ANALYSIS THE EFFECT OF UNBALANCE ROTOR WINDING TORQUE AND SPEED INDUCTION MOTOR Windings on the rotor can

be equipped with an external 3 phase resistance may not be balanced. And also, the broken bars on the shell of the rotor can cause the motor winding resistance is not balanced. The figure below shows a coil winding rotor which has a resistance that is not balanced.

Image of induction motors with unbalanced rotor windings

On the subject had previously been on the explain that if there is a series of three phases that have a resistance that is not balanced then there will be components in the circuit is symmetrical. Then there will be symmetrical components in the circuit of the rotor above the amount shown in the following equation: 
(  (  (

+

+

)

+ a

+

)

+

+a

)=0

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From the equation above, gained large rotor currents (I2) for the positive sequence (I21) and negative sequence (I22), and also in getting on the rotor voltage (V2) of: ; ; -

In the first approach, all rotor currents have a frequency f2 = Sf1 at steady state (fixed). Forward motion of magnetic force, generated by Iar1, Ibr1, Icr1, interacting normally with the windings. 
  

  

 
 

    

   

Component of magnetic force that retreated from the spinning rotor currents of the stator located on n1 speed '. The n1¶ 'is: = n ± S

=

( 1 - 2S )

Makai this will induce electromotive force at a frequency f1¶ = f1 (1-2S). Style retreat is produced by I22, which will produce the opposite torque.  

 

 
 

 

  

  

Where:  

L1 = Ls + Lm; L2 = Lr + Lm Where

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I21 = forward rotor current (Ampere) I22 = backward rotor current (Ampere) I11 = forward stator current (Ampere) I12 = backward stator current (Ampere) R2 = rotor resistance ( ) R1 = stator resistance ( ) V (21) = fordward rotor voltage (Volt) V (22) = backward rotor voltage (Volt) Vs = Voltage source (Volt) L1 = stator mutual inductance (H) L (2) = rotor mutual inductance (H) Lr = rotor inductance (H) Ls = stator inductance (H) Lm = Magnetic Inductance (H) 1 = velocity of flow phase angle frequency (rad / s); 1 = 2 F1

_21 = positive sequence rotor flux linkage (Wb) _22 = negative sequence rotor flux linkage (Wb) S = Slip Known torque is:

Te = 

; 

=

(Rad/s)

= 

Where P1 = Number of pole pairs

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From equeation     

  

, rotor in short circuit

if the voltage on the rotor (V2) = 0, then: 

By adding his  

(I21 conjugate) to the equation above then:    

By combining the real and imaginary numbers above obtained equation: 

So Pg are:  

Real Imaginer

=3( = 3  

) 

Substituting equation Te =

to the equation above, we obtain:

Te = 3    

By lowering the equation above, we obtain:

Te = 3  = 3 = 3 

  

   

  

The equation above also applies to the equation    

  

which produces torque opponent.

So the torque expression is:

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=3        

=

Where torque is the sum of forward (Te1) and reverse torque (Te2). To Te1 using symmetrical component sequence "1" and to Te2 use symmetrical component sequence "2".

Pictures of the slip torque curve

Reverse torque component is positive (motoring) of 1-2s <0 or S> 0.5 and negative (breaking) at S <0.5. In the beginning, the torque component will move backwards (motoring). And also for S = 0.5, turning torque is 0, because the induction electromotive force to this situation occurred at a frequency f1 = f1 (1-2S), if S = 0.5, the F1 '= 0 and does not occur induction in these circumstances. Behind Torque Torque is also called George or monoaksial. Experiments are done at the Laboratory of Electrical Engineering Conversion USU. To get results from the influence of an unbalanced rotor resistance is carried out experiments by using a balanced rotor resistance. Results from the experiment can be compared between the prisoners of a balanced rotor with an unbalanced.

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Previous attempts to obtain necessary parameters - the parameters of the induction motor in order to analyze the effect of rotor imbalance.
Tools used in this experiment is 1. Three-phase induction motor type: rotor windings motor specifications: - AEG TYP C AM 112MU 4RI / Y 220/380 V 10.7 / 6.2 A

- 2.2 Kw, 0.67 cos - 1410 rpm, 50 Hz - isolation B 2. Ampere meter 3. Volt Meter 4. Prisoners Slide 5. Watt Meter 3 6. AC and DC voltage source

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DC Resistance Experiment

A. DC Resistance Experiments On The stator winding

Experiment series

Experimental Procedure

y

Stator winding connections are made ties Y. to be measured are two of the three stator windings.

y y y

The series of stator windings connected to supply DC voltage DC supply voltage is increased until at a certain value. When the voltage showing on the amount of 15.4 volts, the appointment of voltmeters and ammeters gauge recorded

y

If you've completed a series of removable.

Experiment Results Data Rdc =

V ( ) I

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Phasa

V (volt)

I (Ampere)

U V

12,89

4,2

Data Analysis

For the above data was obtained:
V I

Rdc =

=

= 3,07

Because the relationship of the stator is Y, then the RDC is

Rdc =

= 1.535
Rac = 1.2 x 1.535 = 1.842

So the stator resistance is
Rs = 1842

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B. DC Resistance Experiments on Rotor winding

Experiment series

Image of DC resistance in the rotor experiment Experimental Procedure

y

Rotor winding connections made Y relationship, which will be measured are two of the three rotor windings.

y

Circuit rotor windings connected to supply DC voltage Raise the DC supply voltage slowly, until at a certain value.

y

When the voltage showing on the amount of 3.5 volts, the appointment of voltmeters and ammeters gauge recorded

y

if you've finished circuit is removed.

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Experiment Results Data Phasa V (volt) I (Ampere)

K M

2,38

3,4

Data Analysis

For the above data was obtained:
V ( ) I

Rdc =

=

= 0.7

Because the relationship on the rotor is Y, then the RDC is

Rdc =

= 0.35
Rac = 1.2 x 0.35 = 0,42 So the rotor resistance is Rr = 0.42

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Suspended Rotor Experiment (Block Rotor)

Experiment series

From the data obtained in the measurement of rotor motors in a state of suspended or short circuit then calculated Xs and Xr '. The series of measurements when connected briefly shown in the figure below

Experimental Procedure

The procedure is performed to obtain data on short circuit is:
y y y

Induction motor is coupled with direct current machine All switches in an open state, the voltage regulator in the state minimum. Switch S1 is closed, PTAC1 be increased so that the induction motor started to spin slowly.

y

Switch S3 then closed, PTDC2 raised until the appointment of ammeters A3 reaches the amplifier current price nominal direct current machine

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y

Switch S2 is closed and PTDC1 raised so that the engine block direct current induction motor and the rotation stops. Then the appointment of measuring devices A1, W and T recorded

y

The measurement is repeated several times to get the best value.

Suspended Rotor Experiment Results Data

Vbr (Volt)

I BR ( Ampere )

PBR ( Watt )

F1 (Hz)

Fbr (Hz)

98 6,2 575 50 50

Data Analysis

From the above data is obtained:  



= 

 

= 9.125    

   

=

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=  

 

  

   

=

= 7.6528 
   

= 3.8264 ;  = 
 

= 0,01218 H 

= 3.8264 ;  =
Experiment Zero Cost The series of experiments 

= 0,01218 H

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Experimental Procedure The procedure is performed to obtain data required are: All switches open, the voltage regulator at minimum position. Switch S1 is closed, PTAC1 increased slowly until the voltage of 350 volts. When a voltage is 350 volts, the meter reading is recorded large ammeters and wattmeters each phase.
y

y y y

Once recorded, the series is removed.

Data Analysis

=2 50=314

V0 ( Volt )

P0 ( watt )

I 0 (Ampere)

350

300

3,33

Xm !

V1 I nl 3 

X1 ( )

= 

= 56.85  

=

= 0,181 H

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E T E

i E i

L EE

T EE T

E T T ´

B L

E

T

i

A1 PT AC1 3 Phasa S1
K L R S T

A2 n

MI
V1
A6 A5 A4

Mesin DC T S2

R

A3 S3 PT DC 1

y y y

C i C C t t

i l ti tt i C ii it t i l

i t i

t

i t i t t t i t l ti i l ti l i t

it

y

Cl t

i i l t lt i

t

it t

t t

t

i l

t

i

C

til

y

Cl

t

t

t

C

li i

y

Pri

r R made t e maximum for whi h data are determi ed and S2 closed, then

note the appointment of A4, A5, A6, W, and T and n. y Lower the resistance R in stages according to the data that is specified, and maintained for a constant voltage in V1. Note the appointment of A4, A5, A6, W, and T and n. y Repeat procedure 4 to 7 with no one detainee zoom out with the values specified, which is 3 , 4 , and 5 , to obtain the stator resistance is not balanced. M i t i B il

y

Experiments carried out until the current asynchronous machine A1, A4, A5, A6, does not exceed the nominal current.

y

Experiment completed.

Experiment Results Data
Vin = 300 Volt (LL) Vs = Ra = 2,4 Rb = 2,4 Rc = 2,4 F1 = 50 Hz ; =2 50=314 = 173,2 Volt (LN)

Torsi R( ) Nr Slip Pin (Kw) (Nm) 20 40 60 80 100 1150 1100 1050 1000 950 0,23 0,26 0,3 0,33 0,36 0,2 0,26 0,32 0,35 0,45 0,625 0,75 0,775 1 1,125 0,7 0,8 1 1,1 1,3 0,7 0,8 1 1,1 1,3 Ia (A) Ib (A)

Ic (A)

0,7 0,8 1 1,1 2,3

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Vin = 300 Volt (LL)

Vs = Ra = 3,4 Rb = 2,4 Rc = 2,4

= 173,2 Volt (LN)

F1 = 50 Hz ;

=2 50=314

Torsi R( ) Nr Slip Pin (Kw) (Nm) 20 40 60 80 100 900 880 850 790 700 0,4 0,41 0,43 0,47 0,53 0,45 0,48 0,52 0,61 0,62 2,4 2,6 2,7 2,8 2,9 1,34 1,57 1,8 2,1 2,3 1,6 1,83 2,1 2,45 2,7 Ia (A) Ib (A)

Ic (A)

1,6 1,83 2,1 2,45 2,7

Vin = 300 Volt (LL) Vs = Ra = 4,4 Rb = 2,4 Rc = 2,4 F1 = 50 Hz ; =2 50=314 = 173,2 Volt (LN)

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Torsi R( ) Nr Slip Pin (Kw) (Nm) 20 40 60 80 100 800 750 720 700 500 0,46 0,5 0,52 0,53 0,66 0,6 0,62 0,63 0,65 0,74 2,75 3 3,25 3,6 4 3 3,2 3,3 3,55 3,8 3,3 3,8 4 4,4 4,8 Ia (A) Ib (A)

Ic (A)

3,3 3,8 4 4,4 4,8

Vin = 300 Volt (LL) Vs = Ra = 5,4 Rb = 2,4 Rc = 2,4 F1 = 50 Hz ; =2 50=314 = 173,2 Volt (LN)

Torsi R( ) Nr Slip Pin (Kw) (Nm) 20 40 660 550 0,56 0,63 0,52 0,55 2,8 3,2 2,4 2,53 3,5 3,7 Ia (A) Ib (A)

Ic (A)

3,5 3,7

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60 80 100

500 430 350

0,66 0,71 0,76

0,58 0,63 0,67

3,4 4,2 4,8

2,71 2,97 3,3

4 4,45 4,91

4 4,45 4,91

Data Analysis for Ra = 2,4 , Rb = 2,4 , Rc = 2,4
y y

load = 20 % Slip 

= 0,23

Te =  

  



=

= 0,0977 Nm
y y

load = 40 % Slip 

= 0,26 

Te =   



= 

= 0,112 Nm
y y

load = 60 % Slip Te = 

= 0,3 

  

=  

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= 0,152 Nm
y y

load = 80 % Slip Te = 

= 0,33 

  



= 

= 0,168 Nm

y y

load = 100 % Slip Te = 

= 0,36 

  



= 

= 0,215 Nm

-

for Ra = 3,4 , Rb = 2,4 , Rc = 2,4
y y

load =20 % Slip = 0,4 
(

+ a

+

)

=

[

+ (-0,5 + j 0,866)

+ (-0,5 j 0,866)

]

= - 0,0866 A 
(

+

+a

)

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=

[

+ (-0,5 - j 0,866)

+ (-0,5 + j 0,866)

]

= - 0,0866 A So  = - 0,0866 A ,  = - 0,0866 A 
   

= 

    

 

= 

=  

= 2,854 -86,97 A  

=     

 

 



= 

= 

= 0,07987 8,64 Te = 3  

     

=  

= 3 x 2 x 0,181 [ image (2,85 x 0,0866 -86,97 - 180) + image (0,07987 x 0.0866 8,68 180)]

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= 1,086 [(0,2468 sin -266,97) + (0,007 sin -171,32)] = 0,266 0,00114 = 0,264Nm Te1 = 0,266 Nm Te2 = - 0,00114 Nm

y y

load = 40 % Slip = 0,41 
(

+ a

+

)

=

[

+ (-0,5 + j 0,866) 1,

+ (-0,5 j 0,866)

]

= - 0,0866 A 
(

+

+a

)

=

[

+ (-0,5 - j 0,866)

+ (-0,5 + j 0,866)

]

= - 0,0866 A So  = - 0,0866 A ,  = - 0,0866 A 
   

= 

    

 

= 

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=  

= 2,854 -86,97 A  

=     

 

 



= 

= 

= 0,0783 9,59 Te = 3        

=  

= 3 x 2 x 0,181 [ image (2,85 x 0,0866 -86,97 - 180) + image (0,0783 x 0.0866 9,59 - 180)] = 1,086 [(0,2468 sin -266,97) + (0,00678 sin -170,41)] = 0,266 0,00112 = 0,265 Nm Te1 = 0,266Nm Te2 = - 0,00112Nm

y y

load = 60 % Slip = 0,43

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(

+ a

+

)

=

[

+ (-0,5 + j 0,866) 2,1 + (-0,5 j 0,866)

]

= - 0,1 A 
(

+

+a

)

=

[

+ (-0,5 - j 0,866)

+ (-0,5 + j 0,866)

]

= - 0,1 A So  = - 0,1 A ,  = - 0,1 A 
   

= 

    

 

= 

=  

= 2,855 -86,39 A  

=     

 

 



= 

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= 

= 0,0915 12,25 Te = 3        

=  

= 3 x 2 x 0,181 [ image (2,855 x 0,1 -86,39 - 180) + image (0,0915 x 0.1 = 1,086 [(0,2855 sin -266,39) + (0,00915 sin -167,75)] = 0,31 0,0022 = 0,3078 Nm Te1 = 0,31 Nm Te2 = - 0,0022 Nm

12,25 - 180)]

y y

load = 80 % Slip = 0,47 
(

+ a

+

)

=

[

+ (-0,5 + j 0,866) 2,45 + (-0,5 j 0,866)

]

= - 0,1166 A 
(

+

+a

)

=

[

+ (-0,5 - j 0,866)

+ (-0,5 + j 0,866)

]

= - 0, 1166 A So  = - 0,1166 A ,  = - 0,1166 A

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= 

    

 

= 

=  

= 2,864 -86,06 A  

=     

 

 



= 

= 

= 0,0973 26,59 Te = 3        

=  

= 3 x 2 x 0,181 [ image (2,864x 0,1166 -86,06 - 180) + image (0,0973 x 0.1166 29,59180)] = 1,086 [(0,334 sin -266,06) + (0,0113 sin -150,41)] = 0,362 0,00606 = 0,356 Nm

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Te1 = 0,362 Nm Te2 = - 0,00606 Nm

load = 100 % Slip = 0,53 
(

y

+ a

+

)

=

[

+ (-0,5 + j 0,866) 2,7 + (-0,5 j 0,866)

]

= - 0,133 A 
(

+

+a

)

=

[

+ (-0,5 - j 0,866)

+ (-0,5 + j 0,866)

]

= - 0,133 A So  = - 0,133 A ,  = - 0,133 A 
   

= 

    

 

= 

=  

= 2,857 -85,76A

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=     

 

 



= 

= 

= 0,111 333,15 Te = 3  

     

=  

= 3 x 2 x 0,181 [ image (2,857 x 0,133 -85,76 - 180) + image (0,111 x 0.133 333,15180)] = 1,086 [(0,38 sin -265,76) + (0,0147 sin 153,15)] = 0,4115 + 0,00721 = 0,4187 Nm
Te1 = 0,4115 Nm Te2 = 0,00721 Nm

-

For Ra = 4,4 , Rb = 2,4 , Rc = 2,4
y y

Load = 20 % Slip = 0,46 
(

+ a

+

)

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=

[ + (-0,5 + j 0,866)

+ (-0,5 j 0,866)

]

= - 0,1 A 
(

+

+a

)

=

[ + (-0,5 - j 0,866)

+ (-0,5 + j 0,866)

]

= - 0,1 A So  = - 0,1 A ,  = - 0,1 A 
   

= 

    

 

= 

=  

= 2,8558 -86,382A  

=     

 

 



= 

= 

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= 0,0867 20,8 Te = 3        

=  

= 3 x 2 x 56,86 [ image (2,8558 x 0,1 -86,382 - 180) + image (0,0578 x 0.1 = 341,16 [(0.28558 sin -266.382) + (0,00578 sin -159,2)] = 0,31 0,00223 = 0,307 Nm Te1 = 0,31 Nm Te2 = - 0,00223 N Load = 40 % Slip = 0,5 
(

20,8 - 180)]

y y

+ a

+

)

=

[

+ (-0,5 + j 0,866) 3,8+ (-0,5 j 0,866)

]

= - 0,2 A 
(

+

+a

)

=

[

+ (-0,5 - j 0,866)

+ (-0,5 + j 0,866)

]

= - 0,2 A So  = - 0,2 A ,  


= - 0,2 A  

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=  

    

 

= 

=  

= 2,86 -84,51A  

=     

 

 



= Te = 3  

     

=  

= 3 x 2 x 0,181 [ image (2,86 x 0,2 -84,51 - 180) ] = 1,086(0.572 sin -264,51) = 0,618 Nm Te1 = 0,618 Nm Te2 = 0

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y y

Load = 60 % Slip = 0,52 
(

+ a

+

)

=

[

+ (-0,5 + j 0,866) 4 + (-0,5 j 0,866) ]

= - 0,233 A 
(

+

+a

)

=

[

+ (-0,5 - j 0,866) + (-0,5 + j 0,866) ]

= - 0,233 A So 

= - 0,233 A , Ir2 = - 0,233 A 
   

= 

    

 

= 

=  

= 2,862 -83,84 A  

=     

 

 



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= 

= 

= 0,1743 322,72 Te = 3        

=  

= 3 x 2 x 0,181 [ image (2,862 x 0,233 -83,84 - 180) + image (0,1743 x 0.233 180)] = 1,086 [(0.6668 sin -263.84) + (0,0406 sin 142,72)] = 0,72 + 0,0267 = 0,747 Nm Te1 = 0,72 Nm Te2 = 0,0267 Nm

322,72 -

y y

Load = 80 % Slip = 0,53 
(

+ a

+

)

=

[

+ (-0,5 + j 0,866) 4,4 + (-0,5 j 0,866)

]

= - 0,283 A 
(

+

+a

)

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=

[

+ (-0,5 - j 0,866)

+ (-0,5 + j 0,866)

]

= - 0,283 A So 

= - 0,283 A , 
 

= - 0,283 A  

= 

    

 

= 

=  

= 2,866 -82,96 A  

=     

 

 



= 

= 

= 0,2365 333,16 Te = 3  

     

=  

= 3 x 2 x 0,181 [ image (2,866 x 0,283 -82,96 - 180) + image (0,2365 x 0.283 180)]

333,16 -

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= 1,086 [(0.811 sin -262.96) + (0,067 sin 153,16)] = 0,874 + 0,03285 = 0,9068 Nm Te1 = 0,874 Nm Te2 = 0,03285 Nm

Load = 100 % Slip = 0,66 
(

y

+ a

+

)

=

[

+ (-0,5 + j 0,866) 4,8 + (-0,5 j 0,866)

]

= - 0,333 A 

(

+

+a

)

=

[

+ (-0,5 - j 0,866)

+ (-0,5 + j 0,866)

]

= - 0,333 A So 

= - 0,333 A , 
 

= - 0,333 A  

= 

    

 

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= 

=  

= 2,87 -82,025 A  

=     

 

 



= 

= 

= 0,31 354,57 Te = 3        

=  

= 3 x 2 x 0,181 [ image (2,87x 0,333 -82,025 - 180) + image (0,31 x 0.333 180)] = 1,086 [(0.9557 sin -262.025) + (0,103 sin 174,57)] = 1,0278 + 0,01 = 1,0378 Nm Te1 = 1,0278 Nm Te2 = 0,01 Nm

354,57-

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-

load = 20 %
y

Slip

= 0,56 
(

+ a

+

)

=

[

+ (-0,5 + j 0,866) 3,5 + (-0,5 j 0,866)

]

= - 0,366 A 
(

+

+a

)

=

[

+ (-0,5 - j 0,866)

+ (-0,5 + j 0,866)

]

= - 0,366 A So 

= - 0,366 A , 
 

= - 0,366 A  

= 

    

 

= 

=  

= 2,874 -81,412 A  

=     

 

 



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= 

= 

= 0,33289 345,8 Te = 3        

=  

= 3 x 2 x 0,181 [ image (2,874x 0,366 -81,412 - 180) + image (0,33289 x 0.366 180)] = 1,086 [(1,052sin -261.412) + (0,1218 sin 165,8)] = 1,13 + 0,0324 = 1,1624 Nm Te1 = 1,13 Nm Te2 = 0,0324 Nm Load = 40 % Slip = 0,63 
(

345,8-

y

+ a

+

)

=

[

+ (-0,5 + j 0,866) 3,7 + (-0,5 j 0,866)

]

= - 0,39 A 
(

+

+a

)

=

[

+ (-0,5 - j 0,866)

+ (-0,5 + j 0,866)

]

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= - 0,39 A So 

= - 0,39 A , 


= - 0,39 A   

= 

    

 

= 

=  

= 2,877 -80,96 A  

=     

 

 



= 

= 

= 0,363 353,33 Te = 3        

=  

= 3 x 2 x 0,181 [ image (2,877x 0,39 -80,96 - 180) + image (0,363 x 0.39 180)] = 1,086 [(1,122sin -260.96) + (0,1415 sin 173,33)]

353,33-

M. Azhary Siregar. St (Azhary_din@yahoo.com for FB and Email)

= 1,2 + 0,0178 = 1,2178 Nm Te1 = 1,2 Nm Te2 = 0,0178 Nm Load = 60 % Slip = 0,66 
(

y y

+ a

+

)

=

[

+ (-0,5 + j 0,866) 4 + (-0,5 j 0,866) ]

= - 0,43 A 
(

+

+a

)

=

[

+ (-0,5 - j 0,866) + (-0,5 + j 0,866) ]

= - 0,43 A So 

= - 0,43 A , 


= - 0,43 A   

= 

    

 

= 

=  

M. Azhary Siregar. St (Azhary_din@yahoo.com for FB and Email)

= 2,882 -80,24A  

=     

 

 



= 

= 

= 0,401 354,57 Te = 3        

=  

= 3 x 2 x 0,181 [ image (2,882x 0,43 -80,24 - 180) + image (0,401 x 0.43 180)] = 1,086 [(1,24sin -260.24) + (0,1724 sin 174,57)] = 1,327 + 0,0177 = 1,3447 Nm Te1 = 1,327 Nm Te2 = 0,0177 Nm

354,57-

M. Azhary Siregar. St (Azhary_din@yahoo.com for FB and Email)

y y

Load = 80 % Slip = 0,71 
(

+ a

+

)

=

[

+ (-0,5 + j 0,866) 4,45 + (-0,5 j 0,866)

]

= - 0,493 A 
(

+

+a

)

=

[

+ (-0,5 - j 0,866)

+ (-0,5 + j 0,866)

]

= - 0,493 A So 

= - 0,493 A , 
 

= - 0,493 A  

= 

    

 

= 

=  

= 2,89 -79,06 A  

=     

 

 



M. Azhary Siregar. St (Azhary_din@yahoo.com for FB and Email)

= 

= 

= 0,46 355,86 Te = 3        

=  

= 3 x 2 x 0,181 [ image (2,89x 0,493 -79,06 - 180) + image (0,46 x 0.493 180)] = 1,086 [(1,424sin -259.06) + (0,226 sin 175,86)] = 1,518 + 0,0163 = 1,5343 Nm Te1 = 1,518 Nm Te2 = 0,0163 Nm Load = 100 % Slip = 0,76 
(

355,86 -

y y

+ a

+

)

=

[

+ (-0,5 + j 0,866) 4,91 + (-0,5 j 0,866)

]

= - 0,536 A 
(

+

+a

)

=

[

+ (-0,5 - j 0,866)

+ (-0,5 + j 0,866)

]

M. Azhary Siregar. St (Azhary_din@yahoo.com for FB and Email)

= - 0,536 A So 

= - 0,536 A , 
 

= - 0,536 A  

= 

    

 

= 

=  

= 2,898 -78,3 A  

=     

 

 



= 

= 

= 0,501 356,66 Te = 3        

=  

= 3 x 2 x 0,181 [ image (2,898x 0,536 -78,3 - 180) + image (0,501 x 0.536 180)] = 1,086 [(1,553sin -258,3) + (0,268 sin 176,66)]

356,66-

M. Azhary Siregar. St (Azhary_din@yahoo.com for FB and Email)

= 1,65 + 0,017 = 1,667 Nm Te1 = 1,65 Nm Te2 = 0,017 Nm

Experimental Analysis Results Table

-

Ra = Rb = Rc = 2,4 Torsi R( ) Slip (Nm) 0,097 0,112 0,152 0,168 0,215

20 40 60 80 100

0,23 0,26 0,3 0,33 0,36

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-

Ra = 3,4

, Rb = Rc = 2,4 Te1 R( ) Slip (NM) 20 40 60 80 100 0,4 0,41 0,43 0,47 0,53 0,266 0,266 0,31 0,362 0,4115 -0.00114 -0,00112 -0,0022 -0,00606 -0,00721 0,264 0,265 0,3078 0,356 0,4187 Te2 (Nm) Te (Nm)

-

Ra = 4,4

, Rb = Rc = 2,4 Te1 R( ) Slip (NM) 20 40 60 80 100 0,46 0,5 0,52 0,53 0,66 0,31 0,618 0,72 0,874 1,0278 -0,00223 0,0267 0,03285 0,01 0,307 0,618 0,747 0,9068 1,0378 Te2 (Nm) Te (Nm)

-

Ra = 5,4

, Rb = Rc = 2,4 Te1 R( ) Slip (NM) (Nm) (Nm) Te2 Te

M. Azhary Siregar. St (Azhary_din@yahoo.com for FB and Email)

20 40 60 80 100

0,56 0,63 0,66 0,71 0,76

1,13 1,2 1,327 1,518 1,65

0,0324 1,1624 0,0178 1,2178 0,0177 1,3447 0,0163 1,5343 0,017 1,667

Curve Effect of Rotor Resistance Of un Balanced Torque And speed Induction Motor
A. Calculation of Results for Ra = Rb = Rc = 2,4

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-

For Ra = 3,4

Rb = Rc = 2,4

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-

For Ra = 4,4

Rb = Rc = 2,4

M. Azhary Siregar. St (Azhary_din@yahoo.com for FB and Email)

-

For Ra = 5,4

Rb = Rc = 2,4

M. Azhary Siregar. St (Azhary_din@yahoo.com for FB and Email)

The results of the calculation of loading experiments winding rotor induction motor with rotor resistance is balanced and not balanced, then the curve can be drawn as below:

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-

B. From the results of Experiment For Ra = Rb = Rc = 2,4

M. Azhary Siregar. St (Azhary_din@yahoo.com for FB and Email)

-

For Ra = 3,4

Rb = Rc = 2,4

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M. Azhary Siregar. St (Azhary_din@yahoo.com for FB and Email)

-

For Ra = 4,4

Rb = Rc = 2,4

M. Azhary Siregar. St (Azhary_din@yahoo.com for FB and Email)

-

For Ra = 5,4

Rb = Rc = 2,4

M. Azhary Siregar. St (Azhary_din@yahoo.com for FB and Email)

M. Azhary Siregar. St (Azhary_din@yahoo.com for FB and Email)

The results of the calculation load induction motor rotor resistance rotor windings with balanced and unbalanced, then the curve can be drawn as below:

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Then it can be concluded that:
y

If the rotor is not balanced then the prisoners with the same load torque is large and the rotation will decrease.

y

The more unbalanced rotornya then with the same load, the greater the torque and rotation decreases.

y

Motor with unbalanced stator resistance can degrade the performance of the engine induction.

M. Azhary Siregar. St (Azhary_din@yahoo.com for FB and Email)