Past tense and past participle: exercise

Fill in the blanks with the past tense or past participle form of the verbs given in the brackets. 1. He has …………………….. his own companion for the journey. (select) 2. He would have ……………………… his speech after the break but the chairperson didn’t permit him. (resume) 3. Has the problem ……………………….. solved? (be) 4. The accused ………………………. the jury’s verdict with anxiety. (await) 5. My watch was ……………………. by a boy. (steal) 6. A widespread outbreak of plague ……………………… in 1928. (occur) 7. The song was …………………….. by Alice and her sister. (sing) 8. The whole of the milk has been …………………….. by the cat. (drink) 9. He was properly ………………………… with by the authorities. (deal) 10. I ………………………. the church regularly in my youth. (attend) 11. He ……………………… to China, so you can’t meet him now. (go) 12. The thieves had …………………….. away before the police arrived. Answers 1. selected 2. resumed

has gone 12. 1. He is being deceived by his own friends. drunk 9. been 4. . dealt 10.3. 3. stolen 6. occurred 7. Prince Hamlet was welcomed by the people. sung 8. attended 11. run Change into active voice FEBRUARY 25. The story was eagerly listened to. 4. Have my orders been carried out by you? 6. 2011 Rewrite the following sentences in the active form. 2. 5. I have been given much cause for anxiety. The proposal has been rejected by the committee. awaited 5.

The people welcomed Prince Hamlet. 8. 4. Is John taught by you? Answers 1. 10. His own friends are deceiving him.7. We /he/she/they eagerly listened to the story. 9. 9. 7. Our lives are wasted in anticipation. Who wrote this piece of composition? 11. The storm uprooted the tree. 5. 8. We waste our lives in anticipation. The police took the wounded persons to the hospital. 12. . Columbus discovered America. The tree was uprooted by the storm. They /he/she/ you have given me much cause for anxiety. 2. Have you carried out my orders? 6. The wounded persons were taken to hospital by the police. America was discovered by Columbus. The committee has rejected the proposal. By whom was this piece of composition written? 11. 10. 3.

in our favor. His hard work …………………….. its currency. (beauty) 12. the capital. (utter) Answers 1. (consider) 4. (sense) 6. Only a fool will …………………… his net worth. Only monosyllabic words were …………………….12. The judge ordered that the accused be …………………… (behead) 11. (go) 10. The judgment ……………………. We have known each other since our …………………… (child) 2. The minister wants to ……………………. He was absent because he was ………………… (well) 9. (value) 7. (estimate) 5.. The Government of China has ………………….. He is a stupid and often talks …………………. his earlier proposal. enabled . 1. (able) 3. him to pass his examination. Parents should not ………………… their children’s mistakes. (look) 8. Do you teach John? Word formation: exercise FEBRUARY 21. childhood 2. 2011 Fill in the blanks with appropriate words derived from the ones given in brackets. The manager asked the board members to …………………. by her.

devalued 7. a) would b) should c) can d) could 2. went 10. not come. nonsense 6. be laughed at. overlook 8. 2011 Fill in the blanks with appropriate modal auxiliary verbs.3. unwell 9. underestimate 5. lest he ………………………. beheaded 11. 1. beautify 12. Each question is followed by four suggested answers. reconsider 4. He said he …………………………. Choose the most appropriate one. He is afraid to speak. . uttered Modal Auxiliary Verbs: Exercise FEBRUARY 17.

He ……………………… swim across the river when he was young. a) could b) can c) might d) should 5.a) would b) should c) can d) ought 3. not help me. you live long! a) may b) might c) shall d) should 7. a) would b) should c) ought d) can 4. I ……………………….. If I had studied medicine I ………………………. have come. ………………. a) will b) would . He told me that he ………………………. Had I seen you. a) could b) can c) ought d) shall 6. have become a doctor.

b) would 8. a) could 9. we have got plenty of time. a) will b) would c) should d) might 10. a) should b) need c) must d) would Answers 1.c) can d) may 8. have arrived in time. a) could 5. We ………………………. a) would 4. b) would 10. 2010 . a) could b) can c) may d) shall 9. b) need Punctuation: Colon NOVEMBER 20. if I had not lost my way.. b) should 2. a) would 3. I …………………… very much like to see my old classmates. a) may 7. a) could 6. I …………………. not hurry.

direct speech is usually introduced by a comma. words. Bacon says: ‘Reading makes a full man. Polonius: What do you read.   In a title or heading. writing an exact man. political and moral. Jane had to be hospitalized: she had heart trouble. We need three kinds of support: financial. It is sometimes used with a dash after it. . Peter looked at the photo and said. In American English. words. ‘Who is this beautiful girl?’  Lists A colon can introduce a list.The colon (:) marks a bigger pause than that is expressed by the semicolon.’  A colon is also used when direct speech is introduced by a name.   We cancelled our decision to go on a holiday: we had too little money. my lord? Hamlet: Words. colons are more often followed by capital letters. Tenses: the present tense Punctuation: colon   Capital letters In British English. Verbs: transitive verbs (GB) Verbs: Transitive verbs (US)   Letters In letters Americans usually put a colon after the opening salutation. speaking a ready man. Direct speech A colon is used when famous sayings are quoted. a colon is often used to introduce a subdivision of a subject. we do not normally use a capital letter after a colon. The three tenses are: the present tense. the past tense and the future tense. In other cases.

768 (NOT 5. 2010 To separate adjectives used in the predicative position Adjectives used in the predicative position are always separated by commas. I am writing to… Comma – Part II NOVEMBER 19. Mathews: I am writing to… British people prefer a comma in this case.Dear Mr. cool drink. In direct speech A comma is generally used between a reporting verb and a piece of direct speech. 873   . He is tall. long. ‘I don’t like this.   Sometimes commas are not used between the last two adjectives which are usually separated by a conjunction like and or or. 567.  Numbers Large numbers are often divided into groups of three figures by using commas. she said. Dear Mr Mathews.’  If the reporting verb follows a piece of direct speech.768) 6. dark and handsome.‘ said Jane. That was a lovely. Looking at the painting. we usually use a comma instead of a full stop before the closing quotation mark. ‘I like this one. Examples are: 5. Sometimes they do not use any punctuation mark at all. Commas are sometimes dropped between short adjectives.

Porthos and Aramis.   Nobody realized that the child was missing. except for the last two which are usually connected by a coordinating conjunction like and or or. 5. Instead we use a full stop or a semicolon. that the child …) She didn’t know what to do. but. OR The blue dress  was cheap. 2010 The punctuation mark comma (.953)  Cases where commas are not used Commas are not used before that. On the other hand. To join two complete sentences into a single sentence A comma is used to join two complete sentences into a single sentence.Commas are sometimes not used in four figure numbers.) Commas are not used between two grammatically independent sentences.  The Three Musketeers were Arthos.  She had very little to live on. the pink dress was better. The blue dress was cheap. on the other hand. The Year 1953 (NOT The Year 1. It is usually followed by a connecting word like and. or. (NOT Nobody realized. (NOT She didn’t know. …) Comma NOVEMBER 18. while or yet. To connect the items in a list Commas are used to connect the items in a list. Emily Bronte and Jane Austen. what to do. on the other hand.378 or 5378  Commas are never used in dates. where etc in indirect speech structures. what.  My favorite writers are Charles Dickens. the pink dress was better. but she would never take what was not hers.) has the following uses. Notes . (NOT The blue dress was cheap.

OR We went out when the rain stopped. however. 2010 The punctuation mark (‘) is called apostrophe. Jane’s mother Peter’s car Children’s books    . did everything. John had. they are often separated by commas. the chicken pathia.  When the rain stopped. Commas are also used to set off words or expressions that interrupt the natural progression of a sentence    My friends.  She is poor but she is honest. The apostrophe is also used in writing certain words which were formerly contractions. surprisingly.) To show that certain words have been omitted A comma can be used to show that certain words have been omitted. It shows the place of the omitted letters.) Subordinate clauses When subordinate clauses begin sentences. Apostrophe NOVEMBER 4. It has the following functions. but she is honest. Examples are: it’s (for it is or it has). Example: o’clock In writing most possessives The apostrophe is used in writing most possessives.Short clauses connected by and. Alice decided to order to steak pie and Peter. but or or are not usually separated by commas. hasn’t (for has not) and doesn’t (for does not). (The omitted words are ‘decided to order’. did not come. (NOT She is poor. we went out. In writing a contraction The apostrophe is used in writing a contraction.

it is used in writing the plurals of letters and other forms which would be difficult to read without the apostrophe.) Whose bag is this? (NOT Who’se bag is this?) These toys are hers.)    In writing the plurals of letters Although the apostrophe is not used in writing plurals. (NOT The cat closed it’s eyes. Dot the i’s and cross the t’s Mind your p’s and q’s   . The cat closed its eyes. (NOT These toys are her’s. two weeks’ vacation Note that the apostrophe is not used in writing the possessive forms of most pronouns.