic functionality of media matching between the broadband access network and the inhome network can function as a service gateway. electronic commerce services and more. device control and maintenance. Internet. office and other locations. consolidate. and multimedia communications to and from the home. by conforming to the OSGi framework Figure 8: OSGi Framework OSGi (Open Services Gateway Initiative) is a consortium of over 30 companies working on the development of open standards and specifications for the services gateway. Department of Computer Science and Engineering .Home Networking 8 Figure 7: Residential Service DeliveryA Home residential gateway. data. and manage voice. safety and security services. health care monitoring services. The services gateway can enable.

Department of Computer Science and Engineering . Automatic discovery of devices in the neighborhood and even those located remotely. Device coordination essentially means providing a subset of the following capabilities to a device: y y Ability to announce its presence to the network. JINI (Java based device discovery and device coordination protocol pioneered by Sun Microsystems). y y Self-configuration without administrative intervention. UPnP (Universal Plug and Play pioneered by Microsoft) and HAVi (Home Audio Video Interoperability pioneered by the consumer electronic industry leaders) are some of the popular protocol available now. which enabled the devices to discover and use each other¶s capabilities.4 Device access protocols As the number of smart devices increased they starting using the network to share each other services.Home Networking 9 2. y Ability to describe its capabilities as well as query/understand the capabilities of other devices. Various industry leaders evolved different Coordination protocols. Seamless inter-operability with other devices wherever meaningful. This was enabled by the Coordination protocol that they followed.

CHALLENGES FOR HOME NETWORKING 3. Simplicity Home networking. since they need to operate round the clock. are not more a few hundred dollars. Fridge etc. Department of Computer Science and Engineering . This challenge is a positive point for the consumer electronics companies (unlike the traditional Computer and Networking majors) who know the real pulse of the residential consumer. phone extension sockets etc. the residential users may not be willing to pay more for the networking infrastructure and solutions. People may not like to dig their walls for the sake of rewiring the home or people may not like dangling wires everywhere in the home. solutions should be very easy to use. electric lines. the technologies should be as consumer friendly as possible.) or use wireless mode of communication. the home networking products are just like a protocol should also be highly secure and tamper proof. In the view of the consumer. Reliability Home networking products should be very reliable.e. Since the residential user may not be computer/IT literate. When the cost of the domestic appliances like TV. products.Home Networking 10 3. Low Cost Home networking solutions should be of less cost.1 Infrastructure reuse Technological Options for Home networking should re-use the existing wiring infrastructure of the home (i.

then the customer support calls cost about $37. Of course. Technical support of customers is a large factor in why residential-based Internet service has not been a profitable business to date. This is roughly the cost of a two-month subscription for Internet service. HiFi Virtual Reality Games. Auto configuration will be key in making RBB (Residential Broad Band) services profitable enough to be an attractive business proposition. Department of Computer Science and Engineering .Home Networking 11 3. Digital video.50 per minute. Distance Requirement The Home Network should cover all parts of the home and premises.2 Ease of installation & Maintenance The home networking solutions should be easy to install (just a plug and play) and should facilitate the remote maintenance of the equipment from the vendor site. and installation cost. and greater distances pose problems of power. This is primarily because the residential users would like to use the multimedia equipment like. DVDs (Digital Versatile Disks).50. Isochronous Traffic The Home networking products. some homes are bigger than others. and should provide the required Quality of Service Guarantees. solutions & technologies should be capable of carrying isochronous traffic. attenuation. If a service call takes 10 minutes and the telephone support labor costs the service provider $1. HDTV (High Definition Television). etc. an average of two and a half telephone service calls are required to answer customer installation questions for new consumers of Internet services. Currently.

consortiums and working groups that come together and make this a reality.Home Networking 12 Interoperability Since there are multitude of home networking products. and solutions from different vendors the issue of interoperability is a big challenge. This should be effectively dealt by forming industry associations. technologies. Department of Computer Science and Engineering .

A Residential Gateway (RG) will provide the necessary connectivity features to enable the consumer to exploit the advantages of a networked Home. The RG will also provide the framework for Residential Connectivity Based Services to reach the home. Department of Computer Science and Engineering . and the proliferation of smart devices in the house. have dramatically increased the number of intelligent devices in the consumer premises. CONCLUSION The latest advances in the Internet access technologies. The paper further discusses Challenges for Home Networking and Home Networking Technologies. The home networking requirement introduces into the market a new breed of products called Residential Gateways.Home Networking 13 4. the dropping of PC rates.

The emerging market for Home Networking Technology and Services. Cahners Instat Group. Network Protocols for the Home CE John Canosa CE Published in Embedded.Home Networking 14 5.com Magazine 3. Residential Broadband CE George Abe CE Cisco Press 2. Feb 2000 Department of Computer Science and Engineering .REFERENCES 1.