International conference on Computer Aided Design and Manufacturing

CADAM 2007
TRANSPORT SIMULATION OF HOUSINGS FOR WASHING MACHINES ASSEMBLY
Šamec, B.; Potrč, I.; Šraml, M.; Lerher, T.; Počivavšek, T.
Abstract: In this paper, transport simulation of housings for washing machines assembly, is presented. Assembly line is supplied by power and free overhead conveyor system. Along with transportation purpose it also has a function as a buffer of housings for washing machines. During operation, bottlenecks appear on production line. Therefore purpose of this simulation is to compare actual capacity with optimal possible, on existing system. Keywords: Material handling, Internal transport, Power and free, Buffers, Simulations.

1 INTRODUCTION
In mechanical engineering, simulations are used for precise planning of production and assembly lines, working spots and setting up entire company together with supply chain. Simulation model of a production line enables us to calculate needed amount of material, time or working force. It also helps us to detect bottlenecks and weak points of production line and helps us to foresee situation at various breakdowns or extreme circumstances. In this paper, transport simulation of housings for washing machines assembly at the production line, is presented. Problem occurred in a company that already has a power and free (P&F) conveyor system. Along with transportation purpose it also has a function as a buffer of housings for washing machines. During operation of this P&F conveyor system, a bottleneck on production line occasionally appears. Purpose of this analysis is to represent material flow with computer simulation and to compare actual efficiency with optimal possible on the existing P&F system.

2 PROBLEM FORMULATION
Power & free conveyor system was analyzed with computer simulation. Classical analysis with analytical methods would be too difficult. Simulation was done with AutoMod software [1]. Model was made with Power and Free module in AutoMod, which enable us to simulate P&F conveyor systems, towlines, etc. The main difference between P&F system and conveyor system is that in a P&F system, carriers move around and pick up loads, while in conveyor systems, loads move around on the conveyor. To simulate P&F system (Fig. 1) several tasks must be accomplished: drawing sections, placing stations and photoeyes, creating motors and carriers, and defining scheduling lists. Our model consists out of several sections, transfers and stations. Simulated P&F system is composed out of three sections for which attributes such as speed, carrier accumulation, and carrier spacing can be changed. All three sections together compose complete P&F conveyor system as in reality.

Smetanova ulica 17. Stations are points on a chain at which loads can enter. University of Maribor. Slovenia. Fig. 1.potrc@uni-mb. Stations must be placed on chains. email: blaz. AutoMod User’s Guide Author(s): Šamec Blaž and Potrč Iztok. Standard motor is automatically assigned to each section. Faculty of Mechanical Engineering. process. without interfering with actual system or when designing a new one.si. Computer simulation allows us to conduct extensive optimization analyses.Transfers allow a carrier to move from one section of a chain to another. Power & free simulation 5 CONCLUSION In this paper. and leave a power & free system. phone +386 2 220 7500. capacity of stations can be set. Inc. transport simulation of housings for washing machines assembly on production line is presented. Speed and acceleration can be changed during simulation. It enables us to perform “what if” tests with same or modified parameters as in reality. type. To limit the number of carriers that can travel on a section. Name. SI-2000 Maribor. iztok.si. Purpose of this simulation was to compare actual capacity with optimal possible on an existing power & free conveyor system. It can be used as a switching element to start or stop individual section. References: [1] Brooks Automation. (2003). . enroute limit and capacity must be set to define a station.samec@uni-mb.