564 views

Uploaded by Marco Ripà

A new method, involving tetrahedral numbers, to solve a particular kind of double summations.

- Identifying Gifted Children and Dyslexia Early Diagnosis [Conference proceedings (12th Asia-Pacific Conference on Giftedness - July 17, 2012)]
- On prime factors in old and new sequences of integers
- Differentiating Features of Gifted Children and Dealing With High IQ Societies
- ENSDT Prototype Untimed First Norm
- X-Test (the IQ test for the high range) Finally Revealed
- Chapter 1.pdf
- ENNDT: the first dynamic IQ test in the world (tests & solutions)
- Final Copy of Case Study on Geophysics_21-03-14
- tmpCB3F.tmp
- Howard
- Fifth Grade
- NMTC 2018 prospeectus
- Fermat, Pierre De
- Algebra Pond 2
- Binomial
- NSSAHandbook.pdf
- Vectorized Logistic Regression
- c 2 Zigzag Mocks
- Assnm Sequence & Series Module-4.
- Muirhead - Excalibur1

You are on page 1of 4

tetrahedral numbers

Marco Ripà

http://spiqrsociety.webs.com/

marco@marcoripa.net

Abstract In this paper we provide an inverse proof of the relation between a particular class of double

sums and tetrahedral numbers. Thus, we present a compact formula to reduce the number of calculations

necessary to solve such a kind of problems. The initial identity is confirmed “a posteriori” using the formula

mentioned above.

§1. Introduction

There exist different methods to solve summations [1-2] depending on the particular problem we are working

on. In this brief paper, we explain that it is possible to use a compact formula to minimize the calculations

when we are involved in a particular class of double sums.

First of all we show a preliminary result, which we will use later, to prove that the double summations we

have to calculate can be written as the difference of two tetrahedral numbers.

we have

So, we have seen, without omitting any step, that (for every n<m, where both n and m are positive integers -

-)

(1)

2

(2)

with t≤n-m

is equal to the difference between the (n-m)th tetrahedral number [3] and the (n-m-t-1)th. In fact, the (2) is, by

definition, equal to the (n-m)th tetrahedral number (we consider only positive terms of the sequence A000292

of OEIS [4]).

The (2) is given by the sum of n-m+1 terms, of which the last one is null (n-n=0). We use the (1) to make the

relation explicit, rewriting the (2) as (n-m)2+(n-(m+2))2+(n-(m+4))2+(n-(m+6))2+…+62+42+22+0 if n-m is

even and (n-m)2+(n-(m+2))2+(n-(m+4))2+(n-(m+6))2+…+52+32+12 if n-m is an odd number.

Thus, the value of the (2) is given by the sum of the squares of the even numbers ≤ n-m, when n-m is even,

and by the sum of the squares of the odd numbers ≤ n-m, for n-m odd. Unifying the two previous exhaustive

th

occurrences, we get the (n-m) positive term of the sequence A000292. In particular, let

Ti:=0,1,4,10,20,35,56,84,… for i=0,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,… , T i is even iff i(mod 4)≡1. So, we have proved that the

(2) – plus the trivial case t=n-m – is equal to the (n-m)th tetrahedral number (let we assume T1=1 as the first

tetrahedral number).

If the upper limit of the index j is t<n-m, we simply have to subtract the value of the (n-m-t-1)th positive

tetrahedral number to the previous result: Tn-m-t+1:= .

Thus:

3

(3)

Referring to the initial problem, we can now verify the property (1) substituting t=1 inside the (3):

Thus, we have proved that the (1) is a particular instance of the (3).

(t≤n-m)

4

Another method, which involves triangular and tetrahedral numbers, is to note that

Thus,

References

[1] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Summation

[2] http://mathworld.wolfram.com/DoubleSeries.html

[3] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tetrahedral_number

- Identifying Gifted Children and Dyslexia Early Diagnosis [Conference proceedings (12th Asia-Pacific Conference on Giftedness - July 17, 2012)]Uploaded byMarco Ripà
- On prime factors in old and new sequences of integersUploaded byMarco Ripà
- Differentiating Features of Gifted Children and Dealing With High IQ SocietiesUploaded byMarco Ripà
- ENSDT Prototype Untimed First NormUploaded byMarco Ripà
- X-Test (the IQ test for the high range) Finally RevealedUploaded byMarco Ripà
- Chapter 1.pdfUploaded bybamalamb
- ENNDT: the first dynamic IQ test in the world (tests & solutions)Uploaded byMarco Ripà
- Final Copy of Case Study on Geophysics_21-03-14Uploaded byDaniel Walvin
- tmpCB3F.tmpUploaded byFrontiers
- HowardUploaded byCharlie Pinedo
- Fifth GradeUploaded byalv6378
- NMTC 2018 prospeectusUploaded by143chary
- Fermat, Pierre DeUploaded bycreesha
- Algebra Pond 2Uploaded byOrmazabal Judith
- BinomialUploaded byChristopher Clayton
- NSSAHandbook.pdfUploaded bytimata
- Vectorized Logistic RegressionUploaded byAlberto Simões
- c 2 Zigzag MocksUploaded bywizardzx2
- Assnm Sequence & Series Module-4.Uploaded bySudhir Kumar
- Muirhead - Excalibur1Uploaded byp001
- pongUploaded byLuckysaluter Saluter
- fasc3bUploaded bybrodskye
- 2012-2013 f1 Math First Term TestUploaded bynamik
- 0 Types Variables Sum NotationsUploaded bymahmoud fuqaha
- Rational NosUploaded byAaron Wallace
- Past Year SPM_SetsUploaded bynurbaya_rosli
- july 29-aug 2 day5Uploaded byacbok
- A_Level_Maths_Complete_Pack_SO_new.pdfUploaded byTrio Widianto
- Presentation FfnalUploaded byRakesh Singh
- Math1_2012_ver_AUploaded byGiorgi Getsadze

- DOTS - First Real IQ Challenge to the High IQ WorldUploaded byMarco Ripà
- ENSDT 20 - OFFICIAL IQ TEST (by Marco Ripà)Uploaded byMarco Ripà
- ENSDT Prototype Untimed Second NormUploaded byMarco Ripà
- Second Interview for the Chilean World Intelligence Network (Marco Ripà, May 31 2013).Uploaded byMarco Ripà
- Extended 9 dots puzzle to nxn dotsUploaded byMarco Ripà
- X-Test normUploaded byMarco Ripà
- IQF RatingUploaded byMarco Ripà
- Article About the Library of Babel (Parts 1 & 2 of 4)Uploaded byMarco Ripà
- ENSDT Prototype (Timed) NormUploaded byMarco Ripà
- 4 points, 3 lines... how many patterns?Uploaded byMarco Ripà
- High Range IQ Tests (Big) FlawsUploaded byMarco Ripà
- Arrows: The Solutions!Uploaded byMarco Ripà
- ARROWS: A very flawed (IQ?) test for the high rangeUploaded byMarco Ripà
- My Personal IQ ProfileUploaded byMarco Ripà
- ENNDT RESULTS & PRELIMINARY NORMUploaded byMarco Ripà
- The Rectangular Spiral Solution for n1Xn2X(Strict Final)Uploaded byMarco Ripà
- HRTs (Big) FlawsUploaded byMarco Ripà
- ENNDT: the first dynamic IQ test in the world (tests & solutions)Uploaded byMarco Ripà
- Extended 9 Dots Puzzle to nxnx...xn Dots: General Solving MethodUploaded byMarco Ripà
- IQ Tests FlawsUploaded byMarco Ripà
- Retro-analitical Reasoning IQ tests for the High Range.Uploaded byMarco Ripà
- Patterns Related to the Smarandache Circular Sequence Primality ProblemUploaded byMarco Ripà
- A Nice PropertyUploaded byMarco Ripà

- CA 1.pdfUploaded bysusan george
- syllabusUploaded byJoseph M. Stahl
- TensorUploaded byaquabox
- hw2Uploaded byApam Benjamin
- 10-3Uploaded byksr131
- Complex NumbersUploaded bychammak
- Cartesian components_vector.pptUploaded byYat Hash
- Maths FormulaeUploaded byPalak Arora
- Math202hw9bsolsUploaded byMorvaridYi
- f4 Maths Revision c5 Straight LineUploaded bySharuvindan Nair
- [Chris a.M. Peters, Joseph H. M. Steenbrink] Mixed Hodge StructuresUploaded byShaulB7
- Theory of Groups and Quantum Mechanics - Hermann Weyl - 2edUploaded byDaniél Cárdenas
- w s-11 functionsUploaded byapi-253679034
- 6th Boolean AlgebraUploaded byfarhan
- Solving Quadratic Equations by Factorisation Worksheet #01, Algebra revision from GCSE Maths TutorUploaded bygcsemathstutor
- lesson 9 4 addition subtraction of radical expressionsUploaded byapi-233527181
- Systems of InequalitiesUploaded byAnthony Musengezi 'Tudechi
- Gorenstein -Classifying the Finite Simple GroupsUploaded byPeter Piper
- Highlight of the book of Ring Theory and its applicatonsUploaded bymineasaroeun
- Square Eulerian QuadruplesUploaded byernesto
- Plane GroupsUploaded byAndrew Wang
- Math 122Uploaded byestoy.registrando5852
- 0406021 States With Maximally Mixed Marginals.Uploaded byفارس الزهري
- Discriminant PPT Alg2Uploaded byRogelio Maneclang Canuel Jr.
- Example of Hessenberg ReductionUploaded byMohammad Umar Rehman
- Galois TheoryUploaded byapi-3707840
- Telangana 8th class Mathematics Text bookUploaded byRoshan Kumar
- Dot ProductUploaded byNurul Abrar
- P-Adic Banach SpacesUploaded bydmtri
- Rings of Real-Valued Coninuous FunctionsUploaded bymbacharach8707