# MA 1251: NUMERICAL METHODS

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KINGS COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING, PUNAL KULAM

KINGS
COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING

DEPARTMENT OF ELECTRONICS AND COMMUNICATION ENGINEERING

QUESTION BANK

SUBJECT CODE : MA1251 YEAR / SEM: V / III

SUBJECT NAME : NUMERICAL METHODS

UNIT I

SOLUTION OF EQUATIONS & EIGEN VALUE PROBLEMS

PART – A (2 MARKS)
1. If f(x) has not between x a = and x b = , then write the first approximate root by the
method of false position .
2. Explain method of false position for finding roots of ( ) 0 f x =
3. Using N – R method find the root between 0 and 1 of
3
6 4 x x = - correct to 3 decimal
places.
4. Explain geometrically N – R method to find a root of ( ) 0 f x = and hence derive a
formula for it.
5. Define a Newton-Raphson iteration formula for finding the cube root of a positive
number N. Hence find 3 12
6. What is the criterion for the convergence of N-R method?
7. Find a root of x xe x f
x
cos ) ( − = lying in the interval (0,1) by N-R method.
8. Obtain the Newton-Raphson iterative formula, for approximating the cube-root of a
positive number N, and hence calculate ( )
3
1
23 correct to three –decimal places.
9. What is the sufficient condition for the convergence of a root of ( ) 0 f x = by Newton-
Raphson method.
MA1251 NUMERICAL METHODS
MA 1251: NUMERICAL METHODS
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10. Solve the following system of equations 2x +y = 3 , 7x – 3y = 4 by Gauss elimination
method.
11. Solve the system of equations x - 2y = 0 , 2x + y = 5 by Gaussian elimination method.
12. Solve using Gauss – Jordon method 11x + 3y = 17 , 2x +7y =16.
13. Solve by Gaussian Elimination method x + 2y + z = 3 , 2x + 3y + 3z = 10,
14. 3x – y + 2z = 13.
15. Compare Gaussian elimination and Gauss-Jordan methods in solving the linear system
[A]{X}={B}.
16. Using Gaussian elimination meothd represent the system of equations

|
|
|
¹
|

\
|
− =
|
|
|
¹
|

\
|
|
|
|
¹
|

\
|
− −
3
3
4
2 1 3
1 3 2
1 2 1
z
y
x
in the upper triangular form.
17. Explain the different between Gauss – Jacobi and Gauss-seidal iterative method
18. State the sufficient condition for convergence of Gauss-seidal method.
19. What is meant by iterative method of solution of an equation? Give an example.
20. Write down the condition for the convergence of Gauss seidal iterative method.
21. By using Jacobi iterative method find the third approximation
( ) ( ) ( )
( )
3 3 3
, , z y x to the
solution of the following system the initial approximation being
( ) ( ) ( ) 0 0 0
z y x = = 8x + y + z
= 8 , 2x + 4y +z = 4 , x + 2y + 4z = 5.
22. What is the condition on A for solving the system of equation AX = B by Jacobi and
Gauss-seidel iterative methods ?
23. State the sufficient condition for convergence of Gauss-Jacobi method
24. Find the inverse of
|
|
¹
|

\
|
−3 2
2 1
by Gauss Jordon method.
25. Find the inverse of the matrix by Jordon method.
26. Define Eigen value and Eigen vecor.
27. Find the eigen value of
|
|
¹
|

\
|
1 2
2 1
by Power method.

PART –B
MA 1251: NUMERICAL METHODS
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KINGS COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING, PUNAL KULAM

1. Determine the root of 3 0
x
x e - = , correct to three decimal places using the method of
false positions. ` (8)
2. Find the real root of the equation 0 2 . 1 log
10
= − X X correct to four places of decimal
using false position method. (8)
3. Using Newton-Raphson method, find correct to 3 decimal places, the root between 0
and 1 of the equation 0 4 6
3
= + − x x (8)
4. By Newton’s iteration method, find the real root of
10
log 1.2 X X = correct to 3 decimal
places. (8)
5. Solve by Newton- Raphson method, the system of equation
2
3 1 0; 3 9 0 x x y xy y + - - = + + = starting with the approximation
0 0
4, 6 x y = - =
(8)
6. Find the N – R method , the root of the equation 4
x
e x = , which is near to 2, correct
to the decimal places. (8)
7. Find the iteration formula to find N where N is a positive integer by Newton’s method
and hence find 11 (8)
8. Derive a Newton-Raphson iteration formula for finding the cube root of a positive
number N. Hence find
3
12 (8)
9. Show that Newton-Raphson formula to find a can be in the form
|
|
¹
|

\
|
+ =
+
n
n n
x
a
x x
2
1
1
, a =
0,1,2,… (8)
10. Find the negative root of the equation 0 sin 4
2
= + x x by Newton-Raphson method correct
to three decimal places. (8)
11. Find the real root of following equations by Newton-Raphson method ax y 4
2
= . Obtain
an iteration formula, using N - R values to find the reciprocal of a given number N and
hence find
1
9
, correction of 4 decimal places.
(8)
MA 1251: NUMERICAL METHODS
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KINGS COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING, PUNAL KULAM

12. Obtain an iteration formula, using N - R values to find the reciprocal of a given number
N and hence find
19
1
, correction of 4 decimal places. (8)
13. Apply Gauss-Jordon method to find solution of the following system
a. 10x + y + z = 12 , 2x +10y +z = 13 , x + y + 5z = 7 (8)
14. Solve by Gauss – Jordon method 2x – 3y +z = -1 , x + 4y +5z =25 ,
i. 3x – 4y + z =2 correct to 3 decimal places. (8)
15. Solve the following system of equation using Gauss – elimination method
a. 2x + y + 4z = 12 , 8x -3y +2z = 20 , 4x +11y – z =33. (8)
16. Using Gauss-Jordan method, solve the following system of equations
a. 2x –y +2z = 8 , -x +2y + z = 4, 3x + y -4z = 0 . (8)

17. Find the inverse of the given matrix by Gauss Jordon method
A=
|
|
|
¹
|

\
|
1 3 2
3 2 1
2 1 1
) (8)
18. Using Gauss-Jordon method , find the inverse of the matrix
|
|
|
¹
|

\
|
− − −

4 4 2
3 3 1
3 1 1
(8)
19. Using Power method, obtain the largest eigen value and corresponding eigen vector of
the matrix
|
|
¹
|

\
|
4 5
2 1
(8)
20. Determine the largest eigen value and the corresponding eigen vector correct to 3
decimal places, using power method for the matrix A =
|
|
|
¹
|

\
|

− −

2 1 0
1 2 1
0 1 2
(8)
21. Obtain the power method the numerically largest eigen value of the matrix (8)
MA 1251: NUMERICAL METHODS
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22. Find the numerically largest eigen values of A =
|
|
|
¹
|

\
|
− 4 0 2
0 3 1
2 1 25
by power method
corresponding eigen vector ( correct to 3 decimal places ). Start with initial eigen value
|
|
|
¹
|

\
|
0
0
1
(8)
23. Using power method, find the dominant eigen values and the corresponding eigen
vector of A =
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
¹
|

\
|
2
1
1 2
1
2
3
1
2 1
2
1
(8)
24. Find the largest eigen value and eigen vector of the matrix by power method

7 0 0
2 4 0
3 2 1

(8)
25. Using Power method, obtain the dominant eigen value and corresponding eigen vector
of the matrix
|
|
¹
|

\
|
3 4
2 1
(8)

UNIT II – INTERPOLATION & APPROXIMATION
Part -A
1. Using Lagrange’s interpolation, find the polynomial through (0,0),(1,1) and (2,2).
2. What do you understand by inverse interpolation?
3. Obtain the Lagrange’s interpolating polynomial for the observed data of points
(1,1),(2,1) and (3,-2).
4. Write the Cubic Spline formula.
5. State Newton’s backward difference interpolation formula.
a. Write down Newton’s forward and backward difference formula.
b. Find the polynomial which takes the following values
MA 1251: NUMERICAL METHODS
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X: 0 1 2
Y: 1 2 1

6. Find the polynomial for the following data by Newton’s backward difference formula:
X: 0 1 2 3
F x): -3 2 9 18
7. Find the value of Y at x =21 using Newton’s forward difference formula from the
following table:
X: 20 23 26 29
Y: 0.3420 0.3907 0.4384 0.4848
8. Find the polynomial of second degree passing through the points (0,-1) (1,-1) and (2,1)
by using Gregory –Newton backward difference formula.

MA 1251: NUMERICAL METHODS
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KINGS COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING, PUNAL KULAM

Part – B
(Each question carries 8 marks)
1. Find the Lagrange’s polynomial of degree 3 to fit the data: (8)
Y(0)=-12, y(1)=0,y(3)=6 and y(4) =12. Hence find y(2).
2. Using Lagrange’s formula, fit a polynomial to the data (8)
X: 0 1 3 4
Y: -12 0 6 12 Also find y at x=2.
3. Using Lagrange’s formula, fit a polynomial to the data (8)
X: 0 1 2 4 5 6
F(x): 1 14 15 5 6 19 Also find f(3).
4. Using Lagrange’s formula, fit a polynomial to the data (8)
X: -1 0 2 3
Y: -8 3 1 12
Hence find y at x=1.5 and x=1
5. Using Lagrange’s formula, fit a polynomial to the data (8)
X: 0 1 3 4
Y: -12 0 6 12
Hence find y at x=2.
6. Using Lagrange’s formula, fit a polynomial to the data (8)
X: 2 5 7 10 121
Y: 18 180 448 1210 2028
Hence find y at x=6.
7. If f(0) = 0 , f(1) = 0, f(2) = -12, f(4) =(0), f(5) =600 and f(7) = 7308,find a polynomial that
satisfies this data using Newton’s divided difference interpolation formula., Hence, find
f(6) (8)

8. Using Newton’s divided difference formula find f(x) and f(6) from the following data: (8)
X: 1 2 7 8
f(x) 1 5 5 4

MA 1251: NUMERICAL METHODS
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KINGS COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING, PUNAL KULAM

9. Using Newton’s divided difference formula find the value of f(8) and f(6) from the
following data: (8)
X: 4 5 7 10 11 13
f(x) 48 100 294 900 1210 2028
Also find f(-2) and f(12).
10. Using Newton’s divided difference formula find the cubic function of x from the
following data: (8)
X: 0 1 4 5
f(x) 8 11 68 123
11. Using Newton’s divided difference formula find the cubic function of x from the
following data: (8)
X: 0 1 4 5
f(x) 2 3 12 147
12. Given the following table ,find f(2.5) using cubic spline functions: (8)
I: 0 1 2 3
Xi: 2 3 12 147
f(Xi): 0.5 0.3333 0.25 0.2
13. The following values of X and Y are given: (8)
X: 1 2 3 4
Y: 1 2 5 11
Find the cubic splines and evaluate Y(1.5).
14. Find the cubic splines for the data : (8)
X: 0 1 2 3
f(x): 1 2 9 28
15. Find the cubic splines for the data : (8)
X: 1 2 3
f(x):

-6 -1 16

MA 1251: NUMERICAL METHODS
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KINGS COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING, PUNAL KULAM

16. Find the polynomial of degree two for the data by Newton’s forward
difference method: (8)
X: 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7
F
x):
1 2 4 7 11 16 22 29
17. From the following table of half-yearly premium for policies maturing at different ages,
estimate the premium for policies maturing at age 46 and 63. (8)
AgeX: 45 50 55 60 65
PremiumY: 114.84 96.16 83.32 74.48 68.48
18. From the following table, find the value of tan 45◦15’ by Newton’s forward interpolation
formula (8)
X◦: 45 46 47 48 49 50
tanx◦ 1.00000 1.03553 1.07237 1.11061 1.15037 1.19175
19. Given (8)
X: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
f
x):
1 8 27 64 125 216 343s 512
Estimate f(7.5) . Use Newton’s formula.
20. Construct Newton’s forward interpolating polynomial for the following data: (8)
X: 4 6 8 10
Y: 1 3 8 16
21. From the following data evaluate y(142) andY(175) (8)
X: 140 150 160 170 180
Y: 3.685 4.854 6.302 8.076 10.225
22. Find the cubic polynomial which takes the following values: (8)
X: 0 1 2 3
Y: 1 2 1 10
23. Find the value of y at x=1.05 from the table given below (8)
X: 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5
Y: 0.841 0.891 0.932 0.964 0.985 1.015
MA 1251: NUMERICAL METHODS
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KINGS COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING, PUNAL KULAM

NIT III – NUMERICAL DIFFERENTIATION & INTEGRATION

PART - A
1. Write Newton’s forward difference formula to find the derivatives
0
x x
dx
dy
=
|
¹
|

\
|
and
0
2
2
x x
dx
y d
=
|
|
¹
|

\
|

2. State the Bessel’s central difference formula.
3. Given that
x : 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6
y : 8.403 8.781 9.129 9.451 9.750 10.031
find
dx
dy
at x =1.1.
4. Find y’(x) if
x : 1 2 3 4
y: 1 2 5 13
5. From the following data, find the rate of change of p with respect to v when v=2
V: 2 4 6 8 10
P: 1.5 42.7 25.3 16.7 13
6. Find the second divided differences with arguments a,b,c if
x
x f
1
) ( =
7. Find f’(4) if
x : 1 2 3 4
y : 1 2 5 13
8. State for formula of Simpson’s
8
3
th rule.
9. Compare Trapezoidal rule and Simpson’s
3
1
rd rule for evaluating numerical integration.
10. Evaluate

4
1
. ) ( dx x f from the table by Simpson’s
8
3
th rule
x : 1 2 3 4
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) (x f : 1 8 27 64
11. What is the error involved in the Trapezoidal rule?
12. From the following table evaluate

52 . 7
47 . 7
. ydx , using Trapezoidal rule.
x : 7.47 7.48 7.49 7.50 7.51 7.52
y : 1.93 1.95 1.98 2.01 2.03 2.06
13. Evaluate

+
1
0
. ) ( dx e e
x x
, using Simpson’s
3
1
rd rule by dividing the interval into four
equal parts.
14. Evaluate

6
0
. ) ( dx x f using Trapezoidal rule given the following :
x ; 0 1 2 3 4 5 6
) (x f : 1 0.5 0.2 0.1 0.0588 0.0385 0.027
15. Find the value of

2
1
x
dx
by Simpson’s
3
1
rd rule by taking h = ¼ Hence obtain the
approximate value of 2 log
e
.
16. State Trapezoidal rule.
17. Evaluate

3
3
4
dx x using Trapezodial rule.
18. State two point Gaussian Quadrature Formula to evaluate

1
1
). ( ) ( x d x f
19. Evaluate

+
=
1
0
1 t
dt
I by using three point Gaussian quadrature formula.
20. Write down two-point Gaussian formula of numerical integration.
PART – B
(Each question carries 8 Marks)
1. From the following table, find the value of x for which ) (x f is maximum. Also find the
maximum value. (8)
x : 60 75 90 105 120
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) (x f : 28.2 38.2 43.2 40.9 37.7
2. The velocity of a train which starts from rest is given by the following table, time being
reckoned in minutes from the start and speed miles per hour: (8)
Minutes : 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20
Miles per hour : 10 18 25 29 321 20 11 5 2 9
Estimate approximately the total distance run in 20 minutes.
3. Find the first and second derivative of the function 14 8 ) (
3
− − = x x x f at x = 3.0 using
the value given below: (8)
x: 3.0 3.2 3.4 3.6 3.8 4
) (x f : -14 -10.03 -5.296 -0.256 -6.672 14
4. Given the following pairs of values of x and y (8)
x : 1 2 4 8 10
y : 0 1 5 21 27
determine y’(4) using Newton’s divided differences.
5. Evaluate
∫ ∫
+
2
1
2
1
y x
dxdy
with h=k=0.2 by using trapezoidal rule. (8)
6. For the tabulated function : (8)
x : 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4
y: 0.2500 0.2268 0.2066 0.1890 0.1736]
find y(1.35).y’(1.35) and y”(1.35)
7. Find the value of cos(1.74) using the value given in the following table below: (8)
x : 1.70 1.74 1.78 1.82 1.86
sin x : 0.9916 0.9857 0.9781 0.9681 0.9584
8. Find the derivative of x at x = 1 by formatting the forward (8)
difference table the values of x at x = 1.00, 1.05, 1.10 1.15.
9. From the following table of values of x and y, find
dx
dy
and
2
2
dx
y d

(8)
At x = 1.25
x : 1.00 1.05 1.10 1.15 1.20 1.25
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y : 1.00000 1.02470 1.04881 1.07238 1.09544 1.11803
10. Given (8)
x: 50 51 52 53 54 55 56
y: 3.6840 3.7084 3.7325 3.7563 3.7598 3.8030 3.8259
Find y’ and y” at x = 56.
11. Using Newton’s method’s find f’ at x =1.2 from (8)
x: 1.0 1.5 2.0 2.5 3.0
y: 27.00 106.75 324.00 783.75 1621.00
12. By dividing the range into equal parts, evaluate

π
0
sin xdx by using Simpson’s
3
1
rd rule.
Is it possible o evaluate he same b impson’s
8
3
(8)
13. Using Romberg’s rule, evaluate

+
1
0
1 x
dx
correct to there decimal places by taking
h=0.5,0.25 and 0.125. (8)
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KINGS COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING, PUNAL KULAM

14. Use Simpson’s
3
1
rd rule to estimate the value of

5
1
) ( dx x f given
(8)
x : 1 2 3 4 5
) (x f : 13 50 70 80 100
15. Compute

+
1
0
2
1 x
dx
by using Trapezoidal rule, taking h = 0.5 and h=0.25. Hence find the
value of the above integration by Romberg’s method. (8)
16. Evaluate
∫ ∫
+
1
0
1
0
1 xy
dxdy
using simpson’s 1/3 rule, taking h=k=0.5 (8)
17. Evaluate
∫ ∫
+
2
1
2
1
y x
dxdy
,taking stepsite h=k=0.25 and using (8)
a. Simpson’s 1/3 rule in both directions.
b. Trapezoidal rule in both directions.
18. Find the value of the following integral using Gaussian quadrature technique
( )
dx
x

5
3
2
2
4

(8)
19. Use Simpson’s
3
1
rd rule., to integrate sin x between 0 and
2
π
from the following table
(8)
x : 0
12
π

12

12

12

12

2
π

sin x : .00000 .25882 .50000 .70711 .86603 .96593 1.0000
20. Evaluate dx
x
x

+
1
0
1
by Simpson’s 1/3 rule with h =0.1 (8)
21. Using Romberg’s method compute

+
1
0
2
1 x
dx
by taking h=0.5,0.25.0.125.
(8)
22. Evaluate I =

+
1
1
2
1 x
dx
by Three point Gaussian Quadrature formula.(8)
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23. E valuate

+
=
1
0
1 x
dx
I two point two point Gaussian Quadrature (8)
24. Evaluate

+
=
1
1
4
2
1
dx
x
x
I by three point Gaussian formula. (8)
25. The function f(x,y) is defined by the following table: (8)
x
y
0 0.5 1.0 1.5 2.0
1 2.0 1.5 1.3 1.4 1.6
2 3.1 2.5 2.0 2.3 2.9
3 4.2 4.0 3.8 4.1 4.4
Compute
∫ ∫
3
0
2
0
) , ( dxdy y x f using Simpson’s rule in the both direct method.

UNIT IV - INITIAL VALUE PROBLEMS FOR ORDINARY DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS

PART – A
1. State the disadvantage of Taylor series method.
2. Write down the fourth order Taylor Algorithm.
3. Write the merits and demerits of the Taylor method of solution.
4. Which is better Taylor’s method or R,K, Method?
5. State Taylor series algorithm for the first order differential equation.
6. Solve the differential equation 1 ) 0 ( , = + + = y xy y x
dx
dy
by Taylor series method to get the
value of y at x = h.
7. What is the truncation error in Taylor’s series?
8. Name the method which is Taylor’s method of first order.
9. What is meant by initial value problem and give an example for it.
10. Write down Euler algorithm to the differential equation ). , ( y x f
dx
dy
=
11. State modified Euler algorithm to solve ). , ( y x f
dx
dy
= ,y
0 0
) ( y x = at x =
0
x +h.
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12. Using Modified Euler’s method , find y(0.1) if . 1 ) 0 ( ,
2 2
= + = y y x
dx
dy

13. What is the error of Euler’s method.
14. What are the limitations of Eulers method?
15. What is the Error in modified Euler’s method.
16. Write the Runge-Kutta algorithm of second order for solving ). , ( y x f
dx
dy
= , y
0 0
) ( y x = .
17. State the third order R.K.method algorithm to find the numerical solution of the first
order differential equation.
18. Write down the Runge-Kutta formula of fourth order to solve ). , ( y x f
dx
dy
= y
0 0
) ( y x = .
19. State the special advantage of Runge-Kutta method over Taylor series method.
20. Is Euler’s method formula, a particular case of second order Runge-Kutta method?
21. Compare Taylor’s series and R.K. method
22. In the deviation of fourth order Runge-Kutta formula, why it is called fourth order.
23. Write down the formula to solve 2
nd
order differential equation using Runge-Kutta
method of 4
th
order.
24. What are the values of 0 ) 0 ( , 1 ) 0 ( ,
' ' ' '
1 1
= = = + y y y xy y andl k by Runge-Kutta method of
fourth order.
25. Write Milne’s predictor corrector formula
26. How many prior values are required to predict the next value in Milne’s method?
27. What is the error term in Milne’s predictor and corrector formula?
28. Write down Adams-Bashforth predictor formula.
29. How many prior values are required to predict the next value in Adam’s method?
30. What will you do, if there is a considerable difference between predicted value and
corrected value, in predictor corrector methods?
31. Compare Runge-Kutta methods and Predictor – Corrector methods for solution of initial
value problem.
32. What is a Predictor-Collector method of solving a differential equation.?
33. What is the condition to apply Adams Bashforth method.
34. What do we mean by saying that a method is self-starting ? Notself starting.
MA 1251: NUMERICAL METHODS
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35. Compare the Milne’s predictor –Corrector and Adam- Bashforth predictor-corrector
methods for solving ordinary differential equations.

PART – B
1. Using Taylor series method find y at x = 0.1 if . 1 ) 0 ( , 1
2
= − = y y x
dx
dy
(8)
2. Solve . 1 ) 0 ( ,
2 2
= + = y y x
dx
dy
Use Taylor series at x=0.2 and 0.4, Find x = 0.1. (8)
3. Using Taylor series method find y at x = 0.1 correct to four decimal places from
. 1 ) 0 ( ,
2
= − = y y x
dx
dy
with h = 0.1. Compute terms upto
4
x . (8)
4. Solve , 0 ) 1 ( , ' = + = y y x y by Taylor’s series method. Find y(1.1). (8)
5. Find the Taylor series solution with three terms for the initial value problem
. 1 ) 1 ( , '
3
= + = y y x y (8)
6. Using Taylor series method with the first five terms in the expansion find y(0.1) correct
to three decimal places, given that
. 1 ) 0 ( , '
2
= − = y y e y
x
(8)
7. Using Taylor series method, find y(1.1) and y(1.2) correct to four decimal places
given.
3 / 1
xy
dx
dy
= and y(1) =1. (8)

8. Using Euler’s method find y(0.2) and y(0.4) from , 1 ) 0 ( , ' = + = y y x y with h=0.2. (8)
9. Using Euler’s method find y(0.1) from , 1 ) 0 ( , ' = + + = y xy y x y with h=0.05. (6)
10. Using Euler’s method find y(0.3)of y(x) satisfies the initial value problem.
, 1114 . 1 ) 2 . 0 ( , ) 1 (
2
1
'
2 2
= + = y y x y with h=0.2.
(8)
11. Using modified Euler’s method, compute y(0.1) with h=0.1 from
. 1 ) 0 ( ,
2
= − = y
y
x
y
dx
dy
(8)
12. Solve , 0 ) 0 ( , 1 ' = − = y y y by modified Euler’s method. (8)
MA 1251: NUMERICAL METHODS
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KINGS COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING, PUNAL KULAM

13. Given . 2 ) 0 ( ,
3
= + = y y x
dx
dy
Compute y(0.2), y(0.4) and y(0.6) by Runge-Kutta method of
fourth order. (8)
14. Using R.K. method of 4
th
order, solve . 1 ) 0 ( ,
2 2
2 2
=
+

= y
x y
x y
dx
dy
at x = 0.2. (8)
15. Using R.K. method of fourth order find y(0.1) for the initial value problem
. 1 ) 0 ( ,
1
2
=
+
= y
x
xy
dx
dy
, take h=0.1
(8)
16. Find y(0.8) given that , 7379 . 1 ) 6 . 0 ( , '
2
= − = y x y y by using R.K. method of fourth order. (8)
17. Consider the second order initial value problem t e y y y
t
sin 2 2
2 ' ' '
= + − with y(0) = -0.4
and 6 . 0 ) 0 (
'
− = y using fourth order R.K.method, find y(0.2).
(8)
18. Apply the fourth order Runge-Kutta method , to find an approximate value of y when x =
0.2 and x= 0.4, given that , 1 ) 0 ( , ' = + = y y x y with h=0.2. (8)
19. Given . 2 ) 0 ( ,
3
= + = y y x
dx
dy
The values of y(0.2) = 2.073,y(0.4)=2.452 and y(0.6) = 3.023
are got by R.K. method of fourth order. Find y(0.8) by Milne’s predictor-corrector
method taking h=0.2. (8)
20. Using Milne’s method find y(4.4) given 0 2 5
'
= − + y xy given y(4)=1, y(4.1) =
1.0049,y(4.2)=1.0097 and y(4.3) = 1.0143. (8)
21. Determine the value of y(0.4) using Milne’s method given ;. 1 ) 0 ( ,
2
= + = y xy y
dx
dy
use
Taylor series to get the values of y(0.1), y(0.2) and y(0.3). (16)
22. Using Runge-Kutta method of order 4, find y for x=0.1,0.2,0.3 given that
;. 1 ) 0 ( ,
2
= + = y xy y
dx
dy
and also find the solution at x=0.4 using Milne’s method.
(16)
23. Given , 979 . 1 ) 3 . 1 ( , 548 . 1 ) 2 . 1 ( , 233 . 1 ) 1 . 1 ( , 1 ) 1 ( ), 1 (
2
= = = = + = y y y y y x
dx
dy
evaluate y(1.4) by
MA 1251: NUMERICAL METHODS
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KINGS COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING, PUNAL KULAM

24. Consider the initial value problem . 5 . 0 ) 0 ( , 1
2
= + − = y x y
dx
dy
(16)
(i) Using the modified Euler method, find y(0.2)
(ii) Using 4
th
order Runge-Kutta method, find y(0.4) and y(0.6)
(iii) Using Adam-Bashforth Predictor- Corrector method. Find y(0.8).
25. Using the above predictor-corrector equations, evaluate y(.4) , if y satisfies
2
1
x x
y
dx
dy
= +
and y(1) = 1 , y(1.1) = 0.996, Y91.3) = 0.972 (8)

UNIT V - BOUNDARY VALUE PROBLEMS IN ORDINARY AND PARTIAL
DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS
Part – A
1. State the conditions for the equation.
A G Fu Eu Du Cu Bu u
y x yy yy xx
= + + + + + where A,B,C,D,E,F,G are function of x and y to
be
(i) elliptic (ii) parabolic (iii) hyperbolic.
2. State the condition for the equation A ) , , , ( y x u u f Cu Bu u
y x yy yy xx
= + + to be
(i) elliptic (ii) parabolic (iii) hyperbolic when A,B,C are funby Bction of x and y.
3. What is the classification of ? 0 = −
yy x
f f
4. Give an exaple of a parabolic equation.
5. State Schmidt’s explicit formula for solving heat flow equation.
6. Write an explicit formula to solve numerically the heat equation (parabolic equation)
0 = −
t xx
au u .
7. Write down the crank Nicolson formula to solve
t xx
u u = .
8. Write the diagonal five point formula to solve Laplace equation 0 = +
yy xx
u u
9. Write down the implicit formula to solve one dimensional heat flow equation
t xx
u
c
u
2
1
= .
10. What is the value of k to solve
xx
u
t
u
2
1
=

by Bender-Schmidt method with h=1 if h and k
are the increments of x and t respectively?
MA 1251: NUMERICAL METHODS
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KINGS COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING, PUNAL KULAM

11. Write down the finite difference scheme for solving the poison equation . 0
2
= ∇ u
12. What is Liebmann’s principle?
13. What is Shooting method ?
14. Write different methods for solving B.V.P.
15. Define a difference quotient.

PART – B
1. By Cranck-Nicholson method solve the equation
t
u
x
u

=

2
2
subject to u(x,0)=0, u(0,t) = 0
and u(1,t)=t for two time steps. (8)
2. Solve ,
2
2
2
2
x
y
t
y

=

0<x<1.t>0 given u(x,0)=0 ) 0 , (x
t ∂

=u(0,t)=0 and u(1,t)=100sinπt,
complete u(x,t) for 4 times steps with h=0.25 (8)
3. Solve the equation y x y + =
' '
with boundary conditions y(0)=y(1)=0 numerically taking
∆x=0.25. (8)
4. Solve .) 10 ( 10
2 2 2
+ + − = ∇ y x u over the square mesh with sides x=0,y=0,x=3,y=3 with
u=0 on the boundary and mesh length of 1 unit. (8)
5. Solve
t
u
x
u

=

2
2
2
given u(0,t)=0, u(4,t)=0,u(x,0)=x(4-x) taking ∆x=∆t=1. Find the value
of u upto t=3 using Bender-Schmidt explicit difference scheme .
(8)

6. Solve the Laplace’s equation over the square mesh of side 4 units satisfying the
boundary conditions: (16)
U(0,y)=0,0 4 ≤ ≤ y ;u(4,y)=12+y, 0 4 ≤ ≤ y
U(x,0)=3x, 0 4 ≤ ≤ x ;u(x,4)=
2
x ,0 4 ≤ ≤ x
7. Derive Bender-Schmidt recurrence formula for solving 0 = −
t xx
au u with the boundary
conditionu(0,t)=T
0
, u(l,t)= T
l
,u(x,0)=f(x) for 0<x<l Also find corresponding recurrence
relation. (16)
MA 1251: NUMERICAL METHODS
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KINGS COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING, PUNAL KULAM

8. Solve the Poisson equation
2 2
y x u u
yy xx
− = + over the square region bounded by the
lines x=0,y=3 given that u=10 throughout the boundaries taking h=1. (16)
9. Solve the following Poisson equation over the square region bounded by the lines
x=0,y=0,x=3,y=3 given that u=0 throughout the boundaries taking h=1
i)
2 2
) ( y x u + − = ∇ ii)
3 3 2
y x u + = ∇ (16)
10. Solve the Poisson’s equation ) 10 ( 10
2 2
2
2
2
2
+ + − =

+

y x
y
u
x
u
over the square with sides
x=0=y, x=3=y with u=0 on the boundary and mesh length is 1.
(16)
11. Obtain a finite difference scheme to solve the Laplace equation. Solve 0
2
= ∇ u at the
pivotal posssints in the square shown fitted with square mesh. Use Leibmann’s iteration
procedure. (5 iteration only) (16)

12. Solve ∆
2
u=0, the boundary conditions are given below.(give only three iteration)
(16)

10 20 30B
D0 U
1
U
2
A60 U
3
U
4
60 60 60C

1000 1000 1000
1000 U
1
U
2
1000 U
3
U
4
1000
500 0 0
MA 1251: NUMERICAL METHODS
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KINGS COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING, PUNAL KULAM

13. Solve
2
2
x
u
t
u

=

in 0<x<5, t 0 ≥ t given that u(x,0) =20, u(0,t)=0,u(5,t) =100. Compute u
for the time-step with h=1 by Cranck – Nicholson method.
(8)
14. Solve
2
2
x
u

=
t
u

,0<x<2,t>0,u(0,t)=u(2,t)=0,t>0 and u(x,0)=
2
sin
x π
,0≤ x≤ 2, and ∆t=0.25
and ∆x=0.5 for two times steps by Crank-Nicholson implicit finite difference method.
(8)
15. Using Schmidt’s process solve 25 u
xx
=u
t
where 0<x<1 t>0 with boundary conditions
u(0,t)=0=u(10,t); u(x,0)=
25
) 10 ( x x −
and choosing h=1 and k suitably. Find u
i,j
for
i=1,2,3….9 and j= 1,2,3,4. (8)
16. Solve
2
2
x
u
t
u

=

, 0≤ x≤ 1, t ≥0 with u(x,0)=x(1-x), 0<x<1 and u(0,t)=u(1,t) = 0, for all t >0
using explicit method with ∆x=0.2 for 3 time steps. (8)

*******

MA 1251: NUMERICAL METHODS ____________________________________________________________________________________

10. Solve the following system of equations 2x +y = 3 , 7x – 3y = 4 by Gauss elimination method. 11. Solve the system of equations x - 2y = 0 , 2x + y = 5 by Gaussian elimination method. 12. Solve using Gauss – Jordon method 11x + 3y = 17 , 2x +7y =16. 13. Solve by Gaussian Elimination method x + 2y + z = 3 , 2x + 3y + 3z = 10, 14. 3x – y + 2z = 13. 15. Compare Gaussian elimination and Gauss-Jordan methods in solving the linear system [A]{X}={B}. 16. Using Gaussian elimination meothd represent the system of equations

1  x   4  1 2       2 − 3 − 1 y  =  − 3  in the upper triangular form. 3 1 2  z   3      
17. Explain the different between Gauss – Jacobi and Gauss-seidal iterative method 18. State the sufficient condition for convergence of Gauss-seidal method. 19. What is meant by iterative method of solution of an equation? Give an example. 20. Write down the condition for the convergence of Gauss seidal iterative method. 21. By using Jacobi iterative method find the third approximation x (3) , y (3) , z (3) to the solution of the following system the initial approximation being x (0 ) = y (0 ) = z (0 ) 8x + y + z = 8 , 2x + 4y +z = 4 , x + 2y + 4z = 5. 22. What is the condition on A for solving the system of equation AX = B by Jacobi and Gauss-seidel iterative methods ? 23. State the sufficient condition for convergence of Gauss-Jacobi method 1 2  24. Find the inverse of   2 − 3  by Gauss Jordon method.    25. Find the inverse of the matrix by Jordon method. 26. Define Eigen value and Eigen vecor.  1 2 27. Find the eigen value of   2 1  by Power method.   

(

)

PART –B
______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ KINGS COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING, PUNAL KULAM

y . Find the iteration formula to find and hence find 11 (8) N where N is a positive integer by Newton’s method (8) (8) 8. find correct to 3 decimal places.Raphson method.1= 0. (8) 3. a =  2 xn   (8) 10. the system of equation x 2 + 3 x .4. (8) 11. correct to the decimal places. Obtain an iteration formula.2 = 0 correct to four places of decimal using false position method. Find the negative root of the equation x 2 + 4 sin x = 0 by Newton-Raphson method correct to three decimal places.R values to find the reciprocal of a given number N and hence find 1 . Show that Newton-Raphson formula to find 0. By Newton’s iteration method. which is near to 2.3 = 0 . 7. find the real root of X log10 X = 1. Using Newton-Raphson method. Find the real root of following equations by Newton-Raphson method y 2 = 4ax . correct to three decimal places using the method of false positions. Find the real root of the equation X log10 X − 1. y0 = 6 (8) 6. correction of 4 decimal places.… (8) 1 a a can be in the form xn+1 =  xn +  . 9 (8) ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ KINGS COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING.MA 1251: NUMERICAL METHODS ____________________________________________________________________________________ 1. PUNAL KULAM . using N .2. Find the N – R method .1. Determine the root of x e x . the root of the equation e x = 4 x .2 correct to 3 decimal places. Solve by Newton. ` (8) 2. the root between 0 and 1 of the equation x 3 − 6 x + 4 = 0 (8) 4. 5. Derive a Newton-Raphson iteration formula for finding the cube root of a positive number N. xy + 3 y+ 9 = 0 starting with the approximation x0 = . Hence find 3 12 9.

x + y + 5z = 7 14. Obtain an iteration formula. obtain the largest eigen value and corresponding eigen vector of 1 2 the matrix   5 4    (8) 20. using N . 16. 3x – 4y + z =2 correct to 3 decimal places. 8x -3y +2z = 20 . 2x –y +2z = 8 . Solve by Gauss – Jordon method 2x – 3y +z = -1 . Using Gauss-Jordon method . 19 (8) 13. correction of 4 decimal places. solve the following system of equations a. using power method for the matrix A =  − 1 2 − 1  0 −1 2    21. Using Gauss-Jordan method. Determine the largest eigen value and the corresponding eigen vector correct to 3  2 −1 0    decimal places. (8) (8) (8) (8) 17. 3x + y -4z = 0 . find the inverse of the matrix  1 3 − 3  (8)  − 2 − 4 − 4   19. 15. Obtain the power method the numerically largest eigen value of the matrix (8) (8) ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ KINGS COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING. 2x +10y +z = 13 . 10x + y + z = 12 .MA 1251: NUMERICAL METHODS ____________________________________________________________________________________ 12. x + 4y +5z =25 . Using Power method. 4x +11y – z =33. Solve the following system of equation using Gauss – elimination method a. PUNAL KULAM . -x +2y + z = 4. Apply Gauss-Jordon method to find solution of the following system a.R values to find the reciprocal of a given number N and hence find 1 . 2x + y + 4z = 12 . i. Find the inverse of the given matrix by Gauss Jordon method  1 1 2   A=  1 2 3  )  2 3 1   (8) 1 3   1   18.

Obtain the Lagrange’s interpolating polynomial for the observed data of points (1.2). find the polynomial through (0. Start with initial eigen value  1    0  0   (8) 23.(2. b. obtain the dominant eigen value and corresponding eigen vector  1 2 of the matrix   4 3    (8) UNIT II – INTERPOLATION & APPROXIMATION Part -A 1.0).1) and (3. What do you understand by inverse interpolation? 3. Using Power method. Using power method.1). find the dominant eigen values and the corresponding eigen     vector of A =      1 2 1 2 1 3 2 1  2   1  1    2 (8) 1 2 3 24.MA 1251: NUMERICAL METHODS ____________________________________________________________________________________  25 1 2    22. State Newton’s backward difference interpolation formula. 4. a.1) and (2. 2. Find the largest eigen value and eigen vector of the matrix by power method 0 − 4 2   0 0 7    (8) 25. Write down Newton’s forward and backward difference formula. Write the Cubic Spline formula. PUNAL KULAM .(1. 5. Find the polynomial which takes the following values ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ KINGS COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING. Find the numerically largest eigen values of A =  1 3 0  by power method  2 0 − 4   corresponding eigen vector ( correct to 3 decimal places ).-2). Using Lagrange’s interpolation.

-1) (1.MA 1251: NUMERICAL METHODS ____________________________________________________________________________________ X: Y: 0 1 1 2 2 1 6. ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ KINGS COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING.-1) and (2. Find the polynomial of second degree passing through the points (0.4384 29 0.3420 23 0. Find the polynomial for the following data by Newton’s backward difference formula: X: F x): 0 -3 1 2 2 9 3 18 7. PUNAL KULAM .3907 26 0. Find the value of Y at x =21 using Newton’s forward difference formula from the following table: X: Y: 20 0.1) by using Gregory –Newton backward difference formula.4848 8.

5 and x=1 5. 1 2 4 5 5 6 6 19 Also find f(3). Hence find y(2). f(4) =(0).y(3)=6 and y(4) =12. (8) (8) (8) 3. Using Lagrange’s formula. Using Lagrange’s formula. fit a polynomial to the data X: Y: X: 0 -12 0 1 3 4 (8) 0 6 12 Also find y at x=2. Find the Lagrange’s polynomial of degree 3 to fit the data: Y(0)=-12. Using Lagrange’s formula. If f(0) = 0 . Hence. 7. Using Newton’s divided difference formula find f(x) and f(6) from the following data: (8) X: 1 2 5 7 5 8 4 f(x) 1 ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ KINGS COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING. f(2) = -12. fit a polynomial to the data X: Y: 2 18 5 180 7 448 10 1210 121 2028 (8) Hence find y at x=6. 6.find a polynomial that satisfies this data using Newton’s divided difference interpolation formula.MA 1251: NUMERICAL METHODS ____________________________________________________________________________________ Part – B (Each question carries 8 marks) 1. Using Lagrange’s formula. Using Lagrange’s formula. f(1) = 0. y(1)=0. fit a polynomial to the data F(x): 1 14 15 4. find f(6) (8) 8. 2. fit a polynomial to the data X: Y: 0 -12 1 0 3 6 4 12 (8) Hence find y at x=2. f(5) =600 and f(7) = 7308. PUNAL KULAM . fit a polynomial to the data X: Y: -1 -8 0 3 2 1 3 12 Hence find y at x=1..

Given the following table .5) using cubic spline functions: I: Xi: 0 2 1 3 0. 14. The following values of X and Y are given: X: 1 Y: 1 2 2 3 5 4 11 (8) Find the cubic splines and evaluate Y(1. 10.5 13.MA 1251: NUMERICAL METHODS ____________________________________________________________________________________ 9. PUNAL KULAM .5). Using Newton’s divided difference formula find the cubic function of x from the following data: X: 0 1 3 4 12 5 147 (8) (8) f(x) 2 12.25 3 147 0.2 f(Xi): 0. Using Newton’s divided difference formula find the cubic function of x from the following data: X: f(x) 0 8 1 11 4 68 5 123 (8) 11. Find the cubic splines for the data : X: f(x): 1 -6 2 -1 3 16 ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ KINGS COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING.3333 2 12 0. Find the cubic splines for the data : X: f(x): 0 1 1 2 2 9 3 28 (8) (8) 15.find f(2. Using Newton’s divided difference formula find the value of f(8) and f(6) from the following data: X: f(x) 4 48 5 100 7 294 10 900 11 1210 13 2028 (8) Also find f(-2) and f(12).

1 0.2 0.932 1.07237 1.00000 1. From the following data evaluate y(142) andY(175) X: Y: 140 3. Use Newton’s formula. Construct Newton’s forward interpolating polynomial for the following data: X: Y: 4 1 6 3 8 8 10 16 (8) (8) 1 1 2 8 3 27 4 64 5 125 6 216 7 343s 8 512 (8) 21.685 150 4.03553 1. find the value of tan 45◦15’ by Newton’s forward interpolation formula X◦: 45 46 47 48 49 50 (8) tanx◦ 1. Given X: f x): Estimate f(7.985 1.4 0.11061 1. PUNAL KULAM .0 0.19175 19.5 1.15037 1.32 60 74.841 1.225 22.05 from the table given below X: Y: 1.48 (8) 0 1 1 2 2 4 3 7 4 11 5 16 6 22 7 29 (8) PremiumY: 114. From the following table of half-yearly premium for policies maturing at different ages.302 170 8.3 0.854 160 6.015 (8) ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ KINGS COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING. Find the value of y at x=1.076 180 10.48 65 68.891 1.5) . AgeX: 45 50 55 83. Find the polynomial of degree two for the data by Newton’s forward difference method: X: F x): 17. Find the cubic polynomial which takes the following values: X: Y: 0 1 1 2 2 1 3 10 (8) 23.16 18.MA 1251: NUMERICAL METHODS ____________________________________________________________________________________ 16. 20. From the following table.84 96.964 1. estimate the premium for policies maturing at age 46 and 63.

c if f ( x) = 7. Find y’(x) if x: y: V: P: 2 1 1 4 2 2 6 3 5 8 4 13 10 13 1 x 1.7 6.7 25.031 dy at x =1.3 16.403 1.1.1 8.6 10.MA 1251: NUMERICAL METHODS ____________________________________________________________________________________ NIT III – NUMERICAL DIFFERENTIATION & INTEGRATION PART . Write Newton’s forward difference formula to find the derivatives  d2y   dy  and  2     dx   dx  x = x0   x = x0 2.750 1. 8 1 rd rule for evaluating 3 8. dx 5.5 9.5 42.129 1. Compare Trapezoidal rule and Simpson’s 4 numerical integration.781 1.b. State the Bessel’s central difference formula. PUNAL KULAM . find the rate of change of p with respect to v when v=2 1. Find f’(4) if x : y : 1 1 2 2 3 5 4 13 3 th rule. from the table by Simpson’s 1 3 th rule 8 x : 1 2 3 4 ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ KINGS COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING.4 9. Find the second divided differences with arguments a. 10.2 8.451 1.A 1. Evaluate ∫ f ( x)dx. From the following data. State for formula of Simpson’s 9. 3. Given that x: y: find 4.3 9.

52 2. ∫ x dx using Trapezodial rule.01 7. Also find the maximum value. x : 60 75 90 105 (8) 120 ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ KINGS COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING.MA 1251: NUMERICAL METHODS ____________________________________________________________________________________ f ( x) : 1 8 27 64 11. . Find the value of ∫ dx 1 by Simpson’s rd rule by taking h = ¼ Hence obtain the 3 1 x e 2 approximate value of log 16. From the following table evaluate x : y : 13. find the value of x for which f ( x) is maximum. using Trapezoidal rule given the following : 0 x f ( x) : . PART – B (Each question carries 8 Marks) 1. 4 3 −3 1 18. 7. using Simpson’s 1 rd rule by dividing the interval into four 3 equal parts.98 ∫ (e 0 6 x + e − x )dx.2 15. −1 dt by using three point Gaussian quadrature formula.1 1 0. 14. using Trapezoidal rule. From the following table. What is the error involved in the Trapezoidal rule? 7.51 2.06 7. Evaluate I = ∫ 1 ∫ f ( x)d ( x).47 1. Evaluate 2. State two point Gaussian Quadrature Formula to evaluate 19. . PUNAL KULAM . State Trapezoidal rule.5 0.027 5 6 1 0.52 12.47 7. Write down two-point Gaussian formula of numerical integration. 17.50 2. 0 1+ t 20.49 1. Evaluate ∫ f ( x)dx.03 7. 0 0.48 1.93 1 ∫ ydx.0588 2 3 0. Evaluate 7.95 7.0385 4 0.

9 37.296 3.05. 5.9916 0.20 1.35).2066 1.1890 1.256 3. PUNAL KULAM . Find the first and second derivative of the function f ( x) = x 3 − 8 x − 14 at x = 3.9584 0.2500 1.74) using the value given in the following table below: x : sin x : 1.78 1.0 using the value given below: x: f ( x) : (8) 3. Find the derivative of x at x = 1 by formatting the forward (8) x at x = 1.9681 1.7 2.8 4 -14 -10.00.4 0.70 1.10 1.74 1.35) and y”(1.2 40. 1.35) 7. (8) (8) 6.25 ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ KINGS COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING.15.2 0.25 x: 1.672 3.15 1.2 -0.86 0.03 4. For the tabulated function : x: y: 1.1736] find y(1. Given the following pairs of values of x and y x: y: 1 0 2 1 4 5 8 21 10 27 determine y’(4) using Newton’s divided differences.9857 0.0 0. 3.6 14 (8) 3. 1.MA 1251: NUMERICAL METHODS ____________________________________________________________________________________ f ( x) : 28.4 -6.2 38. Find the value of cos(1.82 0.0 -5.y’(1.2268 1.2 by using trapezoidal rule.00 1.9781 (8) 8. Evaluate ∫∫ x + y 1 1 2 2 dxdy with h=k=0. time being reckoned in minutes from the start and speed miles per hour: Minutes : 2 4 18 6 25 8 29 10 321 12 20 14 11 16 5 18 2 20 9 Miles per hour : 10 (8) Estimate approximately the total distance run in 20 minutes.3 0. The velocity of a train which starts from rest is given by the following table. From the following table of values of x and y. dy d2y and dx dx 2 difference table the values of 9.1 0.10 1.05 1. find (8) At x = 1.2 43.

04881 52 3.07238 53 54 1. By dividing the range into equal parts.00 2.09544 55 1. 3 Is it possible o evaluate he same b impson’s (8) 13.75 3.0 324.7325 1.7598 3.8030 Find y’ and y” at x = 56. Given x: 50 y: 3.5.8259 (8) 3.125. 3 h rule. 8 ∫ 1 + x correct to there decimal places by taking 0 1 dx (8) ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ KINGS COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING. Justify your answer.0 1. PUNAL KULAM . Using Newton’s method’s find f’ at x =1.MA 1251: NUMERICAL METHODS ____________________________________________________________________________________ y : 1.11803 (8) 56 3.5 2.00000 10.6840 1. evaluate ∫ sin xdx by using Simpson’s 0 1 rd rule.25 and 0.7084 1. 11.02470 51 3.0 1621. evaluate h=0.00 106.2 from x: y: 1. Using Romberg’s rule.75 12.7563 3.5 783.0.00 π 27.

125.25. taking h = 0. Evaluate ∫∫ x + y 1 1 2 2 dxdy . b. (8) 22. Evaluate ∫ 1 + x dx by Simpson’s 1/3 rule with h =0. Compute ∫1+ x 0 1 1 dx 2 by using Trapezoidal rule.5 0 0 dxdy 17. 18.25 and using (8) a.00000 . 16.1 0 x 21. Use Simpson’s 1 π rd rule. Evaluate ∫∫ 1 + xy using simpson’s 1/3 rule.0.0000 (8) 20. Find the value of the following integral using Gaussian quadrature technique (8) 19. PUNAL KULAM . Using Romberg’s method compute ∫1+ x 0 1 dx 2 by taking h=0.(8) ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ KINGS COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING..25. Trapezoidal rule in both directions.86603 .70711 . Simpson’s 1/3 rule in both directions. Use Simpson’s 1 rd rule to estimate the value of 3 ∫ f ( x)dx given 1 5 (8) x f ( x) : : 70 1 80 2 100 3 4 5 13 1 50 15.25882 1 .5 and h=0. Hence find the (8) (8) value of the above integration by Romberg’s method. taking h=k=0. to integrate sin x between 0 and from the following table 3 2 ∫( ) 3 5 4 dx 2x2 (8) x : 0 π 12 2π 12 3π 12 4π 12 5π 12 π 2 sin x : . Evaluate I = −1 ∫1+ x 1 dx 2 by Three point Gaussian Quadrature formula.MA 1251: NUMERICAL METHODS ____________________________________________________________________________________ 14.50000 .taking stepsite h=k=0.0.5.96593 1.

Evaluate I = ∫ dx by three point Gaussian formula. y )dxdy 0 0 using Simpson’s rule in the both direct method.INITIAL VALUE PROBLEMS FOR ORDINARY DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS PART – A 1.5 2.0 1. 9. Solve the differential equation value of y at x = h.6 2.1 4. The function f(x. PUNAL KULAM .0 25.y ( x 0 ) = y 0 at x = x0 +h.y) is defined by the following table: x y 1 2 3 3 2 0 0. y (0) = 1 by Taylor series method to get the dx dy = f ( x.5 4.3 2. y ).3 4. 4.0 3.9 4. State Taylor series algorithm for the first order differential equation. 4 −11 + x (8) (8) 2.0 3.4 Compute ∫∫ f ( x. 6. State modified Euler algorithm to solve dy = f ( x. 3. 10. What is the truncation error in Taylor’s series? 8.MA 1251: NUMERICAL METHODS ____________________________________________________________________________________ 23.0 1. Which is better Taylor’s method or R. dx ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ KINGS COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING. Name the method which is Taylor’s method of first order.2 1.5 1. State the disadvantage of Taylor series method. Write the merits and demerits of the Taylor method of solution.5 2. E valuate I = ∫1+ x 0 1 1 dx two point two point Gaussian Quadrature (8) x2 24.8 1. . What is meant by initial value problem and give an example for it. y ). UNIT IV . 2. 7.K. Write down the fourth order Taylor Algorithm. Method? 5.4 2. Write down Euler algorithm to the differential equation 11.1 1. dx dy = x + y + xy.

K. PUNAL KULAM . . y ' (0) = 0 by Runge-Kutta method of fourth order. a particular case of second order Runge-Kutta method? 21. How many prior values are required to predict the next value in Milne’s method? 27. What is the error of Euler’s method. dx 19. What will you do. What are the limitations of Eulers method? 15.? 33. y ). Write down the Runge-Kutta formula of fourth order to solve dy = f ( x.method algorithm to find the numerical solution of the first order differential equation. dx 16. method 22. y ( x 0 ) = y 0 . dy = x 2 + y 2 . 24. State the third order R. Write the Runge-Kutta algorithm of second order for solving dy = f ( x. find y(0. if there is a considerable difference between predicted value and corrected value. Using Modified Euler’s method .MA 1251: NUMERICAL METHODS ____________________________________________________________________________________ 12. 23. y (0) = 1. What is the condition to apply Adams Bashforth method. in predictor corrector methods? 31. dx 17. 25. What do we mean by saying that a method is self-starting ? Notself starting. 32. Write down the formula to solve 2nd order differential equation using Runge-Kutta method of 4th order. What is the Error in modified Euler’s method. y ). Is Euler’s method formula. 20. 34. y ( 0) = 1. State the special advantage of Runge-Kutta method over Taylor series method. Write down Adams-Bashforth predictor formula. y ( x 0 ) = y 0 . In the deviation of fourth order Runge-Kutta formula. 29. What is a Predictor-Collector method of solving a differential equation. How many prior values are required to predict the next value in Adam’s method? 30.1) if 13. Compare Taylor’s series and R. What is the error term in Milne’s predictor and corrector formula? 28.K. ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ KINGS COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING. Compare Runge-Kutta methods and Predictor – Corrector methods for solution of initial value problem. why it is called fourth order. What are the values of k1 andl1 y '' + xy ' = y. Write Milne’s predictor corrector formula 26. 18. 14.

y (1) = 0. Find y(1. Using Euler’s method find y(0. dx y (8) (8) 12. y (0) = 1. ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ KINGS COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING. y ( 0) = 1. y' = (6) 1 2 ( x + 1) y 2 . with h=0.1. dx (8) (8) dy = x 2 + y 2 . dx 3.2.1) with h=0.MA 1251: NUMERICAL METHODS ____________________________________________________________________________________ 35. 5.1. y (0. y (0) = 1. Compare the Milne’s predictor –Corrector and Adam. Using Euler’s method find y(0.1). dy = xy 1 / 3 and y(1) =1.3)of y(x) satisfies the initial value problem. Compute terms upto x 4 . (8) 9.1 from dy 2x = y− .4) from y ' = x + y. y (0) = 0.1 if 2.1 correct to four decimal places from dy = x 2 − y. 10.05. Using Taylor series method with the first five terms in the expansion find y(0. PART – B 1. with h=0.4. Find x = 0. Using Taylor series method find y at x = 0.2 and 0. given that y ' = e x − y 2 . Solve y ' = x + y. 2 (8) 11.Bashforth predictor-corrector methods for solving ordinary differential equations. (8) 6. dx (8) (8) 4.1) from y ' = x + y + xy. with h = 0. PUNAL KULAM . dx (8) 8. Solve y ' = 1 − y. Using Taylor series method find y at x = 0.1) correct to three decimal places. (8) 7. Using Taylor series method.2.2) = 1. compute y(0.1) and y(1.1114. y (0) = 1. y (0) = 1. Use Taylor series at x=0. find y(1. with h=0. by modified Euler’s method.2) correct to four decimal places given. y (0) = 1. Solve dy = x 2 y − 1. y (1) = 1. by Taylor’s series method. Find the Taylor series solution with three terms for the initial value problem y ' = x 3 + y. Using modified Euler’s method. y (0) = 1.2) and y(0. Using Euler’s method find y(0.

2.MA 1251: NUMERICAL METHODS ____________________________________________________________________________________ 13. Using Runge-Kutta method of order 4. 20. at x = 0.452 and y(0. given that y ' = x + y.2). y (0) = 1. (8) 17. Apply the fourth order Runge-Kutta method .8) given that y ' = y − x 2 .K. Given (8) dy = x 3 + y.6) = 1.K.K.4) using Milne’s method given Taylor series to get the values of y(0.073.233. Using R.method. to find an approximate value of y when x = 0. . y (0) = 1.4 and y ' (0) = −0. with h=0.2) = 1.4) given 5 xy ' + y − 2 = 0 given y(4)=1. Consider the second order initial value problem y '' − 2 y ' + 2 y = e 2t sin t with y(0) = -0. 21. method of fourth order find y(0. Find y(0.y(0. dx y 2 + x 2 (8) (8) 15.2.2 and x= 0. y(0. dx (8) (8) dy = y 2 + xy. y (0) = 1.7379.4 using Milne’s method. y (0) = 1. by using R.2)=1. y (1.6) = 3.3).0. Given dy = x 2 (1 + y ).3) = 1. method of fourth order. 22.4)=2. 19.6) by Runge-Kutta method of dx fourth order.1 dx 1 + x 2 (8) 16.2).0.8) by Milne’s predictor-corrector method taking h=0. Using R. evaluate y(1. y (0) = 2. The values of y(0.4) and y(0. method of 4th order. y(4.3 given that dy = y 2 + xy. take h=0. Using Milne’s method find y(4.K.0143. 14. y (0) = 1. find y for x=0.2. y (0) = 2. Determine the value of y(0.979. y (1) = 1.1. (8) 18. y (0.3) = 1. y(0.0097 and y(4.2) and y(0.1) for the initial value problem dy xy = .. y (1.4) by dx Adams – Bashforth method. (8) ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ KINGS COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING. Compute y(0.1) = 1. method of fourth order..1). Given dy = x 3 + y. use dx (16) (16) 23.1) = 1.4. find y(0.6 using fourth order R. and also find the solution at x=0. solve dy y 2 − x 2 = .2) = 2.023 dx are got by R. Find y(0.0049. y (1.2.K.548.y(4. PUNAL KULAM .

y ) to be (i) elliptic (ii) parabolic (iii) hyperbolic when A. Write an explicit formula to solve numerically the heat equation (parabolic equation) u xx − au t = 0 . Write down the implicit formula to solve one dimensional heat flow equation u xx = 10.BOUNDARY VALUE PROBLEMS IN ORDINARY AND PARTIAL DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS Part – A 1. 5. Y91. 8. Consider the initial value problem (i) (ii) (iii) dy = y − x 2 + 1. Find y(0. y(1. dx (16) Using the modified Euler method.Corrector method. dy y 1 + = dx x x 2 25. State Schmidt’s explicit formula for solving heat flow equation. State the condition for the equation A u xx + Bu yy + Cu yy = f (u x .8).C are funby Bction of x and y.5. 3.4) and y(0.2) Using 4th order Runge-Kutta method. State the conditions for the equation. What is the value of k to solve 1 ut . x.E.972 (8) UNIT V .B. evaluate y(. 7. u y .1) = 0.B.3) = 0. Write the diagonal five point formula to solve Laplace equation u xx + u yy = 0 9. Write down the crank Nicolson formula to solve u xx = u t . A u xx + Bu yy + Cu yy + Du x + Eu y + Fu = G where A.4) . find y(0. find y(0. if y satisfies and y(1) = 1 . 2. c2 ∂u 1 = u xx by Bender-Schmidt method with h=1 if h and k ∂t 2 are the increments of x and t respectively? ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ KINGS COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING.6) Using Adam-Bashforth Predictor.MA 1251: NUMERICAL METHODS ____________________________________________________________________________________ 24. Give an exaple of a parabolic equation. y (0) = 0.D. Using the above predictor-corrector equations. What is the classification of f x − f yy = 0 ? 4. 6.996.F.G are function of x and y to be (i) elliptic (ii) parabolic (iii) hyperbolic.C. PUNAL KULAM .

Solve ∂ 2 u ∂u = subject to u(x.0) =u(0.t)=t for two time steps. Solve the equation y '' = x + y with boundary conditions y(0)=y(1)=0 numerically taking ∆ x=0. By Cranck-Nicholson method solve the equation and u(1.t)= Tl. Solve the Laplace’s equation over the square mesh of side 4 units satisfying the boundary conditions: U(0. PUNAL KULAM . u(l.0)=3x.u(x. What is Shooting method ? 14. u(0.t)=0. Solve ∇ 2 u = −10( x 2 + y 2 + 10.u(x. (16) (16) ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ KINGS COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING.0)=x(4-x) taking ∂t ∆x= ∆ t=1.y)=0. Derive Bender-Schmidt recurrence formula for solving u xx − au t = 0 with the boundary conditionu(0. Find the value of u upto t=3 using Bender-Schmidt explicit difference scheme . Define a difference quotient.25. 0<x<1.0)=f(x) for 0<x<l Also find corresponding recurrence relation.0)=0. Write down the finite difference scheme for solving the poison equation ∇ 2 u = 0. What is Liebmann’s principle? 13.4)= x 2 .t)=100sinπt.y)=12+y.MA 1251: NUMERICAL METHODS ____________________________________________________________________________________ 11.t) for 4 times steps with h=0.u(4. 0 ≤ y ≤ 4 U(x.) over the square mesh with sides x=0. Write different methods for solving B. 2 ∂t ∂t ∂x complete u(x.25 (8) 3. (8) 4.0)=0 ( x.P.x=3.y=0.t)=0 and u(1.t>0 given u(x. Solve ∂ 2u ∂x 2 (8) =2 ∂u given u(0. 2. 12.V. 5.0 ≤ x ≤ 4 7.t) = 0 ∂x 2 ∂t (8) ∂2 y ∂2 y ∂ = 2 . 0 ≤ x ≤ 4 .y=3 with u=0 on the boundary and mesh length of 1 unit. (8) 6. PART – B 1. u(4.u(x. 15.0 ≤ y ≤ 4 .t)=0.t)=T0.

Solve the following Poisson equation over the square region bounded by the lines ∂ 2u ∂ 2u 10. Solve the Poisson equation u xx + u yy = − x 2 y 2 over the square region bounded by the lines x=0. Solve the Poisson’s equation + 2 = −10( x 2 + y 2 + 10) over the square with sides 2 ∂x ∂y x=0=y. PUNAL KULAM . x=3=y with u=0 on the boundary and mesh length is 1. (5 iteration only) 1000 1000 1000 1000 500 0 0 1000 U1 U3 1000 U2 U4 (16) 12.y=3 given that u=0 throughout the boundaries taking h=1 i) ∇ 2 u = −( x + y ) 2 ii) ∇ 2 u = x 3 + y 3 (16) (16) 9.y=3 given that u=10 throughout the boundaries taking h=1. Use Leibmann’s iteration procedure. Solve ∇ 2 u = 0 at the pivotal posssints in the square shown fitted with square mesh. (16) 11.MA 1251: NUMERICAL METHODS ____________________________________________________________________________________ 8.y=0. the boundary conditions are given below. Solve ∆ 2 u=0.(give only three iteration) (16) 10 D0 A60 60 20 U1 U3 60 30B U2 U4 60C ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ KINGS COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING. Obtain a finite difference scheme to solve the Laplace equation. x=0.x=3.

0)= sin .0 ≤ x ≤ 2. t ≥ 0 with u(x. t t ≥ 0 given that u(x. Solve ∂ 2u ∂u πx = . ******* (8) ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ KINGS COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING.MA 1251: NUMERICAL METHODS ____________________________________________________________________________________ 13.u(5. for all t >0 16. Solve ∂t ∂x 2 using explicit method with ∆ x=0.3….25 2 ∂x ∂t 2 and ∆ x=0.t) = 0.t)=u(1. Solve ∂u ∂ 2 u = in 0<x<5. u(x.0) =20.2. 0<x<1 and u(0.t)=u(2. PUNAL KULAM .0)=x(1-x). 0 ≤ x ≤ 1.t)=0.4.t)=0. (8) 15. x(10 − x) and choosing h=1 and k suitably.2.u(0.5 for two times steps by Crank-Nicholson implicit finite difference method.3. Find ui.2 for 3 time steps.9 and j= 1.t) =100. and ∆ t=0. Compute u ∂t ∂x 2 for the time-step with h=1 by Cranck – Nicholson method.0<x<2.t)=0=u(10.t>0 and u(x.t).0)= i=1. (8) 14.j for 25 (8) ∂u ∂ 2 u = . u(0.t>0. Using Schmidt’s process solve 25 uxx=ut where 0<x<1 t>0 with boundary conditions u(0.