Leviton Power Solutions²2nd to none in the Industry

³Protecting A Connected World´
Leviton Phone 800.722.2082 www.levitonvoicedata.com

Basic Electricity

We often hear the term ³Electricity is like Water´ What makes water flow from point A to point B? Pressure of gravity or Mechanically exerted by pumping equipments. * In Electricity the pressure is called voltage. Voltage is the pressure applied on the electrons to move in a conductor and to carry an electric current ‡ ‡ ‡ Voltage is the Potential difference between 2 electrical points. It could be Direct or Alternating Direct Voltage maintains the same polarity at all times. Alternating Voltage reverses polarity depending on the frequency

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Common PD Configurations

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Voltage Distribution

120 Volts Nominal 120/240 volts Single Phase 3 wires plus Ground 120/240 Volts 3 phase delta high Leg 4 wires plus ground 120/208 Volts 3 phase Y system 4 wires plus ground 277/480 volts 3 phase Delta system 4 wires plus ground 480 Volts 3 phase Delta 3 wires 48 Volts Direct Current ³Telco or Telecom´ Used in Switching Stations and Central Offices

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Power Generation to Distribution

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Grounding and Bonding

Ground is any connection intentional or accidental between energized equipment and the earth or any other surface acting instead of the earth. Bonding is electrical and physically linking energized equipments by a bonding jumper. We ground at electrical services such as service entrance generators, transformer and we bond thereafter It should be noted we often don¶t distinguish between grounding for safety and grounding for performance. They must go hand and hand.

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Single Point Ground System

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Current in Ampere
Current is the amount of Electricity measured in amperes which are the electrons flowing in a circuit Ampere is a term used to measure how much current is required to operate a load. The lowest current rating of a branch circuit is 15 ampere. Then 20A,30A. All product listed by UL must have a name plate to include the Voltage Nominal (Vn), the Full Load Ampere rating of a device (FLA) and the Wattage (W) or volt ampere (VA) Electrical equipments are designed to operate at certain current when this amount is exceeded, the equipment maybe damaged.

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Power in VA
The Utility generate VA. Electric meters in our Facilities measure the actual power in Watts. In purely resistive circuits such as Incandescent lighting and Toasters the VA=Watts and utilities are happy. * Power factor (PF) is the phase shift angel caused by non resistive loads such as printers, servers, computers, motors and drives. Utilities in this case loose revenue.

Leviton

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Power Factor
. Power

factor is critical in sizing UPS products in some cases the UPS has PF of .6 to .65 Power of 800 VA UPS @.6pf = 480VA

Leviton

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Fuses
An over current protection device made of two terminals connected by a resistor type wire with low resistance and lower melting point. When the temperature of the wire rises too high the metal melts and the fuse disconnect the power. Two types of fuses are commonly used in electronic circuitry Conventional fuses which blow immediately. Slow Blowing fuse designed to accept momentary overloads without blowing Always replace fuses with the right type and don¶t forget to turn the power off.

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Circuit Breakers

‡

‡

Circuit Breakers are over current protection Devices Set to trip and disconnect the power in case of an overload or short circuit conditions. Circuit breakers should never be used as a switch to turn power On and OFF unless they are rated for Switching Duty and Marked ³SWD´ it is an NEC requirement. Circuit breakers: For safe and reliable performance must be listed by UL 489 Standard. Otherwise, the current rating of the breaker may not be accurate. 20 ampere rating may only be good for 10 ampere.

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Three - Phase Circuits
2- Single phase power Pulsate the power fall to zero three times each cycle. In 3 phase the power Pulsate but never to zero. The power delivered to the load is the same at any instant 3- In 3 phase power the conductor is about 75% smaller than single Phase

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Sine Wave

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Sags & Swells

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Voltage Measurement

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Glitch Flicker Blips
Power Quality ?

Dirty Power FLash
My Transformer Hums

Spikes

Strikes

System Brownout Crashes

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What causes these power disturbances ?

y

Mother Nature:
Lightning strikes Snow storms Power line faults and short circuits Overgrown vegetation Flash-over caused by wildfires and windstorms Animal contact

y Man Made:
Grid Switching Power Factor Corrections

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Why do we need uninterruptible power ?

y

The quality of power is not perfect. In an increasingly hi-tech, automated world, a growing number of loads are sensitive to momentary power interruptions, voltage sags & blackouts. They are also affected by over-voltage conditions such as swells and surges as well as harmonics & noise. The losses & costly down-time associated with such disturbances are the drivers behind the need for protection.

y

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What are the most important considerations ?

y

Topology
Off-line Line Interactive (Automatic Voltage Regulation) On-line

y y y

Output Wave shape
Simulated or pure sine-wave output

Transfer
Time and level

Capacity
Sizing

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What are the basic UPS topologies ?

y

Off-line: This type transfers to battery power only when a low voltage level is breached. Under normal conditions, utility power supplies the load. For less critical loads with a wide input voltage tolerance. Lowest cost.

Leviton

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What is a simulated sine-wave ? y This output wave shape (red trace) has become a common alternative to a pure sine-wave (green trace) since it is compatible with most loads.

Leviton

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What are the basic UPS topologies ?

y

Line Interactive: Essentially an off-line unit, this type includes automatic voltage regulation which allows a much wider input voltage range before transferring to battery, thus extending its life. For sensitive loads where voltage fluctuations are common Medium cost

Leviton

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What is transfer time ?

y y y

The time it takes an off-line or line-interactive UPS to transfer from utility to battery power at the onset of a disturbance. Most off-line & line-interactive designs use the µzero-crossing¶ point to detect and transfer. It takes 4 milliseconds typically, depending on where in the half-cycle the input voltage disappears.

Leviton

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What are the basic UPS topologies ?
y

On-line: This type is always connected to the load, therefore there is zero transfer time. It is used to support very sensitive loads in critical applications. Higher cost Lower efficiency

Leviton

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Leviton UPS Product Offering

Off Line Line ineractive On Line True sine wave and simulated sine wave Excellent Pf .7 in most products Currently we offer products up to 3000 VA Plans are under way to increase our Product offering up to 12,000 VA (12KVA) To include 208 volts

Leviton

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What are the pros & cons of this wave shape?

y

CON¶s:
For applications requiring extended run-times, a pure sine-wave is preferable. A simulated sinewave often contains noise and transients that, over time, cause heat rise in the loads. Also, some devices that require backup contain timing or synchronization circuitry that tracks the sine-wave curve as part of their functioning. Using a stepped square-ware to backup these device may cause them to malfunction.

Leviton

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What are typical load VA ratings?
Computers & servers: Controls: Medical devices: Telecom equipment: Test equipment: Lights: each y Consumer products: y y y y y y 250 VA to 1000 VA 100 VA to 500 VA 500 VA to 3000 VA 1000 VA to 3000 VA 500 VA to 1500VA 100W to 2000W 10W to 1500W

Leviton

Phone 800.722.2082

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What are the benefits of a UPS ?

y

To avoid:
Device lock-up Costly downtime Equipment resets Inconsistent or lost data Delays in patient care/treatment Premature circuit board and component failure

Leviton

Phone 800.722.2082

www.levitonvoicedata.com

What are the benefits of a UPS ?

y

To avoid:
Device lock-up Costly downtime Equipment resets Inconsistent or lost data Delays in patient care/treatment Premature circuit board and component failure

Leviton

Phone 800.722.2082

www.levitonvoicedata.com

What about care and maintenance? y y y y y y y Keep clean using a soft, damp cloth. Check for loose and/or bad connections periodically. Avoid direct sunlight, rain, and high humidity. Keep away from fire and extremely hot locations. Do not stack anything on top of the unit. Do not expose to corrosive environments. Adhere to normal operating temperature range:
Min: 32rF / 0rC Max: 104rF / 40rC

For larger models (1000VA and above):
Position unit to allow at least ½ inch (12mm) clearance. Keep the ventilation intake open and vacuum it periodically.

Leviton

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Surge protective Devices

What are Surges Surge suppression technology applications

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What Are Surges?
A momentary increase in voltage, typically less than ³half a cycle´ ³one thousandth of a second´ (.001 sec) Amplitudes typically > 2 X line voltage

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Industry Standards
IEEE C62.41 , C62.45 UL 1449, 2nd Edition UL 1283 UL 497B ± Data com/Signaling/Fire Alarms NEMA LS-1 MIL- STD -220A NEC

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Where Can Surges Be Found?

Surges Can Be Found On Any Metallic Conductor
Power

All Incoming Power Lines Branch Distribution Lines
Data

Local Area Networks (LANs)
Telephone Lines

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How does a Surge Protector Work?

A Surge Protector, sometimes called a TVSS (transient voltage surge suppressor); Diverts surge currents away from equipment by creating a low impedance path to ground. Typical components include:
MOV - Metal-Oxide Varistor SAD - Silicon Avalanche Diodes Gas Tubes LCR filters

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3 - Mode Surge Protection

MOV

Equipment

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Performance Parameters Summary

Just the Facts
Ignore SPD Joule Energy Ratings Response Time Ratings Surge Current per Phase Noise attenuation at a single frequency Line to Line protection or 10 Modes

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Product Performance Parameters

Voltage Clamping
UL Range (330v pk to 5000v pk)

Maximum Surge Current EMI / RFI Noise Rejection
Measured over a frequency spectrum

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PDU Power Distribution Unit

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PDU Trends 
Higher kVA  Higher Voltage (208V vs 120V) 
Higher Current (30A rather than 15 or 20A)  3-Phase PDU¶s

Intelligence 
Meter  Monitor  Manage 

Redundancy
Multi source supply with ATS

Leviton

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Leviton¶s Power Distribution Portfolio

Intelligent Power Distribution Units (PDU¶s) 
³Metered´ Series: With Input current meter  ³Switched´ Series: Remote monitoring, management and reboot (switching) AND environmental monitoring

Leviton

Phone 800.722.2082

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Leviton¶s Power Distribution Portfolio

V100: Page H7
Legacy Products (Horizontal only) 
5500 Series: Rack-mounted Surge Strips  4505 Series: Rack-mounted Power Strips  Robust components, design and manufacture

Intelligent Power Distribution Units (PDU¶s) 
³Metered´ Series 

Input current meter 
³Switched´ Series 

Remote monitoring 
Management and reboot (switching)  Environmental monitoring

V100: Page H3-H6

Leviton

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Plugs & Receptacles²NEMA 

Many types of plugs & receptacles used throughout the world

The most common in North America is NEMA Example:  NEMA 5-15R  NEMA L6-30P This numbering scheme does have a pattern:  First number (to the left of the hypen) is between 1 and 24 and represents a combination of voltage, number of poles and conductors (5=120V, 6=208V)  The number after the hyphen represents the amperage rating of the circuit (15, 20, 30, etc)  The P or R = Plug or Receptacle  If there is an ³L´ before the whole thing, that represents a locking or ³twistlock´ plug or receptacle  Example: 5-20R = Receptacle for a 120V, 20A circuit  Example: L6-30P = Plug for a 208V, 30A circuit  Example: L21-20P = Plug for a 3-phase, 20A circuit
Leviton Phone 800.722.2082 www.levitonvoicedata.com

Leviton¶s Power Distribution Portfolio

Metere eries o I t M i t M t M vi I t f it t it i ti t t lM it x i it i i t t e i n on t ction tM t

wit he eries

it

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Need for Switched PDU 

³Switched´

= You can turn it (switch it) Off/On/Reboot 

Access to Remote Equipment How do you know you have a problem? How do I reboot remote equipment? How do I gain out of band (serial) access to remote devices?  Power Sequencing How do I prevent tripping a circuit breaker in my data center from current in-rush? Power Management How do I determine if an existing circuit is safely loaded? How do I know when it¶s time to increase incoming power capacity, and where? How do I provide power redundancy for critical equipment? (single and dual power supplies) Environmental Monitoring  What is the temperature and the relative humidity in the cabinet?
Leviton Phone 800.722.2082 www.levitonvoicedata.com  

    

Full Configuration Remote On/Off & Reboot User Admin. Input Current Monitoring Temp/Humidity Monitoring Set Traps Demo 63.81.10.73

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Why Current is Important to Monitor 

What does it tell you? Aggregate current (amps) for all connected devices. 

Near-Term: Equipment Additions/Safe Loading 
³How much current (in amps) is being drawn by the equipment that is plugged into the PDU?´  ³Do I have enough remaining current to plug in another piece of equipment?´

Long-term: Capacity Planning
do I need to add capacity in my electrical infrastructure to accommodate future equipment additions or changes?´ 
³Where

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Terminology

Input Voltage 
110/115/120V or  208V

Single or Three Phase 
Most PDU input power today is single-phase, but there is a trend towards three-phase

Amperage 
20A  30A

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Part Numbering

1. SV161-1B1: S = Switched 2. SV161-1B1: V = Vertical 3. SV161-1B1: 16 = # of Power Outputs (receptacles) 4. SV161-1B1: 1 = 110V (voltage) 5. SV161-1B1: 1 = Single Power Input 6. SV161-1B1: B1 = B1 Plug/Output Configuration
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Let¶s Capitalize on What We Have

³Protecting A Connected World´
Leviton Phone 800.722.2082 www.levitonvoicedata.com