New and Recent Titles The MIT Press 2011
An Introduction to Language and Communication Sixth Edition Adrian Akmajian, Richard A. Demers, Ann K. Farmer, and Robert M. Harnish
This popular introductory linguistics text is unique for its integration of themes. Rather than treat morphology, phonetics, phonology, syntax, and semantics as completely separate fields, the book shows how they interact. It provides a sound introduction to linguistic methodology while encouraging students to consider why people are intrinsically interested in language — the ultimate puzzle of the human mind. The text first treats such structural and interpretive parts of language as morphology, phonology, syntax, and semantics, then takes a cognitive perspective and covers such topics as pragmatics, psychology of language, language acquisition, and language and the brain. For this sixth edition, all chapters have been revised. New material includes updated examples, new special topics sections, and new discussions of the minimalist program, semantic minimalism, human genetic relationships and historical relationships among languages, Gricean theories, experimental pragmatics, and language acquisition. “The sixth edition of Linguistics: An Introduction The organization of the book gives instructors flexibility to Language and Communication is a wonderful in designing their courses. Chapters have numerous introductory textbook for linguistics. The book is subsections with core material presented first and flexible enough to be used in both introductory additional material following as special topics. The and more advanced survey courses by including accompanying workbook supplements the text with more advanced special topic sections and lengthy exercises drawn from a variety of languages. The goal reference lists for the interested student.” is to teach basic conceptual foundations of linguistics — Susannah Levi, Department of Communicative and the methods of argumentation, justification, and Sciences and Disorders, New York University hypothesis testing within the field. By presenting the “Its comprehensive coverage of traditional linguistic most fundamental linguistics concepts in detail, the topics combined with its cognitive science perspective text allows students to get a feeling for how real makes this textbook uniquely adaptable for a broad work in different areas of linguistics is done. range of courses. It is to my mind the best overall 2010 • 648 pp. • 88 illus. • paper • $45.00/£34.95 single volume for making state-of-the-art linguistics 978-0-262-51370-8 [T] accessible to the novice student.” Cloth • $75.00/£55.95 — Steven Franks, Professor of Slavic Languages and 978-0-262-01375-8 Literatures; Chair and Professor of Linguistics, Indiana University
A LINGUISTICS WORKBOOK
Companion to Linguistics, Sixth Edition Ann K. Farmer and Richard A. Demers
A Linguistics Workbook is a supplement to Linguistics: An Introduction, Sixth Edition. It can also be used with other introductory and intermediate linguistics texts. Whereas most of the examples in the textbook are based on English, the workbook provides exercises in morphology, phonetics, phonology, syntax, and semantics, drawn from a wide variety of languages. This new edition has been updated, with exercises added.
2010 • 306 pp. • 14 illus. • paper • $30.00/£22.95 978-0-262-51482-8 [T]
Forthcoming Titles for Fall 2011:
Lloyd Humberstone: The Connectives Norbert Francis: Bilingual Competence and Bilingual Proficiency Mark Steedman: The Natural Semantics of Scope Robin Clark: Meaningful Games: Exploring Language with Game Theory
Texts recommended for course adoption are designated [T] throughout the catalog.
The book is intended for students majoring in linguistics as well as non-linguistics majors who are taking the course to fulfill undergraduate requirements. interactive this one. There isn’t anything that allows students to create and explore quite like it in the market.95 978-0-262-51303-6 [T]
MIT Press E-Books
MIT Press books are available as e-books through a variety of vendors. interesting one at that. Larson illustrations by Kimiko Ryokai
This introductory text takes a novel approach to the study of syntax. to answer these questions. constructing roadmap.00/£33. and the aesthetic that animates it cally into sections that highlight important when putting all these ingredients together.” hand and constraining it on the other. it also shows students Syntactica.edu/mitpress/digital
. Syntactica. movement factors: the questions that it asks. Grammar as Science offers an introduction to syntax as an exercise in scientific theory construction. Syntax provides an excellent instrument for introducing students from a wide variety of backgrounds to the principles of scientific theorizing and scientific thought. even the cognoscenti explicit arguments for hypotheses. serving both intended linguistics majors and the data. and the will benefit from his careful. is a subtle interaction among several the lexicon.mit. Students are encouraged to University of California. and transformational constraints. and an in syntax as phrase structure. Santa Cruz “try the rules out. clear. the book. inaudible elements. While thoroughly covering the basics of syntax. it engages general intellectual themes present in all scientific theorizing as well as those arising specifically within the modern cognitive sciences. can be found at book will come away with an extraordinarily strong grasp of http://mitpress.Textbooks
GRAMMAR AS SCIENCE
Richard K. Department of Linguistics. the evidence it uses to adjudicate The individual units are organized thematibetween different answers. make these questions precise. Though written for the neophyte. a software application tool general education population equally well. and visual exposition conflicting demands that push us toward of what makes linguistics one of the great intellectual success expanding our technical toolkit on the one stories of recent times. Department of Linguistics. Please visit our Web Site for a complete list of e-books programs in which we participate: mitpress.” — Peggy Speas. I would use simple grammars in a graphical. Department of Linguistics. the technical apparatus it uses to while emphasizing scientific reasoning skills. constituency. If I ever use a textbook. — Norbert Hornstein. to the scientific nature of linguistic argumentation. is available online in conjunction with — Jorge Hankamer.mit. 2010 • 432 pp.edu/syntactica the real underpinnings of linguistics. • 294 illus. Amherst Paper • $45. the abstractions that it makes rules. Grammar as Science covers such core topics “What makes modern generative linguistics a science. verbal. including perfect guide into these complex matters and his book an ideal choosing between theories. Rich Larson is the components of this enterprise. University of Massachusetts.” and build grammars rule-by-rule.” way. Grammar as Science is constructed as a University of Maryland “laboratory science” course in which stu“Grammar as Science is an excellent textbook for an introductory dents actively experiment with linguistic syntax course. checking the consequences “Larson's book is an engaging and delightfully lucid introduction at each stage. the companion software explicitly how to 'think like a linguist.' Students who use this application tool.
EDGE-BASED CLAUSAL SYNTAX
A Study of (Mostly) English Object Structure Paul M. Santa Cruz
February 2011 • 472 pp. which at first seem anomalous — even grammatically chaotic — emerge in Postal’s account as nonanomalous. it provides a rigorous and unflinching account within Metagraph Grammar and thereby challenges more widely accepted approaches to do equally well. extra positions are generated because movement is taking place. A gold mine of hitherto unrecognized generalizations. this book will set an agenda for syntactic theory for decades to come.00/£51. examines interactions between head and phrasal provocation within the “left periphery” of Germanic embedded clauses. • 1 illus. Heavy NP Shift. tough movement. wh-movement. who defined a direct object structurally as [NP. In this approach. in which a single phrase is displaced from its original position within a phrase marker. The unifying concept is the operation of provocation.00/£25. • 49 illus. According to Postal’s framework. and many other tests. VP]. Ride Node Raising.95 978-0-262-01499-1 Linguistic Inquiry Monograph 61
. the mechanics of syntactic movement are still murky and controversial. Provocation forces the generation of a copy of the goal. and with the traditional linguistics text’s definition of the direct object as the DP sister of V. The node that heads a particular edge represents a constituent that bears the grammatical relation named by the edge label to its tail node. After presenting the central proposal and showing its implementation in the analyses of various familiar cases of syntactic movement. but after more than fifty years of generative theorizing.95 978-0-262-51275-6 Cloth • $70. • paper • $30. which occurs in the course of feature valuation when certain probes seek a value for their unvalued features by identifying a goal.95 978-0-262-51559-7 Cloth • $60. University of California. The contrasting behaviors of direct objects. the copy originates outside the original phrase marker and must then be introduced into it. re-prefixation. Branigan demonstrates the effects of provocation in a variety of inversion constructions. In Provocative Syntax. middles. The different syntactic properties of these three kinds of objects are shown by how they behave in passives.
February 2011 • 200 pp. Department of Linguistics. This approach allows two DPs that have very different grammatical properties to occupy what looks like identical structural positions. Postal
In Edge-Based Clausal Syntax. and describes the details of chain formation and successive cyclic movement in a provocation model. as symptoms of hitherto ungrasped structural regularity. It now seems likely that such movement transformations are formally simple operations.95 978-0-262-01481-6
Chomsky showed that no description of natural language syntax would be adequate without some notion of movement operations in a syntactic derivation.” —Judith Aissen. movement is not forced by the need for extra positions.00/£44. -able forms. Paul Postal rejects the notion that an English phrase of the form [V + DP] invariably involves a grammatical relation properly characterized as a direct object. “Edge-Based Clausal Syntax puts the study of English objects on new footing. He argues instead that at least three distinct relations occur in such a structure. This proposal renders Postal’s position sharply different from that of Chomsky. Like Cross-over Phenomena and On Raising. Phil Branigan examines the forces that drive syntactic movement and offers a new synthetic model of the basic movement operation by reassembling in a novel way isolated ideas that have been suggested elsewhere in the literature. sentence structures are complex graph structures built on nodes (vertices) and edges (arcs). Paper • $35.00/£22.
from English. like XP-movement.95 978-0-262-51564-1 Cloth • $70. German. and Malayalam) that shows unity in diversity.
February 2011 • 440 pp. • paper • $30. although this operation differs somewhat in technical detail and in empirical coverage from earlier understandings of it. thus the empirical research he reports on offers insights into the design of the language system. in a sense that he defines. the computational system that relates the lexicon to the interfaces. Eric Reuland presents a theory of how these anaphoric dependencies are represented in natural language in a way that does justice to the the variation one finds across languages. If one aspect of minimalist theorizing is to eliminate unnecessary distinctions. Incorporation. Roberts argues that the current conception of syntax must accommodate a species of head-movement. syntax.00/£51.” — Shigeru Miyagawa. Frisian. In this monograph. in fact belongs in narrow syntax with phrasal movement.Theoretical Linguistics
ANAPHORA AND LANGUAGE DESIGN
Eric J. MIT
2010 • 206 pp. this is a work that absolutely cannot be ignored. Dutch. Thus head-movement. He proposes that head-movement is part of the narrow syntax and that it applies where the goal of an Agree relation is defective.edu
. then Roberts’s argument can be seen as eliminating the distinction between “heads” and “phrases” in relation to internal merge (and therefore reducing the distinctions currently made between internal and external merge). a view of crosslinguistic variation (examining facts in a range of languages. Georgian. From the huge literature on the topic. a new typology of anaphoric expressions. should be regarded as part of narrow syntax exactly to the extent that XP-movement should be. Roberts argues that the theoretical status of headmovement is very similar — in fact identical in various ways — to that of XP-movement. He shows that the encoding of anaphoric dependencies makes use of components of the language system that all reflect different cognitive capacities. semantics. and the discourse component in the encoding of anaphoric dependencies. • paper • $35. and Defective Goals Ian Roberts
In Agreement and Head Movement.95 978-0-262-51432-3 Linguistic Inquiry Monograph 59
For a complete list of titles in the Linguistic Inquiry Monographs series.95 978-0-262-01505-9 Linguistic Inquiry Monograph 62
AGREEMENT AND HEAD MOVEMENT
Clitics. Ian Roberts explores the consequences of Chomsky’s conjecture that head-movement is not part of the narrow syntax. Roberts’s monograph retains the core intuition behind headmovement and examines to what extent it can be reformulated and rethought. He offers a principled account of the roles of the lexicon. Reuland
Pronouns and anaphors (including reflexives such as himself and herself) may or must depend on antecedents for their interpretation. Whether one agrees with him or not.00/£22. “In Agreement and Head Movement.00/£25. please visit our web site http://mitpress. Unlike other treatments of the subject that discard the concept entirely. These dependencies are subject to conditions that prima facie show substantial crosslinguistic variation. Its achievement puts it alongside Baker’s study of incorporation in the scope and depth of inquiry into how heads interact with other heads and phrases. and he marshals evidence for it from a remarkable range of languages. which at times has been relegated to PF. a window into the overall organization of the grammar and the roles of linguistic and extralinguistic factors. He explains the conditions on these dependencies in terms of elementary properties of the computational system of natural language. Reuland’s account reduces the conditions on binding to independent properties of the grammar. and Scandinavian languages to Fijian. he distills the most essential elements in order to develop a highly sophisticated analysis.mit. none of which is specific to binding. Roberts has one major goal in mind: to show that head movement.
He presents sustained empirical arguments that the Localist view of grammar associated with the Minimalist program (and Distributed Morphology in particular) is correct. Allomorphy thus provides a crucial test case for comparing Localist and Globalist approaches to grammar. John Bowers proposes a radically new approach to argument structure that has the potential to unify data from a wide range of different language types in terms of a simple and universal syntactic structure. Embick addresses a schism in the field between phonological theories such as Optimality Theory and other (mostly syntactic) theories such as those associated with the Minimalist program. Bowers’s theory is the natural extension of three leading ideas in the literature: the minimalist approach to Case theory (particularly Chomsky’s idea that Case is assigned under the Agree function relation).95 978-0-262-51430-9 Linguistic Inquiry Monograph 60
ARGUMENTS AS RELATIONS
In Arguments as Relations. David Embick offers the first detailed examination of morphology and phonology from a phase-cyclic point of view (that is. • paper • $35. and Agent arguments lowest — exactly the opposite of the usual assumption.
2010 • 200 pp. • paper • $25. Embick argues that patterns of allomorphy implicate general questions about locality and specific questions about the manner in which (morpho)syntax relates to (morpho)phonology. In the hierarchical structures that result from these operations.00/£18. together with certain basic assumptions — notably the idea that the initial order of merge of the three basic argument categories of Agent. Theme arguments next highest. In many ways. Theme. In the “derivational versus nonderivational” debate in linguistic theory. Make reference to promotion code: M11LIN • Visit our Web Site! http://mitpress. and the neo-Davidsonian approach to argument structure represented in the work of Parsons and others. Affectee arguments will be highest.00/£25. Embick’s arguments come down squarely on the derivational side. Bowers pulls together these strands in the literature and shapes them into a unified theory. the idea of introducing arguments in specifiers of functional categories rather than in projections of lexical categories. one that takes into account recent developments in Distributed Morphology and the Minimalist program) and the only recent detailed treatment of allomorphy. and Affectee is just the opposite of what has been almost universally assumed in the literature — lead Bowers to a fundamental rethinking of argument structure.Theoretical Linguistics
LOCALISM VERSUS GLOBALISM IN MORPHOLOGY AND PHONOLOGY
In Localism versus Globalism in Morphology and Phonology. These ideas. is at the heart of Localism versus Globalism in Morphology and Phonology.
2010 • 200 pp. In addition to making new theoretical proposals about morphology and phonology in terms of a cyclic theory.95 978-0-262-51433-0 Linguistic Inquiry Monograph 58
Call us toll free in North America to place your order: 1-800-405-1619.mit. Determining how to make empirical comparisons between such large positions. and the different frameworks that embody them.edu
. a phenomenon that is central to understanding how the grammar of human language works. He proposes that every argument is merged as the specifier of a particular type of light verb category and that these functional argument categories merge in bottom-to-top fashion in accordance with a fixed Universal Order of Merge (UOM). and that the Globalism espoused by many forms of Optimality Theory is incorrect.
00/£25. Guglielmo Cinque offers cross-linguistic evidence that adjectives have two sources. Some of his evidence comes from a systematic comparison between Romance and Germanic languages. Richards these areas. • paper • $35.95 978-0-262-51426-2 Linguistic Inquiry Monograph 57
In Uttering Trees. Richards claims that syntactic nodes with many properties in common cannot be directly linearized and must be kept structurally distant from each other. Cinque proposes that adjectives enter the nominal phase either as “adverbial” modifiers to the noun or as predicates of reduced relative clauses. An appendix offers a brief discussion of other languages that appear to distinguish overtly between the two sources of adjectives. Kinande (Bantu language spoken in the Democratic Republic of the Congo). on both word order and prosody begin at He embeds these in an architectural framework that has considerthe beginning of the derivation.and postnominal adjectives in the two language families. objects that can be pronounced. for any given language. imaginative. In both “In this learned. Tagalog. able independent confirmation.” is an attempt to predict.Theoretical Linguistics
THE SYNTAX OF ADJECTIVES
A Comparative Study Guglielmo Cinque
In The Syntax of Adjectives. including much of what has traditionally been covered by case theory.
2010 • 100 pp. Cinque shows that a simple N(oun)-raising analysis encounters a number of problems. Spanish. His results support important modifications of the framework and open intriguing questions that should inspire much new research.and postnominal in Romance. the primary one of which is its inability to express a fundamental generalization governing the interpretation of pre. and. “Beyond Strength and Weakness. Arguing against the standard view. These two language families differ with respect to the canonical position taken by adjectives. Drawing extensively on linguistic data from a variety of languages. Richards makes two new proposals about the relationship between syntax and phonology. Basque. It is a stimulating and provocative illustration of linguistic inquiry at its most satisfying. The first.” — Noam Chomsky
. and closely argued study. using a remarkable wealth 2010 • 240 pp. whether that language will exhibit overt or covert wh-movement. of empirical materials from a wide typological range. Norvin Richards investigates the conditions imposed upon syntax by the need to create syntactic objects that can be interpreted by phonology — that is. Richards argues that we can predict whether or not a language can leave wh in situ by investigating more general properties of its prosody. including Japanese.00/£22. Cinque applies it to the syntax of English and Italian adjectives. After developing this framework for analyzing the syntax of adjectives.95 solutions emerge for subtle and surprising linguistic phenomena 978-0-262-51371-5 along with deep explanations for properties of language that Linguistic Inquiry Monograph 56 had seemed to require stipulation. which is prenominal in Germanic and both pre. Cinque argues that N-raising as such should be abandoned in favor of XP-raising — a conclusion also supported by evidence from other language families. it appears that syntax begins proposes several simple and plausible theses about the relation constructing a phonological representation between the core and possibly universal internal structure of earlier than previously thought. He argues that a variety of syntactic phenomena can be explained by this generalization.” has to do with the process of imposing a linear order on the constituents of the tree. and Chaha (Semitic language spoken in Ethiopia). constraints language and the many ways in which it is manifested in speech. and reconsidering his own earlier analysis. Richards’s second proposal. shows how Paper • $30. • 15 illus. “Distinctness. This proposal offers an explanation for a cross-linguistic difference — that wh-phrases move overtly in some languages and covertly in others — that has hitherto been simply stipulated.
much less achieved. Rutgers University
2009 • 200 pp. with severe limitation on what can be expressed. Miyagawa investigates a variety of languages. this absorbing book should be of interest to anyone who is curious about how language works. • paper • $25. • paper • $30. like English and Bantu informs this powerful book.Theoretical Linguistics
LOCALITY IN VOWEL HARMONY
Vowel harmony results from a set of restrictions that determine the possible and impossible sequences of vowels within a word. Finnish. Andrew Nevins investigates long-distance relations between vowels in vowel harmony systems across a range of languages. headinitial languages. Locality in Vowel Harmony offers phonologists new evidence that viewing vowel harmony through the lens of relativized minimality has the potential to unify different levels of linguistic representation and different domains of empirical inquiry in a unified framework. ”Miyagawa goes straight to the heart of the crucial questions of linguistics: how are natural human languages the same. Department of Linguistics. A key proposal of his argument is that the computational system in syntax deals with the wide range of agreement types uniformly — as if there were just one system — and an integral part of this computation turns out to be movement. and the principles regulating the size of the domain over which dependencies are computed apply to both phonological and syntactic phenomena. Why Agree? Why Move? is unique in proposing a unified system for movement and agreement across language groups that are vastly diverse — Bantu languages. He argues that vowel harmony represents a manifestation of the Agree algorithm for feature-valuation (formulated by Chomsky in 2000). Kiss calls “discourse configurational” features such as topic and focus. Moreover. Nevins demonstrates that the principle of targetdriven search. Modern syntactic theory from its inception has dealt with the puzzle of why movement should occur.00/£22. In this book. It is rare to see this even attempted with such sophistication. An online tool on the MIT Press Web site demonstrates the algorithm for calculating vowel harmony with the derivations exemplified in the book. and others. head-final languages like Japanese.” — Elan Dresher. with agreement-rich. The study of syntax begins with the observation that the words of a sentence cannot go in just any order. Professor and Chair of Linguistics. human language would be merely a shadow of itself. some in the form of the familiar person/number/gender system and others in the form of what Katalin É. and in what ways can they be different? To see how he compares and substantially unifies the syntax of case-marking. Bantu languages. that of the occurrence of agreement systems. Nevins’s specific implementation of the locality of dependencies represents a major advance in understanding constraints on possible harmonic languages. Using data from a wide range of languages.00/£18. He argues that the computational principles governing vowel harmony transcend phonology and are characteristic of the language faculty. East Asian languages. and the study of phonology begins with the same observation for the consonants and vowels of a word. and Chinese. Without movement and agreement. he argues that movement and agreement work in tandem to achieve a specific goal: to imbue natural language with enormous expressive power. I learned a lot. Written in a lucid and accessible style. Shigeru Miyagawa combines this question with another.95 978-0-262-51368-5 Linguistic Inquiry Monograph 55
WHY AGREE? WHY MOVE?
Unifying Agreement-Based and Discourse Configurational Languages Shigeru Miyagawa
An unusual property of human language is the existence of movement operations. • 9 illus. Romance languages. University of Toronto
2010 • 272 pp. including English. In this monograph. with the aim of demonstrating that the locality conditions that regulate these relations can be attributed to the same principle that regulates long-distance syntactic dependencies.95 978-0-262-51355-5 Linguistic Inquiry Monograph 54
. He finds that every language manifests some kind of agreement. “Nevins presents an original principles-and-parameters theory of vowel harmony in the spirit of the Minimalist Program. Indo-European languages. as part of an overarching effort to show that phonology can be described in terms of the principles of the Minimalist program.“ — Mark Baker. he contends. Japanese. the phenomenon of defective intervention.
introduced by a dative/locative preposition. Institute Professor and Professor of Linguistics. but will influence how research in phonology is conducted in the years to come. resumption. When covert.
2009 • 176 pp. As locatives. experiencers display two peculiar clusters of nonobject properties across different languages: their syntax is often typical of oblique arguments and their semantic scope is typical of subjects. As objects (John scared Mary. informed by findings of four decades of research.Theoretical Linguistics
THE LOCATIVE SYNTAX OF EXPERIENCERS
Experiencers — grammatical participants that undergo a certain psychological change or are in such a state — are grammatically special. Landau shows that all experiencer objects are grammaticalized as locative phrases. Many scholars believe that derivational phonology is incapable in principle of analyzing reduplication. Emeritus. too. this inversion endows object experiencers with wide scope.95 978-0-262-51306-7 Linguistic Inquiry Monograph 53
A convincing account of reduplicative phenomena has been a longstanding problem for rule-based theories of morphophonology. some fairly radical. this study takes a broader perspective. and whquantifier interactions. Existing accounts of psychological verbs either consider very few languages or fail to incorporate other theoretical frameworks. cliticization. his intent is conservative: to provide evidence that the model of the phonological computation developed by Chomsky and Halle in 1968 is fundamentally correct — that surface forms are produced by the successive modification of underlying forms. • paper • $32. I expect that his book will have a significant impact not only on future work on reduplication.95 978-0-262-51353-1 Linguistic Inquiry Monograph 52
. Drawing on results from a range of languages and theoretical frameworks. prosodic adjustment. the preposition being null. Department of Linguistics. The final chapter provides an extensive sequence of detailed case studies. Although Frampton offers many new ideas about the computations that are put to use in reduplicative phonology. Lexical insertion. • paper • $26. Appendixes offer additional material on the No Crossing Constraint. and concatenative versus nonconcatenative morphology. “Bare” experiencer objects are in fact oblique. MIT
2009 • 220 pp. Its basic theoretical claim is readily translatable into alternative frameworks. John Frampton demonstrates the adequacy of rulebased theories by providing a general account within that framework and illustrating his proposal with extensive examples of widely varying reduplicatation schemes from many languages. linearization. and copying can each make a contribution to the output at different points in the computation of surface form. binding. I have learned a great deal from reading earlier versions of Frampton's book and discussing these problems with him. This volume will play a major role in the main debate of current phonological research: what is the nature of the phonological computation? "John Frampton's Distributed Reduplication presents a totally novel account of a range of classical problems in phonology. This preposition accounts for the oblique psych(ological) properties. loud music annoys me). attested in case alternations. Landau’s synthesis thus provides a novel solution to some of the oldest puzzles in the generative study of psychological verbs. Frampton’s theory accounts for the surface properties of reduplicative morphemes by operations that are distributed at various points in the morphophonology rather than by a single operation applied at a single point. giving rise to the common phenomenon of quirky experiencers. The Locative Syntax of Experiencers offers the most comprehensive description of the syntax of psychological verbs to date. Idan Landau investigates this puzzling correlation and argues that experiencers are syntactically coded as (mental) locations. restrictions on passive formation. object experiencers may undergo locative inversion. In Distributed Reduplication. and so on. In The Locative Syntax of Experiencers.00/£23. the autosegmental structure of reduplicative representations." — Morris Halle. attested in control. Landau examines the far-reaching repercussions of this simple claim.00/£19. Frampton discusses particular reduplicative processes in many languages as he develops his general theory. documenting their special properties in more than twenty languages. His analysis is based on new proposals about the structure of autosegmental representations.
Stroik investigates how these representations can be generated most parsimoniously. “After a good fifteen years of intense research and theorizing on the design of the language faculty. Grohmann. University of Cyprus
2009 • 168 pp. His proposal on the theta subtree and the Case frame points to a new direction of research on cross-linguistic variations. Taking as his starting point Chomsky’s minimalist assumption that the syntactic component of a language generates representations for sentences that are interpreted at perceptual and conceptual interfaces. Lebeaux’s exploration of the relationship between case and theta theory reveals a relationship of greater subtlety and importance than is generally assumed. including that-trace effects. and all grammatical properties are the cumulative effects of local grammatical operations. “This long-awaited book by David Lebeaux is highly recommended to those who pursue tight. positive conditions apply solely at LF. apply homogeneously throughout the derivation. Make reference to promotion code: M11LIN • Visit our Web Site! http://mitpress.00/£18.” — Hajime Hoji. Tom Stroik manages to take the minimalist enterprise to yet another level and offer new insights on the 'optimal' design of human language. • paper • $25. in particular Condition C.edu
. apply continuously throughout the derivation. in particular LF (or Logical Form). Countering the prevailing analyses of minimalist syntax. A hole in Condition C then forces a reconsideration of the whole architecture of the grammar. As Stroik demonstrates. and argues instead that all negative conditions. He finds that case and theta representations are split apart and are only fused at later points in the derivation. an important new concept for syntactic analysis. University of Southern California
2009 • 128 pp. All grammatical operations reduce to a single sort of locally defined feature-checking operation. albeit indirect.Theoretical Linguistics
LOCALITY IN MINIMALIST SYNTAX
Thomas S.mit. after movement has applied. he argues that the computational properties of human language consist only of strictly local Merge operations that lack both look-back and look-forward properties. Lebeaux draws a distinction between positive and negative conditions. It also introduces the Survive Principle. Department of English Studies.95 978-0-262-51271-8 Linguistic Inquiry Monograph 50
Call us toll free in North America to place your order: 1-800-405-1619. Stroik
In this highly original reanalysis of minimalist syntax. which have different privileges of occurrence according to the architecture of the grammar. Thomas Stroik considers the optimal design properties for human language. connections between empirical paradigms and theorizing at the most foundational level. He reexamines Chomsky’s conjecture that all conditions apply at the interfaces. Negative conditions. • paper • $34. David Lebeaux begins with a revised formulation of binding theory. he finds. reducing syntactic operations to local operations with a single property — merging lexical material into syntactic derivations — not only radically increases the computational efficiency of the syntactic component. and provides something considered impossible in minimalist syntax: a locality account of displacement phenomena.95 978-0-262-51276-3 Linguistic Inquiry Monograph 51
WHERE DOES BINDING THEORY APPLY?
This concise but wide-ranging monograph examines where the conditions of binding theory apply and in doing so considers the nature of phrase structure (in particular how case and theta roles apply) and the nature of the lexical/functional split. His arguments should interest syntacticians and those curious about the foundations of grammar. but it also optimally simplifies the design of the computational system.” — Kleanthes K.00/£25. and the interpretations available for multiplewh constructions. Locality in Minimalist Syntax explains a range of syntactic phenomena that have long resisted previous generative theories. Department of Linguistics. superiority effects.
reflecting the influence of Perlmutter’s cross-linguistic research and meticulous analysis of empirical data. and still actively engaged in the field. • paper • $35. It considers many aspects of meaning — including literal meaning and implicature — and advances a detailed theory of definite descriptions as an application of the framework. • 33 illus. L. Lillo-Martin. A. A.95 978-0-262-63356-7 Current Studies in Linguistics 49
In Language and Equilibrium. B. Moore. A. metrical structure. San Diego. E. J. J. Rhodes. P. M. Raposo. C. Vaux. Aronoff. B. A. Perlmutter edited by Donna B. Moore. This book is unique in offering a coherent view of phonology that is not Optimality Theory based. J. Legendre. Dubinsky. Meier. Although the contributors take divergent views on a range of issues. sign language. they do not deny Optimality Theory. and the nature of sign language. C. D. J. P. R. M. Cairns. W.00/£25. G. A. demonstrate that computation and representation are inherently linked. S. Other topics include grammatical relations and their mapping. S. Cairns
The essays in this volume address foundational questions in phonology that cut across different schools of thought within the discipline.”
CONTRIBUTORS: J. N. Bateman. A. Dresher. Gerdts.00/£29. K.Theoretical Linguistics
CONTEMPORARY VIEWS ON ARCHITECTURE AND REPRESENTATIONS IN PHONOLOGY
edited by Eric Raimy and Charles E. • $40. • paper • $45. H. Wolfe 2009 • 424 pp. all by distinguished phonologists. D. McCloskey. G. Perlmutter. Dziwirek. is a key attribute of language and meaning and shows how to derive the meaning of an utterance from first principles by modeling it as a system of interdependent games. I. T. and languages of the Americas). Kaisse. Idsardi. A. Aissen. and the like. M. Clements. K. Joseph. either investigating interactions among distinct modules or developing specific aspects of representation within a particular module. Babby. N. impersonals. In the early 1990s the rise of Optimality Theory — which suggested that pure computation would solve the problems of representations and modularity — eclipsed the centrality of these issues for phonology. complex verbs. Farrell. R. and these essays demonstrate the benefits of the modular approach to phonology. The essays in this book.95 978-0-262-68172-8 Current Studies in Linguistics 48
HYPOTHESIS A/HYPOTHESIS B
Linguistic Explorations in Honor of David M. Harris. J. C. One of the era’s most versatile linguists. He argues that equilibrium.
CONTRIBUTORS: J. Meir. H. Davies. van der Hulst. E. LeSourd. D. C. Frantz. John C. D. opens the volume with the illuminating and entertaining essay. E. Blevins. A. B. however. complex clauses. Hypothesis A/Hypothesis B (the title evokes Perlmutter’s characteristic style of linguistic argumentation) offers twenty-three essays by Perlmutter’s colleagues and former students. they agree on the importance of representations and questions of modularity in phonology. Padden. Rice. C. Raimy. A. W. Marlett. Zaenen
LANGUAGE AND EQUILIBRIUM
2010 • 528 pp. he is perhaps best known as the founder (with Paul Postal) of Relational Grammar. Calabrese. C. D. Purnell. P. Halle. B. or balance among multiple interacting forces. The theme of modularity runs through them all. Gerdts.00/£33. Reiss. P. G. but attempt to move the field of phonology beyond it. and Maria Polinsky
Anyone who has studied linguistics in the last halfcentury has been affected by the work of David Perlmutter.
2010 • 360 pp. His account results in a novel view of semantics and pragmatics and describes how both may be integrated with syntax. E. Sandler. Their essays address the status of phonological features. the architecture of the phonological component. S. Prashant Parikh offers a new account of meaning for natural language. Nevins. and interaction among components of phonology. S.95 978-0-262-01345-1
. Many of the contributions deal with the study of the world’s languages (including Indo-European languages. currently Professor Emeritus at the University of California. • 45 illus. but he has also made contributions to areas ranging from theoretical morphology to sign language phonology. Polinsky. Smolensky. syllable theory. Bickford. P. Maling. unaccusatives. E. and wh-constructions. W. Chung. “My Path in Linguistics.
just as a prism refracts a beam of light. J. intentions. children’s difficulty in understanding coreference. Y. A. using eye movements to physical objects to measure the accessibility of different referents. “Lucid and engaging. and one of the most reader from striking obsercreative thinkers on how to connect linguistic theory with language acquisition vations and experiments research. Choi. de Lange.95 who we are and what we 978-0-262-51258-9 should be. potential (ERP) recording literature. • $45. Baauw. and how children acquire the ability to refer and to understand reference. and neuropsychological data from the event-related D. The chapters discuss such topics as how children resolve ambiguity. S. the uses of probabilistic and CONTRIBUTORS: J. A. P. emotions. Adult expressions provide endless puzzles for the child to solve. H. M. Grodner.95 M. The tiniest utterances. Miltsakaki. S. Harvard University. Institute Professor. • paper • $19. Vasic. Gualmini. N. D. In The Prism of Grammar. J. J. linking diverse strings of information to different domains of mind — memory. L. S. Edwards. It is nice to have his insights collected into a book. K.00/£33. Roeper offers numerous and novel “explorations” that elicit how the child confronts “recursion” — the heartbeat of grammar. Garnham. April 2011 • 456 pp. 978-0-262-01512-7 S. Kaiser. The individual child’s solutions (“Don’t uncomfortable the cat” is one example) may amuse adults but they also reveal the complexity of language and the challenges of mastering it. Pearlmutter
This volume brings together contributions by prominent researchers in the fields of language processing and language acquisition on topics of common interest: how people refer to objects in the world. Wexler. G. says Roeper. Arnold. S.” can carry out to subtle and — Steven Pinker. vision. Johnstone Professor of Psychology. Garrod. Musolino. Hagoort. pragmatic information in language comprehension. E. Each chapter on acquisition begins with a commonsense look at how structures work — moving from the simple to the complex — and then turns to the literary and human dimensions of grammar. • 50 illus. K. Trueswell. every parent — in fact. C.Psycholinguistics
THE PROCESSING AND ACQUISITION OF REFERENCE
edited by Edward A. J. T. Papafragou. A. Zuckerman
THE PRISM OF GRAMMAR
How Child Language Illuminates Humanism Tom Roeper Foreword by Samuel Jay Keyser
Every sentence we hear is instantly analyzed by an inner grammar. antecedent accessibility and salience in reference. E. Moxey. Tom Roeper has been one of the most acute observers of Prism of Grammar leads the semantic and grammatical subtleties in children’s speech. Sanford. Crain. L.” (Cloth 2007) — Noam Chomsky. The “For three decades. W. Avrutin. how people comprehend such referential expressions. Tanenhaus. anyand The Stuff of Thought one seeking to understand 2009 • 184 pp. Cowles. J. then consider evidence of adults’ processing of reference from eye-tracking methods (the visual-world paradigm) and from corpora and reading experiments. Reinhart. Words and Rules. Gibson and Neal J. Meroni. The contributors first discuss issues related to children’s acquisition and processing of reference. • 46 illus.95/£14. grammar divides a stream of sound. which will be a source with children that anyone of ideas for years to come. intricate issues that concern and author of The Language Instinct. reflect the whole mind and engage the child’s free will and sense of dignity. Tom Roeper brings the abstract principles behind modern grammar to life by exploring the astonishing intricacies of child language. A. Chambers. J. Ruigendijk. Sedivy. MIT
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experts from linguistics.00/£28. • 20 color. cognitive psychology. He describes both standard communication and nonstandard communication (which includes deception. each of which may have a distinguishable evolutionary history and neurological base. The contributors argue that syntax is such a function. with special emphasis on areas in which the findings of particular disciplines might shed light on problems faced by other disciplines. irony. syntax appears to be the last major evolutionary transition in humans that has some genetic basis. Bara argues that communication is a cooperative activity in which two or more agents together consciously and intentionally construct the meaning of their interaction. summarizes and evaluates contrasting approaches in areas that remain controversial. Bara translated by John Douthwaite
In Cognitive Pragmatics. It defines areas where consensus has been established with regard to the nature.
2010 • 296 pp. Even those who only have a passing interest in language will find it to be an interesting book to own. • 48 illus. and “as-if” statements). Despite the proto-linguistic capacities of some animals. Bruno Bara offers a theory of human communication that is both formalized through logic and empirically validated through experimental data and clinical studies. In true communication (which Bara distinguishes from the mere transmission of information). • $38. The book describes the current state of research on syntax in different fields. “This is a refreshingly clear volume on what is a technical but important subject. all the actors must share a set of mental states. and explains the decay of communication that occurs both with different types of brain injury and with Alzheimer’s disease.Psycholinguistics
BIOLOGICAL FOUNDATIONS AND ORIGIN OF SYNTAX
edited by Derek Bickerton and Eörs Szathmáry
Syntax is arguably the most human-specific aspect of language.95 978-0-262-01411-3
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. infrastructure.” — Mark Pagel.00/£33. ecology and evolutionary biology. and suggests lines for future research to resolve at least some of these disputed issues. Failures are analyzed in detail. Bara investigates communicative competence in both evolutionary and developmental terms. Unlike most previous work on the evolution of language. and evolution of the syntax of natural languages. and computer modeling address this question. Throughout. with possible solutions explained. Bara takes a cognitive perspective. The Quarterly Review of Biology
2009 • 430 pp. which structure both the generation and the comprehension of the communication act (either language or gesture). Biological Foundations and Origin of Syntax follows through on a growing consensus among researchers that language can be profitably separated into a number of related and interacting but largely autonomous functions. Bara offers supporting data from the literature and his own research. tracing its emergence from hominids to homo sapiens and defining the stages of its development in humans from birth to adulthood. Yet what are the elements to a scenario that can explain such a transition? In this book. He correlates his theory with the neurosciences. investigating communication not from the viewpoint of an external observer but from within the mind of the individual. Bara examines communicative interaction through the notion of behavior and dialogue games. 40 black & white illus.95 978-0-262-01356-7 Strüngmann Forum Reports
The Mental Processes of Communication Bruno G. $45. neurology and neurobiology.
95 978-0-262-51253-4 (Cloth 2007) The Jean Nicod Lectures
Now Available in Paperback
ORIGINS OF HUMAN COMMUNICATION
Human communication is grounded in fundamentally cooperative. Tomasello makes a powerful and highly readable case for the social foundations of human communication and of the underlying cognition that makes language possible. The breadth of the approach will foster cross-disciplinary conversation. • 21 illus.
2009 • 376 pp. He proposes an alternative parallel architecture for the language faculty that permits a greater internal integration of the components of language and connects far more naturally to such larger issues in cognitive neuroscience as language processing. Conventional communication. evolved only after humans already possessed these natural gestures and their shared intentionality infrastructure along with skills of cultural learning for creating and passing along jointly understood communicative conventions. and evolutionary psychologists. in step with the evolution of a special kind of social mind. and the evolution of language. “With this book. In this original and provocative account of the evolutionary origins of human communication. Science
2010 • 408 pp. and author of The Stuff of Thought: Language as a Window into Human Nature. 2008 PROSE Award in Literature. Michael Tomasello connects the fundamentally cooperative structure of human communication to the especially cooperative structure of human social interaction. Challenging the Chomskian view that linguistic knowledge is innate. neuroscientists. CULTURE
Essays on Mental Structure Ray Jackendoff
Ray Jackendoff’s Language. Enfield. had [Jackendoff’s] scope and intellectual ambition. Tomasello argues that humans’ cooperative communication emerged first in the natural gestures of pointing and pantomiming. Johnstone Professor. CONSCIOUSNESS. American Scientist “I recommend [these essays] to anyone interested in how the mind works.95 978-0-262-51520-7 (Cloth 2008) The Jean Nicod Lectures
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.” — Steven Pinker.J. 2009 Eleanor Maccoby Book Award in Developmental Psychology. Jackendoff's formal framework allows him to draw new connections among a large variety of literatures and to uncover new distinctions and generalizations not previously recognized. Harvard University. • paper • $18.00/£13. Language. psycholinguists. “I wish that other linguists. both generative and cognitive. even shared. Culture represents a breakthrough in developing an integrated theory of human cognition. Jackendoff argues that linguistics has become isolated from the other cognitive sciences at least partly because of the syntax-based architecture assumed by mainstream generative grammar. Tomasello proposes instead that the most fundamental aspects of uniquely human communication are biological adaptations for cooperative social interaction in general and that the purely linguistic dimensions of human communication are cultural conventions and constructions created by and passed along within particular cultural groups.” — N. language is an adaptation that gradually emerged.00/£14. philosophers. the connection of language to vision. cognitive anthropologists. AAP/PSP Division
• Winner. the vision is to develop a richer understanding of human nature. Language & Linguistics. It will be of interest to a broad spectrum of cognitive scientists. including linguists. In this naturalistic account. Culture extends Jackendoff’s pioneering theory of conceptual semantics to two of the most important domains of human thought: social cognition and theory of mind.” — George Lakoff. Consciousness. Consciousness. first gestural and then vocal. intentions. • paper • $20. Drawing on empirical research into gestural and vocal communication by great apes and human infants. American Psychological Association • Honorable Mention.
processing difficulty. and the possibility of genomically encoding universal principles of grammar." — Jeffrey W. Learning. cognitive theories based on neural computation and those employing symbolic computation can in fact strengthen one another. the automatization deficit account (1990) and the cerebellar deficit hypothesis (2001). over the years. this landmark work develops in depth a cognitive architecture based in neural computation but supporting formally explicit higher-level symbolic descriptions.00/£14.” — Aravind K. laying the foundations for future progress.00/£19. In Dyslexia. University of Pennsylvania
March 2011 • Volume 1 • 592 pp. To substantiate this controversial claim. “Nicholson and Fawcett have.Psycholinguistics
Now Available in Paperback Now Available in Paperback
DYSLEXIA. Unlike most dyslexia research.95 978-0-262-51509-2 (Cloth 2008)
THE HARMONIC MIND
From Neural Computation to OptimalityTheoretic Grammar
Volume I: Cognitive Architecture Volume II: Linguistic and Philosophical Implications
Paul Smolensky and Géraldine Legendre
Despite their apparently divergent accounts of higher cognition. • paper • $27. challenged and engaged the dyslexia community. including new grammar formalisms.00/£19. Nicolson and Angela J. cross-linguistic typology. Detailed studies in both phonology and syntax provide arguments that these grammatical theories and their neural network realizations enable deeper explanations of early acquisition. • paper • $20.95 978-0-262-51619-8 Volume 2 • 640 pp. • paper • $27. mind. I believe that the research presented here will raise very substantially the level of discourse concerning the relationship of connectionism and symbolic processing.” dyslexia is now the subject of a complex — and confusing — body of theoretical and empirical research. Henry Salvatori Professor of Computer and Cognitive Science. Joshi. and the Brain. and Chair. Foundational questions concerning the explanatory status of symbols for central problems such as the unbounded productivity of higher cognition are also given proper treatment. McClelland. one that everyone interested in cognition. and brain will want to know and understand. leading dyslexia researchers Rod Nicolson and Angela Fawcett provide a uniquely broad and coherent analysis of dyslexia theory. Research Subcommittee. which addresses the question “what is the cause of the reading disability called dyslexia?” the authors have addressed the deeper question of “what is the cause of the learning disability that manifests as reading problems?” This perspective allows them to place dyslexia research within the much broader disciplines of cognitive psychology and cognitive neuroscience and has led to a rich framework. Stanford University ”Researchers of different persuasions in cognitive science and linguistics will find these volumes very rewarding.” — James L. including two established leading theories.95 978-0-262-51454-5 (Cloth 2006)
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. • 50 illus. AND THE BRAIN
Roderick I. The authors’ answer to the fundamental question “what is dyslexia?” offers a challenge and motivation for research throughout the learning disabilities. Once discounted as a “middle-class myth. Their voice in this text should be heard clearly by any student of the field — young or old. Purdue University. Gilger. Associate Dean for Discovery and Faculty Development. “The Harmonic Mind presents a unique synthetic vision of cognitive science. LEARNING. the International Dyslexia Association
2010 • 304 pp. language. Fawcett
Dyslexia research has made dramatic progress since the mid-1980s.
and though this access is incomplete.00/£11. James Klagge proposes a new way of looking at Wittgenstein — as an exile — that helps make sense of this. What is the scope of this inquiry? Which aspect of nature does this science investigate? What is its relation to the rest of science? What notions of language and mind are under investigation? This book is a study of such foundational questions. Wittgenstein’s exile was not.
February 2011 • 264 pp. strictly geographical. They may worry whether they have been clear. In Wittgenstein in Exile. Mukherji suggests that a computational system of language consisting of very specific principles and operations is likely to be involved in each articulatory symbol system — such as music — that manifests unboundedness.Philosophy of Language
WITTGENSTEIN IN EXILE
James C. Wittgenstein was never at home in the twentieth century. He places Wittgenstein’s work in a broad context. Nirmalangshu Mukherji argues that the significance of biolinguistic inquiry extends beyond the domain of language. This restriction to grammars.95 978-0-262-51329-6 (Cloth 2006)
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A Bradford Book 2009 • 192 pp. Klagge
Ludwig Wittgenstein’s Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus (1922) and Philosophical Investigations (1953) are among the most influential philosophical books of the twentieth century. Klagge argues. discussing such topics as essentialism. Mukherji argues.95 978-0-262-01534-9
THE PRIMACY OF GRAMMAR
The contemporary discipline of biolinguistics is beginning to have the feel of scientific inquiry. rather. Department of Philosophy.” — Michael Glanzberg. • $35.00/£25. opens the possibility that the computational system of human language may be involved in each cognitive system that requires similar computational resources. Wittgenstein’s work seems to have little relevance to the way philosophy is done today. and conversations. They may wonder about what words mean. and also among the most perplexing.00/£33. Once we see Wittgenstein’s exile. correspondence. • $45. whether a sentence is true.95 978-0-262-01405-2
DE LINGUA BELIEF
Robert Fiengo and Robert May
Speakers. He was in exile from an earlier era — Oswald Spengler’s culture of the early nineteenth century. Biolinguistics — especially the work of Noam Chomsky — is suggesting that the design of language may be “perfect”: language is an optimal solution to conditions of sound and meaning. despite his wanderings from Vienna to Cambridge to Norway to Ireland. relativism. including Wittgenstein’s published work. • paper • $16. Klagge draws on the full range of evidence. about ourselves and others. In that sense. to whom a name refers. Exploring Chomsky’s claims. and eliminativism. use language to talk about language. Biolinguistics is primarily concerned with grammars that represent just the computational aspects of the mind/brain. “This superb book takes on some of the hardest and longest-standing problems in the philosophy of language. a specific structure of the human mind. Deploying analytical argumentation and empirical evidence. Goethe. we will gain a better appreciation of the difficulty of understanding Wittgenstein and his work. the complete Nachlaß. • 1 illus. after thousands of years of inquiry. causation. lectures. along a trajectory of thought that includes Job. Moreover. we nevertheless can form on this basis beliefs about linguistic matters of considerable subtlety. Wittgenstein warned again and again that he was not and would not be understood. the biolinguistics approach may have identified. • 11 illus.
A Bradford Book 2010 • 296 pp. and Dostoyevsky. private experience. That speakers can make such inquiries implies a degree of access to the complex array of knowledge and skills underlying our ability to speak. Klagge argues. in their everyday conversations. It is beliefs of this sort — de lingua beliefs — that Robert Fiengo and Robert May explore in this book. or correctly expressed what they meant to say. Yet Klagge also writes from an analytic philosophical perspective. University of California.
. and learning in the origin and evolution of language — in particular. Moro is uniquely equipped to explore this. Moro searches for neurobiological correlates of “the boundaries of Babel” — the constraints on the apparent chaotic variation in human languages — by using an original experimental “A lucid introduction to these design based on artificial exciting areas. This book creates a mathematical and computational framework within which to embed those accounts. He theorizes with a mathematician's rigor. Language learning by children is robust and reliable. superbly languages. The development of neuroimaging technology offers new opportunities to enrich the “biolinguistic perspective” and extend it beyond an abstract framework for inquiry.00/£14. generalizes across biological. and offers intriguing simulations. As a leading theoretical linguist in the generative tradition and also a cognitive scientist schooled in the new imaging technology. but it cannot be perfect or languages would never change — and English. is not so directly experienced. We can observe the learning of language by children and marvel at the phenomenon of language acquisition. The study of language within a biological context has been ongoing for more than fifty years. National Science Foundation
2009 • 504 pp. Lightfoot. historical linguists have postulated several accounts of documented language change.” then uses these essential — from the foreword by aspects of language Noam Chomsky to examine two neuroimaging experiments in which he took part — making it clear that techniques and machines do not provide interesting data without a sound theoretical framework. • 54 illus. Professor of Linguistics. and Assistant Director. with intriguing of the fundamental implications well beyond results from linguistics biolinguistics. • 18 illus. offering a research tool to aid analysis in an area in which data is often sparse and speculation often plentiful. • paper • $22.00/£16. and cultural distinctions.
2010 • 280 pp. He offers a informed and imaginatively critical overview of some presented. Over the years. biologists have postulated accounts of the evolution of communication systems in the animal world. communicative efficiency. for example.95 978-0-262-51339-5 (Cloth 2006) Current Studies in Linguistics 43
Now Available in Paperback
THE BOUNDARIES OF BABEL
The Brain and the Enigma of Impossible Languages Andrea Moro Foreword by Noam Chomsky
In The Boundaries of Babel.95 978-0-262-51506-1 (Cloth 2008) Current Studies in Linguistics 49
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. "Partha Niyogi introduces new perspectives on the link between language acquisition and language change across generations. In this book Partha Niyogi introduces a framework for analyzing the precise nature of the relationship between learning by the individual and evolution of the population. Andrea Moro tells the story of an encounter between two cultures: contemporary theoretical linguistics and the cognitive neurosciences." — David W. .Also of Interest
THE COMPUTATIONAL NATURE OF LANGUAGE LEARNING AND EVOLUTION
The nature of the interplay between language learning and the evolution of a language over generational time is subtle. the evolution of a language. however. Additionally. achievement. would not have evolved from the language of the Anglo-Saxon Chronicles. political. . whether natural selection is necessary for the emergence of shared languages. Niyogi investigates the roles of natural selection. Georgetown University. • paper • $19. A rare over the last fifty years.
and his work in linguistics — that illustrate “the Chomsky effect. and colleague. Barsky
Groundbreaking linguist and outspoken political dissenter — voted “most important public intellectual in the world today” in a 2005 magazine poll — Noam Chomsky inspires fanatical devotion and fierce vituperation. are fascinating. And Barsky describes Harris’s views on capitalism. The intersecting worlds of Harris’s intellectual and political activities were populated by such figures as Louis Brandeis. Barsky describes Harris’s work in language studies. and worker self-management. notably those of Seymour Melman. Franz Boas.Also of Interest
From American Linguistics to Socialist Zionism Robert F. teacher. Intrigued. the legacy of which can be found in some of his students’ writings. Barsky Times Higher Education Supplement 1998 • paper • $21. particularly. as mentor. He also discusses Harris’s part in the pre-1948 Zionist movement — when many Jews on the Left envisioned a socialist Palestine that would be a haven not only for persecuted Jews but also for disenfranchised Arabs and anyone seeking a sanctuary against oppression — and recounts Harris’s debates on the subject with Brandeis.95/£16.95 978-0-262-01526-4
THE CHOMSKY EFFECT
A Radical Works Beyond the Ivory Tower Robert F. Barsky
In 1995. Einstein. technology.” — Richard C.95 many extracts from his 978-0-262-51316-6 (Cloth 2007) correspondence and Also available: remarks by friends and NOAM CHOMSKY colleagues. Israel.95 978-0-262-52255-7
Call us toll free in North America to place your order: 1-800-405-1619. • paper • $15. including Vietnam." A Life of Dissent — Raphael Salkie. and a large group of students involved with a Zionist organization called Avukah. Barsky shows how Harris. and information representation. Virginia Quarterly Review
"The insights into Chomsky as a person.95/£22. Robert Barsky met with Noam Chomsky to discuss his work-in-progress.” “This book should be read by anyone interested in the existing or potential role for public intellectuals in American society and in politics.mit. labor. Noam Chomsky: A Life of Dissent. Make reference to promotion code: M11LIN • Visit our Web Site! http://mitpress. politics. Robert F. East Timor. who was. more interesting than Chomsky himself. Chomsky told Barsky that he should focus his attention instead on midcentury linguist and activist Zellig Harris. Chomsky biographer Robert Barsky examines his subject’s positions on a number of highly charged issues — Chomsky’s signature issues.
March 2011 • 328 pp.95/£11. Chomsky modestly insisted. Collins. and Zionism. notably in the 2009 • 400 pp. • 11 illus. and Chomsky. In The Chomsky Effect. structural linguistics. powerfully influenced figures who came to dominate the twentieth century’s political discussion — thinkers as different as Noam Chomsky and Nathan Glazer. • $29. worker-owner relations. Barsky began to research Harris (1909–1992) and discovered the story of a major figure in American intellectual life “sitting in a corner in the middle of the room” — part of crucial twentieth-century conversations about language. Albert Einstein.edu
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. Nathan Glazer. and his pioneering ideas about discourse analysis.
In each issue. While this localization increases local ambiguity. J. R. Neumann. Boullier. Editor-in-Chief
Computational Linguistics is the longest-running publication devoted exclusively to the design and analysis of natural language processing systems. Grammars in these frameworks typically associate linguistically motivated rich descriptions (Supertags) with words. 978-0-262-01387-1 P.00/£37. Moot. Crysmann. MA 02142-1315 Tel: (800) 207-8354 US/Canada • (617) 253-2889 • FAX: (617) 577-1545 http://mitpressjournals. Quarterly Volume 42 forthcoming Winter/Spring/Summer/Fall 224 pp. T. Shen. Harbusch. Supertags are designed so that complex linguistic constraints are localized to operate within the domain of those descriptions. Chen. Linguistic Inquiry captures the excitement of contemporary debate in the field by publishing full-scale articles as well as shorter contributions (Squibs and Discussion) and more extensive commentary (Remarks and Replies). Sturt. From this highly regarded open-access quarterly. W. linguistics. V. K. G. artificial intelligence investigators. Combinatory Categorical Grammar (CCG). L. This volume investigates the theme of employing statistical approaches with linguistically motivated representations and its impact on Natural Language Processing tasks. Sangal. per issue • 6 3/4 x 9 1/4 Founded: 1970 2009 ISI Impact Factor: 1. A. Head-driven Phrase Structure Grammar (HPSG). A. In these frameworks. the world’s most celebrated linguists keep themselves and other readers informed of new theoretical developments based on the latest international scholarship. Miyao. J. and the psychology of language processing and performance. Curran. By. Satta. F. A. J. 2010 • 512 pp. Bharati. R. Supertags that are the primitives of different P. Palmer. W. Menzel. Quarterly Volume 37 forthcoming March/June/September/December 160 pp. Hasan. and Lexical Functional Grammar (LFG). per issue • 6 3/4 x 10 Founded: 1974 2009 ISI Impact Factor: 2.212 ISSN 0891-2017 • E-ISSN 1530-9312
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MIT Press Journals • 55 Hayward Street • Cambridge. Mazzei. speech specialists. Published by the MIT Press on behalf of the Association for Computational Linguistics. grammar formalisms including Lexicalized K. Tsujii. Wang. Rambow. grammars in the TAG and CCG frameworks have also been automatically extracted while maintaining the linguistic relevance of the extracted Supertags. R. computational linguists. Joshi. Sarkar. K. Bäcker. Editor-in-Chief
Linguistic Inquiry leads the field in research on current topics in linguistics.95 O. Foth. A. the contributors describe research in which words are associated with CONTRIBUTORS: J. university and industry linguists. Joshi
The last decade has seen computational implementations of large hand-crafted natural language grammars in formal frameworks such as Tree-Adjoining Grammar (TAG).450 ISSN 0024-3892 • E-ISSN 1530-9150
Robert Dale. S. and philosophers get information about computational aspects of research on language. Nasr. T. G. Clark. • $50. R. • 159 illus. Matsuzaki.org — 17 —
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Using Complex Lexical Descriptions in Natural Language Processing edited by Srinivas Bangalore and Aravind K. Tree-Adjoining Grammar (LTAG). M. the process of disambiguation (Supertagging) provides a unique way of combining linguistic and statistical information. In particular. cognitive scientists. Y. Bangalore. With the availability of parse-annotated corpora. Frank. S. A. S. Xia
MIT Press Journals
Samuel Jay Keyser. Lombardo. Vijay-Shanker.
Writing about retirement. And he explains the special faculty-student bond at MIT: the faculty sees the students as themselves thirty years earlier. Keyser describes the administrative side of his MIT life. “It’s been a helluva party.NEW
MENS ET MANIA
The MIT Nobody Knows Samuel Jay Keyser
When Jay Keyser arrived at MIT in 1977 to head the Department of Linguistics and Philosophy. for faculty as well as for students. not only as department head but also as Associate Provost and Special Assistant to the Chancellor.” This entertaining and thought-provoking memoir will make readers glad that Keyser hasn’t quite left. Keyser recounts his academic and administrative adventures during a career of more than thirty years. Keyser had to run a department (“budgets were like horoscopes”) and negotiate student grievances — from the legality of showing Deep Throat in a dormitory to the uproar caused by the arrests of students for antiapartheid demonstrations. Intellectually first class. MA 02142-1315 USA
The MIT Press
Non-profit Org. a colleague grabbed him by the lapels to discuss dark matter. US Postage PAID Permit # 54518 Boston. I must be going.95/£18. Noam Chomsky called him “boss” (double SOB spelled backward?). convincing a student not to jump off the roof of the Green Building. and recent attempts to look at MIT through a corporate lens. he “felt like a fish that had been introduced to water for the first time. • $24. and engaging in conflict resolution made him feel like “a marriage counselor trying to reconcile a union between a Jehovah’s witness and a vampire.” Students famously say “Tech is hell. MA 02142
1Printed on recycled paper
55 Hayward Street Cambridge.” Keyser says.”). he writes.
April 2011 • 264 pp.” At MIT. Keyser observes that MIT is hard to get into and even harder to leave.” In Mens et Mania. Keyser quotes the song Groucho Marx sang in Animal Crackers as he was leaving a party — “Hello. Keyser also describes a visiting Japanese delegation horrified by the disrepair of the linguistics department offices (Chomsky tells them “Our motto is: Physically shabby.