CURRENT AFFAIRS: JANUARY 2011

NATIONAL AFFAIRS RBI s Mid-Term Policy Review On January 25, 2011, the Reserve Bank of India raised its policy interest rates by a quarter percentage point, squeezing money supply again in the economy in its battle to control price rise. It also upped its inflation forecast, underlining a grim posture. The RBI raised the repo rate, at which it lends to banks, by 25 basis points to 6.5%, while the reverse repo, at which it takes bank funds, rose by the same measure to 5.5%. Such squeezes are aimed at making loans costlier to control demand, and thus, inflation. The RBI kept options open for a further squeeze on rates, even as it maintained that GDP growth would be a strong 8.5% in 2010-11, although it might ease the following year. It revised up the benchmark inflation estimate based on wholesale prices to 7.0% at end-March from 5.5%. Inflation stemming from structural demand-supply mismatches in several non-cereal food items such as pulses, oil-seeds, eggs, fish, meat and milk is likely to persist till supply response kicks in," said the RBI. Rural job Plan turns five but a lot needs to be done The Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act, UPA s flagship aam admi scheme, turned five on February 2, 2011. However, more than 30% of the rural India working under the right-to-work act continue to receive wages below the guaranteed minimum as per the minimum wages act. On January 14, the Ministry of Rural Development issued a notification revising the wage rates under the MNREGA from Rs 100 per day to between Rs 117 and Rs 181 (17-30 % hike) in different States. The revision under Section 6(1) of the 2005 Act, coming in wake of inflationary pressures on the poor, adjusts the wages by indexing it to the Consumer Price Index of Agricultural Laborers (CPIAL). Though the Ministry claims the revision takes NREGA wages above the minimum wages in 26 States and Union Territories, analysis shows the other eight States that continue getting less than minimum wages constitute 1.3 crore households or 31% of the total 4.1 crore households provided work till January 31, 2011. The eight include smaller States such as Goa and Mizoram, which have less number of workers under the scheme. But, the States also include the two showpieces under MNREGA Andhra Pradesh and Rajasthan that brought in reforms like social audit, post office-bank payments into the mother of all schemes with a budget allocation of Rs 40,100 in 2010-11. Though numerous villages, like Saru in Udaipur district of Rajasthan, have benefited from MNREGA, the average they receive is under Rs 100 a day, forcing many to go in search of work as far as Ahmedabad, Surat where they Rs 200 to Rs 250 per day. Srikrishna panel report The Justice B.N. Srikrishna Committee report was made public on January 6, 2011. It has strongly advocated maintaining united Andhra Pradesh along with creation of statutory Telangana Regional Council to address the core socio-economic concerns of the backward region. This is the most workable option in the given circumstances and in the best interest of the social and economic welfare of people of all the three regions in the state, the committee said in its 500-page report. The five-member panel was set up in February 2010 to examine the competing demands for carving out a separate Telangana State and maintaining the status quo. After an elaborate exercise involving interactions with various groups, field visits and examining over 2.50 lakh petitions, the committee presented a set of six options and discussed their pros and cons in great detail. The stress on maintaining unity formed a common thread that ran through the report.

Indian business interest in Indonesia is kindled not only by the fact of its large. 2001: K. but also because it is the gateway to the ASEAN. Bifurcation into Rayala-Telangana and coastal Andhra regions with Hyderabad being an integral part of Rayala-Telangana. Telangana was part of the Hyderabad State for 400 years. was the Chief Guest at the founding of the Indian republic. the report said. Visit of President of Indonesia History met geography when Indonesian President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono took the salute as the Chief Guest at India s 62nd Republic Day parade on January 26. and therefore. air services agreement. protocol for extension of the MOU on cooperation in marine and fisheries. 2011.On bifurcation. The main accords signed by the two sides were: MOU for cooperation in the field of education. President Yudhoyono came to Delhi with a large business delegation and witnessed the signature of a clutch of agreements. New investment commitments worth $12 billion were signed. The two States will develop their own capitals in due course of time. 1969: Telangana Praja Samiti was formed. India and Indonesia signed nearly 30 agreements. Chandrashekhara Rao forms Telangana Rashtra Samiti (TRS). In 1956. MOU for the development of urea manufacturing plant in Indonesia. this decision will give rise to serious and violent agitations in coastal Andhra and Rayalaseema regions where backlash will be immediate. which has been the single point agenda of Telangana protagonists. It will give fillip to other similar demands. Andhra and Rayalaseema separated from Madras. 238 million population. a region of over 300 million people that spans 10 States from Myanmar to the Philippines. and pledged to achieve a bilateral trade target of $ 25 billion by 2015. However. The panel said: We are convinced that the development aspect is of utmost importance for the welfare of all the three regions and could best be addressed through a model that includes deeper and more extensive economic and political decentralisation. the committee warned that division of the State would have repercussions in other regions. including between private enterprises. including an extradition treaty and a mutual legal assistance treaty. This Union Territory will have geographical linkage and contiguity via Nalgonda district in the south-east to district Guntur in coastal Andhra and via Mahboobnagar district in the south to Kurnool district in Rayalaseema. in 1950. whose close friends Jawaharlal Nehru and Biju Patnaik helped defy the Dutch colonial embargoes of the late 1940s that enabled Indonesia gain independence. The OPTIONS Maintaining status quo but allow economic and political de-centralisation. the key issues being Hyderabad and sharing of water and irrigation resources. MOU on . a large market. Bifurcation into Seemandhra and Telangana with enlarged Hyderabad Metropolis as a separate Union Territory. MOU on the establishment of biennial trade ministers forum. In 1953. MOU on cooperation in oil and gas. Andhra merged with Telangana. 2000: TDP opposes creation of Telangana. If earlier agitations are anything to go by. President Soekarno. Elaborating further on consequences of splitting the State. with the Indians looking to put their money in infrastructure projects such as airports. Historical Timeline Andhra. Bifurcation of the State into Seemandhra and Telangana. as that would only create a demand for a great number of smaller States resulting in problems of coordination and management. with Hyderabad as a Union Territory. railways and ports. Bifurcation into Telangana and Seemandhra as per existing boundaries with Hyderabad as the capital of Telangana and Seemandhra to have a new capital. 1972: Jai Andhra movement in Rayalaseema and coastal Andhra. from about $ 11 billion in 2009-10. Rayalaseema were part of Madras province. The matter should also be seen in the larger context of whether a region can be allowed to decide for itself what its political status should be. the Committee said: The division will also have serious implications outside AP. the Committee said it was the second best option but could be recommended only in case it is unavoidable and if this decision can be reached amicably among all three regions.

Removal from the Entity List eliminates a licence requirement specific to the companies. 2011. Justice Patil report on 2G Scam The one-man committee headed by retired Supreme Court judge Justice Shivraj V. after their summit talks in New Delhi. These changes reaffirm the US commitment to work with India on our mutual goal of strengthening the global nonproliferation framework. Solid Propellant Space Booster Plant (SPROB). The decision was taken during the meeting of India s Commerce and Industry Minister Anand Sharma and Italian Minister for Economic Development Paolo Romani. India and Italy decided to set up a Joint Business Council (JBC). four remaining subsidiaries of the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) in the US sanction list and another four of the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO). in Rome. The nine entities are Bharat Dynamics Ltd (BDL). and Vikram Sarabhai Space Center (VSSC) are the four ISRO subsidiaries. infrastructure and manufacturing. Defence Research and Development Lab (DRDL). has identified the guilty in the report which was submitted on January 31. from its export control Entity List in an attempt to expand high technology trade and strategic cooperation with India. to work together in areas like ICT. who was appointed by the Telecom Ministry to look into the lapses in the allocation of the 2G Spectrum.cooperation in the field of micro. Raja resigned. coinciding with the bilateral ministerial meeting. the Prime Minister announced a scheme of granting visa on arrival to the citizens of Indonesia. . Hirschhorn. including those from ISRO and DRDO. Missile Research and Development Complex and Solid State Physics Laboratory Liquid Propulsion Systems Center. After former Telecom Minister A. MOU on cooperation in science and technology. 2010. The DRDO subsidiaries are Armament Research and Development Establishment (ARDE). small and medium enterprises. ISRO The US has removed nine Indian space and defence related companies. In the field of tourism. In a joint statement issued after the talks between the Prime Minister and the Indonesian President. The US decision meets a long pending Indian demand and is the first step to implement the export control policy initiative announced by US President Barack Obama and Prime Minister Manmohan Singh on November 8. and results in the companies off the list being treated the same way as any other destination in India for export licensing purposes. Romani assured India that Italian entrepreneurs would take huge advantage of the investment opportunities in India. the panel was set up on December 13 2010 to look into the Spectrum allocation procedures and policies from 2001 to 2009. Patil. As a step towards this objective. It will meet once a year. from 16 per cent now. 2011. the two countries unequivocally condemned terrorism in all its forms and manifestations and stressed that there could be no justification whatsoever for any act of terrorism. India. The period also included the issuing of telecom licences during the NDA regime. a bilateral trade cooperation body. Sharma informed Romani that India would soon come out with a manufacturing policy aimed at increasing the contribution of manufacturing to 24 per cent of the GDP. Seeking closer cooperation in infrastructure sector. the two leaders recognized that a quantum leap in tourism between India and Indonesia was desirable to strengthen vibrant and long-standing people-to-people ties. and MOU between the Press Council of India and the Press Council of Indonesia. said US Under-Secretary of Commerce Eric L. The JBC will be managed by FICCI from the Indian side and by CONFINDUSTRIA from the Italian side. Sriharikota Space Center (SHAR). Italy to set-up joint trade panel On January 31. The two ministers also discussed the importance of SMEs and it was agreed that soon industry chambers of both the countries would organise workshops and seminars. USA lifts export curbs on DRDO.

with massive. New PM appointed in Jordan following protests On January 31. Thousands of admirers braved a driving rain and cheered as Rousseff rode to her inauguration in a 1953 Rolls Royce flanked by an all-female security detail. The former Marxist guerrilla. the BJP-led NDA Government was at the Centre and Raja had been saying that he only followed the policies of his predecessors. especially among the poor. 2010. The move came following protests inspired by mass demonstrations in Tunisia and Egypt. The panel has nailed A. including former DoT Secretary Siddharth Behura and R. including an overvalued currency that is hurting industry. thanks largely to his social welfare policies and stable economic management that made Brazil a darling among Wall Street investors. Justice Patil said that in the report he had suggested remedial measure with regard to the licensing policies and procedures. but the opposition dismissed the move as insufficient. INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS Dilma Rousseff is Brazil s first woman President On January 1. The report also named seven other officials in the Department of Telecom (DoT). The coming decade also looks bright. Marouf Bakhit was appointed as the Prime Minister of Jordan by King Abdullah. More than 20 million Brazilians were lifted out of poverty during Lula's eight years in office. and notorious bureaucracy that stifles investment and discourages innovation. Adoption of Finland s procedural model is also under consideration. especially to critical posts. The panel was also asked to examine if procedures were followed consistently and if these were followed in fair and transparent manner and report any deviation. who evolved over the years into a pragmatic civil servant with a professed obsession for reducing poverty. posting on websites the names of officials involved in corruption cases and permission to prosecute identified cases. Critical steps under active consideration by the government include instructions to clearly mention on files involving clearances by them whether the decision was a government one (taken by the Cabinet) or one by the official himself. Chandolia. Rousseff also faces a long list of daunting challenges that Lula failed to tackle. a former metalworkers' union leader who leaves office with an approval rating of 87 per cent and near folk-hero status. smiled broadly and clapped along with spectators as she was sworn in before the Congress. He said that procedural shortcomings were found in applications of telecom operators and that there were many shortcomings on the part of DoT officials in implementing procedures. Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva. rampant public spending that is fueling inflation. 2011. Raja for procedural lapses. Yet. Dilma Rousseff became the Brazil's first female President. Justice Patil clarified that procedural lapses of different types were found in different periods and that referred to not just the particular year in question but also before that.During 2001-04. Concerning the guilty identified in the report. a former lieutenant of Raja. She has promised to build on an unprecedented run of economic success achieved by her popular predecessor and mentor. newly discovered offshore oil reserves due to be exploited and the World Cup and Olympics to be hosted here. Other steps being planned are: Proper scrutiny of officials before appointments. His opponents sought to reverse . Country s top audit body Comptroller and Auditor General (CAG) had earlier alleged that several operators had suppressed information while applying in 2007 to bag licences and the 2G Spectrum from A Raja.K. shortcomings and lapses. Perhaps the biggest task will be living up to the example set by Lula. Patil said he could not produce supporting documents as they were with the CBI. A 20-point agenda to bring about procedural improvements to achieve this goal is on the anvil. The earlier Prime Minister Samir Rifal was criticized for following a pro-Western reforms agenda. Prime Minister draws up 20-point agenda on Corruption Prime Minister Manmohan Singh has outlined a comprehensive agenda to make transparency and ethics the core focus of governance at all levels.

how they would split oil revenues after secession and the ownership of the disputed Abyei region. 2011. a local NGO. however. Threats were made. 2011. south Sudan will be able to declare independence on July 9. makes the fate of the 19.free market reforms they say have cut State support for East Bank Jordinians. Religious parties have been able to force Prime Minister Yousuf Raza Gilani to step back from the government's earlier stance of changing these laws Taseer's killing due to his support for a woman convicted under the blasphemy law is yet another addition to the list of those killed as a direct or indirect consequence of this legislation. the original inhabitants of the country who depend on government support more than Jordinains of Palestinian origins. as there is no clear road-map regarding the future monitoring. as per the result declared on January 30. 2011. and protests held against Taseer after he visited Aasia Bibi. and expressed his support for her. currency and trade differences. once again drew attention to Pakistan's controversial blasphemy laws. The vote was promised in a 2005 peace-deal which ended decades of north-south conflict. including the position of their shared border. Kiir. Salmaan Taseer. Thousands cheered. on January 4. South Sudan says Yes to secession South Sudan has overwhelmingly voted to split from the north in a referendum intended to end decades of civil war. . the Dalai Lama. Sudan s overall president Omar Hassan al-Bashir. the pomp and rhetoric did little to resolve acrimony between the two countries over US interference in South China Sea. Africa s longest civil war which cost an estimated 2 million lives. the UN ended its peace mission as the government and the main Opposition Maoists inked a crucial eleventh-hour deal to monitor fragile peace process. Leaders from the SPLM and Bashir s northern National Congress Party (NCP) still have to agree on a list of politically sensitive issues. US policies on Taiwan. instituted by military strongman General Zia Ul Haq. This was the first visit of a Chinese President to USA in 13 years. for agreeing to the 2005 accord. The UN mission was tasked to supervise the arms and the army of the former rebels and the military. praised his former civil war foe. which have been at the center of debate of late. According to data compiled by the National Commission for Justice and Peace. UN ends Peace Mission in Nepal On January 15. extra-judicial killings of those accused under the country's blasphemy laws started in 1990. integration and rehabilitation of the former combatants. Governor of Punjab province of Pakistan assassinated for supporting a woman convicted under blasphemy law The assassination of former Governor of Punjab province of Pakistan.57 per cent of voters from the south s 10 States chose to secede. The government said a special committee comprising representatives from the main political parties would monitor the exguerrillas. but the laws were in place since 1980. pending any legal challenges to the results. According to the terms of the accord.000 Maoist combatants confined in the cantonments uncertain. Visit of Chinese President to USA President Hu Jintao of China visited USA in second week of January 2011 to narrow rifts between the world s top two economies. a Christian woman awarded the death sentence for committing blasphemy. 2011. UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon praised north and south Sudan for the peaceful vote but said he was concerned about the unresolved issues. The UNMIN closure. the head of the former southern rebel Sudan People s Liberation Movement (SPLM). However. The State-run Chinese media recorded the visit as a successful summit of equals. which the Maoists do not agree to. danced and ululated after officials said 99.

Europe is home to 2. The analysis was conducted by two giant non-profit groups interested in religion: the Pew Research Center and the John Templeton Foundation. and that number is projected to be around 79 percent in 2030. that percentage will be 26. The drop was driven by sub-sector declines in Integrated Circuits. as measured by patent volume.7 percent of the world's Muslims. Global Innovation Report. India will remain home to the world's third largest Muslim population. Computers & Peripherals tops the list of the most innovative technology areas with the highest volume of patent activity for second consecutive year. followed by Korean manufacturers LG and Samsung. . Key findings between 2009 and 2010 innovation data include: Aerospace technology area blasts into a new orbit: In addition to increasing overall activity by 25% year over year. According to the study's projections. West Asia and North Africa.6 million in 2010 to 6. However. the world's most trusted source of patent information. The number of US Muslims will more than double. President Jintao warned USA to keep away from Tibet or else bilateral ties will be greatly effected.4 percent of the world's population of 6. in 2030. according to a broad new demographic analysis that is likely to spark controversy in the West. The human rights were clearly the top concern of USA despite the economic ties between the two countries.4. a percentage that is predicted to remain stable. The 2010 Innovation Report: Twelve Key Technology Areas and Their States of Innovation tracks patent activity in key technology areas using the Thomson Reuters Derwent World Patents Index® (DWPISM) database. shifted across 12 major technology areas from 2009 to 2010. The study which uses a dizzying mix of public and private data sources makes it clear that even rapid growth among Muslims will not produce dramatic demographic shifts in most parts of the world. and Memories. Muslim population growth and fertility rates will continue to decline. despite an overall decline from 2009: The Computers & Peripherals technology area published 212. falling 9% last year. this is a 6% decline from the level seen in 2009. the largest aerospace sub-sector increase from 2009 to 2010 occurred in the field of Space Vehicles and Satellite Technology. Semiconductor innovation short circuits: The Semiconductor technology area saw the largest drop in innovation activity across the 12 areas tracked. Or it could calm those fears by providing evidence that Muslim populations in the West will remain relatively tiny. which jumped up 108%. who argue that the religion is at odds with Western values and worry that the number of Muslim extremists is on the rise. The Future of the Global Muslim Population may be the first to attempt to map the Muslim population of most of the world's countries. Among its other projections are: Muslim populations in some parts of Europe will reach the double digits. This is part of a larger project to map the population of all the world's religions. followed by Japan's Toshiba. 2010 Innovation levels.During the joint press conference President Jintao admitted that his country needed to do a lot more on human rights. Film & Hybrid Circuits. a day after President Obama asked him to talk to representatives of the Dalai Lama to resolve the issue. Pakistan will overtake Indonesia as the world's most populous Muslim nation. The innovators with the most patent activity in this sub-sector were Korean manufacturers Samsung and Hynix Semiconductor. according to the second annual analysis of world patent activity published by the IP Solutions business of Thomson Reuters. The one Semiconductor sub-sector showing growth in 2010 was Materials and Processes. The three companies in this area were Japanese manufacturer Sharp. Eighty-two percent of the world's Muslims live in Asia. Muslims make up 23. Muslim demographic peak over next 20 years The world's Muslim population will grow at double the rate of non-Muslims over the next 20 years.2 million in 2030. earning it the top slot among the 12 areas in the analysis. from 2. The analysis could fuel critics of Islam in Europe and the United States. Discrete Devices.3 percent by 2030.9 billion.622 unique inventions in 2010. with France and Belgium at 10.

DO YOU KNOW Per capita income of Indians grew by 14. the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund accepted GDP as a method to assess a nation's economy. from Rs 40. ICICI Bank has entered into an agreement with Indian Army for extending modern banking products to the personnel in uniform. Per capita income means earnings of each Indian if the national income is evenly divided among the country's population at 117 crore (1.1 per cent over Rs 52. Starbucks will set up stores in the Tata group s retail outlets and hotels and source roast coffee beans from Tata Coffee s Kodagu facility.8 per cent growth in fiscal 2008-09. Kurien as Wipro s new CEO.5 per cent to Rs 46. the world s largest coffee retailer.345 calculated by the Central Statistical Organisation. The idea of gross domestic product came into existence after the Great Depression and World War II. Leasing & Finance Services (IL&FS) will be the new promoter of Maytas Properties.33.K.30 billion) in 2009-10. Wipro Chairman Azim Premji has done away with the dual helmsman-ship model and appointed T. The vehicle has been named Genio.17 billion). the cash-strapped company owned by family members of disgraced Satyam founder Ramalinga Raju. from its number four position that it held before the acquisition.605 in 2008-09. or gross domestic income (GDI). His idea was to calculate all economic production by individuals. Gopinath. up 16. to create a $1billion entity Starbucks. to launch Powerfly.86 billion) in FY'09. known as the pioneer of low-cost carriers in India. The new per capita income figure estimates on current market prices is over Rs 2. 13 years after he and fellow Stanford University student Sergy Brin founded what has become the world s number one internet search engine.230 crore (Rs 61.Business News The NASDAQ-listed iGate has sealed the deal to buy Patni Computers. the Indian economy expanded by 8 per cent during the fiscal ended March 2010. Per capita income (at 2004-05 prices) stood at Rs 33. has launched a pick-up vehicle based on the Xylo model. is the market value of all final goods and services produced within a country in a given period of time. catapulting the group to become the world leader in carbon black. GDP would rise in good times and fall during any crisis. The gross domestic product (GDP). This is higher than 6. the market leader in utility vehicles. has entered into an agreement with Tata Coffee for a strategic alliance in India. GDP was first developed by Simon Kuznets for a United States Congress report in 1934. Page s assumption of day-to-day operations marks a return to Google s technological roots.801 in the previous year. Under the non-binding MoU between the two. The size of the economy at current prices rose to Rs 61. G. has had his Deccan Charters Ltd join hands with Taj Air. . Based on 2004-05 prices. India s seventh largest IT services firm. Maruti Suzuki India Ltd has entered into luxury sedan segment with launch of its car Kizashi. an alliance in the air charter industry. In 1944.492 in 2009-10. Mahindra & Mahindra.000 more than the previous estimate of Rs 44.82. Google Inc co-founder Larry Page has taken over as CEO from Eric Schmidt.820. Infrastructure.R.731 in FY10 against Rs 31. companies and the government in a single measure.332. the executive charter service of Indian Hotels Company Ltd and with Business Jets India Pvt Ltd.086 crore (Rs 52. Opening another chapter in aviation history. According to him. The Aditya Birla group has bought the $1-billion revenue earning US firm Colombian Chemicals for $875 million.

Irfan Khan (Cinema). The bridge links the main urban area of Qingdao city in east China s Shandong province with Huangdao district. to enhance coastal surveillance capabilities. a UN body.5 billion (about Rs 6.The 98th Indian Science Congress was held at SRM University near Chennai. Vijay Kelkar (Public Affairs). Sitakant Mahapatra (Literature and Education). at Porbander. The world s highest restaurant is located on the 122nd floor of the world s tallest building Burj Khalifa. Ottaplakkal N. Meghalaya. Dadi Dorab Pudumjee (Art).C. C. Madavur Vasudevan Nair (Dance). Usha Uthup (Music). Tabassum H. Padma Shri: Neelam Mansingh Chowdhry (Art). 2011 marked the 250th anniversary of the third battle of Panipat.V. The UAVs have been nick-named Frontier Formidables . India s first President. Ramdas Madhava Pai (Literature). Thayil Jacob Sony George (Literature). The defeat of the Marathas by the army of Ahmad Shah Abdali prepared the ground for the gradual take-over of India by the East India company. Analjit Singh (Trade and Industry). given for distinguished service in various fields. M. During the decade. RBI has decided to circulate Rs 5 coins to commemorate the 125th birth anniversary of Dr Rajendra Prasad. Waheeda Rehman (Cinema). The restaurant is 92 meter taller than the world s second highest eatery. Sankha Ghosh (Literature) were among the awardees. Chandrasekhar (Classical dance). Prahlad Singh Tipaniya (Folk music). While 2010 was observed as the International Year of Biodiversity. from 2011 starts the Decade of Biodiversity. It is called At.48 km long. Nageshwara Rao (Art). Padma Bhushan: Satyadev Dubey (Art). Kunjarani Devi (Sports). Army Day is observed in India on January 15. Objective Anti-Leprosy Day is observed in India on January 30. Parasaran Kesava Iyengar (Public Affairs). 8. Uttarkhand. Anji Reddy (Trade and Industry). National Highways comprise less than 2 per cent of the road network. Akhlaq-ur-Rehman Kidwai (Public Affairs). January 14. Padma Vibhushan: Kapila Vatsyayan (Art). as also longer than a marathon. Uttar Pradesh. Zahur Khayyam alias Khayyam (Music). named INAS 343. 2011. Indian Navy commissioned a squadron of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs). Yogesh Chander Deveshwar (Trade and Industry). K. Brajesh Mishra (Civil Services). Shyam Saran (Civil Services). Kajol (Cinema). Rural roads account for about 61% of India s road length. Gujarat. the revolving 360 Restaurant in Toronto s CN Tower. Pandit Ajoy Chakraborty (Music).000km of all-weather roads in the rural seven economically poor and hilly areas States Himachal Pradesh. CURRENT GENERAL KNOWLEDGE: JANUARY 2011 AWARDS Republic Day Awards.04 km further than the distance between Dover and Calais. is expected to push for action on biodiversity front. 2011 Thirteen people were awarded the Padma Vibhushan for exceptional and distinguished services while thirty one were conferred the Padma Bhushan for distinguished service of a high order and 84 were shortlisted for the Padma Shri. The Qingdao Haiwan Bridge in China is the world s longest sea bridge.V. Krishen Khanna (Painting). Makar Dhwaja Darogha (Art).V. It is 42. Homai Vyarawalla (Art). A. Sushil Kumar (Sports). Montek Singh Ahluwalia (Public Affairs). Jharkhand. Chanda Kochhar (Trade and Industry).S. Janakiraman (Carnatic vocal music). Shashi Kapoor (Cinema). V. Jain (Public Affairs). Punjab and any other State which may join at alter date over the next five-year period. On January 17. Laxman . S.mosphere. and Late L. Palle Rama Rao (Science and Engineering). Kurup (Literature and Education). SP Balasubrahmanyam (Playback singing). The World Bank has offered to India a loan of $1.R. much like the IPCC for Climate Change. Azim Premji (Trade and Industry).800 crore) for building 24. Khan alias Tabu (Cinema). but carry 40 per cent of road-based traffic.

has posthumously been awarded the highest peacetime gallantry award. 2011 Ashok Chakra: Major Laishram Jyotin Singh. Gagan Narang (Sports). Best Motion Picture .Comedy Or Musical: Paul Giamatti .The Social Network. DeMille Award: Robert DeNiro Best Motion Picture Drama: The Social Network. Balraj Komal (Literature).Comedy Or Musical: Annette Bening . is completing the INS Kolkata. With the Indian Navy expanding rapidly. Best Director . Rajnandgaon. Best Animated Feature Film: Toy Story 3.The King's Speech. is selling comparable destroyers to the Australian .Motion Picture: David Fincher . On January 4. The shortage of design and construction capacity in defence shipyards had forced the Indian Navy to order warships abroad at inflated prices. Jawaharlal Nehru Award Tata group chairman Ratan Tata has been honoured with the award for his contributions to Indian society and development of the Nano car. for a cost of Rs 3. Gallantry Awards. Harbhajan Singh (Sports-Mountaineering).800 crore ($850 million). Project 17A frigates. In contrast.The Social Network. Best Performance by an Actor in a Motion Picture Drama: Colin Firth . in Kozhikode district of Kerala. Avvai Natarajan (Literature). Best Performance by an Actor In A Supporting Role in a Motion Picture: Christian Bale . This has occurred despite the demonstrated ability of Indian defence shipyards to build quality warships competently and cheaply. Best Performance by an Actress in a Motion Picture Drama: Natalie Portman . Atticus Ross .K. and Project 28 anti-submarine corvettes design capacity has become a serious roadblock to further projects. Rajni Kumar (Literature). an unarmed army doctor serving in Kabul. Bhalchandra Nemade (Literature).The Social Network. housing mostly army officials. Kirti Chakra. Mahim Bora (Literature). One of the terrorists blew himself up at the gates of the complex. Project 15A and 15B destroyers. Golden Globe Awards. Choubey fought against more than 300 Naxalites who had attacked an outpost in Rajnandangaon district in July 2009. With the DND already busy with five major programmes for building surface warships for the Indigenous Aircraft Carrier. Kirti Chakra: Captain Davinder Singh Juss of the Parachute Regiment and Vinod Kumar Choubey who was Superintendent of Police. Ashoka Chakra. as a first step towards this. Mazagon Dock Limited (MDL).Motion Picture: "You Haven't Seen the Last of Me" Burlesque. the workload on the Directorate of Naval Design (DND) has overwhelmed its tiny establishment. as others made their way inside. 2010. Pravin Darji (Literature).Motion Picture: Trent Reznor.800-tonne guided missile destroyer. Buangi Sailo (Literature). Riyaz Punjabi (Literature). Chandra Prakash Deval (Literature).Black Swan. Navantia. Krishna Poonia (Sports). have been awarded the second highest peacetime gallantry award. while an Italian shipyard is delivering three logistic support vessels to India.Barney's Version. Juss killed a foreign terrorist in February 2010 during an encounter in J&K and saved two colleagues. Best Screenplay . Antony layed the foundation stone of the National Institute for Research and Development in Defence Shipbuilding (NIRDESH) at Chaliyam. killing three guards. On February 16. Best Performance by an Actress in a Motion Picture . Chhattisgarh. who took on a suicide bomber and killed him. Devanooru Mahadeva (Literature). 2011. He saved scores of policemen.Motion Picture: Aaron Sorkin . Barun Mazumder (Literature).The Kids Are All Right. Best Original Score . Pullella Srirama Chandrudu (Literature). Best Performance by an Actor in a Motion Picture .The Fighter.(Sports). three frigates are being built in Russia. Best Original Song . Koneru Ramakrishna Rao (Literature).Comedy Or Musical: The Kids Are All Right. a 6. Best Performance by an Actress In A Supporting Role in a Motion Picture: Melissa Leo . 2011 Cecil B. suicide attackers stormed an Indian residential complex in the heart of the Afghan capital. Best Foreign Language Film: In a Better World. Defence Minister A. Mumbai. Currently.The Fighter. The award comprises of a gold medal and a citation. Om Prakash Agrawal (Heritage Conservation) were among the awardees. DEFENCE Warship design hub inaugurated in Kochi For years India s warship building community has urged the Ministry of Defence (MoD) to create the infrastructure needed for making India a major global hub for building warships. Spanish shipyard.

ENVIRONMENT Fresh norms to protect wildlife parks India is finally making efforts to prevent unplanned urbanisation from choking wildlife sanctuaries and national parks. Set up with a corpus of about Rs 40 crore. Prohibited: Commercial mining. only three establishments IIT Kharagpur. which will act as shock absorbers around sanctuaries and national parks. with Bharat Electronics Limited and the Ordnance Factory Board providing some key electronics and weapon systems. While the new guidelines clearly mention activities prohibited in these protected areas. pollution-causing industries and hydro-power projects. IIT Madras and the Cochin University of Science and Technology (CUSAT) run courses in naval architecture. Therefore.500 tonnes of liquid cargo that can be used to re-fuel warships while they are at sea cutting down on the lengthy process for war ships to dock at a port to replenish. NIRDESH was funded by the MoD and the four defence shipyards. bringing together designers from within the country and abroad. retaining them and providing continuity in design and support. Besides fuel and water. the ship is also capable of carrying 500 tonnes of solid cargo that could be a combination of ammunition. commercial use of firewood. which Navantia calls the F-100 frigate for Rs 11. INS Deepak joins Indian Navy s western fleet On January 22. they tend to move on to more lucrative jobs. adoption of green technology and use of renewable energy. making it one of the largest in the fleet. 2011. including missiles and rockets.65 billion) each. Permitted: Ongoing agriculture. it is expected to be self-sustaining. an autonomous body under the Registration of Societies Act. It will also work in the futuristic area of developing advanced hull forms. A normal destroyer class warship with the Navy can sail for two-weeks after a mid-sea re-fuel. Currently. setting up of saw mills. an ecologist and a revenue department official of the area to suggest the requirement of an eco sensitive zone and its extent. 1860. rainwater harvesting. NIRDESH. The panel will also suggest the best methods to manage such zones and broad-based thematic activities to be included in the master plan for the area. graduating about 60 architects each year. The Union Ministry of Environment and Forests (MoEF) has formulated new guidelines to speed up creation of eco sensitive zones. The tanker can also load 16 cargo containers on its upper deck. and tourism activities like flying over protected areas in an aircraft or hot air balloon and discharge of effluents and solid waste in natural water bodies or terrestrial area. more than thrice the cost of INS Kolkata. . This is the first of the two such Deepak class of tankers to be inducted. including groundwater harvesting. felling of trees. NIRDESH would function as a national design center .850 crore ($2. The actual requirement is estimated at about 200 architects per year. the Indian Navy got new fleet tanker INS Deepak. Regulated: Setting up of hotels and resorts. charging both public and private sector shipyards for design and consultancy work that it provides to them. the emphasis is on allowing regulated development in these zones. The Navy now has three fleet tankers Russian-built INS Jyoti and indigenous INS Aditya being the other two. drastic change in agriculture systems and commercial use of natural water resources. The 175-meter long and 25-meter wide tanker was built entirely at Fincantieri shipyard in Italy. The Ministry has asked all States to set up a committee comprising the wildlife warden. The ship has a capacity to carry 15. will function under the MoD s Department of Defence Production. INS Deepak can refuel 10-12 such warships and four of them can be done simultaneously. It is understood that NIRDESH will have the financial autonomy to pay top dollar to its personnel. and propulsion systems. Once operative. the naval designers in the DND can be paid only at mandated government rates. In contrast. and dry provisions for the fleet.Navy the 6250-tonne Hobart class. in order to take on the challenging tasks of integrating weapons systems from various global suppliers.

India s first station. Union Cabinet Reshuffle Praful Patel: Union Minister. Vilasrao Deshmukh: Union Minister. four to Southern Ocean and another four to Arctic. He was conferred the Bharat Ratna. Overseas Indian Affairs and additional charge of Civil Aviation. It positions India as a member of an elite group of nine nations that have multiple stations in the region. Vayalar Ravi: Union Minister. Bharati will be a unique station with advanced facilities. A practitioner of the Kirana Gharana school. set up in 1984. in 2008. physical. Urban Development. is located on Larsmann Hill. Himadri. He possessed the singular ability to make ragas come alive and could reach out to both the connoisseurs and the not-so-discerning. Ketaki gulab juhi from Manna De s film Basant Bahar will remain etched in the memories of aficionados forever. India formally launched its third research base Bharati in Antarctica. a year after India set up Maitri. ELECTED. geological. ETC. India also has a research station. Joshi was known for his redention of khyals and devotionals. was buried in ice and had to be abandoned in 1990. His song. chemical. 35 scientists and 10 logistic persons. at Svalbard region of Arctic. Kamal Nath: Union Minister. indicating the laying of foundation stone for Bharati in Antarctica. Heavy Industries and Public Enterprises Salman Khurshid: Union Minister. The proposal to establish the third Indian station at Antarctica was mooted at the 30th Antarctica Treaty Consultative Meeting (ATCM) in May 2007. Coal. 2011 after prolonged illness. including abhangs and kirtans. India entered the Antarctica foray in 1981 with launch of its first scientific expedition to Antarctica. Jaiswal: Union Minister. suspended particulates in oceans. who will remain throughout the year. Etc Dilma Rousseff: She has been elected as the first woman Presient of Brazil. Bharati is closer to the sea to enable scientists take up rare research on the marine ecology of the polar region.000 km from Schirmacher Oasis where Maitri stands. meteorological sciences. In all 30 expeditions to Antarctica have been launched till date with one special expedition to Weddle Sea.: JANUARY 2011 APPOINTED. APPOINTMENTS. Pt. Bharati will undertake multi-disciplinary research and observation studies. Agriculture & Food Processing Industry. PERSONS Joshi. the second Indian station. giving India cutting edge lead in polar research programme. Dakshin Gangotri. EVENTS.EXPEDITIONS India s third research base at Antarctica launched On January 11. Rural Development & additional charge of Panchayati Raj. He was 89. Jaipal Reddy: Union Minister. The new station by the National Centre for Antarctic and Ocean Research (NCAOR). including biological. Petroleum & Natural Gas. 3. he died on January 24. Bhimsen Renowned Hindustani classical vocalist. the ultimate civilian honour of India. Water Resources and additional charge of Minority Affairs S. aerosols. While Maitri is more than 100 km from the Antarctic Sea. Sharad Pawar: Union Minister. It will accommodate around 70 people. Science and Technology Minister Kapil Sibal unveiled a plaque in Delhi. Pt. 2011. Marouf Bakhit: He has been appointed as the Prime Minister of Jordan by King Abdullah. .

Mallaya: Chief of Bank of Baroda. Venugopal: Minister of State. Road Transport & Highways.S. Programme Implementation. Tourism. Telecom. Housing.G. The official mascot for the Games was Bharal. Planning. Arun Yadav: Minister of State. He was 89. he has been chosen as the Business Standard Banker of the Year. Singh: Minister of State. Vincet Pala: Minister of State.N.P. Parliamentary Affairs. External Affairs. RESIGNED Zine El Abidine Ben Ali: President of Tunisia. A. Youth Affairs & Sports.P. Earth Sciences. Subrahmanyam: Renowned strategic expert whose recommendations in the aftermath of Kargil conflict led to the revamp of India s intelligence network. Bappi Lahiri: He has become the first Indian composer to be in the Grammy jury for the awards in 2012. Statistics.D.P. . R. Thomas: Minister of State (Independent Charge). 11 China s first radar evading stealth fighter makes its maiden test flight. Prof K. Khandela: Minister of State. Consumer Affairs. Ahamed: Minister of State. Small & Medium Enterprises. sure-footedness and adaptability for survival in the snow-covered high altitude areas. The Bharal was chosen as the ideal mascot for these games keeping in view its agility. following popular revolt against his regime. Tribal Affairs. K. Steel. Virbhadra Singh: Union Minister. Parliamentary Affairs. Corporate Affairs. P. Personnel. Joshi: Union Minister. MILESTONES M. Agriculture & Food Preocessing Industries. Sai Prathap: Minister of State. He was the founding Director of security think-tank. C. Science & Technology. Gurudas Kamath: Minister of State. EVENTS JANUARY 1 India joins the UN Security Council (UNSC) as its non-permanent member for a two-year term after a gap on 19 years. E.Murli Deora: Union Minister. Institute for Defence Studies and Analysis. Urban Poverty alleviation. Water Resources and Minority Affairs. 14 More than 85 people are killed in stampede at Sabrimala shrine in Kerala. India. Raod Transport & Highways. Gill: Union Minister. Uttarkhand. Bhimsen Joshi: Legendary Hindustani classical vocalist. Micro. Bharatsinh Solanki: Minister of State. He was the Chief Guest at the 2011 Republic Day function. 20 All-India mobile number portability services are launched by Prime Minister Manmohan Singh. SPORTS NEWS IN BRIEF: JANUARY 2011 GAMES SAF Winter Games The first South Asian Federation (SAF) Winter Games got off to a spectacular start at the ice skating rink in Dehradun. Patil: Minister of State. K. Sri Lanka. V. Ajay Maken: Minister of State (Independent Charge). DIED Pt. Public Grievances and Pensions. Kumari Selja: Union Minister. the Himalayan Blue-Sheep or Big-Horn (Ovis Ammon) Wild. strength. Narayanasamy: Minister of State. Highways & Transport. PMO. Coal. Beni Prasad Verma: Minister of State (Independent Charge). Madhav S. DISTINGUISHED VISITORS Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono: President of Indonesia. Heavy Industries and Public Enterprises. Pakistan. Railways. Nepal and the Maldives were the participating nations. Power. Ashwani Kumar: Minister of State (Independent Charge). Tusharbhai Chaudhary: Minister of State. Culture. making the country only the second nation after USA to test such cutting-edge technology. Food & Public Distribution. M. He was 82. Subhod Kant Shay: Union Minister. Petroleum & Natural Gas and Corporate Affairs. Jitin Prasad: Minister of State.C.

The result gave Australia an unbeaten 4-1 lead in the seven-match series. He took 4 wickets for 29 runs to help India win the match. 2011 Men s Singles: Novak Djokovic won his second Australian Open title when he defeated Andy Murray of Britain. 3 Silver and 1 Bronze) and Sri Lanka (1 Gold). and earned the right to compete in the 2013 FIFA Confederations Cup in Brazil. played at Centurion. to level the series 2-2. CRICKET Ranji Trophy Giant killers Rajasthan notched up their maiden Ranji Trophy title after defeating hosts Baroda in the finals. the Indian batting collapsed with only Virat Kohli scoring a half-century. Australia-England ODI Series Australia claimed the ODI series with a 51-run win in the fifth match at Gabba. Australia pulled off a spectacular run-chase to win the sixth ODI by two wickets to take 5-1 lead in the series. It was the second time that the tournament was hosted by Qatar. The three-Test series ended in a 1-1 draw. Munaf Patel was the pick of the bowlers. Japan won the cup after a 1-0 win against Australia. India was followed by Pakistan (1 Gold. India preferred to play safe and played for a draw in the third Test. Set to score 290 runs for a win. Women s Singles: Belgium s Kim Clijsters defeated China s Li Na to win her first Australian Open title. South Africa made a mess of what should have been a comfortable chase of a below par total of 190 runs set by India. Jacques Kallis of South Africa was declared the man of the series. Messi won the FIFA award for a second straight year. ending England s run of five straight ODI series wins. FOOTBALL FIFA World Player Award Lionel Messi of Argentina has been named the world s best player of 2010. Australia-England Test Series England clinched its first Test series victory in Australia in 24 years by wrapping up the fifth and final Test by an innings and 83 runs to take the Ashes series 3-1. While the first Test. 15th The 2011 AFC Asian Cup was held in Qatar. Yusuf Pathan scored a brilliant 105 with eight fours and eight sixes but that was not enough for India as South Africa won the final ODI in Centurion by 33 runs to clinch the five-match series 3-2. India bounced back to win the second Test at Durban by 87 runs. was won by South Africa by an innings and 25 runs . Virat Kohli s gritty 87-run knock was the only bright spot in India s poor batting show as South Africa beat India by 48 runs in the fourth ODI via Duckworth and Lewis method. South Africa-India Test Series Chasing 340 to win. Asia Cup. on the basis of first innings lead. Women s Doubles: Gisela Dulko and Flavia Pennetta .With 11 Gold. the other being the 1988. India took the second ODI by one run to level the series. India topped the medals list. South Africa-India ODI Series South Africa defeated India by 135 runs in the first ODI played at Durban. TENNIS Australian Open. 9 Silver and 11 Bronze medals.

. Mixed Doubles: Katarina Srebotnik and Daniel Nestor.Men s Doubles: American twins Mike and Bob Bryan defeated India s Leander Paes and Mahesh Bhupathi to win the men s doubles title and dash the hopes of the Indians of completing a career Grand Slam.