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Energy Management

Modular Power Analyzers


Type WM2-96
• Class 1
• Modular power analyzer
• Front size: 96x96 mm
• 3-dgt/6-dgt µP-based indicator
• Manual or automatic scrolling of system and
single phase: kW, kVAr, PF, kWh, kVArh, A, VL-L avg,
VL1-N, VL2-N, VL3-N.
• TRMS measurement of distorted waves (voltage/current)
• All configuration functions selectable by
built-in key-pad
• Password protection of programming parameters
• Degree of protection (front): IP 65
• Optional pulse output (according to DIN43864)
• Optional serial RS 422 /485 output
• MODBUS, JBUS protocol.

Product Description Ordering Key WM2-96 AV53D XXX


µP-based modular power gle phase measurements and Model
analyzer with a built-in con- indications. The housing is Range code
figuration key-pad. The pow- easy to mount on a panel Measurement
er, power factor, current and and ensures a degree of pro- Power supply
voltage are system and sin- tection (front) of IP 65. 1st output
2nd output

Type Selection
Range code Measurement Power supply 1st output (pulse)

XX: No output (standard)


AV5: 250/433 VAC - 5 AAC 3: One phase, A: 24 VAC, -15% +10%, O1: Single open collector
(max. 300 V (L-N)/ three-phase system, 50/60 Hz 1) 2) output (30V/100mADC) 1)
520 V (L-L) - 6 A) 3 or 4 wires, balan- B: 48 VAC, -15%+10%, O2: Dual open collector out-
AV7: 400/690 VAC - 5 AAC ced load; 50/60 Hz 1) 2) put (30V/100mADC) 1)
(max. 480 V (L-N)/ three phase system, C: 115 VAC, -15% R1: Single relay output,
(AC1-8AAC, 250VAC) 1)
830 V (L-L) - 6 A) 1) 3 or 4 wires, unba- +10%, 50/60 Hz 1) 2) R2: Dual relay output,
lanced load D: 230 VAC, -15% (AC1-8AAC, 250VAC) 1)
+10%, 50/60 Hz
(standard) 2) 2nd output
1)
L: 18 to 60 VDC/AC 3)
On request H: 90 to 260 VDC/AC 3)
2)
X: No output (standard)
This power supply cannot be used if the RS485 module S: Serial output, RS 485
is needed multidrop bidirec-
3)
Compatible with any kind of output tional 1)

Input Specifications
Accuracy (48 to 62 Hz) Un: 250V (AV5), 400V (AV7) Rated input
In: 5A Current 2 inputs (one/three-phase
Voltage/current balanced load)
(@ 25°C ± 5°C, R.H. ≤ 60%) ±0.5% f.s. (0 to 1.2 In, 6 inputs (one/three-phase
0.5 to 1.2 Un) unbalanced load)
Active power/energy Voltage 2 inputs (one/three-phase
(@ 25°C ± 5°C, R.H. ≤ 60%) ±1% f.s. (PF ≥ 0.7 L/C, balanced load)
0 to 1.2 In, 0.5 to 1.2 Un) 4 inputs (one/three-phase
Reactive power/energy unbalanced load)
(@ 25°C ± 5°C, R.H. ≤ 60%) ±1% f.s. (PF ≥ 0.7 L/C, Insulation among the voltage and the
0 to 1 In, 0 to 1 Un) current inputs: 2000Vrms;
Power factor (PF) among the current inputs:
(@ 25°C ± 5°C, R.H. ≤ 60%) ±1% f.s., PF ≥ 0.7 L/C, 2000 Vrms
(0.6 to 1.2 In, 1 to 1.2 Un) Temperature drift ±250 ppm/°C
Additional errors Display Backlighted LCD, h 13mm,
Humidity < 0.3% f.s., 60% to 90% R.H. 3-dgt (instantaneous meas.)
Power supply ±0.5% rdg, -15 +10% p.s.
6-dgt (energies)
Magnetic field < 0.1% f.s. @ 400 A/m

Specifications are subject to change without notice 1


WM2-96

Input Specifications (cont.)


Decimal point position Instantaneous measurements: Ranges (impedances)
Automatic selection accord- 250 V/433 V (≥400kΩ)
ing to the current trans- 5 AAC (≤ 0.3 VA / ≤ 0.1Ω)
former ratio of the CT being 400V/690V (≥650kΩ)
connected (max. indication -
Frequency range 48 to 62 Hz
single phase):
CT ratio ≤ 5 : 11.11 (25.00A) Over-load protection Un: 250V (AV5), 400V (AV7)
CT ratio ≤50.0: 111.1 (250.0A) In: 5A
CT ratio ≤ 500.0 : 1111 (2500A) Continuous: voltage/current 1.2 Un /In
CT ratio ≤ 999.9 : 11110 (6000A) For 1 s
Voltage: 2 Un
Energy measurements:
Current: 20 In
max. resolution:1 Wh/1 VArh
min. resolution: 1 kWh/1 kVArh Keyboard 4 keys:
”∆∇”:
Max. and min. indication
- to enter programming
Voltage Max. 600 min. 0
phase and password con-
Current (CT ratio = 1) Max. 6.00 min. 0.00
firmation;
PF Max. 1.00 min. 0.00
- for value programming
Power (CT ratio = 1) Max. 5.40 min. 0.00
and basic measurement
Active energy Max. 999999 min. –199999
scrolling.
Reactive energy Max. 999999 min. 0
“L”:
Sampling rate 3 times / second - for confirmation of new
Measurements programmed values and
System variables kW, kVAr, PF, VL-L, A, going ahead to the next
kWh tot, kVArh tot, programming step,
kWh partial, KVarh partial - single phase measure-
Single phase variables kW, kVAr, PF, VL-N, A ment scrolling.
Measurement method TRMS measurement of a dis- “R”:
torted voltage/current wave - for the reset of the partial
Coupling type: Direct counted active and/or
Crest factor: ≥ 3 reactive energy.

Output Specifications
Pulse output (on request)
Static type From 0.1 to 999.9 pro- Data (bidirectional)
(according to DIN 43864) grammable pulses for kWh, Dynamic (reading only) System variables:
KVArh, open collector (NPN P, Q, PF, VL-L,
transistor) energies,
VON 1.2 VDC/ max. 100 mA Single phase variables:
VOFF 30 VDC max. PL1, QL1, PFL1, VL1-N, AL1,
Relay type 1 x SPDT PL2, QL2, PFL2, VL2-N, AL2,
AC 1 - 8A, 250VAC PL3, QL3, PFL3, VL3-N, AL3
DC 12 - 5A,24VDC Static (writing only) All programming data, reset
AC 15 - 2.5A, 250VAC of energy:
DC 13 - 2.5A, 24VDC - partial kWh
Pulse duration 200 ms (ON), ≥ 200 ms (OFF) - partial kVArh
Insulation By means of optocouplers, - total kWh
4000 Vrms output to - total kVArh
measuring input, Stored energy (EEPROM)
4000 Vrms output to ≤ 999999 kWh
supply input. ≤ 999999 kVArh
Serial output (on request) Data format 1-start bit, 8-data bit, no
Type RS422/RS485; parity/even parity, 1 stop bit
Multidrop bidirectional (static Baud-rate 1200, 2400, 4800 and 9600
and dynamic variables) selectable bauds
Connections 2 or 4 wires, max. distance Insulation By means of optocouplers,
1200m, termination directly 4000 Vrms output to
on the module measuring inputs
Adresses 1 to 255, selectable 4000 Vrms output to
by key-pad supply input
Protocol MODBUS/JBUS

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WM2-96

Software Functions
Password Numeric code of max. 3 di- Example: the CT is a
gits; 2 protection levels of 100A/5A so the ratio is 20,
the programming data consequently the maximum
1st level Password “0”, no protection counted energy is 299980
2nd level Password from 1 to 255, all kWh or kVArh.
data are protected Single phase: Active power (kW),
Measurement scrolling reactive power (kVAr),
System: Active power (kW), power factor (cos ϕ),
reactive power (kVAr), current (A),
power factor (cos ϕ), phase-neutral voltage (V)
current (A), Transformer ratio For CT up to 5000 A
average phase-phase volt- Programmable ratio 0.1 to 999.9
age (V)
total and partial active ener- Digital Filter
gy (kWh), Filter operating range 0 to 100% of the
total and partial reactive input electrical scale
energy (kVArh) Filtering coefficient 1 to 64
Partial energy meters: Filter action On the display and on the
the counters of kWh and variable being transmitted
kVArh are automatically by the serial communication
reset when the energy port.
reaches the value
(14999*CT).

Supply Specifications
AC voltage 230 VAC (standard), 90 to 260VDC/AC
-15%+10% 50/60 Hz Power consumption ≤ 30VA / 12W (90 to 260V)
24 VAC, 48 VAC, 115 VAC ≤ 20VA / 12W (18 to 60V)
(on request),
-15%+10% 50/60 Hz
18 to 60VDC/AC

General Specifications
Operating temperature 0° to +50°C (32° to 122°F) Safety standards IEC 61010-1, EN 61010-1
(R.H. < 90% non-condensing) Other standards Pulse output: DIN43864
Storage temperature -10° to +60°C (14° to 140°F) Approvals UL (pending)
(R.H. < 90% non-condensing) CSA (pending)
Insulation reference voltage 300 Vrms to ground
Connector Screw-type,
Insulation 4000 Vrms between all inputs/ max. 2.5 mm2 wires x 2
outputs to ground
Housing
Dielectric strength 4000 Vrms for 1 minute Dimensions 96 x 96 x 140 mm
Noise rejection Material ABS,
CMRR 100 dB, 48 to 62 Hz self-extinguishing: UL 94 V-0
EMC EN 50 081-2, EN 50 082-2 Degree of protection Front: IP65
Weight Approx. 500 g
(packing included)

Specifications are subject to change without notice 3


WM2-96

Mode of Operation
Accuracy class of the instrument as a relation of PI/Pn and cos ϕ (power factor)

PI / Pn Active Power QI / Qn Reactive Power

2%

2%
1%

1%

5%

Test conditions: Test conditions:


V = 0.8 to 1.2 Un, V = 0.8 to 1.2 Un,
I = 0.1 to 1.2 In, I = 0.1 to 1.2 In,
f = 48 to 62 Hz f = 48 to 62 Hz

Input Star Delta Current Example 1: Example 2:


voltage voltage Model AV5.3 (3-wire system). Model AV5.3 (4-wire system).

AV5 Un: 250 V Un: 430 V In: 5 A UI = 400 V (delta voltage) UI = 230 V
II = 265 A (single phase cur- II = 110 A (CT=300A)
rent)
Cos ϕ = 0.85 (system power Cos ϕ = 0.85 (sin ϕ = 0.52)
factor) (CT=300A) Un = 250 V
Un = 430 V In = 5 A
PI/QI (installation power) Pn /Qn (rated power of the In = 5 A
CT (ratio) = 300
One phase system: instrument): A
5 A = 60
PI = UI · II · cos ϕ One phase system: CT (ratio) = 300
5 = 60
QI = UI · II · sin ϕ Pn = Qn = Un · In · CT(ratio)
Qn = 3 · UI · II · sin ϕ
Three phase, 3-wire system: Three phase, 3-wire system: PI = √3 · UI · II · cos ϕ = 3 · 230 · 110 · 0.52
= √3 · 400 · 265 · 0.85 = 39.46 kvar
PI = √3 · UI · II · cos ϕ
Pn = Qn = √3 · Un · In · CT(ratio) = 155.87 kW
QI = √3 · UI · II · sin ϕ Qn = 3 · Un · In · CT (ratio)
Three phase, 4-wire system: Pn = √3 · Un · In · CT (ratio) = 3 · 250 · 5 · 60
Three phase, 4-wire system:
Pn = Qn = 3 · Un · In · CT(ratio) = √3 · 430 · 5 · 60 = 225 kvar
PI = 3 · UI · II · cos ϕ = 233.17 kW
QI = 3 · UI · II · sin ϕ where: PI 155.87 PI 39.46
Un = the rated input voltage = = 0.698 = = 0.175
where: Pn 223.17 Pn 225
of WM2-96.
UI = the real star voltage of
In = the rated input current of
the electrical system being WM2-96. In both examples the accura-
measured. CT (ratio) = the value of the
cy of the measurement is
I = the maximum phase cur- 1% f.s. when considering the
current transformer ratio.
rent of the electrical system changing of the measured
being measured. voltage from 0.9 Un to 1 Un
Cos ϕ = the average cos ϕ of and the measured current
the electrical system being from 0.1 In to 0.9 In with a
measured. cos ϕ of 0.85 (sin ϕ 0.52).

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WM2-96

Mode of Operation (cont.)


Waveform of the signals that can be measured

Figure G Figure H Figure I


Sine wave, undistorted Sine wave, indented Sine wave, distorted
Fundamental content 100% Fundamental content 10...100% Fundamental content 70...90%
Harmonic content 0% Harmonic content 0...90% Harmonic content 10...30%
Arms = 1.1107 | A | Frequency spectrum 3rd to 16th harmonic Frequency spectrum 3rd to 15th harmonic
Required result: additional error < 1% Required result: additional error < 0.5%

Wiring Diagrams
Single phase input connections
Fig. 1 Fig. 2

Direct connection CT connection

Three phase/3-wire input connections - Balanced loads


Fig. 3 Fig. 4

Direct connection (3-wire system) CT connection (3-wire system)

Specifications are subject to change without notice 5


WM2-96

Wiring Diagrams (cont.)


Three phase, 4-wire input connections - Balanced loads
Fig. 5 Fig. 6

Direct connection (4-wire system) CT connection (4-wire system)

Three-phase, 3-wire input ARON connections - Unbalanced load


Fig. 7 Fig. 8

CT connection (3-wire system) Direct connection (3-wire system)

Three phase, 4-wire input connections - Unbalanced load


Fig. 9 Fig. 10

Direct connection (4-wire system) CT connection (4-wire system)

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WM2-96

Front Panel Description


- To enter into the programming procedure and select
programming functions together with the ”L” key.
“L”:
To scroll all the single phase variable of each basic
measurement
“R”:
2
To reset the partial counted energies (kWh, kVArh).

2. Display
Instantaneous measurements:
1 - 3-digit (maximum read-out 999)
Energies:
- 6-digit (maximum read-out 999999).

Alphanumeric indication by means of LCD display for:


1. Key-pad - Displaying the configuration parameters
Set-up and programming procedures are easily controlled - All the measured variables.
by the 4 pushbuttons.

” ” and ” ”
- To scroll all the basic measurements (system variables)
- To increase or decrease programming values

Sequence of the variables on the display


SYSTEM SINGLE PHASE VARIABLES
VARIABLE PHASE 1 PHASE 2 PHASE 3

V L1 - L2 - L3 V L1 V L2 V L3
(average)
L (V L1-N ) L (V L2-N ) L (V L3-N )

I L1 L2 L3 L I L1 L I L2 L I L3

cosϕ cosϕ cosϕ


L L1 L cosϕ L2 L L3
L1 L2 L3

kW L kW L kW L2 L kW L3
L1
L1 L2 L3

kVAr L kVAr L kVAr L2 L kVAr L3


L1
L1 L2 L3

kWh kWh
total
L partial

kVARh L kVARh
total partial

Specifications are subject to change without notice 7


WM2-96

The available modules

Type N. of Ordering code Note


channels
WM2-96 base + AV5.3 input AB1012
WM2-96 base + AV7.3 input AB1013
24VAC power supply AP1025
48VAC power supply AP1024
115VAC power supply AP1023
230VAC power supply AP1022
18-60VAC/DC power supply AP1021
90-260VAC/DC power supply AP1020
RS485 output 1 AR1034
Relay output 1 AO1058
Relay output 2 AO1035 The second output can be used as redoundant output
Open collector output 1 AO1059
Open collector output 2 AO1036 The second output can be used as redoundant output

The possible module combinations


Basic unit Out 1 Out 2 Basic unit Out 1 Out 2
RS485 output RS485 output
Single relay output (pulse) Dual relay output (pulse)
Single open collector output (pulse) Dual open collector output (pulse)

Dimensions

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WM2-96

Terminal boards

Digital output modules

AO1058 AO1035 AO1059 AO1036


Single relay output Dual relay output Single open collector Dual open collector
output output
Other input/output modules

AR1034
RS485 output

Power supply modules

AP1025 AP1024 AP1023


24VAC power supply 48VAC power supply 115VAC power supply

AP1022 AP1021 AP1020


230VAC power supply 18-60VAC/DC power supply 90-260 VAC/DC power supply

Specifications are subject to change without notice 9