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June 21, 2008 Mr. Goldstein
Biography of Abraham Lincoln
Abraham Lincoln, the 16th President of the United States of America was born on February 12, 1809 in the in the town of Hardin County, Kentucky to Thomas Lincoln, and Nancy Hanks, both uneducated farmers, who lived in a oneroom log cabin on Sinking Spring Farm. Lincoln was the first President to be born outside of the original thirteen colonies. In 1816, Lincoln¶s family was forced to move to Perry County, Indiana. The move was partly because of slavery, and partly because of difficulties with land deeds in Kentucky. It was hard for farmers in Kentucky to prove that they owned property because Kentucky didn¶t have a proper U.S. survey. When Lincoln was nine years old, his mother died because of milk sickness, or a disease that affects an individual who consumes dairy products, or meat from a cow that has fed on white snakeroot (a white plant with bushy thickets and contains a toxin that when consumed by a cow, the meat or dairy product becomes contaminated). Soon, after the death of Lincoln¶s mother, his father remarried to a woman named Sarah Bush Johnston. Lincoln was very fond of his stepmother. In 1830, more economic, and land-title (who was titled to the land) issues aroused in Indiana, so the Lincolns settled in Macon County, Illinois. After they had settled there, the winters were extremely harsh and the Lincoln family even considered moving back to Indiana. The next year, when Lincoln¶s father moved the family to a new home in Coles County, Illinois, Lincoln was twenty-two years old and set off on his own. Lincoln went to the village of New Salem in Sangamon County, and later in that year Lincoln was hired by a New Salem businessman named Denton Offutt to bring goods from New Salem to New Orleans via the Mississippi River. Lincoln didn¶t really have a good education. His education consisted of 18 months of schooling, but he was selfeducated and he was an enthusiastic reader. He was a talented wrestler and had great skills with an axe. Lincoln didn¶t like killing animals, not even for food, and tried to avoid it. Lincoln was 6¶ 4´, unusually tall and strong. Lincoln¶s political career began in 1832, while Lincoln was 23. Lincoln campaigned for the Illinois General Assembly, which is the Legislative Branch for the state of Illinois, as a member of the Whig Party (a political party in the 1800s), but it was unsuccessful. However, Lincoln was elected captain of the Illinois militia during the Black Hawk War, which was a war between the Native Americans and the United States. In 1834, Lincoln won an election into the state legislature, and after coming across the Commentaries of the Laws of England, which was an 18th Century commentary on the laws of England, he began to teach himself law. Lincoln served four successful terms in the Illinois House of Representatives, as a representative from Sangamon County, and became a leader of the Illinois Whig Party.
Kentucky. On November 19.´ The reconstruction era was a time when the United States was trying to find ways to resolve the Civil War issues. Florida. and Delaware still didn¶t secede. After that occurred. Grant. The American Civil War was over. which was an act that repealed the Missouri Compromise (a compromise that separated regions into regions that were allowed to have slaves. 1865. who was the General for the Confederate Army during the Civil War. though many soldiers died in this bloody battle. Lincoln supported anti-slavery and often spoke out about it. surrendered at the Appomattox Court House in Virginia to General Ulysses S. and allowed to have slaves). Lincoln hoped to maintain Union (hoped that the other slave states didn¶t secede from the Union). Lincoln promised to take no action on the southern states unless they attacked the Union first. and their states leaved the Union. General Robert E. he spoke out against the Mexican War and other political ideas. As war waged on. 1862 Congress passed the 2nd Confiscation Act. On April 9. President Lincoln gave one of his most famous speeches. The other three children who died during childhood were Edward Baker Lincoln. Georgia. Lincoln wanted to reunite the South with the Union. 1863. That child was Robert Todd Lincoln. but only one survived into adulthood. Lee. In April of 1861. The Confederacy already began seizing federal forts in the South. which were Missouri. and the war was known as. from the Union.S. This new law was added to Lincoln¶s Emancipation Proclamation. and Thomas ³Tad´ Lincoln. Lincoln began his ³reconstruction era. if he sent troops to hold the forts. or removed themselves. Louisiana. The Unionists were forced to surrender the fort. 1860. was a foreign power to them. South Carolina. the General for the Union army. Lincoln was chosen as the Republican candidate for the 1860 presidential election. Lincoln ran against Democrat Stephen Douglas and he won on November 6. Lincoln had to face a difficult decision: should he let the Confederates take over federal property? But if he did. 1862) declared the freedom of all slaves in the Confederate States of America. known as the Gettysburg Address. Soon war was declared. and to avoid war. The Emancipation Proclamation (in effect on September 22. Lincoln was elected to a term in the United States House of Representatives in 1846.On November 4. The American Civil War. he might start a Civil War. and let the people decide whether slavery should be allowed in the regions of Kansas and Nebraska. The Battle of Gettysburg was a Union victory. Lincoln was the first Republican President. the fighting began when the Union troops were attacked by Confederate troops at Fort Sumter. . The Proclamation also included the states where it applied. 1842 Lincoln married Mary Todd. Alabama. The purpose of the act was to weaken the rebellions set forth by the slave owners. The South believed the forts were a threat because the U. and Texas seceded. South Carolina. secessionists. Lincoln called for a volunteer army from each state to recapture forts and to keep the Union intact. The speech was given in honor of the soldiers who gave their lives in the Battle of Gettysburg that occurred during the Civil War. The couple had four sons. of slavery and the seceding. 1861. Maryland. However. The remaining slave states that did not secede. Mississippi. William ³Willie´ Wallace Lincoln. who was the daughter of a slave-owner from Kentucky. When Lincoln won the presidential election. by January 1. then he¶s saying that it was OK for the states to leave the Union. winning entirely on the strength of his support in the North. and the slaves that were in the control of the Union were already free. Although Lincoln was a freshman House member. The Union was attacked on April 12. The rebel armies surrendered afterwards and there was no additional fighting. Those states formed the Confederate States of America and their leader was Jefferson Davis. In 1860. 1863. Lincoln stated that secession of states from the Union was unconstitutional.who are people who are loyal to their region rather than the nation. In July. Lincoln also spoke out against the Kansa-Nebraska Act.
A doctor took Lincoln to treat his wounds but on April 15. Lincoln didn¶t die because of old age. 1865 along with the Grants (Ulysses and his wife). The man¶s name was John Wilkes Booth.Abraham Lincoln was announced dead on April 15. A man who wanted to kill Lincoln for a long time got his chance that night. Booth had gotten away but he was later caught and sentenced to death. 1865. he died at the age of 56. Lincoln was announced dead. . The country¶s celebration to the end and victory of the Civil War quickly changed into mourning. Lincoln and his wife attended a play on the night of April 14. Lincoln didn¶t have his bodyguard at the time and when the noise began due to the comedy Booth jumped out with a gun and shot the President in the head. 1865.
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