A5191HRT AMIS HART™ Modem

1.0 Features
• • • • • • • • • • • • Can be used in designs presently using the SYM20C15 Single-chip, half-duplex 1200 bits per second FSK modem Bell 202 shift frequencies of 1200Hz and 2200Hz 3.3V - 5.0V power supply Transmit-signal wave shaping Receive band-pass filter Low power: optimal for intrinsically safe applications CMOS compatible Internal oscillator requires 460.8kHz crystal or ceramic resonator Meets HART physical layer requirements Industrial temperature range of -40°C to +85°C Available in 28-pin PLCC and 32-pin LQFP packages

Data Sheet

2.0 Description
The A5191HRT is a single-chip, CMOS modem for use in highway addressable remote transducer (HART) field instruments and masters. The modem and a few external passive components provide all of the functions needed to satisfy HART physical layer requirements including modulation, demodulation, receive filtering, carrier detect, and transmit-signal shaping. The A5191HRT is pin-compatible with the SYM20C15. See the Pin Description and Functional Description sections for details on pin compatibility with the SYM20C15. The A5191HRT uses phase continuous frequency shift keying (FSK) at 1200 bits per second. To conserve power the receive circuits are disabled during transmit operations and vice versa. This provides the half-duplex operation used in HART communications.

Figure 1: 28-Pin PLCC Pinout Diagrams (green & non-green)

Figure 2: 32-Pin LQFP Pinout Diagrams (green & non-green)

AMI Semiconductor - Rev. 2.0, Mar. 05 www.amis.com

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05 www.amis. FSK modulated HART transmit signal to 4-20mA loop interface circuit Analog reference voltage Carrier detect reference voltage Ground Digital ground Output Output Comparator bias current Input Connect to VSS Ground Analog ground Power Analog supply voltage Input FSK modulated HART receive signal from 4-20mA loop interface circuit Analog receive comparator input Crystal oscillator input Output Comparator bias current Connect to VSS Input Power Input Analog supply voltage FSK modulated HART receive signal from 4-20mA loop interface circuit Analog receive comparator input Crystal oscillator input Digital supply voltage Request to sent Input transmit date. A5191HRTL/Lg (12197-503/507) Pin No.com 2 . Signal Name 1 2 TEST5 INRESET Type Input Input Pin Description Connect to VSS Reset all digital logic when low. Signal Name Type 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 TEST1 TEST2 TEST3 TEST4 TEST5 INRESET TEST7 TEST8 TEST9 OTXA IAREF ICDREF OCBIAS TEST10 VDDA IRXA ORXAF IRXAC OXTL IXTL VSS VDD INRTS ITXD TEST11 ORXD OCD TEST12 Input Input Input Input Input Input Output Input Input Pin Description Connect to VSS No connect No connect No connect Connect to VSS Reset all digital logic when low Connect to VSS Connect to VSS Connect to VSS 8 Output transmit analog. FSK modulated HART transmit signal to 4-20mA loop interface circuit Analog reference voltage Carrier detect reference voltage 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 IAREF ICDREF OCBIAS TEST10 VSSA VDDA IRXA ORXAF IRXAC OXTL IXTL VSSA VSS VDD INRTS ITXD TEST11 ORXD OCD TEST12 TEST1 TEST2 VDD TEST3 TEST4 Input Input 3 4 5 6 7 TEST7 TEST8 TEST9 VSS OTXA Input Input Input Data Sheet Table 2: Pinout Summary 32-Pin LQFP. 2. Mar.0. transmitted HART data stream from UART No connect Output Analog receive filter output Input Input Output Crystal oscillator output Ground Analog ground Ground Digital ground Power Digital supply voltage Input Input Request to send Input transmit data. transmitted HART data stream from UART No connect Output Analog receive filter output Input Input Power Input Input Output Crystal oscillator output Ground Ground Output Received demodulated HART data to UART Output Carrier detect output No connect Output Received demodulated HART data to UART Output Carrier detect output Input No connect Connect to VSS No connect No connect No connect Power Digital supply voltage AMI Semiconductor .A5191HRT AMIS HART™ Modem Table 1: Pinout Summary 28-Pin PLCC.Rev. A5191HRTP/Pg (12197-504/508) Pin No. connect to VDD for normal operation Connect to VSS Connect to VSS Connect to VSS Output transmit analog.

If the received signal is greater than the threshold specified on ICDREF for four cycles of the IRXA signal. When ITXD is high.0 Pin Descriptions Table 3: Pin Descriptions Symbol IAREF Pin Name Analog Reference Voltage Data Sheet Description Analog input sets the dc operating point of the operational amplifiers and comparators and is usually selected to split the dc potential between VDD and VSS. Selecting ICDREF . Reliable operation of the modem requires a hardware reset as shown in Figure 3. Mar. Signal is the square wave output of the receiver high-pass filter Signal outputs the digital receive data. the output frequency is 1200Hz.8kHz clock signal The current through this output controls the operating parameters of the internal operational amplifiers and comparators.amis. It is labeled as Test6. When ITXD is low. The 20C15 data sheet mentions the reset function of this pin but does not emphasize its use to reset the chip. the modulator output frequency is 2200Hz. This is determined by the dc voltage difference between ICDREF and IAREF.54A. the output frequency is 2200Hz. Output goes high when a valid input is recognized on IRXA. OCBIAS current is set to 2. AMI Semiconductor .8kHz clock signal or to a parallel mode 460.com 3 . This output is active when INRTS is low and 0.5 VDC when INRTS is high. During normal operation INRESET should be at VDD. ORXD is qualified internally with OCD. ORXD outputs logic high. When the received signal (IRXA) is 2200Hz. This signal must be held high during power-up Input accepts the 1200/2200Hz signals from the external filter Positive input of the carrier detect comparator and the receiver filter comparator Input to the modulator accepts digital data in NRZ form. Output from the internal oscillator must be connected to an external 460. When ITXD is high. INRESET should be held low for a minimum of 10nS after VDD = 2. the modulator output frequency is 1200Hz. tie these signals as per Table 1 and Table 2 Power for the digital modem circuitry Power for the analog modem circuitry Analog and digital ground ICDREF Carrier Detect Reference Voltage INRESET INRTS IRXA IRXAC ITXD IXTL OCBIAS OCD ORXAF ORXD OTXA OXTL Reset Digital Logic Request to Send Analog Receive Input Analog Receive Comparator Input Digital Transmit Input (CMOS) Oscillator Input Comparator Bias Current Carrier Detect Output Analog Receive Filter Output Digital Receive Output (CMOS) Analog Transmit Output Oscillator Output TEST(12:1) Factory Test VDD VDDA VSS VSSA Digital Power Analog Supply Voltage Ground Analog Ground Figure 3: Reset Timing Note: This signal is also present on the LSI 20C15.Rev. For normal operation. When the received signal (IRXA) is 1200Hz.08 VDC will set the carrier detect to a nominal 100 mVp-p When at logic low (VSS) this input holds all the digital logic in reset. the valid input is recognized. for normal operation.0. Output provides the trapezoidal signal controlled by ITXD.8kHz ceramic resonator when using the internal oscillator or grounded when using an external 460. When ITXD is low. 2. See IAREF in DC Characteristics.IAREF equal to 0.A5191HRT AMIS HART™ Modem 3. Table 6 Analog input controls at which level the carrier detect (OCD) becomes active.8kHz ceramic resonator when using the internal oscillator Factory test pins. OTXA is enabled when this signal is low. 05 www.5V as shown in Figure 3 Active-low input selects the operation of the modulator. This is true for the AMIS 12197-503 and 12197-504 as well as the LSI 20C15. Input to the internal oscillator must be connected to a parallel mode 460. ORXD outputs logic low.

The internal HART modem modulates the transmit-signal and demodulates the receive signal. The bit rate is 1200 bits/second.1.2 Demodulator The demodulator accepts an FSK signal at the IRXA input and reproduces the original modulating signal at the ORXD output. The oscillator provides the modem with a stable time base using either a simple external resonator or an external clock source.1 Modulator The modulator accepts digital data in NRZ form at the ITXD input and generates the FSK modulated signal at the OTXA output. Figure 5 illustrates the demodulation process. Figure 4: A5191HRT Block Diagram 4. 4. The transmit-signal shaper enables the A5191HRT to transmit a HART compliant signal. The modem uses shift frequencies of nominally 1200Hz (for a 1) and 220Hz (for a 0). The analog receive circuitry band-pass filters the received signal for input to the modem and the carrier detect circuitry.1 A5191HRT Logic The modem consists of a modulator and demodulator. 4. 05 www.1. It contains a transmit data modulator and signal shaper. as shown in Figure 4. The nominal bit rate is 1200 bits per second.amis. Mar. carrier detect circuitry. 2.A5191HRT AMIS HART™ Modem 4. The carrier is detected by comparing the receiver filter output with the difference between two external voltage references. Figure 5: Demodulator Signal Timing AMI Semiconductor . INRTS must be a logic low for the modulator to be active.0.0 Functional Description Data Sheet The A5191HRT is a functional equivalent of the SYM20C15 HART Modem.Rev.com 4 . analog receiver and demodulator circuitry and an oscillator.

1 Voltage References The A5191HRT requires two voltage references. 4.4 Analog Receiver Circuitry 4. therefore.2 Transmit-Signal Shaper The transmit-signal shaper generates a HART compliant FSK modulated signal at OTXA. OTXA will have a voltage swing from approximately 0. Maximum demodulator jitter is 12 percent of one bit given input frequencies within HART specifications.com 5 . 2. it takes four consecutive pulses out of the comparator to assert OCD again.08 VDC will set the carrier detect to a nominal 100 mVp-p.4. OCD stays high as long as INRTS is high and the next comparator pulse is received in less than 2. 4. IAREF sets the dc operating point of the internal operational amplifiers and comparators.235 VDC reference (Analog Devices AD589) is suitable as IAREF. 05 www. Selecting a voltage difference of 0. The carrier detect block drives the carrier detect output pin OCD high if INRTS is high and four consecutive pulses out of the comparator have arrived.3 Carrier Detect Circuitry The carrier detect comparator shown in Figure 8 generates logic low output if the IRXAC voltage is below ICDREF.IAREF). Once OCD goes inactive.8kHz (±1. Figure 6: OTXA Waveform (1200Hz) Figure 7: OTXA Waveform (2200Hz) 4. A 1. The comparator output is fed into a carrier detect block (see Figure 4).82ms when the received signal is 2200HZ. only IRXA signals large enough to be detected (100mVp-p typically) by the carrier detect circuit produce received serial data at ORXD. Figure 6 and Figure 7 show the transmit-signal forms of the A5191HRT. AMI Semiconductor . a clock frequency of 460.33ms when the received signal is 1200Hz and to 1. IAREF and ICDREF.75 VDC. The level at which OCD (carrier detect) becomes active is determined by the dc voltage difference (ICDREF .0.amis.0 percent) and zero input (IRXA) asymmetry. For IAREF = 1.25 to 0.A5191HRT AMIS HART™ Modem Data Sheet The output of the demodulator is qualified with the carrier detect signal (OCD).235 VDC. Mar.5ms.Rev. Four consecutive pulses amount to 3.

05 www. low-pass filter at 2500Hz. except the 3MW which has a tolerance of ±5 percent. Mar. Figure 8: Receive Filter Schematic AMI Semiconductor . The input impedance of the entire filter is greater than 150MW at frequencies below 50kHz.Rev. the A5191HRT has a high-pass pole at 35Hz and a low-pass pole at 90kHz.4.2 Bias Current Resistor Data Sheet The A5191HRT requires a bias current resistor to be connected between OCBIAS and VSS. External to the A5191HRT. In Figure 8 all external capacitor values have a tolerance of ±5 percent and the resistors have a tolerance of ±1 percent. Internally.A5191HRT AMIS HART™ Modem 4. The low-pass pole can vary as much as ±30 percent.235 VDC.com 6 . The bias current controls the operating parameters of the internal operational amplifiers and comparators. the filter exhibits a three-pole. 2.0. The value of the bias current resistor is determined by the reference voltage IAREF and the following formula: The recommended bias current resistor is 500KW when IAREF is equal to 1.amis. high-pass filter at 624Hz and a one-pole.

8kHz (±I percent tolerance) parallel resonant crystal and two tuning capacitors. Figure 9 illustrates the crystal option for clock generation using a 460. Figure 9: Crystal Oscillator Figure 10: Oscillator with External Clock 5. AMI Semiconductor . the A5191HRT consumes less current when an external clock is used. Mar.5.2 External Clock Option It may be desirable to use an external 460.0.amis. This can be provided by an external clock or external components may be connected to the A5191HRT internal oscillator.5 Oscillator Data Sheet The A5191HRT requires a 460.8kHz clock as shown in Figure 10 rather than the internal oscillator because of the high cost and low availability of ceramic resonators.com 7 . Use the following part number when ordering. Contact your local sales representative for more information: www.5. Table 4: Ordering Codes Package 32-pin LQFP 28-pin PLCC 32-pin LQFP 28-pin PLCC Package Type Standard (non-Pb-free) Standard (non-Pb-free) Green/RoHS compliant Green/RoHS compliant Part Name A5191HRTL A5191HRTP A5191HRTLg A5191HRTPg Ordering Code* 12197-503-XTP 12197-504-XTP 12197-507-XTP 12197-508-XTP *The part number extension -XTP refers to the device being shipped as tape and reel. capacitors in the range of 100pF to 470pF are used. A parallel resonant ceramic resonator can be connected between OXTL and IXTL.8kHz crystal or ceramic resonator. 2.A5191HRT AMIS HART™ Modem 4.1 Internal Oscillator Option The oscillator cell will function with either a 460. The actual values of the capacitors may depend on the recommendations of the manufacturer of the resonator. Typically.0 Ordering Information The A5191HRT is available in a 28-pin plastic leaded chip carrier (PLCC) and 32-pin low-profile quad flat pack (LQFP).com/sales. 05 www. 4.8kHz clock signal on OXTL. 4.amis. The suffix -XTD refers to shipment in tubes or tray. In addition.Rev. Minimum current consumption occurs with the clock connected to OXTL and IXTL connected to VSS.

A5191HRT AMIS HART™ Modem 6. AMI Semiconductor . 2.6 0.3*VDD Units V V V V CIN pF IIL/IH IOLL IDD IAREF ICDREF* OCBIAS nA mA mA V V mA *The HART specification requires carrier detect (OCD) to be active between 80 and 120 mVp-p.5.com 8 . Stresses above absolute maximum ratings may result in damage to the device.0 .3 Max.5 3. Devices must be stored in conductive foam or with all pins shunted.5 1.Rev.0 Electrical Specifications Table 5: Absolute Maximums Symbol TA TS VDD VIN. Mar.0 .235 2.5 VDD 3.0 1.3 per IPC/JEDEC J-STD-020C Units °C °C V V °C Table 6: DC Characteristics VDD = 3. 2.08 VDC will set the carrier detect to a nominal 100 mVp-p.15 2.3 5.0.235V) 3.5 3.5. CMOS devices are damaged by high-energy electrostatic discharge.4 2.0V to 5.output Re-flow solder profile Min.67mA) Input capacitance Analog input IRXA Digital input Input leakage current Output leakage current Power supply current (RBIAS = 500kW. Remove power before insertion or removal of this device.9 25 3.0 .5.3 -0. low Input voltage Output voltage.5 3. low (IOL = 0. 05 www.5.08V) Comparator bias current (RBIAS = 500kW.0 VDD+0.3 5. Max. Precautions should be taken to avoid application of voltages higher than the maximum rating. VOUT TL Cautions: 1.4 Min.67mA) Output voltage.5 +500 +10 450 600 2.0 .5V. +85 150 6. VSS = 0V.0 3. -40 -55 -0.0. 0. TA = -40°C to +85°C Symbol VIL VIH VOL VOH Parameter Input voltage. Setting ICDREF at IAREF .5 2. IAREF = 1.amis. Typ. IAREF = 1.0. Data Sheet Parameter Ambient Storage temperature Supply voltage DC input.2 330 400 1.235V) Analog reference Carrier detect reference (IAREF .7*VDD 0. high (IOH = -0.

8kHz + 0.5V.External Clock Specifications VDD = 3. Typ.2 40 465.8 50 VOH . TA = -40°C to +85°C Parameter Resonator Tolerance Frequency External Clock frequency Duty cycle Amplitude Min. Max.15 0. Typ. 05 www. TA = -40°C to +85°C Pin Name IRXA Description Receive analog input Leakage current Frequency . 0 Min. Units % kHz kHz % V 460.0V to 5.0 456.com 9 . VSS = 0V.235V) Slope Loading (IAREF = 1.0V to 5.mark (logic 1) Frequency .9 2194. Input frequencies at 1200Hz + 10Hz.79 ORXD OCD The modular output frequencies are proportional to the input clock frequency (460.8 460.Rev. 2.4 60 AMI Semiconductor .5V.025 V/ms kHz VDD . Max.space (logic 0) Output of the high-pass filter Slew rate Gain bandwidth (GBW) Voltage range Carrier detect and receive filter input Leakage current Modulator output Frequency .A5191HRT AMIS HART™ Modem Table 7: AC Characteristics Data Sheet VDD = 3.235V) Receive digital output Rise/fall time Carrier detect output Rise/fall time Min. VSS = 0V. Mar. Clock frequency of 460. 12 Units % of 1 bit Table 9: Ceramic Resonator .3 500 2. Max.0.0V to 5.1% 3. 2200Hz + 20Hz 2. Table 8: Modem Characteristics VDD = 3. +150 1210 2220 Units nA Hz Hz 1190 2180 1200 2200 ORXAF 150 0.5V.mark (logic 1) Frequency .0.amis. Input (HLXA) asymmetry.8kHz). TA = -40°C to +85°C Parameter Demodulator Jitter Conditions 1. Typ.VOL 1.15 V/ms +500 nA Hz Hz mVp-p mV/ms kW ns ns IRXAC OTXA 30 20 20 1196.space (logic 0) Amplitude (IAREF 1. VSS = 0V.

A5191HRT AMIS HART™ Modem 7.amis. .455 . 2.430 .430 Figure 11: 28 Lead PLCC AMI Semiconductor .490 .495 .450 .050 BSC Max.110 . 05 www.495 .099 . .390 .490 .Rev.300 REF .420 .com 10 .485 .390 Nom.300 REF . Mar.0 Mechanical Specifications Data Sheet Symbol A A1 D D1 D2 D3 E E1 E2 E3 e Min.172 .101 . .0.450 .180 .452 .165 .485 .420 .455 .452 .

45 0.15 1.amis.00 BSC 4.00 BSC 9. Copyright ©2005 AMI Semiconductor. implied or by description. AMIS makes no warranty.45 0.05 1.40 9. regarding the information set forth herein or regarding the freedom of the described devices from patent infringement.00 BSC 4.75 0. such as military. medical life-support or life-sustaining equipment.com 11 Devices sold by AMIS are covered by the warranty and patent indemnification provisions appearing in its Terms of Sale only. . Applications requiring extended temperature range.60 0.45 0. express. statutory.50 BSC 7. unusual environmental requirements.50 BSC 7.35 Nom. are specifically not recommended without additional processing by AMIS for such applications.37 - 0. 0. AMIS reserves the right to discontinue production and change specifications and prices at any time and without notice.10 0. AMIS makes no warranty of merchantability or fitness for any purposes.10 1.60 0.00 BSC Max.A5191HRT AMIS HART™ Modem Data Sheet Symbol A A1 A2 D D/2 D1 E E/2 E1 L e b c ccc ddd Min.20 0. AMI Semiconductor's products are intended for use in commercial applications.80 BSC 0. 0. or high reliability applications.20 Figure 12: 32 Lead LQFP AMI Semiconductor www. Inc.30 0.09 - 0. 1.