# APPENDIX 2

MIX DESIGNS All mixes in this study were designed in accordance with the Building Research Establishment (BRE 1992) method, recommended by the UK Department of the Environment. Reference should be made therein to tables and graphs alluded to and available for use in this design method. All abbreviations and acronyms in the mix design sheets are those used in BRE’s 1992 method. Chapter 4: mix design calculation sheet for 40 N/mm2 concrete mix (28 day strength) A) NA
1-Characteristic strength at 28 days 2-Margin strength (M) M-specified M-calculated = 1.64  S S= M-calculated M= NS N/mm2 (NS = not specified) 8 8 N/mm2 (Fig. 3) 40 N/mm2

Standard deviation = 1.64 13 N/mm
2

3-Target mean strength (fm) (fcu + M) fm = 4-Cement type 5-Aggregate Coarse: Fine: Crushed Crushed (Crushed or Uncrushed) (Crushed or Uncrushed) OPC 53 N/mm2

6-Free-water cement ratio (w/c) Concrete age Type of cement Coarse aggregate Estimated compressive strength (fcu) = Target mean strength (fm) =

28 OPC Crushed

days

49 N/mm2
2

(Table 2)

53 N/mm w/c 0.46 (Graph 4) w/c NS (Use the lower value as w/c) w/c = 0.46

7-Free-water content (W) Use Table 3 Slump 60-180 Maximum aggregate size Type of coarse aggregate Type of fine aggregate Wf = W = 2/3Wf + 1/3Wc = 195

mm 20 mm Crushed Crushed kg/m3 205 kg/m3 Wc = 225 kg/m3

[When coarse and fine aggregates are of different types] [When coarse and fine aggregates are of the same type - use values in Table 3] Free-water content 8-Cement content w/c ratio Free-water content 8.1-Cement content W= 205 kg/m3

0.46

(Fig. 4) 205 446 kg/m3 kg/m3 Say 445 kg/m3

8.2-Maximum specified cement content NS 8.3-Minimum specified cement content NS ( Use 8.1 if 8.1 ≤ 8.2, or use 8.3 if 8.3 > 8.1, use 8.2 if 8.2 < 8.1 ) Cement content 445 kg/m3 Modified free-water to cement content 0.46 9-Concrete density Relative density of aggregate (SSD) = Free-water content = Wet concrete density of the mix =

2.65 (Known ) 205 kg/m3 2360 kg/m3

10-Total aggregate content, TAC (Coarse and fine aggregate) (Graph 5) TAC = Wet density - Free-water content - Cement content TAC = 1710 kg/m3

11-Proportion of fine and coarse aggregate (Graph 6) Maximum aggregate size (mm) Percentage of fine aggregate passing 600 µm sieve (%) Modified free-water content to cement ratio Proportion of fine aggregate (%) TAC = 1710 kg/m3 Fine aggregate content = FAC = % Fine aggregate  TAC = Say FAC= Coarse aggregate content = 13-Summary of quantities for 1 m3 (SSD) Cement = Water = Fine aggregate = Coarse aggregate = Wet density = 14-Proportion of gradients per trial mix (SSD) 445 205 700 1010 2360 kg/m3 kg/m3 kg/m3 kg/m3 kg/m3 of : 0.0083m3 700 kg/m3 TAC - FAC =

20 54 0.46 41 (Graph 6) 701.1 kg/m3 1010 kg/m3

(For small mixer)

Cement = 3.7 kg Water = 1.7 kg Fine aggregate = 5.8 kg Coarse aggregate = 8.4 kg This trial will make about 20 kg of concrete; enough for slump and Vebe tests. 15-Miscellaneous Material RD Cement 3.15 Water 1 Coarse agg. 2.7 Fine agg. 2.6

15.1-Volumes of the mixture components Material Cement Water Coarse agg. Fine agg. Total agg. Total Paste volume % PV Mortar volume % MV kg/m3 445 205 1010 700 1710 2360 Vol. (m3) 0.141 0.210 0.370 0.269 0.658 0.990 0.346 35.6 0.616 62 % by Vol. 14 21 37 27 64 97 % by mass 19 9 43 30 72 -

(RD = Relative Density, PV = Paste Volume, MV = Mortar Volume) 15.2-Other important values and ratios Quantity w/c Coarse agg. / Total agg. ( %) Fine agg. / Total agg. (%) Total agg. / Cement Density (kg/m3) Value 0.46 59 41 3.8 2360 Common range 0.30 - 0.60 60 - 75% 30- 45% 2-5 2200-2500

B) RA
1-Characteristic strength at 28 days 2-Margin strength (M) M-specified M-calculated = 1.64  S S= M-calculated M= NS N/mm2 (NS= not specified) 8 8 N/mm2 (Fig. 3) 40 N/mm2

Standard deviation = 1.64 13 N/mm
2

3-Target mean strength (fm) (fcu + M) fm = 4-Cement type 5-Aggregate Coarse: Fine: Crushed Crushed (Crushed or Uncrushed) (Crushed or Uncrushed) OPC 53 N/mm2

6-Free-water cement ratio (w/c) Concrete age Type of cement Coarse aggregate Estimated compressive strength (fcu)) = Target mean strength (fm) =

28 OPC Crushed

days

49

N/mm2 (Table 2)

53 N/mm2 w/c 0.46 (Graph 4) w/c NS (S-specified, NS-not specified) (Use the lower value as w/c) w/c = 0.46

7-Free-water content (W)

1 ) Cement content 445 kg/m3 Modified free-water to cement content 0. or use 8.2. use 8.use values in Table 3] Free-water content 8-Cement content w/c ratio Free-water content 8. 4) 205 kg/m3 446 kg/m3 Say 445 kg/m3 8.2 if 8.1-Cement content W= 205 kg/m3 0.1 ≤ 8.1.3 > 8.1 if 8.46 (Fig.46 9-Concrete density Relative density of aggregate (SSD) = Free-water content = Wet concrete density of the mix = 2.Free-water content -Cement content TAC = 1675 kg/m3 11-Proportion of fine and coarse aggregate (Graph 6) Maximum aggregate size (mm) 20 Percentage of fine aggregate passing 600 µm sieve (%) Modified free-water content to cement ratio Proportion of fine aggregate (%) TAC = 1675 kg/m 3 41 54 0.2-Maximum specified cement content NS 8.3-Minimum specified cement content NS ( Use 8.Use Table 3 Slump 60-180 Maximum aggregate size Type of coarse aggregate Type of fine aggregate Wf = 195 mm 20 mm Crushed Crushed kg/m3 Wc = 225 kg/m3 W = 2/3Wf + 1/3Wc = 205 kg/m3 [When coarse and fine aggregates are of different types] [When coarse and fine aggregates are of the same type .3 if 8.46 (Graph 6) 686.FAC = 990 kg/m3 . TAC (Coarse and fine aggregate) TAC = Wet density .55 (Known ) 205 kg/m3 2325 kg/m3 (Graph 5) 10-Total aggregate content.2 < 8.75 kg/m3 Fine aggregate content = FAC = % Fine aggregate  TAC = Say FAC= Coarse aggregate content = 13-Summary of quantities for 1 m3 (SSD) Cement = Water = Fine aggregate = Coarse aggregate = Wet density = 445 205 685 990 2325 kg/m3 kg/m3 kg/m3 kg/m3 kg/m3 685 kg/m3 TAC .

45% 2-5 2200-2500 .7 kg 8.75% 30.8 2360 Common range 0.644 1. (%) Fine agg.346 34.5 Fine agg. 2. PV = Paste Volume. Total agg. / Total agg.7 kg 5.210 0.006 0. / Cement Density (kg/m3) Value 0. / Total agg. 14 21 37 26 63 96 % by mass 19 9 43 30 72 - (RD = Relative Density.2-Other important values and ratios Quantity w/c Coarse agg.400 0. (%) Total agg. enough for slump and Vebe tests. (m3) 0.610 61 % by Vol.60 60 .14-Proportion of gradients per trial mix (SSD) Cement = Water = Fine aggregate = Coarse aggregate = of : 0.0083m3 3. Fine agg.15 Water 1 Coarse agg.6 0.1-Volumes of the mixture components Material Cement Water Coarse agg. Total Paste volume % PV Mortar volume % MV kg/m3 445 205 990 685 1675 2325 Vol.30 .0.2 kg (For small mixer) This trial will make about 20 kg of concrete.141 0.46 59 41 3.263 0. 15-Miscellaneous Material RD Cement 3. MV = Mortar Volume) 15.7 kg 1. 2.6 15.

3) 40 N/mm2 Standard deviation = 1. or use 8.1. use 8.2.3-Minimum specified cement content NS ( Use 8.use values in Table 3] Free-water content 8-Cement content w/c ratio Free-water content 8.1-Cement content W= 210 kg/m3 0. 4) 210 kg/m3 457 kg/m3 Say 457 kg/m3 8.2 if 8.Chapter 5: mix design calculation sheet for 40 N/mm2 concrete mix (28 day strength) A) NA 1-Characteristic strength at 28 days 2-Margin strength (M) M-specified M-calculated = 1.1 if 8.64 13 N/mm 2  3-Target mean strength (fm) (fcu + M) fm = 4-Cement type 5-Aggregate Coarse: Fine: Crushed Crushed (Crushed or Uncrushed) (Crushed or Uncrushed) OPC 53 N/mm2 6-Free-water cement ratio (w/c) Concrete age Type of cement Coarse aggregate Estimated compressive strength (fcu) = Target mean strength (fm) = 28 OPC Crushed days 49 N/mm2 (Table 2) 53 N/mm2 w/c 0.46 7-Free-water content (W) Use Table 3 Slump 30-60 Maximum aggregate size Type of coarse aggregate Type of fine aggregate Wf = W = 2/3Wf + 1/3Wc = 210 mm 20 mm Crushed Crushed kg/m3 210 kg/m3 Wc = 210 kg/m3 [When coarse and fine aggregates are of different types] [When coarse and fine aggregates are of the same type .3 if 8.64  S S= M-calculated M= NS N/mm2 (NS = not specified) 8 8 N/mm2 (Fig.46 (Fig.3 > 8.2 < 8.1 ) Cement content 457 kg/m3 .1 ≤ 8.2-Maximum specified cement content NS 8.46 (Graph 4) w/c NS (Use the lower value as w/c) w/c = 0.

2.5 kg/m3 1073 kg/m3 (For small mixer) This trial will make about 20 kg of concrete.9 kg kg kg kg 457 210 660 1073 2400 kg/m3 kg/m3 kg/m3 kg/m3 kg/m3 of : 0.7 Fine agg.6 .46 38 (Graph 6) 658. 15-Miscellaneous Material RD Cement 3. enough for slump and Vebe tests.FAC = 20 42 0. TAC (Coarse and fine aggregate) TAC = Wet density .Modified free-water to cement content 9-Concrete density Relative density of aggregate (SSD) = Free-water content = Wet concrete density of the mix = 0.0083m3 660 kg/m3 TAC .15 Water 1 Coarse agg.65 (Known ) 210 kg/m3 2400 kg/m3 (Graph 5) 10-Total aggregate content.5 8.7 5.46 2. 2.8 1.Free-water content -Cement content TAC = 1733 kg/m3 11-Proportion of fine and coarse aggregate (Graph 6) Maximum aggregate size (mm) Percentage of fine aggregate passing 600 µm sieve (%) Modified free-water content to cement ratio Proportion of fine aggregate (%) TAC = 1733 kg/m3 Fine aggregate content = FAC = % Fine aggregate  TAC = Say FAC= Coarse aggregate content = 13-Summary of quantities for 1 m3 (SSD) Cement = Water = Fine aggregate = Coarse aggregate = Wet density = 14-Proportion of gradients per trial mix (SSD) Cement = Water = Fine aggregate = Coarse aggregate = 3.

PV = Paste Volume.75% 30.46 w/c NS (Use the lower value as w/c) w/c = 0.5 Mortar volume 0. 660 0.145 15 Water 210 0. / Cement Density (kg/m3) Value 0.006 99 Paste volume 0.667 65 Total 2400 1. / Total agg.1-Volumes of the mixture components Material kg/m3 Vol. 3) 40 N/mm2 S= Standard deviation = M-calculated 1.210 21 Coarse agg. (%) Total agg. 1733 0.45% 2-5 2200-2500 % by mass 19 9 45 28 72 - B) RA 1-Characteristic strength at 28 days 2-Margin strength (M) M-specified M-calculated = 1.46 .60 60 . Cement 457 0.400 40 Fine agg.30 . MV = Mortar Volume) 15.355 % PV 35.8 2400 Common range 0.0. (%) Fine agg.609 % MV 61 (RD = Relative Density. / Total agg.2-Other important values and ratios Quantity w/c Coarse agg. 1073 0.15. (m3) % by Vol.64  S NS N/mm2 (NS = not specified) 8 8 N/mm2 (Fig.46 62 38 3.64 M= 13 N/mm2  3-Target mean strength (fm) (fcu + M) fm = 4-Cement type 5-Aggregate Coarse: Fine: Crushed Crushed (Crushed or Uncrushed) (Crushed or Uncrushed) OPC 53 N/mm2 6-Free-water cement ratio (w/c) Concrete age Type of cement Coarse aggregate Estimated compressive strength (fcu) = Target mean strength (fm) = 28 OPC Crushed days 49 N/mm2 (Graph 4) N/mm2 (Table 2) 53 w/c 0.254 25 Total agg.

use values in Table 3] Free-water content 8-Cement content w/c ratio Free-water content 8.2 if 8.1 ≤ 8.2.2-Maximum specified cement content 8.46 9-Concrete density Relative density of aggregate (SSD) = Free-water content = Wet concrete density of the mix = 2.Free-water content -Cement content TAC = 1683 kg/m3 11-Proportion of fine and coarse aggregate (Graph 6) Maximum aggregate size (mm) Percentage of fine aggregate passing 600 µm sieve (%) Modified free-water content to cement ratio Proportion of fine aggregate (%) TAC = 1683 kg/m3 Fine aggregate content = FAC = % Fine aggregate  TAC = Say FAC= Coarse aggregate content = 13-Summary of quantities for 1 m3 (SSD) Cement = Water = Fine aggregate = Coarse aggregate = Wet density = 457 210 590 1093 2350 kg/m3 kg/m3 kg/m3 kg/m3 kg/m3 590 TAC . 4) 210 kg/m3 457 kg/m3 Say 457 kg/m3 NS NS 8.1-Cement content W= 210 kg/m3 0.FAC = kg/m 3 20 42 0.3 > 8.1 if 8.05 kg/m3 1073 kg/m3 .2 < 8.1 ) Cement content 457 kg/m3 Modified free-water to cement content 0. TAC (Coarse and fine aggregate) TAC = Wet density .46 (Fig.46 38 (Graph 6) 589.55 (Known ) 210 kg/m3 2350 kg/m3 (Graph 5) 10-Total aggregate content. or use 8.7-Free-water content (W) Use Table 3 Slump 30-60 Maximum aggregate size Type of coarse aggregate Type of fine aggregate Wf = W =2/3Wf + 1/3Wc = 210 mm 20 mm Crushed Crushed kg/m3 210 kg/m3 Wc = 210 kg/m3 [When coarse and fine aggregates are of different types] [When coarse and fine aggregates are of the same type .1. use 8.3-Minimum specified cement content ( Use 8.3 if 8.

PV = Paste Volume. 15. 1093 0. enough for slump and Vebe tests.46 65 35 3.5 Coarse agg.14-Proportion of gradients per trial mix (SSD) of : 0. (%) Fine agg.582 % MV 58 (RD = Relative Density.9 kg Coarse aggregate = 9.2-Other important values and ratios Common range 0.15 Water 1 2. / Cement Density (kg/m3) Value 0.227 Total agg.8 kg Water = 1.45% 2-5 2200-2500 Quantity w/c Coarse agg. 2. 15 21 44 23 66 100 % by mass 19 9 47 25 72 - 15.355 % PV 35.647 Total 2350 1. MV = Mortar Volume) % by Vol. 15-Miscellaneous Material Cement RD 3.5 Mortar volume 0.7 2350 . (%) Total agg.440 Fine agg. / Total agg.75% 30.019 Paste volume 0.6 Fine agg. (m3) Cement 457 0.0.145 Water 210 0.210 Coarse agg. 590 0.7 kg Fine aggregate = 4.1 kg This trial will make about 20 kg of concrete.60 60 .1-Volumes of the mixture components Material kg/m3 Vol. 1683 0.0083m3 (For small mixer) Cement = 3. / Total agg.30 .

3 > 8.1 ) Cement content 425 kg/m3 .Chapter 5: mix design calculation sheet for 50 N/mm2 concrete mix (28 day strength) A) NA 1-Characteristic strength at 28 days 2-Margin strength (M) M-specified M-calculated = 1.1-Cement content W= 170 kg/m3 0.1 if 8.64 13 N/mm 2  3-Target mean strength (fm) (fcu + M) fm = 4-Cement type 5-Aggregate Coarse: Fine: Crushed Crushed (Crushed or Uncrushed) (Crushed or Uncrushed) OPC 63 N/mm2 6-Free-water cement ratio (w/c) Concrete age Type of cement Coarse aggregate Estimated compressive strength (fcu) = Target mean strength (fm) = 28 OPC Crushed days 49 N/mm2 (Table 2) 63 N/mm2 w/c 0.4 (Fig.1 ≤ 8.64  S S= M-calculated M= NS N/mm2 (NS = not specified) 8 8 N/mm2 (Fig. use 8.2 < 8.4 (Graph 4) w/c NS (Use the lower value as w/c) w/c = 0.3 if 8.2 if 8. or use 8.use values in Table 3] Free-water content 8-Cement content w/c ratio Free-water content 8.3-Minimum specified cement content NS ( Use 8. 3) 50 N/mm2 Standard deviation = 1.2. 4) 170 kg/m3 425 kg/m3 Say 425 kg/m3 8.4 7-Free-water content (W) Use Table 3 Slump 10-30 Maximum aggregate size Type of coarse aggregate Type of fine aggregate Wf = W = 2/3Wf + 1/3Wc = 160 mm 20 mm Crushed Unrushed kg/m3 170 kg/m3 Wc = 190 kg/m3 [When coarse and fine aggregates are of different types] [When coarse and fine aggregates are of the same type .1.2-Maximum specified cement content NS 8.

FAC = 20 53 0.Free-water content -Cement content TAC = 1835 kg/m3 11-Proportion of fine and coarse aggregate (Graph 6) Maximum aggregate size (mm) Percentage of fine aggregate passing 600 µm sieve (%) Modified free-water content to cement ratio Proportion of fine aggregate (%) TAC = 1835 kg/m3 Fine aggregate content = FAC = % Fine aggregate  TAC = Say FAC= Coarse aggregate content = 13-Summary of quantities for 1m3 (SSD) Cement = Water = Fine aggregate = Coarse aggregate = Wet density = 14-Proportion of gradients per trial mix (SSD) Cement = Water = Fine aggregate = Coarse aggregate = 3.5 kg/m3 1285 kg/m3 (For small mixer) This trial will make about 20 kg of concrete. 2.15 Water 1 Coarse agg.4 4. 2.40 30 (Graph 6) 550. 15-Miscellaneous Material RD Cement 3.Modified free-water to cement content 9-Concrete density Relative density of aggregate (SSD) = Free-water content = Wet concrete density of the mix = 0.6 10.5 1. enough for slump and Vebe tests.65 (Known ) 170 kg/m3 2430 kg/m3 (Graph 5) 10-Total aggregate content. TAC (Coarse and fine aggregate) TAC = Wet density .0083m3 550 kg/m3 TAC .7 Fine agg.40 2.6 .7 kg kg kg kg 425 170 550 1285 2430 kg/m3 kg/m3 kg/m3 kg/m3 kg/m3 of : 0.

75% 30.3 2430 Common range 0.706 0.60 60 .5 0.4 70 30 4. Fine agg.1-Volumes of the mixture components Material Cement Water Coarse agg.4 7-Free-water content (W) . PV = Paste Volume.0.45% 2-5 2200-2500 A) RA 1-Characteristic strength at 28 days 2-Margin strength (M) M-specified M-calculated = 1.4 (Graph 4) w/c NS (Use the lower value as w/c) w/c = 0.64  S S= M-calculated M= NS N/mm2 [NS= not specified] 8 8 N/mm2 (Fig.480 0.(%) Fine agg. (m3) 0.992 0.516 52 % by Vol.135 0. / Total agg. Total agg. Total Paste volume % PV Mortar volume % MV kg/m3 425 170 1285 550 1835 2430 Vol.170 0. 13 17 48 21 69 97 % by mass 17 7 53 23 76 - (RD = Relative Density. (%) Total agg. 3) 50 N/mm2 Standard Deviation = 1.305 30. / Cement Density (kg/m3) Value 0.64 13 N/mm 2  3-Target mean strength (fm) (fcu + M) fm = 4-Cement type 5-Aggregate Coarse: Fine: Crushed Crushed (Crushed or Uncrushed) (Crushed or Uncrushed) OPC 63 N/mm2 6-Free-water cement ratio (w/c) Concrete age Type of cement Coarse aggregate Estimated compressive strength (fcu) = Target mean strength (fm) = 28 OPC Crushed days 49 N/mm2 (Table 2) 63 N/mm2 w/c 0.15. MV = Mortar Volume) 15.212 0.2-Other important values and ratios Quantity w/c Coarse agg.30 . / Total agg.

4 (Fig.3 if 8.2 < 8.1 if 8.2-Maximum specified cement content NS 8.2 if 8.3 > 8.1 ) Cement content 425 kg/m3 Modified free-water to cement content 0.FAC = 20 53 0. use 8.40 9-Concrete density Relative density of aggregate (SSD) = Free-water content = Wet concrete density of the mix = 2.1-Cement content W= 170 kg/m3 0. or use 8.use values in Table 3] Free-water content 8-Cement content w/c ratio Free-water content 8.3-Minimum specified cement content NS ( Use 8.Free-water content -Cement content TAC = 1770 kg/m3 11-Proportion of fine and coarse aggregate (Graph 6) Maximum aggregate size (mm) Percentage of fine aggregate passing 600 µm sieve (%) Modified free-water content to cement ratio Proportion of fine aggregate (%) TAC = 1770 kg/m3 Fine aggregate content = FAC = % Fine aggregate  TAC = Say FAC= Coarse aggregate content = 13-Summary of quantities for 1m3 (SSD) Cement = Water = Fine aggregate = Coarse aggregate = Wet density = 425 170 530 1240 2365 kg/m3 kg/m3 kg/m3 kg/m3 kg/m3 530 kg/m3 TAC .1.55 (Known ) 170 kg/m3 2365 kg/m3 (Graph 5) 10-Total aggregate content.40 30 (Graph 6) 531 kg/m3 1240 kg/m3 .2. 4) 170 kg/m3 425 kg/m3 Say 425 kg/m3 8.1 ≤ 8.Use Table 3 Slump 10-30 Maximum aggregate size Type of coarse aggregate Type of fine aggregate Wf = W = 2/3Wf + 1/3Wc = 160 mm 20 mm Crushed Unrushed kg/m3 170 kg/m3 Wc = 190 kg/m3 [When coarse and fine aggregates are of different types] [When coarse and fine aggregates are of the same type . TAC (Coarse and fine aggregate) TAC = Wet density .

/ Cement Density (kg/m3) Value 0. 13 17 50 20 70 98 % by mass 18 7 52 22 75 - (RD = Relative Density. (m3) 0.0083m3 (For small mixer) This trial will make about 20 kg of concrete. MV = Mortar Volume) 15.75% 30.60 60 .5 1.4 4.45% 2-5 2200-2500 . Fine agg. enough for slump and Vebe tests. 2.0. (%) Fine agg.4 10. 2.135 0.3 kg kg kg kg of : 0. Total agg. 15-Miscellaneous Material RD Cement 3.15 Water 1 Coarse agg.681 1.5 Fine agg.30 . / Total agg. (%) Total agg.5 0.1-Volumes of the mixture components Material Cement Water Coarse agg.509 51 % by Vol.170 0.305 30. / Total agg. PV = Paste Volume.14-Proportion of gradients per trial mix (SSD) Cement = Water = Fine aggregate = Coarse aggregate = 3.204 0.2-Other important values and ratios Quantity w/c Coarse agg.005 0.6 15.500 0.2 2365 Common range 0.4 70 30 4. Total Paste volume % PV Mortar volume % MV kg/m3 425 170 1240 530 1770 2365 Vol.

1 ) Cement content 636 kg/m3 .33 7-Free-water content (W) Use Table 3 Slump 30-60 Maximum aggregate size Type of coarse aggregate Type of fine aggregate Wf = W = 2/3Wf + 1/3Wc = 210 mm 20 mm Crushed Unrushed kg/m3 210 kg/m3 Wc = 210 kg/m3 [When coarse and fine aggregates are of different types] [When coarse and fine aggregates are of the same type .64  S S= M-calculated M= NS N/mm2 (NS = not specified) 8 8 N/mm2 (Fig.1 ≤ 8.use values in Table 3] Free-water content 8-Cement content w/c ratio Free-water content 8.3 if 8.3 > 8.1-Cement content W= 210 kg/m3 0.4 (Fig. 4) 210 kg/m3 636 kg/m3 Say 636 kg/m3 8.2 < 8. 3) 60 N/mm2 Standard deviation = 1.64 13 N/mm 2  3-Target mean strength (fm) (fcu + M) fm = 4-Cement type 5-Aggregate Coarse: Fine: Crushed Crushed (Crushed or Uncrushed) (Crushed or Uncrushed) OPC 73 N/mm2 6-Free-water cement ratio (w/c) Concrete age Type of cement Coarse aggregate Estimated compressive strength (fcu) = Target mean strength (fm) = 28 OPC Crushed days 49 N/mm2 (Table 2) 73 N/mm2 w/c 0.2 if 8.2-Maximum specified cement content NS 8. use 8.2.3-Minimum specified cement content NS ( Use 8.1 if 8. or use 8.Chapter 5: mix design calculation sheet for 60 N/mm2 concrete mix (28 day strength) A) NA 1-Characteristic strength at 28 days 2-Margin strength (M) M-specified M-calculated = 1.1.33 (Graph 4) w/c NS (Use the lower value as w/c) w/c = 0.

15-Miscellaneous Material RD Cement 3.33 2.0 8.74 kg/m3 1074 kg/m3 (For small mixer) This trial will make about 20 kg of concrete. 2.Concrete density Relative density of aggregate (SSD) = Free-water content = Wet concrete density of the mix = 0.33 31 (Graph 6) 481.15 Water 1 Coarse agg. 2.6 . TAC (Coarse and fine aggregate) TAC = Wet density .65 (Known ) 210 kg/m3 2400 kg/m3 (Graph 5) 10-Total aggregate content.0083m3 480 kg/m3 TAC .7 Fine agg.3 1.7 4.Free-water content -Cement content TAC = 1554 kg/m3 11-Proportion of fine and coarse aggregate (Graph 6) Maximum aggregate size (mm) Percentage of fine aggregate passing 600 µm sieve (%) Modified free-water content to cement ratio Proportion of fine aggregate (%) TAC = 1554 kg/m3 Fine aggregate content = FAC = % Fine aggregate  TAC = Say FAC= Coarse aggregate content = 13-Summary of quantities for 1 m3 (SSD) Cement = Water = Fine aggregate = Coarse aggregate = Wet density = 14-Proportion of gradients per trial mix (SSD) Cement = Water = Fine aggregate = Coarse aggregate = 5.9 kg kg kg kg 636 210 480 1074 2400 kg/m3 kg/m3 kg/m3 kg/m3 kg/m3 of : 0.FAC = 20 50 0. enough for slump and Vebe tests.Modified free-water to cement content 9.

Fine agg. Total Paste volume % PV Mortar volume % MV kg/m3 636 210 1074 480 1554 2400 Vol.4 2400 Common range 0.597 60 % by Vol.598 0. Total agg.0. / Total agg.400 0.64 13 N/mm 2  3-Target mean strength (fm) (fcu + M) fm = 4-Cement type 5-Aggregate Coarse: Fine: Crushed Crushed (Crushed or Uncrushed) (Crushed or Uncrushed) OPC 73 N/mm2 6-Free-water cement ratio (w/c) Concrete age Type of cement Coarse aggregate Estimated compressive strength (fcu) = Target mean strength (fm) = 28 OPC Crushed days 49 N/mm2 (Table 2) 73 N/mm2 w/c 0.202 0. (%) Total agg.33 69 31 2. (m3) 0. / Total agg.994 0. / Cement Density (kg/m3) Value 0.30 .1-Volumes of the mixture components Material Cement Water Coarse agg.185 0.64  S S= M-calculated M= NS N/mm2 (NS = not specified) 8 8 N/mm2 (Fig.(%) Fine agg. 3) 60 N/mm2 Standard Deviation = 1.412 41. 20 21 40 18 58 97 % by mass 27 9 45 20 65 - (RD = Relative Density.210 0.15. PV = Paste Volume.45% 2-5 2200-2500 A) RA 1-Characteristic strength at 28 days 2-Margin strength (M) M-specified M-calculated = 1.2-Other important values and ratios Quantity w/c Coarse agg.2 0.33 (Graph 4) w/c NS (Use the lower value as w/c) w/c = 0. MV = Mortar Volume) 15.60 60 .75% 30.33 .

2 if 8.3 > 8.2.1-Cement content W= 210 kg/m3 0.33 9-Concrete density Relative density of aggregate (SSD) = Free-water content = Wet concrete density of the mix = 2.3 if 8.1 ) Cement content 636 kg/m3 Modified free-water to cement content 0.1.24 kg/m3 1039 kg/m3 .4 (Fig.Free-water content -Cement content TAC = 1504 kg/m3 11-Proportion of fine and coarse aggregate (Graph 6) Maximum aggregate size (mm) Percentage of fine aggregate passing 600 µm sieve (%) Modified free-water content to cement ratio Proportion of fine aggregate (%) TAC = 1504 kg/m3 Fine aggregate content = FAC = % Fine aggregate  TAC = Say FAC= Coarse aggregate content = 13-Summary of quantities for 1 m3 (SSD) Cement = Water = Fine aggregate = Coarse aggregate = Wet density = 636 210 465 1039 2350 kg/m3 kg/m3 kg/m3 kg/m3 kg/m3 465 kg/m3 TAC .FAC = 20 50 0.1 ≤ 8. TAC (Coarse and fine aggregate) TAC = Wet density .7-Free-water content (W) Use Table 3 Slump 30-60 Maximum aggregate size Type of coarse aggregate Type of fine aggregate Wf = W = 2/3Wf + 1/3Wc = 210 mm 20 mm Crushed Unrushed kg/m3 210 kg/m3 Wc = 210 kg/m3 [When coarse and fine aggregates are of different types] [When coarse and fine aggregates are of the same type .use values in Table 3] Free-water content 8-Cement content w/c ratio Free-water content 8.33 31% (Graph 6) 466.1 if 8.2-Maximum specified cement content NS 8. use 8.55 (Known ) 210 kg/m3 2350 kg/m3 (Graph 5) 10-Total aggregate content. or use 8.3-Minimum specified cement content NS ( Use 8. 4) 210 kg/m3 636 kg/m3 Say 636 kg/m3 8.2 < 8.

578 1. Total Paste volume % PV Mortar volume % MV kg/m3 636 210 1039 465 1504 2350 Vol. 2.591 59 % by Vol.60 60 .0083m3 (For small mixer) This trial will make about 20 kg of concrete.2 0. MV = Mortar Volume) 15.4 2350 Common range 0.6 15.420 0. / Cement Density (kg/m3) Value 0.0. (%) Total agg.45% 2-5 2200-2500 .3 1. Fine agg. / Total agg. (%) Fine agg.2-Other important values and ratios Quantity w/c Coarse agg.75% 30. / Total agg. 2. Total agg. 20 21 42 18 59 99 % by mass 27 9 44 20 64 - (RD = Relative Density. 15-Miscellaneous Material RD Cement 3.179 0.210 0.15 Water 1 Coarse agg. enough for slump and Vebe tests.006 0.14-Proportion of gradients per trial mix (SSD) Cement = Water = Fine aggregate = Coarse aggregate = 5.202 0.412 41.6 kg kg kg kg of : 0.1-Volumes of the mixture components Material Cement Water Coarse agg. PV = Paste Volume.33 69 31 2.9 8.30 .7 3. (m3) 0.5 Fine agg.

4) 190 kg/m3 475 kg/m3 Say 475 kg/m3 8. 3) 40 N/mm2 Standard deviation = 1.64  S S= M-calculated M= NS N/mm2 (NS = not specified) 8 8 N/mm2 (Fig. or use 8.3 > 8.1-Cement content W= 190 kg/m3 0. use 8.3 if 8.Chapter 6: mix design calculation sheet for 40 N/mm2 concrete mix (28 day strength) A) NA 1-Characteristic strength at 28 days 2-Margin strength (M) M-specified M-calculated = 1.1.1 ≤ 8.2-Maximum specified cement content NS 8.2.1 if 8.4 7-Free-water content (W) Use Table 3 Slump 30-60 Maximum aggregate size Type of coarse aggregate Type of fine aggregate Wf = W =2/3Wf + 1/3Wc = 180 mm 20 mm Crushed Unrushed kg/m3 190 kg/m3 Wc = 210 kg/m3 [When coarse and fine aggregates are of different types] [When coarse and fine aggregates are of the same type .4 (Fig.4 (Graph 4) w/c NS (Use the lower value as w/c) w/c = 0.2 < 8.1 ) Cement content 475 kg/m3 .3-Minimum specified cement content NS ( Use 8.use values in Table 3] Free-water content 8-Cement content w/c ratio Free-water content 8.2 if 8.64 13 N/mm 2  3-Target mean strength (fm ) fm = 4-Cement type 5-Aggregate Coarse: Fine: Crushed Uncrushed (Crushed or Uncrushed) (Crushed or Uncrushed) OPC 53 N/mm2 (fcu + M) 6-Free-water cement ratio (w/c) Concrete age Type of cement Coarse aggregate Estimated compressive strength (fcu) = Target mean strength (fm) = 28 OPC Crushed days 49 N/mm2 (Table 2) 53 N/mm2 w/c 0.

Free-water content -Cement content TAC = 1735 kg/m3 11-Proportion of fine and coarse aggregate (Graph 6) Maximum aggregate size (mm) 20 Percentage of fine aggregate passing 600 µm sieve (%) Modified free-water content to cement ratio Proportion of fine aggregate (%) TAC = 1735 kg/m3 Fine aggregate content = FAC = % Fine aggregate  TAC = Say FAC= Coarse aggregate content = 13-Summary of quantities for 1 m3 (SSD) Cement = Water = Fine aggregate = Coarse aggregate = Wet density = 14-Proportion of gradients per trial mix (SSD) Cement = Water = Fine aggregate = Coarse aggregate = 3.1 9. 2. TAC (Coarse and fine aggregate) TAC = Wet density .Modified free-water to cement content 9-Concrete density Relative density of aggregate (SSD) = Free-water content = Wet concrete density of the mix = 0.65 (Known ) 190 kg/m3 2400 kg/m3 (Graph 5) 10-Total aggregate content.15 Water 1 Coarse agg.FAC = 20 54 0. 15-Miscellaneous Material RD Cement 3. enough for slump and Vebe tests.25 kg/m3 1125 kg/m3 (For small mixer) This trial will make about 20 kg of concrete.7 Fine agg. 2.6 5.0083m3 610 kg/m3 TAC .6 .3 kg kg kg kg 475 190 610 1125 2400 kg/m3 kg/m3 kg/m3 kg/m3 kg/m3 of : 0.4 2.4 35 (Graph 6) 607.9 1.

(%) Fine agg.60 60 .420 0.235 0.2-Other important values and ratios Quantity w/c Coarse agg. Total Paste volume % PV Mortar volume % MV kg/m3 475 190 1125 610 1735 2400 Vol.4 .64  S S= M-calculated M= NS N/mm2 [NS = not specified] 8 8 N/mm2 (Fig.15.4 65 35 3. / Cement Density (kg/m3) Value 0. 15 19 42 23 65 97 % by mass 19 9 43 30 72 - (RD = Relative Density. Total agg. Fine agg.4 (Graph 4) w/c NS (Use the lower value as w/c) w/c = 0.341 34.75% 30.0. / Total agg.151 0. (m3) 0.1-Volumes of the mixture components Material Cement Water Coarse agg.64 13 N/mm 2  3-Target mean strength (fm ) fm = 4-Cement type 5-Aggregate Coarse: Fine: Crushed Uncrushed (Crushed or Uncrushed) (Crushed or Uncrushed) OPC 53 N/mm2 (fcu + M) 6-Free-water cement ratio (w/c) Concrete age Type of cement Coarse aggregate Estimated compressive strength (fcu) = Target mean strength (fm) = 28 OPC Crushed days 49 N/mm2 (Table 2) 53 N/mm2 w/c 0.575 58 % by Vol.190 0.992 0.30 . / Total agg. (%) Total agg. MV = Mortar Volume) 15.7 2400 Common range 0. PV = Paste Volume.45% 2-5 2200-2500 B) RA 1-Characteristic strength at 28 days 2-Margin strength (M) M-specified M-calculated = 1.1 0. 3) 40 N/mm2 Standard deviation = 1.667 0.

4 (Graph 6) 581 kg/m3 Fine aggregate content = FAC = % Fine aggregate  TAC = Say FAC= Coarse aggregate content = 13-Summary of quantities for 1m3 (SSD) Cement = Water = Fine aggregate = Coarse aggregate = Wet density = 475 190 580 1080 2325 kg/m3 kg/m3 kg/m3 kg/m3 kg/m3 580 kg/m3 TAC .2-Maximum specified cement content NS 8.2 < 8.3 > 8.7-Free-water content (W) Use Table 3 Slump 30-60 Maximum aggregate size Type of coarse aggregate Type of fine aggregate Wf = W =2/3Wf + 1/3Wc = 180 mm 20 mm Crushed Unrushed kg/m3 190 kg/m3 Wc = 210 kg/m3 [When coarse and fine aggregates are of different types] [When coarse and fine aggregates are of the same type .Free-water content -Cement content TAC = 1660 kg/m3 11-Proportion of fine and coarse aggregate (Graph 6) Maximum aggregate size (mm) 20 Percentage of fine aggregate passing 600 µm sieve (%) Modified free-water content to cement ratio Proportion of fine aggregate (%) TAC = 1660 kg/m 3 35 54 0.1 if 8. use 8.use values in Table 3] Free-water content 8-Cement content w/c ratio Free-water content 8.1 ) Cement content 475 kg/m3 Modified free-water to cement content 0.FAC = 1080 kg/m3 .1-Cement content W= 190 kg/m3 0. or use 8.3-Minimum specified cement content NS ( Use 8. TAC (Coarse and fine aggregate) TAC = Wet density . 4) 190 kg/m3 475 kg/m3 Say 475 kg/m3 8.1 ≤ 8.2.4 9-Concrete density Relative density of aggregate (SSD) = Free-water content = Wet concrete density of the mix = 2.1.4 (Fig.2 if 8.55 (Known ) 190 kg/m3 2325 kg/m3 (Graph 5) 10-Total aggregate content.3 if 8.

6 14.4 65 35 3.996 0.60 60 . Total agg.223 0. MV = Mortar Volume) 15. PV = Paste Volume.2-Other important values and ratios Quantity w/c Coarse agg.6 4.430 0.75% 30.15 Water 1 Coarse agg. Fine agg. (%) Total agg. (%) Fine agg.1-Volumes of the mixture components Material Cement Water Coarse agg.190 0. 15 19 43 22 66 98 % by mass 20 8 46 25 71 - (RD = Relative Density.45% 2-5 2200-2500 .1 0. Total Paste volume % PV Mortar volume % MV kg/m3 475 190 1080 580 1660 2325 Vol.5 2325 Common range 0. 2. 15-Miscellaneous Material RD Cement 3. 2. (m3) 0.638 0.0083m3 (For small mixer) This trial will make about 20 kg of concrete.30 . / Total agg.564 56 % by Vol.0.151 0. / Cement Density (kg/m3) Value 0. / Total agg.0 kg kg kg kg of : 0.14-Proportion of gradients per trial mix (SSD) Cement = Water = Fine aggregate = Coarse aggregate = 3.8 9. enough for slump and Vebe tests.341 34.9 1.5 Fine agg.

1-Cement content W= 170 kg/m3 0.2-Maximum specified cement content NS 8.1 ) Cement content 425 kg/m3 .4 (Fig.3 if 8. 4) 170 kg/m3 425 kg/m3 Say 425 kg/m3 8. use 8.2 if 8. or use 8.4 (Graph 4) w/c NS (Use the lower value as w/c) w/c = 0.1 ≤ 8. 3) 50 N/mm2 Standard deviation = 1.Chapter 7: mix design calculation sheet for standard 50 N/mm2 (28 day strength) concrete mix (0% PFA) A) NA 1-Characteristic strength at 28 days 2-Margin strength (M) M-specified M-calculated = 1.use values in Table 3] Free-water content 8-Cement content w/c ratio Free-water content 8.2.4 7-Free-water content (W) Use Table 3 Slump 10-30 Maximum aggregate size Type of coarse aggregate Type of fine aggregate Wf = W = 2/3Wf + 1/3Wc = 160 mm 20 mm Crushed Unrushed kg/m3 170 kg/m3 Wc = 190 kg/m3 [When coarse and fine aggregates are of different types] [When coarse and fine aggregates are of the same type .64  S S= M-calculated M= NS N/mm2 (NS = not specified) 8 8 N/mm2 (Fig.1.3-Minimum specified cement content NS ( Use 8.1 if 8.64 13 N/mm 2  3-Target mean strength (fm ) (fcu + M) fm = 4-Cement type 5-Aggregate Coarse: Fine: Crushed Uncrushed (Crushed or Uncrushed) (Crushed or Uncrushed) OPC 63 N/mm2 6-Free-water cement ratio (w/c) Concrete age Type of cement Coarse aggregate Estimated compressive strength (fcu) = Target mean strength (fm) = 28 OPC Crushed days 49 N/mm2 (Table 2) 63 N/mm2 w/c 0.3 > 8.2 < 8.

5 kg/m3 1280 kg/m3 (For small mixer) This trial will make about 20 kg of concrete.6 . 2.5 1.6 kg kg kg kg 425 170 545 1280 2420 kg/m3 kg/m3 kg/m3 kg/m3 kg/m3 of : 0.4 4. 15-Miscellaneous Material RD Cement 3.0083m3 545 kg/m3 TAC .40 2.5 10.FAC = 20 53 0. 2.7 Fine agg.65 (Known ) 170 kg/m3 2420 kg/m3 (Graph 5) 10-Total aggregate content.40 30 (Graph 6) 547. TAC (Coarse and fine aggregate) TAC = Wet density .Free-water content -Cement content TAC = 1825 kg/m3 11-Proportion of fine and coarse aggregate (Graph 6) Maximum aggregate size (mm) 20 Percentage of fine aggregate passing 600 µm sieve (%) Modified Free-water content to cement ratio Proportion of fine aggregate (%) TAC = 1825 kg/m3 Fine aggregate content = FAC = % Fine aggregate  TAC = Say FAC= Coarse aggregate content = 13-Summary of quantities for 1 m3 (SSD) Cement = Water = Fine aggregate = Coarse aggregate = Wet density = 14-Proportion of gradients per trial mix (SSD) Cement = Water = Fine aggregate = Coarse aggregate = 3.Modified free-water to cement content 9-Concrete density Relative density of aggregate (SSD) = Free-water content = Wet concrete density of the mix = 0. enough for slump and Vebe tests.15 Water 1 Coarse agg.

210 0.989 0. PV = Paste Volume.0.470 0.2-Other important values and ratios Quantity w/c Coarse agg.170 0. Fine agg.4 .135 0. / Cement Density (kg/m3) Value 0. Total agg.1-Volumes of the mixture components Material Cement Water Coarse agg.305 30.30 .702 0. 13 17 47 21 68 97 % by mass 18 7 53 23 75 - (RD = Relative Density.60 60 . 3) 50 N/mm2 Standard deviation = 1. / Total agg.4 (Graph 4) w/c NS (Use the lower value as w/c) w/c = 0.5 0. MV = Mortar Volume) 15. (m3) 0. (%) Fine agg.15.515 51 % by Vol. / Total agg.45% 2-5 2200-2500 A) RA 1-Characteristic strength at 28 days 2-Margin strength (M) M-specified M-calculated = 1.(%) Total agg. Total Paste volume % PV Mortar volume % MV kg/m3 425 170 1280 545 1825 2420 Vol.64 13 N/mm 2  3-Target mean strength (fm) (fcu + M) fm = 4-Cement type 5-Aggregate Coarse: Fine: Crushed Uncrushed (Crushed or Uncrushed) (Crushed or Uncrushed) OPC 63 N/mm2 6-Free-water cement ratio (w/c) Concrete age Type of cement Coarse aggregate Estimated compressive strength (fcu) = Target mean strength (fm) = 28 OPC Crushed days 49 N/mm2 (Table 2) 63 N/mm2 w/c 0.75% 30.64  S S= M-calculated M= NS N/mm2 [NS = not specified] 8 8 N/mm2 (Fig.4 70 30 4.3 2420 Common range 0.

3-Minimum specified cement content NS ( Use 8.2. TAC (Coarse and fine aggregate) TAC = Wet density .3 if 8.40 9-Concrete density Relative density of aggregate (SSD) = Free-water content = Wet concrete density of the mix = 2. use 8. 4) 170 kg/m3 425 kg/m3 Say 425 kg/m3 8.1 if 8.1 ≤ 8.5 kg/m3 Fine aggregate content = FAC = % Fine aggregate  TAC = Say FAC= Coarse aggregate content = 530 kg/m3 TAC .FAC = 1235 kg/m3 13-Summary of quantities for one cubic meter (SSD) Cement = Water = Fine aggregate = Coarse aggregate = Wet density = 425 170 530 1235 2360 kg/m3 kg/m3 kg/m3 kg/m3 kg/m3 .2 < 8.use values in Table 3] Free-water content 8-Cement content w/c ratio Free-water content 8.55 (Known ) 170 kg/m3 2360 kg/m3 (Graph 5) 10-Total aggregate content.Free-water content -Cement content TAC = 1765 kg/m3 11-Proportion of fine and coarse aggregate (Graph 6) Maximum aggregate size (mm) 20 Percentage of fine aggregate passing 600 µm sieve (%) Modified free-water content to cement ratio Proportion of fine aggregate (%) TAC = 1765 kg/m 3 30 53 0.1.7-Free-water content (W) Use Table 3 Slump 10-30 Maximum aggregate size Type of coarse aggregate Type of fine aggregate Wf = W = 2/3Wf + 1/3Wc = 160 mm 20 mm Crushed Unrushed kg/m3 170 kg/m3 Wc = 190 kg/m3 [When coarse and fine aggregates are of different types] [When coarse and fine aggregates are of the same type . or use 8.1 ) Cement content 425 kg/m3 Modified free-water to cement content 0.2 if 8.40 (Graph 6) 529.1-Cement content W= 170 kg/m3 0.3 > 8.2-Maximum specified cement content NS 8.4 (Fig.

4 70 30 4.5 Fine agg.679 0.5 1. (%) Total agg. 15-Miscellaneous Material RD Cement 3.2 2360 Common range 0.170 0.45% 2-5 2200-2500 . PV = Paste Volume. (m3) 0. 2.3 kg kg kg kg of : 0.460 0.509 51 % by Vol.1-Volumes of the mixture components Material Cement Water Coarse agg.6 15. Fine agg.0.(%) Fine agg. Total Paste volume % PV Mortar volume % MV kg/m3 425 170 1235 530 1765 2360 Vol.60 60 . 2. enough for slump and Vebe tests. / Cement Density (kg/m3) Value 0.5 0.4 4.4 10.966 0. 13 17 46 20 66 99 % by mass 18 7 52 22 75 - (RD = Relative Density.0083m3 (For small mixer) This trial will make about 20 kg of concrete.305 30. / Total agg.75% 30.204 0. MV = Mortar Volume) 15.2-Other important values and ratios Quantity w/c Coarse agg.30 .135 0.14-Proportion of gradients per trial mix (SSD) Cement = Water = Fine aggregate = Coarse aggregate = 3. / Total agg.15 Water 1 Coarse agg. Total agg.

64 N/mm2 N/mm2 50 N/mm2 (NS= Not Specified) N/mm2 (Fig. 3) 8 x 8 3-Target Mean strength fm (fm = fc+M) fm = 4-Cement type 5-Aggregate Coarse: Fine: Crushed Uncrushed (Crushed or Uncrushed) (Crushed or Uncrushed) OPC 63 N/mm2 6-Free-Water cement ratio (W/C) Concrete age Type of cement Coarse aggregate Estimated compressive strength fcu Target Mean strength fm = w/c 28 OPC Crushed days 49 63 0.4 N/mm2 N/mm2 (Table 2) (Graph No 4) (Use the lower value as w/c) w/c = 7-Free-water content W UseTable No 3 Slump Maximum aggregate size Type of coarse aggregate Type of fine aggregate 60 to 180 mm 0.64 x S Standard Deviation S= = M-calculated M= 13 1.4 20 Crushed Unrushed mm (Crushed or Uncrushed) (Crushed or Uncrushed) .Chapter 8: mix design calculation sheet for standard 50 N/mm2 (28 day strength) concrete mix (0% PFA) A) NA 1-Characteristic strength at 28 days = 2-Margin strength (M) M-Specified NS M-calculated = 1.

8 176 585 0.use values in table 3] Free-water content 8-Relative density Relative density of aggregate (SSD) = PFA percentage Amount of water reduced for PFA (Table 9) Free-water content adjusted for PFA = Wet density of the mix = 2.6 kg/m3 970 kg/m3 kg/m3 (graph 6) % TAC .55 30 20 185 2340 (Known) % kg/m3 kg/m3 kg/m3 (Graph 5) W= 205 kg/m3 9-Cement and PFA content Cement content RGD content C+RGD w/b = w/ (C+RGD) = = = = 409.TAC (Coarse and fine aggregate) TAC = Wet density . x TAC = Say FAC= Coarse aggregate content = 600 1570 20 mm 53 0.32 38 kg/m3 596.Free-water content -Cement content TAC = 1570 kg/m3 11-Proportion of fine and coarse aggregate Graph 6 Maximum aggregate size Percentage of fine aggregate passing 600µm sieve Modified Free-water content to cement ratio Proportion of fine aggregate (%) TAC = Fine aggregate content = FAC = % Fine agg.FAC = 13-Summary of quantities for one cubic meter (SSD) Cement = PFA = Water = Fine aggregate = 410 175 185 600 kg/m3 kg/m3 kg/m3 .Wf = 195 kg/m3 Wc = 225 kg/m3 W =2/3Wf +1/3Wc = 205 kg/m3 [When coarse and fine aggregates are of different types] W= Values in Table 3 [When coarse and fine aggregates are of the same types.32 kg/m3 kg/m3 Say Say 410 175 kg/m3 kg/m3 10-Total aggregate content .

15-Miscellaneous Material RD Cement 3.624 62 Vol. Total agg.5 5. enough for slump and Vebe tests.231 0.32 39 39 44 2340 Common range 400-600 0. (m3) 0.42 % 29-35 % (by vol.45 1. Fine agg.1-Volumes of the mixture components Material Cement PFA Water Coarse agg.28-0./ Mortar Density kg/m3 (%) (%) (%) Kg/m3 Value 585 0.393 39 0.2-Other important values and ratios Quantity Powder content w/b Coarse aggregate content PV. Fine agg. Total Paste volume % PV Mortar volume % MV Mortar kg/m3 410 175 185 970 600 1570 2340 1370 Vol. 2.5 Fine agg.) 40-52% 2200-2500 . 2.19 0.25 15.0 8.15 Water 1 Coarse agg. (%) 13 8 19 39 23 62 99 % by mass 18 7 8 41 26 67 - ( RD = Relative Density. MV= Mortar Volume) 15.130 0.0083 kg kg kg kg kg (For Small mixer) 3.Coarse aggregate = 14-Proportion of gradients per trial mix (SSD) of Cement = PFA = Water = Fine aggregate = Coarse aggregate = 970 kg/m3 0.012 0. PV= Paste Volume.6 PFA 2.4 1.078 0.39 0.) 30-42 % (by vol.1 This trial will make about 20 kg concrete.604 1.