Experiment No.

4

Principles of Digital Techniques

Experiment No. 4
1.0 2.0 TITLE :
To verify NAND and NOR gates as universal logic gate.

PRIOR CONCEPTS:
1. 2. 3. Symbols and truth tables of AND, OR, NOT, NAND, NOR Gates. IC 7400,7402. Boolean expression of all the logic gates.

3.0

NEW CONCEPTS :
Proposition 1 : NAND and NOR gate are universal logic gates. Concept Structure 1 :

Proposition 2 : NAND and NOR gates are universal gates because any boolean expression can be realized by these gates. Concept Structure 2:

4.0 LEARNING OBJECTIVES :
Intellectual Skills : 1. 2. 3. To understand the working of NAND and NOR gates. To know the concept of realization of AND, OR, NOT gates by using NAND and NOR gate. To understand how to connect NAND gate IC 7400 to realize above gates.

Motor Skills : 1. Ability to mount the ICs on Breadboard. 2. Ability to make the connections as per circuit diagram. 3. Ability to observe and record the readings.

5.0

EQUIPMENTS :
Power Supply, bread board, IC7400, IC 7402, connecting wires, LED, 270 Ω resistor.

20

o

MAHARASHTRA STATE BOARD OF TECHNICAL EDUCATION

Principles of Digital Techniques Experiment No. Pin configuration of IC 7402 2. PIN Configuration of IC 7400 MAHARASHTRA STATE BOARD OF TECHNICAL EDUCATION o 21 .0 CIRCUIT DIAGRAM : 1. AND Gate : 3. NOT Gate : ii. 4 6. OR Gate : iii. Circuit diagram using IC 7402 i.

0 OBSERVATION : Observation table for NAND and NOR gates as universal gates 1. 5. 6. Put logic 1 for ON state of LED and logic 0 for OFF state of LED in the observation table. NOT gate. Connect +5v to pin 14 and ground to pin 7 of IC. Mount the IC on breadboard. 22 o MAHARASHTRA STATE BOARD OF TECHNICAL EDUCATION . NOT Gate : ii.Experiment No. 3. 2. Circuit diagram using 7400. Give the logic level inputs according to truth table shown for each gate. Make the connections as per circuit diagram. 4 Principles of Digital Techniques 4. AND Gate : iii. i. OR Gate : Note : Above circuits should be verified on breadboard. 7.0 STEPWISE PROCEDURE: 1. Write down the output logic level. 4. 8.

9. 2. 9. (A + C) . 10. NOT 2. Implement following expressions using NAND gate only. Q…. 7. (B + C) 2. 1. NAND 5. Ex-OR . AB + BC 2. OR gate. 11. MAHARASHTRA STATE BOARD OF TECHNICAL EDUCATION o 23 . Draw circuit diagram of Ex-NOR gate using NAND gate. 3. (B) Define NAND gate. 4 2. AND gate. Why NOR gate and NAND gate called "Universal logic gate"? Draw the symbol and truth table of following gates. answers to Q…. Give the IC number for CMOS NOR gate.Principles of Digital Techniques Experiment No. (A + B) . Draw the symbol and truth table. 8. 4. Q….0 CONCLUSION : Any boolean expression can be realized using …………………………(Universal / Basic) gates. Implement following expressions by NOR gate only. Q…. Q….0 QUESTIONS : Write 1. 5. 3. Draw circuit diagram of EX NOR gate using NOR gate. AND 3.0 RESULT : (Student to write result on the basis of output) 10. 1. 6. Draw EX-OR gate using NAND and NOR gate. OR 4. Give the IC number for CMOS NAND gate.The questions to be allotted by teacher. 1.

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