A. P. J.

Abdul Kalam
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Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam

11th President of India
In office 25 July 2002 – 24 July 2007 Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee, Manmohan Singh Vice President Bhairon Singh Shekhawat Preceded by K. R. Narayanan Succeeded by Pratibha Patil 15 October 1931 (age 78)[1] Born Rameshwaram, Madras Presidency, British India Spouse(s) Never married Alma mater Madras Institute of Technology Profession Aerospace Engineering Religion Islam

Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam (Tamil: அவுல் பகீர் ைஜனுலாப்தீன் அப்துல் கலாம்) born 15 October 1931 in Rameshwaram, Madras Presidency, British India (now Tamil Nadu, India), usually referred to as Dr. A. P. J. Abdul Kalam^, was the 11th President of India, serving from 2002 to 2007,[2] he was elected during the tenure

under prime minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee. technical and political role in India's Pokhran-II nuclear test in 1998.[7] He is chancellor of Indian Institute of Space Science and Technology(Thiruvanthapuram).[2] Contents [hide] • • • • • • 1 Political views 2 As an aerospace engineer 3 Honours 4 Books and documentaries 5 References 6 External links [edit] Political views In his book India 2020 APJ Abdul Kalam strongly advocates an action plan to develop India into a knowledge superpower and into a developed nation by the year 2020. Kalam became the only surviving former President of India.[4][5] Before his term as India's president. With the death of R.of the National Democratic Alliance (India) coalition government. Kalam continues to take an active interest in other developments in the field of science and technology. He is popularly known as the Missile Man of India for his work on development of ballistic missile and space rocket technology. He has proposed a research programme for developing bio-implants. he was popularly known as the People's President.[6] In India he is highly respected as a scientist and as an engineer. he worked as an aeronautical engineer with DRDO and ISRO. . He regards his work on India's nuclear weapons program as a way to assert India's place as a future superpower. a professor at Anna University (Chennai) and adjunct/visiting faculty at many other academic and research institutions across India. He is a supporter of Open source software over proprietary solutions and believes that the use of open source software on a large scale will bring the benefits of information technology to more people [9].[3] During his term as President. Kalam played a pivotal organisational. Venkataraman on 27 January 2009. the first since the original nuclear test by India in 1974. It has been reported that there is considerable demand in South Korea for translated versions of books authored by him [8].

[edit] Honours On Wednesday 29 April 2009. for his outstanding contribution to public service. As the Project Director. Abdul Kalam graduated with a diploma in the mid-1950s from Madras Institute of Technology specializing in Aeronautical Engineering [10]. America's top engineering prize. Although the entire project has been criticised for being overrun and mismanaged[11]. using spin-offs of defence technology to create state-of-the-art medical equipment and launching telemedicine projects connecting remote rural-based hospitals to the super-specialty hospital. the other two being Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan and Zakir Hussain. As Chief Executive of Integrated Guided Missile Development Programme (IGMDP). he became the first Asian to be bestowed the 2008 Hoover Medal. The Government of India has honoured him with the nation's highest civilian honours: the Padma Bhushan in 1981. Pokhran-II nuclear tests were conducted during this period. and a true visionary. bringing quality medical care to rural areas by establishing a link between doctors and technocrats.. Joseph's College in Tiruchirapalli.[12] On 13 September 2009. he was a recipient of the International von Kármán Wings Award [13] . He has agreed to deliver a minimum of four lectures every year. and the Bharat Ratna in 1997 for his work with ISRO and DRDO and his role as a scientific advisor to the Indian government. he is also a humble humanitarian in every sense of the word. He is also the first scientist and first bachelor to occupy Rashtrapati Bhavan. Kalam is the third President of India to have been honoured with a Bharat Ratna before being elected to the highest office.[edit] As an aerospace engineer After graduating in Science from St. it added. [edit] Books and documentaries Kalam's writings . Padma Vibhushan in 1990. The citation said that he is being recognised for making state-of-the-art healthcare available to the common man at affordable prices. led by him. Mysore. He was the Chief Scientific Adviser to Prime Minister and Secretary. After his tenure as the president he is now a visiting guest professor at JSS university. Department of Defence Research & Development from July 1992 to December 1999. he also played a major part in developing many missiles of India including Agni and Prithvi. a gifted engineer. he was heavily involved in the development of India's first indigenous Satellite Launch Vehicle (SLVIII). A pre-eminent scientist.

J. 2002. Penguin Books India.P. 2004. TATA McGraw-Hill Publishing Company Ltd. 2003.in/formerpresidents.J Abdul Kalam. 2002. Ignited Minds: Unleashing the Power Within India by A.antiwar. Anmol Publications. 6. Rajan. Abdul Kalam. ^ Pruthi.com/StoryPage/FullcoverageStoryPage. Retrieved 27 September 2009. ^ Perappadan. Abdul Kalam. G. 2002.P. Abdul Kalam. P.P.P. Abdul Kalam. [edit] References 1. http://www. http://original. 200707-24. "‘Missile Man’ as India’s President".P. Anmol Publication. Pearson Education. A little Dream (documentary film) by P.P. Chandra.P. President A.google. Bhushan.J Abdul Kalam. Abdul Kalam. Dhanapal. Children Ask Kalam by A. Pub. Corp. (2005). P.html. Arun K Tiwari. ^ Bidwai. pp. Abdul Kalam by R.• • • • • • • • • Wings of Fire: An Autobiography of APJ Abdul Kalam by A. ^ A Brief Biography of Dr. http://www.J. K.S. 2003. 61–76.P. Arun Tiwari.P. Gyan Publishing House. Harper Collins. 3. Abdul Kalam. Penguin Books. Envisioning an Empowered Nation: Technology for Societal Transformation by A.j. A. by K.J. ISBN 978-8126113446. A.com.J. Abdul Kalam 2. Pruthi.htm. Kalam.aspx? id=d1dfada8-d9b3-4783-ad6a-44f56165dd9fWho%20will%20be%20India%27s%20next %20President_Special. Katyal.J.com/bidwai/2002/06/22/missile-manas-indias-president/. 5.J.P.H. Scientist to President by Abdul A. Guiding Souls: Dialogues on the Purpose of Life by A. "The people's President does it again".J Abdul Kalam.P. Bindu Shajan (2007-04-14). K. 2008.P.J.com/2007/04/14/stories/2007041411130100. Praful (23 June 2002).com/books? id=Ee3PR5HFBCAC&. India 2020: A Vision for the New Millennium by A. Hindustan Times. ISBN 81-7758245-3 Indomitable Spirit by A. http://presidentofindia. The Hindu. Corp. G.[14] The Kalam Effect: My Years with the President by P. Government of India. 2004. 2002. http://original.hindu. 2006 Biographies • • • • • Eternal Quest: Life and Times of Dr.M. A. Y. Pub. Excel Books.nic.P. . 2003.J.J. R. ^ "Kalam was real people's President: President's bodyguards". 2008. Minveli Media Works Private Limited. Nair. President A. Missile Man of India". http://books. Katyal. J. Retrieved 2009-03-27. 4. Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam by S.hindustantimes. Abdul Kalam: The Visionary of India' by K. Retrieved 2009-03-27. 2005. "Ch. Pentagon Publishers. India-my-dream by A. Ocean Books. ^ a b "Former presidents". 4. Bhushan.antiwar. A.

V. Abdul Kalam Political offices Preceded by President of India K.J. ^ "Inda leader advocates open source".com/Missile_plan_Some_hits_misses/articleshow/2684641 . J. "India and the Bomb". A. ^ "Missile plan: Some hits. P. Sangam Book.cms.7. ^ "Kalam. Abdul Kalam Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to: A.outlookindia. http://news. Amartya (2003). The Hindu.com/2008/01/25/stories/2008012550520200. 9.htm. Abdul Kalam • • • • Kalam’s frisking: some burning questions .com/pti_news. ^ Former President Kalam chosen for Hoover Medal.P.27 Mar 2009.google.TCN News Dr. http://www.hindu. ^ "Documentary on Kalam released".cnet. Rammanohar Reddy. pp. 12. ^ Caltech GALCIT International von Kármán Wings Award 14. Prisoners of the Nuclear Dream. P. 8. 167–188. misses". Narayanan 25 July 2002 – 25 July 2007 Succeeded by Pratibha Patil [show] v•d•e Presidents of India [show] v•d•e Bharat Ratna laureates .html. Ramana and C.asp?id=354077.com/books?id=IjZA-bQde1wC&pg=RA1-PA169&.indiatimes. P. http://www. R.com/India-leader-advocatesopen-source/2100-1016_3-1011255. 2008-01-12. the author catching on in South Korea".A Site for Inspiration and Nation Building Dr. in M. ^ Missile History 11. J. http://timesofindia. Retrieved 2009-0327. ISBN 9788125024774. http://books.Times of India [1] 13. Abdul Kalam: Former President of India Profile of Dr. J. [edit] External links Wikimedia Commons has media related to: A. APJ Abdul Kalam . ^ Sen. 10. A.

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