DC Migration and Consolidation Discovery Methodology

BRKDCT-2863

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Abstract
Data center migration and consolidation is a major undertaking that involves many different, often complex, components and technologies Careful planning is a critical phase during which a solid understanding of existing infrastructure and all associated environments is required This session helps data center managers and engineers identify focus areas and presents an overview of the discovery methodologies used to identify critical data center components like facilities, WAN, LAN, security, and applications, in both their physical and logical aspects The session highlights different tools and matrices that can be used to extract important information that is crucial to a successful migration/consolidation project Information gathered from the discovery can be used to create a migration or consolidation strategy that leads to a new architectural design and account for all aspects of existing environments

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Before We Get Started:
Intermediate level session focused on gathering of essential data for planning a data center consolidation or migration project Session is about discovery of DC components, not necessarily solutions Other recommended sessions: TECDCT-2887

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Agenda
Data Center Complexity Consolidation and Migration Discovery Tools and Methodologies
Applications Layer 2 and Layer 3 Layer 4 through Layer 7 Security Business Continuity Facilities

Case Study
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Data Center Complexity

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Complexity In The Enterprise Data Center
Current Infrastructure
Internet Data Center

Enterprise Data Center
Engineering Services NAS Filers E-Mail DNS IP Services RADIUS LDAP Operations Center

Public Web Site 100s of Servers with Integrated Storage

Enterprise Applications Under-utilized Resources and Services Operational Complexity Communications and Inefficiency Applications Computing RESILIENCE Infrastructure Inconsistent Security Storage Infrastructure Inconsistent DR Networking Infrastructure

TCO

E-Commerce Application

4-Tier Application App. Server E-Mail Appliances Finance, HR, Payroll and EDI JBOD Multiple 2-Tier ERP Instances

Tape Backup

Internet Data Center
Supply-Chain Management

Mainframe Systems NCR DB Server Traditional Voice PBX In-House Developed Apps 2-Tier CRM Application

AGILITY

Data Warehousing

Facilities Isolated Application Silos (Power, Cooling, Cabling, and Rigid Infrastructure Silos Physical Security)
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The Cisco Data Center
Mainframe Connectivity Enterprise Tape Storage Enterprise Disk Storage

Storage Switching
Virtual Fabrics (VSANs) MDS 9000 Family Storage Virtualization Data Replication Svcs Cisco Catalyst® 6500 Family Fabric Routing Svcs Storage Services

Server Farm Switching
Server Balancing VPN Termination SSL Termination Firewall Services Intrusion Detection Network Services SFS Family

Server Fabric Switching
V Server Virtualization VFrame
Virtual I/O Grid/Utility Computing Low Latency RDMA Services Clustering Virtualization Services
UNIX

NAS

WIN

Enterprise NAS Storage

UNIX/Windows Servers

Blade Servers Virtual Private Server Fabric#1 Virtual Private Server Fabric#2 Virtual Private Server Fabric#3 (Blade-Based)

Enterprise Grid

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Consolidation and Migration

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Motivation—Why?
Shared Infrastructure Physical Consolidation/ Upgrade Network Virtualization Server Virtualization Legacy to Next Generation 10 Gb Infrastructure Management and Support Business Continuance Industry Compliancy Cost Savings Centralized Data Centers Integrated Management Increased ROI Decreased TCO Highly Available

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Migration and Consolidation
Objective What do I have today that is mission critical that needs to be migrated without downtime? Where do we start the migration process? What do I need to discover and why? What are the important elements within the DC that needs to be considered for migration planning? End Goal A Migration and Consolidation Plan Low Level Design
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Consolidated Data Centers
1. Consolidate Data Centers, Servers and Storage
N-Tier Front End Storage Network Applications Network

Web Servers

App Servers

DB Servers

IP Layer 2/3

2. Minimize Downtime Costs and Improve Business Continuance by Inter-Connecting Redundant Data Centers
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Evolution of the Data Center Infrastructure
Phased Approach
Develop Migration Strategy
Server Data Storage Fabric Network Network Network

Future Ready DC
Enterprise Applications

AUTOMATION
Dynamic Provisioning and Information Lifecyle Management (ILM) to Enable Business Agility Business Policies On-Demand Service Oriented

LAN WAN MAN

SAN

HPC Cluster GRID

VIRTUALIZATION
Management of Resources Independent of Underlying Physical Infrastructure to Increase Utilization, Efficiency and Flexibility

Intelligent Information Network

Compute

CONSOLIDATION
Centralization and Standardization to Lower Costs, Improve Efficiency and Uptime Compute Network Storage

Network

Storage

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Consolidation Approaches
Rationalized Increase in ROI (Decreasing TCO)
Co-Location of Equipment + Rationalized Grouping Based on Requirements such as Security, Application Dependencies, Risk Profiles, Server, Network or Storage Characteristics What are the Other Factors that Need to be Taken into Account for this Solution? Future Anticipation and Direction

Logical
Co-Location of Equipment + Grouping by Functionality such as WEB, Middle Ware, DB

Where are the Resources? How Many App Tiers? Common Apps? Load-balanced vs. Non?

Physical

How Many Sites? Geographical Can Equipment Be Re-used? Co-Location of Equipment

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Degree of Complexity
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Consolidation—Flavors
Existing site or green field Single site consolidation—in place consolidation Multiple site consolidation—from many to few
Reducing number of datacenters
Migrating infrastructure components to fewer locations, without any optimization

Migration + optimization
Reducing the number of infrastructure components and increasing resource utilization

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Discovery Tools and Methodologies

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Discovery Tools and Methodologies
Enterprise Architecture Model
Business Layer Application Layer Data Layer Platform Layer Network Layer Physical Layer
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High Level Business Needs and Business Processes Business Applications, Dependencies Among them and Application-interface Data Requirements, Dependencies, Data Maintenance, Distribution and Sharing in Support of Application Architecture OS, DBMS, Application Servers, Middleware, and Servers Hosting Software and Applications Hardware and Network Components Including LANs, WANs, Access, Distribution, Core, SAN, Optical, CDN, etc. Power, UPS, Cooling, Access, Fire Suppression, Floor Space/Type, Generators, Compliance
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Application Architecture Integration Architecture Data Architecture Storage Architecture System Software Server Architecture Security Software Network Architecture Power/Cooling Architecture Cabling Architecture
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Discovery Tools & Methodologies
Discovery Elements
Network Infrastructure Solution
Cisco 7600, Catalyst 6500

Application Solution
Linux/HP, Solaris/SunFire, WebLogic, J2EE Custom App, Etc.

Layers 4–7 Services Solution
ACE, AXG, WAAS, GSS, CSM, SSLM

Database Solution
Linux/HP, Solaris/ SunFire, Oracle 10G RAC, Etc.

Network Security Solution
FWSM, IDSM, ASA5550, ADM, AGM, CSA

Management and Instrumentation Solution
Terminal Servers, NAM, Cisco Works LMS/VMS, ANM, VFrame, ISC

SAN Solution
MDS9000

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Discovery Tools & Methodologies
Applications, Business Requirements & Policies, Cost drive discovery methods Every Business Unit/Clients have their own requirements Do we know how many applications ? What are the migration or consolidation dependencies ? Can we test prior to cut-over ? How deterministic ? How do we manage transition ?
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Applications LAN Security Customization Availability Performance

Clients Access WAN Legacy Storage Convergence Facilities

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Applications

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Discovery Tools and Methodologies
Applications Discovery
Application Technology Infrastructure Discovery
Server inventory (ip address, DNS name) Server physical connectivity to the access layer Server network topology

List with connections type between user community and Server layer List with Servers ip addresses accessed by the user User community—ip address range (s) List with connections type to the End servers List with all the “End “type servers identified by Ip addresses. List with all the server groups—labeled as containers List with all servers ip addresses from each group List with all the flows related to each group List with application transport type for each group
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Application (s) Transport Topology Discovery User Access View

Back End Server View Application N-tier

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Discovery Tools and Methodologies
Applications Discovery
Application (s) External Data Communication Definition of the Application Tier functionality based on data transport Graphical representation of the Application Tiered structured by data flow type Identification of inter-application communication flows Graphical representation of the Inter-application communication by data flow type Flow transport characteristics table Flow transport pattern table

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Discovery Tools & Methodologies
Applications Discovery

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Discovery Tools & Methodologies
Available Tools
Layers Application, Servers and Software (that resides on the servers) Asset Discovery BDNA Tideway CiRBA HP/Mercury n-Layers HP/Mercury n-Layers NetFlow + OpNet Tideway CiRBA Dependency Mapping Consolidation Analysis

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Discovery Tools and Methodologies
Application, Server Discovery and Connection Mapping
Capture based on nLayers Showing connection maps Showing services running on a host

(Does Not Map to Network)

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Discovery Tools & Methodologies
Application, Server Connection Mapping
Applications Name Host Server Name Host Primary IP Destination Host Destination Server Name Destination Port

Connection

Oracle 9.0

DB_Web1

172.28.140.222

DNS

172.28.140.193

NSDCSTL01

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Oracle 9.0

DB_Web1

172.28.140.222

DNS

172.28.141.5

DCSTL01

53

Oracle 9.0

Db_Web1

172.28.140.222

DNS

172.28.146.42

DCSTL02

53

Apache 2.3

CHARTS1

172.28.140.222

HTTP

172.28.144.47

MCAFEESTL1

80

CHARTS

CHARTS1

172.28.140.222

Kerberos

172.28.140.193

NSDCSTL01

88

Tool Identifies Applications Oracle, Apache, SAP Based on Signatures
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Discovery Tools & Methodologies
Application and Server Inventory
Capture based on BDNA Relies on scanning the network Shows everything possible on a server (NICs, MACs, CPUs, Memory, type of APPs running), etc.

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Layer 2 - Layer 3

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Discovery Tools & Methodologies
Layers of the Enterprise Multi-Tier Model
Layer 2 and layer 3 access topologies Dual and single attached 1RU and blade servers Multiple aggregation modules Web/app/database multi-tier environments L2 adjacency requirements Mix of over-subscription requirements Environmental implications Stateful services for security and load balancing
Blade Chassis w/ Integrated Switch Blade Chassis w/ Pass Thru L2 w/ Clustering and NIC Teaming
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Enterprise Core DC Core DC Aggregation

DC Access

Mainframe w/ OSA

L3 Access

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Discovery Tools & Methodologies
VRFs in the virtualized DC
Existing virtualization/ partitioning of network resources (MSFC, ACE, FWSM) if any Current use of application services with multiple access topologies Current path isolation MAN/WAN designs such as with MPLS Current security policy management and deployment by user group or VRF

VRF-Green VRF-Blue VRF-Red

MPLS or Other Core

DC Core Agg1 Agg2
Alternate Primary Contexts on Agg1 and 2 to Achieve ActiveActive Design 802.1Q Trunks

Firewall and SLB Contexts for Green, Blue, and Red VLANs Isolate Contexts on Access

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Discovery Tools & Methodologies
Layer 2/3 Discovery
Underlying design VLAN schemes mapped to applications Server VLAN layout VLANs allowed on trunks STP Trunks Port-Channels L2 security if any L3 traffic analysis VRF policies Other

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Discovery Tools & Methodologies
Choice of Tools
Layers Asset Discovery CNC (Cisco Discovery) + Cisco Works netIQ Fabric Manager Dependency Mapping Cisco Works CS-MARS Manual Manual Manual Consolidation Analysis Manual Manual Manual Manual

Network SAN

Storage Arrays Vendor Tool Facilities APC

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Discovery Tools & Methodologies
Layer 2/3 Discovery

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Layer 4 - Layer 7

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Discovery Tools & Methodologies
Layer 4/7 Discovery
Application dependencies Protocol & ports info Application security SSL offloading Application redundancy

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Discovery Tools & Methodologies
Flows, Connections, Sessions

A Content Switch Maintains Much More State Than a Router, on a per-Flow Basis
Three main types of flows TCP: IP protocol, src/dst IP, src/dst L4 port, TCP state UDP: IP protocol, src/dst IP, src/dst L4 port Generic IP: source/destination IP TCP flows (connections) require setup and tear down Multiple flows between the same client and server might be logically grouped into a session

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Discovery Tools & Methodologies
Bridged Mode

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Discovery Tools & Methodologies
Routed Mode

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Discovery Tools & Methodologies
“One-Arm” Mode

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Discovery Tools & Methodologies
Understanding Application Flows

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Security

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Discovery Tools & Methodologies
Security Discovery
Positioning of security zones Security policies mapped to business policies Different levels of security

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Discovery Tools and Methodologies
Enterprise Datacenter Network
Core
Si Si

Firewall ACLs Firewalling
Firewall

Stateful inspection Application inspection

Aggregation AVS ACE

AVS ACE

Firewall / VPN Infrastructure Management

Access

Posture

Antivirus / Antispyware
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Discovery Tools and Methodologies
Enterprise Datacenter Network
Core
Si Si

MD5 Aggregation Private VLAN

Infrastructure AAA CoPP SNMP v3 SSH uRPF IGP/EGP MD5 L2 security features
Firewall / VPN Infrastructure Management Posture Identity

Identity

IPS
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L2 Security Access

Antivirus / Antispyware
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IPS
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Discovery Tools and Methodologies
Enterprise Datacenter Network
Core
Si Si

Management NetFlow Syslog SNMP MARS
NetFlow, Syslog, SNMPv3
Firewall / VPN Infrastructure Management

Aggregation

Access

Posture

Antivirus / Antispyware
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Discovery Tools and Methodologies
Enterprise Datacenter Network
Core
Si Si

Identity

IPS
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IPS Host Network

Aggregation

IPSM

Firewall / VPN Infrastructure Management

Access CSA

Posture

Antivirus / Antispyware
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Identity

IPS
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Discovery Tools & Methodologies
Cisco Monitoring, Analysis and Response System

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Business Continuity

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Discovery Tools & Methodologies
Current BR Analysis: The Big Picture
Internet
Stateful Firewalls Stateful Firewalls Content Caching Server Load Balancing Intrusion Detection High Density Multilayer LAN Switch

Internet

High Density Multilayer LAN Switch

Server Load Balancing

SONET/SDH

Front-End Application Servers

Front-End Application Servers

Application Middleware/DB Server Clusters

DWDM/ CWDM

Application Middleware/DB clusters

High Density Multilayer SAN Director

Backend Enterprise-Class Storage Arrays

IP/Metro E

Backend Enterprise-Class Storage Arrays

High Density Multilayer SAN Director

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Discovery Tools & Methodologies
Distributed DC Impact: Application Perspective

APP A

APP B

FCIP Link (FC frames tunneled over IP network)

APP A

APP B

IP Network

FC

Production Data Center
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IP Storage Services Module for FCIP (GigE) in MDS9000 switch

FC

Back-up Data Center
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Discovery Tools & Methodologies
Redundant Everything
Production Site

Geographic Load Balancer Site Load Balancer Web Server Clusters Application Server Clusters DB Replication Database Server Clusters Disk

Transaction Replication

Remote Copy

Geographic Load Balancer Secondary Site
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Site Load Balancer

Web Server Clusters

Application Server Clusters

Database Server Clusters

PIT Image, Tape B/U
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Technology Approach
Client application level
The Application is built from day-one with health check, multi-site/server capability, recovery and integrity checks mechanism

Features required
Ability to direct the client to multiple servers and sites Ability to actively monitor the health of the end services at network, server, and application level Health monitoring involves status and also performance monitoring State full behavior between intermediaries to allow seamless failover and ease of change management

Intermediaries
Network module Appliances Software on general purpose servers

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Facilities

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Discovery Tools & Methodologies
Facilities Discovery
Power Cable Racks Space Cooling

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Discovery Tools & Methodologies
What are the variables? Name Plate or Average Operating Consumption? DC versus AC Power? How to calculate data center efficiency? How to measure at the systems level? Why should IT care? Cooling supply versus air distribution What is the networks role and where is it going? Where to learn more?
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Source: Gartner; Meeting the DC power and cooling challenge
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Discovery Tools & Methodologies
Facilities Discovery

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Network Equipment Distribution
Facilities Building Blocks EoR, MoR and ToR
To network aggregation
End of Row
▪Traditionally used on modular access environments ▪Copper from server to access switches ▪Poses challenges on highly dense server farms ▪Use is starting to increase ▪Copper from servers to access switches ▪Fiber may be used to aggregate ToR ▪It addresses aggregation requirements for ToR access environments
Patch panel X-connect Network Access Point Patch panel X-connect

Copper runs

Patch panel server

Patch panel server

Middle of Row

Network Access Point Patch panel X-connect server server

Fiber runs

To network core
Top of Rack Network Aggregation Point Top of Rack server Top of Rack Top of Rack server

ToR

Top of Rack Top of Rack server

Top of Rack Top of Rack server

▪Used in conjunction with dense access racks(1U servers) ▪Typically one access switch per rack ▪Typically ~10-15 server per rack ▪Front and back of rack are possible ▪May use copper or fiber
▪Copper may need MoR ▪Fiber is more flexible

Network Aggregation Point server server server server

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Discovery Tools and Methodologies
Data Center “Zoning”
Allows for a mixed environment of high density/low density Allows for targeted availability, service levels, cooling and UPS run-time Aligns well to virtualized environments

Power & Cooling 20kW Per Rack
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Power & Cooling 5kW Per Rack
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Take Away Points

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Take Away Points
• Data Center migration & consolidation is a complex process with complex end-to-end dependencies. It can be broken into easier to manage components Start with understanding and profiling the applications thoroughly L2 – L7 components dependent on business policies and application requirements. Be aware of facilities planning Leverage available tools to discover different components, specially in legacy environments

• • •

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Case Study

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Case Study – The landscape
Existing data center with more than 1,600 servers Data center hosts services for 15 different business units Silos within the data center. Some business units sharing the service modules, others have their own. No single policy or procedure to connect to new partners

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Case Study – New Data Center
New Data Center built 60 miles apart Based on three tier architecture: Web, Application, Database to be shared among Bus Web, application and database tiers in separate security zones Number of physical servers reduced to 700 plus. Consolidation of services (load balancing, security, partner connections)

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Data Center Consolidation and Migration Challenges
Change of security model Phased migration – Issues of default gateway, L2 extensions Discovering technical and architecture impact due to reduction in server footprint

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Architecture Difference
Data Center 11 Data Center Data Center 22 Data Center

Before

After

Si
Si Si

Si

Si

Si

Mapping of each layer

Si
Si Si Si Si

Si

Virtualized Shared Architecture Model

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F C

F C

F C

F C

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Solution for Application Availability
Data Center 11 Data Center Data Center 22 Data Center
Metro Ethernet

Si Si Si Si Si Si Si

Si

Si Si Si Si Si

Si

Virtualized Shared Architecture
F C F C F C
F C

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Q and A

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Recommended Reading
Continue your Cisco Live learning experience with further reading from Cisco Press Check the Recommended Reading flyer for suggested books

Available Onsite at the Cisco Company Store
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